Hebrews 6:1 Therefore leaving the elementary teaching about the Christ, let us press on to maturity, not laying again a foundation of repentance from dead works and of faith toward God, (NASB: Lockman)
Amplified: THEREFORE LET us go on and get past the elementary stage in the teachings and doctrine of Christ (the Messiah), advancing steadily toward the completeness and perfection that belong to spiritual maturity. Let us not again be laying the foundation of repentance and abandonment of dead works (dead formalism) and of the faith [by which you turned] to God, (Amplified Bible - Lockman)
Barclay: So, then, let us leave elementary teaching about Christ behind us and let us be borne onwards to full maturity; for we cannot go on laying the foundations all the time and teaching about repentance from dead works (Westminster Press)
NLT: So let us stop going over the basics of Christianity again and again. Let us go on instead and become mature in our understanding. Surely we don't need to start all over again with the importance of turning away from evil deeds and placing our faith in God. (NLT - Tyndale House)
Phillips: - Let us leave behind the elementary teaching about Christ and go forward to adult understanding. Let us not lay over and over again the foundation truths - repentance from the deeds which led to death, believing in God (Phillips: Touchstone)
Wuest: Therefore, having put away once for all the beginning word of the Messiah [the first testament in animal blood, i.e., the Mosaic economy], let us be carried along to that which is complete [the new testament in Jesus’ blood], not again laying down a foundation of repentance from dead works, and of faith toward God (Eerdmans)
Young's Literal: Wherefore, having left the word of the beginning of the Christ, unto the perfection we may advance, not again a foundation laying of reformation from dead works, and of faith on God,
THEREFORE LEAVING THE ELEMENTARY TEACHING ABOUT THE CHRIST: dio aphentes (AAPMPN) ton tes arches tou Christou logon tou Christou: (Mark 1:1; John 1:1-3; 1Timothy 3:16)
Therefore - As discussed below this is not the best chapter division (the divisions and versification are not inspired.)
Therefore (1352) (dio) is a term of conclusion (always ask "What's it 'there for?'"). Why is it there for? Because of the argument he has just mentioned about the difficulty of subject (of the priesthood of Melchizedek) the dullness of the readers ("by this time you ought to be teachers!" - see notes Hebrews 5:12; 13; 14). It is time to get out of the crib and off the bottle and to grow up, to move on, to become mature believers. And to help them understand the goal God desires for His children, the writer has just present a clear contrast between the mature Christians and the immature Christian.
Spurgeon observes that "In the previous chapter, Paul was writing to some who ought to have been teachers, but who needed still to be taught the first principles of the gospel; they were such babes in grace that they needed the milk of the Word, — the very simplest elements of gospel truth, — and not the strong meat of solid doctrine. The apostle, however, desires that the Hebrew believers should understand the sublimer doctrines of the gospel, and so be like men of full age who can eat strong meat. In this chapter he exhorts them to seek to attain to this standard.
Dave Branon puts it this way…
Few of us look in the mirror and come to the conclusion of Hall of Fame quarterback Joe Namath. During his heyday as a player, Namath wrote a book titled I Can't Wait Until Tomorrow … 'Cause I Get Better-Looking Every Day.
As egotistical as that title sounds, it can help us see how we as believers in the Lord Jesus Christ should view ourselves in the lifelong process of becoming like Him. Scripture tells us that to become more like Christ, we need to keep getting better every day.
The development of Christlikeness is called sanctification. It begins the moment we put our faith in Christ for forgiveness of our sins. In God's eyes we are sanctified, or "set apart" from the ungodly, and placed in God's family. But sanctification is also the ongoing process in which we become more and more like our Savior as we allow the Holy Spirit to develop in us His characteristics. Our part is to "press on," striving to reach spiritual maturity (see note Philippians 3:12).
Ask yourself this question: Am I better-looking spiritually than I was yesterday? It's a good test of whether you are becoming more like Jesus. —Dave Branon (Our Daily Bread, Copyright RBC Ministries, Grand Rapids, MI. Reprinted by permission. All rights reserved)
Every day more like my Savior,
Every day my will resign,
Till at last Christ reigns supremely
In this grateful heart of mine. --Brandt
The new birth takes only a moment; the growth of a saint takes a lifetime.
Stedman introduces this section of the letter noting that "Life presents a thousand examples of the need to act on knowledge before any benefit is received. It is not enough to know a telephone number; if you want to talk to someone, you must dial the number. It is not enough to know the price of an object; if you want it, you must pay that price. It is not enough to know where India is; if you want to see it, you must go there. So it should not seem strange that the writer of Hebrews insists that to know Jesus you must receive Him by faith and obey His teaching. The unfortunate chapter division at this point tends to minimize the opening Therefore of chapter 6. Our author does not propose to teach his readers again the elementary truths of God’s word though he has told them their dullness seems to require it. They already know the teaching; what they need now is personal commitment to it. This can only be achieved by going on to those actions of faith that produce maturity. For this reason he urges them to leave the elementary teachings about Christ and go on from words to applications. Elementary teachings is not a reference to regeneration, but means introductory information that could lead to regeneration… These transitional truths lead from Jewish beliefs and practices to a full sharing in Christ. Though Bruce takes them as a Jewish list and others as Christian, the truth is they are both, as Bruce concedes that each “acquires a new significance in a Christian context” (1964:112). The point is that they do not represent anything but the barest beginnings of Christian faith. It is necessary to go from the knowledge of these initial truths to experiences which actually draw upon the priestly ministry of Jesus for this is what would lead them from head knowledge to heart response. (Hebrews 6:1-20 Repentance Can Be Impossible!)
Leaving the elementary teaching - The verb Leaving (as discussed more below) is in a tense (aorist) that calls for definite, effective action by the individual. Further, the active voice signifies that this change of direction requires a definite choice of one's will. Progress in the Christian life is not just "let go and let God" as some teach, but entails personal responsibility and personal initiative to seek to progress in the Christian life. Although the analogy is not perfect, spiritual progress is a bit like riding a bicycle -- stop pedaling and sooner or later you fall over. The writer of course is not implying that one can press on to spiritual maturity in his or her own strength apart from the grace of God and the supernatural operation of the Holy Spirit, but he does place a responsibility for growth upon those who would seek to walk worthy of their Lord. Paul gives a similar exhortation in Romans 12:1 (note), calling for each believer to present himself or herself as a living sacrifice, for he knows that unless this act of consecration occurs and includes a presentation of one's members to God as instruments of holiness and righteousness, there will be no progress in spiritual maturity. We don't just naturally "drift" toward Christlikeness.
In short, the writer is emphasizing the human side of pressing on to maturity. Everyone born into the family of God is born with the capacity to progress out of infancy into maturity in Christ. But as he has already alluded to in this letter, the writer recognized that there were those who were in danger of returning to the old "religious" order that they might escape persecution. And so even as a man seeking a wife is called to "leave and cleave", the writer exhorts his readers to leave spiritual infancy and press on to spiritual maturity.
Leaving (863) (aphiemi from apo = prefix implies separation + hiemi = put in motion, send) conveys the basic idea of an action which causes separation and means to send from one's self, to forsake, to hurl away, to put away, let alone, disregard, put off. It conveys the basic idea of an action which causes separation and refers to total detachment, total separation, from a previous location or condition. It means to send forth or away from one's self. It refers to the act of putting something away or of laying it aside. In secular Greek aphiemi initially conveyed the sense of to throw and in one secular writing we read "let the pot drop" (aphiemi). From this early literal use the word came to mean leave or let go.
Wuest an an interesting note on the verb leaving writing that it "The preposition (apo) implies separation and is used with a case in Greek which implies separation. The case speaks not only of the literal removal of one object from the vicinity of another, but also of the departure from antecedent relations such as derivation, cause, origin, and the like. It contemplates an alteration in state from the viewpoint of the original situation. It comprehends an original situation from which the idea expressed is in some way removed. Thus, the basic idea in the verb is that of an action which causes a separation. The various meanings of the word are as follows: “to send away, to bid go away or depart, to let go, to send from one’s self, to let alone, to let be, to disregard.” It is used of teachers, writers, and speakers when presenting a topic, in the sense of “to leave, not to discuss.” In manuscripts of the Koine period, we have as reported in Moulton and Milligan’s Vocabulary of the Greek Testament, the sentence, “Let the pot drop,” and the clause, “Not to leave me to be neglected in a strange land;” also an appeal from a forsaken girl to her lover, “Oh, Lord, do not leave me.” In Matthew 13:36 and Mark 4:36, this word is used of the sending away of the multitudes. Expositor’s Greek Testament translates it here, “Let us abandon.” Alford explains it in the words, “Leaving as behind and done with in order to go on to another thing.” To use the word “leaving” in the sense that a superstructure of a house leaves the foundation and yet builds on it, as is done by some expositors, is a case of English eisegesis (reading into the text what is not there). But such a usage will not stand the scrutiny of the Greek exegesis of this word (taking out of the text what is there), nor is it in accord with the historical background and the analysis of the book. The word is an aorist participle. Greek grammar tells us that the action of the aorist participle precedes the action of the leading verb in the sentence, which in this case is “let us go on.” The aorist tense speaks of a once for all action. We could translate, “Therefore, having abandoned once for all the principles of the doctrine of Christ, let us go on to perfection.” The act of abandoning is the pre-requisite to that of going on. One cannot go on without first separating one’s self from that to which one is attached. The word translated “let us go on” is first person plural subjunctive, which is used for hortatory purposes in Greek. That is, we have an exhortation here. Another way of exhorting one in Greek is to use the imperative mode. There is a classification of the participle in Greek which is designated, “the participle used as an imperative.” Our word “abandoning” is an imperative participle. It gives a command. (Hebrews Commentary online)
Aphiemi refers to the act of putting something away or of laying it aside and as used in the present context means that God lets go of the obligation we "owe" Him because of sin against His holiness. It means to remit (to release from the guilt or penalty of) as one would a financial debt (e.g., on the Rosetta stone it refers to the "total remission" of certain taxes). Unfortunately the English word "forgive" does not adequately picture the meaning of the Greek.
