Judges Commentaries & Sermons

JUDGES RESOURCES
Judges Commentary, Sermon, Illustration, Devotional


Chart from recommended resource Jensen's Survey of the OT - used by permission
Chart on Judges - Charles Swindoll
Another Overview Chart of Judges

RECYCLING SIN
(The High Cost of Compromise)


Jdg 1:1-3:6

Jdg 3:7-16:31

Jdg 17:1-21:25
Introduction History of the Judges Appendix
Causes of the
Cycles

THE REASON
Curse of the
Cycles

THE RECORD
Conditions in
the Cycles

THE RESULTS
Failure to Complete Conquest Jdg 1:1-36
God's Judgment for
Failure Jdg 2:1-3:6
Curse of the
Cycles
Conditions in
the Cycles
Living with
Canaanites
War with the
Canaanites
Living Like the
Canaanites
Religious
Laxity
Political
Uncertainty
Moral
Anarchy
About 350 Years of Israel's History - Almost 25%!
From Compromise to Confusion!
A TIMELINE OF ISRAEL'S HISTORY
"in the days when the JUDGES governed"
(Note: All dates are approximations & time gaps NOT to scale)
Exodus 40 Years Israel Enters Canaan JUDGES Saul David   Messiah

Redemption from Slavery

Wilderness Wandering

Canaan Conquered
Joshua Dies

LIGHT of book of RUTH
Shines forth
in Dark Days of Judges

To obey is better than sacrifice

Man after God's Own Heart

The Lamb that was slain

-- 40 yrs ~24 yrs

350+ yrs

40 yrs 40 yrs Forever
MESSIAH'S LINE   To Salmon was born Boaz by Rahab To Boaz was born Obed by Ruth To Obed was born Jesse To Jesse was born David the King Jesus Christ the Lord
1445BC

1445 -1405

1405 -1381

1381-1051

1051-1011 1011-971 4AD


Another Timeline of Israel's History
Click to Enlarge

from Jensen's Survey of the OT


Click to Enlarge


Other ways to describe Israel's cycle…

  • Rest > Rebellion > Retribution > Repentance > Restoration
  • Sin > Suffering/Servitude > Supplication > Salvation
  • Apathy > Apostasy > Affliction > Answered Prayer
  • Disobedience > Desperation > Deliverance

The Book of Judges
Contrasted with
The Book of Joshua

JOSHUA JUDGES
Victory Defeat
Freedom Servitude
Faith Unbelief
Progress Declension
Spiritual vision Earthly emphasis
Fidelity to the Lord Apostasy from the Lord
Joy Sorrow
Strength Weakness
Sense of unity Declension, anarchy
Sin judged Sin lightly regarded

The New Unger's Bible Handbook- Merrill F. Unger - page 129

The Book of Judges
Contrasted with
The Book of Ruth

RUTH JUDGES
Spiritual
light
Spiritual
darkness
Purity Immorality
Deciding for
the One true God
Pursuing Idols
who are no gods
Devotion Disloyalty
Love Lust
Peace War
Kindness Cruelty
Obedience
brings blessing
Disobedience
brings sorrow
Oasis
of righteousness
Desert
of rebellion
Faithfulness
of a Gentile alien
Faithlessness
of the "chosen people"

Key Verses:

Jdg 2:19, 20-21-note, Jdg 17:6-note, Jdg 21:25-note (cf Dt 12:8)

Key Words (NAS95):

Sons of evil (again) did evil - 5x/5v (Jdg 2:11; 3:12; 4:1; 10:6; 13:1)

Serve* - 17x/14v (Jdg 2:7, 11, 13, 19; 3:6ff, 14; 9:28, 38; 10:6, 10, 13, 16)

Sons of Israel cried - 7x/7v (Jdg 3:9, 15; 4:3; 6:6, 7; 10:10, 12)

LORD raised up - 4x/4v (Jdg 2:16, 18; 3:9, 15)

Judge, judged - 20x/16v (Jdg 2:16, 17, 18; 3:10; 10:2, 3, 11:27; 12:7, 8, 9, 11, 13, 14; 15:20; 16:31)

Deliver, delivered, deliverance, deliverer - 28x/27v (Jdg 2:16, 18; 3:9, 15; 6:9, 14, 15, 31, 36, 37; 7:2, 7; 8:22, 34; 9:17; 10:11, 12, 13; 12:2, 3; 13:5; 15:18; 18:28; 20:13, 28)

Covenant - 4x/4v (Jdg 2:1-2, 20; 20:27)

See Outline of the Book of Judges below

C H Ryrie - Purpose of Judges Historically, the book serves to link the conquest of Palestine and the monarchy. Theologically, it provides many examples of the principle that obedience to the law brings peace, whereas disobedience means oppression and death. Spiritually, the faithfulness of God in forgiving His penitent people is seen even in this period when "every man did what was right in his own eyes" (Jdg 17:6; 21:25).

J Sidlow Baxter - Failure Through Compromise - Its (Book of Judges) intent is to expose the cause and course of Israel’s ruining downgrade in such a way as to sting the national conscience into repentant return to Jehovah… Incomplete mastery of an evil at the outset always means constant trouble from it afterwards, and often defeat by it in the end… Would that we might erase from the tablets of Israel's history the many dark doings and sad happenings which make up the bulk of this seventh book of the canon! But alas, the sin of Israel is written "with a pen of iron and with the point of a diamond. "Though Israel wash herself "with nitre" and take "much soap," yet is her iniquity here marked for all time and for all to see. Says Jehovah, long afterwards, through His prophet Jeremiah: "I brought you into a plentiful country, to eat the fruit thereof - but when ye entered ye defiled My land, and made My heritage an abomination" (Jer 2:7). As we cannot obliterate the tragic record, let us be quick to learn from it; for although it is such a pathetic anticlimax to the book of Joshua, it is nevertheless one of the richest books of Scripture in the salutary lessons and examples which it contains. (Explore the Book- J. Sidlow Baxter - recommended)

