Romans 4:22-25 Commentary



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Romans 4:22-25 Commentary


Greek: dio [kai] elogisthe (3SAPI) auto eis dikaiosunen
Amplified: And because of Abraham's faith, God declared him to be righteous.  (Amplified Bible - Lockman)
NLT:  And because of Abraham's faith, God declared him to be righteous. (NLT - Tyndale House)
Phillips: This was the "faith" which 'was accounted to him for righteousness' (
Phillips: Touchstone)
Wuest:  wherefore also it was put down in his account, resulting in righteousness.  (
Young's Literal: wherefore also it was reckoned to him to righteousness.


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Romans Notes in Outline Form -
Romans 3:31-4:12: Detail of God's Good News-3
Romans 3:31-4:12 Detail of God's Good News-3

Romans 4:12-17 Detail of God's Good News-4
Romans 4:18 Detail of God's Good News Pt 5
Romans 4:18-25 Detail of God's Good News-6

Romans 4 Commentary
Romans 4 Sermon Notes
Romans 4:1-12 Improving Your Credit Report
Romans 4:13-17 Receiving Rewards Not Wrath
Romans 4:18-25 Finding Hope in a Hopeless World

Romans 4 Commentary
Romans 4:1-8 The Faith Of Abraham
Romans 4:9-12 How Righteousness Is Obtained
Romans 4:13-17 Where The Law Fails, Faith Prevails
Romans 4:18-25 Geritol, Diapers and The Word Of God
Romans: Studies in Romans
Romans 3:27-4:3  Ro 4:4-12  Ro 4:13-25
Romans 4 Commentary

Romans Expository Notes
Romans 4 OT Illustration of Justification by Faith
Romans 3:27–4:25 Abraham: Faith of Our Father
Romans 4: Are You Saved?
Romans Commentary
Romans 4:1-25 Grace Consistently
Romans 4 God's Worldwide Family
Romans 4 Commentary
Romans 4 Commentary
Romans: Prologue to Prison
Romans 4 Commentary
Romans 4:1-12 Exposition
Romans 4:13-22 Exposition
Romans 4:23-25 Exposition
Romans Notes - Verse by Verse Notes
Romans Commentary
Romans Commentary
Romans 4 Commentary
Romans Commentary
Romans 4:1-8

Romans 4:9-17

Romans 4:18-25

Romans 4:1-8: Justification by Faith
Romans 4:1-3 Abraham-Justified by Faith, Part 1
Romans 4:1-3 Abraham-Justified by Faith, Part 2
Romans 4:4-8 Abraham-Justified by Faith, Part 3  
Romans 4:9-12 Abraham-Justified by Grace, Part 1
Romans 4:13-17 Abraham-Justified by Grace, Part 2
Romans 4:18-25 Salvation by Divine Power-Not Human Effort

Romans Mp3's by chapter/verse
Romans 4
Romans 4:1-8 Plunging into the Promises
The Epistle of Paul the Apostle to the Romans
Romans 4 Commentary
Romans 4:1-3 Abraham: An Example of Justification by Faith

Romans 4:4-8 David: An Example of Justification by Faith

Romans 4:9-12 Faith Credited as Righteousness

Romans 4:13-15 Law-Wrath / Faith-Righteousness

Romans 4:16-17 Faith that Accords with Grace

Romans 4:18-25 Faith and God's Promise

Romans 4:1-5 God Credits Faith As Righteousness
Romans 3:27-4:5 Does James Contradict Paul?
Romans 4:6-8 When the Lord Does Not Take Account of Sin
Romans 4:9-12 ...Which Came First: Circumcision or Justification?
Romans 4:9-12  How Do Circumcision and Baptism Correspond?
Romans 4:13-15  Inheriting the World Depends on Faith, Not Law
Romans 4:13-15  The Children of Abraham Are Heirs of the World
Romans 4:16-21 The Faith - Grace - Certainty Connection
Romans 4:16-21  Faith: In Hope, Against Hope, for the Glory of God
Romans 4:20 Battling Unbelief At Bethlehem
Romans 4:22-25 Why Was Jesus Put to Death and Raised Again?
Romans 4:22-25 The Purpose and Perseverance of Faith
Romans 4:5 The Great Exchange    

Romans 4:9-12 Righteousness is a Five Letter Word

Romans 4:13-17 Faith--Yes! The Law--No!