In secular Greek literature, aphiemi was a fundamental word used to indicate the sending away of an object or a person. Aphiemi was used to describe the voluntary release of a person or thing over which one has legal or actual control. The related noun aphesis meant described a setting free. .Later it came to include the release of someone from the obligation of marriage, or debt, or even a religious vow. In its final form it came to embrace the principle of release from punishment for some wrongdoing.
Colin Brown adds that aphiemi means "With a personal object, to send forth, send away (of a woman, to divorce; of a meeting, to dissolve, end), to let go, to leave, dispatch; with an impersonal object, to loose (e.g. a ship into the sea), to discharge (e.g. arrows), to give up. In the figurative sense the verb (aphiemi) means to let alone, permit, let pass, neglect, give up (taking trouble, etc.); in Josephus, Ant., 1, 12, 3, to lose one’s life, die. The legal use is important: to release from a legal bond (office, guilt, etc. and also, a woman from marriage, e.g. Hdt., 5, 39), to acquit (e.g. cancellation of criminal proceedings, Plato, Laws, 9, 86, 9d), to exempt (from guilt, obligation, punishment, etc.; e.g. Hdt., 6, 30). Similarly the noun aphesis (e.g. Demosthenes, 24, 45) means release, pardon, or remission, etc (Brown, Colin: New International Dictionary of NT Theology. 1986. Zondervan)
Aphiemi was also used of teachers, writers, and speakers when presenting a topic, in the sense of “to leave, let alone, disregard, not to discuss now. It means “to abandon, to leave as behind and done with in order to go on to another thing.”
Leaving off or let go from one’s further notice does not imply ceasing to believe in elementary teaching or to regard them as unimportant, but leaving them "as a builder leaves his foundation in erecting his building". The writer's point is that the beginning is not a stopping place but is the door to further progress in the spiritual life.
Vincent - Leaving or dismissing does not imply ceasing to believe in elementary truths or to regard them as important, but leaving them “as a builder leaves his foundation in erecting his building” (Bruce).
The idea for Jewish believers and those who profess to believe is to abandon shadows, types, pictures, and sacrifices of the old economy and come to the reality of the New Covenant in Jesus Christ. To paraphrase it the writer is saying “Leave the pictures of the Messiah and go on to the Messiah Himself,”
Elementary (746) (arche) means the first, the beginning (the things that occurred prior in time). It can mean supreme in rank but clearly that is not the meaning in this verse. In relation to time, arche refers to the beginning of anything, the first. Think about a baby who begins playing with blocks but moves on to tricycles, etc. The writer is telling his readers to leave the elementary teaching concerning the doctrines upon which their prior religious life had been based. Leave the milk! These elementary doctrines were those teaching that Christianity had in common with Judaism, the teaching they had received from the Old Testament. They had to move past those teachings that Judaism had in common with Christianity, or otherwise they would never move on to maturity.
Teaching (3056) (logos from lego = to speak intelligently source of English "logic, logical") means something said and describes a communication whereby the mind finds expression in words. Although Lógos is most often translated word which Webster defines as "something that is said, a statement, an utterance", the Greek understanding of lógos is somewhat more complex. In the Greek mind and as used by the secular and philosophical Greek writers, lógos did not mean merely the name of an object but was an expression of the thought behind that object's name.
Lógos then is a general term for speaking, but always used for speaking with rational content. Lógos is a word uttered by the human voice which embodies an underlying concept or idea. When one has spoken the sum total of their thoughts concerning something, they have given to their hearer a total concept of that thing. Thus the word lógos conveys the idea of “a total concept” of anything. Lógos means the word or outward form by which the inward thought is expressed and made known. It can also refer to the inward thought or reason itself. Note then that lógos does not refer merely to a part of speech but to a concept or idea. In other words, in classical Greek, lógos never meant just a word in the grammatical sense as the mere name of a thing, but rather the thing referred to, the material, not the formal part. In fact, the Greek language has 3 other words (rhema, onoma, epos) which designate a word in its grammatical sense. Lógos refers to the total expression whereas rhema for example is used of a part of speech in a sentence. In other words rhema , emphasizes the parts rather than the whole.
The elementary teaching - "the rudiments of the beginning". The writer has just addressed this topic (which is why this is such a poor chapter division) chiding them that…
though by this time you ought to be teachers, you have need again for someone to teach you the elementary principles of the oracles of God, and you have come to need milk and not solid food. For everyone who partakes only of milk is not accustomed to the word of righteousness, for he is a babe. But solid food is for the mature, who because of practice have their senses trained to discern good and evil. (See notes Hebrews 5:12; 5:13;:14)
F F Bruce observes that "Practically every item (in the writers list that follows) could have its place in a fairly orthodox Jewish community
The writer may have felt that to concentrate on this area would be of no help to those slipping back into Judaism. Therefore he went on to "solid food."
The Christ - the Messiah (remember they are predominantly Jewish group, a mixture of believers and professor but not yet believers)
Wuest asks "Now what does the writer exhort these Hebrews to abandon, and to what does he urge them to allow themselves to be borne along? Well, what does a mariner do when he is at a loss as to exactly where he is? He checks his position by his instruments. The aviator in a similar situation checks his course by the radio beam. An exegete in a similar situation will consult the historical background and analysis of the book. And that is exactly what we will do. We found that the writer proves twice over that the New Testament in Jesus’ Blood is superior to and takes the place of the First Testament in animal blood. After proving this, he shows that faith is the only way of appropriating the salvation which the High Priest procured for sinners at the Cross. In the light of this demonstration, he warns them against falling away. He exhorts them to go on to faith in the New Testament Sacrifice. Having left the temple sacrifices, and having identified themselves with the visible Church, from what could they fall away but from their profession of Messiah as High Priest, and to what could they fall back to but First Testament sacrifices? Thus the words, “the principles of the doctrine of Christ,” must refer to the First Testament sacrifices, for these Jews are exhorted to abandon them. Likewise, the word “perfection” must speak of the New Testament Sacrifice to which they are exhorted to allow themselves to be borne along. Our analysis has guided us to the correct interpretation. (Hebrews Commentary online)
LET US PRESS ON TO MATURITY: epi ten teleioteta pherometha (1PPPS): (Hebrews 7:11-note; Hebrews 12:13-note; Proverbs 4:18; Matthew 5:48 - note; 1Corinthians 13:10; 2Corinthians 7:1; Ephesians 4:12 - note; Philippians 3:12-15 -notes; Colossians 1:28-note; Colossians 4:12-note; James 1:4-note; 1 Peter 5:10-note; 1John 4:12)
Click for all 12 "let us… " exhortations in Hebrews (in the NASB).
Spurgeon - Let us go from the school to the university. Let us have done with our first spelling books and advance into the higher classics of the kingdom. Children are to learn their letters in order that they may go on to higher branches of education, and believers are to know the elements of the faith, but are then to advance to the higher attainments and endeavor to understand the deeper mysteries.
Press on (KJV = go on) (5342) (phero) be borne along like a ship by the wind (see below). The use of the passive voice emphasizes the exertion of power on the individual from an outside source. passive voice also conveys the the thought of the need of the recipient to willingly surrender to this outside influence (see comments below on the Holy Spirit). The present tense emphasizes the continual need for this activity. Note the writer lumps himself in this group needing to be continually borne along. The idea is "Let us be carried along (by God’s Spirit)."
And so the writer alludes to the sanctifying work of the Holy Spirit, that process of growing in Christlikeness, learning more and more to say "yes" to the impulse of the Spirit's control and then being enabled to say "no" to the desires of the evil flesh. Spiritual maturity does not come by our striving in self-effort but by our cooperating with God as we do His will depending on His help. It comes as we follow the Holy Spirit who leads us. (See notes 1 Peter 1:2, Galatians 5:16, Philippians 3:12; Romans 8:13)
The Pythagorean Schools used the Greek verb for press on in the sense of being borne on to a higher stage of instruction, this being the counterfeit for the Christian's "higher state" of increasing conformity to the image of God's Son.
In Acts 27:17 phero in the passive voice refers to a ship which helps illustrate the meaning of the verb. The idea then would be "so let themselves be driven along". We too like "ships" in the night of this present evil age must keep our sails trimmed (Philippians 2:12 see note) that we might be borne along toward our better country by His Spirit (Philippians 2:13 see note)!
In his outline of Hebrews 6 entitled "The Peril of Defection", Melvin Worthington alliterates these first 3 verses "The Desired Perfection (Heb 6:1-3). The perfection desired includes, the exhortation to develop (v1), the elementary doctrines (vv. 1-2) and the enabling Deity (v3)… (he concludes) The writer of Hebrews was not interested in arguing doctrine, but with warning those who claim to be the people of God. The truth is simple, despite where you fall on a doctrinal scale, if you turn your back on faith in God, you will face the same wrath and punishment of an unbeliever: hell. (ref)
Wuest - The verb means “to carry or bear,” (phero). Moulton and Milligan report its use as “bring” and “carry,” in such sentences from early Greek manuscripts as: “Her tunic, the white one which you have, bring when you come, but the turquoise one do not bring,” and “Return from where you are before someone fetches you,” the words “bring” and “fetch” being the translations of this word. The word is in the passive voice, which means that the subject is passive or inactive itself and is being acted upon by some outside agent. Thus we could translate, “abandoning once for all…let us be carried along.” Now what does the writer exhort these Hebrews to abandon, and to what does he urge them to allow themselves to be borne along? Well, what does a mariner do when he is at a loss as to exactly where he is? He checks his position by his instruments. The aviator in a similar situation checks his course by the radio beam. An exegete in a similar situation will consult the historical background and analysis of the book. And that is exactly what we will do. We found that the writer proves twice over that the New Testament in Jesus’ Blood is superior to and takes the place of the First Testament in animal blood. After proving this, he shows that faith is the only way of appropriating the salvation which the High Priest procured for sinners at the Cross. In the light of this demonstration, he warns them against falling away. He exhorts them to go on to faith in the New Testament Sacrifice. Having left the temple sacrifices, and having identified themselves with the visible Church, from what could they fall away but from their profession of Messiah as High Priest, and to what could they fall back to but First Testament sacrifices? Thus the words, “the principles of the doctrine of Christ,” must refer to the First Testament sacrifices, for these Jews are exhorted to abandon them. Likewise, the word “perfection” must speak of the New Testament Sacrifice to which they are exhorted to allow themselves to be borne along. Our analysis has guided us to the correct interpretation. (Hebrews Commentary online)
Spurgeon phrased it memorably…
Let us go from the school to the university, let us have done with our first spelling-books, and advance into the higher classics of the kingdom.
