|GWT: "'But I will let some people live. Some people will escape the battle among the nations and be scattered throughout the countries. (GWT)
NKJV: "Yet I will leave a remnant, so that you may have some who escape the sword among the nations, when you are scattered through the countries.
WBC: when your survivors of the sword are present among the nations, when you are dispersed among other countries.
Young's Literal: And I have caused some to remain, In their being to you the escaped of the sword among nations, In your being scattered through lands.
HOWEVER I WILL LEAVE A REMNANT, FOR YOU WILL HAVE THOSE WHO ESCAPED THE SWORD AMONG THE NATIONS WHEN YOU ARE SCATTERED AMONG THE COUNTRIES: (Isa 6:13; Ro 9:27; 11:5,6)
In the New Testament the believing Jewish remnant of Israel is what Paul referred to in Galatians 6:16 as the Israel of God (note) (a synonym for NT believing Jews, not the NT church as tragically is so widely taught by those who hold to the false notion that God is finished with the nation of Israel and believe that the NT church has replaced Israel as the recipient of all the promises initially made by God to the literal nation of Israel. This is simply not what a literal, normative reading of Scripture teaches and the Spirit of God foreseeing that such a gross distortion would occur, inspires Paul to correct this aberration with the Word of Truth in Romans 9-11. Unfortunately, many churches tread rather lightly on the teaching in Romans 9-11 with the result that few even with an evangelical persuasion are genuinely comfortable with these vitally important chapters. For an excellent audio discussion (the best discussion I have ever heard) of Romans 9-11, I highly recommend the studies by Tony Garland at spiritandtruth.org - they are balanced, richly interwoven with OT passages and doctrinally sound - Click here, then click on each of the 10 separate sessions and select the audio recording - these 12+ hours of lectures are superb, especially if you have only a vague understanding (or none at all) of God's plan for His chosen people, Israel. To aid your study I would also recommend downloading lesson 1 of Precept's inductive study on Romans 9-11 - Part 3, which is a 64 page Pdf with an overview study of the 3 chapters as well as the text of Romans 9-11 in NAS, double spaced and with wide margins to allow you to carry out your own observations and then take notes as you listen to the 12+ hours of lectures by Tony Garland. You will be equipped and edified and hopefully can pass this information on to others in your church, so that they are not driven and tossed by every wind of doctrine, especially the false doctrine of replacement theology which is blowing through much of the modern church.)
Related Resources on The Believing Remnant of Israel:
Remnant (03498) (yathar) (although 4 different Hebrew words express the concept of remnant) refers to one portion of a quantity which has been divided and generally refers to the smaller part remaining. Remnant can mean that which is spared, preserved, escaped, survived, and thus that which is not in a condition of danger or death. The idea of the remnant is “those being left” or “having escaped,” especially a portion of a community which has escaped a devastating calamity and will form the basis for a new community.
See Ro 11:5ff commentary
Meaning: 1) to be left over, remain, remain over, leave 1a) (Qal) remainder (participle) 1b) (Niphal) to be left over, remain over, be left behind 1c) (Hiphil) 1c1) to leave over, leave 1c2) to save over, preserve alive 1c3) to excel, show pre-eminence 1c4) to show excess, have more than enough, have an excess
TWOT - Yathar refers to one portion of a quantity which has been divided. Generally it is the smaller part and sometimes it is the part of less quality. It may refer to the portion less in quality but more in quantity (Jdg 7:6); e.g., in Neh it includes the people besides the priest, nobles and officials (Neh 2:16; 4:14, 19,). It may also be used in the sense of “advantage” or “more than.” The concept of remain occurs in a wide variety of contexts with many connotations. Food left over is an indication that one’s need has been abundantly met (Ru 2:14; 2Chr 31:10). The people gave liberally for the building of the tabernacle so that items were left over (Ex 36:7). Most of the sacrifices were to be eaten on the day offered; any leftovers were to be consumed (Ex 12:10; Lev 8:32). But a votive or freewill offering was allowed to remain three days before being consumed (Lev 7:16f.). (The Theological Wordbook).
John Witmer adds that "A remnant is the residue of something that is left after the majority of it is taken away… a remnant of a bolt of cloth… The apostle Paul made it clear that a remnant of Israel, including himself, was "chosen by grace" (Ro 11:5-note) to be saved as part of the church. The church, however, is not the remnant of Israel, nor has God abandoned His plan for His people Israel (Jer 31:35, 36, 37). In God's plans, however, only a remnant of Israel (Isa 10:21, 22, Ro 9:27-note) as well as of all humanity (Acts 15:16, 17, 18) will be saved. (The Theological Wordbook. Page 295).