Romans 4:18-25 The Oldest Dad in the Nursery

Romans 4 Greek Word Studies
Romans 4:3 Abraham: Living Faith
Romans 4:1-12 Justification By Faith
Romans 4:19-22 The Faith Of Abraham
Romans 4:11-5:3 God's Perspective

Romans 4 Exposition
Romans 4:24 Jesus Our Lord - Notes

Romans 3:27-4:25: Exhibit A
Romans 4:1-12 The Father Of Faith
Romans 4:13-25 The Faith Of Our Father
Romans 4:1-12 Blessed Whose Sin The Lord Will Never Count
Romans 4:13-21 Do Not Waver In The Promises Of God
Romans 4:22-5:2 We Wait For The Glorious Appearing

Romans 4: Greek Word Studies
Romans Pt 1: Download lesson 1 of 14

God's Holiness
God's Grace
God's Power
God's Sovereignty
Jew and Gentile
Gods Glory
Object of
of Sin
of Grace
Demonstration of Salvation
Power Given Promises Fulfilled Paths Pursued
Restored to Israel
God's Righteousness
God's Righteousness
God's Righteousness
God's Righteousness
God's Righteousness
Slaves to Sin Slaves to God Slaves Serving God
Doctrine Duty
Life by Faith Service by Faith

Modified from Irving L. Jensen's excellent work "Jensen's Survey of the NT"

THEREFORE ALSO IT WAS CREDITED TO HIM AS RIGHTEOUSNESS: dio kae logisthe (3SAPI) auto eis dikaiosunen:

This verse sums up and brings to climax Paul’s argument in Romans 4:1-21 concerning Abraham’s justification by faith.

Why "therefore"? Because of Abraham's (Abram's) faith and to what has just been said of the confidence with which Abraham laid hold of God's promise...

"Then he believed in the LORD; and He reckoned it to him as righteousness." (Ge 15:6).

John MacArthur makes the point that...

It is not that faith merits salvation but that faith accepts salvation from God’s gracious hand. Through that acceptance comes the righteousness that only God can impart. (MacArthur, J: Romans 1-8. Chicago: Moody Press)

Credited (3049)  (logizomai from lógos = reason, word, account) means Christ's righteousness was reckoned or imputed to Abraham’s account

Logizomai was used in Greek business transactions as shown by the following phrases -- “put to one’s account,"  "let my revenues be placed on deposit at the storehouse",  "I now give orders generally with regard to all payments actually made or credited to the government.”

Logizomai was a secular bookkeeping term which meant to make an entry in the account book or to put to one's account. It carried the economic and legal meaning of crediting something to another’s account. It means to calculate or reckon, as when figuring an entry in a ledger. The purpose of the entry is to make a permanent record that can be consulted whenever needed. It means that when you deposit $1000, the bank credits your account with $1000. Therefore when you write a check for $500, you don't worry about it because you are reckoning on the fact that money is actually in your account. The infinitely priceless treasure of Christ's perfect righteousness was credited to Abraham's spiritual bank account.

The most notable use of logizomai with this meaning is when

"Abraham believed God, and it was reckoned (logizomai - credited to his account) to him as righteousness." (Romans 4:3)

Abraham believed God, and his act of faith was placed to his account in value as righteousness. He believed God and his act of faith was credited to him for righteousness. He believed God and his act of faith was computed as to its value, and there was placed to his account, righteousness. However, Abraham’s act of faith was not looked upon as a meritorious action deserving of reward. What his faith did do was provide a channel through which God worked His redeeming grace. Faith is a convicted heart reaching out to receive God’s free and unmerited gift of salvation.

Logizomai is translated as “imputed” only once in the NASB (Ro 5:13) but nine times in the KJV (Click for the 9 verses: Romans 4:6, 8, 11, 22, 23, 24; 2Cor 5:19; Js 2:23). In Ro 4:8, the KJV reads

"Blessed is the man to whom the Lord will not impute sin."

