James Rosscup writes that Alford's series on the New Testament "contains much that is valuable in the Greek New Testament...though all of the Greek New Testament words have been changed to English throughout." (Commentaries for Biblical Expositors: An Annotated Bibliography of Selected Works or Logos)
John Piper writes ""When I’m stumped with a...grammatical or syntactical or logical [question] in Paul, I go to Henry Alford. Henry Alford...comes closer more consistently than any other human commentator to asking my kinds of questions."
Charles Haddon Spurgeon writes that this text "is an invaluable aid to the critical study of the text of the New Testament. You will find in it the ripened results of a matured scholarship, the harvesting of a judgment, generally highly impartial, always worthy of respect, which has gleaned from the most important fields of Biblical research, both modern and ancient, at home and abroad. You will not look here for any spirituality of thought or tenderness of feeling; you will find the learned Dean does not forget to do full justice to his own views, and is quite able to express himself vigorously against his opponents; but for what it professes to be, it is an exceedingly able and successful work. The later issues are by far the most desirable, as the author has considerably revised the work in the fourth edition. What I have said of his Greek Testament applies equally to Alford’s New Testament for English Readers,* which is also a standard work." (Spurgeon, C. H. Lectures to my Students, Vol. 4: Commenting and Commentaries; Lectures Addressed to the students of the Pastors' College, Metropolitan Tabernacle)
D Edmond Hiebert - Prints the author's own translation. Barclay defends Petrine authorship of 1 Peter but not of 2 Peter. Valuable for its numerous helpful word studies and background material. Barclay holds that Christ's descent into Hades gave those who there heard Him a second chance.
Comment: I appreciate Barclay's unique insights on Greek words and culture, but clearly his teaching about a "second chance" is NOT sound doctrine! Be an Acts 17:11 Berean with Barclay. Barclay is not always orthodox. See discussion of his orthodoxy especially the article "The Enigmatic William Barclay".
James Rosscup writes that Barnes "includes 16 volumes on the Old Testament, 11 on the New Testament. The New Testament part of this old work was first published in 1832–1851. Various authors contributed. It is evangelical and amillennial...Often the explanations of verses are very worthwhile." (Commentaries for Biblical Expositors: An Annotated Bibliography of Selected Works)
C H Spurgeon "Albert Barnes is a learned and able divine, but his productions are unequal in value, the gospels are of comparatively little worth, but his other comments are extremely useful for Sunday-school teachers and persons with a narrow range of reading, endowed with enough good sense to discriminate between good and evil....Placed by the side of the great masters, Barnes is a lesser light, but taking his work for what it is and professes to be, no minister can afford to be without it, and this is no small praise for works which were only intended for Sunday-school teachers." (Spurgeon, C. H. Lectures to my Students, Vol. 4: Commenting and Commentaries; Lectures Addressed to the students of the Pastors' College, Metropolitan Tabernacle)
John Cereghin - Valuable commentary that had a wide sale when first published by this Presbyterian pastor.
- Hebrews 12:1-3 The Race Set Before ME
- Hebrews 12:4-11 The Teleological Woodshed
- Hebrews 12:12-17 Finish Well
- Hebrews 12:18-29 Twin Peaks (Sinai & Zion)
James Rosscup writes "This work (Gnomon), originally issued in 1742, has considerable comment on the Greek, flavoring the effort with judicious details about the spiritual life. It has much that helps, but has been surpassed by many other commentaries since its day." (Commentaries for Biblical Expositors: An Annotated Bibliography of Selected Works)1 Peter 1 Commentary
Spurgeon comments on the goal to make Bengel's Gnomon -- "Such is the professed aim of this commentary, and the compilers have very fairly carried out their intentions. The whole of Bengel’s Gnomon is bodily transferred into the work, and as 120 years have elapsed since the first issue of that book, it may be supposed that much has since been added to the wealth of Scripture exposition; the substance of this has been incorporated in brackets, so as to bring it down to the present advanced state of knowledge. We strongly advise the purchase of this book, as it...will well repay an attentive perusal. Tischendorf and Alford have contributed largely...to make this one of the most lucid and concise commentaries on the text and teachings of the New Testament" (Spurgeon, C. H. Lectures to my Students, Vol. 4: Commenting and Commentaries; Lectures Addressed to the students of the Pastors' College, Metropolitan Tabernacle)
Spurgeon - Adopted by the Wesleyan Conference as a standard work, and characterized by that body as marked by “solid learning, soundness of theological opinion, and an edifying attention to experimental and practical religion. Necessary to Methodist Students.
