Deuteronomy 7 Commentary

 


Moses on Mt Nebo (Deuteronomy 34:1+)
Listen to Mt Nebo as you Ponder How Moses' May Have Felt
Deuteronomy by Irving Jensen- used by permission
deut
Source: Ryrie Study Bible

Deuteronomy

Dt 1:1-4:43 Dt 4:44-26:19 Dt 27:1-34:12

Moses'
First
Discourse

Moses'
Second
Discourse

Moses'
Third
Discourse

Historical Review Legal
Exposition
Prophetical
Promises

Looking Back

40 Years

Looking Up
What God
Expected of Israel
Looking Ahead
What God
Will Do for Israel
Recapitulation of Wanderings Rehearsal
of Israel's Law
Ratification
of Israel's Covenant
Historical Appendices
Remembrance of the past Commandments
for the Present
Dt 27:1-30:20
Blessing and Cursing
Dt 31:1-34:12
Death of Moses
Take Heed
Don't forget
Ten
Commands
Related
Commands
Two Choices Affecting
the Future
Moses' Parting Words
Dt 1:1-4:43
Looking Back
Dt 4:44-11:32
Exposition of Decalogue
Dt 12:1-16:17
Ceremonial Laws
Dt 16:18-20:20
Civil
Laws
Dt 21:1-26:19
Social
Laws
Dt 27:1-28:68
Ratification of Covenant
Dt 29:1-30:20
Terms of Covenant
Dt 31:1-34:12
Moses' Song, Blessing, Death

Plains of Moab

ca. 2 Months
Moses: Author

(Except Dt 34)


Remembrances of the Past
(Deuteronomy 1:1-4:43) 
Jensen's Survey of Deuteronomy scroll to p311

Deuteronomy 7:1  "When the LORD your God brings you into the land where you are entering to possess it, and clears away many nations before you, the Hittites and the Girgashites and the Amorites and the Canaanites and the Perizzites and the Hivites and the Jebusites, seven nations greater and stronger than you,

  • the Lord: De 4:38 6:1,10,19,23 9:1,4 11:29 31:3,20 Ex 6:8 15:7 Nu 14:31 Ps 44:2,3 78:55 
  • the Hittites: With respect to the situation of these nations in the land of Canaan, Calmet remarks, that the Canaanites chiefly inhabited Phoenecia; the Hittites, the mountains south of the promised land; the Hivites, mount Ebal, and Gerizim, and towards Hermon; the Girgashites, beyond Jordan, towards the lake of Gennesareth, the Jebusistes, about Jerusalem; the Amorites, the mountains west of the Dead Sea, and part of the land of Moab; and that the Perizzites were probably not a distinct nation, but villagers scattered through the country. Ge 15:18-21 Ex 23:28 33:2 
  • greater: De 4:38 4:1-3 20:1 

When the LORD your God brings you into the land where you are entering to possess it, and clears away many nations before you, the Hittites and the Girgashites and the Amorites and the Canaanites and the Perizzites and the Hivites and the Jebusites, seven nations greater and stronger than you,

Deuteronomy 7:2  and when the LORD your God delivers them before you and you defeat them, then you shall utterly destroy them. You shall make no covenant with them and show no favor to them.

  • deliver: De 7:23,24 3:3 23:14 Ge 14:20 Jos 10:24,25,30,32,42 21:44 Judges 1:4 
  • utterly: De 20:16,17 Lev 27:28,29 Nu 33:52 Jos 6:17-25 8:24 9:24 10:28,40 Jos 11:11,12 
  • make no: De 20:10,11 Ex 23:32,33 34:12-16 Jos 2:14 9:18-21 Judges 1:24 2:2 2Sa 21:2 

and when the LORD your God delivers them before you and you defeat them, then you shall utterly destroy them. You shall make no covenant with them and show no favor to them

Deuteronomy 7:3  "Furthermore, you shall not intermarry with them; you shall not give your daughters to their sons, nor shall you take their daughters for your sons.

  • Ge 6:2,3 Ex 34:15,16 Jos 23:12,13 Judges 3:6,7 1Ki 11:2 Ezr 9:1,2 Ne 13:23-27 2Co 6:14-17 

Furthermore, you shall not intermarry with them; you shall not give your daughters to their sons, nor shall you take their daughters for your sons

Deuteronomy 7:4  "For they will turn your sons away from following Me to serve other gods; then the anger of the LORD will be kindled against you and He will quickly destroy you.

