Romans Commentaries & Sermons

OVERVIEW CHART
OF BOOK OF ROMANS


Click chart to enlarge
Chart from recommended resource Jensen's Survey of the NT - used by permission
Romans Overview Chart - Charles Swindoll
Another Over Chart of Romans

See DISCLAIMER

ROMANS ROAD
to RIGHTEOUSNESS
Romans 1:18-3:20 Romans 3:21-5:21 Romans 6:1-8:39 Romans 9:1-11:36 Romans 12:1-16:27
SIN SALVATION SANCTIFICATION SOVEREIGNTY SERVICE
NEED
FOR
SALVATION
WAY
OF
SALVATION
LIFE
OF
SALVATION
SCOPE
OF
SALVATION
SERVICE
OF
SALVATION
God's Holiness
In
Condemning
Sin
God's Grace
In
Justifying
Sinners
God's Power
In
Sanctifying
Believers
God's Sovereignty
In
Saving
Jew and Gentile
Gods Glory
The
Object of
Service
Deadliness
of Sin
Design
of Grace
Demonstration of Salvation
Power Given Promises Fulfilled Paths Pursued
Righteousness
Needed
Righteousness
Credited
Righteousness
Demonstrated
Righteousness
Restored to Israel
Righteousness
Applied
God's Righteousness
IN LAW
God's Righteousness
IMPUTED
God's Righteousness
OBEYED
God's Righteousness
IN ELECTION
God's Righteousness
DISPLAYED
Slaves to Sin Slaves to God Slaves Serving God
Doctrine Duty
Life by Faith Service by Faith

Modified from Irving L. Jensen's chart above

VERSE BY VERSE — COMMENTARY ON ROMANS
Onsite, literal, conservative, millennial, evangelical
Bruce Hurt, MD
ROMANS COMMENTARY
ROMANS 1-4

ROMANS COMMENTARY
ROMANS 5-8

ROMANS COMMENTARY
ROMANS 9-12

ROMANS COMMENTARY
ROMANS 13-16

HENRY ALFORD
(1810-1871)
The New Testament for English Readers
Romans Commentary
Recommended

Read Alford's fascinating brief biography and Phil Johnson's related comments

James Rosscup writes that "This was the great work in the life of the versatile Dean of Canterbury. An outcome of this production was the New Testament for English Readers (4 vols.). Alford was a Calvinist, conservative and premillennial, though not dispensational. He takes a literal interpretation of the thousand years in Rev. 20 and has a famous quote there, is strong on sovereign election as in Ro 8:29, 30 and 1Pe 1:2, but, unfortunately, holds to baptismal regeneration in such texts as Titus 3:5 and John 3:5. He shows a great knowledge of the Greek text and faces problems of both a doctrinal and textual nature." (Commentaries for Biblical Expositors: An Annotated Bibliography of Selected Works)

Charles Haddon Spurgeon (see his comments in following entry on Alford).

Editorial Note: If you are not proficient in Greek, you will find this work considerably more useful than the following work by Alford, because in this volume he translates the Greek and Latin into English. While the "The Greek New Testament" is longer (e.g., English version of 1John = 66 pages compared to Greek version = 94 pages in part because the latter includes comments of more technical nature), the substance of the commentary is otherwise similar to that found in the "NT for English Readers".


HENRY ALFORD
The Greek Text: With a Critically Revised Text
Commentary Notes on Romans

James Rosscup writes that Alford's series on the New Testament "contains much that is valuable in the Greek New Testament...though all of the Greek New Testament words have been changed to English throughout." (Commentaries for Biblical Expositors: An Annotated Bibliography of Selected Works)

John Piper writes ""When I’m stumped with a...grammatical or syntactical or logical [question] in Paul, I go to Henry Alford. Henry Alford...comes closer more consistently than any other human commentator to asking my kinds of questions."

Charles Haddon Spurgeon writes that this text "is an invaluable aid to the critical study of the text of the New Testament. You will find in it the ripened results of a matured scholarship, the harvesting of a judgment, generally highly impartial, always worthy of respect, which has gleaned from the most important fields of Biblical research, both modern and ancient, at home and abroad. You will not look here for any spirituality of thought or tenderness of feeling; you will find the learned Dean does not forget to do full justice to his own views, and is quite able to express himself vigorously against his opponents; but for what it professes to be, it is an exceedingly able and successful work. The later issues are by far the most desirable, as the author has considerably revised the work in the fourth edition. What I have said of his Greek Testament applies equally to Alford’s New Testament for English Readers,* which is also a standard work." (Spurgeon, C. H. Lectures to my Students, Vol. 4: Commenting and Commentaries; Lectures Addressed to the students of the Pastors' College, Metropolitan Tabernacle)


ALBERT BARNES
Commentary Notes on Romans

WAYNE BARBER
Expository Sermons
Book of Romans

Dr Barber places great emphasis on the "Christ Life." His expositions are very pragmatic and personally applicable...Sometimes too much so!

