1Timothy 6:11: For the love of money is a root of all sorts of evil, and some by longing for it have wandered away from the faith and pierced themselves with many griefs. (NASB: Lockman)
Amplified: For the love of money is a root of all evils; it is through this craving that some have been led astray and have wandered from the faith and pierced themselves through with many acute [mental] pangs. (Amplified Bible - Lockman)
ESV: For the love of money is a root of all kinds of evils. It is through this craving that some have wandered away from the faith and pierced themselves with many pangs.
KJV: For the love of money is the root of all evil: which while some coveted after, they have erred from the faith, and pierced themselves through with many sorrows.
Moffatt: For love of money is the root of all mischief; it is by aspiring to be rich that certain individuals have gone astray from the faith and found themselves pierced with many a pang of remorse.
NET: For the love of money is the root of all evils. Some people in reaching for it have strayed from the faith and stabbed themselves with many pains.
NLT: For the love of money is the root of all kinds of evil. And some people, craving money, have wandered from the true faith and pierced themselves with many sorrows (NLT - Tyndale House)
Phillips: For loving money leads to all kinds of evil, and some men in the struggle to be rich have lost their faith and caused themselves untold agonies of mind. (Phillips: Touchstone)
TLB: For the love of money is the first step toward all kinds of sin. Some people have even turned away from God because of their love for it, and as a result have pierced themselves with many sorrows.
Weymouth: For from love of money all sorts of evils arise; and some have so hankered after money as to be led astray from the faith and be pierced through with countless sorrows.
Wuest: for a root of all the evils is the fondness for money, which certain ones, bending their every effort to grasp, have been led astray from the Faith and have pierced themselves through with many consuming griefs. (Eerdmans)
Young's Literal: for a root of all the evils is the love of money, which certain longing for did go astray from the faith, and themselves did pierce through with many sorrows
FOR THE LOVE OF MONEY IS A ROOT OF ALL SORTS OF EVIL: rhiza gar panton ton kakon estin (3SPAI) e philarguria: (Love: Ge 34:23,24 38:16 Ex 23:7,8 De 16:19 23:4,5,18 Jud 17:10,11 Jud 18:19,20,29-31 2Sa 4:10,11 Pr 1:19 Isa 1:23 56:11 Jer 5:27 Jer 5:28 Eze 13:19 16:33 22:12 Mic 3:11 7:3,4 Mal 1:10 Mt 23:14 Ac 1:16-19 Tit 1:11 Rev 18:13)
For (1063 ) (gar) is "a marker of cause or reason between events, though in some context this association may be remote or tenuous" (Louw-Nida). Stated another way "for" is a term of explanation which should always cause one to pause and ponder the passage. You will be amazed at how much you can discern simply by observing the text! In the present context, the "for" explains the statement in the preceding passage (1Ti 6:9) which refers to the desire to be rich.
Rhiza is used as a negative metaphor here in 1Ti 6:10 and again in Hebrews 12:15-note., where it is a "root of bitterness." The NT uses rhiza as a metaphorical description of the Messiah three times (Ro 15:12-note, Rev 5:5-note, Rev 22:16-note).
A root - Most of our English translations place "root" later in the passage, whereas Paul placed it first in the Greek text for emphasis! The "root" is vitally important! One cannot help but think of weeds like crabgrass that begin to grow in our beautiful manicured lawns and which is extremely difficult to eradicate. Furthermore, the root is that part of the plant that is unseen, laying under the grown where it functions as the plant's organ of adsorption, aeration, food supply, anchorage and support! Remember that the root differs from the stem, the buds and the fruit, all of which are intimately dependent on the integrity of the root. Now parlay that picture into this passage by Paul for a powerful picture!
Rhiza - 17x in 16v in the NT and always translated "root" or "roots."
Matthew 3:10 "The axe is already laid at the root of the trees; therefore every tree that does not bear good fruit is cut down and thrown into the fire.
Matthew 13:6 "But when the sun had risen, they were scorched; and because they had no root, they withered away.
