|Greek: Mnemoneue (2SPAM) Iesoun Christon egegermenon (RPPMSA) ek nekron, ek spermatos Dauid, kata to euaggelion mou;
KJV: Remember that Jesus Christ of the seed of David was raised from the dead according to my gospel
Wuest: Be remembering Jesus Christ raised out from among the dead, from the ancestry of David according to my gospel [good news] (Eerdmans)
Young's Literal: Remember Jesus Christ, raised out of the dead, of the seed of David, according to my good news,
|REMEMBER: Mnemoneue (2SPAM) : (He 12:2, 3-see notes Heb 12:2; 12:3)
See Topics related to remember
Paul gives Timothy a command (imperative mood) to keep on remembering (present tense) that Jesus is alive speaking of His divinity (power over death) and Christ is the prophesied Messiah, the seed of David.
Wiersbe writes that ""Remember Jesus Christ!"... sounds almost like a war cry, like "Remember the Alamo!" or "Remember Pearl Harbor!" Jesus is the Captain of our salvation (see note Hebrews 2:10), and our purpose is to bring honor and glory to Him. What an encouragement Jesus Christ is to a suffering Christian soldier! For He died and rose again, proving that suffering leads to glory, and that seeming defeat leads to victory. Jesus was treated as an evildoer, and His soldiers will be treated the same way. (Wiersbe, W: Bible Exposition Commentary. 1989. Victor)
Barclay has an interesting thought on the meaning of the present tense writing that "The tense of the Greek does not imply one definite act in time, but a continued state which lasts for ever. Paul is not so much saying to Timothy: "Remember the actual resurrection of Jesus"; but rather: "Remember your risen and ever-present Lord." Here is the great Christian inspiration. We do not depend on a memory, however great. We enjoy the power of a presence. When a Christian is summoned to a great task that he cannot but feel is beyond him, he must go to it in the certainty that he does not go alone, but that there is with him for ever the presence and the power of his risen Lord. When fears threaten, when doubts assail, when inadequacy depresses, remember the presence of the risen Lord... So Paul kindles Timothy to heroism by calling upon him to remember Jesus Christ, to remember the continual presence of the risen Lord, to remember the sympathy which comes from the manhood of the Master, to remember the glory of the gospel for himself and for the world which has never heard it and is waiting for it. (2 Timothy 2 - William Barclay's Daily Study Bible)
Harry Ironside - When pressed by the foe, even to the point where one despairs of life, let us remember Him who could not be overcome by death, but arose in triumph from the grave. It is He who beckons us on to ultimate victory. His promises never fail of189 fulfilment. Jesus Christ went down into death, bore the judgment our sins deserved in order that we might be saved, and then came up in triumph from death as the Captain of our salvation. (2 Timothy 2 - Ironside's Notes)
Adam Clarke writes that Paul "seems to say: Whatever tribulations or deaths may befall us, let us remember that Jesus Christ, who was slain by the Jews, rose again from the dead, and his resurrection is the proof and pledge of ours. We also shall rise again to a life of glory and blessedness.
Albert Barnes - Think of the Saviour, now raised up from the dead after all the sorrows of this life, and let this encourage you to bear your trials. There is nothing better fitted to enable Us to endure the labours and trials of this life, than to think of the Saviour.
Bible Background Commentary - Appealing to examples was one of the main hortatory methods of ancient parenesis (moral exhortation); Paul here appeals to the example of Jesus, who endured much but received eternal glory
Paul focuses our attention upon the one Object which deserves the preeminent place in the picture gallery of our mind. Paul's injunction is not just to remember facts about Christ, but to remember the Person Himself; the risen, living One who became man. The vivid remembrance of Him and all that He is and that He has done keeps our relationship with Him vital and effective in all the circumstances and vicissitudes of our life, motivating steadfastness in those times we may suffer for our Lord.
John MacArthur has said it well that we should continually remember that...
Hiebert has written that if we neglect this command "it is quite possible for us as Christian workers amid the very stress and noise of religious work to forget Jesus Christ until we lose vital contact with Him and our lives become powerless and ineffective.
The present tense which means that this is to be our practice or habit. And so as we go through our day we must discipline ourselves to bring back straying thoughts and head them in the direction of the Chief Shepherd, Jesus Christ. How easily we let our thoughts wander away from the greatest of all meditations, that of the Lord Jesus Christ. Paul is urging us to return to our first love. See Fix Your Eyes On Jesus, Ann Ortlund's wonderful devotional that relates to Paul's command of keep on remembering Jesus.
Turn Your Eyes upon Jesus
Through death into life everlasting
Walter Hampel (Ashland Theological Journal 34, page 1, 2002) writes about this charge from Paul to remember Jesus noting that...
