Deuteronomy Commentaries & Sermons

Moses on Mt Nebo (Deut 34:1+)
Listen to Mt Nebo as you Ponder How Moses' May Have Felt

Deuteronomy Commentary, Sermon, Illustration, Devotional

Deuteronomy by Irving Jensen- used by permission
See Jensen's Survey of Deuteronomy scroll down to page 311

Source: Ryrie Study Bible

See Chart on Preceptaustin Blog

Dt 1:1-4:43 Dt 4:44-26:19 Dt 27:1-34:12




Historical Review Legal

Looking Back

40 Years

Looking Up
What God
Expected of Israel
Looking Ahead
What God
Will Do for Israel
Recapitulation of Wanderings Rehearsal
of Israel's Law
of Israel's Covenant
Historical Appendices
Remembrance of the past Commandments
for the Present
Dt 27:1-30:20
Blessing and Cursing
Dt 31:1-34:12
Death of Moses
Take Heed
Don't forget
Two Choices Affecting
the Future
Moses' Parting Words
Dt 1:1-4:43
Looking Back
Dt 4:44-11:32
Exposition of Decalogue
Dt 12:1-16:17
Ceremonial Laws
Dt 16:18-20:20
Dt 21:1-26:19
Dt 27:1-28:68
Ratification of Covenant
Dt 29:1-30:20
Terms of Covenant
Dt 31:1-34:12
Moses' Song, Blessing, Death

Plains of Moab

ca. 2 Months
Moses: Author

(Except Dt 34)

Key Words (NAS95): Jesus quoted from Deuteronomy three times in His temptation in the wilderness [Mat 4:1-11+; Dt 8:3; Dt 6:16; Dt 6:13,14; also Dt 10:20].

LORD your God (279x/239v); Lord our God (22x/21v); LORD spoke (9x); LORD will (34x/34v).

Shall not (128x/116v).

  • heart (49x/45v) – Strong’s H3824 in Dt 1:28 Dt 2:30; Dt 4:9; Dt 4:11 Dt 4:29; Dt 4:39; Dt 5:29; Dt 6:5; Dt 6:6; Dt 7:17; Dt 8:2; Dt 8:5; Dt 8:14; Dt 8:17; Dt 9:4; Dt 9:5; Dt 10:12; Dt 10:16; Dt 11:13;Dt 11:16, Dt 11:18; Dt 13:3; Dt 15:7; Dt 15:9; Dt 15:10; Dt 17:17; Dt 17:20; Dt 18:21; Dt 20:8; Dt 24:15; Dt 26:16; Dt 28:28; Dt 28:47; Dt 28:67; Dt 29:18; Dt 30:2; Dt 30:6; Dt 30:10; Dt 30:14; Dt 30:17; Dt 32:46; also Strong H3820 in Dt 4:11; Dt 28:65; Dt 29:4; Dt 29:19; Strongs H5315 (soul in KJV) in Dt 14:26
  • command (25v) – Strong’s H6680 in Dt 2:4; Dt 4:2; Dt 6:2; Dt 12:11; Dt 12:14; Dt 12:28; Dt 12:32; Dt 15:11; Dt 18:18; Dt 19:7; Dt 19:9; Dt 27:1; Dt 27:10; Dt 28:1; Dt 28:8; Dt 28:14; Dt 30:2; Dt 30:8; Dt 30:11; Dt 30:16; Dt 32:46; also Strong’s H6310 in Dt 1:26; Dt 1:43; Dt 9:23;
  • commanded (39v) – Strong’s H6680 in Dt 1:3; Dt 1:18; Dt 1:19; Dt 1:41; Dt 2:37; Dt 3:18; Dt 3:21; Dt 4:5; Dt 4:13; Dt 4:14; Dt 4:23; Dt 5:12; Dt 5:15; Dt 5:16; Dt 5:32; Dt 5:33; Dt 6:1; Dt 6:17; Dt 6:20; Dt 6:24; Dt 6:25; Dt 9:12; Dt 9:16; Dt 10:5; Dt 12:21; Dt 13:5; Dt 17:3; Dt 18:20; Dt 20:17; Dt 24:8; Dt 26:13; Dt 26:14; Dt 28:45; Dt 29:1; Dt 31:5; Dt 31:10; Dt 31:25; Dt 31:29; Dt 34:9.
  • covenant (26v) – Strong’s H1285 in Dt 4:13; Dt 4:23; Dt 4:31; Dt 5:2; Dt 5:3; Dt 7:2; Dt 7:9; Dt 7:12; Dt 8:18; Dt 9:9; Dt 9:11; Dt 9:15; Dt 10:8; Dt 17:2; Dt 29:1; Dt 29:9; Dt 29:12; Dt 29:14; Dt 29:21; Dt 29:25; Dt 31:9; Dt 31:16; Dt 31:20; Dt 31:25; Dt 31:26; Dt 33:9.
  • fear (24x) – usually Strong’s H3372a in Dt 1:21; Dt 1:29; Dt 3:2; Dt 3:22; Dt 4:10; Dt 5:29; Dt 6:2; Dt 6:13; Dt 6:24; Dt 8:6; Dt 10:12; Dt 10:20; Dt 13:4; Dt 14:23; Dt 17:19; Dt 21:21; Dt 25:18; Dt 28:58; Dt 31:8; Dt 31:12; Dt 31:13; also Strong’s H1481c in Dt 1:17; Strong’s H3372 in Dt 2:25; Strong’s H4172 in Dt 11:25;
  • keep (33v) Strong’s H8104 in Dt 4:2; Dt 4:6; Dt 4:9; Dt 4:40; Dt 5:10; Dt 5:12; Dt 5:29; Dt 6:2; Dt 6:17; Dt 7:9; Dt 7:11; Dt 7:12; Dt 8:2; Dt 8:6; Dt 10:13; Dt 11:1; Dt 11:8; Dt 11:22; Dt 13:4; Dt 23:9; Dt 26:17; Dt 26:18; Dt 27:1; Dt 28:9; Dt 29:9; Dt 30:10; Dt 30:16. also as ‘observe’ in Dt 5:1; Dt 5:12; Dt 12:1; Dt 16:1; Dt 19:9; Dt 24:8.
  • observe (18v) – Strong’s H6213a in Dt 5:15; Dt 5:31; Dt 5:32; Dt 6:24; Dt 6:25; Dt 15:5; Dt 16:1; Dt 16:12; Dt 17:10; Dt 28:13; Dt 28:15; Dt 28:58; Dt 29:29; Dt 30:8; Dt 30:12; Dt 30:13; Dt 30:14; Dt 31:12; Dt 32:46 (also translated ‘do’ in other verses).
  • nations (30v) – Strong’s H1471 in Dt 4:27; Dt 4:38; Dt 7:1; Dt 7:17; Dt 7:22; Dt 8:20; Dt 9:1; Dt 9:4; Dt 9:5; Dt 11:23; Dt 12:2; Dt 12:29; Dt 12:30; Dt 15:6; Dt 17:14; Dt 18:9; Dt 18:14; Dt 19:1; Dt 20:15; Dt 26:19; Dt 28:1; Dt 28:12; Dt 28:65; Dt 29:16; Dt 29:18; Dt 29:24; Dt 30:1; Dt 31:3; Dt 32:8; Dt 32:43.
  • love (24x/23v) – Strong’s H157 in Dt 5:10; Dt 6:5; Dt 7:9; Dt 7:13; Dt 10:12; Dt 10:15; Dt 10:18; Dt 10:19; Dt 11:1; Dt 11:13; Dt 11:22; Dt 13:3; Dt 19:9; Dt 30:6; Dt 30:16; Strong’s H2836a in Dt 7:7;
  • listen (31x/31v) – Strong’s H8085 in Dt 1:43; Dt 1:45; Dt 3:26; Dt 4:1; Dt 4:30; Dt 6:3; Dt 7:12; Dt 8:20; Dt 11:13; Dt 11:27; Dt 11:28; Dt 12:28; Dt 13:3; Dt 13:4; Dt 13:8; Dt 13:18; Dt 15:5; Dt 18:14; Dt 18:15; Dt 18:19; Dt 21:18; Dt 23:5; Dt 26:17; Dt 27:9; Dt 28:13; obey (12x; same word) – Strong’s H8085 in Dt 21:18; Dt 21:20; Dt 27:10; Dt 28:1; Dt 28:2; Dt 28:15; Dt 28:45; Dt 28:62; Dt 30:2; Dt 30:8; Dt 30:10; Dt 30:17.
  • remember (15x) – Strong’s H3117 in Dt 4:10 (implied); Dt 5:15; Dt 7:18; Dt 8:2; Dt 8:18; Dt 9:7; Dt 9:27; Dt 15:15; Dt 16:3; Dt 16:12; Dt 24:9; Dt 24:18; Dt 24:22; Dt 25:17; Dt 32:7.
  • forget (9x) – Strong’s H7911 in Dt 4:9; Dt 4:23; Dt 4:31; Dt 6:12; Dt 8:11; Dt 8:14; Dt 8:19; Dt 9:7; Dt 25:19; forgotten (3x; same word) in Dt 24:19; Dt 26:13; Dt 31:21.
  • bless (20x) – Strong’s H1288 in Dt 1:11; Dt 7:13; Dt 8:10; Dt 10:8; Dt 14:29; Dt 15:4; Dt 15:6; Dt 15:10; Dt 15:18; Dt 16:15; Dt 21:5; Dt 23:20; Dt 24:13; Dt 24:19; Dt 26:15; Dt 27:12; Dt 28:8; Dt 28:12; Dt 30:16; Dt 33:11; blessed (13x; same word) in Dt 2:7; Dt 7:14; Dt 12:7; Dt 15:14; Dt 28:3; Dt 28:4; Dt 28:5; Dt 28:6; Dt 33:1; Dt 33:13; Dt 33:20; Dt 33:24; Dt 33:29.
  • blessing (11x) – Strong’s H1293 in Dt 11:26; Dt 11:27; Dt 11:29; Dt 12:15; Dt 16:17; Dt 23:5; Dt 28:8; Dt 30:1; Dt 30:19; Dt 33:1; Dt 33:23.
  • life (19x/15v) – Strong’s H2425b in Dt 4:9; Dt 6:2; Dt 16:3; Dt 17:19; Dt 28:66; Dt 30:15; Dt 30:19; Dt 30:20; Strong’s H5315 in Dt 12:23; Dt 19:6; Dt 19:21; Dt 24:6; Strong’s H8318 in Dt 14:19; Strong’s H2421a in Dt 32:39; Strong’s H2425b in Dt 32:47.
  • curse(s) (16x) – Strong’s H7045 in Dt 11:26; Dt 11:28; Dt 11:29; Dt 23:4; Dt 23:5; Dt 27:13; Dt 28:15; Dt 28:45; Dt 29:27; Dt 30:1; Dt 30:19; Strong’s H423 in Dt 29:19; Dt 29:20; Dt 29:21; Dt 30:7; Strong’s H3994 in Dt 28:20.
  • cursed (16x) – Strong’s H779 in Dt 27:15; Dt 27:16; Dt 27:17; Dt 27:18; Dt 27:19; Dt 27:20; Dt 27:21; Dt 27:22; Dt 27:23; Dt 27:24; Dt 27:25; Dt 27:26; Dt 28:16; Dt 28:17; Dt 28:18; Dt 28:19.
  • death (23x/19v) – Strong’s H4191 in Dt 13:5; Dt 13:9; Dt 13:10; Dt 17:5; Dt 17:6; Dt 17:7; Dt 19:6; Dt 21:21; Dt 21:22; Dt 22:21; Dt 22:24; Dt 22:26; Dt 24:16; Dt 30:15; Dt 30:19; Dt 31:27; Dt 31:29; Dt 32:39; Dt 33:1.

Key Verses:

Dt 6:5 - "You shall love the LORD your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your might."

Dt 7:9 - "Know therefore that the LORD your God, He is God, the faithful God, who keeps His covenant and His lovingkindness to a thousandth generation with those who love Him and keep His commandments."


Click to Enlarge
(ESV Global Study Bible)

(ESV Global Study Bible)



Henrietta Mears writes that "You will come to appreciate the full force & magnetic beauty of Deuteronomy only as you read its pages....Nothing in literature matches the majesty of its eloquence. Nothing in the OT has any more powerful appeal for the spiritual life. No book in all the Word of God pictures better the life that is lived according to God's will & the blessings showered upon the soul who comes into the richness & fullness of spiritual living along the rugged pathway of simple obedience...If you want a taste of heaven on earth, become familiar with Deuteronomy." (What the Bible is All About)

J Sidlow Baxter - The Hebrew name for this fifth writing of Moses was Haddebharim, that is, "the Words" - this name being taken from the opening verse of the book: "these be the words which Moses spake unto all Israel on this side Jordan in the wilderness ..." This name sufficiently marks off its special character from the more definitely historical and legislative books which have preceded it. The history and legislation of the earlier books are reviewed in Deuteronomy, but only as the basis for the words of admonition which are now recorded. In the truest, deepest, and profoundest sense, Deuteronomy is a book of words; for never were wiser or weightier words uttered.

Our own title, "Deuteronomy," is taken from the Greek, deuteros (second) and nomos (law) - the title which the Septuagint (Lxx) translators gave to the book when they translated the Old Testament into Greek, somewhere about the third century B.C. In Deuteronomy we have a second giving of the Law, or, rather, a new expounding of it to the new generation of Israel who had grown up in the wilderness and were needing to have the Law repeated and expounded to them before their entering into Canaan. Deuteronomy is not the giving of a new Law, but an explication of that which was already given.

A Book of Transition - Deuteronomy is a book of transition. It marks a transition in a fourfold way. First, it marks the transition to a new generation; for with the exception of Caleb and Joshua, and Moses himself, the old generation which came up from Egypt and was numbered at Sinai, had passed away, and a new generation had grown up. Second, it marks the transition to a new possession. The wilderness pilgrimage was to give place to the national occupancy of Canaan. Third, it marks the transition to a new experience, to a new life - houses instead of tents, settled habitation instead of wandering, and, instead of the wilderness diet, the milk and honey and corn and wine of Canaan. Fourth, it marks the transition to a new revelation of God - the revelation of His love. From Genesis to Numbers the love of God is never spoken of but here, in Deuteronomy, we have the wonderful words: "Because He loved thy fathers, therefore He chose their seed" (Dt 4:37); "the Lord did not set His love upon you, nor choose you because ye were more in number than any people, for ye were the fewest of all people; but because the Lord loved you" (Dt 7:7-8); "the Lord had a delight in thy fathers to love them" (Dt 10:15); "the Lord thy God turned the curse into a blessing unto thee, because the Lord thy God loved thee" (Dt 23:5).

