2 Corinthians 13 Commentary


2 CORINTHIANS - PAUL'S MINISTRY IN THE LIGHT OF THE INDESCRIBABLE GIFT
Click chart to enlarge
Charts from Jensen's Survey of the NT - used by permission
Another Chart from Charles Swindoll
A Third Chart 
Overview of
Second Corinthians
2Co 1:1-7:16
Character
of Paul
2Co 8:1-9:15
Collection
for the Saints
2Co 10:1-12:21
Credentials
of Paul
Testimonial & Didactic Practical Apologetic
Past:
Misunderstanding & Explanation
Present:
Practical Project
Future:
Anxieties
Apostle's Conciliation, Ministry & Exhortations Apostle's Solicitation for Judean Saints Apostle's Vindication
of Himself
Forgiveness, Reconciliation
Gratitude
Confidence Vindication

Ephesus to Macedonia:
Change of Itinerary
Explained

Macedonia: Preparation for Visit to Corinth

To Corinth:
Certainty and Imminence
of the Visit

2Co 1:1-7:16

2Co 8:1-9:15

2Co 10:1-12:21

2Corinthians written ~ 56-57AD - see Chronological Table of Paul's Life and Ministry

Adapted & modified from Jensen's Survey of the New Testament (Highly Recommended Resource) & Wilkinson's Talk Thru the Bible


INTRODUCTIONS TO SECOND CORINTHIANS:

2 Corinthians 13:1  This is the third time I am coming to you. EVERY FACT IS TO BE CONFIRMED BY THE TESTIMONY OF TWO OR THREE WITNESSES.

  • the third: 2Co 12:14 
  • In: Nu 35:30 De 17:6 19:15 1Ki 21:10,13 Mt 18:16 26:60,61 Joh 8:17,18 Heb 10:28,29 
  • 2 Corinthians 13 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries

This is the third time I am coming to you. EVERY FACT IS TO BE CONFIRMED BY THE TESTIMONY OF TWO OR THREE WITNESSES.

2 Corinthians 13:2  I have previously said when present the second time, and though now absent I say in advance to those who have sinned in the past and to all the rest as well, that if I come again I will not spare anyone,

  • old: 2Co 1:23 10:1,2,8-11 12:20 1Co 4:19-21 5:5 
  • being: 2Co 13:10 
  • heretofore: 2Co 12:21 
  • 2 Corinthians 13 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries

I have previously said when present the second time, and though now absent I say in advance to those who have sinned in the past and to all the rest as well, that if I come again I will not spare anyone,

2 Corinthians 13:3  since you are seeking for proof of the Christ who speaks in me, and who is not weak toward you, but mighty in you.

  • ye seek: 2Co 10:8-10 
  • Christ: 2Co 2:10 Mt 10:20 18:18-20 Lu 21:15 1Co 5:4,5 
  • which: 2Co 2:6 3:1-3 12:12 1Co 9:1-3 
  • 2 Corinthians 13 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries

since you are seeking for proof of the Christ who speaks in me, and who is not weak toward you, but mighty in you.

2 Corinthians 13:4  For indeed He was crucified because of weakness, yet He lives because of the power of God. For we also are weak in Him, yet we will live with Him because of the power of God directed toward you.

  • he was: Lu 22:43,44 Joh 10:18 1Co 15:43 Php 2:7,8 Heb 5:7 1Pe 3:18 
  • yet: Ac 2:36 4:10-12 Ro 6:4,9,10 14:9 Eph 1:19-23 Php 2:9-11 1Pe 3:18,22 Rev 1:17,18 
  • we also: 2Co 4:7-12 10:3,4,10 1Co 2:3 
  • in him: or, with him, Php 3:10 2Ti 2:11,12 
  • but: Ac 3:16 Ro 6:8-11 
  • 2 Corinthians 13 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries

For indeed He was crucified because of weakness, yet He lives because of the power of God. For we also are weak in Him, yet we will live with Him because of the power of God directed toward you

2 Corinthians 13:5  Test yourselves to see if you are in the faith; examine yourselves! Or do you not recognize this about yourselves, that Jesus Christ is in you--unless indeed you fail the test?

  • Examine: Ps 17:3 26:2 119:59 139:23,24 La 3:40 Eze 18:28 Hag 1:5,7 1Co 11:28,31 Ga 6:4 Heb 4:1 12:15 1Jn 3:20,21 Rev 2:5 3:2,3 
  • in the faith: Col 1:23 2:7 1Ti 2:15 Tit 1:13 2:2 1Pe 5:9 
  • Know: 1Co 3:16 6:2,15,19 9:24 Jas 4:4 
  • Jesus Christ: 2Co 6:16 Joh 6:56 14:23 15:4 17:23,26 Ro 8:10 Ga 2:20 4:19 Eph 2:20-22 3:17 Col 1:27 2:19 1Pe 2:4,5 
  • reprobates: 2Co 13:6,7 Jer 6:30 Ro 1:28 2Ti 3:8 Tit 1:16 1Co 9:27 Heb 6:8 
  • 2 Corinthians 13 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries

CLICK HERE FOR IN DEPTH COMMENTS ON THIS VERSE

Test yourselves to see if you are in the faith; examine yourselves! Or do you not recognize this about yourselves, that Jesus Christ is in you--unless indeed you fail the test?

