Daniel's Seventieth Week

(Click explanatory notes)




1000 YEARS


Da 7:8-note Another horn, a little one (Antichrist) came up among them (10 horns = 10 toed stage of statue in Daniel 2 = time of Revived Roman Empire) and 3 of the first horns were pulled out by the roots before it & behold this horn possessed eyes like the eyes of a man & a mouth uttering great boasts


Da 9:27
Puts stop to sacrifice


Da 2:34, 35-note Stone (Jesus) cut w/o hands struck statue on feet of iron & clay & crushed them. Then iron, clay, bronze, silver & gold were crushed all at same time > chaff > wind carried > not a trace found <BUT> The Stone became a great mountain (~kingdom) & filled the whole earth (cf Isa 2:2, 3)


Da 2:44-45-note Days of (10) kings (Revived Roman Empire) God sets up kingdom = never destroyed, crush & put end to all kingdoms. Endures forever

Mt 24:29-31 "But immediately after the tribulation of those days SUN WILL BE DARKENED & MOON WILL NOT GIVE ITS LIGHT & STARS WILL FALL fr sky & powers of heavens will be shaken & then the Sign of Son of Man will appear in the sky = Son coming on clouds w/ power & great glory. He sends angels w/ Great Trumpet to gather His elect from the 4 winds (Parallel passage "in that day" Isa 27:13)


2Th 2:3, 4
Man of lawlessness
Son of destruction
Exalts self over every god
Takes seat in
Displays self as "God"

2Th 2:8
Lawless one revealed
Mt 24:15-note
Abomination of Desolation
Stands in the Holy Place initiating the Great Tribulation

Da 11:36
King exalts self above every god Speaks monstrosities against God




1000 YEARS

Marks the beginning of
Daniel's last 7 years

Da 9:27a-note Antichrist ("he" = Prince who is to come" in Da 9:26-note) makes a firm covenant with the many (Israel) for a 7 year time period

Da 9:27
In the middle of the week (7 years) Antichrist will put a stop to sacrifice and grain offering (in rebuilt temple)

Re 12:7,8, 9,10, 11,12,13
War in heaven... dragon [devil, Satan] thrown down Woe to the earth... b/c the devil (knows) that he has only short time. He persecuted woman (Israel) who gave birth to Male Child (Jesus)


Da 7:21-note Horn waging war w saints > overpower

Da 7:25-note Saints given>his hand X's, X, 1/2X

Da 11:36 King prospers until theIIndignation is finished

Re 13:5,6,7-note Authority given to beast to act for 42mo> wars w/ saints & overpowers them

Re 13:8-note all who dwell on the earth will worship the beast

Re 13:16, 17,18-note False prophet causes all to take mark on R hand or forehead = to buy or sell = number 666

Mt 24:21 Great Tribulation such as has not occurred since the beginning of the world until now nor ever shall

Re 12:6-note, Re 12:14-note Woman (Israel) flees to wilderness to place prepared by God to be nourished 1260days ...for a time and times and half a time ( X's, X, 1/2X ) from the serpent (Satan)

Two Judgments
To Determine Who Enters the 1000 Year Kingdom

(1) Judgment of Gentiles:
Sheep & Goats

Mt 25:31, 32, 33, 34 "Son of Man comes in His glory &... will sit on His glorious throne & all nations (Gentiles) will be gathered... & He will separate them fr one another as shepherd separates sheep fr goats & He will put sheep on His right & goats on left. Then the King will say to those on His right 'Come... inherit the kingdom prepared for you fr the foundation of the world.'

Gentile believers (their works give evidence of faith) will enter the 1000 year kingdom. Parallel truth in parable of tares (Mt 13:37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43 ), Net with fish (Mt 13:47, 48, 49, 5 ), both describe "end of the age" (click Scripture on the "end of the age")


Rev 11:3-note Two witnesses prophesy for 1260 days NB: Some place this event in 2nd half

Rev 11:7-note When finish their testimony the beast (Antichrist out of the abyss) makes war with them, overcomes them and kills the two witnesses

Rev 11:12-note The two witnesses "went up into heaven in the cloud & their enemies beheld them" (pix credit)

Rev 11:13-note
At that hour a great earthquake, 1/10 of city fell, 7000 killed and rest were terrified...

