All verbs in
indicate commands, not suggestions!
hold mouse pointer over
underlined links for pop up of Scripture which stays open and can
Proverbs 7:1 My
- Pr 1:8; 3:1)(Keep
- Lk 8:15; 11:28; Jn 14:23; 15:20; Re 1:3; 22:9) (Treasure
- Pr 2:1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7; 10:14; Deut 11:28; Job 22:22)
My son - An introductory
phrase used 23 times in Proverbs (these are worth studying -
hold pointer over reference) - Pr 1:8, 1:10, 1:15, 2:1, 3:1, 3:11,
3:21, 4:10, 4:20, 5:1, 5:20, 6:1, 6:3, 6:20, 7:1, 19:27, 23:15, 23:19,
23:26, 24:13, 24:21, 27:11, 31:2.
Proverbs 7 in dramatic
and vivid language describes how a naive young man falls into the trap
of the adulteress and we do well to take careful note of the steps
that lead to his destruction, lest we fall into a similar trap (Don't
say "That could never happen to me!" - See 1Co 8:2, 10:12, Pr 16:18)
For the third time n Proverbs
5-7, Solomon prefaces his warnings about sexual impropriety with a
call to pay attention to the Word of God (Pr 5:1, 2; 7, 8, Pr
6:20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25; Pr 7:1, 2, 3, 4, 5). The Truth of God's Word
heard and heeded is like a mighty buttress to keep us from believing
the lies of the world, the flesh and the devil that the "grass is
greener" on the other side of the fence. Remember that "lust" begins
with our thoughts (and images that convey thoughts) and that the best
defense is a good offense, taking in Truth to counter and expose the
Lie. I pray Solomon's warnings and explanation of the danger encourage
each of us as men to fight the good fight of faith. Amen.
The Word of God is not just our offensive weapon but it is our
shield, Solomon writing that...
Every word of God is tested; He is a shield to those who take refuge
in Him. (Pr 30:5, cp Ps 119:9, 11)
(Hebrew = shamar; Lxx =
phulasso) - Command to guard, to be
on one's guard, to take heed, to watch over carefully. For example,
Adam and Eve were to watch over (keep = shamar) and care for the
Garden of Eden where the Lord God had placed them (Ge 2:15). Solomon
is charging us to carefully watch over God's word, a charge which is
always relevant, but which is strategically important if we as godly
men are to keep our feet from stumbling into sexual immorality in this
increasing ungodly age.
(Hebrew = tsaphan) - Command to hide, store up. What do you
treasure and hide or store up? That which you greatly value! Do you
value the Word of God as precious to your life, even more valuable
than your necessary food. The sorely afflicted OT saint Job did,
I have not departed from the
command of His lips; I have treasured (same Hebrew verb
tsaphan) the words of His mouth more than my necessary food. (Job
Comment: I would submit in
fact that this declaration by Job gives us a very important "clue" as
to how this saint was able to endure and persevere such incredible
trials - see
the study discussing this premise.
In a similar use of the Hebrew
verb treasure (tsaphan) the writer of Psalm 119 linked the treasuring of
God's holy word with a life of holiness and purity...
9 How can a young man keep his way
pure? By keeping it according to Your word. (Spurgeon
10 With all my heart I have sought You; Do not let me wander from Your
11 Your word I have treasured (tsaphan) in my heart,
that I may not sin against You (Spurgeon
note). (Ps 119:9, 10,
I like what John Piper says
in his practical message on Thy Word I Have Treasured in my Heart...
I believe that the Bible teaches us
to memorize scripture the way an ant gathers food in summer: because
it is so valuable and will be needed in the winter months. “[The ant]
prepares her food in the summer, and gathers her provision in the
harvest” (Proverbs 6:8). Memorizing scripture is not a discipline for
its own sake. It is because the scriptures are a treasure and will be
needed before the day is done to help you escape a sinful attitude and
live a life that glorifies God. (Dr Piper's message is
for the equipping of God's men in the battle with the lusts of our
flesh - I would encourage you if you have time to listen to the audio
Mp3 version as it is even better than the transcript -
Transcript = Thy Word I Have
Treasured in my Heart;
Mp3 Audio Version)
Within you - Don't miss
the implication of the little Hebrew preposition 'eth which is
translated within. (Lxx = para = beside which can speak of
closeness or in one's presence). The Hebrew preposition 'eth
indicates an even closer proximity than another Hebrew preposition
(im) also translated "with".
The TWOT has this note on
To return to the basic meaning “with,”
this preposition is used frequently in a particular theological
context. This is (a) in the promises of God to man: “I am/will be
with you”; (b) affirmations from man that God is indeed with
them; (c) prayers of petition that God may be with them. The
Scripture then is replete with the idea that God calls His people to
fellowship with Himself, be it in the garden of Eden, in the odyssey
of an Abraham, in a covenant situation at Sinai, in the tabernacle, in
a wilderness, crossing a Jordan, entering a Canaan, and so forth. At
this point we should observe that the NT is no different. It is Mark
(Mark 3:13, 14, 15) who tells us that Jesus’ primary reason for
calling the twelve was “that they might be with him.” The call to
fellowship always precedes the call to service.