While speaking of the transitionary nature of Deuteronomy, it is interesting to mention that just as the Old Testament begins with five historical books - Genesis to Deuteronomy, so the New Testament begins with five historical books - Matthew to Acts; and there is a striking parallel between The Acts of the Apostles, the fifth book of the New Testament, and Deuteronomy, the fifth book of the Old. The Acts, like Deuteronomy, marks a great transition. It marks the transition from the distinctive message of the "Gospels" to that of the epistles. Like Deuteronomy, it marks the transition to a new generation - a re-generation in Christ. Like Deuteronomy, it marks the transition to a new possession - a spiritual Canaan with "all blessings in the heavenlies, in Christ." Like Deuteronomy, it marks the transition to a new experience - a new birth, a new life, a new dynamic, in the Holy Spirit. Like Deuteronomy, it marks the transition to a new revelation of God - the revelation given in the Church epistles of "the mystery which from the beginning of the world hath been hid in God," namely, the Church; so that now "there might be known, by the Church, the manifold wisdom of God" (Eph 3:10).

But what is equally striking is that both Deuteronomy, the fifth book of the one group, and Acts, the fifth book of the other group, are books in which God gives His people a second chance. What is Deuteronomy? It is deuteros nomos, the second giving of the Law. Before the new generation is committed to Joshua's charge, Moses, at God's command, rehearses the Law to them. What is the book of the Acts? It is the second offer of the Kingdom of Heaven to the Jews, first at the capital, to the Jews of the homeland, and then through the empire, to the Jews of the dispersion. Of this we shall say more later; but it is well to have it in find even now. (Explore the Book- J. Sidlow Baxter - recommended)

Paul Van Gorder - If we were to write one word across this book to state its theme, it would be ''obedience.'' The significant promise and ominous warning are seen in Deuteronomy 11:26-28, which sums it all up. The book of Deuteronomy may be comfortably divided according to the addresses of Moses. Deuteronomy shows with unmistakable clarity the inflexibility of the law and the necessity of complete subjection to the Word of God. As Romans 3:19 declares, ''Now we know that whatever things the law saith, it saith to them who are under the law, that every mouth may be stopped, and all the world may become guilty before God.'' Christ is the fulfillment of the law. He is the only Israelite to obey God totally in the promised land. He alone kept the letter of the code that was set forth in Deuteronomy. The Lord Jesus quoted from Deuteronomy three times in His temptation in the wilderness [cp. Mat 4:1-11; Deu 8:3; 6:16; 6:13,14; also 10:20]. Surely, a book so valuable to the Savior in such a time must also be valuable to us!

But where do you find Christ pictured in the book of Deuteronomy? Ada Habershon in The Study of Types lists 67 types and 13 contrasts between Moses and Christ. The Lord Jesus is seen in a twofold way in the book of Deuteronomy: by prophecy and by type. These words of Moses are recorded in Deuteronomy 18:15, ''The Lord thy God will raise up unto thee a Prophet from the midst of thee, of thy brethren, like unto me; unto Him ye shall hearken.'' After the Lord Jesus fed the 5,000 in Galilee, the people said, ''This is of a truth that prophet that should come into the world'' (John 6:14). Shortly before the stones were hurled that crushed out the life of Stephen, that godly believer [quoted Moses] about Jesus. ''This is that Moses who said unto the children of Israel, A Prophet shall the Lord, your God, raise up unto you of your brethren, like me; Him shall ye hear'' (Acts 7:37). Stephen indicated that Jesus Christ is the One of whom Moses spoke.

Christ Pictured in the Life of Moses-- The Scripture says that our Lord was a prophet ''like unto Moses.'' Please consider the following points as you study Deuteronomy.

-- Both Moses and Christ...

(1) were goodly children [Ex 2:2; Heb 11:23; Luke 2:52].

(2) refused a kingdom (Heb 11:26a) [Mat 4:8-10].

(3) were the object of a king's wrath [Heb 11:27; Acts 4:27].

(4) acted for the joy of the reward [Heb 11:26b] (Heb 12:2).

(5) were called out of Egypt [Mat 2:13-15].

(6) were rejected at first by their brethren [Ex 2:14; John 1:11]

(7) made the sea obey them [Ex 14:15,16,21; Mark 4:39-41].

(8) had people who wanted to stone them [Num 14:8-10; John 10:31-33].

(9)delivered a parting blessing to Israel [Dt 33:26-29; Mat 23:37-39]

(10)had their resurrection contested (Jude 1:9; Mat 17:3; 28:12-18).

(11) [are] associated in the song of eternity (Rev 15:3).

Van Gorder goes on to write - "we see striking similarities to the death and resurrection of our Lord.

(1) Moses went up to die (Dt 34:1). Christ ascended to Calvary [John 19:17,18].

(2) Moses was alone, except for God (Dt 34:6). Christ's followers forsook Him [Mat 26:56].

(3) The Lord talked to him (T 34:4) [Heb 1:8-12].

(4) Moses' faculties were unimpaired (Dt 34:7). Christ remained in control until His death [John 10:17,18]

(5) What a funeral! Moses died ''according to the word of the Lord'' (34:5); literally, ''at the mouth of the Lord.'' Christ dismissed His own spirit when the work was completed [Mat 27:50; Jn 19:28-30].

(6) This is not the last we see of Moses. He stood with Christ and Elijah on the mount of transfiguration, 1500 years later [Mat 17:1-3]. Evidently, the devil tried to hold the body of Moses so that he could not appear with the Lord Jesus (Jude 1:9). Death could not hold our Savior [Acts 2:24]. (OT Reflections of Christ - Deuteronomy)








"Let there be!"







"Let My people go!"



Set Apart




"Be Holy!"







"Go in!"








Source: Talk Thru the Bible



New Testament

Dt 4:24 – “For the Lord your God is a consuming fire, a jealous God.

Heb 12:29

Dt 4:35 – To you it was shown that you might know that the Lord, He is God; there is no other besides Him.

Mark 12:32

Dt 5:16 – ‘Honor your father and your mother, as the Lord your God has commanded you, that your days may be prolonged and that it may go well with you on the land which the Lord your God gives you.

Matt 15:4;
Mark 7:10;
Eph 6:2

Dt 5:16,20 – ‘You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.

Matt 19:18;
Mark 10:19;
Luke 18:20

Dt 5:17 – ‘You shall not murder.

Matt 5:21;
Jas 2:11

Dt 5:17,21 – ‘You shall not covet your neighbor’s wife, and you shall not desire your neighbor’s house, his field or his male servant or his female servant, his ox or his donkey or anything that belongs to your neighbor.’

Rom 7:7
Rom 13:9

Dt 5:18 – ‘You shall not commit adultery.

Jas 2:11

Dt 6:4 – “Hear, O Israel! The Lord is our God, the Lord is one!

Mark 12:29; Mark 12:32

Dt 6:5 – “You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your might.

Matt 22:37;
Mark 12:30; Mark 12:33;
Luke 10:27

Dt 6:13 – “You shall fear only the Lord your God; and you shall worship Him and swear by His name.

Matt 4:10

Dt 6:16 – “You shall not put the Lord your God to the test, as you tested Him at Massah.

Matt 4:7;
Luke 4:12

Dt 8:3 – “He humbled you and let you be hungry, and fed you with manna which you did not know, nor did your fathers know, that He might make you understand that man does not live by bread alone, but man lives by everything that proceeds out of the mouth of the Lord.

Matt 4:4;
Luke 4:4

Dt 9:3 – “Know therefore today that it is the Lord your God who is crossing over before you as a consuming fire. He will destroy them and He will subdue them before you, so that you may drive them out and destroy them quickly, just as the Lord has spoken to you.

Heb 12:29

Dt 9:4 – “Do not say in your heart when the Lord your God has driven them out before you, ‘Because of my righteousness the Lord has brought me in to possess this land,’ but it is because of the wickedness of these nations that the Lord is dispossessing them before you.

Rom 10:6

Dt 9:19 – “For I was afraid of the anger and hot displeasure with which the Lord was wrathful against you in order to destroy you, but the Lord listened to me that time also.

Heb 12:21

Dt 10:20 – “You shall fear the Lord your God; you shall serve Him and cling to Him, and you shall swear by His name.

Matt 4:10;
Luke 4:8

Dt 17:7 – “The hand of the witnesses shall be first against him to put him to death, and afterward the hand of all the people. So you shall purge the evil from your midst.

1Cor 5:13

Dt 18:15 – “The Lord your God will raise up for you a prophet like me from among you, from your countrymen, you shall listen to him.

Acts 7:37

Dt 18:15,20 – ‘But the prophet who speaks a word presumptuously in My name which I have not commanded him to speak, or which he speaks in the name of other gods, that prophet shall die.’

Acts 3:22

Dt 19:15 – “A single witness shall not rise up against a man on account of any iniquity or any sin which he has committed; on the evidence of two or three witnesses a matter shall be confirmed.

Matt 18:16;
2Cor 13:1;
1Tim 5:19

Dt 21:23 – his corpse shall not hang all night on the tree, but you shall surely bury him on the same day (for he who is hanged is accursed of God), so that you do not defile your land which the Lord your God gives you as an inheritance.

Gal 3:13

Dt 24:1 – “When a man takes a wife and marries her, and it happens that she finds no favor in his eyes because he has found some indecency in her, and he writes her a certificate of divorce and puts it in her hand and sends her out from his house,

Mt 5:31; 19:7

Dt 25:4 – “You shall not muzzle the ox while he is threshing.

1Cor 9:9;
1Tim 5:18

Dt 25:5 – “When brothers live together and one of them dies and has no son, the wife of the deceased shall not be married outside the family to a strange man. Her husband’s brother shall go in to her and take her to himself as wife and perform the duty of a husband’s brother to her.

Matt 22:24;
Mark 12:19;
Luke 20:28

Dt 27:26 – ‘Cursed is he who does not confirm the words of this law by doing them.’ And all the people shall say, ‘Amen.’

Gal 3:10;
Gal 3:13

Dt 29:4 – “Yet to this day the Lord has not given you a heart to know, nor eyes to see, nor ears to hear.

Rom 11:8

Dt 29:18 – so that there will not be among you a man or woman, or family or tribe, whose heart turns away today from the Lord our God, to go and serve the gods of those nations; that there will not be among you a root bearing poisonous fruit and wormwood.

Heb 12:15

Dt 30:12 – “It is not in heaven, that you should say, ‘Who will go up to heaven for us to get it for us and make us hear it, that we may observe it?’

Rom 10:6

Dt 30:14 – “But the word is very near you, in your mouth and in your heart, that you may observe it.

Rom 10:8

Dt 31:6 – “Be strong and courageous, do not be afraid or tremble at them, for the Lord your God is the one who goes with you. He will not fail you or forsake you.”

Heb 13:5

Dt 32:4 – “The Rock! His work is perfect, For all His ways are just; A God of faithfulness and without injustice, Righteous and upright is He.

Rev 15:3

Dt 32:21 – ‘They have made Me jealous with what is not God; They have provoked Me to anger with their idols. So I will make them jealous with those who are not a people;
I will provoke them to anger with a foolish nation,

Rom 10:19

Dt 32:35 – ‘Vengeance is Mine, and retribution, In due time their foot will slip; For the day of their calamity is near, And the impending things are hastening upon them.’

Rom 12:19;
Heb 10:30

Dt 32:36 – “For the Lord will vindicate His people, And will have compassion on His servants, When He sees that their strength is gone, And there is none remaining, bond or free.

Heb 10:30

Dt 32:43 – “Rejoice, O nations, with His people; For He will avenge the blood of His servants, And will render vengeance on His adversaries, And will atone for His land and His people.”

Rom 15:10;
Heb 1:6

Explanatory Notes:

  • quotation is a word-for-word citation of the original source, often preceded by “it is written” or “saying”.
  • An allusion is a reference to the original source using the the same key words or thoughts without quoting word for word.
  • Because the New Testament writers often borrow the language of the Old Testament (allusion) rather than quote verses directly, different scholars suggest different counts for the number of times the New Testament quotes or refers to the Old Testament.
  • Quotes from the Septuagint (LXX) may have appear to have somewhat different wording than the linked translation of the Hebrew text.
  • Source: Wednesday In the Word - excellent resource

Bruce Hurt

NOTE: Includes word studies, maps, pictures, "thoughts" (personal application points), devotionals, multiple other commentary quotes. Completed July, 2021.

COMPILATION OF RESOURCES BY CHAPTER - Multiple sermons and commentaries

 Precept Ministries International
Inductive Bible Study

There was a new generation! A new time! A time to receive the promise, to move forward, to complete what the older generation had begun. In Deuteronomy, God calls a new generation to love Him and serve Him from the heart. In only eight weeks, learn how the timeless message of Deuteronomy speaks to our generation and our time. Hear the call to love and serve the Lord today, and let His Word stir your heart. 8 lessons

Deuteronomy: — Resources on


Deuteronomy Commentary

James Rosscup - Calvin was not only a great theologian but also a great expositor, and his insight into Scripture contributed to his grasp of doctrinal truth. His commentaries are deep in spiritual understanding, usually helpful on problem passages, and refreshing in a devotional sense to the really interested reader. He usually offers good help on a passage....Calvin is amillennial on long-range prophecy, but in other respects usually has very contributive perception on passages and doctrinal values edifying to the believer. He also can be very wordy, but the serious and patient glean much.

Spurgeon - This is not the same as that which is contained in the “Calvin Translation Society’s Commentaries.” Everything that Calvin wrote by way of exposition is priceless; even those who differ from him in theology admit this.

Commentary on Deuteronomy
George ASmith

James Rosscup has a comment on this author in his discussion on The Bible Expositor writing "Some sections are by radical liberals, for example George A. Smith on Isaiah and the Minor Prophets." For this reason a careful Acts 17:11 approach is recommended!

Deuteronomy Notes

Calvary Chapel - Fullerton, California

Deuteronomy Commentary

(1760-1832) Clarke was Methodist, Wesleyan, Arminian, (e.g., Clarke "suggested that although God can know all future events, he chooses not to know some events beforehand" Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible, page 808). He did not always interpret Scripture literally and so was amillennial (he interpreted Revelation as a Historicist) which led him to interpret the church as fulfilling many OT promises to Israel. Influential in development of doctrine of entire sanctification. Affirmed the authority and sufficiency of Scripture, but held a belief of "plenary dynamic inspiration" (idea of every thought inspired), thus falling short of "plenary verbal inspiration" (every single word inspired) (Bib. Sacra: Vol 125, p 163, 1968). In summary, a useful, respected commentary but as with all these resources you are advised to "Be a Berean!"

