Amplified: In Him you also who have heard the Word of Truth, the glad tidings (Gospel) of your salvation, and have believed in and adhered to and relied on Him, were stamped with the seal of the long-promised Holy Spirit. (Amplified Bible - Lockman)
Barclay: And it was in Christ that it was determined that you, too, should become the means whereby God’s glory is praised, after you had heard the word which brings the truth, the good news of your salvation—that good news, in which, after you had come to believe, you were sealed with the Holy Spirit, who had been promised to you,
ESV: In him you also, when you heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation, and believed in him, were sealed with the promised Holy Spirit, (Wheaton: Standard Bible Society)
KJV: In whom ye also trusted, after that ye heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation: in whom also after that ye believed, ye were sealed with that holy Spirit of promise,
NET: And when you heard the word of truth (the gospel of your salvation)– when you believed in Christ– you were marked with the seal of the promised Holy Spirit,
NLT: And now you also have heard the truth, the Good News that God saves you. And when you believed in Christ, He identified you as his own by giving you the Holy Spirit, whom He promised long ago. (NLT - Tyndale House)
Phillips: And you too trusted Him, when you heard the message of truth, the Gospel of your salvation. And after you gave your confidence to Him you were, so to speak, stamped with the promised Holy Spirit (Phillips: Touchstone)
Wuest: in whom also, as for you, having heard the word of the truth, the good news of your salvation, in whom also having believed, you were sealed with the Spirit of the promise, the Holy Spirit, (Eerdmans)
Young's Literal: in whom ye also, having heard the word of the truth -- the good news of your salvation -- in whom also having believed, ye were sealed with the Holy Spirit of the promise,
IN HIM, YOU ALSO, AFTER LISTENING TO THE MESSAGE OF TRUTH, THE GOSPEL OF YOUR SALVATION: en o kai humeis akousantes (AAPMPN) ton logon tes aletheias, to euaggelion tes soterias humon: (Eph 2:11,12; Colossians 1:21, 22, 23; 1Peter 2:10) (Eph 4:21; John 1:17; Romans 6:17; 10:14, 15, 16, 17; Colossians 1:4, 5, 6,23; 1Thessalonians 2:13) (Psalms 119:43; 2Corinthians 6:7; 2Timothy 2:15; James 1:18) (Mark 16:15,16; Acts 13:26; Romans 1:16; 2Timothy 3:15; Titus 2:11; He 2:3)
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In Him (846) (en autos) refers to Jesus Christ (Ep 1:10), the ground or source our inheritance --Here we see the believer’s divine inheritance in Jesus Christ from our own human perspective."
In Him (in Christ, in Christ Jesus) is a major teaching in all of Paul's writings. In Christ means in the sphere of Christ. In Christ defines every saint's eternal, permanent, spiritual location, the spiritual "address" and the "spiritual atmosphere" as it were in which we now live and breathe and have our being. Indeed, as Paul reminds the saints at Colossae, "Christ is your life" (Col 3:4-note).
In Christ is now and forever our new position and new sphere of existence. Before we were born again into the Kingdom of God (Jn 3:3,5), our existence was in Adam (1Co 15:22, Ro 5:12-note = spiritually dead and under the dominion [supreme authority, power, jurisdiction, sway, control, absolute ownership] of the Sin "virus" we inherited from Adam - see Adam in the NT), in the flesh (under the dominion of the flesh - note, believers can and do still "act fleshly" [speaking from personal experience] but strictly speaking are no longer "in the flesh" - see Ro 8:9-note, 2Co10:3-note Gal 2:20-note use "in the flesh" to refer to the human body not the "anti-God" influence), in (under the influence of) the world (were are citizens of heaven and not "of the world", Jn 17:14, 16, Php 3:20-note > Are you "eagerly waiting for Him?"), and in the kingdom of the Devil (unbelievers are under his dominion - Acts 26:18, Col 1:13-note). In the Upper Room Discourse just prior to His crucifixion Jesus alluded to the idea of in Christ when He declared...
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RELATED RESOURCES (off-site):
Listening (191) (akouo) means to hear with attention, hear with the "ear of the mind". The idea is to hear effectually as to perform or grant what is spoken. Listen or pay attention to a person with resulting conformity to what is advised or commanded. The context often implies to hear and obey (the old word "heed" conveys this sense).
