God's Name - A Strong Tower

Some boast in chariots & some in horses,
but we will boast in the Name of Jehovah, our God.

Psalm 20:7 (Spurgeon's note)


(Summary of the Names of God)
Proverbs 18:10
(Listen to Blessed Be Your Name)
Part 2

Click Names
in BLUE for notes



Click to enlarge


ELOHIM Plural of
Ge 1 Commentary,
Col 1:16+ He 1:2+ Ps 139:13-7+ Is 43:7,1-7 Mt 5:16+ Jn 15:8 Ro 9:23+ Ep 1:6,12+, Ep 2:4-7+ 1Pe 2:9+ 1Pe 4:11,14+
Dt 10:17+, Ps 136:2+, Da 2:47+


He is Creator of everything & He created me fearfully & wonderfully & for good works for His glory (Isa 43:7; Mt 5:16+ Ep2:10+)

Ge 14:18-20, 22, Ps 91:1,9+ Dt 32:8+ Ps 78:35+ Da 4:34, 35+ Mk 5:6,7+ Lk 1:32,35,76+, Ac 7:47, 49, 50+ Ac 16:17+, He 7:1+ Ro 8:28, 29+ Ep 1:11+ Is 14:24,27 Jn 19:10, 11

Make a list of what you learn from the following 50 uses of "Most High" in OT & NT

Ge 14:18; Ge 14:19; Ge 14:20; Ge 14:22; Nu 24:16; Dt. 32:8; 2Sa 22:14; Ps. 7:17; Ps. 9:2; Ps. 18:13; Ps. 21:7; Ps. 46:4; Ps. 47:2; Ps. 50:14; Ps. 57:2; Ps. 73:11; Ps. 77:10; Ps. 78:17; Ps. 78:35; Ps. 78:56; Ps. 82:6; Ps. 83:18; Ps. 87:5; Ps. 91:1; Ps. 91:9; Ps. 92:1; Ps. 97:9; Ps. 107:11; Isa. 14:14; Lam. 3:35; Lam. 3:38; Da 3:26; Da 4:2; Da 4:17; Da 4:24; Da 4:25; Dan. 4:32; Da 4:34; Da 5:18; Da 5:21; Da 7:25; Mk. 5:7; Lk. 1:32; Lk. 1:35; Lk. 1:76; Lk. 6:35; Lk. 8:28; Acts 7:48,16:17; Heb. 7:1
He is Sovereign & in absolute, total control & nothing can occur in my life without His permission. Therefore I can accept my circumstances as allowed by Him to bring about my highest good & His greatest glory & I can give thanks to Him in all things (1Th 5:18+).
Ge 15:2+
1Co 6:18, 19, 20+
Titus 2:14+
Click for OT uses of Adonai - Which book has by far the most uses? Interesting!

Click to enlarge
"Now look toward the heavens, and count the stars, if you are able to count them." And He said to him, "So shall your descendants be." (Ge 15:5+ after calling Him Adonai Ge 15:2+=1st use)
He is Master. I am His & not my own for I have been bought with a price and for a purpose… to glorify Him. See also Adonai
Ge 16:13,14
Ge 21:15-21

Hagar expelled
(Ge 21:10,14)
El Roi is omniscient - He sees our affliction (which in His sovereignty El Elyon has allowed) & He is not indifferent but is able to come to the aid (boetheo) of those who are being tested (He 2:18+) as was Hagar in the wilderness. For more detailed exposition click El Roi.
God Almighty

Ge 17:1, 28:1-3, 35:10-11, 43:13-16, 48:3, 49:25, Ex 6:3+, Ps 91:1+ 2Co 12:9,10+
El Shaddai occurs 5x appearing to Abraham, Isaac & Jacob reminding them each of His ability to fulfill His promise to bless and grant descendents
Ge 28:3; 35:11; 48:3, Ex 6:3+
Below are all 48 OT uses of Shaddai. Which book has most uses? Why?

