Kinsman-Redeemer - The Goel

Resources on this page:


  Why Need a
Kinsman Redeemer
How does the Goel accomplish redemption? Who is the Kinsman Redeemer? When does the Kinsman Redeemer Act? What Are the Results of Redemption? What is the Response to the
What New Relationship to the Redeemer?
Old Testament Shadows of Messiah
in Ruth and the Passover

Book of

Naomi - Land
Ru 4:3
Ruth - Name
Ru 4:10
(See Dt 25:5, 6)

Paid in Full
Ru 4:4,6, 9


(See requirements of the Goel)

Ruth = Asked
Ru 3:9
Boaz = Acted
Ru 3:11, 4:1, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10
Boaz affirmed with an oath
Ru 3:13

Restore life
Sustain life
Ru 4:15

"Bless the LORD = Jehovah"
Ru 4:14

Contrast: Ru 1:19, 14,15, 16
Empty vs Full

Ruth Becomes Bride of Boaz
Ru 4:10, 13


In Bondage:
Ex 6:5, 6

I will redeem them Ex 6:6 Blood of Lamb
Ex 12:5, 6, 7, 13, 14

Dt 7:8

Covenant Keeping God of Abraham, Isaac, Jacob
Ex 6:2, 4, Dt 7:7, 8, 9
The land (Ge 12:1, 2, 3,4)

Ex 6:5
of sons of Israel
(cp Ex 2:23)

God's Timing
Ge 15:13, 16

Delivered from bondage
Ex 6:6

Redeemed from the house of slavery
Dt 7:8

Ex 15:24

Israel becomes Wife of Jehovah
Je 31:31, 32, Is 54:5, Ho 2:2 (Note)
Ezek 16:8

Click for OT Redemption — by the Passover Lamb — fulfilled in the NT in Christ

OT Shadows Fulfilled
in the NT Substance of Christ

(Col 2:17-note, Heb 10:1-note)



Slaves to...


Jn 8:34
Pr 5:22-note
2Pe 2:19NLT-note
Ro 6:16-note


Ro 5:12-note
Gal 4:4,5
Heb 2:15NLT-note


Ep 2:2NLT-note
1Jn 3:7, 8, 9, 10 (Every use of practice = as one's lifestyle = present tense) Spurgeon: “The grace that does not change my life will not save my soul.”
Acts 26:18



Ep 2:2-note
1Jn 5:19,
Ro 12:2-note,
Ga 1:4KJV

Basic Problem?
Man cannot redeem his soul
Ps 49:7, 8
Ps 49:8NIV

Gal 4:4-5

The Price Paid...

Blood Required
He 9:22-note
Lev 17:11

Not Blood of Animals
Heb 9:11, 12-note
He 10:1, 2, 3, 4-note

Christ's Blood
Eph 1:7-note
cp Mt 26:28
Ac 20:28

Justified as a gift of grace thru redemption
Ro 3:24-note , Ro 3:25-note
(See note below)

Paid In Full
(See note on tetelestai)
Jn 19:30
cp Col 2:14-note

Ransom Paid to Whom?
Not to Satan
Scripture silent but implied it is paid to God (cp Ro 6:23)

Jn 15:13
1Jn 3:16
Ro 5:8-note

There is a Redeemer - Keith Green

Jesus fulfilled requirements of the Goel

(1) Kinsman

He 2:14, 15-note
Php 2:6, 7, 8-note
Jn 1:1, 14
Born of a Human Mother
Lk 1:29, 31, 35
Fully God
Fully Man

(2) Possessed the means

1Pe 1:18, 19-note


(3) Willing to Redeem

2Co 8:9
Lk 22:42
Jn 10:18
(It was His purpose)
Mk 10:45
1Ti 2:6

My Redeemer - by Nicole Mullen


John 6:44

Must Ask

Ro 10:13-note
Ro 10:9, 10-note

Set free from...


Ro 6:6-note
Enslaved to God
Ro 6:22-note
Jn 8:36 (free = eleutheroo -mouse over)

Released from our sins
Rev 1:5-note
From every lawless deed
Titus 2:14-note

to Law & Death

Freed from curse of Law
Ga 3:13-note
Gal 4:4,5
1Co 15:55, 56
From fear of death
Heb 2:15-note

to Satan

Transferred from Kingdom of Darkness (Satan) to Light (Jesus)
Col 1:13-note
Acts 26:18
1Jn 5:18NLT
1Jn 4:4
2Ti 2:25, 26-note

Change of Masters:
Not our own = Bought with a price

1Co 6:19, 20-note
1Pe 2:9-note
Titus 2:14-note
Rev 5:9-note

to the World

"I" Crucified to the world
& world to "I"

Gal 6:14-note
Jn 16:33
1Jn 5:4, 5
cp Mk 8:34, 35, 36, 37

Dead to...
lusts of the flesh, eyes, pride
1Jn 2:16-note

Eph 1:7-note
Col 1:14-note
Mt 26:28

Eternal Redemption
He 9:11,12-note

Adopted as Sons-note
Gal 4:5

Ro 3:24-note ,
Ro 3:25-note

(pres imp) Yourself Dead to Sin
Ro 6:11-note

(pres imp) presenting your body to Sin
Ro 6:12-note

(aor imp) Present your body to God
Ro 6:13-note


1Co 11:24, 25

Proclaim His death until He comes
1Co 11:26

Walk in Light
Ep 5:8NLT

Lay aside deeds of darkness
Ro 13:12, 13,

Put on Jesus
Stop making provision to sin

Ro 13:14

Be sober
1Th 5:5-note
1Th 5:8-note

Glorify God

1Cor 6:20-note
Mt 5:16-note

Do Not Love
Be Conformed
to World
1Jn 2:15-note
Ro 12:2-note
Jas 4:4-note

Zealous for good deeds

Titus 2:14-note

Look forward to our future redemption
Eph 1:14-note
Eph 4:30-note
Lk 21:28
Ro 8:23-note
(eagerly await = apekdechomai- study - mouseover)
cp 1Jn 3:3-note

God's redemptive love on the Cross should constrain us
2Co 5:15

Come Now is the Time to Worship

of Christ

2Co 11:2, 3
Ep 5:25, 26, 27-note
Re 19:7, 8, 9-note

Blessed Be Your Name - Awesome Video

Explanatory Notes on Chart:

The goal of this chart is to show how the OT shadow of the Goel or Kinsman-Redeemer is perfectly fulfilled in the substance of Christ (Col 2:17-note, cp "the very form of things" in Heb 10:1-note) and to summarize the results of His redemption which has wrought for us "so great a salvation" (Heb 2:3-note), God's truth which should motivate us to walk worthy of the calling to which we have been called in Christ, our Kinsman-Redeemer (Eph 4:1, 2, 3-note, Col 1:9-note, Col 1:10-note, 1Th 2:10, 11, 12-note, cp the "ultimate worthy walk" in Rev 3:4-note) .

The Problem - Because of Adam's sin ("the man" = Ge 2:16, 17, 3:6, Ro 5:12-note, Ps 51:5, Job 14:4, 1Ki 8:46, Ec 7:20, Ps 130:3-note, Ps 143:2-note, Pr 20:9), everyone ever born was born into a state of servitude or slavery to Sin (Jn 8:34, Pr 5:22-note, Ro 6:6-note, Ro 6:12-note, Ro 6:16-note, Ro 6:19, 20-note), Statutes (Ro 3:19-note, Gal 4:4, 5, 3:13, Gal 5:18-note), Satan (cp diabolos) (Ep 2:2NLT-note, Ep 6:12-note, Lk 4:6, Jn 8:44 = speaking to unbelieving Jews but applicable to all unbelievers, Jn 12:31, 1Jn 5:19, Acts 26:18, Re 12:9-note) and Stablishment (The World System [see kosmos] - Gal 1:4, 1Jn 2:15-note, 1Jn 2:16-note, 1Jn 2:17-note, Jas 4:4-note), and as slaves to these harsh task masters, men and women needed a radical redemption that would pay the price to set the slaves free. Every religion other than Christianity (which is more of a relationship than a religion) seeks in one way or another to do "good works" in order to pay off the the debt (to merit or earn freedom) that resulted in enslavement. But all human efforts fall short for "No man can by any means redeem his brother, or give to God a ransom for him--for the redemption of his soul is costly, And he should cease trying forever" (Ps 49:7,8-note, Isa 64:6)

The Price - As summarized in this column above, the price of redemption is blood and only the blood of a perfect sacrifice was acceptable to effect redemption.

The Person - Christ came to earth in order that He might be our Goel or Kinsman Redeemer, the OT type He fulfilled perfectly by (1) becoming our "Kinsman", (2) possessing the means or price of redemption and (3) manifesting a willingness to redeem.

The Results - The results of Christ's radical redemption liberate sinful men from each of the harsh task masters - Sin, Statutes (Death), Satan, and Stablishment (the World System).

Of special note is the association of Christ's redemption with forgiveness of sins (Mt 26:28, Eph 1:7-note, Col 1:14-note), which has radical implications on our responsibility and ability to forgive others. See the following resources for discussion of the liberating truth regarding forgiveness...

Jesus said "this is My blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for forgiveness of sins."

Now the God of peace, who brought up from the dead the great Shepherd of the sheep through the blood of the eternal covenant, even Jesus our Lord, equip you in every good thing to do His will, working in us that which is pleasing in His sight, through Jesus Christ, to whom be the glory forever and ever. Amen.

See the related resources on Covenant listed below - you may have studied, taught or preached on the Biblical covenants, but the notes below will take you through God's major covenants from a perspective you may not have considered and one which is as liberating as it is challenging.

The Response - This column deals with our new responsibility (and power) to live as those who have been liberated by Christ's full payment of the redemption price.

Redeemed, How I Love to Proclaim It!
Fanny Crosby

Redeemed, how I love to proclaim it!
Redeemed by the blood of the Lamb;
Redeemed through His infinite mercy,
His child and forever I am.

Redeemed, redeemed,
Redeemed by the blood of the Lamb;
Redeemed, redeemed,
His child and forever I am.

