Song of Solomon Commentaries

Song of Solomon Resources
Commentaries, Sermons, Illustrations, Devotionals
See Disclaimer & Caveat Regarding Resources on Prophetic Books

Introduction: The discerning reader should be aware that many of the commentaries on Song of Solomon interpret this book allegorically (See Interpretative Approach). The "danger" is that allegory searches for a hidden spiritual meaning that transcends the literal sense of the sacred text. For example, the respected commentator Matthew Henry (1662-1714) states that the Song of Solomon "is an allegory" and goes on to add "that after the title of the book (Song of Solomon 1:1) we have Christ and His church, Christ and a believer, expressing their esteem for each other." This is not the literal, natural meaning but an allegorical interpretation which begs the question of whose "allegory" or hidden meaning is correct, a problem which is not faced when one interprets the text literally. Commentaries that take a predominantly allegorical approach to the Song of Solomon are (with a few exceptions) not included in this list.

It is also notable that there is a paucity of preaching on this book. I have tried to include sermons that interpret the text literally, but as I read through or listened to these sermons (a sampling), there were frequent points of disagreement. Therefore be very discerning as you read/listen to sermons on the Song of Solomon. For example, out of my respect for the "prince of preachers" all of Spurgeon's sermons are included even though they are predominantly non-literal.

Chart Summary
of the Song of Songs

Union and Communion
The Courtship
(Falling in Love)
Song 1:2-3:5
The Wedding
(United in Love)
Song 3:6-5:1
The Maturing Marriage
(Struggling and Growing in Love)
Song 5:2-8:14
of Love
of Love
of Love
of Love
in Love
in Love
in Love
in Love
Before the
Procession for and Consummation of the Marriage The Honeymoon
is Over!
Song 5:2-6:13
The Marriage Deepens
Love Matures
Song 7:1-8:14
Chief Speaker:
The Bride
Chief Speaker:
The Groom
Chief Speaker:
Chief Speaker:

Theme - The joy and intimacy of love within a committed marriage covenant.

Song of Solomon foreshadows Christ, the Bridegroom's relationship with His Bride, the Church.
(Eph 5:32-note, Rev 19:7-8-note)
Date - Circa 950-965BC
Time Period estimated at about 1 year
Before Solomon plunged into gross immorality and idolatry
(Compare only 140 women in Song 6:8-note with 1Ki 11:1-4, 5-7, 8, 9-10)
Adapted from Charles Swindoll's book chart

Song of Solomon

Verse by Verse
Completed January 22, 2016

Song of Songs
Verse by Verse
Commentary Notes

Literal Interpretation
Compiled by Bruce Hurt
January 22, 2016 Resources
Resources that Reference Song of Solomon
Hint: Do a "control + find" when you open a "hit" and search Song as well as the full name.
This may take some practice but is guaranteed to yield some "gems"!

Brian Bell
Sermon Notes
He tends to interpret the text literally.
Song of Solomon Introduction

In his introduction Bell says "Some say Solomon wrote Ecclesiastes for the Inquiring Mind, Proverbs for the Obedient Will and Song of Solomon for the Loving Heart! Which is better? – Neither one! – We need all 3 for a balanced life!"

Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges
Commentary on Song of Solomon
Interprets the text literally.

Adam Clarke
Clarke interprets the text literally.

Lloyd Carr
Audio - 4 Introductory Lectures

These audios are by Lloyd Carr who is also the author of a respected commentary on The Song of Solomon in the Tyndale Old Testament Commentary series (#2 ranked commentary in list of "Commentary Recommendations" below).

Rosscup writes that "This commentary is well-respected. Carr, evangelical, is very learned, using scholarly sources, yet lucid in his lengthy introduction, statement of theme (two people celebrating a literal love relationship), and verse by verse commenting, He often has something quite helpful."

Century Bible Commentary
Song of Songs

Note: Comments are lucid, generally literal and generally verse by verse.

Thomas Constable
Expository Notes

Constable interprets the text literally

HINT: Click here to Scroll Bible text in NET Bible (or choose another version) -- the Scripture is synchronized with the more technical NET Bible Notes as well as Constable's expositional notes. Very useful feature!