Comment: Used metaphorically of the seed that brings salvation. No root. No fruit. No salvation!
Matthew 13:21 yet he has no firm root in himself, but (contrast) is only temporary, and when affliction or persecution arises because of the word (Dearly reader, have you ever been persecuted because of your stand on the Word of God? Beloved of God, rejoice because  it is evidence of genuine salvation and  be glad [agalliao = jump for joy!] for your reward will be great [Mt 5:11, 12-note]), immediately he falls away (Ed: Compare "falls away" to "wandered away" here in 1Ti 6:10).
Mark 4:6 "And after the sun had risen, it was scorched; and because it had no root, it withered away.
Mark 4:17 and they have no firm root in themselves, but are only temporary; then, when affliction or persecution arises because of the word, immediately they fall away.
Mark 11:20 As they were passing by in the morning, they saw the fig tree withered from the roots up.
Luke 3:9 "Indeed the axe is already laid at the root of the trees; so every tree that does not bear good fruit is cut down and thrown into the fire."
Luke 8:13 "Those on the rocky soil are those who, when they hear, receive the word with joy; and these have no firm root; they believe for a while, and in time of temptation fall away.
Romans 11:16-note If the first piece of dough is holy, the lump is also; and if the root is holy, the branches are too. 17 But if some of the branches were broken off, and you, being a wild olive, were grafted in among them and became partaker with them of the rich root of the olive tree, 18 do not be arrogant toward the branches; but if you are arrogant, remember that it is not you who supports the root, but the root supports you. (For one of the best discussions of Romans 9-11 see Dr Anthony Garland's in depth answer to the question What Will Happen to Israel?)
Romans 15:12-note Again Isaiah says, "THERE SHALL COME THE ROOT OF JESSE, AND HE WHO ARISES TO RULE OVER THE GENTILES, IN HIM SHALL THE GENTILES HOPE."
Lenski writes that: Rhiza refers to a live root that sends up a sprout, hence “the root-sprout,” the article designates the one person referred to. Jesse was David’s father; in Rev. 5:5, and 22:16 we have “root-sprout of David.” The royal house that sprang from Jesse was cut down; from the root Jesse (appositional genitive) only a tender young sprout would grow up, so tiny and apparently so weak compared with the old royal tree.
1 Timothy 6:10 For the love of money is a root of all sorts of evil, and some by longing for it have wandered away from the faith and pierced themselves with many griefs.
Hebrews 12:15-note See to it that no one comes short of the grace of God; that no root of bitterness springing up causes trouble, and by it many be defiled;
Revelation 5:5-note and one of the elders said to me, "Stop weeping; behold, the Lion that is from the tribe of Judah, the Root of David, has overcome so as to open the book and its seven seals."
Revelation 22:16-note "I, Jesus, have sent My angel to testify to you these things for the churches. I am the Root and the Descendant of David, the bright morning Star."
Rhiza - 38v in the non-apocryphal Septuagint (Lxx)- Deut 29:18; 2 Kgs 19:30; Job 5:3; 8:12; 13:27; 14:8; 18:16; 19:28; 28:9; 29:19; 30:4; 31:12; Ps 48:2; 80:9; Pr 12:3, 12; Isa 5:24; 11:1, 10; 37:31; 40:24; 53:2; Jer 17:8; Ezek 16:3; 17:6f, 9; 31:7; Dan 2:41; 4:15, 23, 26; 11:7, 20; Hos 9:16; 14:5; Amos 2:9; Mal 4:1. Here are a few representative uses…
2 Kings 19:30 'The surviving remnant (See Doctrine of the Remnant) of the house of Judah will again take root downward and bear fruit upward.