Ge 17:1; Ge 28:3; Ge 35:11; Ge 43:14; Ge 48:3; Ge 49:25; Ex 6:3; Nu 24:4; Nu. 24:16; Ru 1:20; Ru 1:21; Job 5:17; Job 6:4; Job 6:14; Job 8:3; Job 8:5; Job 11:7; Job 13:3; Job 15:25; Job 21:15; Job 21:20; Job 22:3; Job 22:17; Job 22:23; Job 22:25; Job 22:26; Job 23:16; Job 24:1; Job 27:2; Job 27:10; Job 27:11; Job 27:13; Job 29:5; Job 31:2; Job 31:35; Job 32:8; Job 33:4; Job 34:10; Job 34:12; Job 35:13; Job 37:23; Job 40:2; Ps 68:14; Ps 91:1; Is 13:6; Ezek 1:24; Ezek 10:5; Joel 1:15
El Shaddai by Amy Grant

He is the "All Sufficient One" (cf Omnipotent) Whose grace is sufficient for me. His power is perfected in my weakness. El Shaddai is the strong tower waiting for us to run into Him & rest in the truth of His sufficiency for any & every contingency of life. We will never come away from His presence wanting because we will always find His sufficiency sufficient! See Shaddai in Ru 1:20+ where Shaddai is translated in Lxx with hikanos which means ample, sufficient, competent, enough! That is El Shaddai!!! Are you experiencing Him as El Shaddai, as hikanos? When you come to the end of yourself and find that all you have left is Jesus, you discover that He is ENOUGH, for He is El Shaddai! 

Ex 3:14, 15+
Jn 8:24,58, 59

Burning Bush 
(Ex 3:2-4+)

He is the Self-existent, Covenant keeping God. "I Am" is everything you will ever need. Click for more detailed discussion of Jehovah and meditate on the profundity of this great name. LORD in all caps (NAS, KJV, NKJV) always signifies Jehovah. Have you come to the point in your personal relationship with "I Am" to accept that He is whatever you need? Will you trust Him to fulfill all of the promises according to His Word?
Ge 22:8,13,14
Heb 11:17-19+
Php 4:19+, 2Co 9:8+, Ro 8:32

Ref's to Mt Moriah = Ge 22:2, 2Sa24:24, 25, 2Ch 3:1,2

Jehovah Jireh has provided the Lamb on Mt Moriah & will freely give me all things I need. Who is the Lamb? Jn 1:14,29, 36+, Is 53:7+, 1Pe 1:18, 19+ Re 5:6+ (See also Kinsman-Redeemer)
Ex 15:22-27+, 13:21, 22 Ps 147:3 Is 53:5+, Ga 3:13+
1Pe 2:24,25+
Ps 107:19,20+, Mal 4:2+

Moses smiting Rock in another "No water" situation Ex 17:1-16+
Enlarge pix
Jehovah Rapha can turn the bitter "waters" of our life sweet by the effect of the "tree" of Calvary (Greek xulon in LXX for tree -Moses threw into the bitter water is translated "Cross" in 1Pe 2:24+, Ac 5:30, Ac 10:39)
Jehovah Rapha
Ex 17:8ff+
Nu 21:4-9+, Nu 26:19+ banner = warning
Ps 60:5+, Ps 20:5+
Hebrew "nec" (nissi) = banner
10x Isa
5x Jer

Moses' Arms Held Up by Aaron & Hur -- Click image to enlarge
Proper understanding & application of Jehovah Nissi your Banner in war can provide the power for victory over the "Amalekites" in your life: the world system opposed to God, your adversary, the devil (1Pe5:8- note) & the indwelling sin nature ("the flesh") inherited from Adam (Ro 5:12-note). For exposition click LORD Our Banner



LORD WHO SANCTIFIES Ex 31:13+, Lv 20:8+, Lv 21:8, 15, 23+, Lv 22:9,16,32+, Ezek 20:12, Ezek 37:28
Play, Ponder & Pray
Refiner's Fire
This name answers the question of how a believer can live a holy life in a world which is for the most part wholly unholy. The answer is found in the strong tower of Jehovah MeKeddeshem, the LORD Who Sanctifies us daily. For exposition click Jehovah Who Sanctifies