Redeemed, and so happy in Jesus,
No language my rapture can tell;
I know that the light of His presence
With me doth continually dwell.

I think of my blessèd Redeemer,
I think of Him all the day long:
I sing, for I cannot be silent;
His love is the theme of my song.

I know I shall see in His beauty
The King in whose law I delight;
Who lovingly guardeth my footsteps,
And giveth me songs in the night.

I know there’s a crown that is waiting,
In yonder bright mansion for me,
And soon, with the spirits made perfect,
At home with the Lord I shall be.

The Relationship - This column summarizes the passages that relate to every believer's new relationship as the Bride of their Kinsman Redeemer, our Bridegroom, much as Ruth became the bride of Boaz, the OT type of the Goel or Kinsman Redeemer. Every believer's new identity as Christ's bride, calls for a commitment to live in purity until that day when He returns to "sweep us off our feet" (cp 1Th 4:13, 14, 15, 16, 17).

Redemption by
the Lamb of God

The Question in
the Old Testament was...

Where is
the Lamb?

The Answer in
the New Testament is...

the Lamb!

The Cry throughout eternity is...

is the Lamb!

The ram in
the thicket

The Passover

The Lamb
of God

Christ our Passover

The Lamb
that was slain

Ge 22:1, 2, 7, 8, 13, 14
Jehovah Jireh: The LORD Will Provide

Ex 12:5, 6, 7, 13, 14
[Read Ex 12:1-51]
430 yr in Egypt, 30 yr free,
400 in bondage
cp Ex 12:40 (430)
with Acts 7:6 (400)

Jn 1:29, 36+
Jn 19:31, 32, 33, 36,
Ps 34:19, 20
(See study of Jehovah Roi - The LORD is my Shepherd)

1Cor 5:7
Isa 53:7+
Acts 8:32, 33, 34, 35+
1 Pe 1:18-19+
1 Pe 2:24+

Jn 20:20, 27
Rev 5:6+
Re 5:12+
Re 19:7, 9+
Re 21:22, 2+
Re 22:1-+
Re 22:3+

Come Let Us Worship
Here I Am to Worship
We Bow Down

CLICK HERE and take a few moments out of your busy schedule
Listen, watch and worship the Lamb of God!

Summary of the Role
of the Goel or Kinsman Redeemer


Lev 25:23, 24, 25, 26, 27 (Note: Nearest Kinsman = Goel = Kinsman Redeemer)


Lev 25:47, 48, 49

Watch and Play Michael Card's wonderful song - Jubilee


Nu 35:19

Related Resources:

The Requirements
of the Goel or Kinsman Redeemer


(1) A near relative or kinsman

(2) One who had the means to bring about the redemption

(3) One who had the desire to accomplish redemption

Boaz Fulfills the Requirements
of the Goel or Kinsman Redeemer

(1) A near relative or kinsman

A kinsman - Related to Naomi's husband Elimelech - Ru 2:1, 20, 3:9,

(2) One who had the means to bring about the redemption

A wealthy man - Ru 2:1, Ru 2:4 (servants)

(3) One who had the desire to accomplish redemption

A willing man - Ru 3:11, 13, 18

Jesus Christ Fulfills the Requirements
of the Goel or Kinsman Redeemer
Play - There is a Redeemer - Keith Green

(1) A near relative or kinsman

Christ took on human flesh to fulfill this requirement to be our Goel. His incarnation fulfilled this requirement. - Heb 2:14, 15, 17, cp Php 2:6, 7, 8, Jn 1:1, 14

Note that Jesus calls Himself the Son of Man in Mk 10:45 and associates this name with His role as our Redeemer.

(2) One who had the means to bring about the redemption

His perfect, precious blood - 1Pe 1:18, 19

Not the blood of animals - Heb 9:11, 12-note He 9:22-note

(3) One who had the desire to accomplish redemption

Jesus laid down His life on His own initiative John 10:18

Jesus said "Not My will but Thine be done" Lk 22:42

There Is a Fountain Filled with Blood — (Beautiful choral version)
by William Cowper

There is a fountain filled with blood drawn from Emmanuel’s veins;
And sinners plunged beneath that flood lose all their guilty stains.
Lose all their guilty stains, lose all their guilty stains;
And sinners plunged beneath that flood lose all their guilty stains.

The dying thief rejoiced to see that fountain in his day;
And there have I, though vile as he, washed all my sins away.
Washed all my sins away, washed all my sins away;
And there have I, though vile as he, washed all my sins away.

Dear dying Lamb, Thy precious blood shall never lose its power
Till all the ransomed church of God be saved, to sin no more.
Be saved, to sin no more, be saved, to sin no more;
Till all the ransomed church of God be saved, to sin no more.

E’er since, by faith, I saw the stream Thy flowing wounds supply,
Redeeming love has been my theme, and shall be till I die.
And shall be till I die, and shall be till I die;
Redeeming love has been my theme, and shall be till I die.

Then in a nobler, sweeter song, I’ll sing Thy power to save,
When this poor lisping, stammering tongue lies silent in the grave.
Lies silent in the grave, lies silent in the grave;
When this poor lisping, stammering tongue lies silent in the grave.

Lord, I believe Thou hast prepared, unworthy though I be,
For me a blood bought free reward, a golden harp for me!
’Tis strung and tuned for endless years, and formed by power divine,
To sound in God the Father’s ears no other name but Thine.

Word Studies on Redeem, Redemption

Agorazo [see word study]- to buy in the slave market (1Cor. 6:20, 7:23, 2Pe 2:1) = Christ bought us in this slave market of sin by His own blood; believers are His bondslaves

Exagorazo [see word study]- to purchase, especially to buy out of the slave market with a view to his freedom (Gal. 3:13, 4:5 - referring especially to Jewish believers who are delivered from the Law and its curse). Exagorazo conveys the sense that the slave who is thus redeemed is never to be put up for sale in any slave market, that the one thus purchased might never return there again! (Dear believer, you might want to read that statement again...and then shout "Hallelujah! Thank You LORD!"). Idea of buying up an opportunity (Ep 5:16, Col 4:5)

Boice adds: This is a particularly blessed thought for Christians because it has to do with the effective and permanent nature of redemption. When we are speaking in spiritual terms the redemption we have in mind is from sin, and the promise of this word is that we might never be sold under the power of sin again. In secular terms, we can imagine a case where a well-meaning, merciful person might purchase a slave to work in his or her household but then tire of the slave’s performance or abilities and thus sell him again. In ancient times that must have happened repeatedly, so that a slave’s position was never really secure. Not so with Christ! Jesus purchased us so that we might be taken out of the marketplace and never have to return. “Once saved, always saved” is the way some put it. Having been purchased at the infinite cost of the blood of God’s own Son, there is no one who can possibly top the price and thus purchase us away from him. (Boice, J. M. Ephesians: An Expositional Commentary) (Bolding added)

Lutroo [see word study]- to set free by paying a price (Titus 2:14, 1Pe 1:18) = the believer is set free from sin and free to live a life pleasing to God in the power of the Holy Spirit.

Boice adds: "this word group (luo, lutroo, lutron, lutrosis, apolutroo, apolutrosis) means “to loose, set free or deliver”—by the payment of a price. Here too is a beautiful and encouraging thought for Christians. For it is not merely that we are bought out of the marketplace of sin, never to be returned there. A person could be bought on the slave block, never be sold on the block again but nevertheless continue for the remainder of his life as a slave. This is not what Jesus Christ does for us. He buys us from sin to set us free. This is what enabled Charles Wesley to write:

Long my imprisoned spirit lay
Fast bound in sin and nature’s night;
Thine eye diffused a quick’ning ray,
I woke, the dungeon flamed with light;
My chains fell off, my heart was free,
I rose, went forth and followed thee.

So long as we know that the death of the Lord Jesus Christ has accomplished that for us, we will continue to love him and serve him as our “dear Redeemer.” (Boice, J. M. Ephesians: An Expositional Commentary) (Bolding added)

Redemption (629) apolutrosis

Redemption (3085) lutrosis

How to do Greek Word Study using tools on the Web - apolutrosis = the example

Blow Ye the Trumpet, Blow!

Ye slaves of sin and hell,
Your liberty receive;
Redemption through His blood
Throughout the world proclaim.

O perfect redemption, the purchase of blood!
To every believer the promise of God;
The vilest offender who truly believes,
That moment from Jesus forgiveness receives.


Marriage is one of poignant figures God uses to picture His relationship with mankind in both the Old and New Testaments. Marriage is a picture that speaks of love, intimacy, privilege and responsibility.

The Marriage of Israel to Jehovah - Jehovah was the "Husband" of Israel (See Je 31:31, 32+, Isa 54:5, cf Ho 2:2) where the word "husband" is baal (master, owner - see baal, ba'al, ba'al) and is the same word used for Israel's "lover" with whom she had an adulterous affair, for these idols were often named "Baal!" In the OT, under the Old Covenant, Israel formally became Jehovah's "Wife" at the "ceremony" of the at the foot of Mt. Sinai (Ex 19:1,2+) when God gave Moses the Law and Israel said "Yes" (cf marriage ceremony where bride says "I do" - Israel the "bride" of Yahweh in effect said "I do"!) to the vows, the solemn, binding nature of their entrance into this covenant being marked by blood (Ex 24:3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8+, see also Heb 9:18-21+). Israel was (repeatedly) an unfaithful, adulterous wife and was thus was disowned by Jehovah, but will she (Israel) will one day in the future repent (cf Zech 12:10-14+) and be restored (Is 62:4, 5 - note "married" = baal!) to be fulfilled in the Messianic Age - see

The Marriage of Believers to Christ - In the NT, under the New Covenant, believers comprising the Church become the Bride of Christ (2Co 11:1, 2+, Re 19:6, 7, 8+) when they enter the New Covenant in His blood by grace through faith (Eph 2:8,9+).

