Hebrew Word Studies


Introduction: Since there are over 8600 Hebrew words in Strong's Lexicon any attempt at Hebrew word studies is an overwhelming task. As of 2016 there are more than 400 Hebrew word studies but clearly this is a lifelong project (and at age 70 it undoubtedly will never be finished!) The goal of the word studies will be to include Hebrew words that are used in the commentary notes on this website, but they will generally not be discussed in as much detail as the Greek Word Studies. The format will be similar to the Greek and will include the English word first (with most common synonyms), the Strong's number (all Hebrew numbers will begin with a "0" to distinguish from the Greek Strong's numbers) and the transliterated Hebrew word which will serve as the link to the on site definition. You might also try searching preceptaustin.org using the Strong's number (remember to put a zero in front of the Strong's number, not an "H") if you know the number and it is not in this list, as many other Hebrew words have definitions, albeit not in as much detail. Note that the English words are based on the New American Standard translation.

Related Resources:

Abaddon (011) abaddon

Abhor (detest) (08581) taab

Abhor (01602ga'al

Abomination (detestable, loathsome) (08441) toebah

Abominations (08251) shiqquts

Abram (087abram

Abundance (ashes, fatness) (01880) deshan

Accept (verb) (be accepted, be a delight, be pleased) (07521) ratsah/rasah

Accepted (noun) (07522) ratson/rason

Adonai (0136) 'adonay

Adultery (05003)(נָאַף nāʾap̱)

Afflict (Humble) (06031) 'anah

Altar (04196) mizbeah

Ambush (lie in wait, lurk) (0693) arab

Amen (0543) amen

Anathoth (06068) anathoth

Anger (nose, nostril, wrath) (0693) aph

Anoint (04886) masah/maschah

Anointed (04899) mashiach/masiyah

Anointing (consecrated) (04888) mishchah

Answer (response, purpose) (04617) maaneh

Appointed times (festival, feast, meeting) (04150) moed

Apostasy (07962) shalva

Arise (rise, establish, stand, set, get) (06965) qum

Aroma (fragrance) (07381) reah

Arouse (awaken)(05782) 'ur

Arrogance (01433) godel

Arrogant (proud, presumptuous) (02086) zed

Ashamed (put to shame) (0954) bosh

Ash heap (dunghill)(0830) aspot

Atonement (See "Make atonement" below) (03725) kippur/kippurim

Baal (verb)(husband, marry, rule)(01166) baal

Baal (noun)(husband, lord, master, owner, possessor)(01167) ba'al

Baal (proper noun)(01168ba'al

Baal - See uses in combination with other Hebrew words

Babylon (0894) babel

Barren (06135) 'aqar

Baruch (01263) baruk

Basin (laver) (03695) kiyor

Bear, bring, proclaim good news (01319basar

Beautiful (handsome, appropriate) (03303) yapheh

Beautiful (beauty, glory) (06643) tsebi/tsebiy

Become weary (03286) ya'aph

Before (06440) panim/paniym/paneh

Before (in front of, opposite, presence)(05048) neged

Beginning (first-fruits) (07225) reshith

Behold (02009) hinneh

Believe (0539) aman

Beloved (01730) dod

Besiege (harass, attack) (06696) tsûr/sur

Bite (05391) nashak

Bitter (3966) marar

Blameless (without defect or blemish, perfect, integrity) (08549) tamim

Bless (01288) barak

Blessing  (01293) berakah

Bless (0835) 'esher/'eser

Boaz (01162) bo'az

Booths (tabernacles) (05521) sukkah

Bow down (prostrate, worship) (07812) shachah

Branch (spout, what grew) (06780) tsemach

Branch (05342) netser/neser

Bread (food) (03889) lehem

Break , broken (07665) shabar

Break (broke)(06555) parats

Breastpiece (02833) hosen

Bribe (07810) shochad

Broken (05218) naka

Bruise (07779) shûph

Build (highway, exalt) (05549) salal

Burnt offering (05930) 'olah

Buy (purchase, acquire) (07069) qanah

Cakes (02471) challah

Calamity (0343) ed

Call (07768) shava'/sawa'

