1 Chronicles 17:2
1 Chronicles 17:3
1 Chronicles 17:4
1 Chronicles 17:5
1 Chronicles 17:6
1 Chronicles 17:7
1 Chronicles 17:8
1 Chronicles 17:9
1 Chronicles 17:10
1 Chronicles 17:11
1 Chronicles 17:12
1 Chronicles 17:13
1 Chronicles 17:14
1 Chronicles 17:15
1 Chronicles 17:16
1 Chronicles 17:17
1 Chronicles 17:18
1 Chronicles 17:19
1 Chronicles 17:20
1 Chronicles 17:21
1 Chronicles 17:22
1 Chronicles 17:23
1 Chronicles 17:24
1 Chronicles 17:25
1 Chronicles 17:26
1 Chronicles 17:27
|1 Samuel||2 Samuel||1 Kings||1 Kings||2 Kings|
Legend: B.C. dates at top of timeline are approximate. Note that 931 BC marks the division of the Kingdom into Southern Tribes (Judah and Benjamin) and Ten Northern Tribes. To avoid confusion be aware that after the division of the Kingdom in 931 BC, the Southern Kingdom is most often designated in Scripture as "Judah" and the Northern Kingdom as "Israel." Finally, note that 1 Chronicles 1-9 is not identified on the timeline because these chapters are records of genealogy.
|1 Chronicles 1-9:44||1 Chronicles 10:1-39:30|
of David's Reign
of David's Reign
|1000's of Years||Circa 33 Years|
As you read 1-2 Chronicles keep in mind several points - 1-2 Chronicles was originally one book written about 450-430 BC, after the Jews had returned from their 70 year exile in Babylon to their Land. Ezra has traditionally been assumed to be the author but there is no corroborating Scripture to be definitive. As seen in the summary table above, the first 9 chapters of 1 Chronicles are genealogy going back to Adam. Then beginning in 1 Chronicles 10-29 the focus shifts to David's reign (Saul is mentioned in 1Ch 10+ mentioning only his death is to prepare the reader for David's succession!). First Chronicles mirrors many passages in 2 Samuel and 1 Kings, but omits events like David's sin with Bathsheba, choosing instead to "accentuate the positive."
MacArthur (Intro 1 Chronicles) explains that "The chronicler's selective genealogy and history of Israel, stretching from Adam (1Ch 1:1) to the return from Babylon (2Ch 26:23), was intended to remind the Jews of God's promises and intentions about: 1) the Land; 2) the nation; 3) the Davidic king; 4) the Levitical priests; 5) the temple; and 6) true worship, none of which had been abrogated because of the Babylonian captivity. All of this was to remind them of their spiritual heritage during the difficult times they faced, and to encourage them to be faithful to God....Over 55% of the material in Chronicles is unique, i.e., not found in 2 Samuel or 1 and 2 Kings....These two books were written to the repatriated Jewish exiles as a chronicle of God's intention of future blessing, in spite of the nation's past moral/spiritual failure for which the people paid dearly under God's wrath."
Swindoll has a similar note writing that "the books of Chronicles, written after the time of the exile, focus on those elements of history that God wanted the returning Jews to meditate upon: obedience that results in God’s blessing, the priority of the temple and priesthood, and the unconditional promises to the house of David.....When the book was written, David’s descendants no longer ruled as monarchs over Israel. But the chronicler desired the people to remember the royal Davidic lineage, for God had promised a future ruler would rise from that line."
Eugene Merrill (borrow BKC) states it this way "The purpose of 1 and 2 Chronicles is to show God's elective and preserving grace in His covenant people (ISRAEL) through David, the messianic king and priest.....1 and 2 Chronicles...show that the gracious God of all the earth and all the ages has a better plan by which He will achieve redemptive reconciliation. That plan does not do away with David; on the contrary, it eventuates in a greater "David" (the Messiah) who is both King and Priest. The chronicler's emphasis on David, the priesthood, and the temple would have been a source of great encouragement to post-exilic Judah. The nation had fallen into captivity, a comparatively small remnant had returned, and the restored Temple was meager compared with its former splendor (cf. Hag 2:3). But God's promises will not fail. In His time the Temple will be filled with His own glory. And the Davidic line once more will be established and the Messiah will rule on David's throne in the kingdom....This assurance would have instilled fervent joy and anticipation in the hearts of the remnant of God's people (RETURNING FROM EXILE) who otherwise saw all about them only a vague reminiscence of the glory their fathers had known in former years."