Let us make sure that the foundation is laid, but let us not have continually to lay it again. Let us go on believing and repenting, as we have done; but let us not have to begin believing and begin repenting, let us go on to something beyond that stage of experience.
Maturity (5047) (teleiotes related to teleios from telos = an end, a purpose, an aim, a goal) describes one as being in a state of completion or perfection in the sense of maturity (and in contrast to the stage of elementary, ABC, knowledge). The related word teleios means complete, mature, fully developed, full grown, brought to its end, finished, wanting nothing necessary to completeness, in good working order. Teleios signifies consummate soundness, includes the idea of being whole. Interestingly the Gnostics used teleios of the one fully initiated into their mysteries and that may have been why Paul used teleios in this epistle.
The only other NT use of teleiotes is in Colossians where Paul writes…
And beyond all these things put on love, which is the perfect bond of unity. (see note Colossians 3:14)
Teleiotes (5047) is related to the similar word in Hebrews 12:2 with Strong's number (5051) this latter word referring to Jesus as our Model or Goal to press onward toward writing that we need to run…
fixing our eyes on Jesus, the Author and Perfecter of faith, Who for the joy set before Him endured the cross, despising the shame, and has sat down at the right hand of the throne of God. (see note Hebrews 12:2)
Christlikeness is our goal. Conformity to the image of the Son is the Father's will for every one of His children.
Wuest - Our Lord in His life of faith on earth, became the perfect or complete example of the life of faith. Thayer speaks of our Lord as “one who has in his own person raised faith to its perfection and so set before us the highest example of faith.” (Hebrews Commentary online) (Bolding added)
Larry Richards - As we run we can look back and see how Jesus ran His race ("Author"). When we look ahead we can see His exaltation ("Finisher"). He is our example as starter and finisher. (Richards, L: The Bible reader's companion. Wheaton, Ill.: Victor Books)
What does Perfecter mean pragmatically? It means that if you want to look for a perfect example of faith, you look to our Lord Jesus Christ. If you look at Abraham, you see failure. If you look to Abel, you see failure. If you look to Moses, you will see failure. And in Gideon, Samson, Jeptha, and all the rest of the runners in the race of faith in Hebrews 11, you will see failure. There is one person, and only One, Who never failed and that Person is our Lord Jesus Christ. And He will never fail you beloved.
S Lewis Johnson - I am sure, if you feel as I do at times, to look at our Lord as an example which we are to follow, is a very frustrating thing. Joseph Parker, a great London preacher, had gone to hear the great pianist Paderiski play. He was so filled with the consummate beauty of the playing that he went home and asked his wife for an ax to chop his piano into pieces. That was the power of a great example. When I look at the example of our Lord Jesus, that is the way I feel. But in the Word of God, we are told that not only is Jesus our example, but He also offers us the utmost of enablement. A German woman in World War II had been rationing for years and finally got to the place where she did not have enough food to feed her family. One day she made a trip to the ocean which she had never seen before. When she saw the water, she exclaimed, "Well there is after all something that they cannot ration." Likewise, the power of God through Jesus Christ is something we cannot ration. It is available to us, and as we run the race, keeping the weight down, keeping our limbs free, and keeping our eyes upon Him, the power of our Lord Jesus Christ flows through us and we are enabled to do what we could not do otherwise!
The Bible says that Jesus is before us. He is behind us. He is by our side. He is below us. He is above us. He is around about us and He is in us. There was a man who looked to Jesus once, and he did an impossible thing. Do you remember? Jesus came walking on the water and when Peter first saw Him he said "It is a ghost." Then he said, "If it be Thee Lord, bid me come unto Thee. And Peter climbed out of that boat in the midst of the raging storm with the lightening and thunder, and he walked on the water. Impossible! But as long as Peter kept his eyes on Jesus, the power of Jesus Christ was in Peter!
S Lewis Johnson writes about a certain king in western Europe who "was about to visit a small town. A mother took her little boy and found her way to the front of the crowd. Finally the king arrived she held him up and said, "Now look at him and never forget it all the days of your life." That is the kind of look that we should have as we look unto Jesus. As you run the race, look to Jesus and never forget Who He is and what He has done, and what He can do for you. May you reach the crown at the end of the race."
THOU ART ENOUGH FOR ME
Thou art enough for me,
Thou art enough for me,
Thou living, loving, mighty God
Thou art enough for me!
To God our father above,
We glory in Thy love,
Thou living, loving, mighty God,
Thou art enough for me.
Lord Jesus, Savior king,
All glory now we sing,
Thou living, loving, mighty God,
Thou art enough for me!
The Holy Spirit's power
Shall keep me every hour,
Thou living, loving, mighty God.
Let us go on to the stage of adults, not babes, able to chew solid spiritual food. The writer will assume that the readers are adults in his discussion of the topic.
F B Hole (Biographical Note) comments…
"LET US GO ON," is the opening exhortation of our chapter. Movement in the right direction is to mark us. We are to leave "the word of the beginning of Christ," as the marginal reading is, and go on unto "perfection." If we glance back over the last four verses of Hebrews 5 we shall see that the point here is that we ought to grow in our understanding of the faith of Christ. We ought not to be like children staying year after year in the kindergarten, but advance until we assimilate the instruction provided for the scholars in the sixth form.
John the Baptist had brought "the word of the beginning of Christ." He laid the foundation of repentance from dead works and of faith toward God." He put baptism in the forefront of His preaching, and spoke plainly as to eternal judgement. But things had moved on since his day. Great light shone when Jesus came forth in His ministry; and then, just as His earthly service closed, in His discourse in the upper chamber He promised the gift of the Holy Spirit. He told His disciples that He had "yet many things to say" unto them, but that they could not bear them then. He added, "Howbeit when He, the Spirit of truth, is come, He will guide you into all truth." (John 16:13). By the time the Epistle to the Hebrews was written ALL truth had been revealed, for it was given to Paul by his ministry to "fulfil the Word of God." (Colossians 1:25 see note). To "fulfil" in that verse means to "fill out full," or to "complete."
The whole circle of revealed truth then had been completed. Yet here were these Hebrews still inclined to dwell in their minds amongst these preliminary things, quite ignoring the fuller light which was now shining. Are we at all like them in this? In their case it is not difficult to see where the trouble lay. The special place of privilege, which belonged to the Jew nationally under the Old Covenant, had disappeared under the New. True, it only disappeared because a higher order of blessing had been introduced, so that, when converted, both Jew and Gentile are brought into privileges quite unknown before. Yet their hearts clung to the old and exclusive national position, and consequently they became dull of hearing as regards the fuller truth of Christianity. In our case we have no national position to maintain, but there is many a thing which we naturally love and cling to, which is dispossessed by the light of full and proper Christianity; and there is very real danger that we may close our eyes against that light in order to retain the things we love.
Oh, then may we heed this exhortation! May we allow it to repeat itself over and over again in our hearts —
Let us go on!
Let us go on!
LET US GO ON!
Marvin Vincent - The completeness is viewed as pertaining to both the writer and the readers. He proposes to fully develop his theme: they are exhorted to strive for that full Christian manhood which will fit them to receive the fully-developed discussion.
A B Simpson - Having entered in, become established and found the source of all-sufficient grace, let us now advance, let us make progress, let us grow in grace, let us not be easily satisfied with present attainments, for, unless we go on we shall surely go back. It is not safe to lose an inch of ground. "We are not of them who draw back unto perdition." The faintest drawing back may land us in perdition. There is no portion of the Holy Scriptures so filled with impressive warnings against backsliding as this. In two of its leading chapters, the sixth and tenth, we are told of the peril of the soul that falls away, and the only remedy against falling away is to go forward. Are we going on? And are we going unto perfection? Is our goal the very highest? Are we aiming at nothing less than the highest possibilities of a life of faith and service for God? Nothing less is safe, and nothing less is worthy of our high calling and our exceeding great and precious promises. (A. B. Simpson. Christ in the Bible - Hebrews) (Bolding added)
J. D. Branon writes that…
When autumn comes and the leaves drop from my neighbor's trees, I can look out of my back window and see a forlorn sight—a weather-beaten building surrounded by weeds. In the mind of the designer, this structure was to have been a health club complete with swimming pool, handball courts, and sauna. But somewhere along the way the planners and builders encountered difficulty—perhaps lack of funds—and they abandoned the project. So instead of being a center of activity, the structure is an unfinished and useless eyesore.
In a sense this is what the writer to the Hebrew Christians was warning them about in Hebrews 5—a warning we must heed. We are not to stop when we have laid the foundations of repentance and salvation; we are to go on to the maturity that God, the architect of our faith, has planned for us. He knows what the result of the building of our faith should be: a center of activity that glorifies Him. So when obstacles arise, when the needed resources of time, study, and energy run out, when we encounter opposition, we are not to let the project come to a screeching halt. We must continue construction.
