Genesis 2 Commentary


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cChart from recommended resource Jensen's Survey of the OT - used by permission
Summary Chart of
The Book of Genesis
Focus Foundation Events
(Four Events)
(Events Predominant)
Foundation People
(Four People)
(People Predominant)
Divisions Creation
(Ge 1-2)
Fall
(Ge 3-5)
Flood
(Ge 6-9)
Nations
(Ge 10-12)
Abraham's
Faith
(Ge 12-24)
Isaac's
Family
(Ge 25-26)
Jacob's Conflicts
(Ge 27-36)
Joseph's
Calamity
(Ge 37-50)
Topics Beginning of the Human Race
(Race As A Whole)
Beginning of the Hebrew Race
(Family of Abraham)
Faithfulness of Mankind
(Noah)
Faithfulness of One Man's Family
(Abraham)
Historical Biographical
Place Eastward
From Eden to Ur
Westward
From Canaan to Egypt
Time ~2000+ Years
(20% of Genesis)
(~4004-2090BC)
About 300 Years
193 Yr in Canaan, 93 Yr in Egypt
(80% of Genesis)
(2090-1804BC)
Primeval History
of Humanity
Patriarchal History
of Israel
Author Moses

BEGINNINGS

  • Ge 1:1-25 - The Universe (Everything)
  • Ge 1:26-2:25 - The Human Race
  • Ge 3:1-7 - Sin Enters the World
  • Ge 3:8-24- God Promises Redemption from Bondage to Sin
  • Ge 4:1-15 - Family Life
  • Ge 4:16ff - Civilization
  • Ge 10:1-11:32 - The Nations of the World
  • Ge 12:1ff - The Story of Israel and the Jews

Genesis 2:1  Thus the heavens and the earth were completed, and all their hosts.

  • Thus: Ge 2:4 1:1,10 Ex 20:11 31:17 2Ki 19:15 2Ch 2:12 Ne 9:6 Job 12:9 Ps 89:11-13 104:2 136:5-8 146:6 Isa 42:5 45:18 48:13 55:9 Isa 65:17 Jer 10:12,16 Zec 12:1 Ac 4:24 Heb 4:3 
  • host: De 4:19 17:3 2Ki 21:3-5 Ps 33:6,9 Isa 34:4 40:26-28 45:12 Jer 8:2 Lu 2:13 Ac 7:42 

Thus the heavens and the earth were completed, and all their hosts.

Genesis 2:2  By the seventh day God completed His work which He had done, and He rested on the seventh day from all His work which He had done.

  • And on: Ge 1:31 Ex 20:11 23:12 31:17 De 5:14 Isa 58:13  Joh 5:17 Heb 4:4 
  • seventh day God: The LXX., Syriac, and the Samaritan Text read the sixth day, which is probably the true reading; as [vav <Strong's H2053>,] which stands for six, might easily be changed into [zayin,] which denotes seven.
  • rested: Or, rather, ceased, as the Hebrew word is not opposed to weariness, but to action; as the Divine Being can neither know fatigue, nor stand in need of rest.

By the seventh day God completed His work which He had done, and He rested on the seventh day from all His work which He had done.

Ray Comfort on completed - The Scriptures say, “Thus the heavens and the earth were finished, and all the host of them” (Genesis 2:1). The original Hebrew uses the past definite tense for the verb “finished,” indicating an action completed in the past, never again to occur. The creation was “finished”—once and for all. That is exactly what the First Law of Thermodynamics says. This law (often referred to as the Law of the Conservation of Energy and/or Mass) states that neither matter nor energy can be either created or destroyed. It was because of this Law that Sir Fred Hoyle’s “Steady-State” (or “Continuous Creation”) Theory was discarded. Hoyle stated that at points in the universe called “irtrons,” matter (or energy) was constantly being created. But, the First Law states just the opposite. Indeed, there is no “creation” ongoing today. It is “finished” exactly as the Bible states. (Ray Comfort The Evidence Bible: Irrefutable Evidence for the Thinking Mind)

Genesis 2:3  Then God blessed the seventh day and sanctified it, because in it He rested from all His work which God had created and made.