ILLUSTRATION REMOVING YOU HEAD FROM THE COLLAR! - A missionary in West Africa was trying to convey the meaning of the word redeem in the Bambara language. So he asked his African assistant to express it in his native tongue. "We say," the assistant replied, "that God took our heads out." "But how does that explain redemption?" the perplexed missionary asked. The man told him that many years ago some of his ancestors had been captured by slave-traders, chained together, and driven to the seacoast. Each of the prisoners had a heavy iron collar around his neck. As the slaves passed through a village, a chief might notice a friend of his among the captives and offer to pay the slave-traders in gold, ivory, silver, or brass. The prisoner would be redeemed by the payment. His head then would be taken out of his iron collar. What an unusual and graphic illustration of the word redeem! Ephesians 1:7+ states, "In Him we have redemption through His blood, the forgiveness of sins, according to the riches of His grace." Jesus died on the cross to purchase our freedom from the bondage of sin. Have you put your trust in Jesus as your Redeemer? Let Him take your head out of the enslaving collar of sin and set you free. —Vernon C Grounds (Our Daily Bread, Copyright RBC Ministries, Grand Rapids, MI. Reprinted by permission. All rights reserved)

Redeemed--how I love to proclaim it!
Redeemed by the blood of the Lamb;
Redeemed through His infinite mercy--
His child, and forever I am. --Crosby

Redeemed, and with the price of blood,
Which Thou hast shed for me,
I stand, a monument of grace,
A witness, Lord, for Thee.
(Play this great old hymn!)

Christ was lifted up on the cross
that we might be lifted out of our sin.

Charles Wesley's great hymn And Can It Be That I Should Gain (play this beautiful vocaloffering) parallels the preceding illustration...

Long my imprisoned spirit lay
Fast bound in sin and nature's night.
Thine eye diffused a quick'ning ray:
I woke the dungeon flamed with Light!
My chains fell off, my heart was free
I rose, went forth, and followed Thee.

Amazing Love! How can it be
That Thou, my God, shouldst die for me?

Redemption is a Gift of God BUT it Must Be Received (i.e., this divine gift can be refused!) - ILLUSTRATION: The year was 1829. A man by the name of George Wilson had been arrested, tried and convicted of murder and theft through the mail. Because his family was well known, when he was sent to prison, his family made appeal after appeal. Eventually the appeals reached the desk of the President Andrew Jackson. After he reviewed the files and because he knew the family and their background, and for their account he offered not just clemency, but a pardon to George Wilson. They took the news into the prison. George Wilson refused the pardon. He said he didn’t want it because he was guilty and deserved to die. They told him he couldn’t say no to it because it was a presidential pardon. But he said he could and was saying no to it. This is a true story. He refused the pardon. That set forth a tremendous legal battle because that question had never been raised in American history. Eventually it worked its way up to the Supreme Court and the decision came down from Chief Justice John Marshall, who said,

A pardon is of no effect until it is accepted by the one for whom it is intended. Though it is almost inconceivable that a condemned criminal would refuse a pardon, if he does refuse it, the pardon is of no effect. George Wilson must die.

And die he did because he would not accept the pardon that had been offered.

CURSE OF THE LAW - Galatians 3:13

Christ redeemed us from the curse of the Law, having become a curse for us-- for it is written, "CURSED IS EVERYONE WHO HANGS ON A TREE"--in order that in Christ Jesus the blessing of Abraham might come to the Gentiles, so that we might receive the promise of the Spirit through faith. (Gal 3:13, 14)

The word redeemed (exagorazo [word study]) in Galatians 3:13 (commentary) means to purchase a slave for the purpose of setting him free. Galatians 5:1 "It was for freedom (eleutheria [word study]) that Christ set us free; therefore keep standing firm and do not be subject again to a yoke of slavery." Eleutheria means freedom, independence or liberty but freedom is not a license to sin but in fact true liberty is living as we should not as we please (Ga 5:13; 1Pe 2:16). Freedom is presented as a signal blessing of the economy of grace, which, in contrast with the OT economy of Law (although clearly there were OT saints who partook of God's plenteous grace), is represented as including independence from religious regulations and legal restrictions (1Co 10:29; 2Co 3:17; Gal 2:4; 2Pe 2:19) and freedom from the yoke of the Mosaic Law (Gal 5:1, 13) and from the yoke of observances in general (1Pe 2:16). Freedom includes release from dominion or power or rule of our old "Adamic" sinful appetites and passions (Jas 1:25, 2:12). Some turn this "freedom" into licentiousness (Jude 1:4), but they are in grave error, for the freedom that our Goel purchased for us is not freedom to live now as we please (Gal 5:13), but the power to live life as we should, to be pleasing to our Master, to Whom we now belong by right of His paying the purchase price on the Cross (1Co 6:19, 1Co 6:20).

Redeemed (exagorazo) has the idea of “buying back” or “purchasing out of.” The idea is not just that of a rescue (as in the Biblical idea of salvation), but of paying a price in order to bring about the "great escape" or rescue from bondage to the power Sin, the dominion (exousia = the right and the might over sinners) of Satan, from the fear of Death (and the curse of the law which was death!) and from the strong pull to be conformed to this evil world system. Jesus paid the perfect, infinitely costly price with His precious blood to purchase sinners out from under the curse of the law. Glory! Hallelujah! Thank you Father, Son and Holy Spirit!

William MacDonald - Christ redeemed men by dying in their place, enduring the dreadful wrath of God against sins. The curse of God fell on Him as man’s Substitute. He did not become sinful in Himself, but man’s sins were placed upon Him. Christ did not redeem men from the curse of the law by keeping the Ten Commandments perfectly during His lifetime. Scripture does not teach that His perfect obedience to the law is reckoned to us. Rather He delivered men from the law by bearing its dreadful curse in death. Apart from His death there could be no salvation. (Believer's Bible Commentary)


John Piper commenting on the world exhorts believers declaring that "We must cultivate the mindset of exiles. What this does mainly is sober us up and wake us up so that we don't drift with the world and take for granted that the way the world thinks and acts is the best way. We don't assume that what is on TV is helpful to the soul; we don't assume that the priorities of advertisers is helpful to the soul; we don't assume that the strategies and values of business and industry are helpful to the soul. We don't assume that any of this glorifies God. We stop and we think and we consult the Wisdom of our own country, heaven, and we don't assume that the conventional wisdom of this age is God's wisdom. We get our bearings from God in his word. When you see yourself as an alien and an exile with your citizenship in heaven, and God as your only Sovereign, you stop drifting with the current of the day. You ponder what is good for the soul and what honors God in everything: food, cars, videos, bathing suits, birth control, driving speeds, bed times, financial savings, education for the children, unreached peoples, famine, refugee camps, sports, death, and everything else. Aliens get their cue from God and not the world." (Read the full sermon The War Against the Soul and the Glory of God)


John 19:30 When Jesus therefore had received the sour wine, He said, "It is finished!" And He bowed His head, and gave up His spirit.

Related Resource: See Commentary on John 19:30 - there is some overlap of information

Hark! the Voice of Love and Mercy — (Play Hymn)
Hark! the voice of love and mercy
Sounds aloud from Calvary;
See, it rends the rocks asunder,
Shakes the earth, and veils the sky:
“It is finished!” “It is finished!”
“It is finished!”
Hear the dying Savior cry;
Hear the dying Savior cry.
--Jonathan Evans

It is finished (5055) (tetelestai) is a single Greek verb teleo (see word study). and means that something is brought to an end, is fully accomplished, has achieved its destined goal or is brought to perfection. Indeed, all of these senses apply to Jesus' death on the Cross, but one sense of tetelestai presents a powerful picture of Jesus' finished work on the Cross, the grand work of redemption about which He Himself had "prophesied"...

For even the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give His life a ransom for many. (Mark 10:45)

Glory Ever Be to Jesus — (Play Hymn)

Glory ever be to Jesus,
God’s own well belovèd Son;
By His grace He hath redeemed us,
“It is finished,” all is done.

Saved by grace through faith in Jesus,
Saved by His own precious blood,
May we in His love abiding,
Follow on to know the Lord.
--Fanny Crosby

Tetelestai was used in several ways in Jesus' day. A servant would use tetelestai when reporting to his or her master, “I have completed the work assigned to me” (cp Jesus words on His "work" in Jn 4:34,17:4) Jesus had brought to completion all the Father had desired for Him to accomplish as the God Man. When a priest examined an animal sacrifice and found it faultless, it was described as tetelestai. Jesus, of course, is the perfect Lamb of God, without spot or blemish (1Pe 1:18, 19-note). When an artist completed a picture, or a writer a manuscript, they might say, “It is finished!” The death of Jesus on the cross “completes the picture” that God had been painting of "redemption" which God had painted from eternity past (cp 2Ti 1:9NIV-note, Ep 3:11-note, Titus 1:2-note, 1Peter 1:20-note).

Hallelujah! What a Savior

(Play Hymn sung by children)
Lifted up was He to die,
"It is finished," was His cry;
Now in heaven exalted high:
Hallelujah, what a Savior!

Perhaps the meaning that Jesus had foremost in His mind when He uttered the word tetelestai was related to its secular use in the context of payment of debts. When someone had a debt in ancient times and it was paid off, they would write "tetelestai" on the certificate signifying "Paid in Full". When He gave Himself on the cross, Jesus fully met the righteous demands of a holy law; He paid our debt in full. None of the Old Testament sacrifices could take away sins. Their blood only covered sin. But the Lamb of God shed His blood, (for the redemption of the transgressions that were committed under the first covenant, Heb 9:15-note) and that blood (and only that blood) can take away the sins of the world (Jn 1:29+; He 9:24-note, He 9:25, 26-note, He 9:27, 28-note).

