Daniel Commentaries & Sermons

Daniel Commentary
Verse by Verse
In Depth Commentary On Site
Bruce Hurt,MD

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From Tony Garland - Detailed Chronology of Events Related to Daniel (Reigns of various kings)

Daniel
Inductive Bible Studies
Precept Ministries International

Note: Please consider doing your own inductive study before you go to the commentaries, so that you will be able to intelligently assess the comments in these resources. This recommendation holds for every book of the Bible, but is especially critical in the prophetic sections of Scripture (Daniel, Revelation, Matthew 24-25, 1 Thessalonians 4:13-18, 2 Thessalonians 2, etc).

Daniel 1-6 - Pt 1 - Living Out a Biblical Worldview — Download Lesson 1

Lesson One (1-6) Overview

Lesson Two (7-12) Overview II

Lesson Three Daniel Goes to Babylon

Lesson Four The King's Dream: Statue & Stone

Lesson 5: Will You Bow or Burn?

Lesson Six: God Humbles Nebuchadnezzar

Lesson Seven Handwriting on the Wall

Lesson Eight Daniel in Lion's Den


Daniel 7-12 - Pt 2 - Gaining Understanding of the Time of the End — Download Lesson 1

Lesson One Overview of Daniel The Statue, Four Beasts

Lesson Two Time, Little Horn, & God

Lesson Three Coming Kingdom of God

Lesson Four History is His-Story

Lesson Five Prayer & 70 Weeks

Lesson Six "Highly Esteemed" of God

Lesson Seven Angels - Warfare - Prayer

Lesson Eight Prophecy Fulfilled!

Lesson Nine Abomination of Desolation (Only 1 Resource Available)

Lesson Ten The End of This Age Resurrection & Rewards

Robert Anderson
The Coming Prince
(1841-1918)

Sir Robert Anderson was the chief inspector for Scotland Yard. He was greatly respected for his skill as an investigator. When Anderson wasn't writing on subjects related to crime, he wrote books on Christian prophecy. He helped establish the fact that 69 of Daniel's 70 weeks have now transpired, and that the tribulation will be the 70th week.

See also Anderson's related work - Daniel in the Critics Den

Rosscup's review - The premillennial author presents a detailed work on the 70 weeks of Daniel 9. In this popular treatment he reckons the chronology of the first sixty-nine weeks from the decree of Artaxerxes (Nehemiah 2) to rebuild Jerusalem to the triumphal entry of Christ (Luke 19). He figures the exact number of days involved in 483 prophetic years which he believes would contain 360 days each, not 365 as Julian years. In his reckoning, the sixty-nine weeks end in A. D. 32 which poses a problem in light of more accepted views today that Christ died in A. D. 30 or 33. (Commentaries for Biblical Expositors - excellent resource)
Here is the Pdf of the book (contents below)

Paul Apple
Daniel 1-3 Commentary

Open PDF file

Art Related
To Daniel

Daniel Artwork

Daniel 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 10 11 12

Kay Arthur
Daniel Lectures
(Note: These are the older lectures not the new revised Daniel series).
Click Lecture Series on Revelation

Wayne Barber
Daniel Sermons

Brian Bell
Calvary Chapel, Murrieta
Well done 

Bethany Bible
Greg Allen
Study Notes on Daniel

Alan Carr
Sermons on Daniel

Rich Cathers
Calvary Chapel, Fullerton
Frequent illustrations

Thomas Constable
Expository Notes

W A Criswell
Sermon Notes

Ron Daniel
Daniel Study Notes
 

Bob Deffinbaugh
Daniel: Relating Prophecy to Piety

Samuel R Driver
Daniel Commentary Notes
1900

Dan Duncan
Daniel Commentary Notes
Mp3 Only

Explore the Bible
Daniel Commentary Notes

A C Gaebelein
A Commentary
The Prophet Daniel: Key to the Visions and
Prophecies of the Book of Daniel

1911

James Rosscup: Dividing the book of Daniel according to the languages in the original text, the writer gives a brief yet sometimes helpful survey of a dispensational interpretation. (Commentaries For Biblical Expositors - excellent resource)

Tony Garland
Verse by Verse Commentary

Gotquestions
Book of Daniel

Dave Guzik
Commentary Notes

Joe Guglielmo
Commentary Notes

Updated links - March 5, 2015
Click Book and Select Daniel for Lectures

Floyd Hitchcock
Commentary on Daniel
"March of the Empires"
(1944)

Thomas Ice
70 Weeks of Daniel

On Daniel 9:24-27

H A Ironside
Commentary Notes

S Lewis Johnson
Daniel Expository Messages

Pastor Joonho
Daniel Sermon Series

Illustrations
10,000 Illustrations @ Bible.org

Click for illustrations on Daniel

Steve Kreloff
80 Sermons on Daniel
Mp3 Only

Clarence Larkin
Commentary on Daniel

TABLE OF CONTENTS

EXPOSITION OF THE BOOK
First Division-Historical. Daniel 1 to 6.

