Amplified: It is on account of these [very sins] that the [holy] anger of God is ever coming upon the sons of disobedience (those who are obstinately opposed to the divine will), (Amplified Bible - Lockman)
Barclay: and because of these things the wrath of God comes upon those who are disobedient.
Lightfoot: Do not deceive yourselves. For all these things God’s wrath will surely come.
NLT: God’s terrible anger will come upon those who do such things. (NLT - Tyndale House)
Phillips: It is because of these very things that the holy anger of God falls upon those who refuse to obey him. (Phillips: Touchstone)
Wuest: because of which things there comes the wrath of God (Eerdmans)
Young's Literal: because of which things cometh the anger of God upon the sons of the disobedience,
FOR IT IS ON ACCOUNT OF THESE THINGS: dia:
For is a term of explanation. What is Paul explaining?
What things? The sins Paul has just mentioned.
Guzik adds that
Mt Henry adds that it is necessary to
Paul will now explain why we should mortify our members. “The wrath of God” is coming and will come on sin. Don't be deceived thinking you can live habitually in one of these sins and "get away with it" (see the end of the story Rev 21:8 [see note]).
Remember that in Genesis 6-8 God destroyed the antediluvian world with a flood because the wickedness of man was great on the earth, and that every intent of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually (Genesis 6:5). And then in Genesis 18-19 God rained fire and brimstone from heaven on the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah because of their unbridled lusts and insatiable passions.
In the New Testament, God's warning of coming wrath is for all those who continually practice sins like…
Lightfoot adds that
John Gill writes that…
THAT THE WRATH OF GOD WILL COME: erchetai (3SPMI) hê orgê tou theou: (Mt 3:7, Ro 1:18; Ep 5:6; Jn 3:36, Ro 2:2,5, 8,5:9,12:19,Ep 2:3, 1Th 1:10,5:9, 2Th 1:7, 8, 9, Rev 11:18, 14:10, 16:19,19:15 20:15, Anger of God) (Eph 2:2; Isa 57:4;1Pet 1:14; 2Pet 2:14; Ro 11:30;32 Heb 4:6, 11) (See Torrey's Topic "Anger of God")
The wrath of God is one of the "attributes" of God which although less popular to discuss is just as valid and sure as His love, faithfulness, etc. (see discussion of His Wrath).
In his introduction to the epistle to the Romans, Paul writes that …
Wrath (3709) (orge [word study]) is derived from the idea of something which teems or swells until it becomes so swollen that it bursts forth which gives a perfect picture of God's holy "orge" which is His settled indignation and controlled passionate feeling against sin. Orge applies not to a petulant outburst like humans are so prone to but to an anger that proceeds from God's settled nature. Men make themselves the object of God's Orge when they sin and become a part of the destructiveness of evil. The concept of wrath includes God’s present displeasure with evil as well as the ultimate confinement and defeat of all evil in eternal hell (Mt 8:12).
Wrath is as much a part of the character of God as is love. A God who does not exercise wrath against injustice is an immoral God. A universe in which evil exists unchallenged and ultimately unvanquished is inconceivable and could not be ruled by a good God of holy love. Essential to a good God of love is His wrath against evil.
John Gill makes an excellent point regarding God's wrath writing that the reality of His wrath
NKJV and KJV add sons of disobedience but this phrase is not present in the most modern Greek texts. He uses this phrase in Ephesians where it is present in the more modern Greek texts…
Will come denotes the certainty of this future event, and his use of the present tense (instead of the future tense as one might expect) literally means " it is coming" or it is already on its way, so to speak thus picturing the wrath as already on its way.
Marvin Vincent agrees writing that
This wrath will come not only upon flagrant unbelievers, but also those in the Colossian congregation who professed to believe in Christ but who in truth were unbelievers as revealed by their evil actions. In other words, their conduct never matched their creed. Paul wrote this epistle to dissuade some who might delude themselves with alleged visions of glory through mystic encounters or self effort of any type.
