Leviticus 14 Commentary

Leviticus 14:1 Then the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,

Don't miss the repeated refrain - "Then the LORD spoke..." = 23 times this echoes throughout Leviticus. Lev 4:1; 5:14; 6:1, 8, 19, 24; 7:22, 28; 8:1; 12:1; 13:1; 14:1; 17:1; 18:1; 19:1; 20:1; 21:16; 22:1, 17, 26; 23:9; 24:1, 13. Moses clearly wrote the book of Leviticus.

THE LAW OF LEPROSY

Key words in Lev 14

  • Offering - This word is found 26x in 13 verses.
  • Scarlet - 5x in 5v - Lev 14:4, 6, 49, 51, 52
  • Hyssop - 5x in 5v - Lev 14:4, 6, 49, 51, 52
  • Clean - 26x in 22v
  • Water - 7x in 7v
  • Leper/Leprosy/Leprous - 10x in 9v

Gordon Wenham outlines Leviticus 14

Ritual Cleansing after Cure of Serious Skin Disease (Lev 14:2-32)

Rituals outside the Camp (Lev 14:2-9)

Rituals inside the Court of the Tabernacle (Lev 14:10-32)

The Infections of Houses (Lev 14:33-53)

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TODAY IN THE WORD (Moody Bible) - Leviticus 14:1-57 - Let us purify ourselves from everything that contaminates body and spirit, perfecting holiness out of reverence for God. - 2 Corinthians 7:1

- What exactly is the hyssop plant mentioned in today’s reading? It is difficult to answer this question precisely, because hyssop is not a specific term. One type of hyssop is a small, hardy shrub. Another is an herb from the basil family, somewhat bitter and mint-flavored. Tourists to Israel are purportedly sold this “hyssop” in small jars, though since it is a protected plant in Israel the jars frequently contain a blend of other Mediterranean herbs. It has also been suggested that hyssop is actually the caper plant, a green, rock-climbing vine that is said to have cleansing properties.

In any case, the hyssop plant in the Bible symbolized spiritual purification (cf. Ps. 51:7; Heb. 9:19). The cleansing sequence in today’s reading involved two components. In the first part, conducted outside the camp, a priest examined the infected person and pronounced him clean. The follow-up ceremony involved sprinkled blood, hyssop, cedar, and scarlet yarn, all symbols of cleansing and forgiveness. One bird was sacrificed and one set free (like the scapegoat). In the second part, done inside the camp, the healed person shaved, washed, and offered sacrifices, signifying renewed fellowship with God. As we also saw during the priests’ ordination, certain body parts were anointed to symbolize renewed commitment to worshiping and serving the Lord.

As we have mentioned previously, it might be better to translate “atonement” simply as “purification” in this passage. After all, to have a disease was not a sin, and in the similar ceremony for cleansing a house from mildew it is difficult to see theologically how “atonement” could be necessary or even possible.

TODAY ALONG THE WAY - Reading through passages on skin disease and mildew may not seem like a very helpful devotional activity! Yet these chapters are part of an important thread that runs through the Bible on purity, consecration, and being clean.

Leviticus 14:2 "This shall be the law of the leper in the day of his cleansing. Now he shall be brought to the priest, (law: Lev 14:54-57 13:59)(Mt 8:2-4; Mk 1:40-44; Lk 5:12-14; 17:14)

Leviticus 14: 3 and the priest shall go out to the outside of the camp. Thus the priest shall look, and if the infection of leprosy has been healed in the leper , (out of: Lev 13:46)(healed: Ex 15:26 2Ki 5:3,7,8,14 Job 5:18 Mt 10:8 11:5 Luke 4:27 7:22 Luke 17:15,16-19 1Co 6:9-11)

See Medical Article - Biblical Leprosy- A Suggested Interpretation (In depth - 25 page article)

Leprosy (06883)(tsaraath) is a "feminine noun referring to a skin disease, leprosy. It refers to a skin disease on humans (Lev. 13:2, 3, 8; 2KI. 5:3) but also to similarly appearing mold, mildew, or fungus in garments, walls of houses, etc. (Lev. 13:47, 49, 51, 52, 59). Most translations still render this as leprosy, but many scholars hold that it refers to leucodermia, etc. (The Complete Word Study Dictionary: Old Testament)