Yathar - 101 verses - Ge 30:36; 32:24; 44:20; 49:4; Ex 10:15; 12:10; 16:19f; 28:10; 29:34; 36:7; Lev 2:3, 10; 6:16; 7:16f; 8:32; 10:12, 16; 14:18, 29; 19:6; 22:30; 27:18; Num 26:65; 33:55; Deut 28:11, 54; 30:9; Josh 11:11, 22; 17:2, 6; 18:2; 21:5, 20, 26, 34, 40; Judg 8:10; 9:5; 21:7, 16; Ruth 2:14, 18; 1 Sam 2:36; 15:15; 25:34; 30:9; 2 Sam 8:4; 9:1; 13:30; 17:12; 1 Kgs 9:20f; 15:18; 17:17; 18:22; 19:10, 14; 20:30; 2 Kgs 4:7, 43f; 20:17; 1 Chr 6:61, 70, 77; 18:4; 24:20; 2 Chr 8:7f; 31:10; Neh 6:1; Ps 79:11; 106:11; Prov 2:21; Isa 1:8f; 4:3; 7:22; 30:17; 39:6; Jer 27:18f, 21; 34:7; 44:7; Ezek 6:8; 12:16; 14:22; 34:18; 39:14, 28; 48:15, 18, 21; Dan 10:13; Amos 6:9; Zech 13:8; 14:16.
NAS Usage - abound(1), had some left(1), had left(1), have preeminence(1), leave(3), leave a remnant(1), leave of it over(1), leaving(1), left(47), left behind(1), left over(6), let remain(1), more than enough(1), preserve(1), prosper you abundantly(1), remain(2), remainder(7), remained(2), remaining(2), remains(3), reserved(2), rest(18), spare(1), surviving(2).
In Scripture Remnant the meaning of the word depends on the context and sometimes refers only to a physical remnant. As used here in Ezekiel and many places in the OT, remnant is used in a "spiritual" sense and refers to individual Jews in the nation of Israel who over the past 4000+ years placed their faith in the Messiah (see Gal 3:8, 16) and were reckoned RIGHTEOUS. The tragedy is that the majority of Israel over this same time period refused to receive Yeshua as Savior and Redeemer. However, the fact that there has always been a believing REMNANT of Israel reflects God’s faithfulness to keep His Covenant promises made to Abraham (see related topic Covenant: Abrahamic versus Mosaic) This spiritual remnant of Israel Paul defines as
Jeremiah prophesies that ""In those days and at that time (be alert for expressions of time, stopping and asking when? In this case it is when Messiah returns to set up His earthly kingdom and rule from Jerusalem) declares the LORD, 'search will be made for the iniquity of Israel, but there will be none (because only Jews who have expressed faith in Messiah will enter the Messianic kingdom); and for the sins of Judah, but they will not be found; for I shall pardon (God's sovereign pleasure chooses to pardon some sinners instead of destroying them all) those whom I leave as a remnant." (Jer 50:20)
J Vernon McGee has as usual some very pithy comments on the doctrine of the "remnant" writing that
The Tyndale Bible Dictionary summarizes the remnant concisely explaining that it refers to a "group of people who survive a catastrophe brought about by God, ordinarily in judgment for sin. This group becomes the nucleus for the continuation of mankind or the people of God; the future existence of the larger group depends on this purified, holy remnant that has undergone and survived the judgment of God. The remnant concept is found in all periods of redemptive history where catastrophe—be it natural disaster, disease, warfare, or other instruments—threatens the continuity of God’s purposes. From the Creation account to the end of the OT, the concept is progressively sharpened. (Elwell, W. A., & Comfort, P. W. Tyndale Bible Dictionary. Wheaton, Ill.: Tyndale House Publishers)
New Geneva Study Bible defines
Nelson's New Illustrated Bible Dictionary defines remnant as "the part of a community or nation that remains after a dreadful judgment or devastating calamity, especially those who have escaped and remain to form the nucleus of a new community. The survival of a righteous remnant rests solely on God’s providential care for His Chosen People and His faithfulness to keep His Covenant promises. The concept of the remnant has its roots in the Book of Deuteronomy (Dt 4:27, 28, 29, 30, 31), where Moses warned the people of Israel that they would be scattered among the nations. But God also promised that He would bring the people back from captivity and establish them again in the land of their fathers. This concept was picked up by the prophets, who spoke of the Assyrian and Babylonian captivities. The concept was extended to apply also to the gathering of a righteous remnant at the time when the Messiah came to establish His kingdom." (Youngblood, R. F., Bruce, F. F., Harrison, R. K., & Thomas Nelson Publishers. Nelson's New Illustrated Bible Dictionary)
In the previous chapter, God presented a picture which "previewed" the doctrine of the remnant instructing Ezekiel to
In Ezekiel 12 God says
Later God elaborates on the remnant explaining to Ezekiel that
Matthew Henry has an excellent comment (but he should be read with discernment when he comments on Old Testament eschatology [future or prophetic events] for he is prone to interpret the promises to Israel as now applying primarily to the church, which can lead to great confusion in studying the Old Testament. This same general caution applies to most of the pre-1900 commentaries! The most literal is that by Jamieson, Fausset, Brown)
I will leave a remnant - This declarative promise by the Covenant Keeping God reflects His sovereign choice as well as His mercy and compassion to not destroy all of Israel but to preserve part of the nation as a godly line of Abraham who expressed faith in His promised Messiah even though most rejected Him.
