HE WHO WAS DELIVERED UP
BECAUSE OF OUR TRANSGRESSIONS: os paredothe (1SAPI) dia ta paraptomata
hemon: (Ro 3:25; 5:6-8; 8:3,32; Isa 53:5,6,10-12; Da 9:24,26;
Zech 13:7; Mt 20:28; 1Cor 15:3,4; 2Cor 5:21; Gal1:4; 3:13; Eph 5:2;
Titus 2:14; Heb 9:28; 1Pet 1:18,19; 2:24; 3:18; 1Jn 2:2; 4:9,10; Rev
1:5; 5:9; 7:14)
Christ died for
our sins on the cross and was raised to life on the third day to put us
right with God. He was delivered up not only because of our offenses but
in order to put them away. In Christ's deliverance, our offenses were
the problem that needed to be dealt with. Then he explains that our
justification is assured by Christ’s resurrection for there could have
been no justification if Christ had remained in the tomb. He arose
testifying to the truth that His work was finished and the price had
paid in full thus satisfying the Father.
Bible states this glorious truth plainly...
He was handed over to die because of
our sins, and He was raised from the dead to make us right with God.
This verse is a paraphrase of the
rendering of Isaiah 53:12
which in the NAS reads...
Therefore, I will allot Him a portion
with the great, and He will divide the booty with the strong; because
He poured out Himself to
reads "because his soul was
delivered [paradidomi] to death"), and was
numbered with the transgressors; yet He Himself bore the sin of many,
and interceded for the transgressors.
In Romans 3 Paul explained the
delivering up of Jesus...
Whom God displayed publicly as a
propitiation in His blood through faith. This was to demonstrate His
righteousness, because in the forbearance of God He passed over the sins
previously committed for the demonstration, I say, of His righteousness
at the present time, that He might be just and the justifier of the one
who has faith in Jesus. (see notes
Romans 3:25-26) (Comment: This
display of Christ was required to manifest conspicuously the
righteousness of God. Every sinner needed to be brought to say: See what
I deserve! Thus justice was satisfied and pardon possible.)
Again in Romans 5 Paul alludes to the
delivering up of Jesus...explaining...
For while we were still helpless, at
the right time Christ died for the ungodly. For one will hardly die for
a righteous man; though perhaps for the good man someone would dare even
to die. But God demonstrates His own love toward us, in that while we
were yet sinners, Christ died for us. (see notes
In Romans 8 Paul explains Who it is
who delivers Christ Jesus to death writing that...
He Who (God the Father) did not spare His own Son, but
delivered Him up (paradidomi = see following note) for us all, how will He not also with Him
freely give (granting as a favor, gratuitously, in kindness) us all things? (see
Delivered up (3860) (paradidomi
from para = alongside, beside + didomi = give) means to
give alongside. The basic idea is to give over from one's hand to
someone or something with particular reference to a right or an
authority. This concept is illustrated in the devil's attempt to
tempt our Lord...
And the devil said to Him, "I will
give You all this domain and its glory; for it has been handed over
to (paradidomi) me, and I give it to whomever I wish. (Luke 4:6)
Vincent writes that paradidomi
first, to give, or hand over to
another. So, to surrender a city or a person, often with the
accompanying notion of treachery.
In the ancient world paradidomi
was used as a technical term of police and courts = ‘hand over into
[the] custody [of]’. The idea is to give over into one’s power or use
and involves either the handing over of a presumably guilty person for
punishment by authorities or the handing over of an individual to an
enemy who will presumably take undue advantage of the victim, as was the
case in the arrest and trials that followed our Lord's being giving
Here it speaks of the judicial act of
God the Father (see Ro 8:32 above) delivering God the Son to the justice
that required the payment of the penalty for human sin.
Not surprisingly the verb paradidomi
is used repeatedly in the Passion of Christ to describe the giving over
of our Lord Jesus Christ into the hand's and the authority of His
various and manifold adversaries...and so we read that Jesus was
By Judas - And Judas Iscariot,
who was one of the twelve, went off to the chief priests, in order to
betray (paradidomi - to hand Him over to them) Him to them. (Mark 14:10) (Compare: Simon the
Zealot, and Judas Iscariot, the one who betrayed [paradidomi]
Him. - Mt 10:4)
By the Sanhedrin to Pilate -
And early in the morning the chief priests with the elders and scribes,
and the whole Council, immediately held a consultation; and binding
Jesus, they led Him away, and delivered Him up
(paradidomi) to Pilate
By Pilate to the people's will
- And he released the man they were asking for who had been thrown into
prison for insurrection and murder, but he delivered (paradidomi) Jesus to
their will. (Luke 23:25)
By Pilate to
the soldiers for execution - And wishing to satisfy the multitude,
Pilate released Barabbas for them, and after having Jesus scourged, he
delivered (paradidomi) Him to be crucified. (Mk 15:15)
Paradidomi is used in the NT
elsewhere describing the death of
the Lord Jesus...
