Philippians 2:28-30 Commentary

 

 

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Philippians 2:28-30 Commentary
Updated October 15, 2015

Philippians 2:28 Therefore I have sent (1SAAI) him all the more eagerly so that when you see (AAPMPN) him again you may rejoice (2PAPS) and I may be less concerned  (1SPAS) about you (NASB: Lockman)

Greek: spoudaioteros oun epempsa (1SAAI) auton hina idontes (AAPMPN) auton palin charete (2PAPS) kago alupoteros o. (1SPAS)
Amplified
:  So I have sent him the more willingly and eagerly, that you may be gladdened at seeing him again, and that I may be the less disquieted. 
(Amplified Bible - Lockman)
NLT:  So I am all the more anxious to send him back to you, for I know you will be glad to see him, and that will lighten all my cares.  (
NLT - Tyndale House)
KJV
: I sent him therefore the more carefully, that, when ye see him again, ye may rejoice, and that I may be the less sorrowful.
Lightfoot: For this reason I have been the more eager to send him, that your cheerfulness may be restored by seeing him in health, and that my sorrow may be lightened by sympathy with your joy.
Wuest: With increased haste and diligence therefore I am sending him, in order that, having seen him again, you may recover your cheerfulness, and as for myself, my sorrow may be lessened. (
Eerdmans
Young's Literal: The more eagerly, therefore, I did send him, that having seen him again ye may rejoice, and I may be the less sorrowful;

REFERENCES ON PHILIPPIANS 2
Updated October 14, 2015

Henry Alford
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Analytical Greek
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Bible.org
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Cambridge Greek
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Alan Carr
Alan Carr
Alan Carr
Alan Carr
Alan Carr
Alan Carr
Rich Cathers
Rich Cathers
Oswald Chambers
Oswald Chambers
Vincent Cheung
Adam Clarke
George Clarke
Steven Cole
Steven Cole
Steven Cole
Steven Cole
Steven Cole
Steven Cole
Thomas Constable
W A Criswell
Ron Daniels
Bob Deffinbaugh
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David Guzik
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Norman Harrison
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IVP Commentary
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Philippians 2 Commentary Philippians 2 Commentary
Philippians - Q & A Format
Philippians Commentary
Philippians 2
Philippians 2 Commentary
Philippians 2 Commentary
The Joy Way--Philippians - Nice Power point
Philippians:2:1 -11; Philippians:2:12 -30
Philippians 2 Commentary Philippians 2 Commentary
Philippians 2 Commentary
Philippians 2 Resources
Philippians 2 Commentary
Philippians 2 Commentary
Philippians 2:19-30 Finding Faithful Friends (J. Williams for Brian Bill)
Philippians 2 Commentary
Philippians 2 Commentary
Philippians 2:5-11 Jesus the Unique Savior

Philippians 2:5-11 There's Nobody Like Jesus
Philippians 2:5-11 The Glory Of That Name
Philippians 2:9-11 The Name Above Every Name
Philippians 2:12-16 A Call To New Testament Christianity
Philippians 2:12-16 The Expectations Of The Christian Life
Philippians 2:25-30  An Anatomy Of A Lovely Christian

Philippians 2:1-11 Philippians 2:1-11 In Depth Philippians 2:1-4

Philippians 2:5-11 Philippians 2:12-15 Philippians 2:16-23 Phil 2:25-30
Philippians 2:12-13 Work Out What God Works In
Philippians 2:17 Are You Ready to Be Offered?