Go to Dark Gethsemane — (Play Hymn)
Calvary’s mournful mountain climb; there, adoring at His feet,
Mark that miracle of time, God’s own sacrifice complete.
“It is finished!” hear Him cry; learn of Jesus Christ to die.
--James Montgomery

There is another sense in which tetelestai was used in the ancient world. When a Roman citizen was convicted of a crime, the law of that day slammed him in prison. They prepared a "Certificate of Debt" that listed all the crimes he was convicted of on it, and nailed it to his cell door for all to see. It remained nailed there so all would be assured that he served his full sentence, and "paid in full" the penalty ("debt owed") for his crimes. When Jesus shouted "Tetelestai" from the cross, it was a very familiar phrase to those within the sound of His voice. It was the same word that would be stamped across the Certificate of Debt after a criminal completed his prison term. It would literally mean "Paid in Full" for all your crimes. Then the criminal was given the certificate. He would be able to produce it to show that his crimes were "paid in full." He could never become a victim of "double jeopardy" (paying for the same crime twice - cp the result in Ro 8:1-note = No Condemnation and Ro 8:39-note = No Separation). This is a beautiful picture of what Christ did on the Cross, Paul recording (quoting the original version of the NLT) that...

(God the Father) canceled the record (Greek verb exaleipho = wiped it away, completely obliterating the evidence) that contained the charges against us. He took it and destroyed it by nailing it to Christ's cross. (Col 2:14-note)

Finally, there is one other truth about tetelestai that is notable - it is in the perfect tense, a tense which is identifies a past completed action (or event) with continuing effects or results. In context the perfect tense clearly speaks of the past, historical reality of the Crucifixion of Christ, and the fact that His death on the Cross has permanent effects which ultimately will last throughout eternity! All that truth with one Greek tense! Beloved our Kinsman-Redeemer's ransom payment is sufficient for this life and the life to come! Let us live in the power of the Cross (1Co 1:18 where "being saved" is in the present tense indicating that believers are continually being saved every day of their life (also implying that in one sense we need His saving power to live the "victorious Christian life" day by day, even moment by moment! cp Mt 26:41, Gal 5:16-note, Gal 5:17-note). We have been saved [justification]. We are being saved [sanctification], We will be saved [glorification] - see discussion of Three Tenses of Salvation)

Leonard Ravenhill said of John 19:30

The Greatest Words Ever Uttered - By the Greatest Man That Ever Lived.... In these three words I see the consummation of all the Old Testament truth and the germination of all New Testament truth.

The evangelist Alexander Wooten was approached by a young man who asked, What must I do to be saved?

Wooten replied It’s too late!

The young man became alarmed asking. Do you mean that it’s too late for me to be saved? Is there nothing I can do?

Wooten replied Too late! It’s already been done! The only thing you can do is believe.

It Is Finished! 
Nothing, either great or small—
Nothing, sinner, no;
Jesus died and paid it all,
Long, long ago.

“It is finished!” yes, indeed,
Finished, ev’ry jot;
Sinner, this is all you need,
Tell me, is it not?
--Ira Sankey

PAID IN FULL (Colossians 2:14) - The newspaper article reported that a Utah businessman had filed for bankruptcy and declared his debts to be $613 billion. It seemed ridiculous! What's more, the man claimed assets of only $7,310. In other words, if all debts were honored, his creditors would receive about one-millionth of a cent on the dollar. There was no way he could begin to pay his debts.

Sometimes I feel that's how I stand with God. Why should I even try to pay the debt of love that I owe Him? The situation seems hopeless. When I consider His demand of perfect righteousness, I feel totally bankrupt and helpless.

But then I remember that my debt has been taken care of. Jesus the Son of God shed His precious blood to pay the infinite price for my countless sins. Now I'm free to pursue a relationship with God that is motivated by gratitude and energized by the power of the Holy Spirit.

This is what Colossians 2 is all about (cp Jn 19:30). The law of God has declared us spiritually bankrupt. But our great debt has been completely removed. It has been paid in full by Jesus Christ on the cross of Calvary. We are free. The only thing we owe now is an eternal debt of thanks and praise to our wonderful Lord. — Mart De Haan (Our Daily Bread, Copyright RBC Ministries, Grand Rapids, MI. Reprinted by permission. All rights reserved)

But drops of grief can ne'er repay
The debt of love I owe:
Here, Lord, I give myself away,
'Tis all that I can do! --Watts

Some think that they have everything
When riches come their way,
But that they're poor will be revealed
On God's accounting day.
-- Henry G. Bosch

Our salvation is free
because Christ paid an enormous price.

DONE! So many of our hopes and dreams remain unfulfilled. Composer Franz Schubert departed this world leaving behind his "Unfinished Symphony." Similarly, prolific author Charles Dickens was unable to fully develop the plot of his novel The Mystery of Edwin Drood.

We too undoubtedly have aspirations that we will be unable to fulfill. But what a blessing to know that the work of our redemption was totally and perfectly accomplished by Jesus on the cross.

The last words of Jesus, "It is finished," are actually a single word in the original language (John 19:30). But that word holds oceans of meaning. What Jesus gasped was "Completed!" or "Ended!" That cry from the cross announced that not only had His suffering come to an end but also His redemptive work was eternally accomplished. All that He had come to achieve in His human life was finished. Done!

We can do nothing to add to His sacrifice. Christ's self-giving death was all-sufficient. We stretch out the empty hand of faith, and God in grace puts into it the gift of eternal life.

Have you stretched out your hand of faith to receive this gift? — Vernon C. Grounds (Our Daily Bread, Copyright RBC Ministries, Grand Rapids, MI. Reprinted by permission. All rights reserved)

"It is finished," Jesus cried,
Then on Calvary's cross He died;
Christ the Lord atonement made,
And sin's debt was fully paid.

Christ's sacrifice was what God desired
and what our sin required.

HE IS ENOUGH - Sometimes we are overwhelmed by life. The crushing waves of disappointment, endless debt, debilitating illness, or trouble with people can cause hopelessness, depression, or despair. It happened to Jesus’ disciples. And it has happened to me.

Three statements by the Lord beginning with the words “It is . . .” offer us comfort, reassurance, and hope that Jesus is enough. The first is in Matthew 4 and is repeated three times: “It is written” (vv.4,7,10). In responding to the three temptations of Satan, Jesus gave us proof enough that the Word of God is true and overcomes the most powerful forms of temptation and pressure.

The second statement, “It is I” (Matt. 14:27), was spoken when Jesus told His terrified disciples that He Himself was presence enough to stop the howling storm and calm the raging seas.

Jesus spoke the third “It is” from the cross: “It is finished!” (John 19:30). He assured us that His death was provision enough to pay the debt for our sins and set us free.

Whatever our circumstances, Jesus is present with His love, compassion, and grace. He is proof, presence, and provision enough to carry us safely through. — David C. Egner (Our Daily Bread, Copyright RBC Ministries, Grand Rapids, MI. Reprinted by permission. All rights reserved)

When trials overwhelm our souls
And tempt us to despair,
We need to reach out to the Lord
And trust His tender care. —Sper

God’s love does not keep us from trials;
it helps us get through them.

FINISHED! - Outside Madrid stands an ancient monastery where the kings of Spain have been buried. The architect designed an elongated arch so flat that the reigning monarch insisted it could not hold the structure above it.

Against the architect's protest, the king ordered that a column be placed underneath the arch as a safety precaution. After the king died, the architect revealed that he had deliberately made the column a quarter of an inch too short--and the arch had never sagged!

Nothing need be, or can be, added to the finished work of Christ on Calvary to sustain the weight of the world's salvation. Our Savior's cry from the cross, "It is finished!" (Jn. 19:30), is a translation of a single Greek word which more literally could be rendered as "Ended!" "Completed!" or "Accomplished!"

That one word tells of the greatest miracle our Lord performed, the work of redeeming a lost world. Because our redemption was perfectly finished, it is impossible for us to add even one submicroscopic work of our own to what was already done on the cross.

With utter assurance, then, we can rest our eternal hope on that one all-important word, "Finished!" — Vernon C. Grounds (Our Daily Bread, Copyright RBC Ministries, Grand Rapids, MI. Reprinted by permission. All rights reserved)

Once for all, O sinner, receive it!
Once for all, O brother, believe it!
Cling to the cross, the burden will fall.
Christ has redeemed us once for all. --Bliss

We are saved not by what we do
but by what Christ has done.

ADDING TO A MASTERPIECE - Could you improve on a masterpiece? Imagine that you are walking through the Louvre museum in Paris. As you approach the Mona Lisa by Leonardo da Vinci, would you think about taking a palette and brushes and touching up the painting? Maybe put some more color in her cheeks? Perhaps change her nose a little?

"That's ridiculous!" you say. For nearly 500 years the Mona Lisa has been considered one of the greatest artistic works of all time. How absurd to think we could add anything to this masterpiece!

Yet that's what many people try to do with Christ's masterpiece—salvation. They think they must improve on it with some work of their own. But that masterpiece was completed when Jesus said, "It is finished," while hanging on the cross (John 19:30). Then He proved that His work of redemption was done when He rose from the dead.

When you hear that Jesus paid the price for your sin and that you don't have to do anything to merit God's grace, do you think it's too good to be true? Do you think there's something you must do to earn it?

You can't add anything! Receive God's gift of salvation. Jesus paid it all. The masterpiece is complete. — Dave Branon (Our Daily Bread, Copyright RBC Ministries, Grand Rapids, MI. Reprinted by permission. All rights reserved)

Christ's work for my salvation is complete!
No work of mine can add to what He's done;
I bow to worship at the Master's feet,
And honor God the Father's only Son. —Hess

Salvation is a gift to be received—not a goal to be achieved.

Spurgeon commenting on Jn 19:30 said...

There is nothing for God to do. “It is finished.” There is nothing for you to do. “It is finished.” Christ need not bleed. “It is finished.” You need not weep. “It is finished.” God the Holy Spirit need not delay because of your unworthiness, nor need you delay because of your helplessness. “It is finished.” Every stumbling block is rolled out of the road; every gate is opened. The bars of brass are broken, the gates of iron are burst asunder. “It is finished.” Come and welcome; come and welcome!

The general religion of mankind is “Do,” but the religion of a true Christian is “Done.” “It is finished,” is the believer’s conquering word.

What “it” was it that was finished? I will not attempt to expound it. It is the biggest “it” that ever was. Turn it over and you will see that it will grow, and grow, and grow, and grow, till it fills the whole earth: “It is finished.”

Octavius Winslow devotional...