Charles Spurgeon - "goodly volume," recommended "attentive perusal" We liked Burkitt better when we were younger. He is, however, a homely and spiritual writer, and his work is good reading for the many. Burkitt is somewhat pithy, and for a modern rather rich and racy, but he is far from deep, and is frequently common-place. I liked him well enough till I had read abler works and grown older. Some books grow upon us as we read and re-read them, but Burkitt does not. Yet so far from depreciating the good man, I should be sorry to have missed his acquaintance, and would bespeak for him your attentive perusal.
Spurgeon on Calvin - Of priceless value....Calvin is a tree whose “leaf also shall not wither;” whatever he has written lives on, and is never out of date, because he expounded the word without bias or partiality.
James Rosscup - Calvin was not only a great theologian but also a great expositor, and his insight into Scripture contributed to his grasp of doctrinal truth. His commentaries are deep in spiritual understanding, usually helpful on problem passages, and refreshing in a devotional sense to the really interested reader. He usually offers good help on a passage. The present work skips Judges, Ruth, Samuel, Kings, Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah, Esther, Job, Ecclesiastes, Song of Solomon, II and III John and Revelation. Calvin is amillennial on long-range prophecy, but in other respects usually has very contributive perception on passages and doctrinal values edifying to the believer. He also can be very wordy, but the serious and patient glean much.
D Edmond Hiebert - Valuable for insights into Reformation day views.
D Edmond Hiebert - Greek text. The introductions provide a satisfactory study of the problems connected with the Pastorals from a conservative viewpoint. The exegetical notes on the text of the epistles are thorough, thoughtful, and scholarly.
Cyril Barber - This....1886 commentary from the Cambridge Greek Testament series readily interacts with critical issues raised by the publication of the NT texts of Tischendorf and Tregelles. Plummer then treats these letters in a most commendable way, providing some unique insights into the thought of the apostle and the nuances of the original text. (The Minister's Library, Volume 2)
James Rosscup writes "Though old, this is a good study from the Greek text which will be helpful in any more advanced study of the epistles. There are other works more highly recommended, however." (Commentaries for Biblical Expositors: An Annotated Bibliography of Selected Works)
James Rosscup - This old, conservative Wesleyan Methodist work is good devotionally and aggressive for righteous living. Laypeople can find it still valuable today. It is Arminian in viewpoint and thus helpful, for example, in showing the reader how this approach deals with texts involving the eternal security question. The work contains much background material from many sources on all books of the Bible.
Spurgeon - Adam Clarke is the great annotator of our Wesleyan friends; and they have no reason to be ashamed of him, for he takes rank among the chief of expositors. His mind was evidently fascinated by the singularities of learning, and hence his commentary is rather too much of an old curiosity shop, but it is filled with valuable rarities, such as none but a great man could have collected....If you have a copy of Adam Clarke, and exercise discretion in reading it, you will derive immense advantage from it, for frequently by a sort of side-light he brings out the meaning of the text in an astonishingly novel manner. I do not wonder that Adam Clarke still stands, notwithstanding his peculiarities, a prince among commentators. I do not find him so helpful as Gill, but still, from his side of the question, with which I have personally no sympathy, he is an important writer, and deserves to be studied by every reader of the Scriptures.
- Hebrews 12:1-3 Faith to Run the Christian Marathon
- Hebrews 12:4-6 God's Loving Discipline
- Hebrews 12:7-11 Responding to God's Discipline
- Hebrews 12:12-14 Perseverance, Peace, and Purity
- Hebrews 12:15-17 Finishing the Race Together
- Hebrews 12:18-24 Are You Living in Sinai or Zion?
- Hebrews 12:25-29 Great Privileges, Great God, Great Responsibilities
- Hebrews 12:1 The Cloud of Witnesses
- Hebrews 12:1-2 Stripping for the Race
- Hebrews 12:1-3 The Price to Pay
- Hebrews 12:5-11 The Chastening of the Lord
- Hebrews 12:18 Mt.Sinai and Mt.Zion
- Hebrews 12:16-17 The Exceeding Bitter Cry
- Hebrews 12:18-24 The Christian Era
- Hebrews 12:29 Our God A Consuming Fire
- Hebrews 12:26-27 Things that Cannot Be Shaken
- Hebrews 12:1-29 Persevere amid Difficulty
- NEWER SERIES
- HEBREWS 12:1-7 The Discipline of Suffering
- HEBREWS 12:18-24 A New Kind of Community
EXPOSITOR'S BIBLE - T C Edwards
James Rosscup - Though this work is generally helpful on historical background, it is often not of great assistance on the original text or problem passages. It skips over these many times. It is generally conservative, but not always. The value is greater on some books because the authors have done an excellent work: Kellogg on Leviticus; Blaikie on Joshua and I, II Samuel; Plummer on the pastorals, James and Jude. Some sections are by radical liberals, for example George A. Smith on Isaiah and the Minor Prophets. By and large, the student will do better to use a detailed set like The Expositor’s Bible Commentary plus individual best works on the different Bible books or sections of Scripture.
