2 Chronicles Commentaries

2 CHRONICLES RESOURCES
Commentary, Sermon, Illustration, Devotional

SECOND CHRONICLES
The Kingdom of Israel
From Splendor to Disaster
Splendor Disaster
King Solomon
of Judah
2 Chronicles 1-9
Successive Kings
of Judah
2Chr 10-36
Kingdom
United
Kingdom
Divided
2Chr 10:1-19
Rulers of the Southern
Kingdom of Judah
After the Split
The Exile
of Judah
2Chr 36:17-23
Inaugural

2Chr 1:1-17
Solomon's
Temple
2Chr 2:1-7:22
Solomon's
Glory
2Chr 8:1-9:31
 
Building
of the Temple
Decline & Destruction
of the Temple
Temple
Destroyed
~40 Years ~393 Years

Four Reformations: 2Chr 15, 17-20 - Under Asa, 2Chr 23:1-24:16 = Under Joash, 2Chr 29:1-32:32 = Under Hezekiah

Notable Verses:

Prediction of length of captivity = 2Chr 36:20-21 (70 Years)

Prayer for revival = 2Chr 7:13-14 "If I shut up the heavens so that there is no rain, or if I command the locust to devour the land, or if I send pestilence among My people, and My people who are called by My name humble themselves and pray, and seek My face and turn from their wicked ways, then I will hear from heaven, will forgive their sin, and will heal their land.

Blessing of Jehovah: 2Chr 16:9 "For the eyes of the LORD move to and fro throughout the earth that He may strongly support those whose heart is completely (wholly) His. You have acted foolishly in this. Indeed, from now on you will surely have wars."

John Piper on 2Chr 16:9: God is not a scout looking for the first draft choices to help His team win. He is an unstoppable fullback ready to take the ball and run touchdowns for anyone who trusts Him to win the game. (From Brothers We are Not Professionals)… God is not looking for people to work for Him, so much as He is looking for people who will let Him work for them. The gospel is not a help-wanted ad. Neither is the call to Christian service. On the contrary, the gospel commands us to give up and hang out a help-wanted sign (this is the basic meaning of prayer). Then the gospel promises that God will work for us if we do. He will not surrender the glory of being the Giver. (From Desiring God)… God is working for us around the clock. He does not take days off, and he does not sleep. In fact, he is so eager to work for us that he goes around looking for more work to do for people who will trust Him (from A Godward Life)

John Piper on "whole" in 2Chr 16:9: The Hebrew word shalēm (be whole, perfect, complete) does not mean that you have to be sinlessly perfect for God to do you good. The Old Testament shows God doing good to people who have gotten themselves into terrible trouble because of their own sin. See especially Psalm 107:10–13. The point of saying that our hearts need to be “whole” toward God is that we can’t be divided in our allegiance. God has to be our only God. We can’t look partly to God but, doubting Him, look partly to another source of help. (Ed: See study of Jehovah Ezer: The LORD our Helper) The point seems to be the same as in James 1:5–6 and Matthew 6:24. The Lord is on the prowl to bless people who despair of themselves and look wholly to Him for the help they need. (From The pleasures of God : Meditations on God's delight in being God)

John Trapp: To show himself strong.] Or, To lay strong hold on them, and to add strength to them, that they may do exploits. (Ed: Do you desire to "do exploits" for Jehovah? This passage is surely key! In the NT, His indwelling Spirit will strengthen us with "enabling power.")

F B Meyer Comment on 2 Chronicles 16:9: The emphasis is clearly on the word perfect. That was the point between Hanani the seer, and Asa the king. Asa's mistake and sin lay in his resorting to Benhadad, king of Syria, as an ally against Baasha. Evidently he did not perfectly trust the delivering power of God; and in this failure of his faith, he forfeited the all-sufficient help which would have more than availed. As the seer said very truly, simple trust in God had brought deliverance from the Ethiopians and Lubim, though they were a much huger host than Baasha's; and the same attitude in respect of Baasha would have secured a like result. God was only awaiting the appeal of Asa's faith, to show Himself strong. What a mistake to send to Syria! Now, dear reader, this is very pertinent for your life and mine. We often complain that we are. bereft of help, and send off for Benhadad. And all the while the eyes of the Lord are looking pitifully and longingly at us. Nothing would give Him greater pleasure than to show Himself strong on our behalf. This, however, He cannot do until renouncing all other confidants and helpers, our heart is perfect in the simplicity and frankness of its faith. What an exquisite thought is suggested by the allusion to the eyes of the Lord running to and fro throughout the whole earth. At a glance He takes in our position; not a sorrow, trial, or temptation visits us without exciting His notice and loving sympathy. In all the whole wide earth there is not one spot so lonely, one heart so darkened, as to escape those eyes. Oh for the perfect confidence which will allow Him to act! It is for lack of this that we remain unhelped, and spend our days in the midst of wars and tumults.

Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary on 2Chr 16:9: What a lovely account of the divine prescience and knowledge is here given of our God. His eyes, not barely looking on, but running through the earth. And this, not to inform himself, but to convince his people, how near at hand he is to their deliverance. Blessed Jesus! grant that I may never lose sight of this precious truth. Surely, dear Lord, if thou art looking on, well may I be confident in thee and in thy strength. But what a melancholy thought it is when past experiences of the Lord's goodness are not found sufficient with our unbelieving hearts to beget an hearty, firm, and unshaken reliance. What a beautiful contrast to this conduct of Asa was that of Samuel between Mizpeh and Shem, when he set up his Ebenezer, saying, Hitherto the Lord hath helped us. 1Sa 7:12. And cannot you and I, Reader, set up our hitherto. And if our present Ebenezer depend upon it we shall never, except from the unbelief of our hearts, say with truth, the Lord hath forsaken me, and my Lord hath forgotten me. Isa 49:14.

Albert Barnes: As peace had been the reward of Asa’s earlier faith 2Ch 14:5; 2Ch 15:5, so his want of faith was now to be punished by a period of war and disturbance. (Beloved, can we not see the application to our lives?)

Thomas Constable: 2Chr 16:9 is especially noteworthy (cf. Zech. 4:10). No problem can arise for God’s people of which He is not aware and out of which He cannot deliver them if they commit themselves to Him fully (cf. Rom. 8:32).

Tony Evans Comments: God must have your fully committed heart. He doesn’t want you to be divided. He doesn’t want you committed to Him on Sunday and to the world on Monday. He doesn’t want you to be two-timing Him… Think about it. God is trying to find someone to show His power through.

