|Greek: kai hodon eirenes ouk egnosan (3PAAI)
Amplified: Destruction [as it dashes them to pieces] and misery mark their ways. (Amplified Bible - Lockman)
NLT: "They do not know what true peace is." (NLT - Tyndale House)
Phillips: and the way of peace they have not known'. (Phillips: Touchstone)
Wuest: The road of peace they did not know. (Eerdmans)
Young's Literal: And a way of peace they did not know.
|Romans — 3:21-5:21||Romans — 6:1-8:39||Romans — 9:1-11:36||Romans — 12:1-16:27|
Jew and Gentile
|Demonstration of Salvation|
|Power Given||Promises Fulfilled||Paths Pursued|
Restored to Israel
|Slaves to Sin||Slaves to God||Slaves Serving God|
|Life by Faith||Service by Faith|
Modified from Irving L. Jensen's excellent work "Jensen's Survey of the NT"
AND THE PATH OF PEACE HAVE THEY NOT KNOWN: kai hodon eirenes ouk egnosan (3PAAI): (Ro 5:1; Isa 57:21; 59:8; Mt 7:14; Lk 1:79)
Here is a list of the Old Testament passages which Paul quotes from
Romans 3:14 from Psalm 10:7-note
Romans 3:15-17 from Isaiah 59:7, 8 and see Isaiah 48:22
Romans 3:18 from Psalm 36:1-note
Isaiah records a similar refrain…
"There is no peace," says my God, "for the wicked." (Isa 57:21)
They do not know the way of peace, and there is no justice in their tracks; They have made their paths crooked; Whoever treads on them does not know peace. (Isa 59:8) (Paul is quoting from this verse here in Romans 3:17)
As Luke explains that Jesus came to show man this peace and…
TO SHINE UPON THOSE WHO SIT IN DARKNESS AND THE SHADOW OF DEATH, to guide (the pix of opening up the way by the removal of obstacles so that the desired goal may be reached) our feet into the way of peace." (Lk 1:79)
The Amplified Version says plainly that fallen men
"have no experience of the way of peace [they know nothing about peace, for a peaceful way they do not even recognize]".
Path (3598)(hodos) when used literally describes any place along which one travels and moves from one place to another, and thus a way, a road, or a highway. Compare the OT phrase "highway (Lxx = hodos) of holiness" (Isa 35:8, cp Isa 42:16, Jn 14:6, He 10:20-note), a path that is foreign to unsaved sinners (and even some saved sinners sadly!)
Peace (1515) (eirene) (Click for more detailed analysis of eirene) is from the verb eiro meaning to bind together (what is broken or divided) and thus pictures the joining together and setting at one again. In the present usage of eirene, Paul is not speaking the lack of inner peace or of absence of peace with God - although that is certainly a characteristic of the ungodly. In this verse Paul is describing man’s essential/intrinsic inclination away from peace and toward strife and conflict with his fellow man. Do you doubt this is true? Then you need to visit the ruins at Auschwitz (take a short "visit"!), where the shower rooms were really gas chambers, where the incinerators weren't for burning trash but human corpses, and the litany of horror goes on.
Not (3756) (ouk) speaks of absolute negation… they "absolutely do not know peace".
Middletown Bible comments…
Compare man’s awful history of warfare in every age and in every generation (beginning on the day that Cain killed Abel). The Society of International Law at London once gave statistics declaring that for last 4,000 years of human history there have been but 286 years of peace despite more than 8,000 peace treaties. In the last 300 years there have been 286 major and minor wars in Europe. Man's history has been a history of war and conditions are not getting better. What wars and conflicts are taking place in the world right now? When man is not at peace with God (compare Romans 5:1-note), then he is at war with his neighbor. (Romans 3)
As Wayne Barber reminds us
"The Apostle Paul is saying that every man who is without Jesus Christ has the same kind of perverted, depraved heart. He has never had a holy thought. He does not understand God and has been turned aside by his own wickedness and is living away from God. This is the situation our world is in today." (Barber, Wayne. Notes on Romans)
Living in peace with one another individually and internationally is something fallen man does not know how to do. This is one reason there will never be peace in the Middle East until the return of Messiah, the Prince of peace Himself! Thus Isaiah records that
"a child will be born to us, a son will be given to us; and the government will rest on His shoulders; and His name will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Eternal Father, Prince of Peace. There will be no end to the increase of His government or of peace, on the throne of David and over his kingdom, to establish it and to uphold it with justice and righteousness from then on and forevermore. The zeal of the LORD of hosts will accomplish this." (Isa 9:6-7-note)
Many world leaders are trying (admirably) to establish peace but what was true in Jeremiah's time, is still true in our day that because of man's heart, these attempts have only
"healed the brokenness… superficially, saying, 'Peace, peace,' But there is no peace." (Jer 6:14).