Elmer Martens in TWOT on tsaraath - While usually rendered leper or leprous, the term “leper” is not correct medically, since tsaraath refers to a wider range of skin diseases (cf. “malignant skin disease,” NEB). For convenience, however, the term “leper” can be retained. A person with leprosy. apart from the telltale malignant raw flesh and white hair, was to be otherwise identified by torn clothes, announcement of “unclean” when in the streets and was to live isolated from the community. Four persons are named in the OT as becoming leprous. Not counting Moses (Ex 4:6; cf. also 2Kgs 7:3), there were Miriam (Nu 12:10), Uzziah (2Ki 15:5), Gehazi (2Ki 5:27) and Naaman, the Syrian (2Ki 5:1). God may inflict the disease of tsaraath as punishment for sins such as jealousy (cf. Miriam), anger, and lack of full compliance with God’s commands (cf. Uzziah), and covetousness (cf. Gehazi). One must not conclude, however, that all sickness is a result of an individual’s sin (cf. Job; Lk 13:1–5; Jn 9:1–7). Tsaraath was not necessarily incurable (cf. 2Ki 5:7). Leprosy by contrast, was likely incurable (Lev 13). In any event, healing of tsaraath could serve as a sign of divine power (Ex 4:6; 2Ki 5:8). The isolation of a leprous person was doubtless a sanitary measure in order to avoid further contagion. That a priest in Israel’s theocracy was to diagnose the illness does not mean that today’s clergy should become health officers. But the principle of God’s concern for the health of bodies is not only self-evident but remains an enduring principle (cf. Jesus, Mt 8:2–3). Diseases with eruptions affecting the skin are sometimes mild, sometimes, as in smallpox, scarlet fever, etc., both dangerous and highly contagious. The only effective control in antiquity would have been isolation. Only the Hebrew laws had this very valuable provision. Tsaraath is found primarily (twenty times) in the two chapters that govern the diagnoses and the cleaning measures for one who had become unclean (tāmē, Lev 13, 14). In the nature of a contagion, tsaraath refers not only to eruptions on the skin but to mildew or mold in clothing (Lev 13) or in houses (Lev 14:34–53); therefore obviously the word is not specific for leprosy. The determination by the priest of an individual as unclean meant separation from the community, and ceremonial unfitness to enter the temple (cf. 2Chr 26:21). The cleansing measures to be performed upon recovery involved a ritual with two birds, which ritual according to KD was necessary for restoration to the community (Lev 14:2–9). An additional set of offerings followed, notably the guilt offering, perhaps because disease is ultimately to be linked with sin (Lev 14:10–20). There is no Scriptural warrant for regarding leprosy as a type of sin, though the analogy can be helpful for illustrative purposes. (Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament)

Holman Bible Dictionary - A generic term applied to a variety of skin disorders from psoriasis to true leprosy. Its symptoms ranged from white patches on the skin to running sores to the loss of digits on the fingers and toes. For the Hebrews it was a dreaded malady which rendered its victims ceremonially unclean—that is, unfit to worship God (Leviticus 13:3). Anyone who came in contact with a leper was also considered unclean. Therefore, lepers were isolated from the rest of the community so that the members of the community could maintain their status as worshipers. Other physical disorders or the flow of certain bodily fluids also rendered one unclean (see Leviticus 12:1-14:32; Leviticus 15:1-33 ). Even houses and garments could have “leprosy” and, thus, be unclean (Leviticus 14:33-57 ). Jesus did not consider this distinction between clean and unclean valid. A person's outward condition did not make one unclean; rather that which proceeds from the heart determines one's standing before God (Mark 7:1-23; compare Acts 10:9-16). Therefore, Jesus did not hesitate about touching lepers (Mark 1:40-45) and even commanded His disciples to cleanse lepers (Matthew 10:8 ). Jesus even made a leper the hero of one of His parables (Luke 16:19-31 ).

A person with leprosy, apart from the telltale malignant raw flesh and white hair, was to be otherwise identified by tom clothes, announcement of "unclean" when in the streets and was to live isolated from the community.

Tsaraath - 33v in the OT translated leprosy(30), leprous(4), mark(1).

Leviticus 13:2 "When a man has on the skin of his body a swelling or a scab or a bright spot, and it becomes an infection of leprosy on the skin of his body, then he shall be brought to Aaron the priest or to one of his sons the priests.

3 "The priest shall look at the mark on the skin of the body, and if the hair in the infection has turned white and the infection appears to be deeper than the skin of his body, it is an infection of leprosy; when the priest has looked at him, he shall pronounce him unclean.

8 "The priest shall look, and if the scab has spread on the skin, then the priest shall pronounce him unclean; it is leprosy.

9 ¶ "When the infection of leprosy is on a man, then he shall be brought to the priest.

11 it is a chronic leprosy on the skin of his body, and the priest shall pronounce him unclean; he shall not isolate him, for he is unclean.

12 "If the leprosy breaks out farther on the skin, and the leprosy covers all the skin of him who has the infection from his head even to his feet, as far as the priest can see,

13 then the priest shall look, and behold, if the leprosy has covered all his body, he shall pronounce clean him who has the infection; it has all turned white and he is clean.

15 "The priest shall look at the raw flesh, and he shall pronounce him unclean; the raw flesh is unclean, it is leprosy.

20 and the priest shall look, and behold, if it appears to be lower than the skin, and the hair on it has turned white, then the priest shall pronounce him unclean; it is the infection of leprosy, it has broken out in the boil.

25 then the priest shall look at it. And if the hair in the bright spot has turned white and it appears to be deeper than the skin, it is leprosy; it has broken out in the burn. Therefore, the priest shall pronounce him unclean; it is an infection of leprosy.

27 and the priest shall look at him on the seventh day. If it spreads farther in the skin, then the priest shall pronounce him unclean; it is an infection of leprosy.

