2 Samuel Commentaries

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2 Samuel Commentary, Sermon, Illustration, Devotional

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1 KINGS / 1 KINGS
1 CHRONICLES / 2 CHRONICLES
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DIFFERENCES BETWEEN
SAMUEL, KINGS & CHRONICLES
SAMUEL &
KINGS
FIRST & SECOND
CHRONICLES
Prophetic Perspective:
Message of Judgment
Priestly Perspective:
Message of hope
Prophetic authorship:
Emphasizes the prophetic ministry
and moral concerns
Priestly authorship:
Emphasizes the priestly ministry
and spiritual concerns
The Fortunes
of the Thrones
Continuity
of the Davidic line
More Negative:
Rebellion & Tragedy
More Positive:
Apostasy, but hope in face of tragedy
Record of both
Israel and Judah
Record primarily
of Judah
Man's Failings God's Faithfulness
Morality Redemption
Emphasizes the throne
of earthly kings
Earthly throne (temple)
of the heavenly King
Emphasizes Kings
and Prophets
Emphasizes the Temple
and the Priests
Political
and kingly
Religious
and priestly
Compiled by authors
soon after the events
Compiled by by a priest:
Ezra many years after the events
Written shortly after the
beginning of the captivity in Babylon
Written shortly after
the return from the captivity

Adapted Wilkinson's Talk thru the Bible & Jensen's Survey of the OT

CHRIST IN 2 SAMUEL
A M HODGKIN

David was three times anointed: first in his father's house [1Sam 16:1-13], then over Judah, and lastly over all Israel. God has anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the oil of gladness. He is King of kings and Lord of lords, but as David-- though anointed king-- was in exile while Saul reigned over the people, so Christ is rejected by the world, and the ''Prince of this world'' is reigning in the hearts of men.

A day came when the men of Judah gathered to David and anointed him king in Hebron. ''The Spirit clothed Amasai and he said, Thine are we, David, and on thy side'' (2Sam 2:4; 1Chr 12:18). It is a joyful day in the experience of the believer when he yields the full allegiance of his heart to the Lord Jesus Christ, and says, ''Thine am I, and on Thy side''; when he can look up into His face and say, ''Thou art my King'' (Psa 44:4).

''Now there was long war between the house of Saul and the house of David: but David waxed stronger and stronger, and the house of Saul waxed weaker and weaker'' (2Sam 3:1), until at last Abner said to the elders of Israel: ''Ye sought for David in times past to be king over you. Now then do it: for the Lord hath spoken of David, saying, By the hand of My servant David I will save My people Israel out of the hand of the Philistines, and out of the hand of all their enemies.'' ''Then came all the tribes of Israel to David unto Hebron, and spake, saying, Behold, we are thy bone and thy flesh… And they anointed David king over Israel'' (5:1-3). ''One from among thy brethren shalt thou set king over thee: thou mayest not set a stranger over thee, which is not thy brother'' (Deu 17:15). ''The king is near of kin to us'' (2Sam 19:42). ''In all things made like unto His brethren'' (Heb 2:17). Here we see all Israel united under their rightful king. A picture of a heart which is wholly true in its allegiance to the King of kings.

God's promise to Israel was that He would save them from all their enemies by the hand of David. And this was literally fulfilled, from the day that he slew Goliath, all through his reign. We never read of his being defeated. So Christ has vanquished our great enemy, Satan. [Christ] has come ''that we, being delivered out of the hand of our enemies, might serve Him without fear'' [Luke 1:74]. ''He must reign till He hath put all enemies under His feet'' [1Cor 15:25]. ''Of the increase of His government and peace there shall be no end'' (Isa 9:7).

''And David took the stronghold of Zion'' [2Sam 5:7]. This is like the central citadel of our will. When that is surrendered to the Lord, His reign is established. [cp. 2Cor 10:4,5]

In the story of Mephibosheth [2Sam 9], we have a beautiful picture of the grace of our King, in bringing us nigh and making us ''as one of the King's sons,'' ''to eat bread at His table continually.'' He brings us into His bancqueting-house and bids us partake, saying, ''Eat, O friends; drink, yea, drink abundantly, O beloved'' [Song 5:1]. He Himself is the heavenly food, for He says, ''The bread that I give is My flesh,'' and ''My flesh is meat indeed'' [John 6:51,55].

David's Sin.

But any type of our blessed Saviour falls short somewhere. And David, as a type, is no exception. We come next to the record of David's awful sin [2Sam 11]. How can such a sinner be described as ''a man after God's own heart''? [1Sam 13:13,14]. All through the life of David there is one characteristic which marks him out from other men, and in special contrast to Saul, and that is his continual trust and confidence in God, his acknowledgment of God's rule, his surrender to God's will. The great desire of his heart was to build God's House, yet when God sets him aside because he has been a man of war, he acquiesces with perfect grace to the Divine will [2Sam 7:5-13; 1Chr 28:3-5]. When Nathan brings home to [David's] conscience the great sin of his life-- absolute monarch that he is-- he acknowledges it at once [2Sam 12], and the depth of his penitence is such as only a heart that knows God can feel. For all time, the fifty-first Psalm stands out as the expression of the deepest contrition of a repentant soul. In that Psalm, David speaks of a broken heart as the only sacrifice he has to offer, a sacrifice which God will not despise. And the high and Holy One that inhabiteth eternity goes further in His wondrous condescension and says, by the mouth of Isaiah, ''I dwell in the high and holy place, with him also that is of a contrite and humble spirit, to revive the spirit of the humble, and to revive the heart of the contrite ones'' (Isa 57:15).