  • so will: De 6:15 32:16,17 Ex 20:5 Judges 2:11,20 3:7,8 10:6,7 

For they will turn your sons away from following Me to serve other gods; then the anger of the LORD will be kindled against you and He will quickly destroy you

Deuteronomy 7:5  "But thus you shall do to them: you shall tear down their altars, and smash their sacred pillars, and hew down their Asherim, and burn their graven images with fire.

  • destroy: De 12:2,3 Ex 23:24 34:13 2Ki 23:6-14 
  • images: Heb. statues, or pillars, De 16:22 Lev 26:1 
  • and cut: Judges 6:25,26 
  • burn: De 7:25 9:21 Ex 32:20 

But thus you shall do to them: you shall tear down their altars, and smash their sacred pillars, and hew down their Asherim, and burn their graven images with fire.

Deuteronomy 7:6  "For you are a holy people to the LORD your God; the LORD your God has chosen you to be a people for His own possession out of all the peoples who are on the face of the earth.

  • an holy: De 14:2 26:19 28:9 Ex 19:5,6 Ps 50:5 Jer 2:3 Am 3:2 1Co 6:19,20 Titus 2:14 2Pe 2:5,9 
  • to be a special: Mal 3:17 Titus 2:14 

For you are a holy people to the LORD your God; the LORD your God has chosen you to be a people for His own possession out of all the peoples who are on the face of the earth.

Deuteronomy 7:7  "The LORD did not set His love on you nor choose you because you were more in number than any of the peoples, for you were the fewest of all peoples,

  • The Lord: Ps 115:1 Ro 9:11-15,18,21 11:6 1Jn 3:1 4:10 
  • ye were: De 10:22 Isa 51:2 Mt 7:14 Lu 12:32 Ro 9:27-29 

The LORD did not set His love on you nor choose you because you were more in number than any of the peoples, for you were the fewest of all peoples,

Deuteronomy 7:8  but because the LORD loved you and kept the oath which He swore to your forefathers, the LORD brought you out by a mighty hand and redeemed you from the house of slavery, from the hand of Pharaoh king of Egypt.

  • because: De 4:37 9:4,5 10:15 1Sa 12:22 2Sa 22:20 Ps 44:3 Isa 43:4 Jer 31:3 Zep 3:17 Mt 11:26 Eph 2:4,5 2Th 2:13,14 Titus 3:3-7 1Jn 4:19 
  • oath: Ge 22:16-18 Ex 32:13 Ps 105:8-10,42 Lu 1:55,72,73 Heb 6:13-17 
  • Lord brought: De 4:20,34 Ex 12:41,42 13:3,14 20:2 

but because the LORD loved you and kept the oath which He swore to your forefathers, the LORD brought you out by a mighty hand and redeemed you from the house of slavery, from the hand of Pharaoh king of Egypt

Deuteronomy 7:9  "Know therefore that the LORD your God, He is God, the faithful God, who keeps His covenant and His lovingkindness to a thousandth generation with those who love Him and keep His commandments;

  • the faithful: Ex 34:6,7 Ps 119:75 146:6 Isa 49:7 La 3:23 1Co 1:9 10:3 2Co 1:18 1Th 5:24 2Th 3:3 2Ti 2:13 Titus 1:2 Heb 6:18 10:23 Heb 11:11 1Jn 1:9 
  • which keepeth: De 5:10 Ge 17:7 Ex 20:6 Ne 1:5 Da 9:4 Ro 8:28 1Co 8:3 Jas 1:12 
  • a thousand: 1Ch 16:15 

Know therefore that the LORD your God, He is God, the faithful God, who keeps His covenant and His lovingkindness to a thousandth generation with those who love Him and keep His commandments

Deuteronomy 7:10  but repays those who hate Him to their faces, to destroy them; He will not delay with him who hates Him, He will repay him to his face.

  • repayeth: De 7:9 32:35,41 Ps 21:8,9 Pr 11:31 Isa 59:18 Na 1:2 Ro 12:19 
  • slack: De 32:25 2Pe 3:9,10 
  • hateth: Ex 20:5 Joh 15:23-24 

but repays those who hate Him to their faces, to destroy them; He will not delay with him who hates Him, He will repay him to his face

Deuteronomy 7:11  "Therefore, you shall keep the commandment and the statutes and the judgments which I am commanding you today, to do them.

  • De 4:1 5:32  Joh 14:15 

Therefore, you shall keep the commandment and the statutes and the judgments which I am commanding you today, to do them.