30 then the priest shall look at the infection, and if it appears to be deeper than the skin and there is thin yellowish hair in it, then the priest shall pronounce him unclean; it is a scale, it is leprosy of the head or of the beard.

42 "But if on the bald head or the bald forehead, there occurs a reddish-white infection, it is leprosy breaking out on his bald head or on his bald forehead.

43 "Then the priest shall look at him; and if the swelling of the infection is reddish-white on his bald head or on his bald forehead, like the appearance of leprosy in the skin of the body,

47 ¶ "When a garment has a mark of leprosy in it, whether it is a wool garment or a linen garment,

49 if the mark is greenish or reddish in the garment or in the leather, or in the warp or in the woof, or in any article of leather, it is a leprous mark and shall be shown to the priest.

51 "He shall then look at the mark on the seventh day; if the mark has spread in the garment, whether in the warp or in the woof, or in the leather, whatever the purpose for which the leather is used, the mark is a leprous malignancy, it is unclean.

52 "So he shall burn the garment, whether the warp or the woof, in wool or in linen, or any article of leather in which the mark occurs, for it is a leprous malignancy; it shall be burned in the fire.

59 ¶ This is the law for the mark of leprosy in a garment of wool or linen, whether in the warp or in the woof, or in any article of leather, for pronouncing it clean or unclean.

Leviticus 14:3 and the priest shall go out to the outside of the camp. Thus the priest shall look, and if the infection of leprosy has been healed in the leper,

7 "He shall then sprinkle seven times the one who is to be cleansed from the leprosy and shall pronounce him clean, and shall let the live bird go free over the open field.

32 "This is the law for him in whom there is an infection of leprosy, whose means are limited for his cleansing."

34 "When you enter the land of Canaan, which I give you for a possession, and I put a mark of leprosy on a house in the land of your possession,

44 then the priest shall come in and make an inspection. If he sees that the mark has indeed spread in the house, it is a malignant mark in the house; it is unclean.

54 ¶ This is the law for any mark of leprosy-- even for a scale,

55 and for the leprous garment or house,

57 to teach when they are unclean and when they are clean. This is the law of leprosy.

Deuteronomy 24:8 ¶ "Be careful against an infection of leprosy, that you diligently observe and do according to all that the Levitical priests teach you; as I have commanded them, so you shall be careful to do.

2 Kings 5:3 She said to her mistress, "I wish that my master were with the prophet who is in Samaria! Then he would cure him of his leprosy."

6 He brought the letter to the king of Israel, saying, "And now as this letter comes to you, behold, I have sent Naaman my servant to you, that you may cure him of his leprosy."

7 When the king of Israel read the letter, he tore his clothes and said, "Am I God, to kill and to make alive, that this man is sending word to me to cure a man of his leprosy? But consider now, and see how he is seeking a quarrel against me."

27 "Therefore, the leprosy of Naaman shall cling to you and to your descendants forever." So he went out from his presence a leper as white as snow.

2 Chronicles 26:19 But Uzziah, with a censer in his hand for burning incense, was enraged; and while he was enraged with the priests, the leprosy broke out on his forehead before the priests in the house of the LORD, beside the altar of incense.

Resources on Leprosy

Leprosy - Bridgeway Bible Dictionary

Leprosy - Torrey's Topical Textbook

Leprosy - Easton's Bible Dictionary

Leprosy - Fausset's Bible Dictionary

Leprosy - Holman Bible Dictionary

Leprosy - Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible

Leprosy - Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament

Leprosy - Morrish Bible Dictionary

Leper, Leprosy - Smith's Bible Dictionary

Leprosy - 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica

Leper; Leprosy - International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

Leprosy - Kitto's Popular Cyclopedia of Biblical Literature

Leprosy - Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature

Leprosy - The 1901 Jewish Encyclopedia

The following are links to "modern" leprosy

WHO - Leprosy

Leprosy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Leprosy- Medline Plus Medical Encyclopedia

Hansen's Disease (Leprosy) - CDC

Scofield sees in this teaching a "type" of Gospel because of these points...

(1) the leper does nothing (Ro 4:4-5);

(2) the priest seeks the leper, not the leper the priest (Luke 19:10);

(3) "without the shedding of blood there is no forgiveness" (Heb 9:22);

(4) "if Christ has not been raised, your faith is futile; you are still in your sins" (1 Co 15:17).

Leviticus 14: 4 then the priest shall give orders to take two live clean birds and cedar wood and a scarlet string and hyssop for the one who is to be cleansed. (two: Lev 1:14, 5:7, 12:8)(cedar: Lev 14:6,49-52 Nu 19:6)(scarlet: Heb 9:19)

Criswell - As was sometimes the case in the OT sacrificial system, one animal could not portray the whole truth (cf. the use of two goats on the Day of Atonement, Lev 16:5). Two live clean birds (most likely turtledoves or young pigeons) were needed -- one perhaps representative of the death of Christ, the other of the resurrection of Christ (cf. Ro 4:25; 1 Cor. 15:3, 4). Evidently the hyssop plant was tied to the cedar wood with the scarlet thread. The same combination of objects (all denoting cleansing) was also used in connection with the ordinance of the red heifer (cf. Num. 19:6), which dealt with purification after defilement resulting from contact with death.

