|Greek: Marturei (3SPAI) de emin kai to pneuma to agion; meta gar to eirekenai, (RAN)
Amplified: And also the Holy Spirit adds His testimony to us [in confirmation of this]. For having said, (Amplified Bible - Lockman)
Barclay: And to this the Holy Spirit is our witness, for after he has said: (Westminster Press)
NLT: And the Holy Spirit also testifies that this is so. First he says, (NLT - Tyndale House)
Phillips: The Holy Spirit himself endorses this truth for us, when he says, first: (Phillips: Touchstone)
Wuest: Moreover, there testifies also to us the Holy Spirit. For after having said, (Eerdmans)
Young's Literal: and testify to us also doth the Holy Spirit, for after that He hath said before,
AND THE HOLY SPIRIT ALSO BEARS WITNESS TO US FOR AFTER SAYING: Marturei (3SPAI) de hemin kai to pneuma to hagion meta gar to eirekenai (RAN): (He 2:3,4; 3:7; 9:8; 2Samuel 23:2; Nehemiah 9:30; John 15:26; Acts 28:25; 1Peter 1:11,12; 2Peter 1:21; Revelation 2:7,11,17,29; 3:6,13,22; 19:10)
THE HOLY SPIRIT
Spurgeon - And what more veritable witness can we have? That to which the Holy Ghost bears testimony must never be questioned by us.
In the Old Testament the Holy Spirit spoke…
This verse shows that the Holy Spirit is our Teacher, the One Jesus promised declaring that…
The Spirit reveals God the Father and God the Son by inspiring the writing of Scripture. The Spirit has revealed in the past
He reveals in the present as in this verse (bears witness = present tense = ongoing activity - also first word in He 10:15 for emphasis!)…
The Spirit who first led people to write the Scriptures Peter recording that
The Holy Spirit continues to guide God's people to understand them, as Hebrews shows. The Spirit is the Inspirer and Teacher of Scriptures and the One Who enables us to understand and to live (Php 2:13-note) according to the Scriptures.
Bears witness (3140) (martureo from martus/martys = witness, one who has information or knowledge of something & hence can bring to light or confirm something; English ~ martyr) ) means to be a witness, to testify, to give evidence, to give testimony, to affirm that one has seen or heard or experienced something. To be well reported. It means to provide information about a person or an event concerning which the speaker has direct knowledge. Martureo in some context is used in the sense of making an important and solemn declaration. It can be used in the sense of confirmation or approval and so to affirm n a supportive manner.
Martureo - 76x in 72v - Matt 23:31; Luke 4:22; John 1:7f, 15, 32, 34; 2:25; 3:11, 26, 28, 32; 4:39, 44; 5:31ff, 36f, 39; 7:7; 8:13f, 18; 10:25; 12:17; 13:21; 15:26f; 18:23, 37; 19:35; 21:24; Acts 6:3; 10:22, 43; 13:22; 14:3; 15:8; 16:2; 22:5, 12; 23:11; 26:5; Rom 3:21; 10:2; 1 Cor 15:15; 2 Cor 8:3; Gal 4:15; Col 4:13; 1 Tim 5:10; 6:13; Heb 7:8, 17; 10:15; 11:2, 4, 5, 39; 1 John 1:2; 4:14; 5:6f, 9f; 3 John 1:3, 6, 12; Rev 1:2; 22:16, 18, 20. NAS = add… testimony(1), attested(1), bear… witness(1), bear witness(1), continued to testify(1), gained approval(2), given(1), gives(1), good reputation(1), having a reputation(1), obtained the testimony(1), obtained the witness(1), received a good testimony(1), speaking well(1), testified(17), testifies(7), testify(25), testifying(5), testimony(5), well spoken(3), witness(1), witnessed(2), witnesses(1).
Martureo is another key word in Hebrews, with 7/81 (almost 10% of the NT uses)
THE WITNESS OF THE HOLY SPIRIT
THE writer has concluded his argument. He has made clear that the sacrifice of Christ, as the offering up of His body to the will of God, had opened for us a new way into the Holiest. Through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ we have been sanctified. When He had offered one sacrifice for ever, He sat down on the right hand of God. By one offering He hath perfected for ever them that are sanctified. His sacrifice is over, and has everlasting power; in virtue of it He sits on the throne, expecting His final triumph; those He has sanctified are perfected for ever. The sacrifice is of infinite worth; it has opened the entrance to a state of perfect and everlasting holiness and glory; nothing is now needed but to rejoice and wait and see the King on the throne applying and revealing the power of His finished work.
