2 Corinthians 11 Commentary


2 CORINTHIANS - PAUL'S MINISTRY IN THE LIGHT OF THE INDESCRIBABLE GIFT
Click chart to enlarge
Charts from Jensen's Survey of the NT - used by permission
Another Chart from Charles Swindoll
A Third Chart 
Overview of
Second Corinthians
2Co 1:1-7:16
Character
of Paul
2Co 8:1-9:15
Collection
for the Saints
2Co 10:1-12:21
Credentials
of Paul
Testimonial & Didactic Practical Apologetic
Past:
Misunderstanding & Explanation
Present:
Practical Project
Future:
Anxieties
Apostle's Conciliation, Ministry & Exhortations Apostle's Solicitation for Judean Saints Apostle's Vindication
of Himself
Forgiveness, Reconciliation
Gratitude
Confidence Vindication

Ephesus to Macedonia:
Change of Itinerary
Explained

Macedonia: Preparation for Visit to Corinth

To Corinth:
Certainty and Imminence
of the Visit

2Co 1:1-7:16

2Co 8:1-9:15

2Co 10:1-12:21

2Corinthians written ~ 56-57AD - see Chronological Table of Paul's Life and Ministry

Adapted & modified from Jensen's Survey of the New Testament (Highly Recommended Resource) & Wilkinson's Talk Thru the Bible


INTRODUCTIONS TO SECOND CORINTHIANS:

2 Corinthians 11:1  I wish that you would bear with me in a little foolishness; but indeed you are bearing with me.

  • would: Nu 11:29 Jos 7:7 2Ki 5:3 Ac 26:29 1Co 4:8 
  • bear with me a: 2Co 11:4 Ac 18:14 Heb 5:2 
  • in: 2Co 11:16,17,19,21 5:13 12:11 1Co 1:21 3:18 4:10 
  • bear with me: or, ye do bear with me
  • 2 Corinthians 11 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries

I wish that you would bear with me in a little foolishness; but indeed you are bearing with me.

2 Corinthians 11:2  For I am jealous for you with a godly jealousy; for I betrothed you to one husband, so that to Christ I might present you as a pure virgin.

  • jealous: Ga 4:11,17-19 Php 1:8 1Th 2:11 
  • I have: Ge 24:2-5,58-67 Ps 45:10,11 Isa 54:5 62:4,5 Ho 2:19,20 Joh 3:29 Ro 7:4 1Co 4:15 
  • I may: Eph 5:27 Col 1:28 
  • a chaste: Lev 21:13-15 Eze 44:22 
  • 2 Corinthians 11 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries

For I am jealous for you with a godly jealousy; for I betrothed you to one husband, so that to Christ I might present you as a pure virgin.

2 Corinthians 11:3  But I am afraid that, as the serpent deceived Eve by his craftiness, your minds will be led astray from the simplicity and purity of devotion to Christ.

  • I fear: 2Co 11:29 12:20,21 Ps 119:53 Ga 1:6 3:1 4:11 Php 3:18,19 
  • as: Ge 3:4,13  Joh 8:44 1Ti 2:14 Rev 12:9 20:2 
  • so: 2Co 11:13-15 2:17 4:2 Mt 24:24 Ac 20:30,31 Ga 1:6 2:4 3:1 Eph 4:14 Eph 6:24 Col 2:4,8,18 2Th 2:3-11 1Ti 1:3 4:1-4 2Ti 3:1-9,13 2Ti 4:3,4 Tit 1:10 Heb 13:9 2Pe 2:1-14 3:3,17 1Jn 2:18 4:1 Jude 1:4 Rev 12:9 
  • the simplicity: 2Co 1:12 Ro 12:8 16:18,19 
  • 2 Corinthians 11 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries

But I am afraid that, as the serpent deceived Eve by his craftiness, your minds will be led astray from the simplicity and purity of devotion to Christ.

2 Corinthians 11:4  For if one comes and preaches another Jesus whom we have not preached, or you receive a different spirit which you have not received, or a different gospel which you have not accepted, you bear this beautifully.

  • preacheth: Ac 4:12 1Ti 2:5 
  • receive: 1Co 12:4-11 Ga 3:2 Eph 4:4,5 
  • another gospel: Ga 1:7,8 
  • 2 Corinthians 11 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries

For if one comes and preaches another Jesus whom we have not preached, or you receive a different spirit which you have not received, or a different gospel which you have not accepted, you bear this beautifully.

2 Corinthians 11:5  For I consider myself not in the least inferior to the most eminent apostles.

For I consider myself not in the least inferior to the most eminent apostles.

2 Corinthians 11:6  But even if I am unskilled in speech, yet I am not so in knowledge; in fact, in every way we have made this evident to you in all things.

