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Jehovah Shalom - Part 2
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Old and New Testament.
How can one find peace in a
world filled with enmity, strife & anxiety?
JEHOVAH SHALOM is the ONLY
"Our help is in the NAME of JEHOVAH,
Who made heaven & earth."
RUN INTO THE
STRONG TOWER OF
THE LORD IS PEACE
6:24 - note)
Part 2 of Study)
THE UNIVERSAL PROBLEM
HIS UNFAILING PROVISION
OUR UNCEASING PRACTICE
What is Peace?
opposite of Peace?
did we lose
The "big" answer?
one man sin entered into the world & death through sin & so death
spread to all men, because all sinned"
Sin brought spiritual death (&
later physical death) the ultimate "disturbance of our peace"
oneness & harmony between God & man. Unconfessed sin always results in
disturbed peace (Pr 28:13, Ps 32:1-6 =
It has been estimated
that out of 3530 years of recorded history, there were 286 years of
peace, 14,351 of war and 3.64 billion people have been killed . More
than 8000 "peace" treaties were made and broken.
How do we lose
the peace OF
Let's look at Israel's example
in Judges 6 & what we learn about man & about God. Israel is a "picture"
of our rebellious flesh, so as Paul teaches there is great value in
observing Israel's actions & God's interactions with them. [Click]
What's the context of
Judges is a "good" bad
example to remember & is summed up in Jdg 21:25
(cf Jdg 17:6
- note, Pr
"In those days there was NO
KING in Israel. EVERYONE did what was right in his OWN eyes." (cp Isa
did this happen to Israel who was to be holy as God is holy?
Short Sad Summary:
(See Jdg 2:10, 11, 12-see
who...did not know (1) Jehovah (His Person) or the (2) work which He had
done for Israel (His
Power) & in (see Judges 3:7-note) they "forgot the LORD their God".
"did evil in sight of Jehovah & served Baals (see Jdg 2:11-note),
they "Provoked Jehovah to anger" (see Jdg 2:12-note)" & "they forsook
Jehovah & served Baal & the
Ashtaroth" (see Jdg 2:13-note)
IN SUM: Israel
FORGOT God's PERSON and POWER, FORSOOK Him & begin to FEAR other gods who
are no gods at all. A new generation
arose which forgot Him Who, as
Jehovah‑jireh, had provided redemption
from bondage in Egypt through the blood of the Passover Lamb, and with
great and mighty wonders had led them out. They were no longer mindful of
Him who, as
Jehovah‑rophe, had healed their
sicknesses and sorrows.
They suffered defeats because they turned their backs
upon Him who, as
Jehovah‑nissi, had been their banner of
victory in trial and struggle. They would not sanctify themselves to Him
Jehovah‑M'Kaddesh, had sanctified them to
His cause, but they corrupted themselves with idolatries and their
abominations. Thus they lost their purity, peace, prosperity, and liberty.
Israel feared Baal
Nathan Stone in
Names of God writes "Israel
could not appear to realize its destiny as a special & separate people,
set apart to Jehovah's service & purpose in the midst of the [pagan]
nations. They seemed unable to rise above a material conception and plane
of living. To live, to multiply, to inherit the land ‑ this seemed to them
a sufficient fulfillment of their function, an error common to this very
day. It is not difficult to understand, then, the attraction of the
grossly materialistic gods of the heathen for them. Without a sense of
mission there was no common purpose of uniting as one people. Without
spiritual vision they fell an easy prey to the appetites & lusts of the
flesh. Every apostasy brought punishment & misery ‑ a chastening of
Jehovah to awaken them to their spiritual calling....Every
succeeding apostasy called for even severer chastening by means of the
surrounding nations ‑ chastenings which not only deprived them of the
fruits of their land and labors, but brought them into slavery. Without
obedience to Jehovah they had no right to the land. His people must be
more than mere tillers of the soil & dressers of vineyards (in any age);
otherwise they should not enjoy the land. They tilled & planted, but they
did not reap. As Jehovah had sown spiritual seed in their hearts, & they
had allowed their idolatrous neighbors to trample & tear it out by the
imitation of their corrupt idolatries, so now these same heathen
embittered & endangered Israel's physical existence."
background for Jdg 6:1-24
Clear Instructions for Peace
Lev 26:1, 2, 3, 4, 5 6
Do "not make for yourselves idols -keep My Sabbaths & reverence My
sanctuary (Why?) I am the LORD
was the condition
& God's promise?