THE LORD IS PEACE Then Gideon built an altar there to the LORD and named it The LORD is Peace. 
Judges 6:24+

Angel of Jehovah appears to Gideon Jdg 6:11-24+
Click image to enlarge

How can we find real peace in a world filled with enmity, strife & anxiety? For an exposition of man's only hope for true peace click Jehovah Shalom
(LORD God of Hosts)
(God of Hosts)
1Sa 1:3,11+,1Sa 17:45+
Click all 229 uses of LORD of hosts. Make list about this Name

Hannah presents Samuel 

Jehovah Sabaoth occurs >270x in the OT & in this Name we find God's provision for us when we are in great extremity especially times of affliction, conflict or warfare. For more detailed exposition click Jehovah Sabaoth (pt 2)
(Raah, Rohi)
my Shepherd
Ps 23:1-6+, Is 40:11,
Eze 34:11-16,
Jn 10:1-5, 9-18
Jehovah Roi is the "caring" Name of God, picturing the faithful Good Shepherd Who is constantly watching over & tenderly caring for His flock. For more detail click Jehovah Roi
our Help
Psalm 33:20+ says…
"Our soul hath waited for Jehovah our Help (Jehovah 'Ezer) and our shield is He." (YLT)

Spurgeon writes "let us hear the Lord Jesus speak to each one of us: “I will help thee.” “It is but a small thing for me, thy God, to help thee. Consider what I have done already. What! not help thee? Why, I bought thee with my blood. What! not help thee? I have died for thee; and if I have done the greater, will I not do the less? Help thee! It is the least thing I will ever do for thee; I have done more, and will do more. Before the world began I chose thee. I made the covenant for thee. I laid aside my glory and became a man for thee; I gave up my life for thee; and if I did all this, I will surely help thee now."

is There
Ezekiel 48:35
in the
Millennium 1
Millennium 2
Millennium 3

In Ezekiel 8-11, the glory of Jehovah departed from the Holy of holies in the Temple. Then in Eze 40-48 (esp Eze 43:1, 2, 3, 4, 5) God promises that His glory will return and as the "capstone" & "surety" to His promise He gives us His great name Jehovah-shammah! His promise is as good as His Name!

**Click any Name of God in BLUE for more detailed discussion


Consider taking a respite from your hectic pace and meditatively pondering all the uses of the word "name" in the Psalms (most uses refer to God - just read the first one below to whet your appetite!). You will be blessed as you interact with the Spirit (Jn 14:16, 26, 16:13, 1Jn 2:20, 27) and respond in prayer, praise and worship to His illumination of the truth about His glorious and majestic Name. Hover over these passages for the verse or click passage to read in context. If you desire a different version use the tool below to change version.

Ps 5:11 (cp Pr 18:10); Ps 7:17; 8:1, 9 (How Majestic is Thy Name); Ps 9:2, 10; 18:49 (I Adore You); Ps 20:1, 5, 7 (We Trust in the Name of the LORD); Ps 22:22; 29:2; 30:4 (I Sing Praises to Your Name); Ps 33:21; 34:3; 44:5, 8, 20; 45:17; 48:10 (No Other Name But Jesus); Ps 52:9; 54:1, 6; 61:5, 8 (To Know Your Name); Ps 63:4 (Blessed Be Your Name); Ps 66:2, 4; 68:4 (In The Name Of The LORD); Ps 69:30, 36; 72:17, 19 (Blessed be the Name of the LORD); Ps 74:7, 10, 18, 21; 75:1; 76:1; 79:6, 9; 80:18; 83:16, 18; 86:9, 11, 12; 89:12, 16, 24; 91:14; 92:1; 96:2, 8; 97:12; 99:3, 6; 100:4 (I Can Only Imagine); Ps102:12, 15, 21 (We are Here to Praise You); Ps 103:1 (Bless His Holy Name); Ps 105:1 (Call Upon His Name), Ps 105:3; 106:8, 47; 111:9; 113:1, 2 (Blessed Are You), Ps 113:3 (From the Rising of the Sun); Ps 115:1; 116:4, 13, 17; 118:10, 11, 12, 26; 119:55, 132; 122:4; 124:8; Ps 129:8; 135:1, 3 (Praise to the LORD, the Almighty), Ps 135:13; 138:2; 140:13; 142:7; 143:11; 145:1, 2, 21; 148:5, 13 (He is Exalted); Ps 149:3 (Sing Your Praise To The LORD). (Blessed Be Your Name)