The writer appeals to the words of the institution of the new covenant (Hebrews 8:6-13), in support of what he has said. He does so with the words, And the Holy Ghost also beareth witness to us. The words of Jeremiah are to him the words of the Holy Spirit. He believes in a direct inspiration. It was the God who knows the end from the beginning, who had planned all from the least to the greatest in the preparation of redemption, who had revealed to Jeremiah the new covenant that would be made centuries later. It was the same Holy Spirit who had inspired the first record of Melchizedek, and the Psalm with the oath of God, who had ordered the tabernacle and the veil to signify that the way into the Holiest was not yet open, and had watched over the first covenant, and its dedication not without blood, through whom the promise of the new covenant was spoken and recorded. Our writer appeals to Him and His witness.
He does so as one who himself has the teaching of that Spirit. Anyone might read the words of the covenant, and of the death of Jesus; no one could connect and expound them in their divine harmony and their everlasting significance but one taught by the same Spirit. These men preached the gospel with the Holy Ghost sent down from heaven; the Spirit, from the King sat down upon the throne, revealed in and to them the will of God, and the eternal power of the one sacrifice, to open the way into the Holiest.
And what is now the witness of the Holy Ghost in the new covenant? The witness to the two blessings of the covenant in their divine inseparable unity. I will put My laws in their heart, and their sins will I remember no more. The complete remission of sins, the removal of sin out of God's sight and remembrance for ever, was promised. Now, our writer argues, where remission of these is, there is no more offering for sin. The one offering hath perfected for ever them that are sanctified. The death of Christ has opened up and introduced us into a relationship to God, a state of life before Him, in which sin has been finally put away, and God receives us into His fellowship as those who have been sanctified in Christ. He receives us into the Holiest of All through the blood. The blood that sprinkles the mercy-seat also sprinkles and cleanses our conscience, bringing the full remission, the full deliverance from sin and its power, into our inmost being; and, fitting our heart to receive that Spirit of heaven which witnesses with the blood, as a Spirit of life, puts the law within us, as the law of our life.
And so we enter into the finished work of Christ, and the rest of God in it; enter the perfection with which He Himself was perfected for evermore, and hath perfected us for ever; into that Holiest of All, into which God fulfils the promise, I will be to them a God, and they shall be to Me a people. And the offering of the body of Christ once for all, the one sacrifice for ever, becomes, in ever-growing blessedness, the one thought, the one trust, the one joy, the one life of the believer. His salvation and redemption are finished and eternal realities, His perfection and sanctification too. Our one need is to believe and abide in and receive what our Priest-King on the throne imparts through His Spirit: a full entrance into the no more offering for sin, with all that flows from it, in the person and throne and work of our Priest for ever: this is the entrance into the Holiest.
And the Holy Ghost also beareth witness to us. It is easy to understand the truth of the forgiveness of sin as one of the elementary foundation truths, of which we read in (Hebrews 6:1). But if we seek to press on to perfection, and to know what the fulness of salvation is into which it leads, we may count upon the Holy Spirit to reveal it, to witness to it, in our inner life. He reveals it not to the mind, or as the reward of earthly study, but to the poor in spirit and them that are of a lowly heart. It is in the heart God sends forth the Spirit of His Son; the heart that longs for and chooses and loves and waits for this life of perfect fellowship with God more than its chief joy, shall have it witnessed by God's Spirit that the no more offering for sin is indeed the opening up of the Holiest of All. The Holy Ghost who comes from heaven, bears witness of what is in heaven. We can know nothing really of what takes place in heaven but by the Holy Ghost in our heart. Dwelling in us He gives in our inmost life the full witness to all the efficacy of Christ's atonement and His enthronement in the presence of God.