Captured (caught) (03920) lakad

Case (strife) (07379) riyb

Cast (07993) shalak/salak

Cave (04631) mearah

Chaff (07179) qas/qash

Cleaved (1692) dabaq

Clean (adjective) (pure) (02889) tahor

Clean (verb) (cleanse, purify) (02891) taher

Clothe (clothed, dressed, arrayed, put on clothes)(03487) labas

Come before (confront, meet) (06923) qadam

Come near (Draw near, offer) (07126) qarab

Compassion (have compassion, mercy)(07355) racham

Complacency (07962) shalva

Complete, Whole, Full (08003) shalem

Complete destruction (complete end, full end) (03617) kala

Confess (praise, give thanks) (03034) yadah

Came upon mightily (06743tsalach

Comforted (repent, relent, sorry, change, console) (05162) naham/nacham

Contain (endure, hold, provide, sustain) (03557) kul

Contend (plead case) (07378) riyb

Consecrate (Sanctify, make holy) (06942) qadash

Consider (reckon, regard, devise, plan) (02803) chasab/hasab

Continual (continually, regular) (08548) tamid

Contribution (offering, heave offering) (08541) terumah

Contrite (crushed, broken)(01794) dakah

Convocation (04744) miqra'

Corner (tower) (06438) pinnah

Couch (06210) eres

Council/counsel (05475) sod

Counselor (03289) ya'ats

Covenant (01285) berit/berith/beriyth

Cover (conceal) (03680) kacah/kasah

Create (01254) bara'

