Amplified: And my God will liberally supply (fill to the full) your every need according to His riches in glory in Christ Jesus. (Amplified Bible - Lockman)
Lightfoot: And I am confident that God on my behalf will recompense you and supply all your wants with the wealth which he only can command, in the kingdom of his glory, in Christ Jesus.
NLT: And this same God who takes care of me will supply all your needs from his glorious riches, which have been given to us in Christ Jesus. (NLT - Tyndale House)
Phillips: My God will supply all that you need from his glorious resources in Christ Jesus. Phillips: Touchstone)
Wuest: But my God shall satisfy to the full your every need in accordance with His wealth in glory in Christ Jesus. ( (Eerdmans)
Young's Literal: and my God shall supply all your need, according to His riches in glory in Christ Jesus;
AND MY GOD SHALL SUPPLY ALL YOUR NEEDS: o de theos mou plerosei (3SFAO) pasan chreian humon: (2Sa 22:7; 2Chr 18:13; Neh 5:19; Da 6:22; Mic 7:7; Jn 20:17,27; Ro 1:8; 2 Co 12:21; Philemon 1:4) (supply Ge 48:15; Dt 8:3,4; Neh 9:15; Ps 23:1, 2, 3, 4, 5; 41:1, 2, 3; 84:11; 112:5, 6, 7, 8, 9; Pr 3:9,10; 11:24,25; Mal 3:10; Lk 12:30, 31, 32, 33; 2Co 9:8, 9, 10, 11)
The KJV Commentary writes…
Don't yank this verse out of context and apply it indiscriminately. Such amazing generosity does not allow for foolish and frivolous spending on our part while at the same time we consider God is responsible for necessities! Rather, because the Philippians had been so generous in their Christian giving, God would meet their needs as well. (see Jesus' promise of the Father's intimate care of His children's needs in the notes on the Sermon on the Mount - Mt 6:25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34- see notes Mt 6:25-26, 6:27-29, 6:30-32, 6:33-34)
Commenting on the phrase "my God" Eadie writes that
Vine writes that
The value of a promise depends entirely upon the one making the promise. "My God" is faithful to His promise and will never let you down. Paul could not repay the Philippians, but God could and would.
J M Boice asks the important application question:
Paul is saying
Paul is reminding
Shall supply (4137) (liberally supply) (pleroo [word study]) means to be filled (passive voice = saints acted on by outside force) to the brim (a net, Mt 13:48, a building, Jn 12:3, Acts 2:2, a city, Acts 5:28, needs Phil 4:19), to make complete in every particular, to cause to abound, to furnish or supply liberally, to flood, to diffuse throughout, to pervade, to take possession of and so to ultimately to control.
Note that some translations suggest this verse is a prayer (eg, the Contemporary English Version has "I pray that God will take care of all your needs… ") but most versions do not hold to that view.
Barnes paraphrases this verse as
Pleroo - 86x in the NT - Matt. 1:22; 2:15, 17, 23; 3:15; 4:14; 5:17; 8:17; 12:17; 13:35, 48; 21:4; 23:32; 26:54, 56; 27:9; Mk. 1:15; 14:49; Lk. 1:20; 2:40; 3:5; 4:21; 7:1; 9:31; 21:24; 22:16; 24:44; Jn. 3:29; 7:8; 12:3, 38; 13:18; 15:11, 25; 16:6, 24; 17:12f; 18:9, 32; 19:24, 36; Acts 1:16; 2:2, 28; 3:18; 5:3, 28; 7:23, 30; 9:23; 12:25; 13:25, 27, 52; 14:26; 19:21; 24:27; Rom. 1:29; 8:4; 13:8; 15:13f, 19; 2 Co. 7:4; 10:6; Gal. 5:14; Eph. 1:23; 3:19; 4:10; 5:18; Phil. 1:11; 2:2; 4:18, 19; Col. 1:9, 25; 2:10; 4:17; 2 Thess. 1:11; 2 Tim. 1:4; Jas. 2:23; 1 Jn. 1:4; 2 Jn. 1:12; Rev. 3:2; 6:11.