Rev 11:2-note Leave out court which is outside the Temple & do not measure it, for it has been given to the nations (Gentiles) and they tread under foot holy city 42 months


Dt 4:29, 30: (first synonym) "But from there you (Israel) will seek the LORD your God & you will find Him if you search for Him with all your heart & all your soul. When you are in distress ("tribulation" KJV) & all these things have come upon you in the latter days you will return to the LORD your God & listen to His voice."

Jer 30:7-note (Je 30:1-11-note) 'Alas! for that day is great, there is none like it (= distinct) and it is the time of Jacob's distress but he (Israel) will be saved from it.

Da 12:1-note there will be a time of distress such as never occurred since there was a nation until that time & at that time your people (Israel) everyone who is found written in the book will be rescued.

Is 26:20 (Context Isa 24-27:13 = prophecy of end times and coming 1000 yr) "Come my people (Israel) enter into your rooms & close your doors behind you. Hide for a little while until indignation (see Da 11:36-note) runs its course."

Re 7:14-note "These are the ones who come out of the great tribulation and have washed their robes and made them white in the blood of the Lamb"

(2) Judgment
of the Jews

(Click here for discussion of Jewish "Remnant")

Ezek 20:33-44 God declares "with a mighty hand & an outstretched arm & with wrath poured out (corresponds to the outpouring of God's wrath in the "great tribulation"), I shall be KING over you & bring you out from the peoples & ...I shall bring you into the wilderness of the peoples & there I shall enter into judgment with you face to face....I shall make you pass under the rod & shall bring you into the bond of the covenant (Dt 30:6, Jer 31:31-34-note, Jer 32:39-40-note, Eze 11:19-20-note, Eze 16:60-63-note, Eze 36:26-27-note) and purge... the rebels... they will not enter the land of Israel. Thus you will know that I am the LORD."

The godly remnant of Israel that survives the Great Tribulation will be brought into covenant with their King (Yeshua) and will enter His Millennial Kingdom

See Hosea 2:14-23 = beautiful amplification of the truth of God making Israel "pass under the rod" and bringing them into "the bond of covenant"


Jewish Temple will be rebuilt (when? can't be dogmatic - either preceding 70th wk or in first 3.5 year period)

Re 11:1-note John told to "Rise and measure the temple of God & the altar & those who worship in it & leave out the court which is outside the temple" (affirming rebuilding)

Rev 11:15-note
7th angel sounded - kingdom of the world has become the kingdom of our Lord & of His Christ


Da 7:21, 22-note Little horn would wage war & overpower saints until the Ancient of Days came & judgment was passed in favor of the saints of the Highest One, and the time arrived when the saints took possession of the kingdom.

Da 7:26-note The court will sit for judgment & AC's dominion will be taken away, annihilated & destroyed forever

Da 9:27NIV-note AC "will set up an abomination that causes desolation until the end that is decreed is poured out on him"

Da 11:45 He will come to his end & no one will help 2Th 2:8 The lawless one will be slain by the Lord with the breath of His mouth. Jesus will bring an end (AC and great tribulation) by the appearance of His coming

Rev 19:11-21-note (Same event described in Mt 24:29-31) Heaven opens and behold, a white horse, and He who sat upon it called Faithful and True and in righteousness judges and wages war. Beast and False prophet seized and thrown alive into the lake of fire which burns with brimstone.

Parallel Events in

( Click Revelation

7 Seals

6 Trumpets


2 Woes

7th Trumpet
3rd Woe

the Revelation

charted out)

7 Bowl's





1000 YEARS



Rev 19:20-note Beast (Antichrist) & false prophet thrown alive into the lake of fire

Mt 25:41 Then He will also say to those on His left, 'Depart from Me, accursed ones, into the eternal fire which has been prepared for the devil and his angels"


Green = Time phrases. Take note of these for they are critical if you would have a confident understanding of this critical time period in Israel's and mankind's history.

Red = Christ or Antichrist

Blue = Israel, Jews

Bright Blue = Scripture links all of which have popups. You are strongly encouraged to click and read the verses in context, which is critical for accurate interpretation.