Thomas Constable has a number of excellent quotes - Arthur Cundall suggested that one of the purposes of Judges may have been to provide apologetic justification for Israel's monarchy. William Dumbrell believed its purpose was primarily to show the sovereign grace of God in preserving Israel in spite of Israel. Leon Wood wrote that its primary purpose was to show why Israel did not experience God's promised blessings. Herbert Wolf believed the primary purpose was to show that Israel's spiritual condition determined its political and material situation. Daniel Block argued that it was to reveal the Canaanization of Israel in the pre-monarchic period of Israel's history. David Howard wrote that the purpose was "to show the consequences of disobedience to God and to point the way to a king, who, if he were righteous, would lead the people to God." All these explanations seem to me to be in harmony with what the book records." (See Constable's excellent introductory comments, about 9 pages - Click for Pdf of Judges)

Warren Wiersbe - Wiersbe: The nation of Israel quickly decayed after a new generation took over, a generation that knew neither Joshua nor Joshua’s God … Instead of exhibiting spiritual fervor, Israel sank into apathy; instead of obeying the Lord, the people moved into apostasy; and instead of the nation enjoying law and order, the land was filled with anarchy. Indeed, for Israel it was the worst of times.

Gary Inrig applies the message of Judges to America - In our time, the winds of the “me generation” are blowing a strong and deadly virus. “Doing your own thing” has been enshrined as the national life-style, and the virus of relativism has infected every area of life, especially our concepts of spiritual truth and moral absolutes. Our society is increasingly secular, increasingly pagan, and vigorously anti-Christian. If ever a verse of the Bible has the ring of the twentieth century about it, it is the motto of the times of the judges: “Everyone did what was right in his own eyes.”… The book of Judges is filled with people very much like us – people with God-given potential for greatness and unfailing capacity for catastrophe. When they dared to trust God and depend upon Him, they were indeed people with hearts of iron, who made a positive, godly impact on their times. But when even the greatest heroes depended upon the flesh, they were revealed as people with feet of clay, who not only experienced but caused spiritual catastrophe. (Hearts of Iron, Feet of Clay- Practical and Contemporary Lessons from the Book of Judges- Dr. Gary Inrig - see the reader comments to which I would add - Highly Recommended especially if you are going to teach or preach through Judges!)

Henrietta Mears - Someone has called the book of Judges the account of the Dark Ages of the Israelite people. The people forsook God (Jdg 2:13) and God forsook the people (Jdg 2:23). Robert Ingersoll (American Agnostic) spoke much of "the liberty of man, woman and child." His was a godless liberty. The modern equivalent is "doing our own thing." You see this in the book of Judges. Judges covers the period after the death of their great leader, Joshua, to the ascension of Saul to the throne of Israel… The book of Judges is in a way another book of beginnings where we see a new nation adjusting her national life. It is filled with struggle and disasters, but also with the moral courage of a select few. There is a decided monotony in the description of each successive stage of sin in Israel, but there is an equally remarkable variety in the instruments and methods of deliverance God used. There is something different in the story of each judge. There are fourteen judges—Othniel, Ehud, Shamgar, Deborah, Gideon, Tola, Jair, Jephthah, Ibzan, Elon, Abdon, Samson, Eli and Samuel. (Abimelech, a petty ruler, was not called of God to judge.) There were three types of Judges: The warrior-judges as Gideon and Samson; Priest-judges as Eli; Prophet-judges as Deborah and Samuel. The chief judges were Deborah, Gideon, Samson and Samuel… The book begins with compromise and ends with confusion. This is what happens in every unsurrendered life!… One thing we learn in the book of Judges is that a people who spend much of their time in disobedience to God make little progress during their lifetime. The book of Numbers recounts the forty years of wandering in the wilderness, but this book repeats again and again a record of departure from God… Here is an outline for Judges that is easy to remember. "Seven apostasies, seven servitudes to seven idolatrous and cruel nations, seven deliverances!" We read of humans' constant failure and God's constant mercy. (What the Bible is All About)

Ray Stedman - Judges is essentially the story of a deteriorating nation, and as such, it is a picture for us of deteriorating Christian life… "These things," as the apostle Paul says, "were written down for our instruction." (1Corinthians 10:11) God retraces in our lives the very circumstances, the very battles, and the very conflicts that we find Israel going through. In Joshua, the land of Canaan is the picture of the Spirit-filled life… (In Judges) The principle that always meant defeat in the lives of the nation of Israel is given to us in the very last verse of the book. If you miss that, you miss the key to the book: In those days there was no king in Israel; every man did what was right in his own eyes. (Judges 21:25) Notice that it does not say, "Every man did what was wrong in his own eyes." These people were not trying to do wrong. They were not essentially rebellious people determined to thwart the will of God in their lives. At this stage of Israel's history these people were very determined to do right, but they were trying to do what was right in their own eyes. The pattern of peril in this book of Judges can be simply put this way -- they were given over to the folly of consecrated blundering. They were consecrated, dedicated blunderers -- meaning to do right but ending up all wrong. I can tell you that no pattern repeats itself more frequently in my counseling sessions than this. Many, many times I have heard people say, "Oh, I don't know what went wrong. I meant to do right. I did what I thought was best. But everything seemed to go wrong."… The great lesson of this book, then, is that we must take God seriously about the enemy. Jesus Christ has come to save us from our sins -- not to allow us to settle down to live all our lives with them. He has come to drive them out from us and to separate us from them. If we do not take God seriously about these things that we call trivial we will experience an inevitable sequence, taking us step by step away from the intervening grace of God, onward to a course that brings us at last to moral collapse. I think this is the answer to those sudden moral collapses of men and women who have apparently been outstanding leaders for God, who present, on the outside at least, a fair and happy prospect that looks as though their spiritual life is strong. Then suddenly we read of some terrible moral collapse. What has happened? There has been an inward deterioration, exactly along the pattern of the book of Judges. (Overview of Judges- The Pattern of Defeat - Recommended)