Isaiah records that
Isaiah 10 records that a small nucleus of God’s people, preserved by His sovereign grace will form a righteous remnant in the midst of national apostasy. Isaiah in context is prophesying of Israel's coming destruction by Assyria, but moves from the near fulfillment of a physical remnant to speak of a future believing Jewish remnant…
Old Testament scholar Richard Patterson commenting on the remnant in Micah 2:12-13 explains
The remnant as discussed in more detail below are the true children of God, a doctrine Paul refers to in explaining what will happen to the Jews --
Stated another way, the remnant is a living reflection and continual reminder of the unmerited favor of Almighty God.
The number of the remnant is always small. In Zechariah 13:8 it is a third of all Israel. In Isaiah 6:13 it is only a tenth of the total and in Ezekiel 5:3 the remnant is pictured as only a few hairs wrapped in a fold of a garment.
After the siege and fall of Jerusalem, Nebuchadnezzar
So in one sense these poor who remained in Judah were a physical remnant. There are several instances when Ezekiel mentions the remnant that would escape the destruction of Jerusalem and would be scattered from the Promised Land (Ezekiel 5:10; 11:13; 14:22).
As alluded to above, in Deuteronomy we find Moses first prophesy that Israel would be removed from "the promised land" if she proved disobedient, and yet in the same prophecy God promised that if Israel would return to Him, He would be merciful and restore her (Dt 30:1-5).
Isaiah predicted the northern 10 tribes would be removed by Assyria.
Ezekiel prophesies of a removal of most of the Southern kingdom, with only a small physical remnant left in Jerusalem. Israel experienced both of these removals in the Assyrian (722BC) and Babylonian (586BC) captivities as well as after the destruction of Jerusalem by Rome in 70AD, at which time the people of Israel were scattered throughout the Gentile nations, in fulfillment of Moses' prophecy that…
C I Scofield writes that one major key to unlocking prophecy is a proper understanding of the doctrine of the remnant which he summarizes as follows
In sum, the majority of physical Jews have been unbelieving and thus rejected by Jehovah, but grace and mercy have been given to a godly group, the remnant. There never has been nor ever will be a complete end to Israel as is spuriously taught in "replacement theology." The spiritual (believing, righteous by faith) remnant is those Jews who have in the past or will in the future place their trust in the Messiah, regardless of whether they lived before or after the Cross, for "there is salvation in no one else; for there is no other name under heaven that has been given among men, by which we must be saved." (Acts 4:12) When the Messiah returns to set up His righteous kingdom, He will regather and cleanse the final Jewish remnant and fulfill God’s covenant promises to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.
If you are still somewhat confused about the doctrine of the remnant, don't be discouraged as this truth is analogous to the "solid food" the writer of Hebrews refers to (see note Hebrews 5:14) and it does take some familiarity with eschatology (study of future events).
By far the most excellent course available on eschatology (in my humble opinion) is the offering by Precept Ministries International, specifically beginning with the 20 week study of Daniel (Daniel 1-6 - Part 1 - Living Out a Biblical Worldview; Daniel 7-12 - Part 2 - Gaining Understanding of the Time of the End) and then following up with the 4 part 51 week course on the Revelation of Jesus Christ (Revelation 1-3 - Part 1 - Jesus' Message to the Church; Revelation 4-22 - Part 2 - The Unveiling of the Book of Revelation; Revelation 5-22 - Part 3 - What is the Sign of His Coming and the End of the Age?”; Revelation 5-22 Part 4 - Interpreting Revelation in the Light of Biblical Prophecy).
Yes almost a year and a half is a lengthy investment, but I can assure you that if you are diligent and complete this study, you will have an understanding of end time events that is unshakeable and which will allow you to discern accurately the signs of the times and to live accordingly
Ezekiel 6:9 "Then those of you who escape will remember Me among the nations to which they will be carried captive, how I have been hurt by their adulterous hearts which turned away from Me, and by their eyes which played the harlot after their idols; and they will loathe themselves in their own sight for the evils which they have committed, for all their abominations. (NASB: Lockman)
GWT: Then those who escape will remember me among the nations where they are taken captive. I was hurt by their adulterous hearts, which turned away from me, and by their eyes, which lusted after idols. They will hate themselves for the evil and disgusting things that they have done. (GWT)
NKJV: "Then those of you who escape will remember Me among the nations where they are carried captive, because I was crushed by their adulterous heart which has departed from Me, and by their eyes which play the harlot after their idols; they will loathe themselves for the evils which they committed in all their abominations.
WBC: Then your survivors will remember me among the nations where they are held captive, how stricken I was by their wanton hearts that had lost faith in me and by their wanton eyes that had followed their idols. They will regard themselves with disgust for all their shocking rites.
