Hebrews Commentaries & Sermons

HEBREWS RESOURCES
Commentaries, Sermons, Illustrations, Devotionals
See Disclaimer


CONSIDER JESUS OUR GREAT HIGH PRIEST
Click chart to enlarge
Charts from Jensen's Survey of the NT - used by permission
Another Overview Chart - Hebrews - Charles Swindoll

The Epistle
to the Hebrews

INSTRUCTION
Hebrews 1-10:18
EXHORTATION
Hebrews 10:19-13
Superior Person
of Christ
Hebrews 1:1-4:13
Superior Priest
in Christ
Hebrews 4:14-10:18
Superior Life
In Christ
Hebrews 10:19-13
BETTER THAN
PERSON
Hebrews 1:1-4:13
BETTER
PRIESTHOOD
Heb 4:14-7:28
BETTER
COVENANT
Heb 8:1-13
BETTER
SACRIFICE
Heb 9:1-10:18
BETTER
LIFE
MAJESTY
OF
CHRIST
MINISTRY
OF
CHRIST
MINISTERS
FOR
CHRIST

DOCTRINE

DUTY

DATE WRITTEN:
ca. 64-68AD


Key Words -- See importance of key words - learn how to mark key words and the associated discipline of how to interrogate them with 5W/H questions. Practice "interrogating" key words as well as term of conclusion (therefore), term of explanation (for), terms of purpose or result (so that, in order that, that, as a result), terms of contrast (but, yet), expressions of time (including thenuntil, after) and terms of comparison (like, as). You will be amazed at how your Teacher, the Holy Spirit, will illuminate your understanding, a spiritual blessing that will grow the more you practice! Be diligent! Consider the "5P's" - Pause to Ponder the Passage then Practice it in the Power of the Spirit. See also inductive Bible study  - observation (Observe With a Purpose), Interpretation (Keep Context KingRead LiterallyCompare Scripture with ScriptureConsult Conservative Commentaries), and then be a doer of the Word with Application. Do not overlook "doing the word" for if you do you are deluding yourself, and are just a "smarter sinner," but not more like the Savior! As Jesus said "blessed are those who hear the word of God, and observe it." (Lk 11:28+, cf James 1:22+), 

Key Words/Phrases: (Click for complete listing of Key Words in Hebrews)

Better, Blood, Faith, Eternal, Once, Sacrifice, High Priest, Jesus, Covenant, Perfect, Eternal, Partaker, Ministry.


My personal favorite phrase in Hebrews is "He is able" -Meditate on Hebrews 2:18 and Hebrews 7:25 to see what Your Great High Priest is able to accomplish for you, dear child of God!


Key Verses: Hebrews 4:14, Hebrews 4:12, Hebrews 10:19-22


Type of literature: Letter or epistle - a "word of exhortation" (Heb 13:22). Exhortations introduced by "Let us" (Hebrews 4:1, 11, 14, 16, 6:1, 10:22, 23, 24, 12:1, 28, 13:13, 15).


Author: Unknown. Paul is often mentioned.


Recipients: Hebrew Christians-genuine and professing (specifically those tempted to lapse into Judaism)


Old Testament Quotations (or Allusions): click for OT passages in Hebrews


OVERVIEWS AND INTRODUCTIONS:


DICTIONARY ARTICLES:


Henrietta Mears writes...

We as Christians have that which is better—better in every way. The key word to the book of Hebrews is "better." It occurs thirteen times (in the KJV)....

How often when you take a trip for the first time over a new road, you drive straight along anticipating where it will lead, and what difficulties you may encounter. It seems to be the thing to do. Coming back over the same road, you look around and notice things. Do this in studying the book of Hebrews. Read it through, and do not be overanxious about the things you cannot understand. Then you can go back over the road in your reading and take notice of the many things along the way. You could spend months in Hebrews. It presents so many wonderful truths. At the first reading, you will be impressed by one fact above all others: that Jesus Christ is prominent on every page...

This book was written to strengthen the faith of wavering believers. Paul's great argument is the superiority of Christ over all others.

Do we know the real difference between having Christ as a Savior and as a Priest? Well, this book answers the question.

The book of Hebrews proves that we can never understand the Old Testament without the New, or the New without the Old....

Consider Jesus -This is our weakness. We look at ourselves and our own weakness. Consider Him (Hebrews 3:1). This is the astronomer's word. Set your telescope to the heavens and gaze upon Him....

Joshua could not lead the children of Israel into this perfect rest and trust in God, but Jesus did. Cease from self-effort and yield yourself to Christ (Hebrews 4:10). Trust Jesus as your Joshua and "enter in" to His land of promise. Cease struggling and place all in His hand. (Read Psalm 37:5.)

From What the Bible is All - recommended 


J Sidlow Baxter writes...

I shall not forget my first sight of Mont Blanc towering up beyond the Chamonix Valley, king among Alpine giants, crowned with a sun-transfigured majesty. One may well feel a similar, reverential wonder with this transcendent "Epistle to the Hebrews" opening up to view. It is one of the greatest two theological treatises in the New Testament. (Ed: Romans being the other)

Here is Baxter's Outline entitled:

CHRIST THE "NEW AND LIVING WAY"

1. JESUS - THE NEW AND "BETTER "DELIVERER (Heb 1-7).
Jesus the God-Man - better than angels (Heb 1:1-2:18).
Jesus the new Apostle - better than Moses (Heb 3:1-19)
Jesus the new Leader - better than Joshua (Heb 4:1-13).
Jesus the new priest - better than Aaron (Heb 4:14-7).
2. CALVARY - THE NEW AND "BETTER" COVENANT (Heb 8:1-10:18)
New covenant has better promises (Heb 8:6-13).
And it opens up a better sanctuary (Heb 9:1-14).
And is sealed by a better sacrifice (Heb 9:15-28).
And it achieves far better results (Heb 10:1-18).
3. FAITH - THE TRUE AND "BETTER" PRINCIPLE (Heb 10:19-13).
Faith the true response to these "better" things (Heb 10:19-39)
It has always been vindicated as such: examples (Heb 11:1-40).
Is now to endure, patiently looking to Jesus (Heb 12:1-13).
Is to express itself in practical sanctity (Heb 12:14-13:21).
Parting words Heb 13:22-25.
From Baxter's Explore the Book - Recommended Resource - excellent overview of the Bible


A M Hodgkin (Christ in All the Scriptures) writes: The glories of our Savior are exhibited in this Epistle; it is one of the most precious books in the Bible. It has been called “The Fifth Gospel.” Four describe Christ’s ministry on earth, this describes His ministry in heaven. It was written to Hebrew disciples, probably of Jerusalem, to avert the danger of their drifting back into Judaism. They are exhorted to let go everything else, in order to hold fast the faith and hope of the Gospel. The Epistle is attributed to Paul, and though many question this, there is abundance of evidence in its favor. To give one example only, the concluding salutation, “Grace be with you all,” is Paul’s “sign-manual” in every Epistle.

The Key-note is the High-Priesthood of the Lord Jesus...Throughout this Epistle we note that whatever Christ touches He makes eternal. Trace the word “eternal” throughout (Hebrews 5:9, 6:2, 9:12, 14, 15, 13:20). (Ed: There is another "time word", once, which speaks of finality in Hebrews - see Hebrews 6:4, 7:27, 9:7, 12, 26, 27, 28, 10:2, 10, 12:26, 27)

Hebrews 1-2. Christ better than the angels both in His deity and His humanity.

As our great High Priest, Christ is able to understand all our need, because He is perfect Man. He is able to meet all our need, because He is perfect God. The central point is Christ’s eternal Priesthood and all-availing sacrifice for sin. The Epistle dwells upon the supreme importance and power of the blood of Christ in obtaining eternal redemption for us, in purging the conscience, in opening to us the heavenly sanctuary.

Hebrews 3. Christ better than Moses.

Hebrews 4. Christ better than Joshua.

Hebrews 5, 6, 7. Christ better than Aaron.

Hebrews 8. A better Covenant.

Hebrews 9. A better Tabernacle.

Hebrews 10. A better Sacrifice.

Hebrews 11. Examples of Faith’s better choice.

Hebrews 12. Call to follow this glorious company and the great Captain Himself in the path of outward loss for eternal gain.

Hebrews 13. Call to go forth unto Him without the camp bearing His reproach.


Daniel Wallace in his introduction writes...

Philip Edgcumbe Hughes opens the introduction to his commentary on Hebrews with some insights into this very enigmatic book:

If there is a widespread unfamiliarity with the Epistle to the Hebrews and its teaching, it is because so many adherents of the church have settled for an understanding and superficial association with the Christian faith. Yet it was to arouse just such persons from the lethargic state of compromise and complacency into which they had sunk, and to incite them to persevere wholeheartedly in the Christian conflict, that this letter was originally written. It is a tonic for the spiritually debilitated.… We neglect such a book to our own impoverishment. (Hebrews Introduction)


Leonard S. Walmark writes that...

The theological epicenter of the Epistle to the Hebrews may be summed up in one word: Christology. No biblical document outside of the four Gospels focuses as totally and forcefully on the Person and redemptive achievement of Jesus...For purposes of analysis the epistle may be divided into two major sections. In Hebrews 1:1-10:18, the primary theme is the superiority of Christ as eternal High Priest. He is declared ultimately superior to the most cherished institutions of the ancient Hebrew faith. He is superior to the word of God spoken through the prophets since He Himself is God's ultimate redemptive Word. He is superior to the angelic hosts because no angel can boast of being the Son of God, fully Divine (Heb 1:4-14), and yet fully Human (Heb 2:5-18). These two factors qualify Him uniquely to be the faithful and perpetual sin-bearer of His people. On the basis of that same uniqueness of being, He is as superior to Moses the great lawgiver of Israel (Heb 3:1-6), as Creator is to the created. The spiritual rest from dead works offered by Jesus is superior to that temporal one represented in Moses and Joshua through the occupation of the promised land (Heb 4:1-11; esp. Heb 4:9-10). Beginning with Hebrews 5:1 the central theological concern of the epistle emerges: the eternal spiritual priesthood assumed by Jesus through offering up Himself as the once-for-all sacrifice for sins. It is infinitely superior to the temporal earthly ministry exercised by Aaron and his descendants (Heb 4:14-5:11; 7:1-10:18). (Hebrews Theology)

PRECEPT MINISTRIES INTERNATIONAL
Inductive Bible Study

HEBREWS
VERSE BY VERSE COMMENTARY
 Bruce Hurt, MD

Onsite - Literal, conservative, millennial, evangelical perspective

MAX ALDERMAN
Hebrews: Looking Unto JESUS

Click the link below to open 344 page Pdf and Enter the Page Number to go to the Chapter of Interest

Introduction………………………………………………........…………….4
Hebrews 1:1-4 The Doctrine of God……………………………………...6
Hebrews 1:5-14 His Superiority Should Inspire Us…………………….16
Hebrews 2:1-4 His Superiority Should Warn Us…………………….....28
Hebrews 2:5-9 A Lesson on Angels Should Challenge Us…………...42
Hebrews 2:10-13 Who We Are Because of Who He Is………………..57
Hebrews 2:14-18 Christ the Partaker…………………….……………...75
Hebrews 3:1-6 Whom Should We Consider……………………...........89
Hebrews 3:7-19 Do Not Be Hindered by Unbelief ……………………104
Hebrews 4:1-10 Rest……………………………………………….........119
Hebrews 4:11-16 Cure for Unbelief…………………………………....134
Hebrews 5:1-5 A Further Look at the Great High Priest…………….148
Hebrews 5:6-10 The Order of Melchisedec…………………………..162
Hebrews 5:10-14 When Truth is Neglected………………………….176
Hebrews 6:1-6 Let Us Go On…………………………………………..189
Hebrews 6:7-20 The Rain, the Seed, and the Anchor……………...205
Hebrews 7:1-28 Let Melchisedec Show You Jesus…………...........223
Hebrews 8:1-13 Good Math……………………………......................241
Hebrews 9:1-10 The Earthly, the Eternal, and the Enduring Priesthood Pt 1.....256
Hebrews 9:11-28 The Earthly, the Eternal, and the Enduring Priesthood Pt 2...269
Hebrews 10:1-18 No Pleasure……………………………......…….....279
Hebrews 10:19-39 Let Us Draw Near With a True Heart…………..288
Hebrews 11:1-40 Faith’s Hall of Fame………………………………..298
Hebrews 12:1-17 Looking Unto Jesus………………………………..310
Hebrews 12:18-29 The Two Mountains………………….......….......321
Hebrews 13:1-25 A Final Challenge To Holy Living…………………335

HENRY ALFORD
Hebrews Commentary
The New Testament for English Readers

James Rosscup writes that Alford's series on the New Testament "contains much that is valuable in the Greek New Testament...though all of the Greek New Testament words have been changed to English throughout." (Commentaries for Biblical Expositors: An Annotated Bibliography of Selected Works or Logos)

John Piper writes ""When I’m stumped with a...grammatical or syntactical or logical [question] in Paul, I go to Henry Alford. Henry Alford...comes closer more consistently than any other human commentator to asking my kinds of questions."

