Deuteronomy by Irving Jensen- used by permission
Source: Ryrie Study Bible
|Dt 1:1-4:43||Dt 4:44-26:19||Dt 27:1-34:12|
Expected of Israel
Will Do for Israel
|Recapitulation of Wanderings||Rehearsal
of Israel's Law
of Israel's Covenant
|Remembrance of the past||Commandments
for the Present
Blessing and Cursing
Death of Moses
|Two Choices Affecting
|Moses' Parting Words|
Exposition of Decalogue
Ratification of Covenant
Terms of Covenant
Moses' Song, Blessing, Death
Plains of Moab
ca. 2 Months
- Heart (49x/45v),
- Love (24x/23v),
- Listen (31x/31v),
- Obey/obedient (15x),
- Observe (26x),
- Keep (32x/30v),
- Purge (remove) the evil (10x/10v),
- Remember (15x),
- Forget/forgotten (13x),
- Command (-ed, -ment, -ments) (127x, 98v),
- Covenant (27x/26v),
- Bless/blessed/blessing (50x/45v),
- Life (19x/15v),
- Curse(s)/cursed/cursing (34x/32v),
- Death (23x/19v),
- Fear (25x/25v),
- Carefully (8x),
- Shall not (128x/116v),
- LORD spoke (9x),
- LORD will (34x/34v),
- LORD your God (279x/239v),
- Lord our God (22x/21v),
- Nation(s) (46x/41v),
- Circumcise (Dt 10:16, Dt 30:6).
Jesus quoted from Deuteronomy three times in His temptation in the wilderness [Mat 4:1-11; Dt 8:3; Dt 6:16; Dt 6:13,14; also Dt 10:20].
Dt 6:5 - "You shall love the LORD your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your might."
Dt 7:9 - "Know therefore that the LORD your God, He is God, the faithful God, who keeps His covenant and His lovingkindness to a thousandth generation with those who love Him and keep His commandments."
Henrietta Mears writes that "You will come to appreciate the full force & magnetic beauty of Deuteronomy only as you read its pages....Nothing in literature matches the majesty of its eloquence. Nothing in the OT has any more powerful appeal for the spiritual life. No book in all the Word of God pictures better the life that is lived according to God's will & the blessings showered upon the soul who comes into the richness & fullness of spiritual living along the rugged pathway of simple obedience...If you want a taste of heaven on earth, become familiar with Deuteronomy." (What the Bible is All About)
J Sidlow Baxter - The Hebrew name for this fifth writing of Moses was Haddebharim, that is, "the Words" - this name being taken from the opening verse of the book: "these be the words which Moses spake unto all Israel on this side Jordan in the wilderness ..." This name sufficiently marks off its special character from the more definitely historical and legislative books which have preceded it. The history and legislation of the earlier books are reviewed in Deuteronomy, but only as the basis for the words of admonition which are now recorded. In the truest, deepest, and profoundest sense, Deuteronomy is a book of words; for never were wiser or weightier words uttered.
Our own title, "Deuteronomy," is taken from the Greek, deuteros (second) and nomos (law) - the title which the Septuagint (Lxx) translators gave to the book when they translated the Old Testament into Greek, somewhere about the third century B.C. In Deuteronomy we have a second giving of the Law, or, rather, a new expounding of it to the new generation of Israel who had grown up in the wilderness and were needing to have the Law repeated and expounded to them before their entering into Canaan. Deuteronomy is not the giving of a new Law, but an explication of that which was already given.
A Book of Transition - Deuteronomy is a book of transition. It marks a transition in a fourfold way. First, it marks the transition to a new generation; for with the exception of Caleb and Joshua, and Moses himself, the old generation which came up from Egypt and was numbered at Sinai, had passed away, and a new generation had grown up. Second, it marks the transition to a new possession. The wilderness pilgrimage was to give place to the national occupancy of Canaan. Third, it marks the transition to a new experience, to a new life - houses instead of tents, settled habitation instead of wandering, and, instead of the wilderness diet, the milk and honey and corn and wine of Canaan. Fourth, it marks the transition to a new revelation of God - the revelation of His love. From Genesis to Numbers the love of God is never spoken of but here, in Deuteronomy, we have the wonderful words: "Because He loved thy fathers, therefore He chose their seed" (Dt 4:37); "the Lord did not set His love upon you, nor choose you because ye were more in number than any people, for ye were the fewest of all people; but because the Lord loved you" (Dt 7:7-8); "the Lord had a delight in thy fathers to love them" (Dt 10:15); "the Lord thy God turned the curse into a blessing unto thee, because the Lord thy God loved thee" (Dt 23:5).
