THE BOOK OF DANIEL
IN HEBREW & ARAMAIC
for Gentile Nations
2:24 Therefore, Daniel went in to Arioch,
whom the king had appointed to destroy the wise men of Babylon; he
went and spoke to him as follows: "Do not destroy the wise men of
Babylon! Take me into the king's presence, and I will declare the
interpretation to the king." (Arioch: Da 2:15)
(Destroy: Da 2:12,13 Ac 27:24)
Arioch - The king's
executioner (Da 2:14).
Do not destroy the wise
(latter "request" is actually a
command in the original Aramaic!) - Daniel put others before himself
(cp Php 2:3, 4) and
these were not even believers (but included pagan sorcerers,
magicians, astrologers, etc!) which testifies to the selfless, humble
spirit of this young man --young in age but not "young" in spiritual
maturity or godly character!
Think also of the boldness and
courage that Daniel manifested in addressing the king's executioner
with what is essentially a command to "cease and desist"! But Daniel's
boldness was not borne out of false bravado or brashness but was borne out of
reception of a sure revelation from the trustworthy God. As Paul says in
Romans 10:17 God's Word reinforces our faith which allows one to speak
boldly as did Daniel. Believers today also have the same sure word of prophecy
from the same trustworthy God and like young Daniel can be bold and
courageous as we declare God's plan for the ages to those who are
seeking answers. And do not underestimate the "evangelistic power" of
eschatology (eschatos = last things, ology = study of) to open the
door for the Gospel and conversion (an occurrence I have been
privileged to see on more than one occasion as I spoke about God's
plan for the ages). (See also the related discussion below)
LIFE WELL LIVED
IS A LIGHT TO THOSE
IN SPIRITUAL DARKNESS
What impact would Daniel's
intervention and role in saying the life of these "wise men" have?
A life well lived is a light (Mt 5:16-note,
cp Ps 126:6)
and it appears quite likely that not all rejected the light, which
could well explain the incredible vignette some 500 years later at the
birth of a baby Boy in Bethlehem, Matthew recording...
Now after Jesus was born in
Bethlehem of Judea in the days of Herod the king, behold, magi
(Greek = magos) from the east arrived in Jerusalem, saying, "Where is
He who has been born King of the Jews? For we saw His star in the
east, and have come to worship Him."...Then Herod secretly called the
magi, and ascertained from them the time the star
appeared...And having heard the king, they went their way; and lo, the
star, which they had seen in the east, went on before them, until it
came and stood over where the Child was. And when they saw the star,
they rejoiced exceedingly with great joy. And they came into the house
and saw the Child with Mary His mother; and they fell down and
[word study]) Him; and opening their treasures they
presented to Him gifts of gold and frankincense and myrrh. And having
been warned by God in a dream not to return to Herod, they departed
for their own country by another way...Then when Herod saw that he had
been tricked by the magi, he became very enraged, and sent and
slew all the male children who were in Bethlehem and in all its
environs, from two years old and under, according to the time which he
had ascertained from the magi. (Mt 2:1, 2, 7, 9, 10, 11,
Tis' only one life,
Will soon be past.
Only what's done in Christ
It is notable that the Greek word
magos (plural magi) used by Matthew is the same word used by
the translators of the
translate the Hebrew word for conjurers in Da 2:2, 10, who were
among the leading wise men in Babylon.
The respected commentator John
We learn from the book of Daniel
that the magi were among the highest-ranking officials in
Babylon. Because the Lord gave Daniel the interpretation of
Nebuchadnezzar’s dream-which none of the other court seers was able to
do-Daniel was appointed as “ruler over the whole province of Babylon
and chief prefect over all the wise men of Babylon” (Da 2:48).
Because of his great wisdom and because he had successfully pleaded
for the lives of the wise men who had failed to interpret the king’s
dream (Da 2:24), Daniel came to be highly regarded among the magi.
The plot against Daniel that caused him to be thrown into the lions’
den was fomented by the jealous satraps and the other commissioners,
not the magi (Da 6:4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9). Because of Daniel’s
high position and great respect among them, it seems certain that the
magi learned much from that prophet about the one true God, the
God of Israel, and about His will and plans for His people through the
coming glorious King. Because many Jews remained in Babylon after the
Exile and intermarried with the people of the east, it is likely that
Jewish messianic influence remained strong in that region even until
New Testament times...
The magi from the east (the
word literally means “from the rising” of the sun, and refers to the
orient) who came to see Jesus were of a completely different sort. Not
only were they true magi, but they surely had been strongly influenced
by Judaism, quite possibly even by some of the prophetic writings,
especially that of Daniel. They appear to be among the many
God-fearing Gentiles who lived at the time of Christ, a number of
whom-such as Cornelius and Lydia (Acts 10:1, 2; 16:14)-are
mentioned in the New Testament...
Though having had limited spiritual
light, they (the magi from the East) immediately recognized
God’s light when it shone on them. They had genuinely seeking hearts,
hearts that the Lord promises will never fail to find Him (Je
J: Matthew 1-7 Chicago: Moody Press
The fact that Daniel says "do
not destroy the wise men" supports the fact that the executions
had not yet begun as suggested by some commentators. It also
demonstrates God's prophet shares God's heart for all who are lost in
spiritual darkness (even those ensnared by magic, witchcraft, sorcery,
The Lord is not slow about His
promise, as some count slowness, but is patient toward you, not
wishing for any to perish but for all to come to repentance
(Note the good news that brings salvation includes teaching on
repentance!). (2Pe 3:9-note,
cp 1Ti 2:4)
I will declare - The
confident assurance expressed by Daniel was founded on the sure revelation
he had received from God. Although in our day divine revelation has
been completed in the Scriptures, as we go in faith to God's finished revelation and abide in it and it in us, we
too can live with a "Daniel like" confidence (cp Da 11:32b).
2:25 Then Arioch hurriedly brought Daniel
into the king's presence and spoke to him as follows: "I have found a
man among the exiles from Judah who can make the interpretation known
to the king!" (brought: Pr 24:11 Ec 9:10) (exiles of
Judah: literally children of the captivity of Judah. Da 1:6 6:13 Neh
7:6 1Co 1:27,28)
Then Arioch - He astutely
recognized the significance of what Daniel was saying, but let us not
forget that the underlying reason for all of the favor shown to Daniel
was the fact that the good hand of His God was upon him (cp Daniel
I have found - Arioch
"the opportunist" presents Daniel as his personal "find", a move
surely calculated to curry favor with the king.
NET Bible note - Arioch's
claim is self-serving and exaggerated. It is Daniel who came to him,
and not the other way around. By claiming to have found one capable of
solving the king's dilemma, Arioch probably hoped to ingratiate
himself to the king.
The king said to Daniel, whose name was Belteshazzar, "Are you able to
make known to me the dream which I have seen and its interpretation?"
(Daniel: Da 1:7 4:8,19 5:12) (Are you able: Da 2:3, 4, 5, 6, 7
4:18 5:16 Ge 41:15 1Sa 17:33)
Are you able (Da 2:3, 5,
6) - No and yes. No I cannot in my own resources, but yes I can in
God's wisdom and revelation (Da 2:21, 22) and as His mouthpiece. He
recognized and made clear that there was nothing supernatural about
him, except the good hand of His Supernatural God, and so too should
we in all our spiritual endeavors for His glory!
This would have been the perfect
opportunity for Daniel to take personal credit and receive all the
glory. Daniel understood Mt 5:16-note.
He knew that he was to perform good works so men could see the works,
but he also understood that those visible good works were to bring
glory to the invisible God in heaven.
Daniel answered before the king and said, "As for the mystery about
which the king has inquired, neither wise men, conjurers, magicians
nor diviners are able to declare it to the king (Da
2:2,10,11 5:7, 5:8 Job 5:12,13 Isa 19:3 44:25 47:12, 13, 14)
GIVING CREDIT TO
WHOM IT IS DUE
Neither wise men - Daniel
agrees with the proclamation of the not so "wise" wise men in Da 2:10,
Jon Courson commenting on
Daniel's humility (cp importance of humility = Pr 15:33, 18:12,
Daniel didn’t say, “I can tell you
your dream.” He said, “Only the Lord can give you the information and
understanding you seek.” I believe this was why Daniel was used from
the time he was a young man all the way until he was eighty-five. He
didn’t take credit. The fastest way to see the work of God through
your life stopped is to begin to think it’s because you’re special.
(Jon Courson's Application Commentary: Thomas Nelson)
"However, there is a God in heaven who reveals mysteries, and He has
made known to King Nebuchadnezzar what will take place in the
days. This was your dream and the visions in your mind while on your
bed (a God: Ps 115:3 Mt 6:9) (reveals: Da 2:18,47 Ge 40:8
41:16 Isa 41:22,23 Am 4:13) (in the: Da 10:14 Ge 49:1 Nu 24:14 Dt 4:30
31:19 Isa 2:2 Jer 30:24 48:47 Ezek 38:8,16 Ho 3:5 Mic 4:1,2 2Ti 3:1
Heb 1:1 2Pe 3:3)
In many ways Da 2:27,28 might be
taken as the theme of the whole chapter: “No wise man, enchanter,
magician or diviner can explain to the king the mystery he has asked
about, but there is a God in heaven who reveals mysteries.” Human
inability is fully met by God’s almighty power. For nothing is
impossible with God. (The
World According to God)
A God in heaven - Here
Daniel picks up where the "wise men" left off in Da 2:11 when they
stated no one except the gods could declare the dream and its
interpretation. In so doing Daniel in essence issues a direct
challenge to the impotent false religious system of Babylon with its
plethora of dead "gods". And given that Babylon is the mother of
harlots and of the abominations of the earth (Rev 17:5) or the
"birthplace" of all the earth's false religions and idols, Daniel's
declaration regarding a God in heaven sounds the death knell to
these systems which sinful men have devised in their attempt to fill
the void created by rejection of and rebellion against the One True,
Over 1000 years earlier Joseph
another man with supernatural chose to give God the glory...
