Ecclesiastes Commentaries

ECCLESIASTES RESOURCES
Commentaries, Sermons, Illustrations, Devotionals

THE BOOK OF ECCLESIASTES
The Search for Significance
The Quest for Contentment
The Pursuit of Purpose

Exploration Exhortation
All
is Vanity
Vanity
of Doing
Vanity
of Having
Vanity
of Being
Using Life
Well
Source of True Living
Eccl 1:1-18 Eccl 2:1-26 Eccl 3:1-6:12 Eccl 7:1-9:18 Eccl 10:1-11:10 Eccl 12:1-14
Declaration
of Vanity
Demonstration
of Vanity
Deliverance
from Vanity
Subject Sermons Summary
Fickleness of Life
Versus
Fear of the Lord
Place:
"Under the Sun"
Decades of Searching
(in the days of King Solomon)
circa 936BC
King Solomon
Author

Key Words:

  • God - 41x/36v - Eccl 1:13; 2:24, 26; 3:10-11, 13-15, 17-18; 5:1-2, 4, 6f, 18-20; 6:2; 7:13-14, 18, 26, 29; 8:2, 12-13, 15, 17; 9:1, 7; 11:5, 9; 12:7, 13-14
  • Under the sun - 29x in 27v - Eccl 1:3, 9, 14; 2:11, 17-20, 22; 3:16; 4:1, 3, 7, 15; 5:13, 18; 6:1, 12; 8:9, 15, 17; 9:3, 6, 9, 11, 13; 10:5
  • Vanity - 22x/16v - Eccl 1:2, 14; 2:11, 15, 19, 21, 23, 26; 3:19; 4:4, 7-8, 16; 5:10; 6:2; 12:8
  • Wise - 24x/23v - Eccl 2:14-16, 19; 4:13; 6:8; 7:4-5, 7, 16, 19, 23; 8:1, 5, 17; 9:1, 11, 15, 17; 10:2, 12; 12:9, 11
  • Wisdom - 27x/24v - Eccl 1:13, 16-18; 2:9, 12-13, 21, 26; 7:10-12, 19, 23, 25; 8:1, 16; 9:10, 13, 15-16, 18; 10:1, 10
  • Fool (ish) - 25x/23v - Eccl 2:14-16, 19; 4:5, 13; 5:1, 3-4; 6:8; 7:4-6, 9, 17, 25; 9:17; 10:1-3, 12, 14-15
  • Righteous (ness) - 11x/9v - Eccl 3:16f; 5:8; 7:15f, 20; 8:14; 9:1f (cf Justice - Ec 3:16, 5:8)
  • Wicked (ness) - 10v/8v - Eccl 3:16f; 7:15, 17; 8:10, 14; 9:2; 10:13
  • Evil - 20x/18v - Eccl 2:21; 4:3; 5:1, 13, 16; 6:1; 7:25; 8:3, 8, 11-14; 9:3, 12; 10:5; 12:1, 14
  • Labor* - 26x/19v - Eccl 2:10f, 18-22, 24; 3:13; 4:4, 6, 8f; 5:15, 18f; 6:7; 8:17; 9:9
  • Toil - 6x/6v - Eccl 3:9; 5:16, 18; 8:15; 9:9; 10:15
  • Rich* - 8x.8v - Eccl 4:8; 5:12-14, 19; 6:2; 10:6, 20 (Wealth - 4x/4v - Eccl 1:16; 5:19; 6:2; 9:11)

Wilkinson and Boa write - Ecclesiastes is a profound book recording an intense search by the Preacher (traditionally understood to be Solomon) for meaning and satisfaction in life—in spite of the inequities inconsistencies, and seeming absurdities of life on earth. The key word in Ecclesiastes is vanity, the futile emptiness of trying to make sense out of life apart from God. Looked at “under the sun” (Pr 8:17), Life’s pursuits lead only to frustration. Power, prestige, pleasure—nothing can fill the God-shaped void in man’s life—except God Himself But seen from His perspective, life becomes meaningful and fulfilling Skepticism and despair melt away when each day is viewed as a gift from God. (Talk Thru the Bible)

G Campbell Morgan - Ecclesiastes is an inspired confession of failure and pessimism, when God is excluded, when man lives under the sun, and forgets the larger part, which is always over the sun, the eternal and abiding things. If you want to know what a man of great privilege, and of great learning and great wisdom can come to, read this record of a man who has put God out of count in his actual life.

J Sidlow Baxter - The book of Ecclesiastes is a sermon. There is the announcement of a theme, a brief -introduction, a developing of the theme, and a practical application in conclusion. The theme is: What is the chief good? The standpoint is that of natural reason. We are meant to see where the quest for the chief good leads us when conducted simply on the ground of natural experience, observation, and induction. In the opening verse (and six times later) the author styles himself Koheleth, which is translated as "the preacher" (though perhaps the Hebrew term rather conveys the idea of "Master of Assemblies," or "Teacher"). Our title, "Ecclesiastes," comes from Ecclesiastes, the Latin form of the Greek word for a preacher. Who was this preacher-author of Ecclesiastes? Despite all that has been said to the contrary, we resolutely hold that he was Solomon. (Explore the Book)

David Fairchild - Many in our day are looking for a purpose to exist. A purpose profound enough, big enough, consuming enough, that it grabs us by the shirt collar and demands our attention. Many are looking for a reason for living that will plumb the depths of our passions and sustain us until we breathe our last. That’s why this book of Ecclesiastes is such a helpful pre-evangelism tool to use with our unsaved friends. I encourage you to seek out someone with whom you can share a copy of this book (and Swindoll’s helpful guide) and discuss its perspective. But I find that too often Solomon’s perspective of futility mirrors my own thinking as a believer .. how can that be? We all need to be reminded of the vast difference between the worldview of humanism vs one who is united to Jesus Christ and living for eternity. Solomon’s Technique: literary pessimism. It’s a negative argument to demonstrate a profound truth. To learn the true meaning of life … first view life apart from God – see it in all of its futility … then the layer of God-connectiveness can be added and it will mean something

Ray Stedman - Ecclesiastes is a collection of what man is able to discern under the sun, i.e., in the visible world. The book does not take into consideration revelation that comes from beyond man's powers of observation and reason. It is an inspired, an accurate book. It guarantees that what it reports is what people actually believe. but it is an examination of those beliefs.

DON ANDERSON
The Mid-Life Crisis: “Where Your Heart and Treasure Meet.”

A Practical Verse-by-Verse Study of ECCLESIASTES - It is Don’s interpretation that the book of Ecclesiastes describes Solomon’s futile way of living as he heads down that slippery spiral of wine, women and song. (8 studies)

Click to for the Mp3's corresponding  to each study

Teacher Notes - Teacher notes compiled from Don’s material to be used for study & teaching.

Study Notes - these are additional notes that supplement the formal teaching notes above - about 160 pages of material

PAUL APPLE
Commentary on Ecclesiastes
(with John Cobb and Brian Racer)

Well done 77 page commentary in Pdf Recommended - 

Apple has numerous excellent quotes from other sources (Warren Wiersbe, Ray Stedman, Charles Swindoll, J Vernon McGee and the list goes on). Here is an example of a quote after the related to finishing up chapter 1 and part of chapter 2. The quote is from Ravi Zacharias

How do we choose that which is legitimate pleasure and reject that which is illegitimate? More to the point, how do we learn to think on these matters constructively rather than live pragmatically, making momentary decisions? Of particular concern to many of us is the frustration that is felt in knowing how to guide our own children, for theirs is a world of limitless opportunities. What deep struggles must engulf them as they are fed a steady diet of all that appeals to the eye and the imagination, with so little to nurture the conscience. They are being manipulated into the belief that appetite is a sufficient reason to consume anything. And what is worse, new appetites are being created that leave them hungrier than before and under the illusion that they can be met if one could only remove all restraint. Please hear me: All pleasure does not come with a warning label. Is it not clear, then, that we must have a philosophy of pleasure? A way to guide our children and discipline our own living? I encourage you to meditate on this with me, as we consider this theme through the week. I think Postman is right. Any pleasure—whether good or illegitimate (and we will discuss this week how to discern between the two)—can make us slaves. Hunge r for even the simple pleasure of food may become a life-dominating drive. Oscar Wilde said, “The only way to get rid of temptation is to yield to it.” He’s got it wrong. The unrestrained appeasement of desire only expands hungers. Does not our experience tell us so? It is true. The fences of our moral pasture have been torn down, leaving us much room to graze. But let us remember what G.K. Chesterton once said: Any time you pull down a fence, always ask why it was put there in the first place. That is good advice, as we think further on this issue through the week. Have you determined life’s purpose yet. God offers that purpose and pleasure must not violate that purpose. there is a fundamental prerequisite for defining any legitimate pleasure in life and that is to first establish the purpose of life itself. All pleasure is built upon why you and I exist in the first place. If only we could grasp this truth, how many hours and years of grief would be spared us. God never intended for life to be lived out on an ad hoc basis, taking each opportunity as an isolated choice. Life is not to be regarded as a smorgasbord of appetizers before us from which we can choose or reject with equal impunity. The undergirding philosophy of life has to be the point of reference for all choices. Thus, here is a sound principle: Any pleasure that refreshes you without diminishing you, distracting you, or sidetracking you from the ultimate goal is a legitimate pleasure. 

Will Ferrell once called standup “hard, lonely, and vicious.” Its practitioners are often thought to be flawed personalities, full of anger and unhappiness, driven by inexplicable demons into drugs and alcohol. The list of famously unhappy comedians goes on and on. In addition to Mitch Hedberg, there’s Sam Kiniston, Richard Pryor, Jerry Lewis, Phil Hartman, John Belushi, Paula Poundstone, and most recently, Michael Richards. "the end of laughter is sadness" as the Bible says. Sometimes the ones that make us laugh the most, inwardly laugh the least. (ED: i CANNOT HELP BUT THINK OF ONE OF THE MOST BRILLIANT IMPROMPTU COMEDIANS OF MODERN TIMES, ROBIN WILLIAMS, WHO TRAGICALLY TOOK HIS OWN LIFE.) 

BILL BALDWIN
Ecclesiastes
This Meaningless Life 
A Study in the Book of Ecclesiastes by Bill Baldwin

WILLIAM BARRICK
Lessons on the book of Ecclesiastes
"The Philippians of the Old Testament"

Well done and well annotated - About 60 pages of commentary notes. 

Introduction to Ecclesiastes
Click for Mp3's

ALBERT BARNES
Commentary on Ecclesiastes

GEORGE BARTON
Commentary on the book of Ecclesiastes
1908

Helps to know Hebrew

BRIAN BELL
Sermon Notes on Ecclesiastes
Calvary Chapel Murrieta

Sermons are Biblical, practical and well illustrated.

May have some duplication:

Ecclesiastes 1 Ecclesiastes 2 Ecclesiastes 3 Ecclesiastes 4
Ecclesiastes 7 Ecclesiastes 9 Ecclesiastes 10 Ecclesiastes 11

JOSEPH BENSON
Commentary on Ecclesiastes

BIBLE.ORG RESOURCES
Resources that Reference Ecclesiastes

Hint: Do a "control + find" when you open a "hit" and search Ecc as well as the full name.
This may take some practice but is guaranteed to yield some "gems"!
Recommended Resource

BIBLICAL ILLUSTRATOR
Ecclesiastes

Note: The sermons are an older genre and the illustrations are of variable quality.

See same resource but in verse by verse format

CHARLES BRIDGES
Commentary on the book of Ecclesiastes
1860

Note: Bridges is the author of the excellent Commentary on Proverbs and is definitely worth consulting.

Spurgeon: After the manner of other works by this devout author, who is always worth consulting, though he gives us nothing very new.

CAMBRIDGE BIBLE FOR SCHOOLS AND COLLEGES
Commentary on Ecclesiastes

Verse by verse comments which offer some useful insights.

CENTURY BIBLE COMMENTARY
Commentary on Ecclesiastes

Comments are lucid, generally literal and generally verse by verse.

ADAM CLARKE
Commentary on Ecclesiastes

critique

THOMAS CONSTABLE
Expository Notes on Ecclesiastes

JOHN DUMMELOW COMMENTARY
Ecclesiastes

ELLICOTT'S COMMENTARY
For English Readers
Book of Ecclesiastes

Note: Comments on most verses, but they are very brief, sometimes little more than a few cross references or a synonym for the word being studied.

EASY ENGLISH
Commentary on Ecclesiastes

Simple translation and comments

EXPOSITOR'S BIBLE
Commentary on Ecclesiastes
Samuel Cox

Note: If you can locate the six-volume edition of the Expositor’s Bible, buy it immediately! It takes up less space than the original fifty-volume set, and not everything in the original set is worth owning. Samuel H. Kellogg on Leviticus is a classic; so is Alexander Maclaren on the Psalms and on Colossians.—Warren W. Wiersbe, A Basic Library for Bible Students

This set, originally published in 1903, contains expositions by both conservative and liberal theologians. The most important works are by Dod (Genesis), Chadwick (Exodus and Mark), Kellogg (Leviticus), Blaikie (Joshua, I and II Samuel), Adeney (Ezra, Nehemiah and Esther), Maclaren (Psalms), Moule (Romans), Findlay (Galatians and Ephesians), Plummer (Pastoral Epistles and the Epistles of James and Jude), and Milligan (Revelation.)—Cyril J. Barber, The Minister’s Library

EXPOSITOR'S DICTIONARY OF TEXTS

A C GAEBELEIN
Commentary on Ecclesiastes

JOHN GILL
Commentary on Ecclesiastes

GOTQUESTIONS
Related to Ecclesiastes

DAVID GUZIK
Commentary on Ecclesiastes

Note: Brief comments from a more modern perspective. Guzik has useful insights and practical applications.

ROBERT HAWKER
Commentary on Ecclesiastes

Spurgeon: Full of devotion and sweetness....Gentlemen, if you want something full of marrow and fatness, cheering to your own hearts by way of comment, and likely to help you in giving to your hearers rich exposition, buy Dr Hawker's "Poor Man's Commentary. Dr Hawker was the very least of commentators in the matter of criticism; he had no critical capacity, and no ability whatever as an interpreter of the letter; but he sees Jesus, and that is a sacred gift which is most precious whether the owner be a critic or not. It is to be confessed that he occasionally sees Jesus where Jesus is not legitimately to be seen. He allows his reason to be mastered by his affections, which, vice as it is, is not the worst fault in the world. There is always such a savor of the Lord Jesus Christ in Dr Hawker that you cannot read him without profit....not as a substantial dish but as a condiment, place the Plymouth vicar's work on the table. His writing is all sugar, and you will know how to use it, not devouring it in lumps, but using it to flavor other things. -- From Lectures to My Students.

E W HENGSTENBERG
Commentary on Ecclesiastes

Rosscup: This is one of the finest, most scholarly old works on Ecclesiastes.

Spurgeon: Scholarly of course, and also more vivacious than is usual with Hengstenberg.

MATTHEW HENRY
Commentary on Ecclesiastes

GEORGE HOLDEN
Commentary on Ecclesiastes

"An Attempt to Illustrate the Book of Ecclesiastes"

Spurgeon: Bridges says Holden "stands foremost for accuracy of critical exegesis," and Ginsburg considers his Commentary to be the best in our language. We may therefore be wrong in setting so little store by it as we do, but we are not convinced.

LEON HYATT
Commentary Notes
Book of Ecclesiastes

JAMIESON, FAUSSET, BROWN
Commentary Critical and Explanatory
on the Whole Bible

Note: One of the better older OT commentaries as it generally interprets the Scripture literally.

KEIL & DELITZSCH COMMENTARY
on the Old Testament:
Ecclesiastes

Spurgeon: Keil's works are valuable helps towards obtaining the meaning of the text 3 but for spiritual reflections and fruitful hints we must look elsewhere..

KEITH KRELL
ECCLESIASTES

PAUL E KRETZMANN
Popular Commentary
Ecclesiastes

LANGE'S COMMENTARY
Ecclesiastes
Otto Zockler

Spurgeon: This volume contains much that we do not like, but its value is considerable.

Rosscup: Another of the very helpful older works, often rich in meaning on details, giving views, considering matters from different angles.

ALEXANDER MACLAREN
Sermons on Ecclesiastes

Excellent Expositor

JAMES M. MACDONALD
THE BOOK OF ECCLESIASTES EXPLAINED

Cyril Barber - MacDonald, James Madison. The Book of Ecclesiastes Explained. 1856. C. H. Spurgeon said of this work, "Thoroughly exegetical, with excellent , scopes of argument' following each division; to be purchased if found:' An excellent work. 

J VERNON MCGEE
Thru the Bible - Mp3's
Ecclesiastes

F B MEYER
Our Daily Homily
Our Daily Walk
Ecclesiastes

HENRY MORRIS
Defender's Study Bible Notes
Ecclesiastes

MISCELLANEOUS RESOURCES
Commentaries, Sermons, Devotionals

JOURNAL ARTICLES

Journal Articles Online - Listing of these articles does not signify I agree with all of the content so Be a Berean!

CYRIL BARBER - The Minister's Library, Volume 2,  The Minister's Library, Volume 3

  • Crenshaw, James L. Ecclesiastes, A Commentary. Old Testament Library. Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1987. Posits the possibility of four writers, not one, contributing to the material found in Qohelet. Establishes the value of this book on its canonicity, not its inspiration. While up-to-date, sober, and instructive, what is presented here is highly critical. In spite of this, Crenshaw is an acknowledged specialist in wisdom literature, and there is much to learn from his judicious remarks.
  • Davidson, Robert. Ecclesiastes and Song of Solomon. Daily Study Bible. Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1986. Seeks to show the relevancy of these books to believers today. Directs the attention of readers to the importance of developing a strong Godward relationship
  • DeHaan, Richard, and Herbert Vander Lugt. The Art of Staying Off Deadend Streets. Wheaton, Ill.: Victor Books, 1974. A practical study of Ecclesiastes. Ideal for Bible discussion groups.
  • Ellul, Jacques. Reason and Being: A Meditation on Ecclesiastes. Trans. by J. M. Hanks. Grand Rapids: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1990. Ellul offers an exposition of three intertwining themes of Ecclesiastes: Vanity, wisdom, and God. While interacting with recent scholarship, his approach to Koheleth's thought is unique. His treatment highlights what he believes to be the books irony of contradictions, and this casts light on some of the enigmas of life.
  • Garrett, Duane A. Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Songs. New American Commentary. Nashville: Broadman Press, 1993. Works on the Bible’s wisdom literature is growing, and this volume deserves special consideration as an outstanding, detailed exposition of these three canonical books. Conservative in theology and thorough in scope, Garrett interacts with the different approaches to these books, comments on each verse, and treats technical matters in footnotes. The contents is readable and will be particularly apropos to pastors, Bible class teachers, and lay people desiring to study these seldom read portions of God’s Word.
  • Kaiser, Walter C., Jr. Ecclesiastes: Total Life. Chicago: Moody Press, 1979. One of the most satisfying expositions on this portion of Scripture. Highly recommended.
  • Kaiser, Walter Christian, Jr. Quality Living. Chicago: Moody Press, 1986. The reissue of Ecclesiastes: Total Life. A clear, definitive exposition of the theme of this portion of God's Word. Highly recommended.
  • Keddie, Gordon J. Looking For the Good Life: The Search for Fulfillment in the Light of Ecclesiastes. Phillipsburg, NJ: Presbyterian and Reformed Publishing Co., 1991. A unique, popular approach to the book of Ecclesiastes. Covers the text in 13 chapters, each with questions for discussion. Addresses each of the pointed questions posed by the Biblical writer. Points the way out of depression and despair to a life of hope. Discusses the basics of a philosophy of life, the problems that inevitably arise, the quest for answers, and the decisions that must be made. Ideal for use in adult discussion groups
  • Kidner, Derek. A Time to Mourn, a Time to Dance: Ecclesiastes and the Way of the World. The Bible Speaks Today. Downers Grove, Ill.: InterVarsity Press, 1976. Though rejecting Solomonic authorship and struggling with the theme of his book, Kidner nevertheless presents his readers with a fascinating, well-balanced exposition of Qoheleth's thought. His material makes stimulating reading.
  • Loader, J. A. Polar Structures in the Book of Qohlet. Berlin: Waiter de Gruyter, 1979. Analyzes the polar structures of Ecclesiastes and uses these to highlight the tensions created in the experience of the author. For use by the well-informed student.
  • Longman, Tremper, III. The Book of Ecclesiastes. New International Commentary on the Old Testament. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1998. The author provides an extensive introduction to Ecclesiastes, explores the traditional background matters as authorship, language, genre, structure, literary style, and theology. Longman argues that the author of Ecclesiastes is not Solomon, but a writer who adopts a “Solomonic persona.” In his verse-by-verse commentary this OT scholar clarifies what to many is the confusing message of Ecclesiastes
  • MacDonald, James Madison. The Book of Ecclesiastes Explained. Minneapolis: Klock & Klock Christian Publishers, 1982. C. H. Spurgeon said of this work, "Thoroughly exegetical, with excellent , scopes of argument' following each division; to be purchased if found:' An excellent work. 
  • Murphy, Roland. Ecclesiastes. Word Biblical Commentary. Dallas, TX: Word Books, 1992. Murphy’s Introduction is exten sive, and his bibliographies are of the utmost importance. Of particular significance is his interpretation of the text. It is clear, but not without its reliance on Redaktionsgeschichte and other higher critical theories. To Murphy, the key to understanding what “the preacher” has written is to be found in his (i.e., Murphy’s) definition of faith (i.e., trust) which he further defines as “accepting God on His terms.” Murphy then explains the stages of this book with this definition in mind.
  • Ogden, Graham. Qoheleth. Sheffield, England: Journal for the Study of the Old Testament, 1987. A concise, scholarly exposition that readily draws out the meaning of the original. Olford, Stephen F. A Time for Truth: A Study of Ecclesiastes 3:1-8. Chattanooga, TN: AMG, 1999. Practical, relevant messages covering all aspects of the subtitle. Robert G. Witty wrote of this book: “Focuses upon life’s inescapable problems.” Here is an example of what expository preaching can and should be. Recommended.
  • Stedman, Ray C. Solomon's Secret: Enjoying Life, God's Good Gift. Portland, Oreg.: Multnomah Press, 1985. Brief though adequate messages on Ecclesiastes. Opens up this long-ignored book of the OT. Ideal for laypeople's discussion groups.
  • Swindoll, Charles Rozell. Living on the Ragged Edge: Coming to Terms with Reality. Waco, Tex.: Word Books, 1985. Addresses the contemporary milieu; explains from what God chose to reveal through His inspired penman the secret of contentment and the way to enjoy a sense of fulfillment. Each message is at once timely and relevant. The result is a work that deserves widespread circulation.
  • Wardlaw, Ralph. Exposition of Ecclesiastes. Minneapolis: Klock & Klock Christian Publishers, 1982. These sermons, first published in 1868, adequately expound the ethical and practical principles of this portion of God's Word. Readers will find in them a richness of thought and a relevance of application that will reward their inquiry. Recommended
  • Wiersbe, Warren Wendell. Be Satisfied. Wheaton, IL: Victor Books, 1990. A timely, valuable introduction to the teaching of Ecclesiastes. Ideal for adult discussion groups. Those who neglect this important little monograph do so to their own detriment.