Barclay writes that "Falconer calls these words: "The heart of the Pauline gospel." Even if every other appeal to Timothy's gallantry should fail, surely the memory of Jesus Christ cannot. (Barclay, W: The Daily Study Bible Series)
In a similar way Paul placed great emphasis upon remembering the death of Jesus in the celebration of the Lord's Supper. Paul used the word remembrance twice in his description of the last meal Jesus shared with His disciples before His death: once in connection with the bread, once in connection with the wine (1 Cor. 11). Here is a visual reminder of the unique sacrifice of Jesus.
Note that the verb proclaim is translated preach in other contexts and thus it appears Paul is saying that when we celebrate the Lord's Supper we are in effect acting out or preaching a sermon the message being one that looks back to the Lord's victory on Calvary which will be consummated when He returns as King of kings and Lord of lords. One application point of the "sermon" would be for all believers to live now in the power of the word of the cross (1 Cor 1:18) and in light of the imminent return of the Bridegroom for His Bride the Church, to celebrate the Marriage Supper of the Lamb. Living in the light of His return serves to motivate believers to be zealous to live God glorifying lives of holiness rather seeking passing worldly happiness!
At the Last Supper Jesus told His disciples "But I say to you, I will not drink of this fruit of the vine from now on until that day when I drink it new with you in My Father's kingdom (see the Millennium). (Mt 26:29)
Constable explains that "As the first Passover looked forward to deliverance and settlement in the Promised Land, so the Lord’s Supper looked forward to deliverance and settlement in the promised kingdom. Disciples are to observe the Lord’s Supper only until He returns (1 Cor. 11:26). Then we will enjoy the messianic banquet together (Isa. 25:6; cf. Matt. 8:11). Probably Jesus spoke these words after drinking the third cup of the Passover ritual. (Tom Constable's Expository Notes on the Bible) (Bolding added)
JESUS CHRIST RISEN FROM THE DEAD: Iesoun Christon egegermenon (RPPMSA): ek nekron: (Mt 1:1; Acts 2:30; 13:23; Ro 1:3,4; Rev 5:5, 1Cor 15:1-4) (Lk 24:46; Acts 2:24; 1Co 15:1,4,11-20)
Jesus Christ - Paul has given us a continuous command not just to remember the name but the Person of Jesus Christ. Because He is now our life (see note Colossians 3:4) we must constantly recall the Scriptural truths about Him, especially that He is not a dead Messiah but the resurrected, living Messiah, and because He is the resurrected Messiah He is our Source of everything needed for life and salvation.
This verse is the only time Paul uses the order "Jesus" before "Christ" which would seem to call attention to the fact that the Man Jesus, Who walked this earth and suffered opposition and death, was in His resurrection revealed to be the Christ, the fulfillment of Messianic prophecy.
Literally egeiro means to rise from sleep, implying also the idea of rising up from posture of sleep and in context speaks of "waking" from the dead, of which "sleep" is often a metaphor (see Jesus' words "Lazarus has fallen asleep... going on to explain that Lazarus is dead." John 11:11-14). Egeiro is in the perfect tense which signifies Christ arose at a specific point in time over 2000 years ago and that He continues in His risen (glorified) state, still alive.
Vincent writes that "The perfect (tense) marks the permanent condition — raised and still living.
The risen, glorified Christ still has the marks of covenant on His hands, side and feet. John recorded that he was weeping because he could see no one who was worthy to open the sealed scroll and "one of the elders said to me, "Stop weeping; behold, the Lion that is from the tribe of Judah, the Root of David, has overcome so as to open the book and its seven seals." And I saw between the throne (with the four living creatures) and the elders a Lamb standing, as if slain (sphazo - put to death by violence; perfect tense), having seven horns and seven eyes, which are the seven Spirits of God, sent out into all the earth. (See notes Revelation 5:5; 5:6) (To quote Tony Garland's quote - It has been said, “the only man-made thing in heaven will be the scars of the Savior.”)
From (ek) means out of - “out from dead", out from among the dead people. When our Lord was raised from the dead, the rest of the dead stayed dead.
Dead (3498) (nekros) which is from nékus = a corpse and gives us our English words necropsy, necrophobia, etc).
As Hiebert emphasizes the crucial point in the gospel is "Not the vision of a crucified Jesus but the vision of a risen Lord is held up before Timothy.
Especially for those facing suffering and possible death, there is great encouragement in remembering that even the Lord Jesus Himself reached the glory of heaven by way of the cross and the grave. Because He lives the promises are carried into effect in Him and by Him. The servant of Christ is, then, entirely dependent upon Him for the effect of his labor, and if he would be a good soldier, a successful spiritual athlete, and a faithful farmer, he must remember the One in Whose service he is engaged.
