Amplified: Like newborn babies you should crave (thirst for, earnestly desire) the pure (unadulterated) spiritual milk, that by it you may be nurtured and grow unto [completed] salvation, (Amplified Bible - Lockman)
KJV: As newborn babes, desire the sincere milk of the word, that ye may grow thereby (Note Textus Receptus omits "eis soterion" - unto salvation)
NET: And yearn like newborn infants for pure, spiritual milk, so that by it you may grow up to salvation, (NET Bible)
NLT: You must crave pure spiritual milk so that you can grow into the fullness of your salvation. Cry out for this nourishment as a baby cries for milk,
Phillips: You are babies, new-born in God's family, and you should be crying out for unadulterated spiritual milk to make you grow up to salvation (Phillips: Touchstone)
Wuest: as newborn infants do, intensely yearn for the unadulterated spiritual milk in order that by it you may be nourished and make progress in [your] salvation (Eerdmans)
Young's Literal: as newborn babes the word's pure milk desire ye, that in it ye may grow
|LIKE NEWBORN BABES: os artigenneta brephe: (1Pe 1:23; Mt 18:3; Mk 10:15; Ro 6:4; 1Cor 3:1; 14:20)
Like (hōs) - is a simile is which is a terms of comparison introduced either by like or as. Whenever you encounter a simile, consider invoking the "5 P's" (Pause to Ponder the Passage and Practice it in Power of Spirit). Peter draws a poignant comparison between the instinctive (God given) appetite of a healthy baby for its mother's milk and the appetite a newborn (and old) "healthy" believer for the Word of God.
Hiebert - Like (hōs), an adverb of manner, indicates that the designation is figurative. It characterizes Christians as newborn infants with an inborn longing for their mothers milk. The term is not derogative, but rather "sets forth the tenderness of their relation to God, and implies the idea of guiltlessness." (1 Peter Commentary - recommended)
Beloved, even as a baby must partake regularly of pure milk (see illustration) in order to grow and be physically healthy, so too must the newborn believer (and "old born again", like yours truly!) daily partake of sound doctrine (cf Mt 4:4 quoting Dt 8:3, context Dt 8:1-2, Dt 32:47 word = "life"; Job 23:12-note), that they might grow in grace and Christlikeness (2Pe 3:18-note). It is an immutable maxim that sound doctrine (cf 1Ti 4:6, 2Ti 4:3-note, Titus 1:9-note) is the crucial cog supernaturally "energizing" godly living. Even as sinners are regenerated by the Word of Truth (Jas 1:18-note), so too must they thereafter be "revived" by that same Word of life (Php 2:16-note, cf Jn 17:17, Ps 119:25-note). (Related Resource: Study the Power of God's Word)
Spurgeon - When the apostle describes us under the character of “newborn babes,” he would have us lay aside all that is inconsistent with that character. Newborn children have no malice; they have no guile or craftiness; they have no hypocrisies, nor envies, nor evil speakings. They are clear from all these evils; would God we were as clear as they are! It would be better to be infants, not speaking at all, than to be among those who speak evil. It would be better to begin life over again than to live long enough to have gained a treasure of malice, and a hoard of cunning, and to have learned the tricks of hypocrisy. Let us be as simple as little children, as guileless, as harmless, as free from anything like unkindness as newborn babes are. And inasmuch as we are to follow them in what they have not, let us also imitate them in what they have. Let us desire ardently, as for our very life, the unadulterated milk of the Word. Let us cultivate that combination of hunger and thirst which is found in a little child, that we may hunger and thirst thus after God’s Word. We have done more than taste the Word; we have tasted that the Lord himself is gracious. Let us long to feast more and more upon this divine food, that we may grow thereby. (1 Peter 2- Commentary )
Read John Piper's discussion of what he refers to as "spiritual fatalism" which he defines as…
As newborn - Bengel says that newborns "are capable of nothing but desire" adding that in babes "in whom there is no guile."
Peter had just discussed their new birth explaining that
Hiebert observes that 1Peter 2:1-3 "constitute one sentence that centers on the imperative "crave" (1Pe 2:2). That craving is essential to the healthy growth of the new life. The obligation to grow involves the negative duty to remove all hindrances to growth (1Pe 2:1), and the positive duty to actively appropriate nourishment that furthers growth (1Pe 2:2). 1Pe 2:3 cites past experience as an incentive to growth. (1 Peter Commentary)
Lenski - The point of the figurative language is this: as a babe longs for nothing but its mother’s milk and will take nothing else, so every Christian should take no spiritual nourishment save the Word. The imagery is beautiful and expressive. Look at a babe at its mother’s breast! In this way you should ever drink the milk of the Word. Peter understood the intent of Jesus’ action which is recorded in Mt. 18:2, 3 and here carries the illustration which Jesus used still farther, down to babes that have just been born. (The interpretation of the epistles of St. Peter, St. John and St. Jude)
J Vernon McGee - I remember when our little grandson was born. Because his father was over in Turkey at the time, his mother brought him into our home. We had him with us those first few months, and every now and then it was my task to give him his bottle. I want to tell you, that little fellow went into high gear when he saw that bottle of milk. He started moving his hands, his mouth, his feet? He was reaching out for it with every part of his body. At that time I was still the pastor of a congregation, and I thought, I wish I had a congregation that would reach out after the Word of God like that! My friend, without a hunger for the Word of God you will not grow in grace and in the knowledge of Christ. You will not develop as a Christian—you will always be in your babyhood. We must remember that a little baby and a full-grown man are both human beings, but they are in different stages of growth and development. The little one needs milk so he can grow up to become a man. Now, how does a Christian grow? He grows by studying the Word of God. There is no growth apart from the Word of God. I receive letters from many pastors who tell me that they are wet nurses for a lot of little babes. As one pastor said, “I spend my time burping spiritual babies!” Those babies should grow up so they wouldn’t need a pastor to pat them and burp them all the time. And they would grow if they desired the pure milk of the Word. (Thru the Bible - Listen to his crusty comments on 1Peter 2:1-2)
Newborn (738) (artigennetos from arti, an adverb of time = now, newly, recently + gennetos = begotten, born) is literally one just born, lately born and so newborn. It refers to a child at birth or of tender years and in context could refer to new converts or it could simply refer to how any convert should approach the "pure milk" of God's Word.