"When Jesus therefore had received the vinegar, he said, It is finished; and he bowed his head, and gave up the spirit." John 19:30

A jar of sour wine was sitting there, so they soaked a sponge in it, put it on a hyssop branch, and held it up to his lips. When Jesus had tasted it, he said, "It is finished!" Then he bowed his head and gave up his spirit. John 19:29, 30

Believer in Jesus! remember, all your confidence, all your hope, all your comfort flows from the finished work of your Savior. See that you unwittingly add nothing to the perfection of this work. You may be betrayed into this sin and this folly by looking within yourself, rather than to the person of Jesus; by attaching an importance too great to repentance and faith, and your own doings and strivings, rather than ceasing from your own works altogether, and resting for your peace, and joy, and hope; simply, entirely, and exclusively in the work of Jesus. Remember, that whatever we unintentionally add to the finished work of Christ mars the perfection and obscures the beauty of that work. "If you lift up your tool upon it, you have polluted it."

We have nothing to do, but in our moral pollution and nakedness to plunge beneath the fountain, and wrap ourselves within the robe of that Savior's blood and righteousness, who, when He expired on the tree, so completed our redemption, as to leave us nothing to do but to believe and be saved.

"It is finished!" Oh words pregnant of the deepest meaning! Oh words rich in the richest consolation! Salvation is finished! Look away from your fluctuating frames, and fitful feelings, and changing clouds, to "Jesus only." Look away from sins and guilt, from emptiness and poverty, to "Jesus only." "It is finished!" Let devils hear it, and tremble! Let sinners hear it, and believe! Let saints hear it, and rejoice! All is finished!

"Then, Lord, I flee to You, just as I am! I have stayed away from You too long, and am 'yet instead of getting better, I grew worse.' Too exclusively have I looked at my unworthiness, too absorbed have I been with my impoverishment, too bitterly have I mourned having nothing to pay. Upon Your own finished work I now cast myself. Save, Lord, and I shall be saved!"

Before this stupendous truth, let all creature merit sink, let all human glory pale, let all man's boasting vanish, and let Jesus be all in all. Perish, forms and ceremonies; perish, rites and rituals; perish, creeds and churches; perish, utterly and forever perish, whatever would be a substitute for the finished work of Jesus, whatever would tend to neutralize the finished work of Jesus, whatever would obscure with a cloud, or dim with a vapor; the beauty, the luster, and the glory of the finished work of Jesus!

It was "Jesus only" in the councils of eternity; it was "Jesus only" in the everlasting covenant of grace; it was "Jesus only" in the manger of Bethlehem; it was "Jesus only" in the garden of Gethsemane; it was "Jesus only" upon the cross of Calvary; it was "Jesus only" in the tomb of Joseph; it was "Jesus only" who, "when He had by Himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high." And it shall be "Jesus only"; the joy of our hearts, the object of our glory, the theme of our song, the Beloved of our adoration, our service, and our praise, through the endless ages of eternity. Oh, stand fast, in life and in death, by the finished work of Jesus.

John Flavel on John 19:30...

Has Christ perfected and completely finished all His work for us? How sweet a relief is this to against all the defects and imperfections of all the works which are wrought by us. There is nothing finished that we do. All our duties are imperfect duties; they come off lamely and defectively from our hands. O there is much sin and vanity in the best of our duties. But Jesus Christ has finished all His work, though we can finish none of ours. And so, even though we are defective, poor, imperfect creatures in ourselves, yet we are complete in Christ. His complete obedience being imputed to us, makes us complete, and without fault before God. (See the full discourse by Flavel on The Fountain of Life)

Our Daily Homily
F B Meyer

COMPARING the Gospels, we discover that these words were said "with a loud voice." It was the shout of a conqueror, who has fought through a long and terrible day, but greets victory as evening closes in.

Finished, the long line of sacrificial rile. From the gates of Eden the blood of sacrifice had begun to flow, augmented by the confluent streams of the years. From that moment, however, not another drop need be shed. The types were finished now that the Antitype had been realized.

Finished, His fulfillment of prophecy.--How contradictory some had seemed! Ancient of Days, yet a babe; the Mighty God. yet marred of visage, and led to the slaughter; Son of Man, yet scion of David's stock; ruling in the midst of enemies, yet a bruised and broken Sufferer. But all of them, even to the last pathetic intimation of His dying thirst, fulfilled.

Finished, His mortal life.--Never again to be weary, hungered, tempted, buffeted, or to bear the contradiction of sinners. Never again to sweat the bloody sweat, or bear the accumulated faults of men. Nevermore to die.

Finished, a world's redemption.--He had wrought out and brought in a perfect salvation. The world, so far as God could make it so, was already reconciled. Sin was put away.

Finished, the perfect obedience.--He alone of all born of woman was able to say that there was nothing which the Father had asked that He had not given; nothing that the Father had imposed that He had not gladly borne. He had finished the work given Him to do.

Christ’s Victory, Death and Dominion.
John 19. 30
Isaac Watts

1 I sing my Saviour’s wondrous death;
He conquered when he fell.
“’Tis finished!” said his dying breath,
And shook the gates of hell.

2 “’Tis finished!” our Immanuel cries;
The dreadful work is done.
Hence shall his sovereign throne arise;
His kingdom is begun.

3 His cross a sure foundation laid
For glory and renown,
When through the regions of the dead
He passed to reach the crown.

4 Exalted at his Father’s side,
Sits our victorious Lord;
To heaven and hell his hands divide
The vengeance or reward.

5 The saints from his propitious eye
Await their several crowns;
And all the sons of darkness fly
The terror of his frowns.

From Henry Law's "Family Prayers" - The following prayer is related to John 19:30...

Holy Father, The heavens, the earth, and all that are therein, proclaim Your wondrous goodness. But Your love shines forth in surpassing luster—at Calvary's stupendous scene! At the cross we see Your heavenly grace removing the tremendous load of our iniquities from us—and heaping them all on Your beloved Son! We see Him standing as a transgressor in our place. We see Him, who knew no sin—made sin for us. We see Him, the all-holy One—accounted as a curse! We see Your justice leading the spotless Lamb to the slaughter—and rigorously demanding the full payment for all our sin-debt!

The avenging sword enters into His very heart!

The stream of sin-atoning blood flows!

Full recompense is meted out!

Divine Justice can ask no more.

Charges against us are all obliterated.

The debt-book is cancelled. If our sins are searched for, they cannot now be found!

The spotless Lamb is devoted to all anguish—that we may be inheritors of all joy.

He is cast off from You—that we may be brought near to You.

He is treated as Your enemy—that we may be welcomed as Your friends.

He is deserted by You—that we may be received to Your everlasting favor.

He is surrendered to hell's worst—that we may attain heaven's best.

He is stripped—that we may be clothed.

He is wounded—that we may be healed.

He thirsts—that we may drink of the water of life.

He is in darkness—that we may rejoice in the glories of eternal day.

He weeps—that all tears may be forever wiped from our eyes.

He groans—that we may sing an endless song.

He endures all pain—that we may rejoice in unfading health.

He wears a crown of thorns—that we may receive a crown of glory.

He bows His head in death—that we may lift up our head in heaven.

He bears earth's reproach—that we may receive heaven's welcome.

He is tormented—that we may be comforted.

He is made all shame—that we may inherit all glory.

His eyes are dark in death—that our eyes may gaze on unclouded brightness.

He dies—that we may escape the second death, and live forevermore.

O gracious Father, thus You spare not Your only begotten Son—that You may spare us! All our sins are cast behind Your back—all are buried in the ocean of reconciling blood!

We can only fall low and cry, "We adore You for the gift of Your Son as our substitute; for the death of Your Son as our ransom!"

Blessed Jesus, we have been standing beneath Your cross. The sight constrains us to the deepest humility. Our vile iniquity—is the cause of Your shame! We cannot fathom the sins which plunged You into such depths of unutterable woe! We cannot estimate the burden of wrath which thus crushed You. We cannot deny that the sins which stain us are evils of infinite malignity, since nothing but Your blood could wash away their guilty stains! As transgressors, we abhor ourselves before You.

While we humbly gaze—may we anxiously ponder, "Why, blessed Jesus—why did You thus die?" May His precious answer sound through every part of our hearts and souls,

"I die—that you may not die.

I lay down My life—to purchase your life.

I present Myself as a sin-offering to—expiate all your sins.

My blood thus streams—to wash out all your guilt.

The fountain is thus opened in My side—to cleanse you from all impurity. I thus endure your curse. I thus pay your debt. I thus rescue you from all condemnation. I thus satisfy divine justice for you!"

Related Resources on John 19:30 "It is Finished"

Psalm 49:7, 8 (cp Job 14:4, 25:4, Isa 64:6KJV)

The New and the Old Testament both draw a clear distinction between the ransom and the redemption.

No man can by any means redeem (Hebrew padah [06299] conveys sense of the achieving of the transfer of ownership from one to another through the payment of a price. Lxx = lutroo) his brother, nor give to God a ransom (Hebrew kopher/koper, a cover, a redemption-price paid; Lxx = Hexilasma = ransom, propitiatory offering, make atonement) for him: for the redemption (Heb. pidyom, a redeeming deliverance) of their soul is precious (costly), and must be let alone forever” (Ps. 49:7, 8)

ESV = Psalm 49:7, 8 Truly no man can ransom another, or give to God the price of his life, for the ransom of their life is costly and can never suffice,

NET = Psalm 49:7, 8 Certainly a man cannot rescue his brother; he cannot pay God an adequate ransom price. (the ransom price for a human life is too high, and people go to their final destiny),

NIV Psalm 49:7, 8 No man can redeem the life of another or give to God a ransom for him--the ransom for a life is costly, no payment is ever enough--

NJB = Psalm 49:7, 8 But no one can ever redeem himself or pay his own ransom to God, the price for himself is too high; it can never be

Spurgeon comments

(Ps 49:7) With all their riches, the whole of them put together could not rescue a comrade from the chill grasp of death. They boast of what they will do with us, let them see to themselves. Let them weigh their gold in the scales of death, and see how much they can buy therewith from the worm and the grave. The poor are their equals in this respect; let them love their friend ever so dearly, they cannot give to God a ransom for him. A king's ransom would be of no avail, a Monte Rosa of rubies, an America of silver, a world of gold, a sun of diamonds, would all be utterly contemned. O ye boasters, think not to terrify us with your worthless wealth, go ye and intimidate death before ye threaten men in whom is immortality and life.