WILLIAM BARRICK

BEST COMMENTARIES

KENNETH BOA

DICTIONARIES

BIBLE CHARTS

ARDEL B CANEDAY

IMANUEL CHRISTIAN

DAVID COLBURN

MARK DEVER

DON FORTNER

JAMES GRAY

WILLIAM HENRY GREEN

TED HILDEBRANDT

J. HAMPTON KEATHLEY, III

A M HODGKIN

This book is one long comment on the words of Christ, ''Whoso drinketh of this water shall thirst again'' [John 4:13].

The expression ''under the sun'' occurs no less than twenty-eight times, and nowhere else in the Bible. It may be taken as the Key-note of the book. ''Under the heaven'' is thrice mentioned, and ''upon the earth'' seven times. The word ''vanity'' occurs thirty-seven times [the Hebrew word means ''a vanishing vapor,'' or, ''emptiness'']. Nearly forty times in this book, does the Spirit of God name the earth and the things belonging to the earth. It is only in the last few verses that we get ''above the sun.''

If life be viewed apart from God, it becomes an insoluble problem; all is vanity and vexation of spirit. Exclude God from the world, and scepticism and materialism must be the inevitable result. The chief design of the book is to test things in order to prove how inadequate they are to satisfy the deepest and truest longings of the human heart. Its problem is-- Can the world, apart from God, meet man's need? The verdict is, ''All is vanity.''

What Shall It Profit? [Ecc 1:3; cp. Mark 8:36]

Who is it that propounds this problem? It is one who was in the very best position to judge. One who possessed everything the world could give, not only of material things, but of intellectual gifts also. Solomon-- ''the peaceful one''-- was intended to be the great ideal king. In the First Book of Kings, we see the extent of his possessions. A large, well-defined, fertile territory, peace within and around his kingdom; an enormous revenue to spend, wealth practically limitless; all the interests of new commerce and exploration. Insight and penetration above all men, sympathy with all men and things, the interest of starting classifications of science, and of forming books of maxims and songs. The respect and admiration of all his contemporaries. The power of expressing his thoughts in words (1Kings ch. 4; 8; and 10; Ecc 2:1-11). Wealth, youth, and strength were all on his side at the commencement of his reign, and, unlike other Easterns, he was never idle. He spent a number of years in building the Temple, a worthy work for such a king. His actual possessions and his power of insight and penetration lift him into a position from which he can really view the whole of life, and the limit of what it can afford. Here is philosophical insight fully developed; the great problem stated, but not solved; the diagnosis of the disease, but not the remedy. The book presents the world in its best aspect, yet says emphatically, ''Satisfaction is not there.''

''Only in the last two verses do we find the solution [Eccl 12:13,14]. Here Solomon gets above the sun, and things begin at once to disentangle and straighten. Love God, obey Him, trust Him, and all will be well with you; for the judgment approaches in which all wrongs will be righted, and all mysteries cleared up, and you will be made glad with a joy unspeakable. This is the key to the book. Live under the sun, rise no higher, and doubt and unbelief will ensue. Live above the sun, spend the days with God, and light and peace you shall have.'' Outline Studies in the Books of the Old Testament, W. G. Moorehead]

A New Center.

In chapter 2, we have a striking parallel to Romans 7. Both chapters are bristling with the personal pronoun ''I,'' and the result, in both, is failure and disaster. In Ecclesiastes 2, Solomon says, ''I said in mine heart, Go to now, I will prove thee with mirth... I said, I sought, I made, I builded, I planted, I got, I gathered, so I was great. Then I looked, and behold all was vanity and vexation of spirit.'' The pronoun ''I'' occurs thirty-six times, and over thirty times in Romans 7. That New Testament chapter is the expression of what the Apostle's experience would be, any moment, apart from Christ. As he looks at himself, all is failure, vanity and vexation. But in Romans 8, as he looks at Christ, he loses sight of himself. The pronoun of the first-person hardly occurs; he is taken up with the contemplation of God, of Christ, of the Spirit. The Divine Name occurs abundantly all through the chapter, and the result is ''No condemnation,'' ''more than conquerors,'' ''no separation.''

When self is the center of our life, and everything is looked at from that standpoint, all is failure. When we find in Christ a new center and everything revolves around Him, then all falls into its right place, and we find rest and satisfaction to our souls. We begin then to ask about everything-- not ''How will this affect me?'', but ''How will this affect my Lord and Master?'' Does it touch His honor? Does it bring glory to Him?

White Robes.

There is a verse in Ecclesiastes which takes us into the very atmosphere of John's first Epistle. ''Let thy garments be always white; and let thy head lack no ointment.'' (Ecc 9:8). Obviously, this does not allude to outward things. But how can we keep ourselves unspotted in such an evil world? and how can we be continually ''unto God a sweet savour of Christ''? [2Cor 2:15]. ''The blood of Jesus Christ His Son cleanseth us from all sin.'' [1Joh 1:7]. As we walk in the light as He is in the light, and abide under the power of His shed blood, we can be kept clean. ''Ye have an unction from the Holy One... and the anointing which ye have received of Him abideth in you.'' [1Joh 2:20,27]. As we abide under the anointing of the Holy Spirit, the Comforter, He will abide with us for ever.

The Little City.

Again, this book contains a little parable. It is not a type, it is not a prophecy, but a simple little story with a beautiful truth hidden in it for those who believe that all parts of the Scripture converge towards One Center (Ecc 9:14,15).

''There was a little city, and few men in it''-- a picture of this earth which the Lord hath given to the children of men; a speck in His great universe, yet He is mindful of man.

''And there came a great king against it, and besieged it, and built great bulwarks against it.'' ''The Prince of this world cometh,'' Christ said; and he, the god of this world, has blinded the minds of men, lest the light of the glorious Gospel should shine unto them; so successfully has he laid siege to the city of Mansoul [ie., man's soul]. [cp. John 14:30; 2Cor 4:4]

''Now there was found in it a poor wise man, and he by his wisdom delivered the city.'' We know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, who, though He was rich, for our sakes became poor, and was found in fashion as a man, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the Cross [2Cor 8:9; Php 2:6-8]. The preaching of that Cross is unto them that perish foolishness, but unto us who are saved, it is the power of God and the wisdom of God [1Cor 1:18,24].

''Yet no man remembered that same poor man.'' ''My people have forgotten Me days without number'' [Jer 2:32], ''forgotten that they were purged from their old sins'' [2Pet 1:9]. ''Of the ten cleansed there were not found that returned to give glory to God save this stranger'' [Luke 17:17,18]. Oh, redeemed children of men, ''forget not all His benefits!'' [Psa 103:2]

''Both alike Good.''

Chapter 11 contains words of encouragement to the worker for Christ. ''Cast thy seed-corn on the waters: for thou shalt find it after many days.'' When the Nile overflows in Egypt, the rice grain is literally cast upon the fields while they are under water, to spring up in due season. In the parable of the sower, Christ tells us plainly that ''the seed is the word'' [Luke 8:4-15]. The ground, be it shallow, or trodden down, or preoccupied, or good-- that is, soft and empty, and receptive-- is the human heart. From this parable, we see that the heart of man contains nothing of the good seed of the Kingdom to begin with-- it has to be sown. The work of sowing the good seed of the Kingdom is always an act of faith. We cannot tell what sort of ground it will fall upon, but in this passage in Ecclesiastes, God gives the faithful sower the benefit of the doubt as to its success. ''Thou knowest not whether shall prosper, either this or that, or whether they both shall be alike good.'' Therefore, we are to be diligent in sowing, whether it be morning or evening, and whichever way the wind blows (11:6,4). ''Preach the word,'' Paul says to the youthful Timothy; ''be instant in season, out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort, with all long-suffering and doctrine'' [2Tim 4:2].

''Those that seek Me early shall find Me.'' [Prov 8:17; cp. Prov 1:24-33]

The book closes with a call to the young: ''Rejoice, O young man, in thy youth; and let thy heart cheer thee in the days of thy youth, and walk in the ways of thine heart, and in the sight of thine eyes: but know thou, that for all these things God will bring thee into judgment'' [Ecc 11:9]. The intention of the writer evidently is not to encourage the young to follow the dictates of their own heart without reference to God's will. He warns them of the result of such a course: ''Therefore, remove sorrow from thy heart, and put away evil from thy flesh: for childhood and youth are vanity. Remember now thy Creator in the days of thy youth, while the evil days come not, nor the years draw nigh, when thou shalt say, I have no pleasure in them.' [11:10 - 12:1-7].

This book is given as a danger-post, that we may be spared the bitterness of learning the vanity of the things of earth by finding their waters to fail; that we may choose the Lord's delightsome service of our own free will.

Those who have studied the subject have found that by far the largest proportion of men and women who are living to serve the Lord have chosen that service in childhood; that the proportion of those who are converted to God late in life is very small. How important, then, that the children should be won for Christ, that this most fertile soil should be claimed for Him, that the children should be led to accept His invitation: ''Suffer [ie., allow] the little children, and forbid them not, to come unto Me'' [Mark 10:14].

HOLMAN PUBLISHING

IMAGES

DAN T. LIOY

WILLIAM MACDONALD

DAVID MALICK

JOHN MACARTHUR

Author and Date - The autobiographical profile of the book’s writer unmistakably points to Solomon. Evidence abounds such as: 1) the titles fit Solomon, “son of David, king in Jerusalem” (Eccl 1:1) and “king over Israel in Jerusalem” (Eccl 1:12); 2) the author’s moral odyssey chronicles Solomon’s life (1Ki 2–11); and 3) the role of one who “taught the people knowledge” and wrote “many proverbs” (Eccl 12:9) corresponds to his life. All point to Solomon, the son of David, as the author. Once Solomon is accepted as the author, the date and occasion become clear. Solomon was writing, probably in his latter years (no later than ca. 931 B.C.), primarily to warn the young people of his kingdom, without omitting others. He warned them to avoid walking through life on the path of human wisdom; he exhorted them to live by the revealed wisdom of God (Eccl 12:9–14). (Ed: Bolding added to emphasize that this is almost assuredly written by Solomon -- contrast the comment in the NIV Study Bible introduction below).

Interpretive Challenges - The author’s declaration that “all is vanity” envelops the primary message of the book (cf. 1:2; 12:8). The word translated “vanity” is used in at least 3 ways throughout the book. In each case, it looks at the nature of man’s activity “under the sun” as: 1)”fleeting,” which has in view the vapor-like (cf. James 4:14) or transitory nature of life; 2)”futile” or “meaningless,” which focuses on the cursed condition of the universe and the debilitating effects it has on man’s earthly experience; or 3) “incomprehensible” or “enigmatic,” which gives consideration to life’s unanswerable questions. Solomon draws upon all 3 meanings in Ecclesiastes.

While the context in each case will determine which meaning Solomon is focusing upon, the most recurring meaning of vanity is “incomprehensible” or “unknowable,” referring to the mysteries of God’s purposes. Solomon’s conclusion to “fear God and keep His commandments” (12:13, 14) is more than the book’s summary; it is the only hope of the good life and the only reasonable response of faith and obedience to sovereign God. He precisely works out all activities under the sun, each in its time according to His perfect plan, but also discloses only as much as His perfect wisdom dictates and holds all men accountable. Those who refuse to take God and His Word seriously are doomed to lives of the severest vanity.

Outline - The book chronicles Solomon’s investigations and conclusions regarding man’s lifework, which combine all of his activity and its potential outcomes including limited satisfaction. The role of wisdom in experiencing success surfaces repeatedly, particularly when Solomon must acknowledge that God has not revealed all of the details. This leads Solomon to the conclusion that the primary issues of life after the Edenic fall involve divine blessings to be enjoyed and the divine judgment for which all must prepare.

I. Introduction

A. Title (Ecclesiastes 1:1)

B. Poem—A Life of Activity That Appears Wearisome (Ecclesiastes 1:2–11)

II. Solomon’s Investigation (Ecclesiastes 1:12–6:9)

A. Introduction—The King and His Investigation (Ecclesiastes 1:12–18)

B. Investigation of Pleasure-Seeking (Ecclesiastes 2:1–11)

C. Investigation of Wisdom and Folly (Ecclesiastes 2:12–17)

D. Investigation of Labor and Rewards (Ecclesiastes 2:18–6:9)

1. One has to leave them to another (Ecclesiastes 2:18–26)

2. One cannot find the right time to act (Ecclesiastes 3:1–4:6)

3. One often must work alone (Ecclesiastes 4:7–16)

4. One can easily lose all he acquires (Ecclesiastes 5:1–6:9)

III. Solomon’s Conclusions (Ecclesiastes 6:10–12:8)

A. Introduction—The Problem of Not Knowing (Ecclesiastes 6:10–12)

B. Man Cannot Always Find Out Which Route is the Most Successful for Him to Take Because His Wisdom is Limited (Ecclesiastes 7:1–8:17)

1. On prosperity and adversity (Ecclesiastes 7:1–14)

2. On justice and wickedness (Ecclesiastes 7:15–24)

3. On women and folly (Ecclesiastes 7:25–29)

4. On the wise man and the king (Ecclesiastes 8:1–17)

C. Man Does Not Know What Will Come After Him (Ecclesiastes 9:1–11:6)

1. He knows he will die (Ecclesiastes 9:1–4)

2. He has no knowledge in the grave (Ecclesiastes 9:5–10)

3. He does not know his time of death (Ecclesiastes 9:11, 12)

4. He does not know what will happen (Ecclesiastes 9:13–10:15)

5. He does not know what evil will come (Ecclesiastes 10:16–11:2)

6. He does not know what good will come (Ecclesiastes 11:3–6)

D. Man Should Enjoy Life, But Not Sin, Because Judgment Will Come to All (Ecclesiastes 11:7–12:8)

IV. Solomon’s Final Advice (Ecclesiastes 12:9–14)

J VERNON MCGEE

BILL MCRAE

G CAMPBELL MORGAN

ROBERT MCCABE

W. G. MOOREHEAD

NIV STUDY BIBLE

Author and Date - No time period or writer’s name is mentioned in the book, but several passages suggest that King Solomon may be the author (Eccl 1:1,12,16; 2:4–9; 7:26–29; 12:9; cf. 1Ki 2:9; 3:12; 4:29–34; 5:12; 10:1–8). On the other hand, the writer’s title (“Teacher,” Hebrew qoheleth; see note on 1:1), his unique style of Hebrew and his attitude toward rulers (suggesting that of a subject rather than a monarch—see, e.g., 4:1–2; 5:8–9; 8:2–4; 10:20) may point to another person and a later period. (Ed comment: While it "may point to another" the internal evidence almost assuredly points to Solomon as the author. See John MacArthur's comments above regarding the Authorship of Ecclesiastes. See also Swindoll's comments below).

MYER PEARLMAN

ANSON F. RAINEY

REFORMATION STUDY BIBLE

JAMES S. REITMAN

M. JAMES SAWYER

Summary - “Because man’s existence is perforated with puzzles, the pieces of which he can never assemble, his only recourse is to attain a posture of faith toward his life under the sun and to live it to the hilt knowing that someday the puzzle will be assembled by the One who created it and who will judge every deed.” (Howard Baker, “Theology of Ecclesiastes”)