Philippians Commentary

Philippians 2 Commentary
Philippians 2 Commentary
Philippians 2:1-4 Harmonious Relationships
Philippians 2:5-8 Supreme Humility
Philippians 2:9-11 Every Knee Shall Bow
Philippians 2:12-13 Working Out Our Salvation
Philippians 2:14-18 Grumble, Grumble - NOT!
Philippians 2:19-30 Worth Imitating

Philippians 2 Commentary  
Philippians Sermons - 40 - enter "all" and search Philippians
Philippians 2:1-11 Philippians 2:12-18 Philippians 2:19-30

Philippians 2:1-13 The Spirit of Christ
Philippians 2:1-18 Implications of the Incarnation
Philippians 2:5-18 Implications of the Incarnation

Philippians 2:3-11 The Ultimate in Humility–Leaving the Comfort Zone

Philippians 2:12-18 Fleshing Out Your Faith

Philippians 2:19-30 A Few Good Men
Philippians 2 Commentary
Philippians  sermons

Philippians 2 Commentary
Philippians - Easy English Commentary
Philippians 2:12-30: Christian Behavior
Philippians 2:1-4 The Mind of Christ
Philippians 2:5-11 The Mind of Christ (Continued)
Philippians 2:12-18 Warning and Shining
Philippians 2:19-30 Timothy and Epaphroditus
Philippians 2 Commentary
Philippians 2 Commentary
Philippians 2 Commentary
Philippians 2 Commentary
Philippians 2:1-4 The Gospel: The Banner We Rally Behind 
Philippians 2:5-11 The Journey of God
Philippians 2:5-11 The Road to Glory

Philippians 2:5-11 The Exaltation of Christ

Philippians 2:12-13 Learning to be God's Community

Philippians 2:14-18 Demonstrating What Our Father is Like 
Philippians 2:19-30 Devoted to the Work of Christ

Philippians 2 Commentary  
Philippians 2:1-4: God's...Formula for Joyful Living

Philippians 2:5-12: When God Became Man

Philippians 2:6-8: The Humble King (Isa 9:6-9)

Philippians 2:9-11: A Heavenly Inauguration

Philippians 2:12-13: Working Out Your Salvation

Philippians 2:14-18: Stars in the Night
Philippians 2:19-30: Servants and Friends
Philippians 2 - Christ: The Pattern of Life - The Backward Look
Philippians 2 Commentary
Philippians 2:5-11 Exhortation to Unity-The Example of Christ

Philippians 2:12-18 Exhortation to Unity-A Final Word Concerning Obedience

Philippians 2:19-30 Timothy & Epaphroditus Two Examples of Humility & Unity

Philippians 2 Commentary
Philippians 2 Commentary
Philippians 2 Commentary
Holman Christian Standard Bible -Study Bible
Click here, Select NT then Philippians
Philippians 2 Commentary

Philippians 2 Commentary
Philippians 2 Commentary  Philippians 2 Commentary-unabridged
Philippians 2 Commentary
The Epistle to the Philippians
Philippians 1:27-2:4 Happy Warriors

Philippians 2:5-11 Rungs of Gladness

Philippians 2:12-13 Now and How

Philippians 2:14-18 Darkest Places Need the Brightest Lights

Philippians 2:19-30 A Couple of Fine Specimens
Philippians 2:1-4 The United Way

Philippians 2:5-11 Work Your Way Down the Ladder

Philippians 2:12-18 God’s Gym

Philippians 2:19-30 Two of a Kind
Philippians Sermons - 49 - excellent exposition - Mp3 Only
Philippians 2 Commentary
Philippians 2 Commentary

Philippians 2:1-12 The Majesty And Humility Of Christ - Part 1

Philippians 2:1-12 The Majesty And Humility Of Christ - Part 2

Philippians 2:12-13 The Christian Life Turned Inside Out

Philippians 2:14-16 Silent Lights

Philippians 2:17-30 Paul's Christ-Like Friends
Philippians 2 Commentary
Philippians 2 Sermons

Philippians 2:1-2 The Motives for Spiritual Unity
Philippians 2:2 The Marks of Spiritual Unity
Philippians 2:3-5 The Means to Spiritual Unity
Philippians 2:5-8 The Model of Spiritual Unity

