Amos Commentaries



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The Twelve Minor Prophets
Hosea Joel Amos Obadiah Jonah Micah Nahum
 Habakkuk Zephaniah Haggai Zechariah Malachi


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Related Resources

Amos Commentaries
Amos Devotionals
C H Spurgeon Sermons on Amos
Alexander Maclaren Sermons on Amos


Resources on Amos
Commentaries, Sermons, Illustrations, Devotionals
See disclaimer
Updated December 14, 2014

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New American Standard Bible
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Amos Book Chart

Amos 1:1
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Amos 3:14
Amos 3:15
Amos 4:1
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Amos 5:27
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Amos 6:13
Amos 6:14
Amos 7:1
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Amos 7:14
Amos 7:15
Amos 7:16
Amos 7:17
Amos 8:1
Amos 8:2
Amos 8:3
Amos 8:4
Amos 8:5
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Amos 8:7
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Amos 8:10
Amos 8:11
Amos 8:12
Amos 8:13
Amos 8:14
Amos 9:1
Amos 9:2
Amos 9:3
Amos 9:4
Amos 9:5
Amos 9:6
Amos 9:7
Amos 9:8
Amos 9:9
Amos 9:10
Amos 9:11
Amos 9:12
Amos 9:13
Amos 9:14
Amos 9:15

Sermons Related to Joel
Variable Quality (sometimes only notes),
Occasional Outlines, Scattered Illustrations
See list of sermons on left side

Amos 1

Amos 2

Amos 3

Amos 4

Amos 5

Amos 6

Amos 7

Amos 8  

Brian Bell
Sermon Notes on Amos

Amos 1-2
Amos 3
Amos 4
Amos 5
Amos 6
Amos 7
Amos 8  

Barnes Notes
Amos Commentary
Be a Berean - Not Always Literal
Especially in prophetic passages
Anecdotes, illustrations, etc


Amos 1 Commentary
Amos 2 Commentary
Amos 3 Commentary

Amos 4 Commentary
Amos 5 Commentary
Amos 6 Commentary

Amos 7 Commentary
Amos 8 Commentary
Amos 9 Commentary

Biblical Illustrator
Amos Commentary
Be a Berean - Not Always Literal
Especially in prophetic passages
Anecdotes, illustrations, etc


Amos 1 Commentary
Amos 2 Commentary
Amos 3 Commentary

Amos 4 Commentary
Amos 5 Commentary
Amos 6 Commentary

Amos 7 Commentary
Amos 8 Commentary
Amos 9 Commentary

Adam Clarke
Amos Commentary

Amos 1 Commentary
Amos 2 Commentary
Amos 3 Commentary
Amos 4 Commentary
Amos 5 Commentary
Amos 6 Commentary
Amos 7 Commentary
Amos 8 Commentary
Amos 9 Commentary Resources
Resources that Reference Amos
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Recommended Resource
Conservative, Literal Interpretation

Amos 1
Amos 2
Amos 3
Amos 4
Amos 5
Amos 6
Amos 7
Amos 8
Amos 9

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Amos Book Chart

Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges
Amos Commentary
Be cautious (Acts 17:11-note): Does not always interpret the Scripture Literally

Amos 1 Commentary
Amos 2 Commentary
Amos 3 Commentary

Amos 4 Commentary
Amos 5 Commentary
Amos 6 Commentary

Amos 7 Commentary
Amos 8 Commentary
Amos 9 Commentary

Thomas Constable
Amos Commentary

Amos 1 Commentary Amos 2 Commentary Amos 3 Commentary Amos 4 Commentary
Amos 5 Commentary Amos 6 Commentary Amos 7 Commentary Amos 8 Commentary
Amos 9 Commentary

W A Criswell
Sermon Notes on Amos

Amos 8:11 A Famine for the Bread of Life

Amos 9:14-15 Report on Israel (1973)

Ron Daniel
Sermon Notes on Amos

Amos 1:1
Amos 1:2-2:16
Amos 3-4
Amos 5:-6
Amos 7-9

J N Darby
Commentary on Amos

Amos 1 Commentary
Amos 2 Commentary
Amos 3 Commentary
Amos 4 Commentary
Amos 5 Commentary
Amos 6 Commentary
Amos 7 Commentary
Amos 8 Commentary
Amos 9 Commentary

Easy English
Simple Translation of Amos

Amos: Bad Things Will Happen Soon

Arnold Fruchtenbaum
Israelology - Commentary on Israel
Note: This resource is listed because it has numerous
commentary notes that relate to the OT Prophetic Books
Updated December, 2014

Israelology: Part 1 of 6  Introduction: Definition of Terms 
Israelology: Part 2 of 6  Israel Present (Note: Article begins on Page 2) 
Israelology: Part 3 of 6  Israel Present (Continued) (
Israelology: Part 4 of 6 - Israel Future (Part One) 
Israelology: Part 5 of 6 - Israel Future (Part Two)
Israelology: Part 6 of 6 Other Relevant Topics - Illustrations of Israel (including marriage) 

A C Gaebelein
Commentary on Amos
The Annotated Bible
Conservative, Literal Interpretation

Introduction. The Time of His Prophecy
The Characteristic of His Times. The Style of Amos.

The Message of Amos
The Division of the Book of Amos


Amos 1 Commentary

I. Judgment of the Nations, Judah and Israel. Chapters 1-2
Amos 1:1-2 The Introduction
Amos 1:3-5 Damascus
Amos 1:6-8 Philistia
Amos 1:9-10 Tyre
Amos 1:11-12 Edom
Amos 1:13-15 Ammon

Amos 2 Commentary
Amos 2:1-3 Moab
Amos 2:4-5 Judah
Amos 2:6-16 Israel


Amos 3 Commentary
II. The Prophetic Messages Uncovering the Condition of the People. Chapters 3-6

Amos 3:1-8 There is Cause for Judgment
Amos 3:9-15 The Coming Judgment Visitation


Amos 4 Commentary
Amos 4:1-5 Divine Threatening and Irony
Amos 4:6-11 Yet Have Ye Not Returned Unto Me
Amos 4:12-13 Prepare to Meet Thy God


Amos 5 Commentary
Amos 5:1-3 The Lamentation
Amos 5:4-15 Seek the Lord and Ye Shall Live
Amos 5:16-20 The Wailing
Amos 5:21-27 The Captivity Announced


Amos 6 Commentary
Amos 6:1-6 Woe to Them That Are at Ease in Zion
Amos 6:7-14 The Punishment Announced


Amos 7 Commentary

III. The Five Visions of the Prophet. Chapters 7-9

Amos 7:1-3 The Vision of Locusts
Amos 7:4-6 The Vision Concerning the Fire
Amos 7:7-9 The Vision of the Plumbline
Amos 7:10-17 Opposition Against Amos


Amos 8 Commentary
Amos 8:1-3 The Vision
Amos 8:4-10 Israel Ripe for Judgment
Amos 8:11-14 The Coming Days of Famine


Amos 9 Commentary
Amos 9:1-10 The Fifth Vision. The Passing of a Kingdom
Amos 9:11-15 The Coming of the Kingdom

John Gill
Commentary on Amos
Be cautious (Acts 17:11-
note): Does not always interpret the Scripture Literally
and sometimes replaces
Israel with the Church (note)

