Deuteronomy 5 Commentary

 


Moses on Mt Nebo (Deuteronomy 34:1+)
Listen to Mt Nebo as you Ponder How Moses' May Have Felt
Deuteronomy by Irving Jensen- used by permission
deut
Source: Ryrie Study Bible

Deuteronomy

Dt 1:1-4:43 Dt 4:44-26:19 Dt 27:1-34:12

Moses'
First
Discourse

Moses'
Second
Discourse

Moses'
Third
Discourse

Historical Review Legal
Exposition
Prophetical
Promises

Looking Back

40 Years

Looking Up
What God
Expected of Israel
Looking Ahead
What God
Will Do for Israel
Recapitulation of Wanderings Rehearsal
of Israel's Law
Ratification
of Israel's Covenant
Historical Appendices
Remembrance of the past Commandments
for the Present
Dt 27:1-30:20
Blessing and Cursing
Dt 31:1-34:12
Death of Moses
Take Heed
Don't forget
Ten
Commands
Related
Commands
Two Choices Affecting
the Future
Moses' Parting Words
Dt 1:1-4:43
Looking Back
Dt 4:44-11:32
Exposition of Decalogue
Dt 12:1-16:17
Ceremonial Laws
Dt 16:18-20:20
Civil
Laws
Dt 21:1-26:19
Social
Laws
Dt 27:1-28:68
Ratification of Covenant
Dt 29:1-30:20
Terms of Covenant
Dt 31:1-34:12
Moses' Song, Blessing, Death

Plains of Moab

ca. 2 Months
Moses: Author

(Except Dt 34)

Deuteronomy 5:1  Then Moses summoned all Israel and said to them, "Hear, O Israel, the statutes and the ordinances which I am speaking today in your hearing, that you may learn them and observe them carefully.

  • all Israel: De 1:1 29:2,10 
  • Hear: De 4:1 
  • keep, and: Heb. keep to, Mt 23:3 

Then Moses summoned all Israel and said to them, "Hear, O Israel, the statutes and the ordinances which I am speaking today in your hearing, that you may learn them and observe them carefully.

Deuteronomy 5:2  "The LORD our God made a covenant with us at Horeb.

  • De 4:23 Ex 19:5-8 24:8 Heb 8:6-13 9:19-23 

The LORD our God made a covenant with us at Horeb

Deuteronomy 5:3  "The LORD did not make this covenant with our fathers, but with us, with all those of us alive here today.

  • De 29:10-15 Ge 17:7,21 Ps 105:8-10 Jer 32:38-40 Mt 13:17 Ga 3:17-21 Heb 8:8,9 

The LORD did not make this covenant with our fathers, but with us, with all those of us alive here today

Deuteronomy 5:4  "The LORD spoke to you face to face at the mountain from the midst of the fire,

  • De 5:24-26 4:33,36 34:10 Ex 19:9,18,19 20:18-22 33:11 Nu 12:8 

The LORD spoke to you face to face at the mountain from the midst of the fire,

Deuteronomy 5:5  while I was standing between the LORD and you at that time, to declare to you the word of the LORD; for you were afraid because of the fire and did not go up the mountain. He said,

  • De 5:27 Ge 18:22 Ex 19:16 20:18-21 24:2,3 Nu 16:48 Ps 106:23 Jer 30:21 Zec 3:1-5 Ga 3:19 Heb 9:24 12:18-24 

while I was standing between the LORD and you at that time, to declare to you the word of the LORD; for you were afraid because of the fire and did not go up the mountain. He said

Deuteronomy 5:6  'I am the LORD your God who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of slavery.

  • I am the: De 4:4 Ex 20:2-17 Lev 26:1,2 
  • brought: Ps 81:5-10 

I am the LORD your God who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of slavery

Deuteronomy 5:7  'You shall have no other gods before Me.

  • Ex 20:3 Mt 4:10 Joh 5:23 1Jn 5:21 

You shall have no other gods before Me

Deuteronomy 5:8  'You shall not make for yourself an idol, or any likeness of what is in heaven above or on the earth beneath or in the water under the earth.

  • graven image: De 4:15-19 Ex 20:4 

You shall not make for yourself an idol, or any likeness of what is in heaven above or on the earth beneath or in the water under the earth

Deuteronomy 5:9  'You shall not worship them or serve them; for I, the LORD your God, am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children, and on the third and the fourth generations of those who hate Me,

  • shalt not: Ex 20:4-6 
  • the Lord: On the import of the word {yehowah,} which we translate Lord, see Note on Ex. 3:15.  The word {elohim,} which is rendered God, in the singular, {eloah,} and in Arabic {allah,} is derived from the Arabic {alaha,} he worshipped, adored, was struck with astonishment, fear, or terror:  and hence, he adored with sacred honour and veneration:  it also signifies, he succoured, liberated, kept in safety, or defended.  Here we learn that {elohim} denotes the sole object of adoration; the perfections of whose nature must astonish all who contemplate them, and fill with horror all who rebel against him; that consequently he must be worshipped with reverence and religious fear; and that every sincere worshipper may expect help in all his weaknesses, etc., freedom from the power, guilt, and consequences of sin, and support and defence to the uttermost.
  • a jealous God: Ex 34:14 
  • visiting: Ex 34:7 Jer 32:18 Da 9:4-9 Mt 23:35,36 Ro 11:28,29 

but showing lovingkindness to thousands, to those who love Me and keep My commandments

Deuteronomy 5:10  but showing lovingkindness to thousands, to those who love Me and keep My commandments.

