ENDURE ALL THINGS: dia touto panta hupomeno
(1SPAI): (2Ti 2:3-note;
note) (2Ti 2:12-note)
For this reason (dia touto)
means because of this, therefore. Paul's point is that
“because I know that God is carrying on His work” it was possible
for him to endure afflictions that
resulted from his preaching of the gospel. The contrast with Paul’s
original, natural sentiments could not be more stark, reflecting of
course the life changing, transforming power of the gospel of Jesus
In Acts for example Paul testifies that
I persecuted this Way to the death, binding and putting both men and
women into prisons. (Acts 22:4)
Writing to Timothy Paul states that
"I was formerly a blasphemer and a persecutor and a violent aggressor.
And yet I was shown mercy, because I acted ignorantly in unbelief and
the grace of our Lord was more than abundant, with the faith and love
which are found in Christ Jesus. 15 It is a trustworthy statement,
deserving full acceptance, that Christ Jesus came into the world to save
sinners, among whom I am foremost of all." (1Ti 1:13-15)
The greatest enemy of the saints became their greatest friend, all as a
result of the gracious outpouring of Christ’s love into his heart.
(hupomeno from hupó = under,
as in under the rule of someone + méno = to abide or remain
- see study of noun
means literally to remain under but not simply with resignation, but
with a vibrant hope.
The idea of enduring is not
just to "grin and bear it" but to remain under trials in a such a way
that we glorify God as we learn the lessons the trials are meant to
teach us, instead of seeking ways to get out from under (cf the prefix
preposition "hupo" = under) the trials and be relieved of the pressure.
Wayne Detzler recounts an
amazing true life example of Christian perseverance writing that...
True Christian perseverance is
not tied to tenacity. It is rather the work of God the Holy Spirit in a
believer's life. The starch in a saint's spine is shown by Scripture to
be nothing less than the sanctifying work of the Holy Spirit. Only in
this way can one explain the work of Gladys Aylward,
a London parlor maid. Societies scorned her missionary application. She
seemed too dull to master Chinese and fulfill her vision of serving in
China. Realizing this, she scoured up her own fare to China and sailed
in 1930. After slogging her way across Siberia she reached her field in
When the Japanese invaded in 1940 she led 100 children on an epic
journey that caught the imagination of Hollywood (Ed:
Watch the movie about her life -
The Inn of the Sixth Happiness
DVD). In 1947 failing health
forced her back to England where she crusaded for missions until her
death in 1970. That was tenacity, not just British grit. It is God's
persevering grace. (Detzler,
Wayne E: New Testament Words in Today's Language. Victor. 1986)
Hupomeno has the following
meanings depending on the context - (1) Stay behind, to tarry
behind (beyond an expected time), to remain (as in Acts 17:14, Luke
2:43). (2) To stand fast, endure or remain in the sense of persevering so
that under affliction, trouble, opposition or trial one holds fast to
one's belief or faith (Mt 10:22, 24:13, Mark 13:13, James 5:11, et al).
The idea is to be patient under, to persevere and to do so bear bravely
and calmly (from Thayer).
Another great example of a Christian who
endured (persevered) under trials in a God honoring way is William
in Wikipedia or
short bio in Christian History)
the 19th-century parliamentarian, who was moved by the Lord to oppose
the lucrative but humanly degrading slave trade. In 1807 Wilberforce
brought about the banning of the slave trade in England but it was not
until 1833 was slavery as an institution abolished, this news reaching
Wilberforce even as he lay on his deathbed. Talk about persevering!
perseverance the snail reached the ark.
Perseverance is also
illustrated in nature for...
mighty oak is just yesterday's little nut that held its ground
Coleman Cox offered another
example from nature noting that...
woodpecker owes his success to the fact that he uses his head and keeps
pecking away until he finishes the job he starts.
Samuel Johnson claimed
are performed not by strength but by perseverance.
William Secker put it well
when he said that...