The NAS renders pleroo as accomplish(1), accomplished(1), amply supplied(1), approaching(1), complete(1),completed(3), completing(1), elapsed(1), fill(3), filled(16), fills(1), finished(1), fulfill(5), fulfilled(35), fully carry out(3), fully come(1), fully preached(1), increasing(1), made complete(2), made full(5), make complete(1), make full(1), passed(2), supply(1).
All (3956) (pas) without exception or “every” need is a comprehensive description covering all kinds of need. Paul emphasized the all inclusiveness in the Corinthian letter writing that
Needs (5532) (chreia from chréos = debt) necessities or that that which should happen or be supplied because it is needed. Note that Paul says the promise is to meet needs not their "greeds" and all of their wishes, wants, or whims. Men have physical needs, mental needs, social needs, economic needs. These needs are temporal, but spiritual and eternal because all men need perpetual pardon, perpetual peace, and perpetual power. All would be supplied to the saints at Philippi!
Chreia - 49x in the NT - Matt. 3:14; 6:8; 9:12; 14:16; 21:3; 26:65; Mk. 2:17, 25; 11:3; 14:63; Lk. 5:31; 9:11; 10:42; 15:7; 19:31, 34; 22:71; Jn. 2:25; 13:10, 29; 16:30; Acts 2:45; 4:35; 6:3; 20:34; 28:10; Rom. 12:13; 1 Co. 12:21, 24; Eph. 4:28, 29; Phil. 2:25; 4:16, 19; 1 Thess. 1:8; 4:9, 12; 5:1; Tit. 3:14; Heb. 5:12; 7:11; 10:36; 1 Jn. 2:27; 3:17; Rev. 3:17; 21:23; 22:5.
The NAS renders chreia as necessary(1), need(40), needed(1), needs(6), task(1).
Jesus reminds busy Martha (and all of us) that
Paul says that practical sanctification shows itself in
hose who freely give (like the Philippians) will also receive--not their wants, but all they need for their service for Christ. The world's richest person was Jesus, Who had no place to sleep (Mt 8:20). He shared the Heavenly Father's unlimited resources. We can, too, if we dedicate all we have to Him.
Dwight Pentecost offers an important caveat writing that…
Solomon exhorts us to
And again he says
Although in context God was speaking to Israel in the following verse, the principle applies that God's people have the responsibility to support the work of God, rather than to heap luxuries on themselves. Thus God tells Israel to
Barnes has a practical comment noting God supplying all their needs
Calvin writes that the saints at Philippi
F B Meyer cautions that
KJV Commentary has an excellent summation of this section writing
ACCORDING TO HIS RICHES IN GLORY IN CHRIST JESUS: kata to ploutos autou en doxe en Christo Iesou: (Ps 36:8; 104:24; 130:7; Ro 9:23; 11:33; Ep 1:7,18; 2:7; 3:8,16; Col 1:27; 3:16; 1Ti 6:17) (glory Ro 8:18; 2Co 4:17; 1Th 2:12; 1Pe 5:1,10)
According to (2596) (kata) reveals the extent to which God would supply the Philippians’ needs.
According to (kata) which is not the same as "out of" His riches. If I am a billionaire and I give you ten dollars, I have given you out of my riches; but if I give you a million dollars, I have given to you according to my riches. The first is a portion; the second is a proportion. The first would take it out of His riches, & would be like Mr. Rockefeller who used to give his caddy a dime. God gives in proportion to His infinite and inexhaustible riches!
Riches (4149) (ploutos [word study]) properly denotes abundance, plentitude, and literally is used to refer to material wealth or prosperity (abundance of earthly, temporal goods) which is the meaning in the parable of the seed and the soils (Mt 13:22, Mk 4:19, Lk 8:14 = Material riches are deceitful and choke out reception of the Word of God. Be careful all you wealthy readers! Contrast spiritual riches - Ep 3:8) Indeed, think of the people who know whose whole lives glow with the glory of God for they are rich in spiritual possessions, albeit often poor in material possessions!
