dio: (Therefore's in 1 Peter
-1Pet 1:13; 2:1;
4:1, 7, 19; 5:1, 6)
Whenever you encounter a "therefore"
term of conclusion
as an opportunity to pause and ponder the text. The Spirit will
guide you and teach you and slowing down gives Him an
opportunity to teach and gives us a chance to hear!
More literally the
Therefore having girded up
the loins of your mind, being sober,
perfectly upon the grace that is being brought to you in the
This is Peter’s practical
application of the greet truths of which he had been writing.
“Look ahead, and expect great things. Live in the future.
Project your thoughts beyond the centuries that are passing away
into the ages which will never die.”
Pull yourself together; be
not mentally and spiritually in dishabille (state of being
dressed in a casual or careless style; deliberately careless or
casual manner) but, be girt ready for holy running or snored
wrestling: “Gird up the loins of your mind,”
Be ready to depart to your
inheritance. Do not let your garments flow carelessly and
loosely, as though you had no journey before you, but “gird up
the loins of your mind.”
for this reason, for this purpose, because of this thing: What
"thing" has Peter been taking about for 12 verses? Clearly
"salvation"... one that even the prophets didn't fully
understand (1Pe 1:10,11) and angels long to understand (1Pe 1:12) but
cannot. And so with this therefore we
see a change in emphasis. Peter has been dealing with the
glories of our salvation. At this point, he launches into a
series of exhortations based on the foregoing firm foundation.
1:13 serves as a hinge to connect 1Pe 1:1-12 (assurance of future
glory through new birth in Christ) with 1Pe 1:14-5:11 (expectation
of righteous behavior in spite of unfair circumstances).
Therefore or because
you now have the foundational teaching about salvation, truths
so magnificent that even angels long to look into, Peter says
"turn that knowledge into 'shoe leather' and live it out before
the lost world". The renewing of one's mind by these incredible
truths should transform our walk (Ro 12:2-note). In the NT doctrine is
always inseparably linked with practice. What you believe should
itself in how you behave. And in the later
parts of this letter we see that Peter gets very specific
about the behavior and actions that adorn the transformed life
of a set apart one (a saint). Because you have been born again
to a living hope, because you have an imperishable inheritance
reserved for you in heaven, because you are protected by the
power of God, because you can rejoice in suffering knowing it
has a holy purpose in your life, etc...now do these things -
gird your mind, keep sober and fix your hope. Note how Peter first gives instructions on grace before he asks them to live it out. Grace
(God's transforming power that enables us to live a supernatural
life) must be
experienced before the behaviors called for can be put into
practice. The alternative is to place yourself under legalistic
constraints to do this or do that, and this self-effort approach
cannot produce a supernatural life.
C H Spurgeon
the importance of "therefore" in this section writes
Doctrine may become dangerous if it be
not reduced to practice, and all the doctrines of God’s Word
may readily be turned to good and practical account if we are
willing so to employ them. Those who regard doctrine simply as a
subject for debate, an opportunity for displaying one’s
argumentative powers, miss the mark altogether, for we are
taught the truth in order that it may lead us to holiness of
life. This is the object of God in giving us more light,— that,
by that light, we may ourselves become more full of light, and
be the means of conveying light to others. Therefore, when your
mind is instructed concerning some grand truth, after you have
sucked the honey and joy out of it, always say to yourself,
“But what are the bearings of this doctrine upon my life? How
should it influence me? What would God have me to do as the
result of receiving such teaching as this?” From what Peter had
already said, like a true logician, he draws a wise inference,
and says, “Wherefore gird up the loins of your mind, be
sober, and hope to the end for the grace that is to be brought
unto you at the revelation of Jesus Christ." (Spurgeon, C
Girded for the Work)
As an aside Peter is making it
very clear that our faith (and the obedience that emanates from
that faith) should be based not on our personal experiences but
on the sound doctrine of the Word of God.
We are seldom comforted, but
we have need to be exhorted. So apt are our hearts to security,
and so apt is Satan to interrupt our joys with his base
injections. How soon did Hezekiah fondly overshoot himself to
the Babylonish ambassadors, after his sweet intercourse with God
in holy duties! And how shamefully did Jonah forget himself and
break out into a brawl with God, after his embassage faithfully
discharged to the Ninevites, and the sweet comforts that came in
to his soul thereupon! (Woe!) (1 Peter
1 - John Trapp Complete Commentary)
THE "wherefore" with which
this paragraph opens gathers up the premises of the preceding
verses, and uses them as a massive platform of solid masonry on
which to erect the battery of appeal to which the Apostle now
addresses himself. Because our destiny is what it is; because
Jesus Christ is what He is; because our salvation has been the
theme of prophets, apostles, martyrs, angels; therefore...And
the aim of his appeal is Holiness.--"Be ye yourselves also holy
in all manner of living."
“Therefore,” for this
reason, that your salvation was so great an object of interest
to prophets and to angels, it becomes you to maintain your
faith, your courage, and expectation to the end. “Therefore,
girding up the loins of your mind.” The allusion is to the long
loose garments worn by the Asiatics.
I. The meaning then, is,
be thoroughly courageous, genuine, sincere. Make your life
compact by the girdle of truth. Avoid loose, unsubstantial
convictions regarding spiritual and eternal things, Remember,
however little the word of revealed truth is to you, it is God’s
greatest and best thought: that it is the divine record
concerning yourself and His dear Son ought to make it of
infinite importance to you. Therefore, “gird up the loins of
your mind.” Tighten the belt. You can do better work, run a
better race, or be better ready for fight. Then shall you be
fitted for the best service the King demands. Settled
convictions of divine truth are of great value; they give
stability, contentment, and influence. The girdle compact, and
everything is made available for comfort and usefulness, you are
stable and helpful when others are weak and vacillating.
II. This, also, will
induce sobriety, gravity, thoughtfulness. And, impressed
with the magnitude and sustained by the certainty of divine
truth, you will “set your hope perfectly on the grace, or favour,
that is to be brought unto you when Jesus shall come again,” to
give eternal honour to His people. Stop, then; think, tighten
your belt. Many are not ready for the sudden revelation of Jesus
Christ. Are you? O, the supreme importance of being ready now,
and each moment!
III. “Tell us how we shall
do this girding.” Peter wrote these words in the shadow of
the greatest truths: the Cross, and the possibility of your
salvation. Think often of the Cross and its mystery of grace; it
will fill your life with the mightiest motives. Think of the end
of your faith, the salvation of your soul. Think; you are in
possession of God’s revelation, His best thought, the sunlight
of your present joy and your future hope. Think; you are in
fellow ship with Jesus Christ. Do it by much prayer. (1 Peter
1- The Biblical Illustrator)
GIRD YOUR MINDS FOR ACTION:
anazosamenoi (AMPMPN) tas osphuas (Loins = seat of strength of
tes dianoias humon: (Ex 12:11; 1Ki
18:46; 2Ki 4:29; Job 38:3; 40:7; Isa
11:5; Jer 1:17; Lk 12:35; 17:8; Eph 6:14)
prepare your minds for action (NIV)
the robes of your mind into running shorts. Pull them up between
your legs and tuck them into your belt (Piper)
then, have your minds ready for action (TEV)
brace up your minds (Amp)
be serious and thoughtful rather than shallow
and flippant in attitude (Morris)
tied up at the waist the clothes of your mind
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means to "Gird your mind for action". (Highly
Jer 1:17 “Now, gird up
your loins, and arise, and speak to them all which I command
you. Do not be dismayed before them, lest I dismay you before
Luke 12:35 “Be dressed
in readiness, and [keep] your lamps alight.
Eph 6:14 Stand firm
therefore, HAVING GIRDED YOUR LOINS WITH TRUTH, and
HAVING PUT ON THE BREASTPLATE OF RIGHTEOUSNESS,
Spurgeon comments that
begins, as you notice, with
girding up the loins of your mind. These are days of great
looseness; everywhere I see great laxity of doctrinal belief,
and gross carelessness in religious practice. Christian people
are doing to-day what their forefathers would have loathed.
Multitudes of professors are but very
little different from worldlings. Men’s religion seems to hang
loosely about them, as if it did not fit them: the wonder is
that it does not drop off from them. Men are so little braced up
as to conscientious conviction and vigorous resolve, that they easily go to pieces
if assailed by error or temptation. The teaching necessary for
to-day is this: “Gird up the loins of your mind,” brace
yourselves up; pull yourselves together; be firm, compact,
consistent, determined. Do not be like quicksilver, which keeps
on dissolving and running into fractions; do not fritter away
life upon trifles, but live to purpose, with undivided heart,
and decided resolution." (Spurgeon, C H:
A Seasonable Exhortation)
Trapp explains the reason for the "therefore" this way...
Gird up the loins of your
mind, &c.] Gird yourselves and serve God, Luke 17:8. A loose,
discinct, and diffluent mind is unfit for God’s service. Girding
implies, 1. Readiness; 2. Nimbleness, handiness, and
handsomeness. The main strength of the body is in the loins.