God chose us to "be holy and without blame before Him" (see note Ephesians 1:4) , and He provides us with the resources—the indwelling Holy Spirit and His Word—for the process of sanctification to be completed.—J. D. Branon (Our Daily Bread, Copyright RBC Ministries, Grand Rapids, MI. Reprinted by permission. All rights reserved)
So often we try to alter circumstances to suit ourselves,
instead of letting them alter us.
John Angell James in his book Christian Progress (see table of contents) has a chapter entitled Motives to Christian Progress and the following are his major "bullet points" with brief explanatory excerpts. The interested reader (and we should all be interested in spiritual progress) is referred to the full article for expansion on each point…
1. The first motive to Christian progress is the DANGER OF DECLENSION.
… It is not only possible—but probable, that some who shall read this work, will be found by it in various stages of declension already. Some who have consciousness enough of their situation, and even occasional regret enough to borrow the poet's lament–
"Where is the blessedness I knew
When first I saw the Lord;
Where is the soul-refreshing view
Of Jesus and his Word?
"What peaceful hours I once enjoyed,
How sweet their memory still;
But they have left an aching void
The world can never fill."…
2. It should be most impressively felt that spiritual progress is COMMANDED and EXPECTED by God.
… The verb, "be perfect," and the noun, "perfection," are of such frequent occurrence in the New Testament, that the subject to which they refer ought to engage the close and serious attention of every professing Christian. There can be no doubt that these terms are sometimes employed by the sacred writers in a comparative sense, as signifying high degrees, eminence, or completeness of parts. In Hebrews 6:1, perfection signifies the more sublime, enlarged, spiritual, and complete views of Christian doctrine, as opposed to first principles…
… Young converts see no perfection in others; they hear it said by Christians there is no perfection; they feel none in themselves; and therefore never dream that it is their duty to seek after it; and thus conciliating themselves to all kinds and degrees of imperfections, begin and continue with a very low state of piety…
3. Christian Progress is a bright evidence of sincerity.
Growth, as we have already remarked, is the proof of life. Dead things do not grow…
… Grace never finds in nature a subject for which there is need of little to be done…
4. Christian Progress is its own reward.
… Viewed in its true nature, it unites the highest dignity with the purest pleasure. The ways of godliness are ways, not only of pleasure and paths of peace—but of honor and renown. Can anything be loftier, nobler, sublimer, than a growing conformity to the image of God? To see a stronger and a stronger resemblance to God in our soul?…
… And is not growth in HOLINESS equally delightful? Holiness is our spiritual health, as sin is our disease…
5. Christian progress adds to the credit and redounds to the honor of true religion generally.
6. And is it not a powerful motive to grow in grace—to consider that our present attainments in true religion, have a connection with, and will have an influence upon, our heavenly and eternal state.
After reading these pages, are you at all excited to desire to advance? Say, does the fire kindle, does the glow diffuse throughout your soul at the idea of what is here presented? If not, let me try again, not by new motives—but by recalling those which are here enumerated.
Does not the dread of declension, backsliding, apostasy, terrify you?
Shall not the command of God impel you?
Will not the hope of gaining a sweet and blessed evidence of salvation, lead you to seek after progress?
Does not the experience you have already had, though it may be in a small degree, of the reward which advancement yields—induce you to go forward?
And then what shall be said of the fact that our degrees of grace will regulate our degrees of glory? Has this no motive power for your soul? What! are you so dull, so earthly, so insensible to the felicities, honors, and distinctions of heaven—as to feel little holy ambition to have some high place there?
NOT LAYING AGAIN A FOUNDATION OF REPENTANCE FROM DEAD WORKS AND OF FAITH TOWARD GOD: me palin themelion kataballomenoi (PMPMPN) metanoias apo nekron ergon kai pisteos epi theon: (Matthew 7:25; Luke 6:48; 1Corinthians 3:10-12; 1Timothy 6:19; 2Timothy 2:19) (Isaiah 55:6,7; Ezekiel 18:30-32; Zechariah 12:10; Matthew 3:2; 4:17; 21:29,32; Mark 6:12; Acts 2:38; 3:19; 11:18; 17:30; 20:21; 26:20; 2Corinthians 7:10; 2Timothy 2:25,26) (Hebrews 9:14; Galatians 5:19-21; Ephesians 2:1,5) (Heb 11:6; John 5:24; 12:44; 14:1; 1Peter 1:21; 1John 5:10-13)
Spurgeon - Let us make sure that the foundation is laid, but let us not have continually to lay it again. Let us go on believing and repenting, as we have done; but let us not have to begin believing and begin repenting. Let us go on to something beyond that stage of experience.
The writer desired to proceed to the exposition of the doctrine of Christ's priesthood, but he takes a "short detour" explaining to them that Christian maturity is not to be attained by going back to subjects which belong to the ABC's, and which in context seem to favor primarily teachings of the Old covenant.
Laying (2598) (kataballo from katá = down + bállo = throw cast) means to cast down, to throw to the ground, and here figuratively of a spiritual foundation to be put or laid down. The idea was to lay something down with the implication of permanence. The present tense speaks of this as what should characterize one's lifestyle.
Again (3825) (palin) means to return to a position or state, and as here denoting a falling back into a previous state or a return to a previous activity.
Foundation (2310) (themelios form théma = that which is laid down) means something laid or put down, that on which a structure is built or a stone used in the construction of a foundation. It was used literally of buildings foundation (foundation stone Rev 21:14). Thayer adds "metaphorically, the foundations, beginnings, first principles, of an institution or system of truth (as what is necessary for belief or practice): 1Co 3:11, 12; the rudiments, first principles, of Christian life and knowledge, He 6:1; a course of instruction begun by a teacher, Ro 15:20… the Septuagint several times also for a palace (Isa 25:2, Je 6:5, Amos 1:4, etc)."
Repentance and faith are foundational in beginning the Christian life but they are only the beginning. Compare Paul's exhortation to the Ephesian elders in which he explained that he was…
solemnly testifying to both Jews and Greeks of repentance toward God and faith in our Lord Jesus Christ. (Acts 20:21)
Foundation of repentance - what does this elementary foundation refer to?
Stedman explains that…
This rudimentary foundation is easily recognizable as the same one which Jesus and the apostles preached, namely, “repent and believe.” Repentance is a permanent change of mind which results in right behavior (“Produce fruit in keeping with repentance”—Mt 3:8). (Ibid)
Repentance (3341) (metanoia from meta = after + noéo = to understand) literally means "afterthought" or "to think after" and implies a change of mind. From the NT uses, it is clear that metanoia means however much more than merely a change of one's mind but also includes a complete change of heart, attitude, interest, and direction. It is a conversion in every sense of the word. Jesus' teaching would support this conclusion for our Lord declared…
"I tell you that in the same way, there will be more joy in heaven over one sinner who repents (metanoeo), than over ninety-nine righteous persons who need no repentance (metanoia)." (Luke 15:7)
It should be stated at the outset that there are some in evangelical circles who teach that all repentance involves is a change of mind. The problem with this definition is that has nothing to do with one’s attitude toward sin and does not necessarily result in any change in lifestyle. Keeping this definition in mind now read the first NT use of metanoia by John the Baptist who is addressing the religious leaders who sought to flee from the wrath to come…
Therefore bring forth (aorist imperative = do it and do it now! Even conveys a sense of urgency) fruit (karpos - fruit is what people produce that other people see that indicates their true spiritual condition) in keeping (axios= the idea is that of having equal weight or worth, and therefore of being appropriate) with repentance. (Matthew 3:8) (Note Jesus began His ministry with exactly the same call in Matthew 4:16)
J. R. Miller wrote that genuine repentance
amounts to nothing whatever if it produces only a few tears, a spasm of regret, a little fright. We must leave the sins we repent of and walk in the new, clean ways of holiness.
Marvin Vincent in his note on the verb form (metanoeo) writes that this is…
A word compounded of the preposition meta, after, with; and the verb noeo, to perceive, and to think, as the result of perceiving or observing. In this compound the preposition combines the two meanings of time and change, which may be denoted by after and different; so that the whole compound means to think differently after. Metanoia (repentance) is therefore, primarily, an after-thought, different from the former thought; then, a change of mind which issues in regret and in change of conduct. These latter ideas, however, have been imported into the word by scriptural usage, and do not lie in it etymologically nor by primary usage. Repentance, then, has been rightly defined as “Such a virtuous alteration of the mind and purpose as begets a like virtuous change in the life and practice.” Sorrow is not, as is popularly conceived, the primary nor the prominent notion of the word. Paul distinguishes between sorrow and repentance (metanoia), and puts the one as the outcome of the other. “Godly sorrow worketh repentance” (2Cor7:10). (Vincent, M. R. Word Studies in the New Testament. Vol. 1, Page 3-23) (Bolding added)
Kenneth Wuest - Repent is the translation of metanoeo which in classical Greek meant “to change one’s mind or purpose, to change one’s opinion.” The noun metanoia meant “a change of mind on reflection.” These two words used in classical Greek signified a change of mind regarding anything, but when brought over into the New Testament, their usage is limited to a change of mind in the religious sphere. They refer there to a change of moral thought and reflection which follows moral delinquency. This includes not only the act of changing one’s attitude towards and opinion of sin but also that of forsaking it. Sorrow and contrition with respect to sin, are included in the Bible idea of repentance, but these follow and are consequent upon the sinner’s change of mind with respect to it." (Hebrews Commentary online) (Bolding added)
Thayer writes that metanoia refers "especially (to) the change of mind of those who have begun to abhor their errors and misdeeds, and have determined to enter upon a better course of life, so that it embraces both a recognition of sin and sorrow for it and hearty amendment, the tokens and effects of which are good deeds.