Scofield - The bird slain and the live bird, dipped in blood and released, present the two aspects of salvation in Ro 4:25. Christ "was delivered over to death for our sins, and was raised to life for our justification."

Scarlet (08144) (shani) refers to the dye (or sometimes the dyed material) obtained from the eggs of the female kermes or cochineal scale insects which attach themselves to the kermes oak.

Shani - 42v - Gen 38:28, 30; Ex 25:4; 26:1, 31, 36; 27:16; 28:5f, 8, 15, 33; 35:6, 23, 25, 35; 36:8, 35, 37; 38:18, 23; 39:1ff, 5, 8, 24, 29; Lev 14:4, 6, 49, 51f; Num 4:8; 19:6; Josh 2:18, 21; 2 Sam 1:24; Pr 31:21; Song 4:3; Isa 1:18; Jer 4:30. Here are representative uses...

Josh 2:17 And the men said to her (Rahab the Harlot), “We shall be free from this oath to you which you have made us swear, 18 unless, when we come into the land, you tie this cord of scarlet thread in the window through which you let us down, and gather to yourself into the house your father and your mother and your brothers and all your father’s household.2:21 And she said, “According to your words, so be it.” So she sent them away, and they departed; and she tied the scarlet cord in the window.

Isa 1:18 “Come now, and let us reason together,” Says the LORD, “Though your sins are as scarlet, They will be as white as snow; Though they are red like crimson (towla), They will be like wool.

Comment: Here is God's invitation to come for cleansing. He will remove even bloodguiltiness, symbolized by a garment dyed scarlet. As impossible as it would otherwise be, God makes the garment pure, shining, white, representing an unsullied righteousness (cf. Ps 51:7; Rev 7:14).

The story is told of a woman in northern England who hung out her washing and was so proud of its whiteness. She thought it glistened! Then snow came making a beautiful blanket of white. Seeing her clothes and the snow side by side, she exclaimed, "What can a poor woman do against God's almighty snow?" "So, in the white radiance of God's holiness, we are led to exclaim, 'What can any man or woman do against the purity of God Almighty?"

Notice that the word crimson is the same word used in the prophetic description of Jesus in Ps 22:6 which it is translated literally ''WORM''. Towla was the worm from which Israelites of that day obtained red dyes = usually translated "crimson" or "scarlet." The female worm when laying her eggs, affixes her body to a wooden surface on which she will die after the young are born. The wood (think of the crimson stained Cross, 1Co 1:18, 1Pe 2:24, 2Co 5:21), her body, and the young are reddened with the death of the life-giving mother. In a similar image the Lord Jesus made "peace through the blood of His Cross" (Col 1:20).

Hyssop (0231) ('ezob) refers to a small leafy shrub, was an integral element both in the purification of the leper and also in removing the defilement resulting from contact with a dead body (cf. Nu 19:6). David applies hyssop figuratively to the purification of the soul from guilt when he prays, “Purify me with hyssop, and I shall be clean” (Ps 51:7).

'Ezob - 10v - Ex 12:22; Lev 14:4, 6, 49, 51f; Nu 19:6, 18; 1Kgs 4:33; Ps 51:7

Ex 12:22 “And you shall take a bunch of hyssop and dip it in the blood which is in the basin, and apply some of the blood that is in the basin to the lintel and the two doorposts; and none of you shall go outside the door of his house until morning.

Leviticus 14: 5 "The priest shall also give orders to slay the one bird in an earthenware vessel over running water. (earthenware: Lev 14:50 Nu 5:17 2Co 4:7, 5:1, 13:4 Heb 2:14)

Running water: Literally "living water" (Lxx = hudor zao). This beautiful phrase, ("living waters") occurs 1st in Ge 26:19 and then in Lev 14:5,6, 50, 51, 52, 15:13 > running water, Nu 19:17 > flowing water Song 4:15 > fresh water, Jer 2:13 > living waters, Jer 17:13 > living water, Zech 14:8 > living waters from Jerusalem during 1000 YEAR reign of Messiah. A similar phrase is found in Jn 4:10,11,13,14, Jn 7:37,38, and finally in Rev 7:17, 21:6, 22:1,22:17, the latter Scriptures referring to the NEW HEAVEN and NEW EARTH!

Living Water is a beautiful picture of our Eternal Life in Christ, the Source of all Life. The picture of living water is especially poignant in the Middle East with paucity of any water at all. Thus sources of "living water" were even more rare and their discovery was accompanied by considerable rejoicing. How tragic that God's people rejected His offer of life giving water!

Leviticus 14: 6 "As for the live bird, he shall take it, together with the cedar wood and the scarlet string and the hyssop, and shall dip them and the live bird in the blood of the bird that was slain over the running water ("living water"). (live bird: John 14:19 Ro 4:25 5:10 Php 2:9-11 Heb 1:3 Rev 1:18) (dip them: Lev 14:51-53 Zec 13:1 Rev 1:5)

Criswell - The live bird was dipped in the combination of water and blood and then allowed to fly away. The live bird thus received its freedom at the price of the slain bird (cf. Lev 14:2). The live bird became symbolic not only of the resurrection of the Lord, but also of the new freedom that is found in one whose sins have been cleansed (cf. Ro. 8:2; Gal. 5:1).