'IF you WALK in My statutes & KEEP My commandments so as to CARRY them
out" (v4) THEN [PROSPERITY] I shall give you rains in their season so that
the land will yield its produce [PEACE] (v5-6) will...live securely...I
shall grant PEACE in the land so that you may lie down with no one making
[POWER] (v7) will chase enemies
is the immediate context of
When? After 40 yr of
peace - this peace was based on external circumstances of no war but one
wonders if most of Israel had a peace with & of God?
What? Israel did evil in sight of LORD
Result? God gave Israel > hands of
Midian & they prevailed against Israel &
were like locusts (description) >
innumerable & devastation as far as
Gaza (map ~
the point is that entire promised land was ravaged). Compare God's
prophetic warnings in (Dt 28:30, 33, 51)
How did Israel respond?
Hid in dens, caves, strongholds - repetition intensifies the
depth of their fear (instead of running to hide in
the cleft of the Rock of their salvation they ran to the rocks & clefts cf
What is the picture?
anxiety, terror = loss of peace Doing evil (sin) in the sight of God
will disturb peace
Result = Israel brought low (see
Ps 106:43 -
Reaction = Israel cried out to LORD
Comment: "brought...low" is translated in Greek Septuagint by a word
which means to "lead the life of a beggar"! Here were the children
of the King in the land of plenty flowing with milk & honey & yet
because of their stiff necked disobedience they were reduced to live
like mere paupers. Israel is a picture of our flesh, so the question
to all believers is - "Am I living like a beggar?" or "Am I
experiencing life "abundantly"
which is God's will for all His children? God will not force us to obey
Him for He desires that our obedience (which is a manifestation of our
faith) come from a heart of love not legalism. (cf Jn 14:15).
does Isa 57:20-21 teach about peace?
Isa 57:20,21"But the wicked are
like the tossing sea for it cannot be quiet & its waters toss up
refuse & mud. There is no PEACE" says my God "for the wicked."
PATTERN OF THE 7 CYCLES IN
Incomplete mastery of
the evil at the outset always means constant trouble from it
afterwards and often defeat by it in the end. So was it with Israel.
What are we to do when we are worried, troubled, distressed, afraid?
for supplementary notes
I rest beneath the Almighty’s
My griefs expire, my troubles cease;
Thou, Lord, on Whom my soul is stayed,
Wilt keep me still in perfect peace.
- Charles Wesley
How do we
"Grace & PEACE be
multiplied to you in the KNOWLEDGE of God & of Jesus our Lord seeing that
His divine power has granted to us everything pertaining to life &
godliness, through the TRUE KNOWLEDGE of Him Who called us by His own
glory & excellence."
2 Peter 1:2;
Peter (who experienced great
disturbance of peace) teaches that
God's peace comes from true, experiential (not just theoretical) knowledge
of the Source of peace, God & Jesus our Lord
Answer Israel's cry?
(1) God Sent His Word via
prophet (see Judges 6:7, 8, 9, 10-note,
contrast Lam 2:14)
and reminded them - He had brought the UP from Egypt, OUT from slavery
from hand of ALL oppressors &
& gave them the land.
But despite all God did for them, they did not obey (they did fear the
Amorite gods) (cf summary Judges 2:1, 2, 3, 2:11, 12, 13; 17, 19-notes).
This was meant to be a "wake up" call.
God sent "The Word" (see Rev 19:13-note)
Angel of the LORD
> Gideon (see >100
Names of Christ )
Where did the
Angel find Gideon?
In the Winepress
Threshing was generally on an
elevated location & not in a winepress - undoubtedly
Gideon's fear to stay out of view of marauding Midianites. Keep this context in mind as you see what the
Angel of the LORD says to Gideon.
What are His commands &
is w/ you O
So here we see: (1) God's
presence promised (2) Gideon's potential prophesied
"Go in this your strength & deliver"
Israel from the
I not sent you?"
will be with you, and you shall defeat Midian as
way to translate v16 is "I Am is with you")
"PEACE to you, do not fear. You shall not die."
God recognizes in
Gideon something that Gideon does not see himself. God sees our potential.
He sees us for what we can become, as He works in our lives. He is in the
business of taking "nobodies" (cf 1Sa 16:7)
& transforming them by His presence in their lives. He begins with us
where we are be it in the winepress or on some mundane job, etc. He knows
our weaknesses, our faults, our shortcomings but He does not say "If you
get those things out of your life, then I'll be able to use you." He takes
our inadequacy and transforms it by His adequacy (cf 2Co 12:9-note,
2Co 12:10-note, see
God sees beyond our fears &
frailties. God does not save us & use us for what we are but for what by
His grace we may become in Christ.