In other words the man is called blessed, to whose account no sin is charged. At the Cross, his sin was charged to the account of the Lord Jesus. In Ro 4:6, the man to whose account righteousness is put, is called blessed

NKJV "just as David also describes the blessedness of the man to whom God imputes righteousness apart from works"

This is imputation, the act of putting something to someone’s account. In the case of the Lord Jesus, the sin of the human race was charged to Him. In the case of the believing sinner, the righteousness of God, Christ Jesus Himself, is put to his account.

In (Ro 1:18-3:20 - see Tabular Schematic above) Paul clearly demonstrated the moral and spiritual bankruptcy of the entire human race. However, the application of the righteousness of Christ to the moral and spiritual ledger of a man's life will cause the books to "balance", providing a perfect standing before God in Christ.

Righteousness (1343) (dikaiosune [word study] from dikaios [word study] = being proper or right in the sense of being fully justified being or in accordance with what God requires) is the quality of being upright. In its simplest sense dikaiosune conveys the idea of conformity to a standard or norm. In this sense righteousness is the opposite of hamartia (sin), which is defined as missing of the mark set by God. In this sense righteousness is the opposite of hamartia (sin), which is defined as missing of the mark set by God.

Dikaiosune is rightness of character before God and rightness of actions before men. (Click here to read Pastor Ray Pritchard's interesting analysis of righteousness in the Gospel of Matthew).

Righteousness is the sum total of all that God is, all that God commands, all that God demands, all that God approves, and all that He Himself provides in His Son Christ Jesus, Paul explaining that the Father...

made Him who knew no sin to be sin on our behalf, that we might become the righteousness of God in Him. (2Cor 5:21)

Comment: Glory! Hallelujah! We thank and praise Thee our Father!


Romans 4:23 Now not for his sake only was it written that it was credited to him, (NASB: Lockman)

Greek: Ouk egraphe (3SAPI) de di' auton monon hoti elogisthe (3SAPI) auto,
Amplified: Now this wonderful truth – that God declared him to be righteous – wasn't just for Abraham's benefit. (Amplified Bible - Lockman)
NLT: Now this wonderful truth--that God declared him to be righteous--wasn't just for Abraham's benefit. (NLT - Tyndale House)
Phillips: Now this counting of faith for righteousness was not recorded simply for Abraham's credit (Phillips: Touchstone)
Wuest: Now, it was not written for his sake alone, namely, that it was put to his account (
Young's Literal: And it was not written on his account alone, that it was reckoned to him,

NOW NOT FOR HIS SAKE ONLY WAS IT WRITTEN: ouk egraphe (3SAPI) de di auton monon: (Ro 15:4; 1Cor 9:10; 10:6,11; 2Ti 3:16,17)

Paul's point here is that the narrative concerning Abraham was written not merely to relate the facts concerning his history, but also to preserve the knowledge of an event which should take place in our lives as well...

"For whatever was written in earlier times (referring to the Old Testament) was written for our instruction, that through perseverance and the encouragement of the Scriptures we might have hope." (see note Romans 15:4)

All Scripture has universal application and Abraham’s experience is no exception. If Abraham was justified by faith, then all others are justified on the same basis.

This passage parallels Paul's affirmation that...

All Scripture is inspired by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, for training in righteousness that the man of God may be adequate, equipped for every good work. (See note 2 Timothy 3:16-17)

THAT IT WAS CREDITED TO HIM: hoti elogisthe (3SAPI) auto:

"It" refers to righteousness, the righteousness of our Lord Jesus Christ made available by His substitutionary sacrificial death on the Cross.

Credited (3049)  (see logizomai) is used by Paul much as was it was used in the business world to convey the idea of imputing or putting Christ's "assets" paid for at Calvary on to the destitute sinner's otherwise empty spiritual account.

Credited (logizomai) is used by Paul 19 times in (Click uses). It follows that one might have difficulty understanding this great letter if he or she does not understand the meaning and nuances of logizomai.