Christians be not kept altogether from falling, yet they are kept from
Hupomeno was a military term used of an army’s
holding a vital position at all costs. Every hardship and every
suffering was to be endured in order to hold fast.
Endurance is a critical
Christian virtue. Unless we have endurance , we can never learn
many of the truths that God wants us to learn, truths that will lead us
into a deeper life and a more fruitful ministry. Children are usually
impatient; they cannot sit still long enough to get the things done that
need to be done. “How long do we have to wait?” is the stock question of
the child. Impatience is a mark of immaturity. Impatience is also a mark
Trench defined hupomeno
as manifesting the
spirit in which we accept God’s dealings with us as good, and therefore
without disputing or resisting.
Hupomeno is in the
present tense which marks Paul's perseverance as a lifestyle.
Bearing up under was his habitual practice.
Here are the 17 uses of hupomeno
in the NT...
10:22 "And you will be hated by all on account of My name, but it is
the one who has endured to the end who will be saved.
Matthew 24:13 "But the one who endures to the end, he
shall be saved.
Mark 13:13 "And you will be hated by all on account of My name,
but the one who endures to the end, he shall be saved.
Luke 2:43 and as they were returning, after spending the full
number of days, the boy Jesus stayed behind in Jerusalem. And His
parents were unaware of it,
Acts 17:14 And then immediately the brethren sent Paul out to go
as far as the sea; and Silas and Timothy remained there.
Romans 12:12 (note)
rejoicing in hope, persevering in tribulation, devoted to prayer,
(Triumph is just umph added to try.)
1 Corinthians 13:7 (note)
bears all things,
believes all things, hopes all things, endures all things.
2 Timothy 2:10 (note)
For this reason I endure all things for the sake of those who are
chosen, that they also may obtain the salvation which is in Christ Jesus
and with it eternal glory.
2 Timothy 2:12 (note)
If we endure, we shall also reign with Him; If we deny Him, He
also will deny us; (Wuest - Endure here = "persevere in and under
trials and hold to one’s faith in Christ.")
Hebrews 10:32 (note) But
remember the former days, when, after being enlightened, you endured
a great conflict of sufferings,
Hebrews 12:2 (note)
fixing our eyes on Jesus, the author and perfecter of faith, who for the
joy set before Him endured the cross, despising the shame, and
has sat down at the right hand of the throne of God.
Hebrews 12:3 (note) For
consider Him who has endured such hostility by sinners against
Himself, so that you may not grow weary and lose heart. (Comment:
Jesus' example of enduring unspeakable suffering as a Man is truth that
can motivate and encourage us to persevere under our trials in a God
Hebrews 12:7 (note)
It is for discipline that you endure; God deals with you as with
sons; for what son is there whom his father does not discipline? (Wuest
- "recipients of this letter are exhorted to remain under the chastening
hand of God, for the purpose of this chastening is disciplinary.")
James 1:12 Blessed is a man who perseveres under trial;
for once he has been approved, he will receive the crown of life, which
the Lord has promised to those who love Him.
James 5:11 Behold, we count those blessed who endured. You
have heard of the endurance of Job and have seen the outcome of the
Lord's dealings, that the Lord is full of compassion and is merciful.
1 Peter 2:20 (note)
For what credit is there if, when you sin and are harshly treated, you
endure it with patience? But if when you do what is right and
suffer for it you patiently endure it, this finds favor with God.
Hupomeno is used 51 times
in the non-apocryphal
(Num. 22:19; Jos.
19:47; Jdg. 3:25; 2 Ki. 6:33; Job 3:9; 6:11; 7:3; 8:15; 9:4; 14:14;
15:31; 17:13; 20:26; 22:21; 32:4, 16; 33:5; 41:11; Ps. 25:3, 5, 21;
27:14; 33:20; 37:9, 34; 40:1; 52:9; 56:6; 69:6, 20; 106:13; 119:95;
130:4; 142:7; Prov. 20:9; Isa. 40:31; 51:5; 59:9; 60:9; 64:4; Jer.