Therefore some say, the strong purposes and resolutions of the
mind are here meant. (1 Peter
1 - John Trapp Complete Commentary)
Gird your minds for action
(anazonnumi from ana = up
~ stresses lifting up of long robe + zonnumi = bind
about especially with a belt) is used only here.
means to bind up, gird up, and was used literally that of a
robed man, tucking his skirts under the belt, so he can be free
to run (literally)
Then the hand of the Lord was on Elijah,
and he girded up his loins and outran Ahab to Jezreel."
said to Gehazi, “Gird up your loins and take
my staff in your hand, and go your way..."
Elisha the prophet called one of the sons of the prophets, and
said to him, “Gird up your loins, and take this flask of
oil in your hand, and go to Ramoth-gilead."
This was apparently a well known Hebrew expression indicating
readiness of mind or preparedness. The Jews at Passover were
supposed to eat the Passover meal in haste, "with (their) loins
girded", ready to move
you shall eat it in this manner: with your loins girded,
your sandals on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and you
shall eat it in haste—it is the Lord’s Passover Ex 12:11
gird up your loins, and arise, and speak to them all which I
commanded you. Do not be dismayed before them, lest I dismay you
before them” (Jer 1:17).
phrase is used metaphorically to suggest needful preparation for
the fierce and intense conflict to come. This figurative use of
girding of the loins presents the picture of courage or resolve
that would be necessary, for the task he was called to do was
not a pleasant one and would bring persecution. How did Jeremiah
do? Jeremiah obeyed God's command and as a result became one of
the most unpopular prophets in Jewish history! Measured by human
standards, his ministry was a failure, but measured by the will
of God, he was a great success. Jeremiah was called to difficult
tasks to stand alone, to resist the crowd, and to be out of step
with the world view and values of his day, a "girding of his
mind" which Jeremiah maintained for over forty years!
challenges Job to gird up his loins
Now gird up your loins like a man; I
will ask you, and you instruct Me” (Job 38:3; cf Job 40:7)
is figurative referring to Job's mental outlook and not to his
physical clothing. The point is that all of the uses constitute
preparation necessary to makes a person ready to take action and
move about freely without hindrance physically or figuratively.
To fail to do so is to invite trouble.
Paul using a
similar metaphor tells the Ephesian church to
Stand firm therefore, HAVING
GIRDED YOUR LOINS WITH TRUTH" (Ep 6:14-note)
So the truth is what we are
gird our minds with. The Roman soldier. He would pull
his tunic through his belt so his garment wouldn’t be in his way
when he was in battle. Girding the loins was a mark of
preparedness, and the soldier who was serious about fighting was
sure to secure his tunic with his belt. Paul like Peter is
telling us that we must be prepared and committed for spiritual
A Jewish person
preparing for to run, to fight or to apply themselves to any
business requiring rapid motion, wouldn’t
leave with his garments loose but would put on a belt and pull
his garments through it. He was then ready to move. The same
thing was true of a Roman soldier. He would pull his tunic
through his belt so his garment wouldn’t be in his way when he
was in battle. The apostle Peter is telling us that we must be
prepared and committed for action.
aorist tense pictures a past
once-for-all completed action in preparation
for a course of activity, a strenuous life of obedience. They
were to have their minds in constant preparation to discharge
the duties, or to endure the trials of life - like those who
were prepared for labor, for a race, or for a conflict.
Middle voice indicates the action performed is for one's own
benefit and conveys a reflexive sense - "Gird up for YOURSELF the loins of your mind”.
The middle implies that the person does the girding in his own
interest. The mind ought to be free from any hindrance (for
example, fear or worry) to serve the Lord.
Jesus uses a
similar figure in Luke to call His listeners to preparedness
saying (KJV) "Let your loins be girded about"
NASB - Be dressed in readiness
NIV - Be ready for service (Lk 12:35NIV)
Peter is saying let all hindrances be removed out of the way and
to be active, diligent, determined and ready to do business.
Peter calls us to the
mental discipline of right thinking and one of the best
passages to facilitate right thinking is to
your mind dwell on" "whatever is true, whatever is
honorable, whatever is right, whatever is pure, whatever is
lovely, whatever is of good repute, if there is any excellence
and if anything worthy of praise". (Php 4:8-note)
allow your thoughts to "roam about" and to harbor thoughts of
lust or worldliness. Don't allow thoughts that corrode and
corrupt our moral, godly fiber.
Pull your thoughts
Roll up your sleeves!
Obedience and a life of holiness is not produced from
passivity but demands that we each individually make an active
choice to cultivate the attitude and initiate right thinking
meditating on the Word) and
right actions that lead to
holy living. This charge is similar to Paul's call to
discipline ourselves for godliness (1Ti 4:7, 8-see notes
Titus 2:11, 12, 13, 14- notes
14). This is a
call to bring all of one's rational and reflective powers
under control by cutting off vague "loosely flowing" thoughts
and speculations that lead nowhere and only hamper
obedience. It is an essential preparatory action to the man
who would live a life of holiness and successfully
resist the dangers confronting the believer both then and
Gather your thoughts
because "Loose thinking" will lead to "loose
living". Mental slovenliness issues in
moral disorder. (cp Pr 29:18). A disciplined mind is vital to a
One way to "gird
is to take "every thought captive to the obedience of Christ"
). The believer is to grab
hold of his mind and take charge of his thought life. Is my mind
an open manhole into which anything can fall? Is it a drain that
indiscriminately sucks in everything? An “open mind” can be a
virtue—but a mind open to whatever a godless world has to dump
into it is not a mind under the lordship of Christ.
You can’t keep the birds
from flying over your head, but you can keep them from making a
nest in your hair.
This is each
believer's responsibility and if we don't
carry it out we are in danger of becoming "dull of hearing"
and forgetting that "solid food is for the mature, who
because of practice have their senses trained to discern good
and evil." (He 5:!4-note)
In order to "realize the full assurance of hope until the end"
we need to maintain "diligence" (eagerness, zeal) so "that
(we) may not be sluggish, but imitators of those who through
faith and patience inherit the promises." (He 6:12-note)
So girding up your mind involves removing anything that would
hinder the free action of the mind in relationship to spiritual
growth or progress.
The recipients of this letter are
reminded by the apostle in 1Pe 1:1
(note) that they are strangers,
those who have temporarily settled down alongside of a pagan
population and later as pilgrims (1Pe 2:11-note). As such they should always
be ready to move. As the traveler, the racer, the warrior, and
the laborer, gathered in their long and loose garments, that
they might be ready in their business, so Christians should do
their minds and affections. The image is one of preparing for
battle or rugged travel. The believer is to grab hold of his
mind and take charge of his thought life—to bring it under
obedience to Christ (2Cor 10:5-note). It is not physical exertion that Peter
has in mind here, but mental. If the purpose of girding up the
clothing was to put out of the way that which would impede the
physical progress of an individual, the girding up of the
loins of the mind would be the putting out of the mind all
that would impede the free action of the mind in connection
with the onward progress of the Christian experience, things
such as worry, fear, jealousy, hate, unforgiveness, impurity.
These things harbored in the mind prevent the Holy Spirit from
using the mental faculties of the Christian in the most
efficient manner, and impede growth
in the "grace and knowledge of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ."
entering his public ministry Jesus had been fully prepared by
laying up the Scriptures as treasures in his heart. When tempted
(Mt 4:1), Jesus relied upon the authority of God’s Word to ward
off Satan’s attacks (Mt 4:4,). Your ability to withstand trials and
temptations also depends upon how well you appropriate the
Scriptures into your life. Have you, like Jesus, “girded your
minds for action”
(cf Josh 1:8, Ps 119:9, 11, Job 23:12-note)
The mind that is girded
up and redirected by the Scriptures, will begin to think in a
new way. However threatening the present, the fully girded-up
mind will set its hope “perfectly” on God’s grace. The
redirected mind will focus on God’s priority, holiness.
Fronmuller writes that
exhorts to girding up the
loins. Peter thinks doubtless of the words of Jesus, “Let
your loins be girded about,” Lk 12:35KJV and with a view to
avoiding all misunderstanding, adds, “the loins of your mind.”
Perhaps he alludes also to the significant commandment, “With
your loins girded” Ex 12:11; and in that case the
explanation of the addition is more simple and evident, cf. Je
1:17; Ep 6:14-note.—The
loins were girded by gathering
the long folds of the wide undergarment in a girdle in order to
supply the body with a firm stay and to remove all hindrances,
when the object was to work, to set out on a journey, to run, to
carry a burden, to wrestle or to go to war. So the Christian
should gird the dianoia, gather up all distractedness and
fickleness, and be astir and ready, that is, his thoughts and
his will should be alive and concentrated when there is a call
for work, for fight and for suffering. Beware of distractedness
and idleness, but also of irritation, morbid excitement and
exaggeration and eccentricity. Sobriety is to be the
preventive of the latter. Both the girding and the
sobriety are to be taken figuratively, although sobriety of
the body is taken for granted. Compare the exhortation at Lk
21:34, and Ro 13:14-note.