Friberg, et al, define metanoia as "(1) religiously and morally, a change of mind leading to change of behavior repentance, conversion, turning about ; (2) as a change of opinion in respect to one’s acts regret, remorse (a popular Greek usage not found in the NT)" (Friberg, T., Friberg, B., & Miller, N. F. Analytical Lexicon of the Greek New Testament. Baker's Greek New Testament library. Baker Academic) (Bolding added)
Louw and Nida define metanoia as a "to change one’s way of life as the result of a complete change of thought and attitude with regard to sin and righteousness… Though in English a focal component of repent is the sorrow or contrition that a person experiences because of sin, the emphasis in metanoeo (verb form) and metanoia seems to be more specifically the total change, both in thought and behavior, with respect to how one should both think and act. Whether the focus is upon attitude or behavior varies somewhat in different contexts." (Louw, J. P., & Nida, E. A. Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament: Based on Semantic Domains. United Bible societies ) (Bolding added)
Repentance as used by is a change of mind that results in a change of will. It means “a turn about" or deliberate change of mind resulting in a change of direction in thought and behavior. There is a new attitude to God, to men, to life, to self.
One might thus say that repentance is a change of attitude toward sin which leads to a desire to change our behavior accordingly. If the sinner honestly changes his mind about sin, he will turn from it. If he sincerely changes his mind about Jesus Christ, he will turn to Him, trust Him, and be saved. In Paul's parting words to the Ephesian elders he declared…
“how I did not shrink from declaring to you anything that was profitable, and teaching you publicly and from house to house, solemnly testifying to both Jews and Greeks of repentance (metanoia) toward God and faith in our Lord Jesus Christ. (Acts 20:21)
True repentance is a godly sorrow for sin, an internal repugnance to the ugliness of sin followed by the actual forsaking of it as Paul explained to the Corinthians…
"I now rejoice, not that you were made sorrowful, but that you were made sorrowful to the point of repentance (i.e., their sorrow led them to a change of mind resulting in a change of life); for you were made sorrowful according to the will of God, in order that you might not suffer loss in anything through us. For the sorrow that is according to the will of God (godly sorrow is a grief which comes into a one's life after he or she has committed a sin and which leads to repentance) produces a repentance without regret, leading to salvation; but the sorrow of the world produces death." (2Corinthians 7:9-10) In his respected commentary on this verse
Charles Hodge in his classic commentary on 2 Corinthians writes that "Repentance is not merely a change of purpose, but includes a change of heart which leads to a turning from sin with grief and hatred thereof unto God.”
Jamieson, et al, commenting on the previous passage write that…
Repentance” (metanoia) implies a coming to a right mind; “regret” implies merely uneasiness of feeling at the past or present, and is applied even to the remorse of Judas (Mt 27:3); so that, though always accompanying repentance, it is not always accompanied by repentance. “Repentance” removes the impediments in the way of “salvation” (to which “death,” namely, of the soul, is opposed). (Jamieson, R., Fausset, A. R., Fausset, A. R., Brown, D., & Brown, D. A commentary, critical and explanatory, on the Old and New Testaments)
Do not confuse remorse with repentance. For example "when Judas, who had betrayed (Jesus), saw that He had been condemned, he felt remorse and returned the thirty pieces of silver to the chief priests and elders" (Matthew 27:3) What is the distinction? Repentance involves sorrow for the act of sin, remorse sorrow for its consequences. A repentant person is sorry he sinned, whereas a remorseful person is sorry he got caught.
Paul like John the Baptist warned King Agrippa:
Consequently, King Agrippa, I did not prove disobedient to the heavenly vision, but kept declaring both to those of Damascus first, and also at Jerusalem and then throughout all the region of Judea, and even to the Gentiles, that they should repent and turn to God, performing deeds Acts 26:19-20)
Genuine repentance as described by Paul before King Agrippa is demonstrated by the saints at Thessalonica (although the specific word metanoia is not used here), Paul recording that…
they themselves (those in Macedonia and Achaia) report about us what kind of a reception we had with you, and how you turned to God from idols to serve (douleuo = be in bondage to another with the servant's will now subjected to the Master's will) a living and true God (changed behavior, from serving pagan idols to serving the true God) and to wait (eagerly and expectantly - present tense = their habitual practice) for His Son from heaven (changed outlook from temporal to eternal), Whom He raised from the dead, that is Jesus, Who delivers us from the wrath to come. (see notes 1Thessalonians 1:9, 1:10)
The saints at Thessalonica gave sure evidence of their changed mind in that they now submitted to a new Master. They manifested a clearly visible (to all in Macedonia and Achaia) break with pagan religion and a redirection of their whole life to God.
John MacArthur - True repentance not only should but will have correspondingly genuine works, demonstrated in both attitudes and actions. Right relationship to God brings right relationship to our fellow human beings, at least as far as our part is concerned (cf Romans 12:18 - note). Those who claim to know Christ, who claim to be born again, will demonstrate a new way of living that corresponds to the new birth… The idea that repentance is evidenced by renunciation of sin and by righteous living did not originate with John the Baptist, but had long been an integral part of orthodox Judaism. Faithful rabbis had taught that one of the most important passages in Scripture was, “Wash yourselves, make yourselves clean; remove the evil of your deeds from My sight. Cease to do evil, learn to do good; seek justice, reprove the ruthless; defend the orphan, plead for the widow” (Isaiah 1:16–17). Theologian Erich Sauer, in The Triumph of the Crucified (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1951, p. 67), speaks of repentance as “a threefold action. In the understanding it means knowledge of sin; in the feelings it means pain and grief; and in the will it means a change of mind.” True repentance first of all involves understanding and insight, intellectual awareness of the need for moral and spiritual cleansing and change. Second, it involves our emotions. We come to feel the need that our mind knows. Third, it involves appropriate actions that result from what our mind knows and our heart feels. (MacArthur, J: Matthew 1-7 Macarthur New Testament Commentary Chicago: Moody Press)
In another of his works, MacArthur summarizes repentance - Like faith, repentance has intellectual, emotional, and volitional ramifications. Berkhof describes the intellectual element of repentance as “a change of view, a recognition of sin as involving personal guilt, defilement, and helplessness.” The emotional element is “a change of feeling, manifesting itself in sorrow for sin committed against a holy God.” The volitional element is “a change of purpose, an inward turning away from sin, and a disposition to seek pardon and cleansing.” (from Louis Berkhof, Systematic Theology (Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1939), 486) Each of those three elements is deficient apart from the others. (MacArthur, J. The Gospel According to the Apostles. Nashville, TN: Word Pub)
Easton's Bible Dictionary defines "evangelical repentance" as…
(1) a true sense of one’s own guilt and sinfulness; (2) an apprehension of God’s mercy in Christ; (3) an actual hatred of sin (Psalm 119:128; 2Corinthians 7:9-10) and turning from it to God; and (4) a persistent endeavor after a holy life in a walking with God in the way of his commandments. (Easton)
Stedman reminds us that "Repentance is a permanent change of mind which results in right behavior (“Produce fruit in keeping with repentance”—Mt 3:8). The change they needed was to cease trusting in acts that lead to death (a phrase which is repeated in 9:14) or useless rituals, as the NIV alternatively translates. R. V. Tasker describes the result as “an abandonment of the attempt to obtain righteousness by seeking to obey the precepts of a lifeless moral code” (quoted by Bruce 1964:113). (Ibid)
Vincent - The illustrative proposition is that a building is not completed by lingering at the foundation; and so Christian maturity is not to be attained by going back to subjects which belong to the earliest stage of Christian instruction. He purposely selects for his illustration things which belong to the very initiation of Christian life.
In the OT repentance meant turning from evil that brings death and turning to God but too often the Jew only turned to God in a superficial fashion. In so doing they fulfilled the letter of the law but their spirit was still dead as Paul explained in Romans writing that…
he is not a Jew who is one outwardly; neither is circumcision that which is outward in the flesh. But he is a Jew who is one inwardly; and circumcision is that which is of the heart, by the Spirit, not by the letter (the law, including the idea of keeping the law); and his praise is not from men (men praise the external works), but from God (He sees the changed heart). (See notes Romans 2:28; Romans 2:29)
Such external, man pleasing repentance does not bring genuine salvation. Only repentance and faith (Mark 1:15 "repent and believe in the gospel", cp Acts 2:36-38, 20:21) in Messiah's finished work results in regeneration and the new birth.
Dead (3498) (nekros from nékus = a corpse; English - necropsy, necrophobia, etc) refers to that which lacks life and spiritually speaks of works that "have no life" for they will not endure the test of God's refining fire. They are works wrought by the flesh not by faith. See word study of Good Deeds.
What are dead works? Ray Stedman writes that…
The change they needed was to cease trusting in acts that lead to death (a phrase which is repeated in Heb 9:14 - note) or useless rituals, as the NIV alternatively translates. R. V. Tasker describes the result as “an abandonment of the attempt to obtain righteousness by seeking to obey the precepts of a lifeless moral code” (quoted by Bruce 1964:113). After turning from lifeless works (repentance), a positive action of faith in God must be taken. This recalls for us Paul’s word to believers in Thessalonica: “You turned to God from idols to serve the living and true God.” (1Thessalonians 1:9 note) Repentance and faith are two sides of the same coin. They form the essential foundation upon which one may enter the Christian life.
Dead works are all that an unsaved person does, whether they "look" good or evil, since one who is dead in sin can only do dead works that can never gain saving merit before God. See Good Deeds for what constitutes works that are not "dead" (see note Hebrews 6:1) See Torrey's Topic Reward of Saints
Steven Charnock wrote that…
All our works before repentance are dead works (Hebrews 6:1). And these works have no true beauty in them, with whatsoever gloss they may appear to a natural eye. A dead body may have something of the features and beauty of a living, but it is but the beauty of a carcass, not of a man… Since man, therefore, is spiritually dead, he cannot perform a living service. As a natural death causes incapacitate for natural actions, so a spiritual death must incapacitate for spiritual actions.
