Lamentations Commentaries

 

 

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Lamentations Resources
Commentaries, Sermons, Illustrations, Devotionals
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Updated January, 2012

Jeremiah - A book of Warning
Lamentations
- A book of Mourning

 

HOPE AND HEALING IN THE AFTERMATH
OF REBELLION AGAINST THE MOST HIGH GOD

 

How do people survive when they have no hope? Where do they turn when there's nothing but misery all around them? In whom do you put your trust and hope? The only true hope Christians have is in the Lord. Study Lamentations and get a glimpse of the God whose compassions never fail.

 

What happens when a nation turns its back on God? When it acknowledges God but does not honor Him as God? When it twists, distorts, or even forbids the proclamation of the truths of His Word? Oh, how timely is this study of Lamentations. What lessons are there for you and your nation...and for us as individuals in dealing with the aftermath of rebellion? Of listening to false prophets? Of thinking that God will not hold us accountable for transgressing His Word and then discovering we were wrong? How do you live with yourself? With the consequences? Reconstruct the shambles of life and make it worth living again? Or can you? Yes, you can, because He’s a God of compassion. You just need to know how to tap into His mercies which are new every morning . . . and this you will learn in your study of Lamentations.

 

A lament is an expression of grief, of mourning, of sorrow. Surely we have each been there at one time or another. Some of us more than others. We feel as if life is one continual lament. You know the feeling, don’t you? The pain. The guilt for what we did, should have done, or didn’t do. The crippling sorrow. The sense often, of despair. And then to make matters worse, we think there is no sorrow like our sorrow—and a twinge of envy creeps into our hearts as we look at those who have what we’ve dreamed of and missed. (Kay Arthur)

 

Dear brethren beloved by God the Father (1Thes 1:4-note), whatever you are going through or will yet go through, may God's eternal truth in the book of Lamentations strengthen your heart and soul, so that you might be enabled by His Spirit to sing (the following words of the great hymn) with unfailing faith and with steadfast hope in Christ Jesus, the One Who is Faithful and True (Rev 19:11-note)...

 

GREAT IS THY FAITHFULNESS

By Thomas Chisholm
 

Great is Thy faithfulness, O God my Father;
There is no shadow of turning with Thee;
Thou changest not, Thy compassions, they fail not;
As Thou hast been, Thou forever will be.

 

REFRAIN
Great is Thy faithfulness!
Great is Thy faithfulness!
Morning by morning new mercies I see.
All I have needed Thy hand hath provided;
Great is Thy faithfulness, Lord, unto me!


Summer and winter and springtime and harvest,
Sun, moon and stars in their courses above
Join with all nature in manifold witness
To Thy great faithfulness, mercy and love.
REFRAIN

Pardon for sin and a peace that endureth
Thine own dear presence to cheer and to guide;
Strength for today and bright hope for tomorrow,
Blessings all mine, with ten thousand beside!
REFRAIN
Vocal by Fernando Ortega-variation tune
Vocal by Steve Green
Vocal by CeCe Winans
Vocal by Selah

 

Consider performing your own Inductive Bible study of the Book of Lamentations - Begin by downloading Lesson 1 on Lamentations from Precept Ministries - this will get you started and give you a good overview of the book (if you want to purchase the remaining lessons - Lamentations Workbook - 3 Lessons). Print the book of Lamentations (pages 27-35) double spaced with wide margins which facilitates marking the text and recording your observations (such as key words - see below). Follow the instructions in Lesson 1. As you read this poem-dirge observe carefully who is speaking: Jehovah , Jerusalem, Jeremiah. Notice that each chapter has 22 verses in it, except Lam 3 (66 verses).  After you have charted out Lamentations, compare your observations with the table below. Remember that you have the same Teacher, the Holy Spirit, as those who make the tables and write the commentaries!

 

If you are unfamiliar with Inductive Bible Study below are some links (and a power point overview) explaining the main components. Let me encourage you to consider learning how to study the Bible for yourself - inductively - I can assure you that you will never be able to read the Bible the same and you will begin to experience the untold joys of self discovery as the Spirit illuminates truth to your heart and mind and soul and spirit!

 

Observation

 

Context
Key words
Mark key words
Interrogate with the 5W/H'S
Term of conclusion
Term of explanation
Contrasts
Expressions of time
Terms of comparison simile metaphor

 

Interpretation

 

Observe With a Purpose
Keep Context King
Read Literally
Compare Scripture with Scripture
Consult Conservative Commentaries

 

Application
 

Here is a link to a Power Point Overview of Inductive Bible Study - Introduction to Inductive Bible Study using PowerPoint - Hint - View in "Slide Show" mode [see icons at bottom of the Power Point frame - click the one that says "Slide Show" - you can hit your "Escape" key at any time to revert back to the normal screen] - each mouse click will progressively give more information on each slide and make your viewing more "interactive".

LAMENTATIONS
"Cry Aloud"

Lamentations 1 Lamentations 2 Lamentations 3 Lamentations 4 Lamentations 5
LAMENT PRAYER
Acrostics
(
See Note by Fisher)
Not
Acrostic
The
Grief
The
Cause
The
Hope
The
Repentance
The
Prayer
Mourning
City
Broken
People
Suffering
Prophet
Ruined
Kingdom
Penitential
Nation
Jerusalem
Weeps
Jehovah
Punishes
Hope in Midst
of Affliction
Sin the Cause
of Punishment
Plea for
Mercy
Jerusalem's
Plight:
Zion, the Widow
(Lam 1:1-11)
Zion's Confession
(Lam 1:12-22)
Jehovah's
Anger
The Anger Described
(Lam 2:1-12)
The City Exhorted
(Lam 2:13-22)
Jeremiah's
Grief
Affliction, Yet Hope
(Lam 3:1-39)
Plea: National, Personal
(Lam 3:40-66)
Jehovah's
Anger
Contrasts...And Why
(Lam 4:1-11)
Onlookers...Kings, Edom
(Lam 4:12-22)
Jerusalem's
Prayer
Plea: Zion is Stricken
(Lam 5:1-18)
Plea: Jehovah Can Restore
(Lam 5:19-22)
Desolation of
Jerusalem
Destruction of
Jerusalem
Distraught
Prophet
Defeated
People
Prayerful
People
Jerusalem - A Weeping Widow in sorrow God's Burning Anger Against Sinful Israel Jeremiah's Personal Lament; Closes with Hope for the Future National Confession of Israel's Sin Prayer in the Midst of Pain - Cry for Restoration
3rd Person Plural
"They"
1st Person Singular
"I"
1st Person Plural
"We"

Each verse begins
with an acrostic

Each line begins
with an acrostic

Each verse begins
with an acrostic

No
acrostic

Writer Addresses Himself
to His Readers

Writer Prays
to God

See Timeline of Jeremiah

Resources: Talk Thru the Bible, Jensen's Survey of the Old Testament, John Stevenson - Power point on Lamentations - Recommended - Watch This Quick Overview

Key Words in Lamentations:
"How" (6x/5v) = a word used in biblical texts for laments and funerals & is much like the Jewish oiee Vaah!;
Jerusalem
(7x)
City
(6x)
Zion
(15x);
Daughter
(21x/19v);
Enemy
/adversary (24x/22v); LORD (46x/43v);
Among
the nations (5x);
Sin/sinned
(8x), transgression (4x);
Anger or wrath
(14x/13v);
Reject/rejected
(5x);
Restore
(6x/5v);
Hope
(4x -all in Lam 3);
Afflict/affliction/distress
(9x)

Key Verses: Lam 1:5, 2:17, 3:22, 39, 4:18, 5:21
Introductions:
John MacArthur's Study Bible Introduction to the Book of Lamentations
James Van Dine's Analysis of Lamentations

Moorehead: The main characteristic of the book is indicated by its title, “Lamentations”  (In Greek) Threnoi (threnos = song expressing grief for one who has died cp Mt 2:18), loud weepings, hot burning and choked with sobs, is the emphatic word the Septuagint uses. It is an elegy, a dirge, written over the desolation of Jerusalem by one whose love for it, guilty as he knew it to be, was like that of a father for a child, a wife for her husband. The prophet’s grief for the smitten city reminds one of David’s for Saul and Jonathan (2Sa 1:17-27), of Rachel’s for her dead children (Jer 31:15)... Jeremiah’s lamentation for favored, sinful and ruined Jerusalem is a cry of sorrow so touching as to move the stoutest heart, and must have been read with streaming eyes and quivering lips by many a Jew. In all literature there is nothing more pathetic than this mournful dirge. (Ref)

The Septuagint (Lxx)  introduces Lam 1:1 with words not found in Massoretic Text: "And it came to pass, after Israel was taken captive, and Jerusalem made desolate, that Jeremiah sat weeping, and lamented with this lamentation over Jerusalem and said..."

William Orr: This book is mostly remarkable for the great variety of pathetic images it presents, expressing the deepest sorrow. On the other hand, it is rich in expressions of penitence and trust which are offered to GOD by the afflicted one. As Jeremiah, stunned and heartbroken, viewed the destruction of the city, he understood fully that the judgment had been overwhelmingly justified on God's part (Lam 3:22) but he pleaded for a return of God's mercy (Lam 3:32, 33). Lamentations is read in Jewish synagogues on the ninth day of the fourth month (July/Aug), which is the day of the destruction of the city of Jerusalem (Jer 52:6, 7). Following the captivity, Jerusalem was rebuilt and again became a great and powerful city. But the needed lesson was not learned, and in A.D. 70 it was again destroyed. Just as these words are not only Jeremiah's, but God's, so the grief is not only the prophet's, but God's grief. (Ref)

Myer Pearlman: The Lamentations are still read yearly to commemorate the burning of the Temple. Every Friday, Israelites, old and young, of both sexes, gather at the Wailing Place in Jerusalem, near the southeast corner of the old temple grounds, where an ancient wall 52 yards in length and 56 feet in height, is still revered as a memorial of the sanctuary of the race. Writes Dr. Geikie: "It is a touching sight to watch the line of Jews of many nations, in their black gabardines, as a sign of grief, lamenting aloud the ruin of that House whose very memory is still so dear to their race, and reciting the sad verses of Lamentations and suitable Psalms, amid tears, as they fervently kiss the stones." (Ref)

Dennis Fisher: Jeremiah organized the book around the 22 letters of the Hebrew alphabet, using a technique of alphabetic acrostics to aid the reader in memorizing the passages more easily. But using this technique also shows that he didn’t cut short his grieving process. He took deliberate and intentional time to reflect upon and even to write down his heartbreak. You might say he was learning to grieve from A to Z. (Grieving From A To Z Our Daily Bread)

Paul Apple
Commentary on Lamentations

Lamentations - 71 Page Commentary - Irving Jensen's Outline-Page 6

Barnes Notes
Notes on Lamentations

Lamentations 1
Lamentations 2
Lamentations 3
Lamentations 4

Lamentations 5

Brian Bell
Sermon Notes on Lamentations

Lamentations 1
Lamentations 2
Lamentations 3
Lamentations 4

No resources available on Lamentations 5

John Calvin
Commentary on Lamentations

Lamentations 1
Lamentations 2
Lamentations 3
Lamentations 4
Lamentations 5

Thomas Constable
Expository Notes

 

Charles Ellicott
The Old Testament Commentary for English Readers
Lamentations
1884

Map of Ancient Jerusalem
Lamentations 1
Lamentations 2
Lamentations 3
Lamentations 4
Lamentations 5