Charles Haddon Spurgeon writes that this text "is an invaluable aid to the critical study of the text of the New Testament. You will find in it the ripened results of a matured scholarship, the harvesting of a judgment, generally highly impartial, always worthy of respect, which has gleaned from the most important fields of Biblical research, both modern and ancient, at home and abroad. You will not look here for any spirituality of thought or tenderness of feeling; you will find the learned Dean does not forget to do full justice to his own views, and is quite able to express himself vigorously against his opponents; but for what it professes to be, it is an exceedingly able and successful work. The later issues are by far the most desirable, as the author has considerably revised the work in the fourth edition. What I have said of his Greek Testament applies equally to Alford’s New Testament for English Readers,* which is also a standard work." (Spurgeon, C. H. Lectures to my Students, Vol. 4: Commenting and Commentaries; Lectures Addressed to the students of the Pastors' College, Metropolitan Tabernacle)

HENRY ALFORD
Hebrews Commentary
The Greek Testament

JACK ARNOLD
SERMONS
BOOK OF HEBREWS

What a Way to Go! - "When I go to heaven..." were Jack Arnold's last words before dying instantly in the pulpit from a heart attack. The extraordinary event made international headlines. and was picked up by the AP wire, CNN, and even Paul Harvey." (Click for more detail) (Watch memorial service - Pt 1Pt 2Pt 3Pt 4Pt 5). 

Over 280 pages of material. 

WILLIAM BARCLAY
Daily Study Bible
Commentary on Hebrews

D Edmond Hiebert - Prints the author's own translation. Barclay defends Petrine authorship of 1 Peter but not of 2 Peter. Valuable for its numerous helpful word studies and background material. Barclay holds that Christ's descent into Hades gave those who there heard Him a second chance.

Comment: I appreciate Barclay's unique insights on Greek words and culture, but clearly his teaching about a "second chance" is NOT sound doctrine! Be an Acts 17:11 Berean with Barclay. Barclay is not always orthodox. See discussion of his orthodoxy especially the article "The Enigmatic William Barclay".

ALBERT BARNES
Hebrews Commentary
Notes on the New Testament

James Rosscup writes that Barnes "includes 16 volumes on the Old Testament, 11 on the New Testament. The New Testament part of this old work was first published in 1832–1851. Various authors contributed. It is evangelical and amillennial...Often the explanations of verses are very worthwhile." (Commentaries for Biblical Expositors: An Annotated Bibliography of Selected Works)

C H Spurgeon "Albert Barnes is a learned and able divine, but his productions are unequal in value, the gospels are of comparatively little worth, but his other comments are extremely useful for Sunday-school teachers and persons with a narrow range of reading, endowed with enough good sense to discriminate between good and evil....Placed by the side of the great masters, Barnes is a lesser light, but taking his work for what it is and professes to be, no minister can afford to be without it, and this is no small praise for works which were only intended for Sunday-school teachers." (Spurgeon, C. H. Lectures to my Students, Vol. 4: Commenting and Commentaries; Lectures Addressed to the students of the Pastors' College, Metropolitan Tabernacle)

John Cereghin - Valuable commentary that had a wide sale when first published by this Presbyterian pastor.

BRIAN BELL
Sermon Notes
The Epistle to the Hebrews

Calvary Chapel, Murrieta

Same resource in different format

Hebrews 1 Hebrews 2 Hebrews 3 Hebrews 4
Hebrews 5 Hebrews 6 Hebrews 7 Hebrews 8
Hebrews 9 Hebrews 10 Hebrews 11 Hebrews 12
Hebrews 13

JOHANN BENGEL
Hebrews Commentary Notes
The Critical English Testament

C H Spurgeon wrote that Bengel's NT commentary "is the Scholar's delight! Bengel condensed more matter into a line than can be extracted from pages of other writers."

John Wesley said of Bengel "I know of no commentator on the Bible equal to Bengel" and referred to him as "The great light of the Christian world."

JOHANN BENGEL
Hebrews Commentary
Gnomon of the New Testament

James Rosscup writes "This work (Gnomon), originally issued in 1742, has considerable comment on the Greek, flavoring the effort with judicious details about the spiritual life. It has much that helps, but has been surpassed by many other commentaries since its day." (Commentaries for Biblical Expositors: An Annotated Bibliography of Selected Works)1 Peter 1 Commentary

Spurgeon comments on the goal to make Bengel's Gnomon -- "Such is the professed aim of this commentary, and the compilers have very fairly carried out their intentions. The whole of Bengel’s Gnomon is bodily transferred into the work, and as 120 years have elapsed since the first issue of that book, it may be supposed that much has since been added to the wealth of Scripture exposition; the substance of this has been incorporated in brackets, so as to bring it down to the present advanced state of knowledge. We strongly advise the purchase of this book, as it...will well repay an attentive perusal. Tischendorf and Alford have contributed largely...to make this one of the most lucid and concise commentaries on the text and teachings of the New Testament" (Spurgeon, C. H. Lectures to my Students, Vol. 4: Commenting and Commentaries; Lectures Addressed to the students of the Pastors' College, Metropolitan Tabernacle)

JOSEPH BENSON
Hebrews Commentary

Spurgeon - Adopted by the Wesleyan Conference as a standard work, and characterized by that body as marked by “solid learning, soundness of theological opinion, and an edifying attention to experimental and practical religion. Necessary to Methodist Students.

BIBLICAL ILLUSTRATOR
Hebrews Commentary
Sermons, Homilies, Illustrations

JOHN CALVIN
Commentary on Hebrews

Spurgeon on Calvin - Of priceless value....Calvin is a tree whose “leaf also shall not wither;” whatever he has written lives on, and is never out of date, because he expounded the word without bias or partiality.

James Rosscup - Calvin was not only a great theologian but also a great expositor, and his insight into Scripture contributed to his grasp of doctrinal truth. His commentaries are deep in spiritual understanding, usually helpful on problem passages, and refreshing in a devotional sense to the really interested reader. He usually offers good help on a passage. The present work skips Judges, Ruth, Samuel, Kings, Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah, Esther, Job, Ecclesiastes, Song of Solomon, II and III John and Revelation. Calvin is amillennial on long-range prophecy, but in other respects usually has very contributive perception on passages and doctrinal values edifying to the believer. He also can be very wordy, but the serious and patient glean much. 

D Edmond Hiebert - Valuable for insights into Reformation day views.

STEVEN COLE
Expositional Sermons on Hebrews

These function like a 500+ Page Commentary! Highly Recommended. Very well done.

THOMAS CONSTABLE
Commentary on Hebrews
Expository Notes

W A CRISWELL
Sermons on Hebrews

It is surprising that Criswell preached no messages related to the warning passages in Hebrews 6. 

BOB DEFFINBAUGH
Sermons on Hebrews

Each lesson on this study of Hebrews is designed fit into the whole of the book. The attached Powerpoint and audio were given during the teaching of these lessons. The attached word document (study guides) are questions for the congregation, handed out the week prior to the lesson. They are intended for reflection and self study before reading/listening to the lesson.

DEVOTIONALS
BOOK OF HEBREWS

Devotionals on Hebrews by Chapter and Verse. These make excellent sermon illustrations. Most of this first group are from Our Daily Bread devotionals which always begin with an illustration. 

Here are a few examples of the type of illustrations that can be found on these pages of devotionals...

  • Hebrews 2:9-18 At the southern tip of Africa, a cape jutting out into the ocean once caused sailors great anxiety. Many who attempted to sail around it were lost in the swirling seas. Because adverse weather conditions so often prevailed there, the region was named the Cape of Storms. A Portuguese captain determined to find a safe route through those treacherous waters so his countrymen could reach Cathay and the riches of the East Indies in safety. He succeeded, and the area was renamed the Cape of Good Hope.We all face a great storm called death. But our Lord has already traveled through it safely and has provided a way for us to do the same. By His crucifixion and resurrection, Christ abolished eternal death for every believer and has permanently established our fellowship with Him in heaven. Although this "last enemy," physical death, can touch us temporarily, its brief control over our earthly body will end at the resurrection. The sting of death has been removed!
  • Hebrews 4:15 A man put up a sign in his yard that read: “Puppies for Sale.” Among those who came to inquire was a young boy. “Please, Mister,” he said, “I’d like to buy one of your puppies if they don’t cost too much.” “Well, son, they’re $25.” The boy looked crushed. “I’ve only got two dollars and five cents. Could I see them anyway?” “Of course. Maybe we can work something out,” said the man. The lad’s eyes danced at the sight of those five little balls of fur. “I heard that one has a bad leg,” he said. “Yes, I’m afraid she’ll be crippled for life.” “Well, that’s the puppy I want. Could I pay for her a little at a time?” The man responded, “But she’ll always have a limp.” Smiling bravely, the boy pulled up one pant leg, revealing a brace. “I don’t walk good either.” Then, looking at the puppy sympathetically, he continued, “I guess she’ll need a lot of love and help. I sure did. It’s not so easy being crippled.” “Here, take her,” said the man. “I know you’ll give her a good home. And just forget the money.”

  • Hebrews 4:16 - A preacher was delivering a sermon before a large congregation. He pointed out that believers aren't exempt from trouble. In fact, some Christians are surrounded by trouble—trouble to the right, trouble to the left, trouble in front, and trouble behind. At this, a man who had served the Lord for many years, shouted, "Glory to God, it's always open at the top!"
  • Hebrews 10:36 Scottish physician A. J. Cronin (1896-1981) was forced by illness to take a leave of absence from his medical practice. He then decided to write a novel. But when half done, he became disheartened and threw his manuscript into a garbage can. Totally discouraged, Cronin was walking the Scottish Highlands and saw a man digging in a bog, trying to drain it for use as a pasture. As Cronin talked with him, the man said, "My father dug at this bog and never made a pasture. But my father knew and I know that it's only by digging you can make a pasture. So I keep on digging." Rebuked and remotivated, Cronin went home, picked his manuscript out of the garbage can, and finished it. That novel, Hatter's Castle, sold three million copies. Cronin left his medical practice and became a world-famous writer. At times, you and I may feel trapped by circumstances that demand patience and persistence. Are we willing to keep digging away at whatever "bog" God has assigned to us?

  • Hebrews 12:1-2 In The Complete Disciple, Paul W. Powell describes a picture of a rugged wagon train painted by a famous artist of the American West. It is night, and the wagons have been drawn into a circle for protec­tion. The men are gathered around the campfire, and the wagon mas­ter has a map spread out before him. On the map a heavy black line traces the zigzag course they have followed. They had swung north a little, then south, but always toward the west. An argument seems to have erupted about which way to go next. But the leader, with weary determination, has placed one finger on the end of the black line. With his other arm he is pointing toward the shadowy mountains. He seems to be saying, "We may have to go south around a mountain, or north across a river, but our direction will always be west." Every Christian should have a similar resolve. Running the Chris­tian race is not always easy. High mountains may stand in our way as we continue on the course God has marked out. Difficult circum­stances and temptations may cause us to veer in one direction or another. But if we keep our eyes on the goal by "looking unto Jesus," we will not stray from the path He has outlined. As we stay true to the Lord, we will keep heading toward our goal.