WILLIAM BARCLAY
Commentary on Romans
Daily Study Bible

D Edmond Hiebert - Prints the author's own translation. A series of popular studies whose strong point is word study. Contains good illustrative material. Part of the author's interpretation follows a liberal position. Barclay holds that Christ's descent into Hades gave those who there heard Him a second chance.

Comment: I appreciate Barclay's unique insights on Greek words, but clearly his teaching about a "second chance" is NOT sound doctrine! Be an Acts 17:11 Berean with Barclay. See discussion of his orthodoxy especially the article "The Enigmatic William Barclay".


JOHANN BENGEL
Commentary on Romans
Critical English Testament

JOHANN BENGEL
Commentary on Romans
Gnomon of the New Testament

JOSEPH BEET

BIBLICAL ILLUSTRATOR
Joseph S. Exell, Editor

JOHN CALVIN
Commentary on Romans

Rosscup: Calvin sees the theme of Romans as righteousness for men by God’s mercy in Christ, offered in the gospel and received by faith (p. 5). He takes six pages to survey the epistle chapter by chapter, then begins verse by verse comments, without giving an outline. He has many perceptive discussions that are deeply enriching. He takes Romans 2:7 as the life pattern of the truly saved through grace; Romans 3:28 as meaning justification by faith without any merit by works but James 2 as speaking of works out of faith that prove the reality of justification practically; Romans 7:14ff. as depicting a regenerate person, etc. As a clear, engrossing commentary that explains most points with a keen grasp of how things relate, this is one of the finer, old evangelical works from a theological standpoint.

STEVEN COLE
Expository Sermons
Book of Romans

These are excellent - highly recommended. They function much like a >1000 page verse by verse commentary.

THOMAS CONSTABLE
Expository Notes on Romans

JAMES DENNEY
Expositor's Greek Testament
Roman's Commentary

JOHN DUMMELOW
Commentary on the Holy Bible
Brief Commentary on Romans

EXPOSITOR'S BIBLE
Commentary on Romans
H C G Moule

This notable work was conceived and carried out by that genius among editors, Sir William Robertson Nicoll, C.H., D.D., LL.D. He had an exceptional knowledge of religious and literary, of theological and philosophical, thought. He understood what were the most urgent needs of the church as to spiritual enlightenment, for the better exercise of the Church's mission in advancing the Kingdom of Christ to earth's remotest bounds.—Oscar L. Joseph, Litt. D.

If you can locate the six-volume edition of the Expositor’s Bible, buy it immediately! It takes up less space than the original fifty-volume set, and not everything in the original set is worth owning. Samuel H. Kellogg on Leviticus is a classic; so is Alexander Maclaren on the Psalms and on Colossians.—Warren W. Wiersbe, A Basic Library for Bible Students

This set, originally published in 1903, contains expositions by both conservative and liberal theologians. The most important works are by Dod (Genesis), Chadwick (Exodus and Mark), Kellogg (Leviticus), Blaikie (Joshua, I and II Samuel), Adeney (Ezra, Nehemiah and Esther), Maclaren (Psalms), Moule (Romans), Findlay (Galatians and Ephesians), Plummer (Pastoral Epistles and the Epistles of James and Jude), and Milligan (Revelation.)—Cyril J. Barber, The Minister’s Library