Jesus gives us some insight into who will listen, hear and heed the Gospel declaring that...
As we "live the Gospel" before others, the message we "speak" with our life will provide an opportunity to speak the Gospel with our lips. Notice that Paul says "listening" implying the Gospel has to be proclaimed or spoken. Beloved, have you ever shared the "old, old story of Jesus and His love" to anyone you dearly love? If not, may the Spirit of God give you boldness in Christ to do so for His glory. Amen. As Paul rhetorically asked the saints at Rome...
Message (3056) (logos [word study]) means intelligence, word as the expression of that intelligence. Both act of speaking and thing spoken. Here the GOOD NEWS that God has provided a way of salvation through the atoning work of His Son, Jesus Christ"
The message of truth - This could be rendered the "Word of truth" which in this context is a synonym for the Gospel ("Word of Truth" occurs in Ps 119:43, 2Cor 6:7, Col 1:5-note, 2Ti 2:15-note, James 1:18-note). The Pulpit Commentary adds...
Paul writes that...
James writes that...
Truth (225) (aletheia) refers to the: body of real things, events, facts. Obviously whatever God says is truth. Truth, reality; the unveiled reality lying at the basis of and agreeing with an appearance; the manifested, the veritable essence of matter. Truth is revealed to disciples (Jn 8:31-32). Truth sets a person free from bondage to the law, the flesh, the devil (Jn 8:32).
The gospel (2098) (euaggelion [word study] from eú = good + aggéllo =proclaim, tell) is the secular Greek term for proclamation of news of victory and the death or capture of the enemy! Ponder this in terms of our enemies! Other uses included news of approaching wedding. Gospel delivers man from power of sin.
A B Simpson is reported to have said that the gospel
The Gospel According To You...
Salvation (4991) (soteria [word study]) pictures one's preservation from danger/destruction. Restore the state of well being or health. Salvation can be described as -- Past = justified =declared righteous. From penalty of sin Present = sanctified. from power of sin. Future = glorified From presence of sin (see chart on the Three Tenses of Salvation)
HAVING ALSO BELIEVED: en o kai pisteusantes (AAPMPN):
Having also believed - The KJV translates it "after that ye believed, ye were sealed". This is a misleading translation as there is no Greek word for "after". This rendering suggests that the reception of the Holy Spirit occurs subsequent to the believing. Pastor Geoff Thomas explains...
Pastor Steven Cole adds that...
Having believed (4100) (pisteuo [word study]) refers to belief that effects heart and produces changed conduct. Faith is man’s response to God’s elective purpose. God’s choice of men is election; men’s choice of God is faith. In election God gives His promises, and by faith men receive them.
The aorist tense defines the believing as an past action which is definitive, and effective. Note that it is not enough to hear the Gospel of salvation (and know about Jesus) but one must place one's complete trust (see study of pistis) in the Gospel of Jesus Christ in order to receive salvation. Jesus warns that in the day of judgment there will be those who are deceived, thinking they know Him when He does not really know them! See Mt 7:21-note, Mt 7:22, 23-note. Note that Jesus says the "mark" of those who truly know Him (who are truly regenerate, born again, new creations in Chris 2Cor 5:17-note) are identified not by what they SAY but by what they DO. DOING does not save them, but it provides visible evidence that what they SAY is indicative of genuine, saving faith and not simply intellectual assent. (Observe Mt 7:21 - "says...does" - where "does" is in the present tense, which indicates one's general lifestyle, the tenor of one's life, speaking of the general "direction" and not perfection! Note that "religious works" per se do not satisfy Jesus in Mt 7:22. He is looking for a genuine heart change, which they clearly did not have, as indicated by the fact that they continually gravitated toward the practice of lawlessness, which John "defines" as sin in 1John 3:4. Yes, all believers still sin. And yes, they may wrestle with a given sin all of their life. And yes, they may fall into sin for a time. But in each of these instances, they are grieved and miserable. Their heart is broken over their sin. And eventually, like David in Psalm 51:1-19 [See notes Psalm 51:1-9 Psalm 51:10-19], they turn back to God. They seek forgiveness and repentance [See 1John 1:9-note]. (See also Great quotes on repentance) Their lifestyle is no longer that of a habitual sinner who willfully, even wantonly practices lawlessness.)