Illustration: In 1Sa 14:1-15 God saw the Israelite soldiers cowering in fear before the Philistine invaders. He must not have liked what He saw. But He didn't step in to help the Israelites -- until Jonathan and his armor bearer took daring action. God also saw the people in a mountain area of Haiti, in the early 1940s, who were living in poverty and spiritual bondage and voodooism. He didn't like what He saw. But He didn't intervene until Wallace Turnbull started living and working among them. Wallace taught them to farm more efficiently and to read and write. He treated their diseases. And he told them about Jesus. As a result of his initial work, thousands of people in that area have become Christians. Over 40,000 children are being given a Christian education. These results came because God unleashed His power and blessed the efforts of Wallace and those who helped him. God often unleashes His power through His people.

Map: Maximum Extent of Israel Under King David & King Solomon

Interesting "Bookends": First verse = 2Chr 1:1 "The LORD his God was with him" (Solomon) <> Last verse = 2Chr 36:23 "may the LORD his God be with him (the one who leads return from exile)" (King Cyrus speaking)

Key Phrase: Seek the LORD - 2Chr 12:14, 14:14, 15:12, 13, 16:12, 20:3, 4

TIMELINE OF THE BOOKS OF
SAMUEL, KINGS & CHRONICLES

1107

1011

971

931

853

722

586

1Samuel 2 Samuel 1Kings 1Kings 2 Kings

31

1-4 5-10 11-20 21-24 1-11 12-22 1-17 18-25

1 Chronicles 10

 

  1Chr
11-19
  1Chr
20-29

2 Chronicles
1-9

2 Chronicles
10-20

2 Chronicles
21-36

Legend: B.C. dates at top of timeline are approximate. Note that 931BC marks the division of the Kingdom into Southern Tribes (Judah and Benjamin) and Ten Northern Tribes. To avoid confusion be aware that after the division of the Kingdom in 931BC, the Southern Kingdom is most often designated in Scripture as "Judah" and the Northern Kingdom as "Israel." Finally, note that 1 Chronicles 1-9 is not identified on the timeline because these chapters are records of genealogy.

1 Chronicles covers the same period of time as 2 Samuel and both describe the reign of David (See the Timeline above) whereas 2 Chronicles covers the same period of time as 1 Kings and 2 Kings and both describe the time from Solomon to the Babylonian Captivity. In Chronicles the kings of Israel (See table below where Jeroboam I identifies first of the kings of the 10 Northern tribes) are not mentioned unless they do something that relates to the kings of Judah. Note that the word "chronicle" means "a continuous and detailed account of historical events arranged in order of time." In First and Second Chronicles God has given us a very accurate history so that we can know all that He wants us to know about the period of the kings.

Related Resource: Old Testament Timeline - Interesting

W A Criswell writes that Chronicles was…

Originally entitled "the words of the days" (divre hayyamim, Heb.), meaning "journals" (cf. 27:24), and compiled as a single book. 1 and 2 Chronicles were separated by the translators of the Septuagint circa 180 B.C. and named "things omitted" (paraleipomena, Gk.), to indicate that they contain things omitted from the Books of Samuel and Kings. Although the author and date are not stated, the Talmudic tradition that the Chronicles were penned by Ezra may be correct. Nevertheless, it is customary to speak of the author simply as "the chronicler." Written from a priestly perspective, the main emphasis centers on the temple in Jerusalem, the Levitical priesthood, and the theocratic lineage of David. The genealogies and narrative of 1 Chronicles span the period from Adam to the end of the life of David. Second Chronicles recounts the downfall of the Davidic dynasty from Solomon to the Exile. Chronicles mentions the northern kingdom (Israel) only incidentally and contains the most complete statistical lists found in the entire Bible. The final verses of Chronicles (2Chr. 36:22, 23) are repeated in Ezra 1:1-3. The style, substance, and thrust of the Chronicles are carried on through Ezra and Nehemiah. Many believe Chronicles, Ezra and Nehemiah had the same author. If not, the latter two still serve as a fitting sequel. Chronicles follows the people of God into Exile; Ezra and Nehemiah follow them out of Exile and prepare Israel for the coming of the Messiah.

The Chronicles were written to the returned remnant who were rebuilding Jerusalem following their seventy-year Babylonian captivity. The history of the Southern Kingdom (Judah) is presented in such a way as to help restore its religious and national heritage by showing its unbroken connection with the patriarchal beginnings. The primary historical theme centers about the priestly worship of Judah, from the time of Saul until the return of the Jewish nation to the land following the decree of Cyrus (538 B.C.). This religious history depicts the faithfulness and promises of God to His people, the power of the Word of God, and the central role of worship in the lives of God's people. In order to underscore these elements, the genealogies point to the forthcoming Messiah and are completed by those recorded in the New Testament (cf. Matt. 1:1-16; Luke 3:23-38).

Myer Pearlman writes..

Though "Kings" and "Chronicles" show great similarity in the matter of their contents, they are written from different viewpoints, the former being written from the human viewpoint, the latter, from the Divine. To illustrate:

1Kings 14:20 recording the death of Jeroboam, tells us that he "slept with his fathers." That is the human viewpoint.

2 Chronicles 13:20, recording the same event, tells us that "the Lord struck him and he died." That is the divine viewpoint.

Dr. A. T. Pierson:

While much contained in the Books of Kings is repeated or restated in the Chronicles, much is omitted because foreign to the author's purpose. But whatever bears on the temple, its preservation and restoration, the purity of its worship, the regularity and orderliness of its services; whatever makes idolatrous rites or relics hateful, or lifts God to His true throne in the hearts of the people, is here emphasized.

DIFFERENCES BETWEEN
KINGS & CHRONICLES
SAMUEL &
KINGS
FIRST & SECOND
CHRONICLES
Prophetic Perspective:
Message of Judgment
Priestly Perspective:
Message of hope
Prophetic authorship:
Emphasizes the prophetic ministry
and moral concerns
Priestly authorship:
Emphasizes the priestly ministry
and spiritual concerns
The Fortunes
of the Thrones
Continuity
of the Davidic line
More Negative:
Rebellion & Tragedy
More Positive:
Apostasy, but hope in face of tragedy
Record of both
Israel and Judah
Record primarily
of Judah
Man's Failings God's Faithfulness
Morality Redemption
Emphasizes the throne
of earthly kings
Earthly throne (temple)
of the heavenly King
Emphasizes Kings
and Prophets
Emphasizes the Temple
and the Priests
Political
and kingly
Religious
and priestly
Compiled by authors
soon after the events
Compiled by by a priest:
Ezra many years after the events
Written shortly after the
beginning of the captivity in Babylon
Written shortly after
the return from the captivity

Adapted Wilkinson's Talk thru the Bible & Jensen's Survey of the OT

CHRIST IN 2 CHRONICLES
A M Hodgkin
Christ in All the Scriptures - Contents

2 Chronicles --

The Building of the Temple. [2Chr 2 - 4]

Solomon sent to Hiram, King of Tyre, for his help in building theTemple, in supplying both materials and workmen skilled in all manner of cunning work.

