J Vernon McGee -- Ruth 4:1.mp3
J Vernon McGee -- Ruth 4:2-5.mp3
J Vernon McGee -- Ruth 4:6-7.mp3
J Vernon McGee -- Ruth 4:8-22.mp3
John Piper -- Ruth 4 - The Best is Yet to Come.mp3
NOW: Ruth 3 concludes with Naomi saying to Ruth,
Sit still, my daughter until you know how the matter turns out; for the
man will not rest until he has settled it today.
The theme of Ruth 4 is redemption and restoration.
In the heart & home of Boaz
Ruth & Naomi: Redeemed & Restored
De·noue·ment also dé·noue·ment \da\-nu/-ma/
[French denouement, lit, untying, from Mid French desnouement, from
desnouer to untie, from Old French desnoer, fr des- de- + noer to tie,
fr Latin nodare, fr nodus knot] (1752) final outcome of the main
dramatic complication in a literary work; outcome of a complex sequence
of events. The final resolution of a plot in a play. The "untying"
of the plot so to speak.
The context -
The previous chapter left us with a "cliff-hanger" - Ruth and Boaz are
obviously in love, and want to get married, with Boaz exercising the
right of the Goel - the kinsman-redeemer. Yet, there is a kinsman closer
to Ruth, and he has priority.
Will he claim the right of
kinsman-redeemer towards Ruth, and keep her and Boaz from coming
Bible note says that...
The disjunctive clause
structure...here signals the beginning of a new scene.
OPENS WITH 3 DEATHS
ENDS WITH ONE MARRIAGE & ONE BIRTH
The Book of Ruth opens with three funerals but closes with a wedding
and a birth.
There is a good deal of weeping recorded in the first chapter, but the
last chapter records an overflowing of joy in the little town of
Weeping may endure for a night,
but joy cometh in the morning
Weeping may endure for a night; but nights are not for ever. Even in the
dreary winter the day star lights his lamp. It seems fit that in our
nights the dews of grief should fall. When the Bridegroom's absence
makes it dark within, it is meet that the widowed soul should pine for a
renewed sight of the Well beloved.
But joy cometh in the morning. When
the Sun of Righteousness comes, we wipe our eyes, and joy chases out
intruding sorrow. Who would not be joyful that knows Jesus? (Ed:
Our Greater Goel - the ultimate Kinsman Redeemer) The first beams of the
morning brings us comfort when Jesus is the day dawn, and all believers
know it to be so. Mourning only lasts to morning: when the night is gone
the gloom shall vanish. This is adduced as a reason for saintly singing,
and forcible reason it is; short nights and merry days call for the
psaltery and harp.
Thomas Brooks: Weeping may endure for
a night, but joy cometh in the morning. Their mourning shall last but
till morning. God will turn their winter's night into a summer's day,
their sighing into singing, their grief into gladness, their mourning
into music, their bitter into sweet, their wilderness into a paradise.