SECOND DIVISION –PROPHETICAL CHAPTERS 7 TO 12

CHAPTERS 10-12: THE SCRIPTURES OF TRUTH

CHARTS 

Alexander Maclaren
Sermons on Daniel

John MacArthur
Sermons
Highly Recommended

J Vernon McGee
Thru the Bible
Daniel Commentary

Mp3 Audio

Complete Book of Daniel - Zip File
Alternative Links to Individual Mp3 Tracks

Alva J McClain
Daniel's Prophecy of the Seventy Weeks

Miscellaneous
Resources

ONSITE END TIMES ARTICLES

Holman Publishing 

RBC - DISCOVERY HOUSE MINISTRIES

Bob Foster 

Clarence Larkin Charts  - list of his writings and charts

Art Work

John Ankerberg - interviews of Jimmy DeYoung and Reginald Showers

Precept Ministries

Alan MacRae  

Kenneth L. Barker

A W Pink

Edwin M. Yamauchi  

Robert L Thomas

Bethany Bible

Robert Anderson

G Campbell Morgan

A C Gaebelein

Daniel F Wallace

Easy English

James Van Dine

Our Daily Bread

Harold Hoehner

Thomas Ice

CHARLES RAY - includes over 200 footnotes! Recommended!

David Roper

William Kelly

Hamilton Smith

Christian Friend magazine 

Ray Stedman

David Malick

Wil Pounds

John Whitcomb

Daniel Wallace

Wayne Barber - see also

HYMNS

Wayne Barber - see also

Daniel Wallace

Mark Adams

David Wilkerson

Wayne Barber - see also

John Piper

Wayne Barber - see also

James Hastings

Woodrow Kroll

John Piper

Wayne Barber - see also

Kenneth Gangel

Richard Patterson

F B Hole

James E. Rosscup

Cyberhymnal

John Piper

Harold Hoehner

Preceptaustin

Thomas Ice

Randall Price

John Piper

Mark Mercer

John Weldon 

George Harton

F B Meyer
Devotional Comments

See also Daniel Devotionals - Today in the Word (Moody Bible)

Henry Morris
Defender's Study Bible Notes
On Daniel

Net Bible Notes
Bible.org

Our Daily Bread
Devotionals/Illustrations
Radio Bible Class

Updated March 10, 2015
See also Daniel Devotionals - Our Daily Bread for more devotionals
See also Daniel devotionals from Today in the Word

Ray Pritchard
Courageous Living in Turbulent Times
Recommended

Rob Salvato
Daniel Sermon Notes

Joseph Augustus Seiss
Daniel Commentary (1879)
Voices from Babylon: or, The Records of Daniel the Prophet

Chuck Smith
Sermon Notes Daniel
Calvary Chapel

Chuck Smith
Commentary on Daniel

See Also Study Guide for Daniel

C H Spurgeon
Sermons on Daniel

All his sermons on Daniel

C H Spurgeon
Devotionals on Daniel

Ray Stedman
Expository Series on Daniel

Today in the Word
Devotionals
Moody Bible Institute

See also Daniel Devotionals - Our Daily Bread, F B Meyer

Today's Word
Verse by Verse Commentary
Grant Richison

John Walvoord
Daniel: Introduction

The Key To Prophetic Revelation
Recommended

(Note: This is Dr Walvoord's entire original book of Daniel)

Rosscup - In the opinion of the reviewer, this, Stephen Miller’s effort, and Wood’s 1972 work are the finest overall commentaries of a popular nature on Daniel by premillennial dispensational scholars to date. Walvoord weaves into the work an up-to-date understanding of archaeological and historical confirmations of Daniel that offset the critics and also gives a solid reasoning for a premillennial perspective of Messianic prophecy. He very capably answers the late-daters of Daniel, argues that the four kingdoms of Daniel 2 and 7 are Babylon, Media-Persia, Greece, and Rome, and deals with most problem areas in adequate detail. Still he manages to keep the great theme of the work before the reader. (Ibid)

Steve Zeisler
Sermons
Peninsula Bible Church

INTERPRETATIVE APPROACH
TO THE BOOK OF DANIEL

There is considerable disagreement on how the book of the Daniel should be interpreted. Therefore it is strongly recommended that you consider performing your own inductive study prior to consulting any commentaries. The single best inductive study in my opinion is the Precept Ministries International study on Daniel (click here), the understanding of which is crucial to an accurate interpretation of the prophecies in the book of the Revelation. To state it another way, a full understanding of the book of the Revelation is impossible without an accurate understanding of the book of Daniel.