Romans 4:24  but for our sake also, to whom it will be credited, as those who believe in Him who raised Jesus our Lord from the dead, (NASB: Lockman)

Greek: alla kai di' hemas hois mellei (3SPAI) logizesthai, (PPN) tois pisteuousin (PAPMPD) epi ton egeiranta (AAPMSA) Iesoun ton kurion hemon ek nekron, 
Amplified: It was for us, too, assuring us that God will also declare us to be righteous if we believe in God, who brought Jesus our Lord back from the dead. (Amplified Bible - Lockman)
NLT: It was for us, too, assuring us that God will also declare us to be righteous if we believe in God, who brought Jesus our Lord back from the dead. (NLT - Tyndale House)
Phillips: but as a divine principle which should apply to us as well. Faith is to be reckoned as righteousness to us also, who believe in him who raised from the dead our Lord Jesus Christ, (
Phillips: Touchstone)
Wuest: but also for our sakes, to whose account it is to be put, to ours who place our faith upon the One who raised Jesus our Lord out from among the dead (
Young's Literal: but also on ours, to whom it is about to be reckoned -- to us believing on Him who did raise up Jesus our Lord out of the dead,

BUT FOR OUR SAKE ALSO: alla kai di hemas hois: (Acts 2:39)

C H Mackintosh writes that...

Abraham was called to believe in a promise, whereas we are privileged to believe in an accomplished fact. He was called to look forward to something which was to be done; we look back on something that is done, even an accomplished redemption, attested by the fact of a risen and glorified Savior at the right hand of the majesty in the heavens. (Mackintosh, C H: The Mackintosh Treasury: Miscellaneous Writings by C. H. Mackintosh)

After answering the question from the Genesis record, he now shows that the Old Testament Scriptures are not merely a record of facts, but that they are permanently designed for the benefit of all believers (cp. Ro 15:4).

This happened two thousand years before Paul, but Paul says God did not write those words for Abraham alone. For whom were they written then? For us, today.

We look at the faith of Abraham and say, "That was extraordinary faith." Paul says it wasn't; it was ordinary faith. Anyone can exercise such faith if they want to. You can have righteousness too. You can be a friend of God, accepted before him, with worth and value in his sight -- not just once as you begin your Christian life, but every day, taking it fresh from his hand. You are forgiven of your sins, restored, every day afresh and anew -- a thousand times a day if you need it. All that Abraham had -- the promises of the world, the indwelling of the Spirit -- all are ours as well.

TO WHOM IT WILL BE CREDITED AS THOSE WHO BELIEVE IN HIM: mellei (3SPAI) logizesthai (PPN)  tois pisteuousin (PAPMPD) epi: (Ro 10:9,10; Mk 16:16; Jn 3:14-16; Acts 2:24; 13:30; Eph 1:18-20; Heb 13:20,21; 1Pet 1:21)

Credited (3049) (logizomai) from lógos = reason, word, account) means to reckon, compute, calculate, to take into account, credit or impute  to one's account, to deliberate, and to weigh.  Logizomai refers to a process of careful study or reasoning which results in the arriving at a conclusion. Logizomai conveys the idea of calculating or estimating.

Believed (4100) (pisteuo) (Click related study on pistis) as used in the NT to describe saving faith denotes more than mere intellectual assent to a fact. Pisteuo describes an adherence to, a committal to, a  reliance upon or a trust in a person or an object. Thus genuine belief involves not only the consent of the mind, but an act of the heart and will of the subject. Biblical saving faith is not passive assent but an active staking of one's life on the claims of God.

Note Paul's use of the present tense which indicates this belief is habitual or continuous. It is a lifestyle of faith.

To paraphrase the respected linguist, W E Vines, saying faith involves (1) A firm conviction which produces full acknowledgment of God's revelation of Truth, (2) a personal surrender to the Truth and (3) a conduct inspired by & consistent with that surrender.

Only those who relinquish all claims to goodness and acknowledge they are ungodly are candidates for justification, for Jesus Himself declared

"I have not come to call the righteous but sinners to repentance." (Luke 5:32)

Thus belief stands in stark contrast here with "work" and those who say that "belief" is a "work" have not understood Paul's point. We can do nothing to merit being declared righteous. Yes, we believe but that is not a work of our flesh that merits God's salvation. It is analogous to a drowning man holding up his hand to the one who has reached down to save him.

"In" is literally "upon" (
1909) (epi) which signifies, not merely the acceptance of a statement, but the restfulness of faith that leans upon the Person Himself (Who are you leaning on? Self or Savior? Not just the first time in salvation but everyday in every way believers need to rely on and lean on Him to be able to live the Christian life, the "Christ" life).