Leviticus 14: 7 "He shall then sprinkle seven times the one who is to be cleansed from the leprosy , and shall pronounce him clean, and shall let the live bird go free over the open field. (sprinkle: Nu 19:18,19 Isa 52:15 Eze 36:25 John 19:34 Heb 9:13,19,21 Heb 10:22 12:24 1Pe 1:2 1Jn 5:6) (seven times: Lev 14:51, Lev 4:6,17 Lev 8:11 Lev 16:14,19 2Ki 5:10,14 Ps 51:2,7 Eph 5:26,27) (pronounce: Lev 13:13,17)

Sprinkle - Lev 14:7, 16, 27, 51

There are several references that relate to sprinkling...

Isa 52:15 Thus He (Messiah) will sprinkle many nations, Kings will shut their mouths on account of Him; For what had not been told them they will see, And what they had not heard they will understand.

Heb 9:13 For if the blood of goats and bulls and the ashes of a heifer sprinkling those who have been defiled, sanctify for the cleansing of the flesh, 14 how much more will the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered Himself without blemish to God, cleanse your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?

Heb 10:22 let us draw near with a sincere heart in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled clean from an evil conscience and our bodies washed with pure water.

Heb 12:24 and to Jesus, the mediator of a new covenant, and to the sprinkled blood, which speaks better than the blood of Abel.

1 Peter 1:2 according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, by the sanctifying work of the Spirit, that you may obey Jesus Christ and be sprinkled with His blood: May grace and peace be yours in fullest measure

Ezek 36:25 “Then I will sprinkle clean water on you, and you will be clean; I will cleanse you from all your filthiness and from all your idols.

Seven times -

2Kgs 5:10 And Elisha sent a messenger to him, saying, “Go and wash in the Jordan seven times, and your flesh shall be restored to you and you shall be clean.” 5:14 So he went down and dipped himself seven times in the Jordan, according to the word of the man of God; and his flesh was restored like the flesh of a little child, and he was clean.

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F B Meyer (Our Daily Homily) Leviticus 14:7 Shall let go the living bird into the open field. (r.v.)

That is thou, O trembling soul. Thine iniquities have come between thee and freedom, like the bars of a cage to a bird caught from its native woods and imprisoned. See the quickly-palpitating breast, beaten against the bars, pining for the open field — is not that an apt symbol of thy deep yearning for deliverance from the tyranny and thrall of besetting sin?

We are made free from the penalty of sin through the blood of Him who died. — One of the birds was killed in an earthen vessel over running water — here is symbolized the precious death of thy Savior, in the earthen vessel of his human nature, and in connection with the living power of the Holy Spirit, which bore forth the tidings into all the world. We have been dipped into the crimson tide and are freed — as the leper was — from the taint of our disease. He might go freely among men, and join the congregation of worshippers: and we may mingle with the saints, and enter the very presence-chamber of God.

We are made free from the power of sin through the grace of Him who rose. — He has passed into the resurrection life, and we in Him. When He rose through all the heavens to his native home, we ascended too. We are made free from the thralldom of evil by identification with the risen Lord; and the Holy Spirit, entering our hearts from our exalted Head, makes us possessors of all the privileges which are ours in the Divine purpose (Romans 8:3–4). Fly away, happy soul, to thy nest in the heart of God! Seek those things which are above! It is your privilege to live in the heavenlies with Christ. Sursum Corda!

Leviticus 14: 8 "The one to be cleansed shall then wash his clothes and shave off all his hair, and bathe in water and be clean. Now afterward, he may enter the camp, but he shall stay outside his tent for seven days. (wash: Lev 11:25 13:6 15:5-8 Ex 19:10,14 Nu 8:7 Rev 7:14) (wash himself: Lev 8:6 1Pe 3:21 Rev 1:5KJV) (shall: Nu 12:15) (seven days: Lev 8:33-35 Lev 13:5)

Wash his clothes (Lev 14:9, 47) -

Seven days - This was the same time period required for the ordination of the priests - Lev 8:33-35. And it was also the same instruction given for the cure of Miriam's leprosy (Nu 12:15).

In Exodus we read

Ex 19:10 The LORD also said to Moses, “Go to the people and consecrate them today and tomorrow, and let them wash their garments; 19:14 So Moses went down from the mountain to the people and consecrated the people, and they washed their garments.