Commentary Recommendations
Song of Solomon

(A) Keith Mathison - Top 5 Commentaries on The Song of Songs - Ligonier Ministries

Mathison writes "It is somewhat difficult to recommend a “Top 5” list on the Song of Songs because one’s inclusion of commentaries in the list will largely depend on whether one takes an allegorical or non-allegorical approach to the book. The list below is based on my own non-allegorical approach to the book.

1. Tom Gledhill — The Message of the Song of Songs (The Bible Speaks Today, 1994). (Amazon) Tom Gledhill’s commentary on the Song of Songs is accessible to any reader, but the fact that it is accessible does not mean that it is simplistic. In fact, in places it is truly profound and insightful. Gledhill sees the book for what it is - a poetic exploration of human love that points beyond itself to the Creator and Redeemer. Very highly recommended.

2. Lloyd Carr — The Song of Solomon (Tyndale Old Testament Commentaries, 1984). (Amazon) Lloyd Carr’s contribution to the Tyndale series of commentaries is a very helpful work on the Song of Solomon. Like Gledhill, Carr takes a non-allegorical approach to the book, and provides numerous insights.

3. Richard S. Hess — Song of Songs (Baker Commentary on the Old Testament Wisdom and Psalms, 2005). (Amazon) Among the more advanced commentaries written from an evangelical perspective, the work by Richard Hess is probably the most helpful. In addition to careful exegesis, Hess provides insightful reflections on the theology of the book. This is something missing in too many commentaries. Highly recommended.

4. Tremper Longman — Song of Songs (New International Commentary on the Old Testament, 2001). (Amazon) For those seeking a thorough exegetical commentary, Longman’s work in the NICOT series is a good resource. He approaches the book as a poem (or more precisely an anthology of poems) about the male-female relationship, which itself is analogous to the relationship between God and His people.

5. Iain Provan — Ecclesiastes, Song of Songs (NIV Application Commentary, 2001). (Amazon) I have already mentioned this volume in the post on Ecclesiastes. The section of the book on the Song of Songs should prove just as helpful to preachers and others looking for practical application. (Keith Mathison)

(B) Best Commentary on Song of Songs - Best Commentaries

(C) James Rosscup has the following reviews…

Deere, Jack S. “Song of Songs,” in Bible Knowledge Commentary - A well-studied conservative treatment following the two character view, Solomon and a woman. He is clear, explains most matters that need explaining, and shows good expertise in the Hebrew word meaning and movement of the book. He develops the beauty of a love relationship as God intends it.

Glickman, S. Craig. A Song for Lovers. Downers Grove: lVP, 1976. - After he wrote his Th. M. thesis at Dallas Seminary in 1974 on “The Unity of the Song of Solomon”, he wrote this. He gives his own translation, paraphrase and practical comments on the love relationship within marriage. The is generally done well.

(D) Below are commentaries recommended by the Third Millennium Ministries…

Carr, G. L. (1984). Vol. 19: Song of Solomon: An Introduction and Commentary. Tyndale Old Testament Commentaries. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press.

Gledhill, Tom. (1994). The Message of the Song of Songs. The Bible Speaks Today. IVP Academic.

Hess, Richard S. (2005). Song of Songs. Baker Commentary on the Old Testament Wisdom and Psalms. Baker Academic.

Longman III, Tremper. (2008) Dictionary of the Old Testament: Wisdom, Poetry & Writings (The IVP Bible Dictionary Series). IVP Academic.

Longman III, Tremper.. (2001). Song of Songs. New International Commentary on the Old Testament. Eerdmans Pub Co.

Longman III, Tremper., and Garland, David E. (2008). Proverbs-Isaiah. Expositor's Bible Commentary. Zondervan; Revised edition.

Provan, Iain. (2001). Ecclesiastes, Song of Songs. NIV Application Commentary. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan.