Peter uses this figurative language to give the readers the mental picture of infants craving nourishment, for anyone who has been a parent or had a baby sibling knows how newborn babies vocally and ardently express their desire to be fed regularly. In fact, newborn babies act as if their life depends on the next feeding, an attitude that should be true of believers, for Jesus Himself clearly stated that…
In Moses' last words to the children of Israel just before they crossed the Jordan River to possess their possessions (what God had already declared was their inheritance), he made this profound statement …
The NLT paraphrases Deuteronomy 32:47 as…
Job had come to the understanding of the importance of God's Word for his sustenance (which I believe was one reason he was able to endure such profound losses and afflictions) declaring…
Peter's has the only figurative use of brephos in the NT. In context brephos could be interpreted as referring to believers who have only recently been born again into the family of God by grace through faith (see Peter's mention of the new birth in notes on 1Pe 1:3-note and 1Pe 1:23-note). The alternative interpretation is that believers are in a sense always to be considered like infants in the sense that they are always in need of and totally dependent upon the pure milk of God's Word.
Hiebert observes that 1Peter 2:1-3 - In classical Greek, the term "baby" (brephos) was used of the embryo, the unborn child, but in later writings it was extended to include the suckling child and even small children generally. Those who view 1 Peter as originally a baptismal homily naturally appeal to that designation as confirmation of their view Thus Beare asserts that the designation "could not be used with any appropriateness of the general body of Christians in the provinces mentioned in the salutation" and insists that "the words are wholly appropriate to the condition of converts who have just been received into the Church by baptism." Admittedly, Peter's designation can be understood to support that view. Kelly remarks, "The adjective need mean no more than that the Asian communities included a substantial proportion of fairly recent converts." Rather, as Selwyn maintains, "The purpose of the adjective is to make the imagery of the passage more vivid… What the author wants to express is the ardor of the suckled child." Such an ardor for spiritual food is essential for spiritual growth. Believers should at all times be like infants in their craving for the nourishment that the Lord has provided for their spiritual growth. The imagery is both expressive and challenging! Peter's picture is apparently based on the teaching of Christ that the kingdom of God must be received as a little child (Matt. 18:3; Mark 10:15). Peter made no mention of a process of growth from infancy to adulthood, where the longing for milk is replaced by the ability to eat solid food. His picture of the readers as babes, unlike that of Paul and the author of Hebrews (1Cor. 3:1-4; Heb. 5:12-14), is not derogatory. He was eager for them, as those who had been born again (1:23), to maintain the distinctive characteristic of baby-like eagerness for spiritual nourishment. His figure was clearly influenced by the imagery that follows.(1 Peter Commentary)
Meyer rightly observes that - The most advanced among us, in knowledge and attainment, are, in comparison with what they shall be, only as babes.
Classic Greek used brephos to describe a babe at the breast, one who is dependent on the mother's milk for nourishment. The use of cows’ milk was rare in ancient times. It was believed that children were very impressionable at the nursing stage, and those who allowed them to be tended by nursemaids were advised to select the nurses with care.
Brephos - 8x in the NT…
Peter is painting a vivid picture -- Grasp for the Word like a baby grasps for its bottle!
The Bible tells us that the goal of Bible study is not just that we might know (and be smarter sinners), but that we might grow (and be more like the Savior) as shown schematically…
Peter is saying that more than simply receiving spiritual nourishment, the readers should be ardently (Ardent = from root = to burn > expressed in eager zealous activity; impassioned) longing for it.
Matthew Henry on newborn babes - He puts them in mind of their regeneration. A new life requires suitable food. They, being newly born, must desire the milk of the word. Infants desire common milk, and their desires towards it are fervent and frequent, arising from an impatient sense of hunger, and accompanied with the best endeavors of which the infant is capable.
Jamieson on newborn babes "new-born babes—altogether without “guile” (1Pe 2:1). As long as we are here we are “babes,” in a specially tender relation to God (Is 40:11). The childlike spirit is indispensable if we would enter heaven. “Milk” is here not elementary truths in contradistinction to more advanced Christian truths, as in 1Co 3:2; Heb 5:12, 13; but in contrast to “guile, hypocrisies,” &c. (1Pe 2:1); the simplicity of Christian doctrine in general to the childlike spirit. The same “word of grace” which is the instrument in regeneration, is the instrument also of building up. “The mother of the child is also its natural nurse” [Steiger]. The babe, instead of chemically analyzing, instinctively desires and feeds on the milk; so our part is not self-sufficient rationalizing and questioning, but simply receiving the truth in the love of it (Mt 11:25).
Illustration - 1Peter 2:2 tells us to "long for the pure milk of the Word." Pure means undiluted. A lot of us want the Word but we mix it up with other information. At most county or state fairs, you can find candied apples—apples dipped in sugar. Now, apples by themselves are a great, healthy fruit. Once you dip them in sugar, however, you’ve just killed the benefit of the apple although it tastes good. A candied apple is sweet but its nutritional value is diluted because something with no value has been added to it. Many of us will read the Word, hear the Word, and then talk to people about the Word but then dip it in human viewpoint. - Tony Evans
Illustration - WHEN you travel to a country where you don’t speak the language, you shouldn’t be surprised when you don’t understand what is being said. More than likely, you will need an interpreter so that you can communicate. There is nothing wrong with you if you don’t understand. It’s simply that you are new to a very different environment. This is how things seem for an infant Christian. They are new to the Christian environment, and they may not know how to “walk the walk” and “talk the talk.” They are babies born into a whole new world. - Tony Evans
How to Get the Most
Puritan writer Thomas Watson tells us how to prepare for reading the Bible…
The Westminster Shorter Catechism
LONG FOR: epipothesate (2PAAM): This is the main verb in 1Pe 2:1-3, which is one sentence in the Greek.
NO INTAKE OF THE WORD
Peter gives a command to have this attitude (longing, yearning, passionate) for the Scripture, for he knows that studying the Scriptures is the only means of spiritual growth, not to mention that His Lord had instructed him repeatedly regarding the importance of proper spiritual nutrition for God's flock ("Tend my lambs") Jn 21:15, 16, 17-note). You can mark it down - There is no growth spiritually speaking, apart from the intake of the pure Word of Truth (cp Ps 119:43, 2Cor 6:7, Col 1:5-note, 2Ti 2:15-note, Jas 1:18-note).
Pastors remember the words of John Brown "A man can't always be defending the truth; there must be a time to feed on it."