To raise the surrounding ground to a level with the threshing-floor on the summit, Solomon constructed a stupendous foundation platform--- raised high above the valley beneath-- of great hewed stones of white marble, polished and costly. When our Lord said that there should not be be left one stone upon another that should not be thrown down [Mat 24:1,2], He was not speaking of the foundations underneath, but of the stones composing the Temple of Herod, built upon it. The foundation was built into the solid rock, a picture of the Rock of Ages, the foundation of God which standeth sure and which nothing can shake [1Sam 2:2; 2Sam 22:2,3; 2Tim 2:19]. That the whole of the Temple-- like the Tabernacle-- in its ministry, its furniture, and its services, is typical of Christ and His great work of man's redemption, must be admitted by all who accept the inspiration of the Epistle to the Hebrews, which so clearly links together the Old and New Covenants, and shows them to be essentially one in their teaching. (Ed: See caveats regarding Typology - Study of Biblical types)

We read of the heavenly City: ''I saw no Temple therein: for the Lord God Almighty and the Lamb are the Temple of it'' [Rev 21:22]. And because it represents His work in redemption, His redeemed people also are included in the type. It is the consummation of God's work through all the ages: Himself and all His people united in glory. Some of the foundation stones are from twenty to thirty feet in length, and fitted so closely together that even a pen-knife cannot be inserted between them. On some of these the Palestinian Exploration Society found the quarry-marks in vermilion, to show where the stones would be placed, for we read that ''the house, when it was in building, was built of stone made ready before it was brought thither: so that there was neither hammer, nor axe, nor any tool of iron, heard in the house while it was in building'' (1Kings 6:7). All true believers, in all ages, are living stones of that heavenly Temple [1Pet 2:5], and God is preparing them in His quarry down here, amid the noise and tumult of earth, each for its place in His Temple above. Rugged and shapeless are the stones to begin with, no wonder that the blows of the hammer fall heavily, that the chisel is sharp, and the polishing severe, before the stones are ready. But ''oh for more moldings of the Hand that works a change so vast!''

Every part of the Temple must be full of spiritual teaching, for David told Solomon that God had given him the pattern of it by the Spirit. It was a building of surpassing magnificence, and shone a mass of burnished gold beneath the splendor of the Eastern sky.

The Temple Filled with Glory. [2Chr 5:1-14]

When the work of the house of the Lord was finished, Solomon assembled all the elders of Israel to bring up the Ark of the Lord out of Zion, the city of David. Then ''the house was filled with a cloud, even the house of the Lord; so that the priests could not stand to minister by reason of the cloud: for the glory of the Lord had filled the house of the Lord.''

What a picture is here of the Holy Spirit coming to fill the heart which has been prepared for His coming, the heart cleansed by the precious blood of Christ and surrendered to him, and thus made fit to become a temple of the Holy Ghost (1Cor 6:19). (Ed: See caveats regarding Typology - Study of Biblical types)

Solomon's Prayer. [2Chr 6:1-42]

Then follows Solomon's prayer at the dedication of the Temple-- a prayer which well repays careful study. It is based on the promises of God, as all prayer should be. He speaks of every man knowing the plague of his own heart, and then goes on to the deeper thought that only God knows the hearts of all the children of men (1Kings 8:38,39). In confessing our sin to God, what a rest it is to know that He knows all the worst about us, better even than we know it ourselves. ''If our heart condemn us, God is greater than our heart, and knoweth all things.'' He can discriminate when we cannot, whether the condemnation we feel is the conviction of His Spirit, or only the false accusation of the enemy. And as we wait upon Him, if all is well He will give us His peace. ''Beloved, if our heart condemn us not, then have we confidence toward God'' (1John 3:20,21).

In his prayer, Solomon mentions six varied vicissitudes of human life, and asks that if the people repent and pray, looking toward that house which he had built, that God would hear in His dwelling-place and give His answer. This, Solomon proposed to Jehovah, as a covenant, and God replied with fire as the seal of His sanction. To understand this, it must be remembered that, throughout the East to this day, all worshippers pray looking towards their sanctuary, whether it be the Mohammedans towards Mecca, or those who pray to the saints at the various makoams. Solomon desires from God that: that which was falsely believed, of all the idol temples around, might be true in the case of Jehovah's Temple. But more than this-- the Temple in every part of it was a type of the person and work of the Lord Christ and of His relations with His people; everywhere it sets forth Christ-- in the sacrifices, in the Passover, in the High Priest, in everything. Therefore, though Solomon could not have known it, in the spirit of prophecy he is asking that those who look to Jesus, in drawing near to the Father, may be answered. It was only to say in symbol what the Master says in set words, ''Whatsoever ye shall ask the Father in My name He will give it you'' [John 15:16].

In our study of 1 & 2 Kings, we saw the disaster in which Solomon's reign closed, and the division of the kingdom.

Even as early as in the reign of his son Rehoboam, ''Shishak king of Egypt came up against Jerusalem, and took away the treasures of the house of the Lord'' (2Chr 12:9). How soon was this beautiful Temple desolated! Later, even some of the kings robbed it to ward off an enemy.

Bright Spots.

During the long time of departure from God which followed, we find, here and there, a king who stood forth for God and for His worship.

To Asa [2Chr 15:1-19], God sent a message by Azariah the prophet, the son of Oded, and when Asa heard his words ''he took courage, and put away all the abominable idols out of all the land of Judah and Benjamin.'' And he removed his mother from being queen because she had made an idol in a grove, and he made a covenant with the Lord, and enriched the house of God with gold and silver.

Jehoshaphat, his son, sent Levites throughout all the cities of Judah to teach the book of the Law of the Lord-- a proof that Israel possessed the Law at this time [2Chr 17:1-19]. The account of Jehoshaphat's victory over the Ammonites and Moabites [2Chr 20:1-37] is one of the greatest encouragements to a simple reliance on God in the face of insurmountable difficulties. ''Be not afraid… the battle is not yours, but God's… Ye shall not need to fight in this battle: set yourselves, stand ye still, and see the salvation of the Lord.'' ''And when they began to sing and to praise, the Lord set ambushments,'' and their enemies were scattered.