14:19, 22; Lam. 3:21, 25f; Dan. 12:12; Mic. 7:7; Nah. 1:7; Hab. 2:3;
Zeph. 3:8; Zech. 6:14; Mal. 3:2). Here are a few of the great uses of
hupomeno in the
"If a man dies, will he live again? All the days of my struggle I will
wait (Hebrew = yachal = to wait expectantly; Lxx = hupomeno),
Until my change comes.
Indeed, none of those who wait for (Hebrew = qavah = wait
for, look for, hope for; Lxx = hupomeno) Thee will be
ashamed; Those who deal treacherously without cause will be ashamed. (Spurgeon's
Lead me in Thy truth and teach me, For Thou art the God of my salvation;
For Thee I wait (Hebrew = qavah = wait for, look for, hope
for; Lxx = hupomeno) all the day.
is the fair handmaid and daughter of faith; we cheerfully wait when we
are certain that we shall not wait in vain. It is our duty and our
privilege to wait upon the Lord in service, in worship, in expectancy,
in trust all the days of our life. Our faith will be tried faith, and if
it be of the true kind, it will bear continued trial without yielding.
We shall not grow weary of waiting upon God if we remember how long and
how graciously He once waited for us. (Spurgeon's
(a command) (Hebrew = qavah = wait for, look for, hope for;
Lxx = hupomeno) for the LORD; Be strong, and let your heart take
courage; Yes, wait for the LORD.
at His door with prayer; wait at His foot with humility; wait at His
table with service; wait at His window with expectancy. Suitors often
win nothing but the cold shoulder from earthly patrons after long and
obsequious waiting; he speeds best whose patron is in the skies. (Spurgeon's
33:20 Our soul waits (Hebrew = chakah = wait;
= continually) for the LORD; He is our help and our
godly avow their reliance upon Him Whom the Psalm extols. To wait is a
great lesson. To be quiet in expectation, patient in hope, single in
confidence, is one of the bright attainments of a Christian. Our soul,
our life, must hang upon God; we are not to trust Him with a few
gewgaws, but with all we have and are. He is our help and our shield.
Our help in labour, our shield in danger. The Lord answers all things to
His people. He is their all in all. Note the three "ours" in the text.
These holdfast words are precious. Personal possession makes the
Christian man; all else is mere talk. (Spurgeon's
For evildoers will be cut off, but those who wait for (Hebrew
= qavah = wait for, look for, hope for; Lxx = hupomeno) the LORD,
they will inherit the land.
that wait upon the Lord -- those who in patient faith expect their
portion in another life -- they shall inherit the earth. Even in this
life they have the most of real enjoyment, and in the ages to come
theirs shall be the glory and the triumph. Passion, according to
Bunyan's parable, has his good things first, and they are soon over;
Patience has his good things last, and they last for ever. (Spurgeon's
A Psalm of David. I Waited patiently (Hebrew = qavah =
wait for, look for, hope for; Lxx = hupomeno) for the LORD;
and He inclined to me, and heard my cry.