Jamieson on the picture of longing for the Word notes that this is "a natural impulse to the regenerate (born again), “for as no one needs to teach new-born babes what food to take, knowing instinctively that a table is provided for them in their mother’s breast,” so the believer of himself thirsts after the word of God
Matthew Henry writes that Peter "like a wise physician, having prescribed the purging out of vicious humours, goes on to direct to wholesome and regular food, that they may grow thereby. The duty exhorted to is a strong and constant desire for the word of God, which word is here called reasonable milk, only, this phrase not being proper English, our translators rendered it the milk of the word, by which we are to understand food proper for the soul, or a reasonable creature, whereby the mind, not the body, is nourished and strengthened. This milk of the word must be sincere, not adulterated by the mixtures of men, who often corrupt the word of God, 2Co. 2:17.
Adam Clarke writes that the Jewish "rabbins frequently express learning to know the law, etc., by the term sucking, and their disciples are often denominated those that suck the breast. The figure is very expressive: as a child newly born shows an immediate desire for that nourishment, and that only, which is its most proper food
John Calvin wrote that - Those only are worthy students of the law who come to it with a cheerful mind, and are so delighted with its instruction as to account nothing more desirable or delicious than to make progress therein.
Albert Barnes makes an excellent point regarding one's longing for pure milk of God's word explaining that it…
Long for (epipotheo [word study] from epi = toward or an intensifier + potheo = yearn) means to have a strong desire for something, with implication of need. It mean to long for, have great affection for, yearn for someone or something. The preposition epi in this compound indicates intensive desire directed toward an object (in context God's pure Word).
Epipotheo - 9x NAS - Ro 1:11; 2Cor 5:2; 9:14; Phil 1:8; 2:26; 1Th 3:6; 2Ti 1:4; Jas 4:5; 1Pe 2:2
Epipotheo is used in the Lxx - Dt 13:8; 32:11; Ps 42:1; 62:10; 84:2; 119:20, 131, 174; Jer 13:14 (Note especially the longing described in Ps 42:1; 62:10; 84:2; 119:20, 131, 174)
Epipotheo describes an intense yearning for something. It is to long for or intensely crave something with the implication that the one longing recognizes the lack or the need.
In Psalm 42:1 David uses the verb pant which is translated by the Septuagint with epipotheo to describe the psalmist's deepest longing for God
Epipotheo is used by Paul in (Ro 1:11-note) when he writes, “I long to see you” and when he writes to young Timothy, that he is “longing to see” him (2Ti 1:4-note). In these uses one can see a picture of the deep longing Peter is trying to convey to his readers and to all saints. Beloved, the question is this…
Are you "panting" for God's word
Long for is in the aorist imperative which calls for a decisive action (attitude change in this case) on the reader's part. The idea is -- Do it! Do it now! Don't delay! It is a command and not an option. In other words, longing in one's heart for Truth is not an option if we desire to grow in grace and the knowledge of our Savior and Lord Jesus Christ. Since we have been born again by the Word of God, we have a new nature with a new longing. Peter is saying "Now make up your mind once and for all to intensely crave the word of God!"
Nothing but pure milk satisfies a baby and nothing but the pure milk of God's Word will truly satisfy one who has been born again.
Do you see the connection between the Word of God in the preceding section (1Pe 1:23, 24, 25 -note)? We are born again into the Kingdom of God by the "imperishable seed… the living and abiding Word of God" Now, long for that same pure word. You began this new life in Christ with the Word and the only way to grow in Christ likeness is by letting the "the Word of Christ richly dwell within you" (see note Colossians 3:16)
Peter exhorts his readers to intensely crave for pure milk! Epipotheo is a strong word. It paints the picture of being an absolute hungering and thirsting after the Word. If a believer is to grow, it is absolutely essential that he hunger and thirst after the milk of the Word. What this says is that just as essential as having the desires for the word that we are supposed to have is having the trust in God that He gives what He commands. If God says to desire, long for (Aorist Imperative = do it now!), when we don't desire, then we trust Him that He must know something we don't know. He must have some power we don't have. There must be a way. God commands it. So there must be a way. I will not settle for less than what God commands. It's saying "Lord, I can't but You can and you said you would" so cry out to Him to give you that desire which you know is a prayer in His will (1Jn 5:14, 15) and then wait upon the Lord and He will renew your strength so that you then can mount up with wings like an eagle (Isaiah 40:31-note).
Each morning when you get up you need to deal with those "verse one" (1Peter 2:1) issues first so that your inner man will be ''healthy'' and you have a natural (supernatural) God given appetite for His Living Word, the spiritual bread of life. God will give you an intense craving and deep-seated longing for His Word. (Phil 2:13-note - The Holy Spirit gives the desire and energizes that desire).
Spiritual growth is always marked by a craving for and a delight in God’s Word with the intensity with which a baby craves milk. The opposite of longing after the pure milk of the Word is to neglect so great a salvation (He 2:3-note)!
The use of milk as symbol for spiritual nourishment found in Judaism et. al. religions. It would have been immediately familiar to Peter’s readers. All believers are seen as needing to grow and to learn more about the Lord. All believers are to desire the milk (food) of the Word.
How does a believer increase their desire for the truth of God’s Word?
Life example of "longing" -- In the Antarctic summer of 1908–1909, Sir Ernest Shackleton and three companions attempted to travel to the South Pole from their winter quarters. They set off with four ponies to help carry the load. Weeks later, their ponies dead, rations all but exhausted, they turned back toward their base, their goal not accomplished. Altogether, they trekked 127 days. On the return journey, as Shackleton records in The Heart Of The Antarctic, the time was spent talking about food — elaborate feasts, gourmet delights, sumptuous menus. As they staggered along, suffering from dysentery, not knowing whether they would survive, every waking hour was occupied with thoughts of eating. Jesus, who also knew the ravages of food deprivation, said, “Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for RIGHTEOUSNESS.” (Mt 5:6) We can understand Shackleton’s obsession with food, which offers a glimpse of the passion Jesus intends for our quest for righteousness.
THE PURE MILK OF THE WORD: to logikon adolon gala: (Ps 19:7-10; 1Co 3:2; Heb 5:12,13)
THE NOURISHING POWER
The pure milk of the Word - "Pure spiritual milk" (NET), "Unadulterated, spiritual milk" (Berkeley), "which is without mixture" (Mace), "Sincere milk of the word" (KJV), "the pure and simple teaching" (ICB), "the true milk of the word" (BBE), "spiritual milk which is without guile" (ASV)
J Vernon McGee has an interesting thought on what pure milk of the word means…
Columbia University (New York City) was established in 1754 and its original seal depicted a woman sitting down, with the 4 letters of the so-called Tetragrammaton (YHWH - transliterated as "Yahweh" or Jehovah) inscribed above her head and 1Peter 2:1-2 under her feet was inscribed “admonishing students to desire of the pure milk of God’s word.” My, how times have changed!
