NT Commentary-John Bengel

 

 

Home
Site Index
Inductive Bible Study
Greek Word Studies
Commentaries by Verse
Area Precept Classes
Reference Search
Bible Dictionaries
Bible Maps
It's Greek to Me
Bible Commentaries
Discipline Yourself
Christian Biography
Western Wall
Bible Prophecy

Search chap/verse
Search word: Retrieve verses, illustrations, etc

 


 

FOLLOW PRECEPTAUSTIN ON...
Facebook - Preceptaustin
Twitter - Preceptaustin
Blog - Preceptaustin

 

Search Preceptaustin

 

COLLECTIONS
Commentaries, Word Studies, Devotionals, Sermons, Illustrations
Old and New Testament.

   
  

   

 

INDEX TO THIS PAGE

1) Johann (John) Bengel - The Critical English Testament  - Matthew-Revelation

2) Johann (John) Bengel - The Gnomon of the New Testament - Matthew-Revelation (click)

Hint: These two works are relatively similar in content. Resource #1 represents a combination of Bengel's Gnomon with additional comments by other late 1800's expositors and has less Greek. Resource #2,  Bengel's highly acclaimed "Gnomon" has a significant amount of Greek. Therefore, if you are not proficient in Greek, resource #1 would be the most useful.

Related Resource: See similar compilation of the NT Commentary (English and Greek) by Henry Alford

 

The Critical English Testament
Commentary on the Entire New Testament
Johann (John) Bengel

(1687-1752)
"Apply the text wholly to yourself;
Apply yourself wholly to the text
."
--Bengel

WHY EVEN CONSIDER JOHANN BENGEL'S 300 YEAR OLD COMMENTARY?

C H Spurgeon wrote that Bengel's NT commentary "is the Scholar's delight! Bengel condensed more matter into a line than can be extracted from pages of other writers."

John Wesley said of Bengel "I know of no commentator on the Bible equal to Bengel" and referred to him as "The great light of the Christian world."

Edward C Fredrich reviewed the contributions of Johann Bengel in the Wisconsin Lutheran Quarterly (Vol 82. No. 1. Winter, 1985) writing that "In the face of growing skepticism and unbelief (early 1700's) over against the teaching of Biblical inspiration and inerrancy, Bengel clung with a simple, childlike faith to the conviction that in the Bible God had condescended to man to reveal his plan of salvation. Bengel developed principles of hermeneutics (the method and techniques used to interpret written texts) still largely valid. One stated:

'Import nothing into Scripture,
but draw everything out of it,
and overlook nothing
.'

(Ed: Touché!)...In an age (late 1600's, early 1700's) noted for extremely wordy and dull commentaries Bengel's work was concise, meaty. Noting words or phrases in the Biblical text that he considers needing an explanation, Bengel with a phrase or brief sentence points at the essential thought rather than burying it in a paragraph or page of verbiage. The Latin term "gnomon" (Ed: the name given to his NT commentary) refers to the hand or pointer of a sun dial. With his brief comments, Bengel sought to point the reader to the thought and intent of the text and to send him back to and keep him primarily in the Biblical text rather than leading him away from it. Of all the theological literature produced by the Pietists, Bengel's Gnomon merits consideration as the best."

James Rosscup writes "This work (Gnomon), originally issued in 1742, has considerable comment on the Greek, flavoring the effort with judicious details about the spiritual life. It has much that helps...." (Commentaries for Biblical Expositors: An Annotated Bibliography of Selected Works or Logos)

Charles Haddon Spurgeon -- "'A Critical New Testament, so compiled as to enable a reader, unacquainted with Greek, to ascertain the exact English force and meaning of the language of the New Testament, and to appreciate the latest results of modern criticism.' Such is the professed aim of this commentary, and the cocempilers have very fairly carried out their intentions. The whole of Bengel’s Gnomon is bodily transferred into the work, and as one hundred and twenty years have elapsed since the first issue of that book, it may be supposed that much has since been added to the wealth of Scripture exposition; the substance of this has been incorporated in brackets, so as to bring it down to the present advanced state of knowledge. We strongly advise the purchase of this book, as it is multum in parvo, and will well repay an attentive perusal. Tischendorf and Alford have contributed largely, with other German and English critics, to make this one of the most lucid and concise commentaries on the text and teachings of the New Testament" (Spurgeon, C. H. Lectures to my Students, Vol. 4: Commenting and Commentaries; Lectures Addressed to the students of the Pastors' College, Metropolitan Tabernacle)

Philip Schaff notes that Bengel's comments are "a marvel of condensation and spiritual insight, must always remain a classic."