Now if we believe upon the God who raised Jesus from the dead and we are ready to live on the basis of his death and his life for us, we, like Abraham, are heirs of all the world. All these things are yours, Paul says. The indwelling of the Spirit is granted to us moment by moment, and day by day, all our life long. And we, like Abraham, are the friends of God.

WHO RAISED JESUS OUR LORD FROM THE DEAD: ton egeiranta (AAPMSA) Iesoun ton kurion hemon ek nekron

Raised (1453) (egeiro) was used literally to refer to arousing or awaking someone from sleep. Egeiro was used literally also to raise up or lift up a person either sitting or lying down. Figuratively egeiro was used to "raise up" a person from illness, thus restoring them to health. Figuratively as used here in Romans 4:24, egeiro is used to describe the bringing back of Jesus from the dead and thus raising Him or causing Him to rise. The idea of wake up from death conveyed by egeiro because sleep was used as metaphor of death for believers (there is however no "soul sleep").

Jesus (2424) (Iesous) is the Greek form of the Hebrew Jeshua (Yeshua) or Joshua, a proper name meaning "Yahweh saves" or "whose help is Jehovah".

Lord (2962) (kurios) is defined as he to whom a person or thing belongs, about which he has the power of deciding and thus over whom one is master and owner. The primary idea of kurios relates to possession of power and/or authority by the one so called. Is Jesus your Kurios?

TDNT has an excellent introductory note on kurios writing that...

Historically the concept of lordship combines the two elements of power and authority. A true realization of the unity of the two arises only in encounter with God, Who creates us with absolute power but is also the absolute Authority before which it is freedom rather than bondage to bow. In the Biblical revelation the humanity that rejects subordination to its Creator meets the One Who with the authority of God's ministering and forgiving love woos its obedience and reconstructs and reestablishes the relations of lordship. (Kittel, G., Friedrich, G., & Bromiley, G. W.  Theological Dictionary of the New Testament. Eerdmans)

From (1537) (ek) is a preposition which denotes exit or emission out of, as separation from, something with which there has been close connection, in this case from the dead.

Dead ( 3498) (nekros akin to Latin "neco, nex" from a root signifying "to disappear" - according to Thayer) defines those who have breathed their last and thus who are deceased, lifeless and no longer physically alive.

Abraham’s faith rested upon God as the One who could bring life out of natural deadness. We also believe in Him who quickens the dead, but in this case His almighty power has been already put forth in the Resurrection of Christ (1Pe 1:21 Eph 1:19, 20), the resurrection making our justification before God possible, for the Resurrection proved the efficacy of Christ’s death and demonstrates that Jesus, the living One, can make us right with God.

The Resurrection of the Lord Jesus Christ is the cornerstone of the gospel as Paul declared to the Corinthians...

Now I make known to you, brethren, the gospel which I preached to you, which also you received, in which also you stand, by which also you are saved, if you hold fast the word which I preached to you, unless you believed in vain. For I delivered to (paradidomi - see Ro 4:25) you as of first importance what I also received, that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures, and that He was buried, and that He was raised on the third day according to the Scriptures, and that He appeared to Cephas, then to the twelve. After that He appeared to more than five hundred brethren at one time, most of whom remain until now, but some have fallen asleep; then He appeared to James, then to all the apostles; and last of all, as it were to one untimely born, He appeared to me also. (1Corinthians 15:1-8)

The truth of the resurrection is absolutely essential to the gospel of Jesus Christ. Without the resurrection, there is no "good news" for all men who are born (spiritually) dead in their trespasses and sins because of their birth into the lineage of Adam (see note Romans 5:12).  In light of the importance of the resurrection, Paul emphasized...

