Deuteronomy 6 Commentary

 


Moses on Mt Nebo (Deuteronomy 34:1+)
Listen to Mt Nebo as you Ponder How Moses' May Have Felt
Deuteronomy by Irving Jensen- used by permission
deut
Source: Ryrie Study Bible

Deuteronomy

Dt 1:1-4:43 Dt 4:44-26:19 Dt 27:1-34:12

Moses'
First
Discourse

Moses'
Second
Discourse

Moses'
Third
Discourse

Historical Review Legal
Exposition
Prophetical
Promises

Looking Back

40 Years

Looking Up
What God
Expected of Israel
Looking Ahead
What God
Will Do for Israel
Recapitulation of Wanderings Rehearsal
of Israel's Law
Ratification
of Israel's Covenant
Historical Appendices
Remembrance of the past Commandments
for the Present
Dt 27:1-30:20
Blessing and Cursing
Dt 31:1-34:12
Death of Moses
Take Heed
Don't forget
Ten
Commands
Related
Commands
Two Choices Affecting
the Future
Moses' Parting Words
Dt 1:1-4:43
Looking Back
Dt 4:44-11:32
Exposition of Decalogue
Dt 12:1-16:17
Ceremonial Laws
Dt 16:18-20:20
Civil
Laws
Dt 21:1-26:19
Social
Laws
Dt 27:1-28:68
Ratification of Covenant
Dt 29:1-30:20
Terms of Covenant
Dt 31:1-34:12
Moses' Song, Blessing, Death

Plains of Moab

ca. 2 Months
Moses: Author

(Except Dt 34)

Deuteronomy 6:1  "Now this is the commandment, the statutes and the judgments which the LORD your God has commanded me to teach you, that you might do them in the land where you are going over to possess it,

  • the commandment. Dt 4:1, 5, 14, 45; 5:31; 12:1. Le. 27:34. Nu. 36:13. Eze. 37:24

Introduction to Deuteronomy Deut. 4:44-11:32 Moses' Second Speech: General Covenant Stipulations. The first part of Moses' second speech largely consists of general covenant stipulations. More specific stipulations follow in chs. 12-16.

Now this is the commandment, the statutes and the judgments which the LORD your God has commanded me to teach you, that you might do them in the land where you are going over to possess it - As the intermediary between the Lord and the people (5:27-30), Moses began to teach them what the Lord wanted them to do in the land across the Jordan. The reference to the Jordan is implicit rather than explicit in the Hebrew text.

Deuteronomy 6:2  so that you and your son and your grandson might fear the LORD your God, to keep all His statutes and His commandments which I command you, all the days of your life, and that your days may be prolonged.

  • fear the LORD your God. Dt 4:10; 10:12, 13, 20; 13:4. Ge. 22:12. Ex. 20:20. Job 28:28. Ps. 111:10; 128:1. Pr. 16:6. Ec. 12:13. Lu. 12:5. 1 Pe. 1:17.
  • and your son. Dt 6:7. Ge. 18:19. Ps. 78:4–8.
  • your days may be prolonged. Dt 4:40; 5:16, 33; 22:7. Pr. 3:1, 2, 16. 1 Pe. 3:10, 11.

so that  Gives the purpose of the preceding instructions...that the people and their descendants should "fear" the Lord their God throughout their lifetime. The nuances of the Hebrew word for "fear" are obscured in many people's minds. That being afraid is part of the meaning can be seen in many places--the experience of the Israelites at Horeb (Sinai) with its loud thunder, lightning flashes, earthquake, and darkness being one illustration. The picture of standing in awe of God and then of holding Him in utmost reverence and respect is the essence of what it means to "fear God". In the wisdom literature the "fear of the LORD" becomes a distinctive expression for the totality of right and devout relationship to God. The same notion is here--though it may not be as developed as in the Psalms, Proverbs, et al. The phrase "fear of the LORD" is found in 25 verses (2 Chr 19:7 19:9 Job 28:28 Ps 19:9 34:11 111:10 Pr1:7 1:29 2:5 8:13 9:10 10:27 14:26, 27 15:16 15:33 16:6 19:23 22:4 23:17 Isa 11:2, 3 33:6 Acts 9:31 2 Co5:11)  This subject makes a very nice teaching that can be charted out. Many evangelicals do not have a proper understanding of a holy fear because they are not as familiar with the OT and they equate it with an OT idea, which is a falacious concept (cf Rev19:5 and note where this scene takes place!)