  • Hebrews 12:1-2 Keep on Swimming Florence Chadwick was the first woman to swim the English Channel in both directions. On the Fourth of July in 1951, she attempted to swim from Catalina Island to the California coast. The challenge was not so much the distance, but the bone-chilling waters of the Pacific. To complicate matters, a dense fog lay over the entire area, making it impossible for her to see land. After about 15 hours in the water, and within a half mile of her goal, Chadwick gave up. Later she told a reporter, "Look, I'm not excusing myself. But if I could have seen land, I might have made it." Not long afterward she attempted the feat again. Once more a misty veil obscured the coastline and she couldn't see the shore. But this time she made it because she kept reminding herself that land was there. With that confidence she bravely swam on and achieved her goal. In fact, she broke the men's record by 2 hours!

Our Daily Bread Devotionals On Site: Some duplication of above listing

Today in the Word Devotional Illustrations from Moody Bible Institute

DEVOTIONALS FROM BIBLEGATEWAY -

A W TOZER DEVOTIONALS - DEVOTIONALS RELATED TO HEBREWS

EXPOSITOR'S BIBLE COMMENTARY
Hebrews Commentary
T C Edwards

James Rosscup - Though this work is generally helpful on historical background, it is often not of great assistance on the original text or problem passages. It skips over these many times. It is generally conservative, but not always. The value is greater on some books because the authors have done an excellent work: Kellogg on Leviticus; Blaikie on Joshua and I, II Samuel; Plummer on the pastorals, James and Jude. Some sections are by radical liberals, for example George A. Smith on Isaiah and the Minor Prophets. By and large, the student will do better to use a detailed set like The Expositor’s Bible Commentary plus individual best works on the different Bible books or sections of Scripture.

J LIGON DUNCAN
Sermons on Hebrews

EXPOSITOR'S GREEK
Hebrews Commentary
Marcus Dods

A C GAEBELEIN
Hebrews Commentary

James Rosscup - This dispensationally oriented work is not verse-by-verse, but deals with the exposition on a broader scale, treating blocks of thought within the chapters. Cf. also Arno C. Gaebelein, Gaebelein’s Concise Commentary on the Whole Bible (I Volume, Neptune, NJ: Loizeaux, 1985), the Annotated Bible revised. The author was a popular evangelical Bible teacher of the first part of the century, much like H. A. Ironside in his diligent but broad, practical expositions of Bible books. Gaebelein was premillennial and dispensational, and editor for many years of Our Hope Magazine.

GOTQUESTIONS
Related to Hebrews

SCOTT GRANT
Peninsula Bible Church
Sermons on Hebrews

DAVE GUZIK
Commentary on Hebrews

JAMES HASTINGS
Great Texts of the Bible
Epistle to the Hebrews

Note that each of these messages are in depth studies.

DAVID HOLWICK
Sermons on Hebrews

Frequent use of sermon illustrations.

BARRY HORNER
Hebrews Commentary
Exposition-The Epistle to the Hebrews

S LEWIS JOHNSON
Sermons on Hebrews

Very well done sermons on Hebrews.

SCOTT LINDSAY
Sermons on Hebrews

JOHN MACARTHUR
Sermons on Hebrews

These well done sermons function much like a verse by verse commentary

QUESTIONS ANSWERED - JOHN MACARTHUR

ALEXANDER MACLAREN
Sermons on Hebrews

J VERNON MCGEE
Thru the Bible
Commentary on Hebrews

Mp3's - Click on the links below for multiple Mp3's on each chapter.Introduction

F B MEYER
Devotionals on Hebrews
Our Daily Homily

F B MEYER
The Epistle to the Hebrews
The Way Into the Holiest

Frederick Brotherton Meyer (April 8, 1847 – March 28, 1929), a contemporary and friend of D. L. Moody was a Baptist pastor and evangelist in England involved in ministry and inner city mission work on both sides of the Atlantic. Author of numerous religious books and articles, many of which remain in print today, he has been described as The Archbishop of the Free Churches.

ROBERT MORGAN
SERMONS ON HEBREWS

NET BIBLE NOTES
More Technical Commentary Notes

NETBible notes are in the right panel with Constable's Notes.

WILLIAM NEWELL
Hebrews - Verse by Verse

Rosscup writes - The student will find this a helpful volume on the English text much like Newell’s valuable works on Romans and Revelation. Newell was premillennial and dispensational. On Hebrew 6, Newell takes the stance that professors are in view. (Commentaries for Biblical Expositors)

Cyril Barber - Presents the superiority of Christ by deftly and ably showing how the OT types and prophecies were fulfilled in His life, death, and resurrection. The Bible student will find this a helpful volume on the English text. (The Minister's Library)

Hiebert - An independent, popular, heartwarming, verse-by-verse exposition by a competent, conservative Bible teacher. Contains a clear premillennial emphasis. A variety of rich summaries and comments in the footnotes.

PHIL NEWTON
Sermons on Hebrews

Well Done Expositional Sermons

JOSEPH PARKER
Commentary on Hebrews
From The People's Bible

PASTOR LIFE
Sermons on Hebrews

We Need Endurance Hebrews Franklin L. Kirksey
The Real Meaning of Christmas Hebrews 1:1-3 Kenneth Hendricks
The Central Figure in the Spiritual Battle Hebrews 1:1-3 William F. Harrell
Above Thy Fellows (Outline) Hebrews 1:4-14 William F. Harrell
Warning About Drifting Hebrews 2:1-4 Jerry N. Watts
The Crossroad of Faith Hebrews 2:1-4 William F. Harrell
Perfect for the Task Hebrews 2:5-14 William F. Harrell
Devastating Affect of Unbelief Hebrews 3:1-19 William F. Harrell
Why Believe The Bible Hebrews 3:12-13 Alan Morris
Warning About Unbelief Hebrews 3:7-19 Jerry N. Watts
The Bible is My Guidebook Hebrews 4:12 Jerry N. Watts
Believer It Or Not! Hebrews 4:12 Jerry N. Watts
The Eyes of God Hebrews 4:13 J. Mike Minnix
Boldly to the Throne of Grace Hebrews 4:9-16 William F. Harrell
A Healthy Diet - Milk Shakes or Beef Steaks (Outline) Hebrews 5:11-14 William F. Harrell
Warning About Immaturity Hebrews 5:11-14 Jerry N. Watts
Warning About Salvation Hebrews 6:1-12 Jerry N. Watts
Keep Moving! Hebrews 6:1-2 J. Mike Minnix
Go On To Perfection Hebrews 6:1-6 William F. Harrell
Too Late To Mend Hebrews 6:4-6 Jesse M. Hendley
We Must Bleed To Bless Hebrews 9:22 Johnny L. Sanders
Death in Paris Hebrews 9:27-28 J. Mike Minnix
Warning About Deliberate Sin Hebrews 10:19-31 Jerry N. Watts
Church Attendance and the Modern Day Christian Hebrews 10:25 Donald Cantrell
The Song of Incarnation Hebrews 10:5-7 Franklin L. Kirksey
Facing the New Year with Faith Hebrews 11 Franklin L. Kirksey
The Facts About Faith Hebrews 11:1-6 Steve Wagers
Jacob - A Faith That Strengthens Hebrews 11:21 Steve Wagers
Jospeh - A Faith That Surpasses Hebrews 11:22 Steve Wagers
The Testimony of a Mother Named Rahab Hebrews 11:30-31 David E. Owen
The Fearful Man Named Gideon Hebrews 11:32 David E. Owen
The Feeble Man Named Barak Hebrews 11:32 David E. Owen
The Fleshly Man Named Samson Hebrews 11:32 David E. Owen
The Forgotten Man Named Jephthah Hebrews 11:32 David E. Owen
The Fighting Man Named David Hebrews 11:32 David E. Owen
The Famous Man Named Samuel Hebrews 11:32 David E. Owen
Searching For Significance (from life of Jephthah) Hebrews 11:32-33 David E. Owen
How To Please God Hebrews 11:4-6 William F. Harrell
Enoch - A Faith that Sustains Hebrews 11:5 Steve Wagers
The Storms Are Coming - Are You Safe? Hebrews 11:7 Alan Stewart
Faith + Spiritual Action = Spiritual Traction! Hebrews 11:8-10 Ron Hale
The Giant of Bitterness Hebrews 12:12-17 Denis Lyle
Unspoken: Bitterness - What One Values Hebrews 12:12-17 Johnny Hunt
Esau, Esau Hebrews 12:12-17 Franklin L. Kirksey
The Believer's Marathon Hebrews 12:1-29 Franklin L. Kirksey
Keeping on in Hard Times Hebrews 12:1-4 Paul E. Brown
Warning About Rejecting God's Grace Hebrews 12:14-17 Jerry N. Watts
Warning About Refusing to Hear God Hebrews 12:25-29 Jerry N. Watts
The Purpose of God's Chastisement (Outline) Hebrews 12:3-11 William F. Harrell
Attitude of Gratitude Hebrews 13:10-16 David Cook
The Fear of Loneliness Hebrews 13:1-6 Ernest L. Easley
Blessed Wishes! Hebrews 13:20-21 Franklin L. Kirksey

JOHN PIPER
Sermons on Hebrews

PREACHER'S HOMILETICAL COMMENTARY
Commentary on Hebrews

PULPIT COMMENTARY
Commentary on Hebrews
 

Hint - Scroll down each of the pages on "Exposition" for multiple Homilies.

OLD TESTAMENT
Quotations & Allusions
In Hebrews

Note: Allusions marked with asterisk (*)
Note also that many of the OT quotes are from the Septuagint (Lxx)
which is why the wording may appear somewhat different.
NAS identifies OT quotes in the NT with Small Caps. NET Bible uses bold italics. NKJV uses italics

  • He 1:3 <> Ps 110:1*
  • He 1:5 <> Ps 2:7, 2Sa 7:14, 1Chr 17:13
  • He 1:6 <> Deut 32:43 and Ps 97:7
  • He 1:7 <> Ps 104:4
  • He 1:8 <> Ps 45:6
  • He 1:9 <> Ps 45:7
  • He 1:10 <> Ps 102: 25, 26, 27
  • He 1:11 <> Ps 102: 26a
  • He 1:12 <> Ps 102:26b, 27
  • He 1:13 <> Ps 110:1
  • He 2:6 <> Ps 8:4
  • He 2:7 <> Ps 8:5
  • He 2:8 <> Ps Ps 8:6
  • He 2:12 <> Ps 22:22
  • He 2:13 <> Is 8:17, 18
  • He 3:5 <> Nu 12:7
  • He 3:7 <> Ps 95:7
  • He 3:8 <> Ps 95:8
  • He 3:9 <> Ps 95:9, 10a
  • He 3:10 <> Ps 95:10
  • He 3:11 <> Ps 95:11
  • He 3:15 <> Ps 95:7, 8
  • He 3:17 <> Nu 14:29, 32*
  • He 4:3 <> Ps 95:11
  • He 4:4 <> Ge 2:2
  • He 4:5 <> Ps 95:11
  • He 4:7 <> Ps 95:7, 8
  • He 5:5 <> Ps 2:7
  • He 5:6 <> Ps 110:4
  • He 5:10 <> Ps 110:4
  • He 6:14 <> Ge 22:17
  • He 6:20 <> Ps 110:4
  • He 7:1 <> Ge 14:17, 18, 19
  • He 7:2 <> Ge 14:20, 14:18
  • He 7:17 <> Ps 110:4
  • He 7:21 <> Ps 110:4
  • He 8:1 <> Ps 110:1*
  • He 8:5 <> Ex 25:40
  • He 8:8 <> Je 31:31
  • He 8:9 <> Je 31:32
  • He 8:10 <> Je 31:33
  • He 8:11 <> Je 31:34a
  • He 8:12 <> Je 31:34b
  • He 9:20 <> Ex 24:8
  • He 9:28 <> Is 53:12b*
  • He 10:5 <> Ps 40:6
  • He 10:6 <> Ps 40:6b
  • He 10:7 <> Ps 40:7, 8
  • He 10:8 <> Ps 40:6
  • He 10:9 <> Ps 40:8
  • He 10:16 <> Je 31:33
  • He 10:17 <> Je 31:34
  • He 10:30 <> Dt 32:35, 36
  • He 10:37 <> Is 26:20, Hab 2:3
  • He 10:38 <> Hab 2:4
  • He 11:12 <> Ge 22:17, 15:5*
  • He 11:18 <> Ge 21:12
  • He 11:21 <> Ge 47:31
  • He 12:2 <> Ps 110:1*
  • He 12:5 <> Pr 3:11
  • He 12:12 <> Is 35:3*
  • He 12:13 <> Pr 4:26
  • He 12:16 <> Ge 27:37-41*
  • He 12:20 <> Ex 19:12, 13
  • He 12:21 <> Dt 9:19
  • He 12:26, 27 <> Hag 2:6
  • He 12:29 <> Dt 4:24, 9:3
  • He 13:5 <> Dt 31:6, 8
  • He 13:6 <> Ps 118:6

A. T. ROBERTSON
Word Pictures on Hebrews
Greek Word Study

GIL RUGH
Expositions
Epistle to the Hebrews

ROB SALVATO
Sermon Notes
The Epistle to the Hebrews

SERMONS BY VERSE
OLDER EXPOSITIONS 
HEBREWS

Literally hundreds of messages. Older works but still worth examining. 

