Amplified: And when she came home, her mother-in-law said, How have you fared, my daughter? And Ruth told her all that the man had done for her. (Amplified Bible - Lockman)
BBE: And when she came back her mother-in-law said to her, How did it go with you, my daughter? And she gave her an account of all the man had done to her.
CEV: Naomi asked her what had happened, and Ruth told her everything. (CEV)
GWT: When Ruth returned, her mother-in-law Naomi asked, "How did things go, my daughter?" Ruth told Naomi everything the man had done for her. (GWT)
KJV: And when she came to her mother in law, she said, Who art thou, my daughter? And she told her all that the man had done to her.
NJB: When Ruth got home, her mother-in-law asked her, 'How did things go with you, daughter?' She then told her everything that the man had done for her. (NJB)
Young's Literal: And she cometh in unto her mother-in-law, and she saith, 'Who art thou, my daughter?' and she declareth to her all that the man hath done to her.
English of Septuagint: And Ruth went in to her mother-in-law, and she said to her, My daughter! and Ruth told her all that the man had done to her
|AND WHEN SHE CAME TO HER MOTHER-IN-LAW SHE SAID HOW DID IT GO, MY DAUGHTER:
Literally the Hebrew says Naomi asked "Who are you?" undoubtedly with a sense of anticipation. To phrase it another way Naomi appears to be asking…
Young's Literal accurately translates it
Observe that this is the second time in just a matter of hours that Ruth was asked the question "Who are you?" Boaz having asked the same question when he awoke at midnight and discovered Ruth laying at his feet (Ru 3:9-note).
My daughter - This term of endearment (motherly affection for Naomi, romantic interest for Boaz) is concentrated in chapter 3, being used 3 times by Naomi and twice by Boaz (Ruth 3:1, 10, 11, 16, 18 -- this phrase also used in Ruth 2:2, 2:8, 2:22)
Butler wisely comments that…
AND SHE TOLD HER ALL THAT THE MAN HAD DONE FOR HER:
Not to overemphasize the point, but had Boaz been inappropriate with Ruth, as some commentators conclude, here the author makes it clear that she holds nothing back from her mother-in-law. And yet we see nothing in Naomi's comments that denigrates Boaz in any way, as would surely have been the case had there been sexual impropriety.
Wiersbe has a practical summary of this chapter noting that…
Amplified: And she said, He gave me these six measures of barley, for he said to me, Do not go empty-handed to your mother-in-law. (Amplified Bible - Lockman)
BBE: And she said, He gave me these six measures of grain, saying, Do not go back to your mother-in-law with nothing in your hands.
CEV: She also said, "Boaz gave me this grain, because he didn't want me to come back without something for you." (CEV)
GWT: She said, "He gave me these six measures of barley and told me not to come back to you empty-handed." (GWT)
KJV: And she said, These six measures of barley gave he me; for he said to me, Go not empty unto thy mother in law.
NJB: 'He gave me these six measures of barley and said, "You must not go home empty-handed to your mother-in-law." (NJB)
Young's Literal: And she saith, 'These six measures of barley he hath given to me, for he said, Thou dost not go in empty unto thy mother-in-law.'
English of Septuagint: And she said to her, He gave me these six measures of barley, for he said to me, Go not empty to thy mother-in-law
AND SHE SAID THESE SIX MEASURES:
As noted in the previous verse, the Hebrew text gives no standard of measurement and ephah has been inserted by some translators only as a possibility. However, 6 ephahs would weigh about 200 pounds, which was far too much for Ruth to carry home in her shawl.
FOR HE SAID DO NOT GO TO YOUR MOTHER-IN-LAW EMPTY HANDED:
God would use Boaz's generous spirit and Ruth's obedience to fill Naomi once again. Naomi could no longer say that her hands were empty. Now they were full because of the grace of Boaz, the kinsman redeemer.
Ruth’s faith and obedience had brought blessing and a complete transformation in their lives, and now they were living by grace.
Amplified: Then said she, Sit still, my daughter, until you learn how the matter turns out; for the man will not rest until he finishes the matter today. (Amplified Bible - Lockman)
BBE: Then she said, Do nothing now, my daughter, till you see what will come of this; for the man will take no rest till he has put this thing through.
CEV: Naomi replied, "Just be patient and don't worry about what will happen. He won't rest until everything is settled today!" (CEV)
GWT: Naomi replied, "Stay here, my daughter, until you know how it turns out. The man won't rest unless he settles this matter today." (GWT)
KJV: Then said she, Sit still, my daughter, until thou know how the matter will fall: for the man will not be in rest, until he have finished the thing this day.