Crown (separation, dedicated) (05145) nezer

Cry out (02199) za'aq

Curse (devoted, destruction, utterly destroy) (02764) herem

Curse (blaspheme) (05344) naqab

Curse (despise, lighten, swift) 07043) qalal

Cut (make [a covenant], cut off, destroy) (03772) karath

Darkness (02822) choshek

Darling (07474) rayah

Deal treacherously (0898) bagad

Deceive (deny, lie, pretend obedience) (03584) kachash

Deceitful (07423) remiyah

Deep sleep (08639)(tardemah

Defect (blemish) (03971) mum

Defile (pollute, stain) (01351) gaal

Delight (desire) (02654) chaphets

Delight (desire, pleasure) (02656) Hepes/chepes/chephets

Desire (02530) chamad/hamad

Delight (06026) anag

Demons (he goat) (08163) sa'yr

Departed (04185) mus/mush

Deposit (reserve) (06487) piqqadon

Desire (crave, long) (0183) awah

Desire (08669) teshuqah

Despair (07817) shachach/sahah

Despise (0959) bazah

Despise (0936) buz

Desolate (lay waste, devastate) (02717) chareb

Desolation (horror) (08047) sammah/shammah

Desolation (be desolate, appalled, astonished) (08074) shamen/samen

Desolate (desolation) (08077) shemamah

Destroy (corrupt)(07843) shachath

Destroy (demolish, exterminate) (08045) shamad

Destruction (brokenness, injury, ruin, crushed) (077667) seber

Detestable (08263) sheqets/seqes

Devices (counsels) (04156) moesah

Devious (03868) luz

Discern (understanding, consider) (0995) bin/biyn

Discipline (instruction) (04148) musar

Discipline (chasten, instruct) (03256) yasar

Discretion (purpose, plot) (04209) mezimmah

Disgrace (03639) kelimmah

Disperse (05310) naphats/napas

Distinguish (05330) nesah

Distress (verb) (06887) tsarar

Distress (trouble) (noun) (06869) tsarah

Disturbed (01993) hamah

Divide (flatter) (02505) chalaq

Divine, Divination (07080) qasam

Dread (fear) (06343) pachad

Drive, drove, driven (01644garas

Dwelling (seat, settlement) (04186) moshab

Eagle (05404) nesher

Empty (idle, worthless) (07386) req

Enmity (0342'eybah or 'ebah 

Entice (deceive) (066601) pathah

Ephah (0374) ephah

Ephod (0646) epod

Equity (04339) meshar

Everlasting, Eternal, Forever (05769) olam

Exile, reveal, uncover, open (01540) galah

Face (06440) panim/paniym/paneh

Fainting (dim)(03544keheh

Faith (faithfulness) (0530) emunah

Falsehood (lies, deception) (08267) sheqer

Fat (02459) heleb

Favor (grace) (02580) chen/hen

Fear (03374) yirah

Fear (dread, terror) (02731) charadah

Feast (festival) (02282) chaq

Figure (04426) melitsah

Fill (filled, filling, full, fulfill, fulfilled, completed, ordain) (04390) male

Fine flour (05560) solet

First-fruitss (07225) reshith

First-fruits (Early ripened things) (01061) bikkurim

Fool (0191) 'evil

Fool (03684) kesil

Foolishness (folly) (0200) iwweleth

Foreigner (alien, adulteress) (05237) nokriy

Forget  (07911shakach/shakah

Forgiven (05545) salach (See another study)

Form (08544temunah

Forsake (leave) (05800) 'azab

Fortified (gather, mighty things) (01219) batsar

Fortunes (07622) shebuth

Frankincense (incense) (03828) lebonah

Freedom (06495peqach-qoach

Freewill offering (05071) nedabah

Front (06440) panim/paniym/paneh

Full (devoted, complete, perfect, wholly) (08003) shalam

Furnace (03564kur

Fury (05678) 'ebrah

Gain (02498) chalaph

Garland (turban, headdress) (06287pe'er

Gash (muster) (01413) gadad

Gift (give, bestow, bribe) (04979) mattanah

Gird (02296) hagar/chagar

Glean (05953) 'alal

Give thanks (praise, confess) (03034) yadah

Glory (03519) kabod

Glory (glorify, to honor) (03513) kabad

Glorify (beautify, adorn)(06286paar

Go (walk)(01980) halak

God (0430) Elohim

Godless (02611) chaneph

Godly (kind) (02623) hasid

Goodness (02898) tub

Grain offering (offering) (04503) minchah

Greed (cut off, finish, profit, gain by violence) (01239) basa

Groan (roar) (05098) naham

Grow (sprout, spring forth) (06779) tsamach

Guilt Offering (Trespass offering) (0817) asam

Guilty (condemned) (0816) asam

Happened (befall, met) (07136) qarah

Happening (fate) (04745) miqreh

Harsh (pain, painful, sorrow) (06089) etseb

Hate (08130) sane

Heal (Physician) (07495) rapha/rophe

Healing (remedy) (04832) marpe

Heart (03820) leb

Heart (03824) lebab

Help (05826) 'azar

Help (05828) 'ezer

Help (05833) 'ezrah

Help (salvation, deliverance) (03444) yeshua

Hidden (treasure, wealth) (04301) matmon

Hide (05641) cathar/satar

Hiding place (secret, secret place) (05643) cether/seter

High (safe) (07682) sagab

High places (01116) bamah

Hissing (derision) (08322) shereqah

Hold (08551) tamak

Holy (most holy, holy things, sanctuary) (06944) qodesh

Hope (03176) yahal/yachal

Hope (wait) (06960) qavah

Hostility (07147) qeri

Hosts (army/armies, war, service) (06635) tsaba

Humbles (abase, make low) (08213) shaphel

Humility (gentleness, meekness) (06038) anawah

Humiliation (disgrace) (03639) kelimmah

Idols (0457) elil

Idols (01544) gillul/gillulim

Idol (graven image) (06459) pesel

Imagination (04906) maskiyth

Incurable (desperately sick) (0605) anash

Indignation (02195) za'am

Indignation (rage, wrath) (02197) zaaph

Iniquity (punishment, guilt) (05771) 'avon

Injustice (iniquity) (05766) 'avel/'awel

Jah or Yah (03050) Jehovah (Yahweh)

