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Old and New Testament.
Ezekiel 6:8 "However,
remnant, for you will
sword among the
nations when you are
scattered among the
GWT: "'But I will let
some people live. Some people will escape the battle among the nations and
be scattered throughout the countries. (GWT)
"Yet I will leave a remnant, so that you may have some who escape the sword
among the nations, when you are scattered through the countries.
WBC: when your survivors of the sword are present among the nations, when
you are dispersed among other countries.
Young's Literal: And I have
caused some to remain, In their being to you the escaped of the sword among
nations, In your being scattered through lands.
HOWEVER I WILL LEAVE A REMNANT, FOR YOU WILL HAVE THOSE WHO ESCAPED THE
SWORD AMONG THE NATIONS WHEN YOU ARE SCATTERED AMONG THE COUNTRIES: (Isa
6:13; Ro 9:27; 11:5,6)
THE TRUTH OF
In the New Testament the
of Israel is what Paul referred to
in Galatians 6:16 as the
Israel of God (note)
(a synonym for NT believing Jews,
the NT church as tragically is so widely taught by those who hold to the
false notion that God is finished with the nation of Israel and believe that
the NT church has replaced Israel as the recipient of all the promises
initially made by God to the literal nation of Israel. This is simply not
what a literal, normative reading of Scripture teaches and the Spirit of God
foreseeing that such a gross distortion would occur, inspires Paul to
correct this aberration with the Word of Truth in Romans 9-11.
Unfortunately, many churches tread rather lightly on the teaching in Romans
9-11 with the result that few even with an evangelical persuasion are
genuinely comfortable with these vitally important chapters. For an
excellent audio discussion (the best discussion I have ever heard) of Romans
9-11, I highly recommend the studies by Tony Garland at
spiritandtruth.org - they are balanced, richly interwoven with OT
passages and doctrinally sound -
then click on each of the 10 separate sessions and select the audio
recording - these 12+ hours of lectures are superb, especially if you
have only a vague understanding (or none at all) of God's plan for His
chosen people, Israel. To aid your study I would also recommend downloading
lesson 1 of Precept's inductive study on
Romans 9-11 - Part 3,
which is a 64 page Pdf with an overview study of the 3 chapters as well as
the text of Romans 9-11 in NAS, double spaced and with wide margins to allow
you to carry out your own observations and then take notes as you listen to
the 12+ hours of lectures by Tony Garland. You will be equipped and edified
and hopefully can pass this information on to others in your church, so that
they are not driven and tossed by every wind of doctrine, especially the
false doctrine of replacement theology which is blowing through much of the
Related Resources on The Believing Remnant of Israel:
The Remnant and the Future based
on Micah 5:7-9 - S. Lewis Johnson
articles by Dr Johnson that mention the remnant)
The Doctrine of the Remnant and the
Salvation of Israel in Romans 9-11- Steve Lewis
The Remnant from a Jewish Perspective - Tony Garland
Romans 9:25-33 - A Remnant will be Saved
- Tony Garland
Romans 11:1-6 - God Has Not Cast Away the
Jews - Tony Garland
Israel remnant Diagram - Tony Garland
Journal Articles on The Remnant
Remnant by George Livingston
Remnant - article in The 1901 Jewish Encyclopedia
Remnant - article in Baker's Evangelical Dictionary of
Doctrine of Remnant - Arnold Fruchtenbaum
Doctrine of Remnant - Arnold Fruchtenbaum
- go to page 21/22,
Another discussion page 18/21
Fruchtenbaum: Concerning the regathering
of Israel, Isaiah 11:11, 16 and Zechariah 8:6–7 picture it as gathering the
remnant. Micah 4:7 emphasizes the Remnant’s salvation. Micah 7:18–20 speaks
of forgiving the Remnant’s sins. Micah 5:7–8 says that the Remnant will
spread God’s Word among Gentile nations. The Remnant will also possess the
land (Zephaniah 2:7, 9; and Zechariah 8:12). They will be sinless in the
land and live in security (Zephaniah 3:13). (Israelology:
Part 5 of 6 - Israel Future (Part Two) See Page 13I)
See I Dolphin's article
The Concept of the Remnant
The Jewish question by A C Gaebelein - 157 page book
The Jewish Problem by Jewish believer David Baron (1891)
(although 4 different Hebrew words express the concept of
refers to one portion of a quantity which has been divided and generally
refers to the smaller
part remaining. Remnant can mean that which is spared, preserved,
escaped, survived, and thus that which is not in a condition of danger or
death. The idea of the
is “those being left” or “having escaped,” especially a portion of a
community which has escaped a devastating calamity and will form the basis
for a new community.
See study of another Hebrew word for "remnant"
Meaning: 1) to be left over, remain, remain over, leave 1a) (Qal)
remainder (participle) 1b) (Niphal) to be left over, remain over, be left
behind 1c) (Hiphil) 1c1) to leave over, leave 1c2) to save over, preserve
alive 1c3) to excel, show pre-eminence 1c4) to show excess, have more than
enough, have an excess
TWOT - Yathar refers to one portion of a quantity which has
been divided. Generally it is the smaller part and sometimes it is the part
of less quality. It may refer to the portion less in quality but more in
quantity (Jdg 7:6); e.g., in Neh it includes the people besides the priest,
nobles and officials (Neh 2:16; 4:14, 19,). It may also be used in the sense
of “advantage” or “more than.” The concept of remain occurs in a wide
variety of contexts with many connotations. Food left over is an indication
that one’s need has been abundantly met (Ru 2:14; 2Chr 31:10). The people
gave liberally for the building of the tabernacle so that items were left
over (Ex 36:7). Most of the sacrifices were to be eaten on the day offered;
any leftovers were to be consumed (Ex 12:10; Lev 8:32). But a votive or
freewill offering was allowed to remain three days before being consumed
(The Theological Wordbook).
John Witmer adds that "A remnant is the residue of something that is left after the majority of it
is taken away....a remnant of a bolt of cloth....The apostle Paul made it
clear that a remnant of Israel, including himself, was "chosen by grace" (Ro
to be saved as part of the church. The church, however, is not the remnant
of Israel, nor has God abandoned His plan for His people Israel (Jer 31:35,
36, 37). In God's plans, however, only a remnant of Israel (Isa 10:21, 22,
as well as of all humanity (Acts 15:16, 17, 18) will be saved. (The
Theological Wordbook. Page 295).
Yathar - 101 verses - Ge 30:36; 32:24; 44:20; 49:4; Ex 10:15; 12:10;
16:19f; 28:10; 29:34; 36:7; Lev 2:3, 10; 6:16; 7:16f; 8:32; 10:12, 16;
14:18, 29; 19:6; 22:30; 27:18; Num 26:65; 33:55; Deut 28:11, 54; 30:9; Josh
11:11, 22; 17:2, 6; 18:2; 21:5, 20, 26, 34, 40; Judg 8:10; 9:5; 21:7, 16;
Ruth 2:14, 18; 1 Sam 2:36; 15:15; 25:34; 30:9; 2 Sam 8:4; 9:1; 13:30; 17:12;
1 Kgs 9:20f; 15:18; 17:17; 18:22; 19:10, 14; 20:30; 2 Kgs 4:7, 43f; 20:17; 1
Chr 6:61, 70, 77; 18:4; 24:20; 2 Chr 8:7f; 31:10; Neh 6:1; Ps 79:11; 106:11;
Prov 2:21; Isa 1:8f; 4:3; 7:22; 30:17; 39:6; Jer 27:18f, 21; 34:7; 44:7;
Ezek 6:8; 12:16; 14:22; 34:18; 39:14, 28; 48:15, 18, 21; Dan 10:13; Amos
6:9; Zech 13:8; 14:16.
NAS Usage - abound(1), had some left(1), had left(1),
have preeminence(1), leave(3), leave a remnant(1), leave of it over(1),
leaving(1), left(47), left behind(1), left over(6), let remain(1), more than
enough(1), preserve(1), prosper you abundantly(1), remain(2), remainder(7),
remained(2), remaining(2), remains(3), reserved(2), rest(18), spare(1),
Remnant the meaning of the word depends on the
and sometimes refers only to a physical remnant. As used here in Ezekiel and
many places in the OT, remnant is used in a "spiritual" sense and refers to individual
Jews in the nation of Israel who over the past 4000+ years placed their
faith in the Messiah (see Gal 3:8, 16) and were reckoned RIGHTEOUS. The
tragedy is that the majority of Israel over this same time period refused to
receive Yeshua as Savior and Redeemer. However, the fact that there has
always been a believing REMNANT of Israel reflects God’s faithfulness to
keep His Covenant promises made to Abraham (see related topic
Covenant: Abrahamic versus Mosaic)
This spiritual remnant of Israel Paul defines as
"a Jew...inwardly (by) circumcision
(which) is that which is of the heart, by the Spirit, not by the letter; and
his praise is not from men, but from God." (see
(see related topic
Scriptures on Circumcision)
"In those days and at that time (be
expressions of time,
stopping and asking when? In this case it is when Messiah
returns to set up His earthly kingdom and rule from Jerusalem) declares
the LORD, 'search will be made for the iniquity of Israel, but there will be
none (because only Jews who have expressed faith in Messiah will enter
the Messianic kingdom); and for the sins of Judah, but they will not be
found; for I shall pardon (God's sovereign pleasure chooses to pardon
some sinners instead of destroying them all) those whom I leave as a
J Vernon McGee has as usual some very pithy comments on the doctrine
of the "remnant" writing that...
Never throughout the long history of Israel did 100 percent of the nation
worship God. Always only a remnant was faithful to Him. God always
preserved a remnant. Actually, it was a remnant of those which
came out of Egypt that entered the land. Practically the entire generation
that came out of Egypt died in the wilderness. It was their children who
entered the land. God preserved a remnant. Even in Elijah’s day God
had a faithful remnant. Elijah was very
He cried, “Lord, I only am left” (see 1Ki 19:10). But God told him, “You
aren’t the only one; I have seven thousand in these mountains who have not
bowed the knee to Baal.” Because they were hiding from Ahab and Jezebel,
Elijah didn’t know about them (And I am of the opinion that in our day there
are more believers than we think there are. There are many believers like
those seven thousand. Although we don’t hear about them, they are true
believers.) Also, there was a remnant of believers at the coming of
Christ; although the leaders of the nation rejected Him and had Him
crucified, there was a remnant that received Him. Later, on the Day of
Pentecost, a great company turned to Christ; yet it was a remnant. It
always has been a remnant. Coming down to our day, there is a
remnant even in the church that bears His name. Although I have made the
statement that I think there are more believers in our world than we
realize, it is also true that in the church there is only a remnant
of true believers in Christ.