Ploutos - 22x in NT - Matt. 13:22; Mk. 4:19; Lk. 8:14; Rom. 2:4; 9:23; 11:12, 33; 2 Co. 8:2; Eph. 1:7, 18; 2:7; 3:8, 16; Phil. 4:19; Col. 1:27; 2:2; 1 Tim. 6:17; Heb. 11:26; Jas. 5:2; Rev. 5:12; 18:17
The NAS renders ploutos as riches(19), wealth(3).
Figuratively ploutos refers to spiritual abundance or prosperity. Ploutos refers to a high point on any scale with the implication of value as well as abundance. God's storehouse will never go bankrupt for He who own everything and has abundant fullness has an inexhaustible ability to supply their needs.
Francis Havergal alluded to true riches in these lines…
Take my silver and my gold,
In Greek Plutus was the god of riches. Liddell-Scott records secular uses of ploutos as referring to treasures of gold, silver, the "riches" of the earth. Our English word plutocrat means one who rules because of his wealth. In Greek the word is connected to pleroma, the word for "fullness" so that a rich person is one who is "full of money or property."
Detzler writes that…
In early Greek literature, the fullness of material things was contrasted with the fullness of spiritual things. It was regarded as crude to be wealthy in terms of possessions but poor in terms of immaterial things. (Sadly, many people still make this foolish exchange. They surrender spiritual wealth for financial fatness.) Along the lines of this spiritual wealth one reads of Zeus, who was a pagan god rich in peace. But Homer spoke of wealth which made it possible for one to live without working. Socrates said that the rich were regarded as being socially sought after. (Wayne A Detzler. New Testament Words in Today's Language)
The KJV Commentary draws our focus to His…
Vine writes regarding "according to His riches in glory"…
A T Robertson adds that
Writing to Timothy Paul declared that…
In Christ Jesus, God gives enough grace to meet whatever we face. Our needs can never exhaust His supply for Paul explains in Colossians that in Christ "are hidden all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge." (see note Colossians 2:3)
Williams (in Student's Commentary) calls Philippians 4:19 a note drawn upon the bank of faith:
Have you ever heard the false statement "God helps those who help themselves." The real truth is brought out in this verse:
How easy it is to take this verse out of context and use it as a soft pillow for Christians who are squandering their money on themselves with seldom a thought for the work of God!
While it is true in a general sense that God does supply the needs of His people, this is a specific promise that those who are faithful and devoted in their giving to Christ will never suffer lack.
The famous missionary to China, Hudson Taylor, wrote
When God leads He provides. Hudson Taylor observed,
Our God hasn’t changed. When the child of God is in the will of God, serving for the glory of God, then he will have every need met.
As Paul closes this letter, he again affirms the centrality of Christ Jesus as the Source of every spiritual blessing and benefit from God. The preposition in emphasizes the essential nature of the believer's personal union with God through Christ and that it is via this dynamic union that God will supply every need.
So wonderful is the truth of v19 that Paul cannot refrain from breaking forth with a doxology of praise in the next verse. All saints should continually show a similar response to the incalculable riches bestowed upon us in Christ Jesus.
Think back over the past few days. Has the Lord taken care of some minor needs in your life? Has He solved some nagging problem? Thank Him! As today unfolds, remember that He provides the little things too.
"If you can't be happy with what you already have, why should God trust you with anything else?" Good question. Far too many people go through life chronically unhappy with their circumstances. Yet in every situation we have whatever we need to be content (if not happy). When we focus on material things, we will often feel frustrated, but when we focus on the Lord, we can rejoice that what we have can never be taken from us.
Eadie comments that in Christ Jesus…
F B Meyer comments that
Christ is God's Answer to Our Need. "
In Him are all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge hidden.