God is the God of -Ro 15:33; 2Co 13:11; 1Th 5:23; He 13:20
God ordains -Isaiah 26:12
God speaks, to his saints -Psalms 85:8
Christ is the Lord of -2 Thessalonians 3:16
Christ is the prince of -Isaiah 9:6
Christ gives -2 Thessalonians 3:16
Christ guides into the way of -Luke 1:79
Christ is our -Ephesians 2:14
Is through the atonement of Christ -Isa 53:5; Ep 2:14,15; Col 1:20
Bequeathed by Christ -John 14:27
By Christ -Ephesians 2:17
Through Christ -Acts 10:36
By ministers -Isaiah 52:7; Romans 10:15
Announced by angels -Luke 2:14
Follows upon justification -Romans 5:1
A fruit of the Spirit -Romans 14:17; Galatians 5:22
Divine wisdom is the way of -Proverbs 3:17
Faith -Romans 15:13
Righteousness -Isaiah 32:17
Acquaintance with God -Job 22:21
The love of God’s law -Psalms 119:165
Spiritual-mindedness -Romans 8:6
Established by covenant -Isa 54:10; Ezek 34:25; Mal 2:5
The Church -Isaiah 66:12
The Gentiles -Zechariah 9:10
Saints -Psalms 72:3,7; Isaiah 55:12
The meek -Psalms 37:11
Those who confide in God -Isaiah 26:3
Returning backsliders -Isaiah 57:18,19
We should love -Zechariah 8:19
The benediction of ministers should be -Numbers 6:26; Luke 10:5
Have in Christ -John 16:33
Have, with God -Isaiah 27:5; Romans 5:1
Enjoy -Psalms 119:165
Repose in -Psalms 4:8
Blessed with -Psalms 29:11
Kept in perfect -Isaiah 26:3
Ruled by -Colossians 3:15
Kept by -Philippians 4:7
Die in -Psalms 37:37; Luke 2:29
Wish, to each other -Gal 6:16; Php 1:2; Col 1:2; 1 Th 1:1
Great -Ps 119:165; Isaiah 54:13
Abundant -Psalms 72:7; Jeremiah 33:6
Secure -Job 34:29
Passes all understanding -Philippians 4:7
Consummated after death -Isaiah 57:2
The gospel is good tidings of -Romans 10:15
Know not the way of -Isaiah 57:2; Romans 3:17
Know not the things of -Luke 19:42
Promise, to themselves -Deuteronomy 29:19
Are promised, by false teachers -Jeremiah 6:14
There is none for -Isaiah 48:22; 57:21
Supports under trials -John 14:27; 16:33
|Greek: ouk estin (3SPAI) phobos theou apenanti ton opthalmon auton
Amplified: There is no [reverential] fear of God before their eyes. [Ps. 36:1.] (Amplified Bible - Lockman)
NLT: "They have no fear of God to restrain them." (NLT - Tyndale House)
Phillips: 'There is no fear of God before their eyes'. (Phillips: Touchstone)
Wuest: There is not a fear of God before their eyes. (Eerdmans)
Young's Literal: There is no fear of God before their eyes.'
|THERE IS NO FEAR OF GOD BEFORE THEIR EYES: (Ge 20:11; Ps 36:1; Pr 8:13; 16:6; 23:17; Lk 23:40; Rev 19:5-note)
Recommended Resource: 5 lecture series by Jerry Bridges on the Fear of God (can be downloaded to computer/Ipod)
Paul now at once sums up and explains the universal corruption of every man ever born. The problem? No fear of God!
OF THE FEAR OF THE LORD
Have you ever taken time to do a study the topic "the fear of the LORD"? If not, you will find it to be a most edifying and equipping study because as Solomon writes "the fear of Jehovah is the beginning of knowledge" (Pr 1:7, cp Pr 9:10, Job 28:28, Eccl 12:13). Remember we can get information "on line" but wisdom is from "on high"! Take some time (e.g., consider doing this exercise in your quiet time - but don't rush) to observe (observe the text) the Scriptures that deal with the fear of the Lord, asking the 5W's and H (interrogate with the 5W'S & H - note that some verses stand alone but often you will need to check the context), meditating and "chewing the cud" found in these passages and you will be greatly rewarded by your Teacher, the Holy Spirit (Jn 14:16, 15:26, 27, 16:13, 14, 15, 1John 2:27). I have done such a study and found it very convicting and at the same time encouraging (as one sees the spiritual advantages bestowed on those who fear the LORD). I would strongly encourage you to click on the following Hebrew and Greek words for FEAR (nouns, verbs, adjectives) where you will find links under the "Verse Count" to all the respective uses in the NASB. Make your own observations BEFORE you look at the topical lists at the bottom of the page, lest you spoil the joy of self-discovery
A.W. Tozer said it well, “No religion has been greater than its idea of God.” That gem has a corollary: No church (and no individual) is greater than its (his or her) reverent awe of our holy God. The Lord is holy and demands recognition as such. Although most believers know that intellectually, far fewer realize what this means practically. The fear of the LORD is not a minor truth, for we read in the Old Testament “Live in the fear of the Lord always” (Pr 23:17) and in the New Testament “fear Him who is able to destroy both soul and body in hell” (Mt 10:28). In other words, please do not make the mistake of relegating this foundational truth to the Old Testament thinking it is not valid for your New Testament faith (cp Ro 10:17, Mk 9:24, Lk 17:5).