What are Gideon's
"O my lord, IF the LORD is with us, why then has all this happened to us?
And where are all His miracles which our fathers told us about, saying,
'Did not the LORD bring us up from Egypt ?' But now the LORD has abandoned
us and given us into the hand of Midian."
abandoned them? Do you ever feel like Gideon?
(1) Who He is speaking with - he
calls Him "lord" or
adon = title used to convey respect
(2) God's ways. Remember that
"peace" is multiplied in a true knowledge (2Pe 1:2-note),
not in ignorance which helps understand why Gideon is fearful & does not
have peace independent of the circumstances.
"O Lord (Gideon still does not recognize Who the Angel is) how shall I
deliver Israel ? Behold, my family is the least in Manasseh, & I am the
youngest in my father's house."
Gideon's myopic vision
- he looks
at the visible not at Jehovah's omnipotence. Aren't we all a little like
Gideon, with a tendency to look at the impossibility of the task,
forgetting to look at the potency of our sovereign God. Stated another
way, when we like Gideon question our suitability for any God-given
task, we are actually questioning God's choice of us & His ability
to use us as He chooses. When God sends us, He has already assured
us that he will be with us & give us the power to accomplish the
"If now I have found favor in Your sight, then show me a sign that it is
You who speak with me.'
Gideon's eyes begin to open to
recognize the LORD Who agrees to show him a sign.
God meets us where we are.
Gideon saw that he was the angel of the LORD (note), he said, "Alas, O Lord GOD ! For now * I have seen
the angel of the LORD face to face." 23 The LORD said to him, "Peace to
you, do not fear; you shall not die."
Gideon feared for his
life in God's presence. He may have known of God's warning to Moses in Ex
33:20 "no man can see Me & live!" In
any event Gideon displays a reasonable response of sinful man in the
presence of holy God, an attitude that is all too lacking in modern man.
But again God meets his need by speaking peace to him.
Then Gideon built an altar there to Jehovah & named it the LORD IS PEACE.
This act would memorialize
this event in Gideon's mind for there would be times in the near future
when he needed to remember that Jehovah Shalom was with him to give him
peace & wholeness even in the most distressing, impossible circumstances.
When confronted with the storms of life, do you recall the times in your
life when God said "Peace to you"?
in Isaiah 9:6?
"For a child will be born to us, a son will be
given to us & the government will rest on His shoulders & His name
will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Eternal Father,
Prince of Peace"
in mind the
LORD JESUS CHRIST
the Prince of Peace promised in the Old Testament (Isa. 9:6). Before His birth Zacharias announced Him as the
Dayspring ("Sunrise" NASB) from on high who had visited His people "to
guide our feet into the way of
(Lk 1:78, 79), while at His birth a multitude of the heavenly host
on earth" (Lk 2:14). Jesus also preached & promised peace. To a woman He
had healed He said
"Your faith has saved you; go in peace."
& to another "Daughter, your faith has made you well; go in
peace." (Lk 8:48)
How He wept over Jerusalem which would reject Him, saying:
"If you had known in this day, even you, the things which make for peace !
But now they have been hidden from your eyes." (Lk 19:42). His first words to His fearful disciples
after rising from the dead
are, "Peace be with you." (Jn 20:19,21)
The burden of
Peter's first message to the Gentiles was "the preaching (of) peace
through Jesus Christ (He is Lord of all)"
Paul adds that Jesus "came and
preached peace to you which were afar off, and to them that were
nigh" (Ep 2:17-note).
He accomplished that peace for us. "Therefore, having been justified
by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ,"
"...While we were enemies we were
reconciled to God through the death of His Son (Ro 5:10
"God was in Christ reconciling the world to Himself,"
(2Cor 5:19) continues Paul, "through
Him (Jesus) to reconcile all things to Himself, having made PEACE
through the blood of His Cross; through Him, I say, whether things
on earth or things in heaven."
(Col 1:20 [note]). By His own precious blood He
broke down the barrier of sin that stood between us and God and
opened for us that new and living way into the holiest of all
And we who believe in the Lord Jesus Christ may enter there with
boldness in the full assurance of a perfect reconciliation and
peace. But the measure or degree of our sanctification to Him and
our continued trust in Him (manifest by our obedience) is the
measure of our peace in Him (Read that sentence again for it is the
key to the unbroken peace OF God).