Elsewhere sobriety is joined with vigilance that shall ward off
all sleepiness and indolence, 1Th 5:6-note;
sometimes it occurs, as here, alone, 1Th 5:8-note;
(1 Peter 1:13 Commentary
Lange's Commentary - Online)
[word study] from
dianoéomai = to agitate in mind in turn from dia =
separation + noeo = to think over) means thinking through
something, meditating, reflecting. It refers to the intellect,
moral understanding or the way of thinking. It is the faculty of
thinking, comprehending, and reasoning. Dianoia is the
seat of perception and thinking, the faculty of understanding,
The idea inherent in
dianoia is what goes through (dia = through) one's mind and
so one's thought processes and finally the mind in general.
It focuses more on one's ability to think or perceive and thus
describes that function of the mind with by which one organizes
perceptions. This is the word chosen in the Gospels where Jesus
states the first and great commandment of the law: "Love the
Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and
with all your mind" (Mt 22:37; Mk 12:30).
Dianoia - 12x in
12v - Mt 22:37; Mk 12:30; Lk 1:51; 10:27; Ep 2:3; 4:18; Col
1:21; Heb 8:10; 10:16; 1Pe 1:13; 2Pe 3:1; 1Jn 5:20. NAS =
mind(7), minds(2), thoughts(1), understanding(2).
writes that dianoia is the...
common word for “thought” has
such varied senses as (1) thought as a function, (2) the power
of thought, the thinking consciousness, (3) the way of thought,
(4) the result of thought, e.g., thought, idea, opinion, or
judgment, (5) resolve of intention, and (6) the meaning of words
or statements. The
uses it as an
equivalent of kardia, and the usage is much the same in other
Jewish works. (Kittel,
G., Friedrich, G., & Bromiley, G. W. Theological Dictionary of
the New Testament. Eerdmans)
Spurgeon's expository comments...
This is Peter’s practical application of the greet truths of
which he had been writing. “Look ahead, and expect great things.
Live in the future. Project your thoughts beyond the centuries
that are passing away into the ages which will never die.”
Pull yourself together; be not mentally and spiritually in
dishabille; but, be girt ready for holy running or snored
wrestling: “Gird up the loins of your mind,”
Be not only moral, upright, truthful, and so forth; but “be ye
holy.” That is a very high attainment: “Be ye holy;” and observe
the reason for obedience to the command: “for I am holy.”
Children should be like their fathers, there are many children
who bear, in their very faces, evidence, of their sonship; you
know who their fathers were by the image that the children bear.
Oh, that it were always so with all the children of God: “Be ye
holy; for I am holy.”
1 Peter 1:13. Wherefore gird up the loins of your mind -
Be ready to depart to your inheritance. Do not let your garments
flow carelessly and loosely, as though you had no journey before
you, but “gird up the loins of your mind.”
1 Peter 1:13. Be sober, and hope to the end for the grace
that is to be brought unto you at the revelation of Jesus
Christ. - That is a very blessed subject. There is a grace
that was brought to you when Christ first came. There is another
grace and a higher grace that is to be brought to you when
Christ shall come the second time. Until that second coming of
Christ, the church on earth and in heaven cannot be perfected.
The bodies of the saints wait in the grave till he comes to give
“O long expected day, begin!
Dawn on these realms of woe and sin.”
For we wait for thy appearing, O Christ.
Well Prepared— by Cindy Hess Kasper - The idea of always
being prepared makes me think of the man who lived next door to
us when I was growing up. When Mr. Nienhuis came home, he never
failed to back his car into the garage. That seemed unusual to
me until my mother explained that Nels was a volunteer fireman.
If he got a call, he had to be ready to race to the fire
station. He backed in so he could leave quickly when he had to
report for duty.
To be well prepared is important in so much of life. “If I had 8
hours to chop down a tree, I’d spend 6 sharpening my axe,” said
Abraham Lincoln. We prepare for a career by studying. We buy
insurance in case of a car accident or a house fire. We even
prepare for the end of life by making a will to provide for
The Bible tells us we must prepare ourselves spiritually as
well. We do that by putting on spiritual armor to protect
ourselves from spiritual attack (Eph. 6:10-20); by preparing our
minds for holy living (1 Peter 1:13); by making sure we’re
always prepared to answer questions about the reason for the
hope we possess (3:15); and by ensuring that we are ready for
the promised return of Jesus (Matt. 24:44).
How well prepared are you for what lies ahead? Unsure? Ask the
Lord for His help and guidance.
When I awake at early morn
To meet the coming day,
I want to be prepared to take
Whatever comes my way.
Spiritual victory comes only
This begs the question: Did you put on your armor today?
to those who are prepared for battle.
See Ro 13:11, 12, 13, 14-note,
Eph 6:10, 11, 12, 13, 14-note
KEEP SOBER IN SPIRIT: nephontes (PAPMPN):
(1Peter 4:7; 5:8; Lk 21:34,35; Ro 13:13; 1Th 5:6,7) (Torrey's Topic Sobriety)
be self-controlled (NIV) (I like this
rendering because it emphasizes that we can only practice
"spiritual sobriety" by depending on the Spirit's supernatural
enablement to produce self control, Gal 5:23-note).
sober (circumspect, morally alert) (Amp)
be ready for action
The New Testament writers put heavy emphasis on using the mind as the principal
avenue to Christian growth. This is not to say you will not have
experiences, but all experience needs to be filtered through the
grid of the Word of Truth which the Spirit uses to renew our
mind! It is tempting to emphasize the experiences rather than
the Word but that is a potential formula for deception. Remember
what the writer of Hebrews says
But solid food (the Word) is for the mature
who because of practice have their senses trained ( (gumnazo)
to discern good and evil.
Keep sober in spirit
[word study]) literally meant free from drunkenness or the effects of
intoxicants and figuratively as used by Peter means an evenness
of mind especially under stress.
In the 6 uses
of nepho (see below), one half are in the form of an imperative
or a command to believers -- remember that all God's commands
include His enablement - we can keep them only by yielding to
and relying on the Holy Spirit! (Php 2:13-note)
If we try to keep them in our own power, we may experience
a modicum of success but ultimately we will fail because we need
supernatural strength. In addition, when we try to keep the
commands in our own strength, we in effect place ourselves under
the Law; i.e., we fall into the trap of legalism, which may
appear spiritual but is fleshly and enslaving -- such efforts
are of no value against fleshly indulgence. See Col 2:20, 21,
- 6x in 6v - 1Th 5:6, 8; 2Ti 4:5; 1Pet 1:13; 1Pe 4:7; 5:8.
NAS = keep sober(1), sober(5).
so then (term
of conclusion - is
an invitation to pause and ponder - check the context to see
what Paul is concluding - read 1Th 5:5) let us (notice Paul includes himself in this
exhortation) not sleep (not literal sleep, but spiritual
somnolence) as others do, but let us be alert (gregoreuo
calls for a state of constant vigil and readiness to respond to
spiritual danger) and sober (present
- What is the contrast? 1Th 5:7) since we are of [the] day, let
us (notice Paul again includes himself in this
exhortation) be sober, (present
continually because of the ever present spiritual danger of the
darkness) having put on (past tense - these are positional
truths, but they still have to be experientially employed!) the
breastplate of faith and love, and as a helmet, the hope
(absolute assurance of future good, in this case "future
salvation!") of salvation (this refers to future tense salvation
- our future redemption when we receive our glorified bodies -
But you (contrast
- What is the contrast? see 2Ti 4:3, 4-note!)
, be sober
imperative - calls
for this to be Timothy's lifestyle) in all things,
imperative = Do
this now! Don't delay!)
work of an evangelist,
these are Paul's last known words to his young disciple Timothy.
He is not about to talk about who won the soccer match! These
passages need to be memorized by every disciple of Jesus, so
that we too might run the race with endurance (Heb 12:1) and
fulfill our ministry, for the race of life is like a vapor and
will soon disappear, but eternity and the rewards for running
well (enabled by the Spirit of grace) will last forever!
The end of all things is at hand (if Peter believed this in the
first century, how much more should we some 2000 years later!
And remember what you believe determines how you behave);
of conclusion -
this "therefore" is easy to query - what is the conclusion?
why?), be of sound
- from 2 Greek words
that literally mean "saved mind"! You've been saved by grace,
now stand in it. It's a command! =
imperative - Just
"Do it!") for the purpose of prayer.
Be of sober
be on the alert
adversary, the devil, prowls about like a roaring lion, seeking
someone to devour.
sobriety is necessitated by the surreptitious, seductive nature
The idea is to “make sure you keep all your faculties fully
operational”. This trait describes one who is free from every
form of mental and spiritual ‘drunkenness’, from excess,
passion, rashness, confusion, etc. be well-balanced,
self-controlled. Peter gives us an injunction to sane appraisal
of the facts, without undue emotion and panic.