Spurgeon comments that…
Adolos describes that which is honest, sincere, pure, not mixed with with anything else, without admixture or unadulterated.
Adolos is an adjective which is not found in the Septuagint (LXX) but was used in secular Greek writings describing seed or liquids which were described as "unadulterated." Adolos was also used to describe treaties as without fraud or guileless.
And so in this context Peter is calling for intake of God's word, the only Word which is guileless, without imperfections, flaws, dilutions or anything that would deceive or lead astray!
Steven Cole adds that…
Adolos contrasts with the second attitude in 1Peter 2:1 where Peter exhorts Christians to get rid of guile (dolos).
Peter's point is that God's Word is pure and has no additives. This food of the Word has not the slightest admixture of anything evil in it. The word is commonly used in this sense of corn, wheat, barley, oil, wine, and farm products.
William Barclay - Adolos is an almost technical word to describe corn that is entirely free from chaff or dust or useless or harmful matter. In all human wisdom there is some admixture of what is either useless or harmful; the Word of God alone is altogether good. (Daily Study Bible)
Milk today has all manner of "additives" and unadulterated milk is virtually impossible to find. Peter says spiritual babes need to suckle on the pure word of God in order to grow into spiritual maturity. The pure Word of God has no ulterior motives like so many human teachings, but has as its primary purpose the nourishing of our soul.
The following statement was found in an old law in Baltimore - "Only pure unadulterated, unsophisticated and wholesome milk (may be sold)."
Like water from a mountain spring, Christianity is most pure at its source. While there are fine and honorable Christian teachers and ministers here and there around the world, there remains a very fundamental question: Can the word of any human be more right than The Word of God?
Both Paul (1Cor 3:1, 2) and the author of Hebrews (He 5:12, 13-see notes He 5:12;13) use milk in contrast to solid food as metaphor for elementary teaching to new converts, but Peter uses milk instead as that irreplaceable nutritional source which is vital for growing, sustaining and perfecting the children of God. The analogy with a newborn baby is obvious for just as God has designed milk to be the perfect food for the physical nourishment for for babies, He has similarly given us the Word which is the perfect food for spiritual nourishment. Even as the mother's milk immunizes her baby from many illnesses and nourishes her baby's growth, so too God’s Word protects Christians from the many spiritual "diseases" which abound and nourishes them to grow in the Lord. Furthermore there is no other source of pure, unadulterated doctrine, which is why the Word must be held in such high esteem and preached purely from the pulpits.
Many today do not desire pure milk - Warren Wiersbe quips that the naive church member who foolishly declares "We don’t want doctrine; just give us helpful devotional thoughts!” does not not know what he is saying. Apart from the truth (and this means Bible doctrine), there can be no spiritual help or health. (Wiersbe, W: Bible Exposition Commentary. 1989. Victor)
C. H. Spurgeon encourages believers to continually imbibe the pure mild of the word, writing that "It is blessed, to eat into the very soul of the Bible until, at last, you come to talk in Scriptural language, and your spirit is flavored with the words of the Lord, so that your blood is Bibline and the very essence of the Bible flows from you.
Let us partake of the beautiful invitation Ps 34:8 "O taste and see that the LORD is good; How blessed (fully satisfied independent of circumstances) is the man who takes refuge in Him!" As we taste and see His goodness, this only serves to whet our appetites for more of God's goodness as revealed in His Word. And the more we taste God's goodness, the more tasteless, less attractive and less satisfying the worldly options will become!
The pure milk of the Word - As discussed below the original Greek (to logikon adolon gala) is a bit ambiguous and thus it is rendered variously by the translators…
The Psalms speak of the purity of God's Word…
David spoke of the supremacy and sufficiency of God's Word in Psalm 19…
In Proverbs we read…
The Puritan Thomas Watson presents a pithy picture regarding spiritual nourishment…
How do you "drink" the "pure spiritual milk"?
John Henry Jowett…
Pure Milk - Recently it was discovered that some milk producers in China had been diluting cow’s milk and adding the industrial chemical Melamine. This chemical was added because it artificially enhanced protein readings. Several infants died and others became seriously ill. Such adulteration is not new. Other countries have been adding Melamine to animal feed for at least 40 years for the same purpose, resulting in the death of animals.
Frenchman Michel Lotito has an iron gut. For some reason Lotito likes to eat metal. In the past twenty-five years, says writer Rosie Mestel, Lotito has eaten eleven bicycles, seven shopping carts, a metal coffin, a cash register, a washing machine, a television, and 660 feet of fine chain. Lotito says it wasn’t easy eating his first bicycle: “I started with the metal and moved on to the tires,” he recalls. “It was really difficult to stay that extra day to finish off the rubber. Metal’s tasteless, but rubber is horrible.” Now Lotito swallows pieces of tire and frame together. But none of that can compare with his biggest meal: a Cessna. That’s right, Lotito has eaten an entire light airplane, 2,500 pounds of aluminum, steel, vinyl, Plexiglas, and rubber. With a meal like that he cuts the metal into pieces about the size of his fingernail and consumes about two pounds a day. Most people would agree that Michel Lotito has an unhealthy appetite. When we first come to Christ, we have appetites just as unhealthy. New believers need to change their appetites from what is not food at all to what is true food for the soul.
In the 1994 Winter Olympics, held in Norway, twenty-three-year-old Tommy Moe of the United States won the gold on the men’s downhill. It was “a beautifully controlled run,” said William Oscar Johnson in Sports Illustrated, “on which he held tucks and thrust his hands forward in perfect form at places where others had stood up and flailed their arms.” After his victory, Tommy Moe explained his thought processes. “I kept it simple,” he said, “focused on skiing, not on winning, not on where I’d place. I remembered to breathe—sometimes I don’t.” The winner of the gold medal in the Olympics had to remember the most basic of basics: breathing! He kept it simple. Likewise as we seek to have a strong walk with God, it doesn’t take a rocket scientist to know where we win or lose. Spiritual strength depends on the basics. We need to make sure we’re breathing the things of the Spirit. (Larson, Craig Brian - 750 engaging illustrations for preachers, teachers & writers) (Bolding Added)
Of the word (spiritual, reasonable) (3050) (logikos from logos = reason) describes that which belongs to the reason or is agreeable with reason or thus is reasonable or rational. Some lexicons define logikos as true to real nature.