Deuteronomy 7:12  "Then it shall come about, because you listen to these judgments and keep and do them, that the LORD your God will keep with you His covenant and His lovingkindness which He swore to your forefathers.

  • if: Heb. because, De 28:1 Lev 26:3 
  • Lord: De 7:9 Ps 105:8-10 Mic 7:20 Lu 1:55,72,73 

Then it shall come about, because you listen to these judgments and keep and do them, that the LORD your God will keep with you His covenant and His lovingkindness which He swore to your forefathers

Deuteronomy 7:13  "He will love you and bless you and multiply you; He will also bless the fruit of your womb and the fruit of your ground, your grain and your new wine and your oil, the increase of your herd and the young of your flock, in the land which He swore to your forefathers to give you.

  • he will love: De 7:7 28:4 Ex 23:25 Ps 1:3 11:7 144:12-15 Joh 14:21 15:10 16:27 
  • he will also: De 28:3-5,11,15-18 Job 42:12 Pr 10:22 Mal 3:10,11 Mt 6:33 

He will love you and bless you and multiply you; He will also bless the fruit of your womb and the fruit of your ground, your grain and your new wine and your oil, the increase of your herd and the young of your flock, in the land which He swore to your forefathers to give you.

Deuteronomy 7:14  "You shall be blessed above all peoples; there will be no male or female barren among you or among your cattle.

  • blessed: De 33:29 Ps 115:15 147:19,20 
  • male or: De 28:4,11 Ex 23:26-33 Lev 26:9 Ps 127:3 

You shall be blessed above all peoples; there will be no male or female barren among you or among your cattle

Deuteronomy 7:15  "The LORD will remove from you all sickness; and He will not put on you any of the harmful diseases of Egypt which you have known, but He will lay them on all who hate you.

  • will put none: The Israelites, if obedient, would have been subject to no maladies but those common to fallen man, and generally very healthy and long lived; being exempted from pestilential diseases, which have often most tremendously scourged guilty nations; and from such maladies in particular, as they had witnessed in Egypt, by which God afflicted their cruel oppressors, (Ex 15:26.)  This must be referred to the national covenant; for though godliness often secures the most solid temporal advantages, yet temporal blessings were not, even among them, uniformly dispensed to individuals according to their obedience; but they were to the nation, with an exactness which is not observed towards any other people. Lev 26:3,4 
  • will put none: De 28:27,60 Ex 9:11 15:26 Ps 105:36,37 

The LORD will remove from you all sickness; and He will not put on you any of the harmful diseases of Egypt which you have known, but He will lay them on all who hate you

Deuteronomy 7:16  "You shall consume all the peoples whom the LORD your God will deliver to you; your eye shall not pity them, nor shall you serve their gods, for that would be a snare to you.

  • consume: De 7:2 
  • thine eye: De 13:8 19:13,21 25:12 Jer 21:7 
  • for that will: De 12:30,31 Ex 23:33 34:12-16 Nu 33:55 Jos 23:13-16 Judges 2:3,12 Judges 3:6 8:27 Ps 106:36 1Co 15:33 

You shall consume all the peoples whom the LORD your God will deliver to you; your eye shall not pity them, nor shall you serve their gods, for that would be a snare to you

Deuteronomy 7:17  "If you should say in your heart, 'These nations are greater than I; how can I dispossess them?'

  • thou shalt: De 8:17 15:9 18:21 Isa 14:13 47:8 49:21 Jer 13:22 Lu 9:47 
  • These nations: Nu 13:32 33:53 Jos 17:16-18 

If you should say in your heart, 'These nations are greater than I; how can I dispossess them

Deuteronomy 7:18  you shall not be afraid of them; you shall well remember what the LORD your God did to Pharaoh and to all Egypt:

  • shalt not: De 1:29 3:6 31:6 Ps 27:1,2 46:1,2 Isa 41:10-14 
  • remember: Ex 7:1-14:31 Judges 6:13 Ps 77:11 78:11,42-51 105:5,26-36 Ps 135:8-10 136:10-15 Isa 51:9,10 63:11-15 

you shall not be afraid of them; you shall well remember what the LORD your God did to Pharaoh and to all Egypt:

Deuteronomy 7:19  the great trials which your eyes saw and the signs and the wonders and the mighty hand and the outstretched arm by which the LORD your God brought you out. So shall the LORD your God do to all the peoples of whom you are afraid.