EXPOSITOR'S DICTIONARY OF TEXTS
Commentary on Romans

JOHN GILL
Commentary on Romans

TONY GARLAND
What Will Happen to Israel?
15 Hour Course on...
Romans 9-11

If you are confused about God's plan for Israel, then this series is for you (click). Each link will in turn give you several choices including an Mp3 message and brief transcript notes. The Mp3's are long (avg 70+ min) but are in depth and thoroughly Scriptural with many quotations from the Old Testament, which is often much less well understood than the NT by most Evangelicals. Garland takes a literal approach to Scripture, and his love for the Jews and passion to see them saved comes through very clearly on these 12 hours of teaching! Take your home Bible Study group through this series if you dare. Take notes on the tapes as the transcripts are a very abbreviated version of the audio messages. This course is highly recommended for all who love Israel! I think you will agree that Tony Garland, despite coming to faith after age 30 as an engineer, clearly has been given a special anointing by God to promulgate the truth concerning Israel and God's future plan for the Jews. He has also produced more than 20 hours of superb audio teaching in his verse by verse commentary on the Revelation (in depth transcripts also available) which will unravel (in a way you did not think was possible considering the divergent interpretations) God's final message of the triumph and return of the our Lord Jesus Christ as the King of kings and Lord of lords! Maranatha!


Related Resources:

FREDERIC GODET
Commentary on Romans
Introduction

Rosscup: This famous work was translated from the French in 1864, and has gone through several printings in English. Godet, also known for other fine commentaries as on Luke (2 volumes), gives good detail on what verses mean, providing much that evangelicals easily identify with. Of course such an older work cannot be up on current studies as newer works can be.

GEORGE GOODMAN
I Live; Yet Not I
God’s Open Secret of Liberty from the Guilt,
Reign, and Fruit of Sin

DAVID GUZIK
Commentary on Romans

ROBERT HALDANE
Commentary on Romans

Rosscup: This is a much-respected 746-pp. work (668 pp. through Romans 16:27, then several appendices on subjects relating to Romans. Though hampered by lack of any outline to relate things, the work has much gold if one has time and is willing to read voluminously to dig out the many nuggets. Whether or not one agrees with Haldane on a verse, his awareness of (or reviews of) many aspects of truth brought together is bound to prosper. Unlike most English expositors of which he is aware, Haldane sees 2:7 as hypothetical, law and not gospel. We may sample other verses: 5:14, “even over them,” infants who did not personally sin but sinned in Adam’s act as the representative head of the race; 7:14ff. refers to Paul even as a mature believer representative of all Christians (cf. p. 297); 8:5, 13 contrast the unsaved and the saved; God finally works all things absolutely to the good of His children, 8:28; the section in 8:28–39 has much to help a believer grow in assurance of God’s preserving grace; in 9:22, vessels of wrath are “fitted for destruction” by their sins, whereas vessels of glory are fitted by God; 11:26 speaks of literal and spiritually saved Israel, as distinct from Gentiles, being joined to Christ, along with saved Gentiles. Israel will be restored to its own land (p. 556). This is one of the greatest of the older commentaries, almost always offering solid help and much to stimulate the heart.


RICHARD HALVERSON
Commentary on Romans

JAMES HASTINGS
Great Texts of the Bible

CHARLES HODGE
Commentary on Romans

716 pages, Originally published 1835

Introduction

Rosscup: This (is an) 1864 work by Hodge, who lectured at Princeton Theological Seminary for many years. He deals with the epistle verse-by-verse with good theological perspective and use of the Greek. It is a good, solid evangelical commentary helpful to a teacher, preacher, or layman on the problems because it delves into them with a zest.

Spurgeon: Hodge’s method and matter make him doubly useful in commenting. He is singularly clear, and a great promoter of thought.

Storms: Hodge is representative of the old Princetonian school of Reformed theologians. Hodge is more a theologian than an exegete, but will still interact with the text. Although it is over 100 years old, Hodge's work is worth consulting when studying some of the sticky theological issues in Romans. 

HYMNS RELATING TO ROMANS

D MARTYN LLOYD-JONES
Sermons on the book of Romans

James Rosscup on the book version of these sermons - An outstanding preacher of Westminster Chapel, London, gave this series of sermons on Friday evenings. He covered Romans 1:1–14:17 during the period October, 1955 to March, 1968. He begins here at Romans 3:20 because he wants to start the published volumes at what he calls the “heart” of Romans. The content is very perceptive of how the great doctrines relate to life as he reasons things out in a readable way, talking directly to people (for these are edited sermons left pretty much as he delivered them). The material has much gold, but the detail will probably leave its impact primarily on preachers doing an extended series and scheduling the great blocks of time to read the section on the verses they plan to cover in a given sermon. The studies are bound to leave their impact on the reader, broadening, deepening, enriching. Lloyd-Jones sometimes devotes entire sermons (chapters) to other passages related to a Romans text, e.g. on Romans 8:17–39 he gives five chapters on problem passages such as 2 Peter 2:1, Matthew 25:1–13 (danger of false profession) and Hebrews 6:4–8; 10:26–29. He argues that Romans 7:14–25 refers to pre-salvation experience. (Commentaries for Biblical Expositors: An Annotated Bibliography of Selected Works