James Rosscup - This old, conservative Wesleyan Methodist work is good devotionally and aggressive for righteous living. Laypeople can find it still valuable today. It is Arminian in viewpoint and thus helpful, for example, in showing the reader how this approach deals with texts involving the eternal security question. The work contains much background material from many sources on all books of the Bible.



James Rosscup - This is a helpful old set of 1863 for laypeople and pastors to have because it usually comments at least to some degree on problems. Though terse, it provides something good on almost any passage, phrase by phrase and is to some degree critical in nature. It is evangelical....Especially in its multi-volume (UNABRIDGED) form this is one of the old evangelical works that offers fairly solid though brief help on many verses. Spurgeon said, “It contains so great a variety of information that if a man had no other exposition he would find himself at no great loss if he possessed this and used it diligently” (Commenting and Commentaries, p. 3). Things have changed greatly since this assessment! It is primarily of help to pastors and lay people looking for quick, though usually somewhat knowledgeable treatments on verses.

Expository Notes and Commentary on Deuteronomy
Conservative, Millennial

Note: The commentary below does not include the introductory comments by Dr Constable which can be found here for his Pdf of Deuteronomy

Deuteronomy Notes

A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on Deuteronomy

Deuteronomy Commentary


  1. The God of Opportunities (Deut. 1:1-3:29)
  2. The God of Great Power (Deut. 4:1-43)


  1. Keep the Ten Commandments (Deut. 4:44-5:33)
  2. Celebrate Christmas (Luke 2:1-20)
  3. Love God (Deut. 6:1-25)
  4. Remember God (Deut. 7:1-8:20)
  5. Beware of Pride (Deut. 9:1-11:32)


  1. Honoring the Sanctity of Human Life (Gen. 1:26-28; Ex. 20:13; Ps. 119:73; Pr. 6:16-19; Jer. 1:5; Mt. 22:37-40)
  2. Worshiping God in Covenant Life (Deut. 12:1-17:7)
  3. Living with Others in Covenant Life (Deut. 17:8-26:19)
  4. Making Choices in Covenant Life (Deut. 27:1-28:68)

UNIT 4: CALL TO COMMITMENT (Dt 29:1-34:12)

  1. Renew Your Commitment (Deut. 29:1-30:20)
  2. Face Transitions with Faith (Deut. 31:1-34:12)

Deuteronomy Commentary
Annotated Bible

James Rosscup - This dispensationally oriented work is not verse-by-verse, but deals with the exposition on a broader scale, treating blocks of thought within the chapters. ...The author was a popular evangelical Bible teacher of the first part of the century, much like H. A. Ironside in his diligent but broad, practical expositions of Bible books. Gaebelein was premillennial and dispensational, and editor for many years of Our Hope Magazine.

Deuteronomy Commentary

James Rosscup - Gill (1697–1771), a pastor of England, wrote these which are two-column pages, ca. 900–1,000 pages per volume, Originally they were 9 volumes, folio. He also wrote Body of Divinity, 3 volumes, and several other volumes. His commentary is evangelical, wrestles with texts, is often wordy and not to the point but with worthy things for the patient who follow the ponderous detail and fish out slowly what his interpretation of a text is. He feels the thousand years in Revelation 20 cannot begin until after the conversion of the Jews and the bringing in of the fullness of the Gentiles and destruction of all anti-Christian powers (volume 6, p. 1063) but in an amillennial sense of new heavens and new earth coming right after Christ’s second advent. 

Deuteronomy Commentary
Conservative, Evangelical, Millennial Perspective


Deuteronomy Commentary

James Rosscup - This evangelical work, devotional in character, has been in constant demand for about 280 years. Its insight into human problems is great, but it often does not deal adequately with problems in the text....The late Wilbur M. Smith, internationally noted Bible teacher, seminary professor and lover of books, tabbed this “The greatest devotional commentary ever written”. Henry was born in a Welch farmhouse, studied law, and became a Presbyterian minister near London. He wrote this commentary in the last 13 years before he died at 52 in 1714. The first of six volumes was published in 1708. He completed through Acts, and the rest of the New Testament was done by 14 clergymen (p. ix, I volume edition). 

Sermons on Deuteronomy

10,000 Illustrations

Commentary on Deuteronomy

James Rosscup - This is the best older, overall treatment of a critical nature on the Old Testament Hebrew text verse by verse and is a good standard work to buy. .

Deuteronomy Devotionals

Deuteronomy Commentary

These are more like meditations

Devotional Commentary

Mackintosh, a Plymouth Brethren, was a gifted teacher and writer. D L Moody said that "it was C. H. Mackintosh who had the greatest influence" upon his learning of the Word of God. One of his most respected works was Notes on the Pentateuch. Further biographical Note



James Rosscup - This evangelical work is both homiletical and expository and is often very good homiletically but weaker otherwise. Helpful in discussing Bible characters, it is weak in prophecy at times because of allegorization. It is not really as valuable today as many other sets for the serious Bible student. The expositions are in the form of sermons.

Thru the Bible

Mp3 Audio

Deuteronomy 1 Deuteronomy 2 Deuteronomy 3 Deuteronomy 4
Deuteronomy 5 Deuteronomy 6 Deuteronomy 7 Deuteronomy 8
Deuteronomy 9 Deuteronomy 10 Deuteronomy 11 Deuteronomy 12
Deuteronomy 13 Deuteronomy 14 Deuteronomy 15 Deuteronomy 16
Deuteronomy 17 Deuteronomy 18 Deuteronomy 19 Deuteronomy 20
Deuteronomy 21 Deuteronomy 22 Deuteronomy 23 Deuteronomy 24
Deuteronomy 25 Deuteronomy 26 Deuteronomy 27 Deuteronomy 28
Deuteronomy 29 Deuteronomy 30 Deuteronomy 31 Deuteronomy 32
Deuteronomy 33 Deuteronomy 34

Our Daily Homily

See also another resource: — F. B. Meyer's 'Through the Bible' Commentary

Commentary, Sermon, Conservative, Evangelical



HENRY MORRIS - Defender's Study Bible - conservative, literal notes from a creationist commentator,