CHARLES SIMEON
Horae Homileticae
Sermons on Hebrews

CHUCK SMITH
Calvary Chapel
Sermon Notes on Hebrews

C. H. SPURGEON
All of Spurgeon's Sermons
on Hebrews

C H SPURGEON
Verse by Verse Expositions
On the Epistle of Hebrews

C H SPURGEON
Devotionals on Hebrews
Morning & Evening
Faith's Checkbook

RAY STEDMAN
Hebrews
IVP New Testament Commentary

Cyril Barber - Stedman’s commentary leans toward identifying Apollos as the author of this letter, and Jewish Christians as the recipients. A date in the late 60s is believed to be the time of its composition. As expected, the comments are brief, pertinent, and pastoral in tone. The problem passages (e.g., Hebrews 6:4-9) are handled from a Calvinistic perspective. Many readers will question Stedman’s identification of the tabernacle as a type of each human being’s three-part nature. However, such issues aside, this is a useful commentary from which lay people will profit. Preachers, too, will derive some unique insights for the application of the text to the lives of their hearers. All things considered, this is a work from which believers can derive great benefit. (The Minister's Library)

RAY STEDMAN
1965 Hebrews Sermons

JOSEPH SUTCLIFFE
Commentary on Hebrews

DAVID THOMPSON
SERMON NOTES
BOOK OF HEBREWS

JOHN TRAPP
Commentary on Hebrews

MARVIN VINCENT
Greek Word Studies
Epistle of Hebrews

DANIEL WHEDON
Commentary on Hebrews

KENNETH WUEST
Commentary on Hebrews
144 Pages

MISCELLANEOUS RESOURCES
Conservative, Evangelical

The Theological Journal Library on galaxie.com

An annual $50 or monthly $5 subscription (click here) is required to view the entire article but will give you access to literally thousands of conservative articles. Click the following links to search by topic, author, or bible reference.

Theological Journal Articles on "Rest"

Journal Articles - The articles below allow view of full article without fee

SERMONS, ARTICLES
ON HEBREWS
(Alphabetized by Author)

BIBLE.ORG

JIM BOMKAMP

NATHAN BROWN

RICH CATHERS

ANDREW CORBETT

JAMES DENNEY

DAN DUNCAN

J. LIGON DUNCAN, III

DON FORTNER

RON DANIEL

JOHN FRAME

RICHARD GAMBLE

GOSPEL COALITION

HOLMAN CHRISTIAN STUDY BIBLE STUDY NOTES

HYMNS RELATED TO HEBREWS

KEY WORDS / OT QUOTES

STEVE KRELOFF - Messianic Jewish Pastor

Hebrews Sermons -117 messages all Mp3 - although these are only available in mp3 format (no transcripts), they are generally excellent. Following sermons are available

  • Intro And Christ, Greater Than The Prophets (Pt 1) - Hebrews 1:1-2
  • Remembering the Greatness of Christ - Hebrews 1:3
  • Christ, Greater Than The Prophets (Part 2) - Hebrews 1:3
  • Christ, Greater Than The Angels - Hebrews 1:4-14
  • Christ Greater Than the Angels - Hebrews 1:4-14
  • The Neglect Of Salvation - Hebrews 2:1-4
  • Neglecting Such a Great Salvation - Hebrews 2:1-4
  • The Rule Of Man - Hebrews 2:5-9
  • The Suffering Man - Hebrews 2:10-18
  • The Conquest of Death - Hebrews 2:14-15
  • Christ's Death and the Fear of Death - Hebrews 2:14-15
  • Christ, Greater Than Moses - Hebrews 3:1-6
  • The Hardened Heart - Hebrews 3:7-19
  • The Danger of a Hardened Heart - Hebrews 3:7-19
  • God's Rest - Hebrews 4:1-13Download
  • Holding Firm to Christ - Hebrews 4:14-16
  • Holding Fast Our Confession (Of Faith) - Hebrews 4:14-16
  • The Greater High Priest (Part 1) - Hebrews 5:1-6 
  • The Greater High Priest (Part 2) - Hebrews 5:7-10
  • Immature Unbelievers - Hebrews 5:11-14
  • Marks of an Unsaved Church Attender - Hebrews 5:11-14
  • If They Fall Away (Part 1) - Hebrews 6:1-3
  • The Peril of Falling Away (Part 1) - Hebrews 6:1-3
  • If They Fall Away (Part 2) - Hebrews 6:4-8
  • The Peril of Falling Away (Part 2) - Hebrews 6:4-8
  • Assurance Of Real Faith - Hebrews 6:9-12
  • Full Assurance Of Hope (Part 1) - Hebrews 6:11-20
  • Full Assurance Of Hope (Part 2) - Hebrews 6:16-20
  • Melchizedek And Christ -Hebrews 7:1-3
  • The Greatness Of Melchizedek - Hebrews 7:4-10
  • Christ, Greater Than The Levitical Priesthood (1) - Hebrews 7:11-19
  • Christ, Greater Than The Levitical Priesthood (2) - Hebrews 7:20-28
  • Christ, The Greater High Priest (3) - Hebrews 8:1-6
  • The Lord's Supper (A Better Covenant) - Hebrews 8:7-13
  • The Superiority Of The New Covenant - Hebrews 8:7-13
  • The Superior New Covenant - Hebrews 9:1-14
  • The Necessity Of Christ's Death - Hebrews 9:15-22
  • The Perfect Sacrifice - Hebrews 9:23-28
  • A Better Sacrifice - Hebrews 10:1-18
  • Christ's Perfect Sacrifice - Hebrews 10:1-18
  • The Sacrifice of Christ - Hebrews 10:10-14
  • How to Persevere - Hebrews 10:19-25 
  • Persevering In The Christian Life - Hebrews 10:19-25
  • Apostasy, The Final Rejection - Hebrews 10:26-31 
  • The Perseverence Of Faith - Hebrews 10:32-39
  • Foundational Truths About Faith -Hebrews 11:1-3
  • What is Faith? - Hebrews 11:1-3
  • Faith Described - Hebrews 11:1-3
  • Heroes Of Faith (Part 1) - 1933 Hebrews 11:4-7
  • Heroes Of Faith (Part 2) Abraham - Hebrews 11:8-10
  • The Faith of Abraham (Part 2) - Hebrews 11:11-12
  • Heroes Of Faith (Part 3) Abraham - Hebrews 11:11-19
  • Heroes Of Faith (Part 4) Abraham - Hebrews 11:13-19
  • The Faith of Abraham (Part 3) - Hebrews 11:13-19
  • Heroes Of Faith (Part 5) - Hebrews 11:20-22
  • Heroes Of Faith (Part 6) - Hebrews 11:22-26
  • Heroes Of Faith (Part 7) - Hebrews 11:27-29
  • Heroes Of Faith (Part 8) - Hebrews 11:30-31 
  • The Fall of Jericho & the Faith of Rahab -Hebrews 11:30-31 
  • Heroes Of Faith (Part 9) - Hebrews 11:32-35a 
  • Heroes Of Faith (Part 10) - Hebrews 11:35b-40
  • The Spiritual Marathon - Hebrews 12:1-3
  • Running with Endurance - Hebrews 12:1-3
  • Discipline and Suffering - Hebrews 12:4-11
  • Making Sense Out Of Suffering - Hebrews 12:4-11
  • Responding To God's Discipline - Hebrews 12:12-17
  • Mt. Sinai And Mt. Zion - Hebrews 12:18-29
  • Loving The Brethren - Hebrews 13:1-4
  • Loving the Brethren - Hebrews 13:1-4 
  • Content With What We Have - Hebrews 13:5-6
  • Key to Being Content -Hebrews 13:5-6 
  • How to Maintain Doctrinal Stability - Hebrews 13:7-9
  • Doctrinal Stability - Hebrews 13:7-9
  • Biblical Separation - Hebrews 13:10-16 
  • We Have a Temple -Hebrews 13:10 
  • Submission To Church Leaders - Hebrews 13:17 
  • Submission to Elders - Hebrews 13:17 
  • Final Words About The Final Word -Hebrews 13:18-25 

JOHN MACARTHUR

F B MEYER DEVOTIONALS

MONERGISM

JIM NEWHEISER - Hebrews Sermon Series - Mp3 and an outlines

JOHN PIPER

WIL POUNDS - sermon transcripts

RBC BOOKLET

GRACE GEMS

ROBERT RAYBURN - Faith Presbyterian Church

GIL RUGH

REFORMATION STUDY BIBLE

ROB SALVATO

CHUCK SMITH

SERMONS ON HEBREWS - VERSE BY VERSE - These are older expositions

Note: In the links below click arrow to go to next set of sermons on the next verse

JAMES SMITH - HANDFULS ON PURPOSE, 1943

Click here for all of the Hebrews studies listed below

BETTER. Hebrews

This may be taken as the keynote of the Epistle. The Jewish Christians, to whom this Epistle was specifically addressed, owing to the taunts and jeers of their persecutors, were beginning to undervalue their Christian possessions. Therefore the writer rings the changes on the word "better," conceding they had certain things under the Law, but under Grace far "better."

1. Blessings (Hebrews 11:40).

2. Sacrifice (Hebrews 9:23).

3. Blood that Speaks of Better Things (Hebrews 12:24).

4. Hope (Hebrews 7:19).

5. Covenant (Hebrews 8:6; 7:22).

6. Promises (Hebrews 8:6).

7. Substance (Hebrews 10:34).

8. Country (Hebrews 11:16).

9. Resurrection (Hebrews 11:35).

"WE HAVE." Hebrews

The Jewish Christians were being taunted by their unconverted countrymen that through espousing the cause of Christ they had lost everything. The Apostle proves to them that they have only lost the shadow for the substance. The "We have's" of the Apostle must have greatly impressed them. "We have"

1. A Great High Priest (Hebrews 4:14).

2. Such a High Priest (Hebrews 8:1).

3. A Strong Consolation (Hebrews 6:18).

4. A Cheering Hope (Hebrews 6:19).

5. Boldness (Hebrews 10:19).

6. A Better Substance (Hebrews 10:34).

7. An Altar—Christ (Hebrews 13:10).

 

SALVATION. Hebrews

1. Our Name: Heirs. "Heirs of salvation" (Hebrews 1:14).

2. Our Salvation: Great. "So great salvation" (Hebrews 2:3).

3. Our Peril: How? "How shall we escape? " (Hebrews 2:3). The unanswerable question. What must I do to be lost? Just nothing. No need to reject salvation or treat it with contempt—just neglect it.

4. Our Benefactor: Author. "Captain of their salvation (Hebrews 2:10). Captain means author or originator.

5. Our Destiny: Eternity. "Eternal salvation" (Hebrews 5:9).

6. Our Blessings: Things. "Things that accompany salvation" (Hebrews 6:9).

7. Our Goal: Uttermost. "Saved to the uttermost" (Hebrews 7:25).

8. Our Hope: Without Sin. "Without sin unto salvation" (Hebrews 9:28).

 

HOW TO PRESENT THE GOSPEL TO JEWS.

Those who are called to evangelize Jews declare that there is no better statement of the Gospel to present to Jews than this Epistle. Let us trace the method of presentation, as seen in this Epistle. We notice first, that the Author here proves to the Jews that the Jesus of Nazareth they put to death on the hated Cross is none other than CHRIST their messiah, the son of God, the Second Person in the blessed Trinity. This is an important point. We cannot but admire the courage and faithfulness of the Apostle, for the Jews then, as now, were prepared to admire much in Jesus', but would not listen to His claim to Deity. Observe how slowly and methodically he declares and proves this.