Joseph then answered Pharaoh,
saying, “It is not in me; God will give Pharaoh a favorable
answer.” (Ge 41:16)
- Whenever you encounter a specific
expression of time
pause and ponder using the
This time phrase clearly has
eschatological (eschatos = last things) overtones and is synonymous with
(and actually sometimes translated) last days. Last days is found in the
NT and identifies a time period that from Hebrews 1:2 and Acts 2:17
begins with the first coming of Messiah. Isaiah 2:2 (and parallel
passage in Micah 4:1) identifies events that will be consummated at
the second coming of Messiah (Second
coinciding with establishment of Messiah's
Latter days- This Hebrew
(acariyth yowm) (translated "days to come," "last days,") phrase
occurs 13x in OT = Gen 49:1, Nu 24:!4, Dt 4:30 [ESV
= "tribulation" Dt 4:30ESV]; Dt 31:29; Isa 2:2; Jer 23:20, 30:24; 48:47;
2:28 (actually the Aramaic Equivalent because Da 2:4-7:28 is written
in Aramaic); Da 10:14 (Written in Hebrew again).
Now, take a
on each of these passages on the
(or "days to come") also
remembering that context is the
"king" in interpretation.
See if you do not agree that this time phrase almost always speaks of
a time just preceding
to or terminating with the Lord's return. After you have made your own
observations you might read the notes on
Discussion of Last Days in the
prophecy in Isa 2:2.
And so we can see that in this
passage Daniel uses the term latter days to define the scope of
the prophecy is about to unfold. From the following context the
latter days begins with the time of the Babylonian Empire and ends
with the return of Christ (the Stone), a time period that perfectly
parallels the "times of the Gentiles" (Lk 21:24).
The angelic messenger sent to
interpret Daniel's vision (Da 10:7) declared...
Now I have come to give you an
understanding of what will happen to your people (Israel, the Jews) in the latter days,
for the vision pertains to the days yet future. (Da 10:14)
Donald Campbell remarks
Because the Bible is a supernatural
book, it can, and does, have a great deal to say about the future. And
this should give comfort and security to the believer in contrast to
the unbeliever who "bites his nails" and wonders how things will turn
out. Two men were listening to a delayed broadcast of their school's
crucial basketball game against a rival university. Suddenly one of
them said, "Why am I so nervous? I know how it comes out." To which
his friend replied, "Now you know how God must feel when we fret and
get so depressed." After all, He knows how it comes out! (Campbell, D.
Daniel God's Man in a Secular Society).
"As for you, O king, while on your bed your thoughts turned to what
would take place in the future; and He who reveals mysteries has made
known to you what will take place. (Ezek 38:10)(Da
2:22,28,47 Am 4:13)
What would take place in the
future (cp "the latter days") - Naturally any king would want to know what happens to his
kingdom in the future.
He who reveals mysteries
(mystery = "key word" = Da 2:18, 19, 27, 28, 29, 30, 47; 4:9)
- What a great (descriptive) Name for our God. Mysteries are sacred secrets hitherto unknown, humanly unknowable,
and now divinely revealed. The mysteries are not unintelligible nor
mysterious (like a Sherlock Holmes "mystery"), but are merely God’s
secret until He has chosen to reveal through a pagan king to be
interpreted by a divine prophet. The classic NT example is the church,
not revealed at all in the OT (see Ep 3:3-note)
Notice that Daniel did not
impugn the names or reputations of Nebuchadnezzar’s gods, which is
a great lesson for all of us that we need to be very careful when we
witness for the only true and living God. Our tact should be to
introduce them to the one and only true God and allow the convicting,
illuminating ministry of the Holy Spirit to show them the difference.
Give them truth which will allow them to discern that which is false.
Or as Peter says to believers who were in various fiery trials (1Pe
= Command to do this now and do it effectively. It is urgent!) Christ
as Lord in your hearts, always being ready to make a defense to
everyone who asks you to give an account for the hope that is in you,
(How are we to present our defense of the God of heaven?) yet with
gentleness and reverence (with our words) and (with our
words that "back up" the veracity of our testimony of hope!) keep a
good conscience so that in the thing in which you are slandered, those
who revile y-our good behavior in Christ may be put to shame. (1Pe
Daniel's dream description and
decryption are clear examples of the God Who "reveals the profound
and hidden things" (Da 2:22).
"But as for me, this mystery has not been revealed to me for any
wisdom residing in me more than in any other living man, but for the
purpose of making the interpretation known to the king, and that you
may understand the thoughts of your mind. (this mystery: Ge
41:16 Ac 3:12 1Co 15:8, 9, 10, 11, 12) (but: Da 2:17,18,49 Isa 43:3,4
45:4 Mt 24:22 Mk 13:20 Ro 8:28 1Co 3:21, 22, 23 2Co 4:15) (Da 2:47)
But as for me -
Incredible humility in view of the fact that he has just received one
of the greatest revelations ever given, a revelation that lays out the
history of the entire world until Messiah returns. Paul made a
parallel selfless statement...
Not that we are adequate in
ourselves to consider anything as coming from ourselves, but our
adequacy is from God, who also made us adequate as servants of a new
covenant, not of the letter, but of the Spirit; for the letter kills,
but the Spirit gives life. (2Cor 3:5,6, cp Jas 4:6-note,
cp importance of humility = Pr 15:33, 18:12, 22:4)
Joseph exhibited a
similar humility when he passed on to God the glory (Ps 115:1-note)
declaring to Pharaoh "It is not in me. God will give Pharaoh a
favorable answer." (Ge 41:16). Joseph and Daniel are
great OT illustrations which emphasize that the man who chooses for God
and refuses to
compromise with the world (Da 1:8, Ge 39:9), will be a vessel of honor, set apart and
useful to Him as their Master (2Ti 2:21-note, cp He 6:12-note).
Donald Campbell (Daniel
God's Man in a Secular Society) records the following story...
Dr. H. A. Ironside, famed pastor
and Bible teacher, was once convicted about his lack of humility. A
friend recommended, as a remedy, that he march through the streets of
Chicago wearing a sandwich board, shouting the Scripture verses
inscribed on the board for all to hear. Dr. Ironside agreed to this
challenging venture and when he returned to study and removed the
board, he said
"I'll bet there's not another man
in town who would do that!"
"You, O king, were looking and behold, there was a single great
statue; that statue, which was large and of extraordinary splendor,
was standing in front of you, and its appearance was awesome.
(and the: Da 7:3-17 Mt 4:8 Lk 4:5) (Isa 13:11 25:3,
4, 5 Eze 28:7 Hab
Single great statue -
Emphasizes the continuity and integral relationship of the kingdoms
represented. In other words the dominion would change, but elements of
one kingdom would continue into the next. This one statue in a sense represented
all of the Gentile kingdoms that would exist until the end of this age
(when the Stone returns to end Gentile dominion forever).
Its appearance was awesome
(Aramaic = dechal used 6x - Da 2:31; 4:5; 5:19; 6:26; 7:7, 19) - The
translates it with the adjective phoberos meaning inspiring
fear, terrible, formidable, frightful.
Standing in front of you
- Nebuchadnezzar was directly before this fearful, terrifying sight, which
helps us understand why
his spirit was troubled (Da 2:1, anxious = Da 2:3).
"The head of that statue was made of fine gold, its breast and its
arms of silver, its belly and its thighs of bronze, (head:
Da 2:37,38 4:22,30 7:4 Isa 14:4 Jer 51:7 Rev 17:4) (breast: Da 2:39
7:5 8:3,4 11:2) (beblly: Da 2:39 7:6 8:5, 6, 7, 8 11:3-20)
The head...fine gold -
Gold = Da 2:32, 38 = Lion Da 7:4 = Nebuchadnezzar (Babylon) (fell in
539 BC - See Da 5:28, cp Da 8:20, 21, 22)
Breast and its arms - Silver = Da 2:32,39; Bear = Da 7:5; Ram =
Da 8:6, 20 = Media & Persia (539-331 BC)
Its belly and its thighs - Bronze = Da 2:32, 39; Leopard Da
7:6; Male, Shaggy Goat = Da 8:8,21 = Greece under Alexander the Great
2:33 its legs of
iron, its feet partly of iron and partly of clay. (Da 2:40, 41,
42, 43 7:7,8,19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26)
Legs of iron - Note (1)
Decreasing value or preciousness of metals with each succeeding
division (2) Decreasing specific gravity (of ? significance) (3)
Increasing strength (of the empires) as one descends in the statute
and if one looks on a map, each succeeding kingdom is larger than its
Two things should be noted
concerning these metals: first, they increase in strength; but second,
they decrease in value. The fulfillment will be in the decrease of the
character of authority and rule: Babylon was an absolute monarchy with
the monarch above the law; with Medo-Persia the monarch was not above
the law and he did not have the authority to change his own decrees
(cp Da 6:8, 11, 12, 15);
the Hellenic kings had no dynastic or royal right to rule, and ruled
by force of conquest and personal gifts; and Roman imperialism was a
republic which degenerated into mob rule merging with the imperial
form of government. Yet there will be an increase in strength of one
empire over the other. (Fruchtenbaum, A. G. The Footsteps of the
Messiah: A Study of the Sequence of Prophetic Events. 2003. Tustin,
CA: Ariel Ministries)
Partly of clay - (Da 2:33, 34, 35,
41, 43, 45) Baked clay which though hard was also fragile. Think of it
as like tile work that was woven into the image, and certainly
Babylonian architecture made frequent use of tile. Note the most
fragile component of the statute is located at the strategic
stabilizing base, the feet.