Leviticus 14: 9 "And it will be on the seventh day that he shall shave off all his hair: he shall shave his head and his beard and his eyebrows, even all his hair. He shall then wash his clothes and bathe his body in water and be clean. (shave: Nu 6:9 8:7) (take: Mt 8:4 Mk 1:44 Lu 5:14)

Leviticus 14: 10 "Now on the eighth day he is to take two male lambs without defect, and a yearling ewe lamb without defect, and three-tenths of an ephah of fine flour mixed with oil for a grain offering, and one log of oil; (eighth day: Lev 14:23 9:1 15:13,14)(male lambs: Lev 1:10 John 1:29 1Pe 1:19) (ewe lamb: Lev 4:32 Nu 6:14)(three tenth: Lev 23:13 Ex 29:40 Nu 15:9 Nu 28:20) (grain offering: Lev 2:1 Nu 15:4-15 John 6:33,51) (log of oil: Lev 14:12,15,21,24)

Leviticus 14: 11 and the priest who pronounces him clean shall present the man to be cleansed and the aforesaid before the LORD at the doorway of the tent of meeting. (Lev 8:3 Ex 29:1-4 Nu 8:6-11,21 Eph 5:26,27 Jude 1:24 )

Leviticus 14: 12 "Then the priest shall take the one male lamb and bring it for a guilt offering, with the log of oil, and present them as a wave offering before the LORD. (guilt: Lev 5:2,3,6,7,18,19 6:6,7 Isa 53:10) (wave: Lev 8:27-29 Ex 29:24)

Leviticus 14: 13 "Next he shall slaughter the male lamb in the place where they slaughter the sin offering and the burnt offering, at the place of the sanctuary-- for the guilt offering, like the sin offering, belongs to the priest; it is most holy. (in the place: Lev 1:5,11 Lev 4:4,24 Ex 29:11) (sin offering: Lev 7:7 10:17)(most holy: Lev 2:3 7:6 21:22)

Leviticus 14: 14 "The priest shall then take some of the blood of the guilt offering, and the priest shall put it on the lobe of the right ear of the one to be cleansed, and on the thumb of his right hand, and on the big toe of his right foot. (Lev 8:23,24 Ex 29:20 Isa 1:5 Ro 6:13,19 12:1 1Co 6:20 2Co 7:1 Php 1:20 1Pe 1:14,15 2:5,9,10 Rev 1:5,6)

Criswell suggest that

The blood placed upon the lobe of the right ear, the thumb of the right hand, and the big toe of the right foot indicated that the whole person of the leper was cleansed and that he was now ready to enter upon his service to God (cf. Lev 8:23).

Leviticus 14: 15 "The priest shall also take some of the log of oil, and pour it into his left palm; (Ps 45:7 John 3:34 1Jn 2:20)

Leviticus 14: 16 the priest shall then dip his right-hand finger into the oil that is in his left palm, and with his finger sprinkle some of the oil seven times before the LORD. (Lev 4:6,17 Lu 17:18 1Co 10:31)

Leviticus 14: 17 "And of the remaining oil which is in his palm, the priest shall put some on the right ear lobe of the one to be cleansed, and on the thumb of his right hand, and on the big toe of his right foot, on the blood of the guilt offering; (Lev 14:14 8:30 Ex 29:20,21 Ezek 36:27 John 1:16 Titus 3:3-6 1Pe 1:2)

Leviticus 14: 18 while the rest of the oil that is in the priest's palm, he shall put on the head of the one to be cleansed. So the priest shall make atonement on his behalf before the LORD. (rest: Lev 8:12 Ex 29:7 2Co 1:21,22 Eph 1:17,18)

Leviticus 14: 19 "The priest shall next offer the sin offering and make atonement for the one to be cleansed from his uncleanness. Then afterward, he shall slaughter the burnt offering. (Lev 14:12 Lev 5:1,6 Lev 12:6-8 Ro 8:3 2Co 5:21)

Leviticus 14: 20 "And the priest shall offer up the burnt offering and the grain offering on the altar. Thus the priest shall make atonement for him, and he shall be clean. (Lev 14:10 Eph 5:2)

Leviticus 14: 21 "But if he is poor, and his means are insufficient, then he is to take one male lamb for a guilt offering as a wave offering to make atonement for him, and one-tenth of an ephah of fine flour mixed with oil for a grain offering, and a log of oil, (poor: Lev 1:14 5:7 12:8 1Sa 2:8 Job 34:19 Pr 17:5 22:2 Luke 6:20 Lk 21:2-4 2Co 8:9,12 Jas 2:5,6)

Leviticus 14: 22 and two turtledoves or two young pigeons which are within his means, the one shall be a sin offering and the other a burnt offering. ( Ps 68:13 Song 2:14 Isa 38:14 Isa 59:11 Jer 48:28 Eze 7:16)

Leviticus 14: 23 "Then the eighth day he shall bring them for his cleansing to the priest, at the doorway of the tent of meeting, before the LORD. (Lev 14:11)

Leviticus 14: 24 "And the priest shall take the lamb of the guilt offering, and the log of oil, and the priest shall offer them for a wave offering before the LORD. (Lev 14:10-13)

Leviticus 14: 25 "Next he shall slaughter the lamb of the guilt offering; and the priest is to take some of the blood of the guilt offering and put it on the lobe of the right ear of the one to be cleansed and on the thumb of his right hand, and on the big toe of his right foot. (Lev 14:14-20 Ps 40:6 Ec 5:1)

Leviticus 14: 26 "The priest shall also pour some of the oil into his left palm; (

Leviticus 14: 27 and with his right-hand finger the priest shall sprinkle some of the oil that is in his left palm seven times before the LORD. (