Failure.

Then followed the evil reigns of Jehoshaphat's son, Jehoram [2Chr 21:1-20], and his grandson, Ahaziah [2Chr 22:1-12]. After Ahaziah had been slain by Jehu, his wicked mother, Athaliah, ''destroyed all the seed royal of the house of Judah.'' But Joash, the little son of Ahaziah, was saved, and he was hidden in the Temple six years. Then Jehoiada the priest brought him out and made him king, and Athaliah was slain [2Chr 23:1-21]. Under the influence of Jehoiada, Joash repaired the Temple, which Athaliah had broken up to bestow the dedicated things upon Baalim. But after the death of Jehoiada, Joash lapsed into idolatry, and, at the instigation of the princes of Judah, he slew Zechariah, the son of Jehoiada, who was sent to rebuke him [2Chr 24:1-27].

His grandson, Uzziah, sinned against the Lord in burning incense in the Temple, and in punishment for this he became a leper till the day of his death [2Chr 26:1-23].

Uzziah's great-grandson, Hezekiah, ''opened the doors of the house of the Lord and repaired them.'' And he cleansed the Temple, and commanded the priests and Levites to sanctify themselves, and he offered sacrifices and kept the Passover, ''so there was great joy in Jerusalem: for since the time of Solomon, son of David, king of Israel, there was not like it in Jerusalem'' [2Chr 29:1-36, 2Chr 30:1-27].

Hezekiah's great-grandson, Josiah, carried out similar reforms [2Chr 34]. He purged Jerusalem from its idolatries, and repaired the house of the Lord. It was during this work of repair that Hilkiah, the priest, found in the Temple the book of the Law of the Lord given by Moses, and sent it by Shaphan the scribe to the king, and Shaphan read it before the king. When Josiah heard the words of the Law, he rent his clothes in grief over this neglected Law which they had failed to keep. He sent to inquire of the Lord; and Huldah, the prophetess, told him of the evil that should come on Jerusalem and the inhabitants; but because Josiah had humbled himself, the evil should not come in his day.

The young king stood by a pillar in the Temple and made a covenant with the Lord, and he kept the Passover [2Chr 35:1-27]. ''And there was no Passover like to that kept in Israel, from the days of Samuel the prophet; neither did all the kings of Israel keep such a Passover as Josiah kept'' (2Chr 35:18).

Captivity.

But troublous times followed this good reign. God sent His messengers to the people, but they mocked and despised them, ''until the wrath of the Lord rose against His people, till there was no remedy. Therefore He brought upon them the king of the Chaldees, who slew their young men with the sword in the house of the sanctuary, and carried the vessels of the house of the Lord to Babylon, and burnt the house of the Lord, and brake down the walls of Jerusalem, and burnt all the palaces. And them that had escaped the sword carried he away to Babylon; where they were servants to him and to his sons until the reign of the kingdom of Persia'' [ch. 36].

THE OLD TESTAMENT
Reflections of Christ
Paul R. Van Gorder

2 CHRONICLES

This book, a continuation of the story of 1 Chronicles, is confined to the story of the house of David. The emphasis is upon the religious history of David's successors rather than the political occurrences, and it covers a period of more than 400 years. The history focuses upon the temple, beginning with the ascension of Solomon to the throne, and ending with desolation and the captivity. In typological teaching, a considerable portion of the book sets forth the millennial reign of Christ on the earth. In this connection, we read of silver, atonement money, and also of the altar and veil.

OUTLINE OF THE BOOK--

The Reign of Solomon (2 Chronicles 1-9)

Since nothing is said in 2 Chronicles of Solomon's sensuality, sin, and failure, his reign is a picture of the glorious rule of David's greater Son, the Lord Jesus, in the millennial kingdom.

The Rebellion of the Ten Tribes (2 Chronicles 10)

After Solomon died, his son Rehoboam ascended the throne. A series of foolish decisions led to the dividing of the kingdom. The reuniting of Judah and Israel will take place when Israel is restored. (See Isaiah 11:10-13; Jeremiah 23:5,6; and Ezekiel 37:15-28.)

The Kings of Judah (2 Chronicles 11-36)

The period from Solomon to the Babylonian captivity was characterized by moral declension and apostasy, except for five revivals. It is noteworthy that each of these revivals began at the house of God and with the Word of God. They are:

Asa's renewal of the altar (2 Chronicles 15). The place of sacrifice had fallen into disuse during Asa's father's reign. The word of the Lord through Obed stirred him to restore it.

Jehoshaphat's establishment of missions (2 Chronicles 17).

This suggests that the Word of God was not known throughout the kingdom.

Joash's repair of the temple for worship (2 Chronicles 23,24).

The place of worship had become dilapidated by misuse and disuse.

Hezekiah's opening of the temple for worship (2 Chronicles29-31).

God's house had been closed under wicked king Ahaz.

Josiah's discovery of the ''book of the law'' (2 Chronicles 34,35). This demonstrates how sad the spiritual condition of Judah was at that time. The Word of God had been lost in a closed and mutilated temple. It was forgotten until uncovered during repairs.

The Captivity (2 Chronicles 36:15-23).

Sporadic, temporary revivals do not hold the people for God. The patience of God with His people at last came to an end. The book begins with the splendor of Solomon, and closes with the devastating captivity of Israel. This illustrates that the very best that man can achieve in his own strength is doomed to failure.

SOME BRIGHT SPOTS--

The revivals were encouraging interludes in Judah's history, and one of these is reported in chapter 34. Josiah longed for fellowship with God. He was not particularly following David's example, or Hezekiah's, but he sought ''the God of David.'' As a result of this choice, there were four years of silence, study, devotion and prayer. The law of cause and effect was at work here. The nearer he got to God, the more his eyes were opened to the idolatry of Judah. When Isaiah saw the Lord, he said, ''Send me'' (Isa 6:8). Likewise, after Josiah found God, he was willing to work for the Lord.

While cleaning the temple, the workmen made a remarkable discovery. They found a copy of the Law of Moses that had been lost right in the temple! This was the very place [where] it was supposed to be displayed and read. When the Bible is neglected, idolatry of some form always develops.