The Bible does not cloak sin, least of all in God's own children. It does not spare God's saints. There were steps leading up to David's sin-- his multiplying wives, his tarrying still at Jerusalem when he should have been at the war. It is always the case that there is backsliding of heart, before it is seen in outward act. David sinned grievously, but his repentance was immediate, deep, and sincere. God, indeed, blotted out his transgressions, according to the multitude of His tender mercies, but he did not remove the consequences of the sin: He chastened David through sore trials in his own family.

A Rebel.

In the flight of Absalom, after the murder of his brother, we have a picture of a rebel soul far off from God. In David, we have a picture of God's sorrow over sinners. ''The King wept very sore… And David mourned for his son every day… And the soul of David longed to go forth unto Absalom'' [2Sam 13]. In the word of the wise woman of Tekoa, ''God deviseth means, that he that is banished be not an outcast from Him'' (2Sam 14:14, R.V.), we have an echo of God's words: ''Deliver him from going down to the pit, I have found a ransom,'' or ''atonement'' (Job 33:24, margin).

Even when Absalom was in rebellion, the King commanded, ''Deal gently, for my sake, with the young man, even with Absalom.'' In this, we see the forbearance of God with sinners. And when he heard of his death, he cried: ''O my son Absalom! my son, my son Absalom! would God I had died for thee, O Absalom, my son, my son!'' David would fain have died for the rebel, but he could not [2Sam 18]. How this carries our thoughts on to the One who was not only willing, but able to lay down His life, the Just for the unjust, to bring us to God [1Pet 3:18].

Love's Allegiance.

In David's exile [2Sam ch. 15-17], we have again a picture of the rejected Saviour. The eastern walls of Jerusalem are bounded by a deep ravine-- the torrent-bed of the Kidron. When the rebellion of Absalom drove David from his own city, we can imagine him coming forth by an eastern gate-- probably what answered to the modern gate of St. Stephen-- and following the winding path down the rocky side of the valley. The King did not go alone. A band of faithful servants went with him; and a little in advance, six hundred Philistines from the city of Gath, under their leader, Ittai, the Gittite. David had probably won the hearts of these men during his [stay] in the Philistine city of Ziklag, some thirty years before, and now they were ready to stand by him in time of trouble. When David came up with this band at the bottom of the ravine, he tried to dissuade Ittai from following him. He besought him as a stranger, and as one who had but recently joined his service, not to attach himself to a doubtful cause, and he bade him return with his blessing. But Ittai was firm, his place, whether in life or in death, was by the master he loved. Touched by such devoted allegiance, David allowed Ittai to pass over the torrent-bed with all his men, and with the little ones that were with him-- no doubt the families of the band. With the voice of weeping, all the exiles passed over, and climbed the grassy slopes of the Mount of Olives on the other side. David set captains of thousands over the people that were with him-- a third part under the hand of Ittai the Gittite. The devotion of his followers comes out at every turn. When they found that their King intended to go forth with them into the battle, they would on no account allow it, but restrained him with the words: ''Thou shalt not go forth; for if the half of us die they will not care for us; but thou art worth ten thousand of us!'' [2Sam 18:3].

A thousand years have passed. Again a rejected King goes forth from the Jerusalem gate, and down the pathway into the dark valley, and up the slopes of Olivet. Instead of the strong band that went with David, there are but eleven men to go with David's Son, and of the chosen three not one remains awake to share His agony [Mat 26:36-46]. ''I have trodden the wine-press alone, and of the people there was none with Me'' [Isa 63:3]. The enthusiasm of David's followers led them to restrain him from going into the battle. But when the soldiers came to take the Lord of Glory, His little body-guard all forsook Him and fled, and He who is the chiefest among ten thousand, and altogether lovely [Song 5:10,16], laid down His life for rebels and deserters.

Nearly two thousand years have passed since then. ''Our Lord is still rejected and by the world disowned.'' There is still the golden opportunity today of making His heart glad by such a devotion as Ittai's. We are His blood-bought possession. It is His purpose that we should share His glory throughout eternity. And He claims our heart's love now.

Hushai the Archite and Zadok and Abiathar were to represent the King at the very center of rebellion-- ''in the world, but not of it''; ambassadors in an enemy's country [cp. 2Cor 5:20]. In Shimei, who cursed David in his rejection, we have a picture of those who reviled Jesus, wagging their heads and mocking Him.

''I will smite the King only,'' was Ahithophel's advice to Absalom, ''and I will bring back all the people unto thee.'' ''Smite the Shepherd, and the sheep shall be scattered'' [Mat 26:31]. Jesus, our Shepherd, was ''stricken, smitten of God'' for us [Isa 53]. And the King passed over Jordan, that river of death.