The following is adapted from the introduction to the Revelation Resources because Daniel is replete with prophecies, some of which have been fulfilled (assuming a literal approach) and some of which are yet to be fulfilled. The approach one takes to the interpretation of the future prophecies in the book of the Revelation will greatly influence how one interprets the future prophecies in the book of Daniel. The following chart summarizes the four main "schools" of interpretation regarding the prophecies in the Revelation.

Even more important is to build a firm foundation from your own inductive study of Daniel before you consult even the most respected commentary, otherwise you may be confused by the diversity of interpretations!

The four views of interpretation of Revelation are summarized in the following chart. If you would like to see which "school" of interpretation your favorite commentator espouses, click here for a list of authors who are categorized by their main interpretative approach. Although there are probably some exceptions, the authors in this list undoubtedly take a similar interpretative approach to the unfulfilled prophecies in Daniel (Click here to see Daniel Commentaries categorized by the approach to the important prophecy in Daniel 9:24-27)

John MacArthur (any of his sermons or publications are highly recommended) nicely summarizes the "interpretative challenges" in Daniel noting that

The main challenges center on interpreting passages about future tribulation and kingdom promises. Though the use of Imperial Aramaic and archeology have confirmed the early date of writing, some skeptical interpreters, unwilling to acknowledge supernatural prophecies that came to pass (there are over 100 in Daniel 11 alone that were fulfilled), place these details in the intertestamental times. They see these prophecies, not as miraculously foretelling the future, but as simply the observations of a later writer, who is recording events of his own day. Thus, they date Daniel in the days of Antiochus IV Epiphanes (175–164 b.c., Daniel 8; 11:21–45). According to this scheme, the expectation of the Stone and Son of Man (Da 2, Da 7) turned out to be a mistaken notion that did not actually come to pass, or the writer was being intentionally deceptive."

MacArthur takes a literal approach to the interpretation of Daniel (an approach also taken by this website) noting that there will be a literal

"future 7 year judgment period (cf. Da 7:21,22; 11:36-45; 12:1) and a literal 1,000 year kingdom (cf. Rev. 20) after Christ’s second coming when He will reign over Israelites and Gentiles (Da 7:27)...an era before and distinct from the final, absolutely perfect, ultimate state, i.e., the new heaven and the new earth with its capital, the New Jerusalem (Rev 21,22). The literal interpretation of prophecy, including Daniel, leads to the premillennial perspective.

Finally MacArthur adds that there are specific interpretative challenges such as

interpreting numbers (Da 1:12,20; 3:19; 9:24-27); identifying the one like a Son of Man (Da 7:13,14); determining whether to see Antiochus of the past or Antichrist of the far future in Da 8:19-23; explaining the “seventy sevens” in Da 9:24-27; and deciding whether Antiochus of Da 11:21-35 is still meant in Da 11:36-45, or whether it is the future Antichrist. (MacArthur, J. J. The MacArthur Study Bible. Nashville: Word Pub)

Preterist

Preterist (from Latin praeter meaning "past") holds that through use of symbols and allegory, the Revelation deals with events that were fulfilled in John's time and that it was written primarily to provide hope and comfort to the first century church persecuted by Rome. For example, this view interprets the beasts of (Rev 13) as imperial Rome and the imperial priesthood. The preterist view is held by many modern scholars, especially liberals and those who deny that the Revelation predicts specific future events.

Historicist

Views the Revelation as a symbolic or allegorical prophetic survey of church history from the first century up to the Second Coming of Christ and was the view espoused by most of the "reformers". This view however has been largely discounted as it does not adequately address the prophesy in the Revelation. The discerning reader needs to be aware that the historicist view is reflected in most of the "older" commentaries (many of which are public domain works easily accessible on the internet) including the works of John Knox, Martin Luther, John Calvin, John Wesley, Jonathan Edwards, George Whitefield, C. H. Spurgeon, Matthew Henry, Adam Clarke and Albert Barnes. Unless you understand their historicist approach to prophesy, you may become very confused when reading these older "classic" commentaries. Note that with the exception of Spurgeon, these works are not included in the list of resources. It is also important to realize that many of these "classic" commentaries tend to treat many of the promises to Israel as now having their primary application to the church, and this view is firmly disavowed by this website. An example of a historicist interpretation is the belief that the strong angel of Rev 10 symbolizes the Reformation and that the harlot in Rev 17 represents the Roman Catholic church.

Idealist

Maintains that Revelation is not predictive prophecy, but a symbolic portrait of the cosmic conflict between the forces of good and evil. In this view the Revelation becomes merely a collection of stories designed to teach spiritual truth. Some refer to this method of interpretation as "Spiritual".