JOHN MACARTHUR
Sermons on Romans

Excellent Resource - These Function Much Like a Verse by Verse Commentary

ROMANS 1

ROMANS 2

ROMANS 3

ROMANS 4

ROMANS 5

ROMANS 6

ROMANS 7

ROMANS 8

ROMANS 9

ROMANS 10

ROMANS 11

ROMANS 12

ROMANS 13

ROMANS 14

ROMANS 15

ROMANS 16

MIDDLETOWN BIBLE CHURCH
Romans Verse by Verse Exposition

MISCELLANEOUS
Resources Related to Romans

F F BRUCE

GORDON EDU

  • Romans Journal Articles For Example articles like:
  • Garlington, D. B. "The Obedience of Faith in the Letter to the Romans: Part 1 (also Part 2 & Part 3a,b) The Meaning of Hupakon pisteos (Rom 1:5; 16:26)," Westminster Theological Journal 52 (1990) 201-24. (Excellent Discussion of Faith and Obedience)

HENRY MORRIS

  • Defender's Study Bible - Excellent, conservative, literal study Bible notes from a leading creationist commentator, Dr Henry Morris. Links to available notes on right side.
  • 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

HOLMAN PUBLISHING

PRECEPT MINISTRIES

REFORMATION STUDY BIBLE

JOHN MACARTHUR

J VERNON MCGEE

HOW TO BE SAVED

  • Romans Road to Salvation - Have you walked down this road and entered through the narrow gate into eternal life? Read the words of Jesus in Matthew 7:13-14-note

CHARLES SWINDOLL

THEMATIC STUDY BIBLE

This is an Interesting Resource - 

JAMES VAN DINE

ANDY WOODS

SERMONS
ON ROMANS

BRIAN BELL

BRIAN BILL - Note a number of sermons are missing in this series.

KENNETH BOA

MICHAEL BROWN

ALAN CARR

RICH CATHERS

DAVID COOPER

W A CRISWELL

BOB DEFFINBAUGH - Reasoning Through Romans

BOB DEFFINBAUGH

J LIGON DUNCAN

THEODORE EPP

DON FORTNER

BRUCE GOETTSCHE

GOSPEL COALITION

SCOTT GRANT - Romans: The Letter that Changes the World 

GREG HERRICK

JAMES HASTINGS

DAVID HOLWICK - frequent use of illustrations

S LEWIS JOHNSON

KEITH KRELL

STEVE KRELOFF

DAVID LEGGE

R E LONGACRE & WILBER B WALLIS

ALEXANDER MACLAREN

P G MATTHEW

BRYN MACPHAIL

JEFF MILLER

MONERGISM

PHIL NEWTON

RAY PRITCHARD

ROBERT RAYBURN

DON ROBINSON

ALLEN ROSS

ROB SALVATO

ROB SALVATO - SPECIAL STUDY - TRANSFORMED SERIES - over 140 pages of notes!

CHUCK SMITH -  Commentary Notes

CHUCK SMITH - Sermon Notes

JOHN STEVENSON - many illustrations

SAM STORMS

RON TEED - Romans - Select NT Books - Then Select Romans - In Right panel select "Manuscript"

THIRD MILLENNIUM

GEOFF THOMAS

DREW WORTHEN

STEVE ZEISLER

COMMENTARIES
ON ROMANS
(Alphabetized by Author)

Best Commentaries

HENRY ALFORD

PAUL APPLE

JACK ARNOLD

C. NORMAN BARTLETT - Right in Romans - 1953 (Studies in the Epistle of Paul to the Romans)

JOHANN A BENGEL

BIBLICAL ILLUSTRATOR COMMENTARY

E I BOSWORTH - VERSE BY VERSE, PHRASE BY PHRASE

DR. B. H. CARROLL - Romans - Studies in Romans (1935)

JOHN CEREGHIN

ADAM CLARKE

CENTURY BIBLE COMMENTARY - VERSE BY VERSE, PHRASE BY PHRASE. Notes on this book from A E Garvie

HENRY COWLES - VERSE BY VERSE, PHRASE BY PHRASE

  • Spurgeon: In his own way this author is one of the most instructive of American writers; he is clear and definite, and leaves his meaning impressed upon the mind. His scholarship is respectable.....we have read him with pleasure....Always repays for consulting.
  • Bibliotheca Sacra - Dr. Cowles writes with perspicuity, precision, and conciseness—three invaluable excellencIes of style for a commentary.