Why mention the coming wrath at this point? Would not this reminder of the certainty of God's wrath motivate his hearers to obey the command to mortify their members? On one side, the certainty of God's wrath on these sins should cause one who is "unable" to stop these practices to consider "Who" they really belong to (1Co 6:19-note ,1Co 6:20-note, Titus 2:14-note)? Are they children of the living God or the lying devil (1Jn 3:8, 3:9)? If they continue in these sins with no power whatsoever to cast them off, then they are surely destined for the Lake of fire (Re 21:8-note). On the other hand for the genuine believer who occasionally "slips into" one of these sins, a recollection and pondering on what it is that God's rich mercy and great grace has saved him from should motivate a heart attitude of gratitude that seeks to work out his salvation in fear and trembling (Php 2:12-note, Php 2:13-note) and walk in a manner worthy of and pleasing to the Lord (cp He 12:28, 29-note).
Wrath is coming upon those who arrogantly willfully refuse the only remedy for overcoming the power of sin: Christ's atoning sacrifice. Jesus Who was the Sacrifice, warned that…
He who believes in the Son has eternal life; but he who does not obey the Son shall not see life, but the wrath of God abides on him. (John 3:36).
As John explained…
He who has the Son has the life; he who does not have the Son of God does not have the life. (1Jn 5:12)
The wrath or orge of God is a necessary result of the holiness and the love of God Who hates that which corrupts and destroys His creatures. Rather than evolving away from the wrath of God, the unbelieving world is rapidly devolving toward its consummation. God's word predicts scoffers and mockers in the last days (2Pe 3:3-note), so was not surprised by the bumper sticker I saw recently that said "When the Rapture occurs can I have your car?" Judgment will come on this world because it is made up of people who do not seek God, but instead seek to gratify the desires of their fallen, evil flesh. As Jesus declared…
And this is the judgment, that the light is come into the world, and men loved the darkness rather than the light; for their deeds were evil. For everyone who does evil hates the light, and does not come to the light, lest his deeds should be exposed. (John 3:19, 20)
The wrath of God is simply the rule of the universe that a man will sow what he reaps (Gal 6:6,7) and that no one ever escapes the consequences of his sin for as Moses wrote "be sure your sin will find you out" (Nu 32:23).
God’s wrath is
His eternal detestation of all unrighteousness. It is the displeasure and indignation of Divine equity against evil. It is the holiness of God stirred into activity against sin” (Arthur W. Pink, The Attributes of God, p83).
Wrath is God’s constant, invariable reaction to sin.
Although as believers we have been delivered “from the wrath to come” (1Th 1:10-note), "for God has not destined us for wrath, but for obtaining salvation through our Lord Jesus Christ" (1Th 5:9-note), Paul is not warning us that if we sin we will feel the furious wrath of God. Rather he is saying that those who are no longer their own but now belong to Christ and are in covenant union with Him and are motivated by their love for Him should certainly not wish to participate in the kinds of behavior characteristic of those who hate Him and will feel His eternal wrath. Simply put, the children of God should not want to act like the children of wrath. (Ep 2:3-note)
John MacArthur gives us a sobering reminder that
although believers have been delivered from God’s wrath (cf. Ro 5:9-note), they are subject to His chastening. He 12:5,6 (see notes) reminds us not to forget “the exhortation which is addressed to you as sons, ‘My son, do not regard lightly the discipline of the Lord, nor faint when you are reproved by Him; for those whom the Lord loves He disciplines, and He scourges every son whom He receives.’ ” God will react against sin. The unbeliever will experience His eternal wrath, and the believer His loving chastening. Either way, all who pursue sin will suffer the consequences.
|Greek: en hois kai humeis periepatesate(3SPMI) pote hote ezete (2PIAI) en toutois.
Amplified: Among whom you also once walked, when you were living in and addicted to [such practices]. (Amplified Bible - Lockman)
Barclay: It was amongst these things that you once spent your lives, when you lived among them;
Lightfoot: In these sins you, like other Gentiles, indulged in times past, when your life was spent among them.