The life of a Christian is filled up with interchanges of sickness and
health, weakness and strength, want and wealth, disgrace and honor,
crosses, and comforts, miseries and mercies, joys and sorrows, mirth and
mourning; all honey would harm us, all wormwood would undo us; a
composition of both is the best way in the world to keep our souls in a
healthy constitution. It is best and most for the health of the soul
that the south wind of mercy, and the north wind of adversity, do both
blow upon it; and though every wind that blows shall blow good to the
saints, yet certainly their sins die most, and their graces thrive best,
when they are under the drying, nipping north wind of calamity, as well
as under the warm, cherishing south wind of mercy and prosperity. Thomas
J Vernon McGee notes that
has had to stand aside with his arms folded, but now he is free to move
because Ruth has claimed him as her kinsman-redeemer. And I say
this reverently to you, my friend: Christ, like Boaz, is not free to
move in your behalf until you claim Him as your Kinsman-Redeemer. Boaz
is ready to act in the capacity of kinsman-redeemer. Ruth is to wait and
let him be the one to make all the arrangements. He is the one now who
will step out into the open and claim her, actually jeopardizing
everything that he has and everything that he is. But he wants her; he
loves her. This is the great message of this book: redemption is a
romance; because God loves us He redeemed us. You will have to invite
Him in. God offers the gift of eternal life in Christ Jesus, but you
have to reach out your hand and take it by faith. By faith you receive
Christ." (J Vernon McGee -- Ruth 4:1.mp3)
BOAZ WENT UP
TO THE GATE
AND SAT DOWN THERE: (Dt
16:18; 17:5; 21:19; 25:7; Job 29:7; 31:21; Am 5:10, 11, 12,15)
AT THE CITY GATE
(sa'ar) indicates the main entrance to a city or building and can
be used to stand for city or town itself. The gate of the city "was the
place of rule, where all matters were settled, all transfers made"
(Ridout). A number of places in the Scripture illustrate the fact of
doing business at the city gate (see Ge 19:1; 23:10; 34:20; 2Sa 15:2 =
[Absalom won converts by offering to settle their disputes in their
favor in the city gate]; Neh 8:1; and Ps 69:12). Kings would sit
at the city gate for legal business (2Sa 19:8; Jer 38:7). In Dt 15:7, 8
(Note: "towns" = "gates"), the city gate was where transaction and legal
business was carried out. Boaz’s action was to seat himself down in this
strategic location, signaling that he was ready to conduct business.
These observations point out that this matter of redemption was a
forensic or legal matter, indeed paralleling the truth that the
believer's redemption in the NT is a forensic matter, whereby the guilty
sinner as if standing in a court of law is declared in right standing
with God on the basis of our Greater Goel's eternal work of redemption
accomplished at Calvary.
Recent archaeological excavations at ancient Dan have uncovered a raised
platform next to the gate at which court proceedings were carried out in
the name of the king of Israel.
The writer of proverbs in
describing the "Proverbs 31 Woman" (Pr 31:10, 29, 30) records that...
Her husband is known in the gates
when he sits among the elders of the land. (Pr 31:23)
This is an apt description of Boaz "known
in the gates"! He was not only a man of stellar reputation
(what others think they know is true about us) but also a man of
spotless character (what God alone knows is true about us).
In the ancient east, the main gate of the town was a short
passageway through the thick city wall which provided the town an
entrance and exit. A series of small alcoves lined the passage, and the
whole gate area served as both bazaar and courthouse, functioning
as the local law court. Furthermore, the ancient city gate was open to the public
scrutiny which would allow others to observe whether justice was
properly meted out.
The gate was the place where the esteemed men of the city sat.
There the ancients gathered to buy and sell, to settle legal matters,
and to gossip. The city
gate was somewhat analogous to our modern city council chamber and
courtroom rolled into one. Think of many of the small towns in the
Midwest US which were established around a city square which was usually
the site of the city or county courthouse.
As an example of the type of
business conducted at the city gate Moses gives instructions that an
Israelite who doubted the virginity of his bride was to make a formal
accusation to the “elders of the city.” If her parents gave proof of
virginity showing the accusation was false, the husband was to pay a
penalty and was prohibited from divorcing the woman. However, if she was
found not to be a virgin, then she was to be put to death. Moses writes
the girl's father and her mother shall take and bring out the
evidence of the girl's virginity to the elders of the city at the
gate. (Dt 22:15, cf. 2Sa 15:2; Job 29:7; La 5:14).
So clearly the city gate was
the site of serious judgments and Boaz had a serious issue to bring
before the Goel and the elders.
AND BEHOLD! THE CLOSE RELATIVE
(GOEL) OF WHOM BOAZ SPOKE WAS PASSING BY:
Don't miss once again the mysterious,
sovereign, providential hand of God in this event for it just so “happened”
(another "designed, divine coincidence") that the closest relative
walked by at that very moment. I wonder how many times I have missed
seeing such a "designed, divine coincidence" because at that very
moment I was not walking in the Spirit but walking in Sin! I often
wonder (and this is purely speculative of course) if this isn't why in
the book of the Revelation, God will wipe away every tear from our
eyes? (Re 7:17-note,
Re 21:4-note)! Lord, give us 20/20 spiritual vision to see the "divine
coincidences" not as annoyances but as opportunities, for the
advancement of Thy Kingdom for the sake of Thy Name through our Great
High Priest. Amen.