J. Weborg adds that "the Gnomon draws deeply from tradition, both classical and Christian, and in pithy aphorisms captures both the letter and the spirit of the Scriptures." (Historical Handbook of Major Biblical Interpreters or Logos)

The Evangelical Dictionary of Theology notes that Bengel is "often regarded as the father of modern textual criticism."

Marvin Vincent author of the highly acclaimed "Word Studies in the New Testament" quotes Bengel 142 times, reflecting his high regard for Bengel's scholarship.

Spurgeon records the following story about Bengel - During an illness, that illustrious scholar Bengel sent for a student in the Theological Institution, and requested him to impart a word of consolation. The youth replied, "Sir, I am but a pupil, a mere learner; I don’t know what to say to a teacher like you." "What!" said Bengel, "a divinity student, and not able to communicate a word of scriptural comfort!" The student, abashed, contrived to utter the text, "The blood of Jesus Christ, the Son of God, cleanseth us from all sin." "That is the very word I want," said Bengel, "it is quite enough," and taking him affectionately by the hand dismissed him. (My Note Book - C H Spurgeon)

Albert Hauck writes that Bengel would "read nothing into the Scriptures, but draw everything from them, and suffer nothing to remain hidden that is really in them."

Bengel's famous rule for determining a textual variant was "The more difficult reading is to be preferred", reasoning that it was more likely that a scribe would change a more difficult reading to an easier one than vice versa.

W. J. Hart tells the following anecdote  -- "There was a godly man in Germany, named Bengel, who was noted for his intimacy with Christ. A friend desired to watch the saintly man at his devotions. So he concealed himself one night in his room. Bengel sat long at his table, reading his New Testament. The hours passed. At length the clock struck midnight, and the old man spread out his hands and said with great joy, "Dear Lord Jesus, we are on the same old terms." Then closing his book, he was soon in bed and asleep. He had learned the secret of friendship with Christ."

Spurgeon quotes Bengel "The historical matters of Scripture, both narrative and prophecy, constitute as it were the bones of its system; whereas the spiritual matters are as its muscles, blood-vessels and nerves. As the bones are necessary to the human system, so Scripture must have its historical matters. The expositor who nullifies the historical ground-work of Scripture for the sake of finding only spiritual truths everywhere, brings death on all correct interpretation."

Robert Culver notes that German Lutheran scholar Bengel was "credited with making the word ‘millennium’ respectable in Europe in the eighteenth century."

Charles Ryrie - The modern period has witnessed the rise of premillennial teaching. A number of commentators (like J. A. Bengel and Henry Alford) wrote from this viewpoint. (Ryrie's Basic Theology)

Bengel commenting on Jude 1:15, 16 said "A sinner is bad...one who sins without fear is worse."

F W Farrar writes that Bengel's "Gnomon is a mine of priceless gems. It contains sentence after sentence exquisitely terse and finished, and throbbing with spiritual light. Few writers have so admirably succeeded in expressing in a few words the inmost purpose of each of the Epistles. A generation crowded with writers whose theology abounded in mutual anathemas is yet redeemed from the charge of sterility which has produced such a theologian as Bengel. His work must continue to have its value so long as men can recognise the richest fruits of a noble intellect, a pure spirit, and a blameless life. "Lord Jesus, unto Thee I live, unto Thee I suffer, unto Thee I die; Thine I am, living or dying." These words were repeated to him in his last moments, and on hearing them he pointed with his right hand to his heart, and fell asleep in peace." (Amen!) (History of Interpretation: Eight Lectures Preached Before the University of Oxford in the Year 1885).