  • Deuteronomy 1:3 Moses spake
  • Deuteronomy 1:6 long enough
  • Deuteronomy 1:7 the river Euphrates
  • Deuteronomy 1:10 the stars of heaven
  • Deuteronomy 1:23  twelve men
  • Deuteronomy 1:35 not one
  • Deuteronomy 2:1 compassed mount Seir
  • Deuteronomy 2:9 Distress not the Moabites
  • Deuteronomy 2:11 accounted giants
  • Deuteronomy 2:12 The Horims
  • Deuteronomy 2:20 the giants
  • Deuteronomy 2:23 dwelt in Hazerim
  • Deuteronomy 2:33 delivered him
  • Deuteronomy 3:1 Og the king of Bashan
  • Deuteronomy 3:11 remnant of giants
  • Deuteronomy 4:2 not add unto the word. This uniquely important commandment—not to augment or diminish the revealed word of God—is reflected in the final climactic words of God in the Bible (Revelation 22:18, 19). Moses here clearly claims verbal inspiration.
  • Deuteronomy 4:8 statutes and judgments so righteous. Many forms of government have been employed by tribes and nations throughout history, but the theocracy described by God through Moses would have been the best of all, if it had ever been truly implemented. Our modern libertarian emphasis in human-government relations might recoil at the strictness and severity of God's law, as set forth in the Mosaic writings, but it would truly have assured national righteousness and justice and happiness, as no other system has ever done. all this law
  • Deuteronomy 4:13 two tables of stone
  • Deuteronomy 4:15 Horeb. Evidently Mount Horeb is essentially the same as Mount Sinai (note Exodus 19:11, 18). Possibly one name referred to the range of mountains, the other to the specific peak.
  • Deuteronomy 4:19 driven to worship them. The pagan nations of Canaan, as well as Egypt and the other nations of antiquity, had once known the true God of creation, but had long since become evolutionary pantheists, worshipping the creation instead of the Creator (note Romans 1:20-25). The children of Israel were repeatedly warned against this influence, but repeatedly succumbed to it in later years—just as have people in every age. The first of the Ten Commandments, "Thou shalt have no other gods before me" (Exodus 20:3), was given explicitly to guard against this ever-present Satanic temptation.
  • Deuteronomy 4:24  consuming fire
  • Deuteronomy 4:28 ye shall serve gods. This is a prophecy remarkably fulfilled in later ages. Not only were the Israelites scattered among the nations of the world, but great multitudes of these apostates abandoned the faith of their fathers in favor of many forms—ancient and modern—of evolutionary pantheism. Modern "Reform Judaism," for example, is little more than evolutionary humanism.
  • Deuteronomy 4:30 tribulation. This prophecy, given by Moses as Israel prepared to enter the promised land, apparently looks into the distant future, 3500 years or more, to "the latter days" when Israel will be in the "great tribulation" (Revelation 7:14). At that "time of trouble … thy people shall be delivered," (Daniel 12:1), and "immediately after the tribulation of those days … He shall send His angels with a great sound of a trumpet, and they shall gather together His elect from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other" (Matthew 24:29, 31).
  • Deuteronomy 4:32 God created man. "The days that are past," to which Moses referred, "since the day that God created man upon the earth," had been some 2500 years (assuming no "gaps" in the received chronological genealogies of Genesis 5 and 11). That was a long time, of course, but was at least a reasonable point of reference to which the people could relate—nothing like the eternal evolutionary ages postulated by the Egyptians, Canaanites and other ancient pagan nations.
  • Deuteronomy 4:37 he loved thy fathers. Israel was not God's chosen people because they deserved to be, but "because He loved thy fathers." He had made an unconditional promise to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob because of their faithfulness, not that of their "seed after them."
  • Deuteronomy 4:41 three cities
  • Deuteronomy 5:7 none other gods
  • Deuteronomy 5:8 any graven image
  • Deuteronomy 5:13 thou shalt labour
  • Deuteronomy 5:15 keep the sabbath day
  • Deuteronomy 5:22 two tables of stone
  • Deuteronomy 6:4 one Lord. This great statement of Israel's monotheistic faith, intended specifically to set them completely apart from their pantheistic/polytheistic neighbors, actually implies the uni-plural nature of the Godhead. Its declaration amounts to this: "Jehovah our Elohim is one Jehovah." The name Elohim is of plural form, and often is translated "gods," when referring to the false gods of the heathen. Yet it is also the great name for the one true God of creation.
  • Deuteronomy 6:5 all thy might. This commandment, called by Christ "the first and great commandment" (Matthew 22:37), would certainly—if truly obeyed—have prevented all false religion, all unbelief, indeed all sin.
  • Deuteronomy 6:6 in thine heart. The Scriptures are not only to be read and heard, but memorized as well! See also Psalm 119:11, Colossians 3:16, etc.
  • Deuteronomy 6:7 unto thy children. Note also Genesis 18:19. God regards the direct education of children by their parents as vitally important, with that education to be founded first of all upon the words of God.
  • Deuteronomy 6:8 frontlets
  • Deuteronomy 6:9 posts of thy house
  • Deuteronomy 7:1 and the Canaanites
  • Deuteronomy 7:3 make marriages
  • Deuteronomy 7:6 special people unto himself. This is perhaps the clearest statement of the election of the children of Israel as God's chosen people, clearly stating that it was not because of human merit but because of His promise to their fathers. As the Israelites entered Canaan, they would encounter "seven nations greater and mightier than thou" (Deuteronomy 7:1), yet God promised to "deliver them before thee" (Deuteronomy 7:2).
  • Deuteronomy 7:7 fewest of all people
  • Deuteronomy 7:15 none of the evil diseases. The Lord's protection of Israel from the ravages of disease, even in the harsh environment in which they lived for forty years, was no doubt providentially miraculous. It was also partially assured by the divinely given laws of diet, cleanliness, sanitation, etc., which were incorporated in the Mosaic laws (Leviticus 11-15).
  • Deuteronomy 7:25 burn with fire. The burning of the image may seem extreme at first, especially in view of the intrinsic value of the gold or other materials used in making the image. But it must be remembered that the worship of idols actually involved demon-worship (1 Corinthians 10:19, 20), and the apparently lifeless image might well be "possessed" by a very real demonic spirit. This may be relevant today to the careless purchase of pagan religious objects as travel souvenirs, which are actually replicas of objects of pagan worship in pantheistic religions.
  • Deuteronomy 7:26 abomination. The Bible often applies the term "abomination" to idols or idolatry. If such artifacts are kept in one's house, even merely as a decoration, God warns that those in the house could be "snared therein" and even become "a cursed thing like it."
  • Deuteronomy 8:3 suffered thee to hunger. God may on occasion cause His people to go through a period of material deprivation, in order to provide them a greater spiritual blessing, especially the exhilarating experience of seeing His providential supply, day after day, of their needs.
  • doth man live. This is the great passage quoted by Christ during His own temptation (Matthew 4:4), indicating the supreme importance of not just the concepts but the very words of God, providing also a strong proof of verbal inerrancy of the Scriptures.
  • Deuteronomy 8:4 Thy raiment waxed not old upon thee. This was another of the Lord's miraculous providences for His people in the wilderness. Deuteronomy 29:5 adds that "thy shoe is not waxen old upon thy foot."
  • Deuteronomy 8:9 brass mayest dig brass
  • Deuteronomy 8:18 he that giveth thee
  • Deuteronomy 9:2 children of Anak
  • Deuteronomy 9:5 the wickedness of these nations
  • Deuteronomy 9:10 the finger of God
  • Deuteronomy 10:4 wrote on the tables according to the first writing
  • Deuteronomy 10:5 tables in the Ark
  • Deuteronomy 10:6 Mosera. According to Numbers 20:27-28 and 33:38, Aaron died on Mount Hor, which was apparently located in the district of Mosera.
  • Deuteronomy 10:14 heaven of heavens. This is the first of at least six references in the Bible to "the heaven of heavens." There is an atmospheric heaven and a starry heaven, but the "heaven of heavens" is the heaven where Christ after His resurrection "ascended up far above all heavens" (Ephesians 4:10). This heaven is where God's throne is. Wherever it is, it also belongs to God and is part of His creation.
  • Deuteronomy 10:16 foreskin of your heart
  • Deuteronomy 10:20 him shalt thou serve
  • Deuteronomy 10:22 stars of heaven. The stars that can be seen in the heaven without a telescope number no more than about five thousand, but Moses somehow knew that there were far more than that. Therefore he compared the two or three million Israelites to the great host of heaven.
  • Deuteronomy 11:10 waterest it with thy foot
  • Deuteronomy 11:18 frontlets. Small leather cases containing Scripture verses, and worn on the forehead.
  • Deuteronomy 11:26 blessing and a curse
  • Deuteronomy 11:29 curse upon mount Ebal
  • Deuteronomy 11:30 champaign
  • Deuteronomy 12:2 the high mountains
  • Deuteronomy 12:5 thither thou shalt come
  • Deuteronomy 12:8 right in his own eyes
  • Deuteronomy 12:14 the LORD shall choose
  • Deuteronomy 12:23 blood is the life. Note Genesis 9:4; Leviticus 17:11. Blood offerings and even drinking of blood were common among the pagan religions, but God considered the blood sacred, as containing the "life" of the flesh, and also as anticipating the blood of Christ, which would be shed for the eternal life of all who would partake spiritually of its regenerating power (John 6:53-56).
  • Deuteronomy 12:24 upon the earth. Compare Leviticus 17:13, which says that the blood should also be covered with dust. Some of the blood was first to be sprinkled on the altar (Leviticus 3:2) before being poured upon the ground.
  • Deuteronomy 12:32 nor diminish from it
  • Deuteronomy 13:3 Thou shalt not hearken. Even if a "prophet" or magician is allowed by God to make a true prediction or perform a genuine miracle, that is not sufficient proof of his authenticity as a man of God. He must also be using his ability to glorify the true God and confirm His word, not to undermine His authority and lead people into a false religion. "To the law and to the testimony: if they speak not according to this word, it is because there is no light in them" (Isaiah 8:20). This warning is as relevant today as it was in ancient Israel, especially in view of the wide resurgence of occultism, pantheism, and all kinds of paranormal phenomena—all opposing true Biblical Christianity.
  • Deuteronomy 13:6 serve other gods
  • Deuteronomy 13:11 any such wickedness
  • Deuteronomy 13:13 children of Belial
  • Deuteronomy 14:1 cut yourselves
  • Deuteronomy 14:3 shalt not. See also Leviticus 11 on the dietary and sanitary laws enjoined upon Israel.
  • Deuteronomy 14:5 pygarg
  • Deuteronomy 14:12 the eagle
  • Deuteronomy 14:13 glede
  • Deuteronomy 14:17 cormorant
  • Deuteronomy 14:19 creeping thing that flieth
  • Deuteronomy 14:21 mother’s milk
  • Deuteronomy 14:22 year by year
  • Deuteronomy 15:1 every seven years
  • Deuteronomy 15:11 poor shall never cease. This prophecy was confirmed and continued by the Lord Jesus in John 12:8 and Matthew 26:11. Government welfare and wealth redistribution programs will never be able to eliminate poverty, and thus the responsibility of Christian charity to the needy will continue until the millennial kingdom is finally established.
  • Deuteronomy 15:17 servant for ever
  • Deuteronomy 16:2 the passover. For the seven annual "feasts of JEHOVAH," see Leviticus 23. These included, in order, the feasts of: Passover, Unleavened Bread, Firstfruits, Weeks (or Pentecost), Trumpets, Atonement and Tabernacles (or Ingathering). In this chapter, the Lord through Moses reminds the people again of their solemn obligation to keep the Feasts of Passover and Unleavened Bread (Deuteronomy 16:1-8), the Feast of Weeks (Deuteronomy 16:9-12), and the Feast of Tabernacles (Deuteronomy 16:13-15). These were not more significant than the other feasts, but at these three (with the Passover and Unleavened Bread feast associated together), all the men of Israel were to make a special offering to the Lord from their increase (note also Exodus 23:14-17).
  • Deuteronomy 16:13 feast of tabernacles
  • Deuteronomy 16:18 Judges and officers
  • Deuteronomy 16:21 a grove
  • Deuteronomy 17:5 that man or that woman
  • Deuteronomy 17:6 mouth of two witnesses. It is implied, of course, that the second and/or third witnesses must not be in collusion with the first or with each other, attempting to bear a united false witness against the accused person. Such false witness invoked severe penalties (Deuteronomy 19:15-19). Also the seriousness of the charge, even if found true, was emphasized by requiring the witnesses to be the first ones to carry out the execution (Deuteronomy 17:7). See Hebrews 10:28; Matthew 18:16; John 8:16-18; 2 Corinthians 13:1; 1 Timothy 5:19.
  • Deuteronomy 17:14 a king over me. See 1 Samuel 8:5. The Lord here prophetically anticipated what He knew would actually come to pass more than three hundred years later, and the danger that would ensue when such a king, in order to make political alliances with other kings, would "multiply wives to himself" (Deuteronomy 17:17; see 1 Kings 11:1-8 for its tragic fulfillment).
  • Deuteronomy 17:16 not multiply horses
  • Deuteronomy 17:18 a copy of this law
  • Deuteronomy 18:4 shalt thou give him
  • Deuteronomy 18:10 witch. The naturalistic assumptions that have prevailed in western nations during the age of science are rapidly being displaced by the revival of occultic practices in the so-called New Age movement. All such beliefs and practices, however, are demonic wherever they are not based solely on deception. God classifies such practices as abominations. They are so dangerous that they were actually classified in the Mosaic laws as capital crimes (e.g., Exodus 22:18).
  • Deuteronomy 18:18 a Prophet. This divine promise to Moses was eventually fulfilled in Christ (Acts 3:22, 23). Christ was a greater prophet than Moses, is a greater priest than Aaron, and will be a greater king than David. He did indeed speak the words given Him by the Father. "As my Father hath taught me, I speak these things," He said (John 8:28). "For I have not spoken of myself; but the Father which sent me, He gave me a commandment, what I should say, and what I should speak" (John 12:49).
  • Deuteronomy 18:22 if the thing follow not. When a prophecy truly comes from God, it will surely come to pass. There are many so-called psychics today who predict many things, most of which never happen. These false prophets can be ignored. There are some, however, who seem really to have supernatural prescience. These also must be rejected unless they are meticulously true to Scripture, giving all honor to Christ as Creator, Savior and Lord (see note on Deuteronomy 13:3). In fact, the New Testament teaches that, "when that which is perfect is come" (probably meaning the completed Word of God in inscripturated form) then prophecies shall cease and "that which is in part shall be done away" (1 Corinthians 13:8-10; see also Revelation 22:18).
  • Deuteronomy 19:2
  • three cities. On the cities of refuge, see also Numbers 35:9-15 and Deuteronomy 4:41-43. There were to be three cities on the east side of Jordan and three on the west side. The "three cities more" (Deuteronomy 19:9) were evidently to be added later, after further expansion of Israel's territory, but no further mention is made of them.
  • Deuteronomy 19:5 helve
  • Deuteronomy 19:9 three cities more
  • Deuteronomy 19:14 landmark. Evidently, even though the children of Israel were to receive their promised inheritance by driving out the Canaanites who then inhabited the land, they were to divide it on the basis of ancient "landmarks" already established. These were probably the same as "the border [same Hebrew word] of the Canaanites" (Genesis 10:19) established when "by these were the nations divided in the earth after the flood" (Genesis 10:32).
  • Deuteronomy 19:15 two witnesses
  • Deuteronomy 19:18 inquisition a false witness
  • Deuteronomy 19:21 see tooth for tooth
  • Deuteronomy 20:5 let him go
  • Deuteronomy 20:11 tributaries
  • Deuteronomy 20:16 save alive nothing. This commandment, repeated through Moses and Joshua in various ways and times during the exodus and conquest, has been the object of tremendous criticism by enemies of Biblical theism. Such critics have charged God with sadistic cruelty. The Lord, of course, does not need to defend His actions. Whatever He does is right, by definition. There is a time coming, in fact, when all who have rebelled against Him, rejecting His righteousness and His love (as had these Canaanites) will be "punished with everlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord" (2 Thessalonians 1:9).
  • Deuteronomy 20:18 That they teach you not. This was the main reason for God's sweeping judgment on the Canaanites. In fact, when the Israelites failed to carry out God's command, they themselves were led into apostasy and finally into exile. It would have been better if these hopelessly apostate tribes could have been prevented from spreading their utter moral corruption to future generations. The immorality and cruelty of the Canaanite tribes has been fully confirmed by various artifacts and inscriptions found by archaeologists. Regarding the children who would be too young to choose right or wrong or to understand about God, we can assume such were safe in virtue of the future redemptive work of Christ.
  • Deuteronomy 21:2 measure unto the cities
  • Deuteronomy 21:21 that he die. Records indicate no rebellious son was ever put to death under this law. Every father elected to spare his own son, no matter how sinful the son might have been. Only Christ, the perfectly obedient Son (John 17:4; 8:29) was not spared (Romans 8:32).
  • Deuteronomy 21:23 accursed of God. The reason why a person executed by hanging on a tree is specially cursed is not explained. It probably is because of its prophetic implications, anticipating the future death of Christ when He would bear "our sins in His own body on the tree" (1 Peter 2:24). Ever since Adam's sin brought God's curse of death on the earth (Genesis 3:17-19), the whole creation had been awaiting the time when Christ would be "made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed is every one that hangeth on a tree" (Galatians 3:13). The primeval curse was occasioned because Adam ate the delectable fruit of the tree of temptation; therefore, the second Adam must Himself become the bitter fruit on the tree of salvation. As Christ must be buried before sundown to avoid profaning the sabbath (John 19:31), so every previous criminal executed by hanging or by crucifixion (which practice had not yet been introduced in Moses' day) must likewise be buried before sundown in order not to delay a receipt of the accursed victim by the cursed ground. That Christ was actually "hanged on a tree" is confirmed three times in the New Testament (Acts 5:30; 10:39; 13:29).
  • Deuteronomy 22:5 a woman's garment. Although this commandment, as a part of the Mosaic code, may no longer be legalistically binding in the Christian dispensation, it clearly indicates God's desire to maintain the distinctiveness of men and women. Each sex has a specific role to fulfill in the divine economy, and the modern "unisex" fad—not to mention such perversions as homosexuality and transvestitism—can only corrupt and confuse His revealed purposes for men and women in the ideal created order.
  • Deuteronomy 22:7 let the dam go
  • Deuteronomy 22:9 divers seeds
  • Deuteronomy 22:10 an ass together
  • Deuteronomy 22:12 make thee fringes
  • Deuteronomy 22:19 amerce
  • Deuteronomy 22:22 both of them die. This chapter indicates the extreme seriousness with which God regards sexual sins among His people. The penalty for adultery was execution. Execution was also punishment for the rape of an engaged women (Deuteronomy 22:25), incest (Leviticus 20:11-12), homosexuality (Leviticus 20:13) and bestiality (Leviticus 20:15-16). Modern society has become so degenerate that it has come to condone and sometimes even to commend such evils, but God still hates them.
  • Deuteronomy 23:1 stones
  • Deuteronomy 23:2 bastard. The Hebrew word here possibly refers only to certain types of illegitimate children, particularly those conceived in especially flagrant sins, such as incest or in pagan idolatrous ceremonies. However, note the listing of a ten-generation genealogy of Judah's illegitimate son Phares to David (Ruth 4:18-22).
  • Deuteronomy 23:3 Moabite. This proscription applied specifically to males. Ruth, for example, was a Moabite woman who married an Israelite man and became a proselyte to his faith (Ruth 1:4, 16).
  • Deuteronomy 23:12 without the camp. The sanitation practices outlined in Deuteronomy 23:9-14 were much in advance of those of other nations of the time, especially in reference to armies in their encampments. This no doubt contributed in measure to the freedom from disease promised them by the Lord (Exodus 15:26).
  • Deuteronomy 23:13 paddle
  • Deuteronomy 23:15  servant which is escaped
  • Deuteronomy 23:18 price of a dog. It is evident from the parallel structure of these ordinances that the term "dog" is here used as an equivalent to "sodomite," presumably because of similar behaviors of the two. Since homosexuality is an "abomination" in God's sight (e.g., Leviticus 18:22), it is understandable that Paul should warn Christians to "beware of dogs" (Philippians 3:2) and that, in describing the inhabitants of the New Jerusalem, the Lord Himself says that "without are dogs, and sorcerers, and whoremongers, and murderers, and idolaters, and whosoever loveth and maketh a lie" (Revelation 22:15).
  • Deuteronomy 24:2 another man's wife. Although divorce and remarriage were permitted in the Mosaic laws, Christ has reminded us that this is contrary to God's creative will for believers, except under very special circumstances (Matthew 19:3-9).
  • Deuteronomy 24:6 the upper millstone
  • Deuteronomy 25:3 Forty stripes
  • Deuteronomy 25:4 not muzzle the ox. Animals should be treated with due consideration and kindness, as God's creatures (note Proverbs 12:10). The Apostle Paul also used this verse to show that every laborer is worthy of his hire, especially those in God's service (1 Corinthians 9:9, 10; 1 Timothy 5:18).
  • Deuteronomy 25:5 her husband's brother. Deuteronomy 25:5-10 describes the rules applicable to so-called "Levirate marriages"; the word "levirate" is derived from a Latin word meaning "brother-in-law." If the brother either would not or could not fulfill this responsibility, the right and responsibility passed to the nearest kinsman (see Ruth 2:20; 4:1-10).
  • Deuteronomy 25:9 spit in his face
  • Deuteronomy 26:2 first of all the fruit
  • Deuteronomy 26:5 Syrian. The word translated "Syrian" is actually "Aramaean." Jacob's tribe, which originated in Syria when he was in the employ of Laban (see Genesis 29, 30), did not become the nation of Israel as such until Jacob had first received the name "Israel," and his children became known as "the children of Israel" when they went with him down into Egypt.
  • Deuteronomy 26:12 an end of tithing
  • Deuteronomy 26:14 any unclean use
  • Deuteronomy 26:17 avouched
  • Deuteronomy 26:18 keep all his commandments
  • Deuteronomy 27:2 set thee up great stones
  • Deuteronomy 27:12 upon mount Gerizim
  • Deuteronomy 27:15 answer and say, Amen
  • Deuteronomy 27:26 all the words. The law is thus considered, even in all of its words, as a unit, no word of which could be broken without breaking the law as a whole. This both confirms its verbal inspiration and its impossible demands. Note the New Testament confirmations in Galatians 3:10; James 2:10. Thus the law in itself cannot save. God's forgiving grace, by the redemptive work of Christ, is required for salvation, and is to be received solely by faith.
  • Deuteronomy 28:1 above all nations
  • Deuteronomy 28:25 all the kingdoms of the earth
  • Deuteronomy 28:35 sore botch
  • Deuteronomy 28:37 a proverb, and a byword. Here is another prophecy dealing with Israel, remarkably fulfilled over a thousand years later. Not only was it continuously fulfilled during the almost 1900 years when the people of Israel had no homeland, but even with the establishment of the nation of Israel in 1948, Israel continues to be "an astonishment, a proverb, and a byword among all nations." In addition, most of its people worldwide continue to believe in the evolutionary "gods" of nature.
  • Deuteronomy 28:49 a nation against thee
  • Deuteronomy 28:53 of thine own body
  • Deuteronomy 28:66 none assurance of thy life. During their long exile, the people of Israel would be subject to severe persecution in many nations. This prophecy also has been literally fulfilled, again and again, even into modern times (e.g., the Nazi holocaust), with apparently more yet to come in the last days, during the great tribulation.
  • Deuteronomy 28:68 Egypt again with ships. This was literally fulfilled when the Romans destroyed the city of Jerusalem in a.d. 70. Thousands of Jews were indeed deported to Egypt in ships as slaves.
  • Deuteronomy 29:5 upon thy foot
  • Deuteronomy 29:6 wine or strong drink
  • Deuteronomy 29:23 the overthrow of Sodom
  • Deuteronomy 29:29 secret things. The apparently out-of-context insertion of this declaration into God's "covenant" (Deuteronomy 29:1) with the children of Israel was probably to encourage them to "do all the words of this law" in view of God's ability to "reveal" things to come. In any case, it expresses a vital principle. Everything revealed in the Bible is forever certain, and for our understanding and application. On the other hand, we should not be exercised about the "secret things." These will be made known in ages to come, and it is presumptuous for people today to seek hidden information through occult practices or through esoteric and far-fetched Bible interpretations.
  • Deuteronomy 30:2 with all thine heart
  • Deuteronomy 30:14
  • word is very nigh. This passage (Deuteronomy 30:12-14) is quoted in Romans 10:6-8. It applies to the great truth of salvation through faith in Christ, rather than through the impossible burden of keeping the whole law. The "word" that brings one into right fellowship with God is not inaccessible in heaven or hell, but is in our own mouths and hearts, namely: "If thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised Him from the dead, thou shalt be saved" (Romans 10:9).
  • Deuteronomy 31:6 strong and of a good courage
  • Deuteronomy 31:8 will not fail thee. Compare this phrase to Joshua 1:5, 9, and Hebrews 13:5.
  • Deuteronomy 31:15 pillar of a cloud
  • Deuteronomy 31:19 write ye this song
  • Deuteronomy 31:24 in a book. This is a clear assertion that Moses, not some later combination of "redactors," was the direct author of all the words of the law, including the complete books of Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy. Because Genesis was compiled and edited by Moses from the writings of the earlier patriarchs, it is also normally included with the others as one of the books of the law, all now called the Pentateuch. The entire "book" was then placed in the ark of the covenant to be a perpetual witness to the people (Deuteronomy 31:26).
  • Deuteronomy 32:4 He is the Rock without iniquity
  • Deuteronomy 32:8 sons of Adam. As Moses began his final song, he reminded his people that there had been "many generations" before them. Yet he told them they had been in God's plan from the beginning, even making reference to the primeval father Adam. The different nations had received their inheritance and boundaries after the Flood and after Babel, as recorded in Genesis 10, the Table of Nations. It is noteworthy that there are seventy nations listed in this Table, where it says that "by these [families of the three sons of Noah] were the nations divided in the earth after the flood" (Genesis 10:32). These seventy did not include Israel, for this was before the days of Abraham. Nevertheless, just as there were seventy people in the original nation of Israel as they entered Egypt with Jacob (Genesis 46:27), so God in His prescience had ordained "bounds" for seventy original nations in the world after the Flood. Although the number of Israelites had multiplied by a factor of thirty thousand or more in the four hundred or so years in Egypt, the number "seventy" has been associated with Israel in many ways ever since (seventy elders, seventy in the Sanhedrin, seventy Septuagint translators, seventy weeks of Daniel, seventy years captivity, etc.). The number of nations in the world, on the other hand, has only slightly more than doubled in the four thousand or so years since Babel.
  • Deuteronomy 32:10 waste howling wilderness apple of his eye
  • Deuteronomy 32:15 Jeshurun waxed fat
  • Deuteronomy 32:17 sacrificed unto devils
  • Deuteronomy 32:22 the lowest hell
  • Deuteronomy 33:1 blessed the children of Israel
  • Deuteronomy 33:2 ten thousands of saints. Evidently there were myriads of holy ones with God on Mount Sinai as His right hand wrote the commandments for Israel on tables of stone. Note also references to angels at the giving of the law in Acts 7:53; Galatians 3:19; and Hebrews 2:2. went a fiery law
  • Deuteronomy 33:8 of Levi he said
  • Deuteronomy 33:17 ten thousands of Ephraim
  • Deuteronomy 33:26 the God of Jeshurun
  • Deuteronomy 34:5 died there. Although Moses wrote the book of Deuteronomy as a whole, it is probable that Joshua wrote its closing verses found in Deuteronomy 34:5-12. It is possible, of course, that Moses himself wrote his own epitaph, by divine inspiration, but since no one knew his burial place (Deuteronomy 34:6), it would hardly be likely that he directly gave such a record to Joshua before he died. In some way Satan was also present at the scene (along with the archangel Michael—Jude 9), seeking to claim Moses' body for some unrevealed but certainly nefarious purpose.
  • Deuteronomy 34:7 hundred and twenty years old. Moses had written that man's normal life span by his day had decreased to 70 or 80 years (Psalm 90:10), yet God allowed him 120 years. At his death he was at least 60 years older than any man in Israel was (Numbers 14:29), except for Caleb and Joshua. Joshua died at age 110 (Joshua 24:29); Caleb outlived him but his age at death is not recorded.


