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days of His
tears to the
save Him from
death, and He
because of His
Amplified: In the days of His flesh [Jesus] offered up
definite, special petitions [for that which He not only wanted but
needed] and supplications with strong crying and tears to Him Who was
[always] able to save Him [out] from death, and He was heard because
of His reverence toward God [His godly fear, His piety, in that He
shrank from the horrors of separation from the bright presence of the
Bible - Lockman)
Barclay: In the days when he lived this human life of ours he
offered prayers and entreaties to him who was able to bring him safely
through death with strong crying and with tears. And when he had been
heard because of his reverence, (Westminster
KJV: Who in the days of his flesh, when he had offered up
prayers and supplications with strong crying and tears unto him that
was able to save him from death, and was heard in that he feared;
NLT: While Jesus was here on earth, he offered
prayers and pleadings, with a loud cry and tears, to the one who could
deliver him out of death. And God heard his prayers because of his
reverence for God. (NLT
- Tyndale House)
Phillips: His prayers were heard; he was freed from his
shrinking from death but, Son though he was, he had to prove the
meaning of obedience through all that he suffered. (Phillips:
Wuest: who in the days of His flesh, offered up special,
definite petitions for that which He needed, and supplications, doing
this with strong cryings and tears to the One who was able to be
saving Him out from within death and was heard on account of His godly
Young's Literal: who in the days of his flesh both prayers and
supplications unto Him who was able to save him from death -- with
strong crying and tears -- having offered up, and having been heard in
respect to that which he feared,
IN THE DAYS OF HIS FLESH HE OFFERED UP BOTH PRAYERS AND SUPPLICATIONS
WITH LOUD CRYING AND TEARS: os en tais hemerais tes sarkos autou, deeseis te
kai hiketerias pros ton dunamenon (PPPMSA) sozein (PAN) auton ek thanatou
meta krauges ischuras kai dakruon prosenegkas (AAPMSN) kai eisakoustheis (APPMSN)
apo tes eulabeias:
(Heb 2:14; Jn 1:14; Ro 8:3; Galatians 4:4; 1Ti 3:16; 1Jn 4:3; 2John 1:7)
(Psalms 22:1-21; 69:1; 88:1; Matthew 26:28-44; Mark 14:32-39; Leviticus 2:2;
4:4-14; John 17:1) (Matthew 27:46,50; Mark 15:34,37) (Isaiah 53:3,11; John
OT PASSAGES QUOTED IN HEBREWS 5 -
Click for complete list of OT
He 5:5 <> Ps 2:7
He 5:6 <> Ps 110:4
He 5:10 <> Ps 110:4
KEY WORDS IN HEBREWS 5 -
Click for complete list of Key Words in
Eternal - He 5:9
Sacrifice - He 5:1, 3
Priest - He 5:1, 5, 6, 10
OUR GREAT HIGH PRIEST
OF THE POWER OF CHRIST
Son of God
Son of Man
chart is adapted in part from Jensen's Survey of the NT and
Wilkinson's Talk Thru the Bible
In the days of His flesh (cp Heb 2:14) - The writer again emphasizes the reality of
our Lord's humanity and His participation in all the experiences of His
people, which makes Him fit for having compassion on those for whom He
in this context clearly does not refer to the fallen sin nature but
signifies Christ's human nature not yet glorified, a nature with all its
infirmities to which He was exposed such as hunger, thirst, weariness,
labor, sorrow, grief, fear, pain, death itself.
A W Pink adds that...
time (days of His flesh)
Christ was “a man of sorrows,” filled with them, never free from
them; “and acquainted with grief,” as a companion that never departed from
Him. No doubt there is special reference to the close of those days when His
sorrows and trials came to a head. “The ‘days of His flesh’ mean the whole
time of His humiliation—that period when He came among men as one of them,
but still the Son of God, whose majesty was hid. (Christ
Superior to Aaron
As Ironside says "He
trod the path of faith and took the place of dependence on the Father."
Therefore, since the children share in flesh and blood, He Himself likewise
also partook of the same, that through death He
might render powerless him who had the power of death, that is, the devil
cp He 4:15-note)
And the Word (see Jn 1:1) became flesh, and dwelt among us, and we saw His
glory, glory as of the only begotten from the Father, full of grace and
truth. (Jn 1:14)
For what the Law could not do, weak as it was through the flesh (Why?
because the flesh could never keep the Law perfectly, cp Jas 2:10), God
did: sending His own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh (Ed: Not
"likeness of" - He was not a sinner but was made sin on the Cross to
atone for man's sins - 2Cor 5:21. Stated another way - Although in His
incarnation Christ became fully man, He took only the outward appearance of
sinful flesh, because He was completely without sin. But by coming into the
world in human form, He resembled sinful humanity.) and as an offering
for sin, He condemned sin in the flesh, (Ro 8:3-note)
The writer now explains how in a sense Christ was under training for the priesthood, and
thus he proceeds to describe the process of training.
A T Robertson...
Here (He 5:7, 8, 9) the author turns to the other requirement of a high
priest (human sympathy). Since Jesus was “without sin”
(He 4:15) he did not have to offer sacrifices “for himself,” yet in all
other points he felt the sympathy of the human high priest, even more so by
reason of his victory over sin. (Hebrews 5 Word Pictures)
Hughes makes the point that
throughout this time on earth it was the custom of the incarnate Son to
maintain fellowship with and to express his dependence
on the Father by means of prayer and supplication (see Mk. 1:35; 6:46; Lk.
5:16; 6:12; Jn. 17:1ff., etc.).
Phil Newton adds that...
Our writer gives us a picture of the humanity of God the Son as He
faithfully exercised His divinely appointed office of High Priest. In seeing
Christ bearing the emblems of His mediatorial office the struggling believer
can find new courage to press on in the face of trials, persecution, and
even doubts. Paul reminds us concerning Christ, "Who, although He existed in
the form of God, did not regard equality with God a thing to be grasped, but
emptied Himself, taking the form of a bond-servant, and being made in the
likeness of men" (Phil 2:6, 7). As man Jesus Christ was not less than God.
He remained God throughout His earthly pilgrimage. Yet, to use J. B.
Phillips translation, "For he, who had always been God by nature, did not
cling to his prerogatives as God's equal, but stripped himself of all
privilege by consenting to be a slave by nature and being born as mortal
man." Jesus Christ lived as a Man-for that is exactly what He was (and is!).
Just as we live in dependence
upon the Father and His provisions,
so did Jesus Christ.