DESCENDANT OF DAVID: ek spermatos Dauid:
Descendant (4690l) (sperma) refers literally to seed sown as containing the germ of new fruit. In secular Greek, sperma rarely signifies descendants collectively, but primarily refers to the individual offspring.
As discussed above, this statement clearly alludes to the humanity (fully Man) of Christ (see notes Romans 1:3; Philippians 2:7). As the writer of Hebrews says because He although God became fully Man...
ACCORDING TO MY GOSPEL: kata to euaggelion mou: (2Th 2:14; 1Ti 1:11; 2:7)
Paul goes on to emphasis the crucial importance of the truth of the resurrection to the gospel message writing that "if Christ has not been raised, then our preaching is vain, your faith also is vain. (1Cor 15:14)
A CONCISE DEFINITION OF
Spurgeon's Sermons on Gospel...
In secular Greek it originally referred to a reward for good news and later became the good news itself. The word euaggelion was commonly used in the first century as our words "good news" today. The idea then and now is something like this - “Have you any good news (euaggelion) for me today?” This was a common question in the ancient world.
Our English word Gospel is from the Old English or Saxon word gōdspell (gōd = good + spell = message) which is literally "good tale, message". When I was a young man Godspell was actually the name of a popular musical play (See description). I wonder if they really understood the meaning of this word which is the very foundation stone of Christianity.
In modern secular use gospel has an interesting meaning of something accepted as infallible truth or as a guiding principle (e.g., such and such is "the gospel truth"). This is not a bad Biblical definition either!
In ancient secular Greek as alluded to above, euaggelion described good news of any kind and prior to the writing of the New Testament, had no definite religious connotation in the ancient world until it was taken over by the "Cult of Caesar" which was the state religion and in which the emperor was worshipped as a god (see more discussion of this use below).
The writers of the New Testament adapted the term as God's message of salvation for lost sinners. Euaggelion is found in several combination phrases, each describing the gospel like a multifaceted jewel in various terms from a different viewpoint (from the NASB, 1977):
For a rewarding study, study the preceding references in context making notation of the truth you observe about the gospel. If you would like a special blessing, take an afternoon to go through all 76 uses of euaggelion in context making a list of what you learn about the gospel. The Spirit of God will enlighten your heart and encourage your spirit in a very special way...and you'll want to share the "good news" with someone because of your "discoveries"!
KJV: Wherein I suffer trouble, as an evil doer, even unto bonds; but the word of God is not bound.
Wuest: in which sphere of action I am suffering hardship to the extent of bonds as a malefactor. But the word of God has not been bound, with the present result that it is not shackled. (Eerdmans)
Young's Literal: in which I suffer evil -- unto bonds, as an evil-doer, but the word of God hath not been bound;
|FOR WHICH I (continually) SUFFER HARDSHIP: en o kakopatho (1SPAI): (2Ti 1:8,12,16; Acts 9:16)
For which - Literally "in which" Paul explains that it was because of his preaching of the gospel that he suffered trouble.
Suffer hardship (2553) (kakopatheo from kakós = evil + páthos = passion) means to suffer physical pain, hardship and distress, misfortune, endure evil, be afflicted, endure afflictions (hardness). The present tense indicates this was Paul's lifestyle! (See 2Cor 11:23-33 for a summary)
EVEN TO IMPRISONMENT AS A CRIMINAL: mechri desmon os kakourgos: ( Ephesians 6:19; 6:20; 1 Peter 2:12; 2:14; 1 Peter 2:20; 2:21; 1 Peter 3:16; 1 Peter 4:15-See notes Ep 6:19; 6:20; 1 Pe 2:12; 2:14; 1 Pe 2:20; 2:21; 1 Pe 3:16; 1 Peter 4:15, Php 1:12, 13, 14-see notes Philippians 1:12; 1:13; 1:14) (Acts 28:31 2Th 3:1) [Lk 23:32, 33, 39]
Imprisonment (1199) (desmós from déō = to bind) in the singular refers to a band, bond or ligament and in the plural (as in the present use) it refers to bonds or imprisonment.
Criminal (2557) (kakourgos) from kakós = bad + érgo = work, root of érgon = work) is literally evil working and describes one who customarily engages in doing what is bad and in the present context speaks of a malefactor (one who commits an offense against the law).
The two thieves crucified with Jesus were malefactors. (Luke 23:32-33, 39) A synonym kakopoios, an evildoer, is used in Jn 18:30 and 1Pe 2:12-note.
When we are maliciously, ignorantly or carelessly misrepresented, it is hard to bear. And if it is because of faithful service to Christ such misrepresentations, though humanly speaking, are still difficult but beloved of God they are gloriously rewarding for Peter reminds us that "the Spirit of glory and of God rests upon us (see note 1 Peter 4:14) (So dear saint, "hang in there", enduring to the end for the sake of His Name!)