"The peace of God, which surpasses all comprehension, will guard
your hearts and your minds in Christ Jesus." says the apostle
[note]), but he
suggests in Php 4:6
it depends on the measure of our
trust, and in Php 4:9
the measure of our
obedience ("Practice [continuously] these things").
Paul tells us we are to
the peace of Christ rule (act like an umpire calling "peace" or "no
peace") in your hearts".
For to be spiritually minded or have one's
"mind set on the Spirit is life and peace (Ro 8:6
[note]), and many believers are often
more or less focused on fleshly desires, which is to
lack that peace.
Peace is one aspect of the fruit of the Spirit (Gal 5:22
'the Spirit Who sanctifies us" (2Th 2:13, 1Pe 1:2
Paul prays that "the God
of peace Himself sanctify you entirely & may your spirit & soul &
body be preserved complete, (in His peace) without blame at the
coming of our Lord Jesus Christ"
[note]). Through Jesus our Jehovah Shalom, we have
peace WITH God. He is also to us the peace OF God. There is no hope
of peace apart from Him either for individuals or nations. First
comes righteousness (including a walk of obedience or holiness) then
To this eternal maxim both Old and
New Testaments give clear witness. For example, "the work of
righteousness (doing what is right, obeying, living a holy life)
will be peace, & the service of righteousness, quietness and
(Isa 32:17). The
the only righteousness acceptable to God is the righteousness of the Lord
Jesus Christ and those upon whom He bestows it through their faith
(manifest by obedience) in Him. Those who are not thus righteous do not
know the "PATH OF PEACE" (see Ro 3:11, 17-see notes
That mysterious type of Christ,
Melchizedek, is first "king of righteousness, & then also king of
Salem, which is king of peace"
It is "Glory to God in the highest, & (then) on earth peace among
men with whom He is pleased."
(Luke 2:14). First righteousness, then
Col 1:19 (note) For it was the Father's good
pleasure for all the fullness to dwell in Him (Christ),
through Him to reconcile all things to Himself, having made PEACE
through the blood of His Cross; through Him, I say, whether things
on earth or things in heaven.21 And although you were formerly
alienated and hostile in mind, engaged in evil deeds,
22yet He has
now reconciled you in His fleshly body through death, in order to
present you before Him holy and blameless and beyond reproach
Eph 2:14 (note)
He Himself (Christ) is our
PEACE, who made both groups (Jew &
Gentile) into one and broke down the barrier of the dividing wall, (click
here for discussion of this wall)
by abolishing in His flesh
the enmity, which is the Law of commandments contained in
ordinances, so that in Himself He might make the two into one new
man, thus establishing PEACE,
16 and might reconcile them both in
one body to God through the cross, by it having put to death the
AND HE CAME AND PREACHED PEACE TO YOU WHO WERE FAR AWAY,
(Gentiles) & PEACE TO THOSE WHO WERE NEAR; (Jews)
Wayne Barber's sermons on...
Eph 2:11-15: Christ Author of our Peace;
Eph 2:15-18: Christ Author of Peace
sermon by Ray Stedman
How is His peace
PEACE I leave with you; My PEACE I give to you; not
as the world gives do I give to you. Do not let your heart be
troubled, nor let it be fearful. (See
Peace that Jesus gives is not
the absence of trouble, but is rather the confidence that He is there with
"These things I have spoken to you, so that in Me you may have
PEACE. In the world you have tribulation, but take courage; I have
overcome the world."
Peace is not in the absence of
danger but in the presence of God.
What is key to
God's inner peace
Lev 26:1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6?
"'IF you walk in My
statutes & keep My commandments so as to carry them out..."
Obedience is the key to His blessing, His peace & His
presence. Leviticus was the Old Covenant but now the law is written on our
hearts and we have the Holy Spirit Who enables us to walk in His statutes
under grace not under law.
Compare the blessing in
who has My commandments & keeps them is the one who loves Me & he who
loves Me will be loved by My Father & I will love him & will disclose
(manifest, come into view, appear) Myself to him."
Who will disclose Himself
to the one who is obedient? Jesus, our Jehovah Shalom & in His
presence we will experience His peace which surpasses understanding.
(note) what did Israel do when they
lost their peace?
Cried out to Jehovah
BUT NOT because of their
SIN against Jehovah but because of Midian (Jdg 6:6; 6:7-see
God still heard & responded! (= Mercy - not giving us what we deserve)
When we are in distress an
appropriate response is to "cry out" to Jehovah Shalom.