That is why the writer is pressing this point, for these struggling
believers needed to see that Christ had set the way of obedience before
them. They were to be strengthened by looking to Him who "learned obedience
from the things which he suffered."
Our writer could have said, "In the days of his humanity," in order to
soften the effect of Christ being a man. But he chose to use the coarse,
earthy sounding term sarx or flesh to emphasize that Jesus Christ's humanity
and dependence upon the Father as a man was real.
Christ: Qualified as High Priest Hebrews 5:1-10)
Steven Cole comments on...
The identification of Jesus, our high
priest, with us: He prayed and learned obedience through what He suffered
These verses elaborate on He 4:15, that Jesus can sympathize with our
weaknesses because He has been tempted in all things as we are, yet
without sin. Similar to the Levitical priests, Jesus could identify with the
weaknesses of the people. But, unlike these priests, He had no sin of His
“In the days of His flesh” refers
to Jesus’ earthly life, but He 5:7 especially points to Jesus’ agony in the
Gethsemane as He wrestled with the
imminent prospect of taking our sins upon Himself. Jesus’ intense struggle
in the Garden was not just over the thought of the physical agony of
Rather, He was struggling with the
of being separated from the Father as He bore our sin.
This was so intense that He literally
None of the gospel accounts report Jesus’ “loud crying and tears,”
but this information probably came directly from one of the apostles who
were present. It shows us that even though Jesus is fully God, and the cross
was central to God’s predetermined plan (Acts 2:23; 4:27,28), the actual
implementation of that plan was not easy. It was not just playacting a role!
Jesus’ suffering in the Garden and on the cross was more intense than we can
ever imagine, because we do not know what it was like to be one with the
Father from all eternity until that dreadful hour.
There is debate about the content of Jesus’ request. If He was asking to be
saved from death, in what sense was His prayer heard, since He was not
delivered from that awful death? Probably Jesus was asking to be sustained
through the agony of bearing our sins, and to be brought through death into
resurrection and complete restoration with the Father. The word “piety”
(NASB) is better rendered “reverent submission” (NIV). It refers to
His reverential submission to the will of the Father when He prayed, “not
My will, but Yours be done” (Luke 22:42). (Hebrews
5:1-10 The Kind of Priest You Need)
(prosphero from prós = to, toward + phéro = bring, bear)
means to bear toward, to carry or bring something into the presence of someone usually
implying a transfer of something to that person to whom it is carried. It refers to an
offering, whether of gifts, prayers, or sacrifices. Prosphero is a
key verb in the book of Hebrews which has more than one-third of the NT uses
(16x in Hebrews) with all the uses referring to a priestly act. Prosphero
is an integral part of the sacrificial vocabulary in
(>50x in Leviticus alone!)
Prosphero - 47x in 45v in NAS - Matt 2:11;
4:24; 5:23f; 8:4, 16; 9:2, 32; 12:22; 14:35; 17:16; 18:24; 19:13; 22:19;
25:20; Mark 1:44; 2:4; 10:13; Luke 5:14; 18:15; 23:14, 36; John 16:2; 19:29;
Acts 7:42; 8:18; 21:26; Heb 5:1, 3, 7; 8:3, 4; 9:7, 9, 14, 25, 28; 10:1,
2, 8, 11,12; 11:4, 17; 12:7. NAS = bringing(2), brought(12),
deals(1), get(1), make an offering(1), offer(8), offered(12), offering(4),
offers(1), present(2), presented(1), presenting(1).
Wuest adds that...
translated “offered” is prosphero which was used in the LXX of the
priests bringing a sacrifice to the altars of God. The Levitical priests
offered up blood sacrifices (He 9:6, 7-note,
This Priest after the order of
offered up Himself (not just His blood but His body - He 10:10-note) as a blood sacrifice
He 9:26-note), but before doing this,
another offering to God, a heart torn with anguish and suffering, a soul in
which the conflict of the ages was raging, a contest in which God the Son
was facing the powers of darkness, waging a battle for the lost race, a
battle in which He was victor over death, and thus over him who had the
power of death, the devil.
K. S. Wuest's Word Studies from the Greek New Testament: Eerdmans
[word study]) refers to urgent requests or
supplications to meet a need and are exclusively addressed to God. Deesis
refers to special, definite requests.
Deesis in the New Testament always carries the idea of genuine entreaty
and supplication before God. It implies a realization of need and a
petition for its supply.
Deesis was used
by the angel who assured the godly father of John the Baptist,
Do not be afraid (command
to stop fearing
indicating he already was fearful), Zacharias (means "Jehovah
remembers"), for your petition (deesis - specifically their
need for God to open his wife's womb) has been heard, and your wife
Elizabeth (means "my God is an oath") will bear you a son, and you will
give him the name John (means “Jehovah has shown grace”)” (Luke
Luke uses deesis
again of the disciples of John the Baptist, who were said to “often fast
and offer prayers (deesis)" (Luke 5:33).
Deesis was used
by Paul of his fervent prayer for the salvation of his fellow Israelites...
Brethren, my heart's (deepest,
consuming) desire and my prayer prayer (deesis - conveys idea
of pleading and entreaty, of persistent petition) to God for them is for
their salvation. (Ro 10:1-note).
[sole occurrence of
this noun in the NT]
form hiketes = a suppliant from hiko = to come to one)
originally described an olive branch entwined with wood carried by a
suppliant. In the Greek culture the suppliant would hold and wave to express
their desperate prayer and desire. The idea then came to mean that which is
being urgently requested by someone, in this case the God-Man! What a
powerful picture of the depth of Christ's humility and the profundity of His
prayers! We get a sense of this in Luke's description of our Lord in
the night before He went to the
cross, praying so intensely that His sweat was like drops of blood. His
heart was broken at the prospect of bearing sin.
And being in agony He was praying very fervently; and His sweat became like
drops of blood, falling down upon the ground. (Lk 22:44)
Marcus Dods comments that
The conjunction ("with...")...in this verse is for emphasis. These
supplications were accompanied “with strong crying and tears,”
expressing the intensity of the prayers and so the keenness of the
suffering. The “strong crying” is striking. Schöttgen quotes: “There are
three kinds of prayers, each loftier than the preceding: prayer, crying, and
tears. Prayer is silent, crying with raised voice, tears overcome all
5 Expositor's Greek Testament Commentary - online)
Vincent writes that hiketeria
is properly an adjective, pertaining to or fit for suppliants, with
(rhabdous) staves or (elaias) olive-branches understood. The olive-branch
bound round with wool was held forth by a suppliant in token of his
character as such. (Hebrews 5 Greek Word
Note that our Lord neither
was saved from death nor did He ever pray to be saved from such. Furthermore
He did He fear death as some teach. His mission as the Son of God was to
enter our world and die. And yet what a testimony these tears provide
regarding the reality of His manhood!