R L, Archer, G L & Waltke, B K Theological Wordbook of the Old
Testament. Moody Press)
Proverbs 7:2 Keep
live, and my
teaching as the
apple of your
(Keep - Pr 4:13; Lev 18:5; Is 55:3; Jn
12:49,50; 14:21; 15:14; 1Jn 2:3,4; 5:1, 2, 3; Re 22:14) (Apple
- Deut 32:10; Ps 17:8; Zech 2:8)
Keep...live - Observe
that both verbs are commands. God is commanding us to
guard or give heed His commandments and to live! Solomon is not just
referring to living physically but really living (in Jesus' words) the
abundant life (Jn 10:10, cp references on life - 2Ti 1:1, Col 3:4-note,
2Co 4:10, 11, Jn 20:31, 14:19, 1Jn 5:11, 12, 13) as our Creator meant
it to be lived on the highest plane, as Christ lived while He trod sod
and which is possible for all believers who will but surrender (yield,
submit, trust and obey) to the power of the Spirit of Christ (Gal
Who alone can facilitate, motivate and empower a life of holiness (cp
Php 2:12, 13 - see notes
In Deuteronomy (just
before Israel was to enter the promised land) Moses linked the
hearing and heeding of God's Word with real life and with blessing...
(Moses) said to them, "Take to
your heart all the words with which I am warning you today, which
you shall command your sons to observe carefully (i.e., obey,
cp Lk 11:28, James 1:22, 23, 24, 25-see
notes), even all the
words of this law. 47 For it (the words of this law) is not an
idle (empty, vain) word for you; indeed it (the word) is your
life. (You might want to read Moses' explanation again!) And by
this word you will prolong your days in the land, which you are
about to cross the Jordan to possess (blessings for obedience to the
Word)." (Deut 32:46, 47)
This command to
my commandments is
similar to that given by Paul to Timothy...
= command calling for this to be a
way of life, our continual, habitual practice) the standard (see
word study) of sound (hugiaino
= "healthy") words which you have heard from me, (How can
we retain this standard?) in the faith and love which are in Christ
Jesus (Thus we need to continually abide in His Word, abide in the
Vine if we would be enabled with faith and love He provides through
His indwelling Spirit). (2Ti 1:13 -
As the apple -
(figurative of course =
The idea of this figurative comparison is that the teaching
like the pupil of the eye is necessary for sight and must be
assiduously kept from injury. The pupil was considered by the ancients
to be a sphere like an apple.
Semantic Domains says
that 'iyshown (apple) is...
the black center of the
eyeball, tender and important part of sight (Dt 32:10; Ps 17:8; Pr
20:20), note: NIV translates as “apple (of the eye)” not as a
reference to fruit, but the English idiom of what is precious and
The point is that even as the
pupil is a symbol of a most precious thing which is carefully
protected, so too we are to give constant attentiveness and care to
the teaching (cf. Dt 32:10). We are to guard these teachings
because they give spiritual and moral sight.
In the context of Solomon's
mini-seminar on "How to Keep from Sexual Immorality", it is notable
that sexual sin often begins with undisciplined eyes and hands (Mt
5:27, 28, 29, 30). As alluded to elsewhere the real problem is the
problem of the heart.
TSK writes - As the pupil
of the eye, the hole or the opening of the uveous coat, or iris,
through which the rays of light pass, and falling upon the retina,
there depict every object in its natural colour, as upon a piece of
white paper. Now the pupil of the eye being essentially necessary to
sight, and easily injured, it is not only, in common with the other
parts, deeply entrenched in the skull, ramparted with the forehead and
cheek bones, defended by the eyebrows, eyelids, and eyelashes, and
placed so as to be best protected by the hands, but, by a wonderful
mechanism, is contracted or dilated by the muscular power of the iris,
without which an excess of light would cause instant blindness. (Treasury
of Scripture Knowledge)
Proverbs 7:3 Bind
them on your
Write them on
tablet of your
(Deut 11:18, 19, 20; Is 30:8; Je 17:1; 31:33; 2Co 3:3)
them - (Hebrew = qashar
= of literal binding, but here figurative, cp souls of David and
Jonathan in 1Sa 18:1) This command is a common metaphor in the OT
emphasizing the vital importance and absolute necessity to hold fast
to the faithful (Titus 1:9-note)
commandments and teaching of God. All four of the following parallel
passages use qashar for bind.
Proverbs 3:3 Do not let
kindness and truth leave you;
them around your neck,
them on the tablet of your heart.
them continually on your heart;
your neck (Ed: not to "choke" you but to give you life!).
Deuteronomy 6:8 "And you
shall bind (perfect tense) them as a sign on your hand and they
shall be as frontals on your forehead. 9 "And you shall write
(perfect tense) them on the doorposts of your house and on your gates.
Deuteronomy 11:18 "You shall
therefore impress these words of mine on your heart and on your
soul; and you shall bind (perfect tense) them as a sign
on your hand, and they shall be as frontals on your forehead.
19 "And you shall teach them to your sons, talking of them when
you sit in your house and when you walk along the road and when you
lie down and when you rise up. 20 "And you shall write them on
the doorposts of your house and on your gates,
(Say - Pr 2:2, 3, 4; 4:6, 7, 8) (You - Job 17:14; Song
8:1; Mt 12:49,50; Lk 11:27,28)
Wisdom...sister...understanding...intimate friend - Pictures the
close attachment we are to maintain with wisdom and understanding. Be
in continual contact with them even as you frequently get in touch
with your relative or close friend.
Intimate friend is used only
one other place in the OT - Ruth 2:1 "kinsman".
F B Meyer -
Our Daily Homily -This wisdom might seem to be too
unearthly and ethereal to engage our passionate devotion, unless we
remember that she was incarnated in Jesus Christ, who, throughout this
book, seems forthshadowed in the majestic conception of wisdom. And
who shall deny that the most attractive and lovable traits blended in
his matchless character as Son of Man and exalted Redeemer.
With what sensitive purity He bent
his face to the ground and wrote on the dust, when her accusers
brought to Him a woman taken in the act of sin! With what
thoughtfulness He sent word to Peter that he was risen, and provided
the meal for his weary and wave-drenched sailor friends on the shores
of the lake! With what quick intuition He read Mary’s desire to anoint
Him for the burying!