Proverbs 12:3 A man will not be established by wickedness, But the root of the righteous will not be moved. (Beloved, may this motivate all of us to be diligent to discipline ourselves for godliness, which is of great gain. 1Ti 4:7-note, 1Ti 4:8-note)
Proverbs 12:12 The wicked man desires the booty of evil men, But the root of the righteous yields fruit. (This proverb recalls Jesus' promise to His disciples past, present and future should He tarry =- John 15:16 cp John 15:7 for a "clue" as to whether one is truly His disciple. Cp Ps 92:13-15-note, Cp God's promise to the believing Remnant of Jacob - Isaiah 27:6, Hosea 14:5,6)
Isaiah 53:2 (Messianic Prophecy) For He grew up before Him like a tender shoot, And like a root out of parched ground; He has no stately form or majesty That we should look upon Him, Nor appearance that we should be attracted to Him. (Compare Isaiah 11:1-note and Isaiah 11:10-note both also prophecies perfectly fulfilled in the Messiah) (See Related Topic: Messianic Prophecies)
Jeremiah 17:8 "For (term of explanation - If you pause and ponder this one, you will discover some wonderful truths for personal application! Compare Jer 17:7. And be sure to contrast Jer 17:5-6) he (interrogate with the 5W/H'S) will be like a tree planted by the water, That extends its roots by a stream And will not fear when the heat comes; But its leaves will be green, And it will not be anxious in a year of drought Nor cease to yield fruit.
Love of money (5365)(philarguria from philos = friend, loving + arguros = silver, money) means loving silver, affection for silver, "money-loving" and the related adjective philoarguros is rendered "covetous" in the KJV (Lk 16:14KJV, 2Ti 3:2KJV).
Philarguria is used in the apocrypha…
As noted above, the root philos means "friend" and is a fitting word in view of Jesus' warning in the Sermon on the Mount…
John MacArthur rightly remarks that
Vine writes that…
Money is neutral is not the problem. The problem is when we covet money. That is the root problem so to speak and the plant produced is bad and brings forth bad fruit!
Is (2076)(estin) is in the present tense indicating that avaricious love continually leads to evil. This truth reminds me of a road in which one comes to a sign in bold red lettering "Danger: The Bridge is Out." Continually traveling this road inevitably leads to a bad outcome! It is never too soon to repent (180 degree turn) from the love of money! Thomas Fuller phrased it this way "You cannot repent too soon, because you do not know how soon it may be too late." Thomas Watson adds that ""By delay of repentance, sin strengthens, and the heart hardens. The longer ice freezeth, the harder it is to be broken." If you have fallen into the sin of the love of money because of strong temptations, seek speedily for repentance for it, recovery out of it, revival from it.
All (3956)(pas) means that all without exception will reap a harvest of bad fruit!
MacArthur remarks that…
Holman Treasury of Key Bible Words notes that…
Bishop Trench's comparison of pleonexia and philarguria…
Evil (2556)(kakos) conveys the basic meaning of a lack of something and thus it is not as it ought to be. Kakos is found in Greek writings from Homer on in a large variety of associations, but especially describes bad in sense of lacking something and always contrast to good. Kakos pertains to that which is socially or morally reprehensible (BDAG) or that which is harmful, injurious or dangerous. When used of people, kakos characterizes them as filled with godlessness (cp Mk 7:21). Although kakos is sometimes used of physical blemish or disease (Mark 1:32), the word normally refers to moral badness.
J C Ryle
Archibald Alexander remarks that money is…
J C Philpot
AND SOME BY LONGING FOR IT HAVE WANDERED AWAY FROM THE FAITH: en tines oregomenoi (PMPMPN) apeplanethesan (2PAPI) apo tes pisteos: (Longing:1Ti 6:21 2Ti 4:10 Jude 1:11 Rev 2:14,15)
Some (5100)(tis) speaks "Particularly and generally of some person or thing whom one cannot or does not wish to name or specify particularly." (Zodhiates) Some (tis) is used 7 times in this letter to describe a group who reject truth and pursue a crooked course. Read 1Ti 1:6 ("straying from these things [1Ti 1:5] have turned aside to fruitless discussion"), 1Ti 1:19 ("some have rejected and suffered shipwreck in regard to their faith"), 1Ti 4:1 ("will fall away from the faith"), 1Ti 5:15 ("turned aside to follow Satan"), 1Ti 5:24, 1Ti 6:10 ("wandered away from the faith"), 1Ti 6:21 ("gone astray from the faith"). Note the repeated association of the errant course of these souls with the truth of the faith (see discussion below on "the faith").