Ironside recounts that...
Three times we read of His weeping. He wept at the grave of Lazarus as He
contemplated the awful ravages that death had made, tears of loving
sympathy. He wept as He looked upon Jerusalem and His prophetic soul saw the
tribulations through which the devoted city must pass. And He wept in
garden as His holy soul shrank from drinking the cup of divine indignation
against sin when He would hang on the cross. While the cup could not be
averted, nevertheless He was heard because of His piety—that is, because of
His godly fear, His reverence for the Father's will. And thus He who is the
eternal Son who never knew what subjection meant, became man. As He walked
the pilgrim path of suffering and rejection down here, He learned obedience
by the things that He suffered. It is not that His will had to be subdued,
but that from the moment when He assumed humanity He entered into new
experiences. He who had always commanded learned practically what obedience
meant. (Ironside Expository Commentary on Hebrews)
from krazo = to croak or cry) is a cry which a man
does not choose to utter but is wrung from him in the stress of some
tremendous tension or searing pain. Krauge is an onomatopoeic word,
imitating the raven’s cry. It describes a crying, screaming, shrieking,
shouting, Lat. clamor. The idea is a crying out as with a sharp cry or even
a shout, as when one cries out in surprise (Mt 25:6), in support (Acts
23:9), in unrestrained brawling (Eph 4:31). In the present context this word
pictures Jesus crying out loudly to God in prayer during His time of trial.
Krauge - 6x in 6v in NAS - Matt 25:6; Luke 1:42; Acts 23:9;
Eph 4:31; Heb 5:7; Rev 21:4. NAS = clamor(1), crying(2), shout(1),
A T Robertson...
doubt the writer has in mind other times when Jesus shed tears (John 11:35;
Luke 19:41), but Gethsemane chiefly. (Hebrews 5 Word Pictures)
The rabbis wrote that
There are three kinds of prayers, each loftier than the preceding-prayer,
crying and tears. Prayer is made in silence; crying with raised voice; but
tears overcome all things.
Hughes explains why Jesus was in such intense agony writing that...
The agony of Christ at Gethsemane was occasioned by something other and
deeper than the fear of physical death; for what He faced was not simply a
painful death but also judgment—the judgment of a holy God against sin, our
sin, which is the experience of the "second death" (Rev. 20:14-note;
cf. He 9:27-note),
the disintegrating experience of
Hence the terrible cry of dereliction from the cross: "My God, my God,
why hast thou forsaken me?" (Mk. 15:34).
In a real but deeply mysterious manner, which no words of man can explain,
the incarnate Son as he hung on the cross endured the desolating anguish of
being torn away from his Father. He took our sins, the sins of the whole
world (1Jn 2:2), upon himself at Calvary in order that there he might bear
our judgment, the Righteous for the unrighteous (1Pe 2:24-note;
It was then, on that cross, that "God made him who knew no sin to be sin
for our sake, so that in him we might become the righteousness of God"
For this reason the second death has no power over those who by faith are
one with Him Who as our Sin-Bearer endured the second death in our place;
and for them the first death, which is the death of the body, holds no
terror because the bodily resurrection of Jesus is the guarantee that they
too will rise to everlasting life (1Co 15:20; 2Co 4:14).
The dread with which he approached the cross is explained, as Calvin says,
by the fact that in the death that awaited him "he saw the curse of God and
the necessity to wrestle with the total sum of human guilt and with the very
powers of darkness themselves."
The "loud cries and tears" which accompanied Christ's supplication
are to be understood, then, in relation to the indescribable darkness of the
horror that he, our High Priest, was to pass through as, on the cross, he
bore not only the defilement and guilt of the world's sin but
also its judgment. At
Gethsemane and at Calvary we see him enduring our hell so that we might be
set free to enter into his heaven.
Commentary on the Epistle to the Hebrews -
recommended resource) (Bolding added)
Phil Newton describes Jesus' agonizing in Gethsemane this way...
All of the purity of his soul would be opened to the pitch-black darkness of
human sinfulness. Our lies, lusts, deceitfulness, anger, complaining,
cheating accompanied an innumerable host of sins, saturating as a sponge in
water upon the spotless bosom of Jesus Christ. Our rebellion against the Law
of God and our unbelief in Him as a merciful
in all of its lurid detail strikes the Son. In His own being He felt the
combined weight of the world's sins. That is why we find Him agonizing in
the Garden as He fulfilled His high priestly office. He was soon to "appear
before God" on our behalf, sprinkling His own blood upon the mercy seat,
satisfying the divine cry of "Justice, Justice, Justice!" See Him bearing
your sin. See Him agonizing over His separation from the Father. See how He
feels the pains of hell upon His own spotless soul. And for whom? For
someone who has known the glories of the gospel and is creeping back into
the world or retreating to his own devices.
Get your eyes off of your own complaints and your own self-pity! Look at Him
who "offered up both prayers and supplications with loud crying and tears."
What was he doing? As the only sinless man he was expressing the agony of
bearing sin; and as the only great high priest he was submitting to the will
of the Father. And the Father "heard Him because of His piety." He
does not hear us because of our "piety" or godly fear. He hears us because
of Jesus Christ! (1Ti 2:5, He 7:25-note)
Rather than die in the Garden from the horrid weight of separation from the
Father and bearing the weight of our sin, the Father sustained the Son
through the trauma of the cross, so that he might declare, "It is
finished!" (Jn 19:30-note)
His prayers were heard and the answer came as he successfully bore the
judgment of God for us (Gal 3:13, 1Pe 2:24, 25-note)
at the Cross and then rose from the dead in victory (Acts 4:2, 17:32, 23:6,
24:21, 26:23, Ro 1:4-note,
1Co 15:21, 22, 54, 55 56 57, 1Pe 1:3-note).
Christ: Qualified as High Priest Hebrews 5:1-10)
(Scripture References added)
A. W. Pink wrote...
Into what infinite depths of humiliation did the Son of God descend! How
unspeakably dreadful was His anguish! What a hideous thing sin must be if
such a sacrifice was required for its
atonement! How real and terrible a
thing is the wrath of God! What love moved Him to suffer so on our behalf!
