Click to enlarge
Amplified: But if God so clothes the grass of the field, which today is alive and green and tomorrow is tossed into the furnace, will He not much more surely clothe you, O you of little faith? (Amplified Bible - Lockman)
KJV: Wherefore, if God so clothe the grass of the field, which to day is, and to morrow is cast into the oven, shall he not much more clothe you, O ye of little faith?
NLT: And if God cares so wonderfully for flowers that are here today and gone tomorrow, won't he more surely care for you? You have so little faith! (NLT - Tyndale House)
Philips: Now if God so clothes the flowers of the field, which are alive today and burnt in the stove tomorrow, is he not much more likely to clothe you, you 'little-faiths'? (New Testament in Modern English)
Wuest: And in view of the fact that the herbage of the field, which is in existence today and tomorrow is thrown into a furnace, God thus clothes, will He not the sooner clothe you, you of little faith? (Wuest: Expanded Translation: Eerdmans)
Young's Literal: `And if the herb of the field, that to-day is, and to-morrow is cast to the furnace, God doth so clothe--not much more you, O ye of little faith?
But if God so clothes the grass of the field, which is alive today and tomorrow is thrown into the furnace, will He not much more clothe you?: ei de ton chorton tou agrou semeron onta (PAPMSA) kai aurion eis klibanon ballomenon (PPPMSA) ho theos houtos amphiennusin, (3SPAI) ou pollo mallon umas, oligopistoi (Psalms 90:5,6; 92:7; Isaiah 40:6, 7, 8; Luke 12:28; James 1:10,11; 1Peter 1:24) (Mt 8:26; 14:31; 16:8; 17:17; Mark 4:40; 9:19; Luke 9:41; John 20:27; Hebrews 3:12)
C H Spurgeon's comments...
Furnace (2863) (klibanos) was a large round earthen dome or pot, two or three feet high, narrowing toward the top. This being first heated by a fire made within, the dough or paste was spread upon the side of the pot to bake, thus forming thin cakes. This method of baking is still used in the Middle East and was common, as it is still, around the island of Cyprus.
Dried grass was an important fuel source in the sparsely treed land of Palestine.
Jesus' point is that the grass (as is true with the lilies) is alive for a few hours or days, and then is gone. And yet despite the fact that the grass and flowers are temporary creations, God still provides for them. It follows that if God provides for the temporary aspects of creation, will He not provide for the eternal? The answer obviously is "yes" and even much more so.
As practical application, you might consider taking up the "avocation" of "spiritual bird watching" and/or "spiritual gardening." One cannot help but wonder whether bird watchers and gardeners worry less? Although you might think it somewhat unorthodox, consider setting up a bird feeder that you can easily observe and then every time you see one of God's beautiful creatures, ask God by His Spirit to bring the simple but profound truths of Jesus' message on worry to mind (cf Pr 23:7a, Ro 12:2 renewing your mind, Phil 4:8-9 dwelling on what is true and practicing it brings peace). Might such an "exercise" of meditating upon the trustworthy, dependable watch care of our Father for our feathered friends begin to free us from fretting?!
Much (4183) (polus) means many, much of number, quantity or amount, like a great crowd, loud mourning, plentiful harvest, late hour, long time, etc.
More (3123) (mallon an adverb comparative of mála = very) means very, very much, exceedingly.
This phrase "pollo mallon" means all the more and when referring to quantity means greater abundance, but as used here refers to greater certainty.
James uses a similar analogy to picture the life of the "rich and famous" writing...
You of little faith (Mt 8:26; 14:31; 16:8; 17:17; Mark 4:40; 9:19; Luke 9:41; John 20:27; Hebrews 3:12)
Little faith (3640) (oligopistos from olígos = little + pístis = faith, firm persuasion, conviction) means having but little faith and so incredulous or lacking confidence in God and His Word of Truth. Faith here is not just mental assent but a firm conviction to the truth, a surrender to the truth and a conduct emanating from that surrender. In sum, faith shows itself genuine by a changed life.