What must we do to obtain peace from Jehovah Shalom?
(note) Therefore, having been
justified (declared righteous) BY FAITH, we have PEACE with God through
our LORD JESUS CHRIST - our JEHOVAH
The "secret" of genuine peace WITH God is found in trusting
Christ, not just the first time but every day for the "rest" (pun
intended) of our life, this latter trust manifesting itself in obedience
and the ongoing sense of the peace OF God.
In 1555, Nicholas
Ridley was burned at the stake because of his witness for
Christ. On the night before Ridley’s execution, his brother
offered to remain with him in the prison chamber to be of
assistance and comfort. Nicholas declined the offer and
replied that he meant to go to bed and sleep as quietly as
ever he did in his life. Because he knew the peace of God
and had peace with God he could rest in the strength of
the everlasting arms of his Lord to meet his need. So can we!
What's the promise
in Ps 119:165?.
have those who love (continually,
God's law & nothing causes them to stumble (LXX
What's the promise
& condition in Isaiah 26:3?
STEADFAST (undeviating) of
mind Thou will keep in
TRUSTS in Thee. 4 "Trust
in the LORD forever, for in GOD the LORD, we have an everlasting Rock (KJV marginal
note translates it as "the Rock of
from this latter expression that Augustus Toplady got the idea for one
of the greatest hymns in the English language, Rock of Ages. Seeking
shelter in a cleft in a rocky crag during a violent thunderstorm he
experienced peace, safety, & shelter from the storm just as believers do
today when they learn to run into the Strong Tower of Jehovah Shalom.
Steadfast mind (click for brief discussion of
"steadfast") = means to lean on God in total confidence & security &
TRUST is the ultimate expression of that confidence. The Object of that
trust is Jehovah (Who gives Shalom Shalom) (See
Devotional) (Play and ponder the words of
the hymn "Peace,
Perfect Peace" based on Isa 26:3. See
Peace Perfect Peace
Peace, perfect peace – in this dark world of sin? The blood of Jesus
whispers peace within.
Peace, perfect peace – by thronging duties pressed?
To do the will of Jesus, this is rest.
Peace, perfect peace– w sorrows surging round?
On Jesus’ bosom naught but calm is found.
Peace, perfect peace – w loved ones far away?
In Jesus’ keeping we are safe, and they.
Peace, perfect peace – our future all unknown? Jesus we know, and He
is on the throne
does Paul tell us
we can experience peace
anxious for nothing, but in everything by prayer and supplication with
thanksgiving let your requests be made known to God.
And the PEACE of
God, which surpasses all comprehension, will guard your hearts and your
minds in Christ Jesus. (Jehovah Shalom) 8 Finally, brethren, whatever is
true, whatever is honorable, whatever is right, whatever is pure, whatever
is lovely, whatever is of good repute, if there is any excellence and if
anything worthy of praise, dwell on these things. 9 The things you have
learned and received and heard and seen in me, practice these things, and
the God of PEACE (Jehovah Shalom) will be with you. (Php 4:8, 9-note)
Now the God of peace be with you all. Amen
may the Lord of peace Himself continually grant you peace in every
circumstance. The Lord be with you all !
From Paul's prayers (above) for peace what common denominator brings
The presence of Jehovah Shalom --the "God of peace
be with you"
the "Lord of peace...be
RESOURCES ON "PEACE"
Peace is Ultimately
are not experiencing the peace of Christ because of stress, this booklet
from Radio Bible Class may be just what your Great Physician has
prescribed to facilitate
the Storms of Stress
How Can A Parent Find Peace Of Mind? booklet takes "a
look at what our heavenly Father has said about what it takes for troubled
parents to find peace of mind."
we keep our MIND focused on the Lord of Peace, He gives us His peace of
MIND for as a man thinks in his heart so he is.
excellent 332 page
The Christian doctrine of peace
Torrey's Topics "Spiritual
Peace": both link to NASB references
which are subdivided into several categories to facilitate learning how
God's Word characterizes peace.
in the Trinity
God the Father
“God of peace” (Heb 13:20-note)
God the Son
“Prince of peace” (Isaiah 9:6)
God the Spirit
“Spirit...of peace” (Eph 4:3-note).
The Puritan Thomas Watson wrote that...
The godly man, when he dies, “enters into
57:2); but while he lives,
peace must enter into him.
consists not in the absence of danger but in the presence of God.”