I. Greater than Prophets. The prophets whom all Jews value, were great, but Jesus was greater than any or all of them (Hebrews 1:1 -3). Why? Jesus is the

1. Origin of all things: "By whom also He made the worlds" (2).

2. Sustainer of all things: "Upholding all things" (3).

3. Glory of all things: "Brightness of His glory" (3).

4. Unique amidst all. Here the writer points out the absolute uniqueness of Jesus. However great were the prophets, none shared Deity, none were the "express image of" God.

II. Greater than Angels. Angels are great beings, but Jesus is greater than any or all of them put together (Hebrews 1:4-14), because:

1. Divine Names are given to Him (Hebrews 1:2, 5, 8, 10).

2. Divine Worship was offered Him (Hebrews 1:6).

3. Divine Nature is announced as His (Hebrews 1:8).

4. Divine Majesty is ascribed to Him (Hebrews 1:8).

5. Divine Anointing bestowed upon Him (Hebrews 1:9).

6. Divine Works are assigned to Him (Hebrews 1:10).

7. Divine Attribute of Immutability (or Permanence, of constant continuity) residing in Him (Hebrews 1:11, 12).

8. Divine Companionship was His—companion of the Most High (Hebrews 1:13).

9. Divine Rule committed to Him (Hebrews 2:5-8).

10. Divine Redemption worked out by Him (Hebrews 2:9-18).

III. Greater than Moses. Moses was very great, but Jesus was, and is, greater. This must have staggered the Jews. But the writer proves this point thus:

1. Moses was only a servant, whereas Jesus was Son of God, and a son is greater than a mere servant (Hebrews 3:5,6).

2. Moses was "in God's House" (Hebrews 3:5), but Jesus "over" God's House'.

3. Yes, more, Moses was only in God's House, but Jesus "over His Own House" (Hebrews 3:5,6).

IV. Greater than Joshua. Joshua was a great leader, but Jesus far greater (Hebrews 4:1-13). Because Jesus renders a more conspicuous service in the bestowal of a Rest far better than the one Joshua (R.V., verse 8) led Israel into. Study verses 5 and 8 in contrast to verse 9.

V. Greater than Aaron. Aaron, the first high priest of Israel, was great, but Jesus greater (Hebrews 5:4-8; compare Hebrews 7:10-28). How can this be?

1. His Title. Aaron was High Priest, but Jesus called "Great High Priest" (Hebrews 4:14).

2. His Sonship. No high priest ever was called "The Son of God" (Hebrews 4:14). Note, not "a" Son, but "The Son."

3. His Perfect Sympathy. "Touched with the feeling of our infirmities" in a more perfect fashion than any earthly priest (Hebrews 4:15).

4. His Sinlessness. All priests, or high priests, are only sinful men, but even the bitterest enemies of Christ have had to acknowledge His sinlessness (Hebrews 7:26).

5. His Kingship. Jesus is King and Priest, a combination not permitted to any king of Israel or Judah (Hebrews 7:1). (Study Numbers 16:40; 18:7; 2 Chronicles 26:18). He was made Priest after the order of Melchizedek, and Abraham acknowledged Melchizedek to be his superior (Hebrews 7:4-10).

6. His Sphere. Jesus ministers in a far better sanctuary than Aaron or any of his successors (Hebrews 8:1-4; 9:1-15).

 

WHY JESUS CHRIST CAME DOWN TO THIS WORLD OF OURS. Hebrews 1:3

Much confusion exists in the minds of many men and women as to our Lord's chief errand in coming here to this world of ours. Was He sent into the world

I. To be the Prophet of God? He did come with a message from the Most High, and such a message! It was entirely original and unique. He was and is the (not a) prophet of God, yet that was not His primary mission.

II. To be the Revealer of God? "Show us the Father and it suffices us," said the disciples to our Savior, thus articulating man's agelong hunger and passionate desire. Now Jesus did reveal the Unseen. He declared "He who has seen Me has seen the Father"—marvelous statement. Yet that was not His supreme mission.

III. To be the Ruler of God? He was not only born of the tribe of Judah, but of the family of David, thus of the Davidic line. He entered Jerusalem as King after three and a-half years' ministry. He claimed the Throne of David. But He was rejected. Yet He must ascend that throne by and by. The next king of united Israel must present and prove his descent from David. Only one Person can do this—the Man Christ Jesus. For all genealogical registers were burned at the destruction of Jerusalem and the burning of the Temple, A.D. 60, and the only descendant of David who can present his genealogy is Jesus, for that has been preserved in perpetuity in the Gospels of Matthew and Luke. Yet He came to do something very important, before He could reign.

IV. To be the Lamb of God? Yes. Hebrews 1:3 declares the primary work He came to do. This was the work for which He came. He came to be a man and die. Seeing He came to purge our sins, why spend so much time in these early chapters of Hebrews to prove His Deity and His Majesty? Ah, the importance of the work performed is proved by the greatness of the Agent. The more important work of the State is entrusted to the most important servants. When the King entrusts a duty to his own firstborn Prince, all are conscious of the importance of the task.

 

THE ETERNAL COMPLETENESS AND EFFICACY OF CHRIST'S DEATH. Hebrews 8:12

This is brought out and emphasized many times in this Epistle (Hebrews 7:27; 9:25, 26; 10:1-3), but particularly in association with Hebrews 8:12. The late James Neill, M. A., has so well pointed out that the New Covenant referred to in Hebrews 8:6-13, begins at a point to which the Old Covenant never for a moment reached. For there was no sacrifice to atone for willful sin under the Old Covenant, with four exceptions only:

1. Willful concealment of knowledge as a witness (Leviticus 5:1).

2. A willful lie (Leviticus 6:2).

3. Perjury (Leviticus 6:2).

4. A sin of impurity (Leviticus 19:20, 22).

As to all else, it is said: "The soul that acts presumptuously... that soul shall be cut off" (Numbers 15:30). That shows the force of David's petition, "You desire not sacrifice, else would I give it" (Psalm 51:16). He is referring to his willful sin, for which no provision had been made. But of this New Covenant, well, it begins at a point where the Old Covenant never reached—the full, free, forgiveness of all sin. Praise the Lord! Hence the force of "The Blood of Jesus Christ, His Son, cleanses us from all sin" (1 John 1:7).

 

SAVED TO THE VERY END. Hebrews 7:25

This verse has been called "The Gospel for Saints." But why saints? Sinners need the Gospel, that is universally admitted. But do saints need a Gospel message? Yes; and when the message of "uttermost" is understood, the force of this word is seen. The meaning of the word in the Greek rendered "uttermost" is really "to the very end." "The end"—not end in time but end in place. It is true His salvation is good for both. But we are endeavoring to penetrate into the meaning of this word before us.

Israel was saved from death in Egypt by the sprinkling of the blood, and saved from the power of their enemy when the waters of the Red Sea drowned the pursuing army. But they were not saved "to the uttermost," that is, "to the very end" (as Rotherham renders it) until, after the forty years' wanderings expired, they crossed the Jordan and took possession of the Promised Land. This is a great word. If a redeemed soul has not yet fully entered into his possessions in Christ, and in consequence is not living the life of victory and communion of Beulah land, he has not yet been saved "to the uttermost?"

1. His Ability to Save. "He is able."

2. Whom He Saves. "Them that come."

3. Extent of His Salvation. "To the uttermost," right up to Canaan, that is, the life of fellowship and victory.

4. Period of His Salvation. "To the very end" (r.).

5. Ground of this Salvation. "He ever lives."

6. Character of His Salvation. "Completely" (J.N.D.).
 

THE ETERNAL FRESHNESS OF CHRIST'S SACRIFICE. Hebrews 10:20

Dr. Chadwick draws attention to the Greek word rendered "New," stating that it is unknown elsewhere in Scripture, and means "newly slain." Thus is declared the perpetual freshness of the offering of Christ. This is further taught in that pregnant sentence in the Revelation, "A Lamb as it had been slain," as if freshly slain. Luther saw this point, and remarked, "It seems but yesterday that Jesus died on the Cross." A modern poet also saw this truth and crystallized it in that line of poetry:

"Dear dying Lamb, Your precious Blood 
 Shall never lose its power."

 

DWELLING AT COURT. Hebrews 10:19-22

The Doctrinal part of the Epistle is now ended, and the important application begins. Here we reach the goal. Here we see the child of God at home. That Home is the Holy Place, the very presence of God. "Christianity is a religion of access."

I. The Privilege. "Having therefore liberty" (19, A.V., marg.). The privilege of dwelling in the Secret Place is the fruit of Christ's death. And this privilege is for today, and all our days, for time as well as eternity.

II. The Enablement. "Let us draw near." Observe: "Boldness," associated with "the Blood of Jesus."

III. The Conditions.

1. A True Heart. Heart right with God.

2. "Full Assurance." Faith in full, vigorous, healthy exercise.

3. Good Conscience. Through His Blood we find release from the haunting sense of guilt.

4. Purified Bodies. A dedicated and purified body and a life cleansed from all outward degrading and ignoble habits and practices.

 

FAITH IN OPERATION. Hebrews 11

This chapter has been called the Westminster Abbey of the Bible. Herein are preserved word-portraits of some members of the family of God in relation to the life of faith.

Have you ever wondered why mention should be made of their faith and not their sins? Why? Obviously because every believer is seen here in the light of chapter 10. They stand in the Covenant of Grace, and are seen as those who have fully accepted the great sacrificial work of the Redeemer, and that means the pardon and blotting out of their sins, never to be remembered again forever. Praise the Lord!

Let us summarize this chapter:

In verse 1 we have the Nature of Faith—that it is not a guess, nor an airy nebulous sort of thing, but "substance," "evidence." In the rest of the chapter we have demonstrated the Possibility of Faith to all classes and grades of individuals, women and men, servants and master, the weak and the strong, the educated and the illiterate.

 

FAITH. Hebrews 11

Faith's:

1. Description, Substance and Evidence (Hebrews 11:1).

2. Report, Elders (Hebrews 11:2).

3. Credence, Creation (Hebrews 11:3).

4. Worship, Abel (Hebrews 11:4).

5. Witness, Enoch (Hebrews 11:5,6).

6. Work, Noah (Hebrews 11:7).

7. Walk, Abraham (Hebrews 11:8).

8. Patience, Abraham (Hebrews 11:9, 10).

9. Willingness, Sarah (Hebrews 11:11,12).

10. Welcome, Unknown Heroes (Hebrews 11:13-16).

11. Sacrifice, Abraham (Hebrews 11:17-19).

12. Triumph, Isaac (Hebrews 11:20-22).

13. Preservation, Parents of Moses (Hebrews 11:23).

14. Renunciation, Moses (Hebrews 11:24-26).

15. Flight, Moses (Hebrews 11:27).

16. Contagion, "He" then "Them" (Hebrews 11:28, 29).

17. Exploit, Israel (Hebrews 11:30).

18. Salvation, Rahab (Hebrews 11:31).

19. Manifold Activities, Many Saints (Hebrews 11:32-40).

 

THE RACE. Hebrews 12:1,2

In the Bible there are various views of life. Here is an athletic one, that of a race. This simile is suggestive.

I. The Race. Speaking of

1. Strenuous effort.

2. Run, not loiter.

3. Changeful life implied, with fresh views.

4. A Progressive life, calling for

5. Concentration.

II. The Appointment. "Set before us."

III. The Incentive. A cloud of witnesses. We are being watched, at any rate by our Blessed Lord.

IV. The Preparation. "Let us lay aside."

"The Weight"—lawful things, yet things not helpful.

"The Sin"—besetting sin.

V. The Speed. "Let us run," not loiter.

VI. The Spirit. "Run with patience."

VII. The Inspiration. Looking unto Jesus.

VIII. The Goal. The Glory.

CLAUDE STAUFFER - sermons

JOHN STEVENSON

JOE STOWELL

R V G TASKER

TEACH THE WORD

DEREK THOMAS

JAMES VAN DINE

GEERHARDUS VOS

JOHN WALVOORD

COMMENTARIES
ON HEBREWS
(Alphabetized by Author)

BEREAN CHRISTIAN RESOURCES

BEST COMMENTARIES

WILLIAM BURKITT

Charles Spurgeon - "goodly volume," recommended "attentive perusal"  We liked Burkitt better when we were younger. He is, however, a homely and spiritual writer, and his work is good reading for the many. Burkitt is somewhat pithy, and for a modern rather rich and racy, but he is far from deep, and is frequently common-place. I liked him well enough till I had read abler works and grown older. Some books grow upon us as we read and re-read them, but Burkitt does not. Yet so far from depreciating the good man, I should be sorry to have missed his acquaintance, and would bespeak for him your attentive perusal.