D L Moody illustrates "belief" by one of the two thieves crucified with Jesus writing...
YOU WERE SEALED IN HIM WITH THE HOLY SPIRIT OF PROMISE: esphragisthete (2PAPI) to pneumati tes epaggelias to hagio: (Sealed: Eph 4:30; John 6:27; Romans 4:11; 2Corinthians 1:22; 2Timothy 2:19; Revelation 7:2) (The Holy Spirit: Joel 2:28; Luke 11:13; 24:49; John 14:16,17,26; 15:26; 16:7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15; Acts 1:4; Acts 2:16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22,33; Galatians 3:14)
THE GIFT OF
Paul describes the reception of the Holy Spirit by first asking a question...
In Romans Paul teaches us that ALL believers have received the Holy Spirit. In fact, the Spirit's indwelling of believers is a mark of one who belongs to Christ (cp 1Cor 3:16, 1Cor 6:19-note, 1Cor 6:20-note).
When a person believes the "message of truth, the gospel of...salvation" they receive the Holy Spirit, this transaction referred to as a "baptism", as Paul explained to the Corinthians that...
Being baptized with the Spirit is different from being "filled with the Spirit" (Eph 5:18-note), a term which does not signify one is getting more of the Spirit, but that he or she is yielding every area of their lives to the Spirit’s control and empowerment. The idea of filling is having one's life controlled by God’s Spirit as opposed to self (flesh).
You were sealed (4972) (sphragizo from sphragis = seal, engraved object used to make a mark - denoting ownership, approval, or closure of something normally done by pressing into heated wax usually attached to a document or letter) means to set a seal upon or to mark with a seal. To mark so as to certify that something is so. Seals were used to make something secure, to serve as a guarantee of the correctness of the contents, to indicate authenticity, to indicate ownership. Sacrificial animals were examined and sealed if perfect. Jars, sacks of fruit or grain were sealed. To mark with a seal as a means of identification in Greek secular writings was used to mark all kinds of animals, so that the mark denoting ownership also carries with it the protection of the owner.
Wayne Detzler writes that sphragizo was
Sphragizo is used 15 times in the NAS (see below). Translated in NAS: put...seal on(1), seal(2), sealed(9), set a seal on(1), set...seal to(2).
Matthew 27:66 And they went and made the grave secure, and along with the guard they set a seal on the stone.
John 3:33 "He who has received His testimony has set his seal to this, that God is true.
John 6:27 "Do not work for the food which perishes, but for the food which endures to eternal life, which the Son of Man will give to you, for on Him the Father, God, has set His seal."
Romans 15:28 Therefore, when I have finished this, and have put my seal on this fruit of theirs, I will go on by way of you to Spain.
2 Corinthians 1:22 who also sealed us and gave us the Spirit in our hearts as a pledge.
Ephesians 1:13 In Him, you also, after listening to the message of truth, the gospel of your salvation-- having also believed, you were sealed in Him with the Holy Spirit of promise,
Ephesians 4:30 Do not grieve the Holy Spirit of God, by whom you were sealed for the day of redemption.
Revelation 7:3 saying, "Do not harm the earth or the sea or the trees until we have sealed the bond-servants of our God on their foreheads."
Revelation 7:4 And I heard the number of those who were sealed, one hundred and forty-four thousand sealed from every tribe of the sons of Israel:
Revelation 7:5 from the tribe of Judah, twelve thousand were sealed, from the tribe of Reuben twelve thousand, from the tribe of Gad twelve thousand,
Revelation 7:8 from the tribe of Zebulun twelve thousand, from the tribe of Joseph twelve thousand, from the tribe of Benjamin, twelve thousand were sealed.
Revelation 10:4 When the seven peals of thunder had spoken, I was about to write; and I heard a voice from heaven saying, "Seal up the things which the seven peals of thunder have spoken and do not write them."
Revelation 20:3 and he threw him into the abyss, and shut it and sealed it over him, so that he would not deceive the nations any longer, until the thousand years were completed; after these things he must be released for a short time.
Revelation 22:10 And he said to me, "Do not seal up the words of the prophecy of this book, for the time is near.
Sphragizo - 19 verses in the Septuagint (LXX): Deut 32:34; 1Ki 21:8; 2Ki 22:4; Neh 10:1; Esther 3:10; 8:8, 10; Job 14:17; 24:16; Song 4:12; Isa 8:16; 29:11; Jer 32:10f, 25, 44; Dan 6:16-17; 8:26; 9:24; 12:4, 9). Here are some examples...