Leviticus 14: 28 "The priest shall then put some of the oil that is in his palm on the lobe of the right ear of the one to be cleansed, and on the thumb of his right hand, and on the big toe of his right foot, on the place of the blood of the guilt offering. (

Leviticus 14: 29 "Moreover, the rest of the oil that is in the priest's palm he shall put on the head of the one to be cleansed, to make atonement on his behalf before the LORD. (Lev 14:18,20 Ex 30:15,16 John 17:19 1Jn 2:1,2 5:6)

Leviticus 14: 30 "He shall then offer one of the turtledoves or young pigeons, which are within his means. (

Leviticus 14: 31 "He shall offer what he can afford, the one for a sin offering, and the other for a burnt offering, together with the grain offering. So the priest shall make atonement before the LORD on behalf of the one to be cleansed. (

Leviticus 14: 32 "This is the law for him in whom there is an infection of leprosy , whose means are limited for his cleansing." (Lev 14:2,54-57 13:59)(Lev 14:10,21 Ps 72:12-14 136:23 Mt 11:5 1Co 1:27,28)

Leviticus 14: 33 The LORD further spoke to Moses and to Aaron, saying, (

Leviticus 14: 34 "When you enter the land of Canaan, which I give you for a possession, and I put a mark of leprosy on a house in the land of your possession, (Lev 23:10 25:2 Nu 35:10 Dt 7:2 12:1,8 19:1 26:1 27:3) (which I: Ge 12:7 Ge 13:17 Ge 17:8 Nu 32:32 Dt 12:9,10 Dt 32:49 Jos 13:1)

Leviticus 14: 35 then the one who owns the house shall come and tell the priest, saying, 'Something like a mark of leprosy has become visible to me in the house.' (Dt 7:26 Jos 7:21 1Sa 3:12-14 1Ki 13:34 Ps 91:10 Pr 3:33 Zec 5:4)

Leviticus 14: 36 "The priest shall then order that they empty the house before the priest goes in to look at the mark, so that everything in the house need not become unclean; and afterward the priest shall go in to look at the house. (1Co 15:33 2Ti 2:17,18 Heb 12:15 Rev 18:4)

Leviticus 14: 37 "So he shall look at the mark, and if the mark on the walls of the house has greenish or reddish depressions, and appears deeper than the surface; (Lev 13:3,19,20,42,49)

Leviticus 14: 38 then the priest shall come out of the house, to the doorway, and quarantine the house for seven days. (Lev 13:50)

Leviticus 14: 39 "And the priest shall return on the seventh day and make an inspection. If the mark has indeed spread in the walls of the house, (Lev 13:7,8,22,27,36,51)

Leviticus 14: 40 then the priest shall order them to tear out the stones with the mark in them and throw them away at an unclean place outside the city. (Ps 101:5,7,8 Pr 22:10 Pr 25:4,5 Isa 1:25,26 Mt 18:17 John 15:2 1Co 5:5,6,13 Titus 3:10 2Jn 1:10,11 Rev 2:2,6,14-16,20)

Leviticus 14: 41 "And he shall have the house scraped all around inside, and they shall dump the plaster that they scrape off at an unclean place outside the city. (unclean place: Job 36:13,14 Isa 65:4 Mt 8:28 Mt 24:51 1Ti 1:20 Rev 22:15)

Rev 22:15 Outside are the dogs and the sorcerers and the immoral persons and the murderers and the idolaters, and everyone who loves and practices lying.

Leviticus 14: 42 "Then they shall take other stones and replace those stones; and he shall take other plaster and replaster the house. (Ge 18:19 Jos 24:15 2Chr 17:7-9 2Chr 19:5-7 2Chr 29:4,5 Ps 101:6 Ac 1:20-26 1Ti 5:9,10,21,22 2Ti 2:2 Titus 1:5-9)

Leviticus 14: 43 "If, however, the mark breaks out again in the house, after he has torn out the stones and scraped the house, and after it has been replastered, (Jer 6:28-30 Ezek 24:13 Heb 6:4-8 2Pe 2:20,22 Jude 1:12)

Leviticus 14: 44 then the priest shall come in and make an inspection. If he sees that the mark has indeed spread in the house, it is a malignant mark in the house; it is unclean. (Lev 13:51,52 Zec 5:4)

Leviticus 14: 45 "He shall therefore tear down the house, its stones, and its timbers, and all the plaster of the house, and he shall take them outside the city to an unclean place. (tear down: 1Ki 9:6-9 2Ki 10:27 17:20-23 18:4 25:4-12,25,26 Jer 52:13 Eze 5:4 Mt 22:7 24:2 Ro 11:7-11 Rev 11:2)

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G Campbell Morgan - Life Applications from Every Chapter of the Bible - Lev. 14:45 He shall break down the house.