  • blessed: Ex 16:22-30 20:8-11 23:12 31:13-17 34:21 35:2,3 Lev 23:3 25:2,3 De 5:12-14 Ne 9:14 13:15-22 Pr 10:22 Isa 56:2-7 58:13,14 Jer 17:21-27 Eze 20:12 Mk 2:27 Lu 23:56 Heb 4:4-10 
  • created and made: Heb. created to make

Then God blessed the seventh day and sanctified it, because in it He rested from all His work which God had created and made.

Genesis 2:4  This is the account of the heavens and the earth when they were created, in the day that the LORD God made earth and heaven.

  • the generations: Ge 1:4 5:1 10:1 11:10 25:12,19 36:1,9 Ex 6:16 Job 38:28 Ps 90:1,2 
  • Lord: Ex 15:3 1Ki 18:39 2Ch 20:6 Ps 18:31 86:10 Isa 44:6 Rev 1:4,8 Rev 11:17 16:5 

Genesis 2:4–6 gives a quick summary of the first five days of creation.

This is the account of the heavens and the earth when they were created, in the day that the LORD God made earth and heaven.

Ray Stedman makes an interesting observation that...it has been pointed out often that here (Ge 2:4,5, 7, 8, 9) the name of God appears in a different form than in Chapter 1. We have for the first time the great name of God that appears in so much of the rest of the Bible, Jehovah (or in the Hebrew, Yahweh) Elohim, translated in our version, LORD God. There is a special reason for this change. In Chapter 1 we are dealing with the making of things, and God is presented to us under the name of Elohim, i.e., the Creator. But when man appears on the scene God appears also in a different character. He now appears under the title of Jehovah, which means essentially the covenant-making God, the God who keeps a promise. It is particularly significant that when God first reveals himself to this race of ours, it is as a God who intends to keep his promises. 

Genesis 2:5  Now no shrub of the field was yet in the earth, and no plant of the field had yet sprouted, for the LORD God had not sent rain upon the earth, and there was no man to cultivate the ground.

  • plant: Ge 1:12 Ps 104:14 
  • had not: Job 5:10 38:26-28 Ps 65:9-11 135:7 Jer 14:22 Mt 5:45 Heb 6:7 
  • to till: Ge 3:23 4:2,12 

Now no shrub of the field was yet in the earth, and no plant of the field had yet sprouted, for the LORD God had not sent rain upon the earth, and there was no man to cultivate the ground.

Genesis 2:6  But a mist used to rise from the earth and water the whole surface of the ground.

  • there went up a mist: or, a mist which went up, Ge 2:6 

But a mist used to rise from the earth and water the whole surface of the ground.

Genesis 2:7  Then the LORD God formed man of dust from the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living being.

  • formed man: Ps 100:3 139:14,15 Isa 64:8 
  • of the dust: Heb. the dust of, etc
  • dust: Ge 3:19,23 Job 4:19 33:6 Ps 103:14 Ec 3:7,20 12:7 Isa 64:8 Ro 9:20 1Co 15:47 2Co 4:7 5:1 
  • and breathed: Job 27:3 33:4 Joh 20:22 Ac 17:25 
  • nostrils: Ge 7:22 Ec 3:21 Isa 2:22 
  • a living: Nu 16:22 27:16 Pr 20:27 Zec 12:1 1Co 15:45 Heb 12:9 

Then the LORD God formed man of dust from the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living being.

 Genesis 2:7–25 is describing only the events that took place on day six in the Garden of Eden.

Genesis 2:8  The LORD God planted a garden toward the east, in Eden; and there He placed the man whom He had formed.

  • a garden: Ge 13:10 Eze 28:13 31:8,9 Joe 2:3 
  • eastward: Ge 3:24 4:16 2Ki 19:12 Eze 27:23 31:16,18 
  • put the: Ge 2:15 

The LORD God planted a garden toward the east, in Eden; and there He placed the man whom He had formed.