Young's Literal: And remembered Me have your escaped among nations, Whither they have been taken captive, Because I have been broken with their heart that is going a-whoring, That hath turned aside from off Me, And with their eyes they are going a-whoring after their idols, And they have been loathsome in their own faces, For the evils that they have done -- all their abominations.
|THEN THOSE OF YOU WHO ESCAPE WILL REMEMBER ME AMONG THE NATIONS TO WHICH THEY WILL BE CARRIED CAPTIVE: (Deut 4:29, 30, 31; Ps 137:1; Jer 51:50)
Remember is the idea bringing to mind or of thinking again of an image or idea from the past, of recalling information or events, of keeping in the forefront of one's mind for attention and lastly of considering something with a focus on responding in an appropriate manner to that which is "remembered". It is interesting that the Hebrew verb (zakar) is the root word for derivative noun (zeker) which is translated "memorial"!
How critical is this "spiritual discipline" for all saints of all ages -- to "remember Me"… to recall to one's mind the manifold kindnesses of God all the days of our lives.
If so it is good to come back to where you began your spiritual journey, to that "memorial" representing the sweet time you first truly heard His voice and were swept into His kingdom by faith by His Spirit. Jesus addressing the church at Ephesus declares
A good way to begin each new day and to end each night is by remembering what He has done for you and
In Leviticus 26 after a long litany of "cursing" for disobedience, God holds out the hope for blessing
The prophet Daniel did exactly what Ezekiel alludes to --
Daniel remembered God and poured out his heart in confession in one of the most incredible prayers in the Bible. And God responded with one of the most incredible prophecies in all of Scripture (See Da 9:24, 25, 26, 27-notes Da 9:24 25 26 27) . (see Daniel's Seventieth Week)
Zechariah records God's prediction that
Matthew Henry commenting of "those who escape of shall remember Me" writes
HOW I HAVE BEEN HURT BY THEIR ADULTEROUS HEARTS WHICH TURNED AWAY FROM ME, AND BY THEIR EYES WHICH PLAYED THE HARLOT AFTER THEIR IDOLS: (Ezekiel 5:13; 16:43; Isa 7:13; 43:24; Jer 3:6,13; Amos 2:13)
I have been hurt - KJV = because I am broken with their whorish heart" NKJV = "I was crushed by their adulterous heart which has departed from Me".
Hurt (07665)(shabar) means to break in pieces, to shatter, to smash. The first biblical occurrence of shabar is in Ge 19:9, where the men of Sodom "pressed hard against Lot and came near to break the door." In another use, God says "I will also break down your pride of power" (Lev 26:19). In Ezekiel 6:9 God describes how He has "been hurt (broken) by their adulterous hearts which turned away from" Him "and by their eyes which played the harlot after their idols" (describing faithless Judah now in captivity in Babylon).
The Lxx often translates shabar with suntribo (although not here in Ezek 6:9) which means to cause destruction of something by making it come apart (by shattering, smashing or crushing) and figuratively to be severely damaged psychologically and thus to be broken (as used in Lxx to describe the "brokenhearted" in Isa 61:1, Ps 34:18, Ps 147:3)
Baker - The word is most often used to express bursting or breaking. Other meanings include God’s actions against stubborn pride (Lev. 26:19); or a metaphor for deliverance expressed figuratively by the breaking of a yoke (Jer. 28:2). In a figurative sense, the word describes the breaking of Pharaoh’s arms (Ezek. 30:21, 22). It also depicts the literal smashing or shattering of the tablets of the commandments (Ex. 32:19). Further expressions of the word can mean to bring to the moment of birth (Isa. 66:9); to break down or destroy a people (Isa. 14:25); to break objects of material quality (Gen. 19:9; Lev. 6:28; Jer. 49:35).
Vine - The word is most often used to express bursting or breaking. Other meanings include God’s actions against stubborn pride (Lev. 26:19); or a metaphor for deliverance expressed figuratively by the breaking of a yoke (Jer. 28:2). In a figurative sense, the word describes the breaking of Pharaoh’s arms (Ezek. 30:21, 22). It also depicts the literal smashing or shattering of the tablets of the commandments (Ex. 32:19). Further expressions of the word can mean to bring to the moment of birth (Isa. 66:9); to break down or destroy a people (Isa. 14:25); to break objects of material quality (Ge 19:9; Lev. 6:28; Jer. 49:35)
Shabar - 145 verses - Ge 19:9; Ex 9:25; 12:46; 22:10, 14; 23:24; 32:19; 34:1, 13; Lev 6:28; 11:33; 15:12; 22:22; 26:13, 19, 26; Num 9:12; Deut 7:5; 9:17; 10:2; 12:3; Jdg 7:20; 1 Sam 4:18; 1 Kgs 13:26, 28; 19:11; 22:48; 2Kgs 11:18; 18:4; 23:14f; 25:13; 2Chr 14:3, 13; 20:37; 23:17; 31:1; 34:4; Job 24:20; 29:17; 31:22; 38:10, 15; Ps 3:7; 10:15; 29:5; 34:18, 20; 37:15, 17; 46:9; 48:7; 51:17; 69:20; 74:13; 76:3; 104:11; 105:16, 33; 107:16; 124:7; 147:3; Pr 6:15; 25:15; 29:1; Eccl 12:6; Isa 8:15; 14:5, 25, 29; 21:9; 24:10; 27:11; 28:13; 30:14; 38:13; 42:3; 45:2; 61:1; 65:14; 66:9; Jer 2:13, 20; 5:5; 8:21; 14:17; 17:18; 19:10f; 22:20; 23:9; 28:2, 4, 10ff; 30:8; 43:13; 48:4, 17, 25, 38; 49:35; 50:23; 51:8, 30; 52:17; Lam 1:15; 2:9; 3:4; Ezek 4:16; 5:16; 6:4, 6, 9; 14:13; 26:2; 27:26, 34; 29:7; 30:8, 18, 21f, 24; 31:12; 32:28; 34:4, 16, 27; Dan 8:7f, 22, 25; 11:4, 20, 22, 26; Hos 1:5; 2:18; Amos 1:5; Jonah 1:4; Nah 1:13; Zech 11:16
NAS Usage: abolish(1), break(25), break down(1), breaking in pieces(1), breaks(5), breaks in pieces(1), bring to the point(1), broke(9), broke in pieces(6), broke the in pieces(1), broke down(1), broken(55), broken down(1), broken off(1), brokenhearted*(3), collapse(1), crush(2), crushed(2), demolished(1), destroy(2), fractured(1), hurt(2), injured(1), pieces(1), placed(1), point of birth(1), quench(1), shatter(2), shattered(13), smash(3), smashed(2), tore down(1), torn(2).