Paul was had learned the secret of suffering (sometimes falsely accused as a criminal!) writing to the saints at Philippi "Not that I speak from want; for I have learned to be content in whatever circumstances I am. I know how to get along with humble means, and I also know how to live in prosperity; in any and every circumstance I have learned the secret of being filled and going hungry, both of having abundance and suffering need. (Php 4:13 unfortunately is too often "yanked" out of context. Notice that the context is what gave Paul confidence to declare) I can do all things through Him who strengthens (endunamoo = to put power in; present tense = Christ is continually able to infuse the power we need for the need of the moment.) me. (see notes Philippians 4:11; 12; 13)
And thus Paul was "well content with weaknesses, with insults, with distresses, with persecutions, with difficulties, for Christ’s sake; for when I am weak,” he testified, “then I am strong” (2Cor 12:10-note)
BUT THE WORD OF GOD (gospel) IS NOT IMPRISONED: alla o logos tou theou ou dedetai (3SRPI): (Eph 3:1; Phil 1:7; Col 4:3,18) (Heb 4:12 1Pe1:23)
But - Thank the Lord for this great term of contrast!
Word of God - This phrase is used 11 times in Acts (click here for these verses) as a synonym for the gospel, which is clearly its meaning in this passage.
Word (3056) (lógos from légō = to speak with words; English = logic, logical) means something said and describes a communication whereby the mind finds expression in words. Although Lógos is most often translated word which Webster defines as "something that is said, a statement, an utterance", the Greek understanding of lógos is somewhat more complex. )
Not - Is the Greek particle ou indicating absolutely not.
Imprisoned (1210) (deo) means literally to tie objects together, to bind and here refers to confining to prison. The perfect tense conveys the sense that "the Word of God" (the gospel) has not been bound, with the present result that it is not shackled. It conveys the truth that the Gospel has never and can never be "confined in prison".
Paul emphasizes this effect of the gospel (in context = the "word of truth") writing to the Colossians that "in all the world also it (the gospel) is constantly bearing fruit and increasing, even as it has been doing in you also since the day you heard of it and understood the grace of God in truth;." (see note Colossians 1:6)
In a similar testimony to the insuppressible power of the gospel Luke records that "the word of the Lord (the gospel) continued to grow and to be multiplied. (Acts 12:24) (See uses of "word of God" = gospel in Acts)
John Bunyan (1628-1688 - see biography) wrote Pilgrim’s Progress, while imprisoned in Bedford, England for preaching the gospel. Yet for several centuries that book was second in sales only to the Bible. Bunyan’s cell window faced a high stone wall that surrounded the prison, making it impossible to see into or out of his cell. On many days, however, he would preach loudly enough for his voice to be heard on the outside of the wall, where hundreds of listeners, believers and unbelievers, eagerly awaited his proclamation of God’s Word, which was literally not imprisoned by stone walls or iron bars.
There is a well known (and true) saying that "the blood of the martyrs is the seed of the church."
There have always been people in the church, and never more than in our own day, who believe that the power of the gospel is restricted by social or political opposition. Consequently, they argue that risking public censure, not to mention arrest and imprisonment for boldly preaching sin, repentance, and the gospel, should be avoided. They counsel discretion and sometimes even compromise in order to make the message more acceptable and, supposedly, more effective. Many Christians are under the illusion that God’s Word has been influential in the Western world, especially in such democracies as the United States, primarily because of legal guarantees of freedom of religion, and that the fight to keep that freedom is therefore a fight to preserve the power of the gospel. In fact, some Christians who would never think of confronting society with the bold and demanding gospel and being censured for it will strongly fight for some social or political issue in ways that might get them arrested.
Religious freedom is certainly commendable, and Christians who enjoy it should be grateful for and take advantage of the opportunities it affords for worship, witness, and service. But the power of God’s Word has never been dependent on man’s protection or subject to man’s restriction. That is precisely Paul’s point. The word of God is not, and cannot be, imprisoned.
MacArthur - At one time there were some 600 miles of catacombs under the city of Rome, nearly all them dug and used by ten generations of Christians over a period of 300 years. In the early centuries of the church, the catacombs served as meeting and burial places for perhaps as many as four million Christians. A common inscription found on walls there is “The Word of God is not bound.” In his famous hymn “A Mighty Fortress Is Our God,” Martin Luther declared, “The body they may kill; God’s truth abideth still.” (MacArthur, J. 2 Timothy. Chicago: Moody Press)
Before the Communist conquest in the late 1940s and early 1950s, there were more than 700,000 Christians in China. During the subsequent “cultural revolution,” at least 30 million Chinese were slaughtered, including most of the Christians. Yet, after more than forty years of brutal oppression, imprisonment, and executions, the church of Jesus Christ in that vast country has a current membership of an estimated 30 million to 100 million. Although written copies of Scripture are still scarce, the truth of God’s Word endures in their hearts. Its power cannot be bound. The more it is assailed, the more it prevails.