He says that we are to continually (present
tense) make the
choice of our will (active
voice = volitional
choice) to be watchful, calm and collected in spirit, temperate,
dispassionate and circumspect in this present evil
age. It's image of not being drunk when it comes to spiritual
things and implies alertness and evaluating things correctly,
because you see clearly, and your mind isn't numb with
intoxicating influences. Such a person is able to
see things without the distortion caused by worry, fear, and
their related attitudes. He or she is well balanced and does not
"get drunk" on the intoxicating "liquor" that the
world so tantalizingly offers to the senses of our old flesh
issues a similar command...
Luke 21:34 “Be on guard, that
your hearts may not be weighted down with dissipation and
drunkenness and the worries of life (In Pauline terms of this
verse, this would be the equivalent of "falling asleep"
spiritually, of walking as a night person, a non-believer), and
that day come on you suddenly like a trap; 35 for it will come
upon all those who dwell on the face of all the earth.
Calvin says that "be sober" refers
not merely moderation in eating and drinking, but spiritual
sobriety rather, when we shut in all our senses, that they do
not intoxicate themselves with the unlawful things of this
Why do we need to
keep sober? Our old nature continually desires to rule and
reign (Ro 6:12-note) and our adversary prowls around
continually and "doth seek to work you woe" (1Pe 5:8-note). Without sobriety vigilance is
Sobriety includes the ideas of steadfastness,
self-control, clarity of mind, and moral decisiveness. The
sober Christian sets his priorities and not intoxicated by the
allurements and snares of the world, like Internet, sporting
events, movies, the passing pleasures of sin (He 11:25-note)!
be watchful against all spiritual dangers and enemies, and be
temperate in all behavior. Be sober-minded in opinion, as well
as in practice, and humble in your judgment of yourselves. Be
ready for the most strenuous mental endeavor. Never be content
with a "flabby faith". It may be that you will have to discard
some things and abstain from some others.
To be sober means
to be filled with spiritual and moral earnestness, being neither
overly excited on the one hand, nor indifferent on the other,
but calm, steady, and sane (1Pe 4:7-note),
doing one’s duty and fulfilling one’s ministry (2Ti 4:5-note).
person lives deeply. Their pleasures are not primarily those of
the senses, like the pleasures of the drunkard for instance, but
those of the soul. They are by no means a Stoic. On the
contrary, with a full measure of joyful anticipation they look
forward to the return of the Lord. But the sober individual does
not run away from their task!
Spurgeon comments that
These are equally days in which it is
necessary to say “be sober.” We are always having some
new fad or another brought out to infatuate the unstable. Very
good but very weak-minded people are apt to make marvellous
discoveries, and to cry them up as if they had found the
philosopher’s stone. In my short time I have heard, “Lo here!”
and I have listened; and “Lo there!” and I have listened: the
call has come from a third, fourth, fifth, sixth quarter in
quick succession, and after all there was nothing worth a
thought. The whole world had been going to be enlightened by
some new light which Peter and Paul never saw, something far
superior to anything known by any of the saints or sages of the
church: but the grand illumination has not yet come off. “Be
sober;” keep your feet; possess your souls; do not be
carried away with every wind of doctrine; do not be little
babies, to believe everything that is told you, whether it be a
ghost story or a fairy tale.
Be sober: quit yourselves
like men that have their wits about them. A very necessary word
this in times when everybody seems excited; and some are so
bewildered that they do not know their head from their heels.
Crowds are prepared to follow any kind of foolery, whatever it
may be, as long as it is advocated by clever men, and is made to
tickle their fancy. Do but shout loudly enough, and many will
answer: do but set open the door and beckon, and they will rush
in, whatever the entertainment may be. Brethren, “be sober,”
and judge for yourselves...
The second exhortation is — “Be
sober” And does not that mean, first, moderation in all
things? Do not be so excited with joy as to become childish. Do
not grow intoxicated and delirious with worldly gain or honor.
On the other hand, do not be too much depressed with passing
troubles. There are some who are so far from sobriety that, if a
little goes wrong with them, they are ready to cry, “Let me
die.” No, no"... To be sober means to have a
calm, clear head, to judge things after the rule of right, and
not according to the rule of mob. Be not influenced by those who
cry loudest in the street, or by those who beat the biggest
drum. Judge for yourselves as men of understanding. Judge as in
the sight of God with calm deliberation.
that is, be clear-headed. The man who drinks, and thus destroys
the sobriety of his body, is befogged, and muddled, and has lost
his way. Ceasing to be sober, he makes a fool of himself. Do not
commit this sin spiritually. Be specially clear-headed and calm
as to the things of God. Ask that the grace of God may so rule
in your heart that you may be peaceful and serene, and not
troubled with idle fear on one side or with foolish hope on the
You know the word translated “be sober”
sometimes means “be watchful;” and indeed there is a great
kinship between the two things. Live with your eyes open; do not
go about the world half asleep. Many Christians are asleep.
Whole congregations are asleep. The minister snores theology,
and the people in the pews nod in chorus. Much sacred work is
done in a sleepy style. You can have a Sunday-school, and
teachers and children can be asleep. You can have a
tract-distributing society, with visitors going round to the
doors all asleep; you can do everything in a dreamy way if so it
pleases you. But says the apostle, — be watchful, be alive;
brethren, look alive; be so awakened up by these grand arguments
with which we have plied you already, that you shall brace
yourselves up, and throw your whole strength into the service of
your Lord and Master." (Spurgeon, C H:
A Seasonable Exhortation)
Gill adds that being
not only intemperance in eating and drinking, which greatly
disqualifies for the above readiness and attention, but also to
a being inebriated with the cares of this life, which choke the
word, and make it unfruitful (Mk 4:19), and lead men into
temptation, and many foolish and hurtful lusts (1Ti 6:9), and
from the faith of Christ; and likewise to a being intoxicated
with errors, and false doctrine, which lull men asleep, and
render them incapable of serving Christ, and his church; and
turn their heads from faith to fables, and are contrary to the
words of truth and soberness; so that to be sober, is not only
to be moderate in eating and drinking; but to be disengaged from
the anxious cares of the world, and to be disentangled,
recovered, or awaked from the error of the wicked."
having girded your mind: Think seriously about what you spend
your time on. “Pull your thoughts together! Have a disciplined
mind!” Have your mind in a constant state of preparation! Get
ready to run the race of life! You cannot run if you are
constantly being tripped up by what you have on. We who are the
redeemed are not here to party with the world - the world hates
us - we are not here to try to fit in or conform but we are here
for godly action that brings glory to our Father Who is in
heaven! Fulfill your purpose beloved.
HOPE COMPLETELY: teleios elpisate (2PAAM): (1Pet
1:3, 4, 5; 3:15; Ro 15:4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13; 1Co
13:13; 1Th 5:8; Heb 3:6; 6:19; 1Jn 3:3)
set your hope
set your hope wholly and unchangeably
hope to the end (KJV)
hope in 1Peter - 1 Pet 1:3, 13, 21; 3:15
Article on Future Hope (Holman Bible Dictionary)
(1679) (elpizo from noun
elpis [word study] = hope, absolute assurance of future
good) means to look forward with
confidence to that which is good and beneficial. To express desire for some good with the expectation of obtaining it.
hope as used here by Peter signifies the expression of absolute certainty of future
Although it is never
translated be patient, elpizo by its very nature
calls for patience, reminding us that the fulfillment of hope
lies in the future. Many of the NT uses of elpizo express a similar
intent, but a number of uses of elpizo are used with the
more secular meaning of "I hope so", expressing a desire of some
good with at least a slight expectation (but not an absolute
assurance) of obtaining it. This latter sense includes the belief
(but not absolute assurance) that what is desired or desirable is obtainable
23:8, Acts 24:26, Ro 15:24, 1Co 16:7, 2Co 1:13, 2Co
5:11, 1Ti 3:14, 2Jn 1:12 3Jn 1:14 - a number of these expresses
the writer's desire to visit the recipients of the letter).
Some of the NT uses of
elpizo convey the sense of "to expect" (to look
forward, to consider as probable, or even as obligated) (Lk
6:34, 2Co 8:5).
In 2Cor 13:6 Paul uses elpizo
in the sense of expressing belief or trust, where the test he
trusts he does not fail is described in 2Co 13:5 (a good test
for us all to take!)
Elpizo is also synonymous with trusting in the Lord in (Mt
12:21, Ro 15:12).
The 1828 Webster's
Dictionary explains that hope as used in the secular
...differs from wish
and desire in this, that it implies some expectation of
obtaining the good desired, or the possibility of possessing it.
Hope therefore always gives pleasure or joy; whereas
wish and desire may produce or be accompanied with
pain and anxiety.
Elpizo means a firm
conviction based on the Jesus' resurrection, that we too can
have confidence as we face the future (Ro 8:24, 25-note, 1Co 15:18). We can have confident
expectation (He 11:1-note).