DUMMELOW'S COMMENTARY

EARLY CHURCH

EASY ENGLISH

EXPLORE THE BIBLE

EXPOSITOR'S BIBLE COMMENTARY

GAEBELEIN'S ANNOTATED BIBLE

E H GIFFORD

JOHN GILL'S COMMENTARY

L M GRANT COMMENTARY

ROBERT HAWKER COMMENTARY

MATTHEW HENRY

DANIEL HILL

Or by chapter:

F B HOLE COMMENTARY

BARRY HORNER
OUTLINED COMMENTARY

HARRY IRONSIDE'S COMMENTARY

JAMIESON, FAUSSET, BROWN

WILLIAM KELLY

PAUL KRETZMANN'S COMMENTARY

J VERNON MCGEE - Romans Commentary - Through the Bible - Mp3's by chapter

HENRY MAHAN

F B MEYER COMMENTARY

H A MEYER COMMENTARY

JOHN PAUL MILLER

G CAMPBELL MORGAN

R E NEIGHBOUR'S COMMENTARY

DOUGLAS MOO

  • R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7 R8 R9 R10 R11 R12 R13 R16
  • Sam Storms - This work by Moo is the best exegetical, evangelical commentary (along with Cranfield) on Romans. Most of the more technical material involving comment on the Greek text is restricted to the footnotes. By all means, get it (no matter how much the cost). Moo, a former colleague of mine, teaches NT at Wheaton College Graduate School in Wheaton, Illinois. 1,012 pp.
  • Jim Rosscup - Moo’s detailed evangelical exegesis thrusts his work among the top recent thorough efforts (Cranfield, Schreiner). He carefully analyzes each passage, interacting with views and arguments and sifting out, usually with clarity, his own views with support. He has a long bibliography and copious, frequently lengthy footnotes on considerations. He writes so cautiously at times that one finds his view only after a search. The work is meticulously abreast of scholarly learning, and offers patient teachers, studious pastors, and advanced Greek students much to consider in deciding the meaning and import.

    ATTHEW POOLE'S COMMENTARY

    NISBET'S CHURCH PULPIT COMMENTARY

    JOSEPH PARKER

    PREACHER'S HOMILETICAL COMMENTARY

    PULPIT COMMENTARY

    A T ROBERTSON WORD PICTURES COMMENTARY

    WILLIAM SANDAY

    SERMON BIBLE COMMENTARY

    CHARLES SIMEON COMMENTARY

    SPIRIT AND TRUTH FELLOWSHIP

    LOUIS TALBOT - Addresses on Romans (1936)

    JOHN TRAPP'S COMMENTARY

    BOB UTLEY COMMENTARY

    MARVIN VINCENT'S WORD STUDIES COMMENTARY

    SERMONS AND COMMENTARIES
    ON ROMANS
    By Chapter/Verse

    BETHANY BIBLE

    PHIL NEWTON

    ROBERT MORGAN

    ROBERT MORGAN

    RICHARD A YOUNG

    C H SPURGEON

    JEFFREY S LAMP

    J C RYLE

    WILLIAM NEWELL

    ALEXANDER MACLAREN

    HAMPTON KEATHLEY

    ROBERT MORGAN

    C H SPURGEON

    GREG HERRICK

    BETHANY BIBLE

    CHARLES HODGE

    DONALD GREY BARNHOUSE

    R B JONES

    MARK RAPINCHUK

    ROBERT MORGAN

    BETHANY BIBLE

    GIL RUGH

    GREG HERRICK

    C H SPURGEON

    J. A. TRENCH

    PHIL NEWTON

    F B MEYER

    F B MEYER

    R B JONES

    OCTAVIUS WINSLOW

    JAMES SMITH

    JOHN MACDUFF

    BETHANY BIBLE

    GIL RUGH

    GREG HERRICK

    GIL RUGH

    C H SPURGEON

    JOHN BUNYAN

    THOMAS WATSON

    • A Divine Cordial: Exposition of Romans 8:28. (Audio version of book)
    • Rosscup: This (book) is excellent in looking in tremendous detail at 8:28 to see if all things do work together for good to those who love God, who are called according to His purpose, and in what senses they do. There is much solid and rich food for thought and much to make one think through. If a preacher or teacher is preparing to speak on Romans 8:28 this is a good book to expand his thinking on various facets of the matter.