Jealousy (07068) qin'ah

Join (fasten) (06775) tsamad

Joshua (03091) Yehoshua/Jehoshua

Joy (08342) sason

Joy (gladness, pleasure, delight) (08057) simchah

Joyful (glad, rejoice, rejoicing) (08056) sameach

Jubilee (ram's horn) (03104) yobel

Judgment(s) (justice, ordinance[s]) (04941) mishpat/mispat

Keep (preserve, observe, watch, guard) (05341) natsar

Keep (careful, guard, kept, observe, watch) (08104shamar

Knowledge (01847) daat

Last (latter, outcome) (0319) acharith

Lead or go astray (wander) (08582) taah

Learning (03948) leqah/leqach

Left (remnant) (07604) sha'ar/sa'ar

Leprosy (06883) tsaraath

Lewdness (02154) zimmah

Lie in wait (lure, ambush) (0693) arab

Light (bright) (03974) maor

Little (06810) tsair

Look (behold) (05027) nabat

Love (friend) (0157aheb

Low (lowly, humble, deep) (08217) shaphal

Loathe (06962) qut

LORD (03068) Jehovah

Lovingkindness (02617) hesed/chesed/heced

Make atonement (forgive, appease) (See "mercy seat") (03722) kapar

Make restitution (pay, repay, recompense) (07999) shalam

Mandrakes (01736) duday

Manslayer (murder)(07523) ratsach

Meditate (01897) hagah

Meditate (07878 - verb) (07879 - noun) siyah

Meeting (appointed times, festival, feast) (04150) moed

Memorial (reminder, remembrance) (02146) zikkaron

Memorial (0234) azkarah

Mercy Seat (03727) kapporet

Messenger (angel) (04397) malak

Midst (07130) qereb

Mighty (01368) gibbor

Might (power, strength, courage) (01369) geburah

Minister as priest (03547kahan

Molech (Moloch in Acts 7:43) (04432) molek

Mourn (verb) (056abal

Mourn (057) abel  

Naive (06612) pethi

Name (08034) shem

Near (close, soon, neighbor, relative) (07138) qarob

Neighbor (companion, friend) (05997) amith

Neighbor (friend, another) (07453) rea/reya'

Net (02764) herem

New (02319) chadash

Offense (offensive, unclean)(06292) piggul

Offer (Draw near) (07126) qarab

Offer (burn incense or sacrifices, offer up in smoke) (06999) qatar

Offering (07133) qorban/korban

Offering (grain offering) (04503) minchah

Offering by fire (0801) ishsheh

Oil (08081) shemen

Open (06491paqach

Oppress (extort, defraud) (06231) ashaq

Oppressive (03238) yanah

Orchard (06508) pardes

Oracle (04853) massa'