Futurist

Interprets Revelation 4-22 as predictive of future end time historical events preceding, during and after the return of Jesus Christ, the establishment of His 1000 year, millennial kingdom on earth, followed by the creation of a new heaven and new earth. Variations of this view were held by the earliest expositors, such as Justin Martyr (d. 164), Irenaeus (d. c. 195), et al. This futurist approach has enjoyed a revival since the 19th century and is widely held among evangelicals today.

Note that as best I can discern, most of the resources listed below interpret the book of Daniel using a literal ("futuristic") approach.

The interpretative approach taken by this website regarding Revelation 4-22 and the prophetic sections of the book of Daniel is that these passages describe literal people, places and events that will be fulfilled in the future. As someone has well said "If the plain sense makes good sense seek no other sense lest it result in nonsense." Many of the resources on this page espouse a similar literal interpretative view, but this does not necessarily mean that we agree with every comment in all of the resources.

Bob Deffinbaugh notes that

"What makes the Book of Daniel most profitable for some makes it most problematic for others. Daniel is one of the great Old Testament prophets, and these prophecies have a great deal to say about things yet to come. For the Bible-believing Christian this puts Daniel on the “must read” list. For the unbelieving skeptic, it puts the message and meaning of this great book on the “hit list.” Much that is written about Daniel, then, is written from a critical perspective. Daniel is profitable for the Christian because it describes life in Babylon during the dark days of the captivity of the Jews, in fulfillment of the prophecies God had given this wayward people. Finally, Daniel is a most profitable book because it describes the life of a very godly man, living in an ungodly world."

The wide divergence of interpretative views in the realm of Scripture prophecy makes it imperative that the discerning reader be a "true blue" Berean (Acts 17:11) and perform his or her own inductive study prior to consulting any commentary, tape set, web site or sermon, lest he or she become mired down in confusing rhetoric and specious speculation. The Prophecies in Daniel and the Revelation of Jesus Christ were written to edify, equip, encourage and bless the saints, not to hopelessly confuse or divide them. Maranatha!

Addendum: Clearly any list of "Best Commentaries" on the Book of Daniel is going to be significantly influenced by one's interpretative view of Scripture (literal,  figurative/allegorical, etc). That said, there are 3 sites that usually come up on a Google search of "best commentaries" so let's briefly "review" the "review sites:"

(1) Best Commentaries - A helpful feature in this list is that it provides a notation regarding the view of the commentary on the millennium - Amillennial (often a non-literal approach to prophecy) versus Pre-millennial (usually reflects a literal interpretation of the text). You will note for example that the top two commentaries are both amilennial and as Rosscup's critique says both are somewhat "fuzzy" (my words) in regard to their interpretation of eschatological or prophetic passages, which would seem to me to be a serious deficiency in a commentary on a book in which 8 of the 12 chapters have some of the most incredible prophetic texts in all of Scripture!  Read Rosscup's comments on three of the top five ranked Daniel commentaries- (#1) John Goldingjay (#2) Joyce Baldwin and (#5) Temper Longman. The take away is that the reader needs to be very discerning in any list of "best commentaries" lest he or she be misled as to the true interpretation. The best defense against this trap as mentioned above is to first do your own inductive Bible study of the text under the tutelage of the Holy Spirit and then you will in fact be able to comment on the commentaries! (See consulting conservative commentaries) Remember, while the commentary is usually written by someone with several degrees after they name, if you are a born again believer in Jesus Christ, you have "the Spirit of truth" (Jn 14:17) indwelling you, and He is every ready and able to lead you into all truth independent of whether or not you have an academic degree! Please do not misunderstand - I highly value the academic expertise of the commentaries written by those who are authorities in their field, but ultimately we must be like the ancient Berean followers of Christ "examining (literally "sifted up and down"!) the Scriptures daily, to see whether these things (the sermons preached, doctrine taught, and commentaries written)" are truly reflective of an accurate handling of "the Word of Truth." (Acts 17:11-note, 2 Ti 2:15-note

(2) Ligonier Ministries Top Commentaries on the Book of Daniel - Suffice it to say that not even one of the top 5 commentaries on their list interprets Daniel 9:24-27 as a prophecy which has a yet future final fulfillment. 

(3) Best Commentaries on Daniel - This is Tim Challies' list which is similar to Ligonier's, so it is not surprising that there is not one of these works (the one by Davis may be an exception but his comments on Da 9:24-27 are still somewhat vague) that sees Daniel 9:24-27 as having a component that his yet to be fulfilled in the future. 