"The God of Abraham, Isaac, and
Jacob, the God of our fathers, has glorified His servant Jesus, the one
whom you delivered up (paradidomi), and disowned in the presence of
Pilate, when he had decided to release Him." (Acts 3:13)
"I have been crucified with Christ;
and it is no longer I who live, but Christ lives in me; and the life
which I now live in the flesh I live by faith in the Son of God, who
loved me, and delivered Himself up for me. (Gal 2:20)
"Walk in love, just as Christ also
loved you, and gave Himself up (paradidomi) for us, an offering and a
sacrifice to God as a fragrant aroma. (Eph 5:2)
Husbands, love your wives, just as
Christ also loved the church and gave Himself up
(paradidomi) for her
So in these last
two verse of Romans 4 Paul lays out the 2 great
foundations of the Christian faith, namely, the death of Christ and the
of Christ, all done "for our sake".
(paraptoma from parapipto = fall aside, fall away from
para = aside + pipto = fall) is literally a "fall beside", to
fall near something or to stumble on something, but there are no
examples of this literal use. The picture is of one making a false step
so as to lose footing. As used in Scripture paraptoma describes a
deviation from the right path and specifically a deviation from
truth and uprightness and thus a trespass (here the idea is that one has
crossed a line or challenged God's "boundaries") or a departing from the
path of life defined by God's will. The basic idea conveyed is that of
stumbling or falling in a moral or ethical sense.
AND WAS RAISED BECAUSE OF
kai egerthe (1SAPI) dia ten dikaiosin
hemon: (2Cor 5:21; 1Pe 2:24)
can be translated "on account of" in both uses in this verse.
"On account of" the fact that Christ had successfully laid the
groundwork for our justification. The resurrection provided proof
that God had accepted the sacrifice of His Son and would be able to be
just and yet justify the ungodly.
put it like this
“In Christ’s death He paid our debt;
in His resurrection He took out our acquittance (a document evidencing a
discharge from an obligation). When he was buried he lay a prisoner in
execution for our debt, which as a surety he had undertaken to pay; on
the third day an angel was sent to roll away the stone, and so to
discharge the prisoner, which was the greatest assurance possible that
divine justice was satisfied, the debt paid, or else he would never have
released the prisoner"
One can hardly
fail to notice the carefully balanced character of this final statement,
relating as it does the death of Jesus to our sins and his resurrection
to our justification. Beyond question, the statement owes much to Isa
53, where the Servant is pictured as delivered up on account of the sins
of the many.
appears in the Hebrew text of Isaiah 53
"As a result of the anguish of His soul,
He will see it and be satisfied. By His knowledge the Righteous One, My
Servant, will justify the many, as He will bear their iniquities."
All we are, all we will ever be
and all we will ever have of any value on God's scale of eternity is
given to us by our Creator and Savior Jesus Christ...
"In Whom are hid all the
treasures of wisdom and knowledge" (see note
"Christ is the end of the law
for righteousness to every one that believes" (see note
Because of the imputation of Christ's
righteousness to our account, every believer now is...
"sanctified (set apart
for God's possession and use) in Christ Jesus" (1 Corinthians 1:2)
"in Whom we have
the forgiveness of sins" (see note
Paul explains the origin and source
of every believer's righteousness
writing to the Corinthians that it is...
by His (God the Father's) doing you are in Christ
Jesus, Who became to us wisdom from God, and righteousness and
redemption, that, just as it is written, "LET HIM WHO BOASTS, BOAST IN
THE LORD." (1Cor 1:30-31)
Thank God For a Royal
-- After World War 1, 900 German soldiers who had
violated international law were summoned to appear before the World
Court. Their condemnation was certain. In a dramatic move, however, the
former crown prince of Germany volunteered to be their substitute. His
offer included taking upon himself both the accusation against them and
their penalty. This act, though most noble, was impractical. Although he
was royalty, he did not have in his own person the value of the
900.There is another Prince who took upon Himself the judgment due the
entire human race. Unlike that German leader, He is not implicated in
any evil. Because of His sinless humanity, He could be "delivered for
our offenses." Because of His deity, He could be "raised again for our
justification" (Romans 4:25). He was able to pay in full the ransom
demanded by God's holy law, because in Him was the intrinsic worth
needed to provide salvation. Yes, the Father laid upon His sinless Son
the iniquity of us all. Our REDEMPTION has been purchased by Heaven's
Crown Prince. So don't depreciate the cross. Don't underrate Christ's
great sacrifice. It will cost you your soul. It will shut you out from
God. It will darken your eternity.
In light of this "so great
a salvation", what else can we do except to...
Praise Him! Praise Him!
Jesus, our blessed Redeemer!
Sing, O Earth, His wonderful love proclaim!
Hail Him! hail Him! highest archangels in glory;
Strength and honor give to His holy Name!
Like a shepherd, Jesus will guard His children,
In His arms He carries them all day long:
Praise Him! Praise Him!
Tell of His excellent greatness.
Praise Him! Praise Him!
Ever in joyful song!
Praise Him! Praise Him!
Jesus, our blessed Redeemer!
For our sins He suffered, and bled, and died.
He our Rock, our hope of eternal salvation,
Hail Him! hail Him! Jesus the Crucified.
Sound His praises! Jesus who bore our sorrows,
Love unbounded, wonderful, deep and strong.
Praise Him! Praise Him! Jesus, our blessed Redeemer!
Heav’nly portals loud with hosannas ring!
Jesus, Savior, reigneth forever and ever.
Crown Him! Crown Him! Prophet, and Priest, and King!
Christ is coming! over the world victorious,
Pow’r and glory unto the Lord belong.