When the sacred writings were read in the presence of Josiah, he tore his clothes in conviction of sin. He then initiated sweeping reforms throughout the kingdom. The worship of God, including the celebration of the Passover, was resumed.

Illumination comes through recognition of duty and [through] obedience to God. ''I being in the way, the Lord led me… '' (Gen 24:27). God revealed, to Josiah, the coming judgment upon Judah (2Chr 34:24-28). The only remedy for apostasy is judgment.

MESSIANIC NOTE--

Speaking of Himself, our Lord said to the scribes and Pharisees, ''Behold, a greater than Solomon is here'' (Mat 12:42). The coming earthly reign of the Lord Jesus Christ will far outshine the riches and glory of Solomon's day.

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1 CHRONICLES / 2 CHRONICLES
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ALBERT BARNES
Notes on the Old Testament
2 Chronicles

BIBLICAL ILLUSTRATOR
2 CHRONICLES
Illustrations, Outlines, Anecdotes
Expositions, Homiletics, Commentary

CAMBRIDGE BIBLE COMMENTARY
2 Chronicles
William E Barnes
1899

ALAN CARR
Expository Sermon Notes
2 Chronicles
Calvary Baptist, Lenoir, NC
Updated December 22, 2015
Well Done Notes

RICH CATHERS
Sermon Notes
2 Chronicles
Calvary Chapel

CENTURY BIBLE COMMENTARY
2 Chronicles
General Editor: Walter Adeney
W. Harvey-Jellie
(1904-1913)

ADAM CLARKE
Commentary on 2 Chronicles

Click for brief critique

A CRITICAL AND EXEGETICAL COMMENTARY
ON 2 CHRONICLES
Edward L Curtis, Albert A Madsen
From International Critical Commentary Series
1910

Caveat - Higher Criticism is the art of seeing literature exactly as it is and of estimating it accordingly. It becomes negative criticism, often described as "the historical-critical method," when it assumes the right to pass rationalistic judgment on Scripture's own claims about its composition and historicity. Such a method necessarily presupposes that the Bible's claims are not inerrant. It thus disqualifies itself as truly scientific criticism, sine it refuses to view the object being analyzed according to its proper (divine) character. (There are) present-day attempts by negative critics to infiltrate evangelicalism with views that subordinate the authority of Christ and of Scripture to the judgments of men." From "Higher Criticism" edited by Norman Geisler - Some Pages Missing but still worth reading.

COMMENTARY ON 2 CHRONICLES
CRITICAL AND EXPLANATORY ON THE WHOLE BIBLE
ROBERT JAMIESON, A. R. FAUSSET AND DAVID BROWN.
Published 1871 - One of the Better Older Commentary
Tends to be more conservative and literal. Avoids spiritualizing.

Spurgeon's Comment: "Of this I have a very high opinion. It is the joint work of Mr. Jamieson, A. R. Fausset, and Dr. David Brown. It is to some extent a compilation and condensation of other men’s thoughts, but it is sufficiently original to claim a place in every minister’s library; indeed it contains so great a variety of information that if a man had no other exposition he would find himself at no great loss if he possessed this and used it diligently."

THOMAS CONSTABLE
Commentary Notes
2 Chronicles
Conservative, Millennial

 

RON DANIEL
Sermon Notes
2 Chronicles

JOHN DUMMELOW
Commentary
2 Chronicles

JOHN ELLICOTT
Old Testament Commentary
for English Readers
2 Chronicles

These appear to be fairly good notes and need no knowledge of Hebrew to use.

EXPLORE THE BIBLE
Notes on 2 Chronicles
by Dr. Sam Tullock
Written for the LifeWay Explore the Bible Sunday School curriculum

Find Your Focus (2 Chronicles 21-22)

Guard Your Focus (2 Chronicles 25-36)

EXPOSITOR'S BIBLE COMMENTARY
2 Chronicles
W H Bennett

Warren W. Wiersbe - If you can locate the six-volume edition of the Expositor’s Bible, buy it immediately! It takes up less space than the original fifty-volume set, and not everything in the original set is worth owning. Samuel H. Kellogg on Leviticus is a classic; so is Alexander Maclaren on the Psalms and on Colossians. (A Basic Library for Bible Students)

Cyril J. Barber - This set, originally published in 1903, contains expositions by both conservative and liberal theologians. The most important works are by Dod (Genesis), Chadwick (Exodus and Mark), Kellogg (Leviticus), Blaikie (Joshua, I and II Samuel), Adeney (Ezra, Nehemiah and Esther), Maclaren (Psalms), Moule (Romans), Findlay (Galatians and Ephesians), Plummer (Pastoral Epistles and the Epistles of James and Jude), and Milligan (Revelation.) (The Minister’s Library)

A C GAEBELEIN
Commentary on 2 Chronicles
Annotated Bible

 

JOHN GILL
Commentary on 2 Chronicles

GOTQUESTIONS
Related to
Book of 2 Chronicles

L M GRANT
Commentary on 2 Chronicles

JOE GUGLIELMO
Notes on 2 Chronicles
Calvary Chapel, Manitowoc, Wisconsin
Updated December 22, 2015

DAVE GUZIK
Commentary on 2 Chronicles
Conservative, Evangelical, Millennial Perspective
Well Done

HYMNS
RELATING TO 2 CHRONICLES

ROBERT HAWKER
Poor Man's Commentary
2 Chronicles

MATTHEW HENRY'S COMMENTARY
2 Chronicles
(1706)

ILLUSTRATIONS
RELATED TO 2 CHRONICLES
From 10,000 Illustrations
Bible.org

2 Chronicles 20:1-13 Never Act in Panic

The great preacher F. B. Meyer gave some sound advice on what to do in a crisis. He wrote, “Never act in panic, nor allow man to dictate to you; calm yourself and be still; force yourself into the quiet of your closet until the pulse beats normally and the ‘scare’ has ceased to disturb. When you are most eager to act is the time when you will make the most pitiable mistakes. Do not say in your heart what you will or will not do, but wait upon God until He makes known His way. So long as that way is hidden, it is clear that there is no need of action, and that He accounts Himself responsible for all results of keeping you where you are.”

Our Daily Bread, H. G. Bosch, Tuesday, January 12

2 Chronicles 20:19 Don’t Drown in a Mud Puddle

A saintly Christian man who was talking about the spiritual dimension of life said, “If you’re going to drown, don’t do it in a mud puddle.” He simply meant that he could understand why a person would struggle with his faith as a result of going through unusually deep waters of pain or grief. But he considered it utterly absurd that a believer would allow his testimony to be marred and his service rendered useless because of resentment over a small hurt or an ordinary disappointment.

