king (Aliases of the Antichrist) who is to come as described in the last part of Daniel 11...and Kay
''will come very, very soon! As a matter of fact he may
already be in existence, but we may just not recognize him.''
Irregardless of when he comes, we need to know about this king of Daniel's
70th week so it does not sneak up and catch us unaware.
EVENTS UP TO THE 70TH WEEK OF DANIEL
ACROSS THE TOP ROW
CHAPTERS IN DANIEL ALONG THE LEFT COLUMN
NOTE: THIS CHART MAY NOT MAINTAIN IT'S
ORIGINAL PROPORTIONS IF REDUCED IN SIZE ON SCREEN
BC 626 538
? DATE ?
of 10 "Toes"
Lion Bear Leopard Dreadful
& Terrifying (DT)
One like a Son
of Man was
was given...everlasting dominion
kingdom will not be destroyed
Da8:3 One Horn
Alexander the Great
Alexander's Rather Small Horn
Da 8:9-14, 23-26
Kingdoms 175-164 BC
Prince who is to come
Dan 9 444/445 7x7's
+ 62x7's (434 yr) (25-26)=483
years>Messiah Prince 32/33
Hebrew Countdown Begins
Decree to rebuild Jerusalem (Neh 2:1-8)
Daniel's First 69 Weeks
Lk 19:38ff "Blessed is the King
Daniel's 70th Wk
Alexander > 4 Generals >
Divide Kingdom "Despicable person"
Revolt in 166 BC
Time of distress
25, 165 BC
Babylonian Exile begins TIMES OF GENTILES (Lk21:24) ends when Messiah returns
When fulness of
Gentiles comes in
All Israel will be saved
Deliverer comes from Zion
Ro 11:25-27 cf
Click here for Chart Summarizing
Scriptures that parallel the last half of Daniel's 70th Week
The first 69 Weeks
Daniel 9:24-27 are summarized (also see timeline above)
April 6, 32AD
Longimanus' decree to rebuild & restore Jerusalem
Greece is on scene
Marks close of OT canon
Messiah the Prince ~
Jesus' "triumphal entry"
into Jerusalem on a donkey
King of Persian empire
Daniel 11 begins in Daniel's time "in
the first year of Darius the Mede" (ca 539BC) and then briefly mentions
3 Persian kings (Ed note:
Cambyses, also called Ahasuerus in
Ezra 4:6 who reigned from 529-522BC,
Smerdis or Pseudo-Smerdis who reigned from 522-521BC and
also called Darius the Great in ) but then focuses attention on the reign of
the fourth and most powerful, influential, and wealthy of the four Persian
(486BC to 465BC) who "will arouse the whole empire against the realm of Greece".
(Ed note: There were other Persian kings who followed Xerxes I but
their power begin to wane because Xerxes' wars against the Greeks had
stirred up Alexander whose rise to power is described in
Daniel 11:2 "And now I will
tell you the truth. Behold, three more kings are going to arise in
Persia. Then a fourth will gain far more riches than all of them; as
soon as he becomes strong through his riches, he will arouse the whole
empire against the realm of Greece."
Alexander the Great
"And a mighty king will arise, and he will rule with great
authority and do as he pleases."
Alexander "a mighty king" extracts revenge for Xerxes' I actions against Greece
Alexander's 4 generals
his kingdom after his death
Daniel 11:4 "But as soon as
he has arisen, his kingdom will be broken up and parceled out toward
the four points of the compass, though not to his own descendants, nor
according to his authority which he wielded; for his sovereignty will
be uprooted and given to others besides them."
(Ed note: After Alexander's
death, the description in
Daniel 11:5-20 focuses on two of the four
divisions of Alexander's Greek Empire, the
[Kings of the South]
and the Seleucid [Kings of the North] because of their pivotal
interaction with Israel, which was located between these two world powers.
Israel was first controlled by the
and then the Seleucids, the
latter division culminating in the rule of the "despicable person"
described at length in
Daniel 11:21 "And in his
place a despicable person will arise, on whom the honor of
kingship has not been conferred, but he will come in a time of
tranquility and seize the kingdom by intrigue...31 "And forces from
him will arise, desecrate the sanctuary fortress, and do away with the
regular sacrifice. And they will set up the abomination of
This "despicable person" is
also the same person as the "rather small horn" (RSH)
described in (Daniel 8:9-14).