Peace that Jesus gives is not the absence of trouble, but is rather
the confidence that He is there with you always.
beginning of recorded history, the entire world has been at peace less
than 8% of the time! Of 3530 years of recorded history, only 286 years
saw peace. Moreover, in excess of 8000 peace treaties were made &
broken. During this period there were 14,351 wars, large & small, in
which 3.64 billion people were killed.
The Source of Peace
with God (Ro 5:1
God of peace (Ro 15:33-note,
note; Php 4:9-note
The peace of God (Php 4:7-note)
The Lord of peace (2Th 3:16)
1555, Nicholas Ridley was burned at the stake because of his witness
for Christ. On the night before Ridley's execution, his brother
offered to remain with him in the prison chamber to be of assistance
and comfort. Nicholas declined the offer and replied that he meant to
go to bed and sleep as quietly as ever he did in his life. Because he
peace of God,
he could rest in the strength of the everlasting arms of his Lord to
meet his need. So can we!
Experiential (Php 4:7
note)—day by day experience of the believer, can be
2. Judicial (Ro 5:1
note)—The war with God is over.
A person can experience # (2) & not #(1). Example of WWII Japanese
who hid for years in jungles, long after peace was established
between the warring nations.
Peace is such a precious
jewel, that I would give anything for it but truth.
Grace and Peace
by J. Hampton Keathley, III , Th.M.
Facing the Future: A Prescription for Peace (John 14)
by Bob Deffinbaugh
Peace Like a River
by Richard Strauss
CLICK MORE NOTES ON JEHOVAH SHALOM
Drop thy still dew of
Till all our strivings cease;
Take from our souls the strain and stress,
And let our ordered lives confess
The beauty of Thy peace.
Peace (07965) (shalom
from salam/salem/shalam = verb meaning to be safe, to be sound,
healthy, unscathed [Job 9:4], to be at peace, to be finished or completed
[1Ki 7:51, Neh 6:18], uninjured in mind or body) signifies a sense of
well-being and harmony
both within and without, health, wholeness, happiness,
quietness of soul, preservation, prosperity, tranquility, security,
includes all that makes life worthwhile.
meaning behind the root sh-l-m is that of completion & fulfillment & thus of
entering into a state of wholeness & unity (oneness) signified by a
restored relationship, especially wholeness of the relationship between a
person and God.
Shalom also conveys the sense of being at peace with God and involves more
than forgiveness of sin, in that fullness of life, prosperity, and peace
with men is the expected result of shalom.
In narrative books shalom typically is used to describe an absence of
hostility or strife. In the psalms and the prophets it goes beyond this,
so that in at least 2/3 of the biblical references shalom indicates a
total fulfillment that comes when individuals experience God's presence.
Shalom can describe a peace can that
focuses on security or a sense of safety which can bring feelings of
satisfaction, well-being, and contentment.
As you study this Hebrew word, keep in
mind that shalom
means much more than the cessation of violence and hostility. There is
considerable difference between peace and a truce. Former President
Herbert Hoover understood this truth as show by his statement that "Peace
is not made at the Council table or by treaties, but in the hearts of men." There is no
single English word that can truly convey the richness of the meaning of
the Hebrew word shalom.
Shalom is used as a greeting and also as a way of inquiring after
someone' state of being and conveys the idea of wanting the very best for
him in life. Shalom is still used today in Israel in greeting and thus
wishing one another well, saying in essence "may all things be prosperous
with you." The idea is to be happy, to be whole, to be right with God,
fellow humans, and creation. Shalom always means everything which
makes for a man's highest good.
Peace is the opposite of the rivalry,
instability, and division brought by envy and ambition.
Someone has well said that
Peace in the Jewish sense is the
symphony of life made meaningful through a right relationship with God.
(New Geneva study Bible: Thomas Nelson: Nashville)
The Greeks greeted one another
with "Grace!" but the Jewish NT writers went one step further in
addressing one of the deepest needs of every man by adding "peace" in many
of their introductions, substituting "eirene" (see below) for "shalom" (17x).
MacDonald has said that the combination of "grace
is in one sense "in miniature, the gospel for the whole world."
(MacDonald, W. Believer's Bible Commentary).