Worrying shows that one has “little faith” in what God can do and that He is able to meet all of our needs.
This expression "little faith" is used four times in Matthew, once in Luke (Luke 12:28), as an encouragement to growth in faith as well as a gentle reproof.
The perfect cure for worry is trust in God. Faith is total confidence in the provision of God.
Spurgeon wrote in a devotional entitled "Divine Provision" that...
The great saint George Mueller (Click for example of Mueller's amazing faith) once said that
J C Ryle writing that Jesus
G Campbell Morgan...
F B Meyer has the following devotional on Mt 6:31-32 CHRIST'S TEACHING ABOUT TRUST - LET US trust God to care for us! This was the life that Jesus lived.
He would not even make stones into bread; nor eat until His Father bade Him and sent the angels to minister to Him. He speaks out of His heart when He bids us trust our Father's care.
It is better to trust in God than to accumulate riches. The moth and rust destroy, thieves steal, all earthly goods are perishable and precarious. How many have placed their savings in stocks and shares, in banks and companies, and have lost every penny! Whilst others who have been unable to save and have lived to help their fellow-men, have found that God has made provision for them and carried them "even to hoar hairs."
Trust in God gives clearness of vision. When we are thinking partly of doing God's work in the world, and partly of lining our own nest, we are in the condition of the man whose eyes do not look in the same direction. There is a squint in our inner vision. We are endeavouring to serve two masters, and our judgment is therefore distorted. Who has not often experienced this? You have tried to ascertain God's will, or to form a fight judgment about your life, but constantly your perception of duty has been obscured by the thought that, if you decided in a certain direction, you would interfere with your interests in another. Your eye has not been single, and you have walked in darkness. When, however, you feel so absorbed in God's interests that you are indifferent to your own, all becomes clear, and you leave Him to care for all results. "Mind my business," said Queen Elizabeth to one of her ambassadors, "and I will look after yours."
Let us not think that God is niggardly and stinting in His gifts. He gives fish as well as bread when He feeds the crowds; colours as well as leaves when He clothes the flowers. You have been adopted into His Family, and may call Him "Abba, Father." Surely this act of grace shows a special love on His part. Would He have taken such care of the spiritual, and have none for the physical? The ungodly may worry about their maintenance; but a child of God may be sure that His needs will be supplied.
PRAYER - Thou art our portion, our God, our Father. Thou art more than father and mother to those who trust Thee. Thou lovest us with a tender pity that never fails or wearies. Encompass us with Thy guardian care, and realise in us Thy highest purposes. AMEN. (Our Daily Walk)
Amplified: Therefore do not worry and be anxious, saying, What are we going to have to eat? or, What are we going to have to drink? or, What are we going to have to wear? (Amplified Bible - Lockman)
KJV: Therefore take no thought, saying, What shall we eat? or, What shall we drink? or, Wherewithal shall we be clothed?
NLT: So don't worry about having enough food or drink or clothing. (NLT - Tyndale House)
Philips: So don't worry and don't keep saying, 'What shall we eat, what shall we drink or what shall we wear?! (New Testament in Modern English)
Wuest: Therefore, stop worrying, saying, What shall we eat? or, What shall we drink? or, With what shall we clothe ourselves? (Wuest: Expanded Translation: Eerdmans)
Young's Literal: therefore ye may not be anxious, saying, What may we eat? or, What may we drink? or, What may we put round?
Do not worry then, saying, `What will we eat?' or `What will we drink?' or `What will we wear for clothing?: me oun merimnesete (2PAAS) legontes, (PAPMPN) Ti phagomen? (1PAAS) e, Ti piomen? (1PAAS) e, Ti peribalometha? (1PAMS) (Mt 4:4; 15:33; Leviticus 25:20-22; 2Chronicles 25:9; Psalms 37:3; 55:22; 78:18-31; Luke 12:29; 1Peter 5:7)
Therefore (3767) (NAS = "then") indicates that Jesus is drawing a conclusion based on the preceding truth that in view of the fact that God provides for the basic needs of the birds and the flowers, and then even more so for His own sons and daughters, we have no need to worry. Worry over the essentials of life has no place in the believer's life - God will provide for our needs (but not our "greeds").