NJB: Naomi said, 'Do nothing, daughter, until you see how things have gone; I am sure he will not rest until he has settled the matter this very day.' (NJB)
Young's Literal: And she saith, 'Sit still, my daughter, till thou dost know how the matter falleth, for the man doth not rest except he hath completed the matter to-day.'
English of Septuagint: And she said, Sit still, my daughter, until thou shalt know how the matter will fall out; for the man will not rest until the matter (rhema is literally the spoken word - Boaz was good to his word) be accomplished this day
|THEN SHE SAID WAIT, MY DAUGHTER: (Ps 37:3-note; Ps 37:4-note; Ps 37:5-note; Isa 28:16; 30:7) (Surviving The Storms Of Stress - RBC Booklet) (See devotionals on waiting at the end of this note)
Wait quietly = Modern Language Version
Stay here = GWT
Just be patient = Ru 3:18NLT
Do nothing now = BBE
Stay put = NET
Sit still = Ru 3:18KJV
Often More Difficult Than
Wait (03427) (yasab/yashab) means literally to sit down, to dwell, to inhabit, to endure, to abide , to stay, to remain.
Our greatest strength is often shown
Naomi is gives Ruth a command to "Sit still. There’s nothing more for you to do." The essence of Naomi's encouragement to Ruth is seen in the following words from Be Still My Soul… ponder Katharina von Schlegel's poignant stanza which speaks especially of God's sovereignty and providential control over the events and circumstances of all of our lives…
It follows that if Ruth sits, she has to wait. Waiting and being still imply confidence or trust that what is hoped for will be done and is manifest in steadfastness or patience. Ruth would have accomplished nothing by following Boaz around Bethlehem, trying to help him keep his promises. How often does our fallen nature seek to "help God out"! However often when we do try to "help God", it doesn't help and sometimes makes matters even worse!
How is your soul today? Sitting still? Resting in confidence and the sure hope of your greater Boaz, your Kinsman Redeemer, fully convinced that your future and your past is secure because of His costly redemption? Resting or restless - which are you?
Commit your way to the LORD,
Ps 37:5 (note)
I will strengthen,” so take courage,
Patience is hard for people who drive to the One-Hour Photo Shop, take their clothes to the One-Hour Cleaners, and get breakfast at a drive-through window.
John Butler qualifies this verse by noting that…
Hymn writer Phillips Brooks admitted,
Haven't we often felt the same? Yet patience is part of God's strategy for maturing us. It's a lost skill we all need to cultivate. If you have no joy because you're always in a rush, slow down.
As Torrey wrote
God is never in a hurry, but He is always on time. God stretches our patience to enlarge our soul. Ask yourself:
What circumstances make it hard for me to wait for the Lord?
How do I know I won't be disappointed when I wait for Him?
Recall frequently to your mind that God's timing is always right—and then rest and wait patiently for Him for our unknown future is secure in the hands of our all-knowing God.
George Matheson wrote,
Henry Morris says that
O my soul, wait on the Lord
Naomi's advice to wait clearly indicates that she has taken a stance of faith--she had a restoration of her trust in EL Shaddai (see study God Almighty) and expresses to Ruth a confident, expectant belief that only God could bring this romantic redemptive rendezvous to a righteous resolution.
Patience is a virtue
Can you see how the events subsequent to chapter 1 ("I went out full, but the LORD has brought me back empty. Why do you call me Naomi, since the LORD has witnessed against me and the Almighty (Shaddai) has afflicted me?" Ru 1:21-note) have been thoroughly reversed, resulting in Naomi's renewed faith and hope?
Do you feel empty today like Naomi did?
Then take heart dearly beloved as you ponder the effect on Naomi of God's sovereign working in the background in chapters 2-3 (See also How Much Does God Control?). Be encouraged. Hope in God.
Paul wrote that
As Matthew Henry comments
Henry goes on to add that
Isaiah encourages Israel with the promise that
The word “gain” more literally means “to exchange,” as if one takes off old clothes and puts on new. Ruth would soon experience a literal exchange of her old clothes for a wedding gown. But all believers can likewise experience an exchange of our weakness for God's strength (cf 2Cor 12:9, 10). As we wait before Him, God supernaturally enables us to soar even in the face of the crisis, to run when the challenges are many, and to walk faithfully in the day-by-day demands of life. For many it is much harder to walk in the ordinary everyday pressures of life than to fly like an eagle in a time of crisis! Like Ruth we all need to practice the fruitful spiritual discipline of "waiting on our Redeemer."