Genesis 2:9  Out of the ground the LORD God caused to grow every tree that is pleasing to the sight and good for food; the tree of life also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil.

  • every: Eze 31:8,9,16,18 
  • tree of life: Ge 3:22 Pr 3:18 11:30 Eze 47:12  Joh 6:48 Rev 2:7 22:2,14 
  • tree of knowledge: Ge 2:17 3:3,22 De 6:25 Isa 44:25 47:10 1Co 8:1 

Out of the ground the LORD God caused to grow every tree that is pleasing to the sight and good for food; the tree of life also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil.

Genesis 2:10  Now a river flowed out of Eden to water the garden; and from there it divided and became four rivers.

  • a river: Ps 46:4 Rev 22:1 
  • Eden: Eden denotes pleasure or delight; but was certainly the name of a place, and was, most probably, situated in Armenia, near the sources of the great rivers Euphrates, Tigris, Phasis, and Araxes.

Now a river flowed out of Eden to water the garden; and from there it divided and became four rivers.

Genesis 2:11  The name of the first is Pishon; it flows around the whole land of Havilah, where there is gold.

  • Havilah: Ge 10:7,29 25:18 1Sa 15:7 

The name of the first is Pishon; it flows around the whole land of Havilah, where there is gold.

Genesis 2:12  The gold of that land is good; the bdellium and the onyx stone are there.

  • Bdellium is a transparent aromatic gum.  The onyx is a precious stone, so called from a Greek word signifying a man's nail, to the colour of which it nearly approaches.
  • Nu 11:7 
  • onyx: Ex 28:20 39:13 Job 28:16 Eze 28:13 

The gold of that land is good; the bdellium and the onyx stone are there.

Genesis 2:13  The name of the second river is Gihon; it flows around the whole land of Cush.

  • Gihon: The Araxes, which runs into the Caspian sea.
  • Ethiopia: Heb. Cush, The country of the ancient Cussaei. Ge 10:6 Isa 11:11 

The name of the second river is Gihon; it flows around the whole land of Cush.

Genesis 2:14  The name of the third river is Tigris; it flows east of Assyria. And the fourth river is the Euphrates.

  • Hiddekel: Da 10:4, The Tigris
  • toward the east of: or, eastward to, Ge 10:11,22 25:18 
  • Euphrates: Ge 15:18 De 1:7 11:24 Rev 9:14 

The name of the third river is Tigris; it flows east of Assyria. And the fourth river is the Euphrates.

Genesis 2:15  Then the LORD God took the man and put him into the garden of Eden to cultivate it and keep it.

  • the man: or, Adam, Ge 2:2 Job 31:33 
  • put: Ge 2:8 Ps 128:2 Eph 4:28 

Then the LORD God took the man and put him into the garden of Eden to cultivate it and keep it.

Genesis 2:16  The LORD God commanded the man, saying, "From any tree of the garden you may eat freely;

  • God: 1Sa 15:22 
  • thou mayest freely eat: Heb. eating thou shalt eat, Ge 2:9 3:1,2 1Ti 4:4 6:17 

The LORD God commanded the man, saying, "From any tree of the garden you may eat freely

Genesis 2:17  but from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat, for in the day that you eat from it you will surely die."

  • of the tree: Ge 2:9 3:1-3,11,17,19 
  • surely: Ge 3:3,4,19 20:7 Nu 26:65 De 27:26 1Sa 14:39,44 20:31 22:16 1Ki 2:37,42 Jer 26:8 Eze 3:18-20 18:4,13,32 33:8,14 Ro 1:32 Ro 5:12-21 6:16,23 7:10-13 8:2 1Co 15:22,56 Ga 3:10 Eph 2:1-6 Eph 5:14 Col 2:13 1Ti 5:6 Jas 1:15 1Jn 5:16 Rev 2:11 20:6,14 Rev 21:8 
  • thou shalt surely die: Heb. dying thou shalt die

but from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat, for in the day that you eat from it you will surely die

Genesis 2:18  Then the LORD God said, "It is not good for the man to be alone; I will make him a helper suitable for him."