It was this combination of what
is sweet in woman and strong in man, which so deeply satisfied men
like Bernard, Rutherford, Fénélon, and thousands more, who have been
shut out from the delights of human love, but have found in Jesus the
complement of their need, the satisfaction of their hunger and thirst.
In Him, for them, was restored the vision of the sweet mother of early
childhood; of the angel sister who went to be with God; of the early
love that was never destined to be realized.
Women find in Jesus strength on
which to lean their weakness; and men find in Him the tender;
thoughtful sympathy to which they can confidently, entrust themselves.
We are born for the infinity and Divine; earthly loves, at their best,
are only patterns of things in the heavens. They are priceless; but
let us look into them and through them, to behold the unseen and
eternal that lie beneath.
Proverbs 7:5 That they may
keep you from
*, from the
(Pr 2:16; 5:3; 6:24)
To preserve thee from a strange
woman, from a stranger who hath made smooth her
sayings. (Young's Literal)
What guards one from an
adulteress (strange woman)? Godly wisdom and understanding.
Wisdom is the right use of knowledge or the ability to think and
act utilizing knowledge. Wisdom is the ability to judge
correctly and to follow the best course of action, based on knowledge.
Note that it is not enough to have knowledge but it must work itself
out in wise living (wisdom). Wisdom is the exercise of
sound judgment either in avoiding evils or attempting good.
In his letter to the Colossians
Paul writes that...
we have not ceased to pray for you
and to ask that you may be filled with the knowledge of His
will in all spiritual wisdom and understanding, (Why?
Read on) 10 so that you will walk in a manner worthy of the Lord, to
please Him in all respects, bearing fruit in every good work and
increasing in the knowledge of God;11 strengthened with all power,
according to His glorious might, for the attaining of all
steadfastness and patience; joyously 12 giving thanks to the Father,
who has qualified us to share in the inheritance of the saints in
Light.13 For He rescued us from the domain of darkness, and
transferred us to the kingdom of His beloved Son, 14 in whom we have
redemption, the forgiveness of sins. (Col 1:9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14-see
Adulteress (literally a
"woman who is a stranger", ESV = forbidden woman) - This
English word is the translation of 2 Hebrew words, one the generic
word for woman (ishshah) coupled with the Hebrew verb zur
which means to be a stranger (from literal meaning of to turn aside as
for lodging, but also can mean to go astray). The ESV picks up on the
fact that there are 2 words
TWOT writes that the verb
is principally used in the
participial form, zār, appearing sixty-nine times. It carries the
force of a noun, and is so listed by KB. It is used for some action
strange to the law (Lev 10:1), and for one who is a stranger to
another household (Deut 25:5), to another person (Pr 14:10), and to
another land (Ho 7:9). The basic thought is of non-acquaintance or
non-relatedness. The feminine form, “The Strange Woman,” often in
Prov is the adulteress.
R L, Archer, G L & Waltke, B K Theological Wordbook of the Old
Testament. Moody Press)
Here are the uses of zur in
Proverbs - Pr. 2:16; 5:3, 10, 17, 20; 6:1; 7:5; 11:15; 14:10;
20:16; 22:14; 23:33; 27:2, 13
Foreigner - In Proverbs,
foreigner or "foreign woman" refers to a prostitute or an adulteress.
See other uses Pr 2:16, 5:10, 5:20, 6:24, 7:5, 23:27, 27:13.
Flatters with her words (ESV
= "smooth words") - It is notable that the idea of "smooth"
words is repeatedly associated with an adulteress. (Pr
2:16, 6:24, 7:5). Here's the point guys, be careful when someone other
than your wife flatters you with "smooth" words!
Seneca wrote that...
The voice of the flatterer stays
long in the ear.
Unfortunately Benjamin Disraeli
was correct when he mused...
Talk to a man about himself and he
will listen for hours.
Flatters (02505) (chalaq) -
means to be smooth, creamy, slippery, i.e., pertaining to a state or
condition of a moist, viscous food, which is therefore easy to
swallow. Webster says that to flatter is to praise
excessively especially from motives of self-interest. Flattery is
praise insincerely given for an interested purpose.
The 1828 Noah Webster's
dictionary has a great definition of flattery as...
to please a person by applause or
favorable notice, by respectful attention, or by any thing that exalts
him in his own estimation, or confirms his good opinion of himself.
Flattery is like chewing
gum—enjoy it briefly, but don’t swallow it! Flattery is the art of
telling a person exactly what he thinks of himself.
The one who flatters is like a bee
which has honey in his mouth and a sting in his tail.
Thomas Brooks rightly said
Flattery is the devil's invisible
George Chapman described
flatterers this way...
Flatterers look like friends as
wolves look like dogs.
TWOT says that
chalaq/halaq is a verb which...
refers once to the literal process
of smoothing metal to make an idol by hitting it on an anvil with a
forge hammer (Is 41:7). Its principal use (Qal and Hiphil) is of
smooth speech or flattery, i.e. words which were smoother than
butter and like oil (Ps 55:21). This use of the tongue is always
condemned (Ps 5:9) and ends in the speaker being himself entrapped (Pr
29:5). It is characteristic of the seductive woman who is to be
avoided (Pr 2:16; 7:5). The enigmatic man who “flatters himself in his
own eyes” (Ps 36:2) may possibly be better translated, “His God will
destroy him with a glance when he uncovers his impious slander” (cf.
Dahood, M. “Psalms” I, AB, p. 271), taking this from halaq III
“perish.” Ugaritic hlq “perish” is parallel to mt “die” (UT 19: no.