Remember that a believer's
is strengthened by the Word of God (Ro 15:4-note),
by the Work of Jesus (1Pe 1:3-note,
and by God's gift of His Spirit (Ro 5:5-note)
so that we might "wear" this hope like a helmet (protecting our
minds - 1Th 5:8-note),
and thereby be always ready to share this blessed hope with
others (1Pe 3:15-note)
who are without God and therefore have no hope (Ep 2:12-note).
The Greeks had an
interesting, albeit deceptively tragic understanding of hope,
the TDNT recording that...
Plato says that human
existence is determined not merely by acceptance of the present
and recollection of the past, but also by expectation of the
future, either good or bad. Hopes are subjective projections of
the future (Ed: How different from the sure hope, the
"Biblically objective" hope which believers have, this hope
fixated on the objective truth of the certainty of the return of our Blessed Hope!)...Hope for the Greeks
is a comfort in distress, but it is also deceptive and
G., Friedrich, G., & Bromiley, G. W. Theological Dictionary of
the New Testament. Eerdmans)
Richards adds that...
In the NT, "hope" is
always the expectation of something good. It is also something
we must wait for. In the NT, unlike the OT, just what we hope
for is carefully explained. The mystery that the OT does not
solve is untangled in the NT, and we are told about the wonders
God has in store for us. (The Objects of Our Hope) The NT is a
revelational nova. It caps the slowly unfolding OT with a
three-decade starburst of light, illuminating long-hidden
aspects of God's master plan. Hope today is still rooted in a
relationship with God. But we know clearly what it is we are
waiting for. Resurrection is a reality. Some in Israel
denied this doctrine. But with Jesus' resurrection, all doubts
were settled. Acts glows with the specific hope of bodily
resurrection for all (Ac 2:26; 23:6; 24:15; 26:6, 7). Because
believers will be raised to be with the Lord, we do not "grieve
like the rest of men who have no hope" when death invades our
circle of relatives or friends (1Th 4:13-note). Many exciting NT
doctrines are associated with this hope of resurrection:
Jesus will appear in glory (Ro 5:2-note,
Ro 5:4, 5-note;
our bodies, and the creation itself, will be liberated from
bondage to decay (Ro 8:20-note,
we will then have the full experience of our eternal life,
entering into the inheritance he guards for us in glory
1Pe 1:3-note; 1Jn 3:2-note,
1Jn 3:3-note). There is also
progressive transformation. The NT emphasizes a present as well
as a future hope, a growing experience of renewal that we can
expect as we take each struggling step toward the future...
Everything you and I hope for is wrapped up in Jesus....
Like the OT saints, you
and I will know hurt and uncertain tomorrows. We may suffer and
experience tragedy, yet we can face the future expectantly. We
may have to wait a while for the full experience of the good
that God intends for us, but God is fully committed to everyone
who makes a faith commitment to him.
`For I know the plans I
have for you,' declares the LORD, `plans to prosper you and not
to harm you, plans to give you hope and a future (Jer 29:11).
As long as our hope is
in God, we have hope. And a future.
L O: Expository Dictionary of Bible Words: Regency
Computer Version - New International Encyclopedia of Bible Words)
Elpizo - 31x in
31v - Mt 12:21; Lk 6:34; 23:8; 24:21; Jn 5:45; Acts 24:26; 26:7;
Ro 8:24, 25; 15:12, 24; 1Co 13:7; 15:19; 16:7; 2Co 1:10, 13;
5:11; 8:5; 13:6; Php 2:19, 23; 1Ti 3:14; 4:10; 5:5; 6:17; Phile
1:22; He 11:1; 1Pe 1:13; 3:5; 2Jn 1:12; 3Jn 1:14.
NAS = expect(1),
expected(1), fix...hope(2), fixed...hope(2), hope(13), hoped(3),
hopes(1), hoping(4), set...hope(2), trust(1).
Here are the NT uses of
Matthew 12:21 "AND IN
HIS NAME THE GENTILES WILL HOPE." (Quoting from
Is 11:10, which Paul also quotes from in Ro 15:12-note)
hope is not some abstract concept but is a Person, Christ Jesus
(cp 1Ti 1:1), this OT passage being a prophecy that one day the
pagan, godless, hopeless Gentiles would come to know the
Messiah, our Hope.
Luke 6:34 "If you lend to those from whom you expect to
receive, what credit is that to you? Even sinners lend to
sinners in order to receive back the same amount.
Luke 23:8 Now Herod was very glad when he saw Jesus; for he had
wanted to see Him for a long time, because he had been hearing
about Him and was hoping to see some sign performed by
Comment: This is not
Christian hope but hope in the sense of "I hope so" but without
the absolute assurance found when used in the context of
Luke 24:21 "But we
were hoping that it was He (Messiah) who was going to
redeem Israel (He was but most of Israel failed to recognize Him
as their prophesied Messiah). Indeed, besides all this, it is
the third day since these things happened.
John 5:45 "Do not think that I will accuse you before the
Father; the one who accuses you is Moses, in whom you have
set your hope.
Comment: This is not
Christian hope but a false Jewish hope - a hope based on the Law
by which no man could be saved but which could only accuse.
Acts 24:26 At the same
time too, he was hoping that money would be given
him by Paul; therefore he also used to send for him quite often
and converse with him.
Comment: Again this is
not Christian hope but pagan hope - the idea is "I hope so" but
without the absolute assurance found with Christian hope.
Acts 26:7 the promise
(the Messiah, Ge 22:18 and His final fulfillment of the
Abrahamic Covenant) to which our twelve tribes hope to
attain (cp Ge 49:10), as they earnestly serve God night and day.
And for this hope, O King, I am being accused by Jews.
For in hope we have been saved, but hope that is seen is not
hope; for who hopes for what he already sees? 25 But if
we hope for what we do not see, with perseverance we wait
eagerly for it.
Comment: In this
description of Christian hope, faith or trust is implicit. We
are hoping for what we cannot see, so we must trust that this
hope has a sure foundation, which is does because of the
resurrection of Christ (1Pe 1:3-note).
The best is yet to come! In the present context Paul says that
the believer does not get frustrated as he sees and experiences
suffering and pain in this world. He knows (his hope = a
certainty) that the temporary suffering will one day give way to
In other words if you had
received all the fullness of your salvation in this life, what
would we be hoping in? In fact, we have only received the
earnest "money" or down payment of our inheritance (Ep1:13, 14-note).
And in Romans 5:5-note
Paul teaches us that this hope (elpis) will not disappoint. The
Holy Spirit living in us now assures us of that certainty (Ro
From the outset we have looked forward to full and final
deliverance from sin, suffering, disease, and death (1Pe1:5-note,
If we had already received these blessings, we wouldn't be
hoping for them.
When we are “living in the
future tense” (with an assurance of the certainty of the future
glory, even as prescribed by Peter in 1Pe 1:13-note it is more
difficult for the things of this present, passing world to
ensnare us and drag us down. In this section of Romans 8 Paul
teaches us that when we our souls are tempted to be downcast by
our suffering and dire circumstances, we need to try the
Paul is saying that since we
have a certain hope even though we don't yet see it, that this
very certainty should prompt a specific attitude and behavior -
such a person can persevere or bear up under whatever their
circumstances are because they have a fixed confidence that
knows what is coming.
The blessed "hope" of the
Christian is "the glorious appearing of the great God and our
Savior Jesus Christ" (Titus 2:13-note).
Again Isaiah (Is 11:10) says, "THERE SHALL COME THE ROOT OF
JESSE (the Messiah) AND HE WHO ARISES TO RULE OVER THE GENTILES
(cp Re 11:15-note,
Re 19:16-note), IN HIM
THE GENTILES HOPE." (cp Mt 12:21 above)
Romans 15:24-note whenever I go to Spain-- for I hope to see
you in passing, and to be helped on my way there by you, when I
have first enjoyed your company for a while--
1 Corinthians 13:7-note bears all things, believes all things,
tense) all things, endures all things.
continually hopes in the sense that it earnestly desires
that all things work out for the best. Rather than
looking at the negative side and having a critical spirit, love
seeks always to be positive and hopeful. Love has a confidence
in the future, not a pessimism. When hurt, it does not say, “It
will be this way for ever, and even get worse.” It hopes for the
best, and it hopes in God. Love is hopeful that those who have
failed will not fail again rather than concluding that failure
is inevitable. Love delights to entertain the best expectations.
If conditions are adverse, love still hopes for the best. Even
if the hope meets with repeated disappointment, love still makes
the conscious decision of the will to wait with expectation and
perseverance. McGee exclaims "Oh, the optimism of hope!"
1 Corinthians 15:19 If we have hoped in Christ in this life
only, we are of all men most to be pitied.
Comment: This Christian hope
is a sure, steadfast hope which includes a future aspect as its
1 Corinthians 16:7 For I do not wish to see you now just in
passing; for I hope to remain with you for some time, if the
2 Corinthians 1:10 who delivered
(rhuomai) us from so great a peril of
death, and will deliver (rhuomai) us, He on whom we have
set our hope. And
He will yet deliver (rhuomai) us,
is in the
which indicates that Paul's (and the believer's) settled
attitude is one of absolute assurance that He Who has rescued us
from the domain of darkness, will deliver us daily in our fight
of faith and finally will deliver us once and for all from the
presence and pleasure of sin.