The Analytical Lexicon has an excellent summary of the various nuances of meaning of sphragizo...
In a parallel passage we read (note four of the many spiritual blessings that we receive when we are saved)...
Paul uses sphragizo in another passage in this same letter writing...
In secular Greek use of sphragizo the sealing signified at least four results...
Charles Wesley wrote in “Hark! The Herald Angels Sing”...
Sealed is in the aorist tense which is a past completed action. The passive voice signifies that subject, believers, are acted upon by an outside force or power, God. The indicative mood is the mood of certainty which states a thing as being a fact -- the point is that every believer receives the Holy Spirit the moment he or she believes.
In antiquity people used seals to authenticate documents (Jer. 32:10), and archaeologists have discovered more than 1,200 seals from Old Testament times.
TDNT writes that...
NIDNTT has a lengthy note writing that...
Puritan John Owen wrote that...
Is this truth practical? Absolutely! Listen to an anecdotal story from Pastor Ray Stedman...
Holy (40) (hagios) means pure, consecrated, set apart. Its fundamental idea is separation, consecration, devotion to the service of Deity, sharing in God’s purity and abstaining from earth’s defilement."
When a person becomes a Christian, the Holy Spirit takes up residence in his life. The Spirit of God is our securing force, our guarantee."
Spurgeon comments that...
Promise (1860) (epaggelia from epí = upon or intensifier of meaning + aggéllo = tell, declare = to announce with certainty as to what one will do) is a declaration to do something with implication of obligation to carry out what is stated. Epaggelia was a legal term denoting promise to do or give something. It was a legally binding declaration giving one to whom it is made right to expect or claim performance of the specific act. Most often epaggelia is used to describe the promises of God. and provides firm assurance of His future action.
Interest in Advance - The Holy Spirit, who indwells every believer, gives us a foretaste of the coming glory of heaven. He is therefore called the “earnest” or pledge of the inheritance we shall receive by God’s grace in eternity (Eph. 1:13,14). In biblical times, the word “earnest” was a trade term for the initial payment on a debt. It was made as a promise that full payment would be forthcoming. In principle, then, when an earnest was given, the final installment was guaranteed. Likewise, the joy we experience now through God’s Spirit is just a kind of first installment of the rich blessings that His children will receive in eternity.
A wealthy man called his faithful assistant into his office one day and said, “I’ve put your name in my will, and someday you’ll receive $10,000. Since it may be a while before you get that legacy, I want to make you happy now by paying you the interest on that amount each year. Here is a check for $600 as a starter.” The surprised clerk was doubly grateful. The prospect of the inheritance was certainly good news, but the money he received in advance gave him complete assurance that someday the entire $10,000 would be his.
As God’s children, let’s rejoice in the riches we now have in Christ through the Holy Spirit. He is our guarantee of the “exceeding and eternal weight of glory” that our Heavenly Father will one day give to the heirs of salvation (2Cor 4:17). Our present blessings are but a token of the greater inheritance we will eventually receive.
Several centuries ago, a Japanese emperor commissioned an artist to paint a bird. A number of months passed, then several years, and still the artist did not deliver the painting. Finally the emperor became so exasperated that he went to the artist's home to demand an explanation. Instead of making excuses, the artist placed a blank canvas on the easel. In less than an hour, he completed a painting that was to become a masterpiece. When the emperor asked the reason for the delay, the artist showed him armloads of drawings of feathers, wings, heads, and feet. Then he explained that he couldn't complete the painting until he had done exhaustive research and study.
In a sense, Christians are similar to that piece of art. We are "sealed with the Holy Spirit of promise" (Eph. 1:13), and predestined by God "to be conformed to the image of His Son" (Rom. 8:29). But the process takes time. The "artist" is the Holy Spirit—sent by the Lord Jesus at Pentecost to indwell believers. Slowly but surely He leads us to spiritual growth and maturity. Our transformation requires years of patience and will not be finished until we enter the presence of our King.