The essence of the gospel is "grace,
therefore peace". Through the gospel we are all brought under His grace
and therefore have peace with God and peace within. The gospel is not so
much about not fighting but about wholeness of life (shalom) as God
Shalom - 210v in the NAS
- Ge 15:15; Ge 26:29, 31; 28:21; 29:6; 37:4, 14; 41:16; 43:23, 27f; 44:17;
Exod 4:18; 18:7, 23; 32:6; Lev 26:6; Num 6:26; 25:12; Deut 2:26; 20:10f;
23:6; 29:19; Josh 9:15; 10:21; Judg 4:17; 6:23f; 8:9; 11:13, 31; 18:6, 15;
19:20; 21:13; 1 Sam 1:17; 7:14; 10:4; 16:4f; 17:18, 22; 20:7, 13, 21, 42;
25:5f, 35; 29:7; 30:21; 2 Sam 3:21ff; 8:10; 11:7; 15:9, 27; 17:3; 18:28f,
32; 19:24, 30; 20:9; 1 Kgs 2:5f, 13, 33; 4:24; 5:12; 20:18; 22:17, 27f; 2
Kgs 4:23, 26; 5:19, 21f; 9:11, 17ff, 22, 31; 10:13; 20:19; 22:20; 1 Chr
12:17f; 18:10; 22:9; 2 Chr 15:5; 18:16, 26f; 19:1; 34:28; Ezra 9:12; Esth
2:11; 9:30; 10:3; Job 5:24; 15:21; 21:9; 25:2; Ps 4:8; 28:3; 29:11; 34:14;
35:20, 27; 37:11, 37; 38:3; 41:9; 55:18, 20; 69:22; 72:3, 7; 73:3; 85:8,
10; 119:165; 120:6f; 122:6ff; 125:5; 128:6; 147:14; Prov 3:2, 17; 12:20;
Eccl 3:8; Song 8:10; Isa 9:6f; 26:3, 12; 27:5; 32:17f; 33:7; 38:17; 39:8;
41:3; 45:7; 48:18, 22; 52:7; 53:5; 54:10, 13; 55:12; 57:2, 19, 21; 59:8;
60:17; 66:12; Jer 4:10; 6:14; 8:11, 15; 9:8; 12:5, 12; 13:19; 14:13, 19;
15:5; 16:5; 20:10; 23:17; 25:37; 28:9; 29:7, 11; 30:5; 33:6, 9; 34:5;
38:4, 22; 43:12; Lam 3:17; Ezek 7:25; 13:10, 16; 34:25; 37:26; Dan 10:19;
Obad 1:7; Mic 3:5; 5:5; Nah 1:15; Hag 2:9; Zech 6:13; 8:10, 12, 16, 19;
9:10; Mal 2:5f
Shalom while most commonly
translated as "peace" is rendered by a number of English words in
the NAS - close(2), ease(1), favorable(1), friend*(1), friendly
terms(1), friends*(2), greet(1), greet*(5), greeted*(1), health(1),
how(1), Peace(2), peace(153), peaceably(1), peaceful(2),
peacefully(3), perfect peace(1), prosperity(3), rose(1), safe(2),
safely(7), safety(6), secure(1), state(1), trusted(1), welfare(14),
well(17), well-being(5), who were at peace(1), wholly(1).
R. C. Sproul comments...
Shalom...first of all means an interlude of safety from the
ravages of warfare. The insecurity that comes from war made its mark on
these (Hebrew) people. They looked for the day when the swords would be
beaten into plowshares
The Old Testament concept of peace ascends into a theological vision. It
is a vision of a new relationship between God and us, and with each other:
a relationship of friendship. In sin we are estranged from God (Ge 3:8, 9,
10, Ro 5:12-note), but in
Christ we have peace with God....The
fruit of peace with God is peace with others (Gal 5:22-note)....Too
often we desire to be the recipients of joy and peace. We wait for it to
come to us through other people and circumstances. However, Jesus said,
“Blessed are the peacemakers,” (Mt 5:9-note)
suggesting we should initiate peace. Anticipate how you can actively bring
peace and joy to a situation, relationship, or task. (Sproul,
R.: Before the face of God
It is surely no accident that God named His holy city "Jerusalem". The meaning of
"Jerusalem" is somewhat debated, especially the first part ("jerus-")
which many feel means ‘foundation’. There is more agreement on the second
part of the name as a cognate of the word "shalom".
Thus Jerusalem is variously translated in modern evangelical references as
"city of peace", “possession of peace,” “foundation of peace” "founded
peaceful" , and "city of wholeness". How
wonderful that believers shall one day dwell in the "New Jerusalem"
eternally at peace and oneness with our great God and Father through Jesus
Christ our Lord..
Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology
has a nice summary of shalom:
"The biblical concept of peace...rests heavily on
the Hebrew root "sh-l-m", which means to be complete or to be sound.