2 Corinthians 1:13 For we write nothing else to you than what
you read and understand, and I hope you will understand until
2 Corinthians 5:11 Therefore, knowing the fear of the Lord, we
persuade men, but we are made manifest to God; and I hope that
we are made manifest also in your consciences.
2 Corinthians 8:5 and this, not as we had expected, but they
first gave themselves to the Lord and to us by the will of God.
2 Corinthians 13:6 But I trust that you will realize that we
ourselves do not fail the test.
Philippians 2:19-note But
I hope in the Lord Jesus to send Timothy to you shortly,
so that I also may be encouraged when I learn of your condition.
Therefore I hope to send him immediately, as soon as I
see how things go with me
1 Timothy 3:14 I am writing these things to you, hoping to come
to you before long;
1 Timothy 4:10-note
For it is for this we labor and strive, because we have fixed
our hope on the living God, who is the Savior of all men,
especially of believers.
1 Timothy 5:5 Now she who is a widow indeed and who has been
left alone, has fixed her hope on God and continues in
entreaties and prayers night and day.
elpizo is in the
which indicates that her settled attitude is one of hope in God
and such a hope serves to demonstrate the genuineness of the
widow's faith. So once again we observe that Biblical hope is
closely related to Biblical faith ("faith, hope, and love")
1 Timothy 6:17 Instruct
= command to continually "give orders" like an officer must give
to his troops so that they are successful against the enemy,
here "the world" and "worldliness" associated with desire for
riches!) those who are rich (This adjective is first in the
Greek sentence for emphasis!) in this present world (This
present, passing world which stands in dramatic contrast to the
forever future world promised to those have a Biblical hope!)
not to be conceited or to fix their hope (elpizo
conveys sense of putting one's trust in something, in this case
something which is untrustworthy!) on the uncertainty of
riches, but on God, Who richly supplies us with all things to
Philemon 1:22 At the same time also prepare me a lodging, for I
hope that through your prayers I will be given to you.
Hebrews 11:1-note Now
faith is the assurance of things hoped for, the
conviction of things not seen.
1Peter 1:13-note Therefore,
prepare your minds for action, keep sober in spirit, fix your
hope completely on the grace to be brought to you at the
revelation of Jesus Christ.
For in this way in former times the holy women also, who
hoped in God, used to adorn themselves, being submissive to
their own husbands;
2John 1:12 Though I have many things to write to you, I do not
want to do so with paper and ink; but I hope to come to you and
speak face to face, so that your joy may be made full.
3John 1:14 but I hope to see you shortly, and we will speak face
Elpizo - 93x in the
- Ge 4:26; Judg 9:26; 20:36; 2 Kgs 18:5, 24; 1 Chr 5:20; 2 Chr
13:18; Job 24:23; (Note
concentration of elpizo
in the Psalms, surely pointing to these Scriptures as God's
"Songs of Hope" which are therefore worthy of our meditation,
especially in those times when our hope fades because of people
and/or circumstances!) Ps 4:5; 5:11; 7:1; 9:10; 13:5; 16:1; 17:7;
18:2, 30; 21:7; 22:4, 5, 8; 25:20; 26:1; 27:3; 28:7; 31:1, 6, 14,
19, 24; 32:10; 33:18, 21, 22; 34:8, 22; 36:7; 37:3, 5, 40; 38:15;
40:3; 41:9; 42:5, 11; 43:5; 44:6; 52:8; 55:23; 56:3, 4, 11; 57:1;
62:8, 10; 64:10; 69:3; 71:1, 14; 78:22; 84:12; 86:2; 91:2, 4,
14; 112:7; 115:9, 10, 11; 118:9; 119:42; 130:5; 131:3; 141:8; 143:8;
144:2; 145:15; 147:11; Isa 11:10; 18:7; 25:9; 26:4, 8; 29:8;
30:12; 38:18; 42:4; 51:5; Jer 13:25; 44:14; Da 3:28; Hos 10:13;
The LXX uses of elpizo (and elpis) in general
speak of an expectation of good, one that is linked with trust,
yearning, anticipation, because the point of reference is the God of hope (Ro 15:13), the wholly trustworthy God
(Je 17:7), Who will be faithful to complete the good work He has
begun from the foundation of the world. Elpizo is also used to translate the Hebrew verb
meaning to take refuge or take shelter (chasah )
and the Hebrew verb meaning to hope (yachal ).
Here are a few representative uses in the LXX...
2Kings 18:5 He trusted
(Heb = batach 
= put confidence in, believed in; Lxx = elpizo) in the LORD, the
God of Israel; so that after him there was none like him among
all the kings of Judah, nor among those who were before him.
(elpizo used in a similar sense in 1Chr 5:20, 2Chr 13:18)
Psalm 4:5-note Offer the
sacrifices of righteousness, and trust (Heb = batach 
= put confidence in, believed in; Lxx = elpizo) in the LORD.
Psalm 5:11-note But let all who
take refuge (Heb = chasah 
= seek shelter or refuge; Lxx = elpizo) in You be glad, Let them
ever sing for joy; And may You shelter them, That those who love
Your name may exult in You.
Comment: NET Note = "Taking
shelter" in the Lord is an idiom for seeking his protection.
Seeking his protection presupposes and even demonstrates the
subject's loyalty to the Lord. In the psalms those who "take
shelter" in the Lord are contrasted with the wicked and equated
with those who love, fear and serve the Lord
And those who know Your name (See
Name of Jehovah = a Strong
will put their trust in You
Heb = batach = put confidence
in, believed in; Lxx = elpizo),
(Why should they do
so? On what objective basis?)
for You, O LORD, have not forsaken those who seek You.
Psalm 41:9-note Even my close friend (Messianic prophecy of Jesus'
betrayal by Judas, quoted in Jn 13:18), in whom I trusted
(Heb = batach 
= putting confidence in, believing in; Lxx = elpizo), Who ate my
bread, Has lifted up his heel against me.
(Also Ps 43:5-note) Why are you in
despair, O my soul? And why have you become disturbed within me?
(A command in both Hebrew and Greek. Heb = yachal 
= hope, wait with confident expectation, tarrying; elpizo) in
God, for I shall again praise Him For the help of His presence
Isaiah 11:10 Then in
that day The nations will resort to the root of Jesse, Who will
stand as a signal for the peoples; And His resting place will be
glorious (Messiah's "resting place" is Mt Zion, specifically the
sanctuary in the temple of Jerusalem which was "the
resting-place of the ark and of Jehovah" see 1Chr 6:31, 41, Ps
note, Ps 132:13-Spurgeon's
Isaiah 25:9 And it will be
said in that day (What
day? Context helps
us - It is the day when Messiah returns =
and establishes His
Millennial Kingdom), 'Behold
(Calls for our full attention!), this is our God
for Whom we have waited (Heb = qavah 
= eagerly wait; Lxx = elpizo) that He might save us. This is
the Lord for Whom we have waited. Let us rejoice and be glad
in His salvation.” (The hope of all the redeemed [in
context especially the OT saints] will have finally given away
to sight. Glory! Hallelujah! Maranatha! Amen!)
Isaiah 26:8 Indeed, while
following the way of Thy judgments (the righteous
O LORD, We have waited for Thee eagerly (Heb = qavah 
= waited eagerly; Lxx = elpizo); Thy name, even Thy memory, is
the desire of our souls. (Beloved
may the longing of this beautiful passage reverberate deeply
within our souls until we see His glorious face. Amen)
Isaiah 38:18 For Sheol cannot
thank Thee, Death cannot praise Thee; Those who go down to the
pit cannot hope (Heb = sabar 
= to expect with hope and patience; Lxx = elpizo) for Thy
Fix your hope is the first
command following Peter's unveiling of the
riches of our salvation in 1:1-12, and is in the
aorist imperative which conveys the need for each believer to make this a decisive choice.
It is like a command from a general to his troops engaged in
"Hope fully!" It conveys a sense of urgency. Do it now. Do it once
for all. Do it effectively but just do it! The
indicates that this is a voluntary choice of each
person's will. The point is that God won't force us to "fix
our hope" on "future grace". His word tells us much about what
"future grace" and glory entail to motivate us but ultimately
we must make a decision to "Do it now".
Too often we “set
our hope” on some near, immediate "grace". “Lord, I’d like a
new job.” “Lord, heal my illness.” “Lord, if only You’ll let us
get this home of our own.” “Father, I know this marriage is just
what I need to make me happy!” We may
indeed get what we ask and
hope for in this life. But any earthly prospect can disappoint,
and every earthly possession be torn from our grasp. Only when
we set our hope “fully” on the grace that will be ours
when Jesus comes will we be immune to life’s losses."