2 Corinthians 13:6  But I trust that you will realize that we ourselves do not fail the test.

But I trust that you will realize that we ourselves do not fail the test.

2 Corinthians 13:7  Now we pray to God that you do no wrong; not that we ourselves may appear approved, but that you may do what is right, even though we may appear unapproved.

  • I pray: 2Co 13:9 1Ch 4:10 Mt 6:13  Joh 17:15 Php 1:9-11 1Th 5:23 2Ti 4:18 
  • approved: 2Co 6:4 10:18 Ro 16:10 1Co 11:19 2Ti 2:15 Jas 1:12 *Gr:
  • honest: 2Co 8:21 Ro 12:17 13:13 Php 4:8 1Ti 2:2 1Pe 2:12 
  • as reprobates: 2Co 6:8,9 10:10 1Co 4:9-13 
  • 2 Corinthians 13 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries

Now we pray to God that you do no wrong; not that we ourselves may appear approved, but that you may do what is right, even though we may appear unapproved.

2 Corinthians 13:8  For we can do nothing against the truth, but only for the truth.

  • 2Co 13:10 10:8 Nu 16:28-35 1Ki 22:28 2Ki 1:9-13 2:23-25 Pr 21:30 Pr 26:2 Mk 9:39 16:17-19 Lu 9:49-56 Ac 4:28-30 5:1-11 13:3-12 Ac 19:11-17 1Co 5:4,5 1Ti 1:20 Heb 2:3,4 
  • 2 Corinthians 13 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries

For we can do nothing against the truth, but only for the truth.

2 Corinthians 13:9  For we rejoice when we ourselves are weak but you are strong; this we also pray for, that you be made complete.

  • when: 2Co 13:8 11:30 12:5-10 1Co 4:10 
  • even: 2Co 13:7,11 7:1 Eph 4:13 Php 3:12-15 Col 1:28 4:12 1Th 3:10 2Ti 3:17 Heb 6:1 12:23 13:21 1Pe 5:10
  • 2 Corinthians 13 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries

For we rejoice when we ourselves are weak but you are strong; this we also pray for, that you be made complete

2 Corinthians 13:10  For this reason I am writing these things while absent, so that when present I need not use severity, in accordance with the authority which the Lord gave me for building up and not for tearing down.

  • I write: 2Co 2:3 10:2 12:20,21 1Co 4:21 
  • lest: 2Co 13:2,8 Tit 1:13 
  • according: 2Co 10:8 
  • 2 Corinthians 13 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries

For this reason I am writing these things while absent, so that when present I need not use severity, in accordance with the authority which the Lord gave me for building up and not for tearing down

2 Corinthians 13:11  Finally, brethren, rejoice, be made complete, be comforted, be like-minded, live in peace; and the God of love and peace will be with you.

  • farewell: Lu 9:61 Ac 15:29 18:21 23:30 Php 4:4 1Th 5:16 *Gr:
  • Be perfect: 2Co 13:9 Mt 5:48 Joh 17:23 Jas 1:4 1Pe 5:10 
  • be of good: 2Co 1:4 Mk 10:49 Ro 15:13 1Th 4:18 2Th 2:16,17 
  • be of one: Ro 12:16,18 15:5,6 1Co 1:10 Eph 4:3 Php 1:27 2:1-3 3:16 4:2 1Pe 3:8 
  • live: Ge 37:4 45:24 Mk 9:50 Ro 12:18 14:19 1Th 5:13 2Ti 2:22 Heb 12:14 Jas 3:17,18 1Pe 3:11 
  • the God: Ro 15:33 16:20 Php 4:9 1Th 5:23 Heb 13:20 1Jn 4:8-16 
  • with: 2Co 13:14 Mt 1:23 2Th 3:16 Rev 22:21 
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Finally, brethren, rejoice, be made complete, be comforted, be like-minded, live in peace; and the God of love and peace will be with you.

2 Corinthians 13:12  Greet one another with a holy kiss.

Greet one another with a holy kiss.

2 Corinthians 13:13  All the saints greet you.

  • Ro 16:16,21-23 Php 4:21,22 Phm 1:23,24 Heb 13:24 1Pe 5:13 2Jn 1:13 3Jn 1:14 
  • 2 Corinthians 13 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries

All the saints greet you.

2 Corinthians 13:14  The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit, be with you all.

  • The grace: Nu 6:23-27 Mt 28:19 Joh 1:16,17 Ro 1:7 16:20,24 1Co 16:23 Rev 1:4,5 
  • the love: Ro 5:5 8:39 Eph 6:23 1Jn 3:16 Jude 1:21 
  • the communion: Joh 4:10,14 7:38 14:15-17 Ro 8:9,14-17 1Co 3:16 6:19 12:13 Ga 5:22 Eph 2:18,22 5:9 Php 2:1 1Jn 1:3 3:24 
  • Amen: Mt 6:13 28:20 Ro 16:20,27 1Co 14:16 
  • 2 Corinthians 13 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries

The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit, be with you all.