1. The one central truth to which the Holy Spirit testifies is this: that the old way of living and serving God is now completely and for ever come to an end. Death and the devil are brought to nought; the veil is rent: sin is put away; the old covenant is disannulled, vanished away, taken away. A new system, a new way, a new and eternal life has been opened up in the power of Christ Jesus. Oh to have our eyes and hearts opened to see that is not merely a thought, a truth for the mind, but a spiritual state of existence which the Holy Ghost can bring us into.
2. The Holy Ghost beareth witness. For this He came down on the day of Pentecost out of the heavenly sanctuary and from our exalted Priest-King, to bring down the heavenly life, the kingdom of heaven to the disciples, and make it real to them, as a thing found and felt in their hearts.
Each one of us needs and may claim the Holy Ghost in the same Pentecostal power, and the new, the eternal, the heavenly life will fill us too.
Andrew Murray. The Holiest of All
Greek: Aute e diatheke en diathesomai (1SFMI) pros autous meta tas hemeras ekeinas, legei (3SPAI) kurios, didous (PAPMSN) nomous mou epi kardias auton, kai epi ten dianoian auton epigrapso (1SFAI) autous
Amplified: This is the agreement (testament, covenant) that I will set up and conclude with them after those days, says the Lord: I will imprint My laws upon their hearts, and I will inscribe them on their minds (on their inmost thoughts and understanding), (Amplified Bible - Lockman)
Barclay: “This is the covenant I will make with them after these days, says the Lord. I will put my laws upon their hearts; and I will write them upon their minds,” (Westminster Press)
NLT: "This is the new covenant I will make with my people on that day, says the Lord: I will put my laws in their hearts so they will understand them, and I will write them on their minds so they will obey them." (NLT - Tyndale House)
Phillips: 'This is the covenant that I will make with them after those days, says the Lord: I will put my laws into their hearts, and in their minds I will write them'. (Phillips: Touchstone)
Wuest: This is the testament which I will make with them after those days, the Lord says, I am putting my laws upon their hearts, and upon their minds I will write them. (Eerdmans)
Young's Literal: 'This is the covenant that I will make with them after those days, saith the Lord, giving My laws on their hearts, and upon their minds I will write them,'
THIS IS THE COVENANT THAT I WILL MAKE WITH THEM AFTER THOSE DAYS SAYS THE LORD: aute e diatheke en diathesomai (1SFMI) pros autous meta tas hemeras ekeinas, legei (3SPAI) kurios: (Heb 8:8, 9, 10, 11, 12; Jeremiah 31:33,34; Romans 11:27)
Wuest - The writer now quotes the prophet Jeremiah again as to the finality of the New Testament. He places the Jewish recipients of this letter in the position where they will either accept their prophet and thus the New Testament, or in rejecting the New Testament, they will be rejecting their own prophet. He declares the inspiration of the Old Testament, for he says that the Holy Spirit spoke the words. Jeremiah was only His penman. (Hebrews Commentary online)
The writer again quotes Jeremiah (quoting from the Greek, the Septuagint -Lxx, not quite but almost verbatim)…
This is the same promise Paul records in Romans 9-11 which deals with the "Jewish Question" (What will God do with the Jews?) writing…
Covenant (1242) (diatheke [word study] from dia = two + tithemi = to place pictures that which is placed between two Thus, a covenant is something placed between two, an arrangement between two parties.) was a commonly used in the Greco-Roman world to define a legal transaction in settling an inheritance. Diatheke denotes an irrevocable decision, which cannot be cancelled by anyone. A prerequisite of its effectiveness before the law is the death of the disposer and thus diatheke was like a "final will and testament". In reference to the divine covenants, such as the Abrahamic covenant, diatheke is not a covenant in the sense that God came to agreement or compromise with fallen man as if signing a contract. Rather, it involves declaration of God’s unconditional promise to make Abraham and his seed the recipients of certain blessings.
Make (grant) (1303)(diatithemi from dia = through or as an intensive, root meaning = "two" + tithemi = to place or put) properly means, to place apart, to set in order, to arrange. If one considers the root meaning of dia ("two"), then the definition could be rendered "to place between two" as a covenant which is something that is placed between two, an arrangement between two parties. This verb is used in the NT only in the middle voice.