(Ps 49:8) For the redemption of their soul is precious, and it ceaseth for ever. Too great is the price, the purchase is hopeless. For ever must the attempt to redeem a soul with money remain a failure. Death comes and wealth cannot bribe him; hell follows and no golden key can unlock its dungeon. Vain, then, are your threatenings, ye possessors of the yellow clay; your childish toys are despised by men who estimate the value of possessions by the shekel of the sanctuary.

Spurgeon commenting on 1John 3:7, 8, 9, 10 said...

Well, labor under no mistake, sir. 'He that commits (present tense = as one's lifestyle) sin is of the devil.' (1Jn 3:8) It is no use making excuses and apologies; if you are a lover of sin, you shall go where sinners go. If you, who live after this fashion, say that you have believed in the precious blood of Christ, I do not believe you, sir. If you had a true faith in that precious blood, you would hate sin. If you dare to say you are trusting in the atonement while you live in sin, you lie, sir (1Jn 1:6, 4:20); you do not trust in the atonement; for where there is a real faith in the atoning sacrifice, it purifies the man (Titus 2:14-note), and makes him hate the sin which shed the Redeemer’s blood.

Results of Redemption

Redemption has both a present and future fulfillment (Ro 8:23, Eph 4:30, Ep 1:14, Luke 21:28)

1) Forgiveness - see these related resources...

Redemption requires payment of a price and that price is the blood of Christ, in the OT this price was foreshadowed in many ways and surely one of the most dramatic being the shedding of the blood of countless sacrificial animals.

This is My blood of the covenant, which is to be shed on behalf of many for forgiveness of sins. (Mt 26:28)

As a result of redemption the believer has complete forgiveness of all sins, past, present and future. An understanding of the infinite cost to procure this forgiveness, far from giving one license to sin, causes one to be overwhelmed with love for the Redeemer, which motivates godly, holy behavior.

Redemption brings forgiveness, because “without shedding of blood there is no forgiveness” (Heb. 9:22).

Colossians 1:13 For He delivered us from the domain of darkness, and transferred us to the kingdom of His beloved Son, 14 in whom we have redemption, the forgiveness of sins.

Our responsibility (our privilege and our power) as new creatures is to be...

bearing with one another, and forgiving each other, whoever has a complaint against anyone; just as the Lord forgave you, so also should you. (Col 3:13)

This great liberating truth (unforgiveness will "eat you alive") is so important it was a major component of our Lord's teaching on how disciples are to pray...

And forgive us our debts, as we also have forgiven our debtors

Read Jesus' words on prayer again. Like me you've probably recited these words so many times they have lost their true meaning. Do you see what Jesus is saying? This prayer begs several questions. "How do I forgive others?" "Does my forgiveness have an "asterisk" so to speak...I'll forgive you if...?" "Do I harbor unforgiveness in my heart?" If your answer is "yes", then this is how you are asking the Father to forgive you - just "as we also have forgiven" others! And because forgiveness is so important Jesus repeats His teaching to drive home the point that forgiveness is not optional for a believer...

For (introduces His explanation of Mt 6:12) if you forgive men for their transgressions, your heavenly Father will also forgive you. But (presents a dramatic contrast) if you do not forgive men, then your Father will not forgive your transgressions. (Mt 6:14, 15)

The Greek verb for “forgive" is aphiemi (word study) and the word for forgiveness” is aphesis (word study) which in essence pictures that which is sent away never to return. It was used as a legal term, meaning to repay a debt, to cancel a debt or to grant a pardon.

John Piper adds these thoughts on Jesus' words in Matthew 6...

Forgive us our debts as we forgive our debtors” does not mean that we are lost if the old unforgiving spirit raises its head just once. It means: No one who cherishes a grudge against someone dare approach God in search of mercy. God treats us in accordance with the belief of our heart: if we believe it is good and beautiful to harbor resentments and tabulate wrongs done against us, then God will recognize that our plea for forgiveness is sheer hypocrisy—for we will be asking him to do what we believe to be bad. It is a dreadful thing to try to make God your patsy by asking him to act in a way that you, as your action shows, esteem very lowly.

Forgiveness is not a work by which we earn God’s forgiveness. It flows from a heart satisfied with the mercy of God and rejoicing in the cancellation of our own ten million dollar debt (Matthew 18:24). With man it is impossible, but not with God. “Every tree that does not bear good fruit will be cut down and thrown into the fire” (Matthew 7:19). But the plant which endures does so because it is planted by God (Matthew 15:13). No one can boast in his self-wrought merit before God (Luke 17:10); and it is not the rigorous following of rules but a poor spirit and a total reliance on God’s mercy which attains a standing before God (Luke 18:9-14; Matthew 5:3).

But one thing is certain: the person who has, through mercy, been born from above cannot be the same any more. He cannot go on sinning as before since “the seed of God” is in him (1 John 3:9). He walks not according to the flesh, but according to the Spirit (Romans 8:4), for he is led by the Spirit (Romans 8:14; Galatians 5:18). God is at work in him to will and to do his good pleasure (Philippians 2:13). When we “forgive from the heart,” it is the fruit of the Spirit (Galatians 5:22). We have been crucified with Christ; it is no longer we who live, but Christ who lives in us (Galatians 5:20). We are a new creation (Galatians 6:15); and the mark of our newness is not yet perfection, but a persistent inclination to forgive, a hasty repair of our failure to do so and a steady petition for God to disregard the sin that we are abandoning. (Forgive Us Our Debts as We Forgive Our Debtors)


  • In Hebrew = goel haddam

As outlined in the table (click), Jesus Christ is the NT fulfillment of the OT shadow of the Kinsman Redeemer as portrayed by Boaz in the book of Ruth. In the NT we learn that our Kinsman Redeemer will redeem and restore all that man lost when Adam sinned in the Garden of Eden and will avenge Adam's "murder" at that time, as described below.

What happened as a result of man's fall in the Garden?

When Adam and Eve sinned in that garden they became slaves to the power of Sin. (Ro 6:16+)

What else happened in the Garden?

Adam and Eve were "'murdered''! You may never have thought of their "death" in the Garden as "murder", but God called it that in the NT. They were alive but when they sinned they died spiritually and from that time on they were dead in their trespasses and sins (Ge 2:17, Ro 5:12+, Eph 2:1+). In John 8:43 we learn that Jesus turns to the Jewish religious leaders and asks them...

Why do you not understand what I am saying? (And before they can answer Jesus explains that...) It is because you cannot hear My word. You are of your father the Devil, and you want to do the desires of your father. He was a MURDERER FROM THE BEGINNING, and does not stand in the truth, because there is no truth in him. Whenever he speaks a lie, he speaks from his own nature; for he is a liar, and the father of lies."

So Jesus calls Satan a murderer and the time phrase "in the beginning" carries us back to Genesis 3. God's promise of death was fulfilled to the letter (as it always is - both the positive and negative promises) when Adam and Eve sinned (Ge 2:17).

What was God's original intention for Adam and Eve in regard to the earth?


The writer of Hebrews confirms God's original plan for man writing...

"THOU HAST MADE HIM FOR A LITTLE WHILE LOWER THAN THE ANGELS; THOU HAST CROWNED HIM WITH GLORY AND HONOR, AND HAST APPOINTED HIM OVER THE WORKS OF THY HANDS; THOU HAST PUT ALL THINGS IN SUBJECTION UNDER HIS FEET (dominion over all -Ge 1:26,28)." For in subjecting all things to him, He left nothing that is not subject to him. But now we do not yet see all things subjected to him. (He 2:7+, He 2:8+)

Comment: While some interpret this passage as referring to Jesus, the context favors this as a reference to man (notice that He 2:9-note opens with a contrast "but we..." and clearly refers to Jesus. Note also the context of the original source -- Ps 8:4, 5, 6, especially verse 4). The writer of Hebrews points out that man is not, as evolutionists foolishly reason, "a little higher than the apes," but rather "a little lower than the angels." The Psalmist refers to God's purpose in creating man with his original destiny being to reign as master over all nature. The verb stephanoo [word study] means to crown with honor and indeed when God created Adam and Eve sinless, pure and innocent, He bestowed on them honor and glory. When they sinned they lost their regal rule. Someday, this honor and the right to rule over the earth will be restored but not until Jesus our Kinsman Redeemer completes His work of redemption and restoration of creation.