Many of us would be surprised if we knew how few church members were
genuine believers even though they are quite active in Christian circles and
in Christian service. Many people in our affluent society have become
church members. We are living in a period that has produced a lot of
pseudo-saints. They are not genuine by any means. They have not been
born again. The Book of Hebrews makes it very clear that “… whom the Lord
loveth he chasteneth …” (He 12:6). And every son whom He receives, He is
going to put through the fire. He is going to test him. If you have some
metal which you think is gold, you can take it to the assayer’s office. He
will put the metal under heat so that you will find out whether what you
have is gold or something else. And God puts the heat to those who are His
own. The day of persecution is going to come to church members, and it will
reveal quickly who are the true believers and who are not. God has a remnant
in the church today.
Also in our day there is a remnant of believers among the people of
Israel—probably more than we realize. In every nation there is a remnant of
true believers, although they may not be identified with a local church.
Unfortunately, the actions of some church members are shutting the door to a
great many believers. Yet God always has His faithful remnant. The word
remnant in Scripture is very important; don’t just rush over it.
J V: Thru the Bible Commentary: Thomas Nelson)
The Tyndale Bible Dictionary summarizes
concisely explaining that it refers to a
group of people who survive a catastrophe
brought about by God, ordinarily in judgment for sin. This group becomes the
nucleus for the continuation of mankind or the people of God; the future
existence of the larger group depends on this purified, holy remnant that
has undergone and survived the judgment of God. The
concept is found in all periods of redemptive history where catastrophe—be
it natural disaster, disease, warfare, or other instruments—threatens the
continuity of God’s purposes. From the Creation account to the end of the
OT, the concept is progressively sharpened.
W. A., & Comfort, P. W. Tyndale Bible Dictionary. Wheaton, Ill.: Tyndale
New Geneva Study Bible defines
(as) a group or individual who has experienced some calamity, ordinarily in
judgment for sin, and has survived. This group of survivors becomes the
nucleus for the continuation of the group: they embody the future hopes of
the people, and they inherit the promises of God afresh. The Exile
was to be a period of purging and refining so that a pure people would
emerge from it.
(New Geneva Study Bible. Nashville: Thomas Nelson)
Nelson's New Illustrated Bible Dictionary defines remnant
the part of a community or nation that remains after a dreadful
judgment or devastating calamity, especially those who have escaped and
remain to form the nucleus of a new community. The survival of a
righteous remnant rests solely on God’s providential care for His Chosen
People and His faithfulness to keep His Covenant promises. The
concept of the remnant has its roots in the Book of Deuteronomy (Dt 4:27,
28, 29, 30, 31), where Moses warned the people
of Israel that they would be scattered among the nations. But God also
promised that He would bring the people back from captivity and establish
them again in the land of their fathers. This concept was picked up by the
prophets, who spoke of the Assyrian and Babylonian captivities. The concept
was extended to apply also to the gathering of a righteous remnant at the
time when the Messiah came to establish His kingdom."
R. F., Bruce, F. F., Harrison, R. K., & Thomas Nelson Publishers. Nelson's
New Illustrated Bible Dictionary)
In the previous chapter, God presented a picture which "previewed" the
doctrine of the
instructing Ezekiel to
take one third (of the shaved hair) and strike it with the sword all around
the city and one third you shall scatter to the wind; and I will unsheathe a
sword behind them" and then to "Take also a few in number (this suggests the
from them and bind them in the edges of your robes." (Ezek 5:2-3)
Ezekiel 12 God says
But I shall spare a few of them
(remnant) from the sword, the famine, and the pestilence that they may
tell all their abominations among the nations (Gentiles) where they
go, and may know that I am the LORD. (this latter phrase suggesting that
they are not just a preserved physical
remnant but a spiritual remnant who
trust in Jehovah) (Ezek 12:16)
Later God elaborates on the remnant explaining to Ezekiel that
will be left (a
remnant) in it who will be brought out, both sons
and daughters. Behold, they are going to come forth to you and you will see
their conduct and actions; then you will be comforted for the calamity which
I have brought against Jerusalem for everything which I have brought upon
it. Then they will comfort you when you see their conduct and actions
(they are a god fearing
remnant who believe in God's promise of a Messiah
Who is to be their Redeemer), for you will know that I have not done in
vain whatever I did to it," declares the Lord GOD. (Ezek 14:22-23)
Matthew Henry has an excellent comment
(but he should be read with discernment when he comments on Old Testament
eschatology [future or prophetic events] for he is prone to interpret the
promises to Israel as now applying primarily to the church, which can lead
to great confusion in studying the Old Testament. This same general caution
applies to most of the pre-1900 commentaries! The most literal is that by
Jamieson, Fausset, Brown)
had hitherto triumphed, but in these verses mercy rejoices against
judgment. A sad end is made of this provoking people, but not a full end.
The ruin seems to be universal, and yet will I leave a
a little remnant, distinguished from the body of the people, a few
of many, such as are left when the rest perish; and it is God that leaves
them. This intimates that they deserved to be cut off with the rest, and
would have been cut off if God had not left them...(God
will leave) some who will have escaped the sword.
God said (Ezek 5:12)
that he would draw a sword after those who were
that destruction should pursue them in their dispersion; but here is
mercy remembered in the midst of that wrath, and a promise that some of the
Jews of the dispersion, as they were afterwards called, should
will leave a remnant
- This declarative promise by the Covenant Keeping God reflects His
sovereign choice as well as His mercy and compassion to not destroy all of
Israel but to preserve part of the nation as a godly line of Abraham who
expressed faith in His promised Messiah even though most rejected Him.
Isaiah records that
Unless the LORD of hosts Had
us a few survivors
we would be like Sodom, we would be like Gomorrah. (annihilated,
obliterated, blotted out)" (Isa 1:9) and later adds "In that day (at the
inception of Christ's millennial kingdom reign on earth) the Branch of the
LORD will be beautiful and glorious, and the fruit of the earth will be the
pride and the adornment of the
(the remnant). And it will come about that
he who is left in Zion and remains in Jerusalem
remnant) will be called holy (solely because God has
chosen them and they have expressed saving faith in the Messiah) --
everyone who is recorded for life
in Jerusalem. When the Lord has washed away the filth of the daughters of
Zion and purged the bloodshed of Jerusalem from her midst, by the spirit of
judgment and the spirit of burning (those left after the washing, purging &
burning will be "the remnant")" (Isa 4:2-4-note).
10 records that a small nucleus of God’s people, preserved by His sovereign
grace will form a righteous remnant in the midst of national apostasy.
Isaiah in context is prophesying of Israel's coming
destruction by Assyria, but moves from the near fulfillment of a
physical remnant to speak of a future believing Jewish remnant...
Now it will come about in that day (the immediate context referred to the
Assyrian invasion of Israel which prefigured a future day of destruction,
the time of Jacob's distress, brought to an end by return of Messiah) that
of Israel, and those of the house of Jacob
who have escaped
remnant), will never again rely on the one who struck them, but will
truly rely on the LORD, the Holy One of Israel (Note this has yet to be
fulfilled as most of modern Israel remains in unbelief in their Messiah). A
will return, the
of Jacob (Israel), to the mighty God
(a remnant who has placed their faith in the Messiah). For
though your people, O Israel, may be like the sand of the sea, only a
(those who by grace through faith are saved) within them will return; a
destruction is determined (in essence "predetermined," reflecting God's
sovereign control over the events of human history), overflowing with
righteousness. For a complete destruction, one that is decreed, the Lord GOD
of hosts will execute in the midst of the whole land (referring to the
Great Tribulation, the last three and one half years before Messiah returns to
put an end to the ruthless reign of the man of sin, the antichrist)." (Isa
Paul quotes Isaiah 10:22 in (Ro 9:27-note)
to explain that not every Jew born physically belongs to the "remnant"
of Jews who are born spiritually by the Spirit of God. (cf Ro 9:6-note)
Old Testament scholar Richard
commenting on the remnant
in Micah 2:12-13 explains
God’s promise to preserve a segment
of his people through the punishment of his divine judgment for
covenant trespass introduces the remnant theme (Mic 2:12), prominent
in Old Testament prophetic literature (e.g., Isaiah, who popularized
the idea by naming his son Shear-jashub, or “a remnant will return,”
Isa 7:3). The remnant motif implies both judgment and deliverance. The
very existence of a remnant of Hebrews is based on the mercy of God.
The Old Testament prophets apply the remnant motif to three types of
(1) the historical remnant
composed of survivors of the catastrophe of God’s judgment (Jer 23:3);
(2) the faithful remnant of
Hebrews who maintain a true faith relationship with Yahweh (Amos
(3) an eschatological
remnant of Hebrews and Gentiles who will participate in the blessing
of the restored Davidic kingdom (Amos 9:12; cf. NIDOTTE 4.14–15).
Micah refers to a “remnant”
(sheerith ) five times (Micah 2:12; 4:7; 5:7, 8; 7:18), and
each is connected with oracles of hope (see Waltke’s discussion in
NIDOTTE 4.938–939). The remnant purified, who go out strong as a lion
(Mic 5:7–8), represent the eschatological remnant who will share in
the blessing of the restored Davidic kingdom (cf. Mic 5:2–5). The
remaining four references to the Hebrew remnant appear to combine type
one (a historical remnant of those who survive the Assyrian and
Babylonian exiles) and type three (an eschatological remnant who will
be purified and experience the restoration of the Davidic kingdom).
Such telescoping of near historical fulfillment and distant
eschatological fulfillment is not uncommon in biblical prophecy.
Theologically, the remnant theme is
important because it mediates the tension of the Abrahamic and Mosaic
covenants. The first “guaranteed Israel an everlasting status in God’s
program of redemption,” while the second “threatened a sinful nation
with death” (NIDOTTE 4.938). God’s true prophets resolved the
theological tension by espousing the doctrine that he would preserve a
godly remnant of Israelites through the judgment associated with the
curses of the Mosaic covenant (Deut 28; cf. Dt 30:1–5).