"You continued looking until a stone was cut out without hands, and it
struck the statue on its feet of iron and clay and crushed them.
(a stone: Da 2:44,45 7:13,14,27 Ps 118:22 Isa 28:16 Zec 12:3 Mt
16:18 Ac 4:11 1Pe 2:7 Rev 11:15) (cut: Da 8:25 Zec 4:6 Jn 1:13 2Co 5:1
Heb 9:24) (without hands - Da 2:45) (which - Ps 2:8, 9, 10, 11, 12
110:5,6 149:6, 7, 8, 9 Isa 60:12 Zec 12:3 Rev 17:14 Rev 19:11-21)
Feet- This corresponds to
the description below of "feet and toes" (Da 2:41, 42)
A Stone - Not just any
Stone, but the Stone of God, the Messiah, the Rock of our salvation,
the Lord Jesus Christ, the King of kings and Lord of lords. This
prophecy could speak of no other, for none other than Christ, the
Messiah, could accomplish the formidable task of striking and crushing
all remnants of Gentile world power, forever and ever. Amen.
Cut without hands - Not
natural and by "default" supernatural. Isaiah's prophecy for example
in Isa 28:16 and quoted in part (specifically in 1Pe 2:6) by Peter in
1Pe 2:4, 5, 6, 7, 8 leaves no doubt that the supernatural Stone is the
On its feet of iron and clay
- This little detail is critically important if this prophecy is
to be interpreted accurately. It will be discussed more fully below.
The point is that the Stone did not strike at head, arms, belly or leg
stage, but at the last stage of the statue.
speaks of the Messiah, Christ Jesus.
This picture of Christ as a Stone (or Rock) is intimately
woven by the Spirit throughout both the Old and New Testaments and makes
for a fascinating and encouraging study.
This study would make an edifying series in a Sunday School class and
would be very enlightening to those who are not that familiar with the
Old Testament especially OT prophecies that speak of the Messiah. Remember to carefully
to arrive at the most accurate
interrogating the primary verse with questions such as... When
does this take place? Where does this take place? What
are the circumstances surrounding the use of this
Who is in the "cast of characters"? Who used the name
Stone or Rock? What attribute(s) do you discover about the Stone
How should we
this truth to our life today -- not
Can we? - it is God's Word of Truth and it is
to our life. The more relevant
question is "Will
we allow the Spirit to speak the Word of Truth to our innermost being
and respond with unhesitating obedience"?...here
are the Scriptures...and as they say when your meal (cp Mt 4:4, Job
served in the restaurant..."Enjoy!"
Ge 49:24 > Ex 17:6 >
Ex 33:21 > Nu 20:11 > Dt 32:4 > 2Sa 23:3 > Ps 18:2 >
Ps 18:31 > Ps 18:46 > Ps 19:14 > Ps 27:5 > Ps 28:1 >
Ps 31:2-3 > Ps 40:2 > Ps 42:9 > Ps 61:2 >Ps 62:2
>Ps 62:6-7 >Ps 71:3 >Ps 78:16 > Ps 78:20 >
Ps 78:35 >
Ps 81:16 > Ps 89:26 > Ps 92:15 > Ps 94:22 >Ps 95:1
>Ps 105:41 >Ps 114:8 >Ps 118:22 >Ps 144:1 >Isa 8:14 >
Isa 17:10 > Isa 26:4 >Isa 28:16 >Isa 30:29 >Isa 32:2
>Isa 33:16 >Isa 44:8 >Isa 48:21 >Isa 51:1 > Da 2:34 > Da
2:35, 44, 45, 46 > Hab 1:12 > Zech 4:7 > Mt 7:24,25> Mt 16:18 >Mt
21:42 >Mk 12:10 >Lk 20:17 > Acts 4:11 >Ro 9:32-33 > Acts 4:11 >1Co
1:23>1Co 10:4 >Eph 2:20 >1Pe 2:4, 5, 6, 7, 8 (Which book
of the Bible has the most allusions to Rock? Why might that be the
(1) To God Jesus is...
Ex 17:6, 1Cor 10:4,
cp John 4:13, 14, 7:37, 38, 39, Re 22:17
(2) To Israel Messiah is...
(3) To the Church the Lord
1Co 3:10, 11, 12 (foundation)
(4) To all the Gentile world powers Jesus the King of kings is
Stone cut without hands
Stone that grows and fills the earth
Da 2:35-note, cf Da 2:44, 45-note
(5) To Israel at Second coming Messiah is...
Capstone of the corner
(6) To unbelievers the Lord Jesus Christ is the...
Crushing Stone of judgment
"Then the iron, the clay, the bronze, the silver and the gold were
crushed all at the same time and became like chaff from the summer
threshing floors; and the wind carried them away so that not a trace
of them was found. But the stone that struck the statue became a great
mountain and filled the whole earth. (Ps 1:4,5 Isa 17:13,14
41:15,16 Ho 13:3 Mic 4:13) (not a trace - Job 6:17 Ps 37:10,36 103:16
Rev 12:8 20:11) (became: Isa 2:2,3 Mic 4:1,2)
Is it any wonder that this stone
smashing statue dream would trouble King Nebuchadnezzar and give him a
bad case of divine insomnia!
Then - This time related
word marks sequence in a series of events. In
this case then marks the time of the feet stage of Da 2:33
at which time the Stone struck at the feet. The picture is that the
stone struck the statue and THEN the statue was crushed.
All at the same time -
Not just the feet are crushed but the entire image all at the same
As we discuss below, the Stone
represents Christ and the striking of the Stone marks the return of Christ
and the end of the Gentile attempt to dominate the
Became like chaff - A
figure of speech which depicts the worthless part of grain that has
been threshed. The worthless part is carried away. This is an amazing,
humbling thought, for what God is saying in essence is that all of
man's empire building and all his vast and glorious achievements
(apart from Christ, cp Jn 15:5) amount to absolutely nothing in His
eternal estimation! Jesus alludes to this with another figure of
speech declaring ...
And everyone who hears these words
of Mine, and does not act upon them, will be like a foolish man, who
built his house upon the sand. And the rain descended, and the floods
came, and the winds blew, and burst against that house; and it fell,
and great was its fall. (Mt 7:26, 27)
In a very real sense all the
godless Gentile empires throughout history are like this house built
on sand (although clearly in context Jesus is speaking to individuals
not empires) and they will not survive the rains and floods and wind
burst against them..
It is interesting to note that the fulfillment of this aspect of the
prophecy is a delayed answer to a prayer, a prayer that most of us
quite likely have prayed many times! In short, the Stone striking of the
brings about a great mountain (kingdom) which is the
answer to the saints' pleas throughout the ages that "Thy
kingdom come" (Mt 6:10-note).
The psalmist alludes to this
event as God the Father promises His Son...
7 “I will surely tell of the
decree of the Lord:
He said to Me, ‘You are My Son,
Today I have begotten You.
8 ‘Ask of Me, and I will surely give the nations as Your
And the very ends of the earth as Your possession.
9 ‘You shall break them with a rod of iron,
You shall shatter them like earthenware (Ps 2:7-9)
Wiersbe comments on Ps 2:9
Before going to battle, ancient
eastern kings participated in a ritual of breaking clay jars that
symbolized the enemy army, and thus guaranteed the help of the gods to
defeat them. Jesus needs no such folly; He smashes His enemies
completely (Rev 19:11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16; Da 2:42, 43, 44). Jesus is God, Jesus is
King, and Jesus is Conqueror.
In the Gospel of Luke
Jesus alludes to His "crushing" return...
Everyone who falls on that stone
will be broken to pieces; but on whomever it falls, it will scatter
him like dust. (Lk 20:18)
W A Criswell comments
In Isa 8:14, 15, God is the stone
over which both Israel and Judah would stumble, fall and be broken.
The phraseology is also used in Dan. 2:34-45. Men will stumble over
Jesus to their own destruction.
Not a trace of them - The
Stone represents the return of Christ to completely and totally defeat
His enemies and establish a new divine kingdom which is devoid of even
a trace of the influences of any of the 4 previous Gentile kingdoms -
Babylonian, Medo-Persian, Hellenistic, Roman.