Here is John MacArthur's Outline of First Chronicles
I Selective Genealogy (1Ch 1:1-9:34)
- Adam to Before David (1Ch 1:1-2:55)
- David to the Captivity (1Ch 3:1-24)
- Twelve Tribes (1Ch 4:1-9:1)
- Jerusalem Dwellers (1Ch 9:2-34)
II David's Ascent (1Ch 9:35-12:40)
- Saul's Heritage and Death (1Ch 9:35-10:14)
- David's Anointing (1Ch 11:1-3)
- Jerusalem's Conquest (1Ch 11:4-9)
- David's Men (1Ch 11:10-12:40)
III David's Reign (1Ch 13:1-29:30)
- The Ark of the Covenant (1Ch 13:1-16:43)
- The Davidic Covenant (1Ch 17:1-27)
- Selected Military History (1Ch 18:1-21:30)
- Temple-Building Preparations (1Ch 22:1-29:20)
- Transition to Solomon (1Ch 29:21-30)
1 Chronicles 17:1 And it came about, when David dwelt in his house, that David said to Nathan the prophet, "Behold, I am dwelling in a house of cedar, but the Ark of the covenant of the LORD is under curtains."
- David: 2Sa 7:1,2-17 2Ch 6:7-9 Da 4:4,29,30
- Nathan: 1Ch 29:29 2Sa 12:1,25 1Ki 1:8,23,44
- I am dwelling: 1Ch 14:1 Jer 22:15 Hag 1:4,9
- the Ark: Ps 132:5 Ac 7:46
- under curtains: 1Ch 17:5 15:1 16:1 Ex 40:19-21 2Sa 6:17 2Ch 1:4
2 Samuel 7:1+ Now it came about when the king lived in his house, and the LORD had given him rest on every side from all his enemies,
DAVID'S HEART STIRRED
GOD IN A TENT, DAVID IN A HOUSE
And it came about, when David dwelt in his house - David having a house (and rest in that house 2Sa 7:1+) stirred thoughts in David's heart for God Who did not have a house.
that David said to Nathan the prophet, "Behold, I am dwelling in a house of cedar, but the ark of the covenant of the LORD is under curtains - David's zeal for the Lord is evidenced by his desire to build a temple to house the Ark.
- Do all: 1Ch 22:7 28:2 Jos 9:14 1Sa 16:7 Ps 20:4 1Co 13:9
- for God: 1Sa 10:7 2Sa 7:3 Zec 8:23 Lu 1:28
2 Samuel 7:2+ that the king said to Nathan the prophet, "See now, I dwell in a house of cedar, but the Ark of God dwells within tent curtains."
Then Nathan said to David, "Do all that is in your heart, for God is with you." - Nathan is convinced this is the reasonable response, and is convinced God is with David. God is with David, but this is not His will for David as we soon see.
- word: Nu 12:6 2Ki 20:1-5 Isa 30:21 Am 3:7
2 Samuel 7:4 But in the same night the word of the LORD came to Nathan, saying,
Numbers 12:6+ He said, “Hear now My words: If there is a prophet among you, I, the LORD, shall make Myself known to him in a vision. I shall speak with him in a dream.
Amos 3:7 Surely the Lord GOD does nothing Unless He reveals His secret counsel To His servants the prophets.
It came about the same night that the word of God came to Nathan, saying - God immediately acts to correct His prophet and speaks to him in a night vision (2Sa 7:17+).
- tell: Isa 55:8,9 Ro 11:33,34
- Thou shalt not: 1Ch 22:7,8 28:2,3 2Sa 7:4-5 1Ki 8:19 2Ch 6:8,9
2 Samuel 7:5+ “Go and say to My servant David, ‘Thus says the LORD, “Are you the one who should build Me a house to dwell in?