While speaking of the transitionary nature of Deuteronomy, it is interesting to mention that just as the Old Testament begins with five historical books - Genesis to Deuteronomy, so the New Testament begins with five historical books - Matthew to Acts; and there is a striking parallel between The Acts of the Apostles, the fifth book of the New Testament, and Deuteronomy, the fifth book of the Old. The Acts, like Deuteronomy, marks a great transition. It marks the transition from the distinctive message of the "Gospels" to that of the epistles. Like Deuteronomy, it marks the transition to a new generation - a re-generation in Christ. Like Deuteronomy, it marks the transition to a new possession - a spiritual Canaan with "all blessings in the heavenlies, in Christ." Like Deuteronomy, it marks the transition to a new experience - a new birth, a new life, a new dynamic, in the Holy Spirit. Like Deuteronomy, it marks the transition to a new revelation of God - the revelation given in the Church epistles of "the mystery which from the beginning of the world hath been hid in God," namely, the Church; so that now "there might be known, by the Church, the manifold wisdom of God" (Eph 3:10).
But what is equally striking is that both Deuteronomy, the fifth book of the one group, and Acts, the fifth book of the other group, are books in which God gives His people a second chance. What is Deuteronomy? It is deuteros nomos, the second giving of the Law. Before the new generation is committed to Joshua's charge, Moses, at God's command, rehearses the Law to them. What is the book of the Acts? It is the second offer of the Kingdom of Heaven to the Jews, first at the capital, to the Jews of the homeland, and then through the empire, to the Jews of the dispersion. Of this we shall say more later; but it is well to have it in find even now. (Explore the Book- J. Sidlow Baxter - recommended)
Paul Van Gorder - If we were to write one word across this book to state its theme, it would be ''obedience.'' The significant promise and ominous warning are seen in Deuteronomy 11:26-28, which sums it all up. The book of Deuteronomy may be comfortably divided according to the addresses of Moses. Deuteronomy shows with unmistakable clarity the inflexibility of the law and the necessity of complete subjection to the Word of God. As Romans 3:19 declares, ''Now we know that whatever things the law saith, it saith to them who are under the law, that every mouth may be stopped, and all the world may become guilty before God.'' Christ is the fulfillment of the law. He is the only Israelite to obey God totally in the promised land. He alone kept the letter of the code that was set forth in Deuteronomy. The Lord Jesus quoted from Deuteronomy three times in His temptation in the wilderness [cp. Mat 4:1-11; Deu 8:3; 6:16; 6:13,14; also 10:20]. Surely, a book so valuable to the Savior in such a time must also be valuable to us!
But where do you find Christ pictured in the book of Deuteronomy? Ada Habershon in The Study of Types lists 67 types and 13 contrasts between Moses and Christ. The Lord Jesus is seen in a twofold way in the book of Deuteronomy: by prophecy and by type. These words of Moses are recorded in Deuteronomy 18:15, ''The Lord thy God will raise up unto thee a Prophet from the midst of thee, of thy brethren, like unto me; unto Him ye shall hearken.'' After the Lord Jesus fed the 5,000 in Galilee, the people said, ''This is of a truth that prophet that should come into the world'' (John 6:14). Shortly before the stones were hurled that crushed out the life of Stephen, that godly believer [quoted Moses] about Jesus. ''This is that Moses who said unto the children of Israel, A Prophet shall the Lord, your God, raise up unto you of your brethren, like me; Him shall ye hear'' (Acts 7:37). Stephen indicated that Jesus Christ is the One of whom Moses spoke.
Christ Pictured in the Life of Moses-- The Scripture says that our Lord was a prophet ''like unto Moses.'' Please consider the following points as you study Deuteronomy. -- Both Moses and Christ...
(1) were goodly children [Ex 2:2; Heb 11:23; Luke 2:52].
(2) refused a kingdom (Heb 11:26a) [Mat 4:8-10].
(3) were the object of a king's wrath [Heb 11:27; Acts 4:27].