969) and Akkadian halāqu “disappear.” “Their heart is divided” (Ho
10:2 KJV) is better taken as “is false” (RSV) that is, figurative of
the fickle heart.
R L, Archer, G L & Waltke, B K Theological Wordbook of the Old
Testament. Moody Press)
window of my
(Ge 26:8; 2Sa 6:16)
Solomon speaks in the first person
as if he had witnessed the lurid drama which he proceeds to describe.
7:7 And I
saw among the
(Naive - Pr 1:4,22,32; 8:5; 14:15,18; 19:25; 22:3; 27:12;
Ps 19:7; 119:130; Ro 16:18,19 ) (Youths - Pr 6:32; 9:4,16;
10:13; 12:11; 19:2; 24:30; Je 4:22; Mt 15:16)
Naive (KJV = simple ones) (06612)
(pethiy) is related to a verb which conveys the basic idea of
to be open, spacious, wide. When applied to persons as in this verse
it describes the immature or simple man who is open to all kinds of
enticement, not having developed a discriminating judgment (see Pr
5:2 discretion that comes from Pr 5:1) as to what
is right or wrong. Most of the OT uses are in Proverbs (Ps 19:7;
116:6; 119:130; Pr. 1:4, 22, 32; 7:7; 8:5; 9:4, 6, 16; 14:15, 18;
19:25; 21:11; 22:3; 27:12; Ezek 45:20)
Spurgeon aptly described
such a naive young man when he quipped...
None but the silliest of geese
would go to the fox's sermon
As used in Proverbs naive
designates the opposite of a moral man. It does not mean a
simpleton in our sense of the term, but a sinner, a rascal. Proverbs
has a message of morality for the wicked.
TWOT writes that if the
refuses to learn he will go on to
inherit folly (the impairment of moral and spiritual values, Pr
14:18). To achieve moral and spiritual maturity, the naive are
encouraged to receive prudence (Pr 1:4), to understand wisdom (Pr
8:5), and to dwell where wisdom makes her home (Pr 9:4). Otherwise,
he may drift into temptation and then sin, immorality (Pr 7:7f.),
robbery and murder (Pr 1:10, 11, 12, 13, 14). Apart from godly
tutelage, he is on the road to death (Pr 7:7; 22:3).
R L, Archer, G L & Waltke, B K Theological Wordbook of the Old
Testament. Moody Press)
A naive person is
deficient in worldly experience, worldly wisdom or informed judgment
(gullible, "wet behind the ears")
(biyn) conveys the primary ideas of understanding or insight (cp
Ps 19:12, 73:17) and discernment is the closely related meaning. It is
not a description merely of data accumulation but of superior
knowledge, knowledge that in some contexts implies the distinguishing
between good and evil (1Ki 3:9)
Youths - Henry Scougal
captured the essence of youths when he said...
Youth is a time of life wherein we
have too much pride to be governed by others, and too little wisdom to
A young man - Old men don't
think you are immune! You know you are not for the passions of the
young are ever the vices of the old! (the "dirty old men"!)
(chacer) means in need of, in want of, needy, lacking. It
is used primarily, however, in reference to the lack of wisdom and
understanding. Thus it occurs most frequently in the wisdom literature
and primarily in Proverbs. (1Sa 21:15; 2Sa. 3:29; 1Ki. 11:22; Pr 6:32;
7:7; 9:4, 16; 10:13, 21; 11:12; 12:9, 11; 15:21; 17:18; 24:30; 28:16;
(leb) describes the inner man, heart. In other words it refers either
to the inner or immaterial nature in general of a person or to one of
the three traditional personality functions of man, the emotion, the
thought, or the will.
Pr 6:32 The one who commits
adultery with a woman is lacking sense; He who would destroy
himself does it.
Pr 9:4 "Whoever is naive,
let him turn in here!" To him who lacks understanding she (not
an adulteress but Wisdom) says,
Pr 9:16 "Whoever is naive,
let him turn in here," And to him who lacks understanding she
(the woman of folly who is boisterous) says,
corner; and he
way to her
(Pr 4:14,15; 5:8; Jdg 16:1; 2Sa 11:2,3; 1Co 6:18; 2Ti 2:22; Jude
Takes the way to her house -
He was already being carried away and enticed by his own lust that
came from his fallen flesh (James 1:14-
He is fleeing to rather than fleeing from. “Fleeing
immorality” (1Co 6:18) starts by not being in the strange woman's
neighborhood at night!
This naive young
man would have done well to read and heed an earlier proverb...
Do not enter the path of the
wicked, and do not proceed in the way of evil men.
it, do not pass by it;
Turn away from it
and pass on.
(Pr 4:14,15) (Red
How could the youth have
experienced victory over sexual immorality? His first step toward
her house was his mistake and as he came closer, his way of escape,
his window of opportunity (cp "the [specific] way of escape" - don't
refuse it or ignore it! - 1Co 10:13), markedly decreased, so that it
his lust was well on its way to conceiving and bringing forth sin.
What happens when we cannot
avoid the place of temptation? The story of Joseph in Genesis
39:1-23 illustrates this situation and the necessary action.
Notice that in Ge 39:11 Joseph went into the house to do business (in
contrast to the naive youth who went toward the temptation to see what
might transpire). In Genesis 39 we read...