The Expositor's Bible
Commentary on Lamentations
Walter F Adeney
1895

Lamentations - Hebrews Elegies
Lamentations - Origin of the Poems
Lamentations - The Theme
Lamentations 1:1-7 Desolation
Lamentations 1:8-11 Sin and Suffering
Lamentations 1:12-22 Zion's Appeal
Lamentations 2:1-9 God As Enemy
Lamentations 2:10-17 The Cry of the Children
Lamentations 2:9, 14 Prophets Without a Vision!
Lamentations 2:18-22 The Call to Prayer
Lamentations 3:1-21 The Man that Hath Seen Affliction
Lamentations 3:22-24 The Unfailing Goodness of God
Lamentations 3:25-26 Quiet Waiting
Lamentations 3:37-39 God and Evil
Lamentations 3:40-42 The Return
Lamentations 3:43-54 Grieving Before God
Lamentations 3:55-66 De Profundis
Lamentations 4:1-12 Contrasts
Lamentations 4:13-16 The Lepers
Lamentations 4:17-20 Vain Hopes
Lamentations 4:21-22 The Debt of Guilt Extinguished
Lamentations 5:1-10 An Appeal for God's Compassion
Lamentations 5:11-18 Sin and Shame
Lamentations 5:19-22 The Everlasting Throne

John Gill
Commentary on Lamentations

Lamentations 1
Lamentations 2
Lamentations 3
Lamentations 4
Lamentations 5

Matthew Henry
Commentary on Lamentations

Introduction
Lamentations 1
Lamentations 2
Lamentations 3
Lamentations 4
Lamentations 5

 Homiletical Commentary
Commentary on Lamentations
George Barlow
1892

This resource is actually named the Preacher's Homiletical Commentary and aptly so for it has both "germ thoughts" as well as "illustrations" on each of the verses, which are of potential aid to one who preaches through this too often neglected book.

Introduction
Index to Homiletics
Index to Book of Lamentations

 

LAMENTATIONS 1
Lamentations 1 Exposition - The Miseries of Jerusalem
Lamentations 1:1-2 Grief For a Ruined City
Lamentations 1:1-2 Germ Notes and Illustrations
Lamentations 1:3 The Judgment of Oppression
Lamentations 1:3 Germ Notes and Illustrations
Lamentations 1:4 Lamentation Over a Forsaken Sanctuary
Lamentations 1:4 Germ Notes and Illustrations

Lamentations 1:5-7 The Tantalizing Indifference...
Lamentations 1:5-7 Germ Notes and Illustrations
Lamentations 1:8-11 The Terrible Havoc of Sin
Lamentations 1:8-11 Germ Notes and Illustrations
Lamentations 1:12-17 A Distressed Nation

Lamentations 1:12-17 Germ Notes and Illustrations
Lamentations 1:18-22 The Bitter Fruits of Rebellion
Lamentations 1:18-22 Germ Notes and Illustrations

 

LAMENTATIONS 2
Lamentations 2 The Punishment of National Sin|
Lamentations 2:1-5 The Fierceness of the Divine Angers

Lamentations 2:1-5 Germ Notes and Illustrations

Lamentations 2:6-9 The Wreck of Religious Ordinances
Lamentations 2:6-9 Germ Notes and Illustrations
Lamentations 2:10 Voiceless Woe
Lamentations 2:10 Illustrations
Lamentations 2:11-12 The Utter Exhaustion of Grief
Lamentations 2:11-12 Illustrations
Lamentations 2:13 Inexpressible Ruin
Lamentations 2:13 Illustrations
Lamentations 2:14 False Prophets
Lamentations 2:14 Illustrations
Lamentations 2:15-17 The Heartless Triumph of the Scorn
Lamentations 2:15-16 Germ Notes and Illustrations
Lamentations 2:18-19 A Call to Prayer
Lamentations 2:18-19 Germ Notes and Illustrations
Lamentations 2:20-22 A Prayer for Divine Compassion

Lamentations 2:20-22 Germ Notes and Illustrations

 

LAMENTATIONS 3
Lamentations 3 An Ideal Representation of National Sorrow

Lamentations 3:1-3 The Man of Affliction
Lamentations 3:1-3 Germ Notes and Illustrations
Lamentations 3:4-9 The Bewilderment of Grief
Lamentations 3:4-9 Germ Notes and Illustrations
Lamentations 3:10-13 Jehovah as a Foe
Lamentations 3:10-13 Germ Notes and Illustrations
Lamentations 3:14-17 Complex Phases of Distress
Lamentations 3:14-15 Germ Notes and Illustrations
Lamentations 3:18-21 The Dawn of Hope
Lamentations 3:18-21 Germ Notes and Illustrations
Lamentations 3:22-24 The Divine Faithfulness
Lamentations 3:22-24 Germ Notes and Illustrations
Lamentations 3:25-27 Three Grades of Goodness
Lamentations 3:25-27 Germ Notes and Illustrations
Lamentations 3:28-30 Resignation
Lamentations 3:28-30 Germ Notes and Illustrations
Lamentations 3:31-33 The Tenderness of God
Lamentations 3:31-33 Germ Notes and Illustrations
Lamentations 3:34-36 God and Human Wrong
Lamentations 3:34-36 Germ Notes and Illustrations
Lamentations 3:37-39 The Divine Rule Absolute and Universal
Lamentations 3:37-39 Germ Notes and Illustrations
Lamentations 3:40-42 Repentance
Lamentations 3:40-42 Germ Notes and Illustrations
Lamentations 3:43-47 The Tension of Prolonged Suffering
Lamentations 3:43-46 The Tension of Prolonged Suffering
Lamentations 3:43-46 Germ Notes and Illustrations
Lamentations 3:48-51 A Sympathetic Nature
Lamentations 3:48-51 Germ Notes and Illustrations

Lamentations 3:52-58 A Faithful Prophet in Trouble
Lamentations 3:52-58 Germ Notes and Illustrations
Lamentations 3:59-66 A Confident Appeal to Divine Justice
Lamentations 3:59-66 Germ Notes and Illustrations

 

LAMENTATIONS 4
Lamentations 4 - Zion's Pitiful Estate

Lamentations 4:1-2 Moral Degradation
Lamentations 4:1-2 Germ Notes and Illustrations
Lamentations 4:3-10 The Extremity of Suffering
Lamentations 4:3-10 Germ Notes and Illustrations
Lamentations 4:11-12 The Destruction of Zion
Lamentations 4:11-12 Germ Notes and Illustrations
Lamentations 4:13-16 Unfaithful Religious Leaders
Lamentations 4:13-16 Germ Notes and Illustrations
Lamentations 4:17-20 The Last Hours of a Doomed People
Lamentations 4:17-20 Germ Notes and Illustrations
Lamentations 4:21-22 The Fate of the Malevolent
Lamentations 4:21-22 Germ Notes and Illustrations

 

LAMENTATIONS 5
Lamentations 5 - Recapitulation of Zion's Calamities and Prayer
Lamentations 5:1 A Piteous Appeal to Jehovah
Lamentations 5:1 Germ Notes and Illustrations
Lamentations 5:2-5 The Miseries of the Disinherited
Lamentations 5:2-5 Germ Notes and Illustrations
Lamentations 5:6-9 Humiliating Subjection
Lamentations 5:6-9 Germ Notes and Illustrations
Lamentations 5:10-13 The Galling Tyranny of Conquest
Lamentations 5:10-13 Germ Notes and Illustrations
Lamentations 5:14-15 Business and Recreation
Lamentations 5:14-15 Germ Notes and Illustrations
Lamentations 5:16 The Loss of Honor
Lamentations 5:16 Germ Notes and Illustrations
Lamentations 5:17-18 Religious Declension
Lamentations 5:17-18 Germ Notes and Illustrations
Lamentations 5:19-22 An Earnest Prayer for Restoration
Lamentations 5:19-22 Germ Notes and Illustrations

Lamentations 1:12

ALL YE THAT PASS BY

MY SAVIOR! I BEHOLD THY LIFE

 

Lamentations 2:19

OUR CITIES CRY TO YOU, O GOD

 

Lamentations 3:22

EVERY MORNING MERCIES NEW

GOD OF OUR LIFE

GREAT IS THY FAITHFULNESS

LIKE DEWS OF THE MORNING

NEW EVERY MORNING IS THE LOVE

SOVEREIGN PROTECTOR I HAVE, A

SUN IS ON THE LAND AND SEA, THE

SWEET IS THE BREATH OF MORNING AIR

THY GOODNESS, LORD, OUR SOULS CONFESS

 

Lamentations 3:24

MY HEART IS RESTING, O MY GOD

 

Lamentations 3:41

LIFT UP YOUR HEARTS

WE LIFT OUR HEARTS TO THEE

 

Lamentations 3:55

THIS MY PLEA

 

Lamentations 5:19

GREAT GOD, HOW INFINITE ART THOU!
O LORD AND SAVIOR, WE RECLINE
SEE, LORD, BEFORE THY THRONE

 

Lamentations 5:21

AWAKE, O LORD, AS IN THE TIME OF OLD!

Illustrations
Click

 

H A Ironside
Commentary on Lamentations
1906

Lamentations 1 The Desolations of Jerusalem
Lamentations 2 The Day of the LORD's Anger
Lamentations 3 Let Us Search and Try Our Ways
Lamentations 4 The Fine Gold Become Dim
Lamentations 5 Thou, O LORD Remainest Forever

Jamieson, Fausset, Brown
Commentary on Lamentations

Lamentations 1
Lamentations 2
Lamentations 3
Lamentations 4
Lamentations 5

Keil and Delitzsch
Commentary on Lamentations
 

James Rosscup writes "Keil, C. F. and Franz Delitzsch. Commentary on the Old Testament. 25 volumes. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1950. This is the best older, overall treatment of a critical nature on the Old Testament Hebrew text verse by verse and is a good standard work to buy. The student can buy parts or the whole of this series. Sometimes it is evangelical, at other times liberal ideas enter." (Commentaries for Biblical Expositors: An Annotated Bibliography of Selected Works or Logos Format)

Lamentations Introduction
Lamentations 1:1-11 Commentary
Lamentations 1:12-16 Commentary
Lamentations 1:17-22 Commentary
Lamentations 2:1-10 Commentary
Lamentations 2:11-16 Commentary
Lamentations 2:17-19 Commentary
Lamentations 2:20-22 Commentary
Lamentations 3:1-8 Commentary

Lamentations 3:9-18 Commentary
Lamentations 3:19-39 Commentary
Lamentations 3:40-66 Commentary
Lamentations 4:1-6 Commentary
Lamentations 4:7-11 Commentary
Lamentations 4:12-20 Commentary
Lamentations 4:21-22 Commentary
Lamentations 5:1-7 Commentary
Lamentations 5:8-16 Commentary
Lamentations 5:17-22 Commentary

Lange's Commentary
on Lamentations
C W Eduard Naegelsbach
1870

Lamentations Introduction
Lamentations 1:1-11 Commentary
Lamentations 1:12-16 Commentary
Lamentations 1:17-22 Commentary
Lamentations 2:1-10 Commentary
Lamentations 2:11-22 Commentary
Lamentations 3:1-18 Commentary
Lamentations 3:19-42 Commentary

Lamentations 3:43-66 Commentary
Lamentations 4:1-6 Commentary
Lamentations 4:7-11 Commentary
Lamentations 4:12-22 Commentary
Lamentations 5:1-10 Commentary
Lamentations 5:11-18 Commentary
Lamentations 5:19-22 Commentary