  • rude: 2Co 10:10 1Co 1:17,21 2:1-3,13 
  • not: Eph 3:4 2Pe 3:15,16 
  • but we: 2Co 4:2 5:11 7:2 12:12 
  • 2 Corinthians 11 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries

But even if I am unskilled in speech, yet I am not so in knowledge; in fact, in every way we have made this evident to you in all things.

2 Corinthians 11:7  Or did I commit a sin in humbling myself so that you might be exalted, because I preached the gospel of God to you without charge?

  • in: 2Co 10:1 12:13 Ac 18:1-3 20:34 1Co 4:10-12 9:6,12,14-18 1Th 2:9 2Th 3:8 
  • 2 Corinthians 11 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries

Or did I commit a sin in humbling myself so that you might be exalted, because I preached the gospel of God to you without charge?

2 Corinthians 11:8  I robbed other churches by taking wages from them to serve you;

I robbed other churches by taking wages from them to serve you;

2 Corinthians 11:9  and when I was present with you and was in need, I was not a burden to anyone; for when the brethren came from Macedonia they fully supplied my need, and in everything I kept myself from being a burden to you, and will continue to do so.

  • 2Co 11:8 
  • wanted: 2Co 6:4 9:12 Php 2:25 4:11-14 Heb 11:37 
  • I was: 2Co 12:13 Ne 5:15 Ac 18:3 20:33 1Th 2:9 2Th 3:8,9 
  • the brethren: 2Co 8:1,2 Php 4:10,15,16 
  • burdensome: 2Co 12:14-16 1Th 2:6 
  • 2 Corinthians 11 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries

and when I was present with you and was in need, I was not a burden to anyone; for when the brethren came from Macedonia they fully supplied my need, and in everything I kept myself from being a burden to you, and will continue to do so.

2 Corinthians 11:10  As the truth of Christ is in me, this boasting of mine will not be stopped in the regions of Achaia.

  • the truth: 2Co 11:31 1:23 12:19 Ro 1:9 9:1 Ga 1:20 1Th 2:5,10 1Ti 2:7 
  • no man shall stop me of this boasting: Gr. this boasting shall not be stopped in me, 2Co 11:12,16,17 10:15 1Co 9:15-18 
  • the regions: 2Co 1:1 9:2 Ac 18:12,27 Ro 16:5 1Co 16:15 1Th 1:7,8 
  • 2 Corinthians 11 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries

As the truth of Christ is in me, this boasting of mine will not be stopped in the regions of Achaia.

2 Corinthians 11:11  Why? Because I do not love you? God knows I do!

  • because: 2Co 6:11,12 7:3 12:15 
  • God: 2Co 11:10 12:2,3 Jos 22:22 Ps 44:21  Joh 2:24,25 21:17 Ac 15:8 Heb 4:13 Rev 2:23 
  • 2 Corinthians 11 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries

Why? Because I do not love you? God knows I do!

2 Corinthians 11:12  But what I am doing I will continue to do, so that I may cut off opportunity from those who desire an opportunity to be regarded just as we are in the matter about which they are boasting.

  • what: 2Co 11:9 1:17 Job 23:13 
  • that I may: 1Co 9:12 1Ti 5:14 
  • them: Ga 1:7 Php 1:15-30 
  • they glory: 2Co 11:18 5:12 10:17 1Co 5:6 Ga 6:13,14 
  • 2 Corinthians 11 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries

But what I am doing I will continue to do, so that I may cut off opportunity from those who desire an opportunity to be regarded just as we are in the matter about which they are boasting

2 Corinthians 11:13  For such men are false apostles, deceitful workers, disguising themselves as apostles of Christ.

  • false: 2Co 11:15 2:17 4:2 Mt 25:24 Ac 15:1,24 20:30 Ro 16:18 Ga 1:7 2:4 4:17 Ga 6:12 Eph 4:14 Php 1:15,16 Col 2:4,8 1Ti 1:4-7 4:1-3 6:3-5 2Ti 2:17-19 3:5-9 4:3,4 2Pe 2:1-3 1Jn 2:18 4:1 2Jn 1:7-11 Jude 1:4 Rev 2:2,9,20 19:20 
  • deceitful: Php 3:2 Tit 1:10,11 
  • 2 Corinthians 11 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries

For such men are false apostles, deceitful workers, disguising themselves as apostles of Christ

2 Corinthians 11:14  No wonder, for even Satan disguises himself as an angel of light.

No wonder, for even Satan disguises himself as an angel of light.

2 Corinthians 11:15  Therefore it is not surprising if his servants also disguise themselves as servants of righteousness, whose end will be according to their deeds.