The verb conveys both a dynamic and a static meaning—to be complete or
whole or to live well. The noun had many nuances, but can be grouped
into four categories:
(1) shalom as wholeness of life or
body (i.e., health);
(2) shalom as right relationship or harmony between
two parties or people, often established by a covenant (see covenant of
peace in Nu 25:12,13; Is 54:10; Ezek 34:25,26)
and, when related to Yahweh, the covenant was renewed or maintained with a
(3) shalom as prosperity, success, or fulfillment (Lev
26:3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9); and
(4) shalom as victory over one's enemies or absence of war. Shalom was
used in both greetings and farewells. It was meant to act as a blessing on
the one to whom it was spoken: May your life be filled with health,
prosperity, and victory. As an adjective, it expressed completeness and
safety. In the New Testament, the Greek word
is the word most often
translated by the word “peace.” Although there is some overlap in their
meanings, the Hebrew word shalom is broader in its usage, and, in fact,
has greatly influenced the New Testaments use of
Nathan Stone in his work
Names of God (recommended) has some great insights on Peace or Shalom:
word is one of the most significant in the Old Testament, its various
shades of meaning harmonizing with the doctrine of the atonement as the
basis of peace with God. It is translated sometimes as "whole," as
in Dt 27:6:
"Thou shalt build the altar of Jehovah thy God of
in NASB] stones." As "finished"
the same word is used in Da 5:26:
"God hath numbered thy kingdom, and
it ["put an
end" NASB]." So Solomon "finished"
the temple (1Ki 9:25). As
"full" it is used in Ge 15:16:
"The iniquity of the Amorites is not yet
in NASB]" It is used in the sense of making good a loss and is translated
good" in Exodus 21:34;
22:5, 6, and in other
similar passages in the laws of Israel relating to losses inflicted by
carelessness. Thus also it is translated as
or repay. In the
physical and material sense of wholeness or completeness it
is translated as "welfare"
In Ge 43:27
Joseph inquires concerning the welfare of his brothers, and using the same
word again in the same verse asks if their father is well.. So Joab in 2Sa
before dealing the treacherous and fatal blow, asks Amasa, "Art thou in
health [NASB "well"]
my brother?" It is quite frequently used as "render" and "pay" or
"perform" in the sense of fulfilling or completing obligations. This is
particularly true of vows rendered to the Lord. "pay thy vows unto the
most High," says the psalmist (Ps 50:14). "When thou shalt vow a vow unto
Jehovah thy God, thou shalt not be slack to pay it: for Jehovah thy God
will surely require it of thee; and it would be sin in thee" (Dt. 23:21).
On the contrary, "the wicked borroweth and payeth not again" (Ps 37:21).
It is translated "requite" and "recompense" in a few instances. As the One
who deals justly and makes right, Jehovah says in Dt 32:35, "To me belongeth vengeance, and recompense [shillem]." (Stone,
Nathan: Names of God. Moody)
The basic idea
underlying all the various translations of shalom is a harmony of
relationship or a reconciliation based upon the completion of a
transaction, the payment of a debt, the giving of satisfaction.
Therefore this word is most often and most appropriately translated
"peace". It expressed the deepest desire and need of the human
heart. It represented the greatest measure of contentment and
satisfaction in life.
',Solomon it was said that in his reign Judah and Israel I dwelt
safely (that is, in confidence and peace), every 'man under his vine
and under his fig tree (1Ki 4:25). It was to be characteristic of
the reign of Messiah, the righteous Branch of David, of whom Solomon
was typical, that Judah and Israel should dwell safely in peace (Je
23:6, cf Je 23:17).
One of the
great names of Messiah was to be "Prince
(Isa 9:6), and
Jerusalem, Messiah's city, means city of peace or possession of peace.
Shalom is the
word used in "peace
The peace offering was one of the blood sacrifices of which the shed blood
was the atonement on which reconciliation and peace were based (Lev 3; Lev
In the peace offering this restoration of fellowship between God and man,
broken by sin, but now atoned for by the shed blood, was indicated by the
fact that both God and man, priest and people, partook of the offering.
The various shades of meaning contained in this word all indicate that
every blessing, temporal and spiritual, is included in restoring man to
that peace with God which was lost by the fall."
The LORD bless you and keep you
The LORD make His face shine upon you & be gracious to you
The LORD lift up His countenance on you & give you SHALOM.
(Nu 6:24, 25, 26)
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