J Vernon McGee
Commentary on Lamentations
Mp3's Only

Lamentations Intro
Lamentations 1:1-17
Lamentations 1:18-22
Lamentations 2
Lamentations 3
Lamentations 4:1-3
Lamentations 4:4-8
Lamentations 4:9-22
Lamentations 5

Miscellaneous Resources
Lamentations

Lamentations, Theology of - Baker's Evangelical Dictionary of Theology
Lamentations Of Jeremiah - Smith's Bible Dictionary
Lamentations Of Jeremiah - Fausset's Bible Dictionary
Lamentations, Book of - Easton's & Intl Std Bible Encyclopedia
Bible Dictionaries

Lamentations - Elegy 1-5 - scroll down to middle of page for beginning 5 elegies

Oswald Chambers
Lamentations: The Fall of Jerusalem Donald Curtis
The New Covenant Bob Deffinbaugh
The Lamentations - brief commentary John Dummelow
The Lamentations of Jeremiah
The Lamentations 1
The Lamentations 2
The Lamentations 3
The Lamentations 4
The Lamentations 5
A C Gaebelein
Structure and Meaning of Lamentations (cost to view entire article) Homer Heater
The Lamentations of Jeremiah William Kelly
Sermons & Illustrations Related to Lamentations Logos.com
Notes and Outlines - Jeremiah and Lamentations J Vernon McGee
Isaiah Jeremiah, Lamentations Middletown Bible

An Introduction to the Book of Lamentations - same material as in the MacArthur Study Bible - Themes, Outline

John MacArthur

Book of Lamentations - Outline Study -1893

William Moorehead

Book of Lamentations - Analyzed Bible

G Campbell Morgan
An Introduction to the Book of Lamentations
An Argument of the Book of Lamentations

Selected Bibliography of the Book of Lamentations
David Malick
Lamentations: Jeremiah Weeps in the Darkness - Easy English Roy Rohu

Lamentations: Crosswords - Check this resource if you are planning to preach from Lamentations

Bryson Smith

Lamentations: Study Guide
Lamentations: Through the Bible Series - transcript and audio

Chuck Smith
Lamentations: The Therapy of Trouble Ray Stedman
Lamentations - God Chastens: Jeremiah Ray Stedman
Analysis of Lamentations James Van Dine

LAMENTATIONS RESOURCES
BY CHAPTER AND VERSE

LAMENTATIONS 1

MyStudyBible.com - Holman Christian Std Bible - Enter "Lamentations 1" and select "Study Bible Notes Tool" for well done notes. As you scroll down the Scripture, the Study Notes usually will synchronize (you may have to click mouse in Scripture window for it to synch) . Click "Read" under the study notes, to bring up all the notes for a given chapter. Hold pointer over a particular word in Scripture for the original word in Hebrew or Greek.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Study Notes

Lamentations 1:1 - In this book there are five songs of sorrow. They were doubtless composed by Jeremiah after the fall of Jerusalem. In them the man is wonderfully revealed. That which he had foretold had come to pass. The city of the great King lay in hopeless ruins. The people of God were scattered far and wide. The outlook on circumstances was one of complete deso­lation. The prophet indulged in no exulta­tion. He was consumed with sorrow for the condition of the city and the sorrows of the people. These five songs constitute the outpouring of his soul. In the first two, he contemplated the situation. In the third, the central one of the collection, he identified himself completely with the people. The last two are concerned with the desolation, and the consequent appeal to Jehovah. Three of these, the first, the second, and the fourth, that is those of contemplation, begin with the word "How." The word (in the Hebrew, Aichah) gives the title to the book in the Hebrew Bible. This is significant. "How" expresses the whole fact of which the song so begun, attempts a description. It is exclamatory, and suggests the im­possibility of description. In this first song there are two movements: The first is the language of an onlooker (Lam 1:1-11); in the second the city personified, speaks herself of her desolation (Lam 1:12-22). In each, the cause of her sorrow is con­fessed (compare verses 8 and 18). When the prophet personified the city he began with an appeal: "Is it nothing to you, all ye that pass by?" He saw that the sorrows of the people of God had their message to all other peoples. This is the true meaning of this inquiry. When we use it of Christ, let us not forget this. The appeal is not one for pity, but rather that men should know the issue of sin.

G Campbell Morgan
Lamentations 1:1-11 Letters of Lament-Thoughts from Lamentations 1
Lamentations 1:12-22 Letters of Lament-Thoughts from Lamentations 1
Tom Shepard
Black and White Sketch of Lamentations 1:1 William Saphier
Lamentations Introductions
Lamentations 1 Commentary
Henry Cowles
Lamentations 1-3 "Dire Straits"- Notes Tom O'Haver
Lamentations 1-2 The "Why" of Pain, The Anger of God Kay Arthur
Lamentations 1-5 Study Notes Rich Cathers
Lamentations 1-5
Lamentations 1:1-5:22 Rely on the Lord’s Faithfulness
Explore the Bible

Lamentations 1-2 Study

Joe Guglielmo

Lamentations     1:1-7
Lamentations   1:8-11
Lamentations 1:12-17
Lamentations 1:18-22

Today in the Word
Lamentations 1:12 The Perfection of Sorrow - in Great Texts of the Bible James Hastings
Lamentations 1:12 No Sorrow Like Messiah's Sorrow John Newton
Lamentations 1:12 Is It Nothing to You? Grace Gems
Lamentations 1:12 Is It Nothing to You? C H Spurgeon
Lamentations 1:12 All Ye That Pass By  Hymn
Lamentations 1:12 Is It Nothing to You?  Don Robinson
Lamentations 1:12 Pleading with the Indifferent C H Spurgeon
Lamentations 1:21 The Day that Will Right All Wrongs Horatius Bonar

Lamentations 1:16 The Mournful Complaint...

James Smith

Lamentations 1:18
In these plaintive elegiacs, Jerusalem, by the mouth of the prophet, laments her fate. But the story of her desolation is mingled with confessions of her sin. She asks boldly if any sorrow could be compared to her sorrow, and then confesses that not one pang or stroke had been in excess of her sin. This is what sorrow does for us all. Sorrow has been fitly called the mother of all joy. She alone creates the darkness, in which we can distinguish the real meaning of God’s dealings, and understand the true nature of our wild wanderings. Her neutral tints subdue the soul’s pride, and turn it away from the glare of human ambition. Beneath her teaching we learn to view aright the evanescence of all things human, and to see that the eternal is alone real amid a world of illusions.

“Sweet sorrow, who the earth has ever trod,
Dreaded and shunned, till, by thy burning kiss,
The heart was fired and flamed serene to God;
O kind stern friend, we leave thee on Time’s shore,
The only friend of earth whom we shall see no more.”

Perhaps your sorrow will be allowed to press on you more and more sorely till you have been led to self-examination, confession of sin, and acknowledgment of the rightness of God’s dealings with you. There is an alloy of pride in your nature that must be destroyed. If the fire is not hot enough, its heat must be raised till it suffices. Accept the lesson of your present pain, and rebel no longer. The waves of unutterable grief may be breaking in succession against the beaten promontory of your faith, and will be followed by the great tenth wave of apparent desertion: but the return-tide of exultant joy is at hand.

F B Meyer
Lamentations 1:16 The Mournful Complaint James Smith
Lamentations 1:21 The Day that Will Right all Wrongs Horatius Bonar

LAMENTATIONS 2

MyStudyBible.com - Holman Christian Std Bible - Enter "Lamentations 2" and select "Study Bible Notes Tool" for well done notes. As you scroll down the Scripture, the Study Notes usually will synchronize (you may have to click mouse in Scripture window for it to synch) . Click "Read" under the study notes, to bring up all the notes for a given chapter. Hold pointer over a particular word in Scripture for the original word in Hebrew or Greek.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Study Notes

Lamentations 2.1 - Again the song opens with this word "How." The prophet was still contem­plating the tragic conditions of his city and his nation; and once again was so deeply impressed with what he saw that he commenced with this exclamatory How! What, then, were the things which he saw? First, that all the desolation upon which he looked was brought about by Jehovah; and secondly that this activity of Jehovah was made inevitable by the sins of His people. The judgment of Adonai, the Sovereign Lord, Who is also named as Jehovah in the course of the description, had fallen upon all material things, and had swept out the sacramental symbols of spiritual relationship. All this because the people had been seduced from their loyalty to Jehovah by the false prophets who had "seen false and foolish visions." At last the song became an appeal to the people in their affliction to come to penitence and contrition, and out of that to make their appeal to Jehovah on behalf of the next generation, that is, "for the life of thy young children." These opening words of the song are poetically suggestive. Neither Jehovah nor the daughter of Zion is conceived of as departed, or destroyed. She is covered in a cloud, and so cut off from the vision of Jehovah, that is, she cannot see Him. Clouds hide God from men; they never hide men from God. Here, then, is the thought. The loss of the vision is the judgment upon those who ceased looking to Jehovah. That condition continues even yet. The daughter of Zion is covered in the cloud. She does not see her God. But her God, watching over her, neither slumbers nor sleeps.

G Campbell Morgan
Lamentations 2:1-22 Letters of Lament-Thoughts from Lamentations 1 Tom Shepard
Lamentations 2 Commentary Henry Cowles

Lamentations   2:9-12

Lamentations 2:13-17

Lamentations 2:18-22
Lamentations 2:7

Today in the Word

Lamentations 2:14
The prophet is addressing Jerusalem — ruined, desolate, and afflicted — the city waste; her children in Babylon. Of course the main question was as to their return from captivity, and deliverance from their yoke. The false prophets were perpetually seeing visions of deliverance that were never fulfilled. Now this kingdom would come to their rescue. But they were empty dreams. The captivity would never be turned, until the iniquity which had led to it had been discovered and put away. But the prophets had no desire or ability to do this. Now this is true of yourself as an individual and as a Christian worker. As an Individual: You are suffering in one way or another: in body, or relative, or circumstance. Your one thought is to obtain deliverance, and your mind is filled with vain dreams of how it is to come. It would be better far to ask God to discover to you any reason for the chastisement. If He says nothing, then believe that there is still some wise end in it for yourself or others. But He may indicate some reason for his strokes. As a Christian Worker: Your earnest endeavors have failed. You suppose that some new method will bring success. There may be some reason in yourself which will account for all. Ask God to discover it. When you see it in his light, you will be surprised that you never saw it before; and you will cease to wonder that those over whom you have longed have never yielded to the love of God. It is useless to have visions of a lovely and holy life, unless you are willing to have your iniquity discovered and destroyed. Oh for faithful prophet-voices to do their office for us!

F B Meyer
Lamentations 2:19: Watch-Night Service C H Spurgeon

LAMENTATIONS 3

MyStudyBible.com - Holman Christian Std Bible - Enter "Lamentations 3" and select "Study Bible Notes Tool" for well done notes. As you scroll down the Scripture, the Study Notes usually will synchronize (you may have to click mouse in Scripture window for it to synch) . Click "Read" under the study notes, to bring up all the notes for a given chapter. Hold pointer over a particular word in Scripture for the original word in Hebrew or Greek.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Study Notes

Lamentations 3.1 - This is the central song of the five; and its dominant note is that of the prophet's complete identification with the people in the experiences of their sorrow; and his complete agreement with, and understanding of the purpose of God in all His dealings with His people. In these first words he strikes the keynote, and reveals this identification with the people in the experience of affliction. Presently he declared the goodness of God as he had seen it, and said that it was of Jeho­vah's lovingkindness that they had not been consumed. On the basis of this recognition he uttered his appeal to the people, including himself, as he said: people, us search and try our ways." Finally, he called to mind his own personal ex­perience of how, when be had called to God out of the lowest dungeon, He had heard, responded, delivered; and upon that experience he based his certainty that God would ultimately overthrow those who were the instruments of the suffering of His people. As we have said, that which is most impressive in this song is the identification of the prophet with the people and with God. He recognized the necessity for the suffering, but he suffered with the sufferers. The real em­phasis of these opening words would seem to be on the very first word, "I." This is the authentic note of the messenger of Jehovah. He it is who feels most poig­nantly the pain of those who through their own determined disobedience are punished. If that be so of the messenger of God, it is supremely so of God Himself. In that realm of thought we ultimately and inevitably reach the Cross.