Comment on this Commentary: John Gill unfortunately all too often offers a non-literal interpretation in the Old Testament (especially in his commentary on the prophetic books) as shown in the following example from Amos 9:11KJV  where Gill interprets "In that day will I raise up the tabernacle of David that is fallen" not even as the Targum which much more literally records this as a reference to the "tabernacle of the kingdom of the house of David". Instead, Gill spiritualizes the passage "to be understood of the spiritual kingdom of Christ, the church"! This is a nonsensical interpretation, for there is nothing in the context that allows one to conclude that the Old Testament prophet Amos was describing the New Testament church (a mystery [musterion] in the OT-cf Ep 3:4, 5-note, Ep 3:6-note) but of a literal tabernacle in a literal land, as indicated by the description of the bountiful harvest in Amos 9:12, 13 which describes a literal future kingdom when Israel will possess the remnant of Edom (modern day Jordan) (see the description of the unusually fruitful conditions of the Millennium). It follows that non-literal comments such as those  Gill proffers on Amos 9:11-15 are misleading and can result in the observer completely missing God's specific intended meaning of the passage! John Calvin, Matthew Henry (see below) and Adam Clarke are among a number of older commentators who exhibit a similar propensity to identify OT references to the literal nation of Israel as references to the New Testament church. As noted Jamieson's commentary is generally more literal (see his much more literal comments on Amos 9:11ff). These older commentaries have some good material (Gill frequently injects interesting comments by Jewish writers)  but clearly must be approached with a Berean-like mindset (Acts 17:11-note). The best rule to apply to the interpretation of these OT passages is to remember the maxim that if the plain sense of the text (the literal sense) makes good sense, seek to make no other sense lest it turn out to be nonsense!

Amos 1 Commentary
Amos 2 Commentary
Amos 3 Commentary
Amos 4 Commentary
Amos 5 Commentary
Amos 6 Commentary
Amos 7 Commentary
Amos 8 Commentary
Amos 9 Commentary

David Guzik
Commentary on Amos

Amos 1 Commentary
Amos 2 Commentary
Amos 3 Commentary

Amos 4 Commentary
Amos 5 Commentary
Amos 6 Commentary

Amos 7 Commentary
Amos 8 Commentary
Amos 9 Commentary

Danny Hall
Sermons on Amos
Peninsula Bible Church

Amos 1:1-2 The God With Whom We Have To Do
Amos 1:2-2:3 The Sins of the Nations
Amos 2:4-3:8 Who Turned Out The Light?
Amos 3:9-6:14 The Disciplining Hand of God
Amos 5:1-17 The Merciful Hand of God
Amos 7:1-17 Finding Our Voice
Amos 8:1-9.15 A Reason to Hope

Ebenezer Henderson
Commentary on Amos
from "The Book of the Twelve Minor Prophets"
(originally published 1845)
General Preface

James Rosscup writes "This 1858 work supplies much help on matters of the text, word meaning, resolving some problems, etc. Some have found it one of the most contributive sources in getting at what a text means." (Commentaries for Biblical Expositors: An Annotated Bibliography of Selected Works or Logos Format)

Amos 1 Commentary
Amos 2 Commentary
Amos 3 Commentary

Amos 4 Commentary
Amos 5 Commentary
Amos 6 Commentary

Amos 7 Commentary
Amos 8 Commentary
Amos 9 Commentary

Matthew Henry
Commentary on Amos
Be cautious (Acts 17:11-note): Does not always interpret the Scripture Literally
and sometimes replaces
Israel with the Church (note)

Comment on this Commentary: Matthew Henry's comments on the OT like those of John Gill, Adam Clarke's and John Calvin are not always literal (see preceding discussion). For example, Henry says Amos 9:11KJV refers to "those days that shall come, in which God will do great things for his church". Henry goes on to make the even more confusing nonsensical comment that "The church militant, in its present state, dwelling as in shepherds' tents to feed, as in soldiers' tents to fight, is the tabernacle of David." (See Tony Garland's article - Rise of Allegorical Interpretation). Hopefully,  this example will help the reader understand why much caution is needed when viewing Matthew Henry's comments on the Old Testament, especially his comments on the prophetic books! So why is Henry even listed? Matthew Henry is included because he often has very practical, poignant devotional thoughts and/or pithy points of application.

Amos 1
Amos 2 Commentary
Amos 3 Commentary
Amos 4 Commentary
Amos 5 Commentary
Amos 6 Commentary
Amos 7 Commentary
Amos 8 Commentary
Amos 9 Commentary

Homiletical Commentary
on the Minor prophets
Commentary on Amos
Multiple Contributors (Spurgeon, Luther, Gurnall, Trapp, etc)
Homiletics , Illustrations
Interesting Resource
Be a Berean - Not Always Literal

Amos 1 Critical Notes
Amos 1:1-2 The Man and His Message
Amos 1:3-5 The Judgment of Damascus
Amos 1:6-8 The Judgment of Gaza
Amos 1:9, 10 The Judgment of Tyre
Amos 1:11, 12 The Judgment of Edom
Amos 1:11, 12 The Judgment of Ammon
Amos 1 Illustrations to Chapter 1


Amos 2 Critical Notes
Amos 2:1-3 The Judgment on Moab
Amos 2:4,5 The Judgment on Judah
Amos 2:6-16 The Judgment on Israel
Amos 2:10 Christian Pilgrimage
Amos 2 Illustrations to Chapter 2


Amos 3 Critical Notes
Amos 3:1-2 God's Chastisement of A Covenant People
Amos 3:3-8 Divine Intentions and Executions
Amos 3:3 Walking in Agreement with God
Amos 3:9-12 National Calamities
Amos 3:13, 14 Divine Visitation
Amos 3 Illustrations to Chapter 3


Amos 4 Critical Notes

Amos 4:1-3 Sad Pictures of Human Life
Amos 4:4-5 Ungodly Life and Formal Education
Amos 4:6-11 The Corrective Measures of God's Providence
Amos 4 The Firemen of God or the Strange Parallel Between Fire and Sin
Amos 4:12 Threatened Evil Escaped by Return of God
Amos 4:12, 13 Prepare to Meet Thy God
Amos 4:13 The Dispensations of Providence Carrying Out the Designs of Grace
Amos 4 Illustrations to Chapter 4


Amos 5 Critical Notes

Amos 5:1-3 The Funeral Dirge
Amos 5:4-6 Seeking God and Renouncing Sin
Amos 5:6 Divine Justice A Consuming Fire
Amos 5:7 Judgment Turned to Wormwood
Amos 5:9, 10 God Greatly to be Feared
Amos 5:10-13 Manifold and Mighty Sins
Amos 5:13 Times of Prudent Silence
Amos 5:14,15 Seeking and Enjoying God
Amos 5:16-20 The Day of the Lord
Amos 5:18 Death Not Always Desirable
Amos 5:21-23 The Ritual Without the Moral
Amos 5:24 Judgments Like a Flood
Amos 5:25-27 Hereditary Sins and Grievous Punishment
Amos 5 Illustrations to Chapter 5


Amos 6 Critical Notes

Amos 6:1 At Ease in Zion
Amos 6:2-3 Ingratitude for the Presence and Indifference to the Warnings of God
Amos 6:4-6 A Reckless Community
Amos 6:7-11 National Retribution Upon Sinful Indulgence
Amos 6:12-14 A Hopeless People
Amos 6 Illustrations to Chapter 6


Amos 7 Critical Notes

Amos 7:1-3 The Scourging Locusts
Amos 7:4 God Contending With Fire
Amos 7:7-9 The Measuring Plumbline
Amos 7:1-9 The First Three Visions
Amos 7:10-17 The Encounter Between Priest and Prophet
Amos 7 Illustrations to Chapter 7


Amos 8 Critical Notes
Amos 8:1-2 A Basket of Summer Fruit
Amos 8:3 A Day of Sadness
Amos 8:4-6 The Deeds of Covetousness
Amos 8:7-10 The Curse of Covetousness
Amos 8:11-14 A Famine of the Word
Amos 8 Illustrations to Chapter 8

Amos 9 Critical Notes

Amos 9:1-4 The Final Calamity
Amos 9:4 God's Eye Fixed on Sinners
Amos 9:7,8 God's Covenant Does Not Invalidate His Word
Amos 9:8-10 The Sifting Process
Amos 9:11, 12 The Fallen Tabernacle Reared and Enlarged
Amos 9:13-15 The Spiritual Glory of the Raised Tabernacle
Amos 9 Illustrations to Chapter 9

Jamieson, Fausset, Brown
Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible


One of the best older commentaries on prophetic passages. Tends to interpret the Scriptures literally.