It pleased the Father that in Him should all the fulness dwell.
In Him dwelleth all the fulness of the Godhead bodily.
The Divine-Human nature of Christ is replete with every possible supply for His people.
He filleth all in all.
Those that trust Him can say, as the Apostle did of the Philippian gifts, "I have all things and abound; I am filled, hating received from Christ the things that came from God, and which were treasured in Him for my enrichment and thanksgiving." The teaching of the Apostle is full of this thought, as when he says, "I thank my God always concerning you, for the grace of God which was given you in Christ Jesus; that in everything ye were enriched in Him" (1Co 1:4-5), and again, "Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ who hath blessed us with every spiritual blessing in the heavenly places in Christ" (see note Ephesians 1:3). Peter also affirms the same thought.
Grace to you, and peace be multiplied in the knowledge of God, and of Jesus our Lord; seeing that His Divine power hath granted unto us all things that pertain unto life and godliness" (see notes 2 Peter 1:2; 1:3).
Christ is the complement i.e. the complement of every soul. Just as the dark face of the moon taken with her first crescent of light makes a complete circle, so the unseen Redeemer together with our infinite need makes a complete man after God's stature. The greater our deficiency the larger His supply.
The Prime Necessity. The prime necessity, however, is that we should reckon it is so, and avail ourselves of all the treasures that are prepared for our use in our Risen Lord. Too often we act as if we had to meet the demands of life from our own limited exchequer, instead of believing that we have been taken into partnership with the Son of God, and can at any moment draw upon His all-sufficiency. What would you think if a clerk, who was sent to a distant land to open a branch of some great business firm, were to seek to meet the expenses out of his own limited salary, when the head of the firm had told him to draw upon his credit to any extent which he deemed necessary? But we make the same mistake when we meet the calls of life apart from the boundless wealth which is placed to our credit in Jesus.
A story is told by Dr. Richard Newton of an old and poverty-stricken Indian, who many years ago made his way into a Western settlement in search of food to keep him from starving. A bright-coloured ribbon was seen around his neck, from which there hung a small, dirty pouch. On being asked what it was, he said it was a charm given him in his younger days. He opened it, and took out a worn and Crumpled paper, which he handed to the person making the inspection. It proved, on examination, to be a regular discharge from the federal army, signed by George Washington himself, and entitling him to a pension for life. Here was a man with a promise duly signed, which if presented in the right place would have secured him ample provision, yet he was wandering about hungry, helpless, and forlorn, and begging bread to keep him from starving.
What a picture of many Christians who are in need of everything when they might be rich and full! Perhaps their own life had not been generous, certainly their faith has never put in its claim to God's great bank of promise. (Commentary on Philippians)
PAUL’S God is our God, and He will supply all our need. Paul felt sure of this in reference to the Philippians, and we feel sure of it as to ourselves. God will do it, for it is like Him: He loves us, He delights to bless us, and it will glorify Him to do so. His pity, His power, His love, His faithfulness, all work together that we be not famished. What a measure doth the Lord go by: “According to his riches in glory by Christ Jesus.” The riches of His grace are large, but what shall we say of the riches of His glory? His “riches of glory by Christ Jesus,” who shall form an estimate of this? According to this immeasurable measure will God fill up the immense abyss of our necessities. He makes the Lord Jesus the receptacle and the channel of His fullness, and then He imparts to us His wealth of love in its highest form. Hallelujah! The writer knows what it is to be tried in the work of the Lord. Fidelity has been recompensed with anger, and liberal givers have stopped their subscriptions. But he whom they sought to oppress has not been one penny the poorer; nay, rather he has been the richer, for this promise has been true, “My God shall supply all our need.” God’s supplies are surer than any bank. (Faith's Checkbook)
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The following devotionals are from Our Daily Bread (Copyright RBC Ministries, Grand Rapids, MI. Reprinted by permission. All rights reserved)
The saying "You can never out give God" may be doubted by overanxious or tightfisted people. But Paul's letter to the Philippian believers fully supports this saying. Having just received their generous gifts to meet his needs in prison, he assured them that because of their generosity God wouldn't allow them to suffer undue need. He told them, "My God shall supply all your need according to His riches in glory by Christ Jesus" (Phil. 4:19). God's people have relied on the truth of those words ever since.