NLT: You used to do them when your life was still part of this world. (NLT - Tyndale House)
Phillips: And never forget that you had your part in those dreadful things when you lived that old life. (Phillips: Touchstone)
Wuest: in the sphere of which things also you ordered your behavior at one time when you lived in them. (Eerdmans)
Young's Literal: in which also ye—ye did walk once, when ye lived in them
AND IN THEM YOU ALSO ONCE WALKED: en ois kai humeis periepatesate (2PAAI) pote: (Col 2:13; Ro 6:19,20; 7:5; 1 Co 6:11; Eph 2:2; Titus 3:3; 1Pe 4:3,4)
When were we in them? In them describes our position as non-believers, when we were in Adam (1Cor 15:22). All their prior thoughts, words, and deeds were ensphered in an atmosphere of sin when they were in Adam. Not one of their acts ever got outside the circle of sin -- their previous manner of walking is a description of what is often termed total depravity. Now they are have redeemed and regenerated and are in Christ, a new position which calls for a new practice. Conduct should always be commensurate with creed.
Walked (4043) (peripateo [word study] from peri =around + pateo = walk) literally means to walk around and figuratively refers to one's course of life or conduct, in this context referring specifically to their conduct previous unregenerate Adamic state (in Adam, before they were in Christ - cp 1Co 15:22).
The aorist tense expresses a past completed action and sums up their whole disobedient lifestyle in the past. In other words, Paul gives a panoramic view and looks at the entire life while unsaved as nothing but sin. Contrast this picture with how born again ones are to walk now (Gal 5:25-note; Ro 6:12, 13, 14-note, Ro 6:19-note) Now all of what transpired in Colossians 2 regarding our circumcision removing our body of flesh and our burial and resurrection with Christ begins to become very practical.
In the figurative sense, peripateo refers to one's habitual way or direction of life, and so to their life-style. For example, in a good sense, Luke describes Zacharias and Elizabeth, the parents of John the Baptist, as being
In contrast, Paul refers in this verse to the lifestyle of unbelievers and later in this same letter counseled the Ephesian believers to
John declares that,
Harry Ironside wrote that
WHEN YOU WERE LIVING IN THEM: hote ezete (2PIAI) en toutois:
Spurgeon comments that…
The fact that we formerly lived in sin is a good argument why we should now forsake it. We have walked in by-paths, therefore now let us choose to walk on the highway of holiness. Peter also exhorts his reader's to make a clean break with their past lifestyle writing
We at least had an excuse of sorts prior to being made children of God, but now such sins are quite presumptuous so stop doing them now. We all need an attitude like Job who said
The transforming power of the gospel of Christ shines through Paul’s words this verse . The Colossians had walked in the pagan vices, had even lived in them, but now they were new creations in Christ and
Spurgeon commenting on Romans 6:6 (notes) where Paul teaches "that henceforth we should not serve sin" asks,
Why would anyone who has been made rich return to the slums to live in poverty? How can a new creature act like an old one (cf. 2Co 5:17-note)?
Amplified: But now put away and rid yourselves [completely] of all these things: anger, rage, bad feeling toward others, curses and slander, and foulmouthed abuse and shameful utterances from your lips! (Amplified Bible - Lockman)
Barclay: but now you must divest yourselves of all these things—anger, temper, malice, slander, foul talk which issues from your mouth. Do not lie to one another.
Lightfoot: But now everything is changed. Now you also must put away not this or that desire, but all sins, whatever they are. Anger, wrath, malice, slander, filthy abuse; banish it from your lips.
NLT: But now is the time to get rid of anger, rage, malicious behavior, slander, and dirty language. (NLT - Tyndale House)
Phillips: But now, put all these things behind you. No more evil temper or furious rage: no more evil thoughts or words about others, no more evil thoughts or words about God, and no more filthy conversation. (Phillips: Touchstone)
Wuest: But now put away once for all also all these things; an habitual, revengeful anger, violent fits of anger, malignity, slander, obscene speech out of your mouth. (Eerdmans)
Young's Literal: But now put off, even ye, the whole—anger, wrath, malice, evil-speaking, filthy talking—out of your mouth.
|BUT NOW: nuni de:
Now (nun) is one of those great ''But now's" in God's Word (click here for other occurrences).
The apostle reminded the Colossian believers that moral misconduct was part of their former demeanor: “in them you also once walked” (Col 3:7).
But now - This phrase signifies a contrast, something like you were "walking one direction" but now you are to walk another direction spiritually speaking. Truth demands a response. He has spent two chapters explaining the supremacy of Christ Who is now the source of their life. And so he says "now" let your conduct be in accord with the great truths you have learned. Put it into practice. Let your conduct give testimony of who (and Whose) you now are in Christ. And just as "clothes make the man", let your new moral/ethical "clothes" be seen by others.