But the Stone - The "but"
highlights a striking contrast between the complete disappearance of
the chaff and the persistence and expansion of the Stone.
Became a great mountain -
This cannot be literal because of the phrase filled the whole earth
and we know from other passages that mountain is used at times
in Scripture for kingdom. Note that comparing
Daniel's parallel description in Da 2:44 clearly identifies this
great mountain as a
kingdom. Please do not misunderstand, for while "great
mountain" is figurative language, such language always has only one
specific intended meaning and in this context clearly refers to a
literal kingdom that will fill the entire earth, a truth which
strongly argues against those systems of belief (eg,
that teach this refers to an invisible spiritual kingdom. (See
The Arrival of God’s Kingdom)
In the following passage
Isaiah uses mountain in both a literal and figurative
Now it will come about that in the
last days, (we are in the "last days") the mountain of the
house of the Lord (Literal mountain = the Temple Mount area) will be
established as the chief of the mountains (here mountains ~
kingdoms = Christ's kingdom will reign supreme over all other
kingdoms) and will be raised above the hills; and all the nations will
stream to it. (Isa 2:2-note;
cp parallel passage in Mic 4:1) (See also Re 17:9-note,
where mountain is used by John to symbolize kings and
Filled the whole earth -
The Kingdom of Christ will know no limits of its rule. Isaiah prophesies that in that day "the earth will be full of the
knowledge of the Lord as the waters cover the sea." (Is 11:9)
(See these other passages that allude to the coming Kingdom of Christ
-- Ps 22:27, 28, 46:9 66:4 67:1,2 72:8, 9, 10, 11, 16, 17, 18, 86:9,
Da 7:14, Zec 14:8,9, 10, 11, Luke 1:32, 33,
1Co 15:25 Rev 11:15 20:2,3)
At present we do not see the
whole earth under the rule of the Messiah, for as John
explains in this present age "the whole world lies in the power of
the evil one" (1Jn 5:19), Satan, who was given temporary rule over
all the kingdoms of the world (Lk 4:5, 6) when Adam forfeited
his right to rule over the earth (cp Ge 1:26, 27, 28) with one act of
The prophet Zechariah
it will come about in that day that
living waters will flow out of Jerusalem, half of them toward the
eastern sea and the other half toward the western sea; it will be in
summer as well as in winter. And the LORD (Jehovah
= Jesus) will
be King over all the earth; in that day the LORD will be the only
one, and His name the only one. (Zech 14:9)
In the Revelation, the
prophet John records that when...
the seventh angel sounded; and
there arose loud voices in heaven, saying, "The kingdom of the world
(cp the single great statute that Nebuchadnezzar saw - Da 2:31
the component kingdoms of which were crushed all at the same time
- Da 2:35) has become (known as the prophetic aorist = describes an
event so certain it is spoken of as already completed) the kingdom of
our Lord, and of His Christ; and He will reign forever and ever." (Rev
Comment: The seventh trumpet
occurs in the middle of the 7 year period known as
Daniel's Seventieth Week
(commonly referred to as the "Tribulation") and although 3.5 years
will pass before the King returns, the events that are set in motion
are irreversible so that the terminus, the Lord's reign over all the
the earth in His
is as good as done!
This event is the answer to the
And blessed be His glorious name
forever and may the whole earth be filled with His glory.
Amen, and Amen. (Ps 72:19)
As Spurgeon says...
For so bright a consummation our
heart yearns daily, and we cry Amen, and Amen.
I love the way Isaac Watts
phrases this in his great hymn "Jesus
Shall Reign". Take a moment and sing to the King of
kings - let us practice today what will be our forever privilege in
that new eternal day!
Jesus shall reign
where’er the sun
Does his successive journeys run;
His kingdom stretch from shore to shore,
Till moons shall wax and wane no more.
for tune and all 14 [!!] glorious verses)
"This was the dream; now we will tell its interpretation before the
king. (Da 2:23,24)
This was the dream -
Daniel is demonstrative not interrogative! He does not ask meekly "Was
that the dream you had?" He boldly declared that it was the dream.
When you have God's Word of truth on a subject, you can be fearless
and boldly declare the truth as did Daniel. This is another reason we
have to be continually in the Word, that it might get into us, into our mind and
heart, and then what comes out of our mouths will be what fills our heart.
Now we will tell its
interpretation - Note that the king has remained totally silent as
Daniel described the king's dream. Had Daniel missed one detail, the
king would have interrupted (or even worse) but he did not utter one
objection as far as we can discern. Thus clearly Daniel declared the
king's dream to perfection, because he had received a perfect divine
Donald Campbell tells a
story of a modern day "Daniel", Billy Graham...
In the early days of Dr. Billy
Graham's evangelistic ministry, he held a series of meetings in the
Dallas Cotton Bowl. As the services came to a climax, the challenge
was to fill the 70,000 seat stadium for a final Sunday evening
service. The word was out that certain gambling elements were betting
it couldn't be done, but on the last night a cheer went up from the
crowd as the last seat was taken. A well-known columnist for the
Dallas Morning News devoted an entire column the next week to the
event. He posed the question,
"How can a young man without a
semi-education draw such a crowd of people when some of highly
educated and robed downtown ministers preach to half-filled churches
on Sunday mornings?"
Answering his own question, the
"It's because Billy Graham preaches
what the Bible says. He has a note of authority in his message—a 'thus
saith the Lord."
And so did Daniel! (Campbell, D.
Daniel God's Man in a Secular Society).
NLT Study Bible note...
Hippolytus (170-236AD), one of the
early church fathers, identified the four kingdoms as Babylonia,
Media-Persia, Greece, and Rome. The church father and historian
Eusebius of Caesarea (260-340AD) initially identified the first
kingdom as Assyria (which once also controlled Babylon), but he later
agreed with Hippolytus, as did most of the church fathers. Later,
Jerome and Augustine accepted this same understanding, and
conservative interpreters largely still agree.
Broken Statues - In
Moscow stands the New Tretyakov Gallery, a museum that displays art
and artifacts from the days of the former Soviet Union. Scattered
along the banks of the Moscow River near the museum are statues of
once-powerful leaders that have been smashed and disfigured. Images of
Stalin and Lenin have their noses knocked off and their heads
separated from their bodies.
These gloomy scenes bring to mind the dream of King Nebuchadnezzar in
Daniel 2. He saw a statue with a glorious head of gold, a chest and
arms of silver, a torso of bronze, legs of iron, and feet of iron and
clay (vv.31-33). It portrayed the succession of four great ruling
nations of the world. From history we know they were Babylon,
Medo-Persia, Greece, and Rome. Then a stone "cut out of the mountain
without hands" (v.45) rolled down and smashed the statue to
smithereens. This pictured God's judgment of those four kingdoms and
His supremacy over all the earth.
One day God will judge the nations of the world, and their monuments
will lie in ruins. No matter how powerful the nation, all will crumble
beneath the outpouring of God's holy wrath. We can be confident that
Jesus Christ, the King of kings, will rule the world in righteousness,
justice, and peace. What a glorious prospect! — David C. Egner
prospers, falsehood reigns,
And darkness dims the light;
But soon the day will come when Christ
Returns to set things right. —Sper
Nations rise and fall,
but Christ's kingdom stands forever.
"You, O king, are the king of kings, to whom the God of heaven has
given the kingdom, the power, the strength and the glory;
(king: 1Ki 4:24 Ezra 7:12 Isa 10:8 47:5 Jer 27:6,7 Eze 26:7 Ho 8:10
Rev 1:5 17:14) (the God: Da 4:25,32 5:18 2Ch 36:23 Ezra 1:2 Pr 8:15
Jer 28:14 Rev 19:16)(power: Da 4:3,34 Ps 62:11 Mt 6:13 Jn 19:11 Rev
You O king - Ponder this
(1) God raised up this tyrannical pagan king to chasten rebellious
Judah (2) Babylon was in power only about 70 years, the same time
during which Israel (Judah) was disciplined (3) God used this pagan
king to present His prophetic plan for the ages.
King of kings (6x in
Scripture - Ezra 7:12, Ezek 26:7 = ascribed to Nebuchadnezzar by the
other prophet exiled in Babylon!, Da 2:27, 1Ti 6:15, Re 17:14-note,
- The idea of the repetition of "king" is the supreme king among
kings. As earthly kings go, Nebuchadnezzar was indeed the supreme
example of a human king (NB: Artaxerxes referred to
himself as "king of kings" but here in Da 2:37 the declaration
is by Daniel, God's prophet). Nebuchadnezzar the earthly, human king
of kings is no match for the incomparable King of kings,
the Lord Jesus Christ, Who comes on the scene after the city of Babylon
has been finally and forever destroyed (Rev 18:21).
Has given (cp Da 1:2, 9,
17, Da 2:38) - A clear example of God as the one who changes the
times and the epochs (Da 2:21) and establishes kings (Da
2:21) once again testifying to the fact
that Jehovah is sovereign over all creation and all creatures. In
Jeremiah Yahweh refers to King Nebuchadnezzar as "My servant" (Jer
25:8, 9 in the context of God's final judgment on Judah; cp Pr 21:1).
and wherever the sons of men dwell, or the beasts of the field, or the
birds of the sky, He has given them into your hand and has caused you
to rule over them all. You are the head of gold. (beasts:
Da 4:21,22 Ps 50:10,11 Jer 27:5, 6, 7) (Da 2:32)
God of heaven has given...He has given them into your
hand...has caused you to rule over - Notice that God's sovereignty is
repeatedly emphasized (cp Da 1:2, 9, 17).