Andrew Melville (1545-1622 - Biography) was the successor of John Knox in the Scottish Reformation. On one occasion, a certain official had him arrested and said, “There will never be quietness in this country till half a dozen of you be hanged or banished [from] the country.” With perfect composure, Melville fearlessly replied, “It is the same to me whether I rot in the air or in the ground. The earth is the Lord’s; my fatherland is wherever well doing is. I have been ready to give my life, when it was not half as well worn, at the pleasure of my God. I lived out of your country ten years as well as in it. Yet God be glorified, it will not lie in your power to hang nor exile His truth!”
2Timothy 2:10 For this reason I endure (1SPAI) all things for the sake of those who are chosen (elect), so that they also may obtain (3PAAS) the salvation which is in Christ Jesus and with it eternal glory. (NASB: Lockman)
KJV: Therefore I endure all things for the elect's sakes, that they may also obtain the salvation which is in Christ Jesus with eternal glory.
Wuest: Because of this I am enduring all things for the sake of the selected-out ones [those sovereignly selected from mankind for salvation], in order that they themselves also may obtain salvation which is in Christ Jesus, together with everlasting glory. (Eerdmans)
Young's Literal: because of this all things do I endure, because of the choice ones, that they also salvation may obtain that is in Christ Jesus, with glory age-during.
|FOR THIS REASON I (continually) ENDURE ALL THINGS: dia touto panta hupomeno (1SPAI) : (2Ti 2:3-note; Ep 3:13-note; Col1:24- note) (2Ti 2:12-note)
For this reason (dia touto) means because of this, therefore. Remember to always pause and ponder these strategic terms of conclusion, and you will often be rewarded with rich insights by your Teacher the Holy Spirit! Paul's point is that “because I know that God is carrying on His work” it was possible for him to endure afflictions that resulted from his preaching of the gospel. The contrast with Paul’s original, natural sentiments could not be more stark, reflecting of course the life changing, transforming power of the gospel of Jesus Christ.
In Acts for example Paul testifies that "I persecuted this Way to the death, binding and putting both men and women into prisons. (Acts 22:4)
Writing to Timothy Paul states that "I was formerly a blasphemer and a persecutor and a violent aggressor. And yet I was shown mercy, because I acted ignorantly in unbelief and the grace of our Lord was more than abundant, with the faith and love which are found in Christ Jesus. 15 It is a trustworthy statement, deserving full acceptance, that Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners, among whom I am foremost of all." (1Ti 1:13-15)
The greatest enemy of the saints became their greatest friend, all as a result of the gracious outpouring of Christ’s love into his heart.
Endure (5278) (hupomeno from hupó = under, as in under the rule of someone + méno = to abide or remain - see study of noun hupomone) means literally to remain under but not simply with resignation, but with a vibrant hope.
The idea of enduring is not just to "grin and bear it" but to remain under trials in a such a way that we glorify God as we learn the lessons the trials are meant to teach us, instead of seeking ways to get out from under (cf the prefix preposition "hupo" = under) the trials and be relieved of the pressure.
Wayne Detzler recounts an amazing true life example of Christian perseverance writing that "True Christian perseverance is not tied to tenacity. It is rather the work of God the Holy Spirit in a believer's life. The starch in a saint's spine is shown by Scripture to be nothing less than the sanctifying work of the Holy Spirit. Only in this way can one explain the work of Gladys Aylward, a London parlor maid. Societies scorned her missionary application. She seemed too dull to master Chinese and fulfill her vision of serving in China. Realizing this, she scoured up her own fare to China and sailed in 1930. After slogging her way across Siberia she reached her field in remote Yangcheng. When the Japanese invaded in 1940 she led 100 children on an epic journey that caught the imagination of Hollywood (Ed: Watch the movie about her life - The Inn of the Sixth Happiness or DVD). In 1947 failing health forced her back to England where she crusaded for missions until her death in 1970. That was tenacity, not just British grit. It is God's persevering grace. (Detzler, Wayne E: New Testament Words in Today's Language. Victor. 1986)
Hupomeno has the following meanings depending on the context - (1) Stay behind, to tarry behind (beyond an expected time), to remain (as in Acts 17:14, Luke 2:43). (2) To stand fast, endure or remain in the sense of persevering so that under affliction, trouble, opposition or trial one holds fast to one's belief or faith (Mt 10:22, 24:13, Mark 13:13, James 5:11, et al). The idea is to be patient under, to persevere and to do so bear bravely and calmly (from Thayer).