His story picks up again in Daniel 11:21-35
where we read a relatively lengthy description of the
Antiochus Epiphanes, the "rather small horn", who eventually sets up an abomination of desolation in the Temple
in Jerusalem, stops the Jewish sacrifices and desecrates the sanctuary (Click
for more discussion of reign of
Rather Small Horn
"And out of one
of them came forth a rather small horn which grew exceedingly
great toward the south, toward the east, and toward the Beautiful
Land. 10 And it grew up to the host of heaven and caused some of the
host and some of the stars to fall to the earth, and it trampled them
down.11 It even magnified itself to be equal with the Commander of the
host; and it removed the regular sacrifice from Him, and the place of
His sanctuary was thrown down.12 And on account of transgression the
host will be given over to the horn along with the regular sacrifice;
and it will fling truth to the ground and perform its will and
prosper. 13 Then I heard a holy one speaking, and another holy one
said to the particular one who was speaking, "How long will the vision
about the regular sacrifice apply, while the transgression causes
horror, so as to allow both the holy place and the host to be
trampled?"14 And he said to me, "For 2,300 evenings and mornings; then
the holy place will be properly restored."
Daniel 8:9-14 describe Antiochus' reign
as a time when he would "fling truth to the ground’’ as he had symbols written on the manuscripts.
(Ed note: 1 Maccabees 1:56–57 records that "The books of the
law which they found they tore to pieces and burned with fire. Where the
book of the covenant was found in the possession of any one, or if any one
adhered to the law, the decree of the king condemned him to death.")
Combined with Antiochus' setting up "the
abomination of desolation" described in (Daniel 11:31)
we see a picture of the complete desecration of the holy temple. These
events are recorded by both the Jewish historian Josephus and the book of Maccabees
(Ed note: 1Macc 1:54 records that "On the fifteenth day of
the month Chislev, in the year one hundred and forty-five [the date on
our calendar was December 6, 167BC], the king erected the horrible
abomination upon the altar of holocausts, and in the surrounding cities of
Judah they built pagan altars." which describes the horrible time when
the desecration of the Jewish religion reached its climax as an altar or
idol-statue devoted to Olympian Zeus or Jupiter was erected in the temple
["abomination of desolation"] and on 25 Chislev sacrifices, probably
including swine [1Macc 1:47 records that Antiochus sent orders to the Jews "to
build pagan altars and temples and shrines, to sacrifice swine and unclean
animals" and 2Macc 6:4, 5 records that the Gentiles "brought into the
temple things that were forbidden, so that the altar was covered with
abominable offerings prohibited by the laws."). Daniel 11 recorded
prophecies of these events so those who knew the truth
could recognize what was taking place. God had prophesied and
it occurred in history just as God had written -
Antiochus Epiphanes indeed
did set up the ‘’abomination of desolation’’ in the Temple. (Click
for more discussion of the "abomination of desolation")
Daniel 11:31 "And forces from him (Antiochus
Epiphanes) will arise,
(pollute, profane, defile)
the sanctuary (consecrated place, holy place, usually reference to Temple) fortress
(place of safety, protection, defense), and do
away with the regular sacrifice. And they will set up the
(disgusting, filthy or detestable thing) of
(Ed note: KJV says "the abomination that maketh
desolate", NIV "the abomination that causes desolation",
International Children's Bible says "Then they will set up
the horrible thing that destroys.")
"Abomination of desolation"
occurred in 167/168BC during the time in which the Grecian
Empire was in control of the land of Israel, during the time period when God
was "silent". Remember however that God had already spoken in
Daniel so that the warning to the Jews was clear.
In the same way today God
has spoken to us in His Word and does not need to give us new
revelation. He has told us oh man what is going to come to pass (in books
like Daniel and the Revelation). The tragedy for many Christians is that
sit in darkness when they could be walking in the light if they would only
begin to get into
God’s word of truth which alone sets
Daniel 11:32: "And by smooth words
Epiphanes) will turn to godlessness those who act wickedly toward the covenant, but
the people who know their God will display strength and take action."
"The people who know their God will display strength and take action"
were the group of Jews who took part Maccabean Revolt against
Antiochus Epiphanes in 166BC (this revolt is alluded to only in this verse
in Daniel) and ends with rededication of the Temple on Dec 25th,
165 BC which was commemorated in modern Judaism by the celebration of the "Festival
of lights" or Hanukah. The description of this period of subjection of the
Antiochus Epiphanes continued through
Da 11:35 which brings a close to this period.
Da 11:33 "And those who have
insight among the people will give understanding to the many; yet they
will fall by sword and by flame, by captivity and by plunder, for many
34 "Now when they fall they will be granted a little help, and many
will join with them in hypocrisy.