The remnant theme testifies to
God’s faithfulness in keeping his covenant promises (Ps 145:13; Da
9:4), and it displays his great mercy because He does not remain angry
with rebellious Israel forever (Isa 57:16; Jer 3:12). In the NT, the
remnant of Israel (i.e., the Jews) is not displaced or eliminated, but
stands united with those Gentiles (or wild olive branches grafted into
Abraham’s tree, Ro 11:17) called to be one people of God (cf. Ro
Prophets- Hosea through Malachi Cornerstone Biblical Commentary-
Andrew E. Hill, Richard D. Patterson, Philip W. Comfort)
as discussed in more detail below are the true children of God, a doctrine
Paul refers to in explaining what will happen to the Jews --
In the same way then, there has also come to be at the present time a
(referring to Jews who have placed their faith in the Righteous Messiah not
in their unrighteous "good deeds") according to God's gracious choice
(they are saved by grace not by works lest they boast). (Ro 11:5-note)
Stated another way, the
is a living reflection and continual reminder of the unmerited favor of
The number of the
is always small. In Zechariah 13:8 it is a third of all Israel. In Isaiah 6:13 it
is only a tenth of the total and in Ezekiel 5:3 the remnant is pictured as
only a few hairs wrapped in a fold of a garment.
After the siege and fall of Jerusalem, Nebuchadnezzar
led away into
exile all Jerusalem and all the captains and all the mighty men of valor,
ten thousand captives, and
the craftsmen and the smiths. None
remained except the poorest people of the land. (2 Ki 24:14)
So in one sense these poor who remained in Judah were a physical remnant.
There are several instances when Ezekiel mentions the remnant
that would escape the destruction of Jerusalem and would be scattered from
the Promised Land (Ezekiel 5:10; 11:13; 14:22).
As alluded to above, in Deuteronomy we find Moses first prophesy that Israel
would be removed from "the promised land" if she proved disobedient,
and yet in the same prophecy God promised that if Israel would return to
Him, He would be merciful and restore her (Dt 30:1-5).
Isaiah predicted the northern 10 tribes would be removed by Assyria.
Ezekiel prophesies of a removal of most of the Southern kingdom, with
only a small
left in Jerusalem. Israel experienced both of these removals in the Assyrian
(722BC) and Babylonian (586BC) captivities as well as after the destruction
of Jerusalem by Rome in 70AD, at which time the people of Israel were
scattered throughout the Gentile nations, in fulfillment of Moses' prophecy
the LORD will scatter you among the peoples (the Gentile nations) and you
shall be left
few in number
among the nations, where
the LORD shall drive you. (this refers to a
of Jews who
were dispersed in 70AD - even today there are only a relatively small number
of Jews scattered throughout the world) And there you will serve gods,
the work of man's hands, wood and stone, which neither see nor hear nor eat
nor smell. But from there you will seek the LORD your God, and you will
find Him if you search for Him with all your heart and all your soul.
When you are in distress (most completely fulfilled during the last half of
Daniel's Seventieth Week) and all these things have come upon you, in the
latter days (we are in
the last days now and they will culminate in the final restoration of the
of Israel at the second coming of
Christ predicted by Zech 13:8, 13:9 this
of "one-third" equating with Paul's "all Israel will be saved" -
note, you will return to the LORD
your God and listen to His voice. For the LORD your God is a compassionate
God; He will not fail you nor destroy you nor forget the covenant with your
fathers which He swore to them. (Deut 4:27-31).
C I Scofield writes that one major key to
unlocking prophecy is a proper understanding of the doctrine of the
which he summarizes as follows
In the history of Israel, a "remnant"
may be discerned, a spiritual Israel within the national Israel. In Elijah's
7,000 had not bowed the knee to Baal 1Ki 19:18. In Isaiah's time it was the
for whose sake God still forbore to destroy the nation Isaiah 1:9. During the captivities the
appears in Jews like Ezekiel, Daniel, Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego,
Esther, and Mordecai. At the end of the
70 years of Babylonian captivity it was the
which returned under Ezra and Nehemiah. At the advent of our Lord, John the
Baptist, Simeon, Anna, and "them that looked for redemption in Jerusalem"
Lk 2:38 were the
During the church-age the
is composed of believing Jews - Ro 11:4,5-see notes
11:5. But the chief interest in the
is prophetic. During the great tribulation a
out of all Israel will turn to Jesus as Messiah... (Rev 7:3-8-note). Some of these will undergo
martyrdom (Re 6:9-11-note) some will be spared to enter
the millennial kingdom Zech 12:6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 13:9, 13:8, 13:9. Many of the Psalms express,
prophetically, the joys and sorrows of the tribulation
In sum, the majority of physical Jews have been unbelieving and thus rejected by
Jehovah, but grace and mercy have been given to a godly group, the remnant.
There never has been nor ever will be a complete end to Israel as is
spuriously taught in "replacement theology." The
spiritual (believing, righteous by faith) remnant
is those Jews who have in the past or will in
the future place their trust in the Messiah, regardless of whether they
lived before or after the Cross, for "there is salvation in no one else; for there is no other name under heaven
that has been given among men, by which we must be saved." (Acts 4:12) When the Messiah returns to set up His righteous kingdom, He will regather
and cleanse the final Jewish remnant and fulfill God’s covenant promises to
Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.
The following list includes most of the Scriptures referring to the
In some passages the reference is more to a physical remnant than to a
remnant that has placed their faith in the Messiah. Click on the
reference link to read the passage in context. Make a list of what is
readily discerned about the word remnant.
A proper understanding of this truth especially developed by the Old
Testament prophets can enhance your ability to properly
interpret many prophetic passages which might otherwise be somewhat
obscure. Note that this list is not exhaustive and there are other
references to "remnant" but this should give you an excellent sense of
"And God sent me before you to preserve for you a
(sheerith - 07611; Lxx = kataleimma [used in Ro 9:27] - that
which has been left behind, survivors, remnant) in
the earth, and to keep you alive by a great deliverance.
'Perhaps the LORD your God will hear all the words of Rabshakeh, whom
his master the king of Assyria has sent to reproach the living God,
and will rebuke the words which the LORD your God has heard.
Therefore, offer a prayer for the
(ulay - 0194; Lxx = leimma = remnant, see Ro 11:5) that is left.'"
'And the surviving
of the house of Judah shall again take root downward and bear fruit
'For out of Jerusalem shall go forth a
(sheerith - 07611; Lxx = kataleimma [used in Ro 9:27] - that
which has been left behind, survivors, remnant), and out of
Mount Zion survivors. The zeal of the LORD shall perform this.
And they came to Hilkiah the high priest and delivered the money that
was brought into the house of God, which the Levites, the doorkeepers,
had collected from Manasseh and Ephraim, and from all the
(sheerith - 07611; Lxx = kataloipos = rest, remaining)
of Israel, and from all Judah and Benjamin and the inhabitants of
"But now for a brief moment grace has been shown from the LORD our
God, to leave us an escaped
(peletah - 6413; Lxx = kataleipo = left behind) and to give us a peg in His
holy place, that our God may enlighten our eyes and grant us a little
reviving in our bondage.
"And after all that has come upon us for our evil deeds and our great
guilt, since Thou our God hast requited us less than our iniquities
deserve, and hast given us an escaped
(peletah - 6413) as this,
(remember this is a post-exilic book)
shall we again break Thy commandments and intermarry with the peoples
who commit these abominations? Wouldst Thou not be angry with us to
the point of destruction, until there is no
(sheerith - 07611; Lxx = egkataleimma = something left as remnant) nor any who
"O LORD God of Israel, Thou art righteous, for we have been left an
(peletah ; Lxx = kataleipo) as it is this day; behold, we are before Thee
in our guilt, for no one can stand before Thee because of this."
And they said to me, "The
remnant there in the province who
survived the captivity are in great distress and reproach, and the
wall of Jerusalem is broken down and its gates are burned with fire."
Unless the LORD of hosts Had
left us a few survivors, We would be like Sodom, We would be like
Now it will come about in that day that the
remnant of Israel,
and those of the house of Jacob who have escaped, will never again
rely on the one who struck them, but will truly rely on the LORD, the
Holy One of Israel.
remnant will return, the
remnant of Jacob, to the
For though your people, O
Israel, may be like the sand of the sea, Only a
them will return; A destruction is determined, overflowing with
Then it will happen on that day that the Lord Will again recover the
second time with His hand The
remnant of His people, who will
remain, From Assyria, Egypt, Pathros, Cush, Elam, Shinar, Hamath, And
from the islands of the sea.
And there will be a highway from
Assyria For the
remnant of His people who will be left, Just as
there was for Israel In the day that they came up out of the land of
In that day the LORD of hosts will
become a beautiful crown And a glorious diadem to the
of His people;
'Perhaps the LORD your God will hear the words of Rabshakeh, whom his
master the king of Assyria has sent to reproach the living God, and
will rebuke the words which the LORD your God has heard. Therefore,
offer a prayer for the
remnant that is left.'"
"And the surviving
remnant of the house of Judah shall again take root downward and
bear fruit upward.
"For out of Jerusalem shall
go forth a
remnant, and out of Mount Zion survivors. The zeal
of the LORD of hosts shall perform this."'
"Listen to Me, O house of Jacob, And all the
remnant of the
house of Israel, You who have been borne by Me from birth, And have
been carried from the womb;
Thus says the LORD of hosts,
"They will thoroughly glean as the vine the
remnant of Israel;
Pass your hand again like a grape gatherer Over the branches."
"Then I Myself shall gather the
remnant of My flock out of all
the countries where I have driven them and shall bring them back to
their pasture; and they will be fruitful and multiply.
'For I am with you,' declares the LORD, 'to save
you; For I will destroy completely all the nations where I have
scattered you, Only I will not
destroy you completely.
But I will chasten you justly, And will by no means leave you
For thus says the LORD, "Sing aloud with gladness for Jacob, And shout
among the chiefs of the nations; Proclaim, give praise, and say, 'O
LORD, save Thy people, The
remnant of Israel.'