WILLIAM MACDONALD -  Functions somewhat like a study Bible - Check this resource.




CYRIL BARBER - The Minister's Library - Volume 2, The Minister's Library - Volume 3

  • Benjamin, Don C. Deuteronomy and City Life: A Form-Criticism of Texts with the Word City ('ir) in Deuteronomy 4:41-26:19. Lanham, Md.: University Press of America, 1983. Questions contemporary histories and theologies of ancient Israel that stress the complete nonurban character of the Israelites. Provides some startling and insightful sidelights on this period of Israel's history.
  • Brown, Raymond. The Message of Deuteronomy. The Bible Speaks Today. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 1993. Covers Moses’ addresses to the people of Israel. Deals with the essential truths in a most acceptable manner. Explains the relevance of this material to the present time. Carefully presented. Not as verbose or technical as some other commentaries. Should be in every expository preacher’s library
  • Carmichael, Calum M. The Laws of Deuteronomy. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1974. †A scholarly study showing that the book of Deuteronomy is a carefully constructed, coherent treatise, written with a definite purpose in mind.
  • Craigie, Peter Campbell. The Book of Deuteronomy. New International Commentary on the Old Testament. Grand Rapids: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1976. A learned and comprehensive treatment. Craigie shows that he is abreast of the latest trends in literary critical scholarship, yet defends the integrity of the Mosaic writings with discretion and skill. His comments on the text are illuminating, and he enriches his exposition with important historical information and a judicious use of archaeological data.
  • Cumming, John. Sabbath Morning Readings on the Old Testament: Book of Deuteronomy. Minneapolis: Klock & Klock Christian Publishers, 1981. First published in 1856, these expository messages ably unfold the theme and purpose of Moses' last discourses. Of special value due to the fact that there are so few homiletic studies of Deuteronomy.
  • Erdman, Charles Rosenbury. The Book of Deuteronomy: An Exposition. Grand Rapids: Baker Book House, 1982. A clear exposition of the love of God. Excellent for laypeople.
  • Mackintosh, Charles Henry. Genesis to Deuteronomy: Notes on the Pentateuch. Neptune, N.J.: Loizeaux Brothers, 1974. Contains all of CHM's Notes in one handy volume. Originally published between 1880-1882
  • Payne, David F Deuteronomy. Daily Study Bible. Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1985. Defends the Mosaic authorship of this book and provides a concise, theologically astute commentary on the text. More conservative than some other works in this series. Leans in favor of accepting the Mosaic authorship. Condenses a remarkable wealth of information into a concise, practical commentary. A handy volume.
  • Ridderbos, Jan. Deuteronomy. Bible Students' Commentary. Translated by E. M. Van der Maas. Grand Rapids: Zondervan Publishing House, Regency Reference Library, 1984. An admirable, generally conservative commentary that was first published in Dutch in 1950- 1951. The writer's treatment of critical problems is judicious without being tedious. His comments on the text are worthy of serious consideration.
  • Schultz, Samuel J. Deuteronomy: The Gospel of Love. Everyman's Bible Commentary. Chicago: Moody Press, 1971. A simple, thought-provoking exposition.
  • _______, The Gospel of Moses. New York: Harper & Row, 1974. This intriguing study of Deuteronomy appropriately emphasizes the need to respond to the love of God with a corresponding love for Him. Schultz shows that the concept of loving God "with all your heart . . . and your neighbor as yourself" is not a NT teaching, but has its roots deeply imbedded in the OT He provides an excellent treatment of a much misunderstood theme.
  • Thompson, John Arthur. Deuteronomy. Tyndale Old Testament Commentaries. Downers Grove, Ill.: InterVarsity Press, 1975. This work provides all that a Bible student could wish for, and in a handy format. Comparable to the best works ever produced on Deuteronomy.
  • Weinfeld, Moshe. Deuteronomy 1--11. Anchor Bible. New York: Doubleday and Company, 1991. Set in bold, clear type, this volume is easy to read and publisher and author are to be commended for the handsome layout and overall appearance of the book. Weinfeld is one of the leading exponents of Deuteronomic history, and readers should expect this to color his exegesis as well as his exposition. The archaeological and cultural, historical and geographical notes are of the utmost value; and throughout one becomes aware of the author’s careful work. Contains relatively little data for the preacher, but is a must for the scholar.


BEST COMMENTARIES - from James Rosscup's recommended resource Commentaries for Biblical Expositors

  • Christensen, D. L. Deuteronomy 1:1–21:9 (Word Biblical Commentary). Dallas: Word Books, 2001.

This detailed liberal work (458 large pp.) has lists of scholarly specialist writings on each section, and sometimes ponderous comments on verses. It is geared to be mostly of use to OT experts and some more advanced students. For much pastoral benefit, it appears so focused on issues some scholars may be curious about that it will not be of steady profit to others. Help is available on many verses, and on other verses the author offers comments that seem limited in their real help, for example on boiling a kid, where much has been written that finds no mention (14:21).

  • Craigie, Peter C. The Book of Deuteronomy (NICOT). Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1976. 424 pp.

Scholarly study of the text, based on analysis of the Hebrew and cognate languages, written in an attitude of faith and aimed at a broad (but serious) audience. Craigie notes and capitalizes on the book’s similarity in structure to second-millennium ancient Near East vassal treaties, and holds the authorship to be Mosaic, finished by Joshua. Includes an 86-page introductory section, with a nine-page section on the theology of the book. Craigie, Associate Professor of Religious Studies at the University of Calgary, is inclined toward a Mosaic date or shortly after, agreeing with M. Kline. He usually shows good awareness of views and recent books and articles (cf. his select bibliography, pp. 69–72). He even furnishes in Appendix III a “Concordance of Principal Qumran Manuscripts Relating to Deuteronomy” (pp. 84–86). The comments verse by verse are quite good, but sometimes lacking in detail on views and arguments (e.g. on 18:15, the conviction that the passage is “prophetic in foreshadowing another Prophet … namely, Jesus” (p. 39), but with little discussion).—Dan Phillips

  • Deere, Jack S. “Deuteronomy” (Bible Knowledge Commentary), Volume I, ed. John F. Walvoord and Roy B. Zuck. Wheaton: Victor Books, 1983, pp. 259–324.

Conservative work showing expertise in scholarly literature and handling of Hebrew exegesis, history, customs, etc. Deere provides help on synopses of sections and also the verse by verse explanation an expositor needs.

  •   Harrison, R. K. “Deuteronomy,” New Bible Commentary Revised, ed. D. Guthrie et al. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1970, pp. 201–29.

This is a very good evangelical work by a skilled Old Testament scholar. He favors Mosaic authorship, but thinks Chapters 32–34 were added shortly after Moses’ death, partly by Joshua (Moses’ death) and partly by Eleazer (p. 203). Restricted by space, Harrison offers a helpful, concise commentary that contributes on most verses and problems.

  •   Hillers, Delbert R. Covenant: The History of a Biblical Idea. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins, 1969.

This 188-pp. book is useful as an introductory survey of the covenant idea in the Old Testament and extra-biblical literature. Deuteronomy is dated late, whereas Kline (Treaty of the Great King) sees it as early.—Dan Phillips

  • Kline, Meredith. By Oath Consigned. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1968.

This is a kind of sequel to the idea of a covenant in Treaty of the Great King (1963). Kline believes there is a treaty idea all through the Bible with the ordeal or self-malediction occurring with the forming or the renewing of a covenant. He develops circumcision (Old Testament) and baptism (New Testament) as ordeal rituals. Circumcision pointed on to Christ’s death, a cutting off of God Himself in Christ, as he sees it.—Dan Phillips.

  • Kline, Meredith. Treaty of the Great King. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1963.

A competent scholar wrote this book which most reviews hailed as an epochal work. Also see Kline’s commentary on Deuteronomy in The Wycliffe Bible Commentary (Moody Press, 1962). The author investigates the relevance of recently discovered treaties of great kings to understanding the nature of the Decalogue and the covenant in Deuteronomy. He wrestles with the statements of higher criticism. It is conservative.

  • Knight, George A. A. The Song of Moses. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1995.

Here are 156 pp. arguing that Deuteronomy 32:1–43, originated in Moses’ day and composed by Solomon’s scribes, is much used in other OT and NT Scripture. Knight furnishes detail verse by verse, usually good, and at times not agreeing with conservative opinion. In a postscript, he discusses main themes in the passage such as God’s nature and fidelity to His covenant people.