35 "And some of those who have insight will fall, in order to refine,
purge, and make them pure, until the end time; because it is still to
come at the appointed time. (Click
here for continuation of discussion of Da 11:36ff)
Now go back to
Daniel 9:25 where in a single verse
we have a
"panoramic" view of the whole period from the decree of Artaxerxes
in 445BC to the first coming of the Messiah into Jerusalem. Then Daniel
11:1-35 expands on this single verse and gives incredible detail, predicting
approximately 135 specific events that have been perfectly fulfilled.
Beginning in Daniel 11:36 however none of the specific events or people
described through the end of Daniel 12 have been recorded in history. These
events and people therefore are yet to be fulfilled in the future. And our
generation may on the verge of the fulfillment of these future events
presented in Daniel’s 70th Week! Are you ready? Daniel 9:26 takes us from the death of Messiah to the destruction of Jerusalem (70AD)
only a few individual kings by name in the book of Daniel (Nebuchadnezzar,
Belshazzar, Cyrus, Darius). Although God does not specifically name Alexander, his 4
Antiochus Epiphanes (et al in Daniel 11), we are still able to
determine who the passages refer to because God has laid
such a solid foundation in the specific details about Babylon and Medo-Persia.
So from 605BC to 538BC the children of Israel in captivity in Babylon. Then
from 538BC to 331BC we see Israel's return from exile and restoration to the land.
God speaks prophetically
especially at four
prophetic points of Scripture
Prophet speaks during his own time:
Captivity and restoration
(mainly the restoration)
Dan 11:1-35 (restoration)
Christ’s first coming:
Christ’s second coming:
Christ's Second Coming brings in His 1000
year kingdom, at the outset of which we have the judgment of the Gentiles,
and then following the actual1000 year earthly reign of Christ, the earth and heavens will
be destroyed by fire, then all men will be judged at the great white throne
and finally we have the coming of the new heaven and the new earth.
To reiterate, Daniel 10 through 12 expands
Daniel's prophecy of 70 Weeks. In
Daniel 11:1-35 we have snapshots of the
Gentile nations that interact with Israel, with emphasis on two (South
and North - Seleucid) of the four divisions of Alexander's kingdom. Then
the prophecy "jumps" forward at least 2000 years in
Daniel 11:36 and from there to the end of
Daniel God explains the fourth kingdom and its "king" in greater detail.
Christ's Second Coming is in the time of this fourth kingdom.
King of daniel’s 70th week
Equates With the Following
as he pleases
people of prince who is to come
From Daniel 9:27 we know that there is one week
(one period of seven) ‘’missing", the 70th 7 year period which in turn has two 3.5 year
"And in that you saw the iron mixed with common clay, they will combine
with one another in the seed of men; but they will not adhere to one
another, even as iron does not combine with pottery. 44
And in the days of those kings the God of heaven will set up a kingdom which
will never be destroyed, and [that] kingdom will not be left for another
people; it will crush and put an end to all these kingdoms, but it will
itself endure forever.
So we learn in Daniel 2:44 that
in the days of the Ten Toes God will set up his kingdom
never to be destroyed . The "Ten Toes" indicate that a separate yet united
structure which is consistent with a loose confederation. These Ten
Toes although a loose confederation, will not adhere to one another. It is
during this time period in history that God will crush all other kingdoms
and set up an indestructible, enduring kingdom.
Daniel 7:8 "While I was contemplating the horns (the Ten Horns),
behold, another horn, a little one, came up among them, and three of the
first horns were pulled out by the roots before it; and behold, this horn
possessed eyes like the eyes of a man, and a mouth uttering great [boasts.]
Daniel 7 we learn that there are 10
horns which equate with 10 kingdoms/kings from which arises a Little Horn
(the "math" is 10 + 1 - 3). This Little Horn has a mouth that boasts, eyes
like man and eradicates 3 of first 10 kings.
Daniel 7:20 and the meaning of the ten horns
that were on its head, and the other horn which came up, and before which
three of them fell, namely, that horn which had eyes and a mouth uttering
great boasts, and which was larger in appearance than its associates.
21 "I kept looking, and that horn was waging war with the saints and
22 until the Ancient of Days came, and judgment was passed in favor of the
saints of the Highest One, and the time arrived when the saints took
possession of the kingdom.
23 "Thus he said: 'The fourth beast will be a fourth kingdom on the earth,
which will be different from all the other kingdoms, and it will devour the
whole earth and tread it down and crush it.