"O Jacob My servant, do not fear," declares the LORD, "For I am with
you. For I shall make a full end of all the nations Where I have
driven you, Yet I shall not
make a full end of you;
But I shall correct you properly And by no means leave you
'In those days and at that time,'
declares the LORD, 'search will be made for the iniquity of Israel,
but there will be none; and for the sins of Judah, but they will not
be found; for I shall pardon those whom I leave as a
'Therefore, fathers will eat their
sons among you, and sons will eat their fathers; for I will execute
judgments on you, and scatter all your
remnant to every wind.
"However, I shall leave a
remnant, for you will have those who
escaped the sword among the nations when you are scattered among the
Then it came about as they
were striking and I alone was left, that I fell on my face and cried
out saying, "Alas, Lord GOD! Art Thou destroying the whole
of Israel by pouring out Thy wrath on Jerusalem?"
Then it came about as they were
striking and I alone was left, that I fell on my face and cried out
saying, "Alas, Lord GOD! Art Thou destroying the whole
of Israel by pouring out Thy wrath on Jerusalem?"
Now it came about as I prophesied, that Pelatiah son of Benaiah died.
Then I fell on my face and cried out with a loud voice and said,
"Alas, Lord GOD! Wilt Thou bring the
remnant of Israel to a
I shall spare
a few of them from the sword, the famine, and the pestilence that
they may tell all their abominations among the nations where they go,
and may know that I am the LORD."
Joel 2:32 "And it will come about that
whoever calls on the name of the LORD Will be delivered; For on Mount
Zion and in Jerusalem There will be those who escape, As the
LORD has said, Even among the survivors whom the LORD calls.
Hate evil, love good, And establish justice in the gate! Perhaps the
LORD God of hosts May be gracious to the
remnant of Joseph.
"I will surely assemble all of you, Jacob, I will surely gather the
remnant of Israel. I will put them together like sheep in the
fold; Like a flock in the midst of its pasture They will be noisy with
"I will make the lame a
remnant, And the outcasts a strong
nation, And the LORD will reign over them in Mount Zion From now on
Therefore, He will give them up
until the time When she who is in labor has borne a child. Then
remainder of His brethren Will return to the sons of Israel.
remnant of Jacob
Will be among many peoples Like dew from the LORD, Like showers on
vegetation Which do not wait for man Or delay for the sons of men.
remnant of Jacob Will be among the nations, Among many
peoples Like a lion among the beasts of the forest, Like a young lion
among flocks of sheep, Which, if he passes through, Tramples down and
tears, And there is none to rescue.
Who is a God like Thee, who pardons iniquity And passes over the
rebellious act of the
remnant of His possession? He does not
retain His anger forever, Because He delights in unchanging love. 19
19 He will again have compassion on us; He will tread our iniquities
under foot. Yes, Thou wilt cast all their sins Into the depths of the
And the coast will be For the
remnant of the house of Judah,
They will pasture on it. In the houses of Ashkelon they will lie down
at evening; For the LORD their God will care for them And restore
"Therefore, as I live," declares the LORD of hosts, The God of Israel,
"Surely Moab will be like Sodom, And the sons of Ammon like Gomorrah--
A place possessed by nettles and salt pits, And a perpetual
remnant of My people will plunder them, And the
remainder of My nation will inherit them."
remnant of Israel will do no wrong And tell no lies, Nor
will a deceitful tongue Be found in their mouths; For they shall feed
and lie down With no one to make them tremble."
Then Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, and Joshua the son of Jehozadak,
the high priest, with all the
remnant of the people, obeyed the
voice of the LORD their God and the words of Haggai the prophet, as
the LORD their God had sent him. And the people showed reverence for
So the LORD stirred up the spirit of Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel,
governor of Judah, and the spirit of Joshua the son of Jehozadak, the
high priest, and the spirit of all the
remnant of the people;
and they came and worked on the house of the LORD of hosts, their God,
"Speak now to Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, governor of Judah, and
to Joshua the son of Jehozadak, the high priest, and to the
of the people saying,
"Thus says the LORD of hosts, 'If it is too difficult in the sight of
remnant of this people in those days, will it also be too
difficult in My sight?' declares the LORD of hosts.
'But now I will not treat the
remnant of this people as in the former days,' declares the LORD
'For there will be peace for the seed: the vine will yield its fruit,
the land will yield its produce, and the heavens will give their dew;
and I will cause the
remnant of this people to inherit all
And I will remove their blood from their mouth, and their detestable
things from between their teeth. Then they also will be a
for our God, and be like a clan in Judah, and Ekron like a Jebusite.
"And it will come
about in all the land," Declares the LORD, "That two parts in it will
be cut off and perish; But the
third will be left in it.
those who feared the LORD
spoke to one another, and the LORD gave attention and heard it, and a
book of remembrance was written before Him for
those who fear the LORD
and who esteem His name. And they will be Mine," says the LORD of
hosts, "on the day that I prepare My own possession, and I will spare
them as a man spares his own son who serves him. So you will again
distinguish between the
and the wicked, between one who serves God and one who does not serve
And Isaiah cries out
concerning Israel, "THOUGH THE NUMBER OF THE SONS OF ISRAEL BE AS THE
SAND OF THE SEA, IT IS THE
REMNANT THAT WILL BE SAVED;
In the same way then, there
has also come to be at the present time a
remnant according to
God's gracious choice. (see
If you are still somewhat confused about the
doctrine of the remnant,
don't be discouraged as this truth is analogous to the "solid food"
the writer of Hebrews refers to (see note
and it does take some familiarity with eschatology (study of future
By far the most excellent course available on eschatology (in my
humble opinion) is the offering by
Precept Ministries International,
specifically beginning with the 20 week study of Daniel (Daniel
1-6 - Part 1 - Living Out a Biblical Worldview;
Daniel 7-12 - Part 2 - Gaining Understanding of the
Time of the End) and then
following up with the 4 part 51 week course on the Revelation of
Jesus Christ (Revelation
1-3 - Part 1 - Jesus' Message to the Church;
Revelation 4-22 - Part 2 - The Unveiling of the Book
Revelation 5-22 - Part 3 - What is the Sign of His
Coming and the End of the Age?”;
Revelation 5-22 Part 4 - Interpreting Revelation in
the Light of Biblical Prophecy).
Yes almost a year and a half is a lengthy investment, but I can assure you
that if you are diligent and complete this study, you will have an
understanding of end time events that is unshakeable and which will allow
you to discern accurately the signs of the times and to live
"looking (expectantly, continually) for the
blessed hope and the appearing of the glory of our great God and Savior,
Christ Jesus" (Titus 2:13-note
cf 2Pe 3:11, 12 -notes)
6:9 "Then those of you
remember Me among the
which they will be
how I have been
hurt by their
away from Me, and by their
idols; and they will
loathe themselves in their own
sight for the
which they have
GWT: Then those who
escape will remember me among the nations where they are taken captive. I
was hurt by their adulterous hearts, which turned away from me, and by their
eyes, which lusted after idols. They will hate themselves for the evil and
disgusting things that they have done. (GWT)
"Then those of you who escape will remember Me among the nations where they
are carried captive, because I was crushed by their adulterous heart which
has departed from Me, and by their eyes which play the harlot after their
idols; they will loathe themselves for the evils which they committed in all
Then your survivors will remember me among the nations where they are held
captive, how stricken I was by their wanton hearts that had lost
faith in me and by their wanton eyes that had followed their idols. They
will regard themselves with disgust for all their shocking rites.
Young's Literal: And
remembered Me have your escaped among nations, Whither they have been taken
captive, Because I have been broken with their heart that is going
a-whoring, That hath turned aside from off Me, And with their eyes they are
going a-whoring after their idols, And they have been loathsome in their own
faces, For the evils that they have done -- all their abominations.
THEN THOSE OF YOU WHO ESCAPE WILL REMEMBER ME AMONG THE NATIONS TO WHICH
THEY WILL BE CARRIED CAPTIVE:
(Deut 4:29, 30, 31; Ps 137:1; Jer 51:50)
Then in the nations where they have been carried captive, those who escape
will remember me. (NIV),
Then those who have escaped will remember me. They will be living among the
nations where they have been taken as captives (ICB)
of you who escape will remember Me
- It is worth noting that the verb "Remember"
(2142) is actually the first word in the original Hebrew sentence.
is the idea bringing to mind or of thinking again of an image or idea from
the past, of recalling information or events, of keeping in the forefront of
one's mind for attention and lastly of considering something with a focus on
responding in an appropriate manner to that which is "remembered". It
is interesting that the Hebrew verb (zakar) is the root word
for derivative noun (zeker) which is translated "memorial"!
have you "erected" along your spiritual journey that you can quickly recall to
How critical is this "spiritual discipline" for all saints of all
ages -- to "remember
recall to one's mind the manifold kindnesses of God all the days of our lives.
Dearly beloved, as one born from above and now a child of the living God,
have you allowed yourself to slowly drift into the practices and preferences
of the "Canaanites" in the midst of whom you live?
Have you like
Ephesus left your first love?
If so it is good to come back to where you
began your spiritual journey, to that "memorial" representing the sweet time
you first truly heard His voice and were swept into His kingdom by faith by
His Spirit. Jesus addressing the church at Ephesus declares
have this against you, that you have left (not lost...believers have been brought
into an unconditional
and are kept by the power of God and cannot
your first love."
(note the first action our Lord "recommends" to remedy the problem of
therefore from where you have fallen and repent and do the deeds you did at
first; or else I am coming to you, and will remove your lampstand out of its
place-- unless you repent."
A good way to begin each new day and to end each night is by remembering what He has done for you and
offer up a sacrifice of
praise to God, that is, the fruit of lips that give thanks to His name.