The Hebrew verb for "hurt" or "broken" is shabar (shavar) which literally means to burst, break into pieces and figuratively is used by David in the penitential psalm 51 to describe "a broken spirit… broken heart" (Ps 51:17 see note below).
Beloved, does this thought not grip your imagination and stir you deep within… this picture that our sin can "break" the heart of the omnipotent "I Am" Who needs no one or nothing because He is sufficient in Himself! This is a "preventative" thought worth "remembering" the next time that surreptitious snake named "temptation" slithers into your eye gate or ear gate, trying to deceive and draw your heart and mind into that "sin which so easily entangles" you. (He 12:1-note)
"Adulterous" and "played the harlot" are the same Hebrew verb (zanah), this repetition "writing" a sad commentary on God's "treasured possession" and used more in this book than in any other in the OT (Click for the 19 out of 69 OT uses in Ezekiel).
The main idea of zanah is to commit illicit sexual intercourse and especially used to describe the action of women (only 2 OT uses refer to men - Ex 34:16 Nu 25:1), which is notable as throughout the OT Israel is portrayed as the wife of Jehovah Elohim. The verb zanah means to prostitute one's self by having sex with partners to whom one is not married and to do so for bribes, favors, or other kinds of payment! Scripture uses zanah often to describe illegal, illicit contact between Israel and other nations and especially their "gods". The idea of zanah then is that God's wife, Israel, was unfaithful to her husband, God, as shown by her "spiritual harlotry" which broke her covenant relationship with Jehovah (See topic Covenant in Marriage). And Israel's rejection of God as her "Husband" (Hebrew = "ba'al") (Isa 54:5) in turn "broke God's heart".
Beloved, how we as new covenant believers need to take stock of the impact of our sin on the heart of our loving heavenly Father. In exile the people would come to their senses and loathe themselves for what they had done. Have you ever grieved over your sin to the point of shedding tears and loathing yourself?
The old Puritans would often implore God for what they referred to as "the gift of tears" which is the fruit of "a broken and a contrite heart" that God "wilt not despise." (Ps 51:17)
Would God be so gracious as to give us all such a tender heart and sensitive spirit, that we might be empowered to
The psalmist records how Israel
Isaiah says that
Matthew Henry commenting upon their adulterous hearts explains that the which heart
AND THEY WILL LOATHE THEMSELVES IN THEIR OWN SIGHT FOR THE EVILS WHICH THEY HAVE COMMITTED, FOR ALL THEIR ABOMINATIONS: (Ezekiel 14:4, 5, 6, 7; 20:7, 20:24 20:28; 23:14, 15, 16; Nu 15:39; 2Pe 2:14) (Ezekiel 7:16; 12:16; 16:63; 20:43; 36:31, 36:32; Lev 26:39; Job 42:6; Jer 30:18, 30:19)
Loathe (06962) (qut) to abhor, detest. To despise, to feel a revulsion toward something or someone. Job despised his condition (Job 10:1). God loathed, abhorred His rebellious people (Ps. 95:10). The righteous person loathes those who do not keep God’s Word (Ps. 119:158; 139:21)
Qut indicates that the Israelites had an utter disgust of themselves because of their evil abominations.
Qut - 7v - Job 10:1, Ps 95:10; 119:158; 139:21; Ezek 6:9; 20:43; 36:31
The Septuagint (Lxx) translates the Hebrew verb with the verb kopto (also translates qut in Ezek 20:43). Kopto pictures one who beats their breast in grief, mourning, remorse or lament (in the present context representing grief over their sins).