What must be the portion of those who despise and reject such a Saviour! (cp
(Hebrews 5:5-7 Christ Superior to Aaron)
My God, I Love Thee
My God, I love Thee;
I hope for Heav’n thereby,
Nor yet because who love Thee not
May eternally die.
Thou, O my Jesus, Thou didst me
Upon the cross embrace;
For me didst bear the nails and spear,
And manifold disgrace.
And griefs and torments numberless,
And sweat of agony;
E’en death itself; and all for man
Who was Thine enemy.
Then why, O blessèd Jesus Christ
Should I not love Thee well?
Not for the hope of winning Heaven,
Nor of escaping hell.
Not with the hope of gaining aught,
Nor seeking a reward,
But as Thyself hast lovèd me,
O everlasting Lord!
E’en so I love Thee, and will love,
And in Thy praise will sing,
Solely because Thou art my God,
And my eternal King.
TO THE ONE ABLE TO SAVE
HIM FROM DEATH: pros ton dunamenon (PPPMSA) sozein (PAN) auton ek thanatou:
(Mt 26:52,53; Mk 14:36) (Heb 13:20; Ps 18:19,20; 22:21,24; 40:1, 2, 3;
69:13, 14, 15, 16; Is 49:8; Jn 11:42; Jn 17:4,5)
To the One able to save - Referring to God the Father.
As Jesus reminded Peter (Mt 26:52)...
“Or do you think that I cannot appeal to My Father, and He will at once put
at My disposal more than twelve legions of angels? (Mt 26:53)
In the Garden of
Jesus again testified to the saving
ability of His Father...
And He was saying, “Abba! Father! All things are possible for You; remove
this cup from Me; yet not what I will, but what You will.” (Mk 14:36)
Don't misunderstand what he is saying. Jesus
was not hoping to escape the cross
because it was for this
very purpose that He came to earth. In John's gospel Jesus declared...
Now My soul has become troubled; and what shall I say, 'Father, save Me from
this hour'? But for this purpose I came to this hour. (John 12:27)
[word study]) means to be
continuously) able to, capable of, and strong
enough to save Him form death.
the Father could
from Death, the great enemy of mortal men (1Co 15:26, 54, 55, 56, 57). Additional nuances of sozo
include to protect, keep alive, preserve life, deliver, heal, be made whole.
Save Him from death - More literally this reads "save Him out of (Greek
preposition "ek" = out of) death". The point is that Jesus was not asking to be saved
from dying but to be saved out of death or in other words to be saved from remaining
in death. He was not asking to avoid the Cross but to be assured of the
(cf. Ps 16:8, 9, 10, 11)
Christ’s prayer was not that He might be saved from dying; after all, to die
for sinners was His very purpose in coming to the world (John 12:27). His
prayer was that He might be delivered out of death, that His
soul might not be left in
This prayer was answered when God raised Him from the dead.
W & Farstad, A. Believer's Bible Commentary: Thomas Nelson or
AND HE WAS HEARD BECAUSE
OF HIS PIETY: kai eisakoustheis apo tes eulabeias:
12:28; Matthew 26:37,38; Mark 14:33,34; Luke 22:42, 43, 44; John 12:27,28)
and was heard in that he feared (KJV)
because of his reverent submission (NIV)
Guzik asks an interesting question...
If Jesus asked that the cup be taken away from Him (Luke 22:42), and the cup
was not taken away, how can it be said that He was heard? Because His prayer
was not to escape His Father’s will, but to accept it - and that prayer was
Because of His piety - He was heard on account of His good acceptance
of what He was accomplishing as the High Priest.
from eulabes = careful as to the realization of the presence and
claims of God, reverencing God, pious, devout from eu = good, well,
right + lambano = take hold ~ taking hold well) in the original Greek usage meant
caution, circumspection, discretion and then reverence or veneration. The
Lxx usage in Joshua conveys the idea of fear, anxiety or dread. The NT uses
convey the idea of godly fear, reverence, reverent regard, reverent
submission or reverent awe in the presence of God.
Eusebeia is a closely related word is similar to eulabeia in
reflecting an attitude of one's inner being, but in addition produces an
demonstration of that inner attitude in worship.
Wuest comments that...
The picture in the word is that of a cautious taking hold of and a careful
and respectful handling. Hence, it speaks of a pious, devout, and
circumspect character, who in his prayer, takes into account all things, not
only his own desire, but the will of the Father.
K. S. Wuest's Word Studies from the Greek New Testament: Eerdmans
A T Robertson...
The image in the word is that of a
cautious taking hold and careful and respectful handling: hence piety of a
devout and circumspect character, as that of Christ, who in his prayer took
account of all things, not only his own desire, but his Father’s will...God
was able to save him from death altogether. He did not do this. He was able
to sustain him under the anguish of death, and to give him strength to
suffer the Father’s will: he was also able to deliver him from death by
resurrection: both these he did. It is not impossible that both these may be
combined in the statement he was heard.
Vine writes that eulabeia...
signifies, first, “caution”; then, “reverence, godly fear,” Heb. 5:7;
12:28...in general, “apprehension, but especially holy fear,” “that mingled
fear and love which, combined, constitute the piety of man toward God; the
OT places its emphasis on the fear, the NT...on the love, though there was
love in the fear of God’s saints then, as there must be fear in their love
now” (Trench, Synonyms) (Vine,
W E: Vine's Complete Expository Dictionary of Old and New Testament Words.
There are only 2 uses of eulabeia in the NT...
Hebrews 5:7 (note) In
the days of His flesh, He offered up both prayers and supplications with
loud crying and tears to the One able to save Him from death, and He was
heard because of His piety.
Hebrews 12:28 (note)
Therefore, since we receive a kingdom which cannot be shaken, let us show
gratitude, by which we may offer to God an acceptable service with
reverence and awe
There are 2 uses in the
Joshua 22:24 "But truly we have done this out of concern (eulabeia), for a
reason, saying, 'In time to come your sons may say to our sons, "What have
you to do with the LORD, the God of Israel?
Proverbs 28:14 How blessed is the man who fears (Hebrew = pachad - be in
dread, in awe;
= eulabeia) always, But he who hardens his heart will
fall into calamity.
idea of eulabeia is that of being devoutly
submissive. I wonder why my prayers don't seem to be heard so often? Could
it be I lack this Philippians 2:5 attitude?
OUR BLESSÈD SAVIOR SEVEN TIMES SPOKE
Our blessèd Savior sev’n times spoke
When on the cross our sins He took
And died lest men should perish.