(E) James Dennison - What Should I Read on the Song of Solomon- - Kerux 8-2 (Sep 1993)

James Dennison, Jr
Song of Solomon
Structure and Biblical Theology
Northwest Theological Seminary

1. Biblical Theology and Structure
or download HERE

2. Interpretation Song of Solomon 1.1 - 2.17

or download HERE

3. Interpretation Song of Solomon 3.1 - 5.1

or download HERE

4. Interpretation Song of Solomon 5.2 - 8.14

or download HERE

5. Wasf Up! (And Down!)

or download HERE

6. Crux Interpretum: Hard Passages in Solomon's Song

or download HERE

Lecture handout - 13 Pages

What Should I Read on the Song of Solomon- - James T. Dennison, Jr. - Kerux 8-2 (Sep 1993)

John Dummelow
Commentary on the Bible
Song of Solomon
Literal Interpretation

Introduction: At the first blush we are surprised to find in the Bible a poem on human love. But we must remember that the mutual attraction of the sexes is of God's ordaining. So far from being intrinsically evil, it contains for both parties an immeasurable possibility of blessing. And the love which is here sung is ordered, regulated, legitimate. The imagery is too suggestive, and the description of physical charms too minute, for our taste, but it was produced by an Oriental for Orientals. More reticence does not necessarily imply truer purity. No doubt we should have welcomed a clear recognition of the intellectual, ideal, and spiritual side of marriage, but it would be a mistake to argue that the poet was a stranger to this better part. And such love as Song of Solomon 8:7 describes is based on broader foundations than those supplied by mere sensuous charms alone.

Again, whilst it is admitted that the poem was not meant to be understood either typically or allegorically, all true human love is, in the Apostle's sense of the word, a mystery (Ephesians 5:28-33) which carries the Christian's mind upward to the union of the soul with Christ. Sensuous thoughts and images are never to hold us prisoners. The earthly is a steppingstone to the heavenly. Spenser tells us that, having in the green time of his youth composed two Hymns in praise of Love and Beauty, 'and finding that the same too much pleased those of the like age and disposition, which being too vehemently caried with that kind of affection, do rather sucke out poyson to their strong passion, then hony to their honest delight,' he afterwards resolved, 'by way of retractation, to reforme them, making, in stead of those two Hymnes of earthly or naturall love and beautie, two others of heavenly and celestiall.' In this he is a safe guide”

All the glory and the grace of things,
Witchcraft of loveliness, wonder of flesh,
Fair symmetry of forms, deep harmonies
Of line and limb”are but as shadows cast
From hidden light of Beauty and of Love

It would be a dull eye that missed the beauty of the poem. Its author responded immediately to every charm of Nature or of Art. Above all was his soul attuned to Nature. He carries us along with him into the open air, to the vineyards, the villages, the mountains. He awakes us at daybreak to catch the scent of the forest trees, to gather the apples and the pomegranates, to listen to the grateful plash of falling waters. How he loved the flocks of wild pigeons, the crocuses, the fields embroidered with lilies: His verse is fragrant with the breath of spring. And the soul of artistry within him was moved by the pomp of the court, the magnificence of a royal litter, the glittering whiteness of an ivory tower, the proud display of warriors' shields, the ornaments and costly dress of women. No other poem in the Bible can be compared with this. It still merits the title, prefixed by the men who inserted it in the Canon, 'The Song of Songs,' the most beautiful, the one that most nearly corresponds with the ideal of its class. At the first blush we are surprised to find in the Bible a poem on human love. But we must remember that the mutual attraction of the sexes is of God's ordaining. So far from being intrinsically evil, it contains for both parties an immeasurable possibility of blessing. And the love which is here sung is ordered, regulated, legitimate. The imagery is too suggestive, and the description of physical charms too minute, for our taste, but it was produced by an Oriental for Orientals. More reticence does not necessarily imply truer purity. No doubt we should have welcomed a clear recognition of the intellectual, ideal, and spiritual side of marriage, but it would be a mistake to argue that the poet was a stranger to this better part. And such love as Song of Solomon 8:7 describes is based on broader foundations than those supplied by mere sensuous charms alone. (Read the entire Overview of Song of Solomon - Interesting!)