So [Potiphar] left everything he owned in Joseph's charge; and with
him there he did not concern himself with anything except the food
which he ate. Now Joseph was handsome in form and appearance...Now it
happened one day that he went into the house to do his work
(Joseph was not "looking for sin" or "making a provision" for the
lusts of his flesh - see Ro 13:14 -
and none of the men of the household was there inside. 12 And
[Potiphar's wife tried to seduce Joseph and] caught him by his
garment, saying, "Lie with me!" And he left his garment in her hand
and fled (cp Pr 1:15,
5:8, 6:5, Eccl 7:26, 1Co 15:33),
and went outside. (Ge 39:6,11,12) (Note: Hebrew word "flee" is
translated in the
by the verb pheugo which is also
used in Paul's command to Timothy below)
Paul instructed young
command calling for this to be a way of life, our continual, habitual
practice) from youthful lusts (epithumia
= strong desires in context desires for evil, for
gratification, thus originating from our fallen
love and peace, with those who call on the Lord from a pure heart (2Ti
Comment: Note that the verb
flee (pheugo) means to move quickly from a point or area in
order to avoid presumed danger or difficulty, seeking safety by
flight, running hastily from danger. Don’t entertain them, rationalize
them, negotiate with them, try to challenge them or try and endure
them. If you have the idea that you will just "test yourself" on this
one to see if you can stand against it (You cannot! At least not in
your own strength! cp 1Co 10:12), beware for this approach has made
many a man or a woman fall into sin. Instead, run for your spiritual
life! Run to godly virtues which are an amazingly powerful
preventative for ungodly temptations. And seek fellowship and
accountability with other men who are disciplining themselves for
Dwight Edwards reminds us...
that as demonstrated by Joseph, we
must not linger in the house of temptation but must make a hasty exit
into the golden fields of uncompromising holiness. The danger of not
fleeing so is well described by Alexander Pope in one of his poems (2
Timothy Call to Completion):
Vice is a monster of such terrible
That to be hated, needs but to be seen.
Yet seen too often; familiar her face,
We first endure, then pity, then embrace.
presence, demeanor, appearance
As Steven Cole says of
Don’t flirt with it. Don’t stand
there and pray about what to do. Don’t get near it. If it comes
knocking, run for your
We usually associate the term (lusts)
with sexual temptations, but as one older seminary professor told us,
“Men, they aren’t just youthful!” You don’t outgrow sexual
temptations. Where do you think we got the term, “dirty old man”?
Timothy 2:20-22 The Person God Uses)
Here are some other passages on
fleeing various tempting situations...
command to make it your habit, your lifestyle, enabled by the
indwelling Holy Spirit) immorality (porneia
= gives us English "pornography"). Every other sin that a man commits
is outside the body, but the immoral man sins against his own body.
Comment: Why must we continuously flee? Our
is irrepressibly wicked. It never improves! This fallen
nature inherited from Adam (Ro 5:12-note,
1Co 15:22) although made ineffective in believers by the Cross (Ro
still inhabits our mortal bodies (Gal 5:16-note;
and can spring into action if by the power of the Spirit (Gal 5:16-note;
Ro 8:13 -
we do not mortify it's desires (Col 3:5-note),
the devil is a roaring lion (1Pe 5:8 -
and the world system cries out to satisfy your desire (witness the
Nike commercial "Just Do It!") with the passing pleasures of sin (cp
1Co 10:14 Therefore, my
command to make it your habit to do so) from idolatry (word
Cole remarks "You may be
thinking, “Well, at least that one isn’t a problem for me! I’m never
tempted to set up an idol.” Really? You’re never tempted to set up
anything in the place that rightfully belongs to God alone? You never
allow watching TV or playing computer games to usurp the time that you
should spend alone with God or serving Him? Run from anything that
pulls you away from full devotion to God! (cp 2Co 11:3, Php 3:12, 13,
The Person God Uses
1Ti 6:11 But
command to make it your habit to do so) from these things, you man of
God; and pursue
imperative = make
it your habit to chase after) righteousness, godliness, faith, love,
perseverance and gentleness.
Cole remarks that Paul in
context issues a command to "to flee from the love of money. Are you
tempted to gamble? Run! It’s the love of money that feeds gambling. Do
you look at the rich and think, “I want to live that way”? Run! Are
you tempted to steal or cheat on your taxes or be greedy rather than
generous? Run! Cleansed people flee from sin. (The
Person God Uses)
Eccl 11:10 So,
(command) vexation (anger) from your heart and
(command) pain (evil) from your body, because childhood and the prime
of life are fleeting. see
Beloved, I urge you as aliens and strangers (keep in mind as believers
we are short timers and need to continually live in the light of
eternity) to abstain (present
continually - see
from fleshly lusts (strong desires that originate from within, not
without!), which wage war (present
continually. So don't fall asleep at the guard post of your eyes
and/or your heart! Remember our enemies [world, flesh, devil] never
take a furlough and don't go AWOL! cp Pr 4:23) against the soul.
1Thes 4:3 (see
note) For this is
the will of God, your sanctification (holiness - progressive
sanctification = "present tense salvation" - see the
Three Tenses of Salvation); that is,
that you abstain (present
= continually, implying it is a continual need!
from sexual immorality
Keep your way far from her, and do
not go near the door of her house... (Pr 5:8)
FLEE FROM THE THREE
(1). PLEASURE: the
inordinate craving for the satisfaction of the physical appetites: the
“lust” for food and drink, pleasure-madness, uncontrolled sexual
(2). POWER: the ungoverned passion to shine or be dominant
which results in envy, quarrelsomeness, etc.
(3). POSSESSIONS: uncontrolled yearning for material
possessions and for the glory that goes with them
Why did the youth fail to make the
wise choice to abstain and/or flee? Pr 7:7 explains that
he was naive and lacking sense. In other words he was a
Rich Cathar illustrates this
section of Proverbs 7 with "The Five Chapter Book"...