After you have observed these passages yourself, you might consider pondering Spurgeon's devotional insights on the matchless Name of God in his opus magnum The Treasury of David


Lord, I Want to Know You A Devotional Study on the Names of God - Kay Arthur- (The following version can be borrowed for 1 hour -Lord, I want to know you) This book is a self contained study on the names of God. Remember that a study of the names of God is really a study of His glorious ATTRIBUTES but in a way which is more "up close & personal" and personally applicable to real life situations. I have seen this study impact student's lives as much as any course I have taught over the past 15 years. This book would make a great morning devotional study but is equally useful in a small group setting or even a Sunday School class. Instructional teaching tapes are also available to help you plan your lessons and Kay Arthur has accompanying lectures that compliment and amplify the material in the book. I can guarantee you will never approach the Names of God the same way after you've done this study. It is not redundant to say that this is a truly life changing study.

Names of God - Nathan J. Stone (Online Pdf version) - This is the classic modern work on this subject and is an excellent supplement to the study "Lord I Want to Know You". (Another source Names of God in the Old Testament by Stone, Nathan J)

Names of God : instant access to key scriptures

Praying the names of God : a daily guide (borrow for one hour) by Spangler, Ann 711 ratings (See related Immanuel : praying the names of God through the Christmas season by Spangler, Ann) (Praying the names of Jesus : a daily guide by Spangler, Ann)

Classic Sermons on the Names of God (BORROW) - compiled by Warren Wiersbe - 11 sermons 

The Names of God by Ken Hemphill (BORROW)- excellent expositional and devotional study of 13 Names of God. Highly recommended as a supplement to your own study of the Names of God using #1 and #2 above.

Beloved names of God : [life-changing thoughts on 99 classic names] by McLaughlan, David (borrow for one hour) - Each entry has 4-5 short facts followed by a short devotional thought. Simple but nourishing. 

The Names of God by Hampton Keathley III - short paper

Names and Titles of Jesus Christ - List with Scriptures

The Hebrew Names of God - mainly Hebrew names with a few comments

The one true God by Washer, Paul "In One True God Paul Washer has provided a sound, biblical, substantive theological study for those of us who have been longing for more. Anyone interested in bolstering their understanding of the doctrine of God will find this study immensely valuable" - Voddie Bauchum,Jr

The Names of God by Lambert Dolphin - brief notes on each name, more notes on Trinity

My Father's Names - 12 studies (free) by Elmer Towns - Studies on some common names and a few of the less common names of God - "Hallowed by Thy Name," "Jehovah Roi," "El Shaddai," "El Elyon," "El Olam," "El Gibbor," "Jehovah Melek," "Jehovah Sabaoth," "Adonai," "Elohim," "Jehovah," "Pater." (See also My Father's names - borrow for one hour)

The Names of the Holy Spirit (144 page study guide) (free) by Elmer Towns

365 Ways To Know God by Elmer L. Towns (not free)- A guide to help you reflect on one name of God for every day of the year.

Our Stronghold: C H Spurgeon's sermon on Proverbs 18:10 - Take a few moments to thoughtfully read through this exhortative, instructional sermon and be blessed and edified

The Names of God in Holy Scripture: A Revelation of His Nature and by Andrew John Jukes

Name of God - Baker's Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology

Jesus Christ, Titles of - Baker's Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology

The Names of God - International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

The Names of God - Holman Bible Dictionary,

Names of God - Don Fortner

Related Resources Proverbs 18:10 Click comparison of Proverbs 18:10,11.


Charles Haddon Spurgeon

Ray Stedman

Rick Ezell

J David Hoke

Warren Wiersbe

Related Topics

Dr John Piper

Charles Haddon Spurgeon on Names of God

Alexander Maclaren on Names of God

The Names of God - Part 2