Them = Jews (cp the intended audience of the announcement of the New Covenant in Jer 31:31, 32) yet this covenant is now available to anyone who believes that Christ's blood is satisfactory and sufficient to save them from the penalty of their sins -- eternal destruction & separation.
The ultimate fulfillment of some of God's promises to Israel in Jer 31:38-40 await complete fulfillment in the millennial age
I WILL PUT MY LAWS UPON THEIR HEART AND UPON THEIR MIND I WILL WRITE THEM: didous (PAPMSN) nomous mou epi kardias auton kai epi ten dianoian auton epigrapso (1SFAI) autous:
Wuest - A distinctive feature of the new one was to be the sanctifying work of the Holy Spirit who would be caused to take up His permanent abode in the believer under the New Testament dispensation. Heretofore, He had come upon or in individuals in order to equip them for a certain ministry, and then would leave them when the time of that ministry was over. He did not personally indwell them for purposes of sanctification. The Old Testament saint was regenerated, thus becoming a partaker of the divine nature, and thus had that impetus to the living of a holy life. The New Testament saint has both the advantages of regeneration and the personal indwelling and the sanctifying work of the Holy Spirit. Thus, under the First Testament God wrote His laws on stone, whereas under the New Testament He writes them upon the heart. (Hebrews Commentary online)
Spurgeon - What the law could not do with its iron fetters, the gospel has done with its silken bonds. If God had thundered at you, you would have grown proud like Pharaoh when he said, “Who is Yahweh that I should listen to his voice?” (Exod 5:2) But when the Lord Jesus spoke softly to you, you bowed before Him, and said, “He is my Lord and my God” (John 20:28). The blustering wind of the law made you bind about yourself the cloak of your sins, but the genial warmth of the sun of the gospel constrained you to cast away the garments of your sin, and fly to the Savior. Oh, what a blessed covenant this is! Christ’s death has established a covenant of grace in which there is no flaw, and no possibility of failure, for the one condition of the covenant has been fulfilled by Christ and now it stands as a covenant of “shalls” and “wills” on God’s part from which He will never run back. It is not, “If they do this, and if they do that, I will do the other,” but it is all “I will.”
Upon (epi) means to place upon. It is interesting that the Greek of the Hebrew (Septuagint - LXX) of this passage from Jer 31:33 has the preposition eis, which means "into" and has the primary meaning of motion or direction toward (their hearts).
God supernaturally deals with the deadly otherwise undefeatable power of Sin (notes on Sin in Romans 6) by writing His perfect law on our hearts so that by virtue of our new nature (2Co 5:17) we now supernaturally hate sin (something we "naturally" love!) from the inside out (so to speak) and love God's will and walk in His ways (we are not puppets, but still must daily, moment by moment make the conscious choice for God's will - cp Php 2:12-note), not by external laws constraint (but by His holy law and His Holy Spirit - see Php 2:13-note, see Ezekiel 36 below). That's the new covenant = a New Heart
Ezekiel records God's promises concerning the New Covenant…
Thomas Vincent writes… Labor for a thorough understanding of the covenant, both the covenant which God made with Christ on behalf of man—and the covenant which God has made with man through Christ. Acquaint yourselves with the covenant God made with Christ on behalf of man. Whatever worth and value there was in the righteousness of Christ, yet God might have required a personal righteousness and satisfaction, and Christ's righteousness might have stood us in no stead. But God eternally covenanted and agreed with Christ that if He would take human nature, and work out a righteousness for fallen man, it would be accepted; that if He would take to Himself the body of a man that God would prepare for Him, and make His soul an offering for sin, that is, suffer what His justice required for the sins of man—He would see His seed and justify many (Isaiah 53:10, 11). It is through this covenant with Christ that Christ's righteousness is accepted on behalf of sinners, God having agreed before that it should so be. Acquaint yourselves with the covenant which God has made with man through Christ, where upon the account of Christ God has promised remission of sins and eternal life. (The Only Deliverer from the Wrath to Come)
Related Resources: Study of Covenant in the Scripture
Amplified: He then goes on to say, And their sins and their lawbreaking I will remember no more. [Jer. 31:33, 34.] (Amplified Bible - Lockman)
Barclay: he goes on to say: “And I will not remember any more their sins and their breaches of the law.” (Westminster Press)
NLT: Then he adds, "I will never again remember their sins and lawless deeds." (NLT - Tyndale House)
Phillips: And then, he adds, 'Their sins and their lawless deeds I will remember no more'. (Phillips: Touchstone)
Wuest: And their sins and their lawlessnesses I will positively not remember any more. (Eerdmans)
Young's Literal: and 'their sins and their lawlessness I will remember no more;'
AND THEIR SINS AND THEIR LAWLESS DEEDS I WILL REMEMBER NO MORE: kai ton hamartion auton kai ton anomion auton ou me mnesthesomai (1SFPI) eti:
AN INCREDIBLE DIVINE PROMISE!