Longing (3713) (orego) means literally to stretch out or to reach out for especially with one's hands. The idea is to stretch one’s self out in order to touch or to grasp something, to reach after or desire something. We get a sense of the intensity of this verb in observing the derivative word orexis, a noun used only once in Ro 1:27-note to describe the intense desire (men "burned in their desire [orexis]") of men for other men! The idea of orexis is that of a deep, abiding, and profound degree of internal longing for the object of one's desire.
Longing for is a vivid verb picture of reaching or stretching out in order to grasp something. Kenneth Wuest nicely conveys this sense, rendering it "bending their every effort to grasp." Grasping for gold, instead the goal (of Php 3:14-note!)
All three NT uses of the verb orego (none in the Septuagint) are in the middle voice (oregomai) or the reflexive sense (directed or turned back on one's self) depicting the subject initiating and participating in the action, in this case the stretching out of one's self expressive of an intense desire. Paul says some are stretching themselves out for money. This reminds one of the futility of trying to grasp riches for as the proverb says…
Vine writes that one who professes Christ and yet
Orego metaphorically means to covet, to long after, to desire, to try to gain, to be ambitious. In the other two NT uses, orego is used in a positive sense.
It is interesting to note the overlap in meaning of orego with the another Greek word for greed, pleonexia, which literally means to have more, figuratively describing a strong desire to acquire more and more material possessions, especially that which is forbidden! It is a desire to have more irrespective of one's need and is always used in bad sense. Pleonexia describes an insatiable selfishness. Someone once asked one of the richest men in the world what it would take to make him happy, to which he replied (and I think in all sincerity) "One dollar more!" Greed is what you desire and what you desire more of becomes your ''god'' and you end up serving (latreuo) that ''god.'' To repeat, in God's sight, greed is worshipping the god mammon, and "you cannot serve God and mammon" (Mt 6:24-note)
Jesus said that greed or coveting originates
Covetousness is the opposite of contentment. Attacking covetousness lays the ax to a root (PUN INTENDED) cause of all sorts of evil! When contentment replaces covetousness, the latter cannot give rise to the process that culminates in an act of sin. The believer's ultimate source of contentment is not in money or things, but in a person, the Person Christ Jesus "in whom are hidden all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge." As He himself commanded…
Jesus alluded to the antidote for avarice in His beatitudes ("be attitudes"!) declaring…
Have wandered away (635) (apoplanao from apo = from + planao = to seduce, cause to wander or stray) in the active sense means to lead astray or to mislead, to seduce, to beguile, as do the false teachers in Mk 13:22 who will cause others to believe error. As an aside, false teachers always lead astray by teaching error, so it behooves all saints to saturate their minds continually with the only effective antidote, the Word of Truth (Ps 119:43-note, 2Cor 6:7, Col 1:5-note, 2Ti 2:15-note, James 1:18-note), the whole counsel of God (Acts 20:27ESV). In a passive sense apoplanao means to go astray or to stray away from the truth. To be drawn aside from the right course.
The root verb planao illustrates dramatically the active and passive aspects of this word group…
The only other use of apoplanao is in Mark…
Apoplanao - 3 uses in the non-apocryphal Septuagint..
In his last letter Paul records the tragic tale of Demas who "loved (agapao = a love based on the decision of his will) this present world, (and)… deserted (Paul) and (went) to Thessalonica." (2Ti 4:10).
Matthew Henry wrote that "The love of this world, is often the cause of turning back from the truths and ways of Jesus Christ." Demas could not resist the attraction of the age in which he lived. He is give as a example of the danger of "toying" with the evil, anti-God world system headed by Satan himself (1Jn 5:19).