The Return of the King.

We have a vivid picture of the return of David to the city of Zion [2Sam 19:9-40]. The people clamored for the return of the King. ''Now, therefore, why speak ye not a word of bringing the King back?'' The King heard of this and sent an encouraging message to the elders. ''And the heart of all the men of Judah was bowed to the King, even as the heart of one man; so that they sent this word unto the King, Return thou, and all thy servants.''

''Amen. Even so, come Lord Jesus'' [Rev 22:20]. According to Eastern custom, the men of Judah went right over Jordan to meet their King, and bring him back, and the crowd of rejoicing subjects increased as they drew near the city. One day the cry will go forth, ''Behold, the Bridegroom cometh; go ye out to meet Him'' [Mat 25:6]. The ''the dead in Christ shall rise first,'' and the saints that are alive on the earth shall be caught up to meet Him in the air [1The 4:16,17]. Our King has set this certainty of hope before us, and calls us to live in the joyful expectation of it. This should lead to faithfulness in service-- ''Behold, I come quickly; and My reward is with Me, to give every man according as his work shall be'' (Rev 22:12)-- and [according] to holiness of life (Titus 2:11-14).

A Gospel for the Hopeless.

The ''Mighty Men'' of David's kingdom [2Sam 23:8-39] were those who came to him in the time of his exile, when he was fleeing from Saul. They were escaped outlaws and criminals, but under David's leadership they became brave, self-controlled, magnanimous men, like their captain. ''Every one that was in distress, and every one that was in debt, and every one that was discontented, gathered themselves unto him; and he became a captain over them: and there was with him about four hundred men'' (1Sam 22:2). ''This Man receiveth sinners'' [Luke 15:2]. It is a glorious Gospel that is committed to our trust! It is the Gospel for the outcast, for the refuse of society. It is the Gospel of hope for the worst and the lowest. The transforming power of the Cross of Christ is seen in changed lives wherever the Gospel is preached.

THE OLD TESTAMENT
REFLECTIONS OF CHRIST
PAUL R. VAN GORDER

2 SAMUEL

This book tells the story of one person, David. It could appropriately be called ''the acts of King David.'' One thousand years after David, the Lord Jesus Christ was born of his seed and lineage. He was David's son and David's Lord. Consequently, we can expect Second Samuel to be full of teaching concerning Christ.

The time covered by the book is limited to about 38 years of Israel's history. It tells of David's early training as a shepherd, as a servant to the king, and as a warrior in hiding. This sets a fitting backdrop for David's later life, where he is seen in three aspects:

A wonderful shepherd to his people.

A wise king as he rules.

A tough soldier who fights courageously.

As Saul is pictured in 1Samuel as the people's choice, so, 2Samuel pictures David as God's choice.

OUTLINE OF THE BOOK--

David's Eulogy for Saul and Jonathan (2Sam 1)

David's Reign at Hebron (2-4)

David's Reign over all Israel at Jerusalem (5-10)

David's Great Sin and Its Punishment (11-21)

David's Song of Deliverance and Last Words (22,23)

David's Numbering of Israel (24)

Limiting our consideration of 2Samuel to a single brief chapter [of Paul Van Gorder's book] is most difficult. So that we may condense some of the great truths found in this book, we will think of it historically, prophetically, and typically.

HISTORICAL TEACHING--

Chapter 5 of 2Samuel reports that David moved up against Jerusalem, captured it, and made it the capital of his kingdom. We learn later that this city also became the center of the worship of Jehovah. This is actually the third time Jerusalem is mentioned in the Bible. The first occurs in Genesis 14, where Abraham, returning from the rescue of Lot, was met by Melchizedek, priest-king of Salem, and [Abraham] gave a tithe to God. (Psalm 76, a psalm of Asaph, also refers to Jerusalem with the term ''Salem''.)

The second mention of the city is found in Judges 1:8, which records how Judah drove the Jebusites from the city and burned it, even though the Jebusites remained in control of the citadel.

The third, here in chapter 5 of 2Samuel, tells how it became the capital of the Davidic kingdom. The history of Jerusalem, the most important spot on the face of the globe, begins here. Another writer has said, ''If Palestine is the theater of the world's dreams, then Jerusalem is the stage.'' The psalmist wrote of Jerusalem, ''Beautiful for situation, the joy of the whole earth, is Mount Zion, on the sides of the north, the city of the great King'' (Psalm 48:2). From the days of David until this present time, Jerusalem has been the center of the world's attention. In some ways, it has been the ''storm center.''

You will find it most helpful to trace the history of Jerusalem, beginning with 1055 B.C. and proceeding until the New Testament days. Much of this history can be learned by reading the following passages of Scripture:

[The city and Temple besieged, taken captive, destroyed]--1Kings 14:25,26; 2Chronicles 12:2; 2Kings 14:13; 2Chronicles 25; 2Kings 16:5; 2Chronicles 28; Daniel 1:1; Ezekiel 1:1; 2Kings 25:1; Jeremiah 32:28-30

[The Temple rebuilt]-- Ezra 1:1-5; 2:1-70; 3:1-3; 4:4-24; 7:12-21;

[The city rebuilt --Neh 1:1-11; 2:1-10]

[Prophecy concerning Jerusalem -- Dan 9:25-27, 25 was fulfilled in Nehemiah's day.]