Ordination (setting, offering)(04394) millu

Overthrow (break down, destroy, tear down) (02040) haras

Passover (06453) pesach/pesah

Path (course, circle of a camp) (04570) magal, magalah

Peace (07965) shalom

Peace offerings (08002) selem/shelem

Perfect (whole, whole burnt offering) (03632) kalil

Perish (lost, destroy, ruin) (06) abad

Perversion (crookedness) (05558) selep

Perverse (08419) tahpukah

Perverse (crooked) (06141) 'iqqesh

Pestilence (01698) deber

Plans (thoughts; design) (04264) mahasabah

Plant (verb) (08362) shathal/satal

Play the harlot (02181) zanah

Pleasing (06149) arab

Pleasant (favor)(05278) noam

Pomegranate (07416) rimmon

Possessed (07069) qanah

Possession (treasured possession) ( 05042) naba

Possession (property, site) (0272) ahuzzah/achuzzah

Possession (gift, heritage) (05159) nachalah

Pour (08210) shaphak

Praise (verb) (01984) halal

Praise (noun) (08416) tehillah

Praise (confess, give thanks) (03034) yadah

Praise (sing)(02167) zamar

Prayer (08605) tepillah

Presence (06440) panim/paniym/paneh

Present (offer, draw near, bring near) (07126) qarab/qarav

Pride (01346) ga'avah

Profit (dishonest gain, unjust gain, illicitly)(01215) besa

Proud (pride) (01343) geeh

Profane (noun) (02455) chol

Profane (verb) (02490) chalal

Prosperous (success) (06743) tsalach/salah

Proverbs (04912) mashal

Provoke (stir) (01624) garah

Prudence (06195) ormah

Pure (adjective) (Clean) (02889) tahor

Purge (purify, cleanse, choice, test) (01305) barar

Purify (make or become white) (03835) laban

Pursue (persecute, chase, follow) (07291) radaph

Put fat on (prosperous, sated, anointed) (01878) dasen

Quiet (verb) (undisturbed, rest)(08252) shaqat

Ransom (bribe) (03724) koper

Rashly (thoughtlessly) (0981) bata

Rebel (rebellious) (04784) marah

Rebuke (01605) gaar

Redeem, Redemption, Redeemer (01350) goel/ga'al

Redemption (right of redemption) (01353) geullah

Redeem (06299) padah

Refine (02212) zaqaq

Refine (smelt, test) (06884) tsaraph

Refuge (verb- seek/take refuge/shelter in) (02620) (chasah)

Refuge (04733) miqlat

Refuge (noun) (04268) machaseh

Refuge (02620) chasah

Reject, (cast off, despise) (03988) ma'as

Rejoice (glad, exult) (01523) gil

Release (liberty, freedom) (01865) deror

Rely on (lean on, trust) (08172) sha'an

Remember (record, mention) (02142) zakar

Remnant (03498) yathar

Remnant (07604) sha'ar/sa'ar

Remnant (rest) (07611) sheerith

Renew (restore) (02318) chadash/hadas

Report (news, message, rumor)(08052) shemuah

Reproach (02781) cherpah

Reproof (08433) tokeha

Rest (complete or solemn rest) (07677) shabbathon

Rest (resting place) (04496) menuchah

Restrain (withhold, shut up)(03607) kala'

Return (turn away or back, bring or go back, restore) (07725) shub/sub

Rich (06223) ashir/asiyr

Riddle (dark saying) (02420) chidah

Righteous (adjective) (06662) saddiq

Righteousness (06666tsedaqah

Rise early (eager) (07925) shakam

Roar (disturbed (01993) hamah

Rock (05553) sela'

Rock (06697) tsur

Rot (04743maqaq

Rule (4910mashal)

Sabbath (07676) sabbat

Sacrifice (sacrifices) (02077) zebah

Sad (sorrows, pains, trouble, wounds) (06904) assebet

Safe (07682) sagab

Salvation (help, deliverance) (03444) yeshua

Salvation(03468yesha‛, yêsha‛

Sanctuary (holy place) (04720) miqdash

Satisfy, satisfied (07646) saba

Save (deliver, help) (03467) yasha'

Scapegoat (05799) 'aza'zel

Scarlet (08144) saniy/shaniy

Scoffers (scorn, mock) (03887) lis/luwts

Seal (02856) chatham/hatam

Search (disguise) (02664) hapas

Secret (fellowship, intimate friendship) (05475) sod

Securely (security) (0983) betach

Seed, offspring, descendants (02233) zera

Seed (verb - sow seed) (02232zara

Seek (07836) shachar

Seek (search) (01245) baqas

Serpent (05175) nachash

Servants (05650) 'ebed

Shame (01322bosheth

Shekinah Glory - Note: this actual word is not found in the Hebrew text

Sheol (07585) she'ol

Shield (04043)(magen

Shout (alarm, battle cry, blowing) (0929) teruah

Sign (0226) 'oth

Signet (seal, signet ring) (02368) chotham

Silent (be silent, be still) (01826) damam

Sin (sin offering) (02403) chattat/chattath

Sin (verb) (02398) chata'