interprets this psalm in its "Messianic light" writing) Patient waiting
upon God was a special characteristic of our Lord Jesus. Impatience
never lingered in his heart, much less escaped his lips. All through his
agony in the garden, his trial of cruel mockings before Herod and
Pilate, and his passion on the tree, he waited in omnipotence of
patience. No glance of wrath, no word of murmuring, no deed of vengeance
came from God's patient Lamb; he waited and waited on; was patient, and
patient to perfection, far excelling all others who have according to
their measure glorified God in the fires. Job on the dunghill does not
equal Jesus on the cross. The Christ of God wears the imperial crown
among the patient. Did the Only Begotten wait, and shall we be petulant
and rebellious? (Spurgeon's
106:13 They quickly forgot His works; They did not wait for (Hebrew
= chakah = wait; Lxx =
not for His counsel, neither waiting for the word of command or promise;
eager to have their own way, and prone to trust in themselves. This is a
common fault in the Lord's family to this day; we are long in learning
to wait for the Lord, and upon the Lord. With Him is counsel and
strength, but we are vain enough to look for these to ourselves, and
therefore we grievously err. (Spurgeon's
40:31 (Remember although believers today can surely apply the truth
of this beautiful passage in its original context it was addressed to
Jews in captivity! In what captivity are you beloved of the Lord?) Yet
those who wait for (Hebrew = qavah = wait for, look for,
hope for; Lxx = hupomeno) the LORD will gain new strength;
They will mount up with wings like eagles, They will run and not get
tired, They will walk and not become weary. (Comment: Wait
for the Lord "implies two things: complete dependence on God and a
willingness to allow him to decide the terms" - Oswalt "This is the
purpose of the strength the LORD gives us - strength to move forward and
progress for Him. It isn't strength to show off, but strength to go
forward in.- Guzik)
Lamentations 3:25 The LORD is good to those who wait for (Hebrew
= qavah = wait for, look for, hope for; Lxx = hupomeno)
Him, to the person who seeks Him.
Micah 7:7 But as for me, I will watch expectantly for the LORD;
I will wait (Hebrew = yachal = to wait expectantly; Lxx =
hupomeno) for the God of my salvation. My God will hear me.
All things (pas)
means "all" without exception!
FOR THE SAKE OF THOSE WHO ARE CHOSEN
(the elect): dia tous eklektous:
(Mt 24:22,24,31; Jn 11:52; 17:9; 1Co 9:22; 2Co 1:6; 4:15; Col 1:24)
eklego which in middle voice [eklegomai] means select or pick out
for one's self which is derived from ek =out + lego =call)
means literally the "called out ones" or "chosen out ones". The idea of
eklektos is the ones who have been chosen for one's self,
selected out of a larger number.
(Click word study of
In regard to
election as related to salvation, Wuest comments that
"This election does not imply
the rejection of the rest (those not chosen out), but is the outcome of
the love of God lavished upon those chosen-out."
K. S. Wuest's Word Studies from the Greek New Testament: Studies in the
Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament: Grand Rapids: Eerdmans)
definition of elect is not bad --
to pick out; to select from among two
or more, that which is preferred...in theology, to designate, choose or
select as an object of (divine) mercy or favor.
The 1828 Webster's is even better writing that
theology, divine choice; predetermination of God, by which persons are
distinguished as objects of mercy, become subjects of grace, are
sanctified and prepared for heaven. (Webster, N. Noah Webster's first
edition of An American dictionary of the English language)
Someone else has
Election is God's eternal choice of
persons unto everlasting life -- not because of foreseen merit in them,
but of His mere mercy in Christ - in consequence of which choice they
are called, justified, and glorified.
You may not
realize it but you've sung about the "elect" if you've ever sung
"The Church's One Foundation" for the second stanza begins "Elect
from every nation...." Indeed, election is a doctrine worth singing
about, worth studying and eminently worth preaching. Dear pastor, have
you encouraged your sheep with the glorious truth that they have been
in Him (Christ) before the
foundation of the world, (and why did God chose us?) that (they)
should be holy and blameless before Him? (see note
(As R B Kuiper put it "When God chose certain persons unto
eternal life he did not do so in order that they might be in Christ, but
He viewed them from eternity as being in Christ.") (Oh, that the
Bride would be diligent to keep her gown spotless, adorned in fine linen
which is the righteous deeds of the saints [holy ones] - see notes
The prince of
preachers, C H Spurgeon was right when he said
There seems to be an inveterate
prejudice in the human mind against this doctrine (of election) and
although most other doctrines will be received by professing Christians,
some with caution, others with pleasure, yet this one seems to be most
frequently disregarded and discarded.
The doctrine of
election is surely "solid food" and as such it is tempting as a
pastor to avoid preaching this truth ,but remember that
solid food is for the mature, who
because of practice have their senses trained to discern good and evil.