  • Mayes, A. D. H. Deuteronomy (New Century Bible Commentary). Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1981. 416 pp.

This is by a lecturer in Hebrew and Semitics, University of Dublin. He is liberal, and his work is highly regarded by many. His exegesis is thorough and he has much excellent data on word meaning, background, etc., plus a good bibliography (pp. 9–23) and a lengthy introduction with a 3-page outline (27–108). As many he is persuaded that Deuteronomy is part of a larger deuteronomic history of Israel running through 2 Kings, a history finalized during the exile. He theorizes that particular verses were written later, according to his opinion. He feels Levites of the Jerusalem temple (p. 107) give the distilled teaching, so the historical background is there, not in the wilderness (81–82). Still, much of the verse by verse commentary has basic, explanatory material which conservative users with discernment can fit where it belongs into the time of Moses and not in exilic days with Mayes. Mayes sees in 18:15 nothing of messianic connection, and has no reference to the New Testament use of it.

  • McCarthy, Dennis J. Old Testament Covenant: A Survey of Current Opinions. Richmond, VA: John Knox Press, 1972. 108 pp.

This little book (89 pp. plus a 19-pp. bibliography) gives a good survey of views and developments among scholars in this field up to the time of writing (cf. good review by Walter C. Kaiser, Jr., JETS, XV, Fall, 1962, 241–42).

  • McConville, J. G. Deuteronomy (Apollos Old Testament Commentary). Downers Grove, IL: IVP. 2002.

This and the work by E. Lucas (Dan.) are the first works in this new production, issued late in 2002. The series is plugged as “evangelical” (cf. back inside cover flap), but readers will differ on what kind of “evangelical” this is, given the theories of composition as on Deut., and several claims in the Daniel work (cf. Lucas, Dan.). McConville’s 544-pp. writing shows much learning on grammar, word meaning, customs, ancient texts that may shed light, and interaction with critical theory. His work at times seems far more complex than the billing of the Apollos effort to be particularly relevant for preaching help. It appears to be in a different world of issues that some scholars debate, and many may choke on it and turn to works that offer simpler help. The commentary often casts much brief light on verses. Some examples are: returning a stray animal (22:4), a woman not wearing men’s garb (22:5), protecting a mother bird (22:6–7), or giving sanctuary to a refugee slave (23:15–16). In some texts such as 24:1–4 (divorce), the writer could but does not offer help on how details may relate to NT divorce issues preachers need to discuss (Matt. 19:9, etc.). Scholars and more thoroughly studious and patient pastors and maturely scholarly students can draw good help; they will agree or disagree with many of the details, but will see many main, possible turns of thought.

  • Merrill, Eugene H. Deuteronomy (New American Commentary). Nashville: Broadman & Holman, 1994.

An OT specialist from evangelical Dallas Theological Seminary offers a very good 477-pp. effort. He takes Moses as writer based on OT and NT data as well as pre-critical Jewish and Christian belief. The exodus, he holds, was in 1447/46 B. C. He argues versus a source critical placement of Deuteronomy as a literary composition in the seventh century B. C. (32–37). Comments usually are lucid and to the point without being too brief, gathering pertinent factors. Notable verses draw more comment (6:4–5, 5 pp.). On some texts, as boiling a kid (14:21), discussion falls far short of what would be substantial on views. A similar lack occurs in the verse forbidding transvestism (22:5), whereas leaving a mother bird seems to be explained reasonably in 22:6. Footnotes reflect wide awareness on many points. The work is quite beneficial.

  • Miller, Patrick D. Deuteronomy (Interpretation series). Louisville: John Knox Press, 1990. 253 pp.

This is a sweeping exposition with essays on structure, motifs and sections in the book and not a verse by verse discussion. Miller, Professor of Old Testament Theology at Princeton Theological Seminary, follows the line of many in thinking final redaction took place during Josiah’s career. However, here he does not devote much time to this but has many helpful perceptions on the meaning of the text we have. His well-organized wrk aims to help teachers, preachers and students by commenting on the RSV translation. Synopses at the outset of chapters orientate readers to the setting and how the section of Deuteronomy fits in the book and what the structure of this unit is, in Miller’s opinion. At times Miller serves up such arbitrary ideas as: “It is highly unlikely that we have here an accurate historical report of words and actions by Moses on the plains of Moab” (p. 25). However, the book draws spiritual life lessons which are quite worthwhile (cf. chs. 3–4, for example). It just will not set well with conservatives to be told that the concern for possession of the land in Deuteronomy is because the book was done centuries later than the wilderness era when Israel was in danger of being uprooted from the land (44). Even then, Miller has many helpful things summarized about the land (44–52).

  • Ridderbos, J. Deuteronomy (Bible Students Commentary). Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1984. 318 pp.

This work is frequently quite helpful, sometimes valuable in dealing with verses in a concise, competent, direct exegesis based on obvious wide knowledge. Ridderbos is conservative, discussing but finding Wellhausian theory as to authorship and unity invalid; he argues that Moses was the author, with a few sections or parts by editorial work after Moses “under God’s special providence” (p. 22). On many matters the commentary is satisfactory, getting at vital things fully enough for many teachers, preachers and diligent laypeople.

  • Schneider, Bernard N. Deuteronomy: A Favored Book of Jesus. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1970. 163 pp.

This is an attempt to show the close tie between Jesus’ teachings and Deuteronomy (a book quoted or alluded to ca. 90 times in the New Testament). Schneider says the emphasis in Deuteronomy is on God’s love for His people. Moses poured out his heart telling the people of Israel the message of love God had given (p. 11). A reader looking not for a detailed commentary but for a book setting forth section by section the vital spiritual truths of Deuteronomy that are relevant today as in Moses’ day will find many stimulating things here.

  • Schultz, Samuel J. Deuteronomy, The Gospel of Love. Chicago: Moody Press, 1971.

This is in The Everyman’s Bible Commentary series. It provides a good, brief explanation with a clear outline. Like Schneider, Schultz shows that God’s love is the heart of this book by Moses the lawgiver.

  • Thompson, J. A. Deuteronomy: An Introduction and Commentary (Tyndale Old Testament Commentary). Downers Grove, IL: lVP, 1974.

A helpful verse by verse work abreast of recent scholarship on many of the issues in Deuteronomy for the more serious reader. Thompson believes that the book is not authored by Moses, yet much of it goes back to the time of Moses. But “the present Deuteronomy represents the end-point of subsequent revisions both in language and in form,” and is derived from “the re-application of the great principles of the covenant at Sinai to the changing conditions of a new age, be it that of Samuel, or Solomon, or Hezekiah, or Josiah” (pp. 46–47). The material is mostly from Moses’ day and Israel’s situation then. But it has been retouched to serve the needs of later generations in Israel. Cf. an evangelical evaluation of Thompson’s concessions to critical scholarship along this line in Meredith G. Kline, review, Westminster Theological Journal, 39 (Fall, 1976), 168–70. Deuteronomy, to Thompson, shares in the pattern of the ancient form of a Near Eastern treaty (covenant). He does not interpret some things literally, e.g. the 40 days of Moses receiving the law could mean an indefinite time (p. 140). Though some conclusions run against the grain for one who holds to inerrancy, Thompson in general says things consistent with a rather high view of the Bible, and evinces a scholarship of depth and breadth.

  •   von Rad, Gerhard. Deuteronomy, A Commentary. (Old Testament Library). Philadelphia: Westminster, 1966.

  Well-regarded in much of the scholarly community, though among conservatives of occasional help only to more advanced students. The author holds to a complicated history of different compositions and, like many, subjectively picks and chooses as he will. Priestly and Levitical composers centuries after the wilderness period sought “to make the old cultic and legal traditions relevant for their time” (p. 23). These men fictionalized the idea that the sermons were spoken to Israel in Moab (28) when in actuality, as von Rad recasts things, they were directed to Israel’s needs centuries later. One can sift out much good explanation of what certain details mean, but he is often met by an intermeshing of theory about which parts are from the early days and which from the exile. The commentary is not verse by verse; it broadly gathers sometimes many verses into a paragraph or two, and often with more comment on von Rad’s personal construction of things than on the canonical text. He deals only glancingly with the messianic possibility of 18:15, and without referring to the New Testament text. Quite frankly, despite the stature of von Rad to many, this work does not adequately enough get down to the straight-forward business of explaining passages in a way conservatives will regard as probable from the evidence, at least not often enough.

  • Weinfeld, Moshe. Deuteronomy 1–11 (Anchor Bible). NY: Doubleday, 1991. 458 pp. 1st of 2 volumes.

Serious, skilled students will find much help here on the details of text, meaning of words and phrases, history, etc., as well as bibliography. The introduction brings together much thought on literary, critical, legal, historical and theological matters. The list of journal articles runs nearly 36 pages, Much of the material is assigned to centuries later than Moses (p. 13). Many readers will feel that his reasons are arbitrary, yet may appreciate seeing how such a case may be built. While much benefit can be laboriously gleaned from individual verse notes, some will wish there could be better synthesizing orientation before the plunge into the many details. It is not easy to keep the book’s movement in view due to the fragmented nature of the minute aspects, and so the work seems primarily of help to the very patient, advanced user. Often, Weinfeld furnishes very worthwhile comments on problems, such as whether to take as literal or figurative the binding of the words on the hand and on the forehead (6:8; pp. 341–42).

  • Wright, Christopher. Deuteronomy (New International Biblical Commentary). Peabody, MA: Hendrickson Publishers, 1996.

The author holds to the integrity of the Mosaic era as distinct from a seventh century B. C. setting (8). Verse by verse comments and added notes on details after each section are usually adequate, at least on many of the main issues. But on some verses what is offered is too general, and Wright could have supplied more help (cf. an example on 22:5, regarding transvestism and issues today).

  • Rosscup also ranks the commentaries by type (exegetical, expositional, devotional)

Deuteronomy - Detailed Exegetical

  1. P. Craigie
  2. E. Merrill
  3. J. A. Thompson
  4. C. Wright
  5. S. Driver (Lib)
  6. J. Ridderbos

Deuteronomy - Expositional Survey

  1. R. K. Harrison
  2. J. S. Deere

Deuteronomy - Devotional Flavor

  1. S. Schultz







Explanation - This is a chronological 52 week study of the Old Testament. The text is grouped into seven daily sections, making it useful for a week-long study beginning on Sunday and continuing through the week. (The Old Testament (Chronological, 52 week)












MAPS - Studylight - excellent maps











THEMATIC BIBLE - Dictionary of Bible Themes - click to go to next verse

Notice the related maps in the left column - these are keyed to the verse you are studying











GENE GETZ - short videos that emphasize the principles of each section

  • Deuteronomy; Principle #1; Deut. 1:1-5;Our Future Generation: Pastors and parents should be faithful in teaching each new generation God's will for their lives. Video
  • Deuteronomy; Principle #2; Deut. 1:9-18; Qualified Assistants: As a church grows numerically, primary leaders should maintain their pastoral priorities by appointing qualified men and women to assist them. Video
  • Deuteronomy; Principle #3; Deut. 1:19-33; Maintaining a Clear Focus: To overcome discouragement and distorted thinking, we must remember God's faithfulness in the past and His promises for the future. Video
  • Deuteronomy; Principle #4; Deut. 1:34-46; Authentic Repentance: When we have disobeyed God and suffered the consequences, we are to confess our sins and then rely on God's strength to enable us to live in His will. Video
  • Deuteronomy; Principle #5; Deut. 3:21-29;  Accepting Lifes Realities: We are to accept the irreversible consequences of sin, but at the samt time, we are to rejoice in God's forgiveness and present blessings. Video
  • Deuteronomy; Principle #6; Deut. 4:1-14; God's Revealed Truth: We are to accept, believe, and obey the inspired Word of God. Video
  • Deuteronomy; Principle #7; Deut. 4:25-31; Our Compassionate God: When we sin and alienate ourselves from God, we must remember that He is patiently waiting for us to return to fellowship with Him. Video
  • Deuteronomy; Principle #8; Deut. 4:32-40; Walking Worthy: In view of God's love and grace, we should walk worthy of our great calling in Christ. Video
  • Deuteronomy; Principle #9; Deut. 5:1-21; The Ten Commandments: As New Testament believers, we are to devote ourselves to keeping God's commandments and teaching them to our children. Video
  • Deuteronomy; Principle #10; Deut. 5:22-33; Godly Fear: We should always maintain a proper view of God's awesome holiness. Video
  • Deuteronomy; Principle #11; Deut. 6:1-9; Teachable Moments: We are to use the natural opportunities in our daily routines and relationships to maximize learning experiences with our children. Video
  • Deuteronomy; Principle #12; Deut. 6:10-25; Prideful Behavior: We are always to remember that God is the divine Source of our material blessings. Video
  • Deuteronomy; Principle #13; Deut. 7:1-26; Reflecting God's Holiness: As born again believers indwelt by the Holy Spirit, we are to eliminate all forms of idolatry and be transforming influences in the world. Video
  • Deuteronomy; Principle #14; Deut. 8:1-20; Wilderness Experiences: We are to view difficult experiences in our lives as opportunities to grow and mature in our faith. Video
  • Deuteronomy; Principle #15; Deut. 9:1-6; God's Mercy and Grace: No matter how many good works we do, we must always remember that our salvation is a free gift and not something we have earned. Video
  • Deuteronomy; Principle #16; Deut. 10:12-16; The New Birth: To receive eternal salvation, we must have a change of heart. Video
  • Deuteronomy; Principle #17; Deut. 10:17-11:32; Love and Obedience: To love God sincerely and fully, we must obey what He commands. Video
  • Deuteronomy; Principle #18; Deut. 12:1-14; Personal and Corporate Worship: Though we can enter God's presence at any moment because of our faith in the Lord Jesus Christ, we are also to meet together regularly for mutual encouragement and corporate worship. Video
  • Deuteronomy; Principle #19; Deut. 13:1-5; Victory in Christ: Even though God may allow Satan to test our love for Him, we can be victorious other evil. Video
  • Deuteronomy; Principle #20; Deut. 13:6-11; Negative Family Influences: We must not allow close family members and friends to lead us away from God. Video
  • Deuteronomy; Principle #21; Deut. 15:1-11; Grace and Generosity: As followers of Jesus Christ, we are to be generous to people who face economic crises beyond their control. Video
  • Deuteronomy; Principle #22; Deut. 18:1-8; Caring for Spiritual Leaders: Every local church should provide ample material support for those spiritual leaders who devote significant amounts of time serving as spiritual shepherds. Video
  • Deuteronomy; Principle #23; Deut. 18:9-14;  Occult Activity: Even though we may live in a culture that de-emphasizes occult activity, we must take seriously the reality that demonic and evil forces exist. Video
  • Deuteronomy; Principle #24; Deut. 18:15-22;  Testing Prophetic Messages: When someone claims to have a prophetic message from God, were to use the Scriptures to evaluate the authenticity of this message. Video
  • Deuteronomy; Principle #25; Deut. 19:15-21; Maintaining Justice: We must thoroughly investigate any accusation of wrongdoing against a member of the body of Jesus Christ. Video
  • Deuteronomy; Principle #26; Deut. 24:1-4; Marriage and Divorce: When determining God's will regarding marriage relationships, we are to follow the teachings in the New Testament. Video
  • Deuteronomy; Principle #27; Deut. 26:16-19;  God's Expectations Today: As new covenant believers, we should devote ourselves to obeying God's will as revealed in the New Testament. Video
  • Deuteronomy; Principle #28; Deut. 27:1-8;  God's Inscribed Word: To live in God's will, we are to study and review the Scriptures. Video
  • Deuteronomy; Principle #29; Deut. 28:1-15;  Blessings and Curses: We must differentiate between what God has promised to Israel as a nation and what He has promised to the church. Video
  • Deuteronomy; Principle #30; Deut. 29:16-30:10; God's Focus on Israel: To have a correct view of prophecy, we must understand God's unconditional covenant with the nation Israel. Video
  • Deuteronomy; Principle #31; Deut. 31:1-8;  Security in Christ: If we have sincerely put our faith in the Lord Jesus Christ, we are to be confident that God will never forsake us. Video
  • Deuteronomy; Principle #32; Deut. 31:9-29; Being Faithful: Even though more and more people will turn away from God as we approach the second coming of the Lord Jesus Christ, we are to be faithful knowing we can make a difference in this world. Video
  • Deuteronomy; Principle #33; Deut. 31:30-33:29; God's Compassionate Heat: Even though we fall God as believers, if we repent and turn from our sins, He will restore us and have intimate fellowship with us. Video
  • Deuteronomy; Principle #34; Deut. 34:1-12; A Great Model: We should study the lives of Old Testament personalities like Moses in order to be more faithful followers of the Lord Jesus Christ. Video