Chapter One: A man was
walking down the street. He fell into a hole. He groped his way in the
darkness. After a long time, he made his way out of the hole.
Chapter Two: A man was walking down the same street. He
pretended not to see the hole. He fell in. After a long time, he made
his way out of the hole.
Chapter Three: A man was walking down the same street. He sees
the hole. He falls in. He says it’s not his fault. After a long time,
he made his way out of the hole.
Chapter Four: A man walks down the same street. He sees the
hole. He knows it’s there. He tries to walk around it. He falls in. He
knows it’s his fault. He quickly gets out.
Chapter Five: A man takes another street.
Ed comment: There is one chapter
left out - the chapter about the man who does not get out of the hole!
That's the picture of the youth in this next section -- finally an
arrow pierces through his liver! (Pr 7:23).
7:9 In the
*, In the
middle of the
night and in
(Ge 39:11; Job 24:13, 14, 15; Ro 13:12, 13, 14; Ep 5:11 ) (Ex
Middle of the night -
literally, “in the center of night, even darkness”.
As Robert L. Alden wrote
If you want to avoid the devil,
stay away from his neighborhood. If you suspect you might be
vulnerable to a particular sin, take steps to avoid it (cp "make no
provision for the lust of the flesh" Ro13:14-note).
In the darkness - The naive
youth who lacked sense turned from the light of godly wisdom and
understanding, and headed into the darkness. John illustrates this
same principle in regard to mankind's response to the light of the
World, the Lord Jesus, explaining that they hated the light and loved
And this is the judgment, that the
light (Jn 1:4, 5, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 8:12, 9:39, 40, 41) is come into
the world, and men loved the darkness rather than the light; for their
deeds were evil. For everyone who does evil hates the light, and does
not come to the light, lest his deeds should be exposed. But he who
practices the truth comes to the light, that his deeds may be
manifested as having been wrought in God." (John 3:19, 20, 21)
woman comes to
Dressed as a
(Genesis 38:14,15; 2 Kings 9:22,30; Isaiah 3:16-24; 23:16;
Jeremiah 4:30; 1 Timothy 2:9; Revelation 17:3-5) (Genesis 3:1; 2
Solomon now gives a very careful
description of the strange woman who lives “at fever temperature”
Cunning of heart - Hebrew
more literally reads "guarded of heart,” or "concealed of heart" and
so speaks of one who is secretive or wily. This is an unfair contest
between a simple young man, who lacks wisdom and truth, and a cunning
woman, who knows her goal, but hides her true intentions.
This woman is like the deadly
female black widow spider, who watches at the window, ready to pounce
on her young prey dressing like a prostitute so she could attract men
searching for her services (cp Ge 38:14).
7:11 She is
feet do not
(Pr 9:13; 25:24; 27:14,15; 31:10-31) (Ge 18:9; 1Ti 5:13,14; Titus
In Proverbs 9 Solomon writes about
the woman of folly telling us that...
13 The woman of folly is
boisterous, She is naive, and knows nothing.
14 And she sits at the doorway of her house, On a seat by the high
places of the city,
15 Calling to those who pass by, Who are making their paths straight:
16 "Whoever is naive, let him turn in here," And to him who lacks
understanding she says,
17 "Stolen water is sweet; And bread eaten in secret is pleasant."
18 But he does not know that the dead are there, That her guests are
in the depths of Sheol.
The adulteress had been in the
streets, looking for victims (Pr 7:11, 12), but now one was coming
right to her door!
7:12 She is
now in the
now in the
(Pr 9:14; 23:28; Je 2:20,33,36; 3:2; Ezek 16:24,25,31; Re 18:3,23)
Lurks by every corner - What
a vivid picture of the adulteress who is on prowl looking for choice
game to devour.
7:13 So she
seizes him and
kisses him and
him: (Ge 39:7,12; Nu 25:1,6-8; 31:16; Ezek 16:33; Re 2:20)
(Is 50:7; Ezek 2:4,6; 3:7, 8, 9)
Seizes...kisses - Notice who
the aggressor is in this tale. She seized him (cp Ge 39:12),
kissed him (cp Pr 5:3), and convinced him that it was an opportune
time for him to visit her.
Notice the spider's web being drawn tighter
and tighter with enticing tactics of the adulteress -- kisses (Pr
7:13), flattery (Pr 7:15), sensuality (Pr 7:16, 17, 18), reassurance
that no one will find out (Pr 7:19, 20).
(azaz) is a verb which means to strong, and in this
context speaks of one who is marked by contemptuous boldness (bold
face). Her bold face was a manifestation of her insolence and bold
disrespect (for God's law, for marriage, for her husband). Her face
expressed the fact that she was shameless and impudent (lacking
7:14 "I was
Today I have
(Peace offerings - Pr 15:8; 17:1; 21:27; Leviticus 7:15;
Deuteronomy 12:6,7) (2Sa 15:7, 8, 9; 1Ki 21:9,10; Jn 18:28)
Apparently she had gone to the
temple, given peace offering (Lev 7:11-21), and now had some of the
meat at home (see Ryrie's note below).
Ryrie concurs explaining
that peace offerings is
literally, sacrifices of peace
offerings. Having offered sacrifices, she had a good supply of
meat on hand and urged her victim to share it with her, since it had
to be eaten right away. The peace offering could be brought (1) as an
act of thanksgiving (Lev 7:12, 13, 14, 15) for deliverance, answers to
prayer, healing, and so on, (2) in connection with a vow (votive
offering) relative to a past or future favor (Lev 7:16, 17), or (3)
purely as a freewill, voluntary act (Lev 7:16, 17). The thanksgiving
peace offering had to be eaten the same day it was offered; the vow or
voluntary offerings might be eaten that day and the day following, but
not left till the third day.