COMMENTARY
ON MATTHEW
Not Futuristic on Mt 24

Introduction to Matthew

Matthew 1

Matthew 2

Matthew 3

Matthew 4

Matthew 5

Matthew 6

Matthew 7

Matthew 8

Matthew 9

Matthew 10

Matthew 11

Matthew 12

Matthew 13

Matthew 14

Matthew 15

Matthew 16

Matthew 17

Matthew 18

Matthew 19

Matthew 20

Matthew 21

Matthew 22

Matthew 23

Matthew 24

Matthew 25

Matthew 26

Matthew 27

Matthew 28

COMMENTARY
ON MARK

Introduction to Mark
Mark 1
Mark 2
Mark 3
Mark 4
Mark 5
Mark 6
Mark 7
Mark 8
Mark 9
Mark 10
Mark 11
Mark 12
Mark 13
Mark 14
Mark 15
Mark 16

COMMENTARY
ON LUKE

Luke 1
Luke 2
Luke 3
Luke 4
Luke 5
Luke 6
Luke 7
Luke 8
Luke 9
Luke 10
Luke 11
Luke 12
Luke 13
Luke 14
Luke 15
Luke 16
Luke 17
Luke 18
Luke 19
Luke 20
Luke 21
Luke 22
Luke 23
Luke 24

COMMENTARY
ON JOHN

Introduction
John 1
John 2
John 3
John 4
John 5
John 6
John 7
John 8
John 9
John 10
John 11
John 12
John 13
John 14
John 15
John 16
John 17
John 18
John 19
John 20
John 21

COMMENTARY
ON ACTS

Introduction
Acts  1
Acts  2
Acts  3

Acts  4
Acts  5
Acts  6
Acts  7
Acts  8
Acts  9
Acts 10
Acts  11

Acts  12
Acts  13
Acts  14
Acts  15
Acts  16
Acts  17
Acts  18
Acts  19
Acts  20

Acts  21
Acts  22
Acts  23
Acts  24
Acts  25
Acts  26
Acts  27
Acts  28

COMMENTARY
ON ROMANS

Romans 1
Romans 2
Romans 3
Romans 4
Romans 5
Romans 6
Romans 7
Romans 8
Romans 9
Romans 10
Romans 11
Romans 12
Romans 13
Romans 14
Romans 15
Romans 16

COMMENTARY
ON 1 CORINTHIANS

1 Corinthians 1
1 Corinthians 2
1 Corinthians 3
1 Corinthians 4
1 Corinthians 5
1 Corinthians 6
1 Corinthians 7
1 Corinthians 8
1 Corinthians 9
1 Corinthians 10
1 Corinthians 11
1 Corinthians 12
1 Corinthians 13
1 Corinthians 14
1 Corinthians 15
1 Corinthians 16

COMMENTARY
ON 2 CORINTHIANS

2 Corinthians 1
2 Corinthians 2
2 Corinthians 3
2 Corinthians 4
2 Corinthians 5
2 Corinthians 6
2 Corinthians 7
2 Corinthians 8
2 Corinthians 9
2 Corinthians 10
2 Corinthians 11
2 Corinthians 12
2 Corinthians 13

COMMENTARY
ON GALATIANS

Galatians 1
Galatians 2
Galatians 3
Galatians 4
Galatians 5
Galatians 6

COMMENTARY
ON EPHESIANS

Ephesians 1
Ephesians 2
Ephesians 3
Ephesians 4
Ephesians 5
Ephesians 6

COMMENTARY
ON PHILIPPIANS

Philippians 1
Philippians 2
Philippians 3
Philippians 4

COMMENTARY
ON COLOSSIANS

Colossians 1
Colossians 2
Colossians 3
Colossians 4

COMMENTARY
ON 1 THESSALONIANS

1 Thessalonians 1
1 Thessalonians 2
1 Thessalonians 3
1 Thessalonians 4
1 Thessalonians 5

COMMENTARY
ON 2 THESSALONIANS

2 Thessalonians 1
2 Thessalonians 2
2 Thessalonians 3
 

COMMENTARY
ON 1 TIMOTHY

1 Timothy 1
1 Timothy 2
1 Timothy 3
1 Timothy 4
1 Timothy 5

1 Timothy 6

COMMENTARY
ON 2 TIMOTHY

2 Timothy 1
2 Timothy 2
2 Timothy 3
2 Timothy 4

COMMENTARY
ON TITUS

Titus 1
Titus 2
Titus 3
 

COMMENTARY
ON PHILEMON

Philemon  

COMMENTARY
ON HEBREWS

Introduction to Hebrews

Hebrews 1
Hebrews 2
Hebrews 3
Hebrews 4
Hebrews 5
Hebrews 6
Hebrews 7
Hebrews 8
Hebrews 9
Hebrews 10
Hebrews 11
Hebrews 12
Hebrews 13