ADAM CLARKE

James Rosscup - This old, conservative Wesleyan Methodist work is good devotionally and aggressive for righteous living. Laypeople can find it still valuable today. It is Arminian in viewpoint and thus helpful, for example, in showing the reader how this approach deals with texts involving the eternal security question. The work contains much background material from many sources on all books of the Bible.

Spurgeon - Adam Clarke is the great annotator of our Wesleyan friends; and they have no reason to be ashamed of him, for he takes rank among the chief of expositors. His mind was evidently fascinated by the singularities of learning, and hence his commentary is rather too much of an old curiosity shop, but it is filled with valuable rarities, such as none but a great man could have collected....If you have a copy of Adam Clarke, and exercise discretion in reading it, you will derive immense advantage from it, for frequently by a sort of side-light he brings out the meaning of the text in an astonishingly novel manner. I do not wonder that Adam Clarke still stands, notwithstanding his peculiarities, a prince among commentators. I do not find him so helpful as Gill, but still, from his side of the question, with which I have personally no sympathy, he is an important writer, and deserves to be studied by every reader of the Scriptures.

JOHN BROWN

Spurgeon writes - "Dr. David Smith says of this work: “There is not a single instance of carelessness in investigating the true meaning of a text, or of timidity in stating the conclusion at which the author had arrived.” What more could be said in praise of any exposition?" (Note Brown calls this "The epistle of the apostle Paul" but the authorship is by no means certain.

CAMBRIDGE GREEK COMMENTARY

D Edmond Hiebert - Greek text. The introductions provide a satisfactory study of the problems connected with the Pastorals from a conservative viewpoint. The exegetical notes on the text of the epistles are thorough, thoughtful, and scholarly.

Cyril Barber - This....1886 commentary from the Cambridge Greek Testament series readily interacts with critical issues raised by the publication of the NT texts of Tischendorf and Tregelles. Plummer then treats these letters in a most commendable way, providing some unique insights into the thought of the apostle and the nuances of the original text. (The Minister's Library, Volume 2)

James Rosscup writes "Though old, this is a good study from the Greek text which will be helpful in any more advanced study of the epistles. There are other works more highly recommended, however." (Commentaries for Biblical Expositors: An Annotated Bibliography of Selected Works)

DAVID COOPER

HENRY COWLES

J. N. DARBY

A B DAVIDSON - 253 pages - brief but helpful comments

Hiebert - This compact volume, the work of a noted Hebrew scholar, contains much valuable material. A number of extended notes on the Son, the two covenants, the Day of Atonement, etc, are most helpful.

Sample excerpt from Hebrews 6:12 -  Be not slothful or, become not sluggish (dull, Heb 5:11). But followers -  patience or  imitators (Heb 13:7; 1 Cor. 4:16) . patient waiting (cp patiently endured or waited, Heb 6:15). The word "patience" is often rendered long-suffering, lit. length of mind, whether as opposed to shortness of temper or anger, or to despondency. It is here patient waiting for that which is long deferred, and is allied to hope. There is another patience (Heb 10:36, 12:1, and the verb, Heb 10:32, 12:2, 3, 7) which means patient bearing up under afflictions, and is akin to faith. The subject of the present passage to the end of the chapter is hope. To inherit the promises is to enter into possession of the things promised, not merely to receive the verbal assurances. By them who inherit the promises is not meant those now inheriting them in heaven, but the class of persons, whether alive or belonging to the past, whose characteristic it is that (owing to their conduct) they are inheritors of the promises. The virtues characteristic of such persons and securing the promises are faith and patient waiting, and in these virtues the Hebrews are exhorted to imitate them, that they may take rank among them.

DEFENDER'S STUDY BIBLE NOTES - DR HENRY MORRIS

Note: The words and phrase are from the KJV

FRANZ DELITZSCH

Hiebert - Greek text. An exhaustive treatment, dealing with many of the critical problems in Hebrews. Draws heavily upon the literature of his day.

Spurgeon: "Thoroughly learned, but wants unction. Not adapted for common readers, but scholars will prize it greatly."

Cyril Barber - An extremely fine exposition that uses Talmudic source material to highlight the meaning of the text. A valuable acquisition (The Minister's Library)

DAVID DICKSON (1839)

Spurgeon: "This is generally to be found in connection with the author’s “Brief Exposition on Matthew.” (No. 1035.) We need say no more than—get it, and you will find abundance of suggestions for profitable trains of thought."

JOHN DUMMELOW

THOMAS EDWARDS 

Cyril Barber - A masterful explanation of the purpose of this epistle. Serves to give laypeople as well as those looking for a theological development of a central theme exactly what they need. (The Minister's Library)

CHARLES J ELLICOTT

James Rosscup - Though concise in its statements, this old commentary reveals a thorough knowledge of the Greek and is very helpful in matters of grammar and word meanings.

EXPLORE THE BIBLE

OLDER SERIES

NEWER SERIES

EXPOSITOR'S DICTIONARY OF TEXTS

F W FARRAR - THE CAMBRIDGE BIBLE FOR SCHOOLS AND COLLEGES

JAMES A FOWLER - CHRISTOCENTRIC COMMENTARY SERIES

DON FORTNER

WILLIAM GOUGE

Spurgeon's critique: We greatly prize Gouge. Many will think his system of observations cumbrous, and so, perhaps, it is; but upon any topic which he touches he gives outlines which may supply sermons for months.

JOHN GILL

James Rosscup - Gill (1697–1771), a pastor of England, wrote these which are two-column pages, ca. 900–1,000 pages per volume, Originally they were 9 volumes, folio. He also wrote Body of Divinity, 3 volumes, and several other volumes. His commentary is evangelical, wrestles with texts, is often wordy and not to the point but with worthy things for the patient who follow the ponderous detail and fish out slowly what his interpretation of a text is. He feels the thousand years in Revelation 20 cannot begin until after the conversion of the Jews and the bringing in of the fullness of the Gentiles and destruction of all antiChristian powers (volume 6, p. 1063) but in an amillennial sense of new heavens and new earth coming right after Christ’s second advent (1064–65), and the literal thousand years of binding at the same time. He feels the group that gathers against the holy city at the end of the thousand years is the resurrected wicked dead from the four quarters of the earth (i.e. from all the earth, etc. (1067).  

Spurgeon - Beyond all controversy, Gill was one of the most able Hebraists of his day, and in other matters no mean proficient...His ultraism is discarded, but his learning is respected: the world and the church take leave to question his dogmatism, but they both bow before his erudition. Probably no man since Gill’s days has at all equalled him in the matter of Rabbinical learning.

He preached in the same church as C. H. Spurgeon over one hundred years earlier. Yet most people today have never heard of John Gill. This is unfortunate, since his works contain priceless gems of information that are found nowhere except in the ancient writings of the Jews. 

JAMES GRAY

JAMES HALDANE - Notes Intended for An Exposition of the Epistle to the Hebrews

  • Spurgeon: "A posthumous work, and issued, not as a finished exposition, but as “Notes of an intended Exposition.” Very valuable for all that."
Hebrews 1 Hebrews 2 Hebrews 3 Hebrews 4
Hebrews 5 Hebrews 6 Hebrews 7 Hebrews 8
Hebrews 9 Hebrews 10 Hebrews 11 Hebrews 12
Hebrews 13

ROBERT HAWKER

MATTHEW HENRY

UNABRIDGED

Spurgeon - A Christian man wishing for the cream of expository writers could not make a better purchase. Ministers, as a rule, should not buy condensations, but get the works themselves.

James Rosscup - This evangelical work, devotional in character, has been in constant demand for about 280 years. Its insight into human problems is great, but it often does not deal adequately with problems in the text. The one-volume form eliminates the Biblical text and is thus less bulky. It has sold very well. The late Wilbur M. Smith, internationally noted Bible teacher, seminary professor and lover of books, tabbed this “The greatest devotional commentary ever written”. Henry was born in a Welch farmhouse, studied law, and became a Presbyterian minister near London. He wrote this commentary in the last 13 years before he died at 52 in 1714. The first of six volumes was published in 1708. He completed through Acts, and the rest of the New Testament was done by 14 clergymen. (Ed: Thus 1 Peter are not the comments of Matthew Henry).

F. B. HOLE

INTO THY WORD NOTES - R J Krejcir - emphasis on inductive Bible study

H A IRONSIDE

Cyril Barber - Continuously in print for 50 years, having made its debut in 1947. Ironside always has something good to say. He is easy to read, evangelical, and provides deft applications of the truth to life. One limitation of this revision is the use of the KJV when some other modern translation (e.g., NKJV) would have better served the needs of modern readers. Otherwise, this exposition is lucid and ideal for lay Bible study.

James Rosscup - He is staunchly evangelical, showing good broad surveys based on diligent study, practical turns, even choice illustrations. In prophecy he is premillennial dispensational....Many preachers have found that Ironside works, read along with heavier books on details of exegesis, help them see the sweep of the message and prime their spirits for practical relevance.

John Cereghin - Ironside, Harry A., Expository Notes on the Epistles of James and Peter, 1947, 41 pages. Brief devotional exposition. He attacks hyper-Calvinism (68); denounces the error of “soul sleep” (73); suggests that angels may refer to Genesis 6 (82-83); teaches the Premillennial coming of Christ (98). A practical and devotional exposition. Reprinted from the 1904 edition. 

JAMIESON, FAUSSET, AND BROWN

Published 1871 - Probably best older commentary on prophetic passages as it tends to interpret more literally.

James Rosscup - This is a helpful old set of 1863 for laypeople and pastors to have because it usually comments at least to some degree on problems. Though terse, it provides something good on almost any passage, phrase by phrase and is to some degree critical in nature. It is evangelical....Especially in its multi-volume form this is one of the old evangelical works that offers fairly solid though brief help on many verses. Spurgeon said, “It contains so great a variety of information that if a man had no other exposition he would find himself at no great loss if he possessed this and used it diligently” (Commenting and Commentaries, p. 3). Things have changed greatly since this assessment! It is primarily of help to pastors and lay people looking for quick, though usually somewhat knowledgeable treatments on verses.

Spurgeon - A really standard work. We consult it continually, and with growing interest. Mr. Fausset’s portion strikes us as being of the highest order. 

John Cereghin -  A conservative exposition. He defends Petrine authorship (xlixff); argues for the deity of Christ (619); holds that assurance in Scripture is doubly sure (622); identifies the elements as “the world’s component materials” (627); holds that Paul’s Epistles were already known as “Scripture” (628).

Unabridged Version

WILLIAM KELLY

D Edmond Hiebert  - The wordy exposition of a leading Plymouth Brethren scholar of the past century. Contains clear reflections of the doctrinal and ecclesiastical views of his circle. The difficulties of these epistles are dealt with in a clear and conservative manner. The author's death terminated the exposition of the second epistle at 3:7.(An Introduction to the New Testament)

A C KENDRICK 220 pages

Hiebert - Brief discussion of introductory problems. A thorough exposition of the epistle, with a new translation of Hebrews by the author.

LANGE'S COMMENTARY

D Edmond Hiebert on Fronmuller - Prints author's own translation. An exhaustive exposition by a conservative interpreter which has stood the test of time. Important for the expositor of 1 Peter. A careful interpretation of these epistles with a mass of material of a practical and homiletical nature.(An Introduction to the New Testament)

James Rosscup - The treatments of books within this evangelical set (Lange's Commentary) vary in importance. Generally, one finds a wealth of detailed commentary, background, and some critical and exegetical notes. Often, however, there is much excess verbiage that does not help particularly. On the other hand, it usually has something to assist the expositor on problems and is a good general set for pastors and serious lay people though it is old.