Another great example of a Christian who endured (persevered) under trials in a God honoring way is William Wilberforce (biography in Wikipedia or short bio in Christian History) the 19th-century parliamentarian, who was moved by the Lord to oppose the lucrative but humanly degrading slave trade. In 1807 Wilberforce brought about the banning of the slave trade in England but it was not until 1833 was slavery as an institution abolished, this news reaching Wilberforce even as he lay on his deathbed. Talk about persevering!
Spurgeon said "By perseverance the snail reached the ark."
Perseverance is also illustrated in nature for "Today's mighty oak is just yesterday's little nut that held its ground."
Coleman Cox offered another example from nature noting that "Even the woodpecker owes his success to the fact that he uses his head and keeps pecking away until he finishes the job he starts."
Samuel Johnson claimed "Great works are performed not by strength but by perseverance."
William Secker put it well when he said that "Though Christians be not kept altogether from falling, yet they are kept from falling altogether.
Hupomeno was a military term used of an army’s holding a vital position at all costs. Every hardship and every suffering was to be endured in order to hold fast.
Endurance is a critical Christian virtue. Unless we have endurance , we can never learn many of the truths that God wants us to learn, truths that will lead us into a deeper life and a more fruitful ministry. Children are usually impatient; they cannot sit still long enough to get the things done that need to be done. “How long do we have to wait?” is the stock question of the child. Impatience is a mark of immaturity. Impatience is also a mark of unbelief.
Trench defined hupomeno (hupomone) as manifesting the "temper of spirit in which we accept God’s dealings with us as good, and therefore without disputing or resisting.
Hupomeno is in the present tense which marks Paul's perseverance as a lifestyle. Bearing up under was his habitual practice.
Here are the 17 uses of hupomeno in the NT...
Hupomeno is used 51 times in the non-apocryphal Septuagint (LXX) (Num. 22:19; Jos. 19:47; Jdg. 3:25; 2 Ki. 6:33; Job 3:9; 6:11; 7:3; 8:15; 9:4; 14:14; 15:31; 17:13; 20:26; 22:21; 32:4, 16; 33:5; 41:11; Ps. 25:3, 5, 21; 27:14; 33:20; 37:9, 34; 40:1; 52:9; 56:6; 69:6, 20; 106:13; 119:95; 130:4; 142:7; Pr 20:9; Isa. 40:31; 51:5; 59:9; 60:9; 64:4; Jer. 14:19, 22; Lam. 3:21, 25f; Dan. 12:12; Mic. 7:7; Nah. 1:7; Hab. 2:3; Zeph. 3:8; Zech. 6:14; Mal. 3:2). Here are a few of the great uses of hupomeno in the LXX...
All things (pas) means "all" without exception!
FOR THE SAKE OF THOSE WHO ARE CHOSEN (the elect) : dia tous eklektous: (Mt 24:22,24,31; Jn 11:52; 17:9; 1Co 9:22; 2Co 1:6; 4:15; Col 1:24)
Chosen (1588) (eklektos from verb eklego which in middle voice [eklegomai] means select or pick out for one's self which is derived from ek =out + lego =call) means literally the "called out ones" or "chosen out ones". The idea of eklektos is the ones who have been chosen for one's self, selected out of a larger number. (Click word study of eklektos)
In regard to election as related to salvation, Wuest comments that "This election does not imply the rejection of the rest (those not chosen out), but is the outcome of the love of God lavished upon those chosen-out." (Wuest's Word Studies from the Greek New Testament)
Webster's definition of elect is not bad -- to pick out; to select from among two or more, that which is preferred...in theology, to designate, choose or select as an object of (divine) mercy or favor.
The 1828 Webster's is even better writing that election means...In theology, divine choice; predetermination of God, by which persons are distinguished as objects of mercy, become subjects of grace, are sanctified and prepared for heaven. (Webster, N. Noah Webster's first edition of An American dictionary of the English language)
Someone else has written that "Election is God's eternal choice of persons unto everlasting life -- not because of foreseen merit in them, but of His mere mercy in Christ - in consequence of which choice they are called, justified, and glorified.
You may not realize it but you've sung about the "elect" if you've ever sung "The Church's One Foundation" for the second stanza begins "Elect from every nation...." Indeed, election is a doctrine worth singing about, worth studying and eminently worth preaching. Dear pastor, have you encouraged your sheep with the glorious truth that they have been chosen "in Him (Christ) before the foundation of the world, (and why did God chose us?) that (they) should be holy and blameless before Him? (see note Ephesians 1:4) (As R B Kuiper put it "When God chose certain persons unto eternal life he did not do so in order that they might be in Christ, but He viewed them from eternity as being in Christ.") (Oh, that the Bride would be diligent to keep her gown spotless, adorned in fine linen which is the righteous deeds of the saints [holy ones] - see notes Revelation 19:7; 19:8 )
The prince of preachers, C H Spurgeon was right when he said "There seems to be an inveterate prejudice in the human mind against this doctrine (of election) and although most other doctrines will be received by professing Christians, some with caution, others with pleasure, yet this one seems to be most frequently disregarded and discarded.