STEVE HEREFORD - nice overview sermon









ALBERT MOHLER - Mp3's but well done




SERMONS - older sermons collected from the Biblical Illustrator


JAMES SMITH - Expository Outlines - Handfuls of Purpose

Click here for all of the studies below.

  • Forward - Deuteronomy 2:1-7
  • A Solemn Charge - Deuteronomy 4:1-9
  • Backsliding Its Cause And Cure - Deuteronomy 4:23-31
  • Deliverance And Testimony - Deuteronomy 6:21-25
  • Commandments For Canaan - Deuteronomy Chapter 6
  • Privileges And Responsibilities - Deuteronomy Chapter 7
  • The Divine Purpose In Trials - Deuteronomy 8:2-6
  • Wilderness Experience - Deuteronomy Chapters 8
  • The Land Of Promise - Deuteronomy Chapters 9 to 11
  • The Lord's Requirements - Deuteronomy 10:12-22
  • The Blessed Possession - Deuteronomy 11:10-17
  • The Secret Of Victory - Deuteronomy 11:22-25
  • The Place Which The Lord Shall Choose - Deuteronomy 16:7, 15-16
  • Characteristics Of A God Raised Prophet Deuteronomy 18:15-22
  • Life And Death Deuteronomy 30:15-20
  • The Song Of The Rock Deuteronomy 32
  • The Blessed People Deuteronomy 33
  • The Death Of Moses Deuteronomy 34


R C SPROUL - Devotionals










James Rosscup - Various authors contributed. It is evangelical and amillennial....Often the explanations of verses are very worthwhile.




E.W. BULLINGER - Companion Bible Notes

J N DARBY - Bible Synopsis by chapter





James Rosscup - Though often scanty, the work edited by a brilliant scholar is sometimes very helpful. Ellicott was an Anglican bishop. The New Testament part is more valuable. The work dates back to 1897 and is verse by verse, consisting of 2,292 pp. Ellicott was an outstanding Anglican conservative scholar of the 19th century in England. He also wrote critical commentaries on Galatians, Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians, Thessalonians and Philemon. Different scholars here contributed on different scripture books, Famous names included are George Rawlinson (Exodus), H. D. M. Spence (I Samuel), E. H. Plumptre (Isaiah, Jeremiah, Lamentations, Acts, 2 Corinthians), W. Sanday (Romans, Galatians), Alfred Plummer (2 Peter, Jude), etc.


James Rosscup - Though this work is generally helpful on historical background, it is often not of great assistance on the original text or problem passages. It skips over these many times. It is generally conservative, but not always. The value is greater on some books because the authors have done an excellent work: Kellogg on Leviticus; Blaikie on Joshua and I, II Samuel; Plummer on the pastorals, James and Jude. Some sections are by radical liberals, for example George A. Smith on Isaiah and the Minor Prophets. By and large, the student will do better to use a detailed set like The Expositor’s Bible Commentary (Frank Gaebelein, Editor) plus individual best works on the different Bible books or sections of Scripture.











James Rosscup - A competent scholar wrote this book (referring to his full commentary) which most reviews hailed as an epochal work. Also see Kline’s commentary on Deuteronomy in The Wycliffe Bible Commentary (Moody Press, 1962). The author investigates the relevance of recently discovered treaties of great kings to understanding the nature of the Decalogue and the covenant in Deuteronomy. He wrestles with the statements of higher criticism. It is conservative.




James Rosscup - The treatments of books within this evangelical set vary in importance. Generally, one finds a wealth of detailed commentary, background, and some critical and exegetical notes. Often, however, there is much excess verbiage that does not help particularly. On the other hand, it usually has something to assist the expositor on problems and is a good general set for pastors and serious lay people though it is old.


F B MEYER -  "Through the Bible" Commentary on DEUTERONOMY



James Rosscup - Morgan was an evangelical master at surveying a book and giving its message within a brief compass. He introduces each book with a chart giving an analysis and synthesis. 


ROBERT NEIGHBOUR - Wells of Living Water Commentary





BILL MCRAE - Audio Study of Deuteronomy


JOHN SCHULTZ - 222 page 

SERMON AUDIO - multiple sermons from various pastors - Be a Berean.




Spurgeon: Would it be possible to eulogise too much the incomparably sententious and suggestive folios of JOHN TRAPP?[6] Since Mr. Dickinson has rendered them accessible,[7] I trust most of you have bought them. Trapp will be most valuable to men of discernment, to thoughtful men, to men who only want a start in a line of thought, and are then able to run alone. Trapp excels in witty stories on the one hand, and learned allusions on the other. You will not thoroughly enjoy him unless you can turn to the original, and yet a mere dunce at classics will prize him. His writings remind me of himself: he was a pastor, hence his holy practical remarks; he was the head of a public school, and everywhere we see his profound scholarship; he was for some time amid the guns and drums of a parliamentary garrison, and he gossips and tells queer anecdotes like a man used to a soldier's life; yet withal, he comments as if he had been nothing else but a commentator all his days. Some of his remarks are far fetched, and like the far fetched rarities of Solomon's Tarshish, there is much gold and silver, but there are also apes and peacocks. His criticisms would some of them be the cause of amusement in these days of greater scholarship; but for all that, he who shall excel Trapp had need rise very early in the morning. Trapp is my especial companion and treasure; I can read him when I am too weary for anything else. Trapp is salt, pepper, mustard, vinegar, and all the other condiments. Put him on the table when you study, and when you have your dish ready, use him by way of spicing the whole thing. Yes, gentlemen, read Trapp certainly, and if you catch the infection of his consecrated humour, so much the better for your hearers.



An interesting feature is that at the top of each chapter are the titles of that chapter assigned by the NKJV, NRSV, TEV and NJB versions.

Comment: Be aware that Utley is amillennial which is interesting in that he quotes the following statement as a basic principle for achieving accurate interpretation of prophecy - "Assume a literal interpretation of the passage until something in the text itself points you to figurative usage; then put the figurative language into prose." That said, Utley does not interpret the Greek word chilioi (used 11x in 10v in the NT) in Revelation 20 (used 6 times!) as literal! (2 Pet 3:8 = clearly used here figuratively for it is introduced by the term of comparison "as"; Rev 11:3; 12:6; 14:20; 20:2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 - note that there is no reason in the context which would force one to interpret chilioi other than literally)! Compare Andrew R Fausset's (1821-1910 - see bio) (Rector of church of England) interpretation of chilioi in Revelation (Thousand Years). Note that he was neither a Plymouth Brethren nor a "Dispensationalist" but a "literalist!"














































  • Deuteronomy 11:10-12 The Point of No Return - Beloved, if you need a little "spiritual kick in the pants" to press on toward the goal for the prize than take a few moments and read this sermon. I guarantee you will be fed!























  • Q. Reading Deuteronomy 23:2, Is There Hope For An Illegitimate Child To Become A Christian? Are There Some People, Ethnicity's, Or Situations Beyond Hope?







See Index of Dr Johnson's entire series of excellent studies on the Biblical covenants - Click Here


























Deuteronomy Commentary

Recommended: NETBible notes are in the right panel. You can also select the tab for "Constable's Notes." As you scroll the Bible text in the left panel, the notes are synchronized and will scroll to the same passage. This is a very helpful feature.

Old Testament Studies
Deuteronomy - The Book of Preparation for the Land

Recommended: Very devotional, practical, applicational, transformational!

Deuteronomy - The People's Bible

James Rosscup - This work, later called Preaching Through the Bible (Baker Book House), is rich in its applications and exhortations, though often not particularly helpful for the reader who is looking for exposition that stays right with the text. Treatment of the texts is sermonic.

Deuteronomy Devotionals
RBC Ministries

Excellent devotional illustrations
Updated December 11, 2015

Sermons on Deuteronomy



Exposition, Homiletics, Illustrations
Homilies by Various Authors

Exposition, Homilies

Scroll Down for the Homilies on each chapter

Deuteronomy Intro (>50pp)

Deuteronomy 1 Exposition

  • Deuteronomy 1:1-4 The Deuteronomic Discourses
  • Deuteronomy 1:2 The Might have Been Life
  • Deuteronomy 1:1-5 The Word of God full of hidden treasure
  • Deuteronomy 1:1-8 The Hebrew Right to Canaan
  • Deuteronomy 1:1-8 Divine Covenant and Human Conduct - the two hemispheres of a complete life
  • Deuteronomy 1:1-18 The Impartiality of God to be Reflected in the Judges of His People
  • Deuteronomy 1:6-18 Rules to be Observed in Choosing Leaders
  • Deuteronomy 1:6-9 A Summons to Advance
  • Deuteronomy 1:10-11 Israel's Increase
  • Deuteronomy 1:19-16 Division of Labor
  • Deuteronomy 1:16-17 Judging
  • Deuteronomy 1:9-18 The Blessing of Good Government
  • Deuteronomy 1:19 That Great and Terrible Wilderness
  • Deuteronomy 1:19-33 Sending the Spies
  • Deuteronomy 1:19-33 The Unbelief in Sending and in Hearkening the Spies
  • Deuteronomy 1:19-46 Irrecoverableness of Wasted Opportunity
  • Deuteronomy 1:21 Courage
  • Deuteronomy 1:22-32 The Mission of the Spies
  • Deuteronomy 1:31-33 Love in the Wilderness
  • Deuteronomy 1:32-35 The Grievous Consequences of Unbelief
  • Deuteronomy 1:34-40 The Excluded and the Admitted
  • Deuteronomy 1:34-46 The Heirs of Promise
  • Deuteronomy 1:40-46 Tardy Repentance
  • Deuteronomy 1:41-46 Forced Back!

Deuteronomy 2 Exposition

  • Deuteronomy 2:1-23 God's Knowledge of our Pilgrimage
  • Deuteronomy 2:1-23 International Relationships
  • Deuteronomy 2:1-23 God's Faithfulness in Dealing with Nations Outside the Covenant
  • Deuteronomy 2:4-10, 17-20 - Edom, Moab, Ammon
  • Deuteronomy 2:10-13, 20 - The Emims, Horims, Zamzummins, etc.
  • Deuteronomy 2:14-15 Dying Out
  • Deuteronomy 2:14-18 The Wasting of the Warriors
  • Deuteronomy 2:24-25 The Effects of Israel's Conquests
  • Deuteronomy 2:24-37 Warrantable Warfare
  • Deuteronomy 2:24-37 The Destruction of Sihon, King of the Amorites.
  • Deuteronomy 2:26-37 The Conquest of Sihon
  • Deuteronomy 2:24-3:11 The Last of the Giants

Deuteronomy 3 Exposition

  • Deuteronomy 3:1-20 Self Propagating Conquest
  • Deuteronomy 3:1-12 The Conquest of Og
  • Deuteronomy 3:1-17 The Destruction of Og, King of Bashan
  • Deuteronomy 3:6 The Destruction of Populations
  • Deuteronomy 3:12-20 - Distribution of Territory
  • Deuteronomy 3:18-20 - The Pioneers of Invasion of Palestine
  • Deuteronomy 3:21-22 Encouragement
  • Deuteronomy 3:23-29 God's Refusal of Man's Wishes
  • Deuteronomy 3:21-29 Prospect of Death
  • Deuteronomy 3:21-29 Moses' Longing to Enter the Promised Land Refused

Deuteronomy 4 Exposition

  • Deuteronomy 4:1-2 Acceptable Obedience
  • Deuteronomy 4:1-4 Life and Prosperity Dependent on Obedience to God
  • Deuteronomy 4:1-13 The Sacredness of the Divine Law
  • Deuteronomy 4:1-14 Obedience the Secret of Success
  • Deuteronomy 4:1-28 The Curse of Idolatry
  • Deuteronomy 4:5-9 National Greatness
  • Deuteronomy 4:9 The Religious Education of Children
  • Deuteronomy 4:6-10 A Nation's Glory
  • Deuteronomy 4:10-14 The Revelation at Horeb
  • Deuteronomy 4:11-20 Israel's Peculiar Relation to God
  • Deuteronomy 4:15-20 Warning Against Heathenish Idolatry
  • Deuteronomy 4:15-24 The Divine Jealousy of Graven Images
  • Deuteronomy 4:20 The Iron Furnace
  • Deuteronomy 4:21-24 God a Consuming Fire
  • Deuteronomy 4:25-49 Homiletics
  • Deuteronomy 4:23-32 National Backsliding
  • Deuteronomy 4:32-41 The Wonderfulness of Israel's History
  • Deuteronomy 4:37 Beloved for the Fathers' Sake
  • Deuteronomy 4:29-40 The Mercy of God
  • Deuteronomy 4:41-43 The Cities of Refuge
  • Deuteronomy 4:41-43 The Cities of Refuge Beyond the Jordan
  • Deuteronomy 4:25-31 Judgment Leading to Mercy
  • Deuteronomy 4:32-40 The Deliverance of the Lord's People Unparalleled
  • Deuteronomy 4:44-49 The Circumstances Under Which the Law was Reiterated