  • good: Ge 1:31 3:12 Ru 3:1 Pr 18:22 Ec 4:9-12 1Co 7:36 
  • I will: Ge 3:12 1Co 11:7-12 1Ti 2:11-13 1Pe 3:7 
  • meet for him: Heb. as before him

Then the LORD God said, "It is not good for the man to be alone; I will make him a helper suitable for him

Genesis 2:19  Out of the ground the LORD God formed every beast of the field and every bird of the sky, and brought them to the man to see what he would call them; and whatever the man called a living creature, that was its name.

  • And out: Ge 1:20-25 
  • brought: Ge 2:22,23 1:26,28 6:20 9:2 Ps 8:4-8 
  • Adam: or, the man, Ge 2:15 

Out of the ground the LORD God formed every beast of the field and every bird of the sky, and brought them to the man to see what he would call them; and whatever the man called a living creature, that was its name

Genesis 2:20  The man gave names to all the cattle, and to the birds of the sky, and to every beast of the field, but for Adam there was not found a helper suitable for him.

  • gave names to: Heb. called
  • but: Ge 2:18 

The man gave names to all the cattle, and to the birds of the sky, and to every beast of the field, but for Adam there was not found a helper suitable for him

Genesis 2:21  So the LORD God caused a deep sleep to fall upon the man, and he slept; then He took one of his ribs and closed up the flesh at that place.

  • Ge 15:12 1Sa 26:12 Job 4:13 33:15 Pr 19:15 Da 8:18 

So the LORD God caused a deep sleep to fall upon the man, and he slept; then He took one of his ribs and closed up the flesh at that place.

Genesis 2:22  The LORD God fashioned into a woman the rib which He had taken from the man, and brought her to the man.

  • made: Heb. builded, Ps 127:1 1Ti 2:13 
  • brought: Ge 2:19 Pr 18:22 19:14 Heb 13:4 

The LORD God fashioned into a woman the rib which He had taken from the man, and brought her to the man

Genesis 2:23  The man said, "This is now bone of my bones, And flesh of my flesh; She shall be called Woman, Because she was taken out of Man."

  • bone: Ge 29:14 Jud 9:2 2Sa 5:1 19:13 Eph 5:30 
  • flesh: Ge 2:24 
  • Woman: Heb. Isha, 1Co 11:8,9 
  • taken: 1Co 11:8 
  • Man: Heb. Ish

The man said, "This is now bone of my bones, And flesh of my flesh; She shall be called Woman, Because she was taken out of Man

Genesis 2:24  For this reason a man shall leave his father and his mother, and be joined to his wife; and they shall become one flesh.

  • eave: Ge 24:58,59 31:14,15 Ps 45:10 
  • cleave: Lev 22:12,13 De 4:4 10:20 Jos 23:8 Ps 45:10 Pr 12:4 31:10 Ac 11:23 
  • and they shall be one flesh: The LXX., Vulgate, Syriac, Arabic, and Samaritan read, "they two;" as is also read in several of the Parallel Passages. Mal 2:14-16 Mt 19:3-9 Mk 10:6-12 Ro 7:2 1Co 6:16,17 7:2-4,10 1Co 7:11 Eph 5:28-31 1Ti 5:14 1Pe 3:1-7 

For this reason a man shall leave his father and his mother, and be joined to his wife; and they shall become one flesh

Genesis 2:25  And the man and his wife were both naked and were not ashamed.

  • naked: Ge 3:7,10,11 
  • ashamed: Ex 32:25 Ps 25:3 31:17 Isa 44:9 47:3 54:4 Jer 6:15 17:13 Eze 16:61 Joe 2:26 Mk 8:38 Lu 9:26 Ro 10:11 

And the man and his wife were both naked and were not ashamed

 

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