George Whitfield put it "Let a man go to the grammar school of faith
and repentance before he goes to the university of election and
Discussions of divine
election, with its subheadings of predestination and divine
foreknowledge, provide the millstones by which countless theological
efforts in Western Christendom have been ground. Yet in its rudiments,
election means simply the act of choice whereby God in love picks
an individual or group out of a larger company for a purpose or destiny
of his own appointment. (A Dictionary of Biblical Tradition in English
literature. Grand Rapids, Mich. Eerdmans)
God had "picked these out"
for Himself, for His glory. Paul did not know who they were but he knew
God knew and that was enough for him to be willing to endure hardship
that they might hear the living and abiding seed of the Gospel by which
they might be born again. Paul has set the bar high for us, but the
rewards in eternity are simply unfathomable down here!
The Scriptures in a very natural way
combine the doctrine of divine election and human responsibility.
The apparent paradox is only resolved in terms of the infinite mind and
ability of the Creator (click
Thou didst seek us when we sought
thee not; didst seek us indeed that we might seek thee. - Augustine
As Christians we ought always to
remember that the Lord called us to himself not because of our virtues,
but in spite of our vices. - John Blanchard
What election means in simple terms
is this: God chooses us before we choose him; God does not choose us
because we deserve it; and God does not choose us to be his favourites
but to be his servants. - A. M. Hunter
Amiable agnostics will talk
cheerfully about man's search for God. For me, they might as well talk
about the mouse's search for a cat... God closed in on me. - C. S. Lewis
The doctrine of election is not meant
to confuse the Christian but to comfort him. - John Blanchard
As God did not at first choose you
because you were high, so he will not forsake you because you are low. -
Our spiritual estate standeth upon a
sure bottom; the beginning is from God the Father, the dispensation from
the Son and the application from the Holy Ghost... It is free in the
Father, sure in the Son, ours in the Spirit. - Thomas Manton
If once God's electing love rises
upon the soul, it never sets. - Thomas Watson
Who shall the Lord's elect condemn?
'Tis God that justifies their souls,
And mercy like a mighty stream
O'er all their sins divinely rolls.
THAT THEY ALSO MAY OBTAIN THE SALVATION
WHICH IS IN CHRIST JESUS WITH
ETERNAL GLORY : hina kai autoi soterias
tuchosin (3PAAS) tes en Christo Iesou meta doxes aioniou: (Pr
8:35; Jn 17:24; 1Th 5:9; 1Ti 1:13,14; 1Pet 2:10) (Ro 2:7; 9:23; 2Cor
4:17; Col 1:27; 2Th 2:14; 1Pet 5:10)
That is more fully rendered in order that the unbelievers
to whom he witnessed might obtain the salvation which is in Christ
(tugchano) means to meet with, to "hit the mark", to
attain, gain or receive.
soter = Savior in turn from
sozo = save, rescue, deliver)
in the NT context describes an individual's rescue or deliverance from
danger, destruction, peril, as well as from enslavement to and
consequences of their harsh "taskmaster", sin. Inherent in this rescue
or deliverance is one's restoration to a state of safety, health and
well being. Soteria also includes the idea of preservation from danger
Click to read more about the
Three Tenses of Salvation.
Note that the truth about election led Paul to evangelize, at
great cost to himself, in order that the elect might be saved. A view of
election which disobeys Mt 28:19 ("Go therefore and make disciples of
all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and the Son
and the Holy Spirit") is sadly misguided and wrong.
Disregarding other Scripture, some fatalistic interpreters use texts
such as (see notes
Romans 8:29) to argue that evangelism not only is
unnecessary but presumptuous, claiming that God will sovereignly save
those whom He has predestined, regardless of whether or not they hear
and believe the gospel. But God’s Word just as clearly teaches the
necessity of faith for salvation as it does that salvation is by God’s
free and sovereign grace. Jesus said,
No one can come to Me, unless it
has been granted him from the Father (Jn 6:65).