In Leviticus 26 after a long litany of "cursing" for disobedience,
God holds out the hope for blessing
they confess their iniquity and the iniquity of their forefathers, in
their unfaithfulness which they committed against Me, and also in their
acting with hostility against Me--I also was acting with hostility against
them, to bring them into the land of their enemies-- or
their uncircumcised heart becomes humbled
(which equates with a "new heart" [Ezek 18:31,
which is circumcised by faith not works - Ro 2:28, 29-notes) so that they then make amends for their iniquity,
with Jacob, and I will
with Isaac, and My
with Abraham as well, and I
The prophet Daniel did exactly what Ezekiel alludes to --
"in the first
year of his reign I, Daniel, observed in the books the number of the years
which was revealed as the word of the LORD to Jeremiah the prophet for the
completion of the desolations of Jerusalem, namely, seventy years. So I
gave my attention to the Lord God to seek Him by prayer and
supplications, with fasting, sackcloth, and ashes." (Da 9:2
Daniel remembered God
and poured out his heart in confession in one of the most incredible prayers
in the Bible. And God responded with one of the most incredible prophecies
in all of Scripture (See Da 9:24, 25, 26, 27-notes
27) . (see
Daniel's Seventieth Week)
Zechariah records God's prediction that
"When I scatter them among the
peoples, They will
Me in far countries, and they with their children will
live and come back. I
will bring them back from the land of Egypt, and gather them from Assyria;
and I will bring them
into the land
of Gilead and Lebanon, until no room can
be found for them."
Walter Kaiser - Even after Israel had been restored to the land after
the Babylonian exile, the prospect of a regathered, reunited nation still
appeared in Zechariah 10:9-12. The importance of this passage and its
late postexilic date should not be lost by those who interpret the
spiritually or as a temporal blessing which has since been forfeited by a
rebellious nation due to her failure to keep her part of the conditional
covenant. On the contrary, this hope burned brighter as Israel became more
and more hopelessly scattered. (Ed: And it will be consummated at the
Second Coming when Israel finally receives the land promised not just to
Abraham, but to Isaac and Jacob.)
Matthew Henry commenting of
who escape of shall remember Me"
"to those whom god designs for life He will give repentance unto
life. They are reprieved, and escape the sword, that they may have time to
return to God. Note, God’s patience both leaves room for repentance and is
an encouragement to sinners to repent. Where God designs grace to repent He allows space to repent; yet many who have the space want the
grace, many who escape the sword do not forsake the sin, as it is promised
that these shall do. This remnant, here marked for
salvation, is a type of the
remnant reserved out of the
body of mankind to be monuments of mercy, who are made safe in the same way
that these were, by being brought to repentance...The root and principle of
their repentance: They shall
remember Me among the nations.
Those who forgot God in the land of their peace and prosperity, who
waxed fat and kicked, were brought to remember Him in the land of
their captivity. The prodigal son never bethought himself of his father’s
house till he was ready to perish for hunger in the far country. Their
remembering God was the first step they took in returning to him.
Note then there begins to be some hope for sinners when they
(begin to) enquire, "Where is God my Maker?"
Sin takes rise in forgetting God,
Repentance takes rise from the
remembrance of Him and of our obligations to him.
They shall remember
Me, that is, "I will give them
grace to do so;’’ for otherwise they would for ever forget Him. That grace
shall find them out wherever they are, and by bringing God to their mind
shall bring them to their right mind. The prodigal, when he remembered
his father, remembered how he has sinned against Heaven and before him; so
do these penitents."
HOW I HAVE BEEN HURT BY THEIR ADULTEROUS
HEARTS WHICH TURNED AWAY FROM ME, AND BY THEIR EYES WHICH PLAYED THE HARLOT
AFTER THEIR IDOLS:
(Ezekiel 5:13; 16:43; Isa 7:13; 43:24; Jer 3:6,13; Amos 2:13)
"They will recognize how
grieved I am by their unfaithful hearts and lustful eyes that long for
other gods" (NLT)
"when I shall have broken their whorish heart,
which hath departed from me me, and their eyes, which go a whoring after
their idols" (Darby)
"how I have been grieved by their
adulterous hearts, which have turned away from me, and by their eyes, which
have lusted after their idols" (NIV)
"They will remember how I was
hurt because they were unfaithful to me. They had turned away from me. They
will remember how I was hurt because they desired to worship their idols."
THE HEART OF GOD
have been hurt - KJV =
because I am broken
with their whorish heart" NKJV
= "I was crushed
by their adulterous heart which has departed from Me".
means to break in pieces, to shatter, to smash. The first biblical
occurrence of shabar is in Ge 19:9, where the men of Sodom "pressed hard
against Lot and came near to break the door." In another use, God says "I
will also break down your pride of power" (Lev 26:19). In Ezekiel 6:9 God
describes how He has "been hurt (broken) by their adulterous hearts which
turned away from" Him "and by their eyes which played the harlot after their
idols" (describing faithless Judah now in captivity in Babylon).
The Lxx often translates shabar with
(although not here in Ezek 6:9) which
means to cause destruction of something by making it come apart (by
shattering, smashing or crushing) and figuratively to be severely damaged
psychologically and thus to be broken (as used in Lxx to describe the
"brokenhearted" in Isa 61:1, Ps 34:18, Ps 147:3)
Baker - The word is most often used to express bursting or breaking.
Other meanings include God’s actions against stubborn pride (Lev. 26:19); or
a metaphor for deliverance expressed figuratively by the breaking of a yoke
(Jer. 28:2). In a figurative sense, the word describes the breaking of
Pharaoh’s arms (Ezek. 30:21, 22). It also depicts the literal smashing or
shattering of the tablets of the commandments (Ex. 32:19). Further
expressions of the word can mean to bring to the moment of birth (Isa.
66:9); to break down or destroy a people (Isa. 14:25); to break objects of
material quality (Gen. 19:9; Lev. 6:28; Jer. 49:35).
Vine - The word is most often used to express bursting or breaking.
Other meanings include God’s actions against stubborn pride (Lev. 26:19); or
a metaphor for deliverance expressed figuratively by the breaking of a yoke
(Jer. 28:2). In a figurative sense, the word describes the breaking of
Pharaoh’s arms (Ezek. 30:21, 22). It also depicts the literal smashing or
shattering of the tablets of the commandments (Ex. 32:19). Further
expressions of the word can mean to bring to the moment of birth (Isa.
66:9); to break down or destroy a people (Isa. 14:25); to break objects of
material quality (Ge 19:9; Lev. 6:28; Jer. 49:35)
Shabar - 145 verses - Ge 19:9; Ex 9:25; 12:46; 22:10, 14; 23:24;
32:19; 34:1, 13; Lev 6:28; 11:33; 15:12; 22:22; 26:13, 19, 26; Num 9:12;
Deut 7:5; 9:17; 10:2; 12:3; Jdg 7:20; 1 Sam 4:18; 1 Kgs 13:26, 28; 19:11;
22:48; 2Kgs 11:18; 18:4; 23:14f; 25:13; 2Chr 14:3, 13; 20:37; 23:17; 31:1;
34:4; Job 24:20; 29:17; 31:22; 38:10, 15; Ps 3:7; 10:15; 29:5; 34:18, 20;
37:15, 17; 46:9; 48:7; 51:17; 69:20; 74:13; 76:3; 104:11; 105:16, 33;
107:16; 124:7; 147:3; Pr 6:15; 25:15; 29:1; Eccl 12:6; Isa 8:15; 14:5, 25,
29; 21:9; 24:10; 27:11; 28:13; 30:14; 38:13; 42:3; 45:2; 61:1; 65:14; 66:9;
Jer 2:13, 20; 5:5; 8:21; 14:17; 17:18; 19:10f; 22:20; 23:9; 28:2, 4, 10ff;
30:8; 43:13; 48:4, 17, 25, 38; 49:35; 50:23; 51:8, 30; 52:17; Lam 1:15; 2:9;
3:4; Ezek 4:16; 5:16; 6:4, 6, 9; 14:13; 26:2; 27:26, 34; 29:7; 30:8, 18,
21f, 24; 31:12; 32:28; 34:4, 16, 27; Dan 8:7f, 22, 25; 11:4, 20, 22, 26; Hos
1:5; 2:18; Amos 1:5; Jonah 1:4; Nah 1:13; Zech 11:16
NAS Usage: abolish(1), break(25), break down(1), breaking in
pieces(1), breaks(5), breaks in pieces(1), bring to the point(1), broke(9),
broke in pieces(6), broke the in pieces(1), broke down(1), broken(55),
broken down(1), broken off(1), brokenhearted*(3), collapse(1), crush(2),
crushed(2), demolished(1), destroy(2), fractured(1), hurt(2), injured(1),
pieces(1), placed(1), point of birth(1), quench(1), shatter(2),
shattered(13), smash(3), smashed(2), tore down(1), torn(2).
The Hebrew verb for "hurt"
is shabar (shavar) which literally means to
burst, break into pieces and figuratively is used by David in the
penitential psalm 51 to describe "a
heart" (Ps 51:17
see note below).
Beloved, does this thought not grip your imagination
and stir you deep within...this picture that our sin can "break"
the heart of the omnipotent "I Am" Who needs no one or nothing because He is
sufficient in Himself! This is a "preventative" thought worth "remembering"
the next time that surreptitious snake named "temptation" slithers
into your eye gate or ear gate, trying to deceive and draw your heart and mind
into that "sin which so easily entangles" you. (He 12:1-note)
and "played the harlot"
are the same Hebrew verb (zanah), this repetition "writing" a
sad commentary on God's "treasured possession" and used more
in this book than in any other in the OT (Click
for the 19 out of 69 OT uses in Ezekiel).
The main idea of
zanah is to commit illicit sexual intercourse and especially used to
describe the action of women (only 2 OT uses refer to men - Ex 34:16 Nu 25:1), which is notable as
throughout the OT Israel is portrayed as the wife of Jehovah Elohim. The
verb zanah means to prostitute one's self by having sex with
partners to whom one is not married and to do so for bribes, favors, or
other kinds of payment! Scripture uses zanah often to describe
illegal, illicit contact between Israel and other nations and especially
their "gods". The idea of zanah then is that God's wife,
Israel, was unfaithful to her husband, God, as shown by her
"spiritual harlotry" which broke her
relationship with Jehovah
Covenant in Marriage). And
Israel's rejection of God as her "Husband" (Hebrew = "ba'al")
in turn "broke God's heart".
Beloved, how we as new covenant believers need to take stock of the impact
of our sin on the heart of our loving heavenly Father. In exile the people
would come to their senses and loathe themselves for what they had done.