Charles R Swindoll - Ironically, in this book we meet many heroes of faith: Othniel, Gideon, Samson, Shamgar, Deborah, Jephthah, Ehud … flawed individuals who answered God’s call to deliver the Israelites in sometimes dramatic form. The book includes many of the most graphic, violent, and disturbing scenes in all Scripture—some in the name of righteousness, others in the name of evil. The primary message of Judges is that God will not allow sin to go unpunished. As Exodus established, Israel was God’s people—He was their King… The people’s inability to resist sinful Canaanite influences eventually revealed their desire for a centralized monarchy, led by a righteous king whom God would choose as His intermediary. How do I apply this? Memory is a gift. Remembering the past teaches us countless lessons about how to live today. The Israelites forgot. They did not remember the miraculous events that brought them to their land or the covenant that united them to their God. But God did not forget His covenant—and because of His great love for His people, He disciplined His sinful children so that they might return to Him. Have you forgotten the great works God has done in your life? Perhaps your difficult circumstances are overpowering your faith. Do you feel as if He is disciplining you right now? Know that He disciplines those He loves (Hebrews 12:5–11). Return to Him. Remember, trust, and obey. He is waiting with open arms. (Insight for Living Ministries)

Judges: Precept Upon Precept — Precept Ministries International — Inductive Bible Study
( Click for discussion of the value of Inductive Study)

Judges - Driving Out Your Enemies

Today, as in the days of Judges, everyone does what is right in his own eyes! Absolutes and traditions are pushed aside. Many feel oppressed. The book of Judges is God's Word for our day of apathy and apostasy. 7 lessons

JUDGES COMMENTARY
Verse by Verse
Bruce Hurt, MD

ART RELATED
To the Book of Judges

PAUL APPLE
Commentary on Judges
Recommended Resource

ALBERT BARNES
Commentary Notes on Judges

BRIAN BELL
Teaching Notes
Book of Judges

BIBLE.ORG RESOURCES
Book of Judges

BIBLICAL ILLUSTRATOR
Judges Illustrations

Anecdotes, Similes, Expository, Sermons, Homilies, etc

JIM BOMKAMP
Judges Sermon Notes

GEORGE BUSH
Judges Notes
1852

Spurgeon: Like other works of this author—of considerable value.

Cyril Barber -  A pleasing synthesis of scholarship and devotion, historical background and relevant exposition. Bible students, whether laypeople or pastors, should eagerly acquire the writings of this fine biblical scholar and for their own edification and enrichment read what he wrote. This valuable reprint of the 1852 edition makes available the rare and rich homiletic suggestions of this Princeton scholar.

CAMBRIDGE BIBLE FOR SCHOOLS AND COLLEGES
Book of Judges

CAMBRIDGE BIBLE COMMENTARY
John James Lias
Book of Judges

ALAN CARR
Judges Sermon Notes

RICH CATHERS
Judges Sermon Notes

Calvary Chapel of Fullerton

ADAM CLARKE
Judges Commentary

See caveat regarding his interpretative approach

CRITICAL AND EXPLANATORY COMMENTARY
JUDGES COMMENTARY
Robert Jamieson, A. R. Fausset and David Brown. 1871

THOMAS CONSTABLE
Commentary Notes
The Book of Judges

Conservative, Millennial

Note: The commentary below does not include the well done introductory comments and a nice map by Dr Constable which can be retrieved by clicking here for his Pdf of Judges

W A CRISWELL
Judges Sermon Notes

JOHN DUMMELOW
Judges Commentary

RON DANIEL
Judges Sermon Notes

BOB DEFFINBAUGH
Judges
Sermon Notes

"The Dark Days of Israel's Judges - A Study of the Book of Judges"

THE EXPOSITOR'S BIBLE
Judges Commentary 
 Robert A Watson, D. D.

A R FAUSSET
Judges - An Expository Commentary

Cyril Barber - A work of immeasurable value. Remains one of the finest treatments extant. A must for the expositor.

Well Done If part of a page does not show switch to the two page view or try "refresh" (F5 Key)

ARNO GAEBELEIN
Annotated Bible
on Judges

GENE GETZ
PRINCIPLES FROM JUDGES

These are short videos with practical principles.

  • Judges 1:1-2; Consulting God: To make right decisions, we are first and foremost to consult God the Father and His Son Jesus Christ. Video
  • Judges 1:17-19; Partial Obedience: We should guard against our human tendency to retreat when we face difficult challenges. Video
  • Judges 1:20-36; Tests of Faith: We should view various difficulties in our walk with God as opportunities to demonstrate our faithfulness. Video
  • Judges 2:1-5; Forsaking Sin: When we persist in sin, we must understand that we are offending God the Father and His Son, the Lord Jesus Christ. Video
  • Judges 2:6-13; Modeling and Teaching: Adults are to model and teach God's will to the younger generation. Video
  • Judges 2:14-15; God's Discipline: When we persistently disobey God, He will discipline us in order to help us live more godly lives. Video
  • Judges 2:16-18; God's Compassion: Though the Lord will eventually judge all those who ultimately reject His gift of salvation, we should be assured that He is a God of love, mercy, and forgiveness. Video
  • Judges 2:19-23; Internalizing God's Values: With God's help we are to internalize biblical values. Video
  • Judges 3:1-11; Spiritual Leadership: We should always select and appoint leaders in the church who are qualified spiritually. Video
  • Judges 4:1-24;Leadership Qualities: When appointing women to leadership positions in the church, we should take seriously the maturity profile outlined specifically for them. Video
  • Judges 6:1-13;  Blaming God: We should not blame God for our misfortunes when weve caused these problems through our flagrant disobedience. Video
  • Judges 6:14-16; Overcoming Intimidation: Even if we lack status and position in the Christian community, we are to trust God to use us to carry out His work in this world. Video
  • Judges 6:17-40; Determining God's Will: We must be very cautious in asking God to verify what He has already made clear in His direct revelation in Scripture. Video
  • Judges 7:1-23; Quality versus Quantity: In measuring success and doing God's work, we are to focus on quality rather than quantity. Video
  • Judges 8:22-35; Thinking Consistently: To make decisions that glorify God, we must develop a value system that is consistent with God's character. Video
  • Judges 9:1-57; Reciprocal Experiences: We are to treat others fairly and justly or God may discipline us by allowing what we have done to others to happen to us. Video
  • Judges 10:6-18; Light in the Darkness: Followers of Jesus Christ are to view the decadence that surrounds them as an opportunity to be God's light in the darkness. Video
  • Judges 13:1-16:31; Stories that Teach: When we read biblical stories of peoples lives, we should look for the lessons we can learn from both their successes and their failures. Video
  • Judges 17:1-13;  Religious Syncretism: We must be extremely cautious that we never combine pagan concepts with true biblical values. Video
  • Judges 19:1-30; Addressing Evil: As followers of Jesus Christ, we are to confront evil but always in biblical ways. Video
  • Judges 21:25; A Primary Responsibility: We should pray regularly for government leaders so that we might live in a peaceful environment that is conducive to sharing the gospel of the Lord Jesus Christ. Video

GOTQUESTIONS
BOOK OF JUDGES

Have also included selected articles from Fausset's Bible Dictionary which is an older but excellent resource.