The greatest event in the history of the world, the crucifixion and resurrection of the Lord Jesus Christ, took place in Jerusalem.

If you thumb the pages of the history of Jerusalem after our Lord's birth, you will find that the sands of Israel, and especially the environs of that city, have been drenched with the blood of rampaging armies. The city has been besieged approximately 20 times since A.D. 70. Why? Not because of its maritime value, for it is not on the sea. Not because of its population, for other cities have exceeded it by millions. But somehow it is a strategic center. It has a purpose in the economy of God, and Satan wants to control it.

As we examine carefully the prophetic Word, we find that many great events are yet destined to take place there. God will one day gather all the nations against Jerusalem to battle. Jehovah Himself will fight against them (Zechariah 14:2,3). The Lord Jesus Christ will return to the Mount of Olives, which is located just to the east of Jerusalem (Zech 14:4). Jerusalem will become the capital of the millenial kingdom [of Christ] (Zech 8:20-23). And the law and the word of the Lord will go forth from that city (Isaiah 2:1-3).

Jerusalem has repeatedly been caught between opposing armies; it has often been ''the iron between the trip hammer and the anvil.'' But a day is coming when Jerusalem will become a ''quiet habitation, a tabernacle that shall not be taken down'' (Isaiah 33:20).

PROPHETIC TEACHING--

A main prophetic teaching of 2Samuel is found in the Davidic covenant, spelled out in 2Sa 7:14-16. This is one of the mountain peaks of Scripture! The covenant with David was confirmed by God's own oath, for Jehovah said, ''I have made a covenant with My chosen, I have sworn unto David, My servant: Thy seed will I establish forever, and build up thy throne to all generations'' (Psalm 89:3,4). God further stated, ''Once have I sworn by My holiness that I will not lie unto David. His seed shall endure forever, and his throne as the sun before Me'' (Ps 89:35,36).

Note the five terms of the Davidic covenant:

a Davidic house-- a posterity.

a throne-- a royal authority.

a kingdom-- a sphere of rule.

a perpetuity-- forever.

a promise-- disobedience followed by chastisement, but no abrogation [of the promise].

These promises are carried over into the New Testament. Acts 15:14-17 gives us the divine program for the church age, and the Davidic covenant will be fulfilled when this age is complete.

TYPICAL TEACHING-- (Ed: See caveats regarding Typology - Study of Biblical types)

As much as any book of the Old Testament, 2Samuel demonstrates the grace of God. David himself received God's grace time and time again. This is shown markedly in his awful sin, his restoration, and his assurance of God's forgiveness.

David's care of Mephibosheth is a picture of the sinner received, forgiven, and exalted to a place of fellowship and protection. Consider these reflections of God's redeeming grace in Christ:

Mephibosheth was lame (2Sam 4:4),

having fallen at the hands of another. [Rom 5:12]

He was sought by David,

even though he belonged to the family of the king's enemies (9:1-3). [Rom 5:6,8-10]

He was found in the house of Machir (9:5).

''Machir'' means ''sold.'' [Rom 7:14]

He was in the land of Lodebar, which means ''no pasture'' (9:5). [1Pet 2:25]

He feared the king (9:6). [Mat 10:28; Heb 9:27]

He took the place of humility before David (9:6).

This reminds us of the publican [Luke 18:13] and the prodigal [Luke 15:19].

David gave him the highest place (2Sam 9:10). How full is God's measure of grace! [Eph 1:3]

He lived in the city of Jerusalem, which means ''peace'' (9:13). [Rom 5:1,2; Php 4:7]

He carried the marks of his fall to his grave,

but grace kept them out of sight (9:13). [1John 3:1-3]

All of this speaks volumes about the work of our Lord, in making possible the salvation of sinners, and about our acceptance before Him.

A tremendous Messianic note is sounded in 2Samuel 19:10, ''Now, therefore, why speak ye not a word of bringing the king back?'' The Davidic covenant will find its fulfillment in David's greater Son, the Lord Jesus Christ, who will one day return. [Rev 22:16,20]

DON ANDERSON
Life of David Study Notes

PAUL APPLE
Commentary on 2 Samuel
211 page Pdf
Recommended

ALBERT BARNES
2 Samuel Commentary

2 SAMUEL
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2 SAMUEL
Multiple resources - sermons, illustrations, homilies

BRIAN BELL
Sermons on 2 Samuel

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For best results, be as specific as possible.

<> The old functionality to search by book. still exists. Just type in the book only (like: John or Gen. standard abbreviations are accepted) and you will get the same functionality as the old site.