But if there is no resurrection of the dead, not even Christ has been raised; and if Christ has not been raised, then our preaching is vain, your faith also is vain. Moreover we are even found to be false witnesses of God, because we witnessed against God that He raised Christ, Whom He did not raise, if in fact the dead are not raised. For if the dead are not raised, not even Christ has been raised; and if Christ has not been raised, your faith is worthless; you are still in your sins. Then those also who have fallen asleep in Christ have perished. If we have hoped in Christ in this life only, we are of all men most to be pitied. But now Christ has been raised from the dead, the first fruits of those who are asleep. For since by a man came death, by a man also came the resurrection of the dead. For as in Adam all die, so also in Christ all shall be made alive. (1Corinthians 15:13-22)

If you have a God Who can raise the dead and Who can call into existence the things that do not exist, you are going to be a very exciting person to live with. You will never know when a thing that is spiritually dead and dull and lifeless may be touched by the grace of God and brought to life again. When something that you cannot possibly hope for -- something which does not now exist, but which will be called into existence by the God Who calls into existence the things that do not exist -- when such a thing is promised by a God like this, life is a great adventure. That is faith, when all things are yours. Do you have that kind of God? You can settle that today, even as you read this note, in your own heart and then...

when this perishable (physical earthly body) will have put on the imperishable (incorruptible body characterized by an unending existence), and this mortal (subject to death) will have put on immortality, then will come about the saying that is written,




The sting of death is sin, and the power of sin is the law; but thanks be to God, Who gives us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ. Therefore, my beloved brethren, be steadfast, immovable, always abounding in the work of the Lord, knowing that your toil is not in vain in the Lord. (1Corinthians 15:54-58)


Romans 4:25 He who was delivered over because of our transgressions, and was raised because of our justification (NASB: Lockman)

Greek: os paredothe (1SAPI) dia ta paraptomata hemon kai egerthe (1SAPI) dia ten dikaiosin hemon.
Amplified: He was handed over to die because of our sins, and he was raised from the dead to make us right with God. (Amplified Bible - Lockman)
NLT: He was handed over to die because of our sins, and he was raised from the dead to make us right with God. (NLT - Tyndale House)
Phillips: who was delivered to death for our sins and raised again to secure our justification. (
Phillips: Touchstone)
Wuest: who was delivered up because of our transgressions and was raised because of our justification. (
Young's Literal: who was delivered up because of our offences, and was raised up because of our being declared righteous.

HE WHO WAS DELIVERED UP BECAUSE OF OUR TRANSGRESSIONS: os paredothe (1SAPI) dia ta paraptomata hemon: (Ro 3:25; 5:6-8; 8:3,32; Isa 53:5,6,10-12; Da 9:24,26; Zech 13:7; Mt 20:28; 1Cor 15:3,4; 2Cor 5:21; Gal1:4; 3:13; Eph 5:2; Titus 2:14; Heb 9:28; 1Pet 1:18,19; 2:24; 3:18; 1Jn 2:2; 4:9,10; Rev 1:5; 5:9; 7:14)

Christ died for our sins on the cross and was raised to life on the third day to put us right with God. He was delivered up not only because of our offenses but in order to put them away. In Christ's deliverance, our offenses were the problem that needed to be dealt with. Then he explains that our justification is assured by Christ’s resurrection for there could have been no justification if Christ had remained in the tomb. He arose testifying to the truth that His work was finished and the price had paid in full thus satisfying the Father.

The Amplified Bible states this glorious truth plainly...

He was handed over to die because of our sins, and He was raised from the dead to make us right with God. (Lockman)

This verse is a paraphrase of the Septuagint (LXX) rendering of Isaiah 53:12 which in the NAS reads...

Therefore, I will allot Him a portion with the great, and He will divide the booty with the strong; because He poured out Himself to death (the LXX reads "because his soul was delivered [paradidomi] to death"), and was numbered with the transgressors; yet He Himself bore the sin of many, and interceded for the transgressors.

In Romans 3 Paul explained the delivering up of Jesus...

Whom God displayed publicly as a propitiation in His blood through faith. This was to demonstrate His righteousness, because in the forbearance of God He passed over the sins previously committed for the demonstration, I say, of His righteousness at the present time, that He might be just and the justifier of the one who has faith in Jesus. (see notes Romans 3:25-26) (Comment: This display of Christ was required to manifest conspicuously the righteousness of God. Every sinner needed to be brought to say: See what I deserve! Thus justice was satisfied and pardon possible.)

Again in Romans 5 Paul alludes to the delivering up of Jesus...explaining...