Ryrie Study Bible: New American Standard Translation: 1995. Moody
* I have
come out to
meet you, to
To meet you, to seek your
presence earnestly - She appeals to the naive young man’s
ego flattering him and making him think he is special to her. In its
very essence this is deception at its best (actually worst!).
As Frederick W. Faber
The fountains of self-deceit are
four in number: the rarity of reliable self-knowledge, self's power to
deceive self, self letting itself be deceived by others, and self
deceived by Satan.
7:16 "I have
(Song 1:16; 3:7, 8, 9, 10; Re 2:22) (1Ki 10:28; Is 19:9; Ezek
Here the adulteress appeals to the
young man's imagination as she describes her beautiful, exotic couch
covered with expensive spices.
7:17 "I have
(Song 3:6; Is 57:7, 8, 9) (Ps 45:8; Song 4:13,14)
Sights and smells which the lust of
the flesh uses to carry away and entice this naive youth (James 1:14).
morning; Let us
Come let us drink - She is
using a figure of speech that likens sexual relations to drinking from
a fountain (cf. Pr 5:18; Song 4:12, 15). Adultery is not true love,
but mere physical gratification.
Love - Or what the fallen
world and the depraved nature calls "love". David Watson said
Whereas the charge levelled at the
Victorians was 'love without sex', today it is 'sex without
Drink our fill of love -
This is the perverted description of love, that offered by the world,
the flesh, and the devil. It is a selfish merely physically gratifying
love in contrast to the Spirit borne selfless love. The former takes
and takes and takes, while the latter gives and keeps on giving. Paul
"defines" the love that is made possible by the indwelling Spirit of
God in one who is surrendered to His sweet will...
Love is patient, love is kind, and
is not jealous; love does not brag and is not arrogant, 5 does not act
unbecomingly; it does not seek its own, is not provoked, does not take
into account a wrong suffered, 6 does not rejoice in unrighteousness,
but rejoices with the truth; 7 bears all things, believes all things,
hopes all things, endures all things. (1Cor 13:4-7 -
see notes beginning with verse 4)
7:19 "For my
husband is not
home, He has
gone on a
(Mt 20:11; 24:43; Lk 12:39)(Mt 24:48; Mark 13:34, 35, 36; Luke
My husband is not at home -
This is the assurance that his sin won't be found out, but that's
naive because Scripture clearly teaches that nothing is hidden that
will not be revealed.
In Numbers 32:23 Moses
issues a clear, piercing (universally applicable) warning
(specifically to tribes of Reuben, Gad and half the tribe of Manasseh,
exhorting them to fulfill their commitment to participate with the
other tribes in the campaign in Canaan) testifying...
But if you will not do so, behold,
you have sinned against the LORD (Ed: Remember all sin, including all
sexual sin, is first and foremost, against Jehovah! There is no sin
that only injures the sinner and/or those he has wronged. - cp
Joseph's awareness that undoubtedly helped him fend off the temptation
to lie with Potiphar's wife - Ge 39:9), and be sure your sin will
find you out. (!)
Spurgeon writes that...
One danger of secret sin is that a
person cannot commit it without its being eventually betrayed into a
public sin. If a person commits one sin, it is like the melting of the
lower glacier on the Alps, the others must follow in time. As
certainly as you heap one stone on the landmark today, the next day
you will cast another, until the heap, stone by stone, becomes an
actual pyramid. See the coral insect at work, you cannot guess where
it will create its pile. It will not build its rock as high as you
please; it will not stop until an island is created. Sin cannot be
held in with bit and bridle; it must be mortified.
7:20 He has
money with him,
moon he will
She assures him that nobody will
find out about it (except that somebody is watching, Pr 7:6) and that
her husband won’t be home for many days. They have plenty of time to
Full moon - This is somewhat
enigmatic but most likely (from the context) is that she means to
assure him that her husband's return is some days off.
7:21 With her
him. (Pr 7:5; 5:3; Jdg 16:15, 16, 17; Ps 12:2) (1Sa 28:23;
2Ki 4:8; Lk 14:23; 24:29; Acts 16:15; 2Co 5:14)
persuasions...entices...flattering lips...seduces - Once again
note the abundance of and attractive power of her words.
comes from a root verb which means to take, seize. The idea is of
grasping with the mind. Leqach is used 9 times in the OT - Deut
32:2; Job 11:4; Prov. 1:5; 4:2; 7:21; 9:9; 16:21, 23; Is 29:24
is from a root word which means to extend or stretch outward or toward
something or someone. Moses stretched out his hand over the water (Ex
7:19). Figuratively as used in this verse it has the sense of
inclining one’s ear, heart and mind in a certain direction, in this
context to commit adultery. Natah was a verb Solomon
should have been quite familiar with as it relates to the enticing
effects of strange women because it is used repeatedly in the
description in first Kings...
Of the nations concerning which the
LORD said unto the children of Israel, Ye shall not go in to them,
neither shall they come in unto you: for surely they will turn away
(natah) your heart after their gods: Solomon clave unto these
in love. (1Ki 11:2, other uses of natah = "turned away" in 1Ki 11:3,
David used natah in
prayer to God...
Ps 17:6 I call upon you, for
you will answer me, O God;
incline (natah) your
ear to me; hear my words. (cp Ps 27:9 "turn not", Ps 31:2, 40:1, 71:2,
86:1, 88:2, 102:2, 116:2)
means to banish, drive away and in the present verse the idea is that
of being drawn away, lured or led astray to sinful behavior (cp "drawn
away", "entices" Dt 4:19, 30:17, 13:6).