JOHN GILL
Judges Commentary

SCOTT GRANT
Sermons on Judges

L. M. GRANT
Commentary on Judges

JOE GUGLIELMO
Judges Notes

DAVE GUZIK
Judges Commentary

Brief Notes from Conservative, Evangelical, Millennial Perspective

ROBERT HAWKER
Poor Man's Commentary
Judges

DAVE HATCHER
Judges Sermons

MATTHEW HENRY
Judges Commentary

HOMILETICAL COMMENTARY
"The Preacher's Commentary"
Book of Judges
by Various Authors

Rich Resource - Check it out. (E.g. 120 pages of notes on Judges 3!)

HYMNS
Relating to Judges

INTERNATIONAL CRITICAL COMMENTARY ON THE HOLY SCRIPTURES
Judges Commentary
George F Moore

KEIL AND DELITZSCH
Commentary on the Old Testament
Judges

Spurgeon on Keil & Delitzsch: We cannot read Keil with pleasure, for we want spiritual meat, but yet it is most desirable for us to know what the text really means. Without indicating either the spiritual lesson or the moral of the history, Keil simply explains the facts, and in so doing aids the reader to realize them. We confess we should like something more. A work for the learned. It has received the highest commendations from competent scholars. But it is somewhat dull and formal.

JUDGES DEVOTIONALS AND ILLUSTRATIONS
Indexed by Chapter

Today in the Word, Back to the Bible, Our Daily Bread, et al

JOHN KITTO
Studies on Judges

From his Daily Bible Illustrations & The Pictorial Bible on the Old Testament

C H Spurgeon comments of John Kitto's work on Judges writing that it is "Exceedingly meritorious. Refer to it frequently." High praise from the prince of preachers! (Commenting and commentaries)

KEITH KRELL
Judges Sermons

PAUL E. KRETZMANN
The Popular Commentary
Judges

Lutheran Perspective

LANGE'S COMMENTARY ON THE HOLY SCRIPTURES
Judges Commentary
Paulus Cassel

DAVID LEGGE
Sermons on Judges

ALEXANDER MACLAREN
Judges Sermons

J VERNON MCGEE
Judges Commentary
Thru the Bible

Mp3 Audio
Click to listen or Right click and select "Save Target as"

F B MEYER
Our Daily Homily
Judges

Additional Commentary from F B Meyer

F B MEYER
Commentary
Judges

Rosscup comments: Meyer (1847–1929) published this originally in 1895. He left a big witness as a Christian, husband and expositor on the spiritual life. Here he is clear, simple, to the point, and practical in application. The book is especially suited for pastors, Sunday School teachers and laypersons. Sometimes he overdoes things, as in seeing Hittites and confederates as depicting “The evil habits of the old past” (p 12). Yet in many cases he is apt, as using Gideon to show the need to look to God for adequacy. He sees Saul as unsaved, having the Spirit on him but not in him (Commentaries for Biblical Expositors: An annotated bibliography of selected works)

MISCELLANEOUS RESOURCES
Judges
Conservative, Evangelical

FREE THEOLOGICAL JOURNAL ARTICLES

BEST COMMENTARIES ON THE BOOK OF JUDGES:

Rosscup comments: An evangelical contributes 586 pp. on Judges and 151 on Ruth. Introductory sections for both books survey the state of scholarly opinion and his belief in the integrity and reliability of the biblical books. Copious footnotes, often lengthy, reflect on others’ views, verifications of points in the books and also in other scripture, etc. Verse by verse work offers detail on grammar, word meaning, background, customs, and interpretive problems. Block holds that Jephthah sacrificed his daughter in death. On passages overall, this is a standout commentary, yet at times it states convictions without a specific answer to other leading views. One instance is in not commenting on the view that Ruth acted indecently with Boaz at night. Some accounts, as episodes of Samson, seem for the most part to be explained in reasonable detail. (Commentaries for Biblical Expositors: An annotated bibliography of selected works)

Rosscup comments: A flowing, popular conservative exposition that can be suggestive for pastors on individual messages or series. Davis deals with problems in footnotes. He keeps the vital message foremost and points out the relevance to today. The book is usually refreshing to help one grow in grace. Davis keeps spotlighting the beauty of God. Cf. also his book on Joshua.

My comment: Anything on the Old Testament by Dale Davis is worth consulting if you are teaching or preaching because he does such a wonderful job of making the OT text applicable and practical to NT saints!

Rosscup comments: This is an outstanding work by a firm evangelical scholar. The book discusses in detail many of the key problems expositors need help on in the book, It provides solid help in understanding the main aspects of most sections. It is one of the most valuable books on the period of the Judges and on character sketches of the main judges.

Comment: This little book is a "sleeper" and has flown under the radar of many evangelicals. I highly recommend it to supplement your teaching and/or preaching through the Book of Judges. Notice that all the reviewers have given it the highest rating possible..