(4) acted for the joy of the reward [Heb 11:26b] (Heb 12:2).
(5) were called out of Egypt [Mat 2:13-15].
(6) were rejected at first by their brethren [Ex 2:14; John 1:11]
(7) made the sea obey them [Ex 14:15,16,21; Mark 4:39-41].
(8) had people who wanted to stone them [Num 14:8-10; John 10:31-33].
(9)delivered a parting blessing to Israel [Dt 33:26-29; Mat 23:37-39]
(10)had their resurrection contested (Jude 1:9; Mat 17:3; 28:12-18).
(11) [are] associated in the song of eternity (Rev 15:3).
Van Gorder goes on to write - "we see striking similarities to the death and resurrection of our Lord.
(1) Moses went up to die (Dt 34:1). Christ ascended to Calvary [John 19:17,18].
(2) Moses was alone, except for God (Dt 34:6). Christ's followers forsook Him [Mat 26:56].
(3) The Lord talked to him (T 34:4) [Heb 1:8-12].
(4) Moses' faculties were unimpaired (Dt 34:7). Christ remained in control until His death [John 10:17,18]
(5) What a funeral! Moses died ''according to the word of the Lord'' (34:5); literally, ''at the mouth of the Lord.'' Christ dismissed His own spirit when the work was completed [Mat 27:50; Jn 19:28-30].
(6) This is not the last we see of Moses. He stood with Christ and Elijah on the mount of transfiguration, 1500 years later [Mat 17:1-3]. Evidently, the devil tried to hold the body of Moses so that he could not appear with the Lord Jesus (Jude 1:9). Death could not hold our Savior [Acts 2:24].
"Let there be!"
"Let My people go!"
Source: Talk Thru the Bible
- Deuteronomy 4:44-5:5 10 Words for Living
- Deuteronomy 5:6-15 Worth & Worship of God Alone
- Deuteronomy 5:16-19 Interpersonal Relationships
- Deuteronomy 5:20-33 Don’t Lie - Don’t Covet - Fear God
- Deuteronomy 3:23-29 Longings for the LandHORATIUS BONAR
CAMBRIDGE BIBLE FOR SCHOOLS AND COLLEGES - George Smith
H R COLE
W A CRISWELL
RON DANIEL - Sermon Notes
J N DARBY
SAMUEL DRIVER - Critical and Exegetical Commentary
C J ELLICOTT (1882) OT COMMENTARY FOR ENGLISH READERS
EXPLORE THE BIBLE
EXPOSITORY DICTIONARY OF TEXTS
A C GAEBELEIN
GENEVA STUDY BIBLE
- Deuteronomy; Principle #9; Deut. 5:1-21; The Ten Commandments: As New Testament believers, we are to devote ourselves to keeping God's commandments and teaching them to our children. Video
- Deuteronomy; Principle #10; Deut. 5:22-33; Godly Fear: We should always maintain a proper view of God's awesome holiness. Video
L M GRANT
ROBERT HAWKER Poor Man's Commentary
F B HOLE
HYMNS RELATED - click for Hymn list and links
JAMIESON, FAUSSET, BROWN
W G JORDAN
KEIL AND DELITZSCH
MEREDITH G KLINE
PAUL E KRETZMANN - Popular Commentary
- Deuteronomy - 521 pages(!) numerous translations, some commentary
J P LANGE
WILLIAM MACDONALD - Check this resource.