H CARL SHANK

C H SPURGEON - Commenting on Commentaries on Ecclesiastes

  • ANNOTATIONS on the Book of Ecclesiastes. Lond. Printed by J. Streater. 1669. By no means remarkable, except for extreme rarity.
  • BEZA (THEODORE.). Ecclesiastes. Solomon's Sermon to the People, with an Exposition. Small [1594].  Sure to be weighty and instructive. It is exceedingly rare.
  • BRIDGES (CHARLES, M.A.) Exposition of Ecclesiastes. 1860 -After the manner of other works by this devout author, who is always worth consulting, though he gives us nothing very new.
  • BROUGHTON (HUGH. 1549—1612). A Comment upon Ecclesiastes, framed for the Instruction of Prince Henry.  1605. Broughton was a far-famed and rather pretentious Hebraist whom Dr. Gill quoted as an authority. His work is nearly obsolete, but its loss is not a severe one.
  • BUCHANAN (ROBERT, D.D.) Ecclesiastes; its Meaning and its Lessons, explained and illustrated. Sq. Loud., Glasg., & Edinb., Blackie & Sons. 1859.. Dr. Buchanan has endeavored in every instance to give the true meaning of the text. His explanations were composed for the pulpit and delivered there. The work is most important, but strikes us as lacking in liveliness of style.
  • CHOHELETH, or "The Royal Preacher, a Poem." First published in the year 1768.-Reprinted, 1830. This is the work of which Mr. Wesley wrote:—"Monday, Feb. 8, 1768. I met with a surprising poem, intituled Choheleth, or the Preacher: it is a paraphrase in tolerable verse on the Book of Ecclesiastes. I really think the author of it (a Turkey merchant) understands both the difficult expressions and the connection of the whole, better than any other, either ancient or modern, writer whom I have seen." We defer to Mr. Wesley's opinion, but it would not have occurred to us to commend so warmly.
  • COLEMAN (JOHN NOBLE, M.A.) Ecclesiastes. A New Translation, with Notes. Imp. -Lond., Nisbet. 1867. A scholarly translation with important observations.
  • COTTON (JOHN. 1585—1652). A briefe exposition, with practical observations. 1654. [Reprinted in Nichol's series of Commentaries. See Muffet, No. 596.] By a great linguist and sound divine. Ecclesiastes is not a book to be expounded verse by verse; but Cotton does it as well as anyone.
  • COX (SAMUEL). The Quest of the Chief Good: Expository Lectures. Sq. 1868. We should find it hard to subscribe to Mr. Cox's views of Ecclesiastes, for, to begin with, we cannot admit that its author was not Solomon, but some unnamed Rabbi: nevertheless, "The Quest of the Chief Good" is full of valuable matter, and abundantly repays perusal.
  • DALE (THOMAS PELHAM, M.A.) Ecclesiastes. With a running Commentary and Paraphrase. Rivingtons. 1873. This author makes all that he can out of the errors of the Septuagint, which he seems to value almost as much as the correct text itself. The new translation is a sort of stilted paraphrase, which in a remarkable manner darkens the meaning of the wise man's words. Mr. Dale says he is a man of one book, and we are glad to hear it: for we should be sorry for another book to suffer at his hands.
  • DESVOEUX (A. V.) A Philosophical and Critical Essay on Ecclesiastes. 1760.  A curious and elaborate production. Neither in criticism, nor in theology, is the author always sound, and his notes are a very ill-arranged mass of singular learning.
  • GINSBURG (CHRISTIAN D.) Coheleth, or Ecclesiastes; trans-lated, with a Commentary. 8vo. Lond.,Longmans. 1857. The author does not believe that Solomon wrote the book, and his view of its design is not the usual, nor, as we think, the right one. His outline of the literature of the book is very complete.
  • GRANGER (THOMAS). A Familiar Exposition, wherein the World's Vanity and the true Felicitie are plainly deciphered. 1621.Very antique, containing many obsolete and coarse phrases; but pithy and quaint.
  • GREENAWAY (STEPHEN). New Translation. Leicester, 1781.  Confused, eccentric, and happily very rare.
  • HAMILTON JAMES, D.D. (1814-1867). Royal Preacher: Lectures on Ecclesiastes. 1851;  We have had a great treat in reading this prose poem. It is a charming production.
  • HENGSTENBERG (E. W., D.D.) Commentary on Ecclesiastes. To which are appended: Treatises on the Song of Solomon; on the Book of Job; on the Prophet Isaiah, &c.Edinb., T. & T. Clark. 1860. Scholarly of course, and also more vivacious than is usual with Hengstenberg.
  • HODGSON (BERNARD, LL.D ) New Translation.  1791.  Notes neither long, numerous, nor valuable.
  • HOLDEN (GEORGE, M.A.) An Attempt to illustrate the Book of Ecclesiastes. 1822 Bridges says that Holden "stands foremost for accuracy of critical exegesis," and Ginsburg considers his Commentary to be the best in our language. We may therefore be wrong in setting so little store by it as we do, but we are not convinced.
  • JERMIN (MICHAEL, D.D.) Ecclesiastes.The school to which Jermin belonged delighted to display their learning, of which they had no small share; they excelled in wise sayings, but not in unction. The fruit is ripe, but lacks flavour.
  • LLOYD (J., M.A.) An Analysis of Ecclesiastes: with reference to the Hebrew Grammar of Gesenius, and with Notes; to which is added the Book of Ecclesiastes, in Hebrew and English, in parallel columns. 1874. This will be esteemed by men who have some knowledge of the Hebrew. The repeated references to Gesenius would render the book tedious to the ordinary reader, but they make it all the more valuable to one who aspires to be a Hebraist.
  • [LUTHER]. An Exposition of Salomon's Booke, called Ecclesiastes, or the Preacher.. Printed by J. Day. Even the British Museum authorities have been unable to find this octavo for us, though it is mentioned in their catalogue
  • MACDONALD (JAMES M., D.D. Princeton, Ecclesiastes.  1856. Thoroughly exegetical, with excellent "scopes of argument" following each division: to be purchased if it can be met with.
  • MORGAN (A. A.) Ecclesiastes metrically Paraphrased, with Illustrations. 1856. This is an article deluxe, and is rather for the drawing-room than for the study. A graphic pencil, first-class typography, and a carefully written metrical translation make up an elegant work of art.
  • MYLNE (G. W.) Ecclesiastes; or, Lessons for the Christian's Daily Walk. 1859.The author in this little publication does not comment upon the whole Book; but the passages he touches are ably explained.
  • NISBET (ALEXANDER. Died about 1658). An Exposition, with Practical Observations - One of those solid works which learned Scotch divines of the seventeenth century have left us in considerable numbers. In our judgment it is as heavy as it is weighty.
  • PEMBLE (WILLIAM, M.A 1591—1623). Salomon's Recantation and Repentance; or, the Book of Ecclesiastes briefly and fully explained.  Anthony a Wood calls Pemble "a famous preacher, a skillful linguist, a good orator, and an ornament to society." Moreover, he was a learned Calvinistic divine. This "Recantation" is a minor production. The style is scholastic, with arrangements of the subjects such as render it hard to read. We confess we are disappointed with it.
  • PRESTON (THEODORe, M.A.) A translation of the Commentary of Mendelssohn from the Rabbinic Hebrew; also a newly-arranged English Version,-A book more prized by linguists than by preachers. We might with propriety have named this Mendelssohn's Commentary, for so it is.
  • PROBY (W. H. B., M.A.) Ecclesiastes for English Readers. 1874. About 45 pages, and these are quite enough. What has come to a man's brain when he prophecies that Antichrist will take away the daily sacrifice, that is, "forbid the eucharistic bread and wine," and then adds: "To this awful time there is probably a mystical reference in the words of our present book (XII. 6), 'While the silver cord is not loosed, or the golden bowl broken, or the pitcher broken at the fountain, or the wheel broken at the cistern.' For silver and gold signify respectively, in the symbolic language of Scripture, love and truth: thus the loosening of the silver cord will mean the love of many waxing cold, and the breaking of the golden bowl will mean the failure of truth from the earth; and we understand, then, that in the last awful time there will be no longer any speaking of the truth in love. And as the 'wells of salvation' in Isaiah XlI. 3, are the sacraments and other means of grace, so the breaking of the pitcher and the wheel may signify the cessation of those ministries by which the sacraments and other means of grace are dispensed."
  • REYNOLDS (EDWARD, D.D. Bishop of Norwich,Annotations. Works. Vol. IV. 8vo. Lond., 1826. Reprinted, by Dr. Washburn. 1811. See Westminster Assembly's Annotations (No. 2), for which Reynolds wrote this: he is always good.
  • SERRANUS, or, DE SERRES (JOHN. 1540—1598). A Godlie and Learned Commentary upon Ecclesiastes, newly turned into English, by John Stockwood, Schoolmaster of Tunbridge. 1585. Serranus was a Protestant pastor at Nismes, of such moderate opinions, and such objectionable modes of stating them, that he was about equally abhorred by Romanists and Protestants. He is said to have been very inaccurate in his learning.
  • STUART (MOSES). A Commentary on Ecclesiastes 1851.-Full and minute, with most instructive introductions. It is unnecessary to say that Moses Stuart is a great authority, though not all we could wish as to spirituality.
  • TYLER (Triowas, M.A.) Ecclesiastes; a Contribution to its Interpretation. Williams & Norgate. 1875. This writer is no doubt a profound thinker, but we do not set much store by the result of his thinkings. He maintains that the writer of Ecclesiastes was a Jew who had. traveled abroad, and heard the Stoic philosophers and their opponents at Athens. He seems to think that his point is proved, but it is the merest surmise possible. The work is not at all to our taste.
  • WARDLAW (RALPH, D.D.) Lectures on Ecclesiastes.  1821. Wardlaw is always goad, though not very brilliant. He may be relied upon, when not critical, and he generally excites thought.
  • WEISS (BENJAMIN). New Translation and Exposition, with Critical Notes.1856. It is pleasing to find a converted Jew engaged upon this Book. Mr. Weiss says many good things, but frequently his interpretations and remarks are more singular than wise.
  • YCARD (FR. Dean of Achonry). Paraphrase. 8vo. Lond., 1701. I/6. The clean supposes the Royal Preacher to have been interrupted by an impudent sensualist, and so he gets rid of the difficulty of certain passages by putting them into the scoffer's mouth. The theory is not to be tolerated for a moment.
  • YOUNG (LOYAL, D.D.) Commentary, with introductory Notices by McGill and Jacobus. 1865. This American comment is high & spoken of by eminent judges. and appears to have been carefully executed. It is able and solid, and at the same time enlivened with originality of thought, vivacity of,expression, and practical pungency.
  • SMITH (JOHN, M.D., M.R.C.P.L.) King Solomon's Portraiture of Old Age, wherein is contained A Sacred Anatomy both of Soul and Body, with an account of all these Mystical and Enigmatical Symptomes, expressed in the six former verses of the 12th Chap. of Ecclesiastes, made plain and easie to a mean Capacitie.-A curious book by a Physician, who brings his anatomical knowledge to bear upon the twelfth chapter of Ecclesiastes, and tries to show that Solomon understood the circulation of the blood, &c. Matthew Poole introduced the substance of this treatise into his Synopsis, and in that huge compilation he speaks eulogistically of the author, with whom he resided. We mention it because of its singularity.

RAY STEDMAN

CHARLES SWINDOLL

Who wrote the book? The title “Ecclesiastes” comes from a Greek word indicating a person who calls an assembly, so it makes sense that the author identified himself in Ecclesiastes 1:1 by the Hebrew word qoheleth, translated as “Preacher.” Despite leaving only this rather mysterious name to indicate his identity, evidence in the book, along with most Jewish and Christian tradition, suggests that King Solomon authored Ecclesiastes. The Preacher went on to call himself “the son of David, king in Jerusalem,” one who has increased in “wisdom more than all who were over Jerusalem before me,” and one who has collected many proverbs (Ecclesiastes 1:1, 16; 12:9). Solomon followed David on the throne in Jerusalem as the only Davidic son to rule over all Israel from that city (Eccl 1:12). He was the wisest man in the world during his time (1 Kings 4:29–30) and wrote most of the book of Proverbs (Proverbs 1:1; 10:1; 25:1). Therefore, we can safely identify Solomon as the qoheleth of the opening verse. (Bolding added)

Why is Ecclesiastes so important? Ecclesiastes presents us a naturalistic vision of life—one that sees life through distinctively human eyes—but ultimately recognizes the rule and reign of God in the world. This more humanistic quality has made the book especially popular among younger audiences today, men and women who have seen more than their fair share of pain and instability in life but who still cling to their hope in God.

What's the big idea? Ecclesiastes, like much of life, represents a journey from one point to another. Solomon articulated his starting point early in the book: “Vanity of vanities! All is vanity” (Ecclesiastes 1:2), indicating the utter futility and meaninglessness of life as he saw it. Nothing made sense to him because he had already tried any number of remedies—pleasure, work, and intellect—to alleviate his sense of feeling lost in the world. However, even in the writer’s desperate search for meaning and significance in life, God remained present. For instance, we read that God provides food, drink, and work (2:24); both the sinner and the righteous person live in God’s sight (Eccl 2:26); God’s deeds are eternal (Eccl 3:14); and God empowers people to enjoy His provision (Eccl 5:19). Ultimately, the great truth of Ecclesiastes lies in the acknowledgment of God’s ever-present hand on our lives. Even when injustice and uncertainty threaten to overwhelm us, we can trust Him and follow after Him (Eccl 12:13–14).

How do I apply this? We all desire meaning in life. Often that search takes us along winding, up-and-down paths filled with bursts of satisfaction that shine bright for a time but eventually fade. In one sense, it’s satisfying to see that experience echoed throughout Ecclesiastes. An appreciation for our common humanity emerges from reading its pages. We relate to the journey of Solomon because, for so many of us, it is our own. When we attempt to find meaning in the pursuit of pleasure, the commitment to a job, or through plumbing intellectual depths, we all eventually find in each of these pursuits a dead end. Ecclesiastes shows us a man who lived through this process and came out on the other side with a wiser, more seasoned perspective. When we’re surrounded by the temptation to proclaim life’s ultimate emptiness, we can find in Ecclesiastes a vision tempered by experience and ultimately seen through divinely colored lenses. Life is destined to remain unsatisfying apart from our recognition of God’s intervention. It only remains to be seen whether or not we will place our trust in His sure and able hands. Have you struggled with misplaced pursuits in life? Does your life lack the meaning and purpose you desire? Hear the words of Solomon that they might encourage you to place your trust solely in the Lord. (Excerpt from Ecclesiastes Overview)

JAMES VAN DINE

PAUL VAN GORDER

(Excerpt) The book of Ecclesiastes has been branded as a book of pessimism and denounced by the critics as unworthy of the Holy Spirit's authorship. I must admit that it is indeed filled with hopelessness and despair. Quite often the materialists, the fatalists, and the sensualists support their teachings by sentences lifted from the book of Ecclesiastes.

The opening verse gives the title of the book: ''The words of the Preacher, the son of David, king in Jerusalem.'' The second verse gives the theme of the book: ''Vanity of vanities, saith the Preacher, vanity of vanities; all is vanity.'' But it must be remembered that he speaks only of that which is ''under the sun,'' a phrase that is used 29 times in Ecclesiastes.

This book, given by divine inspiration, is a record of the bitter disappointment that awaits people whose faith soars no higher than the sun. The conclusion a man like that reaches is stated in this key text: ''...all was vanity and vexation of spirit, and there was no profit under the sun'' (Ecc 2:11).

C.I. Scofield has written, ''It is what man, with the knowledge that there is a holy God and that He will bring everything into judgment, discovers of the emptiness of setting the heart upon things under the sun.''

CHRIST IN ECCLESIASTES--I could find no better expression of the purpose of this book that that which was written by F. C. Jennings, a devout student of the Word of God. I am quoting from his book Meditations on Ecclesiastes. "No song brightens its pages; no praise is heard amid its exercises. And yet perfectly assured we may be that, listened to aright, it shall speak forth the praise of God's beloved Son; looked at in a right light, it shall set off His beauty. If ''He turns the wrath of man to praise Him,'' surely we may expect no rest from man's sorrows and ignorances. This, then, we may take it, is the object of the book, to show forth by its dark background the glory of the Lord, to bring into glorious relief against the black cloud of man's need and ignorance the bright light of a perfect, holy revelation; to let man tell out, in the person of his greatest and wisest, when he too is at the summit of his greatness, with the full advantage of his matured wisdom, the solemn questions of his inmost being; and show that greatness to be of no avail in solving them, that wisdom foiled in the search for their answers. (emphasis ours)

ROY ZUCK

Excerpts:

Is Ecclesiastes a Misfit? Through the centuries many people have questioned whether the Book of Ecclesiastes belongs in the biblical canon, and especially in the wisdom corpus. Since it seems to underscore the futility and uselessness of work, the triumph of evil, the limitations of wisdom, and the impermanence of life, Ecclesiastes appears to be a misfit. Because it apparently contradicts other portions of Scripture and presents a pessimistic outlook on life, in a mood of existential despair, many have viewed it as running counter to the rest of Scripture or have concluded that it presents only man’s reasoning apart from divine revelation....

The Doctrine of God in Ecclesiastes - Forty times Ecclesiastes uses the word Elohim, and no other name, in speaking of God. As the transcendent God (“God is in heaven,” Eccl 5:2), He is the Creator (Eccl 12:1), “the Maker of all things” (Eccl 11:5). His created works include man, giving him life (Eccl 8:15; 9:9) and a spirit (Eccl 3:21; 12:7), making him upright (Eccl 7:29), and setting eternity in his heart (Eccl 3:11). In His sovereignty God has planned the timing of all things (Eccl 3:1–8), which timing is beautiful (Eccl 3:13), though incomprehensible (Eccl 3:11; 8:17; 11:5) and unalterable by man (Eccl 3:14; 7:13). The events and activities God has under His control include positive elements of life such as birth, planting, healing, upbuilding, joy, searching, keeping, mending, speaking, loving, and enjoying peace—and all their negative opposites (Eccl 3:1–8). All of life is under divine appointment and timing. Qohelet was not approving man’s killing, tearing, hating, or engaging in war; he was simply affirming that these things occur in human experience (because of man’s sin, Eccl 7:29) and that man cannot alter what God has planned....

The Doctrine of Man in Ecclesiastes - Man's Nature - Man’s finiteness is seen in the fact that he is created (Eccl 11:5; 12:1), earthbound (Eccl 5:2), and subject to death (Eccl 3:19–20; 6:6; 7:2; 9:5). He is a rational creature, for he can be guided by his mind (Eccl 2:3), he can evaluate (Eccl 2:11), understand (Eccl 1:17), investigate (Eccl 1:13), observe (Eccl 1:14; 2:12, 24; 3:10; 5:13; 6:1; 7:15; 8:9–10; 9:11, 13; 10:5, 7), reflect (Eccl 1:16; 2:1, 12, 15; 8:9; 12:9), and draw conclusions (Eccl 2:14, 17; 5:18). Human emotions, according to Ecclesiastes, include joy (Eccl 2:10; 9:7, 9; 11:9), love (Eccl 9:1, 6, 9), hatred (Eccl 2:17–18; 9:1, 6), contentment (Eccl 4:8), despair (Eccl 2:20), grief (Eccl 2:23), envy (Eccl 4:4), anger (Eccl 7:9), and sadness (Eccl 7:4)....

Man's Sin - Sin is universal (Eccl 7:20) and inward (Eccl 9:3, “full of evil”). Man’s inner pull toward sin accelerates if he feels he, like others, can get away with sin without immediate punishment (Eccl 8:11)....

Man's Death - Life is fleeting (“few days,” Eccl 2:2; 6:12), and death is certain. All will die (Eccl 2:14–16; 3:18–20; 6:6) including sinners (Eccl 8:10, 12–13; 9:2–3). Since God has appointed the time of each person’s death (Eccl 3:2), man cannot influence when it will occur (Eccl 8:8) or even know when it will occur (Eccl 9:12). Nothing can be taken from this life when a person dies; his exit is like his entrance (Eccl 5:15–16). The dead go to Sheol (Eccl 9:10), that is, the grave, where they have no more opportunity to participate in this life’s activities (Eccl 9:5–6). Death is final....

Man's Responsibilities - (Ed: This conclusion summarizes what are probably the last written words of the wisest man in the OT and thus are worth reviewing). What responsibilities does man have in light of the futilities and mysteries of life? What actions did Qohelet say will aid man in his pursuit of life? At least six suggestions are given in the book.

1. Be wise. While wisdom has its drawbacks (Eccl 1:18), can be nullified by a little folly (Eccl 10:1), is transitory (Eccl 4:13–16; 9:13–16), and does not prevent death (Eccl 2:12), it does have advantages. It is better to be wise than foolish (Eccl 2:13) or famous (4:13–16), for wisdom can help preserve life (Eccl 7:11–12), gives strength (Eccl 7:19), causes one to reflect on the seriousness of life and death (Eccl 7:5), and can brighten a person’s countenance (Eccl 8:1). Mere human wisdom, wisdom acquired by intellectual pursuits, is inadequate, but divine wisdom enables man to rest in the sovereign ways of God and in His providential timing (Eccl 8:5).

2. Worship and please God. Proper worship entails a sense of caution and apprehension in God’s presence (Eccl 5:1–2). Making a commitment to the Lord should be done thoughtfully and without haste, but once having made it the worshiper should follow through on his promise (Eccl 5:4–6). Pleasing God should be man’s deepest desire (Eccl 2:26; 7:26).

3. Remember God. More than a mental exercise, this means to acknowledge His authority and respond with loyalty (Eccl 12:1, 6) and obedience (Eccl 12:13, “keep His commandments”).

4. Fear God. Fearing God stands at the heart of wisdom literature (Job 28:28; Ps. 111:10; Prov. 1:7; 9:10). Hence it is no surprise that in Ecclesiastes man is commanded five times to fear God (Eccl 3:14; 5:7; 7:18; 8:12–13; 12:13), to recognize who He is and to respond accordingly in worship, awe, love, trust, and obedience.

5. Be diligent. Life with its many uncertainties (Eccl 9:11–12) means man knows comparatively little. “You do not know” is stated three times in six verses (Eccl 11:2, 5–6) along with the words “you do not understand” (v. 5) to point up man’s ignorance of which disasters may come and when, where the wind will blow, how the human embryo develops in the womb, or which enterprise or investment will be successful. This ignorance need not paralyze man or stifle him into laziness. Instead one should forget trying to change things that cannot be changed (Eccl 11:3) or trying to predict what cannot be known (Eccl 11:4, 6), and should be hard at work all day (Eccl 11:6), working wholeheartedly (Eccl 9:10) and leaving the results to the Lord. Laziness results in increased problems (e.g., sagging rafters and leaking roofs, Eccl 10:18).

6. Enjoy life. The fact that Solomon admonished his readers not to look for the answer to life in the pleasures of life itself did not rule out his encouraging them to accept their lot (חלק) in life and to be glad for the simple pleasures of life including food, warmth, marriage, and doing good. This theme occurs seven times in the book: Eccl 2:24–26; 3:12–13, 22; 5:18–20; 8:15; 9:7–9; 11:8–9. “These modest pleasures are not goals to live for, but bonuses or consolations to be gratefully accepted.” The fact that these pleasures are for man’s joy and contentment rules out asceticism, and the fact that they are given by God rules out sinful hedonism.

Castellino well summarizes the message of Ecclesiastes: “Therefore: (a) set aside all anxious striving and labor (amal); (b) avoid all speculations on God’s ruling of the world and (c) be thankful to God for whatever satisfaction He gives you, valuing and measuring everything as a gift from Him and enjoying it, never forgetting that you shall have to render strict account to God Himself.”

SERMONS ON
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MIKE BLACK Ecclesiastes - 14 sermons - Believers Chapel Dallas

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IMANUEL CHRISTIAN

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  • Scripture Index - Ecclesiastes - 95 sermons most are Mp3's with only a few transcripts - e.g., Philip Ryken, Alistair Begg, Kent Hughes, Mark Dever,

JOHN HAMBY - Sermon Series

STEVE KRELOFF - Mp3's only but high quality

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JONATHAN MCLEOD - Sermon series - 15 messages

DONALD MCCULLEY - audios and summary outline of the audio

  • Ecclesiastes 1:1-18 The Purposeless Driven Life

    Introduction: Rick Warren has caught a lot of people’s attention with his books The Purpose Driven Church and The Purpose Driven Life. Have you ever thought about the purposeless driven life? This is the first sermon in a series on the subject “The Meaning of Life.” These messages are taken from a book that is rarely read yet houses tremendous treasure. The book is Ecclesiastes and I know of no other book in the Bible that is needed in today’s culture any more than this work. The Secularist is squealing, “Let’s get rid of God.” The Materialist is marketing, “Buy this product and you will be happy.” The Hedonist is harping, “Let’s party dude!” The Religionist is recruiting, “You gotta get religion man!” To all of these the preacher/teacher (Eccl 1:1) has a word. Ecclesiastes is the journal about one man’s journey through life. The man’s name is Solomon. He started out well, but there came a time when he went from doing things God’s way to doing his own thing. He tried it all and each time came up empty. Solomon’s conclusion can best be summed up in one sentence: Life without God is meaningless.

    I. His Premise (Eccl 1:1-11)

    Note the word “meaningless” in Eccl 1:2. It means super vain, completely empty, nothing to it. When you live under the “sun” without the “Son” you’re purposeless and clueless. Look at Solomon’s thoughts concerning:

    A. Occupation (Eccl 1:3): The word “gain” means advantage. When all is said and done, when the red-headed, pony-tailed, guitar strumming philosopher sings “Turn out the lights, the party’s over” (That’s Willie Nelson for all non-cultured people), what’s the advantage? Nobody has a net gain. You won’t take anything with you. 

    B. Generation (Eccl 1:4): He speaks here of nature’s cycle. The expression here is one of futility.

    C. Creation (Eccl 1:5-7): “Sun”. This is like a runner endlessly running around a race track. “Wind”. Goes round and round. It’s monotonous and purposeless. “Streams”. These accomplish nothing. Do you get the picture? Life without God is like running in circles, going nowhere fast and not making any difference.