Fear is common in Deuteronomy. See Dt 4:10; 5:29; 6:13, 24; 8:6; 10:12, 20; 13:4; 14:23; 17:19; 28:58; 31:12, 13. 

The reason for Moses' teaching is elaborated by explaining why the people should hear and obey: to insure the nation's well-being and to increase in number and wealth. These would follow their adherence to the Lord, as he, the Lord, the God of their fathers, had promised (see Exod 13:5).

you and your son and your grandson might fear the LORD your God, to keep all His statutes and His commandments which I command you, all the days of your life, and that your days may be prolonged enjoy long life. See Dt 4:40; 5:16, 33. By obeying the Lord and keeping his decrees, individual Israelites would enjoy long life in the land, and the people as a whole would enjoy a long national existence in the land.

Deuteronomy 6:3  "O Israel, you should listen and be careful to do it, that it may be well with you and that you may multiply greatly, just as the LORD, the God of your fathers, has promised you, in a land flowing with milk and honey.

  • you should listen Dt 4:6; 5:32. Ec. 8:12. Is. 3:10.
  • that it may be well with you. Ge. 12:2; 13:16; 15:5; 22:17; 26:4; 28:14. Ex. 1:7. Ac. 7:17.
  • in a land. Ex. 3:8.

O Israel, you should listen and be careful to do it, that it may be well with you and that you may multiply greatly, just as the LORD, the God of your fathers, has promised you, in a land flowing with milk and honey

Deuteronomy 6:4  "Hear, O Israel! The LORD is our God, the LORD is one!

  • Hear, O Israel Dt. 4:35, 36; 5:6. 1 Ki. 18:21. 2 Ki. 19:15. 1 Ch. 29:10. Is. 42:8; 44:6, 8; 45:5, 6. Je. 10:10, 11. Mar. 12:29–32. Jno. 17:3. 1 Co. 8:4–6. 1 Ti. 2:5.

Hear, O Israel! The LORD is our God, the LORD is one

Deuteronomy 6:5  "You shall love the LORD your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your might.

  • You shall love. Dt. 10:12; 11:13; 30:6. Mat. 22:37. Mar. 12:30, 33. Lu. 10:27. 1 Jno. 5:3.
  • God with all your heart . Dt 4:29. 2 Ki. 23:25. Mat. 10:37. Jn 14:20, 21. 2 Co. 5:14, 15.

You shall love the LORD your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your might.

Deuteronomy 6:6  "These words, which I am commanding you today, shall be on your heart.

  • shall be: De 11:18 32:46 Ps 37:31 40:8 119:11,98 Pr 2:10,11 3:1-3,5 7:3 Isa 51:7 Jer 31:33 Lu 2:51 8:15 2Co 3:3 Col 3:16 2Jn 1:2 

These words, which I am commanding you today, shall be on your heart.

Deuteronomy 6:7  You shall teach them diligently to your sons and shall talk of them when you sit in your house and when you walk by the way and when you lie down and when you rise up.

  • And thou shalt: De 6:2 4:9,10 11:19 Ge 18:19 Ex 12:26,27 13:14,15 Ps 78:4-6 Eph 6:4 
  • teach: Heb. whet, or sharpen
  • shalt talk: Ru 2:4,12 4:11 Ps 37:30 40:9,10 119:46 129:8 Pr 6:22 10:21 Pr 15:2,7 Mal 3:16 Mt 12:35 Lu 6:45 Eph 4:29 Col 4:6 1Pe 3:15 

You shall teach them diligently to your sons and shall talk of them when you sit in your house and when you walk by the way and when you lie down and when you rise up

Deuteronomy 6:8  "You shall bind them as a sign on your hand and they shall be as frontals on your forehead.