Let us His last and dying words
In our remembrance cherish.
“Father, forgive these men; for, lo,
They truly know not what they do.”
So far His love extended.
Forgive us, Lord, for we, too, have
Through ignorance offended.
Now to the contrite thief He cries:
“Thou, verily, in Paradise
Shall meet Me ere tomorrow.”
Lord, take us to Thy kingdom soon
Who linger here in sorrow.
To weeping Mary, standing by,
“Behold thy Son,” now hear Him cry;
To John, “Behold thy mother.”
Provide, O Lord, for those we leave;
Let each befriend the other.
The Savior’s fourth word was “I thirst.”
O mighty Prince of Life, Thy thirst
For us and our salvation
Is truly great; do help us, then,
That we escape damnation.
The fifth, “My God, My God, O why
Forsake Me?” Hark, the awful cry!
Lord, Thou wast here forsaken
That we might be received on high;
Let this hope not be shaken.
The sixth, when victory was won,
“’Tis finished!” for Thy work was done.
Grant, Lord, that, onward pressing,
We may the work Thou dost impose
Fulfill with Thine own blessing.
The last, as woe and sufferings end,
“O God, My Father, I commend
Into Thy hands My Spirit.”
Be this, dear Lord, my dying wish;
O heavenly Father, hear it.
Whoe’er, by sense of sin oppressed,
Upon these words his thoughts will rest,
He joy and hope obtaineth
And through God’s love and boundless grace
A peaceful conscience gaineth.
O Jesus Christ, Thou Crucified,
Who hast for our offenses died,
Grant that we e’er may ponder
Thy wounds, Thy cross, Thy bitter death,
Both here below and yonder.
Morning and evening
Did this fear (The
KJV - "and was heard in that he feared") arise from the infernal
suggestion that He was utterly forsaken. There may be sterner trials than
this, but surely it is one of the worst to be utterly forsaken?
Satan, “thou hast a friend nowhere! Thy Father hath shut up the bowels of His compassion against thee. Not an angel in
His courts will stretch out his
hand to help thee. All heaven is alienated from Thee; Thou art left alone.
See the companions with whom Thou hast taken sweet counsel, what are they
worth? Son of Mary, see there Thy brother James, see there Thy loved
disciple John, and Thy bold apostle Peter, how the cowards sleep when thou
art in Thy sufferings! Lo! Thou hast no friend left in heaven or earth. All
hell is against Thee. I have stirred up mine infernal den. I have sent my
missives throughout all regions summoning every prince of darkness to set
upon Thee this night, and we will spare no arrows, we will use all our
infernal might to overwhelm Thee: and what wilt Thou do, Thou solitary one?”
It may be, this was the temptation; we
think it was, because the appearance of an angel unto Him strengthening Him
removed that fear. He was heard in that He feared; He was no more alone, but
heaven was with Him. It may be that this is the reason of His coming three
times to His disciples—as Hart puts it—
“Backwards and forwards
thrice He ran,
As if He sought some help from man.”
He would see for
Himself whether it were really true that all men had forsaken Him; He found
them all asleep; but perhaps He gained some faint comfort from the thought
that they were sleeping, not from treachery, but from sorrow, the spirit
indeed was willing, but the flesh was weak. At any rate, He was heard in
that He feared. Jesus was heard in His deepest woe; my soul, thou shalt be
heard also. (Spurgeon, C. H.)
Hebrews 5:8 Although
He was a
Amplified: Although He was a Son, He learned [active, special]
obedience through what He suffered
Bible - Lockman)
Barclay: although he was a Son, he learned obedience from the
sufferings through which he passed. (Westminster
KJV: Though he were a Son, yet learned he obedience by
the things which he suffered;
NLT: So even though Jesus was God's Son, he learned obedience
from the things he suffered. (NLT
- Tyndale House)
Phillips: Son though he was, he had to prove the meaning of
obedience through all that he suffered. (Phillips:
Wuest: Though He was Son by nature, yet He learned obedience
from the things which He suffered, (Eerdmans)
Young's Literal: through being a Son, did learn by the
things which he suffered -- the obedience,
ALTHOUGH HE WAS A SON HE LEARNED OBEDIENCE FROM THE THINGS WHICH HE
SUFFERED: kaiper on (PAPMSN) huios emathen (3SAAI) aph on epathen (3SAAI) ten hupakoen aph on epathen (3SAAI) ten hupakoen:
(Hebrews 1:5,8; 3:6) (He 10:5, 6, 7, 8, 9; Isaiah 50:5,6; Matthew 3:15; John
4:34; 6:38; 15:10; Philippians 2:8)
One might say that Jesus'
"training for the priesthood" involved suffering, even though he was the Son
of God. He certainly did not need to suffer in order to conquer or correct
He was - Was is in the
indicating Jesus has always been the Son
of God (cp Jn 1:1, 14)
related to the noun mathetes =
disciple, literally a learner [but more
just than a learner as explained below]! The shut mind is the end of
discipleship!) has the basic meaning of directing one’s mind to something
and producing an external effect. Manthano refers to teaching,
learning, instructing, and discipling. Manthano means to genuinely
understand and accept a teaching, to accept it as true and to apply it in
one’s life. It was sometimes used of acquiring a life-long habit. So clearly
this verb did not signify just acquisition of "head knowledge" (albeit Bible
knowledge is a requirement) but included corresponding life change -- which
should be true in all discipleship.
As an aside, who are you discipling?
If you have been a believer more than 5-10 years (this is not an absolute
number - the point is that you have been a believer for sufficient time to
have become proficient in the Scriptures and manifest a reasonable degree of
growth in grace and knowledge of Christ 2Pe 3:18-note),
then you should be actively, intentionally making disciples (I'm not talking
about "accountability" groups but about making disciples by inculcating the
Word of God [Mt 4:4] and living out the Word, without which NO growth in
respect to salvation is possible [1Pe 2:2-note
cp Mt 28:20]!) (Mt 28:18, 19, 20 - the actual command [aorist
Jesus is to "make disciples",
from hupó = under + akouo = hear) (see
literally means "hearing under", that is,
listening from a subordinate position in which compliance with what is said
is expected and intended.
[word study]) means
essentially what happens to a person or what they experience. It means to
undergo something; to experience a sensation, to experience an impression
from an outside source, to undergo an experience (usually difficult) and
normally with the implication of physical or psychological suffering.
Pascho can refer to experiencing something pleasant, but in the present
context (and most NT contexts) it refers to experiencing something trying,
distressing or painful.