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JIM BOMKAMP
Sermon Notes on 2 Samuel
Calvary Chapel, Green Bay

ALAN CARR
Sermon Notes
2 Samuel
Calvary Baptist, Lenoir, NC
Updated December 22, 2015
Well Done

RICH CATHERS
Sermon Notes on 2 Samuel
Calvary Chapel

ADAM CLARKE
Commentary
2 Samuel

Click for brief critique

COMMENTARY CRITICAL AND EXPLANATORY ON THE WHOLE BIBLE
2 Samuel
Robert Jamieson, A. R. Fausset and David Brown. Published
1871 Excellent Older Commentary

Spurgeon's Comment: "Of this I have a very high opinion. It is the joint work of Mr. Jamieson, A. R. Fausset, and Dr. David Brown. It is to some extent a compilation and condensation of other men’s thoughts, but it is sufficiently original to claim a place in every minister’s library; indeed it contains so great a variety of information that if a man had no other exposition he would find himself at no great loss if he possessed this and used it diligently."

THOMAS CONSTABLE
Expository Notes on 2 Samuel
Conservative, Millennial

RON DANIEL
Sermon Notes
2 Samuel

BOB DEFFINBAUGH
Sermon Notes
2 Samuel

JOHN DUMMELOW
2 Samuel Commentary

J LIGON DUNCAN
Derek Thomas
Sermons on 2 Samuel
Updated December 24, 2015

THEODORE EPP
Devotionals
2 Samuel
Updated December 22, 2015

EXPLORE THE BIBLE
2 Samuel
Written for the LifeWay Explore the Bible Sunday School curriculum

2 Samuel; 1 Chronicles DAVID- LESSONS ON FAITH & FRAILTY

2 Samuel 11:1-20:26, 1 Chronicles 20:1-3 TROUBLE IN THE FAMILY

2 Samuel 21:1-24:25; 1 Chr 11:10-41; 20:4-8 - TRUST IN THE LORD

EXPOSITOR'S BIBLE
2 SAMUEL COMMENTARY
W G BLAIKIE

Spurgeon on Blaikie's related life of David: "Dr. Blaikie is a good writer. This Life of David has supplied a great lack." (Lectures to my Students, Vol. 4: Commenting and Commentaries)

Warren W. Wiersbe - If you can locate the six-volume edition of the Expositor’s Bible, buy it immediately! It takes up less space than the original fifty-volume set, and not everything in the original set is worth owning. Samuel H. Kellogg on Leviticus is a classic; so is Alexander Maclaren on the Psalms and on Colossians. (A Basic Library for Bible Students)

Cyril J. Barber - This set, originally published in 1903, contains expositions by both conservative and liberal theologians. The most important works are by Dod (Genesis), Chadwick (Exodus and Mark), Kellogg (Leviticus), Blaikie (Joshua, I and II Samuel), Adeney (Ezra, Nehemiah and Esther), Maclaren (Psalms), Moule (Romans), Findlay (Galatians and Ephesians), Plummer (Pastoral Epistles and the Epistles of James and Jude), and Milligan (Revelation.) (The Minister’s Library)

DON FORTNER
2 Samuel Sermon Outlines

A C GAEBELEIN
Commentary
2 Samuel

JOHN GILL
Commentary
2 Samuel

GOTQUESTIONS
Related to
Book of 2 Samuel

L M GRANT
2 Samuel Commentary

JOE GUGLIELMO
Sermon Notes
2 Samuel
Calvary Chapel, Manitowoc, Wisconsin
Updated December 22, 2015

DAVE GUZIK
Commentary
2 Samuel
Conservative, Evangelical, Millennial

ROBERT HAWKER
Commentary
2 Samuel

HYMNS
Relating to 2 Samuel

MATTHEW HENRY'S
Commentary
2 Samuel
(1706)

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2 Samuel 9 God’s Gift

A British factory worker and his wife were excited when, after many years of marriage, they discovered they were going to have their first child. According to author Jill Briscoe, who told this true story, the man eagerly relayed the good news to his fellow workers. He told them God had answered his prayers. But they made fun of him for asking God for a child. When the baby was born, he was diagnosed as having Down’s syndrome. As the father made his way to work for the first time after the birth, he wondered how to face his co-workers. “God, please give me wisdom,” he prayed. Just as he feared, some said mockingly, “So, God gave you this child!” The new father stood for a long time, silently asking God for help. At last he said, “I’m glad the Lord gave this child to me and not to you.” As this man accepted his disabled son as God’s gift to him, so David was pleased to show kindness to Saul’s son who was “lame in his feet” (2 Sam. 9:3). Some may have rejected Mephibosheth because he was lame, but David’s action showed that he valued him greatly. - Our Daily Bread, April 6, 1994

2 Samuel 11:3 Grandfather of Bathsheba

By comparing 2 Samuel 11:3 and 23:34, some believe that Ahithophel was the grandfather of Bathsheba, and that he was enraged because David had committed adultery with her. So Ahithophel may have wanted Absalom to destroy David and take the throne from his father. But when he saw Absalom following advice that would lead to defeat, he was so despondent that he gave in to despair and took his own life instead of committing the matter to God. Our Daily Bread, Sept. 2, 1990