  • no: 2Ki 5:13 1Co 9:11 
  • his: 2Co 11:13 Ac 13:10 Eph 6:12 Rev 9:11 13:2,14 19:19-21 20:2,3,7-10 
  • the ministers: 2Co 11:23 3:9 
  • whose: Isa 9:14,15 Jer 5:31 23:14,15 28:15-17 29:32 Eze 13:10-15,22 Mt 7:15,16 Ga 1:8,9 Php 3:19 2Th 2:8-12 2Pe 2:3,13-22 Jude 1:4,10-13 
  • 2 Corinthians 11 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries

Therefore it is not surprising if his servants also disguise themselves as servants of righteousness, whose end will be according to their deeds.

2 Corinthians 11:16  Again I say, let no one think me foolish; but if you do, receive me even as foolish, so that I also may boast a little.

  • say: 2Co 11:1 
  • Let: 2Co 11:21-23 12:6,11 
  • receive me: or, suffer me, 2Co 11:1,19 
  • 2 Corinthians 11 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries

Again I say, let no one think me foolish; but if you do, receive me even as foolish, so that I also may boast a little.

2 Corinthians 11:17  What I am saying, I am not saying as the Lord would, but as in foolishness, in this confidence of boasting.

  • I speak it: 1Co 7:6,12 
  • foolishly: 2Co 11:18-27 9:4 Php 3:3-6 
  • 2 Corinthians 11 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries

What I am saying, I am not saying as the Lord would, but as in foolishness, in this confidence of boasting.

2 Corinthians 11:18  Since many boast according to the flesh, I will boast also.

  • many: 2Co 11:12,21-23 10:12-18 Jer 9:23,24 1Co 4:10 1Pe 1:24 
  • I will: 2Co 12:5,6,9,11 
  • 2 Corinthians 11 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries

Since many boast according to the flesh, I will boast also.

2 Corinthians 11:19  For you, being so wise, tolerate the foolish gladly.

For you, being so wise, tolerate the foolish gladly.

2 Corinthians 11:20  For you tolerate it if anyone enslaves you, anyone devours you, anyone takes advantage of you, anyone exalts himself, anyone hits you in the face.

  • if a man bring: 2Co 1:24 Ga 2:4 4:3,9,25 5:1,10 6:12 
  • take: Ro 16:17,18 Php 3:19 1Th 2:5 
  • a man smite: Isa 50:6 La 3:30 Lu 6:29 
  • 2 Corinthians 11 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries

For you tolerate it if anyone enslaves you, anyone devours you, anyone takes advantage of you, anyone exalts himself, anyone hits you in the face.

2 Corinthians 11:21  To my shame I must say that we have been weak by comparison. But in whatever respect anyone else is bold--I speak in foolishness--I am just as bold myself.

  • as though: 2Co 10:1,2,10 13:10 
  • whereinsoever: 2Co 11:22-27 Php 3:3-6 
  • I speak: 2Co 11:17,23 
  • 2 Corinthians 11 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries

To my shame I must say that we have been weak by comparison. But in whatever respect anyone else is bold--I speak in foolishness--I am just as bold myself.

2 Corinthians 11:22  Are they Hebrews? So am I. Are they Israelites? So am I. Are they descendants of Abraham? So am I.

  • Hebrews: Ex 3:18 5:3 7:16 9:1,13 10:3 Ac 22:3 Ro 11:1 Php 3:5 
  • the seed: Ge 17:8,9 2Ch 20:7 Mt 3:9 Joh 8:33-39 Ro 4:13-18 
  • 2 Corinthians 11 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries

Are they Hebrews? So am I. Are they Israelites? So am I. Are they descendants of Abraham? So am I.

2 Corinthians 11:23  Are they servants of Christ?--I speak as if insane--I more so; in far more labors, in far more imprisonments, beaten times without number, often in danger of death.

  • ministers: 2Co 3:6 6:4 1Co 3:5 4:1 1Th 3:2 1Ti 4:6 
  • I am: 2Co 11:5 12:11,12 
  • in labours: 1Co 15:10 Col 1:29 
  • in stripes: 2Co 11:24,25 6:4,5 Ac 9:16 
  • in prisons: Ac 9:16 16:24 20:23 21:11 24:26,27 25:14 27:1 28:16,30 Eph 3:1 Eph 4:1 6:20 Php 1:13 2Ti 1:8,16 2:9 Phm 1:9 Heb 10:34 
  • in deaths: 2Co 1:9,10 4:11 6:9 Ac 14:19 1Co 15:30-32 Php 2:17 Col 1:24 
  • 2 Corinthians 11 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries

Are they servants of Christ?--I speak as if insane--I more so; in far more labors, in far more imprisonments, beaten times without number, often in danger of death.

2 Corinthians 11:24  Five times I received from the Jews thirty-nine lashes.

 Five times I received from the Jews thirty-nine lashes.

2 Corinthians 11:25  Three times I was beaten with rods, once I was stoned, three times I was shipwrecked, a night and a day I have spent in the deep.