"Let patience have her perfect work;
Let God refine your gold;
For in His time He'll show you why,
And blessings great unfold." (Bosch)
Since Naomi and Ruth believed that Boaz would accomplish what he said he would do, they waited patiently until they received the good news that Ruth would be a bride. Their attitudes and actions (and the subsequent events in chapter 4) are testimony to the truth of the exhortation
UNTIL YOU KNOW HOW THE MATTER TURNS OUT:
Matter (01697) (dabar) which means word, matter or thing.
Turns out (05307) (naphal) (Used also in Ru 2:10) is literally "falls" so that this verse literally reads "how the word falls". This word may fall but it will not fail -- this reminds us of one of Joshua's last stirring exhortations to Israel in which he said
Do you believe this is still true?
FOR THE MAN WILL NOT REST UNTIL HE HAS SETTLED IT TODAY:
For Naomi explains why she is so confident that this matter will come to culmination (and ultimately to consummation). She was convinced that Boaz was a man of integrity, the kind of person who would not rest until he saw to it that the role of the kinsman redeemer was fulfilled. Subsequent events prove Naomi knew her kinsman well.
Will not rest (08252) means to be still, to be quiet or to be undisturbed and conveys the idea of "tranquility" and implies the absence of strife, war (as in Jdg 3:30-note where it is translated "undisturbed" in NAS), or trouble on the one hand, and worry or anxiety on the other.
See note Ruth 3:1 for more on "rest" noting that Ruth 3 begins and ends with "rest" and so is aptly subtitled "Ruth Resting" for in it we find out how Ruth will find her "rest" with her kinsman-redeemer Boaz.
In a similar way we, as have believers of every age, are waiting for the imminent Return of our Redeemer, to Whom we are Betrothed as His bride, "the church". The Redeemer's return which will bring our redemption to completion at which time we will rest finally and fully in our Lord's glorious presence. Paul puts it beautifully in Romans 8 writing…
Has settled (03615) (kalah) means to finish, complete, fulfill or bring this matter to an end. The primary meaning of kalah is to consummate or to bring to completion. Boaz will finish his task, working until the goal is accomplished. Sometimes the idea of exhaustion or of being entirely consumed is signified by this verb kalah. Naomi was confident that Boaz would not rest until he had settled the matter.
John Butler observes that…
Wait my daughter - Are you like Ruth or more like Martha in Luke10 who was…
Then to calm your nerves and keep you from rushing ahead of the Lord, meditate on Naomi's advice to Ruth, along with two other closely related exhortations in Scripture.
How can we "sit still"? One way is to wait on the Lord in prayer, not wasting your time but investing it in eternity. God is preparing you and your circumstances so that His purposes will be accomplished. However, when the right time arrives walk out in obedience and in faith, do not delay.
Moses gave this command to the people of Israel as the Egyptian army was pressing in to destroy them. When God tells us to "Stand still ", there is no need to panic, for the Almighty, omnipotent God has the situation well in hand. And when He commands to “go forward” (Ex 14:15) as He did Israel, and He will lead us through "the sea" step by step. There is a time to stand and a time to move out, and we must be alert to know and do whichever God wants us to do.
The truth in this Psalm provides a wonderful antidote for a restless spirit. The Hebrew word translated “be still” means “take your hands off, relax.” It’s so easy for us to get impatient with the Lord and start meddling in matters that we ought to leave alone. He is God, and His hands can accomplish the impossible. Our hands may get in the way and make matters worse.
When the Lord arranges the circumstances of our life so that we must "wait", then we need to take heart from these exhortations to sit still, stand still and be still. God is in control.
Warren Wiersbe comments on Ps 46:10 noting that…
J. Vernon McGee has some sage comments regarding application of Naomi's advice to Ruth. He writes:
J. Vernon McGee continues writing that…
F B Meyer has a devotional entitled The Secret of a Quiet Heart
In Our Daily Homily F B Meyer writes that…
Waiting With Anticipation (READ: Ps130:1-8) (Spurgeon's notes on Psalm 130) - While in the military I learned to hate waiting. We were commanded to hurry out of the barracks and line up. There we would stand and wait, wait, wait for our next orders. When getting vaccinations, we would stand in line and just wait.
I also did a lot of waiting in bus and train depots when I had a leave of absence. I can't say I enjoyed it, but it was different. It was waiting with anticipation. I knew that when I arrived home I would be welcomed by my wife Ginny and my loved ones.