In our text for today, King Uzziah let pride and envy cause him to break God’s clearly prescribed law regarding worship. He apparently resented the fact that he as king could not perform the task assigned to the high priest. So with presumption he intruded into the sanctuary, and God afflicted him with leprosy. After about 50 years of excellent rule, he had “drowned in a mud puddle.” How tragic!

Christians today can fall prey to a similar lack of discernment. A deacon lost the respect of his neighbors because he started a big ruckus with the unsaved man next door over a bush on their lot line. Another man was hurt and left the church in a huff because the class he had been leading for a long time wanted another teacher. Both men allowed little problems to mar their witness.

How do you handle the hurts, disappointments, rebuffs, griefs, and irritations that are common to all of us? Be careful to maintain balance! You don’t want to drown in a mud puddle.-H. V. Lugt. Our Daily Bread, Friday, January 27.

H A IRONSIDE
1 & 2 Kings; 1 & 2 Chronicles
The Kings of Judah & Israel

 

KEIL & DELITZSCH
Commentary
2 Chronicles

James Rosscup - "Keil, C. F. and Franz Delitzsch. Commentary on the Old Testament. 25 volumes. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1950. This is the best older, overall treatment of a critical nature on the Old Testament Hebrew text verse by verse and is a good standard work to buy. The student can buy parts or the whole of this series. Sometimes it is evangelical, at other times liberal ideas enter." (Commentaries for Biblical Expositors: An Annotated Bibliography of Selected Works)

RUDOLF KITTEL
2 Chronicles Commentary
(1895)

Comment: These are very brief notes.

"It is not only valuable, but indispensable." —The London Quarterly Review

"Examining the composition of the English translation based on the reconstruction of the original Hebrew, R. Kittel provides critical examination of the text with regard for semantic interpretation and historical context. Kittel draws upon the Masoretic Text, LXX, Targum manuscripts, Peshita, and Latin Vulgate in order to draw conclusions on semantic variation and omission. He incorporates views from the early Church fathers in order to provide further clarification on key topics." - Logos.com

Parallel Texts to the Books of Chronicles

JOHN KITTO
Commentary on 2 Chronicles
Pictorial Bible

Spurgeon's Comments on Kitto: "Then, of course, gentlemen, you will economize rigidly until you have accumulated funds to purchase Kitto’s Pictorial Bible. You mean to take that goodly freight on board before you launch upon the sea of married life. As you cannot visit the Holy Land, it is well for you that there is a work like the Pictorial Bible, in which the notes of the most observant travellers are arranged under the texts which they illustrate. For the geography, zoology, botany, and manners and customs of Palestine, this will be your counselor and guide… A work of art as well as learning."

PAUL E. KRETZMANN
Commentary
(Lutheran Perspective)
2 Chronicles

LANGE COMMENTARY
Commentary on 2 Chronicles
Otto Zockler

Spurgeon's Comments on Lange's Series: "These volumes are not all of equal value, but as a whole, they are a grand addition to our stores. The American translators have added considerably to the German work, and in some cases these additions are more valuable than the original matter. For homiletical purposes these volumes are so many hills of gold, but, alas, there is dross also, for Baptismal Regeneration and other grave errors occur… We are very far from endorsing all Zöckler’s remarks." (Caveat: Be a Berean - Acts 17:11)

ALEXANDER MACLAREN
Sermons on 2 Chronicles
Who is Alexander Maclaren (1826-1910)?

J VERNON MCGEE
Commentary on 2 Chronicles
Thru the Bible

Note: These are Mp3's Only
Right click and select "Save Target As" (to Desktop, Ipod, etc)

 

F B MEYER
Our Daily Homily
Devotionals on 2 Chronicles

See Also: Elijah and the Secret of his Power by F. B. Meyer

MISCELLANEOUS RESOURCES
2 Chronicles
Conservative, Evangelical

THE THEOLOGICAL JOURNAL LIBRARY on Galaxie.com

An annual $50 or monthly $5 subscription (click here) is required to view the entire article but will give you access to literally thousands of conservative articles. Click the following links to search by topic, author, or bible reference.

Examples of articles you can access:

JOURNAL ARTICLES FREE ONLINE

GENERAL RESOURCES
Outlines, Maps, Sermons, Commentaries on 2 Chronicles

BEST COMMENTARIES

RODNEY DUKE -BAKER'S EVANGELICAL DICTIONARY OF BIBLICAL THEOLOGY

HENRY MORRIS

Defender's Study Bible - Excellent, conservative, literal study Bible notes from a leading creationist commentator, Dr Henry Morris. See links to notes in right margin.

CROSSWAY PUBLISHING

HOLMAN

NET BIBLE

  • NET Study Bible - Excellent resource, includes NETBible notes and Thomas Constable's notes that synchronize with the Scriptures.

DAVID COLBURN

A Chronological Daily Bible Study of the Old Testament- 7-Day Sections with a Summary-Commentary, Discussion Questions, and a Practical Daily Application