In Ezekiel 20 God says to Israel that
Matthew Henry commenting on "they will loathe themselves" writes that
Isaiah records that
Ezekiel has one other instructive use of "loathe" in Chapter 36, where God says to the Jews
A parallel passage that helps understand the effect of Divine discipline on Israel is Deuteronomy where God says that
In Zechariah God declares
GWT: Then you will know that I am the LORD and that the disaster I promised was not an empty threat. (GWT)
NKJV: "And they shall know that I am the LORD; I have not said in vain that I would bring this calamity upon them."
WBC: Then they will realize that I am Yahweh; I did not threaten without due cause to inflict on them such a disaster.
Young's Literal: And they have known that I am Jehovah, Not for nought have I spoken to do to them this evil.
THEN THEY WILL KNOW THAT I AM THE LORD; I HAVE NOT SAID IN VAIN THAT I WOULD INFLICT THIS DISASTER ON THEM: (Je 5:12, 13, 14; 44:28; Da 9:12; Zech 1:6)
Then - When? When they loathe themselves. When they see it was because of their evil that such evil had come upon them.
Will know that I am the LORD - This phrase occurs four times in Ezekiel 6 (Ezek 6:7, 10, 13, 14). Ezekiel makes frequent use of this recognition formula (See all OT uses). And so as a result of their calamitous experiences and their loathing, the remnant will come to know Jehovah experientially (The Septuagint uses the verb epiginosko).
I have not said in vain - I did not bring this terrible thing on them for no reason. (ICB) God will use this evil for good by saving a remnant from Israel.
Daniel affirms that God's promises of calamity and disaster were not empty threats for
Matthew Henry explains that what God has said was not done in vain because they will find out what God had spoken
Ezekiel 6:11 Thus says the Lord GOD, 'Clap your hand, stamp your foot and say, "Alas, because of all the evil abominations of the house of Israel, which will fall by sword, famine and plague! (NASB: Lockman)
|GWT: "'This is what the Almighty LORD says: Clap your hands, stomp your feet, and say, "Oh no!" because the people of Israel have done evil and disgusting things. So they will die in wars, famines, and plagues. (GWT)
NKJV: 'Thus says the Lord GOD: "Pound your fists and stamp your feet, and say, 'Alas, for all the evil abominations of the house of Israel! For they shall fall by the sword, by famine, and by pestilence.
WBC: “Here is a message from the Lord Yahweh. Clap your hands and stamp your foot, and bemoan all the shocking rites of the community of Israel, who are to fall victim to sword, famine, and pestilence.
Young's Literal: Thus said the Lord Jehovah: 'Smite with thy palm, and stamp with thy foot, And say: Alas, for all the evil abominations of the house of Israel, Who by sword, by famine, and by pestilence do fall.
THUS SAYS THE LORD GOD, 'CLAP YOUR HAND, STAMP YOUR FOOT: (Ezek 21:14, 15, 16, 17; Isa 58:1; Jer 9:1 9:10)
In Ezek 6:11, 12, 13, 14, we see a repetition of the threatenings expounded in earlier. In this verse God tells Ezekiel to use gestures (clap, stomp) to express a deep sense of woe over the iniquities and of the calamities of the house of Israel. Ezekiel's actions would also emphasize that he believed that the destructions which he was predicting would indeed come to pass. On one hand these actions would point out Ezekiel's just displeasure at the sins and on the other the just dread in light of the coming judgments.
AND SAY, "ALAS, BECAUSE OF ALL THE EVIL ABOMINATIONS OF THE HOUSE OF ISRAEL, WHICH WILL FALL BY SWORD, FAMINE AND PLAGUE:(Ezek 9:4; Am 5:16; Rev 18:10,16) (Ezek 5:12; 14:21; Jer 15:2, 15:3; 16:4; 24:10)
Alas (Oh no! Woe!) - This marker signals an emphasis and cry of alarm or of emphasis, especially pertaining to pain, despondency, or grief.
Jeremiah uses a similar interjection declaring
Joel foreseeing the terrible day of the LORD interjects
Matthew Henry notes that in this "alas" statement there are
Alas, are you grieving over the heinous sins unashamedly pervading every aspect of this land that claims "In God We Trust"? "Righteousness exalts a nation, but sin is a disgrace to any people. (Proverbs 14:34-note)
Evil abominations - Abominations would have been sufficient but Ezekiel adds evil abominations, as if any abominations are not evil!
Abominations (detestable, loathsome) (08441)(toebah -word study) refers to an abominable custom or thing. Abomination. Loathsome. Detestable thing. Something or someone who is loathsome and abhorrent. The Lxx translates Abomination in this verse with bdelugma - (derived from bdelusso [see word study] = emit foul odor, turn away from something or someone on account of the "stench". A loathing or disgust, abhor in turn derived from bdeo = to stink; see word study on related - bdekluktos) which describes something foul, that which is extremely hated, disgusted, detested or abhorred. The first NT use of bdelugma is in Mt 24:15 which is fitting as it describes the "Abomination (bdelugma) of desolation" (the Antichrist) (cp Mk 13:14). The other 4 uses of bdelugma are - Lk 16:15, Rev 17:4, 5, Rev 21:27.