John Walvoord notes
fearless declaration that
Nebuchadnezzar owes all his power to the God of heaven who has
revealed this secret to Daniel. How different this is from the
subservient respect given by the other wise men. Here is a voice of
truth which even Nebuchadnezzar must receive with submission. (Daniel:
The Key to Prophetic Revelation) (Daniel 2
Nebuchadnezzar’s Vision Of The Great Image)
Head of gold - Gold = Da
2:32, 38 = Lion Da 7:4 = Nebuchadnezzar (Babylon) (fell in 539 BC)
Babylon was referred to as the "Golden City" because gold was used
found all through the city in decorations of shrines, temples, and
other public buildings.
"After you there will arise another kingdom inferior to you, then
another third kingdom of bronze, which will rule over all the earth.
(another kingdom - Da 2:32 5:28, 29, 30, 31 7:5 8:3,4,20 11:2 Isa
44:28 45:1, 2, 3, 4, 5) (Third - Da 2:32 7:6,7,23 8:5-14 10:20 11:3-20
Keep in mind that the 4 kingdoms
being described are Gentile powers who fulfill Jesus' prophecy of the
times of the Gentiles (Lk 21:24) that will continue until the end of
this age (cp Re 11:2-note
for description of Gentiles still treading on Jerusalem in the last
half of the 7 year period known as
Daniel's Seventieth Week,
equivalent to the
last 3.5 years or 42 months known as the
Great Tribulation). The
power of the Gentiles will be finally and fully destroyed when the
Stone strikes the great statue which represents Gentile power. At this
time the Stone Christ Jesus crushes the Gentile powers so thoroughly
utterly obliterates every trace of all previous past Gentile empires and their rule
over the earth, at which time the Stone, Christ Jesus, assumes His
throne in the Kingdom as the King of kings (cp Da 2:35, cp Ps 2:6, 8,
See Related Topic -
God's Plan for Jerusalem - outlined
in 5 distinct mountain (symbolic) peaks beginning in 586BC
After you - A very clear
Will arise - Again an
example of the truth that God removes kings (Babylon) and
establishes kings (Medo-Persia) (Da 2:21)
Another kingdom inferior
- Almost every conservative scholar interprets this kingdom as Medo-Persia (Compare
Scripture with Scripture - see Da
5:28, 8:20, 21)
Third Kingdom - This
kingdom was Greece headed by Alexander the Great and described
by Daniel in a parallel passage (Da 8:20, 21)
After the death of Nebuchadnezzar
in 562 B.C., a drastic deterioration of the qualities of the kingdom
occurred under the rule of his son Evil-Merodach, two usurpers of the
throne (Neriglissar and Nabonidus), and finally his daughter's son
Belshazzar. By 539 B.C. the golden qualities of brilliant and
absolute dictatorial autocracy which had characterized the
forty-three-year reign of Nebuchadnezzar were almost gone. Then it was
that "the time of his own land" finally came, and Cyrus, though
inferior to Nebuchadnezzar in the authority by which he ruled (being
subject to the laws of the Medes and Persians, 6:8, 15), was
nevertheless overwhelmingly greater than the morally rotten
Belshazzar, who was weighed in God's balances and found wanting (Dan.
5:27). (Whitcomb, J. Daniel Everyman's Bible Commentary)
NLT Study Bible Note...
In antiquity and in our era, some
interpreters have argued that Greece is the fourth empire, and they
treat the Medes as a separate kingdom. This interpretation is due in
part to denying the possibility of prediction and assuming that the
book was written about 164BC, when the Roman empire had not yet
arisen. But Media and Persia are usually regarded as one empire, and
the Median kingdom had been mostly assimilated by the Persians by the
time Cyrus II conquered Babylon in 539BC.
NET Bible note
The identity of the first kingdom
is clearly Babylon. The identification of the following three kingdoms
is disputed. The common view is that they represent Media, Persia, and
Greece. Most conservative scholars identify them as Media-Persia,
Greece, and Rome.
"Then there will be a fourth kingdom as strong as iron; inasmuch as
iron crushes and shatters all things, so, like iron that breaks in
pieces, it will crush and break all these in pieces. (fourth: Da
2:33 7:19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26 8:24 9:26 11:36-45 Jn 11:48) (Da 7:7 Jer 15:12 Am 1:3)
Summary to this point...
The head...fine gold -
Gold = Da 2:32, 38 = Lion Da 7:4 = Nebuchadnezzar (Babylon) (fell in
539 BC - See Da 5:28, cp Da 8:20, 21, 22)
Breast and its arms - Silver = Da 2:32,39; Bear = Da 7:5; Ram =
Da 8:6, 20 = Media & Persia (539-331 BC)
Its belly and its thighs - Bronze = Da 2:32, 39; Leopard Da
7:6; Male, Shaggy Goat = Da 8:8,21 = Greece under Alexander the Great
Observe that the fourth kingdom
warrants 5 verses of description emphasizing its significance
A fourth kingdom - Not
named in Daniel but from history we know this to be the Roman Empire,
larger and longer lasting than the 3 preceding kingdoms. Unlike the 3
preceding kingdoms, the Roman Empire did not fall externally but it
imploded internally from moral and social decay of sin.
It will crush and break all
these in pieces - Luke testifies to the truth of the fact that Rome
crushed all resistance, writing of Jesus' birth
And it came to pass in those days,
that there went out a decree from Caesar Augustus, that all the
world should be taxed (Luke 2:1).
The mark of the fourth empire was
strength, but it was destructive strength. The iron legions of Rome
"crushed and demolished" all resistance. It is true that the world
lived in peace—the pax Romana—but it was a peace enforced by the iron
heel of Rome, a peace that stamped out freedom (Ibid)
"In that you saw the feet and toes, partly of potter's clay and partly
of iron, it will be a divided kingdom; but it will have in it the
toughness of iron, inasmuch as you saw the iron mixed with common clay.
(the feet: Da 2:33, 34, 35 7:7,24 Rev 12:3 13:1 17:12)
From our vantage point the
prophecies of Da 2:27-40 have fulfilled in history while the
prophecies of Da 2:41-45 are yet to be fulfilled.
The feet and toes -
How many toes?
Ten toes. Compare to the record of 10 horns in the parallel
passage in Da 7:7 where we learn that 10 horns = 10 kings
(Da 7:24) (cp Rev 17:12-note).
It will be a divided kingdom
- In context this still refers to the fourth kingdom and as alluded to
above it is divided into 10 kingdoms.
It is highly significant that no
world empire ever arose after the Roman Empire broke up. It is out of
the old Roman Empire that what we call “Western Civilization” arose.
In a sense though the Roman Empire no longer exists, its influence is
still felt through all the nations that came out of the territory it
once ruled. And “Western Civilization” itself (which includes the
United States in a broad sense) traces its history in large part back
to ancient Rome and Greece. (The
World According to God)
The question is "Has there ever
been a 10 king confederacy in the history of the world that would
fulfill this prophecy?" And the answer is "No", which means that this
aspect of the Great Statue is yet future to us (written October
8, 2009). And thus this component of the fourth kingdom which was
historically identified as fulfilled in the form of the Roman Empire
(in the "2 leg and foot" stage) has not yet materialized in the "ten
toe" form in history,
which means that there is a time delay (if you will) in the
fulfillment of this detail of the king's Dream. In the study of
prophecy this is commonly termed a "time gap" and is not uncommon in
prophetic literature. For more discussion see
Jesus' Incredible Teaching on "Time
Gaps" in the fulfillment of prophecy.
One practical implication of this truth is that if someone told us
that Jesus is coming tomorrow to set up His Kingdom, we can say that
they are wrong because we do not yet have a kingdom composed of a loose
federation of ten kings, some strong, some weak. God says what He
means, and means what He says and we can stake our lives on it, now
and forevermore. Amen.
"As the toes of the feet were partly of iron and partly of pottery, so
some of the kingdom will be strong and part of it will be brittle.
(the toes: Da 7:24 Rev 13:1)
So this "toe stage" is not yet
fulfilled and I agree with most conservative evangelical commentators
that this will be in a sense a form of the "Revived Roman Empire".
Mussolini said, "I believe in the
resurrection of the [Roman] Empire!" But his abortive attempts to
resurrect it met with colossal failure for he was ahead of his, or
rather God's, time. (Ibid)
Iron....some of the kingdom
will be strong - Some of 10 kings will be strong presumably
politically and militarily.
Pottery...part of it will be
brittle - Implication is that some of these kings will be weaker.
It "breaks" much easier than iron. See the fate of 3 of the 10 kings
in Da 7:24 and this would seem to be related to the facts Daniel
expounds in the present passage.