That is, the house affected by leprosy. There was a time when it was suggested that this law was due to superstition. Modern science has proved its beneficence. A house may be infected with many forms of disease. This now needs no argument. All our present methods of dealing with disease from the standpoint of the welfare of the community are based upon it. It is made a criminal offence to-day not to notify cases of certain diseases. This attitude is entirely warranted by this law. A house which is likely to communicate disease must either be cleansed completely or destroyed. No man has any property rights which are superior to the rights of the health of the community. What we really need to-day, is a more drastic application of the principle. When we turn to the spiritual suggestiveness, we at once realize its importance. In the letter of Jude, the principle suddenly flames out in his words: "Hating even the garment spotted by the flesh" (verse 23). Whatever in our life has been associated with and contaminated by the leprosy of past sin, it is good to destroy without compromise or pity. How often where this is not done, even those who have known personal deliverance have been infected anew! Old haunts, old associations, should be left, abandoned, without compromise, or else the last state may be worse than the first.

Leviticus 14: 46 "Moreover, whoever goes into the house during the time that he has quarantined it, becomes unclean until evening. (Lev 11:24,25,28 15:5-8,10 17:15 22:6 Nu 19:7-10,21,22)

Leviticus 14: 47 "Likewise, whoever lies down in the house shall wash his clothes, and whoever eats in the house shall wash his clothes. (Lev 14:8,9)

Leviticus 14: 48 "If, on the other hand, the priest comes in and makes an inspection, and the mark has not indeed spread in the house after the house has been replastered, then the priest shall pronounce the house clean because the mark has not reappeared. (Lev 14:3 Job 5:18 Ho 6:1 Mk 5:29,34 Lu 7:21 1Co 6:11)

Leviticus 14: 49 "To cleanse the house then, he shall take two birds and cedar wood and a scarlet string and hyssop, (Lev 14:4-7)

Leviticus 14: 50 and he shall slaughter the one bird in an earthenware vessel over running water. (Lv14:5,6,51, 52, 15:13)

Leviticus 14: 51 "Then he shall take the cedar wood and the hyssop and the scarlet string, with the live bird, and dip them in the blood of the slain bird, as well as in the running water, and sprinkle the house seven times. (

Leviticus 14: 52 "He shall thus cleanse the house with the blood of the bird and with the running water, along with the live bird and with the cedar wood and with the hyssop and with the scarlet string. (Lv14:5,6,51, 52, 15:13)

Leviticus 14: 53 "However, he shall let the live bird go free outside the city into the open field. So he shall make atonement for the house, and it shall be clean." (Lev 14:20(

Leviticus 14: 54 This is the law for any mark of leprosy -- even for a scale, (law: Lev 14:2,32 6:9,14,25 7:1,37 11:46 15:32 Nu 5:29 6:13 19:14 Dt 24:8)(scale: Lev 13:30,31)

Leviticus 14: 55 and for the leprous garment or house, (Lev 13:47-59)(Lev 14:34)

Leviticus 14: 56 and for a swelling, and for a scab, and for a bright spot-- (Lev 13:2)

Leviticus 14: 57 to teach when they are unclean, and when they are clean. This is the law of leprosy . (teach: Lev 10:10 Jer 15:19 Eze 44:23)

Dt 24:8 “Be careful against an infection of leprosy, that you diligently observe and do according to all that the Levitical priests shall teach you; as I have commanded them, so you shall be careful to do.

Gordon J Wenham comments on the NT and Skin Disease: The NT refers to skin disease in a number of places. Though the word used in Greek is lepra, modern medical opinion is uncertain whether this would have included leprosy or only the "skin diseases" mentioned by Leviticus. "Lepers" (leproi) were among those healed by Jesus in the course of his ministry (Mt 8:2-4; 11:5; Mk 14:3; Lk 17:11-19). The Levitical law provided no means of curing "skin diseases." The sufferer had to wait in hope of a cure from God, without human aid. Only then could he present himself to the priest. But with the coming of Christ, God Himself sought out the "lepers" and healed them. Jesus came to seek and save that which was lost (Lk 19:10). His outreach to the lepers was on a par with his ministry to other sick people and social outcasts, such as tax-collectors and prostitutes. In Jesus a new age had come. The kingdom of God was present, and salvation was available to all who had faith (Ed: However all in the OT who had faith in what they understood of Messiah and the Gospel [Gal 3:8] were saved also by grace through faith.). In this new age the old barriers were obsolete (Ed: cf Heb 8:13) because God was calling all men into His new (Ed: Covenant) community. In the day of grace, outward ailments no longer mattered. Jesus had come to heal them. The laws of Leviticus were not abrogated by Jesus; in fact he tells the healed "lepers" to observe them (Mt 8:4; Lk 17:14). But the new (covenant) era of salvation made obsolete the idea that the diseased should be banished from human and divine society. Jesus' ministry and that of His disciples (Mt 10:8) was one which brought reconciliation between God and man (2Cor 5:18-21, Ro 5:10-11). Therefore the old laws isolating men because of their unsightly appearance had become inappropriate and out of date. Like the rules about unclean animals, they did not fit in with the new (covenant) program, which was to climax (Ed: After the Millennial Age) in the creation of a new heaven and a new earth, in which men of every class and nation would be redeemed (Rev 7:9). (The Book of Leviticus New International Commentary on the Old Testament- Gordon J. Wenham-recommended resource)

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