    D. Explanation (Eccl 1:8): He doesn’t have one.

    E. Summation (Eccl 1:9): Solomon’s point is not to drive us to despair but to God.

    II. His Pursuit (Eccl 1:12-17)

    A. His Dedication (Eccl 1:12): “Study” – to seek, to investigate the roots of an issue. He researched. He made notes. “Explore” – to experiment. He got involved. He stopped at nothing. Here’s a man who has “been there, don’t that”. He speaks to us from his experience. He says to us “Life without God is purposeless.” The booze, affair, money, fame and fortune won’t ever satisfy you.

    B. His Meditation (Eccl 1:16): He stopped at nothing.

    C. His Application (Eccl 1:17): He tried labor, now he tries learning. “Twisted” – cannot be solved. “Lacking” – missing data. Some things cannot be solved and some things we can never find out.

    D. His Frustration (Eccl 1:14, 17): “Chasing the wind”. You can’t catch it. If you do, you don’t have anything.

    III. His Pessimism

    The whole passage is negative. Such is the case when one omits God.

    Conclusion: Chuck Swindoll in his book Living on the Ragged Edge makes two excellent observations:

    1. If there is nothing but nothing under the sun, our only hope must be above it.

    2. If a man who had everything, investigated everything visible, then the one thing needed must be invisible.

    Are you purpose driven or just purposeless? Life without God is meaningless!
     

  • Ecclesiastes 3:1-22 Time Life Presents

    Introduction: Have you ever caught one of those “Time Life” commercials on television? Time Life is a company that markets CD’s, DVD’s, Music Videos, etc. What does this have to do with this chapter? In twenty-two verses the word “time” is noted thirty-two (32) times. It’s about time, and it’s all about life.

    Solomon pondered the idea of time! Every day we are given 86,400 second, 1,400 minutes, or 24 hours. Regardless of who we are, we all have the same amount of time. Ben Franklin once said, “Time – that’s the stuff life is made of.” How do you perceive time? Thirty minutes for a student awaiting the closing bell is different from that of a convicted murderer on death row who will in thirty minutes receive a lethal injection. One year for a teenager longing for a driver’s license differs from the person who’s just been told they have one year to live because of a terminal illness. As it has been said, “time drags on or flies, but time never stops.” Consider these following ideas.

    I. Time Life Presents Changes (Eccl 3:1-8)

    “Life is full of contrasts.” As Solomon pondered time and life he listed fourteen contrasting events. This is life as it occurs.

    A. Life and Death (Eccl 3:2) – Read Psalm 139:16 on birth and Hebrews 9:27 on death. You can’t choose the first or predict the second. God determines both.

    B. Planting and Uprooting (Eccl 3:2) – You don’t plant in harvest nor harvest in planting. Timing is everything. What is it you need to plant or uproot?

    C. Killing and Healing (Eccl 3:3) – Solomon’s concern here is not ethics but asserting a central fact of life. “Life seems strangely fixed between a battle-field and a first-aid station.” (Swindoll)

    D. Tear Down and Build Up (Eccl 3:3) – There a time to blast and a time to build.

    E. Weeping and Laughter (Eccl 3:4) – Some who are weeping long for laughter. Don’t run from either.

    F. Mourning and Dancing (Eccl 3:4) – Consider death, divorce, marriage and birth. Life swings from grief to joy.

    G. Scatter and Gather (Eccl 3:5) – Here’s a defensive and offensive ploy.

    H. Embrace and Refrain (Eccl 3:5) – There’s a time for affirmation and confrontation.

    I. Search and Give Up (Eccl 3:6)

    J. Keep and Throw Away (Eccl 3:6) – Have you checked your garage, attic or closet lately?

    K. Tear and Mend (Eccl 3:7)

    L. Silence and Speaking (Eccl 3:7) – We need to know when to speak up and shut up!

    M. Love and Hate (Eccl 3:8) – Love what God loves (how about a cheerful giver) and hate what God hates (see Proverbs 6:17-19).

    N. War and Peace (Eccl 3:8) – War is sometimes necessary. How about being a peacemaker in your church.

    See the tension? Each negative cancels out the positive. At the end of the day, what’s the gain? See verse 9. If your journey in life is only from the cradle to the grave and you leave God out, then every day you’re wasting 86,400 precious seconds.

    II. Time Life Presents Certainty (Eccl 3:9-15)

    “There’s more to life than this world!” Most live between sad and bad; between heartache and heartbreak. Life without God is the pits! Until He fills the vacuum life will never have meaning. When he does fill a heart, he does four things.

    A. He Make Life Beautiful (Eccl 3:11) – Note the words “appropriate” (beautiful), “everything” and “in it’s time.”

    B. He Makes Life Interesting (Eccl 3:11) – “Eternity.” He gives us the “itch” for tomorrow.

    C. He Make Life Joyful (Eccl 3:12-13)

    D. He Make Life Stable (Eccl 3:14-15) – God teaches us lessons, sometimes repeatedly, until we learn them. A college professor told his class, “You all can take class in one of two ways. You can take it seriously, or you can take it over.” Bottom line: Life comes from outside this world! It’s taken some people a long time to learn this. Sadly, some never learn.

    III. Time Life Present Confusion (Eccl 3:16-22)

    IV. “Life is not always fair – get used to it.” Solomon turns back to his cynicism. Why? See verse 16. Wickedness is winning. Without God people become beast-like in their nature and actions. Eccl 3:19-21 should not be endorsed as a doctrine but accepted as thoughts from a troubled man who’s trying to understand life “under the sun” or without God’s perspective.

    I think Solomon’s advice in these verses is simply teaching us to learn to take advantage of our disadvantages. You may not be able to change your “lot” (Eccl 3:22), but you can change your reaction or attitude to it. Let him take your mess and make a miracle.

    Conclusion: Without God there is no purpose or meaning. With God you can have the “time of your life!”
     

  • Ecclesiastes 4:1-16 I See Said The Blind Man!

    Introduction: Late in life Solomon strayed form God. He’s searching for the real meaning of life. His search is “under the sun” and that renders him somewhat blind to that which is “above the sun.” In this chapter you will note the word “saw” five times (Eccl 4:1, 4, 7, 15). He’s looking around at life. Warren Wiersbe lists four places Solomon visited: The courtroom, marketplace, highway and palace. I note he sees at least three classes of people: The oppressor (Eccl 4:1), the aggressor (Eccl 4:4), and successor (Eccl 4:13-16).

    Let me introduce you to eight characters alluded to in this chapter: 1. larcenist (Eccl 4:1); 2. ladened (Eccl 4:1); 3. laborer (Eccl 4:4); 4. loafer (Eccl 4:5); lustful (Eccl 4:6); 6. loner (Eccl 4:8); 7. lender (Eccl 4:9-12); 8. leader (Eccl 4:13-16).

    Solomon went looking around his world. We should look around our world as well. When we do we will see the same things Solomon saw. It’s a “see-saw” battle. When we look around what will we see?

    I. The Good Guys Don’t Always Win (Eccl 4:1-3)

    Innocent people oftentimes get shafted. Lot at what Solomon saw. It reads like the morning headlines.

    A. Oppression – The ego-driven, power hungry maniac wants to dominate. The “top dogs” and “head hogs” are running roughshod over people. The poor are downtrodden and heartbroken.

    B. Depression – Note the word “tears.” One day God will wipe away all tears (Rev. 7:17).

    C. Suppression – “No comforter.” Many who could have brought comfort, but there was no concern.

    D. Confession – (Eccl 4:2-3). This is not an argument justifying abortion or suicide. Hang in there. Why? See 3:15-17. The good guys don’t always win – in the here and now – but one day they will!

    II. Envy Rules Many a Heart (Eccl 4:4)

    The problem here is not his “hands,” but his “heart!” Note = “envy of his neighbor.”

    He’s not talking about healthy competition, but an intense rivalry in a “dog eat dog” world. It’s the pursuit of being number one even if you have to be dishonest. Tragically, this mindset is pervasive in many a preacher’s heart.

    III. Laziness Is a Surefire Path of Self-Destruction (Eccl 4:5)

    The laborer drives. The loafer drifts. Solomon had no sympathy for the lazy (Proverbs 6:10-11), neither did Paul (2 Thess. 3:10).

    IV. A Balanced Life Is a Wise Life (Eccl 4:6)

    It’s better to have a few things (one handful) and be satisfied than to have many things (two handfuls) and lose your health and peace of mind. Bring your labor and leisure into balance.

    V. One Is an Awfully Lonely Number (Eccl 4:7-8)

    It’s lonely at the top. Note “a man all alone,” “no end to toil,” “eyes were not content,” “a miserable business.” And you thought your climb to fame, fortune and fun would make you somebody? What’s the profit if you lose your family and friends along the way?

    VI. Everybody Needs a Friend (Eccl 4:9-12)

    The secret to survival – have a friend! Note the 1-2-3 punch. Wiersbe helps us out

    here. We need a friend when it comes to:

    A. Working (Eccl 4:10) – Two can get more done. Two makes the difficult jobs easier.

    B. Walking (Eccl 4:11) – A friend can help you up and out, whether it’s physical or spiritual.

    C. Warmth (Eccl 4:11)

    D. Watchcare (Eccl 4:12)

    God says, “It’s not good for a man to be alone.” Charles Lowery in his book Comic Belief, says a friend will bring you good cheer, lend a listening ear, shed a sensitive tear, give you a kick in the rear, tell you the truth without fear and always be near.

    VII. A Lot of People are Never Pleased (Eccl 4:13-16)

    You can’t please all the people all the time. Sooner or later people will become as

    displeased with the successor as they were with the predecessor! Welcome to the “fickle family.” They live right next door to the “rat-fink” family!

    Winston Churchill was at a gathering where he was introduced and received a rousing ovation. A lady sitting next to him said, “Mr. Churchill, it must be very rewarding to get such applause from so many people.” Churchill replied, “Madam, if this was my hanging, the crowd would be twice the size.”

    Conclusion: Don’t try to escape life. Meet it head on. Make the most of it. And, by the way, while you’re journeying through life, take a look around. I guarantee you will walk away saying, “I se said the blind man.”
     

  • Ecclesiastes 5:1-20 Www.ecc5.com

    Introduction: What is this title all about? It’s simple. I want to communicate (.com) with you from Ecclesiastes 5 (ECCS) about three issues that all start with the letter “W.” A few sermons back we talked about the letter “I.” Here, let’s talk about the letter “W.” If we ever hope to discover the true meaning of life, then we must address these three items.

    I. Worship (Eccl 5:1-7)

    In chapter 4 Solomon went to the courthouse. In this chapter we find him at the church house (temple). When you think about it, the church house he attended – he built! The tragedy was his worship did little to change his ways. He teaches us the futility of insincere worship. Solomon offers to us some basic counsel on worship when going to the church house:

    A. Guard Your Steps (Eccl 5:1) – approach with care. Come with reverence. Tip-toe! Take off your shoes because you are standing on holy ground! God is present! (see Ex. 3:5) Some come and sit or sleep. Others read, talk or write notes. Some just listen and leave. You can do all those things later, but for now you had better pay attention!

    B. Lend Your Ears (Eccl 5:1) – God has his ears on, do you? Listen. Why? Because God is communicating. Note “sacrifice of fools.” Here’s one who goes through the motions or worship but is unchanged in heart.

    C. Watch Your Mouth (Eccl 5:2) – Underline the words “quick,” “hasty,” “few.” We don’t impress God with flowery language or bloated promises. (cf Eph 4:29+)

    D. Control Your Mind (Eccl 5:3) – Stop daydreaming. Stop drooling. Many sit in church and think of everything but God.

    E. Keep Your Promise (Eccl 5:4-7) – note “vow” (commitment or promise) is mentioned five times. You vowed it – you keep it. Keep your word. God took you at your word and he doesn’t forget. He takes our promises seriously. This is no time for games!

    II. Wealth (Eccl 5:8-17)

    Let me comment on verses 8-9. “Don’t be surprised.” Our government may not be the best, but it beats anarchy. You will always have a few “bad apples” in the basket. It’s inevitable that some will be corrupt.

    Now, onto the subject of wealth. It’s not a sin to be rich! (Abraham/Job/ Solomon). The issue here is making the pursuit of wealth your priority or primary purpose in life. Here’s some sound advice on wealth. Solomon knows what he’s talking about. The man was loaded, but he was also miserable. For those whose goal is money, take careful notes.

    A. He Who Hungers for Money Will Find that His Heart is Never Satisfied (Eccl 5:10)

    Note: It’s not that he possesses it, but that he loves it. (See 1 Tim. 6:10). Enough is never enough. “Meaningless” = empty. Only God can satisfy.

    B. He Who Has Money will Find that His Friends are Multiplied (Eccl 5:11a)

    Ever noted all the leeches, parasites and blood-suckers of society who attach themselves to someone who has money?

    C. He Who Harbors his Money will find that His Worries are Magnified (Eccl 5:11b-12). – More money-more people-more worries-more anxiety-less sleep (see Proverbs 19:4-7). He spends all his time guarding his fortune. He can’t sleep.

    D. He Who Hoards His Money will Find that his Sickness is Intensified (Eccl 5:13)

    Here’s the picture of a miser who ruins himself. Note the word “harm.” “Those who grabbed and rose to the top will ultimately release and drop to the bottom.” (Swindoll).

    E. He Who Hugs His Money will Find that his Security is Nullified (Eccl 5:14) - He made an unsound investment and lost it all (See Proverbs 23:4-5).

    Note Eccl 5:15-17 – “carry in his hand.” What we carry with us when we die?

    Nothing? Also underline the words “frustration,” “affection,” “anger” (Eccl 5:17). We depart as we came – in our birthday suit without a skinny penny!

    III. Word (Eccl 5:18-20)

    Here are some keen observations about work.

    A. Accept Your Lot – mentioned twice. Accept your station. The grass is not always greener on the other side.

    B. Fulfill Your Labor – Work! Be steady.

    C. Enjoy Your Life – Don’t get caught in the greed trap. Laugh more. Lighten up. Relax.

    D. Serve Your Lord – Invest in his kingdom’s work. Be content with Jesus. He’s enough.

    Conclusion: Externally, everything looks good. But what about the internal? Jesus said, “Seek first the kingdom…and all these other things will be added to you.” Perhaps you need to visit or revisit www.eccs.com.
     

  • Ecclesiastes 6:1-12 The Mick Jagger Syndrome

    Introduction: The title was borrowed from a line in Ed Young’s book Been There, Done That and Now What? Mick Jagger is a rock star. He’s the lead man for the group called “The Rolling Stones.” In the 60’s one song shot the Stones to stardom. The title was “Satisfaction.” The opening line says, “I can’t get no satisfaction…” Isn’t that the theme of Ecclesiastes? Whether it’s the bewildered philosopher, Bandy the rodeo clown (he makes everybody laugh, but keeps a pint hid out behind chute number one to drown his own sorrows), Hugh Hefner and his Playboy band or good time Charlie who’s got the blues; they’re all looking for satisfaction. Here’s the point: looking for satisfaction “under the sun” is only chasing the elusive butterfly of love. It’s spitting into the wind. It’s the Mick Jagger syndrome. Life “under the sun” has no satisfaction!

    In chapter six please note Solomon’s insight. Observe:

    I. The Unfulfilled Life of a Rich Man (Eccl 6:1-6)

    In the NIV the word “enjoy” is used four times. Here’s a person with all the “toys,” but none of the “joys” (Eccl 6:2). To whom is Solomon referring. I agree with Church Swindoll (Living on the Ragged Edge) when he writes this is “the self-portrait of a troubled king.”

    Allow me to draw three principles from these verses.

    A. It’s the Giver not the Gifts that Brings Real Joy (Eccl 6:2) – You cannot enjoy the gifts of life without the God who gives the gifts.

    B. Your Joy can be Stolen (Eccl 6:2) – See the word “stranger” (NIV); foreigner (KJV). Who’s stealing your joy? See John 15:11; Gal. 22; John 16:21-22. Is it circumstances, things, people, worry, adversaries, sickness, family conflicts? When we focus more on the gifts than the giver, God has a way of causing us not to enjoy the gifts! It is then we start to question and evaluate God.

    C. Many Children and More Years Don’t Always Add Up to More Joy (Eccl 6:3-6)

    No doubt a hundred children and two thousand years is an exaggeration although, with regards to the hundred kids, there’s a mayor and state senator in west Tennessee working on that one. More kids may not get you out of depression, but may drive you further into it. Let’s face it, when they are babies they run at both ends. When they’re toddlers they are spoiled little brats who think they have to have every toy Wal-Mart has ever peddled. When they are teens they live on another planet.

    What about the “many years?” If your life is marked by pain and hardship that only prolongs the agony. Also note here Solomon’s reference to “proper burial” and being “stillborn.” What does all this mean? There was no proper burial (nobody grieving) because his family didn’t love him. They only stayed around long enough for the reading of the will! The stillborn is referred to as “it” five times. Not given a name was thought to help the parents get over their grief quicker. Here’s the bottom line: If you can’t enjoy life/riches and no one grieves when you die, what does that say about your life? You’ve be better off never to have been born! Such is the case of the unfilled life of a rich man. “I can’t get no satisfaction.”

    II. The Unsatisfied Soul of a Poor Man (Eccl 6:7-9)

    You can be an unsatisfied poor man as well as you can be an unfulfilled rich man!

    Again, allow me to bring three principles to light here.

    A. You Can Experience Labor without Reward (Eccl 6:7) – “Efforts” = labor. Why work? So we can eat. Why eat? So we can live (add years to our life). What good does it do to add years to your life if you don’t add life to your years? Note the word appetite (v. 7, 9). It’s the Hebrew word (Nephesh) than means soul. Hard word doesn’t necessarily satisfy an empty life. (Remember the story of Mary and Martha?) The most important moments of your day will not be at your desk, but in your prayer closet!

    B. You Can Attain Wisdom Without Advantage (Eccl 6:8) – He’s not belittling education or self-improvement, but these of themselves cannot satisfy.

    C. You Can Have Big Dreams and No Results (Eccl 6:9) – Like Swindoll said, “Give me a hamburger, fries and a coke rather than a dream about a steak, dreams don’t fill empty stomachs.” Come to terms with reality. The real thing you see is better than the dreams you hope for.

    III. The Unanswered Questions of a Confused Man (Eccl 6:10-12)

    In the text (NIV) you will find six questions (Eccl 6:6, 8, 11, 12). Solomon’s search didn’t provide answers, only more questions. The fact is, some questions can never be answered! Let me make three observations from these verses.
     

  • Ecclesiastes 7:15-29 Some Practical Pointers For Some Particular People

    Introduction: Ecclesiastes is the journal of Solomon’s quest to find “the meaning of life.” He had gotten off to a good start, but somewhere along the path he strayed from God’s ways. Chapter seven begins a turning point as Solomon starts looking back to God and his wisdom. In our last message we noted what benefits wisdom can bring. Let’s finish out this chapter b looking at some more of Solomon’s discoveries and discourse. I want to show you give particular people and offer some practical pointers to each.

    I. The Perplexed (Eccl 7:15)

    Pointer: “What you see is not always what you get.” It’s the age-old question – why do the righteous suffer and the wicked prosper? Do a good study of Psalm 73 and you will discover valuable insight. When the good die young and the bad “nasty” live on, it seems to defy God’s justice and God’s word. Keep in mind this is a generalization. It doesn’t always happen this way.

    Solomon didn’t seem to make sense of it all. It bothered him. It bothers us too. How do you explain it? I can’t explain the why. I can offer insight into whereabouts. You see, even if the righteous die young they are with Jesus in their “eternal” reward. Even if the wicked get by and live to a ripe old age, only in the here and now do “they have their reward.” Their reward is only temporal. Illustrate this with the story of the rich man and Lazarus (Luke 16:19-31). Remember God doesn’t settle all his accounts in October!

    II. The Pretender (Eccl 7:16-18)

    Pointer: “What you appear it not always what you are.” Solomon is not teaching moderation in righteousness or sinfulness. He’s teaching balance in life! He’s really speaking to the hypocrite. In light of Eccl 7:15, don’t claim to be self-righteous or wise. Illustrate with the story of the publican and Pharisee (Lk 18:10-14+). Have you ever spent time with “sanctimonious Sally” or “Pious Paul”? They’re always trying to impress others with their bullet-proof theology all the while dripping with the anointing of the Holy Spirit. They have all the answers – even to Eccl 7:15. In reality, they are nothing more than a pain in the rear end. Sort of reminds me of Job’s three friends.

    While some pretend to be “holier-than-thou,” others may cast caution to the wind and say, “What’s the use?” Life’s a crap-shoot. Let’s revel in wickedness. Eat, drink and be merry.

    What Solomon is arguing for is balance. See verse 18. Fear God. Trust God. Love God. Even when you don’t understand follow him, but don’t lose tough with reality of humanity. “Fear God, but don’t lose your perspective.” (Swindoll)

    III. The Perfectionist (Eccl 7:20)

    Pointer: “What you think is not always what you imagine.” Some think themselves to be a cut-above others. You need to rethink that! Your imagination is run amok! God, along, is absolute perfection. None of us are squeaky clean.

    IV. The Paranoid (Eccl 7:21)

    Pointer: “What you hear is not always what you need.” Don’t take seriously everything you hear. If you can’t handle praise it will go to your head. You begin to read too many of your own press reports. If you can’t handle criticism (and who among us can?) it will cut right to your heart. C. H. Spurgeon in his book Lectures to my Students said, “Every preacher needs one blind eye and one deaf ear.” Don’t be like the old boy who would never attend a football game. He thought every time the teams gathered in the huddle they were talking about him! Not everybody is out to get you. “Oh, be careful little ears what you hear…”

    V. The Pioneer (Eccl 7:22-29)

    Pointer: “What you discover is not always what you expect.” Solomon is like a scientist doing exploratory work. Note Eccl 7:23 – tested/determined; Eccl 7:25 – I turned; Eccl 7:26 – I find; Eccl 7:27 – I discovered. In his pioneering what did he find?