Jesus explains in the next verse that this is the way Gentiles live, which is not surprising in view of the fact that God is not their Father (contrary to what the pundits often say, we are not all one big family of God - unbelievers have Satan as their father [cp John 8:44, note Colossians 1:13], only believers have God as their Father) and they have no sense of God's watch care and so it is only natural for them to focus on temporal needs.
Jesus is attempting to awaken His listeners (so that they might become hearers who are doers or who hearken) to understand that they serve a different "master" and should focus on kingdom priorities because God knows their needs.
C H Spurgeon's comments...
W orry (3309) (merimnao from merimna from merizo = divide - draw different directions ~ distraction - which is exactly what anxiety does to most of us!) expresses a strong feeling for something or someone, often to the point of being burdened. Although this can be a "positive" concern, in most of the NT uses it refers to an anxious concern, based on apprehension about possible danger or misfortune, and so it means to be worried about, to be anxious about, to be apprehensive (viewing the future with anxiety or alarm), to be unduly concerned, to be burdened with anxious care or cumbered with many cares and in simple terms to worry.
Amplified: For the Gentiles (heathen) wish for and crave and diligently seek all these things, and your heavenly Father knows well that you need them all. (Amplified Bible - Lockman)
KJV: (For after all these things do the Gentiles seek:) for your heavenly Father knoweth that ye have need of all these things.
NLT: Why be like the pagans who are so deeply concerned about these things? Your heavenly Father already knows all your needs, (NLT - Tyndale House)
Philips: That is what pagans are always looking for; your Heavenly Father knows that you need them all. (New Testament in Modern English)
Wuest: For all these things the pagan Gentiles are diligently seeking. For your heavenly Father knows that you are in constant need of all these things. (Wuest: Expanded Translation: Eerdmans)
Young's Literal: for all these do the nations seek for, for your heavenly Father doth know that ye have need of all these
For the Gentiles eagerly seek all these thingS: panta gar tauta ta ethne epizetousin (3PPAI) (Mt 5:46,47; 20:25,26; Psalms 17:14; Luke 12:30; Ephesians 4:17; 1Thessalonians 4:5)
C H Spurgeon's comments...
All these things - Note that in the original Greek sentence this phrase is placed first for emphasis. The passage is rendered more literally "for all these the Gentiles continually seek."
Gentiles (1484) (ethnos) in the Jewish sense as used here refers to the nations or the Gentiles in general. This phrase ("the Gentiles" refers to all who are not Israelites and implies idolatry and ignorance of the true God. The idea than is that of heathen or pagan.
The Lord is implying that worrying over temporal, material necessities like the Gentiles do is unbecoming to a child of the King! The love of material things characterizes the Gentiles (the heathen, the pagans), and in fact is in one sense only reasonable. Since they are without God and without hope in this world, it is natural that they seek to accumulate possessions which are the only security they possess (albeit a deceptively empty security). They don't possess, nor would they understand the promises of God to provide and so it seems wise for the heathen to accumulate all they can (and "can all they get"!)
On the other hand, when citizens of the Kingdom of heaven make the pursuit of material things the goal of their life and seek security in temporal treasures, they put themselves on the level of the heathen who has no god. What may be fitting for the heathen is unfitting for the children of the Living God.
Richards writes that...
Eagerly seek (1934) (epizeteo from epí = intensifies meaning + zeteo = to seek) to search for or inquire after and then to desire or crave.
The present tense indicates this is their continual activity regarding material things for they do not know God as their heavenly Father -- they can never accumulate enough "things".
Earlier we saw that because they don't know the Living God, they pray with meaningless repetition, supposing that they will be heard because of their many words.