For while we were still helpless, at the right time Christ died for the ungodly. For one will hardly die for a righteous man; though perhaps for the good man someone would dare even to die. But God demonstrates His own love toward us, in that while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us. (see notes Romans 5:6-7, Ro 5:8)

In Romans 8 Paul explains Who it is who delivers Christ Jesus to death writing that...

He Who (God the Father) did not spare His own Son, but delivered Him up (paradidomi = see following note) for us all, how will He not also with Him freely give (granting as a favor, gratuitously, in kindness) us all things? (see note Romans 8:32)

Delivered up (3860) (paradidomi from para = alongside, beside + didomi = give) means to  give alongside. The basic idea is to give over from one's hand to someone or something with particular reference to a right or an authority. This concept is illustrated in the devil's attempt to tempt our Lord...

And the devil said to Him, "I will give You all this domain and its glory; for it has been handed over to (paradidomi) me, and I give it to whomever I wish. (Luke 4:6)

Vincent writes that paradidomi means...

first, to give, or hand over to another. So, to surrender a city or a person, often with the accompanying notion of treachery.

In the ancient world paradidomi was used as a technical term of police and courts = ‘hand over into [the] custody [of]’. The idea is to give over into one’s power or use and involves either the handing over of a presumably guilty person for punishment by authorities or the handing over of an individual to an enemy who will presumably take undue advantage of the victim, as was the case in the arrest and trials that followed our Lord's being giving over.

Here it speaks of the judicial act of God the Father (see Ro 8:32 above) delivering God the Son to the justice that required the payment of the penalty for human sin.

Not surprisingly the verb paradidomi is used repeatedly in the Passion of Christ to describe the giving over of our Lord Jesus Christ  into the hand's and the authority of His various and manifold adversaries...and so we read that Jesus was given over...

By Judas - And Judas Iscariot, who was one of the twelve, went off to the chief priests, in order to betray (paradidomi - to hand Him over to them) Him to them. (Mark 14:10) (Compare: Simon the Zealot, and Judas Iscariot, the one who betrayed [paradidomi] Him. - Mt 10:4)

By the Sanhedrin to Pilate - And early in the morning the chief priests with the elders and scribes, and the whole Council, immediately held a consultation; and binding Jesus, they led Him away, and delivered Him up (paradidomi) to Pilate (Mark 15:1)

By Pilate to the people's will - And he released the man they were asking for who had been thrown into prison for insurrection and murder, but he delivered (paradidomi) Jesus to their will. (Luke 23:25)

By Pilate to the soldiers for execution - And wishing to satisfy the multitude, Pilate released Barabbas for them, and after having Jesus scourged, he delivered (paradidomi) Him to be crucified. (Mk 15:15)

Paradidomi is used in the NT elsewhere describing the death of the Lord Jesus...

"The God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, the God of our fathers, has glorified His servant Jesus, the one whom you delivered up (paradidomi), and disowned in the presence of Pilate, when he had decided to release Him." (Acts 3:13)

"I have been crucified with Christ; and it is no longer I who live, but Christ lives in me; and the life which I now live in the flesh I live by faith in the Son of God, who loved me, and delivered Himself up for me. (Gal 2:20)

"Walk in love, just as Christ also loved you, and gave Himself up (paradidomi) for us, an offering and a sacrifice to God as a fragrant aroma. (Eph 5:2)

Husbands, love your wives, just as Christ also loved the church and gave Himself up (paradidomi) for her (Eph 5:25)

So in these last two verse of Romans 4 Paul lays out the 2 great foundations of the Christian faith, namely, the death of Christ and the resurrection of Christ, all done "for our sake".

Transgressions (3900) (paraptoma from parapipto = fall aside, fall away from para = aside + pipto = fall) is literally a "fall beside", to fall near something or to stumble on something,  but there are no examples of this literal use. The picture is of one making a false step so as to lose footing. As used in Scripture paraptoma describes a deviation  from the right path and specifically a deviation from truth and uprightness and thus a trespass (here the idea is that one has crossed a line or challenged God's "boundaries") or a departing from the path of life defined by God's will. The basic idea conveyed is that of stumbling or falling in a moral or ethical sense.