Easy English Commentary
Interesting simple translation and comments

Ellicott's Commentary
Song of Songs

Gene Getz
Song of Solomon
Life Essentials Study Bible Companion Video Commentary

Click the videos below for Dr Getz's practical points related to the beautiful Song of Solomon

John Gill
Not listed as his approach is not literal


Related to the
Song of Solomon

Dave Guzik
Song of Solomon Commentary
Generally Literal Approach

Matthew Henry
Not listed as his approach is not literal


H A Ironside
A Profile Song Of Solomon A Book Of Love
Generally Literal Interpretation

Rosscup: Many have considered this book one of the most helpful for a lighter, practical exposition. (Commentaries for Biblical Expositors: An Annotated Bibliography of Selected Works)

Jamieson, Fausset, Brown
Commentary Critical and Explanatory
on the Whole Bible
Not listed as his approach is not literal


Keil & Delitzsch
Commentary on the Old Testament
Caveat: Approach not always literal

Steve Kreloff
Messianic Jewish Pastor
Expository Series on
Song of Solomon
Literal approach
Practical Application

Comment - Although this is only available in Mp3, if you are interested in a serious study of the Song of Solomon, this 16 message series (plus 2 other messages related to "Biblical Marriage") is highly recommended. If you listen to nothing else, take 46 minutes to listen to Pastor Kreloff's well reasoned analysis in his introduction.

The following two messages are from the 9 part series on Biblical Marriage (Click)…

Miscellaneous Resources
Commentaries, Sermons, Devotionals

Song of Solomon 8:12a, Who Said It?

Robert Alden

Song of Solomon, Theology of - "The allegorical method… lacks any external justification. The Song gives no indication that it should be read in any but a straightforward way. The discovery and publication of formally similar love poetry from modern Arabic literature as well as ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia signaled the end of the allegorical approach to the text, but left the church with a number of questions about the theological meaning of the Song. The Song serves an important canonical function with its explicit language of love. Allegorization in early times arose from the belief that such a subject was unsuitable for the Holy Scriptures."

Other Dictionary articles related to Song of Solomon…

Baker's Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology

Book Review - Song of Songs. Baker Commentary on the Old Testament Wisdom and Psalms

William Barrick
Song of Solomon overview Kenneth Boa
Book Review - Song of Songs (NICOT) Irv Busenitz

Song of Solomon - Interesting Facts - Chart with brief (but indeed interesting) facts some you know but some you make not

Bible Charts
Song of Solomon - Audio Kenneth Boa

The Song Of David’s Son: Interpreting The Song Of Solomon In The Light Of The Davidic Covenant

Iain D. Campbell
Song of Solomon 2:1-2 A Lily Among the Thorns
Song of Solomon 5:2-16 A Heart for Him
Song of Solomon 5:8-16 He's All that and So Much More
Alan Carr
The Old Testament Love Songs And Their Use In The New Testament

Is the Song of Solomon a "Sacred Marriage" Drama?

G. Lloyd Carr
Song of Songs 1 – 8 (Solomon Reflects Upon Love and Wisdom) David Colburn
Companion Bible Commentary - brief notes no select verses Companion Bible

The Song of Songs - interesting review of the various approaches to interpretation of this OT poetic book

Donald E. Curtis

Does A Literal Interpretation Of The Song Of Songs Remove Its Character As Scripture?

Samuel Ives Curtis

Theology of Sexuality in the Song of Songs: Return to Eden," Andrews University Seminary Studies 27.1 (Spring 1989) 1-19 ( or in PDF)

Richard Davidson

Crux Interpretum: Hard Passages in Solomon's Song - Mp3

Biblical Theology and Structure - Song of Solomon - Mp3

Wasf Up! (There are 4 in the Song 4:1-5, 5:10-16, 6:4-7, 7:1-5) - Mp3

James Dennison
Longing - Song of Solomon Mark Dever

Ethics and Aesthetics in the Song of Songs

Mark Elliot

Early and Medieval Jewish Interpretation of the Song of Songs -Grace Theological Journal 1.2 (Fall, 1981) 221-31 (or in PDF)

Weston Fields

The Course of True Love - Song of Solomon - Mp3

Sinclair Ferguson
A Parabolic View of the Song of Solomon Thomas Fountain

Discussion of the rise of allegorical interpretation - Included here because this has been a common approach to the interpretation of the Song.

Tony Garland
Scripture Index - Song Of Solomon - The Gospel Coalition - only one Mp3! Gospel Coalition
Song of Solomon: Synthetic Bible Studies James Gray

Song of Solomon - Go to dropdown for "Books" and select "Song of Songs" - Messages are divided into 3 sessions. Transcripts are available and Pastor Guglielmo generally goes through the chapters verse by verse.