Have you ever grieved over your sin to the point of shedding tears and
The old Puritans would often implore God for what they
referred to as "the gift of tears" which is the fruit of "a broken
and a contrite heart" that God "wilt not despise." (Ps 51:17)
Would God be so gracious as to give us all such a tender heart and sensitive
spirit, that we might be empowered to
(ourselves) for the purpose of godliness" recognizing that "bodily
discipline is only of little profit, but
is profitable for all things, since it holds
promise for the present life and also for the life to come. (1Ti 4:7,
8, 9, 10-see
The psalmist records how Israel
"rebelled against Him in the wilderness,
and grieved (hurt, pained) Him in the desert!" (Ps 78:40)
Isaiah says that
"they rebelled And grieved His Holy Spirit; Therefore,
He turned Himself to become their enemy, He fought against them." (Isa 63:10)
commenting upon their
adulterous hearts explains
that the which heart
"departs from Him is as the treacherous elopement of
a wife from her husband or the rebellious revolt of a subject from his
sovereign. Their eyes also go after their idols; they doted on them, and had
great expectations from them....Now the malignity of this sin is that it is
spiritual whoredom; it is a whorish heart that departs from God; and they
are eyes that go a whoring after their idols. Note that idolatry is
spiritual whoredom and is the breach of a marriage-covenant with God. It is
the setting of the affections upon that which is a rival with Him, and the
indulgence of a base lust, which deceives and defiles the soul, and is a
great wrong to God in His honor, They remember what a grief this was
to God and how he resented it... (and was) broken with their whorish
heart and their eyes that are full of this spiritual adultery, not only
angry at it, but grieved, as a husband is at the lewdness of a wife whom he
dearly loved, grieved to such a degree that He is broken with it; it breaks
His heart to think that He should be so disingenuously dealt with; He is
broken as an aged father is with the undutiful behavior of a rebellious and
disobedient son, which sinks His spirits and makes Him to stoop. Forty years
long was I grieved with this generation, (Ps 95:10)...This
they shall remember in the day of their repentance, and it shall affect and
humble them more than any thing, not so much that their peace was broken,
and their country broken, as that God was broken by their sin...Note,
Nothing grieves a true penitent so much as to think that his sin has been a
grief to God and to the Spirit of his grace."
AND THEY WILL LOATHE THEMSELVES IN THEIR OWN SIGHT FOR
THE EVILS WHICH THEY HAVE COMMITTED, FOR ALL THEIR ABOMINATIONS: (Ezekiel
14:4, 5, 6, 7; 20:7, 20:24 20:28; 23:14, 15, 16; Nu 15:39; 2Pe 2:14)
(Ezekiel 7:16; 12:16; 16:63; 20:43; 36:31, 36:32; Lev 26:39; Job 42:6; Jer
at last they will
hate themselves for all their wickedness" (NLT),
"they will be
full of hate for themselves because of the evil things which they have
done in all
disgusting ways" (BBE),
"They will loathe
themselves for the evil they have done and for all their detestable
"they shall mourn (Greek word that means
to beat one's breast as act of mourning,
or grief) over
themselves for all their abominations (Greek = extremely
detestable & from root word = "to stink"!)" (Lxx)
hate themselves because of the evil things they did that I hate"
(06962) (qut) to abhor, detest. To despise, to feel a revulsion
toward something or someone. Job despised his condition (Job 10:1). God
loathed, abhorred His rebellious people (Ps. 95:10). The righteous person
loathes those who do not keep God’s Word (Ps. 119:158; 139:21)
Qut indicates that the Israelites had an utter disgust of
themselves because of their evil abominations.
Qut - 7v - Job 10:1, Ps 95:10; 119:158; 139:21; Ezek 6:9; 20:43; 36:31
translates the Hebrew verb with
the verb kopto (also translates qut in Ezek 20:43). Kopto pictures one who beats their breast in
grief, mourning, remorse or lament (in the present context representing
grief over their sins).
Ezekiel 20 God says to Israel that
33 "As I live," declares the Lord GOD, "surely with a mighty hand and with
an outstretched arm and with wrath poured out, I shall be king over you.
34 "And I shall bring you out from the peoples and gather you from the lands
where you are scattered, with a mighty hand and with an outstretched arm and
with wrath poured out;
35 and I shall bring you into the wilderness of the peoples, and there I
shall enter into judgment with you face to face.
36 "As I entered into judgment with your fathers in the wilderness of the
land of Egypt, so I will enter into judgment with you," declares the Lord
37 "And I shall make you pass under the rod, and I shall bring you into the
bond of the covenant;
38 and I shall purge from you the rebels and those who transgress against
Me; I shall bring them out of the land where they sojourn, but they will not
enter the land of Israel. Thus you will know that I am the LORD.
39 "As for you, O house of Israel," thus says the Lord GOD, "Go, serve
everyone his idols; but later, you will surely listen to Me, and My holy
name you will profane no longer with your gifts and with your idols.
40 "For on My holy mountain, on the high mountain of Israel," declares the
Lord GOD, "there the whole house of Israel, all of them, will serve Me in
the land; there I shall accept them, and there I shall seek your
contributions and the choicest of your gifts, with all your holy things.
41 "As a soothing aroma I shall accept you, when I bring you out from the
peoples and gather you from the lands where you are scattered; and I shall
prove Myself holy among you in the sight of the nations.
42 "And you will know that I am the LORD, when I bring you into the land of
Israel, into the land which I swore to give to your forefathers (reference
to the Abrahamic Covenant - God keeps His covenant promises here the one
referring specifically to "the
43 "And there you will remember your ways and all your deeds, with which you
have defiled yourselves; and you will loathe yourselves in your own sight
for all the evil things that you have done.
44 "Then you will know that I am the LORD when I have dealt with you for My
name's sake, not according to your evil ways or according to your corrupt
deeds, O house of Israel," declares the Lord GOD.'" (Ezekiel 20:33-44)
MacArthur: Ezekiel 20:33-44 speak of His regathering Israel to their
land in the future time of Christ's Second Advent.
Comment: In context this section in
describes the coming judgment of those Jews who will be living
at the conclusion of the Great Tribulation period when Christ returns to
earth (Mt 24:30 31, Rev 19:11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18). The Chief Shepherd will
examine His flock (pass under the rod, Ezek 20:37), and will purge...the
rebels (Ezek 20:38), and bring the faithful remnant
into the blessings of the new covenant and in the Messianic/Millennial
kingdom. At this same time, at the termination of the three and one-half
years of the "great tribulation" Mt 24:21,
Gentile survivors of the tribulation period will also be judged (at what is
referred to by some as the "Judgment of the Sheep and the Goats"
described in Mt 25:31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44,
45, 46) so that all who live through
that time of the pouring out of God's wrath will at its conclusion either
enter into the Messianic Kingdom, populating it in unresurrected bodies
(Jewish & Gentile believers) or alternatively will be cast into hell (Jews &
Gentiles who reject God's kind offer of salvation through faith in Messiah).
(Click events described in this section in timeline form)
Thus, at the very beginning of the Millennium, all who enter it in earthly
bodies will have proved through these two judgments that they are redeemed
by the blood of the Lamb of God Who takes away their sin. Are you confused?
Skeptical? Then keep studying through these notes on Ezekiel and you will
discover that interwoven all through this apocalyptic book are allusions to
end time events.
commenting on "they
will loathe themselves"
"True penitents see sin to be an abominable thing, that abominable thing
which the Lord hates and which makes sinners, and even their services,
odious to him,
(Jer 44:4 Isa1:11). It defiles the sinner’s own conscience, and makes him,
unless he be past feeling, an abomination to himself. An idol is
particularly called an abomination, ( Isa 44:19). Those gratifications which
the hearts of sinners were set upon as delectable things the hearts of
penitents are turned against as detestable things....Penitents quarrel with
themselves, and can never be reconciled to themselves till they have some
ground to hope that God is reconciled to them; nay, then they shall lie down
in their shame, when he is pacified towards them, (Ezek 16:63).
Isaiah records that
"Surely, you will be ashamed of the oaks which you have desired, and
you will be embarrassed at the gardens which you have chosen." (Isa
Ezekiel has one other instructive use of "loathe"
in Chapter 36, where God says to the Jews
(Be alert for
expressions of time
for context) you will remember your evil ways and your deeds that
were not good, and you will
yourselves in your own sight for your iniquities and your abominations."
God goes on to add that "On the day that I cleanse you from all your
iniquities, I will cause the cities to be inhabited, and the waste
places will be rebuilt (Ezek 36:31-see
Comment: So in the description of the remnant who loathe themselves
in Ezekiel 20:43 and Ezek 36:31, it seems clear that these are those Jews
who will place their faith in the Messiah.
A parallel passage that helps understand the effect of Divine discipline on
Israel is Deuteronomy where God says that
when all of these
things have come upon you (What things? He goes on to explain), the blessing and the curse which I have set
before you, and you call them to mind in all nations where the LORD your
God has banished you (What makes them remember? When they experience God's
discipline which will reach its peak in the time of Jacob's distress, the
Great Tribulation), and you return (not all the Jews will return [see Zech
13:7-8 - 2/3's will be cut off, 1/3 will remain] but a remnant will return) to the LORD your God and
obey Him with all your heart and soul according to all that I command
you today (Ed: The only way this could be fulfilled is when they are
regenerated and receive a new heart - which will not happen until the Great
Tribulation, cp Ro 11:26-27-in
depth commentary), you and your sons,
the LORD your God will restore you from captivity, and have
compassion on you, and will gather you again from all the peoples (Gentile
where the LORD your God has scattered you (Even today with Israel back in
the Land, there are Jews scattered throughout the world, so this is a
prophecy that awaits a future fulfillment when Messiah returns). If your outcasts are at the ends
of the earth, from there the LORD your God will gather you, and from there
He will bring you back. and the LORD your God will bring you into the land
(Be alert for this phrase in the OT - it is often a designation for the
"Promised Land" -- notice it is not the Church who is going to be brought
back into THE LAND, but the scattered nation of Israel -- furthermore our
"father" did not possess this land -- so even one postulates we are children
of Abraham which is true, we are still not children of Isaac or of Jacob!) which your fathers possessed, and you shall possess it; and He will prosper
you and multiply you more than your fathers (Note again "fathers" plural --
not referring only to Abraham, the only "father" that Scripture says is a
Gentile believers father!). Moreover the LORD your God
will circumcise your heart (Regeneration - see
Excursus on Circumcision) and the heart of your descendants,
(Paul explains this circumcision of the heart equates with putting one's
faith in Messiah which reflects those who are "circumcised with a
circumcision made without hands, in the removal of the body of the flesh by
the circumcision of Christ." Col 2:11-note,
cp Ro 2:28-29-note) to love
the LORD your God with all your heart and with all your soul, in order that
you may live."
another explanatory note)
In Zechariah God declares
(Messiah is speaking)
I will pour out on the house of David and on
the inhabitants of Jerusalem (this is the spiritual
discussed above), the Spirit of grace and of supplication, so that
(God explains the purpose for this outpouring without which no man would
seek Him) they will look on Me whom they have pierced; and they
will mourn for Him, as one mourns for an only son, and they
will weep bitterly over Him, like the bitter weeping over a
first-born. In that day
there will be great
mourning in Jerusalem, like the mourning of Hadadrimmon in the
plain of Megiddo. And the land will mourn, every family by itself...In
that day a fountain will be
opened for the house of David and for the inhabitants of Jerusalem, for
sin and for impurity."