To help us place our trust more confidently in this promise of God, someone has put Philippians 4:19 in terms we can all understand:
"My God [the bank] shall supply [the check] all your need [the amount] according to His riches in glory [the capital] by Christ Jesus [the signature]."
As with any valid check that we have received, we need only endorse God's check through our "signature of faith" and it will be paid in full. As long as we're willing to be content with much or little, as Paul was (v.12), we can dare to be generous people. Only then will we discover for ourselves that we can never out give our rich and generous God. (Our Daily Bread)
God's riches fill up our supply,
God gives freely to us so that we can give freely to others.
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Winds Of Love - A farmer had a weather vane on his barn, on which was written "God is love." When friends asked why, the farmer said, "This is to remind me that no matter which way the wind blows, God is love."
When the cold "north wind" of trial and testing sweeps down upon you, God is love.
When the "west wind" blows hard upon you with its punishing intent, God is love.
When the "east wind" threatens to sweep away all that you have, God is love.
Perhaps you are discouraged and downhearted. If so, remember, God still cares for you. What you are experiencing has either been sent or it has been allowed by Him for your good.
Yes, no matter which way the wind is blowing, God is love. —Richard De Haan (Our Daily Bread, Copyright RBC Ministries, Grand Rapids, MI. Reprinted by permission. All rights reserved)
God is love: His mercy brightens
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Faith & Riches - Do you want to be rich? Do you think your faith will bring you riches? What kind of riches are you looking for?
Christ, "the hope of glory," living in us (Col 1:27-see note Col 1:27).
Mighty strength in our inner being, "through His Spirit" (Eph 3:16-see note Ep 3:16).
Having all our needs met by God (Php 4:19-see note Php 4:19).
The "wisdom and knowledge of God" (Ro 11:33-see note Ro 11:33).
"Redemption through His blood, the forgiveness of sins," which comes from God's grace (Eph 1:7-see note Ep 1:7).
Yes, God's Word promises us great riches—treasures that we cannot even attempt to purchase with any amount of money. It is these riches that we must seek, enjoy, and use to glorify their source—our heavenly Father.—Dave Branon (Our Daily Bread, Copyright RBC Ministries, Grand Rapids, MI. Reprinted by permission. All rights reserved)
The treasures of earth are not mine,
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WHEN THIS GETS ALL - We had thoroughly enjoyed the meeting in Altoona, Pennsylvania, and the privilege of greeting many friends of the Radio Bible Class who attended the service that evening. Some dear friends invited us to their home after the meeting for a lunch; but when we got there, it was more like a full-course dinner, and what a feast we had! As we were eating, one of the hostesses came into the living room to see if we had enough. Upon leaving, she turned around and said, "There's more in the kitchen when this gets all!" Since I come from the Midwest, this Pennsylvania Dutch expression really tickled me. "There's more in the kitchen when this gets all!" It was just another way of saying, "When what you have is all gone, there's more where that came from!" That was good to know, but how much more wonderful this is in the spiritual realm. How comforting the assurance that no matter how great our need, no matter how heavily we might have already drawn upon Heaven's resources, there's more "when this gets all!"
"There's more, there's more, when this gets all";
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The Ultimate Giver - If we put our trust for our well-being in a person, any person, we are putting it in the wrong place. Ultimately, our faith must be in God. To transfer that trust to a spouse or pastor or child is to put it where we will be disappointed.
The author of Psalm 146 (notes) said not to trust in mortal men--even princes (Ps 146:3-note). Instead, he wrote, "Happy is he who has the God of Jacob for his help, whose hope is in the Lord his God" (Ps 146:5-note).