**Art used by permission by Pat Marvenko Smith, copyright 1992.To order prints visit "Revelation Illustrated".



The preceding timeline of Daniel's Seventieth week utilizes multiple Scriptures to help amplify and understand the events described in the great prophecy of Daniel 9:27(notes) which records...

And he (the Antichrist - click for his many aliases) will make a firm covenant with the many (the Jews) for one week (7 years), but in the middle of the week (3.5 years) he (Antichrist - see Mt 24:15-note, 2Th 2:1, 2, 3, 4) will put a stop to sacrifice and grain offering; and on the wing of abominations will come one who makes desolate, even until a complete destruction, one that is decreed, is poured out on the one who makes desolate. (see in depth notes on Daniel 9:27)

Comment: Daniel's seventieth week is traditionally referred to by evangelical commentators as "The Tribulation" but it should be noted that is never specifically designated by this title in Scripture. The Great Tribulation on the other hand is a Scriptural term (Mt 24:21, Re 2:22-note, Re 7:14-note) but it refers specifically to the last 3.5 years of this seven year period, a time period Jeremiah referred to as the time of Jacob's distress or trouble (See Jacob’s Trouble and the Great Tribulation). Nevertheless because this term has been so widely accepted, it will be used as a synonym for the more Scripturally accurate term "Daniel's Seventieth Week"

The Seventieth Week of seven years, as noted above is usually called the Tribulation, and will begin when the Antichrist makes a firm covenant with Israel (Refer to timeline above; see also more detailed notes). The consensus among most conservative, evangelical scholars is that the Rapture of the Church immediately precedes the Tribulation and would also serve as a marker of the beginning of this last seven years (see timing of Rapture; 1Th 4:13,14,15,16,17,18 [see notes 4:13; 14; 15; 16; 17; 18]). (See Table comparing Rapture vs Second Coming)

Although one cannot be absolutely dogmatic, it appears that the firm covenant between the Antichrist and Israel results in his guarantee of protection and provision of religious freedom which will in turn allow Israel to a rebuild their Holy Temple in Jerusalem. Scripture is unclear as to exactly when this Temple will be rebuilt but it will have to be built at some time in the first 3.5 years of the Tribulation in order for the Antichrist to take his place in the Temple (the abomination of desolation, Mt 24:15-note) at the midpoint of the Tribulation. Given the fact that at present (2016, the Temple Mount is still under Muslim control as is the Dome of the Rock which is one of the three most holy places in Islam, there will have to be a radical shift in policy to allow the Jews to rebuild their Temple in this same location. The Antichrist's firm covenant will apparently bring about the necessary shift in policy and result in the longed for "Peace" in the Middle East. Clearly, the Antichrist will be viewed with great respect and admiration by the world for accomplishing what no one else had been able to accomplish.

John substantiates that during the first half of the Tribulation the Jewish Temple must be rebuilt recording that...

There was given me (John) a measuring rod like a staff; and someone said, "Rise and measure the temple of God, and the altar, and those who worship in it. And leave out the court which is outside the temple, and do not measure it, for it has been given to the nations (Gentiles); and they will tread under foot the holy city (Jerusalem) for forty-two months (the last 3.5 years of the Tribulation). (Rev 11:1,2 See notes Re 11:1; 11:2).


As background to help understand Daniel 9:27, note that a basic understanding of Revelation 11 and 12 is important to comprehend the timing of events in Daniel's Seventieth Week. Therefore take some time and read Rev 11-12 and as you read observe repeated time phrases that equate with a 3.5 year period, one of the references referring to the first 3.5 years of the Tribulation, but most of the references referring to the second 3.5 years of the Tribulation, the time Jesus specifically defined as the Great Tribulation. (After you have done you study refer to the chart on time phrases relating to the Tribulation). In the following section there is a brief outline of the important events in Revelation 11-12, but first please take time to read and observe these chapters on your own. Make note of context and interpret literally where possible (John's language in Revelation 12 is figurative, but do not forget the basic principle that even figurative passages have a "literal" meaning and are not to be wildly spiritualized or allegorized!). Ask and allow your Teacher, the Holy Spirit to lead you into all the truth (1Jn 2:27 where "anointing" is a reference to the Spirit indwelling every believer, Jn 14:26, 16:13, Ro 8:9-note)

In Revelation 11, note that the appearance of God's two witnesses during the first half of the Seven Year Tribulation is followed by their assassination, resurrection and ascension.