24 'As for the ten horns, out of this kingdom ten kings will arise; and
another will arise after them, and he will be different from the previous
ones and will subdue three kings.
25 'And he will speak out against the Most High and wear down the saints of
the Highest One, and he will intend to make alterations in times and in law;
and they will be given into his hand for a time, times, and half a time.
INTERACTION OF LITTLE
AND THE SAINTS
we see that the Little Horn
waging war with the saints (Jewish believers) and overpowering them"
the Little Horn overpowers the saints "and they will be given into his
hand for a time, times, and half a time" or for three and one half years
which perfectly parallels the last half of Daniel's 70th week of 7 years.
Now why do we say the Little Horn's overpowering of the saints occurs in the
last three and one-half years? Look back at
where we see that the saints
take control of the kingdom when the Ancient of Days comes down to earth and
puts an end to the Little Horn's kingdom.
Daniel 9:27 we have learned that the Little Horn ("he")
will make a firm covenant with the many (the Jews) for one seven year
period. The Little Horn or "he" is from Rome because in
Daniel 9:26 he is associated with "the people of
the prince who is to come will destroy the city and the sanctuary" and
we know that the people who destroyed Jerusalem were from Rome. But Rome
ceased to be a dominant world power about 476AD and so if "he"
who makes the firm covenant is from Rome, he has to come from
Although "He", the Little
Horn, makes a firm covenant with
the Jews for 7years, he breaks it in middle of 7 years, by putting a
stop to sacrifice and grain offerings, just like
Antiochus Epiphanes did.
The Little Horn then makes desolate (Ed note: NIV translates it "he will
set up an abomination that causes desolation"). This Little Horn is none
other than the Antichrist. "Anti" can mean either opposed to or instead of
and he manifests both actions, blaspheming God and opposing Christ, and
doing so until his destruction which is decreed occurs. His destruction is described in
(see Scripture below) (Click Kay Arthur's lecture from the Precept series on the
Revelation "When Will the Antichrist Rear
His Destructive Head?" and also the lecture on "The
Devil's Beauty & Beast")
"Then I kept looking because of
the sound of the boastful words which the horn was speaking; I kept
looking until the beast was slain, and its body was destroyed and
given to the burning fire...22 until the Ancient of Days came, and
judgment was passed in favor of the saints of the Highest One, and the
time arrived when the saints took possession of the kingdom...26 'But
the court will sit for judgment, and his dominion will be taken away,
annihilated and destroyed forever."
To summarize, the
Antichrist is called the Little horn and the beast in
At end of this last 7 year period, his body is given to the burning fire,
Daniel 9:27 had also prophesied ("a
complete destruction, one that is decreed, is poured out on the one who
Daniel 11:36 "Then the king will do as he pleases, and he will exalt and magnify
himself above every god, and will speak monstrous things against the God of
gods; and he will prosper until the indignation
is finished, for that which is decreed will be done.
37 "And he will show no regard for the gods of his fathers or
for the desire of women, nor will he show regard for any other god;
for he will magnify himself above them all.
38 "But instead he will honor a god of fortresses, a god whom his
fathers did not know; he will honor him with gold, silver, costly
stones, and treasures.
39 "And he will take action against the strongest of fortresses with
the help of a foreign god; he will give great honor to those who
acknowledge him, and he will cause them to rule over the many, and
will parcel out land for a price.
40 "And at the end time the king of the South will collide with
him, and the king of the North will storm against him with chariots,
with horsemen, and with many ships; and he will enter countries,
overflow them, and pass through.
41 "He will also enter the Beautiful Land, and many countries will
fall; but these will be rescued out of his hand: Edom, Moab and the
foremost of the sons of Ammon.
42 "Then he will stretch out his hand against other countries, and the
land of Egypt will not escape.
43 "But he will gain control over the hidden treasures of gold and
silver, and over all the precious things of Egypt; and Libyans and
Ethiopians will follow at his heels.
44 "But rumors from the East and from the North will disturb him, and
he will go forth with great wrath to destroy and annihilate many.
45 "And he will pitch the tents of his royal pavilion between the seas
and the beautiful Holy Mountain; yet he will come to his end, and no
one will help him.
12:1 "Now at that time Michael, the great prince who stands guard over
the sons of your people, will arise. And there will be a time of
distress such as never occurred since there was a nation until that
time; and at that time your people, everyone who is found written in
the book, will be rescued..