1 Chronicles 22:8 “But the word of the LORD came to me, saying, ‘You have shed much blood and have waged great wars; you shall not build a house to My name, because you have shed so much blood on the earth before Me.
1 Chronicles 28:3 “But God said to me, ‘You shall not build a house for My name because you are a man of war and have shed blood.’
Go and tell David My servant ('ebed; doulos, cf 2Sa 3:18+), 'Thus says the LORD, "You shall not build a house for Me to dwell in - Note the parallel passage asks David a question, but here it is a declaration.
In the title of Psalm 18:1+ David though by this time is likely a king makes no mention of his royal title but gives his better title identifying himself as Yahweh's servant so that we read
For the choir director. A Psalm of David the servant of the LORD, who spoke to the LORD the words of this song in the day that the LORD delivered him from the hand of all his enemies and from the hand of Saul. And he said, “I love You, O LORD, my strength.”
NET Note - The title “my servant” or “servant of the LORD” is reserved in the Bible for distinguished personages, people who are truly spiritual leaders, like Moses, David, Hezekiah, and also the Messiah.
THOUGHT - My servant is a beautiful description and should be the one all of God's children strive for and desire to hear from Jehovah. May God's Spirit so work in all of our lives that we might all one day hear from our Master's lips, those precious words "Well done good and faithful slave (doulos servant), I will put you in charge of many things, enter into the joy of your master." (Mt 25:23) In Jesus' Name. Amen. God is looking for faithfulness in His servants and He will take care of their fruitfulness and their future commendation. Make Steve Green's song your prayer beloved follower and servant of Christ - Find Us Faithful.
Paradoxically a bondservant of the Most High God is one of the most privileged, noblest professions in the world. Little wonder that notable men of God in the have always been called the servants of God. The list of names includes:
- Moses (Dt 34:5+ Ps 105:26+ Mal 4:4+)
- Caleb (Nu 14:24+) But My servant Caleb, because he has had a different spirit and has followed Me fully, I will bring into the land which he entered, and his descendants shall take possession of it.
- Joshua (Josh 24:29+)
- David (Ps 18:1+, 2Sa 7:5+, 2Sa 3:18+ Ps 78:70)
- Paul (Ro 1:1+; Phil 1:1+; Titus 1:1+)
- Peter (2 Pe 1:1+)
- James (James 1:1+)
- Jude (Jude 1:1+)
- Prophets (Amos 3:7; Jer 7:25).
- __________ (Your name dear believer) (Acts 2:18+; 1Co 7:22+; Ep 6:6+; Col 4:12+; 2Ti 2:24+).
- dwelt: 2Sa 7:6 1Ki 8:27 2Ch 2:6 6:18 Isa 66:1,2 Ac 7:44-50
- from tent to tent: Ex 40:2,3 2Sa 6:17 1Ki 8:4,16
2 Samuel 7:6 "For I have not dwelt in a house since the day I brought up the sons of Israel from Egypt, even to this day; but I have been moving about in a tent, even in a tabernacle.
for I have not dwelt in a house since the day that I brought up Israel to this day, but I have gone from tent to tent and from one dwelling place to another.
1 Chronicles 17:6 "In all places where I have walked with all Israel, have I spoken a word with any of the judges of Israel, whom I commanded to shepherd My people, saying, 'Why have you not built for Me a house of cedar?'" '
- walked: Ex 33:14,14,15 40:35-38 Lev 26:11,12 Nu 10:33-36 De 23:14 2Co 6:16 Rev 2:1
- the judges: Jdg 2:16-18 1Sa 12:11 2Sa 7:7, tribes, Ac 13:20
- shepherd: 1Ch 11:2 Ps 78:71,72 Jer 23:4 Eze 34:2 Mic 5:4 Mt 2:6
2 Samuel 7:7 "Wherever I have gone with all the sons of Israel, did I speak a word with one of the tribes of Israel, which I commanded to shepherd My people Israel, saying, 'Why have you not built Me a house of cedar?'"'