Revelation 11:3 And I will grant authority to my two witnesses (there are many speculations about their identity but don't let that sidetrack you), and they will prophesy for twelve hundred and sixty days (3.5 years - during the first half of the Tribulation) clothed in sackcloth." (note v3)

4 These are the two olive trees and the two lampstands that stand before the Lord of the earth. (note v4)

5 And if anyone desires to harm them, fire proceeds out of their mouth and devours their enemies; and if anyone would desire to harm them, in this manner he must be killed. (note v5)

6 These have the power to shut up the sky, in order that rain may not fall during the days of their prophesying; and they have power over the waters to turn them into blood, and to smite the earth with every plague, as often as they desire. (note v6)

7 And when they have finished their testimony (note God's men are invincible until they have completed their assignment!) the Beast, (the Antichrist) that comes up out of the abyss will make war with them, and overcome them and kill them. (note v7)

8 And their dead bodies will lie in the street of the great city which mystically is called Sodom and Egypt (Jerusalem), where also their Lord was crucified. (note v8)

9 And those from the peoples and tribes and tongues and nations will look at their dead bodies for three and a half days (live images now possible via satellite, internet, etc), and will not permit their dead bodies to be laid in a tomb. (note v9)

10 And those who dwell on the earth (see significance of Earth Dwellers) will rejoice over them and make merry; and they will send gifts to one another, because these two prophets tormented those who dwell on the earth. (note v10)

11 And after the three and a half days the breath of life from God came into them, and they stood on their feet; and great fear fell upon those who were beholding them. (note v11)

12 And they heard a loud voice from heaven saying to them, "Come up here." And they went up into heaven in the cloud, and their enemies beheld them. (note v12)

Then in Revelation 11:13-note God brings about another dramatic event which highlights the miraculous resurrection and ascension, John recording that...

And in that hour there was a great earthquake, and a tenth of the city (of Jerusalem) fell; and seven thousand people were killed in the earthquake, and the rest were terrified and gave glory to the God of heaven.

Comment: Notice the degree of specificity of the details - 1/10th of the city fallen and 7000 people killed - numerical detail which will allow anyone alive during this time (and with ears to hear) to easily correlate these events John's prophecy in Revelation 11:13. The point is clear - God is giving an unequivocal sign (which parallels Jesus' warning in Mt 24:14, 15,16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21) and which signals the beginning of the last 3.5 years, the Great Tribulation, These events (along with those described below) will graciously allow anyone who is remaining on earth and who has ears to hear, to come to their senses. And if those alive on earth at this time (recall that the Church has already been delivered from this wrath to come -- 1Th 1:10-note, 1Th 5:9-note) will continue reading in Revelation 12 and 13, they will come to realize that the events in Jerusalem signal events far more ominous.


The midpoint of the 7 year period is associated with a number of other "earth shaking" events:

(1) The two witness killed and resurrected; earthquake in Jerusalem (Re 11:7, 11, 12)

(2) The Beast (aka "Antichrist) (note) is given authority (Da 7:25-note, Re 13:5-note) (Additional note on beast)

(3) The Antichrist breaks covenant with Israel, putting an end to the Jewish sacrifices (Da 7:25-note, Da 9:27-note)

(4) The Abomination of desolation is revealed (Antichrist), as prophesied by Daniel and Jesus (Da 9:27-note, Mt 24:15-note, Mk 13:14, 2Th 2:3, 4, 8, Re 13:15-note)

(5) Initiation of the last 3.5 year period which Jesus called the Great Tribulation (see other terms)

(6) Worldwide proclamation of the eternal gospel (Rev 14:6-note) - In the midst of wrath, God remembers mercy and gives all those left on earth a supernatural "sermon" to stimulate repentance and faith in those who have ears to hear. Some say there is no evidence this proclamation of the gospel was heeded, but I disagree. Rev 7:9-note describes an innumerable multitude from all nations, tribes, peoples and tongues standing before the throne and before the Lamb. Then Rev 7:14-note identifies these souls as those who came out of the Great Tribulation, clear evidence that one of the greatest harvests of souls will occur during the most horrible time on earth! Amazing Grace! I suppose it is possible that these individuals heard the Gospel from the 144, 000 Jews who most conservative commentators see as evangelists (despite the fact that they are never specifically called "evangelists"). The other source of a widespread proclamation of the Gospel could have been the ministry of the two witnesses in Rev 11:3ff. So whatever the source, it is clear that multitudes have heard and will believe the Gospel.