G Campbell Morgan
Lamentations 3 Letters of Lament-Thoughts from Lamentations 3 Tom Shepard
Lamentations 3 Commentary Henry Cowles
Lamentations 3 You Sinned: Is All Lost? Oh No, He is the God of Hope Kay Arthur

Lamentations 3 Study

Joe Guglielmo

Lamentations 3 Hope For the Broken

Bob Fromm

Lamentations 3:1-9  “He hath brought me into darkness, but not into light.”
MOVING TOWARDS DAYBREAK - BUT a man may be in darkness, and yet in motion toward the light. I was in the darkness of the subway, and it was close and oppressive, but I was moving toward the light and fragrance of the open country. I entered into a tunnel in the Black Country in England, but the motion was continued, and we emerged amid fields of loveliness. And therefore the great thing to remember is that God’s darknesses are not His goals; His tunnels are means to get somewhere else. Yes, His darknesses are appointed ways to His light. In God’s keeping we are always moving, and we are moving towards Emmanuel’s land, where the sun shines, and the birds sing night and day. There is no stagnancy for the God-directed soul. He is ever guiding us, sometimes with the delicacy of a glance, sometimes with the firmer ministry of a grip, and He moves with us always, even through “the valley of the shadow of death.” Therefore, be patient, my soul! The darkness is not thy bourn, the tunnel is not thy abiding home! He will bring thee out into a large place where thou shalt know “the liberty of the glory of the children of God.”

John Henry Jowett

Lamentations 3:1-18
Lamentations 3:19-26
Lamentations 3:19-24
Lamentations 3:22-24

Lamentations 3:18-23

Lamentations 3:33-39
Lamentations 3:40-47

Lamentations 3:55-66

Today in the Word
Lamentations 3:1-26 The Believer's Hope Henry Mahan

Lamentations 3:15 He has given me a cup of deep sorrow to drink
Excerpt: The Lord's people have many hard lessons which they have to learn in the 'school of Christ'. Each one has to carry a daily cross, and are burdened and pressed down under its weight....Hab 3:17, 18, 19.

J C Philpot

Lamentations 3:21 Memory—the Handmaid of Hope
Excerpt: In all states of dilemma or of difficulty, prayer is an available source. The ship of prayer may sail through all temptations, doubts and fears, straight up to the throne of God; and though she may be outward bound with only griefs, and groans, and sighs, she shall return freighted with a wealth of blessings!...

A child had a little garden in which she planted many flowers, but they never grew. She put them in, as she thought tenderly and carefully, but they would not live. She sowed seeds and they sprang up; but very soon they withered away. So she ran to her father's gardener, and when he came to look at it, he said, "I will make it a nice garden for you, that you may grow whatever you want." He fetched a pick, and when the little child saw the terrible pick, she was afraid for her little garden. The gardener struck his tool into the ground and began to make the earth heave and shake for his pickaxe had caught the edge of a huge stone which underlayed almost all the little plot of ground. All the little flowers were turned out of their places and the garden spoiled for a season so that the little maid wept much. He told her he would make it a fair garden yet, and so he did, for having removed that stone which
had prevented all the plants from striking root he soon filled the ground with flowers which lived and flourished. Just so, the Lord has come, and has turned up all the soil of your present comfort to get rid of some big stone that was at the bottom of all your spiritual prosperity, and would not let your soul flourish. Do not weep with the child, but be comforted by the blessed results and thank your Father’s tender hand!

C H Spurgeon
Lamentations 3:21-25 Thank God for the Mercies of Christ John Piper
Lamentations 3:21-25 Great Is Thy Faithfulness
Lamentations 3:21-23 The Faithful God
Alan Carr

Lamentations 3:21

Lamentations 3:21b
Lamentations 3:21c

Lamentations 3:21d

Lamentations 3:28

Chuck Smith

Lamentations 3:22-33  - THE FRESH EYE - WE have not to live on yesterday’s manna; we can gather it fresh to-day. Compassion becomes stale when it becomes thoughtless. It is new thought that keeps our pity strong. If our perception of need can remain vivid, as vivid as though we had never seen it before, our sympathies will never fail. The fresh eye insures the sensitive heart. And our God’s compassions are so new because He never becomes accustomed to our need. He always sees it with an eye that is never dulled by the commonplace; He never becomes blind with much seeing! We can look at a thing so often that we cease to see it. God always sees a thing as though He were seeing it for the first time. “Thou, God, seest me,” and “His compassions fail not.” And if my compassions are to be like a river that never knows drought, I must cultivate a freshness of sight. The horrible can lose its horrors. The daily tragedy can become the daily commonplace. My neighbor’s needs can become as familiar as my furniture, and I may never see either the one or the other. And therefore must I ask the Lord for the daily gift of discerning eyes. “Lord, that I may receive my sight.” And with an always newly-awakened interest may I reveal “the compassions of the Lord!”

John Henry Jowett
Lamentations 3:22-23 The Mercies of God - sermon outline David Coe
Lamentations 3:22-23 Morning Mercies Woodrow Kroll
Lamentations 3:22-23 Today's Mercies for Today's Troubles John Piper

Lamentations 3:22-23: An Anchor for the Soul: Anchored During Times of Grief

Kay Daigle
Lamentations 3:22-23: Blessed Are the Merciful

Excerpt: The Christian is surrounded by mercy. When he looks back, he can say, "Surely goodness, and mercy have followed me all the days of my life" (Psalm 23:6). When he looks ahead, he remembers the words of Jude 21--"Looking for the mercy of our Lord Jesus Christ unto eternal life." As he begins each new day, he can say; "It is of the Lord's mercies that we are not consumed, because his compassions fail not. They are new every morning: great is thy faithfulness" (Lamentations 3:22-23).

Warren Wiersbe
Lamentations 3:22-23: Faithful to the Defeated Ray Pritchard
Lamentations 3:22-25 Great Is Thy Faithfulness Ray Pritchard

Lamentations 3:24 The Transcendent Excellency of a Believer's Portion Above All Earthly Portions - Part I
Lamentations 3:24 The Transcendent Excellency of a Believer's Portion Above All Earthly Portions - Part II
Read the Entire Book - Click here for Table of Contents
Excerpt: Well, gentlemen, remember this, there is no true happiness to be found in any earthly portions. Solomon, having made a critical inquiry after the excellency of all creature comforts, gives this in as the ultimate extraction from them all, "Vanity of vanities, all is vanity."... If you go to your bags, or heaps of gold and silver, they will tell you that happiness is not to be found in them. If you go to crowns and scepters, they will tell you that happiness is too precious and too glorious a gem to be found in them.

See also Ark Quotes - Scroll down for 6 quotes related to Lam 3:24 - Here are some excerpts...

Now this God, who is such a universal good, and who has all excellencies dwelling in Himself, says to the believer, "I am yours, and all that I have is yours!"

Every believer has the whole God wholly; he has all of God for his portion. God is not a believer's portion in a limited sense, nor in a comparative sense—but in an absolute sense.

God Himself is theirs.
He is wholly theirs.
He is only theirs.
He is always theirs.

Our property reaches to all that God is, and to  all that God has. He has all—who has the Possessor of all.


To be able to say, "God is mine!" is more than if I were able to say that ten thousand worlds, yes, and as many heavens, are mine!

Oh what a spring of joy and comfort should this be to all the saints!

"This God is our God forever and ever!" Ps. 48:14
 

Lazarus having God for his portion, when he died he went to heaven without a rag on his back, or a penny in his purse! Whereas Dives, who did not have God for his portion when he died—went tumbling down to hell in all his riches, bravery, and glory. Oh! it is infinitely better to go to heaven a beggar—than to go to hell an emperor!...

 

O Christians! God is an all-sufficient portion!

His power is all-sufficient to protect you;
His wisdom is all-sufficient to direct you;
His mercy is all-sufficient to pardon you;
His goodness is all-sufficient to provide for you;
His word is all-sufficient to support you and strengthen you;
His grace is all-sufficient to adorn you and enrich you;
His Spirit is all-sufficient to lead you and comfort you!
What more can you desire?...

 

God is a sufficient portion . . .

to secure your souls,
to supply all your needs,
to satisfy all your desires,
to answer all your expectations,
to suppress all your enemies,
to bring you to glory!
What more can you desire?

 

A Christian may be stripped of anything but his God; he may be stripped of his estate, his friends, his relations, his liberty, his life—but he can never be stripped of his God! As God is a portion that none can give to a Christian but
God himself; so God is a portion that none can take from a Christian but God himself! Therefore, as ever you would have a sure portion, an abiding portion, a lasting portion, yes, an everlasting portion, make sure of God for your portion!

Nothing can make that man miserable, who has God for his portion; nor can anything make that man happy, who lacks God for his portion.

The more rich—the more wretched;
the more great—the more graceless;
the more honorable—the more miserable
that man will be, who has not God for his portion.

Thomas Brooks, 1662

THE PSALM OF INHERITANCE - Lam 3:24 The LORD is my portion... ("I am your portion and your inheritance..." Nu 18:20)

IT IS a wonderful thing when we can look upon God as being our portion, when we can lay our hand upon all His nature and say there is nothing in God which will not in some way contribute to my strength and joy. It makes one think of the early days of the settlement of emigrants in the Far West of Canada or Australia. The settler and his family would slowly travel forward, with their implements and seeds, till they reached the plot of ground allocated to them by the Government. At first the family would encamp on the edge of it, then they would prospect it, and go to and fro over its acres with a sense that it all belonged to them, though it needed to be brought under cultivation. In the first year, within the fence hastily constructed, the farmer and his sons would begin to cultivate some small portion of their newly-acquired territory. This would yield the first crops; next year they would press the fences farther out, until at the end of a term of years the whole would have been brought under cultivation. So it is with the mighty Nature of God. when first we are converted and led to know Him for ourselves, we can claim to apprehend but a small portion of the length and depth and breadth and height of His Love; but as the years go slowly on, amid the circumstances of trouble and temptation and the loss of earthly things, we are led to make more and more of God, until the immensity of our inheritance, which can never be fully explored or utilised, breaks upon our understanding. No wonder that the Psalmist breaks forth into thanksgiving in Psalm 16:6-7, and Psalm 9l. The devout soul rejoices in God as his great Inheritance. When He is always present to our mind, when we are constantly making use of Him, when we find ourselves naturally turning to Him through the hours of the day, then such quiet peace and rest settle down upon us that we cannot be moved by any anxiety of the present or future. Death itself will make no difference, except that the body which has obscured our vision will be left behind, and the emancipated soul will be able more fully to expatiate in its inheritance, which is incorruptible, undefiled, and unfading (1 Peter 1:4-5). PRAYER - We thank Thee, O Lord, that all things are ours in Christ, working for us, co-operating with us, and bearing us onward to that glorious destiny for which Thou art preparing us. AMEN.