2 Samuel 12 Adultery/Affair

When I was growing up, “adultery” was a word one whispered. Today the word is “affair,” and it’s a subtle change. Affair has an air of mystery about it, and romance, and excitement. Radio, television, movies, books—all of the media—assume or encourage the affair. It’s easy to fall into the trap: everyone is doing it, so it must be OK. Unless, of course, you believe in keeping the laws of God. For whatever reason, keeping the seventh commandment is becoming more difficult for more and more Christians. In fact, JU. Allan Petersen begins his new book, The Myth of the Greener Grass, with a question: “Is Anyone Faithful Anymore” And it’s a good question. He writes that in his 38 years of traveling ministry he has counseled pastors, pastors’ wives, missionaries, Sunday school teachers, Christian counselors, and church members who reflect the increasing incidence of extramarital affairs among professing Christian people. There is a “tendency to find reasons to support this behavior, even though those reasons might be contrary to the moral and biblical convictions we have long held.” Today we want to talk about relationships, not sin. Peterson points out the relationship of David and Bathsheba, and the results of their affair. The lessons we can learn from the story of David, a man of God who fell into sin, apply to all of us, men and women alike. Here are some of the, pointed out by Petersen:

1. No one, however chosen, blessed, and used of God, is immune to an extramarital affair.

2. Anyone, regardless of how many victories he has won, can fall disastrously.

3. The act of infidelity is the result of uncontrolled desires, thoughts, and fantasies.

4. Your body is your servant or it becomes your master.

5. A Christian who falls will excuse, rationalize, and conceal, the same as anyone else.

6. Sin can be enjoyable but it can never be successfully covered.

7. One night of passion can spark years of family pain.

8. Failure is neither fatal nor final. Source unknown

2 Samuel 12:5-6 Paid Four Times

1. Child Died

2. Tamar, his daughter violated

3. Ammon, His son, slain

4. Absalom slaughtered - Source unknown

2 Samuel 12:1-15 Five C’s

1. Commissioned,

2. Confront,

3. Commandment,

4. Consequences,

5. Confession

Seven Laws of the Learner, B. Wilkinson

2 Samuel 21:17 - People Helping People

But Abishai, the son of Zeruiah, came to his aid. 2 Samuel 21:17

Sometimes we win great spiritual victories or reach a seemingly unattainable goal without the help of a friend or companion. This was true of David when as a shepherd lad he killed Goliath with nothing but a sling and faith in God. In later years, however, he would have been slain by a giant named Ishbibenob if his nephew Abishai had not come to his aid. Now, are we to conclude that God was with David when he met Goliath, but not when he confronted the second giant? I don’t think so! The Lord simply used a different means to take care of His servant. The first time, He used David’s skill with the sling; the second time, He used Abishai’s strength and military prowess. Our Daily Bread, Wednesday, February 8.

2 Samuel 24:24 Painting Contractor

Wes Evans, principal of Christian Heritage School, Edwall, WA, told of how a painting contractor donated a large amount of paint to a school he formerly was at. He used the donation as a tax write-off. When they opened it, it not only was of a horrendous color, but most of it had gone bad. The school had to pay to have it hauled to the dump.

Wes Evans

INTERNATIONAL CRITICAL COMMENTARY
A Critical & Exegetical Commentary
2 Samuel
Henry P Smith (1904)

S. Lewis Johnson
Lessons from the Life of David
Recommended Resource

KEIL & DELITZSCH
Commentary on 2 Samuel

James Rosscup writes "Keil, C. F. and Franz Delitzsch. Commentary on the Old Testament. 25 volumes. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1950. This is the best older, overall treatment of a critical nature on the Old Testament Hebrew text verse by verse and is a good standard work to buy. The student can buy parts or the whole of this series. Sometimes it is evangelical, at other times liberal ideas enter." (Commentaries for Biblical Expositors: An Annotated Bibliography of Selected Works)

PAUL E. KRETZMANN
Commentary on 2 Samuel
Lutheran writer

LANGE'S COMMENTARY
Critical, Doctrinal, and Homiletical
2 Samuel
C H Toy and John A Broadus
(Expositions and Homilies)

Spurgeon's Comments on Lange's Series: "These volumes are not all of equal value, but as a whole, they are a grand addition to our stores. The American translators have added considerably to the German work, and in some cases these additions are more valuable than the original matter. For homiletical purposes these volumes are so many hills of gold, but, alas, there is dross also, for Baptismal Regeneration and other grave errors occur… We are very far from endorsing all Zöckler’s remarks." (Caveat: Be a Berean - Acts 17:11)

ALEXANDER MACLAREN
Sermons on 2 Samuel

ALTERNATE SITE
Has Scripture Pop-ups - Scroll down for numerous Homiles

J VERNON MCGEE
Commentary on 2 Samuel
Thru the Bible

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F B MEYER
Our Daily Homily
2 Samuel

F B MEYER
Through the Bible Commentary
2 Samuel

MISCELLANEOUS RESOURCES
2 Samuel
Conservative, Evangelical

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GENERAL RESOURCES
Outlines, Maps, Sermons, Commentaries on 2 Samuel

BEST COMMENTARIES

Challies rates Dale Ralph Davis book #1 - Click for an except of 1Samuel 1:1-2:10 comments - 2 Samuel Commentary Below are the "Contents" from Davis' book which have interesting titles outlining 2 Samuel…