Think about what Paul is saying here about putting off. Can you imagine how ridiculous you would look if when you went to buy a new suit you refused to take off the one you had on, but rather insisted that the new one should be tried on without “putting off” the old one! This is what many Christians do. They try to put the garment of a new life on over their old nature. It just doesn’t fit. We must lay aside sin first, then “put on the new man.”
Alan Carr introduces this section with the question is the old man dead and gives an illustration…
Them all - Not just the really bad ones but the ones that don't seem ostensibly so "bad"!
Dr. G. Campbell Morgan called the sins in this next section, “the sins in good standing”, to contrast them with the ostensibly more "filthy" sins listed in Col 3:5 (note).
Matthew Henry adds that we are to put these "sins of good standing" aside…
Putting them aside - During the Civil War, a Confederate soldier from Virginia became so tired of living in his lice-infested clothes that he decided to do something about it. He wrote his wife with instructions to meet him at a certain place on a certain day, bringing with her a fresh change of clothes and a jug of kerosene. The soldier met his wife at the designated spot, bathed in the kerosene to rid himself of the lice, then burned his infested clothes and returned to his unit. When Christ conquered sin on the cross, sin was drained of its ability to enslave us. Through the Holy Spirit, we have all the power we need to say no to the downward pull of the old life. It is our responsibility to use this power and turn away from sin.
Put aside (659) (apotithemi from apo = away from, marker of dissociation, implying a rupture from a former association, separation, departure, cessation, any separation of one thing from another by which the union or fellowship of the two is destroyed + tithemi = put, place) means literally to put or take something away from its normal location and put it out of the way. It was used literally of runners who participated in the Olympic games who cast off their clothes and running nearly completely naked in the stadium.
Figuratively the idea is to cease doing what one is accustomed to doing. Stop doing it. "Throw" it off. Be done with it. Six of the eight NT uses use apotithemi with the figurative meaning as shown below. Ponder (perhaps even make a list to review ever so often) what it is we are to throw off or cast aside. Notice that each of these figurative uses describes the behavior of a believer.
Apotithemi is used 8 times in the NT in the NAS
Apotithemi - 11 times in the non-apocryphal Septuagint (LXX) -Ex 16:33,34; Lev 16:23; 24:12; Nu 15:34; 17:7, 10; 19:9; Jos. 4:8; 2 Chr. 18:26; Joel 1:18. The majority of the uses in the Lxx speak of literal placing or laying of something in a place although several speak of putting or placing someone in jail or prison. None of the Lxx uses are exactly analogous to Paul's use of this word apotithemi in Romans, Ephesians and Colossians.
Apotithemi in Colossians 3:8 has to do with discarding, stripping off, casting away, and the like. It is the word Luke used of the Jewish leaders in Jerusalem who "began stoning (Stephen), and the witnesses laid aside (apotithemi) their robes at the feet of a young man named Saul. " (Acts 7:58). They laid aside their outer garments so they could more freely do their wicked work. The Christian lays aside the following attitudes, so he can be free to do the righteous work of the Lord.
Remember the old Scottish preacher's wise saying
Our new life in Christ will stagnate unless sins are recognized, renounced (confessed) and repented. When this purging takes place, then we will manifest an insatiable craving and delight for the pure spiritual milk of God's Word, which has life, gives life and nourishes life. No intake of God's word will yield no spiritual growth. How is your appetite?
In Romans Paul exhorts his readers to put off "deeds of darkness" writing…
Put aside is in the aorist imperative which calls for a decisive choice to effectively accomplish an action and can even convey the idea of doing so with some degree of urgency. The idea is "Do this now"! Put these habits of the old life away. Lay them aside like you would filthy, smelly, dirty clothes. You have the power of the Spirit of Christ to put to death the deeds of the flesh. Paul writes in the great chapter of Romans 8 that
Practically speaking, you will encounter many situations in which you have the choice to "put aside" the "dirty clothes" or to choose not to do so. Every time you make the choice to put the filthy rags off, you are growing in conformity to Jesus. This is what Paul is saying in Romans 6 exhorting believers to "present your members as slaves to righteousness, resulting in sanctification." (Ro 6:19-note).