F B Meyer
Lamentations 3:25 Patient Waiting - goto 15th Morning John MacDuff
Lamentations 3:25 Waiting on the Lord, Hoping in the Lord Bob Hoekstra
Lamentations 3:25 Waiting on God...To Know His Goodness Andrew Murray
Lamentations 3:26 Wait! Your Wings Are Not Grown Mary Wilder Tileston
Lamentations 3:25-33 Today in the Word
Lamentations 3:24 Your Portion
Lamentations 3:25 “How Good to Those Who Seek”

Lamentations 3:27 The Best Burden for Young Shoulders
C H Spurgeon
Lamentations 3:26 Watching With God F B Meyer
Lamentations 3:26 Waiting on God...Quietly Andrew Murray
Lamentations 3:26 Quieting the Mind and Heart Mary Wilder Tileston

Lamentations 3:26
The Lord does not bring his poor and needy children to a throne of grace, and send them away as soon as they have come. But his purpose is, to show them deeply what they are, to make them value his favors, to sink them lower and lower in self, that they may rise higher and higher in Christ, to "teach them to profit" (as the Scripture speaks), to write his laws upon their hearts in lines of the Spirit's drawing, in deep lines, "engraved with an iron pen and lead in the rock forever;" not characters traced out in the sand, to be washed out by the rising tide, or effaced by the wind, but in characters as permanent as the soul itself.  The work of the Spirit in the hearts of the redeemed is radical work, work that goes to the very bottom; nothing flimsy, nothing superficial, nothing which can be effaced and obliterated springs from him, but that which shall have an abiding effect--that which shall last for eternity. The Lord is fitting his people for eternity, and therefore his work in them is thorough work; it goes right through them; it leaves nothing covered up and masked over, but turns all up from the very bottom, "discovering the foundation unto the neck" (Hab. 3:13), and doing in a man spiritually what the Lord threatened to do in Jerusalem literally, "I will wipe Jerusalem as a man wipes a dish, wiping it, and turning it upside down" (2 Kings 21:13). Therefore he does not answer the prayers of his children immediately when they come to his throne of mercy and grace, but rather he deepens those convictions that he has implanted; he makes the burdens heavier that he has put upon their back; he hides himself instead of discovering himself, and draws back further instead of coming nearer. Now this is intended to make them wait with greater earnestness, with more unreserved simplicity, with more absolute dependence upon him and him alone to communicate the blessing, with greater separation of heart from all the strength of the creature, with a firmer resolution in the soul to cast away all its own righteousness, and to hang solely and wholly upon the Spirit's teachings, and Jesus' sweet revelation of himself.

J C Philpot
Lamentations 3:28-29 Solitude, Silence, Submission C H Spurgeon

Lamentations 3:32 Though He brings grief, He will show Compassion so great is His unfailing Love

Ruth Bryan
Lamentations 3:33 Needed Discipline - goto 9th Evening John MacDuff
Lamentations 3:31-33 Devotional
Lamentations 3:40 Devotional
Lamentations 3:41 Devotional
Octavius Winslow

Lamentations 3:32 Though He causes suffering...
Lamentations 3:39 Why should any living man complain?

James Smith

Lamentations 3:33 - For He does not willingly (or as the Hebrew has it, 'from His heart') bring affliction or grief to the children of men."

Christians conclude that God's heart was not in their afflictions, though His hand was. He takes no delight to afflict His children; it goes against His heart. It is . . .

a grief to Him to be grievous to them,
a pain to Him to be punishing of them,
a sorrow to Him to be striking them. 

Thomas Brooks

Lamentations 3:39 No Reason to complain!

Thomas Boston

Lamentations 3:39
He who has deserved a hanging has no reason to charge the judge with cruelty—if he escapes with a whipping! And we who have deserved a damning have no reason to charge God for being too severe—if we escape with a fatherly lashing!...

You have no reason to complain, as long as you are out of hell. Do you murmur, because you are under pain and sickness? Nay, bless God, you are not there where the worm never dies! Do you grudge, that you are not in so good a condition in the world as some of your neighbors are? Be thankful, rather, that you are not in the condition of the damned! Is your money gone from you? Thank God that the fire of His wrath has not consumed you! Kiss the rod, O sinner! and acknowledge mercy! (From Human Nature in Its Fourfold State)

Thomas Brooks

Lamentations 3:39, 40
I believe in my conscience there are thousands of professors who have never known in the whole course of their religious profession what it is to have "examined and tested their ways;" to have been put into the balances and weighed in the scales of divine justice; or to have stood cast down and condemned in their own feelings before God as the heart-searching Jehovah. From such a trying test, from such an unerring touchstone they have ever shrunk. And why? Because they have an inward consciousness that their religion will not bear a strict and scrutinizing examination.  Like the deceitful tradesman, who allures his customers into a dark corner of his shop, in order to elude detection when he spreads his flimsy, made-up goods before them, so those who have an inward consciousness that their religion is not of heavenly origin, shun the light. As the Lord says, "Every one that does evil hates the light, neither comes to the light, lest his deeds should be reproved; but he that does truth comes to the light, that his deeds may be made manifest that they are wrought in God."  Now if you know nothing of having from time to time your ways searched and tested by God's word, or if you rise up with bitterness against an experimental, heart-searching ministry that would test them for you, it shows that there is some rotten spot in you--something that you dare not bring to the light. The candle of the Lord has not searched the hidden secrets of your heart; nor have you cried with David, "Search me, O God, and know my heart; try me, and know my thoughts. And see if there be any wicked way in me, and lead me in the way everlasting."

J C Philpot

Lamentations 3:41 "Let us lift up our heart with our hands unto God in the Heavens."


The act of prayer teaches us our unworthiness—which is a very beneficial lesson for such proud beings as we are. If God gave us favors without constraining us to pray for them—we would never know how poor we are—

but a true prayer is . . .
an inventory of needs,
a catalog of necessities,
a revelation of hidden poverty.

 

While prayer is an application to divine wealth—it is also a confession of human emptiness. The most healthy state of a Christian—is to be always empty in SELF and constantly depending upon the Lord for supplies; to be always poor in SELF—and rich in Jesus; weak as water personally—but mighty through God to do great exploits. And hence prayer, while it adores God, it lays the creature where it should be—in the very dust!

Prayer is in itself, apart from the answer which it brings, a great benefit to the Christian. As the runner gains strength for the race by daily exercise, so for the great race of life, we acquire energy by the hallowed labor of prayer. Prayer plumes the wings of God's young eaglets—that they may learn to mount above the clouds. Prayer sends God's warriors forth to combat—with their sinews braced and their muscles firm. An earnest pleader comes out of his closet, even as the sun arises from the chambers of the east, rejoicing like a strong man to run his race.

Prayer is that uplifted hand of Moses—which routs the Amalekites more than the sword of Joshua. Prayer girds human weakness with divine strength, turns human folly into Heavenly wisdom, and gives the peace of God to troubled mortals. We have no idea what prayer can do!

We thank you, great God, for the mercy-seat, a choice proof of Your marvelous loving-kindness. Help us to use it aright throughout this day! (
From Morning and Evening)

C H Spurgeon

Lamentations 3:41
When the Lord lays judgment to the line, and righteousness to the plummet, when he makes the living man complain on account of deserved chastisement for his sins, and thus brings him to search and try his ways, he raises up an earnest cry in his soul. "Let us lift up our heart with our hands," and not the hands without the heart; not the mere bended knee; not the mere grave and solemn countenance, that easiest and most frequent cover of hypocrisy; not the mere form of prayer, that increasing idol of the day--but the lifting up of the heart with the hand. This is the only true prayer, when the heart is poured out before the throne of grace, the Spirit interceding for us and within us with groanings that cannot be uttered. "God is a Spirit; and they that worship him must worship him in spirit and in truth." The contrite heart and broken spirit, the inward panting of the soul after his manifested presence, the heaving sigh and penitential tear will be regarded by him, when he will turn away from mere lip-service and bodily exercise. But there is much also implied in the words, "God in the heavens." This expression represents him as seated far above all heavens, enthroned in light, majesty, and glory unspeakable; and yet sitting on his throne of mercy and grace to bless the soul that waits upon him, full of love and compassion for the poor and needy one that lifts up his heart together with the hand, that he may receive pardon and peace out of Jesus' fullness, and pants with unutterable longings that the Lord himself would graciously smile and beam love and favor into his soul. This lifting up of the heart--the only true and acceptable prayer--no man can create in himself. God, who works all things after the counsel of his own will, can alone work in us thus "to will and to do of his own good pleasure." Nature cannot, with all her efforts, and all her counterfeit imitations of vital godliness, accomplish this spiritual sacrifice. She may cut her flesh with lancets, and cry, "Baal, hear us," from morning until evening, but she cannot bring down the holy fire from heaven. She can lift the hand, but she cannot lift up the heart. Depend upon it that in this spiritual communion with the living God, out of the sight and out of the reach of the most refined hypocrite and self-deceiver, much of the power of vital godliness lies. This lifting up of the heart when no eye sees and no ear hears, in the daily and often hourly transactions of life, in the lonely chamber, and on the midnight bed, surrounded perhaps by the world, and yet in spirit separate from it, is a secret known only to the living family of God.

J C Philpot
Lamentations 3:56 Comfort for those Whose Prayers are Feeble
Lamentations 3:57 A Wonder Explained by Greater Wonders
Lamentations 3:58 God Pleading for Saints, and Saints Pleading for God
C H Spurgeon

Lamentations 3:57
Jeremiah is referring to his own experiences of the dungeon, into which the malice of his foes had plunged him. As he reached its lowest depths, he began to call upon God, and continued to call. His reliance was on the name (i.e., the nature) of God. This is the most potent argument that any soul can employ. Not our faith, but his faithfulness: not our trust, but his trustworthiness. “Act worthily of that great name, which Thou hast taken for Thyself, O God, we beseech Thee.” No sooner was that appeal made than it was heard. “Thou heardest my voice.” Notice that the very breathing of the persecuted soul was heard by the Most High. A mother listens for the breathing of her babe in the dark. It will tell her so much. The soft, measured breath, or the laboring, gasping breath. God never hides his ear from our breathing; or from those inarticulate cries, which express, as words could not do, the deep anguish and yearning of the heart. If you cannot speak, cry, sob, or groan, then be still. God can interpret all. Then He draws nigh. Of course, He is ever nigh. “Nearer than breathing.” But He gives a sweet consciousness of his presence. The dark dungeon of bereavement, or sorrow, suddenly becomes luminous with the radiance of the Shekinah; the stillness is broken by the approaching footfall of the Almighty Friend, who is never so near as when lover and friend are unable to help. Oh, how tenderly He draws nigh! Solitude indeed hath charms, for it is our Savior’s opportunity; and the dungeon becomes desirable, for it is the ante-room to the presence-chamber of our King. Happy they who have learned to detect the secret of the Lord, and his whispered Fear not!