Amos 1 Commentary
Amos 2 Commentary
Amos 3 Commentary

Amos 4 Commentary
Amos 5 Commentary
Amos 6 Commentary

Amos 7 Commentary
Amos 8 Commentary
Amos 9 Commentary

Jamieson, Fausset, Brown
Unabridged Version

Amos 1 Commentary
Amos 2 Commentary
Amos 3 Commentary

Amos 4 Commentary
Amos 5 Commentary
Amos 6 Commentary

Amos 7 Commentary
Amos 8 Commentary
Amos 9 Commentary

S Lewis Johnson
Sermons on Amos
Believers Chapel
Mp3 Audio Only
Who is Dr Johnson?

Keil & Delitzsch
Commentary on Amos
See caveat regarding this commentary

Amos 1 Commentary
Amos 2 Commentary
Amos 3 Commentary
Amos 4 Commentary
Amos 5 Commentary
Amos 6 Commentary
Amos 7 Commentary
Amos 8 Commentary
Amos 9 Commentary

Lange's Commentary
Commentary on the Old Testament
Be cautious (Acts 17:11-
note): Does not always interpret the Scripture Literally

Amos 1 Commentary
Amos 2 Commentary
Amos 3 Commentary
Amos 4 Commentary
Amos 5 Commentary
Amos 6 Commentary
Amos 7 Commentary
Amos 8 Commentary
Amos 9 Commentary

J Vernon McGee
Thru the Bible
Commentary on Amos

Mp3 Audio
Click to listen or
Right click and select "Save Target as"
Literal, futuristic interpretation
Complete Commentary of Amos on one zip file

Amos Introduction 
Amos The Country Preacher
Amos One of God's Men
Amos - Amaziah's Answer
Amos 1 Introduction
Amos 1:1-2 Commentary

Amos 1:3 Commentary

Amos 1:4-5 Commentary

Amos 1:6-8 Commentary

Amos 1:9-12 Commentary

Amos 1:13-15 Commentary

Amos 2:1-3 Commentary

Amos 2:4-5 Commentary

Amos 2:6 Commentary

Amos 2:7-8 Commentary

Amos 2:9 Commentary

Amos 2:10-12 Commentary
Amos 2:13-16 Commentary

Amos 3:1-2 Commentary

Amos 3:3 Commentary
Amos 3:4-6 Commentary

Amos 3:7-8 Commentary

Amos 3:9-11 Commentary

Amos 3:12-15 Commentary

Amos 4:1 Commentary

Amos 4:2-5 Commentary

Amos 4:6-10 Commentary

Amos 4:11-12 Commentary

Amos 4:13 Commentary
Amos 5:1-5 Commentary 
Amos 5:6-7 Commentary
Amos 5:8-11 Commentary

Amos 5:12-15 Commentary
Amos 5:16-18 Commentary

Amos 5:19-20 Commentary

Amos 5:21-27 Commentary

Amos 6:1 Commentary
Amos 6:2-3 Commentary

Amos 6:4 Commentary

Amos 6:5-6 Commentary

Amos 6:7-10 Commentary

Amos 6:11-14 Commentary

Amos 7:1-3 Commentary

Amos 7:4-6 Commentary
Amos 7:7-9 Commentary

Amos 7:10-15 Commentary

Amos 7:16-17 Commentary

Amos 8:1 Commentary

Amos 8:2-4 Commentary

Amos 8:5-6 Commentary

Amos 8:7 Commentary

Amos 8:8-10 Commentary

Amos 8:11-14 Commentary

Amos 9:1 Commentary

Amos 9:2 Commentary

Amos 9:3-6 Commentary

Amos 9:7-10 Commentary

Amos 9:11-15 Commentary

Alexander Maclaren
Who is Alexander Maclaren (1826-1910)?

Amos 3:8 A Pair of Friends

Amos 4:4-13 Smitten in Vain

Amos 5:4-15 The Sins of Society

Amos 4:8 The Carcass and the Eagles

Amos 8:1-14 Ripe For Gathering

F B Meyer
Our Daily Homily

Amos 1:1

Amos 2:13

Amos 3:3

Amos 4:12

Amos 5:8

Amos 6:1

Amos 7:1

Amos 8:11

Amos 9:11-12

Miscellaneous Resources
Commentaries, Sermons, Devotionals

THEOLOGICAL JOURNAL ARTICLES: Enter Query below to search articles >30 conservative Theological Journals - An annual or monthly fee (click here) is required to view the entire article but will give you access to literally thousands of conservative articles. Search by book You can also search by chapter like: John 1 or Gen. 2 You can also search by simple or complex references like: James 1:2 or Hebrews 1:1-3,6; 5:4

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For Example...

The Message of Amos - Robert Spender
An Evangelical Response To The Preaching Of Amos - T J Finley
Millennial Restoration Of Israel As Seen In Amos 9:11-15 -R Lopez
Amos A Critical Study -- James L. Kelso

Amos The Preacher Of The Gospel Of Law -- L. O. Luneberger

Analysis of the Structure of Amos --  Stephen J. Bramer

The Vision of Amos --  John B. Whitford

Continuity & Discontinuity In Amos’ Use Of Tradition - Gary V. Smith

The Prophets and the Promise - 433 Page Book W J Beecher
Amos Book Chart
Amos Book Chart - Insight for Living

See discussion of the Day of the Lord = Amos 5:18, 20

Day of the LORD

Amos, Theology of - Baker's Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology

Amos - The 1901 Jewish Encyclopedia

Amos - American Tract Society Bible Dictionary

Amos - Bridgeway Bible Dictionary

Amos - Easton's Bible Dictionary

Amos - Fausset's Bible Dictionary

Amos - Holman Bible Dictionary

Amos - Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible

Amos - Morrish Bible Dictionary

Amos - Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary

Amos - 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica

Amos - International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

Amos - Kitto's Popular Cyclopedia of Biblical Literature

Amos - Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature

Amoz - Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature

Dictionary Articles
The Commanding Importance of the Prophetic Scriptures Charles Feinberg
Amos - An Overview Grace Institute

Christ in the Book of Amos

A M Hodgkin

Precept Helps on Amos Lessons 1-3

Louisiana Precept

G Campbell Morgan's devotional/practical thoughts make good fodder for sermon preparation! Amos - Living Messages

G Campbell Morgan
Minor Prophets - Book Introductions
Amos and Obadiah - Introductory Notes, Outlines
J Vernon McGee

Amos -Intro, Date, Setting, Themes, Interpretative Challenges, Outline

When were the Bible books written?