Joe Guglielmo
The Messianic Music of the Song of Songs: A Non-Allegorical Interpretation James M. Hamilton Jr

Song of Songs 1:7 Separated Lovers

Song of Songs 2:11-13 Spring-Time

Song of Songs 8:6-7 In Praise of Love

James Hastings
Difficult Passages in the Song of Songs Paul Haupt
The New Structure Of The Song Of Songs And Its Implications For Interpretation Andrew Hwang
Solomon's Perfect One Harold Holmyard III
Song of Songs - Dictionary Article Holman Bible Dictionary

Song of Solomon 8:6-7 Building Better Love

Click here, select Old Testament, then Song

David Holwick
Mistranslation in Canticles 1:5 (Song of Solomon 1:5) Edwin Hostetter
Song of Songs - Dictionary Article ISBE
The Enigmatic Genre and Structure of the Song of Songs, Part 1
The Enigmatic Genre and Structure of the Song of Songs, Part 2
The Enigmatic Genre and Structure of the Song of Songs, Part 3
Gordon H. Johnston
Equality Of Sexes In Marriage: Exposition Of The Song Of Songs Arthur H. Lewis
The Poetical Books J. Hampton Keathley, III

Ecclesiastes Commentary - This is a relatively modern, relatively in depth treatment. The author takes a literal approach to interpretation. Go to the Pdf page 315 for the beginning of this commentary which is about 150 pages long. "Fact questions" are interspersed throughout the commentary to aid your review. This looks to be a fine resource to aid your study of Ecclesiastes.

R J Kidwell
The Song of Solomon - Devotional Commentary (be aware it is not literal) Henry Law

An Introduction to the Song of Songs
An Argument of the Song of Songs
Selected Bibliography of the Song of Songs

David Malick

Song Of Solomon - Introduction from MacArthur Study Bible

MacArthur comments on the Interpretive Challenges: The Song has suffered strained interpretations over the centuries by those who use the “allegorical” method of interpretation, claiming that this song has no actual historical basis, but rather that it depicts God’s love for Israel and/or Christ’s love for the church. The misleading idea from hymnology that Christ is the rose of Sharon and the lily of the valleys results from this method (Song 2:1). The “typological” variation admits the historical reality, but concludes that it ultimately pictures Christ’s bridegroom love for His bride the church. A more satisfying way to approach Solomon’s Song is to take it at face value and interpret it in the normal historical sense, understanding the frequent use of poetic imagery to depict reality. To do so understands that Solomon recounts (1) his own days of courtship, (2) the early days of his first marriage, followed by (3) the maturing of this royal couple through the good and bad days of life. The Song of Solomon expands on the ancient marriage instructions of Genesis 2:24, thus providing spiritual music for a lifetime of marital harmony. It is given by God to demonstrate His intention for the romance and loveliness of marriage, the most precious of human relations and “the grace of life” (1Pet 3:7).


I. The Courtship: “Leaving” (Song 1:2–3:5)

A. The Lovers’ Remembrances (Song 1:2–2:7)

B. The Lovers’ Expression of Reciprocal Love (Song 2:8–3:5)

II. The Wedding: “Cleaving” (Song 3:6–5:1)

A. The Kingly Bridegroom (Song 3:6–11)

B. The Wedding and First Night Together (Song 4:1–5:1a)

C. God’s Approval (Song 5:1b)

III. The Marriage: “Weaving” (Song 5:2–8:14)

A. The First Major Disagreement (Song 5:2–6:3)

B. The Restoration (Song 6:4–8:4)

C. Growing in Grace (Song 8:5–14)

John MacArthur
MP3s by Chapter - Song of Solomon Monergism

Overview Song of Solomon - excellent summary (recommended) Here is an excerpt…

Christ in Song of Solomon: There has been a long tradition of relating this book to Christ by drawing analogies between the experiences of the two lovers and the experience of Christ and his Church. In fact, the image of God as the husband and of his covenant people as his wife is also found in the Old Testament (e.g., Jer. 2:2; Hos. 2:14-20). Because Christ claims the Church as his bride (cf. Eph. 5:22-33), one legitimate application of Song of Songs is to realize that the love described in the book is in many ways similar to the love that Jesus has for the Church (e.g. this is the predominant use of the Song of Songs in the Westminster Standards). At least three central dimensions instruct modern readers about the nature of this love: self giving, desire, and commitment. Jesus delights in us and gives himself to us in love. He desires us wholly for himself, and he feels deeply both the pain and pleasure of his relationship with us. Christ gave his very life for the Church and even now devotes himself to her good as a loving husband. The Church looks to Christ for protection and affection; she honors him for his wondrous care and seeks his glory every day. Both Christ and the Church long for the day of their final union, the day of the great wedding feast at Christ's return (Rev. 19:7, 9).