KJV Bible Commentary: This Psalm (Heb 2:7, 8 quotes Psalm 8:5, 6) does not speak both of man and Christ; it is not messianic. The son of man is not to be distinguished from man. The phrases are merely an example of the common synonymous parallelism in Hebrew poetry. “Hence this passage was not regarded as a messianic prediction by Jewish teachers, but as a description of what God intended man to be” (Kent, p. 53). God made man a little lower than the angels. (KJV Bible Commentary)

William MacDonald: (1) Ps 8:5 refers to man's unfallen state; (2) Heb 2:7 pictures man's fallen state; (3) Heb 2:9 denotes Christ's human and unglorified state (cf. Heb 2:7-9). (Believer's Bible Commentary)

Kenneth Wuest commenting on Hebrews 2:7-8: Adam was therefore made for a little time lower than the angels. In his position as the federal head of the race, in his unfallen state, God crowned him with glory and honor. This is a picture of Adam in the paradise of Eden, before he sinned...The position of Adam as the federal head of the human race, his control of the animal kingdom through love, all spoke of his exalted position. And he was given honor and glory in view of it.... (He 2:8) God put all things in subjection to Adam. He was the head of the human race, the lord of the earth. Even the animal kingdom was in subjection to him. But now comes a sad note. The words, “But now we see not yet all things put under him,” point to the fact that Adam through his fall into sin, lost the dominion he had before enjoyed. He was no longer master of himself. He had become a fallen creature, with a totally depraved nature. He was a slave to sin. The animal kingdom was subservient to him not now through affection but fear. The ground, instead of yielding only good things, now produced also thorns, weeds, and other harmful things. Extremes of heat and cold, poisonous reptiles, earthquakes, typhoons, hurricanes, all conspired to make his life a constant battle to survive. He had lost the dominion over all these things. But now, in the midst of this dark picture of man’s lost dominion, the writer (in He 2:9) calls our attention to a bright beam of light that pierces the surrounding gloom. It is Jesus. (Wuest, K. S. Wuest's Word Studies from the Greek New Testament: Eerdmans)

John MacArthur: Did you know that God's original design destiny for man was that man is to be the king of the earth? And that everything in existence was to be in subjection to man...God originally intended that man in innocence was king over the undefiled earth. It also tells us here that he was created a little lower than the angels, so the chain of command is God, angels, man, and earth...It was not that man was lower than angels in the sense of importance to God. It was only that man was lower than angels in the sense that He was physical and angels were spiritual. (See his full discussion of The Rediscovery of Man's Lost Destiny)

Richard Phillips commenting on He 2:8 writes: the author points out how thorough mankind's dominion was: "Now in putting everything in subjection to him, he left nothing outside his control." Such was the lordship man was given over all the creation. Yet, the writer points out, this is not the situation we currently enjoy: "At present, we do not yet see everything in subjection to him." Here is a statement of the problem of our race—the problem of dominion lost. What God intended for man in creation is not what we see at present. What an understatement! As we look around, the Bible says, it certainly doesn't appear as if man has everything under control!...

Thus man—created by God as his image-bearer, crowned with glory and honor and dominion—became subject to God's curse even to the point of death. That curse marks mankind even now, with all its frustration and futility. Far from reigning over the creation, each and every one of us instead will return to the dust from which we came. This is the problem of mankind: Paradise lost, and with it the dominion and blessing offered by God. This is the problem of history—the basic problem set forth at the beginning of the Bible—the answer to which is unfolded in all the rest of Scripture. God's creation of mankind, recorded in Genesis 1:26 and poetically celebrated in Psalm 8, has been spoiled by Adam's sin and the resulting curse of death...When we see that man's fall into sin and death is the great problem of history, it is easier to see the focus of God's redemptive work in the achievement of Jesus Christ....

On one hand there is man, captured in the darkness of his Paradise lost. Then onto the stage God sends his own Son (He 2:9), the New Man and Second Adam. He is the answer both to man's problem and to the problem of history. He is the great, the last, the only hope of a dying race; in him is the fulfillment not only of man's promised destiny but of God's plan as set forth in Psalm 8. History has become his story. Jesus is the new Adam of the new creation; what Adam lost he has regained. All who are found in him through faith will partake of the new humanity's reclaimed glory and honor and dominion. "We see Jesus." This is the aim of the book of Hebrews from start to finish, to show us Jesus as the Answer, the One who reclaims what mankind was created to be and to do. (Reformed Expository Commentary – Hebrews)

And so we observe that Adam and Eve lost their crown and their right to rule over the earth, which had been God's original intention before sin entered the world...

Then God said, "Let Us make man in Our image, according to Our likeness; and let them rule (have dominion, subdue, prevail) over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the sky and over the cattle and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth." And God created man in His own image, in the image of God He created him; male and female He created them. And God blessed them; and God said to them, "Be fruitful and multiply, and fill the earth, and subdue it; and rule (have dominion, subdue, prevail) over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the sky, and over every living thing that moves on the earth." (Genesis 1:26, 27, 28)


And thus before the Fall of man, the earth was under the dominion of Adam and Eve, but Satan crept in the perfect environment and craftily deceived them, tempting them to commit sin, and in effect (to use Jesus' words) "murdered" them "in the beginning". (Ge 3:1-6+). Having accomplished his goal, Satan, the great usurper, became the ruler, the prince over the world (Eph 2:2+)

In the temptation of Christ we read...

And he (Devil) led Him (Jesus) up and showed Him all the kingdoms of the world in a moment of time. And the devil said to Him, "I will give You all this domain (exousia = the right and the might) and its glory; for it has been handed over to me, and I give it to whomever I wish. (Luke 4:5,6+)

Comment: Notice that Jesus does not dispute Satan's claim as ruler over all the kingdoms of the earth. As discussed below Satan's rule is temporary and will terminated by our Kinsman Redeemer, who fulfills His obligation as the Avenger of Blood.

Other passages refer to Satan's present dominion over the whole world...

We know that we are of God, and the whole world lies in the power ("the power" not in the original Greek but implied by the context) of the evil one (implying Satan, cp 2Co 4:4). (1Jn 5:19+)

(Paul was given the gospel to take to the Gentiles) to open their eyes so that they may turn from darkness to light and from the dominion (exousia = the right and the might) of Satan (Satan has been given temporary rule over fallen man and the entire world) to God, in order that they may receive forgiveness of sins and an inheritance among those who have been sanctified by faith in Me.' (Acts 26:18+)


Paul explains the effect of Adam's sin on the whole of creation noting that...

the creation was subjected to futility, not of its own will, but because of Him who subjected it, in hope that the creation itself also will be set free from its slavery to corruption into the freedom of the glory of the children of God (describing the believer's future glorified state that follows the time of the Rapture and the believer's change in the twinkling of an eye). For we know that the whole creation groans and suffers the pains of childbirth together until now (birth pains speak of a "delivery", in context this is the time when Creation will be redeemed by the Kinsman Redeemer) And not only this, but also we ourselves, having the first fruits of the Spirit, even we ourselves groan within ourselves, waiting eagerly for our adoption as sons, the redemption (apolutrosis [word study]) of our body. (Ro 8:20, 21+, Ro 8:22, 23+)

Comment: We who have been redeemed by the blood of Jesus, our Kinsman Redeemer, are awaiting a future redemption which culminates when we receive our glorified bodies (glorification) an event sometimes referred to as future tense salvation (see Three Tenses of Salvation) (See similar truth taught in 1Pe1:5+, 1Pe 1:13+, Ro 8:30+). At the time of this "future redemption" believers will finally be freed even from the presence of Sin .

The divine curse on the ground (Ge 3:17+) extends through the entire created cosmos, not just the earth inhabited by man. And so we find that the creation is now travailing like a woman about to deliver a child. The "ETA" or delivery date of a glorious new age is intimately linked with the revealing of the redeemed children of God in glory.

And so creation is groaning and suffering, awaiting the glorious day when man receives back his crown and his right to rule!

Let's review -- What did man lose when Adam sinned?

The answer can be summarized as....

(1) The land and the right to rule the land.

(2) His life -- He died and was in murdered by Satan (Jn 8:44, Ge 2:16, 17)!

(3) His freedom -- Men became enslaved to sin and Satan and in so doing lost their freedom.

Jesus by becoming our Kinsman Redeemer (Goel) effectively and forever "reverses" every one of these losses!

Review - How did Jesus become our Kinsman Redeemer?

As outlined in the table(click), Jesus became our Kinsman by emptying "Himself, taking the form of a bond-servant, and being made in the likeness of men and being found in appearance as a man." (Phil 2:7+, Php 2:8+) As the perfect God-Man He was now able to relate to men, meeting the qualifications (becoming a "kinsman") to provide the payment for our redemption. He had the desire to redeem us (Ro 5:8+). He had the adequate means to pay for the redemption price (1Pe 1:18, 19-+), a payment He accomplished on Calvary His death on Calvary, in which He gave "Himself for us, that He might redeem us from every lawless deed and purify for Himself a people for His own possession, zealous for good deeds." (Titus 2:14+) His precious blood also paid the price to bring about the redemption of Creation including the land (the earth) over which sinful man had forfeited rule.

We see Jesus beginning His redemption of the land in Revelation first taking the "book" or scroll from God the Father. This is described in more detail below.

What is the relationship of the Kinsman-Redeemer to the Avenger of Blood?

In the OT, the Kinsman-Redeemer would also function as the Avenger of Blood (Blood Avenger) under certain circumstances, Moses recording that...

The blood avenger himself shall put the murderer to death; he shall put him to death when he meets him. (Nu 35:19+, see Nu 35:20-27).

Under this law, when someone intentionally put another person to death, the slain person's kinsman would have the right to put the murderer to death. Note that the Avenger of Blood is not also committing an act of murder, but an act of capital punishment which God, a principle God had established before the Law was given (Ge 9:6), and which Moses reaffirmed under the Law (Ex 21:12+). What is forbidden in Exodus 20:13+ is the crime of murder, and what is permitted in Numbers 35:19ff is the responsibility of of the Avenger of Blood to carry out capital punishment.

We allude to the "crime against man" earlier, but who murdered Adam and Eve (and in so doing the entire human race)?

The Serpent of Old, Satan, for as Jesus explained...

the devil...was a murderer from the beginning (beginning of time = the Garden of Eden), and does not stand in the truth (implying that the "weapon" he used to "murder" us was "the lie" - see below) (Jn 8:44)

What was the lie?

Indeed, has God said, 'You shall not eat from any tree of the garden'? (Placing Doubt about God's Word in her mind)...And the serpent said to the woman, "You surely shall not die! (Directly contradicting God's Word) For God knows that in the day you eat from it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil (Brought God's goodness into question)." (Ge 3:1, 4, 5+)

So in the book of beginnings, we can see that the Devil became our murderer and also the usurper, who took man's ordained role to rule over the earth. In a sense Satan became a "temporary squatter" for although he was given the right and the might over the whole earth, this dominion was to be temporary and he did not receive the "title deed" (see below) of the earth. As we discover in Revelation 5 Jesus functioning as our Kinsman Redeemer receives the "title deed" of the earth and as our Blood Avenger, He avenges our murder by Satan in Revelation 20.

What is the Scroll (biblion) in Revelation 5 and what role does it play in the redemption and restoration of the world?

Although there is not uniform agreement regarding the meaning of the scroll, most conservative literal interpreters of the Revelation (e.g., John MacArthur, Warren Wiersbe, Henry Morris - The Revelation Record) hold that the scroll represents the the "Title Deed" to the earth.