Excerpt: Interpretive Challenges = In Amos 9:11, the Lord promised that He “will raise up the tabernacle of David, which has fallen down.” At the Jerusalem Council, convened to discuss whether Gentiles should be allowed into the church without requiring circumcision, James quotes this passage (Acts 15:15,16) to support Peter’s report of how God had “visited the Gentiles to take out of them a people for His name” (Acts 15:14). Some have thus concluded that the passage was fulfilled in Jesus, the greater Son of David, through whom the dynasty of David was reestablished. The Acts reference, however, is best seen as an illustration of Amos’ words and not the fulfillment. The temporal allusions to a future time (“On that day,” Amos 9:11), when Israel will “possess the remnant of Edom, and all the Gentiles” (Amos 9:12), when the Lord “will plant them in their land, and no longer shall they be pulled up from the land I have given them” (Amos 9:15), all make it clear that the prophet is speaking of Messiah’s return at the Second Advent to sit upon the throne of David (cf. Isaiah 9:7-See commentary), not the establishment of the church by the apostles.

John MacArthur

An Introduction to the Book of Amos
An Argument of the Book of Amos

David Malick

The Prophet's Watchword: Day of the LORD - Amos 5:18, 19,20

Richard Mayhue

Intro to Amos —NIV Study Bible

NIV Study Bible

Prepared to Meet God - Amos - Lesson 1 of Precept Inductive Study

Amos: Prepare to Meet Thy God - Background Introduction Wil Pounds
Amos 2:6 Worthlessness
Amos 2:8 Idolatrous Customs
Amos 3:12 Damask Covering
Amos 3:15 Palaces
Amos 5:26 Chiun (Kiyyun)
Amos 6:4 Beds of Ivory
Amos 6:12 Horses, Unshod
Amos 7:14 Cultivation of Figs
Amos 9:9 The Sieve
Manners and Customs
James Freeman
Amos, Joel, Amos, Obadiah - study Middletown Bible

The Messianic Hope of Israel - The Witness of Amos...
Though Amos ministered during the prosperous days of Uzziah in Judah and the second Jeroboam in Israel, he clearly perceived the rottenness underneath the outward magnificence which would sooner or later break out and bring about the ruin of the two houses of Israel. GOD would shake them as with an earthquake.

However, he saw that a remnant would be preserved: "Thus saith the LORD; As the shepherd taketh out of the mouth of the lion two legs, or a piece of an ear; so shall the children of Israel be taken out that dwell in Samaria in the corner of a bed, and in Damascus in a couch" (Amos 3:12) (Amos 5:3-14). Israel's Shepherd would "deliver" them. And who can this Shepherd be but the One who says: "I am the good Shepherd?"

Again there is a distinct personal type of the Messiah as the Intercessor in Amos 7:2-9. The Prophets of Israel were no mere lookers on from a distance. The SPIRIT of CHRIST was in them, and formed in them Christ-like feelings about the situations revealed to them prophetically. But there is more. Amos saw that beyond the judgments there would be a glorious revival to the fallen tabernacle of David (Amos 9:9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15). Surely that revival could only be fulfilled in the risen CHRIST!

In Him the destinies of the house of David find their goal. Here again the spirit of prophecy harks back to the original charter made with David in II Samuel: "And thine house and thy kingdom shall be established for ever before thee: thy throne shall be established for ever" (Amos 7:16). Even though the tree were hewn down and only a stump remained, yet out of it shall yet spring the lowly rod on which the seven-fold Spirit could rest: "And there shall come forth a rod out of the stem of Jesse, and a Branch shall grow out of his roots: And the spirit of the LORD shall rest upon him, the spirit of wisdom and understanding, the spirit of counsel and might, the spirit of knowledge and of the fear of the LORD" (Isaiah 11:1-2). Hence the ancient synagogue called the Messiah Bar-Naphlim, that is: He who springs from the fallen family of David.

Max I Reich
The Prophet Amos (Overview) Arend Remmers
Messianic Prophecies
Related Resource On Site: Messianic Prophecies
Allen Ross
Amos Book Chart - Insight for Living

Book of Amos Overview - Insight for Living Ministries

Excerpt: Why is Amos so important? Amos was fed up. While most of the prophets interspersed redemption and restoration in their prophecies against Israel and Judah, Amos devoted only the final five verses of his prophecy for such consolation. Prior to that, God’s word through Amos was directed against the privileged people of Israel, a people who had no love for their neighbor, who took advantage of others, and who only looked out for their own concerns. More than almost any other book of Scripture, the book of Amos holds God’s people accountable for their ill-treatment of others. It repeatedly points out the failure of the people to fully embrace God’s idea of justice. They were selling off needy people for goods, taking advantage of the helpless, oppressing the poor, and the men were using women immorally (Amos 2:6–8; 3:10; 4:1; 5:11–12; 8:4–6). Drunk on their own economic success and intent on strengthening their financial position, the people had lost the concept of caring for one another; Amos rebuked them because he saw in that lifestyle evidence that Israel had forgotten God.

Charles Swindoll

Analysis of Amos - Well Done

James Van Dine

OT Reflections of Christ - Amos

(Amos 6:1-8)
Perhaps the greatest reason for the prophet's condemnation of Israel was that the people were ''at ease.'' They were indolent, sinful, and indifferent to the Lord. All of this was at a time when great unrighteousness marked the nation. It will help if we consider what characterized this unrighteousness.

A dependence upon natural things (Amos 6:1).
In effect, the people of Israel said, ''Look at our fortifications; these very mountains are our bulwarks.'' How often this is the attitude of God's heavenly people today, the church! We boast about our buildings, our great expenditures of money, our large staff, our growing prestige. But God says, ''Not by might, nor by power, but by My Spirit'' (Zechariah 4:6). God's work is not dependent upon our natural resources. The apostle Paul declared, ''And base things of the world, and things which are despised, hath God chosen, yea, and things which are not, to bring to nothing things that are, that no flesh should glory in His presence'' (1Corinthians 1:28,29).

A false optimism (Amos 6:3).
The prophets would often draw attention to coming calamities. But the people would say, ''The evil day is far off; it will not come in our generation.'' The attitude today parallels that of Amos' time. We are slow to accept what the Scripture explicitly declares-- that perilous times are ahead, that a religion will arise without power, that a departure from the faith will occur, and that Christians will reject sound doctrine. Yes, a false optimism prevails today, in spite of the clear teaching of the Word of God.

They lived in luxury (Amos 6:4).
The people were self-sufficient and had forgotten their need for God. High living characterized the lifestyle of Israel. And Jesus observed during His earthly ministry, ''So is he that layeth up treasure for himself, and is not rich toward God'' (Luke 12:21). [cp. Rev 3:17]

The were absorbed in the culture of music (Amos 6:5).
''That chant to the sound of the harp, and invent to themselves instruments of music.'' What a marvelous gift music is! But sin has spoiled it, and the curse is clearly evident in that realm of human activity. All creation was once in tune in the major mode. The morning stars sang together. One day, this major mode will return, and the trees will burst forth in music. But Israel's music appealed to the flesh; it was sensual. The people said, in so many words, ''Our music must be all right; it is just like David's.''


THE PROPHETIC MESSAGE-- Looking beyond the captivity of Israel and their restoration to the land, Amos described that glorious era when Christ will come the second time.


Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, that the plowman shall overtake the reaper, and the treader of grapes him that soweth seed; and the mountains shall drop sweet wine, and the hills shall melt.And I will bring again the captivity of My people of Israel, and they shall build the waste cities, and inhabit them; and they shall plant vineyards, and drink their wine; they shall also make gardens, and eat the fruit of them.And I will plant them upon their land, and they shall no more be pulled up out of their land which I have given them, saith the Lord, thy God. (Amos 9:13-15)


The apostle James quoted a part of this passage and revealed the divine purpose. God is now visiting the Gentiles ''to take out of them a people for His name.'' Read the account in Acts 15:13-18. After the church has been called out (not the conversion of all Gentiles, but only the gathering out of an elect number), Christ will return. He will ''build again the tabernacle of David, which is fallen down'' (Acts 15:16). This He will do, restoring Israel to their Land so ''that the residue of men might seek after the Lord, and all nations'' (Acts 15:17). In the prophecy of Amos, as in the other books of the Old Testament, God's Son, the Lord Jesus Christ, is reflected in His glory and power.

Paul Van Gorder


Search 8000 Classic Works for Amos to retrieve 100's of hits
Minor Prophets Study Guide - Questions/Lessons Learned Don Anderson
Amos Commentary - 34 pages (conservative) Paul Apple
Amos Sermons Steve Brown
Amos Sermon Notes Rich Cathers
Amos Commentary John Dummelow
Amos: Bad Things Will Happen Soon Easy English
Be a Berean - Not always a literal interpretation. Caveat Emptor!
Amos - Commentary for English Readers

Amos 1 Commentary for English Readers
Amos 2 Commentary for English Readers
Amos 3 Commentary for English Readers
Amos 4 Commentary for English Readers
Amos 5 Commentary for English Readers
Amos 6 Commentary for English Readers
Amos 7 Commentary for English Readers
Amos 8 Commentary for English Readers
Amos 9 Commentary for English Readers
C J Ellicott
Concise Bible Commentary on Amos James Gray
Holman Christian Standard Bible Study Bible -  Holman Publishing

Amos Commentary
Amos #2

Hampton Keathley IV
The Minor Prophets J. Hampton Keathley, III
Amos Commentary William Kelly
Amos Sermons - Mp3 Monergism
Amos Commentary Joseph Parker
Amos Commentary Matthew Poole
Amos Commentary - 118 pages Johnny Sanders
Amos Sermons Sermon Central
Amos, Micah and Nahum - Well Done John Stevenson
Amos Commentary John Trapp

Amos, Hosea, Jonah and Micah - Be very discerning: Utley is Amillennial and replaces Israel with the Church. Why listed? Because he has well done grammatical (word and phrase studies) and interesting historical comments (eg, see page 45 "Fertility Worship of the Ancient Near East") (See Related Resources: Millennium; Israel of God)

Bob Utley


Amos - Sermon Jimmy Long
Amos 2:6-8, 10-14; 3:1-2; 5:21-24, 26 Mark Adams
Amos 1 A Shepherd Gone Mad
Amos 1:1-12 A Family Divided
Amos 2:4-2:5 When Silence Isn't Golden
Amos 2:6-16 Jilted Love
Ken Gehrels
Amos 1:1, 7:14,1 5 The Peasant Prophet John Kitto
Amos 3:2 Justice: The Real American Dream Ray Pritchard
Amos 4:4-13 Prepare to Meet Your God John Piper
Amos 4:12 Prepare to Meet God Jack Woodard
Amos 4:12 Prepare to Meet Thy God (Hymn)
Careless soul, why will you linger?
Wandering from the fold of God?
Hear you not the invitation?
O prepare to meet thy God.
Amos Sermons - click OT - then select minor prophets - frequent illustrations
Sermons Available as of December, 2014
Amos 5:6-15 What God Thinks About Injustice
Amos 5:14-27 Phony Churchianity
David Holwick
Amos 5:21-24  Why Think About Worship? Bruce Goettsche
Amos 6:1-8, 8:4-8 The Poor of the Land and the Pride of Jacob John Piper
Amos 6:1 Spiritual Declension Tom Hayes
Amos 7:14-15 The Troubler from Tekoa Vance Havner

Amos 8:11 A Famine for the Bread of Life

Amos 9:14-15 Report on Israel (1973)

W A Criswell
Amos 9:11-15 The Kingdom Restored Wil Pounds

Henry Morris
Defender's Study Bible Notes
Conservative, Literal Interpretation

Amos 1 Commentary
Amos 2 Commentary
Amos 3 Commentary
Amos 4 Commentary
Amos 5 Commentary
Amos 6 Commentary
Amos 7 Commentary
Amos 8 Commentary
Amos 9 Commentary

Net Bible Notes
Amos Commentary Notes
Links open chapter
Net Commentary Notes at bottom
Includes Art and Hymns

Amos 1 Commentary
Amos 2 Commentary
Amos 3 Commentary
Amos 4 Commentary
Amos 5 Commentary
Amos 6 Commentary
Amos 7 Commentary
Amos 8 Commentary
Amos 9 Commentary

Our Daily Bread
Radio Bible Class
Updated December 14, 2014

Amos 3:3 Two Rivers

Amos 4:6 Come Back

Amos 4:12 Life's Final Deadline

Amos 4:12 1,000th Birthday

Amos 4:12 Be Prepared!

Amos 5:8 Breathless

Amos 5:14-24 No Place to Hide

Amos 5:15 Perfect Hatred

Amos 5:15 A Focus On Fairness

Amos 5:21-27 Wasted Worship

Amos 5:21-27 A Mighty Stream

Amos 7:8 A Straight Wall

Amos 7:15 Handling Criticism

Amos 8:11 Spiritual Famine

Amos 9:1-6 Under Surveillance

Pulpit Commentary
On Amos
Be a Berean - Not always literal
(especially on prophetic passages)

Amos 1 Commentary
Amos 2 Commentary
Amos 3 Commentary

Amos 4 Commentary
Amos 5 Commentary
Amos 6 Commentary

Amos 7 Commentary
Amos 8 Commentary
Amos 9 Commentary


Amos 1
Amos 2
Amos 3

Amos 4
Amos 5
Amos 6

Amos 7
Amos 8
Amos 9

Edward B Pusey
Commentary on Amos
The Minor Prophets"
(originally published 1860)
General Introduction

James Rosscup writes "This work originally appeared in 1860. The present publication is set up in two columns to the page with the text of the Authorized Version reproduced at the top. Scripture references, Hebrew words, and other citations are relegated to the bottom of the page. The work is detailed and analytical in nature. Introduction, background and explanation of the Hebrew are quite helpful. Pusey holds to the grammatical-historical type of interpretation until he gets into sections dealing with the future of Israel, and here Israel becomes the church in the amillennial vein." (Commentaries for Biblical Expositors: An Annotated Bibliography of Selected Works or Logos Format)

Amos 1 Commentary
Amos 2 Commentary
Amos 3 Commentary
Amos 4 Commentary
Amos 5 Commentary
Amos 6 Commentary
Amos 7 Commentary
Amos 8 Commentary
Amos 9 Commentary

Charles Simeon
Sermon on Amos
Horae Homileticae
Conservative, Literal Interpretation
(For example - see his sermon on Amos 9:11-12 below)

NOTE: If you are not familiar with the great saint Charles Simeon see Dr John Piper's discussion of Simeon's life - you will want to read Simeon's sermons after meeting him! - click Brothers We Must Not Mind a Little Suffering (Mp3 even better)