BDAG says that logikos was a favorite word with Greek philosophers as it referred to that which had been carefully thought though.
TDNT adds that logikos means belonging to speech (a sense that is foreign to the NT) or belonging to reason.
The UBS Handbook Series explains that logikos can be rendered in three ways:
This verse literally reads the logical unadulterated (sincere, pure) milk with no Greek word for "word". The context however indicates that Peter is clearly referring to the Word of God as Robertson explains.
A T Robertson writes that logikos is…
In the only other NT use of logikos the NAS translates it as spiritual…
Steven Cole - The literal translation of verse 2 is that we should long for “the pure, spiritual milk.” The word “spiritual” also means “rational” (Greek = “logikos,” from “logos”). The only other time it occurs in the Bible is in Romans 12:1, where Paul says that presenting our bodies as a living sacrifice to God is our “spiritual (or rational) service of worship.” He means that it is a spiritual thing to do, since we don’t do it literally (as a burnt offering), but rather spiritually by yielding ourselves to the will of God. And, it is the reasonable thing to do in light of God’s great mercies to us. Thus the term is purposefully ambiguous. Peter uses it to show us that he’s not talking about literal mother’s milk, but rather about the spiritual milk of the living and abiding Word of God (1:23). This spiritual milk is rational--it is grasped with the mind. Thus Christianity is essentially rational, but not rational in the worldly sense, but rational in a spiritual sense. Human reason must be subject to the written revelation God has given of Himself in the Bible. But you cannot know God without using your mind, since He has revealed Himself in the propositional revelation of the written Word. (Getting Into the Word)
Rienecker has this note on milk writing that "The many-breasted goddesses of the heathen religions who were to sustain and nourish life were widespread in the ancient world. The rabbis also compared the Law to milk" (New Linguistic & Exegetical Key to the Greek New Testament)
Irenaeus, an early church father, wrote that heretics "mix chalk with the milk". (= not pure).
Tertullian, another early church father, said that…
William Barclay explains that "Logos is the Greek for word, and logikos means belonging to the word. This is the sense in which the Authorized Version takes the word, and we think that it is entirely correct. Peter has just been talking about the word of God which lives and abides for ever (1Pe 1:23, 24, 25). It is the word of God which is in his mind; and we think that what Peter means here is that the Christian must desire with his whole heart the nourishment which comes from the word of God, for by that nourishment he can thrive and grow up. In face of all the evil of the heathen world the Christian must strengthen his soul and his life with the pure food of the word of God ( Daily Study Bible Series)
An unknown writer listed these seven rules for good health spiritually…
I like the old but venerable commentator you may or may not be familiar with (but with whom I encourage you to become familiar) Matthew Poole who wrote…
Pursuant to his discourse, 1Pe 1:23, where he speaks of their new birth, he here calls them new-born babes; but that not in opposition to those that are adult, or of full age, as Heb 5:14; 1Co 3:1, but in opposition to their former corrupt and unregenerate state, in which they were destitute of all spiritual life; and so this agrees, not only to young converts, but generally to all regenerate persons.
Desire; being new-born babes, act as such in earnestly desiring and longing for that spiritual nourishment, which is so needful for you, even as children, as soon as they come into the world, are lingering after the breast.
The sincere milk of the word: the Greek may be rendered (and is by some) reasonable milk, viz. such as is for the soul, not for the body; that whereby the mind is nourished and strengthened; or, wordy milk, the substantive from which it is derived properly and first signifying word, or speech, and being used for the word of God, Heb 4:12. But this not being proper English, our translation renders it best, the milk of the word, i.e. the word which is milk. The apostle uses an adjective for a substantive, but that adjective doth not signify the quality of the subject, milk, as the other, sincere, does, but the subject of itself. The like phrase we have, 1Pe 3:7; Greek, female, or wifeish, weaker vessel, which we turn by the substantive, wife, who is said there to be the weaker vessel. So that the doctrine of the gospel is here to be understood, as Isa 55:1, and believers are to be nourished by the same word, as their food, by which, as the seed, they are said to be begotten, 1Pe 1:23. This milk of the word is said to be sincere, i.e. pure, without mixture or adulteration, not blended, or diluted, (as vintners do by their wine, to whose practice Paul alludes, when he speaks of men's corrupting the word, 2Co 2:17; 4:2), with human fictions or traditions. Infants love the sweetness of their mothers' milk, and desire it pure, as it is: believers should desire the word pure, as it is in itself, not mixed with any thing that may lessen its sweetness and hinder its efficacy.
That ye may grow thereby; that by the word, as your spiritual nourishment, ye may grow more in spiritual life and strength, till ye come to be perfect men, Eph 4:13. (Matthew Poole's Commentary on the Holy Bible)
Steven Cole writes…
Constant Companion - When my wife and I are preparing for a trip, one of the first things we do is get out the road atlas. We study it intensely to learn the best routes, determine the number of miles we’ll have to travel, pick out interesting places to visit, decide how far we can get in a day, and estimate expenses. On the journey, the atlas is our constant companion, and we consult it many times a day. We couldn’t get along without it.
Like the highway traveler, we as Christians are on a long and sometimes hazardous journey. We face many decisions and will have many needs on our pilgrimage to paradise. The Bible has been given to us to help us make those decisions and to meet those needs. It should be our constant companion–studied diligently and consulted often along the way. We can’t do without it. -- David C. Egner (Our Daily Bread, Copyright RBC Ministries, Grand Rapids, MI. Reprinted by permission. All rights reserved)
I have a companion, a dear, faithful friend,
The Bible is like a compass—
Grow, Baby, Grow! - Whenever children visit relatives, they often hear this kind of greeting: “My, haven’t you grown!” This embarrasses them, but inside they’re glad they’ve outgrown babyhood. Not that babyhood is bad. How else can life begin? But it is sad when babies remain babies.
Andrew Murray on The Milk of the Word…
IN ORDER THAT BY IT YOU MAY GROW IN RESPECT TO SALVATION: hina en auto auxethete (2PAPS) eis soterian: (2Sa 23:5; Job 17:9; Pr 4:18; Ho 6:3; 14:5,7; Mal 4:2; Eph 2:21; 4:15; 2Thes 1:3; 2Pe 3:18)
Spurgeon - When a man is ill, he often loses his taste. The most delicious food is nauseous to him. His "soul abhors all manner of meat" (Ps 107:18). But such is the flavor of the truth that the Lord is gracious, that it is more pleasant to us when we are sick than at any other time. The love of Christ is a delicious refreshment for a sufferer.