Paul says "walk away from these things". You may be in the situation where you feel you've repeated a sin so often that you feel you cannot get free from it. Not only can you get free of it, but you had better slam the door on that situation or it will ruin your usefulness for the Lord and affect your reward at the Judgment Seat of Christ.
When you put all these things aside, you put away not only the activity of them, but the things that contribute to those things (cp Ro 13:14-note). Put them away! You're a "living dead" man and now you've got the power in Christ (see note Colossians 3:4) to do carry out these otherwise impossible commands.
Miles Stanford writes that
As a person takes off his dirty clothes at the end of the day, so should believers discard the filthy, tattered rags of their old life. The Colossians are exhorted by the apostle to lay aside as an old and useless garment the old life’s vices.
ANGER: orgen: (If you struggle with this sin consider meditating on the Scriptures in Torrey's Topic "Anger") (Ps 37:8; Pr 17:14; 19:19; 29:22; Mt 5:22-note; Ro 13:13 -note; 1Co 3:3; 2 Co 12:20; Gal 5:15; Gal 5:20-note; Ga 5:26-note; Ep 4:26-note; Ep 4:31-note; Ep 4:32-note; 2Ti 2:23-note; 2Ti 2:24-note; Jas 1:20 -note; Jas 3:14, 15, 16)
Anger (3709) (orge) is a deep, smoldering, resentful bitterness. It is the settled heart attitude of the angry person. Provocations do not create his anger, but merely reveal that he is an angry person and give him a target for his fury. That has no place in a Christian’s life (Ep 4:26-note, Ep 4:31- note).
Someone has well said that anger is a wind which blows out the lamp of the mind. It is like an acid that can do more harm to the vessel in which it is stored than to anything on which it is poured. Add one letter to anger and see what you get!
Believers are to be
Most of the uses of orge refer to God Who is perfectly justified in having a settled anger against sin.
Spurgeon has these wise words on "anger"…
Harry Ironside adds that…
WRATH: thumon :
Wrath (outbursts of anger, rage, indignation) (2372) (thumos) is an intense expression of the inner self, frequently expressed as strong indignation, a state of intense displeasure or rage (violent and uncontrolled anger or a fit of violent wrath).
As noted above orge anger suggests a more settled or abiding condition of mind, frequently with a view to taking revenge.
Orge is less sudden in its rise than thumos, but more lasting in it nature.
Thumos expresses more the inward feeling, orge the more active emotion.
Thumos may issue in revenge, though it does not necessarily include it. It is characteristic that it quickly blazes up and quickly subsides, though that is not necessarily implied in each case.
Thumos refers to a burning anger which flares up and burns with the intensity of a fire. In fact the Greeks likened it to a fire in straw, which flares up briefly and is gone. That external anger. A violent temper. If you see this type of behavior continually in a person, they either are not saved or they are not living in the truth that they are complete in Christ.
When Jesus reminded the Jews that only the Gentile Naaman was healed of his leprosy
In a similar way the Ephesian merchants when sensing that the gospel was threatening their livelihood of "Artemis" idols
Paul wrote to the Corinthians that he was afraid that when he came he would find
Paul said that
Paul instructs the Ephesians to
MacArthur adds that
Malice (2549) (kakia) (Click for in depth study of kakia) describes a mean-spirited or vicious attitude or disposition. It is a wickedness as an evil habit of one's mind, which includes a desire to harm other people and often hides behind apparently good actions (1Pe 2:16-note). This sin is not only a viciousness toward another person, but also results in a wrong attitude toward God.
In reference to behavior kakia conveys the idea of a mean-spirited or vicious attitude or disposition as indicated by words such as malice, ill-will, hatefulness, and dislike. It is an attitude of wickedness as an evil habit of one's mind. Kakia is used in NT to describe the wickedness which comes from within a person. Malice describes a vicious intention and expresses the desire to hurt another and rejoices in it!
Lightfoot defines it as
Aristotle defined malice as “taking all things in the evil part”
Trench says that kakia is
Webster says that "malice" is a desire to cause pain, injury, or distress to another and implies a deep-seated often unexplainable desire to see another suffer or experience pain, injury, or distress!