Amos 2:13 God's Complaint Against Us
Amos 3:3 Requisites for Friendship with God
Amos 3:6 God the Source and Cause of All Things
Amos 3:8 God's Voice to Sinners

Amos 4:11, 12 Incorrigibleness Reproved
Amos 5:8,9 God's Condescension and Grace
Amos 5:12 God Knows Our Sins
Amos 6:1 Carnal Ease and Security Reproved
Amos 7:2,3 God's Condescension to Prayer
Amos 9:9 The Security of All God's People

Amos 9:11, 12 Conversion of the Jews and Gentiles

Amos 9:13 The Millennial State

Chuck Smith
Sermon Notes
Calvary Chapel

Sermon Notes for Amos 3:2

Sermon Notes for Amos 3:3 Walking With God

Sermon Notes for Amos 4:6-12 God's Dealing with Israel Becomes Parable

Sermon Notes for Amos 4:12 Prepare to Meet Thy God

Sermon Notes for Amos 4:12 Prepare to Meet Thy God - 2

Sermon Notes for Amos 7:14, 15 The Call of God

Sermon Notes for Amos 8:9

Sermon Notes for Amos 8:11-14 The Famine For the Word of God

Sermon Notes for Amos 8:11-13 Famine



Amos 1 Commentary

Amos 2 Commentary

Amos 3 Commentary

Amos 4 Commentary

Amos 5 Commentary

Amos 6 Commentary

Amos 7 Commentary

Amos 8 Commentary

Amos 9 Commentary

George A Smith
Commentary on Amos
The Expositor's Bible
The Book of the Twelve
The Prophet in Early Israel
The Eighth Century in Israel
Influence of Assyria Upon Prophecy

James Rosscup writes "Though old this is well-written and often cited, with many good statements on spiritual truths. Users will find much that is worthwhile, and sometimes may disagree, as when he sees the Jonah account as allegorical (Ed: See Tony Garland's article on the Rise of Allegorical Interpretation)." (Commentaries for Biblical Expositors: An Annotated Bibliography of Selected Works)

Amos 1 Commentary
Amos 2 Commentary
Amos 3 Commentary
Amos 4 Commentary
Amos 5 Commentary
Amos 6 Commentary
Amos 7 Commentary
Amos 8 Commentary
Amos 9 Commentary

Speaker's Commentary
Commentary on Amos
Indexed by Chapter and Verse

Amos Introduction 
Amos 1:1-3 Commentary

Amos 1:4-5 Commentary

Amos 1:6-8 Commentary

Amos 1:9-13 Commentary

Amos 1:14-15 Commentary

Amos 2:1-2 Commentary

Amos 2:3-7 Commentary

Amos 2:8-10 Commentary

Amos 2:11-14 Commentary 

Amos 2:13 Explanatory Note

Amos 2:16 Commentary

Amos 3:1-2 Commentary

Amos 3:3-8 Commentary 

Amos 3:9-12 Commentary

Amos 3:12 Explanatory Note

Amos 3:13-15 Commentary

Amos 4:1-2 Commentary

Amos 4:3-4 Commentary

Amos 4:5-7 Commentary

Amos 4:8-12 Commentary

Amos 4:13 Commentary
Amos 5:1-2 Commentary 

Amos 5:3-8 Commentary  

Amos 5:9-13 Commentary

Amos 5:14-19 Commentary 

Amos 5:20-26 Commentary

Amos 5:26-27 Commentary

Amos 6:1-2 Commentary 

Amos 6:3-6 Commentary

Amos 6:7-9 Commentary

Amos 6:10-12 Commentary

Amos 6:13-14 Commentary

Amos 7:1 Commentary

Amos 7:2-8 Commentary  

Amos 7:8-11 Commentary

Amos 7:12-15 Commentary

Amos 7:16-17 Commentary

Amos 8:1-2 Commentary

Amos 8:2-4 Commentary

Amos 8:3-6 Commentary

Amos 8:7-10 Commentary

Amos 8:11-14 Commentary

Amos 9:1-3 Commentary

Amos 9:6-7 Commentary

Amos 9:8-10 Commentary

Amos 9:11-15 Commentary

C H Spurgeon
Morning and Evening
Faith's Checkbook

Amos 9:9

Amos 9:9a

C H Spurgeon

Amos 2:13 The Loaded Waggon
Amos 3:3 Preparation for Revival
Amos 3:3 Communion With Christ - A Baptizing Sermon

Amos 3:3-6 The Voice of the Cholera

Amos 3:6 The Royal Death Bed
Amos 4:12 Prepared to Meet God
Amos 4:12 Prepare to Meet Your God
Amos 5:4-27 Exposition
Amos 5:8 Reasons For Seeking God

Amos 7:7-8 Sermon Notes on The Plumbline

Amos 6:1 Scourge For Slumbering Souls

Amos 6:12 Ploughing The Rock
Amos 6:12 A Question for Hard-Hearted Hearer
Amos 7:1 The King's Mowings
Amos 7:7-8 The Plumbline
Amos 7:7-8 Sermon Notes on The Plumbline

Amos 8:1-2 A Basket of Summer Fruit
Amos 9:9 The Sieve

Amos 9:13 A Revival Sermon

Ray Stedman

Amos: God Doesn't Play Favorites
God Judges: Amos, Obadiah
The Coming Time of Trouble

Third Millennium
Study Notes on Amos

Amos 1

Introduction - Amos 1:1

God's Judgment of the Nations - Amos 1:2-2:16

The Lord Roars from Zion - Amos 1:2

Judgment: Aram - Amos 1:3-5

Judgment: Philistia - Amos 1:6-8

Judgment: Phoenicia - Amos 1:9-10

Judgment: Edom - Amos 1:11-12

Judgment: Ammon - Amos 1:13-15


Amos 2

Judgment: Moab - Amos 2:1-3

Judgment: God's Covenant People - Judah - Amos 2:4-5

Judgment: God's Covenant People - Israel - Amos 2:6-16

Israel: Height of Hypocrisy - Amos 2:6-8

Israel: Rejectors of Love - Amos 2:9-12

Israel: Covenantal Justice - Amos 2:13-16


Amos 3

Oracles Against Israel - Amos 3:1-6:14

Covenant Accountability - Amos 3:1-4:13

First Covenant Lawsuit - Amos 3:1-15

Privilege and Punishment - Amos 3:1-2

Leading Questions - Amos 3:3-6

The lion has roared - Amos 3:7-8

Proclaim - Amos 3:9-12

Hear this and testify - Amos 3:13-15


Amos 4

Second Covenant Lawsuit - Amos 4:1-13

Judgment of Self-Serving Women - Amos 4:1-3

Judgment of Self-Serving Worship - Amos 4:4-5

Remember the past - Amos 4:6-11

Prepare to meet your God - Amos 4:12-13


Amos 5

Lament and Woes - Amos 5:1-6:7

Lament for Fallen Israel - Amos 5:1-17

Lament: Hear this word - Amos 5:1

Lament: A description of tragedy - Amos 5:2-3

Lament: A call to react - Amos 5:4-6

Lament: A direct address to the fallen - Amos 5:7-15

Lament: A summons to mourning - Amos 5:16-17

Woe: The Day of the Lord - Amos 5:18-27

The Day: Its nature - Amos 5:18-20

The Day: Days vs. Day - Amos 5:21-26

The Day: Exile - Amos 5:27


Amos 6

Woe: Warning to the Complacent - Amos 6:1-7

God's Covenant Oath of Destruction - Amos 6:8-14


Amos 7

Visions Against Israel - Amos 7:1-9:10

Relented Judgments - Amos 7:1-6

Vision of Locusts - Amos 7:1-3

Vision of Fire - Amos 7:4-6

Unrelented Judgments - Amos 7:7-9:10

Vision of a Plumb Line and Elaboration - Amos 7:7-17


Amos 8

Vision of Ripe Fruit and Elaboration - Amos 8:1-14


Amos 9

Vision of the Altar and Elaboration - Amos 9:1-10

Restoration After Judgment - Amos 9:11-15

Restoration of David's Dynasty - Amos 9:11-12

Blessing of Abundance in Nature - Amos 9:13-15


C H Spurgeon's Sermon Notes on
Amos 7:7. The Plumbline

Thus he shewed me: and behold, the Lord stood upon a wall made by a plumbline, with a plumbline in his hand. — Amos 7:7

The metaphors of Amos are very forcible, though homely and simple.