(Richards, L.. The 365 day devotional commentary. Wheaton, Ill.:
we are aliens (parepidemois) in "enemy territory" so to speak and are to be
good soldiers of Christ Jesus.
So the first command in this letter is an action we are to carry
our mind (and our heart - it's not just an "intellectual"
exercise but a heart attitude that is the seedbed for a heart
response). Peter is
commanding us to live with an experiential hope -- “Pull your mind together
and have the right mental attitude in view of our Lord’s return.”
Notice that "fix
your hope completely"
is the main verb in this verse and is modified by the two
subordinate participles (a participle ends in "-ing"),
the first being "you yourself having girded the loins
of your mind at a definite point in time" and then "continually
being sober". Then comes the
main verb "Hope fully!" Which simply means
that girding up the loins of our minds and being sober in our
spirits are both "actions" which are means
to the end hoping fully, which is the main charge that Peter is
As the great Puritan saint
John Bunyan rightly concluded...
Hope is never ill, when
Hope to the end] Gr. τελειως,
hope perfectly or entirely; q.d. do it not by halves; let there
not be any odd
reckonings between God and you, but work out your
salvation, Philippians 2:12. (1 Peter
1 - John Trapp Complete Commentary)
The ground of our hope
is Christ in the world, but the evidence of our hope is Christ
in the heart.
Other men see only a
hopeless end, but the Christian rejoices in an endless hope.
Our hope lies not in the
man we put on
the moon, but in
the Man we put on the cross.
to expect all that God has promised, and particularly that
utmost salvation, that glorification of body and soul, which ye
shall obtain at the revelation of Christ, when he shall come to
judge the world.
New writes that
Hope is beyond faith. Faith reveals
somewhat, then hope anticipates it. Hope expects, ponders,
yearns for. “Perfectly;” equivalent to “without any admixture of
doubt.” To make the blessings promised in Christ a subject of
hope would make them
grow before our vision, and intensify the
consciousness that they are ours. It does not impress us to know
that a vast multitude of stars fill the sky, but to go into the
observatory and single out one star for observation, and fix our
mind on that, ensures one new beauty after another gleaming out
of the darkness, and where we thought was but a star, a galaxy
is discerned." (The Pulpit Commentary)
[word study] from télos
= goal, purpose, that which has reached its end, wanting in
nothing) modifies the verb hope. The root idea of teleios
refers to something that is in a state of
completeness or is
mature. The word teleios when used of a
Christian, describes him as spiritually mature.
Peter is saying
fix your hope
totally, utterly, perfectly, fully (as opposed to
partially or in any way that is limited) on future grace, the
appearing of our Blessed Hope Christ Jesus.
Wuest says that the meaning
includes the ideas of
“full-growth, maturity, workability, soundness, and
completeness.” In the pagan Greek mystery religions, the word
referred to those devotees who were fully instructed as
opposed to those who were novices.
K. S. Wuest's Word Studies from the Greek New Testament:
Thayer in his Lexicon
of the Greek New Testament gives the following meanings;
brought to its end, finished, wanting nothing necessary to
completeness; when used of men it means full-grown, adult, of
full age, mature.
is laid in this verse on the exercise of hope. There are
various degrees in which it may exist. We are to aim at
exercising it perfectly" or like the KJV says "hope to the
end". He goes on to add that "When gathering up our
energies, and sobered against the blandishments of the world,
we are also sustained by hope, we are prepared for the journey
of life." (The Pulpit Commentary)
wanted the saints at Ephesus to intuitively know about their
hope and so he prayed that
the eyes of your heart may be
enlightened, so that you may know what is the hope
of His calling, what are the riches of the glory of His
inheritance in the saints, and what is the surpassing
greatness of His power toward us who believe." (Ep 1:18,
commenting on the
KJV ("hope to the end")
writes that this
translation...is the most correct. It
means that they were not to become faint or weary in their
trials. They were not to abandon the hopes of the gospel, but
were to cherish those hopes to the end of life, whatever
opposition they might meet with, and however much might be
done by others to induce them to apostatize." The writer
of Hebrews urges his readers with a similar thought writing "not
throw away (throw away from one as worthless) your confidence,
which has a great reward. For you have need of endurance (remaining under trial), so that when you
have done the will of God, you may receive (implies not
mere obtaining, but receiving and carrying away for use and
enjoyment) what was promised." (He 10:35, 36-note)
Vincent says this means to set your your hope
wholly and unchangeably; without
doubt or despondency.
your hope steadfastly on the end of the race
Motivated by the sure goal of future grace.
partially hoping and partially doubting. Hope fully. Give way
entirely to the experience of hope. Be fully carried away with
hope. We won't be disappointed -- the Bible assures us!
Spurgeon commenting on fix your hope completely
(KJV “Hope to the end” writes that
of us have to confess that the outlook appears to us very dark
and dismal. Our surroundings seem full of fear; and we are apt
to grow despondent, if not almost despairing: wisely, then,
doth bold Peter say to us, “Hope to the end.” You who
love the truth, do not despair of its success; you who hold to
the good old ways, do not dream that everybody will desert
them; do not give way to distrust
as to the issues of the
conflict. Be so hopeful as to be “calm mid the bewildering
cry, confident of victory.”(Spurgeon, C H:
A Seasonable Exhortation)
hope in great blessings when Christ returns not only
encourages downcast Christians; it also prompts a reordering
of priorities to God’s agenda (Mt 6:19, 20, 21, 22, 24-see notes
6:24) and inevitably leads to ethical
changes in one’s life (cf. 1 John 3:3-note). Since Peter
is about to launch into an extended section of moral commands
(beginning at v14 and continuing with only a few interruptions
through the rest of the letter), this exhortation to hope
appropriately forms the transition point to the rest of the
letter. If Peter’s readers will first know the great truths
about their salvation (1Pe 1:1-12 ) and
then begin a habit of visualizing (Ed: Not of course in a new
a sense but in the sense of meditating on truth and letting
truth transforming their thinking and renew their mind) themselves personally on a
path of life leading without fail to unimaginable heavenly
reward (v13 ), they will be mentally and emotionally
ready to strive for a life of holiness before God (1Pe 1:14,
, etc.)." (Grudem, W: The First Epistle of Peter , 76-77)
ON THE GRACE TO BE BROUGHT
TO YOU AT THE REVELATION OF JESUS CHRIST: epi ten pheromenen
(PPPFSA) humin charin en apokalupsei Iesou
Christou: (1Pe 1:4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9; Lk 17:30; 1Co
1:7; 2Th 1:7; 2Ti 4:8; Titus 2:11, 12, 13; Heb 9:28; Heb
on the grace to be given you when Jesus Christ is revealed (NIV)
grace (divine favor) that is coming to you when Jesus Christ
(the Messiah) is revealed (Amp)
That is a very blessed
subject. There is a grace that was brought to you when Christ
first came. There is another grace and a higher grace that is to
be brought to you when Christ shall come the second time. Until
that second coming of Christ, the church on earth and in heaven
cannot be perfected. The bodies of the saints wait in the grave
till he comes to give them resurrection.
expected day, begin!
Dawn on these realms of woe and sin.”
For we wait for thy appearing, O Christ.
When Jesus comes back
he is bringing grace
to the people of God. Grace is on the way. Hope fully in God's grace.
The best is yet to
believers, for we are those who are (to be continually)
looking for future glory which is a great motivation for
present obedience (holy living cf
1Jn 3:2, 3-note
cf 2Peter 3:11
On the other hand, a Christian who ignores or minimizes the
imminence of the Lord’s return will likely be less motivated
to live as an alien
and stranger in
this present evil age. The contrast is illustrated in the
lives of Abraham and Lot (Ge 13:9-10; Heb11:8, 9, 10, 11, 12,
13, 14, 15, 16-note).
Abraham had his eyes of faith on that heavenly city, so he had
no interest in the
world’s real estate. But Lot (cf Ge 13:10) who had tasted the
pleasures of the world in Egypt, gradually (see the
progression in Ps 1:1-note
- this attitude does
not happen overnight...be careful when you
begin to drift, missing your quiet times, forgetting to pray
for those you promised to pray for, failing to eat the pure
Word as your daily ration, etc) moved toward Sodom. Abraham's
choices brought blessing to his home, but Lot's choices
brought judgment. Outlook determines outcome. Lot needed to
have his outlook replaced with an uplook! Sadly, there is a lot of Lot
in a lot of modern day evangelical believers in America! (and
Lot was a legitimate OT believer ~ righteous - see 2Pe 2:7, 8-note;
Be brought (5342) (phero) means to cause
an entity (grace in this case) to move from one position (the
throne of grace) to another (believers), with the focus on the
presentation or effecting of something. The tense is
present which pictures the process meaning that grace is
The object of hope is already on the way. Peter
pictures a continuum of grace
if you will...grace
for today (Ro 5:2-note), for tomorrow and for ever (Ep
assured believers that the present supply of grace is a
foretaste of the grace they will experience at the second
coming of Christ. God’s plan of salvation will be finally
realized, making it abundantly clear that the grace being
continuously brought to the believer day by day has proved
utterly sufficient at every stage of the individual
is coming to you with all speed. Jesus Christ is coming; He is
on the way to earth: look for Him soon to appear."