  • I beaten: Ac 16:22,23,33,37 22:24 
  • once: Mt 21:35 Ac 7:58,59 14:5,19 Heb 11:37 
  • thrice: Ac 27:1-44 
  • 2 Corinthians 11 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries

Three times I was beaten with rods, once I was stoned, three times I was shipwrecked, a night and a day I have spent in the deep.

2 Corinthians 11:26  I have been on frequent journeys, in dangers from rivers, dangers from robbers, dangers from my countrymen, dangers from the Gentiles, dangers in the city, dangers in the wilderness, dangers on the sea, dangers among false brethren;

  • journeyings: Ac 9:23,26-30 11:25,26 13:1-14:28 15:2-4,40,41 16:1-18:1 Ac 18:18-23 19:1 20:1-6 Ro 15:19,24-28 Ga 1:17-21 
  • in perils by mine: Ac 9:23-25,29 13:50 20:3,19 21:28-31 23:12-22 25:3 28:10,11 1Th 2:15,16 
  • in perils by the: 2Co 1:8-10 Ac 14:5,19 16:19-24 19:23-41 1Co 15:32 
  • in perils in the city: 2Co 11:32 Ac 9:24 17:5
  • 2 Corinthians 11 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries

I have been on frequent journeys, in dangers from rivers, dangers from robbers, dangers from my countrymen, dangers from the Gentiles, dangers in the city, dangers in the wilderness, dangers on the sea, dangers among false brethren

2 Corinthians 11:27  I have been in labor and hardship, through many sleepless nights, in hunger and thirst, often without food, in cold and exposure.

  • weariness: 2Co 11:23 6:5 Ac 20:5-11,34,35 1Th 2:9 2Th 3:8 
  • in watchings: Ac 20:31 
  • in hunger: Jer 38:9 1Co 4:11,12 Php 4:12 
  • fastings: 2Co 6:5 Ac 13:2,3 14:23 1Co 7:5 
  • nakedness: Ro 8:35,36 Heb 11:37 Jas 2:15,16 
  • 2 Corinthians 11 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries

I have been in labor and hardship, through many sleepless nights, in hunger and thirst, often without food, in cold and exposure.

2 Corinthians 11:28  Apart from such external things, there is the daily pressure on me of concern for all the churches.

  • those: 2Co 11:23-27 
  • the care: Ac 15:36,40,41 18:23 20:2,18-35 Ro 1:14 11:13 15:16 16:4 Col 2:1
  • 2 Corinthians 11 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries

Apart from such external things, there is the daily pressure on me of concern for all the churches

2 Corinthians 11:29  Who is weak without my being weak? Who is led into sin without my intense concern?

  • is weak: 2Co 2:4,5 7:5,6 13:9 Ezr 9:1-3 Ro 12:15 15:1 1Co 8:13 9:22 12:26 Ga 6:2 1Th 3:5-8 
  • and I burn: 2Co 11:13-15 Nu 25:6-11 Ne 5:6-13 13:15-20,23-25 Joh 2:17 1Co 5:1-5 1Co 6:5-7,15-18 11:22 15:12-34,36 Ga 1:7-10 2:4-6,14 3:1-3 Ga 4:8-20 5:2-4 2Jn 1:10,11 Jude 1:3,4 Rev 2:2,20 3:15-18 
  • 2 Corinthians 11 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries

Who is weak without my being weak? Who is led into sin without my intense concern

2 Corinthians 11:30  If I have to boast, I will boast of what pertains to my weakness.

  • must: 2Co 11:16-18 12:1,11 Pr 25:27 27:2 Jer 9:23,24 
  • I will: 2Co 12:5-10 Col 1:24 
  • 2 Corinthians 11 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries

If I have to boast, I will boast of what pertains to my weakness

2 Corinthians 11:31  The God and Father of the Lord Jesus, He who is blessed forever, knows that I am not lying.

  • God: 2Co 1:3,23  Joh 10:30 20:17 Ro 1:9 9:1 Eph 1:3 3:14 Ga 1:2,3 Col 1:3 1Th 2:5 1Pe 1:3 
  • which: Ne 9:5 Ps 41:13 Ro 1:25 9:5 1Ti 1:11,17 6:16 
  • knoweth: 2Co 11:10 
  • 2 Corinthians 11 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries

The God and Father of the Lord Jesus, He who is blessed forever, knows that I am not lying

2 Corinthians 11:32  In Damascus the ethnarch under Aretas the king was guarding the city of the Damascenes in order to seize me,

In Damascus the ethnarch under Aretas the king was guarding the city of the Damascenes in order to seize me

2 Corinthians 11:33  and I was let down in a basket through a window in the wall, and so escaped his hands.

and I was let down in a basket through a window in the wall, and so escaped his hands