As Rob Morgan (Ref)
There are some words that just are
not found in God’s dictionary, words like accident, chance, oops, and
coincidence. He orders and ordains the events of our lives. I like the
little poem by Anna Waring that says:
I love to think that God appoints
My portion day by day.
Events of life are in His hand,
And I can only say,
“Appoint them in Thine own good time,
and in Thine own best way.”
The Psalmist said, “Our times are in
His hands.” The Bible teaches that the steps of God’s people are ordered
of the Lord. Jesus said that the hairs of our heads are all numbered.
Think of that! God is more concerned about us than we are concerned
about ourselves, more concerned about us than a mother or father is
about his or her child. Experts tell us that the average person has over
100,000 hairs growing on their head. But who among us has ever cared
enough to try to count every hair? What mother in all history has ever
loved her child enough to count the hairs on his or her head? But God is
so concerned about the details of our lives that He counts the hairs on
our head. He sees every sparrow that falls, and nothing is hidden from
His sight. He orders and arranges and leads and guides and works all
things for good.
And our lives become a daily series of small miracles, and His care is
seen in the so-called coincidences that occur every day. God in His
grace orchestrates apparently random incidents and events in our lives
into a series of everyday miracles which, taken together, fulfill for us
His preplanned and precious will.
If thou but suffer God to guide thee
And hope in Him through all thy ways,
He’ll give thee strength, whate’er betide thee,
And bear thee through the evil days.
Who trust in God’s unchanging love
Builds on the rock that naught can move.
Be patient and await His leisure
In cheerful hope, with heart content
To take whatever thy Father’s pleasure
And His discerning love hath sent,
Nor doubt our inmost want are known
To Him who chose us for His own.
(Lxx = Idou' = prompter of person's attention) is an exclamation
used to point out an important fact or action which follows and
functions as an interjection demanding attention. The idea is "look!"
"see!" It serves to arouse the reader's attention and/or calls for
special attention to what is getting ready to transpire.
is an interjection meaning behold, look, now; if. "It is used often and
expresses strong feelings, surprise, hope, expectation, certainty, thus
giving vividness depending on its surrounding context." (Baker) Hinneh
generally directs our mind to the text, imploring the reader to give it
special attention. In short, the Spirit is trying to arrest our attention!
And so hinneh is used as an exclamation of vivid immediacy (e.g., read Ge
6:13)! Hinneh is a marker used to enliven a narrative, to express a change a
scene, to emphasize an idea, to call attention to a detail or an important
fact or action that follows (Isa 65:17, Ge 17:20, 41:17). The first use
of hinneh in Ge 1:29 and second in Ge 1:31 - "And God saw all that He had
made, and behold, it was very good. And there was evening and there was
morning, the sixth day."
W E Vine observes it is notable
that when behold (hinneh) is used in Isaiah, it always
introduces something relating to future circumstances and that is exactly
the sense of hinneh in this passage in Jeremiah.
Spurgeon reminds us that "Behold is
a word of wonder; it is intended to excite admiration. Wherever you see it
hung out in Scripture, it is like an ancient sign-board, signifying that
there are rich wares within, or like the hands which solid readers have
observed in the margin of the older Puritanic books, drawing attention to
something particularly worthy of observation." I would add, behold is like a
divine highlighter, a divine underlining of an especially striking or
important text. It says in effect "Listen up, all ye who would be wise in
the ways of Jehovah!"
Butler writes that "The "behold" emphasizes the
providential aspect of he "came by" of the nearer kinsman. And it
reminds us that providence always comes to those who are prompt about
pursuing their duties as Boaz was here. Those who complain that they
never experience providential help will be found to be those who are
dilatory in their duties. "I being in the way [doing his duty], the Lord
led [providentially] me" (Ge 24:27) is the way Divine providence favors
people. (Bible Biography Series: Ruth the Ancestress of Christ)
Close relative (01350)