Philippians 2:5-8 Humiliation of Christ
Philippians 2:9 Exaltation of Christ- 1
Philippians 2:5-11 Christ Humbled, Christ Exalted (click dropdown box for 4 separate chapters)
Philippians 2:10-11 Exaltation of Christ-- 2
Philippians 2:6-11 Incarnation of Triune God

Philippians 2:6-11 The Inside Story of the Incarnation
Philippians 2:6-11 The Humility and Exaltation of Christ

Philippians 2:12 God at Work in You - 1
Philippians 2:12 God at Work in You - 2

Philippians 2:13 God at Work in You - 3
Philippians 2:14 Stop Complaining - 1
Philippians 2:15-16 Stop Complaining - 2
Philippians 2:17-18 Model Spiritual Servants: Paul
Philippians 2:19-24 Model Spiritual Servants: Timothy
Philippians 2:25-30 Model Spiritual Servants: Epaphroditus
Philippians 2:19-24 Anti-Model of Leadership

Philippians 2:1-4 A Plea for Unity
Philippians 2:5-8 The Descent of the Word
Philippians 2:9-11 The Ascent of Jesus
Philippians 2:12-13 Work out Your Own Salvation
Philippians 2:14-16 Copies of Jesus

Philippians 2:16-18 A Willing Sacrifice
Philippians 2:19-24 Paul and Timothy
Philippians 2:25-30 Paul and Epaphroditus
Philippians 2 Commentary

Philippians Commentary (all chapters on one page)
Philippians 2:5 The Meaning of the Cross
Philippians 2:8-9 Stooping to Rise
Philippians 2:15-16 Shining Lights
Philippians 2:26 Our Daily Homily
Philippians 2:1-4: The Entwining of Christian Hearts

Philippians 2:5-8 He Emptied Himself
Philippians 2:9-11 The Name of Names
Philippians 2:12-13 The Divine Energy in the Heart
Philippians 2:14-16 Stars to Shine: Voice to Speak
Philippians 2:17, 18 The Sacrificial Side of the Christian Life

Philippians 2:19-30 Not Sorrow Upon Sorrow
Philippians 2 Commentary
Philippians 2 Commentary
Philippians 2 Commentary
Philippians 2 Study Notes
Philippians 2 Commentary
Philippians 2 Commentary
Philippians 2 Commentary
Philippians 2 Commentary
Philippians 2 Commentary
Philippians 2:1-11 Philippians 2:12-30
Philippians 2 Commentary
Philippians 2:9-11 And All the Earth Shall Own Him Lord
Philippians 2 Commentary
Philippians 2 Commentary
Philippians 2 Commentary

Philippians 2:1-4: Getting Along With Cantankerous Christians
Philippians 2:6-11: Will the Real Jesus Please Stand Up?
Philippians 2:9-11 The Incomparable Christ
Philippians 2:19-30: Making God's A-Team

Philippians 2 Commentary
Philippians 2:1-4 Powerful Motivations

Philippians 2:1-11 Carmen Christi

Philippians 2:12-13 Working in Fear

Philippians 2:12-18 The Quest for the Stars

Philippians 2:19-30 Honoring Others

Reformation Study Bible Notes
Philippians 2:1 2:1b 2:1c 2:1d 2:2 2:2b 2:2c 2:2d 2:3a 2:3b 2:4 2:5 2:6 2:6 2:7 2:7

Philippians 2:7b 2:8 2:8b 2:9 2:9b 2:10 2:11 2:12 2:12b 2:13 2:13b 2:14 2:15a
Philippians 2:15b 2:15c 2:15d
2:15e 2:16 2:17,18 2:19 2:20 2:21 2:22 2:23-24
Philippians:25 2:25b 2:25c 2:25d 2:25e 2:25f 2:26 2:27a 2:27b 2:28 2:29
Philippians 2 Greek Word Studies
Philippians 2:1-11 Commentary
Philippians 2:12-18 Commentary
Philippians 2:19-30 Commentary