See also:

Cyril Barber - The Minster's Library recommendations (Volume 2 and Volume 3)

  • Auld, A. Graeme. Joshua, Judges, and Ruth. Daily Study Bible. Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1984. †Auld writes out of the conviction that these books are the Bible's prime witness to Israel's early history in Canaan. He expounds the text skillfully and incorporates important historical, linguistic, and archaeological information into his discussion. 
  • Barber, Cyril John. Judges: A Narrative of God’s Power. Eugene, OR: Wipf and Stock, 2004. First published in 1990. James Rosscup, in his Commentaries for Biblical Expositors, wrote: “[This is] a well-organized conservative exposition arising out of much study and skill in showing how alive biblical passages are…. Barber uses captivating headlines for sections, a vivid flow, arousing descriptions, analogies, illustrations, and applications. He deals with many problems awarely, using notes that sometimes are lengthy and meaty…. He is competent, thoughtprovoking, and often sharp in exposing the timeliness of the book for life today.”
  • Block, Daniel. Judges, Ruth. Vol. 6: New American Commentary. Nashville: Broadman & Holman, 1999. An exceedingly valuable exegetical and theological exposition. Based on the NIV, though Block gives evidence of working from the Hebrew text. Readers will find this a learned, discerning discussion that readily explains the meaning and message of these twin books. Recommended.
  • Boling, Robert G. Judges. The Anchor Bible. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday and Co., 1975. A new translation with scholarly notes and commentary. Neither as helpful to the expository preacher as Fausset's exemplary treatment, nor as abreast of the latest scholarly research as Wood's invaluable work. What is presented, however, is valuable for its correlation of linguistic and historical data.
  • *Bush, George. Joshua and judges (click here). Minneapolis: Klock & Klock Christian Publishers, 1981. These formerly separate studies have now been combined into one volume. They provide a pleasing synthesis of scholarship and devotion, historical background and relevant exposition. Bible students, whether laypeople or pastors, should eagerly acquire the writings of this fine biblical scholar and for their own edification and enrichment read what he wrote. This valuable reprint of the 1852 edition makes available the rare and rich homiletic suggestions of this Princeton scholar.
  • Campbell, Donald Keith. Judges: Leaders in Crisis Times. Wheaton, IL: Victor Books, 1989. A well-informed, judicious exposition that combines a timely handling of the text with a practical application of it. Ideal for adult discussion groups. Recommended.
  • Enns, Paul P Bible Study Commentary: Judges. Grand Rapids: Zondervan Publishing House, 1982. A practical, clearly outlined, conservative treatment. Ideal for laypeople.
  • Fausset, Andrew Robert. (click here) A Critical and Expository Commentary on the Book of Judges. Minneapolis: James & Klock Publishing Co., 1977. A work of immeasurable value. Remains one of the finest treatments extant. A must for the expositor. One of the finest expositions on Judges available today. Deals fairly with interpretative problems. Of great value to the expository preacher. Recommended.
  • Garstang, John. Joshua Judges: The Foundations of Bible History. Grand Rapids: Kregel Publications, 1978. Reprinted after years of neglect, this epochal work treats history, geography, archaeology, and the settlement of Israel in the land. Though he adheres to a modified form of the documentary hypothesis, Garstang's treatment is nevertheless possessed of a freshness and vitality seldom found in works of this nature.
  • Goslinga, C. J. Joshua, Judges, Ruth. Bible Students Commentary. Translated by R. Togtman. Grand Rapids: Regency Reference Library, 1987. Brief, perceptive comments on each verse of these canonical books. Adheres to the standard evangelical interpretation of major critical issues. In applying the text to life, Goslinga follows a typological approach. As a commentary, this work serves as a handy guide to laypeople studying these books for the first time. Pastors and lay preachers may find the outlines helpful.
  • Gray, John. Joshua, Judges and Ruth. New Century Bible. Greenwood, S.C.: Attic Press, 1967. †A highly critical treatment.
  • Gray, John. Joshua, Judges, Ruth. New Century Bible. Revised ed. Grand Rapids: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1986. Based upon the text of the RSV. This is a complete revision of the author's earlier commentary. In this work Gray incorporates some new conclusions which he has reached since his 1967 study appeared. He now includes a section in which he puts forth his thesis that there was a gradual growth on the part of the people of Israel from the militant core of worshippers of Yahweh which became localized in Ephraim, to a wider group including an underprivileged proletariat attracted by the social ethic of the "new faith." The fact that this thesis cannot be maintained from evidence within the books of Joshua and Judges does not stop Gray from presenting his ideas as if they were some new revelation.
  • Hamlin, E. John. At Risk in the Promised Land: A Commentary on the Book of Judges. International Theological Commentary. Grand Rapids: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1990. A fresh, original, imaginative commentary. Each chapter concludes with "Perspectives" on the text that take the form of reflections on the historic context.
  • Jordan, James B. Judges: God's War Against Humanism. Tyler, Tex.: Geneva Ministries, 1985. Draws a parallel between OT Baalism and the contemporary allurement of humanism. Relates this to the decline in spirituality. Though Jordan follows a literal interpretation of the text, he resorts to allegorism/symbolism when applying the text. And though his observations are useful, his comments should not be accepted uncritically. On the positive side, Jordan goes a long way toward reviving interest in this OT work, and he challenges our thinking in new and different ways.
  • *Lang, John Marshall, and Thomas Kirk. Studies in the Book ofJudges. 2 vols. in 1. Minneapolis: Klock & Klock Christian Publishers, 1983. Though all conservative believers boldly affirm that the Bible exists in sixtysix books, most relegate the teaching of portions of judges to the early Sunday school years. Not so with the able Scots who took on the task of explaining the relevancy of this section of Scripture to our lives. Lang concentrates on Gideon, with incidental comments on the other judges. Kirk focuses attention on Samson. Together they provide a satisfying work that covers the material and shows to readers how the incidents of the OT find a parallel in our day.
  • Lindars, Barnabas. Judges 1--5: A New Translation and Commentary. Edited by A. D. H. Mayes. International Critical Commentary. Edinburgh: T. And T. Clark, 1995. Lindars died before completing his exegetical commentary on Judges. What he has provided is a detailed, technical exposition that follows the Hebrew text verse-by-verse and phrase-by-phrase.
  • Martin, James D. The Book of Judges. Cambridge Bible Commentary. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1975. Based on the NEB, this work follows the pattern of the series. The author repeatedly calls in question the historicity of the events, expresses doubt over the Samson narrative, and believes that sun mythology underlies much of what is recorded. Unreliable.
  • Mayes, A. D. H. Israel in the Period of the Judges. Studies in Biblical Theology, Secand Series. London: SCM Press, 1974. †This attack on Noth's amphictyonic concept views Israel's unity as purely theoretical. Mayes, however, concludes by admitting that the paucity of materials precludes the possibility of any final judgment
  • Rogers, Richard. A Commentary on judges. Carlisle, Pa.: Banner of Truth Trust, 1983. Described by C. H. Spurgeon as "THE work upon judges," this facsimile of the 1615 edition contains a wealth of practical and relevant material. Throughout his discussion of the events of this book, Rogers reveals a pastor's heart. Though his messages mirror the experience of God's people in England during the time of Sir Francis Drake and the Spanish Armada, their application is to any people facing external threat and the struggle for spiritual, economic, and social freedom. Beautifully reproduced with handsome binding and printed on excellent paper, this is a worthy acquisitionall the more so because it has been unobtainable for more than a century. Recommended.
  • Soggin, J. Alberto. Judges, a Commentary. Old Testament Library. Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1981. An able commentary that readily makes available to the busy pastor a wealth of textual material.
  • Wiersbe, Warren Wendell. Be Available. Wheaton, IL: Victor Books, 1994. Greed. Immorality. Disregard for moral absolutes. These “modern” lifestyles and attitudes were also prevalent during the era of the Judges. In the darkest of times, God raised up unique individuals to do His will. Here is their story. Be Available is a book for each one of us. It breathes encouragement. Read it and see.
  • Wilcock, Michael. The Message of Judges: Grace Abounding. The Bible Speaks Today. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 1993. Covers the contents in eight chapters. Focuses on the major issues revealing mankind’s inherent sinfulness and God’s grace. Too brief to be of lasting value.
  • Wiseman, Luke H. Practical Truths from Judges. Grand Rapids: Kregel Publications, 1985. Formerly published as Men of Faith, this work contains a wealth of practical material; applications are offered to encourage and challenge us today. The author presents a general view of the period of the judges along with an indepth study of the lives of Barak, Gideon, Jephthah, and Samson.
  • Wood, Leon James. Distressing Days of the fudges. Grand Rapids: Zondervan Publishing House, 1975. A most important work. It is well researched, reliable, and ideally suited to the needs of the expositor who desires relevant data to support his exposition of the text. Wood makes this colorful period of Israelite history come alive with his apt descriptions and careful use of historical, linguistic, and archaeological material. This book is deserving of a place in every preacher's library