    A. Wisdom is Beyond Me (Eccl 7:23-25) – We can’t make ourselves wise. Wisdom is a gift form God (James 1:5). Note the words “beyond” and “far off.” It must be “above the sun” don’t you suppose? He turned to try to understand wickedness. That leads me to the second idea.

    B. The Affair Can’t Satisfy Me (Eccl 7:26) – Note the words “snare,” “trap,” “chains,” “ensnare.” The other woman looks good, doesn’t she? That hulk with the six-pack abs looks good compared to “Chester Drawers” (his chest has done fell down in his drawers). Look at old bald head with his bifocals, bunions and bulges. It’s all so appealing and compelling. But listen and learn from a man who was a sexual animal (1,000 wives). It never satisfied him.
     

  • Ecclesiastes 8:1-17 Leaders, Losers And Learners

    Introduction: In chapter 8 Solomon continues his theme on wisdom. Allow me to shed some light on three arenas: authority, agony and academics. Let me put it this way.

    I. The Traits of Wise Leaders (Eccl 8:1-9)

    These verses are for all who are in leadership positions. Everyone of us is affected by authority. We’re either under authority or in a position of authority. Here is good advice for every CEO, supervisor, manager or foreman. But I want to use these verses to speak to those in positions of spiritual leadership. Underscore these words.

    A. Explanation (Eccl 8:1) – The leader should be able to see the big picture. It means to have a solution; to explain the difficult. He or she needs to know the “why” of an organization (Swindoll). They may not know all the “hows” but they need to know the “why.” Mind your mind! Let your mind grow!

    B. Illumination (Eccl 8:1) – Note the words “brightens,” “face,” and “hard.” The word hard means stern, fierce, stiff, tough, unsmiling and negative. Leaders need wisdom that will beam them up! In other words, have a cheerful disposition. Not only “mind your mind,” but “fix your face.” Let your mind grow and let your face grow. The devil shouldn’t have all the laughter and fun. Laughter is vital to a balanced life and ministry.

    C. Communication (Eccl 8:2-4) – Note the use of “command” and “word.” Mind your mind. Fix your face. “Tame your tongue.” Let your mind grow, your face glow and your words “flow” – carefully, of course. What comes out of your mouth sets the tone and direction for your followers. “If you want to manage conflict then master communication” (John Maxwell). Be tactful and diplomatic.

    D. Discrimination (Eccl 8:5-7) – I don’t mean this in a bad way. The point is God has put you where you are so use good judgment. Know the proper time to do what ought to be done. Be calm and stead when trouble abounds. “Judge your judgment.” Let your wisdom “show.”

    E. Limitation (Eccl 8:8) – Learn your limitations. When it comes to this issue just “know.” None can harness the wind or defy death. We are finite. This should produce a humble, teachable spirit. The point here, also, is that I cannot change someone else’s spirit. There are some who try. They use and abuse and wind up losing.

    But what if my boss/parent/authority asks me to do something unethical or downright evil? Warren Wiersbe in his book Be Satisfied, has a good approach to this passage. He notes four possible responses. 1. Disobedience (Eccl 8:2, 4, 5); 2. Desertion (Eccl 8:30); 3. Defiance (Eccl 8:3b); 4. Discernment (Eccl 8:5b-6). Wisdom will help figure out the right thing at the right time. Now listen, we need to be wise leaders who manifest these traits. Why? Because of this second idea (as follows).

    II. The Tragedy of Wicked Losers (Eccl 8:10-14)

    We need wise leaders who bear the traits mentioned about in order to help others find the meaning of life. If they don’t find the real meaning of life they will wind up like the character in this text. Note:

A. His Funeral Is Outrageous (Eccl 8:10) – What good is it if you have an impressive, stately funeral and your soul is in hell?

B. His Folly Is Contagious (Eccl 8:11) – He continued his ways because he thought he could get by with it. Do we ever stop to think that what we are or are not doing could be rubbing off on someone else? “He had an affair and he seems to be happy. She has stolen and lied and she seems to be getting along quite well.” Judgment may not happen immediately, but it will happen! Nobody escapes!

C. His Finale Is Ungracious (Eccl 8:12-14) – How can it be that the Mafia prospers while the missionary is in pain? Why is it that the gangs, hoodlums and thugs run rampant while the godly are oppressed? In act there’s a lot of injustice in life. F. Lee Bailey said, “In America, acquittal doesn’t mean you’re innocent; it means you beat the rap.” Nobody beats the rap with God. Here’s a person who goes into eternity untouched by the grace of God.

Look with me at one more idea.

III. The Turmoil of Wary Learners (Eccl 8:15-17)
There are some who rack their brains trying to figure out all the injustices and mysteries of life. Please note three important words.

A. Spend (Eccl 8:16) – These people spend day and night trying to solve the unsolvable and answer the unanswerable.

B. Comprehend (Eccl 8:17) – Nobody can comprehend God and his plans to any degree of fullness. “God is partly concealed and partly revealed” (Wiersbe). Shoot, we can’t even catch “big foot” let along figure out God. Some preachers think they have him figured out! Benny says, “I can have a miracle.” Rod says, “I’m just one dollar away from a breakthrough.” If you make a mess of your life (and who among us hasn’t?), go see those guys. I’m sorry, but I’m not a miracle worker. I’m not God. I don’t understand very much about him. I can’t change your situation.

  • Ecclesiastes 9:1-18 918-365-Live

    Introduction: What’s with this title? It’s easy – chapter 9 has 18 verses. In this chapter Solomon gives us insight on how to live 365 days a year. Even though Solomon had gotten off to a good start, he had become side-tracked. He messed up big time. In his pursuit of life away from God, he went to Hollywood and Dollywood. He visited Disneyland, Wonderland and Neverland. He thought leisure would satisfy. He then went to Harvard, Yale, Princeton – you know all those “poison” ivy-league schools. He thought learning would satisfy. Solomon headed for the mountains (a cool Coors); he rode shotgun with the Clydesdale (a bubbling Bud); and he visited Jack Daniels (a shot). He thought liquor could satisfy. The “preacher” turned on the tube for some mad TV (also sad TV). He thought laughter could satisfy. He visited Hugh and al his Playboy bunnies. He thought lust could satisfy. He amassed a fortune as if loot could satisfy.

    He’s now come to himself. He’s making his way back to the Lord. He should have never left him in the first place. But he did, and now he’s writing his memoirs. He’s now reasoning from God’s perspective. In this chapter he tells us how to live 365 days a year. What does he say?

    I. Appreciate Sovereignty (Eccl 9:1, 11)

    After his reflection he concluded in order to spare us some heart-ache, he gives us a reality check. “There is a God and He is sovereign.” Note: “The Hand of God”. When we talk about sovereignty we are talking about his rule. One cannot hinder or thwart his plans. He ordains, overrules and orchestrates. He does according to his own will. See Romans 9:18. Simply put, He’s in control!

    Does that mean we are a bunch of robots? No. How do you reconcile sovereignty and free agency? I don’t even try. His ways are past finding out.

    One might conclude that being in His hand is a guarantee of health, wealth, and prosperity. Not so. Note: “Love or hate.” No one can predict tomorrow. What comforts us is that whatever happens there is a God who cares for us and is in control (every day).

    Look at Eccl 9:11. Please note the two words “time” and “chance”. Time = His time. “Chance” = His plan. They win out! Submit to God’s will. Accept His will and be content. Get rid of your ‘rabbit’s foot” – it didn’t bring the rabbit any luck!

    II. Contemplate Destiny (Eccl 9:2-3, 12)

    Life is unpredictable. Death is an absolute certainty. Death awaits us all. Death is not an accident but an appointment (Hebrews 9:27). Our destiny will be in one of two places – heaven or hell. Death must be addressed. Live everyday as it was your last.

    III. Deliberate on Depravity (Eccl 9:3)

    Evil is in the heart. The heart of the human problem is the problem of the human heart. We go from madness to meanness. Live every day with this in mind and let it drive you to the throne of God for grace to help live godly.

    IV. Celebrate Activity (Eccl 9:4-10)

    Note: “Hope”, “dog”. A live dog is better off than the king of the jungle if he’s dead. What should we celebrate?

    A. Pulse (Eccl 9:4) – As long as you breathe you have hope. You can get prepared to die. You can help bring about change. You may be “over the hill”, but that’s better than being “under the hill”.

    B. Present (Eccl 9:7) – Celebrate “now”. “Have a blast while you last.” (Swindoll)

    C. Pardon (Eccl 9:7) – “Favors” = he’s not angry. He approves. See Romans 8:1

    D. Purity (Eccl 9:8) – “White” – purity/righteousness

    E. Power (Eccl 9:8) - “Oil” – symbol of Holy Spirit and power

    F. Partner (Eccl 9:9) – Laugh and romance

    G. Pursuits (Eccl 9:10) – “Might” – do your best with all your strength

    V. Meditate Ability (Eccl 9:13-17)

    Solomon ends with a little parable. It is possible this man saved the city. It’s possible he could have saved the city, but didn’t. It’s possible he answered the call but the foolish ruler with the loud mouth got all the attention and this man was ignored. Whatever the case may be here is a man who had an opportunity for greatness. All of us have the ability to help turn the tide whether it’s in our individual lives, homes, churches, communities, nation or world. There are many enemies lurking around us seeking to destroy and demolish.

    Conclusion: Think about these. Do you want to make the most out of life? Then call 918-365-LIVE! Solomon can give you some great counsel!
     

  • Ecclesiastes 10:1-20 CSI

    Introduction: CSI is a popular series currently airing weekly on our TV sets. CSI stands for Crime Scene Investigation. This sermon has nothing to do with a crime scene, but it has everything to do with “common sense instructions”.

    In Eccl 10 Solomon offers us some common sense instructions about “The Meaning of Life.” This chapter is a bit difficult, not because of its interpretation, but because of its organization. It is very symbolic in nature. It is a group of proverbs that hang together in a loose fashion. Having said that let’s see if we can determine what Solomon is saying here.

    Here are Solomon’s common sense instructions (CSI). “Act like you got some sense” when it comes to:

    I. Lifestyle (Eccl 10:1-3)

    What do we find here?

    A. Eccl 10:1 – Reputation - “Little things can have great consequences.” This verse has more to do than with just flies and fragrance. A little wrong can cast suspicion on your whole life. “Folly” = lack of good sense or foresight; not looking at the consequences.

    B. Eccl 10:2 – Inclination – “The start is in the heart.” Which way is your heart inclined (bent)? “Right/left” = behavior. The right is that which is worth our pursuit, time and effort. It’s God’s way. The left indicates weakness or rejection. Our inclination determines our lifestyle which, in turn, determines our reputation.

    C. Eccl 10:3 – Demonstration – “Stupid is as stupid does.” What’s inside will eventually show up on the outside. We can identify a fool by his “walk”, that is his/her directions or pursuits in life. Our inclination shows up in our demonstration which produces our reputation.

    II. Leadership (Eccl 10:4-7, 16-17)

    A. Eccl 10:4 – Terror – Some leaders produce terror. Here is the picture of a hotheaded boss. This is one easily angered who has no control over moods or temperament. See Eph. 4:26. How do you deal with such? Don’t quit or resign. Allow God to develop within you a gentle, quiet spirit that you might help this person. Take a high road. Control yourself. You will become a leader.

    B. Eccl 10:5 – Error – All leaders make errors, some however, make great errors. Here is a leader who puts little people in big positions, while the one who is capable and competent is low man on the totem pole. Verse 16 – Princes = immature. VerseEccl 10:17 – Princes = mature.

    “A leader is someone who steps out and others follow.” (Young) “If you are leading and no one is following, you’re just talking a walk.” (Maxwell) You have to connect before you can convince.

    A side-note: Characteristics of a wise leader (chapter 10).

    1. He inclines his heart to the ways of God (Eccl 10:2)

    2. He controls his temper (Eccl 10:4)

    3. He directs the right people to the right position (Eccl 10:6)

    4. He thinks ahead (Eccl 10:8-11)

    5. He guards his words carefully (Eccl 10:12-14)

    6. He puts others ahead of himself (Eccl 10:16-17)

    7. He has a good work ethic (Eccl 10:18-19)

    8. He’s a people person

    III. Labor (Eccl 10:8-11, 15, 18)

    A. Eccl 10:8-9 – Be Honest – These verses could be summed up in three phrases: “Set ‘em up, knock ‘em down, and take ‘em in.” We reap what we sow. See Eccl 10:8. Is he digging a “pit” for water or is it a trap to injure someone else? Better watch out! Concerning the “wall” is he remodeling or breaking in to steal? Get the idea?

    It could be that not playing by the rules can get you into trouble. It, also, could be that playing by the rules could be hazardous to your health.

    B. Eccl 10:10-11 – Be Handy – I think both of these verses have to do with “preparation”. In Eccl 11, I, also, think that it has to do with the get-rich-quick issue.

    C. Eccl 10:15, 18 – Be Hardy – Eccl 10:15 has to do with productivity and Eccl 10:18 to do with procrastination. Don’t let things go – get things done.

    IV. Lips (Eccl 10:12-14, 20)

    A. Eccl 10:12 – Be Careful What You Speak – “Gracious” = right, kind, well-spoken. “Consumed” = to swallow up. Give a fool enough rope and he will eventually hang himself. A lot of us just talk too much!

    B. Eccl 10:13 - Be Careful How You Speak – Here’s a first class fool who’s an expert on every subject. He has too high a regard for his own opinions. He goes from foolishness to madness. (cf Eph 4:29+)

    C. Eccl 10:20 - Be Careful Where You Speak – “Thoughts” = among your friends. How did you know all this? “A little bird told me!”

    Conclusion: When it comes to lifestyle, leadership, labor and your lips “act like you got some sense.”
     

  • Ecclesiastes 11:1-10 The Stewardship Of Life

    Introduction: A steward is someone who manages what belongs to someone else. “All” of life is a stewardship issue! Remember it is required of a steward that he be found faithful.

    In chapter 11 Solomon teaches us about this subject. What all is involved in being a faithful steward of life?

    I. Make An Investment (Eccl 11:1-2)

    See Matthew 6:19-24+, Mt 6:33+. Are you investing your time, talents and treasure in god’s kingdom – His work and church?

    A. The Requirement (Eccl 11:1) – “Cast” = not throw, but send. It’s the picture of someone who engages in commercial enterprises involving overseas trade (waters). Solomon says release it, let it go. Ask God to send you into his kingdom. “Here am I, send me.” Give all you have to further His cause. I’m afraid our pews are full of “rich young rulers.” They look good, but in reality, have missed the kingdom!

    B. The Result (Eccl 11:1) – Trust me, it won’t sink but will eventually pay off. Proverbs 19:17, 21:13. God has a long memory.

    C. The Regions (Eccl 11:2) – “Portions” = not a pitiful and pathetic few. “Seven/eight” = diversify, expand. “Don’t put all your eggs in one basket.”

    D. The Reality (Eccl 11:2) – Just because we are generous does not immune us from problems or disasters. Bad things, misfortune, pitfalls and hardships may come but give yourself anyway and trust the results with God. He has promised to repay!

    Let me note three observations here.

    1. Don’t expect your ship to come in if you’ve sent non out.

    2. You cannot reap what you do not sow (generally speaking).

    3. Why should God be generous with us if we are stingy with him?

    II. Deal With The Inevitable (Eccl 11:3-4)

    Disasters and storms are inevitable. It’s part of life. The storms (cloud and rain) and the wind (blew the trees over) cannot be avoided. What’s the point here? Don’t use the possibility of disaster or misfortune as an excuse for inactivity. If you magnify every difficulty or hardship, you won’t ever work. If we sit around and wait for the ideal circumstance trying to avoid adverse conditions, we won’t ever get anything done.

    III. Trust The Invisible (Eccl 11:5-6)

    Enjoy life to the fullest! But how?

    A. Love (Eccl 11:7) – “Light/sun” = describes the warmth of God’s love. He gives us permission to enjoy him and ourselves. He can lift the doom and gloom. I wonder how many can’t receive God’s love because they are “mad” at Him for any number of reasons.

    B. Laugh (Eccl 11:8) – Let happiness pervade your whole life all of your days. Every day is a gift from God – laugh a little. Happiness is a choice! Some young people can’t be happy (parents/peer pressure/hormones). Some married people say “I’m just not happy in my marriage.” Quit looking for someone else to make you happy. It’s your choice. Parents, singles and senior adults come up with the same line, “I’m not happy.” Why? Because you choose not to be happy.

    C. Live (Eccl 11:9) – This is not a hedonistic agenda. Swindoll writes, “God inserts just enough warnings to keep us obedient.” Don’t go wild with your liberty. Be balanced. Judgment day is coming.

    D. Lose (Eccl 11:10) – “Anxiety” = vexation. This is anger mixed with resentment which leads to a rebellious spirit. Put away the things that would bring the body pain.

    Conclusion: Make the investment. Deal with the inevitable. Trust the invisible. Accept the invitation. Be a good steward.
     

  • Ecclesiastes 12:1-14 The Three R's Of Redemption

    Introduction: Many people have heard of the three R’s of education – “readin’, ritin’ and ‘rithmetic” – but how many know about the three R’s of salvation? In this concluding sermon from Ecclesiastes Solomon gives insight on the subject.

    I. Remember (Eccl 12:1,6)

    The word “remember” means to act decisively on behalf of God. It is to listen, take seriously and act on what God says.

    A. Who? – “Remember your Creator.” For “Creator” see Genesis 1:1; 1:26. The Hebrew form is in the plural. It is a reference to the trinity. We worship one God who manifests himself in three persons. It is the same word “baw-raw” found in Genesis 1:1. God is the creator. Guess what? Solomon was a creationist not an evolutionist!

    B. When? – “In your youth.” Suppose Solomon was talking to a grandchild? He could be talking to a youth group, children’s church or the nursery. Start early planting the seeds of the gospel.

    C. Why? – All of us are aging (2 Cor 4:17). We’re headed toward the grave. We have a date with death. Notice in Eccl 12:3-7 – “keepers” = arms and hands. “Strong men” = legs. “Grinders” = teeth. “Windows” = eyes. “Doors” = ears. “Birds” = least little things disturbs your sleep. “Songs” = voice cracks when singing. “Almond tree” = hair turns white. “Grasshopper” = takes you longer to get where you are going. Lost your spring and hop. “Desire” = biological clock. Sexual appetite. ‘Silver cord” = spine. “Bowl” = skull. “Wheel/picture” = heart. The body is planted in the ground and the spirit goes back to God. Now is the time to prepare for death.

    II. Read (Eccl 12:9-12)

    How can we act decisively on what God has said? How do we know what He has said? Because He wrote a book – the Bible! Read the book. Why?

    A. Wisdom (Eccl 12:9) – Solomon got his wisdom from God. See I Kings 3:3-28.

    B. Writing (Eccl 12:9-10) – Solomon “wrote” “right words” that were upright and true. Why? To “impart knowledge.” He carefully arranged them in an orderly fashion. “Goads” (Eccl 12:11) – a long stake with an iron point. It jabs and prods. “Nails” = a tent stake that secures or nails down. Note Solomon got his message from the “Shepherd”.

    C. Warning (Eccl 12:12) – Don’t go beyond.

    III. Rely (Eccl 12:13-14)

    Remember the Creator. Read the book. Rely on His grace.

    A. Fear God (Eccl 12:13) – Reverence, awe, love and respect.

    B. Keep His Commandments

    C. Get ready for the Judgment (Eccl 12:14) – He holds us accountable.

    Conclusion: The key to the “Meaning of Life” is Jesus. Summation: Life without God is meaningless!

MONERGISM

SERMON CENTRAL - most have transcripts

TOM SHEPARD - Sermon series

JEFF STRITE - Sermon series

COMMENTARIES
ON ECCLESIASTES

PAUL APPLE

GEORGE AARON BARTON

BRIAN BORGMAN - 10 page article in Southern Baptist Journal of Theology

CHARLES BRIDGES

ROBERT BUCHANAN

Spurgeon - Dr. Buchanan has endeavored in every instance to give the true meaning of the text. His explanations were composed for the pulpit and delivered there. The work is most important, but strikes us as lacking in liveliness of style.

A B CANEDAY - 15 page article in Southern Baptist Journal of Theology

RICH CATHERS - Sermon notes

THOMAS P DALE

ERIC CHRISTIANSON

MARK COPELAND

JOHN DUMMELOW

WESTON FIELDS

1599 GENEVA BIBLE

SIDNEY GREIDANUS - 6 page article in Southern Baptist Journal of Theology

E W HENGSTENBERG

Spurgeon - Scholarly of course, and also more vivacious than is usual with Hengstenberg.

DANIEL HILL

Introduction to Ecclesiastes Fes-to Kivengere, an leading African Christian, told of his experience as follows: My life was like a spinning top. I worked, I played, I worked. The cycle went around, and the more humdrum it became, the speedier it got - spinning like atop. You know the problem of a spinning top - it has a very big head and a very thin base. It can't stand up unless it's spinning. And a top just spins around itself - that's all, it goes no where. My life was exactly like that. I was just running faster and faster, thinking that the faster I ran the more lively life would become. How wrong! Then something wonderful happened to that African leader. A friend who was a new Christian told him the story of salvation and how his sins could be forgiven. Kivengere said, That day God smashed my heart open and introduced me to the living reality of Jesus Christ. My top stopped spinning, and He gave me direction that lasts through eternity. A spinning top has no direction.