Joseph R Nally
Song of Solomon - A Profile: A Book of Love John Phillips
Ecclesiastes and Song of Solomon Bill McRae
Ecclesiastes & Song of Solomon J Vernon McGee
“What is He Doing in that Book?” Solomon’s Role in the Song of Songs Mark McGinniss
Outline Study - Song of Solomon William Moorehead
Living Message - Song of Solomon G Campbell Morgan
Intro to Songs — Study Bible Introductory Notes

Interpretation - To find the key for unlocking the Song, interpreters have looked to prophetic, wisdom and apocalyptic passages of Scripture, as well as to ancient Egyptian and Babylonian love songs, traditional Semitic wedding songs and songs related to ancient Mesopotamian fertility religions. The closest parallels appear to be those found in Proverbs (see Pr 5:15–20; 6:24–29; 7:6–23). The description of love in 8:6–7 (cf. the descriptions of wisdom found in Pr 1–9 and Job 28) seems to confirm that the Song belongs to Biblical wisdom literature and that it is wisdom’s description of an amorous relationship. The Bible speaks of both wisdom and love as gifts of God, to be received with gratitude and celebration. This understanding of the Song contrasts with the long-held view that the Song is an allegory of the love relationship between God and Israel, or between Christ and the church, or between Christ and the soul (the NT nowhere quotes from or even alludes to the Song). It is also distinct from more modern interpretations of the Song, such as that which sees it as a poetic drama celebrating the triumph of a maiden’s pure, spontaneous love for her rustic shepherd lover over the courtly blandishments of Solomon, who sought to win her for his royal harem. Rather, it views the Song as a linked chain of lyrics depicting love in all its spontaneity, beauty, power and exclusiveness—experienced in its varied moments of separation and intimacy, anguish and ecstasy, tension and contentment. The Song shares with the love poetry of many cultures its extensive use of highly sensuous and suggestive imagery drawn from nature.

NIV Study Bible

Tommy Nelson's series on Song of Solomon - youtube - these are just excerpts
Tommy Nelson's series on Song of Solomon - Mp3's

See also Tommy Nelson song of Solomon - I have not personally listened to his series on Solomon but my son an elder at Austin Stone has listened to this set and found it to be excellent preparation for his marriage.

Tommy Nelson
Key to Song of Solomon William Orr
Guidelines for Understanding and Utilizing the Song of Songs Greg W. Parsons
Through the Bible Book by Book - Song of Solomon Myer Pearlman

Dr. Rayburn gives 3 messages with both audio and written transcripts…

Robert Rayburn
The Song of Solomon by Harry Reeder - Reformed Theology Article Harry Reeder
Song of Solomon - Brief notes from a literal perspective Relevant Bible Teaching

The Song Of Songs - thoughtful comments on a difficult book to interpret

Arend Remmers
Theology of Sex -Recommended online book Grant Richison
Song of Solomon - Tradition and Love Rick Safriet
Song of Solomon - Music to Live By
Song of Solomon - A Love Song and a Hymn
Ray Stedman

Song of Solomon - The Book of Romance and Intimacy - looks good. Might make a good pre-marital counseling study.

Study Guide

Book of Song of Solomon Overview - Insight for Living Ministries - see excerpt below…

Why is Song of Solomon so important? This book remains singular within the Old Testament for at least two reasons: its character as a single poem and its subject matter, particularly the frank discussion of love between a married couple. The Song of Solomon’s willingness to broach the topic of physical love within marriage has made many of its readers throughout history uncomfortable, so much so that Rabbi Aqiba had to vigorously defend the book’s place in the Jewish canon even as late as AD 90 at the Council of Jamnia.2 But as a testament to the beauty of the marriage relationship in its fullness, Song of Solomon stands out with its uniquely detailed vision of this beautiful reality.

