Judges 10-12 - Rob Salvato
Judges 10 Commentary
|Judges 10:1 Now after Abimelech died, Tola the son of Puah, the son of Dodo, a man of Issachar, arose to save Israel; and he lived in Shamir in the hill country of Ephraim.
A.M. 2772, B.C. 1232, An, Ex, Is, 259
arose (KJV): Jdg 2:16 3:9
defend (KJV): or, deliver, Heb. save
Shamir (KJV): Jos 15:48
TOLA: means "scarlet," "purple," a sign of luxury (see Tola)
SAVE: deliver, rescue. There is no mention of any external threat while he was in office.
|Judges 10:2 And he judged Israel twenty-three years. Then he died and was buried in Shamir.|
|Judges 10:3 And after him, Jair the Gileadite arose, and judged Israel twenty-two years.
A.M. 2795, B.C. 1209, An, Ex, Is, 282
a Gileadite (KJV): Ge 31:48 Nu 32:29
|Judges 10:6 Then the sons of Israel again did evil in the sight of the LORD, served the Baals and the Ashtaroth, the gods of Aram, the gods of Sidon, the gods of Moab, the gods of the sons of Ammon, and the gods of the Philistines; thus they forsook the LORD and did not serve Him.
A.M. 2817, B.C. 1187, An, Ex, Is, 304
did evil (KJV): Jdg 4:1 6:1 13:1, A.M. 2799, B.C. 1205, An, Ex, Is, 286
Baalim (KJV): Jdg 2:11-14 3:7 2Ch 28:23 Ps 106:36
the gods of Zidon (KJV): 1Ki 11:5,7,33 16:31 2Ki 17:16,29-31 23:13
the gods of the Philistines (KJV): Jdg 16:23 1Sa 5:2 2Ki 1:2,3 Jer 2:13 Eze 16:25,26
THEN THE SONS OF ISRAEL AGAIN DID EVIL IN THE SIGHT OF THE LORD
After forty-five years of comparative quiet Israel again apostatized, and in “process of time the children of Ammon made war against Israel”
Did evil in the sight of the LORD - a repeated phrase in Judges - see notes Judges 2:11, 3:12, 4:1, 6:1, 10:6, Judges 13:1 The phrase did evil is common in is also common in 1 & 2 Kings (24 times), increasing in frequency in second Kings (click for all 41 uses of the phrase "did evil" in the OT). It is as if the closer they got to judgment, the more evil they became or the more certain the judgment had to be. Just a thought to ponder. Note it is also interesting that this phrase did evil is not found in 1 & 2 Samuel. Could it be that the reason is that the leaders were godly men like Samuel and David? Note also that the evil began with Baalim (plural) but progressed to the point documented in Judges 10:6 (note)!
THE GODS OF ARAM: Of Hadad which worshiped Baal, Mot, Anath
THE GODS OF SIDON: Baa & Astarte
THE GODS OF MOAB: Chemosh, etc
THE GODS OF THE SONS OF AMMON: Molech, Moloch, etc
This longer list of gods ("seven fold idolatry") suggests a progressive downward spiral in Israel’s violations of the covenant. However even in Jdg 2:11 the plural for Baal (Baalim) suggests they were already "polytheists" at the early stages of apostasy in Judges. It is interesting to note that these pagan nations form a complete circle around Israel.
The Preacher's Commentary presents an interesting analysis writing that…
FORSOOK THE LORD AND DID NOT SERVE HIM:
A SAD REFRAIN:
"DID NOT… "
Did not - This is a sad refrain in the book of Judges (and I fear too often in our lives [including mine!] as believers!
Did not drive out = Jdg 1:21, 28, 30, 31, 32, 33-note
Jeremiah's commentary on faithless Jerusalem years later is timelessly applicable…
Abraham Lincoln wrote these words as he proclaimed a National Fast Day, as it was his belief that the Civil War was a chastisement from God for the sins of the nation:
What would he say today? These next 3 chapters of Judges chronicle the same kind of national tragedy in Israel. In spite of all that God had repeatedly done for His people, once again the Israelites FORGOT THEIR GOD.
The fickleness of Israel in light of God's treatment of them is difficult to understand. Israel would soon find out that the sin of idolatry promised a great deal but delivered little. It promised freedom, pleasure, and prosperity but delivered bondage, guilt, shame and death. And so it is still true today!