Steven Cole comments that...
When it says, “Although He was a Son,
He learned obedience from the things which He suffered,” it does not
mean that He was formerly disobedient. The first phrase is better
translated, “Son though He was.” It points to His position as God’s
unique Son (He 5:5).
Jesus “learned obedience” in the
sense that He experienced what obedience means through what He suffered. He
was always obedient to the Father’s will, but the proof of obedience is
revealed in situations where obedience is not pleasant. Suppose that when my
children were younger, I told you, “I have obedient kids. Let me prove it to
you: Kids, eat your ice cream.” You would say, “That’s no test of
obedience!” The real test would be, “Kids, clean your rooms!” Jesus
experienced obedience to the maximum when He went to the cross.
The author’s point is that Jesus is our perfect High Priest in that His
prayers and obedience through His sufferings show that He can sympathize
with us in our sufferings.
Therefore, we should obediently persevere in trials through prayer. (Hebrews
5:1-10 The Kind of Priest You Need)
He learned obedience -
The definite article ("the" in Greek) modifies obedience which
identifies it as a specific or particular obedience which was
required of Jesus in the days of His flesh.
Wayne Grudem explains how Jesus' learned obedience...
Apparently as Jesus grew toward maturity He, like all other human children,
was able to take on more and more responsibility. The older He became the
more demands His father and mother could place on Him in terms of obedience,
and the more difficult the tasks that His heavenly Father could assign to
Him to carry out in the strength of His human nature. With each increasingly
difficult task, even when it involved some suffering (as Heb. 5:8
specifies), Jesus’ human moral ability, His ability to obey under more and
more difficult circumstances, increased. We might say that his “moral
backbone” was strengthened by more and more difficult exercise. Yet in all
this he never once sinned.” (Systematic
Theology An Introduction to Biblical Doctrine)
In his corresponding lecture series Grudem explains that as Jesus grew older
the challenges to obedience became more and more difficult (there was more
opposition, as we see when the devil tempted Him to disobey, the greatest
temptation to disobey undoubtedly coming in the Garden of Gethsemane when He
demonstrated perfect obedience to His Father’s will). As He successfully
resisted temptation and obeyed the increasingly difficult temptation, the
suffering and hardship increased but His moral character grew stronger.
Every time He resisted a temptation, He grew in His ability to resist a
greater one in the future. (Listen
to Grudem's Lectures Online)
The idea is, “Though He was the Son of God, God the Son, Very God of Very
God, yet He learned obedience by the things He suffered.” The omniscient God
knew what obedience was, but He never experienced it until He became
incarnate in human flesh. Before His incarnation, He owed obedience to no
one. There was no one greater than He to whom He could have rendered
obedience. But now in incarnation, God the Son became obedient to God the
Father. He learned experientially what obedience was.
K. S. Wuest's Word Studies from the Greek New Testament: Eerdmans
Jesus did not have to learn to obey, see
Jn 8:29; but he required the special discipline of a severe human experience
as a training for his office as a high priest who could be touched with the
feeling of human infirmities. He did not need to be disciplined out of any
inclination to disobedience; but, as Alford puts it, “the special
course of submission by which he became perfected as our high priest was
gone through in time, and was a matter of acquirement and practice.” This is
no more strange than His growth in wisdom, Lk 2:52. Growth in experience was
an essential part of His humanity.
Marcus Dods writes that "it was through painful obedience, not by
arrogant ambition he became Priest. The main statement is, He learned
obedience and became perfect as Saviour."
The prophet Isaiah records these words of the Messiah...
The Lord GOD has opened My ear; And I was not disobedient, Nor did I turn
back. I gave My back to those who strike Me, And My cheeks to those who
pluck out the beard; I did not cover My face from humiliation and spitting.
There is a principle that it is in the school of suffering where we grow the most in
obedience. We all know only too well that often the best way to learn
sympathy is by having suffered what another is suffering. We can read about
the pain of starvation and even see pictures on television of starving
children in Africa, but we until we have gone hungry for a period, we cannot
completely sympathize with the victims of starvation. Since suffering
was the lot of the Son of God, we must never despise it as a tool of the
instruction in our lives. If suffering was the lot of our Savior and Lord,
His disciples are called to follow in His steps (1Pe 2:21-note);
1Cor 11:1, 1Jn 2:6). Scripture does not teach
that a dynamic faith will keep us from all suffering and in fact, more often a strong
faith is associated with greater suffering! But do not let this deter you
from pressing on toward the goal! The prize is eternally worthwhile!
And so we see in the following passages that God places
suffering in an interesting light ...
(Paul reminds the believers at Thessalonica that) we sent Timothy, our
brother and God's fellow worker in the gospel of Christ, to strengthen and
encourage you as to your faith, 3 so that no man may be disturbed by these
afflictions; for you yourselves know that we
have been destined for this.
And after they had
preached the gospel
to that city and had made many
disciples (How did they make disciples?), they returned to Lystra and to Iconium and to Antioch,
strengthening the souls of the disciples, encouraging them to continue in
the faith, and saying, "Through many
we must enter the kingdom
of God." (Acts 14:21,22)
(Paul encourages the believers in Rome that they are) children, heirs also,
heirs of God and fellow heirs with Christ, if indeed we suffer with Him in
order that we may also be glorified with Him. For I consider that the sufferings of this present time are not worthy to be compared with the glory
that is to be revealed to us. (Ro 8:17, 18-see notes
cp 2Cor 4:16, 17, 18)
Jesus suffered by taking on Himself our
sins, and in this way He became far more than any human priest. He is able
to deal gently with our sins because He is so fully aware of the sense of
personal defilement by sin, even though He Himself was sinless (cp He 2:18-note,
Phil Newton asks...
What did Jesus do throughout the earthly journey to the cross? He fully
obeyed the Father. "Although He was a Son [or 'Son though He was'], He
learned obedience from the things which He suffered."
Let us come back to our first century audience. The bottom line was that
they struggled with following or obeying Jesus Christ. Do you find yourself
in the same position? Their faith was being called into question by their
hesitation to obey. So the writer turns their attention-and ours-to Jesus
Christ. We can rejoice that Jesus Christ obeyed the Father! The Son's
obedience was with the full responsibility of being high priest for all the
redeemed. We might pay closer attention to our obedience and actions when we
have a responsibility because there is a sense of accountability for a right
performance. Our eternities rested upon the obedience of Jesus Christ.