The day is coming when all Christians will be like Christ. But now we are growing and preparing. As we follow the Spirit's guidance through one experience after another, we become more and more like the masterpiece we will be someday in Glory. —D C Egner (Our Daily Bread, Copyright RBC Ministries, Grand Rapids, MI. Reprinted by permission. All rights reserved)
The work Christ accomplished for us on the cross,
Amplified: That [Spirit] is the guarantee of our inheritance [the firstfruits, the pledge and foretaste, the down payment on our heritage], in anticipation of its full redemption and our acquiring [complete] possession of it—to the praise of His glory. (Amplified Bible - Lockman)
Barclay: the Spirit Who is the foretaste and guarantee of all that one day we will inherit, until we enter into that complete redemption which brings complete possession.
ESV: Who is the guarantee of our inheritance until we acquire possession of it, to the praise of his glory. (Wheaton: Standard Bible Society)
ICB: That Holy Spirit is the guarantee that we will get what God promised for his people. This will bring full freedom to the people who belong to God, to bring praise to God's glory.
KJV: Which is the earnest of our inheritance until the redemption of the purchased possession, unto the praise of his glory.
NET: Who is the down payment of our inheritance, until the redemption of God's own possession, to the praise of His glory.
NIV: Who is a deposit guaranteeing our inheritance until the redemption of those who are God's possession--to the praise of his glory.
NLT: The Spirit is God's guarantee that He will give us everything He promised and that He has purchased us to be his own people. This is just one more reason for us to praise our glorious God. (NLT - Tyndale House)
Phillips: as a guarantee of purchase, until the day when God completes the redemption of what He has paid for as his own; and that will again be to the praise of his glory. (Phillips: Touchstone)
TLB: His presence within us is God’s guarantee that He really will give us all that He promised; and the Spirit’s seal upon us means that God has already purchased us and that He guarantees to bring us to Himself. This is just one more reason for us to praise our glorious God.
Wuest: Who is the token payment of our inheritance guaranteeing the full payment of all, looking forward to the redemption of the possession which is being preserved with a view to the praise of His glory. (Eerdmans)
Young's Literal: which is an earnest of our inheritance, to the redemption of the acquired possession, to the praise of His glory.
WHO IS GIVEN AS A PLEDGE OF OUR INHERITANCE: o estin (3SPAI) arrabon tes kleronomias hemon: (Romans 8:15, 16, 17,23; 2Corinthians 1:22; 5:5; Galatians 4:6)
GOD'S DOWN PAYMENT:
Who - Notice that instead of "Who", the KJV uses "which", a pronoun which Collins English Dictionary says is "used in relative clauses with inanimate antecedents." The more modern translations use the personal pronoun "Who" which counters the frequent misunderstanding that the Holy Spirit as an "It" (cp "which") instead of a Person, the third Person of the Trinity.
Who is given as a pledge - "The firstfruits, the pledge and foretaste, the down payment on our heritage" (Amplified) "The foretaste and guarantee." (Barclay) "A deposit guaranteeing our inheritance" (NIV) "An earnest" (YLT) "The first installment" (NAB). "The first fruit of our heritage" (BBE) "The initial installment" (NET) "The token payment." (Wuest) "The caution money" (Vincent).
The Holy Spirit is God's "earnest money" given to assure that the whole will be fulfilled in the proper time.
RELATED RESOURCE: Names of the Holy Spirit (143 pages) - Elmer Towns
Writing to the saints at Rome Paul stated that...
Paul then described the Holy Spirit as the first fruits...
How do we know we have the Spirit as first fruits or as a pledge? Have you had a victory over sin this past week? If you are a believer, surely you can remember some time during the past week when sin was tempting you mightily to surrender to some lust (strong desire) and yet you were able to say "No" because of the "Pledge", the Holy Spirit Who was indwelling you (cp Ro 8:13-note - note our responsibility/God's provision). Indeed, every spiritual victory you have experienced in the past or will experience in the future is an affirmation that you have received the pledge of the Spirit of God, "by Whom you were sealed for the day of redemption." (Ep 4:30-note) And so our present experiences of victory over the power of sin enabled by the Spirit are but a foretaste that the best is yet to come when we will experience permanent, perfect victory over the power of sin! (Hallelujah!) Not only that, but the day of redemption will bring us freedom from the presence of sin, and even remove the pleasure of sin! (Glory!) (cp Heb 11:25-note)
Wuest writes that
Pledge (728) (arrabon) is the payment of part of a purchase price in advance. Literally was a legal and commercial technical term, representing an advance transaction that guarantees the validity of a contract or a full purchase price. The corresponding modern term is "earnest money", "down payment", installment or deposit that guarantees full amount will be paid.