The truth about the inefficacy of one's works to merit salvation would have been one of the first things expounded to the "works based righteousness" mindset of the typical Jew who was considering the Messiah. This opening section of Hebrews 6 is another support for the assumption that the writer's target audience was primarily Jews. This same message concerning dead works was constantly proclaimed by the OT prophets as well as by John the Baptist. The clear call was for the Jews to turn from works that were dead in the sense that they were devoid of faith.
Isaiah declared that…
all of us have become like one who is unclean, and all our righteous deeds (they seemed "right" in their eyes but in God's eyes they) are like a filthy garment (like a menstrual cloth) and all of us wither like a leaf, and our iniquities, like the wind, take us away. (Isaiah 64:6)
Galatians 3:2,5,10 clearly teach that we receive the Spirit not by works of the Law but by hearing with faith and that works of the Law in fact place us under the Curse! How foolish!
The phrase dead works is used again in Hebrews 9…
how much more will the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered Himself without blemish to God, cleanse your conscience from dead works to serve the living God? (See notes Romans 9:14)
Vincent observes that the phrase dead works is found
only in Hebrews. Not sinful works in the ordinary sense of the term, but works without the element of life which comes through faith in the living God. There is a sharp opposition, therefore, between dead works and faith. They are contraries. This truth must be one of the very first things expounded to a Jew embracing Christianity.
Wuest - "The principles of the doctrine of Christ,” must refer to the First Covenant sacrifices, for these Jews are exhorted to abandon them. Likewise, the word “perfection” must speak of the NT Sacrifice to which they are exhorted to allow themselves to be borne along. All dependence upon the Levitical sacrifices is to be set aside in order that the Hebrews can go on to “perfection,” which speaks of the NT Sacrifice, the Lord Jesus, and the Covenant He inaugurated = Greek teleios = that which is complete, cp Romans 7:11 (note) where the writer argues that if perfection (same word family) were under the Levitical priesthood, then there would be no further need of another priesthood. So leave the ABC's of the Levitical Priesthood & the Old Covenant and be borne along to perfection to the perfection of the priesthood of Melchizedek. Hebrews 7:19 (note) = the law of Moses, the sacrificial law, made nothing perfect. Christ's sacrifice was complete. Thus, the writer exhorts these Hebrews to abandon the type for the reality, that which is incomplete for that which is complete. (Hebrews Commentary online)
Kent Hughes says
NT scholarship is in general agreement that the six facets of “the elementary teachings about Christ” (v. 1) listed in v1-3 outline the primitive catechism used in Jewish churches to induct converts. (Hughes, R. K. Hebrews: An Anchor for the Soul. Volume 1. Crossway Books; Volume 2)
Henry Morris and J. Vernon McGee agree these are primarily OT teachings being referred to.
Jameson, Fausset & Brown favor this section as referring to the OT teachings and quote Bengel who says that
The six particulars here specified had been, as it were, the Christian Catechism of the Old Testament; and such Jews who had begun to recognize Jesus as the Christ immediately on the new light being shed on these fundamental particulars, were accounted as having the elementary principles of the doctrine of Christ.
Faith toward God - Faith directed toward God the Father is not saving faith unless accompanied by faith in His Son, Jesus Christ. As a side note how often we hear people say when asked about their faith, "Sure, I believe in God" without mentioning God the Son specifically, the One Who is the sinner's Substitute and provision for satisfactory standing in the sight of the Father Who demands perfection.
Clearly faith is a key word in Hebrews. Study the 31 uses of pistis in Hebrews in context …
Hebrews 4:2 - For indeed we have had good news preached to us, just as they also; but the word they heard did not profit them, because it was not united by faith in those who heard.
Hebrews 6:1 - Therefore leaving the elementary teaching about the Christ, let us press on to maturity, not laying again a foundation of repentance from dead works and of faith toward God,
Hebrews 6:12 -so that you will not be sluggish, but imitators of those who through faith and patience inherit the promises.
Hebrews 10:22 - let us draw near with a sincere heart in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled clean from an evil conscience and our bodies washed with pure water.
Hebrews 10:38 - BUT MY RIGHTEOUS ONE SHALL LIVE BY FAITH; AND IF HE SHRINKS BACK, MY SOUL HAS NO PLEASURE IN
Hebrews 10:39 - But we are not of those who shrink back to destruction, but of those who have faith to the preserving of the soul.
Hebrews 11:1 - Now faith is the assurance of things hoped for, the conviction of things not seen.
Hebrews 11:3 - By faith we understand that the worlds were prepared by the word of God, so that what is seen was not made out of things which are visible.
Hebrews 11:4 - By faith Abel offered to God a better sacrifice than Cain, through which he obtained the testimony that he was righteous, God testifying about his gifts, and through faith, though he is dead, he still speaks.
Hebrews 11:5 - By faith Enoch was taken up so that he would not see death; AND HE WAS NOT FOUND BECAUSE GOD TOOK HIM UP; for he obtained the witness that before his being taken up he was pleasing to God.
Hebrews 11:6 - And without faith it is impossible to please Him, for he who comes to God must believe that He is and that He is a rewarder of those who seek Him.
Hebrews 11:7 - By faith Noah, being warned by God about things not yet seen, in reverence prepared an ark for the salvation of his household, by which he condemned the world, and became an heir of the righteousness which is according to faith.
Hebrews 11:8 - By faith Abraham, when he was called, obeyed by going out to a place which he was to receive for an inheritance; and he went out, not knowing where he was going.
Hebrews 11:9 - By faith he lived as an alien in the land of promise, as in a foreign land, dwelling in tents with Isaac and Jacob, fellow heirs of the same promise;
Hebrews 11:11 - By faith even Sarah herself received ability to conceive, even beyond the proper time of life, since she considered Him faithful who had promised.
Hebrews 11:13 - All these died in faith, without receiving the promises, but having seen them and having welcomed them from a distance, and having confessed that they were strangers and exiles on the earth.
Hebrews 11:17 - By faith Abraham, when he was tested, offered up Isaac, and he who had received the promises was offering up his only begotten son;
Hebrews 11:20 - By faith Isaac blessed Jacob and Esau, even regarding things to come.
Hebrews 11:21 - By faith Jacob, as he was dying, blessed each of the sons of Joseph, and worshiped, leaning on the top of his staff.
Hebrews 11:22 - By faith Joseph, when he was dying, made mention of the exodus of the sons of Israel, and gave orders concerning his bones.
Hebrews 11:23 - By faith Moses, when he was born, was hidden for three months by his parents, because they saw he was a beautiful child; and they were not afraid of the king's edict.
Hebrews 11:24 - By faith Moses, when he had grown up, refused to be called the son of Pharaoh's daughter,
Hebrews 11:27 - By faith he left Egypt, not fearing the wrath of the king; for he endured, as seeing Him who is unseen.
Hebrews 11:28 - By faith he kept the Passover and the sprinkling of the blood, so that he who destroyed the firstborn would not touch them.
Hebrews 11:29 -By faith they passed through the Red Sea as though they were passing through dry land; and the Egyptians, when they attempted it, were drowned.
Hebrews 11:30 - By faith the walls of Jericho fell down after they had been encircled for seven days.
Hebrews 11:31 - By faith Rahab the harlot did not perish along with those who were disobedient, after she had welcomed the spies in peace.
Hebrews 11:33 -who by faith conquered kingdoms, performed acts of righteousness, obtained promises, shut the mouths of lions,
Hebrews 11:39 - And all these, having gained approval through their faith, did not receive what was promised,
Hebrews 12:2 - fixing our eyes on Jesus, the author and perfecter of faith, who for the joy set before Him endured the cross, despising the shame, and has sat down at the right hand of the throne of God.
Hebrews 13:7 - Remember those who led you, who spoke the word of God to you; and considering the result of their conduct, imitate their faith.
D. L. Moody was once approached by a stumbling drunk on the street who slurred, “Mr. Moody, I’m one of your converts.” To which Moody replied, “You must be, because you’re certainly not one of the Lord’s!”
(I’m Pressing on the Upward Way)
1I’m pressing on the upward way,
New heights I’m gaining ev’ry day;
Still praying as I onward bound,
“Lord, plant my feet on higher ground.”
2My heart has no desire to stay
Where doubts arise and fears dismay;
Though some may dwell where these abound,
My pray’r, my aim is higher ground.
3I want to live above the world,
Tho’ Satan’s darts at me are hurled;
For faith has caught the joyful sound,
The song of saints on higher ground.
4I want to scale the utmost height,
And catch a gleam of glory bright;
But still I’ll pray till heav’n I’ve found,
“Lord, lead me on to higher ground.”
Lord, lift me up and let me stand,
By faith on heaven’s tableland,
A higher plane than I have found;
Lord, plant my feet on higher ground.
Amplified: With teachings about purifying, the laying on of hands, the resurrection from the dead, and eternal judgment and punishment. [These are all matters of which you should have been fully aware long, long ago.] (Amplified Bible - Lockman)
Barclay: and giving information about washings, about the laying on of hands, about the resurrection from the dead and upon that sentence which lasts to all eternity. (Westminster Press)
NLT: You don't need further instruction about baptisms, the laying on of hands, the resurrection of the dead, and eternal judgment.(NLT - Tyndale House)
Phillips: - baptism and laying-on of hands, belief in the life to come and the final judgment. (Phillips: Touchstone)
Wuest: of the teaching of ablutions, and of imposition of hands, of a resurrection of the dead, and of eternal judgment [doctrines of the Mosaic economy]. (Eerdmans)
Young's Literal:of the teaching of baptisms, of laying on also of hands, of rising again also of the dead, and of judgment age-during,
OF INSTRUCTION ABOUT WASHINGS: baptismon didache: (Heb 9:10; Mark 7:4,8; Luke 11:38; Matthew 3:14; 20:22,23; 28:19; Mark 16:16; Luke 3:16; 12:50; John 1:33; 3:25,26; John 4:1,2; Acts 2:38,41; 8:12,13,16,36-38; 10:47; 16:15,33; 19:2-5; Romans 6:3,4; 1Corinthians 1:12-17; 10:2; 12:13; Colossians 2:12; 1Peter 3:20,21)
The KJV renders it as “doctrine of baptisms”. However notice that the Greek word (see below) baptizo.