GOSPEL COALITION

DICTIONARY ARTICLES

BOB FROMM

JAMES GRAY

DAVID HOLWICK

WILLIAM KELLY

DAVID LEGGE

DAVID MALICK

JOHN MACARTHUR

2 Chronicles Overview - same as in the MacArthur Study Bible

Outline of 2 Chronicles

I. The Reign of Solomon (2 Chronicles 1:1 – 9:31)

A. Coronation and Beginnings (2 Chronicles 1:1-17)

B. Temple Building (2 Chronicles 2:1 – 7:22)

C. Wealth/Achievements (2 Chronicles 8:1 – 9:28)

D. Death (2 Chronicles 9:29-31)

II. The Reign of the Kings of Judah (2 Chronicles 10:1 – 36:21)

A. Rehoboam (2 Chronicles 10:1 – 12:16)

B. Abijah (2 Chronicles 13:1-22)

C. Asa (2 Chronicles 14:1 – 16:14)

D. Jehoshaphat (2 Chronicles 17:1 – 21:3)

E. Jehoram (2 Chronicles 21:4-20)

F. Ahaziah (2 Chronicles 22:1-9)

G. Athaliah (2 Chronicles 22:10 – 23:21)

H. Joash (2 Chronicles 24:1-27)

I. Amaziah (2 Chronicles 25:1-28)

J. Uzziah (2 Chronicles 26:1-23)

K. Jotham (2 Chronicles 27:1-9)

L. Ahaz (2 Chronicles 28:1-27)

M. Hezekiah (2 Chronicles 29:1 – 32:33)

N. Manasseh (2 Chronicles 33:1-20)

O. Amon (2 Chronicles 33:21-25)

P. Josiah (2 Chronicles 34:1 – 35:27)

Q. Jehoahaz (2 Chronicles 36:1-4)

R. Jehoiakim (2 Chronicles 36:5-8)

S. Jehoiachin (2 Chronicles 36:9, 10)

T. Zedekiah (2 Chronicles 36:11-21)

III. The Return Proclamation of Cyrus (2 Chronicles 36:22,23)

Two basic principles enumerated in these two books (1 & 2 Chronicles) prevail throughout the OT, namely, obedience brings blessing, disobedience brings judgment. In the Chronicles, when the king obeyed and trusted the Lord, God blessed and protected. But when the king disobeyed and/or put his trust in something or someone other than the Lord, God withdrew His blessing and protection. Three basic failures by the kings of Judah brought God’s wrath: 1) personal sin; 2) false worship/idolatry; and/or 3) trust in man rather than God.

The Kings of Israel and Judah
United Kingdom
Saul 1 Samuel 9:1–31:13; 1 Chronicles 10:1–14
David 2 Sa; 1 Kings 1:1–2:9; 1 Chronicles 11:1–29:30
Solomon 1 Kings 2:10–11:43; 2 Chronicles 1:1–9:31
Northern Kingdom (Israel)
Jeroboam I 1 Kings 12:25–14:20
Nadab 1 Kings 15:25–31
Baasha 1 Kings 15:32–16:7
Elah 1 Kings 16:8–14
Zimri 1 Kings 16:15–20
Tibni 1 Kings 16:21, 22
Omri 1 Kings 16:21–28
Ahab 1 Kings 16:29–22:40

Ahaziah

1 Kings 22:51–53; 2 Kings 1:1–18

Jehoram; Joram 2 Kings 2:1–8:15
Jehu 2 Kings 9:1–10:36
Jehoahaz 2 Kings 13:1–9
Jehoash; Joash 2 Kings 13:10–25
Jeroboam II 2 Kings 14:23–29
Zechariah 2 Kings 15:8–12
Shallum 2 Kings 15:13–15
Menahem 2 Kings 15:16–22
Pekahiah 2 Kings 15:23–26
Pekah 2 Kings 15:27–31
Hoshea 2 Kings 17:1–41
Southern Kingdom (Judah)

Rehoboam

1 Kings 12:1–14:31; 2 Chronicles 10:1–12:16

Abijam (Abijah) 1 Kings 15:1–8; 2 Chronicles 13:1–22
Asa 1 Kings 15:9–24; 2 Chronicles 14:1–16:14
Jehoshaphat 1 Kings 22:41–50; 2 Chronicles 17:1–20:37
Jehoram; Joram 2 Kings 8:16–24; 2 Chronicles 21:1–20
Ahaziah 2 Kings 8:25–29; 2 Chronicles 22:1–9
Athaliah (Queen) 2 Kings 11:1–16; 2 Chronicles 22:1–23:21
Jehoash; Joash 2 Kings 11:17–12:21; 2 Chronicles 23:16–24:27
Amaziah 2 Kings 14:1–22; 2 Chronicles 25:1–28
Uzziah (Azariah) 2 Kings 15:1–7; 2 Chronicles 26:1–23

Jotham

2 Kings 15:32–38; 2 Chronicles 27:1–9

Ahaz 2 Kings 16:1–20; 2 Chronicles 28:1–27
Hezekiah 2 Kings 18:1–20:21; 2 Chronicles 29:1–32:33
Manasseh 2 Kings 21:1–18; 2 Chronicles 33:1–20
Amon

2 Kings 21:19–26; 2 Chronicles 33:21–25

Josiah 2 Kings 22:1–23:30; 2 Chronicles 34:1–35:27
Jehoahaz 2 Kings 23:31–33; 2 Chronicles 36:1–4
Jehoiakim 2 Kings 23:34–24:7; 2 Chronicles 36:5–8
Jehoiachin 2 Kings 24:8–16; 2 Chronicles 36:9, 10
Zedekiah 2 Kings 24:18–25:21; 2 Chronicles 36:11–21

MAPS

The Kingdom of David and Solomon

The Kingdoms of Israel and Judah

Judah Alone amid International Powers

J VERNON MCGEE

MONERGISM

WILLIAM MOOREHEAD

G CAMPBELL MORGAN

G CAMPBELL MORGAN

ROBERT MORGAN

NIV STUDY BIBLE

WILLIAM ORR

MYER PEARLMAN

WIL POUNDS

RICHARD OWEN ROBERTS

HENRI ROSSIER

REFORMATION STUDY BIBLE

ROB SALVATO

SERMON CENTRAL

RAY STEDMAN

CHARLES SWINDOLL

Excerpt - What's the big idea? The post-exilic Jews needed a reminder of who their God was and how He worked. History provided the best lesson for them. “The author uses the history of Judah to demonstrate that God blesses His people when they remain faithful and joyfully worship the Lord.” (Richards, The Bible Reader's Companion)

One writer stated that: " History itself is a call to worship and an invitation to hope. If the struggling community of Jews in Judah will put God first as did godly generations of the past, and show their commitment by a similar zeal for worship, the Lord will surely show His faithfulness to them. The line of David will yet again take Zion’s throne and the kingdom of God be established over all the earth." (Ibid)

How do I apply this? As it did for the Israelites, history can jog our memories. Can you remember times when God blessed you? Such memories are blessings in themselves, as well as encouragements to press on in holiness, with hope and confidence. If you are hard-pressed to recall specific times when God worked in your life, consider your devotional habits. A prayer journal that recalls prayers asked and those answered can act as your own “history” manual. God wants us to remember His works, so we, too, can praise Him for His goodness and have hope for our future!