AND WAS RAISED BECAUSE OF OUR JUSTIFICATION: kai egerthe (1SAPI) dia ten dikaiosin hemon: (2Cor 5:21; 1Pe 2:24)

Because of can be translated "on account of" in both uses in this verse. "On account of" the fact that Christ had successfully laid the groundwork for our justification. The resurrection provided proof that God had accepted the sacrifice of His Son and would be able to be just and yet justify the ungodly.

Matthew Henry put it like this

“In Christ’s death He paid our debt; in His resurrection He took out our acquittance (a document evidencing a discharge from an obligation). When he was buried he lay a prisoner in execution for our debt, which as a surety he had undertaken to pay; on the third day an angel was sent to roll away the stone, and so to discharge the prisoner, which was the greatest assurance possible that divine justice was satisfied, the debt paid, or else he would never have released the prisoner"

One can hardly fail to notice the carefully balanced character of this final statement, relating as it does the death of Jesus to our sins and his resurrection to our justification. Beyond question, the statement owes much to Isa 53, where the Servant is pictured as delivered up on account of the sins of the many.

Justification appears in the Hebrew text of Isaiah 53

"As a result of the anguish of His soul, He will see it and be satisfied. By His knowledge the Righteous One, My Servant, will justify the many, as He will bear their iniquities." (Isa 53:11)

All we are, all we will ever be and all we will ever have of any value on God's scale of eternity is given to us by our Creator and Savior Jesus Christ...

"In Whom are hid all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge" (see note Colossians 2:3);

"Christ is the end of the law for righteousness to every one that believes" (see note Romans 10:4)

Because of the imputation of Christ's righteousness to our account, every believer now is...

"sanctified (set apart for God's possession and use) in Christ Jesus" (1 Corinthians 1:2)

"in Whom we have redemption the forgiveness of sins" (see note Colossians 1:14).

Paul explains the origin and source of every believer's righteousness writing to the Corinthians that it is...

by His (God the Father's) doing you are in Christ Jesus, Who became to us wisdom from God, and righteousness and sanctification, and redemption, that, just as it is written, "LET HIM WHO BOASTS, BOAST IN THE LORD." (1Cor 1:30-31)

Thank God For a Royal Substitute -- After World War 1, 900 German soldiers who had violated international law were summoned to appear before the World Court. Their condemnation was certain. In a dramatic move, however, the former crown prince of Germany volunteered to be their substitute. His offer included taking upon himself both the accusation against them and their penalty. This act, though most noble, was impractical. Although he was royalty, he did not have in his own person the value of the 900.There is another Prince who took upon Himself the judgment due the entire human race. Unlike that German leader, He is not implicated in any evil. Because of His sinless humanity, He could be "delivered for our offenses." Because of His deity, He could be "raised again for our justification" (Romans 4:25). He was able to pay in full the ransom demanded by God's holy law, because in Him was the intrinsic worth needed to provide salvation. Yes, the Father laid upon His sinless Son the iniquity of us all. Our REDEMPTION has been purchased by Heaven's Crown Prince. So don't depreciate the cross. Don't underrate Christ's great sacrifice. It will cost you your soul. It will shut you out from God. It will darken your eternity.

In light of this "so great a salvation", what else can we do except to...

Praise Him, Praise Him

Praise Him! Praise Him! Jesus, our blessed Redeemer!
Sing, O Earth, His wonderful love proclaim!
Hail Him! hail Him! highest archangels in glory;
Strength and honor give to His holy Name!
Like a shepherd, Jesus will guard His children,
In His arms He carries them all day long:


Praise Him! Praise Him!
Tell of His excellent greatness.
Praise Him! Praise Him!
Ever in joyful song!

Praise Him! Praise Him! Jesus, our blessed Redeemer!
For our sins He suffered, and bled, and died.
He our Rock, our hope of eternal salvation,
Hail Him! hail Him! Jesus the Crucified.
Sound His praises! Jesus who bore our sorrows,
Love unbounded, wonderful, deep and strong.


Praise Him! Praise Him! Jesus, our blessed Redeemer!
Heav’nly portals loud with hosannas ring!
Jesus, Savior, reigneth forever and ever.
Crown Him! Crown Him! Prophet, and Priest, and King!
Christ is coming! over the world victorious,
Pow’r and glory unto the Lord belong.

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Last Updated July, 2013