The fact that our finite minds cannot fully understand or reconcile such
truths in no way affects their validity. God sovereignly calls every
believer in His grace. He sovereignly demands their faith to make His
gracious calling effective. And finally He sovereignly calls those who are saved
to be His witnesses to those who are not.
John Wesley traveled by foot or horseback some 250,000 miles, preaching
more than 40,000 sermons, and he wrote, translated, or edited more than
200 books. He lived simply and gave away most of whatever income he
received. Yet he was continually ridiculed and pelted with stones by
ungodly mobs and was ostracized by fellow clergymen in the Church of
England. When maligned, he answered, “I leave my reputation where I left
my soul, in the hands of God.” He never lost his joy of service or his
love for the Lord and for men, both saved and unsaved. One biographer
commented, “To Wesley was granted the task which even an archangel might
George Whitefield, a close friend and fellow worker with John and
Charles Wesley during his early ministry, spent thirty four years
preaching the gospel in the British Isles and in America. He made
thirteen transatlantic voyages, which were still perilous in those days,
and preached at least 18,000 sermons on the two continents. The noted
poet and hymn writer William Cowper (who wrote “There Is a Fountain Filled with Blood”) penned the following
tribute to Whitefield:
He loved the world that hated him.
The tear that dropped upon his Bible was sincere.
Assailed by scandal and the tongue of strife,
His only answer was a blameless life
That resolute man of God heeded Peter’s counsel to “keep a good
conscience so that in the thing in which you are slandered, those who
revile your good behavior in Christ may be put to shame. For it is
better, if God should will it so, that you suffer for doing what is
right rather than for doing what is wrong” (See notes
1 Peter 3:16;
In Christ Jesus - He is the
"Ark" in which sinners otherwise doomed to die eternally enter by grace
through faith that they might be forever saved from the wrath to come.
See a related discussion of the Pauline phrases
in Christ Jesus.
As Guy King correctly comments
this Christocentric phrase offers up one of the most exciting doctrines
in the NT. King goes on to say that in Christ Jesus...
is one of the outstanding emphases of
the New Testament that everything that the believer possesses is in
Him; over and over again does this phrase occur, and also the
companion phrase in Christ. You find this thought very prominent
in the Epistle to the Ephesians; indeed, I am going to be so rash, and
so bold, as to suggest that the many commentators who say that the key
thought of that Epistle is the phrase "in heavenly places [the
heavenlies]" might be asked whether they are quite right. Their phrase
is certainly the theme of one early section of the Epistle; but is not
the sum and substance of the whole to be found in the words, in Him,
in Christ, in the Lord?
All that we Christians need is in
Him; but we are ourselves also in Him - so that in Him
"our need and His great fulness meet". Imagine a bitterly cold evening,
whereon a poor, hungry, ill-clad, shivering mortal is standing gazing
into the dining room window of a great London house. The table is laden
with good things in abundance (for this is not war-time) and the man
realizes that, with what is there, and what is to come, all his appetite
and need could be fully supplied - it is all in the House, stored up in
there. Fairy stories may legitimately take unexpected turns; so, as the
occupants of this house are kindly folk, and as they observe the
necessitous man and his eager hungry looks, a footman is told to go to
the door, and to invite him to come in. Now see what a change is wrought
in his circumstances and condition. All that he needs is in the House;
and, wonder of wonders, he also is in the House - his need and its great
fulness meet. It is no fairy tale - for "we have not followed cunningly
devised fables" (see note
2 Peter 1:16),
but plain unvarnished truth, that a like blessed propinquity exists for
all believers, seeing that supplies and suppliants are both alike in
Him. But our passage goes further. From verse 8 we deduce that this
all is not only in Him, but is He. The beautiful truth
emerges that He not only gives the Gold, but is the Gold; not only
provides the Gospel, but is the Gospel. Let the first reader of this
Letter, and every subsequent reader,
that fact - that he has to do, not merely with a thing, however grand;
not merely with an experience, however glorious; but with a Person,
infinitely wonderful, and blessedly adequate. (Guy King. 2 Timothy.
Christian Literature Crusade).