This describes the kind of waiting expressed by the writer of Psalm 130. He had been in the pit of despair over the guilt of his sins (Ps 130:1, 2, 3), and he had prayed and gained assurance of forgiveness (Ps 130:4). But he explained that it was the Lord Himself for whom he was waiting—not just His forgiveness (Ps 130:5). He waited with the anticipation of a watchman who knows that light will appear in the morning (Ps 130:6).
When we're hurting or in distress over our sin, we can look up and wait with anticipation. The Lord will come! Whether through a promise directly from His Word, the wise counsel from a friend, or the quiet witness of the Holy Spirit, He will meet our need—as certainly as morning light always breaks through the darkness of night. —Herb Vander Lugt (Our Daily Bread, Copyright RBC Ministries, Grand Rapids, MI. Reprinted by permission. All rights reserved)
O my soul, wait on the Lord
What's Worth Waiting For? Read Ps 40:1-17 (Spurgeon's notes on Psalm 40) - Psalm 40 is tough to take. It recalls a time when David was forced to wait. But as he looked back with a new song in his heart, he saw that the wait was worth it. By implication, when we are in the middle of a muddle, we must wait patiently for the Lord (Ps 40:1).
That advice looks better in the Bible than it does in life. Patience is hard for people who drive to the One-Hour Photo Shop, take their clothes to the One-Hour Cleaners, and get breakfast at a drive-through window.
We cook dinner in microwave ovens and gulp down remedies that offer "fast, fast relief." Overnight mail is too slow, and we get irritated waiting for a fax. The people we live with, work with, play with, and worship with can absolutely unnerve us. They can be obstinate, frustrating, selfish, insulting. It's hard to be patient with them, and it's harder still to wait on the Lord.
Hymnwriter Phillips Brooks admitted,
Yet patience is part of God's strategy for maturing us as Christians. It's a lost skill we all need to cultivate.
If you have no joy because you're always in a rush, slow down. God will give you a new song--but first you must wait patiently for Him (Ps 40:1, 2, 3). — Haddon W. Robinson (Our Daily Bread, Copyright RBC Ministries, Grand Rapids, MI. Reprinted by permission. All rights reserved)
Not so in haste, my heart!
To Work Or To Wait? Read: Numbers 9:15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23 - A gifted and active Christian woman was stricken with an illness that confined her to bed. On her wall hung a motto, Be Strong— and Work for the Lord, based on 1 Chronicles 28:20. But those words, which used to bring her encouragement and strength, now brought only distress.
A friend recognized her troubled state of mind and read the last part of Numbers 9 to her. She pointed out that during Israel’s wilderness wanderings, they rested whenever the guiding cloud remained over the tabernacle. But when the cloud moved on, they journeyed forward.
The friend then said that there are times when God expects us to move ahead in our work for Him. At other times He expects us to rest. To emphasize her point, she walked over to the wall, took down the first motto, and replaced it with a new one: Be Still, and Know That I Am God (Ps. 46:10-note).
All of us need to recognize that God in His wisdom not only leads us into service but also provides times of rest. Often we desire the thrill of activity when He knows we will draw closer to Him through peaceful stillness. A real test of consecration is the ability to wait when we prefer to work.— Henry G. Bosch (Our Daily Bread, Copyright RBC Ministries, Grand Rapids, MI. Reprinted by permission. All rights reserved)
Whenever your plans are thwarted,
Patience - READ: Psalm 37:1-9 (Spurgeon's notes on Psalm 37) - It may take only a year for a construction crew to put up a tall building, but God takes a century to grow a sturdy oak. So too, the Lord may seem to be working slowly to accomplish His purposes in our lives, but His grand designs take time.
The great New England preacher Phillips Brooks was noted for his poise and quiet manner. At times, however, even he suffered moments of frustration and irritability. One day a friend saw him pacing the floor like a caged lion. "What's the trouble, Dr. Brooks?" asked the friend. "The trouble is that I am in a hurry," said Brooks, "but God isn't." Haven't we often felt the same?
Jonathan Goforth (1859-1936), a missionary to China, was convinced that the city of Changte should be his field of spiritual labor. But his faith was severely tested as he was mobbed and threatened when visiting the city. Finally, after 6 frustrating years, permission to begin his work was granted. Within 3 days of reaching Changte he had received no less than 35 offers of land, among them the very site he had chosen earlier as the most ideal spot for the mission.
Wait patiently for the Lord (Ps 37:7-note). If you do, you'll find that He will give you what's best--in His time! — Henry G. Bosch (Our Daily Bread, Copyright RBC Ministries, Grand Rapids, MI. Reprinted by permission. All rights reserved)
Wait, and in waiting, listen for God's leading,