Marvin Vincent refers to arrabon as "caution-money, deposited by a purchaser in pledge of full payment."
NET Bible notes...
One form of arrabon was used for an engagement ring! God's bestowal of His Spirit is the church's irrevocable pledge, her "divine engagement ring" giving her firm assurance that she is immutably betrothed to Christ's. In the NT arrabon is used only in a figurative sense and is used to describe the Holy Spirit Who the Father has given to believers in this present life to assure them of their future and eternal inheritance
Cole writes that...
Arrabon - 3x in the NT 2Cor. 1:22; 5:5; Eph. 1:14 - these are all the NT uses of arrabon.
Arrabon - 3 uses in the Septuagint (LXX) - Gen 38:17-18, 20
The Analytical Lexicon notes that arrabon is...
NIDNTT writes that in classical Greek and the Septuagint (LXX)...
Barclay says arrabon was well known in the ancient Greek business world noting that....
Inheritance (2817) (kleronomia [word study] from kleros = a lot + nemo = to distribute) (see study of related Kleronomos) is originally a portion which one receives by lot in a general distribution. In the NT the idea of chance attaching to the lot is eliminated for all believers we inherit all spiritual blessings in Christ.
Kleronomia is the portion or heritage which one receives by virtue of birth or by special gift from someone who has died (Lk 12:13). In a figurative sense, kleronomia refers to God's promised salvation, gifts, and benefits as our inheritance (which is the use in Eph 5:5-note) and eternal possession for every believer. (See dictionary discussion of Inheritance) and benefits, an
Kleronomia - 14x in 14v all translated "inheritance" - Mt 21:38; Mark 12:7; Luke 12:13; 20:14; Acts 7:5; 20:32; Gal 3:18; Eph 1:14, 18; 5:5-note; Col 3:24-note; Heb 9:15-note; He 11:8-note; 1Pet 1:4-note
Matthew 21:38 "But when the vine-growers saw the son, they said among themselves, 'This is the heir; come, let us kill him and seize his inheritance.'
Mark 12:7 "But those vine-growers said to one another, 'This is the heir; come, let us kill him, and the inheritance will be ours!'
Luke 12:13 Someone in the crowd said to Him, "Teacher, tell my brother to divide the family inheritance with me."
Luke 20:14 "But when the vine-growers saw him, they reasoned with one another, saying, 'This is the heir; let us kill him so that the inheritance will be ours.'
Acts 7:5 "But He gave him no inheritance in it, not even a foot of ground, and yet, even when he had no child, He promised that HE WOULD GIVE IT TO HIM AS A POSSESSION, AND TO HIS DESCENDANTS AFTER HIM.
Acts 20:32 "And now I commend you to God and to the word of His grace, which is able to build you up and to give you the inheritance among all those who are sanctified.
Galatians 3:18 For if the inheritance is based on law, it is no longer based on a promise; but God has granted it to Abraham by means of a promise.
Ephesians 1:14 who is given as a pledge of our inheritance, with a view to the redemption of God's own possession, to the praise of His glory.
Ephesians 1:18 I pray that the eyes of your heart may be enlightened, so that you will know what is the hope of His calling, what are the riches of the glory of His inheritance in the saints,
Ephesians 5:5 For this you know with certainty, that no immoral or impure person or covetous man, who is an idolater, has an inheritance in the kingdom of Christ and God.
Colossians 3:24 knowing that from the Lord you will receive the reward of the inheritance. It is the Lord Christ whom you serve.
Hebrews 9:15 For this reason He is the mediator of a new covenant, so that, since a death has taken place for the redemption of the transgressions that were committed under the first covenant, those who have been called may receive the promise of the eternal inheritance.
Hebrews 11:8 By faith Abraham, when he was called, obeyed by going out to a place which he was to receive for an inheritance; and he went out, not knowing where he was going.
1 Peter 1:4 to obtain an inheritance which is imperishable and undefiled and will not fade away, reserved in heaven for you,
Thayer summarizes kleronomia as (1) an inheritance, property received (or to be received) by inheritance, or (2) what is given to one as a possession.