Instruction (1322)(didache from didasko = to give instruction in a formal or informal setting with the highest possible development of the pupil as the goal; English = didactic = intended to teach, particularly in having moral instruction as an ulterior motive) is a noun which describes the activity of teaching (instruction).
Washings (909) (baptismos from baptizo = baptize) refers to dipping, ceremonial washing. It was used to refer to the washing of one’s body or part of it as in a religious rite. It was used to refer to ceremonial washing. It usually referred to purification ceremonies other than Christian baptism and the fact that it is plural (which would be unusual for baptism - see note below) favors the translation as washings as in Hebrews 9:10 (note). Furthermore, the usual word for baptism (baptisma) is not used here.
There is only one baptism in the authority and name of Christ and it does not need to be repeated if it is properly performed upon a genuine believer. However, even this baptism is only the beginning of the Christian journey and one must still press on toward maturity in Christ.
There are 4 uses of baptismos in the NT…
Mark 7:4 and when they come from the market place, they do not eat unless they cleanse themselves; and there are many other things which they have received in order to observe, such as the washing of cups and pitchers and copper pots.) (Clearly refers to ritual or ceremonial washing)
Colossians 2:12 (see note) having been buried with Him in baptism, in which you were also raised up with Him through faith in the working of God, who raised Him from the dead. (Comment: Although some commentators explain this as water baptism, it would be better explained as spiritual baptism into Christ when one's heart is circumcised by the Spirit at the time of salvation by grace through faith. In either case, baptismos in this verse does not refer to ritual or ceremonial washings as in all of the other NT uses. This usage therefore does leave open the possibility that the writer was using baptismos to refer to baptisms in the plural [see Ryrie's comment below] and not to ritual or ceremonial washings.)
Hebrews 6:2 (note) of instruction about washings, and laying on of hands, and the resurrection of the dead, and eternal judgment.
Hebrews 9:10 (note) since they relate only to food and drink and various washings, regulations for the body imposed until a time of reformation.
In the first century, it was common practice for Jews to place a basin by the entrance which all who entered could use to carry out ceremonial cleansings. It is these ritualistic washings that the Jewish readers are told to abandon. In the OT God speaking through His prophet Ezekiel predicted that one day Israel's ceremonial cleansings would be replaced by spiritual washing associated with entrance by grace through faith into the New Covenant…
For I will take you (Israel) from the nations, gather you from all the lands, and bring you into your own land (at the end of the Great Tribulation and the beginning of the Millennium ) Then (in the context of entrance by faith into the New Covenant in Christ's blood God says) I will sprinkle clean water on you, and you will be clean; I will cleanse you from all your filthiness and from all your idols. (Ezekiel 36:24-25)
Ryrie however disagrees with the interpretation of baptismos as washings and feels that baptismos does refer to baptisms writing…
The distinction between various baptisms is a necessary part of basic Christian doctrine (e.g., the baptism of Jewish proselytes, baptism by John the Baptist, Christian baptism). (The Ryrie Study Bible: New American Standard Translation: 1995. Moody Publishers) (I disagree with this interpretation as 2 of the other 3 NT uses of baptismos clearly favor the main meaning as washings, but as stated earlier the use in Colossians 2:12 [see note] does leave open the possibility of baptisms)
J Vernon McGee on the other hand writes that…
“Doctrine of baptisms [washings]” has nothing to do with New Testament baptism. They refer to the washings of the Old Testament ritual, and there were many of them. The Hebrew believers were wanting to return to these things which were only shadows; they were the negatives from which the spiritual pictures were developed. They prefigured Christ, the reality. (McGee, J V: Thru the Bible Commentary: Thomas Nelson)
There were Jewish proselyte baptisms, Levitical washings for religious ceremonies, and numerous ritual baptisms in the mystery religions being practiced at that time. The teaching is that we must get beyond the elementary and be borne along toward maturity, ultimately the baptism into Christ's death, burial and resurrection (see notes Romans 6:3; 6:4; 6:5).
All the "washings'' in the world will not suffice IF we do not grow toward maturity in Christ. As an aside, in the same way all the Bible studies in the world mean nothing to maturity unless we obey what we learn. Biblical Truth brings accountability and demands a response.
AND LAYING ON OF HANDS: epitheseos te cheiron: (Acts 6:6; 8:14-18; 13:3; 19:6)
Laying on of hands was seen in both the Old and the New Testament records. From the Old Testament records the practice of laying on of hands was well known to the Jews. For example it was associated with commissioning for public office
So the LORD said to Moses, "Take Joshua the son of Nun, a man in whom is the Spirit, and lay your hand on him… 23 Then he laid his hands on him and commissioned him, just as the LORD had spoken through Moses. (Nu 27:18, 23)
Now Joshua the son of Nun was filled with the spirit of wisdom, for Moses had laid his hands on him; and the sons of Israel listened to him and did as the LORD had commanded Moses. (Dt 34:9)
Under the Old Covenant, the person who brought a sacrifice placed his hands on it to symbolize his identification with it as a substitute sacrifice for sin
And he shall lay his hand on the head of the burnt offering, that it may be accepted for him to make atonement on his behalf. (Lev 1:4)
'If he is going to offer a lamb for his offering, then he shall offer it before the LORD, and he shall lay his hand on the head of his offering, and slay it before the tent of meeting; and Aaron's sons shall sprinkle its blood around on the altar. (Lev 3:7-8)
(On the Jewish Day of Atonement that occurred once each year) Then Aaron (the Levitical High Priest) shall lay both of his hands on the head of the live goat, and confess over it all the iniquities of the sons of Israel, and all their transgressions in regard to all their sins; and he shall lay them on the head of the goat and send it away into the wilderness by the hand of a man who stands in readiness. (Lev 16:21)
J Vernon McGee writes that laying on of hands was…
an Old Testament ritual. When a man brought an animal offering, he laid his hands on its head to signify his identification with it. The animal was taking his place on the altar of sacrifice. (McGee, J V: Thru the Bible Commentary: Thomas Nelson)
The context does not seem to refer to the practice of some of the apostles in laying hands on various individuals in the New Testament (cf Acts 5:18; 6:6; 8:17; 1Ti 4:14; etc.)
Our identification with Jesus Christ comes by the Spirit’s baptizing us into union with Him by faith. “Forget the teaching about laying hands on the Temple sacrifices,” the writer is telling these immature Jews. “Lay hold of Christ by putting your trust in Him.”
AND THE RESURRECTION OF THE DEAD: anastaseos te nekron: (Heb 11:35; Isaiah 26:19; Ezekiel 37:1-14; Daniel 12:2; Matthew 22:23-32; Luke 14:14; John 5:29; 11:24,25; Acts 4:2; 17:18,31,32; 23:6; 24:15,21; 26:8; Romans 6:5; 1Corinthians 15:13-57; Philippians 3:21; 1Thessalonians 4:14-18; 2Timothy 2:18)
This last pair of ABC's (resurrection and eternal judgment) are in a sense eschatological teachings or teachings that speak of last things or future events. The KJV Bible Commentary has an interesting note regarding study of prophetic things…
Eschatology is included here among the first truths, not as part of the deeper truths. The mere study of last things does not demonstrate spiritual maturity. The practical changes which these eschatological truths produce within our lives are what manifest maturity. (Dobson, E G, Charles Feinberg, E Hindson, Woodrow Kroll, H L. Wilmington: KJV Bible Commentary: Nelson)
Resurrection (386) (anastasis from ana = up, again + histemi = to cause to stand) literally means “to stand again" or "to cause to stand again" and most NT uses refer to a physical body rising from the dead or coming back to life after having once died. The resurrection is distinguished from belief in reincarnation, which usually involves a series of rebirths from which the soul may seek release. Resurrection has primary reference to the body. The resurrection is the central, defining doctrine and claim of the gospel for as Paul wrote
"if Christ has not been raised, then our preaching is vain, your faith also is vain." (1Cor 15:14)
Speaking to Martha on the occasion of the death of her brother Lazarus, Jesus in His fifth great "I Am" statement declared
"I am the resurrection and the life; he who believes in Me will live even if he dies." (Jn 11:25)
Martha had just declared her belief in the resurrection (implying that she believed the OT Scriptures) stating
"I know that he will rise again in the resurrection on the last day.” (Jn 11:24)
Resurrection of the dead - This is mentioned in at least three OT Scriptures (see below) but in general the doctrine of the resurrection of the dead is neither clear or complete in the OT. We learn of life after death and of rewards for the good and punishment for the wicked but not much more until we come to the NT teachings, especially those of Paul.
The Greek word for resurrection, anastasis, is used four times in the Septuagint (LXX), but none of these uses (Ps 66:1, Lam 3:63, Da 11:20, Zeph 3:8) clearly describes the resurrection per se.
Nevertheless, we know that the OT saints knew something of the reality of the resurrection for the writer of Hebrews tells us that Abraham believed in the resurrection, writing that
Hebrews 11 also records that…
Women received back their dead by resurrection; and others were tortured, not accepting their release, so that they might obtain a better resurrection (see note Hebrews 11:35)
Isaiah records that
Your dead will live; their corpses will rise. You who lie in the dust, awake and shout for joy, for your dew is as the dew of the dawn, and the earth will give birth to the departed spirits. (Isaiah 26:19)
as for me, I know that my Redeemer lives, and at the last He will take His stand on the earth. Even after my skin is destroyed, Yet from my flesh I shall see God. (Job 19:25-26)
In Daniel we read that
many of those who sleep in the dust of the ground will awake, these to everlasting life, but the others to disgrace and everlasting contempt. (Da 12:2)
Thus Daniel gives us a preview of two distinct resurrections which are explained in more detail in the New Testament references above.