HENRY MORRIS  - Defender's Study Bible -Conservative 

CROSSWAY PUBLISHING

GOSPEL COALITION

HOLMAN PUBLISHING

DICTIONARY

KENNETH BOA

GENE BROOKS

KATHRYN CAPOCCIA

BOB DEFFINBAUGH

DEVOTIONALS ON JUDGES

SCOTT GRANT

GUSTAVE DORE WOODCUTS

JAMES FREEMAN

JAMES GRAY

TED HILDEBRANDT

HAMPTON KEATHLEY IV

WILLIAM KELLY

BILL MCRAE

JOHN MACARTHUR

Outline of the Book of Judges

I. Introduction and Summary—The Disobedience of Israel (Judges 1:1–3:6)

A. Incomplete Conquest over the Canaanites (Judges 1:1–36)

B. The Decline and Judgment of Israel (Judges 2:1–3:6)

II. A Selected History of the Judges—The Deliverance of Israel (Judges 3:7–16:31)

A. First Period: Othniel vs. Mesopotamians (Judges 3:7–11)

B. Second Period: Ehud and Shamgar vs. Moabites (Judges 3:12–31)

C. Third Period: Deborah vs. Canaanites (Judges 4:1–5:31)

D. Fourth Period: Gideon vs. Midianites (Judges 6:1–8:32)

E. Fifth Period : Tola and Jair vs. Abimelech’s Effects (Judges 8:33–10:5)

F. Sixth Period: Jephthah, Ibzan, Elon, and Abdon vs. Philistines and Ammonites (Judges 10:6–12:15)

G. Seventh Period: Samson vs. Philistines (Judges 13:1–16:31)

III. Epilogue—The Dereliction of Israel (Judges 17:1–21:25)

A. The Idolatry of Micah and the Danites (Judges 17:1–18:31)

B. The Crime at Gibeah and War Against Benjamin (Judges 19:1–21:25)

MAPS

EXCELLENT SET OF MAPS - Ancient Near East from 1200-100 BCE The Conquest of Canaan The Sea Peoples The Levant from 1200-1000 BCE The Conquest by Joshua Joshua's Central and Southern Campaigns Joshua's Northern Campaign The Limits of Israelite Settlement Israel in Canaan from Joshua to Samuel to Saul The Tribal Allotments of Israel The Division of the Land Among the Tribes Levitical Cities and Cities of Refuge (1) The Levitical Cities (2) The Judges of Israel The Period of the Judges Ehud and the Oppression of the Moabites Deborah's Victory over the Canaanites Gideon's Battles with the Amalekites Jephthah and the Ammonites Samson the the Philistines The Battle at Ebenezer and the Loss of the Ark The Ministry of Samuel and Anointment of Saul The Kingdom of Saul and His Wars Saul, 1000 BCE David's Flight from Saul

DAVID MALICK

J VERNON MCGEE

WILLIAM MOOREHEAD

G CAMPBELL MORGAN

WILLIAM NEWELL

WILLIAM W ORR

MYER PEARLMAN

WIL POUNDS

LESLIE RAINEY

RICHARD OWEN ROBERTS

STEVE RUDD

RAY STEDMAN

CHARLES SWINDOLL

Sample Excerpt - What's the big idea? The primary message of Judges is that God will not allow sin to go unpunished. As Exodus established, Israel was God’s people—He was their King. They had forsaken the covenant established at Mount Sinai. In Judges, He disciplined them for following other gods, disobeying His sacrificial laws, engaging in blatant immorality, and descending into anarchy at times. Yet because they were His people, He listened to their cries for mercy and raised up leaders to deliver them. Unfortunately, even these godly individuals did not wield sufficient influence to change the nation’s direction. The people’s inability to resist sinful Canaanite influences eventually revealed their desire for a centralized monarchy, led by a righteous king whom God would choose as His intermediary.