God can be trusted because He always provides what He promises. He is the ultimate Giver. --D C Egner (Our Daily Bread, Copyright RBC Ministries, Grand Rapids, MI. Reprinted by permission. All rights reserved)
I belong to the King, and He loves me, I know,
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PHILIPPIANS 4:19 - Pastor Harold Springstead was driving along, on his way to preach at a little country church, when he felt a sudden vibration. A tire had gone flat. As the 78-year-old pastor maneuvered his car to a stop, a trucker pulled up behind him. A young man jumped out, assessed the situation, and cheerfully changed the tire. Pastor Springstead got to the service in plenty of time, and it was not until later that he realized his car didn't even have a jack!
If God sees the sparrow's fall,
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An Answer For Everything - Dad, can I have 10 dollars?" "Dad, can you help me with my math?" "Dad, what's the capital of Maine?" "Dad, why can't we get another car?" "Dad, I didn't make the team."
For answered prayer we thank You, Lord,
Amplified: To our God and Father be glory forever and ever (through the endless eternities of the eternities). Amen (so be it). (Amplified Bible - Lockman)
Phillips: And may glory be to our God and our Father for ever and ever, amen! (Phillips: Touchstone)
Wuest: Now to God, even our Father, be the glory forever and ever. Amen. (Eerdmans)
Young's Literal: and to God, even our Father, is the glory -- to the ages of the ages. Amen.
NOW TO OUR GOD AND FATHER BE THE GLORY FOREVER AND EVER AMEN: to de theo kai patri hemon e doxa eis tous aionas ton aionon amen: (Php 1:11; Ps 72:19; 115:1; Mt 6:9,13; Ro 11:36; 16:27; Gal 1:5; Ep 3:21; 1Ti 1:17; Jude 1:25; Rev 1:6; 4:9, 10, 11; 5:12; 7:12; 11:13; 14:7) (amen Php 4:23; Mt 6:12; 28:20)
Paul's doxology flows out of his abundant joy in this epistle and it should also be our continuous response to the ever-present, inexhaustible riches bestowed upon us by our Father in and through Christ Jesus our Lord!
Regarding the phrase "Our God" Lightfoot notes that…
Bengel says that
James Boice writes that
God gets all the glory. He will not share His glory with another.
The psalmist rightly declares…
Amplified: Remember me to every saint (every born-again believer) in Christ Jesus. The brethren (my jassociates) who are with me greet you. (Amplified Bible - Lockman)
Phillips: Greetings to every true Christian, from me and all the brothers here with me. (Phillips: Touchstone)
Wuest: Greet every saint in Christ Jesus. The brethren with me send greeting to you. (Eerdmans)
Young's Literal: Salute ye every saint in Christ Jesus; there salute you the brethren with me;
GREET EVERY SAINT IN CHRIST JESUS: Aspasasthe (2SAMM) panta hagion en Christo Iesou:
Greet (782) (aspazomai) means to enfold in one's arms and so to welcome and embrace another. Give each other a "holy hug" is the idea! Paul commands it using the aorist imperative meaning "Just do it"!
Spurgeon comments that…
Every (3956) (pas) means all without exception. Paul was concerned for every saint in Christ Jesus, not just his close personal friends. Little wonder that God used him so mightily.
Saint (hagios) (Click word study of hagios) is in the singular which conveys Paul's interest to each believer individually, and is an expression of personal affection. None is to be treated differently from any other. In a church troubled by disunity the apostle does not single out any one individual and does not "take sides".
The familiar Pauline phrase in Christ Jesus emphasizes the believer's union with Christ. The Philippians were holy (saints), not through any merit of their own, but because they were in Christ Jesus.
THE BRETHREN WHO ARE WITH ME GREET YOU: aspazontai (3PPMI) humas oi sun emoi adelphoi: (Ro 6:21,22; Gal 1:2; 2:3; Col 4:10, 11, 12, 13, 14; Philemon 1:23,24)
The body of Christ is essential. Even the great apostle Paul was not a "Lone Ranger" doing his own thing.