What's the big idea? The fullness of the union that takes place at marriage is described in some of the most splendid poetic language in the entire Bible. In a world where so many speak of God’s special gifts with coldly clinical or apathetic statistical language, the passion of Solomon’s poetry refreshes a world thirsty for the truth about marriage. Solomon began his rendering of this relationship with the two lovers in courtship longing for affection while expressing their love for one another (Song of Solomon 1:1–3:5). Eventually, they come together in marriage, the groom extolling his bride’s beauty before they consummate their relationship (Song 3:6–5:1). Finally, she struggles with the fear of separation, while he reassures his bride of his affections for her (Song 5:2–8:14). All of this reinforces the theme of the goodness of marriage. Some suggest the book also pictures in a more general way Christ’s love for His bride, the church.

How do I apply this? From courtship to marriage to the assurance of love, Song of Solomon poetically presents a broad range of events and feelings in the days leading up to and during marriage, offering encouragement toward an enduring love amid the petty jealousies and fears sure to threaten even the strongest of relationships. We should heed the Song’s sublime words by continuing to value marriage as one of the bedrocks of society, appreciating the goodness and the beauty borne out of the union of two people in holy matrimony. Would you consider your marriage a sign of God’s goodness and beauty working in your life, or has it become something less than that over time? Song of Solomon reminds us that both marriage and the physical union that follows originate in God; we should therefore consider each of them as evidence of His grace working itself out in the world.

Charles Swindoll
The Message of the Song of Songs
The History of Interpretation of the Song of Songs (23 pages)
J. Paul Tanner
Sermons on Song of Solomon (mostly audio) Third Millennium
Analysis of Song of Solomon
Analysis of Song of Solomon
Valley Bible Church
Analysis of Song of Solomon James Van Dine

OT Reflections of Christ - Song of Solomon

Introduction - The Song of Solomon is the closing book of the poetical section of the Old Testament. It is probably censured more and read less than any other book. Critics have said it is indecent, and it may appear to be so to the unspiritual mind. Remember, however, that the Eastern people were a passionate people, both in love and hate.

The highest affection known to man is a husband's love for his wife. Jesus spoke of this devotion when He said, ''For this cause shall a man leave father and mother, and shall cleave to his wife, and they two shall be one flesh'' (Matthew 19:5).

Some people say that the Song of Solomon is just a love song and therefore has no place in the Bible. A superficial reading of the book might lead to this conclusion. But when you consider the tremendous truth found in Ephesians 5-- that the union of a husband and wife is an earthly illustration of the heavenly relationship between Christ and His church-- then the Song of Solomon takes on a new meaning. The child of God sees the love of Christ for His church portrayed through the love of a man for his wife. One of the greatest needs of the church today is a deep, personal love for Christ… The key word of the Song of Solomon is ''beloved.'' The key verse is: ''I am my beloved's, and my beloved is mine'' (Song 6:3). Let us consider the teaching of the book by looking at several important facets of the love-relationship between the bride and the bride-groom.

Paul Van Gorder
Song of Solomon - Mp3 Bruce Waltke
Sermon Series on the Song of Solomon - seems to focus on the literal aspects and intimacy in marriage G I Williamson
Some New Thoughts About the Song of Solomon Sherwood E Wirt
Cultic Clues in Canticles (Song of Songs) Edwin Yamauchi

Defender's Study Bible

Introduction to Song of Solomon Like the book of Ecclesiastes, the Song of Solomon (also known as “Song of Songs” and “Canticles”) is both fascinating and enigmatic, both providing striking testimonials (as in the book of Proverbs) to the unique, wide-ranging, wisdom of Solomon. Like the other two books, it claims to be from Solomon (Song of Solomon 1:1). Solomon was said to have written over a thousand songs (I Kings 4:32), but this was his “Song of songs!”

The book was evidently written early in Solomon’s reign, long before his many wives turned his life away from devotion to his first love. Although there have been a number of interpretations of this book, the most obvious interpretation is no interpretation at all. That is, it is simply what it purports to be—a romantic love poem describing the love of young Solomon and a Shulamite maiden who became his first bride.

There is nothing unseemly, of course, about a book of the Bible depicting the beauties of pure courtship and marital love. The union of male and female in holy matrimony is intrinsic to the creation itself (Genesis 2:24-25). In this sense, the narrative of the Song can be considered as an idyllic picture of courtship and marriage that might apply, with varying details, to all true love and marriage as ordained by God.