COMMENTARY
ON JAMES

James 1

James 2

James 3

James 4

James 5

COMMENTARY
ON 1 PETER

1 Peter 1
1 Peter 2

1 Peter 3
1 Peter 4
1 Peter 5

COMMENTARY
ON 2 PETER

2 Peter 1
2 Peter 2
2 Peter 3
 

COMMENTARY
ON 1 JOHN

1 John 1

1 John 2

1 John 3

1 John 4

1 John 5

COMMENTARY
ON 2 JOHN

2 John 1  

COMMENTARY
ON 3 JOHN

3 John  

COMMENTARY
ON JUDE

Jude  

COMMENTARY
ON REVELATION

Be a Berean and be aware that Bengel unfortunately attempted to set a date for beginning of the Millennium! (Mt 24:36, 25:13, Mk 13:32, Acts 1:7) On the other hand, he was soundly criticized by contemporary Lutheran scholars for his defense of an earthly Millennium and literal fulfillment of prophecy! Not a bad thing for which to be criticized!

Introduction to Revelation
Revised Translation

Revelation 1

Revelation 2

Revelation 3

Revelation 4

Revelation 5

Revelation 6

Revelation 7

Revelation 8

Revelation  9

Revelation 10
Revelation 11

Revelation 12

Revelation 13

Revelation 14

Revelation 15

Revelation 16

Revelation 17

Revelation 18

Revelation 19

Revelation 20

Revelation 21

Revelation 22

 

Gnomon of the New Testament
Johann (John) Bengel

(1687-1752)
(See Critique)
"Apply the text wholly to yourself;
Apply yourself wholly to the text
."
--Bengel

 

COMMENTARY
ON MATTHEW
Be a Berean!
Not Futuristic on Mt 24

Bengel's Preface

Matthew Overview and Outline

Matthew 1
Matthew 2

Matthew 3

Matthew 4

Matthew 5

Matthew 6

Matthew 7

Matthew 8

Matthew 9

Matthew 10

Matthew 11

Matthew 12

Matthew 13

Matthew 14

Matthew 15

Matthew 16

Matthew 17

Matthew 18

Matthew 19

Matthew 20

Matthew 21

Matthew 22

Matthew 23

Matthew 24

Matthew 25

Matthew 26

Matthew 27

Matthew 28

COMMENTARY
ON MARK

Introduction to Mark
Mark 1
Mark 2
Mark 3
Mark 4
Mark 5
Mark 6
Mark 7
Mark 8
Mark 9
Mark 10
Mark 11
Mark 12
Mark 13
Mark 14
Mark 15
Mark 16

COMMENTARY
ON LUKE

Luke 1
Luke 2
Luke 3
Luke 4
Luke 5
Luke 6
Luke 7
Luke 8
Luke 9
Luke 10
Luke 11
Luke 12
Luke 13
Luke 14
Luke 15
Luke 16
Luke 17
Luke 18
Luke 19
Luke 20
Luke 21
Luke 22
Luke 23
Luke 24

COMMENTARY
ON JOHN

John 1
John 2
John 3
John 4
John 5
John 6
John 7
John 8
John 9
John 10
 
John 11
John 12
John 13
John 14
John 15
John 16
John 17
John 18
John 19
John 20
John 21

COMMENTARY
ON ACTS

Introduction
Acts  1
Acts  2
Acts  3
Acts  4
Acts  5
Acts  6
Acts  7
Acts  8
Acts  9

Acts 10
Acts  11

Acts  12
Acts  13
Acts  14
Acts 15
Acts 16
Acts 17
Acts 18
Acts 19
Acts 20
Acts 21
Acts 22
Acts 23
Acts 24
Acts 25
Acts 26
Acts 27
Acts 28

COMMENTARY
ON ROMANS

Romans 1
Romans 2
Romans 3
Romans 4
Romans 5
Romans 6
Romans 7
Romans 8
Romans 9
Romans 10
Romans 11
Romans 12
Romans 13
Romans 14
Romans 15
Romans 16