EXPOSITOR'S GREEK TESTAMENT - Marcus Dods
James Rosscup - This dispensationally oriented work is not verse-by-verse, but deals with the exposition on a broader scale, treating blocks of thought within the chapters. Cf. also Arno C. Gaebelein, Gaebelein’s Concise Commentary on the Whole Bible (I Volume, Neptune, NJ: Loizeaux, 1985), the Annotated Bible revised. The author was a popular evangelical Bible teacher of the first part of the century, much like H. A. Ironside in his diligent but broad, practical expositions of Bible books. Gaebelein was premillennial and dispensational, and editor for many years of Our Hope Magazine.
James Rosscup - Gill (1697–1771), a pastor of England, wrote these which are two-column pages, ca. 900–1,000 pages per volume, Originally they were 9 volumes, folio. He also wrote Body of Divinity, 3 volumes, and several other volumes. His commentary is evangelical, wrestles with texts, is often wordy and not to the point but with worthy things for the patient who follow the ponderous detail and fish out slowly what his interpretation of a text is. He feels the thousand years in Revelation 20 cannot begin until after the conversion of the Jews and the bringing in of the fullness of the Gentiles and destruction of all antiChristian powers (volume 6, p. 1063) but in an amillennial sense of new heavens and new earth coming right after Christ’s second advent (1064–65), and the literal thousand years of binding at the same time. He feels the group that gathers against the holy city at the end of the thousand years is the resurrected wicked dead from the four quarters of the earth (i.e. from all the earth, etc. (1067).
Spurgeon - Beyond all controversy, Gill was one of the most able Hebraists of his day, and in other matters no mean proficient...His ultraism is discarded, but his learning is respected: the world and the church take leave to question his dogmatism, but they both bow before his erudition. Probably no man since Gill’s days has at all equalled him in the matter of Rabbinical learning.
He preached in the same church as C. H. Spurgeon over one hundred years earlier. Yet most people today have never heard of John Gill. This is unfortunate, since his works contain priceless gems of information that are found nowhere except in the ancient writings of the Jews.
Spurgeon's critique: We greatly prize Gouge. Many will think his system of observations cumbrous, and so, perhaps, it is; but upon any topic which he touches he gives outlines which may supply sermons for months.
- Hebrews 12:1-3 Race for Heroes
- Hebrews 12:4-13 The Surprise in Suffering
- Hebrews 12:14-29 The Voice of Grace
James Rosscup - "Some regard this work rather highly for its exegetical excellence at times in the Greek."
Hiebert - Greek text. A work of massive scholarship by a famous liberal scholar which espouses a non-Jewish background for the recipients of this letter. Valuable introduction and interpretative notes for the advanced student. Has a helpful section on the rhythmic cadences of the epistle.
- Hebrews 12:1-3 Jesus; the Perfecter of our Faith!
- Hebrews 12:4-13 Jesus Helps in our Struggle of Faith!
- Hebrews 12:14-29 Strive for Jesus!
Cyril Barber - Continuously in print for 50 years, having made its debut in 1947. Ironside always has something good to say. He is easy to read, evangelical, and provides deft applications of the truth to life. One limitation of this revision is the use of the KJV when some other modern translation (e.g., NKJV) would have better served the needs of modern readers. Otherwise, this exposition is lucid and ideal for lay Bible study.
James Rosscup - He is staunchly evangelical, showing good broad surveys based on diligent study, practical turns, even choice illustrations. In prophecy he is premillennial dispensational....Many preachers have found that Ironside works, read along with heavier books on details of exegesis, help them see the sweep of the message and prime their spirits for practical relevance.