(Spurgeon, C H:
A Seasonable Exhortation)
That is to be brought
unto you] It must be brought unto us (such is our dulness), we
will scarcely go seek it, hardly be persuaded to live happily,
reign everlastingly. (1 Peter
1 - John Trapp Complete Commentary)
[word study] from
apó = from + kalúpto = cover,
conceal, English = apocalypse) literally means cover from and
so the idea is to remove that which conceals something.
Table comparing Rapture vs
Hiebert writes that the
anticipation of Christ's
return characterized the Christian church from its very
beginning. Acts makes it clear that it was an essential part of
the preaching of the gospel. That Paul laid considerable
emphasis upon this hope in his preaching at Thessalonica seems
clear from the perverted charge against the Christians in Acts
17:7 when read in the light of the Thessalonian epistles. This
eschatological hope is the keynote of these epistles. It had
taken a firm hold on the Thessalonian believers. If their
serving a living and true God distinguished them from the
Gentiles, this expectant hope for Christ's return distinguished
them from the Jews. (Hiebert,
D. Edmond: 1 2 Thessalonians: BMH Book. 1996)
conveys the idea of
"taking the lid off" and means to remove the cover and
expose to open view that which was
heretofore not visible,
known or disclosed.
revelation is the uncovering, unveiling or disclosure of Jesus
Christ and in context is a reference to His second coming.
to make manifest or reveal a thing previously secret or
unknown. It describes removing of a veil (an unveiling) or
covering thus exposing to open view what was concealed. In
all its uses, revelation refers to something or
someone, once hidden, becoming visible and now made fully
revelation of Jesus Christ - See the related study on the
which means coming, referring to the future
revelation of Jesus Christ.
Spurgeon once said...
Remember Jesus till you feel
that He is with you, till His joy gets into your soul, and your
joy is full. Remember Him till you begin to forget yourself,
your temptations, and your cares. Remember Him till you begin to
think of the time when He will remember you and come in His
glory for you. Remember Him till you begin to be like Him. (And
all God's people cry "Amen!")
saintly Presbyterian pastor Robert Murray McCheyne
sometimes asked people
you believe that Jesus is coming today?” If they replied
in the negative, he would say, “Then you had better be
ready, for He is coming at an hour when you think not!”
J Vernon McGee adds
At the time when the Lord Jesus comes to take the church out
of the world, He will bring plenty of grace with Him. By His
grace, He will take out every believer. And each believer’s
works are to be judged at Christ’s judgment seat (Bema Seat). At that
time we will either suffer loss or receive a reward—and that
certainly will be by His grace!
During the terrible
Chicago fire of 1871, D. L. Moody’s house burned down. As
Moody surveyed the ruins, a friend said, “I hear you lost
everything” to which Moody replied “Well, you
understand wrong. I have a good deal more left than I lost.”
His puzzled friend asked, “What do you mean? You are not a
rich man.” Mr. Moody then opened his Bible and read to him
the promise that “He who overcomes shall inherit these
things, and I will be His God.” (see note
modern Christendom has lost this expectant waiting for the
return of Christ, much to its own impoverishment. This "blessed
hope" is under attack today, even within ecclesiastical circles.
It would appear that the
early Christians believed that Christ might come at any time,
even in their days; the first advent, being so recent, excited
within them the expectation of the immediateness of the second.
Hence the doctrine of the second advent occupied a much more
prominent place in the thoughts of the primitive Christians than
it does in ours. It was to them a living power; believers then
lived in constant expectation of the coming of the Lord; whereas
the teaching of the present day has in a measure passed from it.
Its uncertainty, instead of exciting us to holiness and
watchfulness, is too often abused as an encouragement to sloth
and security." (The
Pulpit Commentary: New Testament;
Old Testament; Ages Software
Attitude determines action
(see related table below) Remember when you are suffering or undergoing persecution,
Peter gives 3 instructions in this verse which are essential
attitudes. What we think precedes what we do, how we act or
react, what we say, etc.
When the outlook
is gloomy, try the uplook!
The most practical way
to see the unseen is go to His Word and partake of His
precious and magnificent promises (2Pe 1:4-note) which are all yea
and amen in Christ (2Co 1:20).
of present good is enjoyment,
The anticipation of future good, hope
spoken of the saint’s inheritance which will be his in the
last time. Here he refers to this inheritance as the
grace that will be his at the revelation of the Lord Jesus.
The words “that is to be brought” are from an article and a
present participle in the Greek text. It is true that our
reception of this grace is yet future (cp Ro 8:23-note). But the
picture in the word used is of this grace being brought to us
right now. That is, it is already on the way. It is on the
We have our justification (past
tense salvation) the moment we put our faith in the Lord Jesus. It is
We are having our sanctification (present
tense salvation) during our earthly life, namely, the work
of the Holy Spirit in our hearts giving us victory over sin
(Ro 8:13-note) and producing in us His fruit (Gal
as we are definitely subjected to Him (Ro 8:14-note
We will have
our glorification (future
tense salvation when faith becomes
sight, our blessed hope realized) namely, the transformation
of our physical bodies at the Rapture (1Co 15:42ff 1Th 4:13-note;
1Pe 1:7-note). The first two
courses on the divine menu, justification and sanctification,
we are enjoying now. Peter exhorts us to set our hope
perfectly, wholly, and unchangeably, without doubt and
despondency upon our future glorification. It is like eating a
thanksgiving dinner at grandma's house. While we enjoy the
turkey and trimmings, we are not worrying whether there will be
dessert or not. We know grandma always has dessert at her
house and is being brought to us as soon as we are ready for
Many scriptures allude to the
concept of expectant looking that
motivates living in light of Messiah's imminent return.
Old Testament saints
were living in the light of His first coming. We who are
living at the end of this age are to be doing so in
light of His triumphant return.
Study the following passages if you need your passion
for His appearance "stoked".
Ge 49:18 Job 14:14
Isa 8:17, 25:9, 26:8,9, 30:18, 33:2, 40:31 La 3:25,26 Ps
25:5, 40:1,3, 62:1,5, 6, 7, 119:166,119:176, 123:2,
130:5 Mic 7:7 Ho 12:6 Mt 24:42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48,
49, 50, 51 Mk 15:43 Lk 2:25, 12:36, 23:51, 24:21 Acts
24:15 Ro 8:19, 23, 24, 25 Gal 5:5 Php 3:20 1Co 1:7 2Co
5:2 Titus 2:13 2Ti 4:8 Heb 9:28, 10:36, 37 1Pe 1:13 2Pe
3:12,13,14 1Jn 2:28, 3:3 Jude 1:21 Rev 22:12
one of the peculiarities of our holy religion, to wait for
Christ's second coming, as those who believe He will come and
hope He will come to our joy. The believers under the Old
Testament waited for the coming of the Messiah, and believers
now wait for His second coming; He is yet to come. And there is
good reason to believe He will come, because God has raised Him
the dead, which is full
assurance unto all men that He will come to judgment, Acts 17:31. And there is good
reason to hope and wait for His coming, because He has delivered
us from the wrath to come. He came to purchase salvation, and
will, when He comes again, bring salvation with Him, full and
final deliverance from sin, and death, and hell, from that wrath
which is yet to come upon unbelievers, and which, when it has
once come, will be yet to come, because it is everlasting fire
prepared for the devil and his angels, Mt 25:41.
The Preacher's Commentary
sounds an alarm the modern church would do well to heed...
doctrine of the second advent is sadly neglected in many
churches today and even rejected in some. Unfortunately, in yet
others it is majored upon in the form of predictions. The
recovery of a dynamic view of the Second Coming of Christ must
be a matter of high priority for us. The technical term for this
is eschatology, from the Greek word, eschaton, meaning
“last” or “last things.” What is at stake in eschatology is not
how to predict the end of the world, but how to understand what
history is all about.
second advent of Christ means that history is moving to a
particular conclusion. That conclusion centers in the coming of
Christ the King to establish eternally the kingdom of God which
began with His first advent. The kingdom will be complete when,
and only when, He comes again.
inclusion of the concept of deliverance from “the wrath to come”
is troublesome to those who are uncomfortable with the idea of a
God of wrath. Such an idea is offensive to those who want only
to stress the love of God. But the wrath of God is too prevalent
throughout the Bible to be dismissed. God’s wrath is not to be
regarded as the anger and ire expressed in human temper
tantrums. Rather, His wrath is the other side of His love. It is
the necessary corollary of His love, reminding us that our
choices do indeed have significant consequences. God’s love and
wrath are best seen as two sides of the same coin. (Demarest,
G. W., & Ogilvie, L. J. The Preacher's Commentary Series, Volume
32: 1, 2 Thessalonians; 1, 2 Timothy; Titus. Nashville,
Tennessee: Thomas Nelson)