* her As an
goes to the
as one in
fetters to the
discipline of a
(Acts 14:13) (Job 13:27; Je 20:2; Acts 16:24)
Sometimes temptation comes with
urgency, with a “hurry up and do it now” mentality. When something has
to be done right away, it is rarely a good thing.
Solomon reminds us later of
a similar picture...
Like a city that is broken into and
without walls Is a man who has no control over his spirit. (Pr 25:28)
Dr. Grey, making a slight
alteration in the text, renders, "as a dog to the chain, and as a
deer, till a dart strike through his liver;" and Dr. Hunt, "Or as a
hart boundeth into the toils, till a dart strike through his liver."
The LXX., Chaldee, Syriac, and Arabic, concur in this interpretation.
The circumstance of the dart, as applied to the deer, is beautiful and
proper, which otherwise we are at a loss to dispose of; and this
creature, of all others, was the most proper to be noticed on this
occasion; for the usual representation which the Egyptians made of a
man overthrown by flattery and fair speeches was the picture of a
heart captivated and ensnared by the sound of music.
liver; As a
hastens to the
snare, So he
know that it
will cost him his
(Arrow - Nu 25:8,9) (Bird - Pr 1:17; Eccl
9:12) (Pr 9:18)
Sin has a price tag attached (Ro
6:23). Here's an illustration - A Golfer walks into the pro shop at
the local course and asks the golf pro if they sell ball markers. The
golf pro says, “Yes, they are just $1.00 each. “ The guy gives the
golf pro a dollar and says he’ll take one... The golf pro opens the
register, puts the dollar in the tray and with a big smile hands the
guy a quarter. That’s the way it is with sin – you get back far less
than you put into it.
Jill Briscoe sums it up
The world is littered with the
debris of what eros has promised but been unable to provide.
listen to me,
words of my
(Pr 4:1; 5:7; 8:32,33; 1Co 4:14,15; Gal
4:19; 1Jn 2:1)
- I like the ring of the old King James = "Hearken".
Not a suggestion but an command (imperative). This is a "life and
death" issue. Hearing is vital. In warfare if we mishear or
misinterpret or fail to obey the commander, we may pay for it with our
live. In spiritual battle for our souls (1Pe 2:11), the outcome is no
different and even potentially worse (cp Mt 10:28). Therefore Lord,
give all of us as your men, whether we be young and old, open hears
and obedient hearts to hear the clarion call and command from the
Captain of the hosts (Joshua 5:14,15), our Jehovah Sabaoth, the Lord
Jesus Christ. Amen.
Pay attention (also a
command) (qashab) describes the activity of hearing, and
emphasize either paying close attention or obeying (heeding). (In
other words, Proverbs 5-7 do not just go "in one ear and out the
other"!). The first use of qashab is instructive...
And Samuel said (to disobedient
King Saul), "Has the LORD as much delight in burnt offerings and
sacrifices as in obeying the voice of the LORD? Behold, to obey is
better than sacrifice, and to heed (qashab) than the fat of
rams. (1Sa 15:22) (Comment: Saul did not obey and it cost him
everything - including his kingdom and eventually his life!)
7:25 Do not let your
aside to her
ways, Do not
stray into her
(Pr 4:14,15; 5:8; 6:25; 23:31, 32, 33; Mt 5:28) (Pr 5:23; Psalms
119:176; Isaiah 53:6)
Or to quote Winston Churchill in
his famous speech to a boy's school in the dark days of the WWII in
Never give in. Never give in.
Never, never, never, never--in nothing, great or small, large or
petty--never give in, except to convictions of honor and good sense.
Never yield to force. Never yield to the apparently overwhelming might
of the enemy. (Read
and listen to his full speech)
Turn aside (satah)
means to go astray from certain behavior that is expected and thus is
used to describe a woman who goes astray and commits adultery
(Nu 5:12, 19, 20, 29). In Proverbs 4:15 satah speaks of turning
away from the wicked. Here in Proverbs 7:25, satah describes
one who allows their heart to turn aside to a harlot. Job 31:7 tells
us that ones heart follows one's eyes so we must
diligently guard what we allow into our eyes (see Ps 101:3).
Samuel Chandler writes on
Mr. Schultens hath shown in his
commentary on Proverbs 7:25 that satah hath a much stronger and
more significant meaning than that of mere turning aside; and that it
is used of an unruly horse, that champs upon the bit through his fiery
impatience; and when applied to a bad man, denotes one impatient of
all restraint, of unbridled passions, and that is headstrong and
ungovernable in the gratification of them, trampling on all the
obligations of religion and virtue. Such as these are the deserved
objects of the hatred of all good men, whose criminal deviations and
presumptuous crimes they detest; none of which shall cleave to them;
they will not harbour the love of, or inclination to them, nor
habitually commit them, or encourage the practice of them. Persons of
this character are too frequently about the courts of princes, but it
is their honour and interest, as far as ever they can, to
Matthew Henry rightly
described the deadliness of lust when he said...
Natural desires are at rest when
that which is desired is obtained, but corrupt desires are insatiable.
Nature is content with little, grace with less, but lust with nothing.
many are the
victims she has
(Pr 6:33; Jdg 16:21; 2Sa 3:6, 7, 8,27; 12:9, 10, 11; 1Ki 11:1,2;
Neh 13:26; 1Co 10:8; 2Co 12:21; 1Pe 2:11)
house is the
(Pr 2:18,19; 5:5; 9:18; Eccl 7:26)
Repeatedly Solomon warns that death
stalks the adulterer, either figuratively (separation from
relationships in this life, death of reputation, loss of job, etc in
this life) and even physical death from a sexually transmitted