THE CONCEPT OF
A TIME GAP
Let's summarize (repeats some of
the prior discussion) the answer to the question "Since
the statue is a single statue or a unit and the legs of iron are
fulfilled in the Roman Empire, how do we get to the 10 toe/10 king
I think we all agree that the Roman Empire has been fulfilled in
history (it ended about 476AD when Romulus Augustus resigned his crown
as the last emperor of the Western Roman Empire, marking the beginning
of the "middle ages"), but how does the "10 King Stage" fit (a stage
characterized by one "kingdom" or loose confederacy of iron and clay -
which don't adhere)? Reasoning this out, we are forced to invoke a "gap"
of time between the fulfillment of the iron leg stage and the
feet and toe stage.
Daniel did not state specifically there was a time gap so we
have to ask does the Bible teach such a principle as "time gaps"
in the interpretation of Scripture, especially prophetic passages? The
answer is that yes it does, so let's look at it...Let's see
specifically how Jesus "taught" the principle of a time gap
between first fulfillment and final fulfillment of a given passage of
First take a moment and read Luke 4:14-21 - In context (Lk 4:1) Jesus
is "full of the Holy Spirit" (INTERPRETATION? what you are "full of",
is that which controls you - if you are "full of" wine you are
controlled by wine as Paul says in Eph 5:18 where believers are
commanded to "live this earthly life" just like Jesus did - we are
commanded to "be continually filled with [controlled by] the Spirit").
In the passage below notice how Luke describes Jesus' return to
Luke 4:14 And Jesus returned to
Galilee in the power of the Spirit; and news about Him spread through
all the surrounding district. (APPLICATION? JESUS WHO WAS FULLY
GOD/FULLY MAN LIVED HIS EARTHLY LIFE IN THE POWER OF THE HOLY SPIRIT
LEAVING FOR EACH OF US "an example for you to follow in His steps" 1Pe
Similarly Paul commands us "Be imitators of me, just as I also am of
Christ" 1Co 11:1)
15 And He began teaching in their synagogues and was praised by all.
16 And He came to Nazareth, where He had been brought up; and as was
His custom, He entered the synagogue on the Sabbath, and stood up to
17 And the book of the prophet Isaiah was handed to Him. And He opened
the book, and found the place where it was written (JESUS OPENED TO
ISAIAH 61:1, 2 and began to read -- Notice what He read from Isaiah
and what He said when He finished reading)
18 "THE SPIRIT OF THE LORD IS UPON ME, BECAUSE HE ANOINTED ME TO
PREACH THE GOSPEL TO THE POOR. HE HAS SENT ME TO PROCLAIM RELEASE TO
THE CAPTIVES, AND RECOVERY OF SIGHT TO THE BLIND, TO SET FREE THOSE
WHO ARE DOWNTRODDEN,
19 TO PROCLAIM THE
FAVORABLE YEAR OF THE LORD."
20 And He closed the book, and gave it back to the attendant, and sat
down; and the eyes of all in the synagogue were fixed upon Him.
21 And He began to say to them, "Today this Scripture has been
fulfilled in your hearing."
Below is the original passage
Jesus read in the synagogue, a prophecy written by Isaiah somewhere
between 740-680BC, more than 500 years prior to Jesus' first
coming...compare what Isaiah wrote with what Jesus read...
Isaiah 61:1 The Spirit of the Lord
GOD is upon me, Because the LORD has anointed me To bring good news to
the afflicted; He has sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, To
proclaim liberty to captives, And freedom to prisoners; 2 To proclaim
the favorable year of the
the day of vengeance
To comfort all who mourn,
What do you observe when
comparing Isaiah 61:1-2 with what Jesus actually read?
What did Jesus state was
What did Jesus NOT read from
Isaiah 61:2 and by deduction what was not yet fulfilled? What does
Isaiah 61:2b say about "the day"?
What is the
day of vengeance
(punishment inflicted in retaliation for an offense)?
When will it be fulfilled?
So clearly Jesus stopped reading
Isaiah's prophecy in "mid stream" so to speak. He stated that the
favorable year of the
LORD had been fulfilled
= This fulfillment was His first coming which was to bring salvation
("the favorable year") to the Jews who were listening to Him in the
synagogue on that very day and to all mankind (Jews and Gentiles).
However when He returns the Second time (see
Second Coming), He will
bring JUDGMENT ("the day
of vengeance of our God").
This truth is amplified in many other passages but is summarized by
Daniel in Da 2:34, 35 when the Stone (Christ Jesus) strikes the
Statue at the "10 King stage" and crushes it all at the same time. The
Stone's striking will in fact be the fulfillment of Isaiah's ancient
prophecy regarding God's judgment on this present evil world on "the
day of vengeance of our God"
(cp Isa 34:8, 35:4, 63:4, Micah 5:15, Ps 96:13, Ps 45:3, 4a, Rev
19:11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20-see
notes beginning @ Re 19:11).
As an aside note Isaiah's prophecy of "to comfort all who mourn",
which I personally think alludes to the events that follow the return
of the Stone, the time when "all Israel will be saved"
(Ro 11:26, 27-note,
Ro 11:28, 29-note)
and Messiah establishes His 1000 year
Millennial Kingdom (the Messianic
Age) (See the following Scriptures regarding
mourning and comforting associated with His return = Rev
Mt 24:30, Zech 12:10, 11,12, Is 61:2b, Is 61:3, Mt 5:4-note)
So just as there was a TIME GAP (now almost 2000 years) between
the fulfillment of Isaiah 61:2a (favorable
year of the LORD =
Christ's First Coming to bring salvation) and Isaiah 61:2b (the
day of vengeance of our God
= Judgment on the World), so too there is a TIME GAP (of almost
1500 years) between the fulfillment of Daniel 2:36-40 (and
specifically the "fourth kingdom as strong as iron" = Rome
which ended about 476AD) and Daniel 2:41-45 (As discussed below, the
so-called "Revived Roman Empire" in the form of a loose
confederacy composed of 10 kings). So the prophet Daniel writing
between 605-536BC did not see nor did he describe a specific time gap
(but neither did the prophet Isaiah in Isa 61:2). However, reasoning
from Daniel's interpretation and what we know has already been
fulfilled in history, we can see that there has to be a portion of
Daniel's prophecy which is yet to be fulfilled. Daniel will fill us in
on more details (especially in Daniel 7) describing this fascinating
"Toe Stage" of the Statue. The apostle John also discusses this "Toe
Stage" (10 Kings) in the Revelation of Jesus Christ. So we see that
the progressive revelation of God's prophetic word building "precept
upon precept, precept upon precept; line upon line, line upon line;
here a little, and there a little" (Isaiah 28:13 KJV) Dear reader,
don't be discouraged or frustrated if you don't yet have all the
pieces of God's prophetic puzzle perfectly perceived! As alluded to
God presents this truth in a number of other places in Scripture, but
He begins in Daniel 2 with undoubtedly the best outline of future
events (the "backbone of all Bible prophecy") in all of Scripture.
Now I think what we have observed leads to an accurate interpretation
but not all commentators agrees with what we have observed and
concluded for several reasons...
(1) they do not read the prophecy
of Daniel literally (and do not seek the single meaning of Daniel's
(2) they are liberal and don't accept supernatural
(3) they interpret the 10 toe stage as already fulfilled in history
(but to read their explanations is like pushing a round peg in a
square hold... in my humble opinion).
So let's assume you accept the
"Toe Stage" (even if you do not fully understand it) as indicative of
a Kingdom composed of a confederacy of 10 Kings that are somehow
associated with the old Roman Empire. What do we do with that truth?
Well, first of all we believe the truth of God's Word and that is
always to be our main objective. But He has given us these truths that
we might know what is to come to pass before it happens, ultimately so
that (one of many reasons) we might live as aliens and strangers as
Peter called us and might be motivated to make daily, moment by moment
choices "to abstain from fleshly lusts, which wage war against the
soul." (1Peter 2:11-note)
knowing that "our citizenship is in heaven, from which also we eagerly
wait (Greek = a continual mindset of expectant looking and
anticipation of seeing Jesus in the air!) for a Savior, the Lord Jesus
Christ" (Php 3:20-note
- What/who you are LOOKING for will or should radically impact
what/who you are LIVING for!)
Secondly, we are to understand the times (compare the "sons of
Issachar, men who understood the times, with knowledge of what Israel
should do" 1Chr 12:32) and watch the news and unfolding of
geo-political events comparing them with Scripture. In so doing, most
conservative, evangelical, literal Bible commentators believe that the
European Union (EU) could possibly be the setting that allows for the
fulfillment of the "Ten King Stage", (1) because the EU is a loose
confederacy of individual "kingdoms" (2) some of the countries are
strong and some are weak (3) the countries that compose the EU while
currently more than the number "Ten", are predominantly from Western
Europe in countries that were once part of the old Roman Empire which
gives rise to the name the "Revived Roman Empire". (Click
for a brief summary of the EU)
In sum, the 10 King Stage has not occurred in history. The EU could
possibly be a precursor to the 10 King stage but we have to be
careful not to try to make the Scriptures fit current events (a
constant temptation when you begin to study prophecy and there is a
lot of "bad" info on the web so be very cautious what and who you read
in this area). Finally, although we have not studied it yet (we will),
(the removal of the church
from earth - 1Thes 4:13-18) is always imminent (could happen at any
time) and so the "Ten King" stage could come into existence after we
have been removed from earth. .