Here are a few questions to consider which should help catalyze your study of the fear of the LORD -
In Eccl 12:13 what is associated with the fear of God? What similar association do you see in Job 28:28? Job 1:1? Ex 20:20? Pr 3:7, 8:13, 16:6? In Pr 28:14 what is the spiritual advantage associated with fear of God? (and what is the converse of fear?) What is the benefit of fear in Ps 25:14? Who does the Lord listen to - Mal 3:16? What was the "atmosphere" in which the church was advancing in Acts 9:31? What is the fear of the Lord associated with in 2Co 5:11 (cp 2Co 5:10!) and what should it motivate us to do? What should motivate believers to live holy lives - 2Co 7:1-note? What is the fear of God associated with in Rev 14:6-note, Re 14:7-note? Who (where) are those who fear God in Rev 19:5-note, the last use of fear of God in the Bible. Is fear of God just an OT doctrine and we are no longer to have a fear of God in the NT as I have heard some teach?
You will discover that the truth about the fear of the LORD is absolutely foundational in regard to the vitality of our faith. Enjoy!
Fear of God - 10 occurrences of this phrase in ESV - Ge 20:11; 2Sa 23:3; 2Chr 20:29; 26:5; Ne 5:15; Job 4:6; 15:4; Ps 36:1; Ro 3:18; 2Co. 7:1.
Now set aside some time to download the following Mp3's to your listen to an excellent five part lecture series by Jerry Bridges - Mp3's on the "Fear of God"
How sad that men might fear the police or a judge but have no fear for the Judge of all the earth! Reverential fear of God should characterize the true child of God (Phil 2:12-note; 1Pe 1:17-note; 2Co 7:1- note)
Paul is quoting David from Psalm 36:1
Kent Hughes writes that the order is…
Spurgeon comments on Psalm 36:1 writing that
Scripture repeatedly says that we are to
Solomon summed up his wise sayings declaring
Job set the standard for godly fear, Scripture recording that
Godet explains that Fear of God is
Ray Stedman adds that…
When men no longer fear God, there is no restraint upon their lusts. The NLT conveys the idea nicely --
Calvin sums it up writing…
Robert Haldane comments on no fear that mankind has
Briscoe tells the story of the time he was…
William Newell writes that
Charles Hodge adds that by the phrase
Before (561) (apénanti from apó = from + énanti = before, over against, in the presence of) means in a position that faces against an object or other position = opposite to, over against, in front of, before, in the presence of.
Cranfield comments on before their eyes writing that
Warren Wiersbe adds that
Ray Stedman adds that
William Barclay sums up this section writing that…
Tozer wrote that…
Note that Paul's list of 14 moral defects does not mean to convey that all the characteristics of sin listed are in evidence in every life. Frederic Godet has written that