Sing or shout for joy (07442) ranan

Slaughter (slay, kill, offer) (07819)shachat

Sleep (08142) shenah

Sleep (03462) yashen

Slow (patience, long) (0750) arek

Sluggard (lazy) (06102) asel

Snare (verb) (03369) yaqosh

Snare (noun) (4170) moqesh

Soft (gentle, faint-hearted) (07390) rak

Sojourn (reside)(01481) gur

Sojourner (08453) toshab

Soothing (sweet) (05207) nihoah

Sound wisdom (08454) tushiyyah

Spare (have compassion, pity) (02550) chamal

Springs (fountain) (04599) ma'yan

Sprinkle (scatter, throw) (02236) zaraq

Spurn (despise, reject, blaspheme) (05006) naas

Standard (signal) (05251) nec/nes

Statute (allotment, boundary, decree, due, ordinance, portion)(02706hoq

Stop (conceal, keep secret) (05640) satam

Strange (stranger, estrange, adulteress, outsider) (02114) zur

Stranger (alien, sojouner) (01616ger 

Strength (power) (03581) koah/koach

Strife (contention) (04066) madon

Strong/strength (05797) 'oz

Stubble (Chaff) (07179) qas/qash

Stumble (03782) kashal

Subdue(Subjugate, tread under foot) 03533

Success (prudent, wise) (07919) sakal/sākhal

Suddenly (06597) pithorn

Suet (06309peder

Supplication (08469) tachanun

Swarming (08318) sherets

Tabernacle (Dwelling) (04908) mishkan

Take notice (recognize, show partiality, acknowledge) (05234) nakar

Teach (instruct, learn) (03925) lamad

Teaching (learning) (03948) leqah/leqach

Tear down (05255) nasah

Test (tempt) (see 0974 below) (05254) nacah/nasah

Testimonies (05713) 'edah

Throw (cast) (07993) shalak/salak

Thummim (08550) tummiym

Time (periods of time) (05732) 'iddan (Aramaic)

Tired (toil, weary) (03021) yaga'

Tithe (04643) maaser

Tower (04026) migdal

Trample (04823) mirmas

Transgress (transgression, rebel, rebellion)(06588) pesha'

Transgress (06586) pasha

Treacherous (0898) bagad

Treachery (04604) maal

Treasures (Treasury, storehouse) (0214) otsar

Treasure (to conceal, hide, store) (06845) tsapan/sapan

Trouble (troubler, troubled) (05916) akar

Truth (faithfulness, faithfully) (0571) 'emeth

Try (test, examine) (0974) bachan/bahan

Tunic (03801) kuttonet

Turban (04701) misnepet

Twist (pervert, make crooked) (06140) aqash

Unclean (adjective) (02931) tame

Unclean, made (verb - make unclean) (02930) tame

Uncleanness (02932) tumah (another study)

Understanding (discern, consider) (0995) bin/biyn

Understanding (0998) binah

Understanding(08394) tebunah

Unfaithfully (noun) (treacherously, trespass) (04604) maal

Unfaithful (verb) (be or act unfaithful) (04603) maal

Unintentional (inadvertent) (07584) segagah

Unleavened (04682) massa/matsah

Upright (right) (adjective) (03477) yashar

Uprightness (03476) yosher

Urim (0224) urim

Veil (curtain) (06532) paroket

Vengeance (05359naqam

Violence (noun) (02555) chamas/hamas

Violence (verb) (do violence or harm) (02554) hamas/chamas

Virgin (05959) 'almah

Virgin (maiden) (01330) bethulah

Vision (02377) chazown/chazon

Wafers (07550) raqiq

Wages (reward, hire) (07939) sakar

Wages (04909) maskoreth

Wail (howl) (03213) yalal

Wait (02442) chakah/hakah

Wait (hope) (06960) qavah

Walk (go) (01980) halak

Wall (02346) chomah/homah

Wall (01447gader

Wander (go astray, err, commit error, reel, exhilarated, intoxicated)(07686) shagah

Waste (waste places, ruins, desolation) (02723) chorbah

Watch (watchman, watchmen) (06822) tsaphah

Wave offering (08573) tenupah

Waywardness (04878) meshubah

Wealth (riches) (02633) hosen

Weary (toil, labor) (03021) yaga

Weary (03811) laah

Weep, weeping, wept (01058) bakah

Weeping (noun) (01065) beki

Wicked (07563) rasha'

Willing (would, consent) (014) abah

Wings (edge, corner, ends, fold, skirt) (03671) kanaph

Wisdom (02451) chokmah

Wise counsel (guidance)(08458) tachbulah

Without cause (Useless) (02600) hinnam

Woe (01945) hoy

Wonders (difficult, miracles) (06381) pala

Worm (scarlet, crimson) (08438) tola

Wrath (anger, fury, venom, hot-tempered) (02534) chemah

Yoke (05923) 'ol

Young (06810) tsair

Zeal (07068) qin'ah

Zion (06726) siyyon