Philippians 2:1-11 Having The Mind Of Christ

Philippians 2:12-16 Divine Energy In The Heart

Philippians 2:17-30 Communion

Philippians Commentary (150 pages)
Philippians 2 Commentary
Philippians 2 Commentary
Philippians 2:1,2 Unity Recommended
Philippians 2:3 Esteeming Others Above Ourselves
Philippians 2:5-8 Christ's Humiliation
Philippians 2:9-11 The Exaltation of Christ

Philippians 2:12, 13 God Assists the Diligent

Philippians 2:14-16 Practical Religion Enforced
Philippians 2:17, 18 Ministerial Zeal Depicted
Philippians 2:21 The Selfishness of Man

Philippians 2 Commentary
Philippians 2 Commentary
Philippians 2:1 Consolation in Christ
Philippians 2:8 Our Lord in the Valley of Humiliation
Philippians 2:9-11 Exaltation of Christ
Philippians 2:12 Your Own Salvation
Philippians 2:12, 13 Working Out What is Worked In
Philippians 2:14-16 Believers--Lights in the World

Philippians 2 Exposition

Philippians 2 Commentary
Philippians 2 Commentary
Philippians 2:1-2 Making A Preacher’s Joy Complete

Philippians 2:3-4 Look On The Interests Of Others

Philippians 2:5-7 The Glorious God-Man Christ Jesus

Philippians 2:7-8 The Incarnate Humility Of Jesus

Philippians 2:9-11 God Exalting Christ To The Highest Place

Philippians 2:12-13 Working Out Our Salvation

Philippians 2:14-16 The Stars Of The Universe

Philippians 2:16-18 The Christian Life Strengthened And Poured Out

Philippians 2:19-24 The Servant’s Hearts Of Paul And Timothy

Philippians 2:25-30 Epaphroditus – Brother, Fellow Worker And Soldier
Encouragement from being united with Christ - Philippians 2:1