JAMES VAN DINE

VERSE BY VERSE
RESOURCES ON SECOND CHRONICLES

BRIAN BILL

C H SPURGEON

J. G. BELLETT

RAY STEDMAN

Robert Neighbour

ROBERT MORGAN

DAVID DEWITT

RAYMOND PERKINS

BRIAN BILL

ALAN CARR

Well Done notes

C H SPURGEON

HANDBOOK OF MANNERS

TOMMY NELSON

BOB DEFFINBAUGH

C H SPURGEON

BRIAN BILL

RAY STEDMAN

ROBERT NEIGHBOUR

C H SPURGEON

JOHN PIPER

JOHN PIPER

HANDBOOK OF MANNERS

ROBERT NEIGHBOUR

DAVE ROPER

DAVE ROPER

CHARLES SIMEON (BIO)

ROBERT NEIGHBOUR

STEVE SANCHEZ

JOHN PIPER

C H SPURGEON

F. W. KRUMMACHER

MARCUS DODS

RICHARD PRATT

MARCUS DODS

CHARLES SIMEON (BIO)

C H SPURGEON

HANDBOOK OF MANNERS

ANDY WOOD

MARCUS DODS

JOHN KITTO

CHARLES SIMEON

ROBERT MORGAN

CHARLES STANLEY

MARCUS DODS

ROBERT MORGAN

C H SPURGEON

DEREK THOMAS

CHARLES SIMEON

JOHN KITTO

DAVID ROPER

MARCUS DODS

C H SPURGEON

CHARLES SIMEON

HANDBOOK OF MANNERS

JAMES G. MURPHY
2 Chronicles Commentary
1880

"Far beyond anything indicated by the small price of this work is its exceeding value for thoroughness of verbal exposition, exegetical criticism, and homiletic suggestiveness."—Baptist magazine

"It contains a vast amount of information, which ministers, Sunday-school teachers, and Bible classes may turn to good account." —Christian World

Note: An interesting feature is a set of usually 10-11 questions at the end of each chapter.

NET BIBLE
Commentary Notes
2 Chronicles

NET Bible notes are in the right panel. You can also select the tab for "Constable's Notes." As you scroll the Bible text in the left panel, the notes are synchronized and will scroll to the same passage. This is a very helpful feature.

JAMES NISBET
Church Pulpit Commentary
2 Chronicles

OUR DAILY BREAD
Devotional illustrations
2 Chronicles
Updated December 26, 2015

PASTOR LIFE
Sermons
Book of 2 Chronicles

Is There Determination in our Growing? 2 Chronicles 2:1-6 Growth, Spiritual; Growth, Church; Determination David E. Owen
The Day God Filled The House 2 Chronicles 5:13-14 God, Presence of; Church, Blessings Upon the Donnie L. Martin
The IF of Thanksgiving 2 Chronicles 7:12-14 Thanksgiving Day; Thanksgiving; Renewal; America; Revival J. Mike Minnix
Only if or if Only? 2 Chronicles 7:14 Revival; Prayer; Repentance Franklin L. Kirksey
God Save Our Country 2 Chronicles 7:14 America; Independence Day; Prayer; Family Michael A. Guido
A Country In Need 2 Chronicles 15:1-15 New Year; America Jerry N. Watts
Against All Odds 2 Chronicles 20:1-37 Victory Franklin L. Kirksey
Right Resolutions 2 Chronicles 29 Resolutions; New Year Terry Trivette
The Congregation That Worships 2 Chronicles 29:28-30 Worship; Church, Worship David E. Owen

MATTHEW POOLE
Commentary
2 Chronicles

PREACHER'S COMPLETE HOMILETICAL COMMENTARY
2 Chronicles
James Wolfendale
1890

 

PULPIT COMMENTARY
2 Chronicles

 

DON ROBINSON
Sermon Notes
2 Chronicles

ROB SALVATO
Sermon Notes
2 Chronicles

SERMON BIBLE COMMENTARY
2 Chronicles

CHARLES SIMEON
Sermons
2 Chronicles

ALTERNATIVE SOURCE - HAS SCRIPTURE POP-UPS

CHUCK SMITH
Sermon Notes on 2 Chronicles
Calvary Chapel

Commentary Notes by Chapter Identical to C2000 Series

SPEAKER'S COMMENTARY
2 Chronicles

Spurgeon's Comment: The Speaker’s Commentary is issued (August, 1875) as far as the Lamentations. It is costly, too costly for your pockets, and I am therefore somewhat the less sorry to add that it is not what I hoped it would be. Of course it is a great work, and contains much which tends to illustrate the text; but if you had it you would not turn to it for spiritual food, or for fruitful suggestion, or if you did so, you would be disappointed. The object of the work is to help the general reader to know what the Scriptures really say and mean, and to remove some of the difficulties. It keeps to its design and in a measure accomplishes it."

C. H. SPURGEON
All of Spurgeon's Sermons
on 2 Chronicles

C H SPURGEON
Devotionals on 2 Chronicles
Morning and Evening
Faith's Checkbook

THIRD MILLENNIUm
2 Chronicles Studies
Well Done - Recommended

Outline & References

Notes on the Text

2 Chronicles 1

2 Chronicles 2

2 Chronicles 3

2 Chronicles 4

2 Chronicles 5

2 Chronicles 6

2 Chronicles 7

2 Chronicles 8

2 Chronicles 9

2 Chronicles 10

2 Chronicles 11

2 Chronicles 12

2 Chronicles 13

2 Chronicles 14

2 Chronicles 15

2 Chronicles 16

2 Chronicles 17

2 Chronicles 18

2 Chronicles 19

2 Chronicles 20

2 Chronicles 21

2 Chronicles 22

2 Chronicles 23

2 Chronicles 24

2 Chronicles 25

2 Chronicles 26

2 Chronicles 27

2 Chronicles 28

2 Chronicles 29

2 Chronicles 30

2 Chronicles 31

2 Chronicles 32

2 Chronicles 33

2 Chronicles 34

2 Chronicles 35

2 Chronicles 36

TODAY IN THE WORD
Devotionals on 2 Chronicles
Moody Bible Institute

JOHN TRAPP
Commentary
2 Chronicles

DANIEL WHEDON
Commentary
2 Chronicles

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DISCLAIMER: Before you "go to the commentaries" go to the Scriptures and study them inductively (Click 3 part overview of how to do Inductive Bible Study) in dependence on your Teacher, the Holy Spirit, Who Jesus promised would guide us into all the truth (John 16:13). Remember that Scripture is always the best commentary on Scripture. Any commentary, even those by the most conservative and orthodox teacher/preachers cannot help but have at least some bias of the expositor based upon his training and experience. Therefore the inclusion of specific links does not indicate that we agree with every comment. We have made a sincere effort to select only the most conservative, "bibliocentric" commentaries. Should you discover some commentary or sermon you feel may not be orthodox, please email your concern. I have removed several links in response to concerns by discerning readers. I recommend that your priority be a steady intake of solid Biblical food so that with practice you will have your spiritual senses trained to discern good from evil (Heb 5:14-note).