COMMENTARY
ON 1 CORINTHIANS

1 Corinthians 1
1 Corinthians 2
1 Corinthians 3
1 Corinthians 4
1 Corinthians 5
1 Corinthians 6
1 Corinthians 7
1 Corinthians 8
1 Corinthians 9
1 Corinthians 10
1 Corinthians 11
1 Corinthians 12
1 Corinthians 13
1 Corinthians 14
1 Corinthians 15
1 Corinthians 16

COMMENTARY
ON 2 CORINTHIANS

2 Corinthians 1
2 Corinthians 2
2 Corinthians 3
2 Corinthians 4
2 Corinthians 5
2 Corinthians 6
2 Corinthians 7
2 Corinthians 8
2 Corinthians 9
2 Corinthians 10
2 Corinthians 11
2 Corinthians 12
2 Corinthians 13

COMMENTARY
ON GALATIANS

Galatians 1
Galatians 2
Galatians 3
Galatians 4
Galatians 5
Galatians 6

COMMENTARY
ON EPHESIANS

Ephesians 1
Ephesians 2
Ephesians 3
Ephesians 4
Ephesians 5
Ephesians 6

COMMENTARY
ON PHILIPPIANS

Philippians 1

Philippians 2

Philippians 3

Philippians 4

COMMENTARY
ON COLOSSIANS

Colossians 1
Colossians 2
Colossians 3
Colossians 4

COMMENTARY
ON 1 THESSALONIANS

1 Thessalonians 1
1 Thessalonians 2
1 Thessalonians 3
1 Thessalonians 4
1 Thessalonians 5

COMMENTARY
ON 2 THESSALONIANS

2 Thessalonians 1
2 Thessalonians 2
2 Thessalonians 3
 

COMMENTARY
ON 1 TIMOTHY

1 Timothy 1
1 Timothy 2
1 Timothy 3
1 Timothy 4
1 Timothy 5
1 Timothy 6

COMMENTARY
ON 2 TIMOTHY

2 Timothy 1
2 Timothy 2
2 Timothy 3
2 Timothy 4

COMMENTARY
ON TITUS

Titus 1
Titus 2
Titus 3
 

COMMENTARY
ON PHILEMON

Philemon  

COMMENTARY
ON HEBREWS

Introduction to Hebrews

Hebrews 1
Hebrews 2
Hebrews 3
Hebrews 4
Hebrews 5
Hebrews 6
Hebrews 7
Hebrews 8
Hebrews 9
Hebrews 10
Hebrews 11
Hebrews 12
Hebrews 13

COMMENTARY
ON JAMES

James 1

James 2

James 3

James 4

James 5

COMMENTARY
ON 1 PETER

1 Peter 1

1 Peter 2

1 Peter 3

1 Peter 4

1 Peter 5

 

COMMENTARY
ON 2 PETER

2 Peter 1
2 Peter 2
2 Peter 3
 

COMMENTARY
ON 1 JOHN

1 John 1

1 John 2

1 John 3

1 John 4

1 John 5

COMMENTARY
ON 2 JOHN

2 John 1  

COMMENTARY
ON 3 JOHN

3 John  

COMMENTARY
ON JUDE

Jude  

COMMENTARY
ON REVELATION

Be a Berean and be aware that Bengel unfortunately attempted to set a date for beginning of the Millennium! (Mt 24:36, 25:13, Mk 13:32, Acts 1:7) On the other hand, he was soundly criticized by contemporary Lutheran scholars for his defense of an earthly Millennium and literal fulfillment of prophecy! Not a bad thing for which to be criticized!

Introduction to Revelation
Revised Translation

Revelation 1

Revelation 2

Revelation 3

Revelation 4

Revelation 5

Revelation 6

Revelation 7

Revelation 8

Revelation  9

Revelation 10
Revelation 11

Revelation 12

Revelation 13

Revelation 14

Revelation 15

Revelation 16

Revelation 17

Revelation 18

Revelation 19

Revelation 20

Revelation 21

Revelation 22


Home | Site Index | Inductive Bible Study | Greek Word Studies | Commentaries by Verse | Area Precept Classes | Reference Search | Bible Dictionaries | Bible Maps | It's Greek to Me | Bible Commentaries | Discipline Yourself | Christian Biography | Wailing Wall | Bible Prophecy
Last Updated July, 2013

E-Mail