Deuteronomy 5 Exposition

  • Deuteronomy 5:1-5 The Abrahamic Covenant Renewed
  • Deuteronomy 5:1-21 The Decalogue
  • Deuteronomy 5:28-29 God's Desires for Man's Good
  • Deuteronomy 5:2-3 The Covenant at Horeb
  • Deuteronomy 5:5 Mediation
  • Deuteronomy 5:6 The Divine Law Based On A Divinely Revealed Relationship
  • Deuteronomy 5:6-21 The Divine Plan for the Conduct of our Life on Earth
  • Deuteronomy 5:7 The First Commandment. God the Sole Object of Worship
  • Deuteronomy 5:8 The Iniquity of the Fathers Visited on the Children
  • Deuteronomy 5:8 The Second Commandment. The Spirituality of Divine Worship
  • Deuteronomy 5:11 The Third Commandment. Reverent Regard for the Divine Name
  • Deuteronomy 5:12-15 The Sabbath or a Rest-Day for Man
  • Deuteronomy 5:12-15 The Sabbath
  • Deuteronomy 5:16 The Fifth Commandment. Honor Due to Parents or the Religion of Home Life
  • Deuteronomy 5:17 The Sixth Commandment. The Religion of the Temper
  • Deuteronomy 5:18 The Seventh Commandment. The Religion of the Body
  • Deuteronomy 5:18 Honor to Parents
  • Deuteronomy 5:19 The Eighth Commandment. The Religion of the Hand
  • Deuteronomy 5:20 The Ninth Commandment. The Religion of the Tongue
  • Deuteronomy 5:20 The Tenth Commandment. The Religion of the Heart
  • Deuteronomy 5:21-33 Character Determines Environment
  • Deuteronomy 5:22 Moral Law
  • Deuteronomy 5:22-33 The Law As a Whole and its Effect Upon the People
  • Deuteronomy 5:22-33 How Moses Became Mediator
  • Deuteronomy 5:23-28 The Element of Terror in Religion
  • Deuteronomy 5:28-29 God's Desires for Man's Good

Deuteronomy 6 Exposition

  • Deuteronomy 6:1-3 Obedience to God Conducive to the Highest Good
  • Deuteronomy 6:1-3 Obedience the End of the Law
  • Deuteronomy 6:1-5 The Essence of the Decalogue is Love
  • Deuteronomy 6:2 Descending Obligations
  • Deuteronomy 6:4-5 The Great Commandment
  • Deuteronomy 6:4-9 Truth and Godliness to be Perpetuated by Means of Home Training
  • Deuteronomy 6:4-9 Love, the Root-Principle of Obedience
  • Deuteronomy 6:6-9, 20-25 The Religious Education of Children
  • Deuteronomy 6:6-25 Family Training is to Propagate the Law
  • Deuteronomy 6:8-9 God's Words to be Valued
  • Deuteronomy 6:10-16 The Creature Displacing the Creator
  • Deuteronomy 6:10-19 Danger's Ahead! Beware!
  • Deuteronomy 6:10-19 The Peril of Prosperity
  • Deuteronomy 6:10 Tempting God
  • Deuteronomy 6:10-19 The Parental Office
  • Deuteronomy 6:20-25 The Value of History in Parental Teaching
  • Deuteronomy 6:25 Our Righteousness

Deuteronomy 7 Exposition

  • Deuteronomy 7:1-11 A Holy People's Policy of Self-Preservation
  • Deuteronomy 7:1-6 Judgment Without Mercy
  • Deuteronomy 7:1-5 Extermination with a Moral Purpose
  • Deuteronomy 7:3-4 Marriage in the Lord
  • Deuteronomy 7:6-8 On the Election of Nations
  • Deuteronomy 7:6-9 Reasons for Non-Conformity to the Word and for Aggression on its Evil
  • Deuteronomy 7:9-10 Lessons from History
  • Deuteronomy 7:9-16 The Divine Veracity
  • Deuteronomy 7:1-11 Israel's Iconoclastic Mission
  • Deuteronomy 7:12-15 Temporal Prosperity a Result of Obedience to Divine Law
  • Deuteronomy 7:12-16 The Rewards of Obedience
  • Deuteronomy 7:12-26 Reward in Proportion to Arduous Service
  • Deuteronomy 7:17-25 An Anxious Question or Dreading Difficulties
  • Deuteronomy 7:17-25 God for Us
  • Deuteronomy 7:17-26 Canaan Gradually Won
  • Deuteronomy 7:25-26 The Cursed Thing

Deuteronomy 8 Exposition

  • Deuteronomy 8:1-6 Life's Meaning Discerned by the Retrospect of It
  • Deuteronomy 8:1-6 The Moral Use of Memory
  • Deuteronomy 8:1-6 The Lessons of the Wilderness
  • Deuteronomy 8:2-6 The Uses of Adversity
  • Deuteronomy 8:3 Not Bread But God's Word
  • Deuteronomy 8:5 God the Chastener
  • Deuteronomy 8:7-10 The Good Land
  • Deuteronomy 8:7-20 God Forgotten Amid Second Causes
  • Deuteronomy 8:10 The Blessing of a Thankful Spirit
  • Deuteronomy 8:10-19 The Dangers of Wealth
  • Deuteronomy 8:7-20 Wealth Perilous to Piety
  • Deuteronomy 8:7-10 The Duty of Thankfulness for the Bounty of God in Nature
  • Deuteronomy 8:16 Good at the Latter End
  • Deuteronomy 8:17-18 Danger of Self-Glorification

Deuteronomy 9 Exposition

  • Deuteronomy 9:1-6 Against Self-Righteous Conceit
  • Deuteronomy 9:1-6 The Policy of Reprobation
  • Deuteronomy 9:4-7 Self-Righteousness
  • Deuteronomy 9:5 We are Not Righteous
  • Deuteronomy 9:6-12 A Six-Weeks' Religion or Emotional Religiousness Not Vital Godliness
  • Deuteronomy 9:24-29 Moses' Intercession
  • Deuteronomy 9:7-29 Humiliating Memories
  • Deuteronomy 9:7-17 Human Memory a Repository of Guilt
  • Deuteronomy 9:18-29 The Place of Human Mediation
  • Deuteronomy 9:8-22 The Sin At Horeb
  • Deuteronomy 9:13-21, 25-29 True Greatness Manifested in a Great Emergency by Self Sacrifice and Intercessions
  • Deuteronomy 9:24-29 Moses' Intercession

Deuteronomy 10 Exposition

  • Deuteronomy 10:1-5 The Covenant Renewed
  • Deuteronomy 10:1-12 Tokens of Mercy
  • Deuteronomy 10:1-5 The Law Deposited in the Ark
  • Deuteronomy 10:1-5, 10-11 The Results of the Intercessory Prayer of Moses
  • Deuteronomy 10:6-9 The Separation of the Sons of Levi
  • Deuteronomy 10:6-11 Progress
  • Deuteronomy 10:10-22 New Obedience
  • Deuteronomy 10:12-16 Israel's Duty Summed Up and Touchingly Enforced
  • Deuteronomy 10:12-13 The Supreme Requirement
  • Deuteronomy 10:12-22 Knowledge of God the Parent of Obedient Faith
  • Deuteronomy 10:14-22 The Supreme Persuasive
  • Deuteronomy 10:16 Heart Circumcision
  • Deuteronomy 10:17-11:1 God No Respecter of Persons
  • Deuteronomy 10:19 Love the Stranger
  • Deuteronomy 10:20 Religion in Brief

Deuteronomy 11 Exposition

  • Deuteronomy 11:1-7 Ocular Demonstrations of God's Nearness Increase Human Responsibility
  • Deuteronomy 11:1-9 Divine Judgments Upon Others to Ensure Obedience in Us
  • Deuteronomy 11:2-9 The Voice of God in Passing Events to Be Heeded, Interpreted and Obeyed
  • Deuteronomy 11:8-9 Obedience Leads to Prolonged Possession
  • Deuteronomy 11:1-10, 18-22 Obligations Arising from Personal Experience
  • Deuteronomy 11:10-17 The Order of Nature Subservient to Moral Purposes
  • Deuteronomy 11:10-17 Valuable Possessions Reserved for the Righteous
  • Deuteronomy 11:10-17 The Land of Promise
  • Deuteronomy 11:10-18 Canaan and Egypt
  • Deuteronomy 11:18-21 God's Word Potent to Dominate the Whole of Life
  • Deuteronomy 11:18-25 Family Training an Element of Success
  • Deuteronomy 11:22-25 The Moral Power of National Righteousness
  • Deuteronomy 11:22-25 He Who Best Serves is Most Fit to Rule
  • Deuteronomy 11:26-28 The Dread Alternative Before Every Man
  • Deuteronomy 11:26-29 The Great Alternative
  • Deuteronomy 11:26-32 Startling Alternatives
  • Deuteronomy 11:26-32 Life's Solemn Alternatives
  • Deuteronomy 11:22-26 Vastness of Promise
  • Deuteronomy 11:29-30 Gerizim and Ebal

Deuteronomy 12 Exposition

  • Deuteronomy 12:1-3 The Invasion of a Religious One
  • Deuteronomy 12:1-4 The Doom of Idolatry
  • Deuteronomy 12:1-32 Regulations for Divine Worship: Specific Rules Embodying Permanent Principles
  • Deuteronomy 12:1-5 Destruction of Monuments of Idolatry
  • Deuteronomy 12:4-14 Centralization in Worship
  • Deuteronomy 12:5 Public Worship
  • Deuteronomy 12:5-28 Characteristic Signs of Jehovah's Worship
  • Deuteronomy 12:6-29 The Central Sanctuary
  • Deuteronomy 12:15, 16, 20-26 The Divine Regulation of Food
  • Deuteronomy 12:15-19 Private Worship Not the Substitute for Public
  • Deuteronomy 12:19 The Levite
  • Deuteronomy 12:20-28 The Sanctity of Blood
  • Deuteronomy 12:29-32 Unworthy Inquiries
  • Deuteronomy 12:29-32 The Subtle Ensnarements of Idolatry

Deuteronomy 13 Exposition

  • Deuteronomy 13:1-18 Temptations to Depart from God to be Resisted at All Costs
  • Deuteronomy 13:1-18 Idolatry to be Treated as a Capital Crime
  • Deuteronomy 13:1-18 God's Executioners Upon Idolatry
  • Deuteronomy 13:1-6 False Prophets
  • Deuteronomy 13:6-12 God or our Brother
  • Deuteronomy 13:12-18 A City Under Ban

Deuteronomy 14 Exposition

  • Deuteronomy 14:1-2 The People of God When Death is in the Home
  • Deuteronomy 14:1-3 Self-Respect in Mourning
  • Deuteronomy 14:3-21 Clean and Unclean
  • Deuteronomy 14:3-20 The People of God at their Own Table
  • Deuteronomy 14:21 Seething a Kid in its Mother's Milk
  • Deuteronomy 14:22-29 A Threefold Cord or the Triple Use of Property
  • Deuteronomy 14:22-29 The Second Tithe

Deuteronomy Sermons

Deuteronomy Sermons

Deuteronomy Sermons
Horae Homileticae
Over 300 pages

John Piper says that Horae Homileticae "is the best place to go for researching Simeon's theology. You can find his views on almost every key text in the Bible. He did not want to be labeled a Calvinist or an Arminian. He wanted to be Biblical through and through and give every text its due proportion, whether it sounded Arminian as it stands or Calvinistic. But he was known as an evangelical Calvinist, and rightly so. As I have read portions of his sermons on texts concerning election and effectual calling and perseverance he is uninhibited in his affirmation of what we would call the doctrines of grace....What Simeon experienced in the word was remarkable. And it is so utterly different from the counsel that we receive today that it is worth looking at." (Brothers, We Must Not Mind a Little Suffering) (Bolding added)

Alternative Source

(Links to Scripture pop up for quick review - scroll down page for next sermon)

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Sermon Note Transcripts


Through the Bible (C2000 Series)


All of Spurgeon's Sermons

Expositional Commentary on Deuteronomy

Deuteronomy Devotionals

Deuteronomy Sermons

Deuteronomy Sermons

Commentary Notes on Deuteronomy

Outline & References

Notes on the Text

Chapter 1

Chapter 2

Chapter 3

Chapter 4

Chapter 5

Chapter 6

Chapter 7

Chapter 8

Chapter 9

Chapter 10

Chapter 11

Chapter 12

Chapter 13

Chapter 14

Chapter 15

Chapter 16

Chapter 17

Chapter 18

Chapter 19

Chapter 20

Chapter 21

Chapter 22

Chapter 23

Chapter 24

Chapter 25

Chapter 26

Chapter 27

Chapter 28

Chapter 29

Chapter 30

Chapter 31

Chapter 32

Chapter 33

Chapter 34

Today in the Word
Devotional Commentary
Moody Bible Institute

Note: Click the links below to access many more devotionals (because not all are linked to this page)


DISCLAIMER: Before you "go to the commentaries" go to the Scriptures and study them inductively (Click 3 part overview of how to do Inductive Bible Study) in dependence on your Teacher, the Holy Spirit, Who Jesus promised would guide us into all the truth (John 16:13). Remember that Scripture is always the best commentary on Scripture. Any commentary, even those by the most conservative and orthodox teacher/preachers cannot help but have at least some bias of the expositor based upon his training and experience. Therefore the inclusion of specific links does not indicate that we agree with every comment. We have made a sincere effort to select only the most conservative, "bibliocentric" commentaries. Should you discover some commentary or sermon you feel may not be orthodox, please email your concern. I have removed several links in response to concerns by discerning readers. I recommend that your priority be a steady intake of solid Biblical food so that with practice you will have your spiritual senses trained to discern good from evil (Heb 5:14-note).