Without His sinless life and perfect obedience, the Cross was useless. There
was no adequate sacrifice if the sacrificial victim was polluted by the very
sins that he was seeking to atone for.
Christ: Qualified as High Priest Hebrews 5:1-10)
Henry Morris explains the obedience of our Lord this way...
What Jesus knew by omniscience (Ed: He was fully God), He "learned" by experience
(Ed: He was at the same time Fully Man), thus "being made
perfect"--not as God (for as God He was eternally perfect, by definition),
but as Man (Morris,
Henry: Defenders Study Bible. World Publishing)
As Guzik says...
Jesus did not pass from disobedience to obedience. He learned obedience by
actually obeying. Jesus did not learn how to obey; He learned what is
involved in obedience. (Hebrews 5)
In short, Jesus learned the full meaning of the cost of obedience from the things which He suffered, and God therefore
affirmed Him as the completely obedient, perfect High Priest, suitable to be
the perfect offering and to be the very one to make that offering! In regard
to practical application, we as weak men and women need that "genre" of High Priest weak, One Who knows and understands
what we are going through (cp Heb 2:18).
modern poet says of the poets
“We learned in suffering what we teach in song.”
William Barclay make a good point writing that...
God speaks to men in many experiences of life, and not least in those which
try their hearts and souls. But we can hear his voice only when we accept in
reverence what comes to us (Ed: cf James 1:2, 1Thes 5:18, Php
4:11,12). If we accept it with resentment, the rebellious
cries of our own heart make us deaf to the voice of God. (Barclay,
W: The Daily Study Bible Series. The Westminster Press
Steven Cole draws several lessons from this section of Hebrews. For
example, on suffering to be expected...
God’s love for us does not preclude His
taking us through great trials. The Father loved the Son, and yet the cross
was His destiny. He loves us, and yet brings us to glory through many
No one ever said that they learned their
deepest lessons of life, or had their sweetest encounters with God, on the
sunny days. People go deep with God when the drought comes (Don't
Waste Your Life - download the book free).
Mackintosh, commenting on
the death of Lazarus (John 11), said
Never interpret God’s love by your
circumstances; but always interpret your circumstances by His love
(Miscellaneous Writings [Loizeaux Brothers], He 6:17, 18, “Bethany”).
<> Feeling deep emotions during
trials is not wrong, but we must submit our emotions to the will of God.
The often-repeated comment, “Emotions aren’t right or wrong; emotions just
are” has a grain of truth in it, but a lot of error. The truth is, don’t
deny the emotions that you are experiencing. The error is, your emotions may
be acceptable in God’s sight, or they may be sinful. Grief in a time of loss
is acceptable. Railing at God or being bitter towards Him is sinful. Though
God strip us of everything, as He did with Job, we should through our tears
say with Job, “The Lord gave and the Lord has taken away. Blessed be the
name of the Lord” (Job 1:21).
<> Even as God answered Christ’s prayers for deliverance through
death and resurrection, so He sometimes answers our prayers in ways that
seem contradictory to our request.
Some say that we are not praying in faith if we pray, “Lord, Your will be
done.” They say that we must be bold to ask God for what we want and claim
it by faith. It seems, though, that Jesus didn’t understand this principle.
He prayed, “Father, if You are willing, remove this cup from Me; yet not My
will, but Yours be done” (Luke 22:42). God answered Jesus’ prayer by
sustaining Him through the cross and into the resurrection and ascension. He
may not answer our requests exactly as we pray. Often “we do not know how to
pray as we should, but the Spirit Himself intercedes for us with groanings
too deep for words” (Ro 8:26).
You need a high priest because God is infinitely holy and you are a sinner.
Jesus Christ is that high priest. Flee to Him for salvation and live daily
at the foot of the cross! (Hebrews
5:1-10 The Kind of Priest You Need)
C H Spurgeon in
Morning and Evening -
Are you Suffering? Be Encouraged - We are told that the Captain of our
salvation was made perfect through suffering (He 2:10KJV-note), therefore we who are sinful,
and who are far from being perfect, must not wonder if we are called to pass
through suffering too. Shall the Head be crowned with thorns, and shall the
other members of the body be rocked upon the dainty lap of ease?
pass through seas of his Own blood to win the crown, and are we to walk to
heaven dry shod in silver slippers? No, our Master’s experience teaches us
that suffering is necessary, and the true-born child of God must not, would
not, escape it if he might. But there is one very comforting thought in the
fact of Christ’s being made perfect through suffering- It is, that He
can have complete sympathy with us.
He is not an high
priest that cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities. In
this sympathy of Christ we find a sustaining power. One of the early martyrs
I can bear it all, for Jesus suffered, and He suffers in me now; He
sympathizes with me, and this makes me strong. (Ed note: Not referring to
suffering related to atonement for that transaction was fully completed on
the Cross. By virtue of the believer's identification with Christ in the New
Covenant, this oneness is such that when are persecuted for Him, He regards
it as against Himself - cp Acts 9:5 where the resurrected, glorified Jesus
declared to Paul "I am Jesus whom you are persecuting")
Believer, lay hold of
this thought in all times of agony. Let the thought of Jesus strengthen you
as you follow in His steps (1Pe 2:21-note).
Find a sweet support in His sympathy; and remember that, to suffer is an
honourable thing—to suffer for Christ is glory (Mt 5:10, 11, 12-notes).
The apostles rejoiced that they were counted worthy to do this (Acts 5:41).
Just so far as the Lord shall give us grace to suffer for Christ (2Cor
12:9-note), to suffer with Christ, just so far does He honour us.
The jewels of a
are his afflictions.
The regalia of the kings whom God hath
anointed are their troubles, their sorrows, and their griefs. Let us not,
therefore, shun being honoured. Let us not turn aside from being exalted.
Griefs exalt us, and troubles lift us up. “If we suffer, we shall also reign
with him (2Ti 2:12-note).”
(Spurgeon, C. H.)
The Upside Of Sorrow
- Sorrow can be good for
the soul. It can uncover hidden depths in ourselves and in God.
Sorrow causes us to think earnestly about ourselves. It makes us ponder our
motives, our intentions, our interests. We get to know ourselves as never
Sorrow also helps us to see God as we've never seen Him. Job said, out of
his terrible grief, "I have heard of You by the hearing of the ear, but now
my eye sees You" (Job 42:5).
Jesus, the perfect man, is described as "a man of sorrows," intimately
acquainted with grief (Isaiah 53:3). It is hard to fathom, but even the
incarnate Son of God learned and grew through the heartaches He suffered
(Hebrews 5:8). As we think about His sorrow and His concern for our sorrow,
we gain a better appreciation for what God is trying to accomplish in us
through the grief we bear.