In summary, if you believe that the safest approach to interpretation of the Bible is literal, then suffice it to say you will likely be disappointed by the majority of the offerings of "best commentaries on Daniel." Therefore the watchword is "Caveat Emptor" when you go to either study or to purchase a commentary on the prophetic book of Daniel. Hopefully, the list below will give some guidance. And as you have surely already surmised, the majority of the works listed on this page of Daniel Commentaries and Sermons are from sources that seek to interpret the text literally, and also interpret figurative language (e.g., the statute in Daniel 2, the 4 beasts in Daniel 7, etc) with a literal interpretation. Remember that although the language of a text may be figurative or metaphorical, in the final analysis God always intends it to have a literal meaning.

For more discussion on the origin and spiritual danger of the allegorical method of interpretation especially as applied to prophetic books like Daniel click here for Anthony Garland's analysis. He also has an interesting discussion on Understanding Symbols and FiguresAbuse of Numbers in Biblical Interpretation and Literal Interpretation of Numbers.

THREE GENERAL
INTERPRETATIVE APPROACHES
REGARDING DANIEL 9:24-27

Recommended Resources
(And Some that are not recommended)

The first group of resources below accepts Daniel 9:25-26 as a prophecy of the Messiah and allows for a "Gap" Between Daniel's 69 and 70th Week. The works in this first group seek the normal, literal interpretation and would in general be classified as "futurists" and millennialists.

Disclaimer: Note that categorizing an entire work and/or writer's interpretative approach is undoubtedly somewhat subjective so if you see a commentary that you know is inappropriately classified, please email your concern and it will be researched and corrected as needed.

Anderson, Sir Robert: Daniel in the Critic's Den and The Coming Prince

Archer, Gleason L., Jr: "Daniel" in Expositor's Bible Commentary

Arthur, Kay: 19 Part Lecture Series on Daniel (Precept Ministries International)

Bible Knowledge Commentary. John Walvoord, Roy Zuck (Victor Books, 1985)

Boice, J M: Daniel: An Expositional Commentary (Logos)

Campbell, Donald: Daniel: God's Man in a Secular Society (Discovery House, 1988)

Rosscup - A popular, brief premillennial exposition of Daniel by an expositor who is a master of synthesis. Campbell taught Bible exposition at Dallas Seminary for many years. He illustrates vividly and gears the work for lay people. (Commentaries For Biblical Expositors - excellent resource)

Constable, Thomas: Expository Notes on the Whole Bible (Logos)

Culver, Robert D: Daniel and the Latter Days. (Moody Press, 1977)

Rosscup - In a very systematic and thorough way, the author delves into Daniel to compare the amillennial, premillennial and postmillennial interpretations. He defends the premillennial view and presents several arguments to show that it is superior. It is a penetrating work and very valuable to have. In an appendix, he gives seven arguments in support of his view that the new heavens and new earth will come at the beginning of the millennium and not at the end. Many will disagree that the Bible supports this idea.. (Commentaries For Biblical Expositors - excellent resource)

Deffinbaugh, Bob: Daniel: Relating Prophecy to Piety

Gangel, Kenneth. Daniel - Holman OT Commentary

James Rosscup: A light, cursory exposition is along popular and premillennial lines, using a lot of long quotes and doing little more than outline prophetical matters. But it has some good principles for application. For the most part, one would derive more benefit from various works that offer so much more than the appeal of packaging. (Commentaries For Biblical Expositors - excellent resource)

Guzik, Dave: Expository Notes 

Ice, Thomas: Daniel 9:24-27: The Seventy Weeks of Daniel (pt 1)

Ironside, H. A.: The Great Parenthesis (1943) (See esp Chapter II)

Ironside, H. A.: Daniel - Ironside's Notes

Kelly, William: Daniel's Seventy Weeks (Colorado: Wilson Foundation)

KJV Bible commentary. Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 1994)

Larkin, Clarence: The Book of Daniel (Larkin Estate, 1929) (See also)

MacArthur, John: MacArthur Study Bible (click here also)

McClain, Alva J: Alva J. McClain Daniel's Prophecy of the Seventy Weeks (Zondervan, 1960)

Miller, Stephen R: Daniel: The New American Commentary. (Broadman & Holman, 1994)

James Rosscup: Miller provides a careful premillennial, dispensational explanation on details, such as on Dan. 2, 7, and 11–12. His introduction upholds Daniel in the sixth century B. C. as author, and reviews the history of criticism, answering main reasons some use for a second century date, among other things. In the commentary, he offers competent light on many problems, and shows he is aware of views, often giving copious reasons for his own. He describes what the fiery furnace looked like (115), and has good discussions on such details as the Son of Man (7:13–14), and a defense of a premillennial view in 7:15ff, and a gap before the seventieth seven in 9:27 with the seven coming right before Christ’s Second Advent. Along premillennial lines it ranks close to Leon Wood’s work, and on discussing critical viewpoints offers more. (Commentaries For Biblical Expositors - excellent resource)

Newell, Phillip. Daniel, the Man Greatly Beloved and His Prophecies. (Moody, 1962)

Pentecost, J. Dwight: Things to Come: A Study in Biblical Eschatology (Zondervan, 1971)

Pritchard, Ray: Courageous Living in Turbulent Times

Price, Randall: Daniel 9:27 Seventy Weeks of Daniel; Daniel 9 God's Future Program for Israel

Radio Bible Class: What Can We Know About The Antichrist?; What Can We Know About The Endtimes?; What Can We Know About The Second Coming?