He was God-taught; or, as men say, self-taught. Let his vision come before us, as though we saw it ourselves.

What the Lord had done was according to rule: "he stood upon a wall made by a plumbline." His past dealings are just and true.

The Lord continues to use the same infallible rule: wherever he is, he has a plumbline in his hand.

The plumb of lead falls in a straight line, and therefore the line is the best test as to whether a wall is truly perpendicular. The plumbline shows whether it bows outward, or inclines inward. It never flatters, but by its own certainty of truth it reveals and condemns all deviations from uprightness: such is the judgment of the Most High.

We shall treat the plumbline as the emblem of truth and right.


In all that we build up, we must act by the sure rule of righteousness.

1. In God's building it is so.

He removes the old walls when tested by the plumbline, and found faulty. Truth requires the removal of falsehood.

He builds in truth and reality. Sincerity is his essential.

He builds in holiness and purity.

He builds to perfection according to the rule of right.

2. In our own life-building it should be so.

Not haste, but truth should be our object.

Not according to the eye of man, but according to fact.

We should build by the Word; in God's sight; after Christ's example; by the Spirit; unto holiness. Only thus shall we be using the plumbline.

3. In our building of the church it should be so.

Teaching the Scriptures only in all things.

Preaching nothing but the gospel.

Laying sinners low by the law, and exalting the grace of God.

Leading men to holiness and peace by the doctrines of truth.

Exercising discipline that the church may be pure.


That which is out of the upright is detected by the plumbline, and so are men tested by the truth.

1. We may use it—

On the wall of self-righteousness, conceit, boasting, etc.

On the wall of careless living.

On the wall of trust in ceremonials.

On the wall of reliance upon merely hearing the gospel.

On the wall of every outward profession.

2. God uses it in this life. He tests the hearts of men, and tries their doings.

They are often detected in the act of deception. Time also proves them, and trials test them.

3. He will use it at the last.

4. Let us use it on ourselves.

Are we born again? Are we without faith, etc.? Are we without holiness? Or is the work of the Spirit to be seen in us?


Strict justice is the rule of God's dealing on the judgment-seat. The same rule will apply to all.

1. Even the saved will be saved justly through our Lord Jesus, and in their case every sin will be destroyed, and every trace of evil will be removed before they enter heaven.

2. No one will be condemned who does not deserve it. There will be a trial, with witnesses, and pleadings, and an infallible Judge. The righteous are saved by sovereignty, but the wicked are condemned by righteousness alone.

3. Not a pain will be inflicted unjustly.

Differences will be made in the cases of the condemned.

There will be the strictest justice in each award.

Every circumstance will be taken into account.

Knowledge or ignorance will increase or abate the number of stripes (Luke 7:47-48).

4. Rejecters of Christ will find their doom intolerable, because they, themselves, will be unable to deny its justice (Luke 19:27). The lost know their misery to be deserved.

5. Since every sentence will be infallible, there will be no revision. So impartial and just will be each verdict that it shall stand for ever (Matt. 25:46).

Are we able to endure the test of the plumbline of perfect truth?

Suppose it to be used of God at this moment.

Will it not be wisest to look to Jesus, that we may have him for a foundation, and be built up in him?

Savings and Sentences

The question "What is truth?" was proposed at a Deaf and Dumb Institution, when one of the boys drew a straight line. "And what is falsehood?" The answer was a crooked line. — G. S. Bowes

That will be a wretched day for the church of God when she begins to think any aberration from the truth of little consequence. — J. H. Evans

Whitefield often affirmed that he would rather have a church with ten men in it right with God, than one with five hundred at whom the world would laugh in its sleeve. — Joseph Cook

Livingstone, as a missionary, was anxious to avoid a large church of nominal adherents. "Nothing", he wrote, "will induce me to form an impure church. 'Fifty added to the church' sounds well at home, but if only five of these are genuine, what will it profit in the Great Day?" — Blaikie

Set thine heart upright, if thou wouldst rejoice, And please thyself in thine heart's pleasing choice: But then be sure thy plumb and level be Rightly applied to that which pleaseth me. — Christopher Harvey

Sinners on earth are always punished less, and in hell never more, than their iniquities deserve. — Benjamin Beddome.

It is said of the Areopagites, in Athens, that their sentence was so upright that none could ever say he was unjustly condemned of them. How much more true is this of the righteous judgment of God, who must needs therefore be justified, and every mouth stopped! — Trapp

When a building is noticed to bulge a little, our builders hasten to shore it up with timbers; and before long the surveyor bids them take it down. Should we not see great changes in our churches if all the bowing walls were removed? Yet this would be no real loss, but in the Lord's sight an actual gain to the City of God.

When a man is afraid of self-examination, his fear is suspicious. He who does not dare to apply the plumbline to his wall may rest assured that it is out of perpendicular. A sincere man will pray, "Lord, let me know the worst of my case." It is far better to suffer needless distress than to be at ease in Zion, and then perish of the dry-rot of self-deceit.

Amos 5:4-27 Exposition by C H Spurgeon

Amos 5:4. For thus saith the LORD unto the house of Israel, Seek ye me, and ye shall live.

And that it just the message of God to professing Christians now: “Seek ye me.” Get away from your mere ceremonies, from trusting in your outward performances, and get really to God himself. Get beyond your fellow-worshippers and your ministers, beyond your sanctuaries and your supposed holy places, and get in spirit and in truth to God himself: “Seek ye me, and ye shall live.”

Amos 5:5. But seek not Beth-el, nor enter into Gilgal and pass not to Beersheba; for Gilgal shall surely go into captivity, and Beth-el shall come to nought.

These were the places where the calves and other idols were set up for the worship of God by means of visible symbols. That was the Romanism of that day. Pure spiritual worship was ordained by God, but that was not enough for the idolatrous Israelites. They must needs set up the image of an ox, the emblem of power, — not that they would worship the ox, they said, but that they might worship the God of power through that symbol. And that is the plea of Papists to-day: — “We do not worship that cross; we do not worship that image; but these things help us. They are emblems.” But they are absolutely forbidden by God: “Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth: thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them.” The first commandment forbids us to have any other God than Jehovah; the second forbids us to worship him through any emblem or symbol whatsoever.