Demas is mentioned only three times in the New Testament…
Demas goes from "fellow worker" to simply "Demas" to lover of "this present world"! The first two mentions were during Paul's first imprisonment and the last mention in Second Timothy was during Paul's second imprisonment in Rome. The lure of the world became irresistible to Demas, and he abandoned both Paul and the ministry. Was Demas "saved"? I don't know for certain. Only God knows. The Scripture certainly suggests he was not regenerate, but it is silent on Demas' last years. Jesus does give us an axiom to aid assessing Demas declaring that "the one who endures to the end, he shall be saved." (Mt 24:13) A person's perseverance per se does not merit or earn their salvation, but is a strong, clear indicator that they are genuinely saved, because only a person who has a holy power within (the Spirit of Christ, cp Ro 8:9-note) could possibly persevere to the end. In short, perseverance is the fruit of faith that is saving!
We see in Demas' desertion a sad illustration of the basic principle taught by our Lord Jesus that…
The writer of Hebrews warned the little flock coming out of the legalism and bondage of Judaism to the freedom found only in faith in the Messiah…
Jesus had His Judas, and Paul had his Demas. Anyone who has been in the ministry long enough has shared in this same heartbreaking experience. Isn't it interesting and somewhat comforting to note that even the two greatest leaders the world has ever known had those who failed them. In a similar manner, anyone who has been a Christian long enough has known the heartache and sense of loss when some mentor or leader who falls in love with the world and chooses to abandon the faith.
Every saint, be he pastor or pew member, needs to remember this passage, so he is aware of the potential for those who, while ostensibly steadfast and faithful, choose to forsake in the hour of need. If this has happened to you, beloved, remember that Jesus is able to sympathize, for in His hour of greatest need His disciples all left Him and fled. (Mark 14:50) and
From (575)(apo) is a marker of dissociation, implying a rupture from a former association. It means away from and speaks of separation, departure, cessation, reversal. It can describe any separation of one thing from another by which the union or fellowship of the two is destroyed (E.g., Ro 11:26 -note: "remove ungodliness FROM [apo] Jacob" [i.e., from Israel, specifically the believing remnant]. Thus Jacob will no longer be "in fellowship" with ungodliness when the Messiah the Deliverer returns and "all Israel will be saved" [i.e., "all" that believe in Messiah, not "all" that ever lived]).
Paul had previously warned Timothy of the dangerous spiritual reefs that lay before him as led the flock of believers at Ephesus…
The faith (tes pisteos) refers not to the subjective act of believing but to that which is the object of belief, in this case the Gospel (and all its ramifications not just in our initial salvation but our daily "salvation" from self, Satan and the sinful world! - See Three Tenses of Salvation) by which man is saved if he believes. The fact that "some" wandered away from the faith is "fruit" that demonstrates the "root" was not genuine faith unto salvation but the "soul poisoning root" of love of money which leads to destruction.
See related study: "the faith (pistis)"
It is worth noting that the phrase "the faith" is found only 38 times in the NT with a majority of uses in the Pastoral epistles (most used with the objective meaning) - Acts 3:16; 6:7; 13:8; 14:22; 16:5; Rom 4:11f, 16; 14:22; 1 Cor 16:13; 2 Cor 13:5; Gal 1:23; 3:23; 6:10; Eph 1:15; 4:13; Phil 1:25, 27; Col 1:23; 1Ti 1:2, 14; 3:9, 13; 4:1, 6; 5:8; 6:10, 21; 2Ti 1:13; 2:18; 3:8; 4:7; Titus 1:1, 13; 3:15; Philemon 1:5; Jude 1:3; Rev 13:10
Roy Zuck adds that the objective sense of "the faith" is best understood..