Introduction: From Theft to Lie

Part 1: A Man After God’s Heart - 2 Samuel 1-8

Kingdom Principles - 2 Samuel 1:1-16

Good Grief - 2 Samuel 1:17- 27

A Tale of Two Kingdoms - 2 Samuel 2:1-11

Promise Rules - 2 Samuel 2:12-3:39

The Gore of Man Does Not Work the Righteousness of God - 2 Samuel 4:1-12

Kingdom Collage - 2 Samuel 5:1-25

The Terror and Ecstasy of God - 2 Samuel 6:1-23

Getting to Know the Covenant God - 2 Samuel 7:1-17

Sit Down and Stand on God’s Promise - 2 Samuel 7:18-29

The Coming of the Kingdom - 2 Samuel 8:1-18

Part 2: A Servant Under God’s Rod - 2 Samuel 9-20

Up With Covenant! - 2 Samuel 9:1-13

Foreign Folly - 2 Samuel 10:1-19

Flesh and Blood - 2 Samuel 11:1-27

Grace Greater Than All Our Sin - 2 Samuel 12:1-31

All in the Family - 2 Samuel 13:1-39

The Manipulators - 2 Samuel 14:1-33

Politics and Faith - 2 Samuel 15:1-37

In the Presence of My Enemies - 2 Samuel 16:1-23

His Kingdom Cannot Fail - 2 Samuel 17:1-29

The Sad Triumph - 2 Samuel 18:1-19:8

Welcome Home — Maybe - 2 Samuel 19:9-43

No Surprises - 2 Samuel 20:1-26

Part 3: A Kingdom in God’s Hands - 2 Samuel 21-24

The Cost of Covenant- breaking - 2 Samuel 21:1-14

The Bigger They Are, The Harder They Fall - 2 Samuel 21:15-22

Through Many Dangers, Toils, and Snares - 2 Samuel 22:1-51

Last Words Look Forward - 2 Samuel 23:1-7

Hail to the Chiefs - 2 Samuel 23:8-39

Senseless Census - 2 Samuel 24:1-25

DON ANDERSON

DON ANDERSON

BAKER'S EVANGELICAL DICTIONARY OF BIBLICAL THEOLOGY

CENTURY BIBLE COMMENTARY

ROBERT CHISHOLM

DICTIONARY ARTICLES

EASY ENGLISH

CHARLES ELLICOT

DAVID COLBURN

A Chronological Daily Bible Study of the Old Testament- 7-Day Sections with a Summary-Commentary, Discussion Questions, and a Practical Daily Application

W A CRISWELL

CROSSWAY

J LIGON DUNCAN
DEREK THOMAS

DON FORTNER

JAMES FREEMAN
HANDBOOK OF BIBLE MANNERS AND CUSTOMS

GOSPEL COALITION

GALAXIE SOFTWARE

JAMES GRAY

DAVID MALICK

HOLMAN CHRISTIAN PUBLISHING

DAVID HOLWICK

JOHN KITTO

Spurgeon comments-"Should always be consulted… Exceeding meritorious. Refer to it frequently… They are not exactly a commentary, but what marvelous expositions you have there! You have reading more interesting than any novel that was ever written, and as instructive as the heaviest theology. The matter is quite attractive and fascinating, and yet so weighty, that the man who shall study these volumes thoroughly, will not fail to read his Bible intelligently and with growing interest."

JOHN KITTO
THE PICTORIAL BIBLE WITH NOTES

Spurgeon's Comments on Kitto: "Then, of course, gentlemen, you will economize rigidly until you have accumulated funds to purchase Kitto’s Pictorial Bible. You mean to take that goodly freight on board before you launch upon the sea of married life. As you cannot visit the Holy Land, it is well for you that there is a work like the Pictorial Bible, in which the notes of the most observant travellers are arranged under the texts which they illustrate. For the geography, zoology, botany, and manners and customs of Palestine, this will be your counselor and guide… A work of art as well as learning."

STEVE KRELOFF

DAVID LEGGE

JOHN MACARTHUR

DAVID MALICK

MAPS

The Kingdom of David and Solomon

The Kingdoms of Israel and Judah

Judah Alone amid International Powers

MONERGISM

G CAMPBELL MORGAN

HENRY MORRIS

  • Defender's Study Bible - Excellent, conservative, literal study Bible notes from a leading creationist commentator, Dr Henry Morris. See links to notes in right margin.

    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24

TOMMY NELSON
DENTON BIBLE CHURCH

WILLIAM NEWELL

NIV BIBLE

WILLIAM ORR

PASTOR LIFE

MYER PEARLMAN

A W PINK (CRITIQUE)

BOB ROE

WIL POUNDS

REFORMATION STUDY BIBLE

ROB SALVATO

HENRI ROSSIER

RAY STEDMAN

JOHN STEVENSON

CHARLES SWINDOLL

Excerpt - How do I apply this? David is known as a “man after [God’s] own heart” (1 Samuel 13:14) because, though he sinned greatly and made mistakes, he acknowledged those failures and repented before God. Repent means to turn away from sin and turn toward righteousness. Our Father knows we are not perfect. So His Son, Jesus Christ, paid the price for our sins so that we can become righteous in God’s sight through faith. And although our salvation is secure, our daily sins can hinder our relationship with God. When we confess our sins, turning to the Lord in humility, He will forgive us and restore our relationship with Him. The apostle James has written what might be an appropriate epitaph for David. It can be yours, too: “Humble yourselves in the presence of the Lord, and He will exalt you” (James 4:10).