  • De 11:18 Ex 13:9,16 Nu 15:38,39 Pr 3:3 6:21 7:3 Mt 23:5 Heb 2:1 

You shall bind them as a sign on your hand and they shall be as frontals on your forehead.

Deuteronomy 6:9  "You shall write them on the doorposts of your house and on your gates.

  • De 11:20 Ex 12:7 Job 19:23-25 Isa 30:8 57:8 Hab 2:2 

You shall write them on the doorposts of your house and on your gates

Deuteronomy 6:10  "Then it shall come about when the LORD your God brings you into the land which He swore to your fathers, Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, to give you, great and splendid cities which you did not build,

  • land: Ge 13:15-17 15:18 26:3 28:13 
  • great: Jos 24:13 Ne 9:25 Ps 78:55 105:44 

Then it shall come about when the LORD your God brings you into the land which He swore to your fathers, Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, to give you, great and splendid cities which you did not build

Deuteronomy 6:11  and houses full of all good things which you did not fill, and hewn cisterns which you did not dig, vineyards and olive trees which you did not plant, and you eat and are satisfied,

  • when thou: De 7:12-18 8:10-20 32:15 Judges 3:7 Pr 30:8,9 Jer 2:31,32 Eze 16:10-20 Mt 19:23,24 

and houses full of all good things which you did not fill, and hewn cisterns which you did not dig, vineyards and olive trees which you did not plant, and you eat and are satisfied,

Deuteronomy 6:12  then watch yourself, that you do not forget the LORD who brought you from the land of Egypt, out of the house of slavery.

  • bondage: Heb. bondmen, or servants, De 6:12 

then watch yourself, that you do not forget the LORD who brought you from the land of Egypt, out of the house of slavery

Deuteronomy 6:13  "You shall fear only the LORD your God; and you shall worship Him and swear by His name.

  • fear: De 6:2 5:29 10:12,20 13:4 Mt 4:10 Lu 4:8 
  • and serve him: Our Saviour quotes these words thus:  "And him only [auto mono,] shalt thou serve;"  from which it would appear, that the word {levaddo} was anciently in the Hebrew text, as it was in the Septuagint, Coptic, Vulgate (illi soli), and Anglo-Saxon.  Dr. Kennicott argues that without the word only, the text would not have conclusive for the purpose for which our Lord advanced it.  It is proper, however, to observe, that the word {levaddo} is not found in any MS. yet collated, though retained in the above versions.
  • shalt swear: Lev 19:12 Jos 2:12 Ps 15:4 63:11 Isa 45:23 65:16 Jer 4:2 5:2,7 Jer 12:16 

You shall fear only the LORD your God; and you shall worship Him and swear by His name

Deuteronomy 6:14  "You shall not follow other gods, any of the gods of the peoples who surround you,

  • not go: De 8:19 11:28 Ex 34:14-16 Jer 25:6 1Jn 5:21 
  • of the gods: De 13:7 

You shall not follow other gods, any of the gods of the peoples who surround you

Deuteronomy 6:15  for the LORD your God in the midst of you is a jealous God; otherwise the anger of the LORD your God will be kindled against you, and He will wipe you off the face of the earth.

  • is a jealous: De 4:24 Ex 20:5 Am 3:2 1Co 10:22 
  • lest: De 7:4 11:17 Nu 32:10-15 2Ch 36:16 Ps 90:7,11 
  • destroy: Ge 7:4 Ex 32:12 1Ki 13:34 Am 9:8 

for the LORD your God in the midst of you is a jealous God; otherwise the anger of the LORD your God will be kindled against you, and He will wipe you off the face of the earth.

Deuteronomy 6:16  "You shall not put the LORD your God to the test, as you tested Him at Massah.