(Zech 12:10-14, 13:1-note)
Ezekiel 6:10 Then they will
know that I am the
LORD; I have not
vain that I would
disaster on them. (NASB:
GWT: Then you will know
that I am the LORD and that the disaster I promised was not an empty threat.
"And they shall know that I am the LORD; I have not said in vain that I
would bring this calamity upon them."
WBC: Then they will realize that I am Yahweh; I did not threaten without due
cause to inflict on them such a disaster.
Literal: And they have
known that I am Jehovah, Not for nought have I spoken to do to them this
THEN THEY WILL KNOW THAT I AM THE LORD; I HAVE NOT SAID IN VAIN THAT I WOULD
INFLICT THIS DISASTER ON THEM:
5:12, 13, 14; 44:28; Da 9:12; Zech 1:6)
Then - When? When they loathe themselves. When they see it was
because of their evil that such evil had come upon them.
know that I am the LORD
- This phrase occurs four times in Ezekiel 6 (Ezek 6:7, 10, 13, 14).
Ezekiel makes frequent use of this recognition formula (See
all OT uses).
And so as a result of their calamitous
experiences and their loathing, the remnant will come to know
Jehovah experientially (The
uses the verb
have not said in vain
did not bring this terrible thing on them for no reason. (ICB) God will use
this evil for good by saving a remnant from Israel.
Daniel affirms that God's promises
of calamity and disaster were not empty threats for
"He has confirmed His
words which He had spoken against us and against our rulers who ruled us, to
bring on us great calamity...".(Da
explains that what God has said was not done in vain because they will find
out what God had spoken
"is made good, and made to work for good, and to
answer a good intention, and that it was not without just provocation that
they were thus threatened and thus punished. One way or other God will make
sinners to know and own that he is the Lord, either by their repentance or
by their ruin. All true penitents are brought to acknowledge both the equity
and the efficacy of the word of God, particularly the threatenings of the
word, and to justify God (agree that God is righteous) in them
and in the accomplishment of them."
Ezekiel 6:11 Thus
abominations of the
GWT: "'This is what the
Almighty LORD says: Clap your hands, stomp your feet, and say, "Oh no!"
because the people of Israel have done evil and disgusting things. So they
will die in wars, famines, and plagues. (GWT)
'Thus says the Lord GOD: "Pound your fists and stamp your feet, and say,
'Alas, for all the evil abominations of the house of Israel! For they shall
fall by the sword, by famine, and by pestilence.
WBC: “Here is a message from the Lord Yahweh. Clap your hands and stamp your
foot, and bemoan all the shocking rites of the community of
Israel, who are to fall victim to sword, famine, and pestilence.
Literal: Thus said the
Lord Jehovah: 'Smite with thy palm, and stamp with thy foot, And say: Alas,
for all the evil abominations of the house of Israel, Who by sword, by
famine, and by pestilence do fall.
THUS SAYS THE LORD GOD, 'CLAP YOUR HAND, STAMP YOUR FOOT:
(Ezek 21:14, 15, 16, 17; Isa 58:1; Jer 9:1 9:10)
In Ezek 6:11, 12, 13, 14, we see a repetition of
threatenings expounded in earlier. In this verse God tells Ezekiel to use
to express a deep sense of woe over the iniquities and of the calamities of
the house of Israel. Ezekiel's actions would also emphasize that he believed
that the destructions which he was predicting would indeed come to pass. On
one hand these actions would point out Ezekiel's just displeasure at the
sins and on the other the just dread in light of the coming judgments.
AND SAY, "ALAS,
BECAUSE OF ALL THE EVIL ABOMINATIONS OF THE HOUSE OF ISRAEL,
WHICH WILL FALL BY SWORD, FAMINE AND PLAGUE:(Ezek
9:4; Am 5:16; Rev 18:10,16) (Ezek 5:12; 14:21; Jer 15:2, 15:3; 16:4; 24:10)
(Oh no! Woe!) - This marker signals an emphasis and cry of alarm or of
emphasis, especially pertaining to pain, despondency, or grief.
Jeremiah uses a similar interjection declaring
for that day is great, there is none like it; and it is the time of Jacob's
(ultimately fulfilled in the "Great
Tribulation" and brought to an end by
the return of Messiah - see
Daniel's Seventieth Week) but he will be saved from it." (Jeremiah
Joel foreseeing the terrible day of the LORD interjects
for the day! For the day of the LORD (See
Day of the
LORD) is near, and it will come as
destruction from the Almighty."
notes that in this "alas"
statement there are
"Two things the prophet must thus lament:—1.
National sins. Alas! for all the evil abominations of the house of
Israel. Note, The sins of sinners are the sorrows of God’s faithful
servants... Alas! What will be in the end hereof? 2. National
judgments. To punish them for these abominations they shall fall by the
sword, by the famine, and by the pestilence. Note that it is our duty to be
affected not only with our own sins and sufferings, but with the sins and
sufferings of others; and to look with compassion upon the miseries that
wicked people bring upon themselves; as Christ beheld Jerusalem and wept
over it." (Mt 23:37)
are you grieving over the heinous sins unashamedly pervading every aspect of
this land that claims "In God We Trust"? "Righteousness exalts a nation, but sin is a disgrace to
any people. (Proverbs 14:34-note)
Evil abominations - Abominations would have been sufficient but
Ezekiel adds evil abominations, as if any abominations are not evil!
(detestable, loathsome) (08441)(toebah
refers to an abominable custom or thing. Abomination. Loathsome. Detestable
thing. Something or someone who is loathsome and abhorrent. The Lxx
translates Abomination in this verse with
- (derived from bdelusso [see word study] = emit foul odor, turn away from
something or someone on account of the "stench". A loathing or disgust,
abhor in turn derived from bdeo = to stink; see word study on related
which describes something foul, that which is extremely hated, disgusted,
detested or abhorred. The first NT use of bdelugma is in Mt 24:15 which is
fitting as it describes the "Abomination (bdelugma) of desolation" (the
Antichrist) (cp Mk 13:14). The other 4 uses of bdelugma are - Lk
16:15, Rev 17:4, 5, Rev 21:27.
Baker notes that toebah "is primarily understood in the context of
the Law. It identifies unclean food (Dt. 14:3); the activity of the idolater
(Isa. 41:24); the practice of child sacrifice (Dt. 12:31); intermarriage by
the Israelites (Mal. 2:11); the religious activities of the wicked (Pr
21:27); and homosexual behavior (Lev. 18:22). In a broader sense, the word
is used to identify anything offensive (Pr 8:7)." (The Complete Word Study
Sometimes toebah is used as a synonym for idol, a repulsive thing, a
worship object, with a focus that it is an item to be rejected (Dt 32:16;
2Ch 34:33; Isa 44:19, Jer 16:18; Eze 5:9; 7:20; 11:18, 21; 16:36). Toebah is
even used for a specific pagan deity, as in 2Ki 23:13 where Milcom is called
"the abomination of the Ammonites." And even prayer is an abomination when
offered by one who refuses to obey God's Word (Pr 28:9).
Ronald Youngblood - As with the verb, so also with the noun
(toebah) the abomination may be of a physical, ritual or ethical nature and
may be abhorred by God or man. Sharing a meal with a Hebrew was ritually
offensive to an Egyptian (Gen 43:32), as was offering certain kinds of
sacrifices (Ex 8:22). homosexuality and other perversions are repugnant to
God and fall under his judgment (Lev 18:22–30; 20:13). Idolatry (Deut 7:25),
human sacrifice (Deut 12:31), eating ritually unclean animals (Deut 14:3–8),
sacrificing defective animals (Deut 17:1), conducting one’s business
dishonestly (Deut 25:13–16), practicing ritual prostitution (1Kgs 14:23f.),
and similar acts of disobedience (for seven more abominations, see the list
in Pr 6:16–19) were sure to bring God’s wrath on those who perpetrated them.
Twelve times the book of Proverbs uses the phrase, “is an abomination to the
Lord.” In Ps 88, a prayer for help written by a man close to death, the
physically repulsive appearance of a tôēbâ is stressed; the man’s former
friends avoid him because they consider him to be a thing of horror (Ps
88:8). (Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament)
Toebah - 112v in NAS - Gen 43:32; 46:34; Ex 8:26; Lev 18:22, 26f,
29f; 20:13; Deut 7:25f; 12:31; 13:14; 14:3; 17:1, 4; 18:9, 12; 20:18; 22:5;
23:18; 24:4; 25:16; 27:15; 32:16; 1 Kgs 14:24; 2Kgs 16:3; 21:2, 11; 23:13;
2Chr 28:3; 33:2; 34:33; 36:8, 14; Ezra 9:1, 11, 14; Ps 88:8; Pr 3:32; 6:16;
8:7; 11:1, 20; 12:22; 13:19; 15:8f, 26; 16:5, 12; 17:15; 20:10, 23; 21:27;
24:9; 26:25; 28:9; 29:27; Isa 1:13; 41:24; 44:19; Jer 2:7; 6:15; 7:10; 8:12;
16:18; 32:35; 44:4, 22; Mal 2:11
Notice the preponderance of uses of toebah in Ezekiel -
Ezek 5:9, 11; 6:9, 11; 7:3f, 8f, 20;
8:6, 9, 13, 15, 17; 9:4; 11:18, 21; 12:16; 14:6; 16:2, 22, 36, 43, 47, 50f,
58; 18:12f, 24; 20:4; 22:2, 11; 23:36; 33:26, 29; 36:31; 43:8; 44:6f, 13;
Vine sees three major uses for toebah..