(7) Satan will be cast down from heaven to earth and persecute Israel (Re 12:7-note; Re 12:8-note;Re 12:9-note; Re 12:10-note; Re 12:11-note; Re 12:12-note; Re 12:13-note ["the woman" = Israel, cp Da 7:21, 25-note).

(8) Jews flee persecution (Mt 24:15-20; Mk 13:14-18, Re 12:6-note; Re 12:14-note)

At this crucial midpoint of Daniel's Seventieth Week, the Antichrist's true "colors" of lawlessness and destructive intentions are clearly unveiled for the entire world to see, giving everyone alive a clear choice to believe either the Truth of the eternal gospel of Jesus Christ (Re 14:6-note) or the lie of the Antichrist.

REVELATION 19, 20, 21, 22

Chronological Summary of
Major End Time Events
After the Great Tribulation


Jesus Returns as

King of kings

Re 19:11, 16

Defeats Antichrist &

Cast into Lake of Fire

Re 19:19, 20

Wrath of God finished

Re 15:1

Satan bound 1000 yr
Re 20:2

Jesus & saints reign on earth 1000 yr

Re 20:4

Satan unleashed after 1000 yr, defeated, & cast into Lake of Fire

Re 20:7, 8, 9, 10

Great White Throne Judgment

of unbelievers

Re 20:11, 12, 13

Cast into Lake of Fire

Re 20:14, 15


Earth & heaven

fled away, no place found for them

(burned up)

Re 20:11, 2Pe 3:7, 10





Re 21:1



Re 21:2

The Great Tribulation runs its course (Re 15:1-note), and is "cut short" (Mt 24:22) by the Second Coming of Christ (2Th 2:8, Re 19:11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21-see notes beginning at Rev 19:11), bringing down the curtain on Daniel's Seventieth Week and inaugurating the 1000 year Millennial Kingdom. (Rev 20) As an aside, it is worth noting that if one interprets 1000 years in a non-literal sense, not only is it difficult to make any sense out of the chronological events Revelation 19-21, but it is also difficult to explain the numerous Old Testament descriptions of this glorious period of time when Messiah reigns on earth as King of kings and Lord of lords (see description of the earthly Millennium primarily from the OT prophets).


Those who will enter the Millennium in their natural bodies include both Jew and Gentile. The Gentiles who are alive at the end of the Great Tribulation will stand at the judgment of the sheep and goats (Mt 25:31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46) to determine who enters into the 1000 year kingdom. The Jews will be judged in (Ezek 20:33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44) to determine who will enter into the kingdom. Only believing Gentiles and Jews will be allowed into the Millennial kingdom.

At this point let me encourage you to use this diagram as a guide and a stimulus to examine the Scriptures carefully for yourself to see whether these things are so. As a believer you have no need for anyone to teach you, for you have the Holy Spirit to guide you into all the truth (cp 1Jn 2:27). I encourage you to read these passages in context (eg, read and meditate on the entire chapters in Daniel 2, 7, 9, 10-12, Mt 24-25, etc), seeking the normal literal (plain sense) meaning of the verses, making special notation in your Bible of the expressions of time, and comparing Scripture with Scripture. If you prayerfully seek the truth concerning God's plan for the Ages, you will be amazed at how the obscure pieces of the prophetic "jigsaw" puzzle begin to fall into place and make such plain sense that speculative, non-literal interpretation is quickly recognized as nonsense.

Note that the diagram is color coded to aid your overview (see Legend). Please use this overview as a guide to encourage you to drink deeply from the prophetic Word of Truth for yourself and postpone reading commentaries until after you have made your own observations and arrived at your own interpretation.