2:43 "And in
that you saw the iron mixed with common clay, they will combine with
one another in the seed of men; but they will not adhere to one
another, even as iron does not combine with pottery.
Iron mixed with common clay
- They are together in one sense but only loosely combined. They are
ten entities in themselves and yet they are considered as a common
kingdom. Ten kingdoms in one kingdom, but loosely federated with each
other. And remember that they came from the Roman Empire, which gives
rise to the term "Revived Roman Empire" which you will
encounter in most conservative commentaries (especially those that
interpret the passages of Daniel literally). Some of these
commentaries go on to speculate that these kingdoms could somehow be
related to the modern day European Union (which has far more
than 10 "kingdoms" -
for a brief summary of the EU). Although this latter thought is
speculative, it behooves modern day "Daniels and Danielles" to keep a
watchful eye on the development of the European Union, all the while
keeping our main focus on the plumbline of God's Word that is the
source of true wisdom and discernment in these last days (Isa
2:2, Jer 23:20, 2Ti 3:1-note,
- these are not all of the uses of this phrase) in which we live.
"In the days of those kings the God of heaven will set up a kingdom
which will never be destroyed, and that kingdom will not be left for
another people; it will crush and put an end to all these kingdoms,
but it will itself endure forever. (the God: Da
2:28,37) (set up: Ge 49:10 Ps 2:6-12 72:1-20 89:3,4,19-36
110:1, 2, 3, 4 Isa 9:6,7 Mt 3:2,3 28:18 Eph 1:20, 21, 22) (shall
never: Da 4:3,34 6:26 7:13,14 Ps 145:13 Eze 37:25 Mic 4:7 Lk
1:32,33 Jn 12:34 Rev 11:15) (crush - Da 8:25 Ps 2:9 21:8,9 Isa
60:12 1Co 15:24,25 Rev 2:27 19:15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20)
The great statue of Daniel 2
teaches us that God is in control of the flow of all human history.
Empires rise and fall in accordance with His divine purpose, which
ultimately is moving toward day of coronation of His Beloved Son as
the King of kings and Lord of lords, that glorious day when...
at the name of "Jesus" EVERY KNEE
SHOULD BOW, of those who are in heaven, and on earth, and under the
earth and that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord,
to the glory of God the Father. (Php 2:10, 11-note)
In the days of those kings
- This is a critically important time phrase and begs several
questions including "which days" and "which kings"? The nearest
antecedent is "they" in Da 2:43 which in turn is a description
of the "toes of the feet". How many toes on 2 feet? Ten toes.
How many kings "in those days"? Ten kings. Compare the parallel
passage in Da 7:7, 24 (cp Da 7:20, 24) which describes "ten horns".
A kingdom -
It is interesting to note that
our Lord alluded to His kingdom in His first coming
Jesus answered, "My kingdom
is not of this world. If My kingdom were of this world, then My
servants would be fighting so that I would not be handed over to the
Jews; but as it is, My kingdom is not of this realm (i.e., it
is not advanced by human weapons - but it is advanced by the
"spiritual weapon" of truth as goes on to explain)." Therefore Pilate
said to Him, "So You are a king?" Jesus answered, "You say correctly
that I am a king. For this I have been born, and for this I
have come into the world, to testify to the truth. Everyone who is of
the truth hears My voice (i.e., all who are born again - which is also
how His kingdom expands - not politically but spiritually!)."
(John 18:36, 37)
Comment: At this time Jesus
was referring not to an earthly, political kingdom but to spiritual
kingdom. Every time a person is born again they are transferred from
the kingdom of darkness to the kingdom of light in a spiritual sense
(cp Col 1:13-note,
Jn 3:3). When Jesus returns this spiritual kingdom will become His
literal earthly kingdom for 1000 years in which He reigns as the
Supreme King of kings. It is this latter phase of His kingdom which
serves as the fulfillment of this prophecy. One might say that in view
of the fact that the Roman Empire (the fourth kingdom in the statute)
was in power when Jesus made this declaration regarding His kingdom,
there is in a sense a partial fulfillment of this prophecy. In any
event the perfect fulfillment will occur in the time of the ten nation
confederation of the "revived Roman empire" in the last days.
C I Scofield gives an
excellent Scriptural summary of Kingdom of God in the Old Testament
beginning with Israel in the Old Testament and terminating in the
future kingdom described in Daniel 2. It would be helpful to take a
few moments and study these related passages to gain a good sense of
the concept of "kingdom" as it refers to God's Kingdom (in contrast to
the kingdoms of man, which began in Genesis 10:8, 9, 10 under a king
named Nimrod whose name literally means something like "let us rebel",
this rebellion being quickly manifest in Ge 11:1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
resulting in the LORD's confusing their language and scattering men
over the face of the earth Ge 11:7, 8, 9).
I. Dominion over the Earth
before the Call of Abraham.
(1) Dominion over creation was
given to the first man and woman (Ge1:26, 27, 28). Through the fall
this dominion was lost, Satan becoming "prince of this world" (Mt 4:8,
9, 10; Lk 4:5, 6, Jn 14:30, cp Heb 2:5,6,7,8,9)
(2) After the flood, the principle of human government was established
under the covenant with Noah (Ge 9:6; Ge 9:16). Biblically, this is
still the charter of all government.
II. The Theocratic Kingdom in
(See also 1Sa 8:7) The call of
Abraham involved, with much else, the creation of a distinctive people
through whom great purposes of God toward the human race might be
worked out (see Israel, Ge12:1, 2, 3; Ro 11:26-note).
Among these purposes is the establishment of a worldwide kingdom.
The history of the divine mediatorial rule in Israel:
(1) Its establishment under Moses
(Ex 19:3, 4, 5, 6, 7; cp. Ex 3:1-10; 24:12).
(2) Its administration under
leader-judges (Jos 1:1, 2, 3, 4, 5; Jdg 2:16, 17, 18).
(3) Its administration under kings
(1Sa10:1,24; 16:1-13; 1Ki 9:1, 2, 3, 4, 5).
(4) Its end at the captivity (Ezek
21:25, 26, 27; cp Je 27:6, 7, 8; Da 2:36, 37, 38)
III. The Future Restoration of
the Theocratic Kingdom. (Click for more detailed description of
(1) The Davidic Covenant (2Sa
7:8-16, 16, cp Ro 1:3 "descendant of David" = Messiah; Ps 89:3, 4,20,
(2) The exposition of the Davidic Covenant by the prophets (Isa 1:25,
26 to Zech 12:6, 7, 8). They describe the kingdom as follows:
(a) It will be Davidic, to be
established under David's heir who is to be born of a virgin,
therefore truly man, but also "Immanuel," "Mighty God, Everlasting
Father, Prince of Peace" (Isa 7:13, 14; 9:6, 7; 11:1; Jer 23:5; Ezek
34:23, 24, 37:24; Hos 3:4, 5).
(b) It will be a kingdom heavenly in origin, principle, and authority
(Da 2:34, 35,44, 45), but set up on the earth, with Jerusalem as the
capital (Isa 2:2, 3, 4; 4:3,5; 24:23; 33:20; 62:1-7; Jer 23:5; 31:38,
39, 40; Joel 3:1,16, 17).
(c) The kingdom is to be established first over regathered, restored,
and converted Israel, and is then to become universal (Ps 2:6, 7, 8;
22:1-31; 24:1-10; Isa 1:2, 3; 11:1,10, 11, 12, 13; 60:12; Jer 23:5, 6,
7, 8; 30:7, 8, 9, 10, 11; Ezek 20:33-40; 37:21, 22, 23, 24, 25; Zech
9:10; 14:16, 17, 18, 19).
(d) The moral characteristics of the kingdom are to be righteousness
and peace. The meek, not the proud, will inherit the earth (Mt 5:5);
longevity will be greatly increased; the knowledge of the LORD will be
universal; beast-ferocity will be removed; absolute equity will be
enforced; and open sin will be visited with instant judgment; whereas
the enormous majority of earth's inhabitants will be saved (Ps 2:9;
Isa 11:4,6, 7, 8, 9; 26:9; 65:20; Zech 14:16, 17, 18, 19, 20,
21). The NT (Rev 20:1-5) adds a detail of immense significance -the
removal of Satan from the scene. It is impossible to conceive to what
heights of spiritual, intellectual, and physical perfection humanity
will attain in this, its coming age of righteousness and peace (Ps
72:1-10; Isa 11:4, 5, 6,7, 8, 9).
(e) The kingdom is to be established by power, not persuasion, and is
to follow divine judgment upon the Gentile world powers (Ps 2:4, 5, 6,
7, 8, 9; Isa 9:7; Da 2:35,44, 45; 7:26, 27; Zech 14:1-19, Zech 6:11).
(f) The restoration of Israel and the establishment of the kingdom are
connected with the advent of the LORD, yet future (Dt 30:3, 4, 5; Ps
2:1-9; Zech 14:4).