We are going to begin a study of the OT book of Ecclesiastes. It is book that defies human authorship alone. It is unusual and unique. It is not the kid of book man would write if he could or could write if he would. It tells the story of Solomon, a spinning top.

The uniqueness of this book is found in the parallel tracks upon which the story unfolds.

The first track is that of wisdom and both secular wisdom is dealt with along with God's divine wisdom. At time the passages almost seem to contradict one another as they develop these two spheres of wisdom.

The second track is that of man's utter despair and man's tremendous hope in God his creator. The book looks at life and declared despair. It seems to shout out Is this all there is? And yet there is also a faith filled perspective that tells us that life is a gift of God and can be lived with Joy.

Why these contradictions, why this approach? Well, the answered is found in the author, Solomon.

Solomon writes this book towards the end of his life looking back about fifteen to twenty years, from the time he was 40 to a time near his death at 60. He evaluates what he went through as he strayed from the truth of God.

So while at one time we read of the hopelessness he sensed at other times we read of the hope he now knows he could have had.

THE SAD COMMENTARY THAT ENDS THIS BOOK IS THAT all the hopelessness was unnecessary. And so this book comes to us and teaches us that we do not have to join in the chorus of those who would say Vanity of vanities, Vanity of vanities! All is vanity.

NOW TO UNDERSTAND THE BOOK AND SENSE THE full weight of its arguments we need to understand the writer.

THE REIGN OF SOLOMON.

The reign of Solomon sees Israel in its golden age. All the tribes of Israel were united. Peace and prosperity were the rule rather than the exception in the land. But, nothing ever remains the same, it would not last. Solomon reigned for forty years (from 970 to 930 BC). He was the hand picked and divinely picked successor to his father David. He began his reign 2 Ecclesiastes at the age of 20 and ended it at the age of 60. At the end of his 40 year reign the nation divided, and remained divided until its destruction. The world will not know a united Israel again until the millennial reign of Jesus Christ. (Click to read the rest of this background on Solomon's reign to get a good context for understanding the Book of Ecclesiastes).

WILLIAM KELLY

R J KIDWELL

  • Ecclesiastes Commentary - This is a relatively modern, in depth treatment. See page Pdf 307 for a nice listing of 22 "Vanities of Ecclesiastes Contrasted with the Fear of the Lord". Lengthy Bibliography on page 311 (Pdf pagination). "Fact questions" are interspersed throughout the commentary to aid your review. This looks to be a fine resource to aid your study of Ecclesiastes.

JASON S DEROUCHE - 22 page article in the Southern Baptist Theological Journal

CHUCK MISSLER

STUART MOSES

RICHARD MOULTON

E H PLUMPTRE

EDWARD REYNOLDS

RELEVANT BIBLE TEACHING - 35 pages, summarizes a few passages

JOHN SCHULTZ

  • Ecclesiastes Commentary - 103 Pages - Includes numerous quotes from other respected conservative sources, including almost 100 quotations from Michael Eaton's Tyndale OT Commentary (ranked as one of the best on Ecclesiastes).

SERMONS ON ECCLESIASTES - Faith Presbyterian Church, Jackson, Mississippi

SPEAKER'S COMMENTARY

JAMES SMITH

RALPH WARDLAW

BOB UTLEY

ECCLESIASTES
By Chapter

ROBERT MORGAN

WILLIAM S PLUMER

J LIGON DUNCAN

DEREK THOMAS

CORNERSTONE

WILLIAM TIPTAFT

DAN T LIOY

JOHN ANGELL JAMES

DAVID LEGGE

BRIAN BILL

ALEXANDER MACLAREN

RALPH ERSKINE

ROBERT NEIGHBOUR

F B MEYER

DAVID LEGGE

JOE STOWELL

ROBERT S. RAYBURN

THOMAS BROOKS

J LIGON DUNCAN

BRIAN BILL

BILLY DEMPSEY

DAN T. LIOY - 95 page paper on Ecclesiastes 3

F B MEYER

JAMES HASTINGS

ALEXANDER MACLAREN

J C PHILPOT

BRIAN GAULT

JAMES SMITH

GEORGE WHITEFIELD

F B MEYER

GEORGE WHITEFIELD

F B MEYER

J R MILLER

BRUCE GOETTSCHE

ALEXANDER MACLAREN

ANDREW MURRAY

F B MEYER

THOMAS BROOKS

WILLIAM S. PLUMER

FAVELL LEE MORTIMER

A W PINK

ALEXANDER MACLAREN

COLIN S. SMITH

WAYNE A BRINDLE

GEORGE WHITEFIELD

RAY PRITCHARD

F B MEYER

ALEXANDER MACLAREN

ALAN CARR

F B MEYER

RAY PRITCHARD

JAMES HASTINGS

ALEXANDER MACLAREN

F B MEYER

HARRY IRONSIDE

ANDREW MURRAY

F B MEYER

C H SPURGEON

ALEXANDER MACLAREN

JAMES HASTINGS

PULPIT PAGES

CHRIS BENFIELD

THOMAS BROOKS

THOMAS GLASSON

C H SPURGEON

ROBERT S. RAYBURN

F B MEYER

ROBERT NEIGHBOUR

BARRY DAVIS

ALEXANDER MACLAREN

GEORGE WHITEFIELD

ALAN CARR

RICHARD BAXTER

P. G. MATHEW

BARRY DAVIS

JAMES HASTINGS

J C RYLE

JOHN NEWTON

ALAN CARR

BRIAN BILL

JOHN ANGELL JAMES

WILLIAM S PLUMER

WILLIAM S PLUMER

TOMMY NELSON
Sermon Series - Mp3's
Ecclesiastes – Sure Footing in an Unsure World

Another series of audio messages -2003

Here are another series of video messages on Ecclesiastes:

An Outline of Ecclesiastes - Following the Logic of Solomon from his book which is recommended A Life Well Lived: A Study of the Book of Ecclesiastes (read some reviews)


I. A Critique of Life: Chapters 1-2

  • Life grinds to nothingness, but man keeps searching (Ecclesiastes 1:1-11).
  • Intellectualism, hedonism, materialism (Ecclesiastes 1:12-2:11)
  • Although wisdom is better, all still die (Ecclesiastes 2:12-16).
  • Thus he despaired (Ecclesiastes 2:17-23). 
  • Conclusion: Apart from God, there can be no life.
  • Man in himself cannot find meaning (Ecclesiastes 2:24-26).

II. A Critique of Belief and of Life with God: Ecclesiastes 3:1-15

  • He decrees pain as well as pleasure (Ecclesiastes 3:1-11).
  • So enjoy the moment now (Ecclesiastes 3:12-15).
  • III. The Conflicts of Belief: Ecclesiastes 3:16-4:16
  • Inequity, oppression, rivalry, materialism, and popularity

IV. Be Cautious about Impertinence toward God: Ecclesiastes 5:1-7

  • Be careful how you approach, speak to, and "bargain with" our mysterious God.

V. Be Correct in Perspective: Ecclesiastes 5:8-7:29

  • Wealth: Don't be deceived when the wicked increase; wealth won't satisfy (Ecclesiastes 5:8-6:12).
  • Adversity: Hard times are not bad; they shape us (Ecclesiastes 7:1-14).
  • Yourself: Be humble; you can't know all things (Ecclesiastes 7:15-29).

VI. Be Courageous in Life: Ecclesiastes 8:1-12:14

  • Be bold in doing right even if you're not rewarded (Ecclesiastes 8:1-10:20).
  • Be bold in living even though you can't control all things (Ecclesiastes 11:1-6).
  • Be bold in enjoying life although death will come (Ecclesiastes 11:7-12:8).

VII. A Creedal Statement: Ecclesiastes 12:9-14

  • God has revealed Himself to us through His Word.

GEORGE MYLNE
Ecclesiastes Devotional and Practical Meditations

Spurgeon - The author in this little publication does not comment upon the whole Book; but the passages he touches are ably explained.

NET BIBLE
Commentary Notes
Ecclesiastes

Note: NETBible notes are in the right panel. You can also select the tab for "Constable's Notes." As you scroll the Bible text in the left panel, the notes are synchronized and will scroll to the same passage. Also has a nice parallel Bible feature (see Tab = "Parallel"). Select a different Bible translation (see Tab = "Bible"). Open Greek/Hebrew tab. Mouse over shows corresponding English word and has short definition at bottom of right panel.

JAMES NISBET'S CHURCH PULPIT COMMENTARY
Ecclesiastes
Commentary in form of Sermons

OUR DAILY BREAD
Devotional Illustrations
Ecclesiastes

Updated January 12, 2016

Note: Each Link Below is to One or More Devotionals in that chapter

Below Are Additional Links to Individual Devotionals

JOSEPH PARKER
The People's Bible
Ecclesiastes

Spurgeon has an interesting note: Dr Parker is an able though somewhat----. But stop, he is a near neighbor of ours!

Note: Covers each chapter but not verse by verse. Comments tend to be long and require one to "wade through" for the "gold." Very, very long prayers!

PASTOR LIFE
Sermons on
Book of Ecclesiastes

Looking Beyond the Bucket List Ecclesiastes Death; Eternity Franklin L. Kirksey
The Fear of God Ecclesiastes God, Fear of; Fear of God Franklin L. Kirksey
For A Season Ecclesiastes 3:1 Time; Purpose; Will, God's Alan Stewart
The Acts of God Ecclesiastes 3:14 God, Acts of; Work of God; Purpose of God; Will of God Franklin L. Kirksey
Seasons of God Ecclesiastes 3:1-8 Life, Seasons of; Growth; Aging Johnny Hunt
God's Time Is NOW Ecclesiastes 3:1-8 Time; Time, God's; Procrastination W. A. Criswell
Seasons of Life Ecclesiastes 3:1-8 Life, Seasons of; Christian Living; Time; Purpose Johnny Hunt
When You Need A Friend Ecclesiastes 4:9-12 Friendship, The Danger of; Friendship, The Value of; Friend, The Best Franklin L. Kirksey
Giving God More of our Tongue Ecclesiastes 10:11-14 Tongue; Speaking; Words Steve Wagers
Things Money Can't Buy Ecclesiastes 10:19 Money; Materialism Franklin L. Kirksey
The Call of Duty Ecclesiastes 12:13 Duty; Call, God's Alan Stewart

PETER PETT
Commentary
Ecclesiastes

E H PLUMPTRE
Ecclesiastes; or, The Preacher
With Notes and Introduction
1888

RAY PRITCHARD
Ecclesiastes Devotionals
Something New Under the Sun

These are short, pithy and practical - Highly Recommended! 

MATTHEW POOLE
Commentary
Ecclesiastes

PULPIT COMMENTARY
Ecclesiastes

The first list below are to the Expositions (they also have the homilies if you scroll down)

BELOW ARE HOMILIES
ON ECCLESIASTES

DON ROBINSON
Ecclesiastes
Sermon Notes

DR MICHAEL ROSS
Sermon Series on
Book of Ecclesiastes

Mp3 only but Recommended. Messages are each 40-60'

Suggestion - Take a several weeks (take your time) and read through Ecclesiastes day by day, reading each chapter several times (consider reading in different translations). Then supplement your time in the holy Word illuminated by the Holy Spirit by listening to Dr Ross' wonderful messages. You might even keep a small "Ecclesiastes Notebook" to record your own observations (see the value of inductive Bible study), the points you need to apply to your life and the prayers you would like to pray to your God. You can supplement your observations with Dr Ross' expository messages. Beloved, if you are struggling with trying to find the rare jewel of Christian contentment, Ecclesiastes is for you! There has never been a man who had more than Solomon, only to come to the end of his life and find that true and lasting contentment is found ONLY in God, ultimately ONLY in Christ Jesus, "in Whom are hidden all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge." (Col 2:3-note).I would suggest that if you dare accept this challenge, your life will never be the same, for you will come to realize that NOTHING in this world will bring the contentment you will find in Jesus!

RAYMOND SAXE
Sermon Notes
Ecclesiastes

  • Ecclesiastes 1:1-3 (pdf)
  • Ecclesiastes 1:4-11 (pdf)
  • Ecclesiastes 1:12-18 (pdf)
  • Ecclesiastes 2:1-11 (pdf)
  • Ecclesiastes 2:12-16 (pdf)
  • Ecclesiastes 3:1-15 (pdf)
  • Ecclesiastes 3:14-22 (pdf)
  • Ecclesiastes 4:1-16 (pdf)
  • Ecclesiastes 5:1-20, hard to read (pdf)
  • Ecclesiastes 6:1-12 (pdf)
  • Ecclesiastes 7:1-10 (pdf)
  • Ecclesiastes 7:11-29 (pdf)
  • Ecclesiastes 8:1-17 (pdf)
  • Ecclesiastes 9:1-12 (pdf)
  • Ecclesiastes 9:13-10:3 (pdf)
  • Ecclesiastes 10:4-15 (pdf)
  • Ecclesiastes 10:16-11:8 (pdf)
  • Ecclesiastes 11:9-12:7 (pdf)
  • Ecclesiastes 12:9-14 (pdf)

C I SCOFIELD
Reference Notes
Ecclesiastes

SERMON BIBLE COMMENTARY
Ecclesiastes

Note: Brief verse specific excerpts from sermons from a variety of preachers.

SERMONS BY VERSE
Ecclesiastes
Older Exposition

TOM SHEPHERD
Sermons on Ecclesiastes
Verse by Verse

CHARLES SIMEON
Horae Homileticae
Sermons on Ecclesiastes

NOTE: If you are not familiar with the great saint Charles Simeon see Dr John Piper's discussion of Simeon's life - you will want to read Simeon's sermons after meeting him! - click Brothers We Must Not Mind a Little Suffering (Mp3 even better)

CHUCK SMITH
Sermon Notes
Ecclesiastes

C H SPURGEON
Devotionals from
Morning and Evening
Faith's Checkbook

C H SPURGEON
All of His Sermons
on Ecclesiastes

Updated April 26, 2014

RAY STEDMAN

Sermons on Ecclesiastes. Recommended

Cyril Barber - Stedman, Ray C. Solomon's Secret: Enjoying Life, God's Good Gift. Portland, Oreg.: Multnomah Press, 1985. Brief though adequate messages on Ecclesiastes. Opens up this long-ignored book of the OT. Ideal for laypeople's discussion groups.

THE POWER OF HIS PRESENCE
Ray Stedman

Daily Devotions in Ecclesiastes for February -- Things That Don't Work Recommended

  1:  The Search Ecclesiastes 1:1-3
  2:  The Endless Cycle Ecclesiastes 1:4-7
  3:  The Restless Life Ecclesiastes 1:8-18
  4:  The Pursuit Of Pleasure Ecclesiastes 2:1-11
  5:  A Note Of Joy Ecclesiastes 2:12-26
  6:  A Time For Everything Ecclesiastes 3:1-8
  7:  Eternity On My Mind Ecclesiastes 3:9-11
  8:  Let God Be God Ecclesiastes 3:12-22
  9:  Ambition Ecclesiastes 4:1-8
10: Two Are Better Than One Ecclesiastes 4:9-16
11: Watch Your Step Ecclesiastes 5:1-17
12: How To Enjoy Life Ecclesiastes 5:18-20
13: The Power To Enjoy Ecclesiastes 6:1-12
14: Who Is In Charge? Ecclesiastes 7:1-14
15: Fearing God Ecclesiastes 7:15-22
16: Looking For Love Ecclesiastes 7:23-28
17: The Benefits Of Wisdom Ecclesiastes 7:29-8:1
18: Can We Trust The Government? Ecclesiastes 8:2-15
19: Ah, Sweet Mystery Of Life Ecclesiastes 8:16-9:6
20: The Gift Of God's Approval Ecclesiastes 9:7-10
21: Who Wins The Race? Ecclesiastes 9:11-12
22: The Wisdom That Frees Ecclesiastes 9:13-18
23: The Dangers Of Digging Pits Ecclesiastes 10:1-15
24: A Little Bird Told Me Ecclesiastes 10:16-20
25: Live Generously Ecclesiastes 11:1-6
26: What To Do While You're Young Ecclesiastes 11:7-10
27: Before It's Too Late Ecclesiastes 12:1-8
28: The Need For The Truth Ecclesiastes 12:9-12
29: The Secret Of Wholeness Ecclesiastes 12:13-14

JOHN STEVENSON
Sermons on Ecclesiastes

MOSES STUART
Sermons on Ecclesiastes
Verse by Verse
1851

Spurgeon: Full and minute, with most instructive introductions. It is unnecessary to say that Moses Stuart is a great authority, though not all we could wish as to spirituality.

AARON STURGILL
Sermons on Ecclesiastes
More Topically Arranged

JOSEPH SUTCLIFFE
Commentary on Ecclesiastes

JOHN TRAPP
Commentary on Ecclesiastes

Spurgeon: "Would it be possible to eulogize too much the incomparably sententious and suggestive folios of John Trapp? Trapp will be most valuable to men of discernment, to thoughtful men, to men who only want a start in a line of thought, and are then able to run alone. Trapp excels in witty stories on the one hand, and learned allusions on the other. You will not thoroughly enjoy him unless you can turn to the original, and yet a mere dunce at classics will prize him. His writings remind me of himself: he was a pastor, hence his holy practical remarks; he was the head of a public school, and everywhere we see his profound scholarship; he was for some time amid the guns and drums of a parliamentary garrison, and he gossips and tells queer anecdotes like a man used to a soldier's life; yet withal, he comments as if he had been nothing else but a commentator all his days. Trapp is my especial companion and treasure; I can read him when I am too weary for anything else. Trapp is salt, pepper, mustard, vinegar, and all the other condiments. Put him on the table when you study, and when you have your dish ready, use him by way of spicing the whole thing. Yes, gentlemen, read Trapp certainly, and if you catch the infection of his consecrated humor, so much the better for your hearers." - Lectures to My Students

BOB UTLEY
Commentary on Ecclesiastes

RALPH WARDLAW
Lectures on Ecclesiastes
1821

Spurgeon: Wardlaw is always good, though not very brilliant. He may be relied upon, when not critical, and he generally excites thought.

Cyril Barber - These sermons....adequately expound the ethical and practical principles of this portion of God's Word. Readers will find in them a richness of thought and a relevance of application that will reward their inquiry. Recommended

TODAY IN THE WORD
Ecclesiastes
Moody Bible Institute

STEVE ZEISLER
Sermons on Ecclesiastes
Peninsula Bible Church

7 lessons approaching Ecclesiastes through Sermon on the Mount.