Wuest - The other distinctive feature of the New Testament is the fact that God remembers sins and iniquities no more. The constant repetition of the sacrifices demonstrated that the sin question was not settled. The once for all offering of the Messiah shows that sin is paid for and put away. (Hebrews Commentary online)
Sins (266)(hamartia) literally conveys the idea of missing the mark as when hunting with a bow and arrow (in Homer some hundred times of a warrior hurling his spear but missing his foe). Later hamartia came to mean missing or falling short of any goal, standard, or purpose. Hamartia in the Bible signifies a departure from God's holy, perfect standard of what is right in word or deed (righteous). It pictures the idea of missing His appointed goal (His will) which results in a deviation from what is pleasing to Him. In short, sin is conceived as a missing the true end and scope of our lives, which is the Triune God Himself. As Martin Luther put it "Sin is essentially a departure from God."
Ryrie adds that sin "is not only a negative idea but includes the positive idea of hitting some wrong mark."
Lawless (458)(anomia from a = negates what follows + nomos = law) literally describes that which is without the law and signifies, not merely the abstract idea, but disregard for, or actual breach of, the law of God. Anomia means “no law,” and emphasizes an attitude of disregard for the statutes of God. It means living as if there were no law. A person who rejects God’s authority doesn’t care what God thinks about his habits.
Lawlessness is living as though your own ideas are superior to God's.
Lawlessness says, "God may demand it but I don't prefer it."
Lawlessness says, "God may promise it but I don't want it."
Lawlessness replaces God's law with my contrary desires. I become a law to myself.
Lawlessness is rebellion against the right of God to make laws and govern His creatures. Lawlessness signifies everything that is contrary to the will and law of God and is more intentional and flagrant sin. It is direct and open rebellion against God and His ways.
Here the writer quotes in part from Jeremiah 31:34… They will not teach again, each man his neighbor and each man his brother, saying, ‘Know the Lord,’ for they will all know Me, from the least of them to the greatest of them,” declares the Lord, “for I will forgive their iniquity, and their sin I will remember no more.”
Compare Jehovah's great promise in Isaiah 43:25 - "I, even I, am the one who wipes out your transgressions for My own sake; and I will not remember your sins."
Spurgeon - When the prodigal is received and forgiven, he is not put at the end of the table, below the salt, or sent into the kitchen with the servants, as if his faults were forgiven but yet remembered. He is invited to the table, and he feasts there upon the best the house affords. The fatted calf is killed, the ring is on his finger, and there are music and dancing for him—as sweet music and as joyous dancing as for the constantly obedient elder son. Not only so but more, for there is more joy over him than over the son who did not go astray. God in this sense forgets His people’s sins.
Clearly the omniscient God knows everything, but here we see on the basis of His infinite, transcendent grace, mercy and love, He covenants to deal with us by putting our sins behind His back (Is 38:17), casting them into the sea (Mic 7:19), wiping them out (Is 44:22), placing them as far as the East is from the West (Ps 103:12 - Why didn't He say "north" and "south"? Clue: Where is the "east pole"?) And all God's people respond "Glory! Hallelujah! Thank you LORD!"
If you have put your faith in Jesus and asked Him to forgive you, the past is truly forgotten. "As far as the east is from the west, so far has He removed our transgressions from us" (Psalm 103:12).
No more - This phrase is actually a great double negative (ou me) which gives the strongest negation to this "negative promise"! Again cause for God's people to begin "shouting"!