Amos 5:6, 7. Seek the LORD, and ye shall live, lest he break out like fire in the house of Joseph, and devour it, and there be none to quench it in Beth-el. Ye who turn judgment to wormwood, and leave off righteousness in the earth,

Here you have another great truth, — that, in order to seek God aright, we must turn away from sin. All the Ritualism in the world will not save us, or be acceptable to God; there must be purity of life, and holiness of character; justice must be done between man and man, and we must seek to be right before the righteous and holy God.

Amos 5:8. Seek him that maketh the seven stars and Orion, —

The Creator of the spring-bringing Pleiades, and of the winter-bringing Orion, —

Amos 5:8, 9. And turneth the shadow of death into the morning, and maketh the day dark with night: that calleth for the wafers of the sea, and poureth them out upon the face of the earth: The LORD is his name: that strengtheneth the spoiled against the strong, so that the spoiled shall come against the fortress.

The God of the weak, the Defender of the oppressed. Ye that oppress the poor, and tread down the people, seek ye him, and wash your hands from the steins of your past injustice.

Amos 5:10. They hate him that rebuketh in the gate, and they abhor him that speaketh uprightly.

There is still a generation that cannot bear to be told of its faults, and that shows its venom against everything that is right.

Amos 5:11. Forasmuch therefore as your treading is upon the poor, and ye take from him burdens of wheat: ye have built houses of hewn stone but ye shall not dwell in them; ye have planted pleasant vineyards, but ye shall not drink wine of them.

God has often shown how be can overthrow those who oppress the poor.

Amos 5:12-17. For I know your manifold transgressions and your mighty sins: they afflict the just, they take a bribe, and they turn aside the poor in the gate from their right. Therefore the prudent shall keep silence in that time, for it is an evil time. Seek good, and not evil, that ye may live: and so the LORD, the God of hosts, shall be with you, as ye have spoken. Hate the evil, and love the good, and establish judgment in the gate: it may be that the LORD God of hosts will be gracious unto the remnant of Joseph. Therefore the LORD, the God of hosts, the Lord saith thus, Wailing shall be in all streets, and they shall say in all the highways, Alas! alas! and they shall call the husbandman to mourning, and such as are skillful of lamentation to wailing. And in all vineyards shall be wailing: for I will pass through thee, saith the LORD.

National sins bring down national judgments; and when God grows angry against the people, he makes the places of their feasting, the vineyards where grow their choicest vines, to become the places of their sorrow, so that wailing and distress are heard on all sides. Oh, that nations knew the day of their visitation, and would do justly! Then would such judgments be averted.

Amos 5:18. Woe unto you that desire the day of the LORD! to what end is it for you? the day of the LORD is darkness, and not light.

“The day of the Lord is darkness, and not light,” for such as you, impenitent, unjust, graceless sinners. “The day of the Lord” will not bring blessings to you; but it will be —

Amos 5:19. As if a man did flee from a lion, and a bear met him; or went into the house, and leaned his hand on the wall, and a serpent bit him.

From bad to worse do they go who think to escape from present misery by plunging into the presence of God. The suicide is, of all fools, the greatest, for he goes before God with his own indictments, nay, with his own sentence in his hand. He needs no trial; he has condemned himself.

Amos 5:20-22. Shall not the day of the LORD be darkness, and not light? even very dark, and no brightness in it. I hate, I despise your feast days, and I will not smell in your solemn assemblies. Though ye offer me burnt offerings and your meat offerings, I will not accept these: neither will I regard the peace offerings of your fat beasts.

See how God’s speaks about public worship and formal sacrifices when the heart is not right with him. When the moral conduct of the offerer is wrong, the Lord will not accept his offering.

Amos 5:23, 24. Take thou away from me the noise of thy songs; for I will not hear the melody of thy viols. But let judgment run down as waters, and righteousness as a mighty stream.

This is what God asks for, — righteousness, not sweet music. Have they not, at this very day, turned what were once houses of prayer into music-halls, set up their idols in our parish churches, and adorned their priests with every kind of Babylonian garment which they could find at Rome, the mystical Babylon? Are they not turning this nation back again to that accursed Popery, the yoke of which our fathers could not bear? Therefore, the Lord is wroth with this land; there are storm-clouds gathering over it, because it is not sufficiently stirred with indignation against those idolatrous men who are again seeking to come to the front among us.

Amos 5:25. Have ye offered unto me sacrifices and offerings in the wilderness forty years, O house of Israel?

“Did you worship me? Did you offer sacrifices to me?” “No,” said God, “ye did not.”

Amos 5:26, 27. But ye have borne the tabernacle of your Moloch and Chiun your images, the star of your god, which ye made to yourselves. Therefore will I cause you to go into captivity beyond Damascus, saith the LORD, whose name is The God of hosts.

Oh, for pure worship! Oh, for pure living! Oh, for hearts that spiritually worship the Lord, for Jesus said, “God is a Spirit: and they that worship him must worship him in spirit and in truth: for the Father seeketh such to worship him.” “But unto the wicked God saith, What hast thou to do to declare my statutes, or that thou shouldest take my covenant in thy mouth?”


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DISCLAIMER: Before you consult commentaries, sermons or other resources, first consult the Word of God, studying the Scriptures diligently (2Ti 2:15-note) and inductively (See inductive Bible study) in dependence on your Teacher, the Holy Spirit, Who Jesus promised would guide us into all truth (John 16:13).



In regard to the OT Prophetic books such as Isaiah, Jeremiah, Daniel, and the 12 "Minor" Prophets, remember that the most accurate interpretation is derived by applying the following principles:


(1) Read the Scripture literally (unless the text is clearly figurative, e.g., Jesus said "I am the door..." Jn 10:9). If one interprets a text symbolically (allegorically, figuratively, spiritualizing) when that text makes good sense literally, one potentially opens themselves to the danger of inaccurate interpretation, for then the question arises as to who's "symbolic" interpretation is correct and how imaginative one should be in evaluating a "supposed symbol"? Many of the commentaries and sermons on the OT prophetic books unfortunately are replete with non-literal interpretations (except when it comes to Messianic Passages, which are usually interpreted literally). Therefore the watchword when reading any commentary on Old Testament prophecy is caveat emptor ("buyer beware"). Read all commentaries like the Bereans (Acts 17:11-note).


(2) Study the context which is always "king" in interpretation (don't take verses out of context.)


(3) Passages addressed to Israel should be interpreted as directed to the literal nation of Israel and should not be interpreted as addressed to the NT Church, an entity not mentioned in the Old Testament. The promises of Jehovah to the nation of Israel (e.g., see Millennial Promises) remain valid (Jer 31:35, 36, 37, Nu 23:19, Lk 21:33) and have not been passed on to the NT Church because Israel has "defaulted" (See study Israel of God). Remember that while Scripture has only one correct interpretation, there can be many legitimate applications (See Application), and therefore the OT prophetic books are extremely applicable in the lives of NT believers.


(4) Scripture is always the best commentary on Scripture. While an attempt has been made to list resources that adhere to these basic interpretative guidelines, not all the works listed in these collections have been read in detail. Therefore should you discover a resource you feel is NOT conservative and/or orthodox, please email your concerns.


Related Resources:


Inductive Bible Study - Guidelines to Assure Accurate Interpretation

Inductive Bible Study Interpretation of Prophetic Scripture

Interpretative Views of the Revelation of Jesus Christ
Allegorical Interpretation - Tony Garland
Interpreting Symbols - Tony Garland
Basic Considerations in Interpreting Prophecy - John Walvoord

Millennium - Biblical descriptions of this time on earth, primarily from the OT prophets


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Last Updated February 21, 2015