In order that (hina) is a purpose clause. Whenever you encounter a purpose clause (identified by "in order that", "so that" [991x in NAS95], "for the purpose that" - see more discussion terms of purpose or result) consider the "5P's" (Pause to Ponder the Passage then Practice it in the Power of the Spirit).
Hina means "to the end that." As we observe it, we will find ourselves naturally re-reading the previous section (context). Questions we can ask include "What is the purpose?", "How do we achieve this purpose?", "What has to happen for this purpose to become a reality?", etc.
Peter is explaining the purpose of intake of pure milk, with the implication that we should make sure it is indeed pure! The fulfillment of the purpose is critically dependent on the purity of the product, so to speak!. In short, the aim of the desire for God’s pure spiritual milk is growth in Christ-likeness.
In summary, Peter's conclusion is simple - Just as babies grow best on pure milk, so too believers grow best on the pure milk of the Word of God. Believers never reach a place in this life where they stop needing pure milk.
Johann Bengel - We are said to be born again unto salvation (1Pe 1:3, 5, 9) and in this passage, to grow unto salvation. Peter had in view Ps 34 which in the ninth verse (Ps 34:9), in the words following those used by Peter, offers salvation "O taste and see that the Lord is good; blessed is the man that trusteth in Him." Fuller and happier experiences follow the first tastes of God's goodness. (Amen!) (The critical English Testament)
Robert Leighton says that we are to…
Grow (837) (auxano) means to cause to increase, to become greater in extent, size, state, or quality, (like a plant or a tree [or follower of Christ] would increase in size, stature, beauty, fruitfulness, etc). Figuratively, auxano describes the supernatural effect of the Gospel of grace (1Cor 3:6).
For something to grow, it must be acted upon by an outside power and/or have the element of life within. In the spiritual realm, this growth is in a sense "synergistic" - that is to say believers must fulfill their responsibility to take in the Word of truth (James 1:18-note) that they might "be energized" in their spiritual life (Mt 4:4). As we take in the living and active Word (Heb 4:12-note), God's Spirit uses that nourishing supernatural source to supernaturally grow us into the likeness of God's Son, Jesus Christ. To reiterate, no intake of spiritual food equates with no spiritual growth!
There is much published in America regarding how to "grow" one's church, but the focus is primarily on methods for increasing church membership. What Peter is addressing is the growth in grace and knowledge of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ (2Peter 3:18-note) that should be occurring in those believers who are already in the church.
Auxano - 23x/23v in NAS - Matt 6:28; 13:32; Mark 4:8; Luke 1:80; 2:40; 12:27; 13:19; John 3:30; Acts 6:7; 7:17; 12:24; 19:20; 1 Cor 3:6f; 2 Cor 9:10; 10:15; Eph 2:21; 4:15; Col 1:6, 10; 2:19; 1 Pet 2:2; 2 Pet 3:18. NAS = causes the growth(1), causing the growth(1), full grown(1), grew(1), grow(8), growing(2), grows(2), increase(2), increased(2), increasing(2), spreading(1).
In Acts 6:7 Luke records that the church in Jerusalem had leaders who were devoted to prayer and the ministry of the Word (Acts 6:4), with the result that…
This passage teaches that as we are faithful to the Master's Plan to make disciples, (Mt 28:18, 19, 20) "church growth" will take care of itself and it will be a church no longer filled with spiritual babies (See 1Cor 3:1-3, Heb 5:12-14-note) but with mature disciples who are trained to fight the good fight of faith (1Ti 6:12-note).
Similarly, in Ephesians 4:15-note Paul instructs us to be "speaking the truth [The "pure milk of the Word"!] in love, we are to grow up [auxano] in all aspects into Him, Who is the head, even Christ."
Are you growing spiritually
Appetite for the Word needs to be developed and part of the development process involves putting off the old habits, sins, etc (See 1Peter 2:1-note).
When you say "I'm not getting much out of the Bible" This says more about you than it does about the Bible! Beloved, if you desire to be a growing, healthy Christian, don't treat the Bible as snack food. A Chinese proverb says “Be not afraid of growing slowly, be afraid only of standing still” which is the tragic plight of many who profess to be Christians and yet never take time to open God's Word!
As someone has said "Just as you can’t be standing still you should never think that you have “arrived’ in your growth! – For “as long as you're green, you're growing. As soon as you're ripe, you start to rot.”
In his second epistle Peter commands his readers to…
You may be asking "So how can I measure my growth in Christ likeness?" There are many ways one could answer this question but one way to measure your growth in grace is by your sensitiveness to sin.
Christian author Jerry Bridges spoke to our need to continually grow in grace and knowledge of Christ when he said that…
It is impossible to practice godliness without a constant, consistent and balanced intake of the Word of God in our lives.
Vance Havner understood this truth about the power of the Word and it's relation to spiritual growth, explaining that…
A. H. Strong (of Strong's numbers fame) wrote that…
As Horatius Bonar once said "We must study the Bible more. We must not only lay it up within us, but transfuse it through the whole texture of the soul."
Warren Wiersbe - The Word of God is our spiritual food: milk (1Peter 2:2), bread (Mt 4:4), meat (Heb 5:11-14), and even honey (Ps. 119:103). Just as the physical man needs a balanced diet if his body is to be healthy, so the inner man needs a balanced diet of spiritual food. The baby begins with milk, but as he grows and his teeth develop, he needs solid food. It is not difficult to determine a believer’s spiritual maturity, or immaturity, if you discover what kind of “diet” he enjoys. The immature believer knows little about the present ministry of Christ in heaven. He knows the facts about our Lord’s life and ministry on earth, but not the truths about His present ministry in heaven. He lives on “Bible stories” and not Bible doctrines. He has no understanding of 1Corinthians 2:6, 7.
Salvation (4991) (soteria from sozo= to save, to deliver, to rescue from danger or destruction or from injury or peril, keep safe and sound) describes a condition of safety, deliverance, preservation from danger or destruction.
Christians are those who are being saved (present tense salvation = sanctification), those who have been saved (past tense salvation) and will be saved (future tense salvation = glorification 1Pet 1:5). (See discussion of the Three Tenses of Salvation)
We need to be "saved" every day of our life on earth, and every word that proceeds from the mouth of God provides the daily bread necessary to fight this life long battle with our mortal, indefatigable enemies, our fallen flesh, the evil world system and the Evil One himself (and his minions).