F B Meyer

Lamentations 3 Study

Lamentations 4-5 Study

Joe Guglielmo

LAMENTATIONS 4

MyStudyBible.com - Holman Christian Std Bible - Enter "Lamentations 4" and select "Study Bible Notes Tool" for well done notes. As you scroll down the Scripture, the Study Notes usually will synchronize (you may have to click mouse in Scripture window for it to synch) . Click "Read" under the study notes, to bring up all the notes for a given chapter. Hold pointer over a particular word in Scripture for the original word in Hebrew or Greek.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Study Notes

Lamentations 4.1 -Again this fourth song commences with the exclamatory "How!" The prophet had been meditating, considering, pondering. He was about to give expression to the things which had occupied his mind, and the first word of the message of interpre­tation is one which means that the facts defy expression—"How!" Yet here, in a sentence, the whole result is gathered up and uttered, before the detailed explana­tion. That one sentence tells the whole story. "The gold is become dim!" Those which follow express the same fact in slightly varying form. "The most pure gold is changed! The stones of the sanc­tuary are poured out at the top of every street!" Follow the prophet, and the next statement interprets the figure. "The precious sons of Zion, comparable to fine gold. How are they esteemed as earthen-pitchers, the work of the hands of the potter!" That is the appalling spectacle, compelling the introductory "How," and inspiring all that follows. This was the vision of a man who saw the facts in true perspective and proportion. The tragedy of Israel's breakdown and deso­lation was created by the glory of the Divine purpose for that nation among nations of men. "Gold," "the most pure gold," "fine gold;" these were the words and phrases fittingly expressing the glory of the Divine thought and purpose for that nation among the nations of men. But the gold had become dim; the most pure gold was changed, the fine gold had become common earth. This is the deepest note of calamity whenever the people of God break down in loyalty, and so are broken down in necessary judgment. The failure to fulfil an appointed function in the Divine economy, is a more terrible thing than personal shortcoming, and personal suffering.

G Campbell Morgan
Lamentations 4 Letters of Lament-Thoughts from Lamentations 4 Tom Shepard
Lamentations 4:2 The Preciousness of God's Children Grace Gems

Lamentations 4:20
The people tell the sad tale of the pursuit of their foes. Swifter than the eagles, they chased them on the mountains, and laid wait for them in the wilderness. Then they narrate how their king fell into the hands of them who sought his life. He was dear to them as the breath of their nostrils; his person was sacred as the anointed of the Lord; they had thought that even though they were carried into captivity they would find some alleviation to their hardships in dwelling under his protection; they said, “Under his shadow we shall live among the nations.” But even he was taken in their pits. What a likeness and a contrast to our blessed Lord? There is LIKENESS. He is as the breath of our life. As we inhale the air around us, so we expand our souls to drink in of his most blessed nature. We open our mouths, and inhale Him as our vital element; his Spirit for our spirit; his blood for our souls; his resurrection strength for our bodies. He is the Anointed of the Father, who anoints us. Because He is the Christ (Anointed), we are Christians (anointed ones). His shadow is a most grateful and wide-spreading one, beneath which we may dwell in safety. But how great the CONTRAST! Though He was once taken in the pit of Satanic malice and the shadow of death, yet now He liveth to be the shield and protector of his people wherever they are scattered among the nations. He that sitteth on the throne shall spread his tabernacle over them. They shall hunger and thirst no more, neither shall the sun strike them. However far our bodies are from one another, we all dwell beneath the shadow of the Lord, which is as a great rock in a weary land.

F B Meyer
Lamentations 4 Commentary Henry Cowles
Lamentations 4:22 A message from God for Thee C H Spurgeon

Lamentations   4:1-10
Lamentations 4:11-16

Lamentations 4:17-20
Lamentations 4:21-22
Lamentations   5:1-10
Lamentations 5:19-22

Today in the Word

LAMENTATIONS 5

MyStudyBible.com - Holman Christian Std Bible - Enter "Lamentations 5" and select "Study Bible Notes Tool" for well done notes. As you scroll down the Scripture, the Study Notes usually will synchronize (you may have to click mouse in Scripture window for it to synch) . Click "Read" under the study notes, to bring up all the notes for a given chapter. Hold pointer over a particular word in Scripture for the original word in Hebrew or Greek.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Study Notes

Lamentations 5.1 -Thus opens the last of the five songs, the final message of this great heroic messenger of Jehovah. The first movement of the song described anew the sorrows of the suffering people; the actual desolation in the midst of which Jeremiah lived; the afflictions of all classes of the community; the prevailing and abundant grief. His description prepared for, and led up to prayer. In that prayer the eternity of God, and the stability of His Throne were first confessed. Then, notice very carefully, that following what seems to be a protest against the long forsaking of His people by Jehovah, the central concluding peti­tion of the prophet was not that God should turn unto His people, but rather that He would turn His people unto Him. The notes of this final song are full of value for us In days of darkness and discipline, in which many loyal souls, like Jeremiah himself, may be involved, it is ever given to them to speak of their sorrows before Jehovah; and that speaking may ever take the form of appeal to Jehovah to remember. It is not to be supposed that Jeremiah imagined that Jehovah could forget, but here was his last resort. He himself remembered all the afflictions of the people and of his own soul, in communion with God, and in this call to Jehovah to remember, he was realizing that communion, and finding reinforcement for his own soul in the process of trial. Thus, prayers which break down in intellectual logical con­sistency are oft times those which in experience bring us nearest God; and thus find surest answers in that they make it possible for Him to act with us and for us in ways not possible unless and until we have such communion.

G Campbell Morgan
Lamentations 5 Letters of Lament-Thoughts from Lamentations 5 Tom Shepard

Lamentations 5:21 .
Weary of chastening, and longing to have again all the blessed enjoyments and privileges of the past, the backslider desires to be right with God, as he used to be. But he is often met with great initial difficulties. He would pray, but cannot; he would feel broken and penitent, but his heart is as hard as the nether millstone; he would take the old pleasure in the service and worship of the Most High, but it evades his grasp. This perplexes and daunts him. What should be our attitude under such circumstances? There is nothing better than to adopt the cry of the prophet, and ask God to turn the soul, and renew its blessed and holy experiences. There will be no doubt of our being turned, if He turns us. It is not difficult to recover the attitude, emotions, and work of past days, when we have yielded ourselves absolutely to God, and have cast on Him the responsibility of making us all that He has taught us to desire. Let Him assign what standard He chooses, there will be no difficulty in our attaining it, if He fulfils in us all the good pleasure of his will, and the work of faith with power. The happy life is that which does not need to ask for the olden days to be renewed, because it is ever anticipating that it will be better further on, and that the dawn will grow into the perfect day; but where the past was better than the present is, let us ask that God would restore the years that the caterpillar and cankerworm have eaten. Just because God abides for ever, and his throne is from generation to generation, He is able to renew the soul with new pulses of energy and life. Each spring He makes the world as fair as on the morning of creation. “Renew our days as of old.”

F B Meyer
Lamentations 5 Can I Ever Be Restored? Kay Arthur
Lamentations 5 Commentary Henry Cowles
Lamentations 5:12 Hanging by the Hand - from Handbook of Bible Manners James Freeman

Lamentations 5:15 Encouragements to Patient Waiting: Past Joys

John MacDuff

Lamentations 5:21
If we do not wish to deceive ourselves, if God has made us honest, if he has planted his fear in our hearts, if he has begun and is carrying on a good work in us, there will be evidences of the existence of the life of God within. Life is the commencement of salvation as an inward reality; for whatever the eternal purposes of God are, or whatever standing the vessel of mercy has in Christ previous to effectual calling, there is no more movement in the soul Godwards until life is imparted, than there is natural life and motion in a breathless corpse that lies interred in the churchyard. But wherever divine life is implanted there will be certain fruits and feelings that spring out of this life. One fruit will be 'complaint', and this will arise sometimes from a feeling of the burden of sin, and at others from a sense of merited chastisement from God on account of it. But wherever this complaining is spiritual, there will be accompanying it "an accepting the punishment of our iniquity," and "a putting of our mouth in the dust." Thus where there is spiritual life there will be complaint, confession, and submission; the effect being meekness, brokenness, and humility. This breaks to pieces self-conceit and self-justification, and the result is a searching and trying our ways whether they are of God. The fruit of this search will be, for the most part, a solemn and painful conviction that the greater part have been in the flesh; or, at least, there will be many anxious suspicions which cannot be relieved except by an express testimony from the Lord himself. This produces a going out of soul unto him, the cry now being, "Let us turn again to the Lord;" and towards him the heart turns as to the only Source and Author of every good and perfect gift. As the quickened soul knows that he is a heart-searching God, this appeal will purge away much hypocrisy and insincerity, and deepen uprightness, sincerity, and godly integrity. And the blessed fruit and end of all this sifting work will be a coming down of gracious answers, divine testimonies, smiles of the Savior's loving countenance, soft whispers of God's eternal favor, and the blessed witness of the Spirit within.

See also - devotional from January 25 - Lamentations 5:21
See also - devotional from July 23 - Lamentations 5:21

J C Philpot
Lamentations 5:16 Devotional Octavius Winslow

Net Bible Notes

Note: This opens the Net Bible translation which in links to verses on almost every verse. The notes tend to be more technical but often give exceptional insights on a passage. This resource is definitely worth checking if you are performing an in depth study on a passage. As you scroll down the Scripture, the notes are synchronized. Hold pointer over English word for the Strong's Number. Double click the English word for more info on Strong's number including all uses in Scripture and access to a brief dictionary definition.

Lamentations 1
Lamentations 2
Lamentations 3
Lamentations 4
Lamentations 5

Our Daily Bread
Devotional Illustrations
Radio Bible Class
Updated January, 2012

Lamentations 1:12-16, 3:19-23 Silhouette
Lamentations 1:12-20 What Good is Affliction?
Lamentations 2:13-19 You Have A Prayer
Lamentations 3:1-6,22-26 God's Darkroom
Lamentations 3:1-24 God is Faithful
Lamentations 3:1-26 If God Seems Far Away
Lamentations 3:1-26 A Weeping World
Lamentations 3:16-33 Surprising Light
Lamentations 3:19-26 Reason To Hope

Lamentations 3:19-26 Source of Hope
Lamentations 3:19-27 Coping with Change

Lamentations 3:19-33 Reason For Hope
Lamentations 3:22-23 Morning

Lamentations 3:22-23 Father's Faithfulness

Lamentations 3:19-41 Learning to Lament
Lamentations 3:19-33 Hope In The Sad Times
Lamentations 3:22 Losing a Friend
Lamentations 3:22 Grace, Mercy and Peace  

Lamentations 3:22-33 A Second Chance

Lamentations 3:22-33 Peaks and Valleys

Lamentations 3:25-33 Grieving from A to Z

Lamentations 3:31-39 What Good is Evil?
Lamentations 3:40 Garden Lesson
Lamentations 3:25-42 Ain't It Awful!

The People's Bible
Joseph Parker

Lamentations 1:1 Handfuls of Purpose for All Gleaners
Lamentations 1:2 Handfuls of Purpose for All Gleaners
Lamentations 1:4 Handfuls of Purpose for All Gleaners
Lamentations 1:8 Handfuls of Purpose for All Gleaners
Lamentations 1:18,19 Handfuls of Purpose for All Gleaners
Lamentations 2:1 Handfuls of Purpose for All Gleaners
Lamentations 2:3 Handfuls of Purpose for All Gleaners
Lamentations 2:6 Handfuls of Purpose for All Gleaners
Lamentations 2:14 Handfuls of Purpose for All Gleaners
Lamentations 2:15 Handfuls of Purpose for All Gleaners
Lamentations 2:20 Children of a Span Long
Lamentations 3:1 Handfuls of Purpose for All Gleaners
Lamentations 3:16 Handfuls of Purpose for All Gleaners
Lamentations 3:20-21 Handfuls of Purpose for All Gleaners
Lamentations 3:22, 23 Profitable Discipline
Lamentations 3:27 Handfuls of Purpose for All Gleaners
Lamentations 3:37 Handfuls of Purpose for All Gleaners
Lamentations 3:40-42 Handfuls of Purpose for All Gleaners
Lamentations 3:48 Handfuls of Purpose for All Gleaners
Lamentations 3:51 Handfuls of Purpose for All Gleaners
Lamentations 3:55-56 Handfuls of Purpose for All Gleaners
Lamentations 4:1 Dimming of the Gold
Lamentations 4:12 The Incredible Things of Life
Lamentations 5:21 Sin's Garden
Lamentations 3:1-26 A Weeping World
Lamentations 3:16-33 Surprising Light
Lamentations 3:19-26 Reason To Hope
Lamentations 3:19-26 Source of Hope
Lamentations 3:19-27 Coping with Change
Lamentations 3:22-23 Morning
Lamentations 3:19-41 Learning to Lament
Lamentations 3:19-33 Hope In The Sad Times
Lamentations 3:22 Losing a Friend
Lamentations 3:22-33 Peaks And Valleys  
Lamentations 3:31-39 What Good is Evil?
Lamentations 3:40 Garden Lesson
Lamentations 3:25-42 Ain't It Awful!