The doctrine of election is surely "solid food" and as such it is tempting as a pastor to avoid preaching this truth ,but remember that "solid food is for the mature, who because of practice have their senses trained to discern good and evil. (see note Hebrews 5:14)(As George Whitfield put it "Let a man go to the grammar school of faith and repentance before he goes to the university of election and predestination.")
Jeffrey writes that "Discussions of divine election, with its subheadings of predestination and divine foreknowledge, provide the millstones by which countless theological efforts in Western Christendom have been ground. Yet in its rudiments, election means simply the act of choice whereby God in love picks an individual or group out of a larger company for a purpose or destiny of his own appointment. (A Dictionary of Biblical Tradition in English literature. Grand Rapids, Mich. Eerdmans)
In short, God had "picked these out" for Himself, for His glory. Paul did not know who they were but he knew God knew and that was enough for him to be willing to endure hardship that they might hear the living and abiding seed of the Gospel by which they might be born again. Paul has set the bar high for us, but the rewards in eternity are simply unfathomable down here!
The Scriptures in a very natural way combine the doctrine of divine election and human responsibility. The apparent paradox is only resolved in terms of the infinite mind and ability of the Creator (click here)
THAT THEY ALSO MAY OBTAIN THE SALVATION WHICH IS IN CHRIST JESUS WITH [IT] ETERNAL GLORY: hina kai autoi soterias tuchosin (3PAAS) tes en Christo Iesou meta doxes aioniou: (Pr 8:35; Jn 17:24; 1Th 5:9; 1Ti 1:13,14; 1Pet 2:10) (Ro 2:7; 9:23; 2Cor 4:17; Col 1:27; 2Th 2:14; 1Pet 5:10)
That is a is term of purpose/result, which is more fully rendered in order that the unbelievers to whom he witnessed might obtain the salvation which is in Christ Jesus. Ultimately this is the purpose of the Gospel which is not imprisoned, but is the power of God for salvation to everyone who believes (Ro 1:16).
Obtain (5177) (tugchano) means to meet up with and thus to have happen (Heb 11:35, Acts 24:2), to hit or hit upon (to hit the mark), to attain, gain or receive. It means to something happen to someone. In another sense tugchano is used as a marker of a degree of probability. Tugchano was used of one throwing a javelin or arrow ("to hit the mark").
Obtain the salvation - This speaks of justification, past tense salvation, but clearly in the context of "with it eternal glory" speaks of the promised future (tense) blessing of salvation (glorification). See more on the Three Tenses of Salvation.
Salvation (4991) (soteria from soter = Savior in turn from sozo = save, rescue, deliver) in the NT context describes an individual's rescue or deliverance from danger, destruction, peril, as well as from enslavement to and consequences of their harsh "taskmaster", sin. Inherent in this rescue or deliverance is one's restoration to a state of safety, health and well being. Soteria also includes the idea of preservation from danger of destruction.
Note that the truth about election led Paul to evangelize, at great cost to himself, in order that the elect might be saved. A view of election which disobeys Mt 28:19 ("Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit") is sadly misguided and wrong. Disregarding other Scripture, some fatalistic interpreters use texts such as (Eph 1:4-5-Note on 1:4; Note on 1:5; Ro 8:29-note) to argue that evangelism not only is unnecessary but presumptuous, claiming that God will sovereignly save those whom He has predestined, regardless of whether or not they hear and believe the gospel (But read Ro 10:13-17-note). But God’s Word just as clearly teaches the necessity of faith for salvation as it does that salvation is by God’s free and sovereign grace. Jesus said, "No one can come to Me, unless it has been granted him from the Father." (Jn 6:65, 6:37,44,45). Mysterious? Absolutely!
The fact that our finite minds cannot fully understand or reconcile such truths in no way affects their validity. God sovereignly calls every believer in His grace. He sovereignly demands their faith to make His gracious calling effective. And finally He sovereignly calls those who are saved to be His witnesses to those who are not.
John Wesley traveled by foot or horseback some 250,000 miles, preaching more than 40,000 sermons, and he wrote, translated, or edited more than 200 books. He lived simply and gave away most of whatever income he received. Yet he was continually ridiculed and pelted with stones by ungodly mobs and was ostracized by fellow clergymen in the Church of England. When maligned, he answered, “I leave my reputation where I left my soul, in the hands of God.” He never lost his joy of service or his love for the Lord and for men, both saved and unsaved. One biographer commented, “To Wesley was granted the task which even an archangel might have envied.”