In all places where I have walked with all Israel, have I spoken a word with any of the judges of Israel, whom I commanded to shepherd (protect, feed, lead) My people, saying, 'Why have you not built for Me a house of cedar
- I took: Ex 3:1-10 1Sa 16:11,12 17:15 2Sa 7:8 Ps 78:70,71 Am 7:14,15 Mt 4:18-22 Lu 5:10
- ruler: 2Sa 6:21 Mt 2:6
Matthew 2:6+ ‘AND YOU, BETHLEHEM, LAND OF JUDAH, ARE BY NO MEANS LEAST AMONG THE LEADERS OF JUDAH; FOR OUT OF YOU SHALL COME FORTH A RULER WHO WILL SHEPHERD MY PEOPLE ISRAEL.’”
Now, therefore, thus shall you say to My servant David (see v4), 'Thus says the LORD of hosts, "I took you from the pasture, from following the sheep, to be leader over My people Israel.
- I have been: 1Ch 17:2 Ge 28:15 1Sa 18:14,28 2Sa 7:9 8:6,8,14 Ps 46:7,11
- have cut off: 1Sa 26:10 31:1-6 2Sa 22:1,38-41 Ps 18:1 *title
- made thee: 1Ch 17:17 2Sa 8:13 Ezr 4:20 Ps 71:21 75:7 113:7,8 Lu 1:52
I have been with you wherever you have gone, and have cut off all your enemies from before you; and I will make you a name like the name of the great ones who are in the earth
1 Chronicles 17:9 "I will appoint a place for My people Israel, and will plant them, so that they may dwell in their own place and not be moved again; and the wicked will not waste them anymore as formerly,
- I will appoint a place: Jer 31:3-12 Eze 34:13
- plant: Ps 44:2 92:13 Isa 61:3 Jer 24:6 32:41
- and shall be: Eze 28:4 36:14,15 37:25 Am 9:15 Rev 21:4
- the children: Ps 89:22 Eph 2:2,3 5:6
- waste: Isa 49:17 60:18
- as at the: Ex 1:13,14 2:23
I will appoint a place for My people Israel, and will plant them, so that they may dwell in their own place and not be moved again; and the wicked will not waste them anymore as formerly
- even from the day: Jdg 2:14-18 3:8 4:3 6:3-6 1Sa 13:5,6,19,20
- Moreover: Ps 18:40-50 21:8,9 89:23 Ps 110:1 1Co 15:25
- the Lord: Ex 1:21 2Sa 7:11 Ps 127:1
even from the day that I commanded judges to be over My people Israel. And I will subdue all your enemies. Moreover, I tell you that the LORD will build a house for you
1 Chronicles 17:11 "When your days are fulfilled that you must go to be with your fathers, that I will set up one of your descendants after you, who will be of your sons; and I will establish his kingdom.
- when: 1Ch 29:15,28 Ac 13:36
- go to be: Ge 15:15 De 31:16 1Ki 1:21 2:10 Ac 2:29
- I will raise: 1Ch 28:5 2Sa 7:12,13 12:24,25 1Ki 8:20 Ps 132:11 Jer 23:5,6 Ro 1:3,4
2 Samuel 7:12 "When your days are complete and you lie down with your fathers, I will raise up your descendant after you, who will come forth from you, and I will establish his kingdom.
When your days are fulfilled that you must go to be with your fathers - Your days are fulfilled (cf the prayer in Ps 90:12)
that I will set up one of your descendants after you, who will be of your sons; and I will establish his kingdom
Henry Morris - David already knew that he would some day "go to be with" his dead son (2 Samuel 12:23). Now God also told him he would "go to be with thy fathers." The souls of both patriarchs and deceased infants are safe in heaven.