John Cereghin - Ironside, Harry A., Expository Notes on the Epistles of James and Peter, 1947, 41 pages. Brief devotional exposition. He attacks hyper-Calvinism (68); denounces the error of “soul sleep” (73); suggests that angels may refer to Genesis 6 (82-83); teaches the Premillennial coming of Christ (98). A practical and devotional exposition. Reprinted from the 1904 edition.
Published 1871 - Probably best older commentary on prophetic passages as it tends to interpret more literally.
James Rosscup - This is a helpful old set of 1863 for laypeople and pastors to have because it usually comments at least to some degree on problems. Though terse, it provides something good on almost any passage, phrase by phrase and is to some degree critical in nature. It is evangelical....Especially in its multi-volume form this is one of the old evangelical works that offers fairly solid though brief help on many verses. Spurgeon said, “It contains so great a variety of information that if a man had no other exposition he would find himself at no great loss if he possessed this and used it diligently” (Commenting and Commentaries, p. 3). Things have changed greatly since this assessment! It is primarily of help to pastors and lay people looking for quick, though usually somewhat knowledgeable treatments on verses.
Spurgeon - A really standard work. We consult it continually, and with growing interest. Mr. Fausset’s portion strikes us as being of the highest order.
John Cereghin - A conservative exposition. He defends Petrine authorship (xlixff); argues for the deity of Christ (619); holds that assurance in Scripture is doubly sure (622); identifies the elements as “the world’s component materials” (627); holds that Paul’s Epistles were already known as “Scripture” (628).
D Edmond Hiebert on Fronmuller - Prints author's own translation. An exhaustive exposition by a conservative interpreter which has stood the test of time. Important for the expositor of 1 Peter. A careful interpretation of these epistles with a mass of material of a practical and homiletical nature.(An Introduction to the New Testament)
James Rosscup - The treatments of books within this evangelical set (Lange's Commentary) vary in importance. Generally, one finds a wealth of detailed commentary, background, and some critical and exegetical notes. Often, however, there is much excess verbiage that does not help particularly. On the other hand, it usually has something to assist the expositor on problems and is a good general set for pastors and serious lay people though it is old.
- Hebrews 12:1 Dealing with Habitual Sins
- Hebrews 12:1-4 Run for Your Life
- Hebrews 12:1-3 The Race of Faith
- Hebrews 12:1-4 Running the Race That Is Set Before Us
- Hebrews 12:4-11 God’s Faithful Discipline
- Hebrews 12:5-11 The Discipline of God
- Hebrews 12:5-11 The Discipline of God
- Hebrews 12:5-11 God's Loving Discipline 1
- Hebrews 12:5-11 God's Loving Discipline 2
- Hebrews 12:12-17 Falling Short of the Grace of God
- Hebrews 12:18-29 Mount Sinai or Mount Zion?
- Hebrews 12 A Great Cloud of Witnesses
- Hebrews 12 Hearing the Voice of God
- Hebrews 12 Did God Reject Esau's Repentance?
- Hebrews 12:1KJV cloud of witnesses
- Hebrews 12:2KJV Looking unto Jesus
- Hebrews 12:3KJV sinners against himself
- Hebrews 12:5KJV speaketh unto you
- Hebrews 12:9KJV Father of spirits
- Hebrews 12:12KJV lift up the hands
- Hebrews 12:14KJV holiness
- Hebrews 12:15KJV root of bitterness
- Hebrews 12:16KJV Esau
- Hebrews 12:18KJV ye are not come
- Hebrews 12:22KJV mount Sion innumerable company of angels
- Hebrews 12:23KJV church of the firstborn
- Hebrews 12:24KJV than that of Abel
- Hebrews 12:26KJV saying Hag
- Hebrews 12:27KJV things which cannot be shaken
- Hebrews 12:29KJV consuming fire
Rosscup writes - The student will find this a helpful volume on the English text much like Newell’s valuable works on Romans and Revelation. Newell was premillennial and dispensational. On Hebrew 6, Newell takes the stance that professors are in view. (Commentaries for Biblical Expositors)
Cyril Barber - Presents the superiority of Christ by deftly and ably showing how the OT types and prophecies were fulfilled in His life, death, and resurrection. The Bible student will find this a helpful volume on the English text. (The Minister's Library)
Hiebert - An independent, popular, heartwarming, verse-by-verse exposition by a competent, conservative Bible teacher. Contains a clear premillennial emphasis. A variety of rich summaries and comments in the footnotes.