Eadie adds that
Amplified: All the saints (God’s consecrated ones here) wish to be remembered to you, especially those of Caesar’s household. (Amplified Bible - Lockman)
Phillips: All the Christians here would like to send their best wishes, particularly those who belong to the emperor's household (Phillips: Touchstone)
Wuest: All the saints send greeting to you, especially those of Caesar’s household. (Eerdmans)
Young's Literal: there salute you all the saints, and specially those of Caesar's house
ALL THE SAINTS GREET YOU: aspazontai (3PPMI) humas pantes oi hagioi: (Ro 16:16; 2Co 13:13; Heb 13:24; 1Pe 5:13; 3Jn 1:14)
ESPECIALLY THOSE OF CAESAR'S HOUSEHOLD: malista de oi ek tes Kaisaros oikias:
Of Caesar's household is an expression used in ancient Greco-Roman literature to refer both to the highest officials in the Roman government and to the lowest servants in the emperor’s employ.
Vine comments that…
Amplified: The grace (spiritual favor and blessing) of the Lord Jesus Christ (the Anointed One) be with your spirit. Amen (so be it) (Amplified Bible - Lockman)
Phillips: The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ be with your spirit. (Phillips: Touchstone)
Wuest: The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ be with your spirit, with all of you in this respect individually (Eerdmans)
Young's Literal: the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ is with you all. Amen.
THE GRACE OF THE LORD JESUS CHRIST BE WITH YOUR SPIRIT: e charis tou kuriou Iesou Christou meta tou pneumatos humon: (Ro 16:20,24; 2Cor 13:14)
Note that this passage is in its essence a prayer. Paul is praying that the Lord's grace (His transforming, energizing enablement or power to live the supernatural, abundant life for His glory - see discussion of empowering aspect of grace - 2Ti 2:1-note) be with them all. Is this not a prayer we should pray for all the saints in Christ Jesus?
Henry paraphrases it
He desires that they experience the daily unmerited help from the Lord Jesus.
Eadie adds that
The concluding benediction is exactly the same as Philemon 1:25 and similar to Gal 6:18 and invokes on the Philippian church the continuing grace of Christ to be with their spirits.
The KJV adds Amen. It is true. So be it. It is an expression of confident and joyful affirmation.
Phil 4:21, 22, 23
PROBABLE, at this point, the Apostle took in hand the style with which his amanuensis had been rapidly penning his glowing thoughts, that in the clumsy letters, to which he refers in the Epistle of Galatians (Galatians 6:11), probably due to his defective eyesight, he might append his autograph.
"Salute every saint in Christ Jesus." There were many distinctions between the disciples in that distant city. Some who professed a lofty spirituality, but lacked the spirit of loving concord; some who were tinctured with the pharisaic disputations of his own earlier days; and some who were able to appreciate the deepest teachings of the nature of Christ which human words can unfold. It was enough, however, that they were in Christ Jesus, that He had accepted them, and that already they were separated from the corruption that is in the world through lust, and were set apart for the glorious purpose of the Son of God, and therefore their faithful friend was able to include them all in his tender salutation.
How good it is when Christian love enables us to rise above sectarian strife, and the misunderstandings which are generated by the differences of our temperament and education, so that we are able to view each other as common members of the Body, and contiguous branches of the Vine, praying for each other, and prepared to communicate grace by word and act. Let us salute every saint, whether belonging to our own Church or to some other. It is enough to know that they with us are partakers of Paul's Humility. There is no trace of the priest in these simple words. Having sent his own personal greetings, he hastens to class with himself his colleagues, as Timothy and Mark, or his travelling companions, as Luke and Silas, or prominent believers who dwelt in Rome, and had the right of entrance into his hired room. They were brethren more or less unknown, but the Apostle recognised that they had as much right to salute the saints in Philippi as he had, and he hastened to strengthen his own message by the inclusion of their good-will.