SERMONS BY VERSE
Ecclesiastes
Over 600 Older Expositions

ECCLESIASTES 1
The Great Debate J. M. Gibbon. Ecclesiastes 1:1
The Words of the Preacher J. Parker, D. D. Ecclesiastes 1:1
The Summary of a Life's Experience J. Willcock Ecclesiastes 1:1-11
All is Vanity John Taylor, LL. D. Ecclesiastes 1:2
All is Vanity D. Thomas Ecclesiastes 1:2
Is All Vanity T. C. Finlayson. Ecclesiastes 1:2
The Folly of Solomon R. Collyer. Ecclesiastes 1:2
The Trial of Vanity H. Smith. Ecclesiastes 1:2
The Vanity of Earthly Things J. Maude. Ecclesiastes 1:2
The Vanity of the World E. Hopkins, D. D. Ecclesiastes 1:2
Vanity of Vanities Canon Liddon. Ecclesiastes 1:2
The Summary of a Life's Experience J. Willcock Ecclesiastes 1:1-11
Human Life and Human Labor W. Clarkson Ecclesiastes 1:2, 3
The Vanity of Man's Life D. Thomas Ecclesiastes 1:3, 4
The Stability of Nature W. Clarkson Ecclesiastes 1:4-7
Opposite Ideas of Life Homilist Ecclesiastes 1:4-10
The Abiding Earth U. R. Thomas. Ecclesiastes 1:4-10
The Durability of the Earth Contrasted with Human Mortality J. Foster. Ecclesiastes 1:4-10
The Earth Permanent, Man Transitory J. A. Jacob, M. A. Ecclesiastes 1:4-10
The Law of Circularity H. Macmillan, D. D. Ecclesiastes 1:4-10
The Passing of Humanity H. Macmillan, D. D. Ecclesiastes 1:4-10
The Passing of Humanity S. Hillyard. Ecclesiastes 1:4-10
What Passes and What Abides A. Maclaren, D. D. Ecclesiastes 1:4-10
The Cycles of Nature D. Thomas Ecclesiastes 1:5-7
Pursuit of Happiness E. S. Hicks, M. A. Ecclesiastes 1:7
The Turn of the Year F. Wagstaff. Ecclesiastes 1:7
Views of Life; False and True J. A. Campbell, M. A. Ecclesiastes 1:7
Weariness and Rest W. Clarkson Ecclesiastes 1:7, 8
The Insatiability of Sense D. Thomas Ecclesiastes 1:8
The Unsatisfied Eye E. H. Chapin. Ecclesiastes 1:8
Imaginary Schemes of Happiness J. Saurin. Ecclesiastes 1:9
Old Things in New Time A. J. Morris. Ecclesiastes 1:9
On the Resemblance Between the Future and the Past F. D. E. Schleiermacher. Ecclesiastes 1:9
The Helpful Past G. Dawson. Ecclesiastes 1:9
The Past and the Future Alexander Maclaren Ecclesiastes 1:9
Two Standpoints G. Matheson, D. D. Ecclesiastes 1:9
Novelty D. Thomas Ecclesiastes 1:9, 10
The Changing and the Abiding W. Clarkson Ecclesiastes 1:9, 10
Life in the Light of Christ T. C. Finlayson. Ecclesiastes 1:10
Something New T. M. Morris. Ecclesiastes 1:10
Oblivion and its Consolations W. Clarkson Ecclesiastes 1:11
Speculative Study of the World J. Willcock Ecclesiastes 1:12-18
The Vanity of Human Wisdom D. Thomas Ecclesiastes 1:12-18
Two Views of Life Alexander Maclaren Ecclesiastes 1:13
The Mysteries of Human Life G. Dawson. Ecclesiastes 1:13-14
The Pursuit of Wisdom and Knowledge R. Wardlaw, D. D. Ecclesiastes 1:13-14
Insatisfaction J. Bennet. Ecclesiastes 1:14
Pessimism P. T. Forsyth, M. A. Ecclesiastes 1:14
The Vanity of a Worldly Life W. G. Jordan, B. A. Ecclesiastes 1:14
Making the Crooked Straight J. H. Jowett, M. A. Ecclesiastes 1:15
The Crooked Things Straightened R. Newton, D. D. Ecclesiastes 1:15
The Experience of Wisdom and Knowledge W. D. Horwood. Ecclesiastes 1:16
The Wisdom, of Self-Communion C. R. Panter, LL. D. Ecclesiastes 1:16
Increase of Knowledge Attended with Sorrow R. South, D. D. Ecclesiastes 1:18
Increase of Knowledge, Increase of Sorrow John Ker, D. D. Ecclesiastes 1:18
Knowledge and Sorrow H. Melvill, B. D. Ecclesiastes 1:18
Knowledge and Sorrow W. Clarkson Ecclesiastes 1:18
The Acquisition of Knowledge Attended with Sorrow S. Robins. Ecclesiastes 1:18
The Heritage of Knowledge T. Hughes. Ecclesiastes 1:18
The Pursuit of Knowledge T. C. Finlayson. Ecclesiastes 1:18
ECCLESIASTES 2
An Experiment: Riotous Mirth J. Willcock Ecclesiastes 2:1-3
The Trial of Pleasure W. Clarkson Ecclesiastes 2:1-11
The Vanity of Wealth, Pleasure, and Greatness D. Thomas Ecclesiastes 2:1-11
A Strange Experiment C. L. Thompson, D. D. Ecclesiastes 2:1-26
The Pleasures of Sin and the Pleasures of Christ's Service Contrasted J. M. Sherwood, D. D. Ecclesiastes 2:1-26
The Threefold View of Human Life W. L. Watkinson. Ecclesiastes 2:1-26
The Wit and the Madman H. Melvill, B. D. Ecclesiastes 2:2
Another Experiment: Refined Voluptuousness J. Willcock Ecclesiastes 2:4-11
Love not the World J. Parsons. Ecclesiastes 2:11
The Failure of Pleasures R. Thomas. Ecclesiastes 2:11
The Review   Ecclesiastes 2:11
The Vanity of Life A. P. Peabody. Ecclesiastes 2:11
The Vanity of Worldly Happiness Abp. Sharp. Ecclesiastes 2:11
Sagacity and Stupidity W. Clarkson Ecclesiastes 2:12-14
The Comparison Between Wisdom and Folly D. Thomas Ecclesiastes 2:12-17
The Value and the Futility of Wisdom J. Willcock Ecclesiastes 2:12-17
The Advantage of Wisdom Over Folly R. Wardlaw, D. D. Ecclesiastes 2:14
The Wisdom of the Eye J. Eyre, M. A. Ecclesiastes 2:14
Wisdom and Folly Compared T. C. Finlayson. Ecclesiastes 2:14
Disgust with Life J. Saurin. Ecclesiastes 2:17
Is Life Worth Living J. G. James, B. A. Ecclesiastes 2:17
Life with and Without God G. S. Barrett, D. D. Ecclesiastes 2:17
Pessimism and Optimism A. Crawford, M. A. Ecclesiastes 2:17
Tired of Life Homilist Ecclesiastes 2:17
The Dirge of the Dead Hand Thomas G. Selby. Ecclesiastes 2:18-19
Concern for Posterity D. Thomas Ecclesiastes 2:18-23
Riches, Though Obtained by Much Toil, are Vanity J. Willcock Ecclesiastes 2:18-23
The Complaint of the Successful W. Clarkson Ecclesiastes 2:18-24
All Good is from God D. Thomas Ecclesiastes 2:24
The Condition of Pure Enjoyment J. Willcock Ecclesiastes 2:24-26
The Simple Joys of Godly Industry T. C. Finlaysen. Ecclesiastes 2:24-26
Joy in Religion G. H. Conner, M. A. Ecclesiastes 2:26
Piety and Impiety; Recompense and Penalty W. Clarkson Ecclesiastes 2:26
Retribution D. Thomas Ecclesiastes 2:26
True Goodness W. L. Watkinson. Ecclesiastes 2:26
ECCLESIASTES 3
Opportuneness J. Willcoc Ecclesiastes 3:1-8
The Clock of Destiny A. H. Moment, D. D. Ecclesiastes 3:1-8
The Fall of the Leaf H. Macmillan, D. D. Ecclesiastes 3:1-8
The Manifold Interests and Occupations of Life D. Thomas Ecclesiastes 3:1-8
The Realities of Life W. Walters. Ecclesiastes 3:1-8
Times and Seasons in the Church Bp. Harvey Goodwin. Ecclesiastes 3:1-8
Opportunity; Opportuneness; Ordination W. Clarkson Ecclesiastes 3:1-10
A Time to Plant' Alexander Maclaren Ecclesiastes 3:2
How to Make the Most of Life H. M. Field, D. D. Ecclesiastes 3:2
The Periodicities of the Religious World H. Macmillan, D. D. Ecclesiastes 3:2
A Christian View of Recreation J. G. Rogers, B. A. Ecclesiastes 3:3-4
Amusements Bp. H. C. Potter. Ecclesiastes 3:3-4
Spiritual Times and Seasons J. C. Philpot. Ecclesiastes 3:3-4
Decision and Perseverance Needed by the Christian J. W. Hardman, LL. D. Ecclesiastes 3:5
Silence Homilist Ecclesiastes 3:7
The Christian View of War E. H. Day, M. A. Ecclesiastes 3:7
Autumn Musings W. Burkitt Dalby. Ecclesiastes 3:9-11
Desiderium Ceternitatis J. Willcoc Ecclesiastes 3:9-11
The Mystery and the Meaning of Life D. Thomas Ecclesiastes 3:9-13
All Thirsts Beautiful in Their Season H. Allen, D. D. Ecclesiastes 3:11
Beauty A. P. Peabody. Ecclesiastes 3:11
Eternity T. T. Shore, M. A. Ecclesiastes 3:11
Eternity in Man Homilies Ecclesiastes 3:11
Eternity in Man's Heart W. Park, M. A. Ecclesiastes 3:11
Eternity in the Heart J. H. Jowett, M. A. Ecclesiastes 3:11
Eternity in the Heart D. B. Williams. Ecclesiastes 3:11
Eternity in the Heart A. Maclaren, D. D. Ecclesiastes 3:11
Everything Beautiful R. C. Cowell Ecclesiastes 3:11
Noble Discontent T. M. Herbert, M. A. Ecclesiastes 3:11
Religion and the Beautiful H. W. Beecher. Ecclesiastes 3:11
The Author of Beauty J. H. Ecob, D. D. Ecclesiastes 3:11
The Beauty of Change and Glory of Permanence D. Davies. Ecclesiastes 3:11
The Beauty of the World W. S. Davis. Ecclesiastes 3:11
The Child of Eternity W. Gladden, D. D. Ecclesiastes 3:11
The Divine Worker and the Human Student W. Jones. Ecclesiastes 3:11
The Hope of Immortality J. Stalker, D. D. Ecclesiastes 3:11
The Mission of Beauty S. D. Burchard, D. D. Ecclesiastes 3:11
The World in the Soul Homilist Ecclesiastes 3:11
This Unintelligible World W. Clarkson Ecclesiastes 3:11
Doing Good and Rejoicing W. Baldwin, M. A. Ecclesiastes 3:12
Life Enjoyed and Improved W. Jay. Ecclesiastes 3:12
Another Condition of Pure Happiness J. Willcoc Ecclesiastes 3:12, 13
The Conclusion of Folly or the Faith of the Wise? W. Clarkson Ecclesiastes 3:12, 13, 22
The Eternity and Perfection of the Divine Purposes and Doings J. O. Parr, M. A. Ecclesiastes 3:14
The Purposes of Providence D. Thomas Ecclesiastes 3:14
Divine Constancy and Human Piety W. Clarkson Ecclesiastes 3:14, 15
A Present Use and Enjoyment of the Gifts of God is Advisable J. Willcoc Ecclesiastes 3:14-17
God Requireth that Which is Past A. Goodrich, D. D. Ecclesiastes 3:15
Life an Organic Unity R. S. Storrs, D. D. Ecclesiastes 3:15
Overhauling the Past T. De Witt Talmage. Ecclesiastes 3:15
Past Years Returning Homilist Ecclesiastes 3:15
Review of Life W. Jay. Ecclesiastes 3:15
Stability Amidst Change F. W. P. Greenwood, D. D. Ecclesiastes 3:15
The Impotency of Time Homilist Ecclesiastes 3:15
The Indelibility of the Past J. C. Coghlan, D. D. Ecclesiastes 3:15
The Past W. D. Horwood. Ecclesiastes 3:15
The Permanence of the Past H. Macmillan, D. D. Ecclesiastes 3:15
Man's Unrighteousness Contrasted with God's Righteousness D. Thomas Ecclesiastes 3:16, 17
The Reasonableness and Equity of a Future Judgment Isaac Barrow, D. D. Ecclesiastes 3:17
Before and After Christ W. Clarkson Ecclesiastes 3:18-21
The Common Destiny of Death D. Thomas Ecclesiastes 3:18-21
The Darkness of the Grave J. Willcoc Ecclesiastes 3:18-22
The Earthly Portion D. Thomas Ecclesiastes 3:22
Worldliness: the Epicurean Gospel J. F. Stevenson, LL. B. Ecclesiastes 3:22
ECCLESIASTES 4
No Comforter W. M. Statham. Ecclesiastes 4:1
The Nature and Wickedness of Oppression Job Orton, D. D. Ecclesiastes 4:1
The Oppressed and the Oppressor D. Thomas Ecclesiastes 4:1
Woman's Work and Overwork T. DeWilt Talmage. Ecclesiastes 4:1
Oppression of Man by His Fellows J. Willcock Ecclesiastes 4:1-3
Pessimism and Christian Life W. Clarkson Ecclesiastes 4:1-3
Praising the Dead More than the Living Homilist Ecclesiastes 4:2
The Applause of the Dead Regulated, Vindicated and Improved J. Clayton. Ecclesiastes 4:2
Pessimism D. Thomas Ecclesiastes 4:2, 3
Envy D. Thomas Ecclesiastes 4:4
Ambition and Indolence J. Willcock Ecclesiastes 4:4-6
Practical Wisdom in the Conduct of Life W. Clarkson Ecclesiastes 4:4-6
An Old Portrait of Modern Men Homilist Ecclesiastes 4:4-8
Envy H. E. Nolloth, B. D. Ecclesiastes 4:4-8
How the Success of Others Should Affect Us J. Bonnet. Ecclesiastes 4:4-8
Quality Better than Quantity T. C. Finlayson. Ecclesiastes 4:6
The Handful with Quietness D. Thomas Ecclesiastes 4:6
Friendship a Gain in Life J. Willcock Ecclesiastes 4:7-12
The Pain of Loneliness D. Thomas Ecclesiastes 4:8
Mutual Service W. Clarkson Ecclesiastes 4:9-12
The Advantages of Fellowship D. Thomas Ecclesiastes 4:9-12
The Necessity and Benefits of Religious Society   Ecclesiastes 4:9-12
Two Better than One C. R. Barnes. Ecclesiastes 4:9-12
A Threefold Cord T. Spurgeon. Ecclesiastes 4:12
A Threefold Cord J. F. Dempster. Ecclesiastes 4:12
The Threefold Cord W. Clarkson Ecclesiastes 4:12
Folly a Worse Evil than Poverty D. Thomas Ecclesiastes 4:13, 14
Circumstance and Character W. Clarkson Ecclesiastes 4:13-16
Mortifications of Royalty J. Willcock Ecclesiastes 4:13-16
On the Advantages of Christian Knowledge to the Lower Orders of Society T. Chalmers, D. D. Ecclesiastes 4:13-16
The Old King and the Youth T. C. Finlayson. Ecclesiastes 4:13-16
ECCLESIASTES 5
Lessons for Worship and for Work Alexander Maclaren Ecclesiastes 5:1
The Temple and the Worshippers D. Thomas Ecclesiastes 5:1
Vanity in Religion: 1. Thoughtlessness J. Willcock Ecclesiastes 5:1
Acceptable Service W. Clarkson Ecclesiastes 5:1, 2
Behaviour in Church Homilist Ecclesiastes 5:1-12
Reverence and Fidelity De Wm. S. Clark. Ecclesiastes 5:1-12
Reverence and Fidelity D. J. Burrell, D. D. Ecclesiastes 5:1-12
The Prayer and the Dream J. Bonnet. Ecclesiastes 5:1-12
Reverence, Reticence, and Brevity in Devotion D. Thomas Ecclesiastes 5:2
Vanity in Religion: 2. Rash Prayers J. Willcock Ecclesiastes 5:2, 3
Of Remembering and Keeping Our Vows J. Slade, M. A. Ecclesiastes 5:4-5
The Law of the Vow D. Thomas Ecclesiastes 5:4, 5
The Vow J. Bonnet. Ecclesiastes 5:4-5
Vowing and Paying W. Clarkson Ecclesiastes 5:4-6
Vanity in Religion: 3. Broken Vows J. Willcock Ecclesiastes 5:4-7
A Misgoverned State J. Willcock Ecclesiastes 5:8
The Oppressor's Accountability D. Thomas Ecclesiastes 5:8
Comfort in Confusion W. Clarkson Ecclesiastes 5:8-16
A Well-Ordered State J. Willcock Ecclesiastes 5:9
The Earth and Man D. Thomas Ecclesiastes 5:9
Silver and Satisfaction Homilist Ecclesiastes 5:10-11
The Unsatisfactoriness of Material Wealth J. S. Swan. Ecclesiastes 5:10-11
The Vanity of Riches J. Hamilton, D. D. Ecclesiastes 5:10-11
The Unsatisfying Nature of Riches D. Thomas Ecclesiastes 5:10-17
The Drawbacks Upon Wealth J. Willcock Ecclesiastes 5:10-20
Naked or Clothed? Alexander Maclaren Ecclesiastes 5:15
The Difference At Death W. Clarkson Ecclesiastes 5:15, 16
Labour T. A. Leonard. Ecclesiastes 5:18
The Good Things Appointed for Man by God D. Thomas Ecclesiastes 5:18-20
ECCLESIASTES 6
The Unsatisfactoriness and Transitoriness of Earthly Good D. Thomas Ecclesiastes 6:1, 2
Life Without Enjoyment Valueless J. Willcock Ecclesiastes 6:1-6
The Insufficiency of Circumstance W. Clarkson Ecclesiastes 6:1-6
Sorrows of Old Age Without Religion J. M. Sherwood, D. D. Ecclesiastes 6:3-4
The Sorrows of Old Age S. H. Tyng, D. D. Ecclesiastes 6:3-4
The Gloom of Disappointment D. Thomas Ecclesiastes 6:3-6
All Men's Place   Ecclesiastes 6:6
Satisfaction Better than Desire D. Thomas Ecclesiastes 6:7-9
The Insatiability of Desire J. Willcock Ecclesiastes 6:7-9
Contending Against Power D. Thomas Ecclesiastes 6:10
Heroism; Infatuation; Wisdom W. Clarkson Ecclesiastes 6:10
How is the Adherent Vanity of Every Condition Most Effectually Abated by Serious Godliness S. Annesley, LL. D. Ecclesiastes 6:10-12
Inexorable Destiny J. Willcock Ecclesiastes 6:10-12
Solomon's Dark Ideas of Life J. Hamilton, D. D. Ecclesiastes 6:10-12
What is Man's Good? D. Thomas Ecclesiastes 6:11, 12
Object of Human Life G A. Bartol. Ecclesiastes 6:12
On Our Ignorance of Good and Evil in This Life H. Blair, D. D. Ecclesiastes 6:12
The Known and the Unknown   Ecclesiastes 6:12
The Secret of a Happy Life F. W. Brown. Ecclesiastes 6:12
ECCLESIASTES 7
A Good Name H. W. Beecher. Ecclesiastes 7:1
A Good Name J. Hamilton, D. D. Ecclesiastes 7:1
A Well-Grounded Good Name   Ecclesiastes 7:1
Comparative Estimate of Life and Death S. Summers. Ecclesiastes 7:1
Of the Birthday and the Dying-Day T. Boston, D. D. Ecclesiastes 7:1
Reputation D. Thomas Ecclesiastes 7:1
Reputation W. Clarkson Ecclesiastes 7:1
The Believer's Deathday Better than His Birthday   Ecclesiastes 7:1
The Charm of Goodness J. Willcock Ecclesiastes 7:1
The Day of the Christian's Death G. S. Ingram. Ecclesiastes 7:1
The Fragrance of Moral Worth A. M. Stalker. Ecclesiastes 7:1
A Divine Paradox D. Thomas Ecclesiastes 7:2-4
On the Benefits to be Derived from the House of Mourning H. Blair, D. D. Ecclesiastes 7:2-4
On the Dangers of Pleasure S. S. Smith, D. D. Ecclesiastes 7:2-4
The House of Mourning John Morgan. Ecclesiastes 7:2-4
Compensations of Misery J. Willcock Ecclesiastes 7:2-6
The Evil, the Unprofitable, and the Blessed Flying W. Clarkson Ecclesiastes 7:2-6
Sorrow Better than Laughter J. W. Alexander, D. D. Ecclesiastes 7:3
The Service of Sorrow Homilist Ecclesiastes 7:3
The Advantages of Visiting the Mansions of Distress T. Secker. Ecclesiastes 7:4
The Mischief of Oppression and Bribery D. Thomas Ecclesiastes 7:7
Patience Under Provocation J. Willcock Ecclesiastes 7:7-10
Finis Coronat Opus Alexander Maclaren Ecclesiastes 7:8
Patience and Pride W. Clarkson Ecclesiastes 7:8
The End Better than the Beginning D. Thomas Ecclesiastes 7:8
The End of a Good Man's Life is Better than the Beginning Homilist Ecclesiastes 7:8
The New Year John Foster. Ecclesiastes 7:8
The Power of Patience J. Hamilton, D. D. Ecclesiastes 7:8
The Folly of Pride, Hastiness, and Anger D. Thomas Ecclesiastes 7:8, 9
Discontent with the Present Unreasonable R. South, D. D. Ecclesiastes 7:10
Foolish Comparison and Complaint W. Clarkson Ecclesiastes 7:10
Former Things not Better J. Carmichael, D. D. Ecclesiastes 7:10
Laudator Temporis Acti D. Thomas Ecclesiastes 7:10
Mistaken Signs W. L. Watkinson. Ecclesiastes 7:10
Vain Thoughts Concerning the Past H. Melvill, B. D. Ecclesiastes 7:10
Wisdom and Riches J. Willcock Ecclesiastes 7:11, 12
Christianity the Guardian of Human Life H. Melvill, B. D. Ecclesiastes 7:12
Religious Education J. B. Patterson, M. A. Ecclesiastes 7:12
Crooked Things Homilist Ecclesiastes 7:13-14
Resignation to Providence J. Willcock Ecclesiastes 7:13, 14
The Crook in the Lot   Ecclesiastes 7:13-14
The Crooked in Life W. Jay. Ecclesiastes 7:13-14
The Irremediable W. Clarkson Ecclesiastes 7:13, 14
The Power of God, and the Duty of Man P. Roe, M. A. Ecclesiastes 7:13-14
The Perplexities of Life D. Thomas Ecclesiastes 7:13-15
Compensations for a Poor Harvest W. G. Herder. Ecclesiastes 7:14
Considerations Homiletic Review Ecclesiastes 7:14
Hard Times F. H. Marling. Ecclesiastes 7:14
Prosperity and Adversity J. Jortin, D. D. Ecclesiastes 7:14
Sunshine and Shadow Thomas Spurgeon. Ecclesiastes 7:14
Righteousness and Wickedness J. Willcock Ecclesiastes 7:15-18