Revelation 5+ records what John saw...

And I saw in the right hand of Him who sat on the throne a book (scroll) written inside and on the back, sealed up with seven seals. 2 And I saw a strong angel proclaiming with a loud voice, "Who is worthy to open the book (scroll) and to break its seals?" 3 And no one in heaven, or on the earth, or under the earth, was able to open the book (scroll), or to look into it. 4 And I began to weep greatly, because no one was found worthy (axios [word study]) to open the book (scroll), or to look into it; 5 and one of the elders said to me, "Stop weeping; behold, the Lion that is from the tribe of Judah, the Root of David, has overcome (nikao [word study] in the perfect tense = ) so as to open the book (scroll) and its seven seals." 6 And I saw between the throne (with the four living creatures) and the elders a Lamb standing, as if slain (perfect tense = past completed action [The Crucifixion] with continuing results/effect, speaks of the permanence of His past slaying, and it testified to by His scars, His marks of the new covenant, an unbreakable, eternal covenant), having seven horns and seven eyes, which are the seven Spirits of God, sent out into all the earth. 7 And He came, and He took it out of the right hand of Him who sat on the throne.

The description of Jesus' "as if slain" needs to be further examined because of the beautiful picture it paints of the Passover Lamb, our Kinsman Redeemer....

In Isaiah the Lion of the tribe of Judah declares...

"Behold, I have inscribed you on the palms of My hands..." (Isaiah 49:16+)

Dave Guzik writes (and I agree) that...

This has obvious and beautiful fulfillment in the nail-scarred hands of Jesus.

John records this description of the resurrection body of Jesus...

So when it was evening on that day, the first day of the week, and when the doors were shut where the disciples were, for fear of the Jews, Jesus came and stood in their midst and said to them, “Peace be with you.” And when He had said this, He showed them both His hands and His side. The disciples then rejoiced when they saw the Lord. (Jn 20:19-20)

Compare the response of "doubting" Thomas...

But Thomas, one of the twelve, called Didymus, was not with them when Jesus came. 25 The other disciples therefore were saying to him , "We have seen the Lord!" But he said to them, "Unless I shall see in His hands the imprint of the nails, and put my finger into the place of the nails, and put my hand into His side, I will not believe." 26 And after eight days again His disciples were inside, and Thomas with them. Jesus came, the doors having been shut, and stood in their midst, and said, "Peace be with you." 27 Then He said to Thomas, "Reach here your finger, and see My hands; and reach here your hand, and put it into My side; and be not unbelieving, but believing." 28 Thomas answered and said to Him, "My Lord and my God!" 29 Jesus said to him, "Because you have seen Me, have you believed? Blessed are they who did not see, and yet believed." (Jn 10:25-29).

A Debtor to Mercy
—Original words by Augustus M. Toplady
music and alt. words by Bob Kauflin

My name from the palms of His hands
A debtor to mercy alone
Of covenant mercy I sing
I come with Your righteousness on
My humble offering to bring
The judgments of Your holy law
With me can have nothing to do
My Savior’s obedience and blood
Hide all my transgressions
From view

The work which Your goodness began
The arm of Your strength will complete
Your promise is yes and amen
And never was forfeited yet
The future or things that are now
No power below or above
Can make You Your purpose forego
Or sever my soul from Your love

My name from the palms of Your hands
Eternity will not erase
Impressed on Your heart it remains
In marks of indelible grace
Yes I, to the end will endure
Until I bow down at Your throne
Forever and always secure
Forever and always secure
Forever and always secure
A debtor to mercy alone


What transpires when our "worthy" Kinsman Redeemer breaks the seal and opens the Seven Sealed Scroll?

As the Lamb broke the first seal of the Seven Sealed Scroll, He set in motion the sequential events through the seven seals, the seven trumpets and the seven bowl judgments, which culminate in the kingdom of this world becoming the kingdom of our Christ.

What about the redemption of the land that had been temporarily given to Satan?

Jesus becomes the REDEEMER OF THE LAND that had been "sold to another". In the OT God provided the year of Jubilee every 50 years, and at this time the slaves were to be set free and the land returned to its original owner (cp Lev 25:10, 13, 39, 40, 41, 53, 54+), these events in a sense pre-figuring the return of the land to mankind who had forfeited it when Adam sinned. To be sure, the Jews were excited in the year of Jubilee. But we as blood bought, heaven bound believers have a "Jubilee" coming like no one has ever seen because we have a KINSMAN REDEEMER that is going to take the scroll out of the hand of Him Who sits on the throne and He is going to break the seals which lead to the trumpets, the seventh culminating in the Kingdom of this world becoming the Kingdom of His Christ. John alludes to this glorious of restoration of the land...

And they sang a new song, saying, "Worthy art Thou to take the book, and to break its seals; for Thou wast slain, and didst purchase (agorazo [word study]) for God with Thy blood (a picture of redemption) men from every tribe and tongue and people and nation. And Thou hast made them to be a kingdom (Adam relinquished his rule, but the Last Adam [1Co 15:45], our Redeemer, restores rule to the redeemed) and priests to our God; and they will reign upon the earth." (Rev 5:9+, Rev 5:10+)

Blessed and holy is the one who has a part in the first resurrection; over these the second death has no power (all who are overcomers - see 1Jn 5:4, 5 = all believers), but they will be priests of God and of Christ and will reign with Him for a thousand years. (Rev 20:6-note)

By Christ Redeemed, in Christ Restored,
We keep the memory adored,
And show the death of our dear Lord,
Until He come, Until He come.

The "land" redeemed by the precious blood of our Kinsman Redeemer and returned to men and women who have been reborn by placing their faith in their Redeemer. Then our Kinsman Redeemer fulfills one final role of Avenging our blood, by punishing our murderer Satan.

And what happens to the "great dragon...the serpent of old who is called the devil and Satan, who deceives the whole world"?

After describing the glorious period of 1000 years (Millennium) in which Satan is bound (Rev 20:1, Rev 20:2, Rev 20:3), John describes his brief "unleashing" and his final punishment...

And when the thousand years are completed, Satan will be released from his prison, 8 and will come out to deceive the nations which are in the four corners of the earth, Gog and Magog, to gather them together for the war; the number of them is like the sand of the seashore. 9 And they came up on the broad plain of the earth and surrounded the camp of the saints and the beloved city, and fire came down from heaven and devoured them. 10 And the devil who deceived them was thrown into the lake of fire and brimstone, where the beast and the false prophet are also; and they will be tormented day and night forever and ever. (Rev 20:7-note, Rev 20:8-note, Rev 20:9-note, Rev 20:10-note)

Comment: The devil is finally and eternally cast into the lake of fire, where the worm dies not and the fire is not quenched. This is the destination for all who fail to believe in Messiah as their Redeemer, but it was not originally prepared for man but for the devil and his angels (Mt 25:41)

So Jesus our KINSMAN-REDEEMER has also became our BLOOD AVENGER.


John writes these fitting words...

And the seventh angel sounded; and there arose loud voices in heaven, saying, "The kingdom of the world has become (prophetic aorist - see comment) the kingdom of our Lord, and of His Christ; and He will reign forever and ever." 16 And the twenty-four elders, who sit on their thrones before God, fell on their faces and worshiped God, 17 saying, "We give Thee thanks, O Lord God, the Almighty, who art and who wast, because Thou hast taken Thy great power and hast begun to reign. 18 "And the nations were enraged, and Thy wrath came, and the time came for the dead to be judged, and the time to give their reward to Thy bond-servants the prophets and to the saints and to those who fear Thy name, the small and the great, and to destroy those who destroy the earth." (Rev 11:15-18+)

Comment: Garland explains that "has become" is the "prophetic aorist. The event is so certain in the sounding of the seventh angel that it is treated as if already past. However, the kingdom will not have arrived in totality until all seven bowl judgments are poured forth (Rev. 16:17+) and the King Himself returns to earth to defeat the armies of the nations (Isa. 63:1-6+; Zec. 12:1-9+; Zech 14:1-8+; Rev. 19:11-21+).

John MacArthur explains: The sounding of the 7th trumpet marks a significant milestone in the book of Revelation. It sets in motion the final events leading up to the return of the Lord Jesus Christ and the establishment of His earthly millennial kingdom. Rev 10:7 expresses the finality of the seventh trumpet: “In the days of the voice of the seventh angel, when he is about to sound, then the mystery of God is finished, as He preached to His servants the prophets.” That mystery is the full revelation of the consummation of God’s plan. It was prophesied by the Old Testament preachers, but its fullness was never revealed until the book of Revelation.

The seventh trumpet sets in motion the final consummation of God’s redemptive plan for the present universe. During its tenure will come the final fury of the Day of the Lord judgments (Rev 16:1-21), the final harvest of judgment on earth (Re 11:18; 16:19), and the Lamb’s defeat of the kings of the earth (Rev 17:12-18), culminating in the final, climactic triumph of Christ at Armageddon (Re 19:11-21). The sounding of the seventh trumpet signals God’s answer to the prayer, “Your kingdom come. Your will be done, on earth as it is in heaven” (Mt 6:10). That answer sweeps through Rev 12:1-22:21 as God finishes His mighty work of reclaiming creation from the usurper, Satan...Though its effects on earth were delayed (as with the seventh seal; Rev 8:2, 3, 4, 5), there was an immediate response in heaven when the seventh angel sounded his (7th) trumpet...That dramatic proclamation is obviously connected to the effects of the seventh trumpet. There is unrestrained joy that the power of Satan is to be forever broken, and Jesus Christ is to reign supreme as King of kings and Lord of lords. With the defeat of the usurper, the question of sovereignty over the world will be forever settled. What Jesus refused to take on Satan’s terms (cf. Lk 4:5-8+) He will take on His own terms. Heaven rejoices that the long rebellion of the world against God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ is about to end. The setting up of Christ’s long-awaited kingdom (Ed: See discussion of Millennium 2 and Millennium 3) is the apex of redemptive history. (Macarthur J. Revelation 1-11. and Revelation 12-22. Moody) (Bolding added)