It is interesting to notice how fond the Apostle was of having others with him in his Christian work. Their fellowship gave him strength and comfort. Probably, he entered into the Spirit of the Master, who sent His disciples out two and two. Sometimes, he allied himself with Barnabas, at other times with Silas, at other times with Mark. The opening words of this Epistle show how closely he was associated with Timothy, "his own son in the faith." Two are better than one. It is a matter of great encouragement and strength when some kindred soul is united with us in any service.
The Gathering Wealth of Christian Love. "All the saints salute you." The Apostle first salutes for himself; then he associates the brethren that were with him; and now his voice seems to have stirred a large circle of consenting hearts, and from them all a torrent of tender affection sets in towards the Philippian Church. There is every probability that the saints who here send greeting are those who themselves had been greeted and mentioned by name in Romans 16. Bishop Lightfoot, in an essay on this passage which is full of interest, has pointed out that many of the names mentioned by Paul in the last chapter of his letter to the Romans are identical with the names deciphered in sepulchral inscriptions, and known to have had a place in the Imperial household. Of these he specifies Ampliatus, Appeles, Stachys, Rufus and Hermes, and the two women, Tryphaena and Tryphosa. These were almost certainly included in "all the saints."
Thus this Epistle, so full of love, seems like a shuttle to have shot between these far-removed centres of Christian life, uniting each to the other. Epaphroditus had brought a sweet savour of Philippi unto Rome, now this letter carries the fragrance of Roman Christianity to Philippi. It is thus that the Churches in all ages have exchanged words and actions of Christian courtesy.
The Saints that are Specially Distinguished. "Especially them that are of Caesar's household." The great commentator already referred to has shown that the household of Caesar was a term embracing a vast number of persons, not only in Rome, but in the provinces, all of whom were either actual or former slaves of the Emperor, and filled every possible description of office. There is every reason to believe that this term included household slaves who were in immediate attendance upon the Emperor; soldiers who through being attached to the prisoner had been constrained to hear the story of salvation, and yielded to the claims of Jesus: and perhaps beyond, there was a still wider circle of senators and knights, men of intellectual power and large wealth, who composed the Imperial retinue and court. The household of Caesar was constituted by a vast concourse, many of whom were the agents of murders, bitter cruelties, and licentious intrigues, but large numbers of whom were men of upright character, who found it possible, amid such surroundings as those of Nero's palace, to be simple followers of Jesus. It is as possible to be a Christian in a royal court as in a slum, in a fashionable circle as amongst peasants and labourers, amongst rulers as amongst the poor and destitute. Character may be independent of circumstances. Joseph may pursue his life of purity amid the corruption of Egypt, and Daniel his life of prayer amid the idolatry of Babylon.
Circumstances may differ; in some cases they are more, whilst in others they are less favourable to the growth of Christian character, but Christianity is indigenous to all climates, and will flourish on any soil. It is like the corn plant which grows alike upon the alluvial soil of the Nile Delta, and the broad expanse of Western prairies.
It speaks much for the earnestness of individual workers in those early days, when there were no great conventions, nor many eloquent and commanding preachers, that such vast multitudes of believers were being gathered in every part of the known world through the individual effort of those who, like the first apostles, could say, "Come and see."
The Final Benediction. "The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ be with your spirit." The Epistle begins with grace (Phil. 1:2) and with grace it ends. It is impossible to define all that is meant by this comprehensive prayer. Illumination for the soul, love for the heart, strength for the mind, purity for the character, help in every time of need, direction in all perplexity and difficulty--all these are included in the word grace. It was impossible for the Apostle to know in detail all that his friends might be passing through amid the temptations and perils of Philippi, but he wished that always and everywhere they might be conscious that the grace of the Lord Jesus beset them behind and before, encompassed their going out and coming in, enwrapped them in their lying down and rising up, canopied them with skies opening Godward, and was their shield and their exceeding great reward. (F. B. Meyer. The Epistle to the Philippians - A Devotional Commentary)