(1) Something or someone as essentially unique in the sense of being
“dangerous,” “sinister,” and “repulsive” to another individual. (Ge 43:32)
for to the Egyptians, eating bread with foreigners was repulsive because of
their cultural or social differences (cf. Ge 46:34; Ps. 88:8). Another clear
illustration of this essential clash of disposition appears in Pr. 29:27.
When used with reference to God, this nuance of the word describes people,
things, acts, relationships, and characteristics that are “detestable” to
Him because they are contrary to His nature. Things related to death and
idolatry are loathsome to God (Deut. 14:3). People with habits loathsome to
God are themselves detestable to Him (Dt. 22:5).
(2) Describes pagan practices and objects (Dt. 7:25-26). In other contexts,
toebah describes the repeated failures to observe divine regulations (Ezek.
5:7, 9). Toebah may represent the pagan cultic practices
as in Dt. 12:31, or the people who perpetrate such practices (Dt. 18:12). If
Israelites are guilty of such idolatry, however, their fate will be worse
than exile: death by stoning (Dt. 17:2-5).
(3) In the sphere of jurisprudence and of family or tribal relationships.
Certain acts or characteristics are destructive of societal and familial
harmony; both such things and the people who do them are described by toebah
(Pr. 6:16-19). God says, “The scorner is an abomination to men” (Pr. 24:9)
because he spreads his bitterness among God’s people, disrupting unity and
Ezekiel 6:12 He
die by the
plague, and he
fall by the
sword, and he who
remains and is
die by the
famine. Thus will I
wrath on them. (NASB:
GWT: Plagues will kill
those who are far away. Those who are near will die in wars, and anyone who
is left and has escaped will die in famines. This is how I will unleash my
'He who is far off shall die by the pestilence, he who is near shall fall by
the sword, and he who remains and is besieged shall die by the famine. Thus
will I spend My fury upon them.
Those far away will die of pestilence, those nearby will fall to the
sword, while those who escape the one or survive the other will die of
famine, and then I will have exhausted my fury against them
Literal: The far-off
by pestilence dieth, And the near by sword falleth, And the left and the
besieged by famine dieth, And I have completed my fury upon them.
HE WHO IS FAR OFF WILL DIE BY THE PLAGUE
Far off...near...remains - The message is clear. No escape!
There will be no place to hide, for God's righteous judgments will run them
down and ruin them in a variety of ways which will find them out and follow
them wherever they are. "He who is far off" and therefore thinks that
he is out of danger, because out of the reach of the Babylonian’ arrows,
find himself not out of the reach of God’s arrows, which fly day and night!
AND HE WHO IS NEAR WILL FALL BY THE SWORD, AND HE WHO REMAINS AND IS
BESIEGED WILL DIE BY THE FAMINE.
I SPEND MY WRATH ON THEM: (Ezekiel
5:13; Isa 40:2; La 4:11, 4:22)
Spend (finish, complete) indicates that God will accomplish His fury and bring
about all against Judah and Jerusalem which He had purposed and prophesied.
Although this installment of His wrath is accomplished
(Babylonians Exile), there
remains yet more wrath of God to be poured out on Israel, until it is
completely accomplished in the last days, during the
Great Tribulation, the
time of Jacob's distress (Jer 30:7). Notice the important phrase "But
he will be saved from it." How? When the Deliverer, the Messiah returns
to save the believing remnant (the "all Israel" = all that truly believe) -
in depth commentary.
Ezekiel 6:13 Then you will
know that I am the
LORD, when their
tops of the
GWT: Then you will know
that I am the LORD. "'Those who are killed will lie beside the idols around
their altars. They will lie on every high hill, on all the mountaintops, and
under every large tree and every leafy oak. These are the places where they
made offerings to their disgusting idols. (GWT)
'Then you shall know that I am the LORD, when their slain are among their
idols all around their altars, on every high hill, on all the mountaintops,
under every green tree, and under every thick oak, wherever they offered
sweet incense to all their idols.
and you will realize that I am Yahweh, when their slain lie among their
idols round their altars on every high hill, on all the tops of the
mountains, and under every luxuriant tree and under every leafy terebinth, wherever they presented fragrant offerings to appease all
Literal: And ye have
known that I am Jehovah, In their wounded being in the midst of their idols,
Round about their altars, On every high hill, on all tops of mountains, And
under every green tree, and under every thick oak, The place where they gave
sweet fragrance to all their idols.
THEN YOU WILL KNOW THAT I AM THE LORD:
37:20,36, 37, 38) (Ezekiel 20:28; 1Ki 14:23; Isa 57:5, 6, 7; 66:17; Jer
2:20; 3:6; Hos 4:13)
Then - When? always take note of what this important
expression of time
is emphasizing. Then is especially important to observe and query in
know that I am the LORD"
occurs four times in this chapter alone (Ezek 6:7, 10, 13, 14).
Ezekiel makes frequent use of this “recognition formula” (see all uses).
This evil was not restricted to the common people, and so we see that King Ahaz
"sacrificed and burned incense on the high places and on the hills and under
every green tree." (2Ki 16:4)
Isaiah gives a graphic description recording that Israel is
"A people who
continually provoke Me to My face, Offering sacrifices in gardens and
burning incense on bricks; Who sit among graves, and spend the night in
secret places; Who eat swine's flesh, And the broth of unclean meat is in
their pots." (Isa 65:3, 4)
Ezekiel 6:14 So throughout
habitations I will
stretch out My
against them and
Diblah; thus they will
know that I am the
GWT: I will use my
power against them and destroy the land, from the desert to Diblah. Then
they will know that I am the LORD.'" (GWT)
'So I will stretch out My hand against them and make the land desolate, yes,
more desolate than the wilderness toward Diblah, in all their dwelling
places. Then they shall know that I am the LORD.'" ' "
WBC: I will deal them a blow and reduce the country to wrack and ruin
wherever they live, from the wilderness to Riblah. Then they will
realize that I am Yahweh.”
Young's Literal: And I have
stretched out my hand against them, And have made the land a desolation,
Even a desolation from the wilderness to Diblath, In all their dwellings,
And they have known that I am Jehovah!'
SO THROUGHOUT ALL THEIR
HABITATIONS I WILL STRETCH OUT MY HAND AGAINST THEM:
(Ezekiel 16:27; Isaiah 5:25; 10:4; 26:11)
Ezekiel records a similar description of God writing
As I live," declares the Lord GOD, "surely with a mighty hand and with an
outstretched arm and with wrath poured out, I shall be king over you. And I
shall bring you out from the peoples and gather you from the lands where you
are scattered, with a mighty hand and with an outstretched arm and with
poured out and I
shall bring you into the wilderness of the peoples, and there I shall enter
judgment with you face to face. (Ezekiel
AND MAKE THE LAND MORE
DESOLATE AND WASTE THAN THE WILDERNESS TOWARD DIBLAH:
Make the land...desolate and waste - The bitter irony and tragedy of this
verse is that the "land that (God Himself) had selected for them, flowing
with milk and honey, which is the glory of all lands" (Ezek 20:6), "a
pleasant land, the most beautiful inheritance of the nations" (Jer 3:19),
God Himself would now make "desolate"
(in a state of utter ruin with a stress on the horror caused by the
desolation & so often translated as that which causes dismay or is
appalling, one of
"favorite" words) and "waste"
(dried up place that has no water, implying desolation, a horror or
something ugly and terrible to look at, and so an object or event of scorn).
The same Hebrew word translated "waste"
in this verse is translated "object of horror" in (Ezek
And what God had made a beautiful land, He would now make an "object
of horror", because the Jews had "despised the pleasant land
(and)...did not believe in His word" (Ps 106:24)
until their was no other remedy other then for the land to spew them out.
Diblah - The name occurs only in
Ezek 6:14 and the place has not been identified.
God's warning in Leviticus helps one understand God's judgment on "the
land". Through His prophet
Moses God had instructed Israel
Do not defile yourselves by any of these things (abominations such as child
sacrifices, sexual perversions, etc described in the previous verses); for
by all these the (pagan, Gentile) nations which I am casting out before you
have become defiled. For the land has become defiled, therefore I have
visited its punishment upon it, so the land has spewed out its inhabitants.
But as for you, you are to keep My statutes and My judgments, and shall not
do any of these abominations, ...(for the men of the land who have been
before you have done all these abominations, and the land has become
defiled) so that the land may not spew you out, should you defile it, as it
has spewed out the nation which has been before you. For whoever does any of
these abominations, those persons who do so shall be cut off from among
their people. Thus you are to keep My charge, that you do not practice any
of the abominable customs which have been practiced before you, so as not to
defile yourselves with them; I am the LORD your God.' (Lev 18:24-30)
THUS THEY WILL KNOW
THAT I AM THE LORD:
Thus - Introduces a conclusion. When disaster falls they will know
that it was Jehovah Who orchestrated the events.
know that I am the LORD
- occurs four times in this chapter alone (Ezek 6:7, 10, 13, 14).
Ezekiel makes frequent use of this “recognition formula."
Here are all 77 verses with this specific phrase "know that
I am the LORD.'
Ex 6:7; 7:5, 17; 10:2; 14:4, 18; 16:12; 29:46; 31:13;
1Kgs 20:13, 28; Isa 49:23;
Ezek 6:7, 10, 13f; 7:4, 27; 11:10, 12; 12:15f, 20; 13:9, 14, 21, 23; 14:8;
15:7; 16:62; 17:24; Ezek 20:12, 20, 26, 38, 42, 44; 22:16; 23:49; 24:24, 27;
25:5, 7, 11, 17; 26:6; 28:22ff, 26; 29:6, 9, 16, 21; Ezek 30:8, 19, 25f; 32:15;
33:29; 34:27; 35:4, 9, 15; 36:11, 23, 38; 37:6, 13, 28; 38:23; 39:6f, 22,