The author of Ecclesiastes wrote, "Sorrow is better than laughter, for by a
sad countenance the heart is made better" (Ec 7:3). Those who don't let sorrow
do its work, who deny it, trivialize it, or try to explain it away, remain
shallow and indifferent. They never understand themselves or others very
well. In fact, I think that before God can use us very much, we must first
learn to mourn. —David H. Roper (Our
Daily Bread, Copyright RBC Ministries, Grand Rapids, MI. Reprinted by
permission. All rights reserved)
When God leads through valleys of trouble,
His omnipotent hand we can trace;
For the trials and sorrows He sends us
Are valuable lessons of grace. —Anon.
We can learn more from sorrow than from laughter.
Getting In Shape - A woman went to a diet
center to lose weight. The director took her to a full-length mirror. On it
he outlined a figure and told her, "This is what I want you to look like at
the end of the program."
Days of intense dieting and exercise followed, and every week the woman
would stand in front of the mirror, discouraged because her bulging outline
didn't fit the director's ideal. But she kept at it, and finally one day she
conformed to the image she longed for.
Putting ourselves next to Christ's perfect character reveals how "out of
shape" we are. To be transformed into His image does not mean we attain
sinless perfection; it means that we become complete and mature.
God often works through suffering to bring this about (Jas 1:2-note,
Jas 1:3, 4-note).
Sometimes He uses the painful results of our sins. At other times, our
difficulties may not be caused by a specific sin, yet we undergo the painful
process of learning to obey our Father's will.
Are you hurting? Perhaps a shaping-up process is in progress. Jesus was
perfect, yet He had to learn obedience through the things He suffered
If you keep on trusting Jesus, you'll increasingly take on the image of His
loveliness. —Dennis J. De Haan (Our
Daily Bread, Copyright RBC Ministries, Grand Rapids, MI. Reprinted by
permission. All rights reserved)
God has a purpose in our heartache,
The Savior always knows what's best;
We learn so many precious lessons
In each sorrow, trial, and test. -Jarvis
The difficulties of life are to make us better-not bitter.
J C Philpot's devotional on He 5:8...
Lord had to learn obedience to the will of God by a personal experience of
suffering, and especially by an implicit submission to his heavenly Father's
will. And what was this will? That he should take upon himself the huge debt
which his bride had incurred by original and actual transgression; that he
should offer himself as a ransom price to discharge and put it away; that he
should bear our sins in his own body on the tree, with everything which was
involved in being made a curse for
us; that he should by death overcome
Satan, who had the power of death, and deliver them who all their life,
through fear of death, were subject to bondage; and that, whatever sorrows
and sufferings should lie in his path, he should bear them all, and learn,
in and by them, implicit submission to the will of God. This was the will of
God, for he was determined that his law should be magnified, his justice
glorified, his infinite purity and holiness revealed and established; and
yet, amid all and through all his displeasure against sin, that his infinite
wisdom, tender pity, everlasting love, and sovereign grace might shine and
reign in the happiness of millions through a glorious eternity. This, also,
was the joy that was set before Christ, for which he endured the cross,
despising the shame, and is now set down at the right hand of the throne of
God. (Daily Portions)
Octavius Winslow has the following devotional on
Hebrews 5:8-9 -
The basis or
cause of the completeness of Christ's atonement arises from the infinite
dignity of His person: His Godhead forms the basis of His perfect work. It
was this that gave perfection to His obedience, and virtue to His atonement:
it was this that made the blood He shed efficacious in the pardon of sin,
and the righteousness He wrought out complete in the justification of the
soul. His entire work would have been wanting but for His Godhead. No
created Savior could have given full satisfaction to an infinite law, broken
by man, and calling aloud for vengeance. Obedience was required in every
respect equal in glory and dignity to the law that was violated. The rights
of the Divine government must be maintained, the purity of the Divine nature
must be guarded, and the honor of the Divine law must be vindicated. To
accomplish this, God Himself must become flesh; and to carry this fully out,
the incarnate God must die! Oh, depth of wisdom and of grace! Oh, love
infinite, love rich, love free! Love
"Not to be thought on, but with tides of joy;
Not to be mentioned, but with shouts of praise."
The pardon of a
believer's sins is an entire pardon. It is the full pardon of all his sins.
It was no pardon to him if it were not an entire pardon. If it were but a
partial blotting out of the thick cloud-if it were but a partial canceling
of the bond-if it were but a forgiveness of some sins only, then the gospel
were no glad tidings to his soul. The law of God had brought him in guilty
of an entire violation. The justice of God demands a satisfaction equal to
the enormity of the sins committed, and of the guilt incurred. The Holy
Spirit has convinced him of his utter helplessness, his entire bankruptcy.
What rapture would kindle in his bosom at the announcement of a partial
atonement-of a half Savior-of a part payment of the debt? Not one throb of
joyous sensation would it produce. On the contrary, this very mockery of his
woe would but deepen the anguish of his spirit. But go to the soul, weary
and heavy-laden with sin, mourning over its vileness, its helplessness, and
proclaim the Gospel. Tell him that the atonement which Jesus offered on
Calvary was a full satisfaction for his sins;-that all his sins were borne
and blotted out in that awful moment;-that the bond which Divine justice
held against the sinner was fully cancelled by the obedience and sufferings
of Christ, and that, appeased and satisfied, God was "ready to pardon." How
beautiful will be the feet that convey to him tidings so transporting as
this! And are not these statements perfectly accordant with the declarations
of God's own word? Let us ascertain. What was the ark symbolical of, alluded
to by the apostle, in the ninth chapter of his Epistle to the Hebrews, which
contained the manna, Aaron's rod, and the tables of the covenant, over which
stood the cherubim of glory shadowing the mercy-seat? What, but the entire
covering of sin? For, as the covering of the ark did hide the law and
testimony, so did the Lord Jesus Christ hide the sins of His chosen,
covenant people-not from the eye of God's omniscience, but from the eye of
the law. They stand legally acquitted. So entire was the work of Jesus, so
infinite and satisfactory His obedience, the law of God pronounces them
acquitted, and can never bring them into condemnation. "There is therefore
now no condemnation to those who are in Christ Jesus; who walk not after the
flesh, but after the Spirit." "Who is he that condemns? It is Christ that
died, yes rather, that is risen again who is even at the right hand of God,
who also makes intercession for us."
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