JAMES VAN DINE

VERSE BY VERSE
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DAN FORTNER

J. C. RYLE

C H SPURGEON

JAMES HASTINGS

BOB FROMM

C H SPURGEON

OSWALD CHAMBERS

NET BIBLE NOTES
Synchronizes with Thomas Constable's Notes

PHIL NEWTON
Sermons on 2 Samuel
South Woods Baptist Church

JAMES NISBET
Church Pulpit Commentary
2 Samuel

OUR DAILY BREAD
Excellent devotional illustrations
2 Samuel
Updated December 25, 2015

JOSEPH PARKER
2 Samuel

Joseph Parker - People's Bible - Rosscup: This work, later called Preaching Through the Bible (Baker Book House), is rich in its applications and exhortations, though often not particularly helpful for the reader who is looking for exposition that stays right with the text. Treatment of the texts is sermonic. (Commentaries for Biblical Expositors: An annotated bibliography of selected works)

PASTOR LIFE
Sermons
Book of 2 Samuel

How The Mighty Are Fallen 2 Sa 1:17-27 Memorial Day; America; Freedom Alan Stewart
The Giant of Disappointment 2 Sa 7:1-29 Disappointment Denis Lyle
How Great Thou Art! 2 Sa 7:18-29 God, Greatness of; God, Nature of; Praise of God J. Mike Minnix
Hey! Can You Accept Forgiveness? 2 Sa 12:1-9 Forgiveness James McCullen

PETER PETT
Commentary
2 Samuel

A W PINK
The Life of David
(critique)

MATTHEW POOLE
English Annotations on 2 Samuel

PREACHER'S COMPLETE HOMILETICAL
Commentary
2 Samuel
Various Authors (1884)

PULPIT COMMENTARY
2 Samuel

BOB ROE
Studies on the Life of David
Peninsula Bible Church

ROB SALVATO
Sermon Notes 2 Samuel
Calvary Chapel, Vista, California

SERMON BIBLE COMMENTARY
2 Samuel

CHARLES SIMEON
Sermons 2 Samuel

John Piper says that Horae Homileticae "is the best place to go for researching Simeon's theology. You can find his views on almost every key text in the Bible. He did not want to be labeled a Calvinist or an Arminian. He wanted to be Biblical through and through and give every text its due proportion, whether it sounded Arminian as it stands or Calvinistic. But he was known as an evangelical Calvinist, and rightly so. As I have read portions of his sermons on texts concerning election and effectual calling and perseverance he is uninhibited in his affirmation of what we would call the doctrines of grace… What Simeon experienced in the word was remarkable. And it is so utterly different from the counsel that we receive today that it is worth looking at." (Brothers, We Must Not Mind a Little Suffering) (Bolding added)

ALTERNATE SITE
Has Scripture Pop-ups - Scroll down for numerous Homiles

CHUCK SMITH
2 Samuel Sermon Notes
Calvary Chapel

2 Samuel

Notes below similar to C2000 Series

C. H. SPURGEON
All of Spurgeon's Sermons on
2 Samuel

C H SPURGEON
Devotionals
Morning and Evening
Faith's Checkbook

THIRD MILLENNIUM
2 Samuel Studies
Well Done - Recommended

OUTLINE & REFERENCES

2 Samuel 1

2 Samuel 2

2 Samuel 3

2 Samuel 4

2 Samuel 5

2 Samuel 6

2 Samuel 7

2 Samuel 8

2 Samuel 9

2 Samuel 10

2 Samuel 11

2 Samuel 12

2 Samuel 13

2 Samuel 14

2 Samuel 15

2 Samuel 16

2 Samuel 17

2 Samuel 18

2 Samuel 19

2 Samuel 20

2 Samuel 21

2 Samuel 22

2 Samuel 23

2 Samuel 24

TODAY IN THE WORD
2 Samuel Devotionals
Devotionals on Every Chapter

JOHN TRAPP
Commentary on 2 Samuel

DANIEL WHEDON
Commentary on 2 Samuel

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DISCLAIMER: Before you "go to the commentaries" go to the Scriptures and study them inductively (Click 3 part overview of how to do Inductive Bible Study) in dependence on your Teacher, the Holy Spirit, Who Jesus promised would guide us into all the truth (John 16:13). Remember that Scripture is always the best commentary on Scripture. Any commentary, even those by the most conservative and orthodox teacher/preachers cannot help but have at least some bias of the expositor based upon his training and experience. Therefore the inclusion of specific links does not indicate that we agree with every comment. We have made a sincere effort to select only the most conservative, "bibliocentric" commentaries. Should you discover some commentary or sermon you feel may not be orthodox, please email your concern. I have removed several links in response to concerns by discerning readers. I recommend that your priority be a steady intake of solid Biblical food so that with practice you will have your spiritual senses trained to discern good from evil (Heb 5:14-note).