How do I apply this? Memory is a gift. Remembering the past teaches us countless lessons about how to live today. The Israelites forgot. They did not remember the miraculous events that brought them to their land or the covenant that united them to their God. But God did not forget His covenant—and because of His great love for His people, He disciplined His sinful children so that they might return to Him. Have you forgotten the great works God has done in your life? Perhaps your difficult circumstances are overpowering your faith. Do you feel as if He is disciplining you right now? Know that He disciplines those He loves (Hebrews 12:5–11). Return to Him. Remember, trust, and obey. He is waiting with open arms.

ISBE ARTICLE

R A TORREY

VALLEY BIBLE CHURCH

JAMES VAN DINE

PAUL R. VAN GORDER

JOHN WALSH

JUDGES RESOURCES
COMMENTARIES, SERMONS, ETC

J S BLACKBURN

ALAN CARR

KAY DAIGLE

J DAVIES

MARK DEVER, ET AL (MP3'S)

MARCUS DODS

GEORGE C M DOUGLAS

J DARBY

DAN DUNCAN

CHARLES ELLICOTT

DON FORTNER

MAX FRAZIER

SCOTT GRANT

DAVE HATCHER

A M HODGKIN

DAVID HOLWICK

JODI HOOPER

A Sunday School study plan for kids by Bible Lessons 4 Kids including large group lesson, small group lesson and family devotions. For more information, please read About Bible Lessons 4 Kidz.

KEITH KRELL

STEVE KRELOFF

DAVID LEGGE

WILLIAM MACDONALD

MARTIN MANSER - Dictionary Bible themes - interesting 

G CAMPBELL MORGAN

TOMMY NELSON - Mp3's only

PHIL NEWTON

AREND REMMERS

RON RITCHIE

DON ROBINSON

ROB SALVATO

REFORMATION STUDY BIBLE

KIM RIDDLEBARGER

CHARLES SIMEON

CHUCK SMITH

PHILIP SMITH

JOHN STEVENSON - often makes some very nice charts

JOE TEMPLE

G W THATCHER - generally verse by verse comments

FRANK WALLACE

LUKE WISEMAN

Spurgeon comments: Mr. Wiseman in this work tells “of Gideon and Barak, of Samson and of Jephthah,” and he does it in a powerful style. He was one of the best preachers in the Wesleyan body. A man of fulness, and judiciousness; in fact, a wise man.

Cyril Barber - Men of Faith... contains a wealth of practical material; applications are offered to encourage and challenge us today. The author presents a general view of the period of the judges along with an in depth study of the lives of Barak, Gideon, Jephthah, and Samson.