Radio Bible Class: The Daniel Papers

Richison, Grant: Devotional Series on Daniel from Campus Crusades for Christ

Second Coming - Table comparing Rapture versus Second Coming

Stedman, Ray: Expository Series on Daniel

Strauss, Lehman: The Prophecies of Daniel

Verse by Verse Notes: On Daniel 9:24-27 on this website

Walvoord, John: Daniel: The Key to Prophetic Revelation (Online Version) - Highly Recommended

Whitcomb, John: Daniel: Everyman's Bible Commentary

Rosscup - A dispensational survey, documenting his use of scholarly literature and mingling exegesis and devotional elements. His dispensational interpretations are fairly standard. .(Commentaries For Biblical Expositors - excellent resource)

Wood, Leon: A Commentary on Daniel (Regency Reference Library, 1973)

Zeisler, Steve: Expository Sermon Series

The second group listed below accepts Daniel 9:25-26 as Prophecy of the Messiah but does not interpret a Gap between Daniel's 69 & 70th Week

Most of these works interpret Daniel's 70th week as literally following the 69th week and interpret the he in Daniel 9:27 as the Messiah and not the Antichrist. Basically most of these writers also do not accept the 1000 year reign of Messiah on earth (i.e., they are amillennialists) as mentioned in Revelation 20.

Baldwin, Joyce G: Daniel: An Introduction and Commentary. (Inter-Varsity Press, 1978). (Baldwin makes an odd comment that "The numbers are symbolic and not arithmetical; by the time 69 sevens have passed, God's allotted seventy is almost complete" She goes on to add that "to him (Daniel) the 70 years covered the whole of future time, and the coming of the kingdom looked from his vantage-point like one event.")

Rosscup - The main contribution of this brief work is in the many references to literature in Baldwin’s sometimes broad reading and awareness. Baldwin is also helpful in referring at times back and forth from liberal to conservative views (cf. on resurrection, Da 12:2), so that the reader sees the difference in interpretative systems. One is disappointed in what she does (or fails to do) with some texts, such as Da Da 7:12, “the rest of the beasts.” Cf. by comparison Leon Wood. Baldwin’s work seems to lack a grasp of eschatological details whereas Walvoord, Wood etc. are more clear-cut in a consistent system they can verify in a meaningful way from Scripture.A dispensational survey, documenting his use of scholarly literature and mingling exegesis and devotional elements. His dispensational interpretations are fairly standard. .(Commentaries For Biblical Expositors - excellent resource)

Barnes, Albert: Barnes Notes on the Old Testament (ca 1942)

Calvin, John: Calvin's Commentaries (mid 1500's)

Rosscup - This work appeared first in Latin in 1561. The reader will find much judicious comment with spiritual perception on the character of Daniel. The prophetical view Calvin advocates is amillennial, so one will see how he explains and defends that perspective on such passages as Daniel 2, 7, 9, 11, and 12. (Commentaries For Biblical Expositors - excellent resource)

Clarke, A: Clarke's Commentary: Daniel (ca 1850's)

Gill, John: Exposition of the Old and New Testaments (ca mid-1700's)

Henry, Matthew: Matthew Henry's commentary on the whole Bible (1706)

Jamieson, R., Fausset, & Brown: A commentary, critical and explanatory (1871) - This is one of the better older commentaries and tends to interpret Scripture literally!

Keil, C. F., & Delitzsch, F: Commentary on the Old Testament (1866-1891) (Presents a difficult to follow discussion which seems to conclude the 70th week correlates with the end times in which Antichrist is exterminated, but they interpret the "seven's" symbolically and thus do not formally espouse a "gap") 

Longman, Tremper III. Daniel (NIV Application Commentary)

James Rosscup: A Westmont College professor posits sixth century B. C. material in Daniel, but his work is soft toward late-daters, even toward one who denies the possibility of supernatural prophecy in Dan. 7–12 (23). Longman seeks to resolve alleged inaccuracies as in Da 1:1–2 (43), difficult phrases such as “ten times better” in Da 1:20 (54), usually meeting them head-on in a substantial commentary of 313 pp. He is of the opinion in Daniel 7:1-6 that the four beasts represent an unspecified number of evil kingdoms that will succeed one another from the exile to Christ’s future coming (190). Many principles help readers in application, but too often the comments on prophecy mislead or leave uncertainty, not help one have a sound view. (Commentaries For Biblical Expositors - excellent resource) (Bolding added for emphasis)