Rosscup writes - Kregel in Grand Rapids has a 1-volume abridgement that makes the comments more manageable. Owen, a Puritan scholar, was voluminous on just about everything he wrote, and he did many masterful works. Here, the patient will meet with ponderous discussion of connections between New Testament fulfillments in Christ and Old Testament preparation for Him. Much is rich and worthwhile if one has time to sort through the laborious discussions to follow through to what he can use. Theologically Owen has a lot to contribute. He has many points and sees things from various sides, reasons through views and arguments, and often is very helpful to the person who begins his study early enough to devote the time it takes. In Hebrews 6 and 10, Owen decides reference is to mere professors who fall away or shrink back, never having been actually born again.(Commentaries for Biblical Expositors)
Spurgeon: "Out of scores of commendations of this colossal work we select but one. Dr. Chalmers pronounced it “a work of gigantic strength as well as gigantic size; and he who hath mastered it is very little short, both in respect to the doctrinal and practical of Christianity, of being an erudite and accomplished theologian.”
Hiebert - A condensation of the eight-volume work on Hebrews (links below are unabridged work) on which Owens spent sixteen years of his life. A valuable guide for the study of Hebrews under this noted Puritan theologian and preacher.
- Hebrews 12 Commentary
PASTOR LIFE Sermons on Hebrews
PRECEPT MINISTRIES - samples of first lesson
- Heb 12:1
- Heb 12:2
- Heb 12:3
- Heb 12:4
- Heb 12:5
- Heb 12:8
- Heb 12:9
- Heb 12:10
- Heb 12:11
- Heb 12:12–13
- Heb 12:14
- Heb 12:15
- Heb 12:16
- Heb 12:17
- Heb 12:18–24
- Heb 12:18
- Heb 12:19
- Heb 12:21
- Heb 12:22
- Heb 12:23
- Heb 12:24
- Heb 12:25–27
- Heb 12:25
- Heb 12:27
- Heb 12:28
- Heb 12:29
Cyril Barber - Stedman’s commentary leans toward identifying Apollos as the author of this letter, and Jewish Christians as the recipients. A date in the late 60s is believed to be the time of its composition. As expected, the comments are brief, pertinent, and pastoral in tone. The problem passages (e.g., Hebrews 6:4-9) are handled from a Calvinistic perspective. Many readers will question Stedman’s identification of the tabernacle as a type of each human being’s three-part nature. However, such issues aside, this is a useful commentary from which lay people will profit. Preachers, too, will derive some unique insights for the application of the text to the lives of their hearers. All things considered, this is a work from which believers can derive great benefit. (The Minister's Library)
- Discipline of the True Children of God - Hebrews 12:1-17
- Cloud of witnesses - Hebrews 12:1
- Fix our eyes on Jesus - Hebrews 12:2
- Consider him who endured such opposition - Hebrews 12:3
- Shedding your blood - Hebrews 12:4
- Old Testament reflection - Hebrews 12:5-6
- Sons - Hebrews 12:5
- Hardship as discipline - Hebrews 12:7
- Illegitimate children - Hebrews 12:8
- Human fathers - Hebrews 12:9-10
- Righteousness and peace - Hebrews 12:11
- Strengthen . . . not be disabled - Hebrews 12:12-13
- Make every effort to live in peace with all men - Hebrews 12:14
- No one misses - Hebrews 12:15
- Godless Esau - Hebrews 12:16
- Afterward, as you know - Hebrews 12:17
- The Heavenly Jerusalem - Hebrews 12:18-29
- That can be touched - Hebrews 12:18
- Begged that no further word be spoken to them - Hebrews 12:19
- Terrifying . . . with fear - Hebrews 12:20-21
- You have come - Hebrews 12:22
- Church of the firstborn - Hebrews 12:23
- To Jesus the mediator - Hebrews 12:24
- Give greater attention - Hebrews 12:25-27
- On earth . . . from heaven - Hebrews 12:25
- The removing of what can be shaken - Hebrews 12:26-27
- Worship God acceptably - Hebrews 12:28
- A consuming fire - Hebrews 12:29
DAVID THOMPSON SERMON NOTES
- Hebrews 12:1-3 Sermon
- Hebrews 12:4-11 Sermon
- Hebrews 12:12-17 Sermon
- Hebrews 12:18-24 Sermon
- Hebrews 12:25-29 Sermon
STEVE ZEISLER - sermons on Hebrews
- Hebrews 12:1-13 The Great Race
- Hebrews 12:12-15 Awakened from Resentment
- Hebrews 12:14-29 Serious About Sanctification