STEVE ZEISLER

JUDGES
INDEXED BY CHAPTER/VERSE

ON SITE COMMENTARY

ROBERT E NEIGHBOUR

TONY BECKETT WOODROW KROLL

H L ROSSIER

THEODORE EPP

C H SPURGEON

JUDGES 2

ON SITE COMMENTARY

H L ROSSIER

RON RITCHIE

TODAY IN THE WORD

C H SPURGEON

JOHN PIPER

ALAN STEWART

OUR DAILY BREAD

THEODORE EPP

DON FORTNER

RON RITCHIE

JUDGES 3

ON SITE COMMENTARY

H L ROSSIER

RON RITCHIE

DON FORTNER

STREAMS IN DESERT

C H SPURGEON

WARREN WIERSBE

JUDGES 4

ON SITE COMMENTARY

SANDRA GLAHN

DAVID COOK

H L ROSSIER

DAVE ROPER

BOB DEFFINBAUGH

TONY BECKETT
WOODROW KROLL

RON RITCHIE

TODAY IN THE WORD

C H SPURGEON

C H SPURGEON

JUDGES 5

ON SITE COMMENTARY

FRANKLIN KIRKSEY

H L ROSSIER

C H SPURGEON

C H SPURGEON

C H SPURGEON

PETER CRAIGIE

OUR DAILY BREAD

JAMES HASTINGS

JUDGES 6

ROBERT E NEIGHBOUR

ON SITE COMMENTARY

DANIEL BLOCK

CHRISTIANS UNITE

LLOYD STILLEY

STEVE ANDREWS

H L ROSSIER

BRIAN BILL

VINCE HEFNER

TODAY IN THE WORD

A B SIMPSON

SAMUEL LOGAN BRENGLE

WOODROW KROLL

RAY PRITCHARD

C H SPURGEON

JAMES MERRITT

CHRIS BENFIELD

C H SPURGEON

EXPLORE THE BIBLE

DANIEL SNADDON

WOODROW KROLL

ANSWERS TO TOUGH QUESTIONS

STREAMS IN THE DESERT

JUDGES 7

ON SITE COMMENTARY

DAVID STRAIN

ROBERT E NEIGHBOUR

H L ROSSIER

WOODROW KROLL

TODAY IN THE WORD

JOHN PIPER

DAVID STRAIN

RON RITCHIE

C H SPURGEON

C H SPURGEON

C H SPURGEON

TONY BECKETT WOODROW KROLL

JUDGES 8

ON SITE COMMENTARY

H L ROSSIER

C H SPURGEON

WOODROW KROLL

JUDGES 9

ON SITE COMMENTARY

H L ROSSIER

RON RITCHIE

TODAY IN THE WORD

C H SPURGEON

JUDGES 10

ON SITE COMMENTARY

H L ROSSIER

A B SIMPSON

JUDGES 11

ON SITE COMMENTARY

JOEL BEEKE

H L ROSSIER

DAVID COOK

C H SPURGEON

GOOGLE

DON FORTNER

JUDGES 12

ON SITE COMMENTARY

H L ROSSIER

ROBERT E NEIGHBOUR

JUDGES 13

ON SITE COMMENTARY

H L ROSSIER

RAY PRITCHARD

C H SPURGEON

C H SPURGEON

STEVE RUDD

GOOGLE IMAGES

A B SIMPSON

H L ROSSIER

DAVE ROPER

CLIP ART

MIDDLETOWN BIBLE

W A CRISWELL

DON FORTNER

JUDGES 14

ON SITE COMMENTARY

H L ROSSIER

RAY PRITCHARD

RON RITCHIE

C H SPURGEON

VANCE HAVNER

JUDGES 15

ON SITE COMMENTARY

H L ROSSIER

RON RITCHIE

RAY PRITCHARD

C H SPURGEON

JUDGES 16

ON SITE COMMENTARY

H L ROSSIER

LEONARD RAVENHILL

RON RITCHIE

RAY PRITCHARD

JESSE M HENDLEY

TODAY IN THE WORD

ALEXANDER MACLAREN

C H SPURGEON

ALAN CARR

F C FENSHAM

JAMES HASTINGS

A W TOZER

J MIKE MINNIX

RAY PRITCHARD

JESSE HENDLEY

DAVID OWEN

TONY BECKETT WOODROW KROLL

JUDGES 17

ON SITE COMMENTARY

H L ROSSIER

PHILIP SATTERTHWAITE

TERRY TRIVETTE

PARIS REIDHEAD

DON FORTNER

JUDGES 18

ON SITE COMMENTARY

H L ROSSIER

STREAMS IN THE DESERT

C H SPURGEON

JUDGES 19

ON SITE COMMENTARY

WILLIAM R. SHIVELY

H L ROSSIER

WOODROW KROLL

DANIEL SNADDON

JUDGES 20

GREGG ALLEN

ON SITE COMMENTARY

H L ROSSIER

JUDGES 21

ON SITE COMMENTARY

H L ROSSIER

TOMMY NELSON
Sermon Series on
The Book of Judges

Added December 13, 2015 Audio Only - Recommended

JAMES NISBET
Church Pulpit Commentary
Judges

NET BIBLE
Notes on Judges

Recommended
Links open chapter in left panel and notes in right
Click tab "Constable's Notes" for excellent notes that synchronize to the chapter.

PHIL NEWTON
Sermons on Judges

Scroll Down Page for Transcripts

OUR DAILY BREAD
Judges Devotionals

Excellent devotional illustrations from RBC Ministries Updated December 8, 2015

See also Judges Devotionals

PASTORLIFE
SERMONS
BOOK OF JUDGES

PETER PETT
Commentary on Judges

MATTHEW POOLE
English Annotations on Judges

PULPIT COMMENTARY
Exposition & Homilies on Judges

Hint: Expositions are at top of page. Scroll down for Homiletics and numerous homilies related to each chapter.

RAY PRITCHARD
Judges Sermons

RON RITCHIE
Judges Sermons

Peninsula Bible Church

DON ROBINSON
Judges Sermons

HENRI ROSSIER
Judges Commentary

CONTENTS

REVIVALS

GIDEON

FRESH DECLENSION and FRESH REVIVALS

SAMSON

MANIFESTATION OF THE RUIN AND FINAL RESTORATION

C I SCOFIELD
Reference Notes
Judges

ROB SALVATO
Judges Sermons

SERMON BIBLE COMMENTARY
Judges

CHARLES SIMEON
Sermons on Judges

NOTE: If you are not familiar with the great saint Charles Simeon see Dr John Piper's discussion of Simeon's life - you will want to read Simeon's sermons after meeting him! - click Brothers We Must Not Mind a Little Suffering (Mp3 even better)

CHUCK SMITH
Sermons on Judges

Through the Bible - Click C2000, then Judges for the following…

SPEAKER'S BIBLE
Commentary on Judges
F C Cook

C. H. SPURGEON
All of His Sermons
On the Book of Judges

C H SPURGEON
Judges Devotionals

Morning and Evening, Faith's Checkbook

JOE TEMPLE
Judges Sermons

THIRD MILLENNIUM
Book of Judges

OUTLINE & REFERENCES

Judges 1

Judges 2

Judges 3

Judges 4

Judges 5

Judges 6

Judges 7

Judges 8

Judges 9

Judges 10

Judges 11

Judges 12

Judges 13

Judges 14

Judges 15

Judges 16

Judges 17

Judges 18

Judges 19

Judges 20

Judges 21

JOHN TRAPP
Commentary on Judges

TREASURY OF SCRIPTURE KNOWLEDGE
Judges

Excellent Cross References to aid your study of a given passage

John MacArthur: "The one book, apart from the Bible itself, that I value most in my studies."

Note: The best commentary on Scripture is Scripture (Compare Scripture with Scripture) and these cross references compiled by Torrey are the most comprehensive work of this type with over 500,000 entries. However, always check the context (Keep Context King) to make sure that the cross reference is referring to the same subject as the original Scripture. The Puritan writer Thomas Watson said it this way - "The Scripture is to be its own interpreter or rather the Spirit speaking in it; nothing can cut the diamond but the diamond; nothing can interpret Scripture but Scripture." See an example of the value of comparing Scripture with Scripture. See also Use of Cross-References

DANIEL D. WHEDON
Commentary on Judges

Note: Daniel D. Whedon was a central figure in the struggle between Calvinism and Arminianism. He devoted 25 years to writing the New Testament commentaries. Other authors wrote the Old Testament commentaries with Whedon serving as the editor.

STEVE ZEISLER
Judges Sermons
Peninsula Bible Church

Book

chapter
0
verse
0

DISCLAIMER: Before you "go to the commentaries" go to the Scriptures and study them inductively (Click 3 part overview of how to do Inductive Bible Study) in dependence on your Teacher, the Holy Spirit, Who Jesus promised would guide us into all the truth (John 16:13). Remember that Scripture is always the best commentary on Scripture. Any commentary, even those by the most conservative and orthodox teacher/preachers cannot help but have at least some bias of the expositor based upon his training and experience. Therefore the inclusion of specific links does not indicate that we agree with every comment. We have made a sincere effort to select only the most conservative, "bibliocentric" commentaries. Should you discover some commentary or sermon you feel may not be orthodox, please email your concern. I have removed several links in response to concerns by discerning readers. I recommend that your priority be a steady intake of solid Biblical food so that with practice you will have your spiritual senses trained to discern good from evil (Heb 5:14-note).