Young, E J: The Prophecy of Daniel (1949)

Rosscup (writing on Young's "The Messianic Prophecies of Daniel") has this comment - This is a solid work showing how an outstanding fairly recent amillennial scholar deals with so crucial a book on eschatology. It reveals the vital points at which he attacks dispensationalism. The commentary is very good in its verse by verse exegesis but is weak in eschatology, as shown by his treatment of Daniel 9:24–27 and the “stone” in chapter 2. He fastens upon the dispensational teaching that the kingdom of the future will be a thousand years, then argues from chapter 2 that the kingdom has to be eternal. Actually, dispensationalists are misrepresented here, for they believe in both. (Commentaries For Biblical Expositors - excellent resource) (Bolding added for emphasis) (Ed comment: It is indeed a sad paradox that in a clearly prophetic book like Daniel, the writer of a commentary on Daniel would be assessed as "weak in eschatology." And yet Young's work on Daniel is the #1 ranked commentary by Ligonier Ministries! So what is the upshot? As alluded to above, one must be very careful not to rely too heavily on the so-called "best commentary" lists!) 

Geneva Study Bible: Study Notes (1599)

Mauro, Philip: The Seventy Weeks and the Great Tribulation (1921)

Leupold, H. C.: Exposition of Daniel (Baker Book House, 1949)

Rosscup -  This amillennial work is quite detailed and helpful in showing the amillennial type of approach to the crucial prophecies, The work by Young, however, is better.(Commentaries For Biblical Expositors - excellent resource)

New Bible Commentary (Sinclair Ferguson)

This last group does not believe Daniel 9:24-27 is a prophecy of the Messiah and thus these works generally equate with a liberal school of (non-literal) interpretation

This group generally argues that Daniel was written in the second century (late date) after all the historical events prophesied had come to pass and thus they conclude that the entire book represents the author's (not the original Daniel) interpretation of past history. In general the commentators this non-Christological group attempts to find fulfillment of the Daniel's 70 Weeks in the events leading up to the persecution of Antiochus Epiphanes. In 168 B.C., a pagan altar was constructed on top of the great altar of burnt sacrifices, and a pagan sacrifice was offered under the reign of Antiochus Epiphanes. This act precipitated the Maccabean revolt which Antiochus attempted unsuccessfully to put down with great cruelty (167-164 B.C.).

The works below have some excellent aspects from an academic aspect but on prophet passages "be a Berean"! (Acts 17:11-note) Note that several of these works are published by companies that one normally considered conservative evangelical sources, but clearly that does not guarantee that the contents are thoroughly conservative and evangelical. Examine every commentary (including the notes you are now reading!) carefully. Hold fast (present imperative = command to make this one's lifestyle) to those that are true (cf 1Th 5:21-note). The only way you will personally be able to achieve this goal is to learn to study the Scriptures inductively (Click introduction to inductive Bible study).

Solid food (as prepared by careful inductive study) is for the mature, who because of practice have their senses trained to discern good and evil (see Hebrews 5:14-note)

Goldingay, John E: Daniel. Word Biblical Commentary. Volume 30 (Dallas: Word Books, 1989) (For example he writes that "There is no reason to refer it exegetically to the first or second coming of Christ.", page 260)

Rosscup - Immense research in books and journals has gone into this. It has excellent footnote details, many word studies, and a long, learned discussion on introductory matters that is quite informative for many. It summarizes the history of interpreting Daniel from the LXX to Goldingay’s work. Goldingay favors a second century date and sees much fulfillment of prophecy in Maccabean times; it is history written after things happen. He feels the author stretches history at times, and favors saying that the fourth empire in Daniel 7 is an elephant. Often numbers are symbolical. The work has much to offer on literature and views in many cases but is not of reliable value in handling prophecy, in the minds of premillennialists. (Commentaries For Biblical Expositors - excellent resource)

Brown, R. E., Fitzmyer, J. A., & Murphy, R. E: The Jerome Biblical commentary (1968)

Matthews, V. H., Chavalas, M. W., & Walton, J. H: The IVP Bible background commentary: Old Testament (InterVarsity Press, 2000)

Montgomery, James A: A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the Book of Daniel. The International Critical Commentary. (1964)

Rosscup: This is a detailed study of the text from a critical standpoint, and is, in this regard, very helpful to the serious student who is dealing with problems. Often the work is in a dense fog on prophetical positions, fostering confusion. (Commentaries For Biblical Expositors - excellent resource)

F F Bruce: A popular commentary series edited by F. F. Bruce and William Barclay (Abingdon Press) is full of modernistic thought and historical-critical discussion and specifically in the volume dealing with Daniel, the book of Daniel is said to have been written after the fulfillment of the events prophesied therein. In the same volume we are told that we cannot know who authored the book of Daniel (though Jesus Christ strongly implies that Daniel wrote it -- he certainly spoke it - Mt 24:15!).