Puritan Thomas Brooks wrote that… Caesar was painted with his finger upon his scar, his wart. God puts His fingers upon all His people's scars and warts—upon all their weaknesses and infirmities, that nothing can be seen but what is fair and lovely. "You are so beautiful, My beloved; there is no flaw in you!" Song 4:7. The meaning is, "I will fully forgive their sins; I will never more mention them; I will never more take notice of them; they shall never more hear of them from Me!" Though God has an iron memory to remember the sins of the wicked—yet He has no memory to remember the sins of the godly! "I will be merciful to their unrighteousness, and their sins and their iniquities will I remember no more." Hebrews 8:12
Brooks records… That which Cicero said flatteringly of Caesar, is truly affirmed of God, "He forgets nothing but the wrongs which daily are done him by his people."
Spurgeon - What a wonderful covenant that is—not that He will bless you if you keep the law, but that you shall be enabled to keep it, and that He will lead you to do so by putting His law, not on tables of stone, where your eye can see it, but on the fleshy tablets of your heart, where your soul shall feel its force and power, so that you shall be obedient to it. Meditate on those glorious words: “Their sins and their lawless deeds I will never remember again.” Once in the end of the world God Himself descended from the skies and was veiled in our inferior clay. Here on earth God’s eternal Son lived and dwelt like one of us. In the fullness of time, when the sins of all His people had been laid upon Him, He was seized by the officers of justice and was taken away as having our sins upon His own person. On the tree was He fastened that He might die, the just for the unjust that He might bring us to God. Christ stood in the place of His people, and when God’s wrath fell upon sin it fell upon Him and spent itself upon His person. There is no wrath left in God’s heart now against those for whom the Savior died. Christ has suffered all.
Spurgeon in Faith's Checkbook has the following devotional entitled… Absolutely No Remembrance: According to this gracious covenant the Lord treats His people as if they had never sinned. Practically, He forgets all their trespasses. Sins of all kinds He treats as if they had never been, as if they were quite erased from His memory. O miracle of grace! God here doth that which in certain aspects is impossible to Him. His mercy work miracles which far transcend all other miracles. Our God ignores our sin now that the sacrifice of Jesus has ratified the covenant. We may rejoice in Him without fear that He will be provoked to anger against us because of our iniquities. See! He puts us among the children; He accepts us as righteous; He takes delight in us as if we were perfectly holy. He even puts us into places of trust; makes us guardians of His honor, trustees of the crown jewels, stewards of the gospel. He counts us worthy and gives us a ministry; this is the highest and most special proof that He does not remember our sins. Even when we forgive an enemy, we are very slow to trust him; we judge it to be imprudent so to do. But the Lord forgets our sins and treats us as if we had never erred. O my soul, what a promise is this! Believe it and be happy.
A Past Long Gone - According to the English novelist Aldous Huxley, "There are no back moves on the chessboard of life." Yet we remain aware of things we have done and things we have left undone. Our sins worry us. They motivate us to wish fervently that somehow we could undo the past.
That's why those who put their faith in Jesus can be thankful for God's message in both the Old and New Testaments. When Paul preached in Antioch, he said, "By [Jesus], everyone who believes is justified from all things from which you could not be justified by the law of Moses" (Acts 13:39). The law condemned us (Ro 7:10, 11), but Jesus offers deliverance and new life (Ro 8:1).
Are you worried about what you've done in the past? Rejoice! God has "cast all our sins into the depths of the sea" (Micah 7:19, cp Is 38:17). Are you still concerned about your sins? Rejoice! "Their sins and their lawless deeds I will remember no more" (Hebrews 10:17). And "I have blotted out, like a thick cloud, your transgressions" (Isaiah 44:22).
If you have put your faith in Jesus and asked Him to forgive you, the past is truly forgotten. "As far as the east is from the west, so far has He removed our transgressions from us" (Psalm 103:12). Trust and rejoice!—Vernon C Grounds (Our Daily Bread, Copyright RBC Ministries, Grand Rapids, MI. Reprinted by permission. All rights reserved)
Amplified: Now where there is absolute remission (forgiveness and cancellation of the penalty) of these [sins and lawbreaking], there is no longer any offering made to atone for sin. (Amplified Bible - Lockman)
Barclay: Now, where there is forgiveness of these things, a sacrifice for sin is no longer necessary. (Westminster Press)
NLT: Now when sins have been forgiven, there is no need to offer any more sacrifices. (NLT - Tyndale House)
Phillips: Where God grants remission of sin there can be no question of making further atonement. (Phillips: Touchstone)
Wuest: Now where a putting away of these is, no longer is there an offering for sin. (Eerdmans)
Young's Literal: and where forgiveness of these is, there is no more offering for sin.