NIDNTT says that in classical Greek the root word...
Here is an excerpt from Spurgeon's sermon on Ps 47:4 ("He chooses our inheritance for us") entitled "A Wise Desire" in which the prince of preachers speaks of God's inheritance in His Beloved and for the beloved in Christ...
F B Meyer commenting on inheritance in 1Peter 1:4-note...
F B Meyer writes about...
WITH A VIEW TO THE REDEMPTION OF GOD'S OWN POSSESSION: eis apolutrosin tes peripoieseos, eis epainon tes doxes autou: (Ep 4:30; Leviticus 25:24-34; Psalms 74:2; 78:54; Jeremiah 32:7,8; Luke 21:28; Acts 20:28; Romans 8:23; 1Peter 2:9)
A LONG OBEDIENCE
With a view to (1519) (eis) is a preposition of motion signifying unto, towards. Metaphorically of a state or condition into which one comes (in this case redeemed God's own possession forever)."
Redemption (629) (apolutrosis [word study] from apo = marker of dissociation or separation + lútron = ransom from lúo = loosen what is bound - How to do Greek Word Study) describes the payment of a price to ransom, buy back and deliver, from a situation from which was powerless to liberate himself or from a penalty which one could never pay. It was used of prisoners of war, slaves, those under penalty of death, of Israel when set free from slavery in Egypt and for God's continual rescuing of His people in the time of their trouble. In the NT, apolutrosis means to to set free men who are prisoner to power of sin, the old nature inherited from Adam, by the payment of a ransom price.
Possession - Literally "the possession". KJV = "purchased possession" (Ep 1:14KJV).
Possession (literally "the possession")(4047) (peripoiesis [word study] from perí = acquisition + poiéo = make thus to acquire, purchase) expresses the general ideas of preserving, acquiring, or gaining for one’s self, without specific reference to a price. Refers to the saints as God’s heritage which He preserves for Himself.
The UBS Handbook writes...
Jamieson comments on the KJV rendering "purchased possession"...
John Gill adds that the with a view to the redemption of God's own possession refers to the
TO THE PRAISE OF HIS GLORY: (Eph 1:6, 12)
His glory - Whose glory? John Gill says...
Guzik - We have this guarantee until we are “completely purchased” by God through resurrection and glorification - again, all to the praise of His glory
Praise (1868) (epainos [word study] from epí = upon + ainos = praise). In our humanly–oriented society, God’s wanting exclusive credit seems inappropriate only because men have no concept of His greatness, holiness glory. "
Epainos - 11x in 11v - Rom 2:29; 13:3; 1Cor 4:5; 2 Cor 8:18; Eph 1:6, 12, 14; Phil 1:11; 4:8; 1 Pet 1:7; 2:14. fame(1), praise(9), worthy of praise(1).
Glory (1391) (doxa) means to give a proper opinion or estimate of. God desires creatures that will give Him glory by both proclaiming and displaying His glory. For that reason He redeems men. God alone deserves glory
I like what Wayne Barber says about Ephesians 1...
F B Meyer writes of the Spirit...
In Morning and Evening, Spurgeon writes the following devotional on Ephesians 1:14...
Guaranteed Future - One day my friend Arthur Lewis, an expert in biblical Greek, was walking along the streets of Athens. Accompanying him was a professor who teaches Greek. They stopped occasionally to read the signs in shop windows.
As they gazed into a jewelry store, they saw a sign with the word arrabon on it. When they entered and talked to the proprietor, he told them that in modern Greek the word arrabon means "an engagement ring." The Greek professor thought for a moment, then commented, "How interesting! In the New Testament that's the term for 'a guarantee, a down payment.'"
In Ephesians 1:13, 14, we are told that the Holy Spirit is given to believers as an arrabon, a down payment, a guarantee of heaven. The blessing of the Spirit's presence in our hearts is a foretaste of the greater blessings we will enjoy when as the bride of Christ we are eternally united with our Bridegroom, the Lord Jesus.
Now the Spirit lives in us to give us guidance and power to live for God (Jn 16:13; Gal. 5:22, 23-note). But someday we'll have even more: We will live in the very presence of God. With joyful anticipation we await that day--for our future is guaranteed! --V C Grounds (Our Daily Bread, Copyright RBC Ministries, Grand Rapids, MI. Reprinted by permission. All rights reserved)