Henry Alford explains the salvation to which Peter refers "The end to which growth leads is perfected salvation. “Growth is the measure of the fulness of that, not only rescue from destruction, but positive blessedness, which is implied in salvation
John Bunyan spoke of our need for daily milk (bread) when he said that "Sin will keep you from this book, or this book will keep you from sin.
Warren Wiersbe - You and I need bread for the body (Mt 6:11), but we must not live by physical bread alone. We also need food for the inner person to satisfy our spiritual needs. This food is the Word of God (Ps 119:103; Jer 15:16; 1Pe 2:2). What digestion is to the body, meditation is to the soul As we read the Word and meditate on it, we receive spiritual health and strength for the inner person, and this enables us to obey the will of God.
John MacArthur - To become more like Christ you need to know the Word of God (1Pe 2:2). You need to know how Christ lived when He was on earth, and the only place to learn that is the Scriptures, which are the revelation of Christ. The Old Testament sets the scene for Him, creates the need for Him, and predicts His coming. The gospels record His arrival. The Book of Acts describes the immediate impact of His ministry. The epistles delineate the long–term significance of His life and ministry. And Revelation details His future return and judgment of earth. Christ is the focus of the entire Bible, and you need to study it to know what He is like. Too often we study the Bible for the sake of theological arguments or to answer questions. Those things are important, but the main point of Bible study is to know more about Christ so that you can be like Him. (Truth for today : a daily touch of God's grace)
Spiritual Famine - In the novel No Blade of Grass, a destructive virus attacks the grasses of the world. Not just the grass in lawns but all grasses, including wheat, barley, rye, oats, and rice. In a matter of months, the world is plunged into famine and its brutal companion, violence. People begin by fighting, then killing, for food. The novel depicts a scene that has been lived out in the real world in recent famines and is terrifying when seen on TV news networks. Yet I can only imagine what it’s like.
The prophet Amos spoke of a different kind of famine. He called it a famine of “hearing the words of the Lord” (Amos 8:11). While a lack of food can lead to disease and death, a famine of the Word can produce eternal consequences. Without access to God’s Word, we lack wisdom for life and the message of eternal life in Christ. As Christians, we need “the pure milk of the Word, that [we] may grow thereby” (1Peter 2:2). We can identify with the prophet when he said, “Your words were found, and I ate them, and Your word was to me the joy and rejoicing of my heart” (Jer. 15:16).
The world is starving for the knowledge of the God who can satisfy the needs of the human heart. Let’s help fill their hearts by sharing His Word. --Bill Crowder
Word Hunger - I had just completed a night of Bible conference ministry in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, and was chatting with some of the people who had attended. At the end of the line was a young man in his twenties. He shared with me that he had been a Christ-follower for only about 4 months, and he was eager to learn more of the teachings of the Bible. I referred him to the RBC Web site with the Discovery Series topics as one possible resource for his personal study.
Study the Bible to be wise;
ILLUSTRATIONS OF BIBLE TRUTH by Harry A. Ironside - MILK YOUR OWN COW
Open Wide - Early in the spring, my wife and I watched a fascinating bird show outside our kitchen window. A couple of blackbirds with straw in their beaks entered a small vent in the house next door. A couple of weeks later, to our delight, we saw four baby birds stick their heads out of the vent. Mom and Dad took turns feeding their hungry babies.
Seeing the babies’ wide-open mouths reminded me of how important it is for followers of Christ to eagerly desire spiritual food. In 1 Peter 2:2, the apostle Peter uses the analogy of babies longing to be fed: “As newborn babes, desire the pure milk of the Word, that you may grow thereby.” The Greek word translated “desire” speaks of an intense yearning. It is a compound word meaning to “earnestly desire” or to “long after.”
It might seem strange to be commanded to earnestly long for something. But unlike hungry birds and babies, we need to be reminded of our need for spiritual nourishment. Even though we may have fed on the Word in the past (v.3), we need to realize that our need is ongoing and that without more nourishment we will grow spiritually weak. God is eager to feed His dear children. So, open wide! (Our Daily Bread)
My hunger for the truth He satisfies;
Are You Starving… Spiritually Speaking? - Many of us live in countries where food is abundant and people are well-fed. That's why we may not be familiar with the symptoms of starvation. At the outset, victims have an insatiable craving for nourishment. As time passes, however, the body weakens, the mind is dulled, and the desire for something to eat wanes. In fact, starving people actually reach a point when they don't even want food that is placed before them. Spiritual starvation follows much the same course. If we have been feeding daily on God's Word, it's natural to feel "hungry" when we skip our quiet time. But if we continue to neglect it, we may lose all desire to study the Scriptures. In fact, we may be starving ourselves. How much time do you spend reading the Bible and meditating on its truths? Do you miss the Word when you neglect it? Thomas Guthrie wrote,
If you've lost your taste for the "bread of life," confess your negligence and ask God to revive your appetite for His Word. Avoid spiritual starvation! --Richard W De Haan (Our Daily Bread, Copyright RBC Ministries, Grand Rapids, MI. Reprinted by permission. All rights reserved)
Break Thou the bread of life, dear Lord, to me,
A well-read Bible
How To Live For God - Have you accepted Jesus Christ as your Savior? Are your sins forgiven? Does God’s Spirit bear witness with your spirit that you have passed from death unto life (Ro 8:16)? Have you been born again, and do you really want to live for God? If so, there are five things I would ask you to do:
In his conclusion of his excellent message on this section of Peter, Pastor Steven Cole has the following story…
Amplified: Since you have [already] tasted the goodness and kindness of the Lord. (Amplified Bible - Lockman)
KJV: If so be ye have tasted that the Lord is gracious.
Wuest: in view of the fact that you tasted that the Lord is kind, loving, and benevolent (Eerdmans)
Young's Literal: if so be ye did taste that the Lord is gracious,
IF YOU HAVE TASTED THE KINDNESS OF GOD: ei egeusasthe (2PAMI) hoti chrestos o kurios: (Ps 9:10; 24:8; 63:5; Song 2:3; Zech 9:17; Heb 6:5,6)
AN INCENTIVE FOR
If you have tasted - "Since you have tasted", Wuest = "in view of the fact that you tasted" NET = "If you have experienced."; NLT = "Now that you have tasted." CSB = "Since you have tasted."
Peter's point is that in view of the fact that his readers had tasted the kindness of the Lord in causing them to be born again, they should now be motivated to rid themselves of the hindrances that ruin our spiritual appetite, so that they might long for proper nourishment found only in the Word and only in which one can attain genuine spiritual growth and maturity.