George Whitefield, a close friend and fellow worker with John and Charles Wesley during his early ministry, spent thirty four years preaching the gospel in the British Isles and in America. He made thirteen transatlantic voyages, which were still perilous in those days, and preached at least 18,000 sermons on the two continents. The noted poet and hymn writer William Cowper (who wrote “There Is a Fountain Filled with Blood”) penned the following tribute to Whitefield:
He loved the world that hated him.
That resolute man of God heeded Peter’s counsel to “keep a good conscience so that in the thing in which you are slandered, those who revile your good behavior in Christ may be put to shame. For it is better, if God should will it so, that you suffer for doing what is right rather than for doing what is wrong” (See notes 1 Peter 3:16; 3:17).
In Christ Jesus - He is the "Ark" so to speak (cp Ge 7:1, 5-6,10-13, 16 - "Jehovah closed it behind him") in which sinners otherwise doomed to die eternally enter by grace through faith that they might be forever saved from the wrath to come (cp 1Th 1:10-note, Mt 3:7 Heb 10:27-note). See a related discussion of the Pauline phrases in Christ and in Christ Jesus.
As Guy King correctly comments this Christocentric phrase offers up one of the most exciting doctrines in the NT. King goes on to say that in Christ Jesus...
Eternal glory - As Peter explains below (1Pe 5:10) this everlasting glory is "in Christ." When we first believed in Christ we were transported effectively from darkness to light (Col 1:13-14-note, Acts 26:18), from in Adam to in Christ (1Cor 15:22), into an immutable, eternal bond of union, the New Covenant in His blood (Lk 22:20, Mt 26:28), a covenant which brings us even in this present, passing life into oneness, identification and union with Christ. In eternity future, the full glory of this indescribably precious New Covenant attain it's full potential in Christ. Throughout eternity we will remain in Christ (see study), safe within the "Ark." Beloved, if you wrestle with eternal security or your assurance of salvation, then you might want to take a few weeks and study the incredible truths inherent in the doctrine of divine covenant.
Andrew Murray wrote "Blessed is the man who truly knows God as his God; who knows what the Covenant promises him; what unwavering confidence of expectation it secures, that all its [covenant's] terms will be fulfilled to him; what a claim and hold it gives him on the Covenant-keeping God Himself. To many a man, who has never thought much of the Covenant, a true and living faith in it would mean the transformation of his whole life. The full knowledge of what God wants to do for him; the assurance that it will be done by an Almighty Power; the being drawn to God Himself in personal surrender, and dependence, and waiting to have it done; all this would make the Covenant the very gate of heaven. May the Holy Spirit give us some vision of its glory." (Two Covenants)
Peter used the same phrase eternal glory encouraging all suffering saints "And after you have suffered for a little while, the God of all grace, who called you to His eternal glory in Christ, will Himself perfect, confirm, strengthen and establish you." (1Pe 5:10-note)
Paul explains that "momentary, light affliction is producing for us an eternal weight of glory far beyond all comparison, while we look not at the things which are seen, but at the things which are not seen; for the things which are seen are temporal, but the things which are not seen are eternal." (2Cor 4:17-18-note)
Eternal (166)(aionios from aion) means existing at all times, perpetual, pertaining to an unlimited duration of time (Ro 1:20-note - God's power, Mt 18:8 - God's place of judgment, Ro 16:26 - God's attribute).
Glory (1391)(doxa from dokeo = to think) in simple terms means to give a proper opinion or estimate of something and thus the glory of God expresses all that He is in His Being and in His nature, character, power and acts. He is glorified when He is allowed to be seen as He really is. To be where God is will be glory. To be what God intended will be glory. To do what God purposed will be glory.
Ryrie says that the glory of God "is the manifestation of any or all of His attributes. In other words, it is the displaying of God to the world. Thus, things which glorify God are things which show the characteristics of His being to the world." Beloved, as sons and daughters of the Most High God, we will manifest (in some way) glory that surely gives back to God a proper estimate of His greatness, majesty and glory. If you are suffering today dear weak saint, take heart for tomorrow in heaven you will display His glory! A greater affection such as this has a powerful ameliorating effect on passing affliction. "Therefore, prepare (gird) your minds for action, keep sober in spirit, fix your hope (aorist imperative = a command to do this now, do it effectively, don't delay! However, the truth is that we frail men and women cannot do it in our own strength but only as we surrender to the sweet Spirit of God Who alone can enable us to fully fulfill this command, especially if we are going through various trials and afflictions!) completely on the grace to be brought to you at the revelation of Jesus Christ.(1Pet 1:13-note)