Puritan writer Thomas Watson describes covetousness as the cancer of the soul…
Chuck Smith's thoughts on the futility of friendship with money…
Henry Morris - Love of money. It is not money, but the love of money, that is the root of all evil. Some commentators have softened the meaning here by taking it as “all kinds of evil,” but the original actually reads “all evil.” Paul elsewhere says that covetousness is idolatry, the worship of money as a god (not money in itself, of course, but the power and possessions that money can provide), and Jesus Himself said that we cannot serve both God and mammon (Ephesians 5:5; Matthew 6:24). Pride is the sin of the devil (I Timothy 3:6), and it is pride that generates the love of what money provides. Evolutionism, which is the basis of all false religion and false philosophy, is essentially just the rationale that justifies man’s God-denying pride which causes the love of money, which is the root of all evil. (Defender's Study Bible Online Notes)
David Hocking-Love of Money
THE DANGERS OF THE LOVE OF MONEY
1B. We need to understand the ROOT of the problem – 1Ti 6:9
2B. We need to understand the RESULTS of the problem – 1Ti 6:9-10
1C. You will fall into temptation – 1Ti 6:9
2C. You will fall into a snare or a trap – 1Ti 6:9
3C. You will fall into many foolish and harmful lusts – 1Ti 6:9
4C. You will be drowned in destruction and perdition – 1Ti 6:9
5C. You will wander from the faith – 1Ti 6:10
6C. You will experience tremendous grief, pain and unhappiness – 1Ti 6:10 (David Hocking Notes on 1 Timothy)
AND PIERCED THEMSELVES WITH MANY GRIEFS:kai heautous periepeiran (3PAAI) odunais pollais: (Pierced: Ge 29:14,26,31-35 2Ki 5:27 Ps 32:10 Pr 1:31 2Pe 2:7,8)
A few wise sayings on money and riches from Proverbs…
Pierced (4044) (peripeiro from peri = round about + peiro = pierce through) (Only NT use) literally means to penetrate entirely or pierce through. This is the only use in the Bible and figuratively means to undergo or experience something which is adverse and severe.
Although the verb is different (dierchomai) the idea is similar in Simeon's prophesy spoken to Mary that "a sword will pierce even your own soul." (Lk 2:33).
One cannot help but think of the "piercing" of Judas Iscariot because of his love of money…
Themselves (1438)(heautou) is "a reflexive pronoun referring action in a verb back to its own subject." (Friberg) In other words they pierced themselves and thus have no one else to blame! Heautou "in the plural, (is) a reflexive reference to any and all persons or things involved as subjects of the clause." (Louw-Nida).
Many (4183)(polus) refers to a large but indefinite number, in this case a large number of griefs! Notice this is one of those "promises" that we would rather not receive! However it is like a train for once the "locomotive" of desire for money begins to spring up and bear bad fruit, it is a "bumper" crop so to speak. Christians, let us all take heed, for none of us are immune to the sin of greed and covetousness! And it is interesting that the Bible equates covetousness with idolatry, of putting another "god" (a "worshipper of Mammon") before the one and only majestic God (Col 3:5) Paul issues a strong warning against greed in the life of believers writing…
Griefs (3601)(odune) literally describes physical pain, but is used only figuratively in the two NT occurrences to describe a state of severe emotional distress and/or intense anxiety. Odune implies severe anguish of one's heart as the result of deep sorrow.
Sorrow, torment, grief, pain, distress of body or mind
Ro 9:2; 1Ti 6:10;
Ge 35:18; Job 7:3; Je 8:18
Odune is used only one other time in the NT (Ro 9:2-note) and that also by Paul as he laments the general unbelief of his Jewish brethren writing
In light of the warning of the rotten fruit of the bitter root of avarice we do well to heed the writer of Hebrews exhortation…
'To what cost do you drive mortal hearts—you accursed lust for gold!' - Thomas Watson
Illustration- This past week they had a lottery drawing in which the pay off was 195 million dollars. It is interesting to follow up on those who have won the lottery in the past, most of the people tell how the sudden riches have upset their lives. Some of the couples have gotten divorces after winning. We fantasize of how great it would be to have these sudden riches, but would it? Solomon the richest man who ever lived had a few things to say about riches. (Chuck Smith - Sermon Notes)