Pulpit Commentary
The Lamentations of Jeremiah
Exposition - T. K. Cheyne
Homiletics - W F Adeney
Homilies - J R Thomson, D Young

Lamentations Intro
Lamentations 1 Exposition
Lamentations 1:1 The Solitary City
Lamentations 1:1 Widowhood - The Emblem of Loneliness
Lamentations 1:1,2 The Contrasts of Adversity
Lamentations 1:2 Comfortless
Lamentations 1:2 Nights of Weeping Explained
Lamentations 1:4 The Abandoned Feasts
Lamentations 1:4 The Decline of National Religion
Lamentations 1:4 Zion Forsaken as a Religious Center
Lamentations 1:6 The Beauty Departed from Zion
Lamentations 1:7 Pleasant Things in the Days of Old
Lamentations 1:7 Mournful Memories
Lamentations 1:10 Spoliation and Profanation
Lamentations 1:11 The Real Need of the Soul Made Manifest
Lamentations 1:12 Sorrow Unequalled Yet Unheeded
Lamentations 1:12 Unparalleled Woe
Lamentations 1:12 The Observation of Suffering
Lamentations 1:18 The Lord is Righteous
Lamentations 1:18 The Righteousness of God Confessed
Lamentations 1:18 The Acknowledgement that Suffering is Deserved

Lamentations 1:20 The Cry of the Contrite
Lamentations 1:21 A Wicked Gladness

Lamentations 2 Exposition
Lamentations 2:1 God Not Remembering His Footstool
Lamentations 2:1 The Anger of the Lord
Lamentations 2:1 The Manifestation of Jehovah's Wrath with Israel
Lamentations 2:4-5 The Lord as an Enemy
Lamentations 2:5 Jehovah Reckoned As An Enemy
Lamentations 2:6-7 The Rejected Altar
Lamentations 2:6-7 Retribution in Church and State
Lamentations 2:9 No Vision
Lamentations 2:9 Law and Prophecy Suspended
Lamentations 2:9 The Prophetic Office Suspended
Lamentations 2:10 The Silence of Elders
Lamentations 2:12 The Suffering of the Children
Lamentations 2:13 Commiseration
Lamentations 2:14 The Vision of Falsehood and Folly
Lamentations 2:14 The Share of the Prophets in Ruining Jerusalem
Lamentations 2:15 The Glory and the Shame of Jerusalem
Lamentations 2:16 The Triumph of the Foe
Lamentations 2:17 Ruin From God
Lamentations 2:18-19 The Entreaty of Anguish
Lamentations 2:19 A Cry to God in the Night Watches
Lamentations 2:20 Consideration Besought
Lamentations 2:22 The Completeness of Jehovah's Visitation
Lamentations 2:22 Sparing Compassion
Lamentations 2:23 New Every Morning

Lamentations 3 Exposition
Lamentations 3:1 The Man that Has Seen Affliction
Lamentations 3:1 Afflicted by God

Lamentations 3:6 Dark Places
Lamentations 3:7 Hedged About
Lamentations 3:7-9 The Way of Life Hedged and Built Up
Lamentations 3:8 Unheard Prayer
Lamentations 3:17 Prosperity Forgotten
Lamentations 3:18 Strength and Hope Perished
Lamentations 3:18 The Sum of Terrible Experience
Lamentations 3:19-21 God Taking Notice of Man's Affliction
Lamentations 3:19-20 Remembering Affliction
Lamentations 3:21 Hope Reviving
Lamentations 3:21 How Hope Rises From the Depths of Despair
Lamentations 3:22-23 The Unceasing Mercies of God
Lamentations 3:22-23 The Unfailing Compassion of Jehovah
Lamentations 3:24 Those Who Have Jehovah for Their Portion
Lamentations 3:24 The Secret of Hope
Lamentations 3:24 The Portion of the Godly
Lamentations 3:25-26 God's Goodness to the Hopeful and the Patient
Lamentations 3:25-26 Quiet Waiting
Lamentations 3:25-26 Waiting for Salvation
Lamentations 3:27 Youth
Lamentations 3:27 The Discipline of Youth
Lamentations 3:27 The Yoke in Youth
Lamentations 3:30 The Cheek to the Smiter
Lamentations 3:31-33 God's Good Purposes in Causing Pain
Lamentations 3:31-33 Chastisement Only for a Season
Lamentations 3:31-33 Divine Benignity
Lamentations 3:38 How Evil and Good Both Proceed From God
Lamentations 3:38 The Source of Evil and Good
Lamentations 3:39 Why Murmur?
Lamentations 3:40 Self-Examination
Lamentations 3:40 Repentance
Lamentations 3:40-42 Approaching God in Sincerity
Lamentations 3:41 Sursum Corda
Lamentations 3:44 God Covering Himself With a Cloud
Lamentations 3:48-51 Sympathetic Sorrow
Lamentations 3:49-50 Tears Which Only God Can Wipe Away
Lamentations 3:51 The Eye and the Life
Lamentations 3:55 Jeremiah Calling out of the Dungeon
Lamentations 3:55-56 The Cry from the Dungeon
Lamentations 3:57 Fear Not
Lamentations 3:57-58 Prayer Heard and Answered
Lamentations 3:59-63 The Lord's Knowledge of His People's Sufferings and Wrongs
Lamentations 3:59-66 The Great Appeal
Lamentations 3:60-66 Jeremiah and His Enemies
Lamentations 3:63 The Music of the Wicked
Lamentations 3:64 The Principle of Retribution
Lamentations 3:64-66 Righteous Recompense

Lamentations 4 Exposition
Lamentations 4:1-2 Fine Gold Diamond
Lamentations 4:1-2 Fallen Reputation
Lamentations 4:1 The Gold Diamond
Lamentations 4:2 Precious Sons, Fine Gold
Lamentations 4:3-4 Natural Affection Gone
Lamentations 4:3-5 The Horrors of Famine
Lamentations 4:5 Social Revolution
Lamentations 4:3-4 The Violation of Maternal Instincts
Lamentations 4:5 Reverses of Fortune
Lamentations 4:6 The Sin of Sodom
Lamentations 4:9 Sword and Hunger
Lamentations 4:12 A Seeming Impossibility Achieved
Lamentations 4:12 The Impregnable Taken
Lamentations 4:12 Incredible Calamities
Lamentations 4:13 Shedding the Blood of the Just
Lamentations 4:13-14 The Degradation of the Prophets and the Priests
Lamentations 4:14 Blindness
Lamentations 4:15 Contamination
Lamentations 4:17 Vain Help and Hope
Lamentations 4:18 The End is Come!
Lamentations 4:20 A Disappointed Confidence and a Desecrated Sanctity
Lamentations 4:22 The End of Punishment

Lamentations 5 Exposition
Lamentations 5:1 A Prayer of Distress
Lamentations 5:1 The Lord's Remembrance Besought
Lamentations 5:2 The Lost Inheritance
Lamentations 5:2 The Fate of Inheritance and Houses
Lamentations 5:3 Orphanage and Widowhood
Lamentations 5:2 The Sin of the Fathers and the Suffering of the Children
Lamentations 5:7 The Moral Continuity of Nations
Lamentations 5:7 Children Suffering for the Sins of their Parents
Lamentations 5:8 None to Deliver
Lamentations 5:14 The Occupation of the Elders Gone
Lamentations 5:15 The Cessation of Joy
Lamentations 5:16 Disowned Children
Lamentations 5:16-17 The Degradation of Sin
Lamentations 5:17 The Faint Heart and the Dim Eyes
Lamentations 5:19 Consolation in the Supremacy of God
Lamentations 5:19-22 The Only Resource Acknowledged to be God
Lamentations 5:20 Questioning God
Lamentations 5:21 Renewal
Lamentations 5:21 "Turn Us Again!"

A S Peake
The Lamentations of Jeremiah
1911

Lamentations Intro
Lamentations 1
Lamentations 2
Lamentations 3
Lamentations 4
Lamentations 5

Charles Simeon
The Lamentations of Jeremiah
Sermons

Lamentations 1:9 The Consequences of Not Remembering Our Latter End
Lamentations 3:22, 23 The Views of a Saint in His Affliction
Lamentations 3:25 The Goodness of God to Suppliants
Lamentations 3:27-29 The Benefit of Early Afflictions
Lamentations 3:31-33 Comfort for the Afflicted
Lamentations 3:54-57 The Efficacy of Prayer

Speaker's Commentary
Dr Payne Smith
Lamentations

Spurgeon "We would call special attention to the volume of the Speaker's Commentary...by Payne Smith...deserves much praise" (Commenting and commentaries)

Lamentations Intro
Lamentations 1
Lamentations 2
Lamentations 3
Lamentations 4
Lamentations 5

C. H. Spurgeon
All of His Sermons on
Lamentations

Lamentations 1:12 Is It Nothing to You?
Lamentations 1:12 Pleading with the Indifferent
Lamentations 2:19: Watch-Night Service
Lamentations 3:12, 13 Satan's Arrows and God's  Watch-Night Service
Lamentations 3:21 Memory—the Handmaid of Hope
Lamentations 3:22, 23 The Novelties of Divine Mercy
Lamentations 3:24 Choice Portions
Lamentations 3:25 “How Good to Those Who Seek”
Lamentations 3:27 The Best Burden for Young Shoulders

Lamentations 3:28, 29 Solitude, Silence, Submission
Lamentations 3:56 Comfort for those Whose Prayers are Feeble
Lamentations 3:57 A Wonder Explained by Greater Wonders
Lamentations 3:58 God Pleading for Saints, and Saints Pleading for God

Lamentations 4:22 A Message from God for Thee

C. H. Spurgeon
Faith's Checkbook and
Morning and Evening
Devotionals

Lamentations 3:21 This I recall to my mind, therefore have I hope
Lamentations 3:24 The Lord is my portion, saith my soul
Lamentations 3:27 Sufferers Make Strong Believers
Lamentations 3:31 Loved unto the End
Lamentations 3:40 Let us search and try our ways, and turn again to the Lord
Lamentations 3:41 Let us lift up our heart with our hands unto God in the heavens
Lamentations 3:58 0 Lord, thou hast pleaded the causes of my soul

Today in the Word
Moody Bible Institute
Devotionals

Lamentations     1:1-7
Lamentations   1:8-11
Lamentations 1:12-17
Lamentations 1:18-22
Lamentations       2:7
Lamentations   2:9-12

Lamentations 2:13-17

Lamentations 2:18-22
Lamentations     2:19

Lamentations   3:1-18
Lamentations 3:19-26
Lamentations 3:19-24
Lamentations 3:22-24

Lamentations 3:18-23

Lamentations 3:33-39
Lamentations 3:40-47

Lamentations 3:55-66
Lamentations   4:1-10
Lamentations 4:11-16

Lamentations 4:17-20
Lamentations 4:21-22
Lamentations   5:1-10
Lamentations 5:19-22

MISCELLANEOUS RESOURCES
ON LAMENTATIONS

Sidlow Baxter

This pathetic little five-fold poem, the Lamentations, has been called “an elegy written in a graveyard.” It is a memorial dirge written on the destruction and humiliation of Jerusalem by the Babylonians in 587 B.C. It is a cloudburst of grief, a river of tears, a sea of sobs.