In a secondary sense, the account may also be considered as a type of the love of Christ and His church, the “Bride of Christ” (compare Ephesians 5:22-33; Revelation 21:2; 22:17). This analogy should not be pressed too far, of course, as the book should primarily be studied in accord with its own clear intent, that of describing and honoring the God-ordained union of man and woman in true love and marriage.

Holman Christian Study Bible
Notes on Song of Solomon

Interprets the Song of Solomon in a normal, literal sense

Instructions for use of Study Bible Notes: Holman Christian Standard Bible Study Bible - Open in Reader > View in Reader > see Table of Contents at top of HCSB Study Bible

Lange's Commentary
Song of Solomon
Comments on Verses at top of page are generally Literal
Comments in Doctrinal, Ethical section are generally allegorical

Jeffrey E. Miller
Audio Series

Tommy Nelson
Love Song:
A Study in the Song of Solomon

Includes notes, pictures, hymns

Recommended: NETBible notes while somewhat technical can be helpful and in the Song are more lengthy than NET Notes on many other books. You can also select Constable's Notes (literal approach). As you scroll the the left panel, the notes are synchronized and will scroll to the same passage. This is a very helpful feature.

Our Daily Bread
Devotionals for
Sermon and teaching illustrations
Radio Bible Class

Reformation Study Bible
Study Notes on
Song of Solomon

Rob Salvato

C H Spurgeon
All his Sermons on
Song of Solomon
Note: Spurgeon is included in the list but his approach is often allegorical and not literal

Ray Stedman
Song of Solomon

Song of Solomon - Music to Live By
Song of Solomon - A Love Song and a Hymn

Derek Thomas
Song of Solomon
Sermon Series

Bob Utley
Song of Solomon

G I Williamson
The Song of Songs:
A Series of Sermons

Primarily Literal Interpretation
All of the titles below are on the same page - you will need to scroll down

Third Millennium
Study Notes
Song of Solomon

Outline & References

Notes on the Text

Song of Solomon 1

Song of Solomon 2

Song of Solomon 3

Song of Solomon 4

Song of Solomon 5

Song of Solomon 6

Song of Solomon 7

Song of Solomon 8

Today in the Word
Song of Solomon

Note: The Devotionals in the Right 2 Columns can be found in the respective chapters of the commentary (in the left column). Scroll down to the devotional.

Song of Solomon 1:1-4
Song of Solomon 1:5-8
Song of Solomon 1:9-14
Song of Solomon 1:15-17
Song of Solomon 2:1-7
Song of Solomon 2:8-9
Song of Solomon 2:10-14
Song of Solomon 2:15
Song of Solomon 2:16-17
Song of Solomon 3:1-5
Song of Solomon 3:6-11
Song of Solomon 4:1-5
Song of Solomon 4:6-7
Song of Solomon 4:8-9
Song of Solomon 4:10-11
Song of Solomon 4:12-16
Song of Solomon 5:1
Song of Solomon 5:2-3
Song of Solomon 5:4-7
Song of Solomon 5:8-16
Song of Solomon 6:1-3
Song of Solomon 6:4-7
Song of Solomon 6:8-10
Song of Solomon 6:11-13
Song of Solomon 7:1-10
Song of Solomon 7:11-13
Song of Solomon 8:1-4
Song of Solomon 8:5-9

Steve Zeisler
Peninsula Bible Church


DISCLAIMER: Before you "go to the commentaries" go to the Scriptures and study them inductively (Click 3 part overview of how to do Inductive Bible Study) in dependence on your Teacher, the Holy Spirit, Who Jesus promised would guide us into all the truth (John 16:13). Remember that Scripture is always the best commentary on Scripture. Any commentary, even those by the most conservative and orthodox teacher/preachers cannot help but have at least some bias of the expositor based upon his training and experience. Therefore the inclusion of specific links does not indicate that we agree with every comment. We have made a sincere effort to select only the most conservative, "bibliocentric" commentaries. Should you discover some commentary or sermon you feel may not be orthodox, please email your concern. I have removed several links in response to concerns by discerning readers. I recommend that your priority be a steady intake of solid Biblical food so that with practice you will have your spiritual senses trained to discern good from evil (Heb 5:14-note).