Baker notes that toebah "is primarily understood in the context of the Law. It identifies unclean food (Dt. 14:3); the activity of the idolater (Isa. 41:24); the practice of child sacrifice (Dt. 12:31); intermarriage by the Israelites (Mal. 2:11); the religious activities of the wicked (Pr 21:27); and homosexual behavior (Lev. 18:22). In a broader sense, the word is used to identify anything offensive (Pr 8:7)." (The Complete Word Study Dictionary: OT)
Sometimes toebah is used as a synonym for idol, a repulsive thing, a worship object, with a focus that it is an item to be rejected (Dt 32:16; 2Ch 34:33; Isa 44:19, Jer 16:18; Eze 5:9; 7:20; 11:18, 21; 16:36). Toebah is even used for a specific pagan deity, as in 2Ki 23:13 where Milcom is called "the abomination of the Ammonites." And even prayer is an abomination when offered by one who refuses to obey God's Word (Pr 28:9).
Ronald Youngblood - As with the verb, so also with the noun (toebah) the abomination may be of a physical, ritual or ethical nature and may be abhorred by God or man. Sharing a meal with a Hebrew was ritually offensive to an Egyptian (Gen 43:32), as was offering certain kinds of sacrifices (Ex 8:22). homosexuality and other perversions are repugnant to God and fall under his judgment (Lev 18:22–30; 20:13). Idolatry (Deut 7:25), human sacrifice (Deut 12:31), eating ritually unclean animals (Deut 14:3–8), sacrificing defective animals (Deut 17:1), conducting one’s business dishonestly (Deut 25:13–16), practicing ritual prostitution (1Kgs 14:23f.), and similar acts of disobedience (for seven more abominations, see the list in Pr 6:16–19) were sure to bring God’s wrath on those who perpetrated them. Twelve times the book of Proverbs uses the phrase, “is an abomination to the Lord.” In Ps 88, a prayer for help written by a man close to death, the physically repulsive appearance of a tôēbâ is stressed; the man’s former friends avoid him because they consider him to be a thing of horror (Ps 88:8). (Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament)
Toebah - 112v in NAS - Gen 43:32; 46:34; Ex 8:26; Lev 18:22, 26f, 29f; 20:13; Deut 7:25f; 12:31; 13:14; 14:3; 17:1, 4; 18:9, 12; 20:18; 22:5; 23:18; 24:4; 25:16; 27:15; 32:16; 1 Kgs 14:24; 2Kgs 16:3; 21:2, 11; 23:13; 2Chr 28:3; 33:2; 34:33; 36:8, 14; Ezra 9:1, 11, 14; Ps 88:8; Pr 3:32; 6:16; 8:7; 11:1, 20; 12:22; 13:19; 15:8f, 26; 16:5, 12; 17:15; 20:10, 23; 21:27; 24:9; 26:25; 28:9; 29:27; Isa 1:13; 41:24; 44:19; Jer 2:7; 6:15; 7:10; 8:12; 16:18; 32:35; 44:4, 22; Mal 2:11
Notice the preponderance of uses of toebah in Ezekiel - Ezek 5:9, 11; 6:9, 11; 7:3f, 8f, 20; 8:6, 9, 13, 15, 17; 9:4; 11:18, 21; 12:16; 14:6; 16:2, 22, 36, 43, 47, 50f, 58; 18:12f, 24; 20:4; 22:2, 11; 23:36; 33:26, 29; 36:31; 43:8; 44:6f, 13;
Vine sees three major uses for toebah..
Ezekiel 6:12 He who is far off will die by the plague, and he who is near will fall by the sword, and he who remains and is besieged will die by the famine. Thus will I spend My wrath on them. (NASB: Lockman)
GWT: Plagues will kill those who are far away. Those who are near will die in wars, and anyone who is left and has escaped will die in famines. This is how I will unleash my anger. (GWT)
NKJV: 'He who is far off shall die by the pestilence, he who is near shall fall by the sword, and he who remains and is besieged shall die by the famine. Thus will I spend My fury upon them.
WBC: Those far away will die of pestilence, those nearby will fall to the sword, while those who escape the one or survive the other will die of famine, and then I will have exhausted my fury against them
Young's Literal: The far-off by pestilence dieth, And the near by sword falleth, And the left and the besieged by famine dieth, And I have completed my fury upon them.
|HE WHO IS FAR OFF WILL DIE BY THE PLAGUE (Da 9:7)
Far off… near… remains - The message is clear. No escape! There will be no place to hide, for God's righteous judgments will run them down and ruin them in a variety of ways which will find them out and follow them wherever they are. "He who is far off" and therefore thinks that he is out of danger, because out of the reach of the Babylonian’ arrows, will find himself not out of the reach of God’s arrows, which fly day and night! (Ps 91:5)
AND HE WHO IS NEAR WILL FALL BY THE SWORD, AND HE WHO REMAINS AND IS BESIEGED WILL DIE BY THE FAMINE.