OLD TESTAMENT: Gen. 35:5; Ex. 18:21; Ex. 20:18-20; Lev. 22:32; Deut. 4:10; Deut. 5:29; Deut. 6:2; Deut. 10:12, 20, 21 Deut. 6:13; 13:4; 14:23. Deut. 28:49, 58; Josh. 4:24; Josh. 24:14; 1 Sam. 2:30; 1 Sam. 12:14, 24; 2 Sam. 23:3; 1 Kin. 8:40; 2 Kin. 17:36, 39 v. 28.; 1 Chr. 16:30; 2 Chr. 19:7, 9; Ezra 10:3; Neh. 5:9; Job 28:28; Job 37:24; Psa. 2:11; Psa. 4:4; Psa. 15:4; Psa. 19:9; Psa. 22:23, 25; Psa. 25:12-14; Psa. 31:19; Psa. 33:8, 18; Psa. 34:7, 9, 11; Psa. 46:10; Psa. 52:6; Psa. 60:4; Psa. 64:9; Psa. 67:7; Psa. 72:5; Psa. 76:7, 11; Psa. 85:9; Psa. 86:11; Psa. 89:7; Psa. 90:11; Psa. 96:4, 9; Psa. 99:1; Psa. 102:15; Psa. 103:11, 13, 17; Psa. 111:5, 10 Prov. 1:7; 9:10. Psa. 112:1; Psa. 115:11, 13; Psa. 118:4; Psa. 119:63, 74, 79 Psa. 66:16. Psa. 128:1, 4; Psa. 130:4; Psa. 135:20; Psa. 145:19; Psa. 147:11; Prov. 1:7 Prov. 9:10. Prov. 2:5; Prov. 3:7; Prov. 8:13; Prov. 10:27; Prov. 13:13; Prov. 14:2, 16, 26, 27; Prov. 15:16, 33; Prov. 16:6; Prov. 19:23; Prov. 22:4; Prov. 23:17; Prov. 24:21; Prov. 28:14; Prov. 31:30; Eccl. 3:14; Eccl. 7:18; Eccl. 8:12; Eccl. 12:13 Eccl. 5:7; 1 Pet. 2:17. Isa. 2:10, 19-21; Isa. 8:13; Isa. 25:3; Isa. 29:13, 23; Isa. 33:6, 13; Isa. 50:10; Isa. 59:19; Isa. 60:5; Jer. 5:22; Jer. 10:7; Jer. 32:39, 40; Jer. 33:9; Hos. 3:5; Mic. 7:16, 17; Zeph. 1:7; Zeph. 3:7; Zech. 2:13; Mal. 1:6; Mal. 3:16; Mal. 4:2;
NEW TESTAMENT: Matt. 10:28; Luke 1:50; Luke 12:5; Luke 23:40; Acts 10:35; Acts 13:16, 26; Rom. 11:20; 2 Cor. 7:1; Eph. 5:21; Eph. 6:5 1 Pet. 2:18; Phil. 2:12; Col. 3:22; Heb. 5:5, 7; Heb. 12:28, 29; Jas. 2:19; 1 Pet. 1:17; 1 Pet. 3:2, 15; 1 John 4:16-18; Rev. 11:18; Rev. 14:7; Rev. 19:5
Conspicuous Instances of Those Who Feared
Noah, in preparing the ark, Heb. 11:7.
Abraham, tested in the offering of his son Isaac, Gen. 22:12.
Jacob, in the vision of the ladder, and the covenant of God, Gen. 28:16, 17; 42:18.
The midwives of Egypt, in refusing to take the lives of the Hebrew children, Ex. 1:17, 21.
The Egyptians, at the time of the plague of thunder and hail and fire, Ex. 9:20.
The nine and one-half tribes of Israel west of Jordan, Josh. 22:15-20.
Phinehas, in turning away anger of God Nu 25:11 (Nu 25:6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15.
Obadiah, in sheltering one hundred prophets against the wrath of Jezebel, 1 Ki 18:3, 4.
Jehoshaphat, in proclaiming a feast, when the land was about to be invaded by the armies of the Ammonites and Moabites, 2Chr. 20:3.
Nehemiah, in his reform of the public administration, Neh 5:15.
Hanani, which qualified him to be ruler over Jerusalem, Neh. 7:2.
Job, according to the testimony of Satan, Job 1:8.
David, Ps 5:7; 119:38.
Hezekiah in treatment of prophet Micah - prophesied evil against Jerusalem, Je 26:19.
Jonah, in the storm, Jonah 1:9.
The Jews, in obeying the voice of the Lord, Hag 1:12.
Levi, in receiving the covenant of life and peace, Hag. 1:5.
The women at the sepulcher, Matt. 28:8.
Cornelius, who feared God with all his house, Acts 10:2.
Cultivated -Ex. 3:5; Ex. 19:12, 13; Heb 12:18-24
Guilty -Job 15:20-25; Job 18:11; Pr. 1:24-27; Pr 10:24; Da 5:6; Jas. 2:19
Instances of Guilty Fear: Adam and Eve, Ge 3:8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13.
The guards at Jesus' tomb, Matt. 28:4.
Judas, Matt. 27:3, 4, 5.
Devils, Jas. 2:19.
A Motive of Obedience
Lev. 19:14, 32; Lev. 25:17, 36, 43; Num. 32:15; Dt. 6:13, 14, 15; 7:4; 8:5, 6; 10:12, 13, 20; 13:4, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11; 14:23; 15:9; 17:11, 12, 13; 19:16, 17, 18, 19, 20; 21:18, 19, 20, 21; 28:14-68; 31:11, 12, 13 Josh 23:11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16. 1Sa 12:24, 25; Job 13:21; Job 31:1, 2, 3, 4, 13-15, 23; Pr. 16:6; Isa. 1:20; Jer. 4:4; 22:5; Mt 10:28 Lk 12:4, 5. 2Co 5:10, 11; 2Ti 4:1, 2; 2Pet. 3:10, 11, 12; Re 14:9, 10