One Greek scholar terms malice “the vicious character generally.”
Vincent writes that kakia
Malice is not only a moral deficiency but destroys fellowship. To varying degrees, the unsaved spend their life maliciously.
In Romans Paul describes those who have refused to acknowledge God and are given over by God to a depraved mind as
SLANDER: blasphemian: (See Torrey's Topic "Slander") (Lev 24:11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16; Mk 7:22; 1Ti 1:13; 1Ti 1:20 Jas 2:7; Jude 1:8; Rev 16:9)
Slander (988) (blasphemia) (Click for in depth study of related verb blasphemeo) is speech that denigrates or defames (stresses the actual loss of or injury to one’s good name), reviling (subject to verbal abuse and implies a scurrilous, abusive attack prompted by anger or hatred), denigrate (from Latin "niger" = black and so to speak to "blacken" one's character by casting of aspersions on another), slander.
Slander is the utterance of false charges or misrepresentations which defame, belittle or damage another’s reputation and cause them to fall into disrepute or to receive a bad reputation. To try to tear down another individual. Wounding someone's reputation by evil reports, evil speaking.
Blasphemia is translated "blasphemy" when it is against God and slander when against men, although slander against men is blasphemy against God Who created men (Js 3:9)
Harry Ironside writes that…
ABUSIVE SPEECH: aischrologian:
The "new man" has (should manifest) a "new language"! =
Abusive speech (1488) (aischologia is from from aischrologéo = to be foul–mouthed, which in turn is derived from aischrós = filthy or improper + légo =to say) refers to speech of a kind that is generally considered in poor taste, obscene speech, filthy or dirty speech.
Lightfoot calls it "foul mouthed abuse"! The word was used for both abusive and filthy talk. Such language should never come out of the mouth of a Christian with Christ now his very life.
Such talk is expressly forbidden in Scripture, Paul writing in fact that…
Harry Ironside related that…
In an eyewitness report of the great Welsh revival of 1904, G. Campbell Morgan wrote
Spurgeon has several comments on this section…
FROM YOUR MOUTH: ek tou stomatos humon:
Note that the last three "forbidden" things have to do with speech.
Christian speech must be kind. All slanderous and malicious talking is forbidden. The old advice still stands which says that before we repeat anything about anyone we should ask three questions: "Is it true? Is it necessary? Is it kind?" The New Testament is unsparing in its condemnation of the gossiping tongues which poison truth. It is no wonder the psalmist prayed,
Note that Paul did not say God would put these things off for us, but that WE must put them off, by saying Yes to Jesus, yielding all of our rights to Him, surrendering our wills to our Master's voice and saying "no" to the flesh, trusting in God's sovereignty that whatever He has allowed in our life is to make us better, not bitter and that in His strength and with His Spirit's enablement we can do what He has called us to do. Then God will manifest these characteristics in your life.
Matthew Henry writes that…
><> ><> ><>
RESTORING GOD'S IMAGE - As a young boy, theologian Alister McGrath enjoyed experimenting with chemicals in his school's laboratory. He liked to drop a tarnished coin into a beaker of diluted nitric acid. He often used an old British penny bearing the image of Queen Victoria. Because of the accumulated grime, Her Majesty's image couldn't be seen clearly. But the acid cleansed away the grime and the Queen's image reappeared in shining glory.
Restore in me Your image, Lord,
Drawing close to Christ produces a growing Christlikeness.
><> ><> ><>
DANGER! OUT OF BOUNDS! - A RESORT in Breckenridge, Colorado, posted signs warning skiers to keep off a certain slope. The signs, large and distinct, warned, Danger! Out of Bounds! In spite of the warnings, however, several skiers went into the area. The result? A half-mile-wide avalanche buried four of the trespassers beneath tons of snow and rock. This tragedy never would have happened if the signs had been heeded.
><> ><> ><>
NOISE POLLUTION - Profanity and crude language are becoming more common on prime-time television programs. Many writers and producers seem to be intent on pushing the limits of how much immoral and offensive speech the public will allow.
Lord, guard our tongues so what we say
Profanity disgraces the user and demeans the hearer.