C H MACKINTOSH
J VERNON MCGEE - Thru the Bible - Mp3's
F B MEYER "Through the Bible"
MOODY BIBLE - Devotionals
G CAMPBELL MORGAN
HENRY MORRIS - Defender's Study Bible
- Deuteronomy 5:7 none other gods
- Deuteronomy 5:8 any graven image
- Deuteronomy 5:13 thou shalt labour
- Deuteronomy 5:15 keep the sabbath day
- Deuteronomy 5:22 two tables of stone
NET BIBLE NOTES
OUR DAILY BREAD
- Deuteronomy 5:6-21 The Word Among Us
- Deuteronomy 5:16 Honoring Our Parents
- Deuteronomy 5:20 Tell The Truth
- Deuteronomy 5:23-33 From The Heart
PREACHER'S HOMILETICAL COMMENTARY
- Deuteronomy 5 Exposition Scroll down page for homilies below
- Deuteronomy 5:1-5 The Abrahamic Covenant Renewed
- Deuteronomy 5:1-21 The Decalogue
- Deuteronomy 5:28-29 God's Desires for Man's Good
- Deuteronomy 5:2-3 The Covenant at Horeb
- Deuteronomy 5:5 Mediation
- Deuteronomy 5:6 The Divine Law Based On A Divinely Revealed Relationship
- Deuteronomy 5:6-21 The Divine Plan for the Conduct of our Life on Earth
- Deuteronomy 5:7 The First Commandment. God the Sole Object of Worship
- Deuteronomy 5:8 The Iniquity of the Fathers Visited on the Children
- Deuteronomy 5:8 The Second Commandment. The Spirituality of Divine Worship
- Deuteronomy 5:11 The Third Commandment. Reverent Regard for the Divine Name
- Deuteronomy 5:12-15 The Sabbath or a Rest-Day for Man
- Deuteronomy 5:12-15 The Sabbath
- Deuteronomy 5:16 The Fifth Commandment. Honor Due to Parents or the Religion of Home Life
- Deuteronomy 5:17 The Sixth Commandment. The Religion of the Temper
- Deuteronomy 5:18 The Seventh Commandment. The Religion of the Body
- Deuteronomy 5:18 Honor to Parents
- Deuteronomy 5:19 The Eighth Commandment. The Religion of the Hand
- Deuteronomy 5:20 The Ninth Commandment. The Religion of the Tongue
- Deuteronomy 5:20 The Tenth Commandment. The Religion of the Heart
- Deuteronomy 5:21-33 Character Determines Environment
- Deuteronomy 5:22 Moral Law
- Deuteronomy 5:22-33 The Law As a Whole and its Effect Upon the People
- Deuteronomy 5:22-33 How Moses Became Mediator
- Deuteronomy 5:23-28 The Element of Terror in Religion
- Deuteronomy 5:28-29 God's Desires for Man's Good
REFORMATION STUDY BIBLE
- Deut 5:1
- Deut 5:3
- Deut 5:6–21
- Deut 5:7
- Deut 5:8
- Deut 5:10
- Deut 5:12–15
- Deut 5:12
- Deut 5:16
- Deut 5:22
SERMON BIBLE COMMENTARY
- Deuteronomy 5 - following sermons
- Deuteronomy 5:28, 29 Excellency of the Liturgy
R C SPROUL - Devotionals
- Deuteronomy 5:7 No Other Gods
- Deuteronomy 5:8–10 The Second Commandment
- Deuteronomy 5:11 The Third Commandment
- Deuteronomy 5:12–15 The Fourth Commandment
- Deuteronomy 5:16 The Fifth Commandment
- Deuteronomy 5:17 The Sixth Commandment
- Deuteronomy 5:18 The Seventh Commandment
- Deuteronomy 5:19 The Eighth Commandment
- Deuteronomy 5:20 The Ninth Commandment
- Deuteronomy 5:20 The Sanctity of Truth
- Deuteronomy 5:21 The Tenth Commandment
C H SPURGEON
- Deuteronomy 5:12-15 A Rest Required
- Deuteronomy - A People Freed: Preparing for the Land
- Related Resource: Rest in Book of Hebrews
THIRD MILLENNIUM Commentary Notes on Deuteronomy
- Orientation Toward the Covenant Stipulations - Deuteronomy 5:1-11:32
- Laws From God and Moses - Deuteronomy 5:1-33
- The Ten Commandments From God - Deuteronomy 5:1-22
- Moses the Mediator - Deuteronomy 5:23-33
- Deuteronomy 4:1-14 The Law: God’s Authority – Our Freedom
- Deuteronomy 5:8-10 God’s Communication of His Character
- Deuteronomy 5:11 3rd Commandment: God’s Name
- Deuteronomy 5:12-15 4th Commandment: God’s Rest
- Deuteronomy 5:16 5th Commandment: Parent’s Honor
- Deuteronomy 5:17 6th Commandment: Life and Death
- Deuteronomy 5:18 7th Commandment: The Problem with Adultery
- Deuteronomy 5:19 8th Commandment: Restored Robbers
- Deuteronomy 5:20 9th Commandment: Deceiving Ourselves and Others
- Deuteronomy 5:21 10th Commandment: The Passion to Possess