Believer's Study Bible - This is a repetition of the Davidic covenant (1Chr 11-15; cf. Ge 9:13; 2Sa 7:12-17) and of David's psalm of thanksgiving (1 Chr 17:16-27; cf. 2 Sam. 7:18-29). The dynasty of Saul had come to an end (cf. 2 Sam. 7:15), but David's was to abide forever. In the immediate future, David's seed, i.e., Solomon, would construct the temple (vv. 11, 12); in the distant future, David's Seed, i.e., Jesus Christ, would join His divine nature (v. 13) to David's human ancestry and establish the earthly kingdom of God forever (v. 14). Even during the Babylonian exile, the Davidic dynasty would be perpetuated when Jehoiachin was released from prison by Evil-Merodach (562 B.C.), honored, and elevated to a status above that of other captive kings (cf. 2 Kin. 25:27-30; Jer. 52:31-34). Zerubbabel, a Davidic descendant, would be released in the days of Cyrus, king of Persia, to accompany exiles from Babylon to Jerusalem and to act as governor.
- He shall: 1Ch 22:9,10 28:6-10 1Ki 5:5 2Ch 3:1-4:22 Ezr 5:11 Zec 6:12,13 Joh 2:19-21 Ac 7:47,48 Col 2:9
- I will: Ps 89:4,29,36,37 Isa 9:7 Da 2:44 1Co 15:25 Rev 11:15
He shall build for Me a house, and I will establish his throne forever. The prophecy I will establish his throne forever is ultimately fulfilled in the reign of the Son of David, Jesus Christ.
Henry Morris - This portion of the great Davidic covenant was precursively fulfilled by Solomon (see 2 Samuel 7:12-16). Forever
- I will be: 2Sa 7:14 Ps 89:26-28,29-37 Isa 55:3 Heb 1:5
- my son: Ps 2:7,12 Lu 9:35 Joh 3:35
- I will not: 2Sa 7:15,16 1Ki 11:12,13,36
- as I took: 1Ch 17:12 10:14 1Sa 15:28
"I will be his father and he shall be My son; and I will not take My lovingkindness away from him, as I took it from him who was before you.
- in mine: In the parallel passage, it is "thine house, and thy kingdom." Jehovah was Israel's king; and David and Solomon were merely his viceregents, as well as types of the Messiah. Ps 2:6 72:17 89:36 Lu 1:32,33 Heb 3:6
But I will settle him in My house and in My kingdom forever, and his throne shall be established forever."
- According: 2Sa 7:17 Jer 23:28 Ac 20:27
According to all these words and according to all this vision, so Nathan spoke to David - Nathan fulfilled his function as a mouthpiece for God and His Words which God had given to him in a vision in the night.
- sat before: 2Sa 7:18 2Ki 19:14
- Who am I: Ge 32:10 Ps 144:3 Eph 3:8
- what is: Jdg 6:15 1Sa 9:21
- that You have brought me: Ge 48:15,16 1Sa 7:12 Ac 26:22 2Co 1:10
Then David the king went in and sat before the LORD and said, "Who am I, O LORD God, and what is my house that You have brought me this far - David is amazed at God's grace shown to him in bringing him this far!
THOUGHT - Amazement at God's grace to us is a good attitude for all God's children to express to our Father! He has saved us, is daily saving us (progressive sanctification) and given us the sure hope that He will save us in the future when we "be like" His Son (1Jn 3:2).
1 Chronicles 17:17 "This was a small thing in Your eyes, O God; but You have spoken of Your servant's house for a great while to come, and have regarded me according to the standard of a man of high degree, O LORD God.
- a small thing: 1Ch 17:7,8 2Sa 7:19 12:8 2Ki 3:18 Isa 49:6
- thou hast: 1Ch 17:11-15 Eph 3:20
- hast regarded: 1Ch 17:8 1Ki 3:13 Ps 78:70-72 89:19-37 Php 2:8-11
This was a small thing in Your eyes, O God; but You have spoken of Your servant's house for a great while to come, and have regarded me according to the standard of a man of high degree, O LORD God
Note that David repeatedly refers to himself as Yahweh's servant in this last section (10x in 8v) - 1Ch 17:17 1Ch 17:18 1Ch 17:19 1Ch 17:23 1Ch 17:24 1Ch 17:25 1Ch 17:26 1Ch 17:27
- the honor: 1Sa 2:30 2Sa 7:20-24
- know: 1Sa 16:7 Ps 139:1 Joh 21:17 Rev 2:23
What more can David still say to You concerning the honor bestowed on Your servant? For You know Your servant. - NLT = "You know what your servant is really like."