The Lower and the Higher Standard W. Clarkson Ecclesiastes 7:15-22
Be not Righteous Overmuch J. Jortin, D. D. Ecclesiastes 7:16-17
Moderation D. Thomas Ecclesiastes 7:16, 17
Overmuch W. M. Taylor, D. D. Ecclesiastes 7:16-17
Righteous Overmuch G. D'Oyly, D. D. Ecclesiastes 7:16-17
Strained Piety W. L. Watkinson. Ecclesiastes 7:16-17
The Danger of Being Over-Righteous or Over-Wise Bishop Stillingfleet. Ecclesiastes 7:16-17
The Righteous Overmuch Dean Hook. Ecclesiastes 7:16-17
Wisdom a Protection J. Willcock Ecclesiastes 7:19-22
Man's Inability to Keep the Law Perfectly T. Boston, D. D. Ecclesiastes 7:20
Perfection is not on Earth D. Thomas Ecclesiastes 7:20, 29
Listeners Hear no Good of Themselves W. Park, M. A. Ecclesiastes 7:21
Degradation and Elevation W. Clarkson Ecclesiastes 7:23-28
Woman J. Willcock Ecclesiastes 7:23-29
Bad Women a Curse to Society D. Thomas Ecclesiastes 7:25-28
Solomon's Estimate of Woman J. Bennet Ecclesiastes 7:28
Man in His Original and in His Lapsed Stage E. Payson, D. D. Ecclesiastes 7:29
Man's Creation in a Holy, But Mutable, State John Howe, M. A. Ecclesiastes 7:29
Man's Fall Homilist Ecclesiastes 7:29
The Fall H. Melvill, B. D. Ecclesiastes 7:29
The Original State of Man, and the Covenant of Works J. Guyse, D. D Ecclesiastes 7:29
The State of Innocence T. Boston, D. D. Ecclesiastes 7:29
ECCLESIASTES 8
Gospel of the Shining Face Homiletic Review Ecclesiastes 8:1
Sweetness and Light J. Willcock Ecclesiastes 8:1
The Human Face T. De Witt Talmage. Ecclesiastes 8:1
The Tokens of Wisdom D. Thomas Ecclesiastes 8:1
Obedience to the Civil Government T. Payne, M. A. Ecclesiastes 8:2
Allegiance of Subjects J. Willcock Ecclesiastes 8:2-5
The Ruler and the Subject D. Thomas Ecclesiastes 8:2-5
The King's Word T. Spurgeon. Ecclesiastes 8:4
The Word of a King   Ecclesiastes 8:4
A Watchnight Meditation T. Jackson. Ecclesiastes 8:5
The Wise Man's Improvement of Time John Weir. Ecclesiastes 8:5
The Doom of Tyrants J. Willcock Ecclesiastes 8:6-8
Christian Life-Service S. H. Tyng, D. D. Ecclesiastes 8:8
Death - Our Power and Our Powerlessness W. Clarkson Ecclesiastes 8:8
Death an Unpreventable Exit of the Spirit Homilist Ecclesiastes 8:8
The Battle of Life T. Spurgeon. Ecclesiastes 8:8
The Uncertainty of Life A. WilIiamson, M. A. Ecclesiastes 8:8
The Contemplation of Human Life J. Foster. Ecclesiastes 8:9
Sin in Power W. Clarkson Ecclesiastes 8:9, 10
Unequal Lots J. Willcock Ecclesiastes 8:9, 10
The Funeral of the Wicked Homilist Ecclesiastes 8:10
The Wicked Man's Life, Funeral and Epitaph   Ecclesiastes 8:10
The Wicked Man's Life, Funeral, and Epitaph Charles Haddon Spurgeon Ecclesiastes 8:10
A Hasty and Foolish Inference D. Thomas Ecclesiastes 8:11
Abused Goodness Joseph A. Seiss, D. D. Ecclesiastes 8:11
God's Delay of Executing the Sentence of Condemnation Against Ungodly Men Often Miserably Abused by Them   Ecclesiastes 8:11
Misused Respite Alexander Maclaren Ecclesiastes 8:11
Present Forbearance no Argument Against Future Retribution J. H. Rylance. Ecclesiastes 8:11
Sin and its Sentence T. Hammond. Ecclesiastes 8:11
The Abuse of Divine Forbearance W. Jay. Ecclesiastes 8:11
The Impunity of Bad Men in the World P. Falle. Ecclesiastes 8:11
The Longsuffering of God J. Tillotson, D. D. Ecclesiastes 8:11
The Longsuffering of God with Individuals J. Saurin. Ecclesiastes 8:11
Retribution Certain J. Willcock Ecclesiastes 8:11-13
The Perversion of God's Patience W. Clarkson Ecclesiastes 8:11-13
Five Fears   Ecclesiastes 8:12
Five Fears Charles Haddon Spurgeon Ecclesiastes 8:12
The Christian's Welfare Certified R. S. MacArthur, D. D. Ecclesiastes 8:12
Well with These Who Fear God Homilist Ecclesiastes 8:12
The Certainty of Retribution D. Thomas Ecclesiastes 8:12-14
Apparent Discrepancy Between Character and Circumstances Homilist Ecclesiastes 8:14
One Way Out of Perplexity J. Willcock Ecclesiastes 8:14, 15
The Benefits of Wholesome Recreation F F. Statham, B. A. Ecclesiastes 8:15
Man's Busy Life D. Thomas Ecclesiastes 8:16
Vanity of Philosophizing J. Willcock Ecclesiastes 8:16, 17
The Impenetrable, Inscrutable Mystery D. Thomas Ecclesiastes 8:17
ECCLESIASTES 9
In the Hand of God J. M. Gibson, D. D. Ecclesiastes 9:1
The Antidote to Despondency D. Thomas Ecclesiastes 9:1-3
Inexorable Destiny J. Willcock Ecclesiastes 9:1-6
Providence Z. Cradock, D. D. Ecclesiastes 9:2
The Impartiality of Providence Homilies Ecclesiastes 9:2
The Sufferings of Good Men R. Fiddes. Ecclesiastes 9:2
Moral Insanity   Ecclesiastes 9:3
Moral Madness Homiliest Ecclesiastes 9:3
Scriptural Statement of the Doctrines of Human Corruption E. Cooper. Ecclesiastes 9:3
The Unconverted World A. Robertson, M. A. Ecclesiastes 9:3
Life is Everything W. Clarkson Ecclesiastes 9:4
Lion or Dog F. Hastings. Ecclesiastes 9:4
Reality Versus Show A. J. Bray. Ecclesiastes 9:4
Sinners, Living and Dead Homilist Ecclesiastes 9:4
The Delusion of Common Lily Rebuked and Corrected J. Hughes. Ecclesiastes 9:4
A Funeral Sermon Bp. E. Hopkins. Ecclesiastes 9:5
Festival Joy Plain Sermons by Contributors to the "Tracts for the Times." Ecclesiastes 9:7-8
White Robes G. F. Prentiss. Ecclesiastes 9:7-8
The Joy of Human Life D. Thomas Ecclesiastes 9:7-9
Enjoyment of the Present J. Willcock Ecclesiastes 9:7-10
A Home Mission Sermon   Ecclesiastes 9:10
A Home Mission Sermon Charles Haddon Spurgeon Ecclesiastes 9:10
An Earnest Life G. B. F. Halleck. Ecclesiastes 9:10
Diligence D. Thomas Ecclesiastes 9:10
Diligence in Our Spiritual Concerns J. Balguy. Ecclesiastes 9:10
Do Thy Best   Ecclesiastes 9:10
Earnestness T. De Witt Talmage. Ecclesiastes 9:10
Entire Devotion to Duty N. Emmons, D. D. Ecclesiastes 9:10
Impulse, Will, and Habit H. W. Beecher. Ecclesiastes 9:10
Industry Isaac Barrow, D. D. Ecclesiastes 9:10
Industry H. Melvill, B. D. Ecclesiastes 9:10
Life the Season for Action J. F. Pridgeon. Ecclesiastes 9:10
Life's Duty D. Davies. Ecclesiastes 9:10
Much Work to be Done on Earth, and Short Time to Do It James Henderson, D. D. Ecclesiastes 9:10
Of Industry in General Isaac Barrow, D. D. Ecclesiastes 9:10
On Diligence in Our General and Particular Calling J. Tillotson, D. D. Ecclesiastes 9:10
The Day of Opportunity W. Clarkson Ecclesiastes 9:10
The Duty of Diligence and Earnestness in Religion The Evangelist Ecclesiastes 9:10
The Gospel of Hard Work John McNeill. Ecclesiastes 9:10
The Improvement of Present Time J. Guyse, D. D. Ecclesiastes 9:10
The Labour of Life Homilist Ecclesiastes 9:10
The Lapse of Time John Henry Newman Ecclesiastes 9:10
The Lesson of Diligence R. Newton, D. D. Ecclesiastes 9:10
The Spur   Ecclesiastes 9:10
The True Idea of Life W. G. Barrett. Ecclesiastes 9:10
With Your Might W. R. Nicoll, LL. D. Ecclesiastes 9:10
The Powerlessness of Man D. Thomas Ecclesiastes 9:10, 11
Many Endeavours of the Creature are Often Frustrated of Their End When There is Greatest Probability of Success   Ecclesiastes 9:11
Success not Always Answerable to the Probability of Second Causes J. Tillotson, D. D. Ecclesiastes 9:11
The Client of Things not Always Answerable to Second Causes S. Clarke, D. D. Ecclesiastes 9:11
Prosperity - the Rule and the Exception W. Clarkson Ecclesiastes 9:11, 12
Time and Chance J. Willcock Ecclesiastes 9:11, 12
Blessed Ignorance Homilist Ecclesiastes 9:12
Expectation of Long Life Unwise N. Emmons, D. D. Ecclesiastes 9:12
Man Knoweth not His Time B. Beddome, M. A. Ecclesiastes 9:12
Man's Ignorance of the Time of His Death   Ecclesiastes 9:12
Snares in the Path of the Young G. Fisk, LL. B. Ecclesiastes 9:12
The Uncertainty of Human Life E. D. Griffin, D. D. Ecclesiastes 9:12
An Apologue J. Willcock Ecclesiastes 9:13-16
The Praise of Wisdom D. Thomas Ecclesiastes 9:13-18
Wisdom and Strength W. Clarkson Ecclesiastes 9:13-18
The Little City and the Poor Wise Man W. H. M. H. Aitken, M. A. Ecclesiastes 9:14-18
The Poor Wise Man W. Jones, M. A. Ecclesiastes 9:14-18
The Destructiveness of Sin Homiletic Review Ecclesiastes 9:17-18
The Superiority of Moral to Military Force Homilist Ecclesiastes 9:17-18
The Destructiveness of One Evil Life W. Clarkson Ecclesiastes 9:18
ECCLESIASTES 10
Dead Flies Homiletic Magazine Ecclesiastes 10:1
Dead Flies J. Hamilton, D. D. Ecclesiastes 10:1
Dead Flies J. Willcock Ecclesiastes 10:1
The Dead Fly in the Ointment W. Clarkson Ecclesiastes 10:1
Folly Self-Betrayed D. Thomas Ecclesiastes 10:1, 3
Heart and Hand J. E. Henry, M. A. Ecclesiastes 10:2
Heart and Hand Fergus Ferguson, D. D. Ecclesiastes 10:2
Influence of a Good Heart N. Emmons, D. D. Ecclesiastes 10:2
The Wholesome Influence of Wisdom and the Baneful Effects of Folly J. Willcock Ecclesiastes 10:2-15
A Pacifying Spirit D. Thomas Ecclesiastes 10:4
Social Paradoxes D. Thomas Ecclesiastes 10:5-7
For They that are After the Flesh Do Mind Hugh Binning Ecclesiastes 10:6
A Social Scene in Human Life D. Thomas, D. D. Ecclesiastes 10:7
Fences and Serpents A. Maclaren, D. D. Ecclesiastes 10:8
Respect the Hedge W. L. Watkinson. Ecclesiastes 10:8
Sin Suicidal W. Clarkson Ecclesiastes 10:8
Sin; and the Serpent's Bite H. Parrish, B. A. Ecclesiastes 10:8
The Broken Hedge W. Clarkson Ecclesiastes 10:8
The Hedges of Life H. Wonnacott. Ecclesiastes 10:8
The Serpent Behind the Hedge W. Osborne Lilley. Ecclesiastes 10:8
The Rebound of Evil D. Thomas Ecclesiastes 10:8, 9
Raising Stones and Cleaving Wood J. H. Moulton, D. D. Ecclesiastes 10:9
Good Workmanship - Ourselves and Our Tools W. Clarkson Ecclesiastes 10:9, 10
Blunt Axes Homilist Ecclesiastes 10:10
Blunt Tools: a Counsel and Consolation M. G. Pearse. Ecclesiastes 10:10
Force and Wisdom D. Thomas Ecclesiastes 10:10
God's Provision Concerning Labour H. Melvill, B. D. Ecclesiastes 10:10
The Iron Blunt, and the Iron Whetted Homilist Ecclesiastes 10:10
The Obtrusiveness and the Condemnation of Folly D. Thomas Ecclesiastes 10:11-15
The Way to the City Alexander Maclaren Ecclesiastes 10:15
Wickedness in High Places T. De Witt Talmage. Ecclesiastes 10:16
Statesmanship D. Thomas Ecclesiastes 10:16, 17
Duties of Rulers and Subjects J. Willcock Ecclesiastes 10:16-20
Ruin - its Forms and its Sources W. Clarkson Ecclesiastes 10:17, 18
The Curse of Sloth D. Thomas Ecclesiastes 10:18
ECCLESIASTES 11
After Many Days J. S. Mayer, M. A. Ecclesiastes 11:1
Bowing on the Waters A. F. Muir, M. A. Ecclesiastes 11:1
Cast Thy Bread Upon the Waters Brooke Herford. Ecclesiastes 11:1
Cast Thy Bread Upon the Waters W. L. Watkinson. Ecclesiastes 11:1
Certainties and Uncertainties Caleb Morris. Ecclesiastes 11:1
Encouragement to Christian Toilers D. Thomas Ecclesiastes 11:1
Excitements to Missionary Effort R. Watson, M. A. Ecclesiastes 11:1
Faith and Duty Prof. Elmslie. Ecclesiastes 11:1
Sowing on the Waters C. Stanford, D. D. Ecclesiastes 11:1
Spiritual Efforts not Lost H. Melvill, B. D. Ecclesiastes 11:1
The Poor Man's Portion A. Fuller. Ecclesiastes 11:1
The Social Agency of Good Men Homilist Ecclesiastes 11:1
Uninviting Work W. L. Watkinson. Ecclesiastes 11:1
Works of Charity D. Thomas Ecclesiastes 11:1, 2
Incentives to Christian Work W. Clarkson Ecclesiastes 11:1-4, 6
Provision for the Future J. Willcock Ecclesiastes 11:1-6
Black Clouds and Bright Blessings   Ecclesiastes 11:3
Difficulties Vanquished David Hughes, B. A. Ecclesiastes 11:4
Optimism and Pessimism Versus Christianity Canon Liddon. Ecclesiastes 11:4
Sowing in the Wind, Reaping Under Clouds Charles Haddon Spurgeon Ecclesiastes 11:4
Sowing in the Wind; Reaping Under Clouds   Ecclesiastes 11:4
The True Workman W. Clarkson Ecclesiastes 11:4
Too Late J. A. Jacob, M. A. Ecclesiastes 11:4
Fulfill Duty and Disregard Consequences D. Thomas Ecclesiastes 11:4, 6
Christian Agnosticism J. H. Stowell, M. A. Ecclesiastes 11:5
Magnificent Failures C. F. Dole. Ecclesiastes 11:6
The Seed-Time of Life R. C. Cowell Ecclesiastes 11:6
The Sweet Light of Life Homilist Ecclesiastes 11:7
The Sweetness of Light J. Jenkinson. Ecclesiastes 11:7
Enjoyment of the Present J. Willcock Ecclesiastes 11:7, 8
Light and Darkness D. Thomas Ecclesiastes 11:7, 8
The Shadow of the Tomb W. Clarkson Ecclesiastes 11:7, 8
A New Years Sermon to the Young Alexander Maclaren Ecclesiastes 11:9
Youth and Age J. Willcock Ecclesiastes 11:9-12:7
A Warning to Youth N. Emmons, D. D. Ecclesiastes 11:9-10
Advice to Youth Bp. Perowne. Ecclesiastes 11:9-10
Human Joy and Divine Judgment W. Clarkson Ecclesiastes 11:9, 10
In Joy Remember Judgment! D. Thomas Ecclesiastes 11:9, 10
Joy and Judgment M. R. Vincent, D. D. Ecclesiastes 11:9-10
Remembrance in Youth of Judgment to Come R. Hall, M. A. Ecclesiastes 11:9-10
The Judgment to Come J. Guyse, D. D. Ecclesiastes 11:9-10
Youthful Pleasures Homilist Ecclesiastes 11:9-10
The Vanity and Glory of Youth W. Clarkson Ecclesiastes 11:10
ECCLESIASTES 12
The Conclusion of the Matter Alexander Maclaren Ecclesiastes 12:1
The Vanity and Glory of Youth W. Clarkson Ecclesiastes 12:1
Youthful Religion D. Thomas Ecclesiastes 12:1
An Old Sermon for Young Hearers C. S. Robinson, D. D. Ecclesiastes 12:1-7
Days of Youth Homilist Ecclesiastes 12:1-7
Early Piety W. Barrow, LL. D. Ecclesiastes 12:1-7
Human Life Homilist Ecclesiastes 12:1-7
On the Advantages of an Early Piety J. Tillotson, D. D. Ecclesiastes 12:1-7
Preparation for Old Age H. W. Beecher. Ecclesiastes 12:1-7
Remember Thy Creator W. Whale. Ecclesiastes 12:1-7
Remembering God G. A. Gordon. Ecclesiastes 12:1-7
The Creator Remembered D. J. Burrell, D. D. Ecclesiastes 12:1-7
The Creator Remembered H. M. Booth, D. D. Ecclesiastes 12:1-7
The Creator Remembered Monday Club Sermons Ecclesiastes 12:1-7
The Days of Thy Youth J. P. Chown. Ecclesiastes 12:1-7
The Duty and Advantages of Early Piety J. Jortin, D. D. Ecclesiastes 12:1-7
The Irreligious Youth S. Martin. Ecclesiastes 12:1-7
The Remembrance of Our Creator Christian Observer Ecclesiastes 12:1-7
The Warning not to Forget God R. Newton, D. D. Ecclesiastes 12:1-7
The Young Man's Task H. Smith. Ecclesiastes 12:1-7
Young Persons Exhorted to Remember Their Creator Sketches of Four Hundred Sermons Ecclesiastes 12:1-7
Youthful Piety: Described and Inculcated W. Mudge, B. A. Ecclesiastes 12:1-7
Sorrow Unspeakable   Ecclesiastes 12:2
Old Age and Death D. Thomas Ecclesiastes 12:2-7
Windows J. M. Ludlow, D. D. Ecclesiastes 12:3
Doors J. M. Ludlow, D. D. Ecclesiastes 12:4
Man's Long Home T. Young, B. D. Ecclesiastes 12:5
On Death H. Blair, D. D. Ecclesiastes 12:5
Our Long Home Alfred Norris. Ecclesiastes 12:5
The Almond-Tree in Blossom T. De Witt Talmage. Ecclesiastes 12:5
The Eternal House D. Swing. Ecclesiastes 12:5
Death, its Meaning and its Moral W. Clarkson Ecclesiastes 12:5-7
Our Destiny After Death H. W. Hutchings, M. A. Ecclesiastes 12:7
The Death of the Body, and Separate State of Souls J. Guyse, D. D. Ecclesiastes 12:7
The Immortality of the Soul O. Scott. Ecclesiastes 12:7
The Individuality of the Soul J. H. Newman, D. D. Ecclesiastes 12:7
The Story of a Soul J. P. Thompson. Ecclesiastes 12:7
The Two Natures of Man F. Noble, D. D. Ecclesiastes 12:7
On the Proper Estimate of Human Life H. Blair, D. D. Ecclesiastes 12:8
The Vanities T. De Witt Talmage. Ecclesiastes 12:8
Two Reviews of Life C. B. Symes, B. A. Ecclesiastes 12:8
The Epilogue J. Willcock Ecclesiastes 12:8-12
The Religious Thinker and Teacher D. Thomas Ecclesiastes 12:9-11
The Function of the Teacher W. Clarkson Ecclesiastes 12:9-12
A Wise Preacher Aims to Move His Hearers N. Emmons, D. D. Ecclesiastes 12:11
The Christian Ministry of Literary Men J. H. Rylance, D. D. Ecclesiastes 12:11
The Words of the Wise Archdeacon Perowne. Ecclesiastes 12:11
Books T. De Witt Talmage. Ecclesiastes 12:12
The Scholar's Sorrow D. Thomas Ecclesiastes 12:12
Making the Most of Life J. M. Sherwood, D. D. Ecclesiastes 12:13
The Fear of God H. J. Hastings, M. A. Ecclesiastes 12:13
The Moral of it All E. Johnson, M. A. Ecclesiastes 12:13
The Purpose of Life W. Walters. Ecclesiastes 12:13
The Summary of Manhood R. C. Cowell Ecclesiastes 12:13
The Whole Duty of Man J. M. Buckley, D. D. Ecclesiastes 12:13
What is the Whole Duty of Man L. O. Thompson. Ecclesiastes 12:13
Divine Requirement and Human Response W. Clarkson Ecclesiastes 12:13, 14
Religion, Righteousness, and Retribution D. Thomas Ecclesiastes 12:13, 14
The Last Word J. Willcock Ecclesiastes 12:13, 14
Human Responsibility H. Melvill, B. D. Ecclesiastes 12:14
The Great Day of Judgment W. Barns. Ecclesiastes 12:14
The Reasonableness and Credibility of This Great Principle of Religion Bp. Wilkins. Ecclesiastes 12:14
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DISCLAIMER: Before you "go to the commentaries" go to the Scriptures and study them inductively (Click 3 part overview of how to do Inductive Bible Study) in dependence on your Teacher, the Holy Spirit, Who Jesus promised would guide us into all the truth (John 16:13). Remember that Scripture is always the best commentary on Scripture. Any commentary, even those by the most conservative and orthodox teacher/preachers cannot help but have at least some bias of the expositor based upon his training and experience. Therefore the inclusion of specific links does not indicate that we agree with every comment. We have made a sincere effort to select only the most conservative, "bibliocentric" commentaries. Should you discover some commentary or sermon you feel may not be orthodox, please email your concern. I have removed several links in response to concerns by discerning readers. I recommend that your priority be a steady intake of solid Biblical food so that with practice you will have your spiritual senses trained to discern good from evil (Heb 5:14-note).