  • showing: Isa 1:16-19 Jer 32:18 Da 9:4 Mt 7:21-27 Ga 5:6 1Jn 1:7 
  • love me: De 6:5,6 10:12,13  Joh 14:15,21-23 15:14 Ro 8:28 Jas 1:25 1Jn 5:2,3 

but showing lovingkindness to thousands, to those who love Me and keep My commandments

Deuteronomy 5:11  'You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain, for the LORD will not leave him unpunished who takes His name in vain.

  • De 6:13 Ex 20:7 Lev 19:12 Ps 139:20 Jer 4:2 Mt 5:33,34 Jas 5:12 

You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain, for the LORD will not leave him unpunished who takes His name in vain

Deuteronomy 5:12  'Observe the sabbath day to keep it holy, as the LORD your God commanded you.

  • Ex 20:8-11 Isa 56:6 58:13 

Observe the sabbath day to keep it holy, as the LORD your God commanded you

Deuteronomy 5:13  'Six days you shall labor and do all your work,

  • Ex 23:12 35:2,3 Eze 20:12 Lu 13:14-16 23:56 

Six days you shall labor and do all your work

Deuteronomy 5:14  but the seventh day is a sabbath of the LORD your God; in it you shall not do any work, you or your son or your daughter or your male servant or your female servant or your ox or your donkey or any of your cattle or your sojourner who stays with you, so that your male servant and your female servant may rest as well as you.

  • the sabbath: Ge 2:2 Ex 16:29,30 Heb 4:4 
  • thy stranger: Ne 13:15,21 
  • thy manservant: Ex 23:12 Lev 25:44-46 Ne 5:5 

but the seventh day is a sabbath of the LORD your God; in it you shall not do any work, you or your son or your daughter or your male servant or your female servant or your ox or your donkey or any of your cattle or your sojourner who stays with you, so that your male servant and your female servant may rest as well as you

Deuteronomy 5:15  'You shall remember that you were a slave in the land of Egypt, and the LORD your God brought you out of there by a mighty hand and by an outstretched arm; therefore the LORD your God commanded you to observe the sabbath day.

  • remember: De 15:15 16:12 24:18-22 Isa 51:1,2 Eph 2:11,12 
  • the Lord: De 5:6 Ps 116:16 Isa 63:9 Lu 1:74,75 Tit 2:14 
  • through: De 4:34-37 

You shall remember that you were a slave in the land of Egypt, and the LORD your God brought you out of there by a mighty hand and by an outstretched arm; therefore the LORD your God commanded you to observe the sabbath day

Deuteronomy 5:16  'Honor your father and your mother, as the LORD your God has commanded you, that your days may be prolonged and that it may go well with you on the land which the LORD your God gives you.

  • Honour: Ex 20:12 Lev 19:3 Mt 15:4-6 Col 3:20 
  • that thy days: De 4:40 27:16 Eph 6:1-3 

Honor your father and your mother, as the LORD your God has commanded you, that your days may be prolonged and that it may go well with you on the land which the LORD your God gives you

Deuteronomy 5:17  'You shall not murder.

  • Ex 20:13 Mt 5:21,22 

You shall not murder.

Deuteronomy 5:18  'You shall not commit adultery.

  • Ex 20:14 Pr 6:32,33 Mt 5:27,28 Lu 18:20 Jas 2:10,11 

You shall not commit adultery.

Deuteronomy 5:19  'You shall not steal.

  • Ex 20:15 Ro 13:9 Eph 4:28 

You shall not steal.

Deuteronomy 5:20  'You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.

  • De 19:16-21 Ex 20:16 23:1 1Ki 21:13 Pr 6:19 19:5,9 Mal 3:5 

You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.

Deuteronomy 5:21  'You shall not covet your neighbor's wife, and you shall not desire your neighbor's house, his field or his male servant or his female servant, his ox or his donkey or anything that belongs to your neighbor.'

  • Ex 20:17 1Ki 21:1-4 Mic 2:2 Hab 2:9 Lu 12:15 Ro 7:7,8 13:9 1Ti 6:9,10 Heb 13:5 

You shall not covet your neighbor's wife, and you shall not desire your neighbor's house, his field or his male servant or his female servant, his ox or his donkey or anything that belongs to your neighbor.'

Deuteronomy 5:22  "These words the LORD spoke to all your assembly at the mountain from the midst of the fire, of the cloud and of the thick gloom, with a great voice, and He added no more. He wrote them on two tablets of stone and gave them to me.