Russell, D. S: Daniel. The Daily Study Bible series. (Westminster John Knox Press, 1981)

This is by the famous author of The Method and Message of Jewish Apocalyptic (1964), later General Secretary of the Baptist Union of Great Britain. The series purports to have experts in their field write in a form that will appeal to the general public. Russell dates Daniel ca. 165 B. C., using arguments such as vocabulary and style. These have been answered well in favor of a 6th century date by such men as Edwin Yamauchi, Greece and Babylon. Yet there is much elucidation from careful scholarship even for evangelicals whose studies lead them to different conclusions. Russell in typical liberal fashion sees the parts of the image as depicting Neo-Babylon, Media, Persia and Greece. The fulfillment of God’s Kingdom is not in a far off kingdom (that, says Russell, is strained and fanciful exegesis), but in the writer’s own time. His hopes were not realized, for the kingdom did not come literally in the way he expected in his day (p. 54). Yet Russell does believe in the New Testament hope of the kingdom at the end of history. On 12:2, he says wrongly that the earlier Hebrews had no belief in individual life beyond the grave (p. 218). While the work often does not offer reliable help that understands the writer’s expectation in the futuristic way the writer most naturally seems to mean it, there is much to open up vividly many of the verses on other details. The work is helpful if one wants to see how a liberal mind deals with what is said. (Commentaries For Biblical Expositors - excellent resource)

CHARTS ON
PROPHETIC PASSAGES

LECTURES ON THE REVELATION
By Kay Arthur

Revelation Part 3

  • Lecture 00 Knowing Revelation Takes Away the Fear
  • Lecture 01 Knowing Who God Is & Living Accordingly
  • Lecture 02 Who Do You Bow Down To?
  • Lecture 03 When Will the Mystery of God be Finished?
  • Lecture 04 Date Setting and The Return of Christ
  • Lecture 05 Matthew 24 and the Coming of the Son of Man
  • Lecture 06 When Does the Tribulation Begin?
  • Lecture 07 Why Is It So Important to Understand the Jew?
  • Lecture 08 Is God Finished With the Jews?
  • Lecture 09 This Land is Your Land...Forever!
  • Lecture 10 What Happened to the Old Testament Promises Regarding Israel?
  • Lecture 11 A Prophecy Regarding Israel: The Beginning of the End

Revelation Part 4

  • Lecture 00 Where are the leaders? The Strong and Courageous? Those valiant for God's absolutes?
  • Lecture 01 The Lord Jesus Christ is Returning: You Can Count on It!
  • Lecture 02 Are the Events of Revelation Past? Happening Now? Or Yet Future?
  • Lecture 03 It's the Last Hour! Don't be Misled by the Devil's Antichrists
  • Lecture 04 What Will it be Like When the ''Real'' Antichrist Comes?
  • Lecture 05 When Will the Antichrist rear his Destructive head?
  • Lecture 06 The Devil's Beauty & Beast
  • Lecture 07 Who is the Great harlot Babylon?
  • Lecture 08 The Day of the Lord is Coming
  • Lecture 09 Where Will the Church be When the Day of the Lord Comes?
  • Lecture 10 What & When is Armageddon?
  • Lecture 11 When Jesus Returns to the Earth Where Will the Church Be?
  • Lecture 12 Where is the Church in the Book of the Revelation?
  • Lecture 13 Where is the Church in the 1000 Year Reign?

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DISCLAIMER: Before you "go to the commentaries" go to the Scriptures and study them inductively (Click 3 part overview of how to do Inductive Bible Study) in dependence on your Teacher, the Holy Spirit, Who Jesus promised would guide us into all the truth (John 16:13). Remember that Scripture is always the best commentary on Scripture. Any commentary, even those by the most conservative and orthodox teacher/preachers cannot help but have at least some bias of the expositor based upon his training and experience. Therefore the inclusion of specific links does not indicate that we agree with every comment. We have made a sincere effort to select only the most conservative, "bibliocentric" commentaries. Should you discover some commentary or sermon you feel may not be orthodox, please email your concern. I have removed several links in response to concerns by discerning readers. I recommend that your priority be a steady intake of solid Biblical food so that with practice you will have your spiritual senses trained to discern good from evil (Heb 5:14-note).