- servant's: Isa 37:35 42:1 49:3,5,6 Da 9:17
- according: Mt 11:26 Eph 1:9-11 3:11
- great things: Heb. greatness, 1Ch 29:11,12 Ps 111:3,6
O LORD, for Your servant's sake, and according to Your own heart, You have wrought all this greatness, to make known all these great things
- none: Ex 15:11 18:11 De 3:24 33:26 Ps 86:8 89:6,8 Isa 40:18,25 Jer 10:6,7 Eph 3:20
- beside thee: De 4:35,39 1Sa 2:2 Isa 43:10 44:6 45:5,22
- according: Ps 44:1 78:3,4 Isa 63:12
O LORD, there is none like You, nor is there any God besides You, according to all that we have heard with our ears.
Play the beautiful spiritual song There is None Like You.
There is none like You, "
No one else can touch my heart like You do,
I can search for all eternity Lord
And find, there is none like You.
Your mercy flows like a river wide,
And healing comes from Your hand.
Suffering children are safe in Your arms,
There is none like You.
There is none like You,
( There is none like You, Lord)
1 Chronicles 17:21 "And what one nation in the earth is like Your people Israel, whom God went to redeem for Himself as a people, to make You a name by great and terrible things, in driving out nations from before Your people, whom You redeemed out of Egypt?
- what one: De 4:7,32-34 33:26-29 Ps 147:20
- redeem: Ex 3:7,8 19:4-6 De 15:15 Ps 77:15 107:2 111:9 Isa 63:9 Tit 2:14
- make thee: Ne 9:10 Isa 48:9 63:12 Eze 20:9,10
- greatness: De 4:34 Ps 65:5 66:3-7 114:3-8 Isa 64:3
- by driving: De 7:1,2 Jos 10:42 21:43-45 24:11,12 Ps 44:2,3
And what one nation in the earth is like Your people Israel, whom God went to redeem for Himself as a people, to make You a name by great and terrible things, in driving out nations from before Your people, whom You redeemed out of Egypt
- thy people: Ge 17:7 Ex 19:5,6 De 7:6-8 26:18,19 1Sa 12:22 Jer 31:31-34 Zec 13:9 Ro 9:4-6,25,26 11:1,2-12 1Pe 2:9
For Your people Israel You made Your own people forever, and You, O LORD, became their God
- let the thing: Ge 32:12 2Sa 7:25-29 Ps 119:49 Jer 11:5 Lu 1:38
Now, O LORD, let the word that You have spoken concerning Your servant and concerning his house be established forever, and do as You have spoken
1 Chronicles 17:24 "Let Your name be established and magnified forever, saying, 'The LORD of hosts is the God of Israel, even a God to Israel; and the house of David Your servant is established before You.'
- that thy name: 2Ch 6:33 Ps 21:13 72:19 Mt 6:9,13 Joh 12:28 17:1 Php 2:11 1Pe 4:11
- a God: Jer 31:1 Heb 8:10 11:16 Rev 21:3
- and let: Ps 90:17
Let Your name be established and magnified forever, saying, 'The LORD of hosts is the God of Israel, even a God to Israel; and the house of David Your servant is established before You
- told thy servant: Heb. revealed the ear of thy servant, 1Sa 9:15
- that thou: 1Ch 17:10
- found: Ps 10:17 Eze 36:37 1Jn 5:14,15
For You, O my God, have revealed to Your servant that You will build for him a house; therefore Your servant has found courage to pray before You
- You are God: Ex 34:6,7 Tit 1:2 Heb 6:18
Now, O LORD, You are God, and have promised this good thing to Your servant.
- blessed: Ge 27:33 Ps 72:17 Ro 11:29 Eph 1:3
And now it has pleased You to bless the house of Your servant, that it may continue forever before You; for You, O LORD, have blessed, and it is blessed forever