In Jesus' day, the resurrection from the dead was an important belief of the Pharisees, as Paul explained in Acts declaring to Jewish Council…
perceiving that one part were Sadducees and the other Pharisees, Paul began crying out in the Council, "Brethren, I am a Pharisee, a son of Pharisees; I am on trial for the hope and resurrection of the dead!" (Acts 23:6)
Paul emphasized the importance of the resurrection asserting that the resurrection of Christ was the central truth of the gospel message explaining that
if Christ has not been raised, then our preaching is vain, your faith also is vain. (1 Cor 15:14)
But now Christ has been raised from the dead, the first fruits of those who are asleep. (1Cor 15:20)
Christ's resurrection is the first of the harvest to eternal life and guarantees that all of the saints who have died will be resurrected also. Thus an understanding of this resurrection of Christ and the subsequent resurrection of believers would change the whole aspect of the doctrine of resurrection as understood by these Jewish converts and professors.
AND ETERNAL JUDGMENT: kai krimatos aioniou: (Ecclesiastes 12:14; Matthew 25:31-46; Acts 17:31; 24:25; Romans 2:5-10,16; 2Corinthians 5:10; 2Peter 3:7; Jude 1:14,15; Revelation 20:10-15)
Spurgeon on eternal judgment - Let us take these things for granted, and never dispute about them anymore, but go on to still higher matters.
Judgment (2917) (krima from krino = to judge; suffix –ma indicates result of judging) denotes the result of the action signified by verb krino and thus is a judicial sentence from the magistrate. It is the sentence pronounced, the verdict, the act of judging.
Eternal judgment of the OT contrasts to no condemnation for the believer in Christ of the new (see note Romans 8:1). And thus the Hebrews readers are exhorted not to return to Old Testament teaching, but to go on to faith in the NT Sacrifice. Clearly taught in the OT
We can learn little more from the OT about final judgment than what is given by Solomon who wrote…
The conclusion, when all has been heard, is: fear God and keep His commandments, because this applies to every person. For God will bring every act to judgment, everything which is hidden, whether it is good or evil. (Eccl 12:14)
Naves Topic on Judgment: (hold pointer over verse - "L" = to Libronix - suggestion = link Bible on Libronix to commentary like MacArthur's Study Bible for quick reference)
1Chr. 16:33; Job 14:17; Job 21:30; Job 31:13-15; Psa. 9:7; Psa. 50:3-6; Psa. 96:13 Psa. 98:9. Eccl. 3:17; Eccl. 11:9; Eccl. 12:14; Ezek. 18:20-28; Dan. 7:9, 10; Amos 4:12; Matt. 3:12 Luke 3:17. Matt. 7:22, 23; Matt. 8:29 With 2 Pet. 2:4; Jude 6.Matt. 11:22 Matt. 10:15. Matt. 12:36, 37, 41, 42 Luke 11:31, 32. Matt. 13:30, 40-43, 49, 50; Matt. 16:27 Mark 8:38. Matt. 22:13, 11-13.; Matt. 23:14; Matt. 25:1-14 [Luke 19:12-26.] Matt. 25:15-46; Mark 4:22; Mark 13:32; Luke 10:10-14; Luke 12:2-5; Luke 13:24-29; Luke 20:45-47; John 5:22; John 12:48; Acts 2:19-21; Acts 10:42; Acts 17:31; Acts 24:25; Rom. 2:5-10, 12-16; Rom. 14:10-12; 1Cor. 3:13; 1Cor. 4:5; 1Cor. 6:2; 2Cor. 5:10; 2Thess. 1:7, 8; 2Tim. 4:1, 8; Heb. 6:2; Heb. 9:27; Heb. 10:27; 1Pet. 4:5, 7; 2Pet. 2:4, 9; 2Pet. 3:7, 10-12; 1John 4:17; Jude 6, 14, 15, 24; Rev. 1:7; Rev. 6:15-17; Rev. 11:18; Rev. 20:11-15; Rev. 22:12
According to Opportunity and Works
Gen. 4:7; Job 34:11; Prov. 11:31; Prov. 12:14; Prov. 24:11, 12 Psa. 62:12; 2 Tim. 4:14.Isaiah 3:10, 11;Isaiah 5:15, 16;Isaiah 24:2;Isaiah 59:18; Jer. 17:10, 11; Jer. 32:19; Ezek. 7:3, 4, 27; Ezek. 9:4-6; Ezek. 16:59; Ezek. 18:4, 5-9, Ezek. 18:19-32; Ezek. 33:18-20; Ezek. 39:24; Hos. 4:9 Hos. 12:2. Amos 3:2; Zech. 1:6; Matt. 10:14, 15 Matt. 11:24; Mark 6:11; Luke 9:5; 10:12-15. Matt. 12:37; Matt. 23:14 Luke 20:47. Mark 14:21; Luke 11:49, 50, 51.; Luke 12:47, 48
See parable of the vineyard, Isaiah 5:1-6
Of the farmer, Isaiah 28:24-28.
Of the wicked tenant farmers, Matt. 21:33-36.
Of the talents, Matt. 25:14-30.] Luke 13:6-9; Luke 19:12-27; Luke 21:1-4; John 3:19, 20; John 5:45; John 9:41; John 12:48; John 15:22, 24; Rom. 2:5-12, 27; 1 Cor. 3:8, 13-15 v. 12.; 1Cor. 4:5; 2Cor. 2:15, 16; 2Cor. 11:15; Gal. 6:5-10; Eph. 6:7, 8; Col. 3:25; 1 Tim. 1:13; Heb. 2:2, 3; Heb. 10:26-30; Heb. 12:25; Jas. 2:12, 13; 1Pet. 1:17; 2Pet. 2:20, 21; Rev. 2:23; Rev. 20:12, 13
Amplified: If indeed God permits, we will [now] proceed [to advanced teaching]. (Amplified Bible - Lockman)
Barclay: God willing, this very thing we will do. (Westminster Press)
NLT: And so, God willing, we will move forward to further understanding. (NLT - Tyndale House)
Phillips: - No, if God allows, let us go on. (Phillips: Touchstone)
Wuest: And this will we do if only God permits, (Eerdmans)
Young's Literal: and this we will do, if God may permit,
AND THIS WE SHALL DO IF GOD PERMITS: kai touto poiesomen (1PFAI) , eanper epitrepe (3SPAS) o theos: (Acts 18:21; Romans 15:32; 1Corinthians 4:19; 16:7; James 4:15)
Do what? Press on to maturity. The writer now begins to warn his readers in an attempt to move them on to maturity in order that they might receive and understand the difficult doctrine which they are about to hear about the priesthood of Melchizedek and its relationship to the priesthood of Jesus Christ.
Spurgeon - We must keep on going forward; there is no such thing in the Christian life as standing still, and we dare not turn back.
If - if indeed: 3rd class condition; conditional particle, represents something as under certain circumstances actual or liable to happen; "per" = indeed)
Ray Stedman explains if God permits writing that…
This foundation and accompanying instruction could, if appropriated by faith, bring a Jew to new life in Christ. This would not be difficult to accept since it was based upon truth already taught in the Law and the Prophets. But though some among these Hebrews knew these truths intellectually, they gave little indication in their behavior that they had combined them with personal faith (see note Hebrews 4:2). The combination of the word about Christ with individual faith should have produced a Spirit-born vitality and enthusiasm which would make it delightfully easy to instruct them in the wonders of the Melchizedek priesthood. But since this élan (vigorous spirit, energy or enthusiasm) is so visibly absent the writer must warn them that something is seriously lacking. It is dangerous to stay forever on the foundation; in fact, it is impossible. If they are not willing or able to move on to more mature understanding, they are in grave peril of losing what they already have, and that irretrievably! Growth in truth is something all Christians (note the pronoun we in v. 3) must do, God permitting.
Surely God would permit all of us to go on to maturity in the Christian life whenever we wished to do so! Or would he? This is the very question raised by the words God permitting. It seems to parallel the quotation in Hebrews 3:11 (note), “So I declared on oath in my anger, ‘They shall never enter my rest.’” The unbelieving Israelites in the desert wanted to enter into Canaan, and, presumably, into the spiritual rest which Canaan symbolized. But they could not, for God would not permit it! Hence they must continue to wander in the wilderness till all were dead. Far from being a polite cliché or pious wish, these words God permitting form the fulcrum on which the warning of Hebrews 6:4-8 turns. (Hebrews 6:1-3 Leave These Elementary Teachings) (bolding added)
Vincent explains that…
An ominous hint is conveyed that the spiritual dullness of the readers may prevent the writer from developing his theme, and them from receiving his higher instruction. The issue is dependent on the power which God may impart to His teaching, but His efforts may be thwarted by the impossibility of repentance on their part. No such impossibility is imposed by God, but it may reside in a moral condition which precludes the efficient action of the agencies which work for repentance, so that God cannot permit the desired consequence to follow the word of teaching.” All of which goes to say that while there is such a thing as the sovereign grace of God, yet there is also such a thing as the free will of man. God never in the case of salvation violates man’s free will. The choice must be made by these Hebrews between going back to the sacrifices or on to faith in Christ as High Priest. But their spiritual declension if persisted in, would result in their putting themselves beyond the reach of the Holy Spirit. This is implied in 3:7, 8 where they are warned that if they desire to hear the voice of the Holy Spirit, they should not harden their hearts, the implication being clear that they could harden their hearts to the extent that they would have no more desire to hear the voice of the Holy Spirit. This shows that the “impossibility” of 6:4,v5,v6 resides in the condition of their hearts, not in the grace of God