  • tempt: Mt 4:7 Lu 4:12 
  • tempted him: Ex 17:2,7 Nu 20:3,4,13 21:4,5 Ps 95:8,9 1Co 10:9 Heb 3:8,9 

You shall not put the LORD your God to the test, as you tested Him at Massah

Deuteronomy 6:17  "You should diligently keep the commandments of the LORD your God, and His testimonies and His statutes which He has commanded you.

  • De 6:1,2 11:13,22 Ex 15:26 Ps 119:4 1Co 15:58 Tit 3:8 Heb 6:11 2Pe 1:5-10 3:14 

You should diligently keep the commandments of the LORD your God, and His testimonies and His statutes which He has commanded you.

Deuteronomy 6:18  "You shall do what is right and good in the sight of the LORD, that it may be well with you and that you may go in and possess the good land which the LORD swore to give your fathers,

  • shalt do: De 8:11 12:25,28 13:18 Ex 15:26 Ps 19:11 Isa 3:10 Eze 18:5,19,21 Eze 18:27 33:14,16,19 Ho 14:9 Joh 8:29 Ro 12:2 
  • that it may: De 4:40 5:29,33 

You shall do what is right and good in the sight of the LORD, that it may be well with you and that you may go in and possess the good land which the LORD swore to give your fathers,

Deuteronomy 6:19  by driving out all your enemies from before you, as the LORD has spoken.

  • Ex 23:28-30 Nu 33:52,53 Judges 2:1-3 3:1-4 

by driving out all your enemies from before you, as the LORD has spoken.

Deuteronomy 6:20  "When your son asks you in time to come, saying, 'What do the testimonies and the statutes and the judgments mean which the LORD our God commanded you?'

when thy son: De 6:7 Ex 12:26 13:14 Jos 4:6,7,21-24 Pr 22:6 
in time to come: Heb. to-morrow

Deuteronomy 6:21  then you shall say to your son, 'We were slaves to Pharaoh in Egypt, and the LORD brought us from Egypt with a mighty hand.

  • Ex 20:2 Ne 9:9,10 Ps 136:10-12 Isa 51:1 Jer 32:20,21 Ro 6:17,18 Eph 2:11,12 
  • We were: De 5:6,15 15:15 26:5-9 
  • with a mighty: Ex 3:19 13:3 

then you shall say to your son, 'We were slaves to Pharaoh in Egypt, and the LORD brought us from Egypt with a mighty hand

Deuteronomy 6:22  'Moreover, the LORD showed great and distressing signs and wonders before our eyes against Egypt, Pharaoh and all his household;

  • showed: De 4:34 Ex 7:1-12:51 14:1-31 Ps 135:9 
  • sore: Heb. evil
  • before: De 1:30 3:21 4:3 7:19 Ps 58:10,11 91:8 

Moreover, the LORD showed great and distressing signs and wonders before our eyes against Egypt, Pharaoh and all his household;

Deuteronomy 6:23  He brought us out from there in order to bring us in, to give us the land which He had sworn to our fathers.'

  • Ex 13:5 
  • to give us: De 6:10,18 1:8,35 

He brought us out from there in order to bring us in, to give us the land which He had sworn to our fathers

Deuteronomy 6:24  "So the LORD commanded us to observe all these statutes, to fear the LORD our God for our good always and for our survival, as it is today.

  • to fear: De 6:2 
  • for our good: De 10:13 Job 35:7,8 Pr 9:12 Isa 3:10 Jer 32:39 Mt 6:33 Ro 6:21,22 
  • he might: De 4:1,4 8:1,3 Ps 41:2 66:9 Pr 22:4 Ro 10:5 

So the LORD commanded us to observe all these statutes, to fear the LORD our God for our good always and for our survival, as it is today.

Deuteronomy 6:25  "It will be righteousness for us if we are careful to observe all this commandment before the LORD our God, just as He commanded us.

  • De 24:13 Lev 18:5 Ps 106:30,31 119:6 Pr 12:28 Eze 20:11 Lu 10:28,29 Ro 10:3,5,6 Ga 3:12 Jas 2:10 

It will be righteousness for us if we are careful to observe all this commandment before the LORD our God, just as He commanded us.