W. LINDSAY

Spurgeon: "One of those great expository works with which the Scotch ministry has so frequently enriched the Church. We wonder if any one ever read this excellent exposition through; we should not like to be sentenced to do so."

IAN MACKERVOY

HENRY MAHAN

ARCHIBALD MCLEAN - 1820

Spurgeon: "One of the most judicious and solid expositions ever written."

HEINRICH A MEYER

Spurgeon - A very learned Commentary, of which Bp. Ellicott speaks in the highest terms. Meyer must be placed in the first class of scholars, though somewhat lower down in the class than his admirers have held. Apart from scholarship we do not commend him. Alford was certainly no very rigid adherent of orthodoxy, yet he says of Meyer that he is not trusted where there is any room for the introduction of rationalistic opinions. Whatever credit may be due to him for accurate interpretation, this is a terribly serious drawback. It is well to be warned.

GEORGE MILLIGAN, 1860-1934

Cyril Barber - First published in 1899, this is one of the most significant works to be reprinted in recent years. It treats concisely matters of introduction and then systematizes the theology of the epistle in light of God's covenants with Israel. (The Minister's Library)

CHUCK MISSLER

JAMES MOFFATT - INTERNATIONAL CRITICAL COMMENTARY 1924 = CRITICAL AND EXEGETICAL COMMENTARY

James Rosscup - "Some regard this work rather highly for its exegetical excellence at times in the Greek."

Hiebert - Greek text. A work of massive scholarship by a famous liberal scholar which espouses a non-Jewish background for the recipients of this letter. Valuable introduction and interpretative notes for the advanced student. Has a helpful section on the rhythmic cadences of the epistle.

ANDREW MURRAY

D A Carson writes "the book remains a collection of marvelously pious and spiritually-minded gems strung out on a string of abysmal exegesis."

JAMES NISBET - CHURCH PULPIT COMMENTARY

ROBERT NEIGHBOUR - WELLS OF LIVING WATER COMMENTARY

JOHN OWEN

Rosscup writes - Kregel in Grand Rapids has a 1-volume abridgement that makes the comments more manageable. Owen, a Puritan scholar, was voluminous on just about everything he wrote, and he did many masterful works. Here, the patient will meet with ponderous discussion of connections between New Testament fulfillments in Christ and Old Testament preparation for Him. Much is rich and worthwhile if one has time to sort through the laborious discussions to follow through to what he can use. Theologically Owen has a lot to contribute. He has many points and sees things from various sides, reasons through views and arguments, and often is very helpful to the person who begins his study early enough to devote the time it takes. In Hebrews 6 and 10, Owen decides reference is to mere professors who fall away or shrink back, never having been actually born again.(Commentaries for Biblical Expositors)

Spurgeon: "Out of scores of commendations of this colossal work we select but one. Dr. Chalmers pronounced it “a work of gigantic strength as well as gigantic size; and he who hath mastered it is very little short, both in respect to the doctrinal and practical of Christianity, of being an erudite and accomplished theologian.”

Hiebert - A condensation of the eight-volume work on Hebrews (links below are unabridged work) on which Owens spent sixteen years of his life. A valuable guide for the study of Hebrews under this noted Puritan theologian and preacher.

PETER PETT​​​​​​​

A W PINK (caveat)

Rosscup writes - This is a rich study of the English text with many suggestive channels of thought which help the student in preparing messages or lessons. Though Pink’s earlier writings reveal a dispensational belief, his later works such as this and An Exposition of the Sermon on the Mount show a switchover to an amillennial system. (Commentaries for Biblical Expositors)

Hiebert - An exhaustive exposition by a noted Calvinistic writer with a ready pen. A reprint of a series of expositions published over a number of years in the late author's magazine, Studies in the Scriptures.

Hebrews 1 Hebrews 2 Hebrews 3 Hebrews 4
Hebrews 5 Hebrews 6 Hebrews 7 Hebrews 8
Hebrews 9 Hebrews 10 Hebrews 11 Hebrews 12
Hebrews 13

MATTHEW POOLE

JAMES QUIGGLE

JOHNNY SANDERS

ADOLPH SAPHIR

James Rosscup writes that this work exhibits "Careful insight into the text and fine articulation of the meaning by a Hebrew Christian."

Spurgeon: Mr. Saphir has always something to say worthy of the attention of spiritual minds. His mind finds a track of its own, but he is never speculative. We always enjoy his remarks, though he is not specially terse or brilliant.

Hiebert - Warm, expository studies by an accomplished Jewish Christian Bible teacher. Originally published in 1874-76.

PHILLIP SCHAFF​​​​​​​

JOHN SCHULTZ - Missionary for 37 years in Irian Jaya

SERMON BIBLE COMMENTARY

BARRY SMITH - Professor at Atlantic Baptist University

SPEAKER'S COMMENTARY

R C SPROUL - Devotionals from Tabletalk Magazine

MOSES STUART

Spurgeon: We are constantly differing from Moses Stuart, but are bound to consult him. He is one of the greatest of American scholars, and this is one of his best comments.

BOB UTLEY

BROOKE FOSS WESTCOTT

Rosccup - This famous work discusses the Greek text and presents valuable studies on subjects related to it. Many have rated it as the best older commentary from the standpoint of dealing seriously with the Greek, so it offers substantial help.

Hiebert - Greek text. The standard, older commentary on this epistle, still valued for its wise comments. The additional notes offer much helpful material to the serious Bible student.

VARIOUS CONTRIBUTORS

THIRD MILLENNIUM STUDY NOTES
EPISTLE OF HEBREWS

From "Wayback machine" - non-revised version

Outline & References

Chapter 1

Chapter 2

Chapter 3

Chapter 4

Chapter 5

Chapter 6

Chapter 7

Chapter 8

Chapter 9

Chapter 10

Chapter 11

Chapter 12

Chapter 13 - the following links do not work as of 12/9/18

  • Exhortations, Benediction, and Greetings - Hebrews 13:1-25
  • Exhortations - Hebrews 13:1-19
  • Keep on loving - Hebrews 13:1
  • Do not forget - Hebrews 13:2
  • Remember those in prison - Hebrews 13:3
  • Marriage should be honored - Hebrews 13:4
  • Love of money - Hebrews 13:5-6
  • Your leaders, who spoke the word of God - Hebrews 13:7
  • The same yesterday and today and forever - Hebrews 13:8
  • Strange teachings - Hebrews 13:9
  • Right to eat - Hebrews 13:10
  • Blood . . . outside - Hebrews 13:11-12
  • Go to him outside the camp - Hebrews 13:13
  • Continually offer - Hebrews 13:14-15
  • Do not forget - Hebrews 13:16
  • Obey . . . submit - Hebrews 13:17
  • Pray for us - Hebrews 13:18
  • Restored to you soon - Hebrews 13:19
  • Benediction and Greetings - Hebrews 13:20-25
  • Through the blood of the eternal covenant - Hebrews 13:20
  • Doing his will - Hebrews 13:21
  • Word of exhortation - Hebrews 13:22
  • Greet all your leaders - Hebrews 13:23-25

DREW WORTHEN - sermons

KENNETH WUEST - His works are superb, easy to read, authoritative and practical

Hiebert - A commentary on Hebrews, largely in the form of Greek word studies and an expanded translation. Designed to put the English reader into possession of the riches of the Greek text.

STEVE ZEISLER - sermons on Hebrews

RESOURCES ON HEBREWS
VERSE BY VERSE

MOODY BIBLE INSTITUTE

LIFE APPLICATION BIBLE

D A CARSON

JOHN FLAVEL

MIKE ANDRUS

DAVID LEGGE

NORMAN ANDERSON

JAMES GRAY

ROBERT NEIGHBOUR

HEBREWS 2

MOODY BIBLE INSTITUTE

ALAN CARR

G CAMPBELL MORGAN

BRIAN BILL

WILLIAM NICHOLSON, 1862

VARIOUS SOURCES - Hebrews 2:3 The Problem of Neglect - Read this one!

The devil and his cohorts were devising plans to get people to reject the Gospel. “Let’s go to them and say there is no God,” proposed one. Silence prevailed. Every devil knew that most people believe in a supreme being. “Let’s tell them there is no hell, no future punishment for the wicked.” offered another. That was turned down, because men obviously have consciences which tell them that sin must be punished. The concave was going to end in failure when there came a voice from the rear: “Tell them there is a God, there is a hell and that the Bible is the Word of God. But tell them there is plenty of time to decide the question. Let them ‘neglect’ the Gospel, until it is too late.” All hell erupted with ghoulish glee, for they knew that if a person procrastinated on Christ, they usually never accept Him. (10000 Sermon Illustrations. Dallas: Biblical Studies Press)

An incident from the American Revolution illustrates what tragedy can result from neglect. Colonel Rahl, commander of the British troops in Trenton, New Jersey, was playing cards when a courier brought an urgent message stating that General George Washington was crossing the Delaware River. Rahl put the letter in his pocket and didn't bother to read it until the game was finished. Then, realizing the seriousness of the situation, he hurriedly tried to rally his men to meet the coming attack, but his neglect was his undoing. He and many of his men were killed and the rest of the regiment were capture. Nolbert Quayle said, "Only a few minutes' delay cost him his life, his honor, and the liberty of his soldiers." Earth's history is strewn with the wrecks of half-finished plans and unexecuted resolutions. 'Tomorrow' is the excuse of the lazy and refuge of the incompetent. (Adapted from Our Daily Bread)

The Cost of Not Putting a Finger in the Dike - For most of the last decade, Chicagoans who worked in the Loop, the booming downtown business district, could easily ignore the city's budget crisis; Washington's cutback of aid to cities didn't seem to hurt business. Last week, they learned one price of neglecting the underpinnings of all that economic growth. A quarter billion gallons of murky Chicago River water gushed into a 60-mile network of turn-of-the-century freight tunnels under the Loop and brought nearly all businesses to a soggy halt. It turned out that a top city official had known about the leak, but, acting for a cash-strapped government, had delayed repairs costing only about $50,000. The final cost of the damage caused by this neglect was estimated to be more than $1 billion. (From U.S. News & World Report, April 27, 1992.)

We often fail to consider the gradual, cumulative effect of sin in our lives. In Saint Louis in 1984, an unemployed cleaning woman noticed a few bees buzzing around the attic of her home. Since there were only a few, she made no effort to deal with them. Over the summer the bees continued to fly in and out the attic vent while the woman remained unconcerned, unaware of the growing city of bees. The whole attic became a hive, and the ceiling of the second- floor bedroom finally caved in under the weight of hundreds of pounds of honey and thousands of angry bees. While the woman escaped serious injury, she was unable to repair the damage of her accumulated neglect. (Robert T Wenz)

A 64-year-old woman, whose decomposed body was found in her dilapidated Houston home recently, was discovered frozen to death for five months. She was forgotten (neglected) all winter and spring by neighbors and family members. Neighbors described her as someone who "didn't have anything to do with anybody, and nobody had anything to do with her." This occurred after her children had grown up and moved away, and then her husband's death. She had two children, one of whom lived about 10 miles from his mother's house.

"The tragedy of life is not that it ends so soon, but that we wait so long to begin it."

Here is a poem that originally was written by Gloria Pitzer (neglect has been substituted for procrastination)…

Neglect is my sin
It brings me naught but sorrow.
I know that I should stop it
In fact, I will… tomorrow!

JAMES SMITH

J C PHILPOT, 1858

F B MEYER

BIBLE.ORG

HEBREWS 3

MOODY BIBLE INSTITUTE

OCTAVIUS WINSLOW

  • These are the words of Jesus quoted by the apostle from a prophetical psalm concerning Him. We have considered Him as teaching us by His example to pray; it may promote our personal holiness by considering Him as teaching us to PRAISE. Praise is an element of the gospel. It entered essentially, if not prominently, into our Lord's personal life. "A man of sorrow," though He was--oftener seen to weep than to smile--yet there were moments when gleams of joy shone upon His soul, and strains of praise breathed from His lips.

    Our Lord was of a THANKFUL spirit, and a thankful spirit is a praiseful spirit. How often the words were on His lips, "I thank You, O Father." He thanked God for the sovereignty of His grace for manifesting Himself to His disciples, for the food He was about to distribute, and over the grave of the friend He was about to raise from the dead. In all things Jesus was of a thankful, and therefore of a praiseful spirit.