THUS WILL I SPEND MY WRATH ON THEM: (Ezekiel 5:13; Isa 40:2; La 4:11, 4:22)
Spend (finish, complete) indicates that God will accomplish His fury and bring about all against Judah and Jerusalem which He had purposed and prophesied.
Although this installment of His wrath is accomplished (Babylonians Exile), there remains yet more wrath of God to be poured out on Israel, until it is completely accomplished in the last days, during the Great Tribulation, the time of Jacob's distress (Jer 30:7). Notice the important phrase "But he will be saved from it." How? When the Deliverer, the Messiah returns to save the believing remnant (the "all Israel" = all that truly believe) - Ro 11:26-27-see in depth commentary.
Ezekiel 6:13 Then you will know that I am the LORD, when their slain are among their idols around their altars, on every high hill, on all the tops of the mountains, under every green tree and under every leafy oak --the places where * they offered soothing aroma to all their idols. (NASB: Lockman)
GWT: Then you will know that I am the LORD. "'Those who are killed will lie beside the idols around their altars. They will lie on every high hill, on all the mountaintops, and under every large tree and every leafy oak. These are the places where they made offerings to their disgusting idols. (GWT)
NKJV: 'Then you shall know that I am the LORD, when their slain are among their idols all around their altars, on every high hill, on all the mountaintops, under every green tree, and under every thick oak, wherever they offered sweet incense to all their idols.
WBC: and you will realize that I am Yahweh, when their slain lie among their idols round their altars on every high hill, on all the tops of the mountains, and under every luxuriant tree and under every leafy terebinth, wherever they presented fragrant offerings to appease all their idols.
Young's Literal: And ye have known that I am Jehovah, In their wounded being in the midst of their idols, Round about their altars, On every high hill, on all tops of mountains, And under every green tree, and under every thick oak, The place where they gave sweet fragrance to all their idols.
THEN YOU WILL KNOW THAT I AM THE LORD: (Isa 37:20,36, 37, 38) (Ezekiel 20:28; 1Ki 14:23; Isa 57:5, 6, 7; 66:17; Jer 2:20; 3:6; Hos 4:13)
Then - When? always take note of what this important expression of time is emphasizing. Then is especially important to observe and query in prophetic passages.
Will know that I am the LORD" occurs four times in this chapter alone (Ezek 6:7, 10, 13, 14). Ezekiel makes frequent use of this “recognition formula” (see all uses).
This evil was not restricted to the common people, and so we see that King Ahaz
Isaiah gives a graphic description recording that Israel is
Ezekiel 6:14 So throughout all their habitations I will stretch out My hand against them and make the land more desolate and waste than the wilderness toward Diblah; thus they will know that I am the LORD." (NASB: Lockman)
GWT: I will use my power against them and destroy the land, from the desert to Diblah. Then they will know that I am the LORD.'" (GWT)
NKJV: 'So I will stretch out My hand against them and make the land desolate, yes, more desolate than the wilderness toward Diblah, in all their dwelling places. Then they shall know that I am the LORD.'" ' "
WBC: I will deal them a blow and reduce the country to wrack and ruin wherever they live, from the wilderness to Riblah. Then they will realize that I am Yahweh.”
Young's Literal: And I have stretched out my hand against them, And have made the land a desolation, Even a desolation from the wilderness to Diblath, In all their dwellings, And they have known that I am Jehovah!'
|SO THROUGHOUT ALL THEIR HABITATIONS I WILL STRETCH OUT MY HAND AGAINST THEM: (Ezekiel 16:27; Isaiah 5:25; 10:4; 26:11)
Ezekiel records a similar description of God writing
AND MAKE THE LAND MORE DESOLATE AND WASTE THAN THE WILDERNESS TOWARD DIBLAH:
Make the land… desolate and waste - The bitter irony and tragedy of this verse is that the "land that (God Himself) had selected for them, flowing with milk and honey, which is the glory of all lands" (Ezek 20:6), "a pleasant land, the most beautiful inheritance of the nations" (Jer 3:19), God Himself would now make "desolate" (in a state of utter ruin with a stress on the horror caused by the desolation & so often translated as that which causes dismay or is appalling, one of Jeremiah's "favorite" words) and "waste" (dried up place that has no water, implying desolation, a horror or something ugly and terrible to look at, and so an object or event of scorn). The same Hebrew word translated "waste" in this verse is translated "object of horror" in (Ezek 5:15) And what God had made a beautiful land, He would now make an "object of horror", because the Jews had "despised the pleasant land (and)… did not believe in His word" (Ps 106:24) until their was no other remedy other then for the land to spew them out.
Diblah - The name occurs only in Ezek 6:14 and the place has not been identified.
God's warning in Leviticus helps one understand God's judgment on "the land". Through His prophet Moses God had instructed Israel
THUS THEY WILL KNOW THAT I AM THE LORD:
Thus - Introduces a conclusion. When disaster falls they will know that it was Jehovah Who orchestrated the events.
Will know that I am the LORD - occurs four times in this chapter alone (Ezek 6:7, 10, 13, 14). Ezekiel makes frequent use of this “recognition formula."