(g) The chastisement reserved for disobedience in the house of David
(2Sa 7:14; Ps 89:30, 31, 32, 33) fell in the captivities and worldwide
dispersion. Since that time, though a remnant returned under prince
Zerubbabel, Jerusalem has generally been under the political authority
of Gentiles. The Davidic Covenant has not been abrogated (Ps 89:33,
34, 35, 36, 37), however, but is yet to be fulfilled (Acts 15:14, 15,
"Inasmuch as you saw that a stone was cut out of the mountain without
hands and that it crushed the iron, the bronze, the clay, the silver
and the gold, the great God has made known to the king what will take
place in the future; so the dream is true and its interpretation is
trustworthy." (saw: Da 2:24,35 Isa 28:16 Zec 12:3 Mt 21:24)
(without hands: Da 2:34 Lk 17:20 2Co 10:4,5) (the great: Dt 10:17 2Sa
7:22 1Ch 16:25 Neh 4:14 9:32 Job 36:26 Ps 48:1 Ps 96:4 135:5 145:3 Jer
32:18,19 Mal 1:11 Rev 19:17) (make known, Ge 41:28,32 Mt 24:35 Rev
You saw...a stone - Da
2:35. Symbolizes Christ.
Without hands - Repeated
from Da 2:34, emphasizing the supernatural aspect of the stone.
The great God has made known
- In other words this interpretation is not Daniel's per se but that
of "the great God".
What will take place in the
future - Although these notes are written with the assurance that
Daniel penned this book between 605-536BC, the so called "higher
critics" believe Daniel was a forgery written around 164BC. In light
of this belief, they interpret the four kingdoms as Babylon, Media,
Persia and Greece. The Apologetics Study Bible however notes that...
The traditional interpretation
(Babylon, Medo-Persia, Greece, Rome) conforms to the text of Daniel,
which considers the Medo-Persian Empire as one (e.g., "law of the
Medes and Persians" in Da 6:8, 12, 15; cp. Da 8:20). It is supported
by other OT testimony (2Chr 36:22, 23; Ezra 1:1, 2, 3, 4), the
historical record, and more than two millennia of Jewish (Talmud,
medieval Jewish commentators, etc.) and Christian (Church fathers,
Jerome, Calvin, etc.) interpretation. (The Apologetics Study Bible:
Understanding Why You Believe)
TRUTH ABOUT GOD'S
FINAL KING & KINGDOM
IN DANIEL 2
1) Stone ( = Christ - cp Isa 28:16,
1Pe 2:4, 5, 6, 7,8) not made by human hands - not natural =
supernatural (Da 2:34, 2:45)
2) Stone struck the single great statue on its feet of iron and clay
3) Stone crushed the feet of iron and clay and the iron, clay, bronze,
silver and gold all at the same time
4) Stone that struck the statue
became a great mountain (Da 2:35, Mountain = Kingdom in Da 2:44, cp
Rev 17:9,10, Isa 2:2)
5) The Kingdom (Great Mountain)
filled the whole earth (Da 2:35)
6) The Kingdom will never be
destroyed (Da 2:44)
7) The Kingdom will not be left for
another people (Da 2:44)
8) The Kingdom will endure forever
9) This Kingdom will be set up in
the future (Da 2:45)
Then King Nebuchadnezzar fell on his face and did homage to Daniel,
and gave orders to present to him an offering and fragrant incense.
(fell: Lk 17:16 Ac 10:25 14:13 28:6 Rev 11:16 19:10 22:8)
(fragrant incense - Lev 26:31 Ezra 6:10)
Fell on his face -
Nebuchadnezzar in so doing was recognizing that what Daniel had done
was not the result of the ordinary human spirit (cp. Da 4:8, 5:11, Ge
Did homage - The
Septuagint translates this Aramaic verb with the Greek word translated
in the NT as worshiped (proskuneo
[word study]). But I don't think Nebuchadnezzar is
truly worshipping Daniel or at least that Daniel does not perceive it
as "worship" for he is the same young man who did not seek credit for
the dream interpretation (Da 2:29, 30). And although he did have
access to the book of Acts, he clearly knew the principle that a
believer was not to accept worship from another human being (Acts
10:25, 26, cp Acts 14:14, 15).
Certainly it is not possible for us
to understand how every event of our day fits into God's plan, but we
know that history is not drifting aimlessly on. Rather, God is
ordering all things to the consummation that He has planned. Let us
never forget that what is true for the world at large is also true for
us as individuals. The sovereign Lord has a plan for our lives—and
there is no true satisfaction till we find it and fulfill it! (Ibid)
The king answered Daniel and said, "Surely your God is a God of gods
and a Lord of kings and a revealer of mysteries, since you have been
able to reveal this mystery." (a God: Da 11:36 Dt 10:17 Jos
22:22 Ps 136:2) (Lord: Da 2:37 4:17,32 Job 12:19 Ps 2:10,11 72:11 82:1
Pr 8:15,16 1Ti 6:15 Rev 1:5 17:14 19:16) (reveal: Da 2:19,28 4:8,9 Ge
41:39 Am 3:7)
The king answered Daniel
- Notice that Daniel's exaltation of the Lord as the revealer of
mysteries was clearly understood by Nebuchadnezzar, who gives the
glory to Daniel's God ("your God"). We need to maintain the same God
exalting response to any praise or honor others would seek to bestow
on us. (We need to continually remember 2Cor 3:5, 6, Pr 15:33, 18:12,
Surely your God - How did
he know about Daniel's God? In this section Daniel had clearly pointed
not to men (Da 2:27) but to the "God in heaven" Who reveals mysteries"
(Da 2:28), a truth he immediately reiterated in Da 2:29 followed by a
"disclaimer" that there was nothing special about him to warrant
reception of this divine revelation. It's as if he had a giant "white
board" and drew all lines pointing to God as the source of the dream
and the interpretation. Had Daniel taken credit for the revelation,
the only one the king would have honored would have been Daniel. Although Daniel
had never heard the Sermon on the Mount, he obviously understood and
practiced the spirit of Jesus' call to...
your light shine
= command to do this now. Do it effectively. Don't delay.) (Where?)
before men (How?) in such a way that they may see your good works (Not
self serving but God glorifying - the king saw, or better, heard
Daniel's "good works"), and glorify (Daniel gave a proper opinion of)
your Father Who is in heaven. (Mt 5:16-note)
Campbell illustrates the
truth that God is sovereign over the affairs of men but rarely
recognized as such...
A European ruler of a previous
generation heard a Bible teacher who was touring the Continent and
speaking on prophetic themes. He invited him to his palace, examined
his charts concerning the future, and then asked him, "Are you telling
me that Christ is to come as King and all kingdoms are to be subject
to Him?" The Bible teacher replied, "Yes, that's exactly right!"
"But," said the sovereign, "that can't be. Why, it would interfere
with all my plans!" (Ibid)
God of gods...Lord of kings
- Compare Daniel's similar address to the human king (Da 2:37, 38).
Nebuchadnezzar was a polytheist and as such worshiped many so-called
gods in Babylon. He is here acknowledging not that Jehovah is the ONLY
living God (which He of course is) but that He is the supreme among a
pantheon of lesser gods. In short he is saying Daniel's God is greater
than his gods. By Daniel 4 we begin to see this "seed" of truth take
root and bear "eternal fruit" (Read Daniel 4:34, 35, 36, 37).
SUMMARY OF THE
TRUTH ABOUT GOD
IN DANIEL 2
Da 2:18 - He is “the God of heaven”
Da 2:19 - He reveals the mysteries
Da 2:20 - Wisdom and power belong to Him
Da 2:21 - "He...changes the times and the epochs”
Da 2:21,37,38 - “He removes kings and establishes kings”
Da 2:21 - “He gives wisdom to wise men and knowledge to men of
Da 2:22 - "He … reveals the profound and hidden things”
Da 2:22 - “He knows … the darkness, And the light dwells with Him.”
Da 2:44 - He “will set up a kingdom which will never be destroyed, and
that kingdom will not be left for another people; it will crush and
put an end to all these kingdoms, but it will itself endure forever.”
Da 2:45 - He knows the future
Da 2:47 - He “is a God of gods and a Lord of kings and a revealer of
Then the king promoted Daniel and gave him many great gifts, and he
made him ruler over the whole province of Babylon and chief prefect
over all the wise men of Babylon. (great: Da 2:6 5:16 Ge
41:39, 40, 41, 42, 43 Nu 22:16,17 24:11 1Sa 17:25 25:2 2Sa 19:32 2Ki
5:1 Job 1:3 Jer 5:5) (ruler: Da 5:29 6:1,2) (chief: Da 4:9 5:11)
The king promoted Daniel
- Daniel is honored just as was Joseph after he had interpreted
Pharaoh's dream (Ge 41:25-37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44). The
compassionate God now had "His man in Babylon" and in a position to be
of benefit to the Jews in captivity.
It would have been too bad if
Daniel had compromised when he first arrived in the court. The fact
that he didn't gives a strong clue to the subsequent success of his
career. He was the kind of man God uses. (Ibid)
And Daniel made request of the king, and he appointed Shadrach,
Meshach and Abed-nego over the administration of the province of
Babylon, while Daniel was at the king's court. (Appointed:
Da 2:17 1:17 3:12-30 Pr 28:12) (sat: Es 2:19,21 3:2 Jer 39:3 Am 5:15)
Life Application Study Bible note
A competent leader never does all
the work alone; he or she knows how to delegate and supervise. Moses,
Israel's greatest leader, shared the burden of administration with
dozens of assistants. (This story is in Ex 18:13-27.)