  • These words: De 5:4 4:12-15,36 Ex 19:18,19 
  • he wrote: De 4:13 Ex 24:12 31:18 

These words the LORD spoke to all your assembly at the mountain from the midst of the fire, of the cloud and of the thick gloom, with a great voice, and He added no more. He wrote them on two tablets of stone and gave them to me.

Deuteronomy 5:23  "And when you heard the voice from the midst of the darkness, while the mountain was burning with fire, you came near to me, all the heads of your tribes and your elders.

  • Ex 20:18,19 Heb 12:18-21 

And when you heard the voice from the midst of the darkness, while the mountain was burning with fire, you came near to me, all the heads of your tribes and your elders

Deuteronomy 5:24  "You said, 'Behold, the LORD our God has shown us His glory and His greatness, and we have heard His voice from the midst of the fire; we have seen today that God speaks with man, yet he lives.

  • we have heard: De 5:4,5 Ex 19:19 
  • he liveth: De 4:33 Ge 32:30 Ex 33:20 Judges 13:22 

You said, 'Behold, the LORD our God has shown us His glory and His greatness, and we have heard His voice from the midst of the fire; we have seen today that God speaks with man, yet he lives.

Deuteronomy 5:25  'Now then why should we die? For this great fire will consume us; if we hear the voice of the LORD our God any longer, then we will die.

  • this great: De 18:16 33:2 2Co 3:7-9 Ga 3:10,21,22 Heb 12:29 
  • hear: Heb. add to hear

Now then why should we die? For this great fire will consume us; if we hear the voice of the LORD our God any longer, then we will die.

Deuteronomy 5:26  'For who is there of all flesh who has heard the voice of the living God speaking from the midst of the fire, as we have, and lived?

  • who is: It seems to have been a general opinion, that if God appeared to men, it was for the purpose of destroying them.  And indeed most of the extraordinary manifestations of God were in the way of judgment; but here it was widely different.  God did appear in a sovereign and extraordinary manner; but it was for the instruction, direction, deliverance, and support of his people.  1.  They heard this voice speaking with them in a distinct, articulate manner.  2.  They saw the fire, the symbol of his presence, the appearances of which demonstrated it to be supernatural.  3.  Notwithstanding God appeared so terrible, yet no person was destroyed; for he came not to destroy but to save. De 4:33 
  • all flesh: Ge 6:12 Isa 40:6 Ro 3:20 
  • living: Jos 3:10 Ps 42:2 84:2 Jer 10:10 Da 6:26 Mt 26:63 Ac 14:15 2Co 6:16 1Th 1:9 

For who is there of all flesh who has heard the voice of the living God speaking from the midst of the fire, as we have, and lived?

Deuteronomy 5:27  'Go near and hear all that the LORD our God says; then speak to us all that the LORD our God speaks to you, and we will hear and do it.'

  • Ex 20:19 Heb 12:19 

Go near and hear all that the LORD our God says; then speak to us all that the LORD our God speaks to you, and we will hear and do it.'

Deuteronomy 5:28  "The LORD heard the voice of your words when you spoke to me, and the LORD said to me, 'I have heard the voice of the words of this people which they have spoken to you. They have done well in all that they have spoken.

  • they have well said all: De 18:17 Nu 27:7 36:5 

The LORD heard the voice of your words when you spoke to me, and the LORD said to me, 'I have heard the voice of the words of this people which they have spoken to you. They have done well in all that they have spoken.

Deuteronomy 5:29  'Oh that they had such a heart in them, that they would fear Me and keep all My commandments always, that it may be well with them and with their sons forever!

  • O that there: De 32:29,30 Ps 81:13-15 Isa 48:18 Jer 44:4 Eze 33:31,32 Mt 23:37 Lu 19:42 2Co 5:20 6:1 Heb 12:25, keep all:

Oh that they had such a heart in them, that they would fear Me and keep all My commandments always, that it may be well with them and with their sons forever!

Deuteronomy 5:30  'Go, say to them, "Return to your tents."

Go, say to them, "Return to your tents

Deuteronomy 5:31  'But as for you, stand here by Me, that I may speak to you all the commandments and the statutes and the judgments which you shall teach them, that they may observe them in the land which I give them to possess.'

But as for you, stand here by Me, that I may speak to you all the commandments and the statutes and the judgments which you shall teach them, that they may observe them in the land which I give them to possess

Deuteronomy 5:32  "So you shall observe to do just as the LORD your God has commanded you; you shall not turn aside to the right or to the left.

So you shall observe to do just as the LORD your God has commanded you; you shall not turn aside to the right or to the left

Deuteronomy 5:33  "You shall walk in all the way which the LORD your God has commanded you, that you may live and that it may be well with you, and that you may prolong your days in the land which you will possess.

You shall walk in all the way which the LORD your God has commanded you, that you may live and that it may be well with you, and that you may prolong your days in the land which you will possess.