If (ei) is a First Class Conditional clause (see note) which signifies that the statement that follows is assumed true. It indicates a fulfilled condition and could be translated "Since you have tasted… " They as newborn babes had tasted the Word of God, and had found in it that the Lord was gracious. As Wesley puts it the readers as born again believers had "Sweetly and experimentally known" the Lord's kindness.
Steven Cole observes that…
Spurgeon agrees writing that…
Albert Barnes explains that by using "if"…
Spurgeon comments on "if" writing…
Martin Luther said…
Peter continues the milk metaphor and likened their present knowledge of salvation to tasting. The readers had tasted and experienced God’s grace in their new birth, and had found that indeed the Lord is good.
In this verse in which he gives the readers another reminder of the grace they had already experience, Peter quotes from Psalm 34:8 which in the Greek translation (Septuagint (LXX) uses very similar language…
O taste (Lxx = geuomai - aorist imperative = do it now!)
Robert Leighton writes…
Figuratively geuomai (as used in secular Greek) meaning to "come to know" or to experience something. (Mt 16:28, Mk 9:1, Lk 9:27, Jn 8:52, He 2:9, 1Pe 2:3).
BDAG - (1) to partake of something by mouth = to taste, partake of (2) to experience something cognitively or emotionally = to come to know.
Geuomai - 15x in 15v in NAS - Mt 16:28; 27:34; Mk 9:1; Luke 9:27; 14:24; John 2:9; 8:52; Acts 10:10; 20:11; 23:14; Col 2:21; Heb 2:9; 6:4f; 1Pe 2:3. NAS = eat(1), eaten(1), taste(8), tasted(4), tasting(1).
Geuomai - 12 x in the non-apocryphal Septuagint - Most refer to literal tasting. Ge 25:30; 1Sa 14:24, 29, 43; 2Sa 3:35; 2Sa 19:35; Job 12:11; Job 20:18; Job 34:3; Ps 34:8; Pr 31:18 ("senses" - Lxx "tastes"); Jonah 3:7
The aorist tense of geuomai suggests that an initial act of tasting is referred to. Since this taste has proved satisfactory, the believers are urged to long for additional spiritual food (cp Mt 4:4, Lk 4:4, Dt 8:2, 3 Isa 8:20NLT, Dt 32:47, Job 23:12, Ps 19:10, Ps 119:11, Ps 119:103, Ps 119:127).
The writer of Hebrews uses geuomai in his description of our Great High Priest…
A powerful illustration of someone "tasting" the Word of God:
Similar phrase "Kindness of God" - 2Sa 9:3, Ro 2:4, Titus 3:4-note
Kindness (5543) (chrestos [word study] from chraomai = to use or from chresteuomai = to act kindly) has the basic meaning being well adapted to fulfill a purpose, i.e. useful, suitable, excellent, serviceable. It means goodness with a nuance of ‘serviceableness.' (as in Luke 5:39 where the old wine is fine or superior for use). Chrestos refers to morals in 1Cor 15:33 as those which are useful or benevolent.
In several NT verses (Lk 6:35, Ro 2:4-note;Eph 4:32-note 1Pe 2:3) the main idea of chrestos is kind which conveys the sense of possessing attributes such as loving affection, sympathy, friendliness, patience, pleasantness, gentleness, and goodness. Kindness is a quality shown in the way a person speaks and acts. It is more volitional than emotional.
Vine writes that chrestos…
Chrestos is used 7 times in the NT…
Vincent says chrestos is…
The Christians of Asia Minor should long for the gospel like a baby longs for milk because they have already tasted how good the Lord is. How could anyone who has taken even a sip from the kindness of the Lord resist drinking more?
William MacDonald explains…
Or as Bengel puts it "The first “tastes” of God’s goodness are afterwards followed by fuller and happier experiences. A taste whets the appetite.
Martin Luther wrote that "Whosoever has not tasted the word to him it is not sweet it has not reached the heart; but to them who have experienced it, who with the heart believe, ‘Christ has been sent for me and is become my own: my miseries are His, and His life mine,’ it tastes sweet
William Barclay makes the following application stating that "Here is something of the greatest significance. The fact that God is gracious is not an excuse for us to do as we like, depending on him to overlook it; it lays on us an obligation to toil towards deserving his graciousness and love. The kindness of God is not an excuse for laziness in the Christian life; it is the greatest of all incentives to effort. (Daily Study Bible)
So since we have tasted of the riches of His kindness (Ro 2:4-note), our appetites are now enabled (new heart, new spirit within, Ezek 36:26, 27-note) to desire the pure milk of the Word. But if we stop tasting the Word, we stop growing, and we stop enjoying the continual kindnesses that we find in the Lord.
Lord (2962)(kurios) is the master or owner, in the present context describing Jesus as our Master which is not just a "title" but in a designation which calls for a response. If Jesus is truly my Master I should willingly, reverently bow before Him.. If Christ is my Lord, I am called to live under His rule, consciously, continually (enabled by His Spirit) submitting my will to Him as would any ancient loyal, loving bondservants. I should be seeking first His Kingdom and His righteousness (Mt 6:33-note). This begs a simple question "Is Jesus Christ my Lord?". "Do I arise each day, acknowledging this is the day the Lord has made and that it is His gift to me to use in a way that please Him?" (Ps 118:24-note) "Do I surrender my will to His will as I begin my new day?" (This is a great discipline to practice [under grace, not law - cp Ro 6:14] See Ro 12:1-note, Ro 12:2-note) Beloved, don't misunderstand. None of us have "arrived" in this area of completely yielding to Jesus as Lord of our lives. And it is precisely for that reason that Peter commands us to continually "grow (present imperative) in the grace (unmerited favor, supernatural power for supernatural spiritual growth) and knowledge (not so much intellectual but transformational - when God takes the measure of a man, He does not put the tape measure around our head but our heart!) of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. To Him be the glory, both now and to the day of eternity. Amen." (2Pe 3:18-note) So do not become discouraged when you perceive your growth is slow or even stunted! Keep on pressing (continually = present tense) "on toward the goal for the prize of the upward call of God in Christ Jesus" (Php 3:14-note) remembering that God has already promised that he "good work" He began in us He "will perfect it until the day of Christ Jesus." (Php 1:6)
Steven Cole concludes his sermon Getting Into the Word on 1Peter 2:1-3 with these words…