  • great: De 4:34 11:2-4 29:3 Ne 9:10,11 Jer 32:20,21 Eze 20:6-9 
  • so shall: Jos 3:10 

the great trials which your eyes saw and the signs and the wonders and the mighty hand and the outstretched arm by which the LORD your God brought you out. So shall the LORD your God do to all the peoples of whom you are afraid

Deuteronomy 7:20  "Moreover, the LORD your God will send the hornet against them, until those who are left and hide themselves from you perish.

  • the hornet: Ex 23:28-30 Jos 24:12 

Moreover, the LORD your God will send the hornet against them, until those who are left and hide themselves from you perish.

Deuteronomy 7:21  "You shall not dread them, for the LORD your God is in your midst, a great and awesome God.

  • the Lord: Nu 9:20 14:9,14,42 16:3 23:21 Jos 3:10 2Ch 32:8 Ps 46:5,7,11 Isa 8:9,10 Zec 2:10,11 1Co 14:25 
  • a mighty God: De 10:17 25:8 1Sa 4:8 Ne 1:5 4:14 9:32 Zec 12:2-5 

You shall not dread them, for the LORD your God is in your midst, a great and awesome God

Deuteronomy 7:22  "The LORD your God will clear away these nations before you little by little; you will not be able to put an end to them quickly, for the wild beasts would grow too numerous for you.

  • put out: Heb. pluck off
  • thou mayest: As the Israelites were not yet sufficiently numerous to fill the whole land occupied by these nations; and as wild and ferocious animals might be expected to multiply where the place was but thinly peopled, therefore God informs them that their extermination from before them should be gradual. Haynes says, "The approaching to Cana, at the close of the day, as we did, is at once terrifying and dangerous.  The surrounding country swarms with wild beasts, such as tigers, leopards, jackals, etc., whose cries and howling, I doubt not, would strike the boldest traveller, who had not been frequently in a like situation, with the deepest sense of horror." Ex 23:29,30 Jos 15:63 

The LORD your God will clear away these nations before you little by little; you will not be able to put an end to them quickly, for the wild beasts would grow too numerous for you

Deuteronomy 7:23  "But the LORD your God will deliver them before you, and will throw them into great confusion until they are destroyed.

  • the Lord: De 7:2 
  • unto thee: Heb. before thy face, De 9:3 
  • shall destroy: De 2:15 8:20 Isa 13:6 Jer 17:18 Joe 1:15 2Th 1:9 

But the LORD your God will deliver them before you, and will throw them into great confusion until they are destroyed.

Deuteronomy 7:24  "He will deliver their kings into your hand so that you will make their name perish from under heaven; no man will be able to stand before you until you have destroyed them.

  • he shall: Jos 10:24,25,42 12:1-6 
  • their name: De 9:14 25:19 29:20 Ex 17:14 Ps 9:5 Pr 10:7 Jer 10:11 Zep 1:4 
  • there shall: De 11:25 Jos 1:5 10:8 23:9 Isa 54:17 Ro 8:37 1Co 15:57 

He will deliver their kings into your hand so that you will make their name perish from under heaven; no man will be able to stand before you until you have destroyed them

Deuteronomy 7:25  "The graven images of their gods you are to burn with fire; you shall not covet the silver or the gold that is on them, nor take it for yourselves, or you will be snared by it, for it is an abomination to the LORD your God.

  • graven: De 7:5 12:3 Ex 32:20 1Ch 14:12 Isa 30:22 
  • thou shalt: Jos 7:1,21 
  • snared: Judges 8:24-27 Zep 1:3 1Ti 6:9,10 
  • an abomination: De 17:1 23:18 Rev 17:5 

The graven images of their gods you are to burn with fire; you shall not covet the silver or the gold that is on them, nor take it for yourselves, or you will be snared by it, for it is an abomination to the LORD your God

Deuteronomy 7:26  "You shall not bring an abomination into your house, and like it come under the ban; you shall utterly detest it and you shall utterly abhor it, for it is something banned.

  • shalt: De 13:17 Lev 27:28,29 Jos 6:17-24 7:1-25,11-26 Eze 14:7 Hab 2:9-11 Zec 5:4 
  • but thou shalt: Isa 2:20 30:22 Eze 11:18 Ho 14:8 Ro 2:22 

You shall not bring an abomination into your house, and like it come under the ban; you shall utterly detest it and you shall utterly abhor it, for it is something banned.