Remember that the
preceding verses in
described the terrifying reign of a despicable one,
Antiochus Epiphanes (click
earlier discussion). The description that follows in
does not fit
Antiochus Epiphanes. Therefore between
there is a time gap of at least 2000 years (Ed note: paralleling
exactly the time gap between
Daniel 9:26 and
Daniel 9:27). In
we see an expanded and more detailed description of Daniel's 70th Week (Daniel
9:27), all the way up to the time of the end, to the time of the little horn
and finally to the
time of the setting up of the kingdom of Jesus Christ, which the Jews have been
uses the term "the indignation" (Ed note: Hebrew word za'am
= anger, wrath) describes the
fulfilling of God’s righteous wrath and His righteous judgment upon ISRAEL because
even after the 70 years of captivity Israel did not repent. So God's "indignation" will be poured out
on the Jews for
490 years (as prophesied in
Daniel 9:24-27) and after the 490 years His "indignation is
finished" (Ed note: Hebrew for "finished" is kalah =
completed, accomplished). So when God is finished judging Israel, using even
the evil Antichrist to judge them and bring them to their Messiah, then the
indignation will all be over and the saints will possess the kingdom with God
forever and ever!
says that the Antichrist "will show no regard for the gods of his
fathers..." where the Hebrew word for "gods" is elohim
(''-im'' being the plural ending). Thus this verse could be translated
''gods'' or ''God'' because it refers to the plurality of the Godhead (the Trinity).
The phrase "desire of women" in
is interesting. The word "desire" is a subjective noun so some say
that this should be translated ''the
desired of woman''. Thus this phrase could be an allusion to the desire of
woman to be the bearer of the Messiah (Isaiah
re Bethlehem Ephrathah).
seems to be saying that whatever gods the Antichrist's ''fathers''
worshipped, he had no regard for them. He also had no regard for Christ.
''...he will take action against the strongest of fortresses...''
which describes the Antichrist as a man making war and giving honor to those
who acknowledge him. Just as during the times of
Antiochus Epiphanes, this
last three and one half year time period ruled by the
Antichrist will see some Jews apostatize and come over to his side,
selling their soul in order to get favors from him.
''at the end time the
king of the South will collide with him'' which would have to be
a description of Egypt. In this "end time" period we see that there
is going to be war (see
This period referred to as "the end time" is most likely a reference
to the last three and one-half years of Daniel's 70th Week. This same phrase
"end time" is found in
Daniel 12:9 where the angel tells Daniel to "Go your way,
Daniel, for these words are concealed and sealed up until the end time."
mentions the ''King of the
North'' as one who comes against the
Antichrist, so you know that the Antichrist is cannot be the king of the North.
As we saw in
Daniel 9:24-27, the Antichrist will arise from the Revived Roman
Empire, at the time in which there is a confederation of 10 nations.
describes the Antichrist's gaining great wealth for he "will
gain control over the hidden treasures of gold and silver, and over all the
precious things of Egypt."
says that the Antichrist
''will go forth with great
wrath to destroy and annihilate many.''
This most likely describes the last half of the 7 year period, during which
we finally see the Antichrist in his ''true colors''. He is a very
destructive man even as was
says that the Antichrist
''will pitch the tents of his royal pavilion between the seas and the
beautiful Holy Mountain.'' In other words, the Antichrist will move to the
Land of Palestine, and yet ''he will come to his end, and no one will help
him.'' What will his end be like? We'll look at that
Daniel 8:19 (which refers
Antiochus Epiphanes) the angel Gabriel tells Daniel
"Behold, I am going
to let you know what will occur at
the final period of the indignation,
for it pertains to the appointed
time of the end."
In other words, God gave Daniel a
glimpse of the end through the portrait of
Antiochus Epiphanes but God was
saying that there was a worse time yet to come and God was going
to let Daniel know what would happen at the appointed time of
the end. The next
lecture is the last of this series on Daniel and will discuss the appointed
time of the end, very appropriately at the end of this Precept course on
Father we thank
You for Your Word. We thank You, Father, for showing us the key of Daniel's
70th Week and that Father as we delve into that Word, more & more will we
gain understanding and as we gain understanding, Father, we can give insight
to many. We praise You and we thank You for the awesome wonder of the book
of Daniel and the GOD OF DANIEL. We thank You that the Most High does rule
in the realm of mankind and that He gives it to whomever He wishes. We bow
before You and we say, even so Lord, even so, You are just and righteous in
all your ways, but at the same time we cry ''even so come quickly Lord Jesus
Christ! Come!'' In Your name we pray. Amen.