(1) Verse by Verse exposition of Daniel 9:24-27:

Daniel 9:24

Daniel 9:25

Daniel 9:26

Daniel 9:27

(2) The Millennium

On Site Resources on the Millennium

The Millennium 1

The Millennium 2

The Millennium 3

Off Site Resources on the Millennium:

Table Comparing Present Age, the Millennium and Eternity Future (off site)

Excellent off site discussion of the Millennium

Articles by Dr John Walvoord on the Millennium:

The Doctrine of the Millennium — Part I: The Righteous Government of the Millennium

The Doctrine of the Millennium — Part II: Spiritual Life in the Millennium

The Doctrine of the Millennium — Part III: Social and Economic Aspects of the Millennium

The Doctrine of the Millennium — Part IV: The Heavenly Jerusalem

The Millennial Kingdom — Part I: The Prophetic Context of the Millennium

The Prophetic Context of the Millennium — Part II: The Second Coming of Christ

The Prophetic Context of the Millennium — Part III: The Second Coming of Christ in the New Testament

The Prophetic Context of the Millennium — Part IV: The Resurrection at the Second Advent

The Reign of Christ - Revelation 20 (Includes Discussion of Millennial Kingdom)

The Future Work of Christ — The Millennial Kingdom and the Eternal State


The Three Divine Days Day of The Lord, Day of Christ, Day of God
The End Time Judgments Of Christ, the Sheep & Goats, Israel, the Great White Throne
Ezekiel Timeline Ezekiel's prophecy in context of Israel's history
Glory of the LORD Depicts the departure of God's glory and His return to the Temple
God's Plan for the Ages God's Eye Overview from the first Adam to the second Adam
God's Plan for Jerusalem Timeline chart of the "five" prophetic peaks of Jerusalem
Revelation Charted Out Allows comparison of events and timing in Revelation 4-22

By Kay Arthur -
Includes many allusions to Israel


Lecture 10: (chap 7) A WOMAN, A CHILD AND A BEAST With 10 HORNS



Lecture 13: (chap 8) The Four‑Horned Goat & the Surety of God's Indignation







By Kay Arthur -
Includes many allusions to Israel

Revelation Part 3

Lecture 00 Knowing Revelation Takes Away the Fear

Lecture 01 Knowing Who God Is & Living Accordingly

Lecture 02 Who Do You Bow Down To?

Lecture 03 When Will the Mystery of God be Finished?

Lecture 04 Date Setting and The Return of Christ

Lecture 05 Matthew 24 and the Coming of the Son of Man

Lecture 06 When Does the Tribulation Begin?

Lecture 07 Why Is It So Important to Understand the Jew?

Lecture 08 Is God Finished With the Jews?

Lecture 09 This Land is Your Land...Forever!

Lecture 10 What Happened to the Old Testament Promises Regarding Israel?

Lecture 11 A Prophecy Regarding Israel: The Beginning of the End

Revelation Part 4

Lecture 00 Where are the leaders? Those valiant for God's absolutes?

Lecture 01 The Lord Jesus Christ is Returning: You Can Count on It!

Lecture 02 Are the Events of Revelation Past? Happening Now? Or Yet Future?

Lecture 03 It's the Last Hour! Don't be Misled by the Devil's Antichrists

Lecture 04 What Will it be Like When the ''Real'' Antichrist Comes?

Lecture 05 When Will the Antichrist rear his Destructive head?

Lecture 06 The Devil's Beauty & Beast

Lecture 07 Who is the Great harlot Babylon?

Lecture 08 The Day of the Lord is Coming

Lecture 09 Where Will the Church be When the Day of the Lord Comes?

Lecture 10 What & When is Armageddon?

Lecture 11 When Jesus Returns to the Earth Where Will the Church Be?

Lecture 12 Where is the Church in the Book of the Revelation?

Lecture 13 Where is the Church in the 1000 Year Reign?

Daniel 9:24-27

Daniel 9:24-27: Introductory Comments

Prophecy Primer - Why interpret Da 9:24-27 literally?

Daniel 9:24-27 One of Most Significant Passages in Scripture

Daniel Commentaries by interpretative approach to Da 9:24-27

Anecdotal Stories related to Daniel 9:24-27

Evidence Supporting Unit of Time in Daniel 9:24-27 as Years

Daniel Commentaries from a literal, usually futuristic perspective

Daniel's Seventieth Week Charted Parallel with other Daniel prophecies

Kay Arthur on Daniel 9:24-27 Part 1, Part 2, Part 3

John Walvoord: Daniel: The key to Prophetic Revelation (online)