The nations of the world make the pursuit of temporal things the main object of their life. Citizens of the Kingdom of heaven are not to imitate their futile pursuits, but rather to be concerned first of all with pleasing God, and ordering our behavior in accordance with the righteous principles of His kingdom.
Harry Ironside writes that...
Constable comments that...
for your heavenly Father knows that you need all these things: oiden (3SRAI) gar ho pater humon ho ouranios hoti chrezete (2PPAI) touton apanton (Mt 6:8; Psalms 103:13; Luke 11:11, 12, 13; 12:30)
Knows (1492) (eido - perfect tense = oida) speaks of knowledge which comes from one's state of being and in case since it refers to God, it is synonymous with His omniscience. It reflects an absolute, positive, beyond a peradventure of a doubt, knowledge of our situation, independent of whether we "feel" like He knows or cares. The point is He always knows our deepest need.
Need (5535) (chreizo from chreia = need, necessity) means to have need of. God knows our personal needs (and our greeds), but we can count on Him supplying only our needs. (See Anne Ortlund's devotional - Fix Your Eyes On Jesus - 44 excellent meditations when you struggle financially)
These things include food, drink, clothing, the essentials of life. Have you just lost your job and need a job? Guess what? God knows! This provides us with a great incentive to pray with confidence for our needs as Jesus taught in Matthew 6:8.
The psalmist reminds us that ...
Peter echoes the truth of our Father's watch care exhorting his readers to...
CONTENTMENT - If we could look behind the unexpected events in our lives, we would be amazed to see God wonderfully providing for our needs. The insignificant turns in the road, the seemingly unimportant events, the often unexplained happenings—all are part of God's loving care.
His gracious providence is also evident in our tangible provisions. In Bristol, England, George Muller operated an orphanage for two thousand children. One evening, knowing they had no food for break-fast the next morning, Muller called his workers together and explained the situation. After two or three prayed, Muller said, "That is sufficient. Let us rise and praise God for prayer answered." The next morning they could not push open the great front door. To see what was holding it closed, they went out the back door and around the building. Stacked up against the front door were boxes filled with food. One of the workers later remarked, "We know Who sent the baskets, but we do not know who brought them!"
God uses many messengers and means to deliver His gifts, whether they are material or spiritual provisions. We may not always recognize that His hand is working behind the scenes, but it is. Sometimes we get down to the last of our resources, but we can rest assured that the Father knows exactly what we need. And this brings contentment to our hearts. Knowing the Source, we can leave to Him the method of His supply. —P.R.V. (Our Daily Bread, Copyright RBC Ministries, Grand Rapids, MI. Reprinted by permission. All rights reserved)
God often sends His help by way of human hands.
Bread to Hold - In his book God’s Psychiatry, Charles L. Allen tells this story:
“As World War II was drawing to a close, the Allied armies gathered up many hungry orphans. They were placed in camps where they were well-fed. Despite excellent care, they slept poorly. They seemed nervous and afraid. Finally, a psychologist came up with the solution. Each child was given a piece of bread to hold after he was put to bed. This particular piece of bread was just to be held—not eaten. The piece of bread produced wonderful results. The children went to bed knowing instinctively they would have food to eat the next day. That guarantee gave the children a restful and contented sleep.”
First Things First - In the late 19th century John Wanamaker opened a department store in Philadelphia. Within a few years that enterprise had become one of the most successful businesses in the country. But operating his store wasn’t Wanamaker’s only responsibility. He was also named Postmaster General of the United States, and he served as superintendent for what was then the largest Sunday school in the world at Bethany Presbyterian Church. When someone asked him how he could hold all those positions at once, he explained. “Early in life I read, ‘Seek ye first the kingdom of God, and His righteousness, and all these things shall be added unto you.’ The Sunday school is my business, all the rest are the things.”
One evidence of Wanamaker’s desire to keep the Lord’s work first in his life was a specially constructed soundproof room in his store. Every day he spent 30 minutes there praying and meditating upon God’s Word. He had his priorities straight!