I. Lament 1 – Jerusalem’s Flight
II. Lament 2 – Jehovah’s Anger
III. Lament 3 – Jeremiah-s Grief
IV. Lament 4 – Jehovah’s Anger
V. Lament 5 – Jerusalem’s Prayer

God suffers with those whom He chastises. . . Affliction does its humbling work . . . It is of Jehovah’s mercies that we are not consumed . . . The sins of Christian believers bring grievous chastisings and chastenings upon them .

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Mark Dever Justice Up Close – Overview of Lamentations

Cf. the Fall of Rome – What is safe if Rome perishes? Great turning point in history. Suffering and loss are often great turning points in history at large as well as in our own personal lives. No one likes suffering; we like prospering. Smaller griefs … vs. larger griefs … how have you coped.


10 Stages of Grief have been detailed: (Westburg)

1) state of shock
2) express emotion
3) feel depressed and lonely
4) May experience some physical symptoms
5) May become panicky
6) Feel a sense of guilt about the loss
7) Filled with anger and resentment
8) We resist returning
9) Gradually hope comes through
10) We struggle to affirm reality

 

Structure of Lamentations – series of 5 laments; acrostic form; Fall of Jerusalem to Nebuchadnezzar and the Babylonians was cataclysmic; Israelites had lost their capital city; their most defensible point; more devastating loss than we can begin to imagine; to lose the land was to lose the promise was to lose their special relationship with God.
Grotesque suffering of people; perplexing questions of people in despair; written not just as an expression of grief, but to help people cope with suffering and loss.


Understand God in the midst of your suffering - Suffering acts as a check on our hopes – refining them and even changing them. It either hardens us or makes us more pliable in God’s hands. How do you fare in times of
suffering?


5 Things we can learn when these calamities come:

 

1) God would lead the Israelites To confess their sins (Chap. 1)
Desolation well captured at beginning of vs. 9 – Jerusalem had been shocked at her fall. Grim circumstances … what were they to do? Confess their sins. Their sins are the reason for their sufferings. What about us … how should we react? We must be patient and humble. Don’t become hardened and bitter. See your sin. Be humbled by God’s Word rather than by God’s Wrath. Don’t confess the sins of others, but your own sins.


2) God would lead these Israelites To recognize who their Judge was (Lam 2)
People sought messages of false hope that would soothe their suffering; all of this destructive work was God’s work; the Lord has fulfilled His Word; it would have been easy to blame others; 3) To consider their leaders (Chap. 4) leaders are condemned for having led the people in a bad way; cared for themselves more than their flocks


4) To Pray for their future (Lam 5) – this is a prayer to God that the prophet would lead the people in; a prayer for restoration; at least ask God for His help; for some understanding; for some light; while there is life and breath it is there for a reason; there is still hope; what reason was there for God to listen to them if they were being judged

 

5) To Hope in God (Lam 3) – most important chapter at the center of the book
Don’t look at your circumstances or yourself; look to God; He may dash some of your hopes, but will give you better ones; you will experience trials that are greater than your ability to figure out or come up with explanation for; know from God’s character that He can be trusted


Conclusion: What do you value more than God Himself

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Walter Kaiser Jr., A Biblical Approach to Personal Suffering, quoted by McIntosh: No book of the Bible is more of an orphan book than Lamentations; rarely, if ever, have interpreters chosen to use this book for a Bible study, an expository series of messages, or as a Bible conference textual exposition. Our generation’s neglect of this volume has meant that our pastoral work, our caring ministry for believers, and our own ability to find direction in the midst of calamity, pain, and suffering have been seriously truncated and rendered partially or totally ineffective.

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McIntosh: The reasons for the neglect of Lamentations are not too hard to discover. To begin with, it is a book of great sadness, and we don’t often like to be around sadness, either other people’s or our own. Then again, it is sorrow that seems unrelieved throughout the book. When you read Job, you see great sorrow, but in the end Job comes out, if not unscarred, at least largely restored and vindicated. Lamentations does not have a happy ending. Then again, where Job’s message is focused around an individual, and for that reason easy to identify with, Lamentations is a national book. It treats the suffering of a whole country and the reasons for it.

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John Stevenson: Lamentations is not the most popular book in the Bible. We normally prefer books with happy endings. This isn’t one of them. It is a book about deep sorrow. There are five chapters to the book, just as there are five books to the Torah. Unlike most chapter divisions in our English Bible, these chapter divisions find their origin in the Hebrew text. They are evidenced by the fact that each chapter forms an acrostic.

AUTHORSHIP - The author of this book is not named. Jewish tradition has it that it was Jeremiah. There is no reason to doubt that this was the case. The author never says, "I told you so." One of the marks of a Christian is his compassion. The author of Lamentations demonstrates that kind of compassion. He is not gleeful of the destruction that comes on Jerusalem. If the author is Jeremiah, and I think that it is, he had every right to say, "I told you so." They ignored everything he told them and they treated him harshly. But instead, we see in this book that he has identified himself with the people of the Captivity. He does not look down his nose at them. Instead he associates himself with the sins of the people.

 

Let us examine and probe our ways and let us return to the LORD. We lift up our heart and hands Toward God in heaven; We have transgressed and rebelled, Thou hast not pardoned (Lamentations 3:40-42).

 

Jeremiah was a pastor with a pastor’s heart. Even though he was faithful and obedient, he associated himself with the people of God.

 

LESSONS FROM LAMENTATIONS

 

(1) God is Sovereign over the Events of Men. (Lamentations 3:37-38). The writer realizes that, even as bad things have taken place and they face great tragedy, God is still in control.

 

(2) Sin brings forth Tragic Consequences. (Lamentations 5:15-16). The writer recognizes that the reason for the sorrow and the heartache and the lament is because of sin. The lie of the devil echoes from Eden: "You shall surely not die. Sin will not bear fruit. It has no lasting consequences. It doesn't matter as long as it is between two consenting adults."  (cp Ge 3:4) The writer recognizes that the reason for the sorrow and the heartache and the lament is because of sin. The lie of the devil echoes from Eden: "You shall surely not die. Sin will not bear fruit. It has no lasting consequences. It doesn't matter as long as it is between two consenting adults."

(3) There is Hope in the Darkness. (Lamentations 3:19-23). The writer of this book sees the most bitter afflictions, yet he is able to remember the compassion and the lovingkindness of God. This gives him HOPE. What is hope? It is faith in the future. It is faith that the God of the past will continue to be faithful in the future.
(
Lamentations notes)

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Lamentations 5:19 The Lord is Always With Us - A strong sense of God’s abiding presence is a great comfort to the trusting Christian. We may be deserted by friends and relatives and lose all our earthly possessions, but the Lord is always with us to sustain, strengthen, and provide. The following poem by James Danson Smith underscores this wonderful reality:

When from my life the old-time joys have vanished—
Treasures, once mine, I may no longer claim,
This truth may feed my hungry heart, and famished—
Lord, THOU REMAINEST! Thou art still the same!

When streams have dried, those streams of glad refreshing—
Friendships so blest, so pure, so rich, so free;
When sun-kissed skies give place to clouds depressing—
Lord, THOU REMAINEST! Still my heart hath Thee.

When strength hath failed, and feet, newborn and weary,
On gladsome errands may no longer go,
Why should I sigh, or let the days be dreary'
Lord, THOU REMAINEST! Couldst Thou more bestow'

Thus through life’s days, whoe’er or what may fail me,
Friends, friendships, joys, in small or great degree,
Songs may be mine—no sadness need assail me,
Since THOU REMAINEST, and my heart hath Thee.
--James Danson Smith

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Uncertainty of Life - Life is filled with uncertainty. Human relationships often do disappoint us. And tragedy can destroy in a moment all the material securities of life. But if we know Christ as our Savior, we can still say, “Lord, THOU REMAINEST.” Yes, He is always there! - R W DeHaan

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Picture of a Prophet (excerpt) - Leonard Ravenhill

The prophet in his day is fully accepted of God and totally rejected by men. Years back, Dr. Gregory Mantle was right when he said, "No man can be fully accepted until he is totally rejected." The prophet of the Lord is aware of both these experiences. They are his "brand name."

The group, challenged by the prophet … is not likely to vote him "Man of the year" when he refers to them as habituates of the synagogue of Satan!

The prophet comes to set up that which is upset. His work is to call into line those who are out of line! He is unpopular because he opposes the popular in morality and spirituality. The prophet is God's detective seeking for a lost treasure. The degree of his effectiveness is determined by his measure of unpopularity. Compromise is not known to him.

He has no price tags.
He is totally "otherworldly."
He is unquestionably controversial and unpardonably hostile.
He marches to another drummer!
He breathes the rarefied air of inspiration.
He is a "seer" who comes to lead the blind.
He lives in the heights of God and comes into the valley with a "thus saith the Lord."
He shares some of the foreknowledge of God and so is aware of impending judgment.
He lives in "splendid isolation."
He is forthright and outright, but he claims no birthright.
His message is "repent, be reconciled to God or else...!"
His prophecies are parried.
His truth brings torment, but his voice is never void.
He is the villain of today and the hero of tomorrow.
He is excommunicated while alive and exalted when dead!
He is dishonored with epithets when breathing and honored with epitaphs when dead.
He is a schoolmaster to bring us to Christ, but few "make the grade" in his class.
He is friendless while living and famous when dead.
He is against the establishment in ministry; then he is established as a saint by posterity.
He eats daily the bread of affliction while he ministers,
but he feeds the Bread of Life to those who listen.
He walks before men for days but has walked before God for years.
He is a scourge to the nation before he is scourged by the nation.
He announces, pronounces, and denounces!
He has a heart like a volcano and his words are as fire.
He talks to men about God.
He carries the lamp of truth amongst heretics while he is lampooned by men.
He faces God before he faces men, but he is self-effacing.
He hides with God in the secret place, but he has nothing to hide in the marketplace.
He is naturally sensitive but supernaturally spiritual.
He has passion, purpose and pugnacity.
He is ordained of God but disdained by men.

 

DISCLAIMER: Before you "go to the commentaries" go to the Scriptures and study them inductively (Click here for 3 part overview of how to do Inductive Bible Study) in dependence on your Teacher, the Holy Spirit, Who Jesus promised would guide us into all the truth (John 16:13). Remember that Scripture is always the best commentary on Scripture. Any commentary, even those by the most conservative and orthodox teacher/preachers cannot help but have at least some bias of the expositor based upon his training and experience. Therefore the inclusion of specific links does not indicate that we agree with every comment. We have made a sincere effort to select only the most conservative, "bibliocentric" commentaries. Should you discover some commentary or sermon you feel may not be orthodox, please email your concern. I have removed several links in response to concerns by discerning readers. I recommend that your priority be a steady intake of solid Biblical food so that with practice you will have your spiritual senses trained to discern good from evil (Heb 5:14-note).

 


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Last Updated July, 2013

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