    DANIEL B. WALLACE

    BETHANY BIBLE

    TONY GARLAND

    ROBERT MORGAN

    JONATHAN EDWARDS

    STEVEN COLE

    C H SPURGEON

    GIL RUGH

    GREG HERRICK

    STAN JOHNSON

    HAMPTON KEATHLEY

    C H SPURGEON

    ROBERT MORGAN

    GREG HERRICK

    STEVEN COLE

    BETHANY BIBLE

    CHARLES SIMEON

    ALEXANDER MACLAREN

    CHARLES SIMEON

    ALEXANDER MACLAREN

    J H JOWETT

    RON MANESS

    ANDREW MURRAY

    C H SPURGEON

    ROBERT MORGAN

    H C G MOULE Cambridge Bible Commentary on Romans

    NET BIBLE NOTES
    On Romans

    Hint: NETBible (with choice of several other versions such as ESV, NAS, HCSB in right panel) scrolls in synch with NETBible notes in the right panel and Constable's Expository Notes.

    WILLIAM NEWELL
    Romans Verse by Verse
    Excellent commentary
    Recommended

    James Rosscup - Dr. Chafer, president of Dallas Theological Seminary until 1952, used to say that Newell knew more about the book of Romans than any other man he knew. Newell has written here a detailed English commentary which is very helpful to laymen and easy to read.


    OUR DAILY BREAD
    Devotionals on Romans

    JOHN PIPER
    Sermons on Romans

    A. T. ROBERTSON
    Word Pictures in Romans
    Emphasis on Greek Word Study

    WILLIAM SANDAY & ARTHUR HEADLAM
    A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on
    The Epistle to the Romans Commentary
    The International Critical Commentary Series
    1896

    James Rosscup -  Because of its thoroughness in matters of the Greek text, some have regarded this as the best of the older Greek works on Romans. It is good, but not as lucid and normally workable as commentaries by Bruce, Cranfield, Gifford, Murray, and Schreiner. These other works do not go into the minutia as Sanday and Headlam, but get to the point much better. However, the ICC work should be obtained by the serious student who can use his Greek. Cranfield’s new ICC work on Romans is better overall, as is Moo.

    Sam Storms: . For many years the standard work on the Greek text, it has been replaced in the ICC series by Cranfield. Still worthy of study.


    W. SANDAY
    The Epistle to the Romans
    Commentary

    SERMON ILLUSTRATIONS
    Various Sources

    CHARLES SIMEON
    Romans Sermons
    Almost 600 pages on Romans!

    NOTE: If you are not familiar with the great saint Charles Simeon see Dr John Piper's discussion of Simeon's life - you will want to read Simeon's sermons after meeting him! -  click Brothers We Must Not Mind a Little Suffering (Mp3 even better)

    C H SPURGEON
    All of Spurgeon's Sermons
    On Romans

    C. H. Spurgeon
    Expositions of Romans
    Collected and collated from All His Expositions

    C. H. SPURGEON
    Devotionals on Romans

    RAY STEDMAN
    Expository Sermons on Romans
    Peninsula Bible Church - 1962-63

    RAY STEDMAN
    Expository Sermons
    Peninsula Bible Church - 1975-77

    MARVIN VINCENT
    NT Word Studies on Romans
    Emphasis on Greek Word Study

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    DISCLAIMER: Before you "go to the commentaries" go to the Scriptures and study them inductively (Click 3 part overview of how to do Inductive Bible Study) in dependence on your Teacher, the Holy Spirit, Who Jesus promised would guide us into all the truth (John 16:13). Remember that Scripture is always the best commentary on Scripture. Any commentary, even those by the most conservative and orthodox teacher/preachers cannot help but have at least some bias of the expositor based upon his training and experience. Therefore the inclusion of specific links does not indicate that we agree with every comment. We have made a sincere effort to select only the most conservative, "bibliocentric" commentaries. Should you discover some commentary or sermon you feel may not be orthodox, please email your concern. I have removed several links in response to concerns by discerning readers. I recommend that your priority be a steady intake of solid Biblical food so that with practice you will have your spiritual senses trained to discern good from evil (Heb 5:14-note).