NOW WHERE THERE IS FORGIVENESS OF THESE THINGS THERE IS NO LONGER ANY OFFERING FOR SIN: hopou de aphesis touton ouketi prosphora peri hamartias:: Mt 26:28, He 10:2,14
Forgiveness (859) (aphesis from aphiemi = action which causes separation and is in turn derived from apo = from + hiemi = put in motion, send) literally means to send away or to put apart. The root meaning of forgiveness is to put away an offense. In secular Greek literature, the related word aphiemi was used to indicate the sending away of an object or a person and came to include the release of someone from the obligation of marriage, or debt, or even a religious vow. In its final form this word group came to embrace the principle of release from punishment for some wrongdoing.
Aphesis means release, as from bondage, imprisonment. Luke gives us insight into this aspect of aphesis quoting Jesus' proclamation in the Jew in the synagogue in Nazareth declaring that
All men are born captives of sin (we incurred a debt we could not pay and thus were given over to enslavement to the harsh task master "Sin") and also slaves of Satan (cp He 2:14, 15) and in need of release. (and redemption which effect the release - redemption = paying the price to set us free, release = the putting away of our debts because of the payment of the price of Christ's precious blood). The truth alone can release and set men free (Jn 8:31, 32, 36) and specifically this truth is is the truth about the Messiah, our eternal "Scapegoat" (cf the OT teaching on the scapegoat on the day of atonement described in Lev 16:8, 10, 26) Who carried away our sin debt forever, having paid the price in full (Jn 19:30)!
Are you still captive to sin? You are if you have never received Christ's free gift of His full payment for your sins. Come to the fountain of blood that flows from Immanuel's veins and be set free so that you might be free indeed.
The Theological Lexicon of the NT…
No longer any offering - In other words when God forgives sins on the basis of the atoning work of His Son, the forgiveness is perfect and complete and no longer needs sacrificial offerings. When the real Lamb has come there is no longer need for the "symbolic" lambs, which were but shadows of the Lamb of God.
Wuest - The writer now draws an important conclusion to all this. He says that in view of the fact that sin has been paid for, there is no more need of the constant repetition of sacrificial offerings. And that is exactly what the writer is attempting to instill into the minds and hearts of his readers, namely, that the New Testament in Jesus’ blood is superior to and takes the place of the First Testament in animal blood. (Hebrews Commentary online)
Offering (4376)(phosphora from pros = toward, before + phero = to bring or bear) literally is "a bringing before" and thus describes the act of offering or a bringing to and metonymically to that which is offered (a gift, a present). The major Scriptural use of prosphora is found in Hebrews 10 (5x out of a total of 9 uses in the NT - Acts 21:26; 24:17; Ro 15:16; Eph 5:2; Heb 10:5, 8, 10, 14, 18), thus it behooves one to study these passages in context to derive a good sense of the meaning of the word.
Spurgeon reasons that "If the sins themselves have gone, and God will remember them no more, no further sacrifice is required for them. What need do you have of cleansing if you are so clean that God Himself sees no sin in you? O glorious purgati on by the atoning sacrifice of Christ! Rejoice in it, and praise the Lord for it forever and ever."
Horatius Bonar gives us some history on this offering writing that…
The OT sacrifices were merely an "offering" and while they were the means God had specified to provide for temporary "relief" (covering the sins), they did give at least limited access of sinful man to a thrice holy God. In Christ's redemptive work, ''FORGIVENESS'' was the perfect completion of atonement. The blood of sacrificial animals effected a temporary covering, but the sacrificial system in itself could not take away the sin and its debt (which required forgiveness), the debt of which was slavery to Sin in this life and death in eternal separation from God in the next life. Christ's sacrificial death provided the perfect atonement (He 9:14) with everlasting efficacy (thus there was no longer any offering necessary).