    And so, my soul, should you be! You have everything to praise God for. For the GLORIOUS GOSPEL of the blessed God; which, in the blessed announcements it makes of full pardon, of free justification, of gracious adoption, of present grace and future glory--is praise, all praise, eternal praise. There is not one announcement in the gospel to dishearten or repel a poor, penitent sinner. To such it is a 'joyful sound' without one jarring note, a salvation without a condition, a righteousness without a work, a pardon without money, a heaven without human merit or purchase--all the free gift of God's most free and unmerited grace. Is not this sufficient to awaken the deepest gratitude and the loudest praise in your soul?

    And, O my soul! what shall be said of the praise due from you for the GIFT OF JESUS? Can you think of Him for a moment, and not feel your whole soul thrilling with thanksgiving and tremulous with praise? Oh, praise God for Jesus--for such a divine yet such a human Savior--for such a life, for such a death, for such a righteousness, and for such an Atonement as His. Is there no deep response of your heart to the thankful, praiseful words of the apostle--"Thanks be unto God, for His unspeakable gift?" Oh, praise Him for such a lovely and loving, for such a gracious and precious Savior, but for whom, you had been lost forever!

    And have you not reason to praise God for YOUR CONVERSION? Oh, what a wonder of sovereign grace that ever you were brought out of nature's darkness into God's marvelous light! That, ever divine power drew you, and divine love chose you, and divine blood cleansed you, and a divine righteousness was imputed to you! That, ever you did hear the voice of Jesus, when lying in your blood, cast out to the loathing of yourself, saying to you, "Live!" And that then He washed you, and clothed you, and decked you with ornaments, and put a fair chain on your neck, a crown and a mitre on your head, and you became lovely through His loveliness put upon you--a king and a priest unto God! Praise, oh, praise Him loudly for that happy day when, having betrothed you in eternity, He savingly drew you to Himself, and you became His. Can you recall the memory of that blissful hour, and not make the desert ring with your loudest, sweetest praise?

    "Oh! to grace, how great a debtor!"

    My soul! seek from God the spirit of thankfulness, and cultivate habitually the grace of praise. It is a soul-purifying and a God-glorifying grace. It keeps the heart in perpetual bloom, and converts the life into a daily psalm! Praise God for all--praise Him for the blessings--of His providence, for the barrel of meal and for the cruse of oil that have not failed, for the providence that brightens, for the sorrow that shades, for the mercy that smiles, and for the judgment that frowns--for God's love breathing through all. Thus shall you be learning to sing the 'new song,' and to unite in the never ending music of heaven, where–
    "Praise shall employ our noblest powers, 
    While immortality endures."

BRETT R SCOTT

JAMES SMITH

"The deceitfulness of sin!" Hebrews 3:13 
I would soon fall into gross sins! (The following in an excerpt from the diary of James Smith) September, 1850. 

I have been the subject of very powerful temptations, and have reason to mourn, that though kept from outward sin — I have felt my heart going out after secret evil. I as much need keeping now — as at any former period of my life! The flesh is so powerful, that if God were to withdraw His hand — I would soon fall into gross sins!  How difficult it is to reconcile what I feel, with a 'growth in grace,' or with anything like a deep work of inward sanctification. Sin seems to lose all its deformity at such times, and appears to be a mere trifling act. O the self-deluding power of sin! If any of God's people ought to be humble — I ought to; and to lie lower before God than any of them. Still, pride works mightily in me. I strive to do good, my heart is set upon it — and yet at present, I seem to make very little progress. "Hold me up — and I shall be safe!" Psalm 119:117

F B MEYER

G CAMPBELL MORGAN

HEBREWS 4

MOODY BIBLE INSTITUTE

ROBERT NEIGHBOUR

JAMES SMITH

HENRY SUSO

JAMES SMITH 

RICHARD BAXTER - on rest 

MISCELLANEOUS SOURCES

DAVID LEGGE

ANDREW T LINCOLN

MIKE ANDRUS

ALAN CARR

JOHN MACDUFF

HEBREWS 5

MOODY BIBLE INSTITUTE

JAMES GRAY

F B MEYER

BOB DEWAAY

JONATHAN EDWARDS

WIL POUNDS

HEBREWS 6

MOODY BIBLE INSTITUTE

BOB DE WAAY

BRUCE COMPTON

ROBERT RAYBURN

F F BRUCE

BRIAN BILL

ALAN CARR

RICHARD M DAVIDSON

F B MEYER

HEBREWS 7

MOODY BIBLE INSTITUTE

ROBERT RAYBURN

ROBERT NEIGHBOUR

ANDREW MURRAY

DAVID LEGGE

JOHN MACDUFF

F B MEYER

J C RYLE

ALAN CARR

G CAMPBELL MORGAN

HEBREWS 8

JAMES GRAY

ROBERT RAYBURN

MOODY BIBLE INSTITUTE

ROBERT NEIGHBOUR

F B MEYER

HEBREWS 9

MOODY BIBLE INSTITUTE

ALAN CARR

MARTIN LUTHER

G CAMPBELL MORGAN

F B MEYER

G CAMPBELL MORGAN

EVANGELICAL QUATERLY

JOHN FLAVEL

RAY PRITCHARD

HEBREWS 10

MOODY BIBLE INSTITUTE

JAMES GRAY

G CAMPBELL MORGAN

JAMES SMITH

Hebrews 10:23 God is Faithful

ALAN CARR

JOHN MACDUFF

F B MEYER

DAVID LEGGE

HEBREWS 11

ROBERT NEIGHBOUR

MOODY BIBLE INSTITUTE

ALAN CARR

G CAMPBELL MORGAN

THOMAS MANTON Puritan

JOHN BUNYAN - Pilgrim's Progress

BRIAN BILL

EDWARD GRIFFIN

THOMAS SHERMAN

ARCHIBALD BROWN

J R MILLER

  • Hebrews 11:27 - If you saw Christ standing beside you all the time

Scripture says of Moses, that "he endured as seeing Him who is invisible!" Hebrews 11:27. That is, Moses always remembered that God was right beside him, his friend to help him — and this made him strong. He did not actually see God — but it was as if he saw Him. That is, he realized the divine presence in all of his life. If you saw Christ standing beside you all the time — it would not be hard for you to keep sweet, to keep control of temper and speech. Well, Christ IS beside you — just as really as He was beside Mary when she sat at His feet in Bethany, or beside Peter and the other disciples as they walked together over the hills of Judea and Galilee. What you need, is to realize this fact. We know that Jesus is present with us all the time, at every moment, by day or by night. He is closer than any human friend can be to us. Indeed, we are to practice His presence — that is, we are to live all the time, as if we actually saw Him! You must remember that Christ is always besides you, not only to see you — but to help you, as your truest and best Friend!

EDWARD GRIFFIN

ALAN CARR

ROBERT M M'CHEYNE

F B MEYER

ALAN CARR

JAMES MACDUFF

J C PHILPOT

JONATHAN EDWARDS

ALAN CARR

NEWMAN HALL

J C RYLE

JAMES SMITH

Home, sweet home! There is no place like home! (James Smith, "Rills from the Rock of Ages", 1860)
"These all died in faith . . . they confessed that they were strangers and pilgrims on the earth" Hebrews 11:13

The day of life with them is ended. Its duties are ended. Its responsibilities are past. Its hours are fled away.

What a trying day some of them had! How stormy. How sultry. How often overcast. How gloomy. But it is now past — and past forever! The toils of the wilderness are over! They had much to afflict and pain them . . . 

  • a difficult and dangerous journey,
  • a long wearisome march,
  • many a heavy cross to carry,
  • many a stubborn foe to face,
  • many a painful doubt,
  • numerous gloomy fears.

But now the wilderness is all behind them! The afflictions of the pilgrimage are terminated. Those sufferings were sharp, and some of them continued long. Many of them were endured in secret without sympathy, and without relief. They were soul sorrows, agony of mind — as well as sharp pains of body. But however multiplied, however severe, however protracted those sorrows — they are past and gone, never, never to return!

The sweetest repose is now enjoyed. The poor tabernacle has been taken down, and is laid in a quiet resting-place, until the resurrection morning. The soul is gone to be with Jesus. It has traveled through the rough path of life — and is now in God's presence, where there is fullness of joy, and pleasures for evermore!

As Christians, we are going to the same place. The graves will soon be ready for our bodies — and the mansions of glory for our souls. We are going home! Home to our Father's house! Home where our hearts have long been. Home where all our prayers will be answered, and all our best desires will be gratified. "Home, sweet home! There is no place like home!" Especially our home! A paradise without a tempting serpent! A paradise where all are holy, all are safe, all are happy. Those pure and perpetual joys, which are at God's right hand, await us! We taste them now, and are delighted with a sip — but there we shall soon drink full draughts of eternal glory, eternal joy, and eternal blessedness!

Amidst present toils and trials, dangers and distresses — when wearied, way-worn, and tempted to fret — remember that you will soon be HOME! Think, think, O my soul, of an eternity of enjoyment — when the sufferings of time are ended! "Weeping may remain for a night — but rejoicing comes in the morning!" Psalm 30:5 (Please forward this uplifting post to all of your Christian friends who are going through times of affliction.)

 

F B MEYER

HEBREWS 12

SERMONS BY VERSE

RBC BOOKLET - Discovery House

ROBERT NEIGHBOUR

MOODY BIBLE INSTITUTE

G CAMPBELL MORGAN

ALAN CARR

THOMAS WATSON

BRIAN BILL

J C RYLE

GOT QUESTIONS

THOMAS BROOKS

JOHN ANGELL JAMES

GEORGE EVERARD, 1882

JAMES SMITH

DAVID HARSHA

F B MEYER

G CAMPBELL MORGAN

HEBREWS 13

JAMES GRAY

MOODY BIBLE INSTITUTE

F B MEYER

J C RYLE

ROBERT M M'CHEYNE

JAMES SMITH

  • Hebrews 13:8 Sermon
  • Devotional Below - Anyone but our God would have left us long ago!  "I will never leave you, nor ever forsake you." Hebrews 13:5

If the Lord is with us—all will be well. He has promised to be with us always—even unto the end. Anyone but our God would have left us long ago! But He is patient, full of compassion, and of great mercy. He will go through the whole journey with us! He will conduct us through life with safety—and be our God to all eternity!

"Do not be afraid, for I have ransomed you. I have called you by name; you are Mine! When you go through deep waters and great trouble—I will be with you! When you go through rivers of difficulty—you will not drown! When you walk through the fire of oppression—you will not be burned up; the flames will not consume you. For I am the LORD, your God, the Holy One of Israel, your Savior!" Isaiah 43:1-3 

He will be with us . . .

  1.   in every trouble—to support us; 
  2.   in every trial—to comfort us; 
  3.   in every difficulty—to provide for us; 
  4.   in every danger—to deliver us; 
  5.   and under all circumstances—to bless us.

He will be with us . . .

  1.   as our heavenly Father;
  2.   as our firm and faithful Friend;
  3.   as our omnipotent God!

And we shall be with Him shortly—as His children, His jewels—to be glorified with Him forever! Beloved, let us rejoice in this—that God will never leave us! Troubles may come upon us—but our God will never forsake His people! Having loved His own—He will love them unto the very end!

OCTAVIUS WINSLOW

G CAMPBELL MORGAN

ALAN CARR

J C RYLE

FRANCIS BOURDILLON, 1881

RICHARD MAYHUE

A W PINK

F B MEYER

Book

chapter
1
verse
0

DISCLAIMER: Before you "go to the commentaries" go to the Scriptures and study them inductively (Click 3 part overview of how to do Inductive Bible Study) in dependence on your Teacher, the Holy Spirit, Who Jesus promised would guide us into all the truth (John 16:13). Remember that Scripture is always the best commentary on Scripture. Any commentary, even those by the most conservative and orthodox teacher/preachers cannot help but have at least some bias of the expositor based upon his training and experience. Therefore the inclusion of specific links does not indicate that we agree with every comment. We have made a sincere effort to select only the most conservative, "bibliocentric" commentaries. Should you discover some commentary or sermon you feel may not be orthodox, please email your concern. I have removed several links in response to concerns by discerning readers. I recommend that your priority be a steady intake of solid Biblical food so that with practice you will have your spiritual senses trained to discern good from evil (Heb 5:14-note).