Then make my joy complete - Philippians 2:2

Selfish ambition . . . vain conceit - Philippians 2:3-4

Attitude - Philippians 2:5

The Example of Christ: Humiliation and Exaltation - Philippians 2:6-11

Being in very nature God - Philippians 2:6

Made himself nothing - Philippians 2:7

And being found in appearance as a man - Philippians 2:8

Therefore God - Philippians 2:9

At the name of Jesus - Philippians 2:10

And every tongue confess - Philippians 2:11

A Call to Unity, Obedience, and Service - Philippians 2:12-18

Work out your salvation - Philippians 2:12

For it is God who works in you to will and to act - Philippians 2:13

Without complaining or arguing - Philippians 2:14

So that you may become - Philippians 2:15

As you hold out - Philippians 2:16

Even if I am being poured out - Philippians 2:17-18

Examples of Service - Philippians 2:19-30

Timothy - Philippians 2:19

Own interests - Philippians 2:20-21

As a son with his father - Philippians 2:22

As soon as I see how things go with me - Philippians 2:23

Confident in the Lord - Philippians 2:24

Epaphroditus - Philippians 2:25

Distressed - Philippians 2:26-28

Welcome him . . . honor men like him - Philippians 2:29-30

Philippians 2 Commentary
Philippians 2  Commentary

Philippians 2:1-4 Encouragement in Christ

Philippians 2:1-4 Consolation of love, fellowship of the Spirit

Philippians 2:1-4 Being of the same mind

Philippians 2:1-4 Maintaining the same love, united in spirit

Philippians 2:5-8 Christ did not grasp His riches too tightly

Philippians 2:5-8 Christ emptied Himself

Philippians 2:5-8 Christ was made in the likeness of men

Philippians 2:5-8 Christ was obedient to the point of death

Philippians 2:9-11 His resurrection, ascension and unveiling

Philippians 2:9-11 His ministry of intercession

Philippians 2:9-11 The name of the Lord in Christ’s exaltation

Philippians 2:9-11 The purpose of Christ’s exaltation

Philippians 2:12-13 We are responsible for the failings in our sanctification

Philippians 2:12-13 God is responsible for the success in our sanctification

Philippians 2:14-16 We must not grumble and dispute

Philippians 2:14-16 To function as a beacon of light to a faithless world

Philippians 2:14-16 What those who have labored in our lives might have glory

Philippians 2:17-18 Rejoicing in sacrificial service to others

Philippians 2:19-24 The character of Timothy

Philippians 2:19-24 The value of Timothy

Philippians 2: Greek Word Studies
Philippians 2 Commentary
Philippians 2 At the Name of Jesus Every Knee Should Bow
Philippians 2 Commentary
Philippians 2 Commentary - Devotional
Philippians Commentary - Verse by Verse - Recommended
Philippians 1:27-2:11: Let the Earth Receive Her King

Philippians 1:27-2:11: The Call to Courage & Humility

Philippians 2:12-30: Extraordinary People

Philippians Illustrations 2
Philippians: Download lesson 1 of 16
Philippians 2:1: Jesus, United by the Grace
Philippians Devotionals
Philippians 2 Illustrations

Illustrations

Philippians 2:2 Stars in a Dark World by Elisabeth Elliot
Philippians 2:1-5 Unity, Not Uniformity - Theodore Epp
Philippians 2:5-11 Christ, the Great Example by Theodore Epp

Philippians 2:5-8 Death is a Gateway to the Palace by Elisabeth Elliot (scroll)

Philippians 2:7 A Chance to Die by Elisabeth Elliot

Philippians 2:9 What a Name! by Dr. Warren Wiersbe
Philippians 2:12-14 Hidden Work by Elisabeth Elliot
Philippians 2:12-14 Balanced-and Blessed! by Theodore Epp
Philippians 2:15-16 The Word Is Central by Theodore Epp

Our Daily Bread

Philippians 2:30: True Sacrifice

Philippians 2:30: Introductions

Therefore I have sent him all the more eagerly: spoudaioteros oun epempsa (1SAAI) auton: (Phil 2:26; Ge 45:27,28; 46:29,30; 48:11; Jn 16:22; Acts 20:38; 2Ti 1:4)

Therefore (oun) - always pause to ponder terms of conclusion.

Eagerly (
4709
) (spoudaioteros is the comparative of spoudaíos = more earnestly and diligently - see study of verb spoudazo) meaning sooner than otherwise.

so
that when you see him again you may rejoice and I may be less concerned about you: hina idontes (AAPMPN) auton palin charete (2PAPS) kago alupoteros o. (1SPAS)
: (Phil 2:27; 2Cor 2:3; 1Jn 1:3,4)

Less concerned (
253
) (alupoteros is the comparative of álupos derived from a = without, + lúpe = sorrow - see study of verb lupeo) is literally "less sorrowful" (lupe) and so more free from sorrow or grief. Who is concerned? The man in prison for the saints at Philippi...another example of his considering them more important then himself. Only a man whose very life is Christ could sincerely express such feelings.

 

Philippians 2:29  Receive (2PPMMhim then in the Lord with all joy, and hold (2PPAM men like him in high regard; (NASB: Lockman)

Greek: prosdechesthe (2PPMM) oun auton en kurio meta pases charas, kai tous toioutous entimous echete, (2PPAM
Amplified
: Welcome him [home] then in the Lord with all joy, and honor and highly appreciate men like him, 
(Amplified Bible - Lockman)
KJV: Receive him therefore in the Lord with all gladness; and hold such in reputation:
Lightfoot: Receive him therefore in the Lord with all gladness, and hold such men in honor;
NLT: Welcome him with Christian love and with great joy, and be sure to honor people like him.  (
NLT - Tyndale House)
Wuest: Receive him to yourselves, therefore, in the Lord with every joy, and hold such ones in honor. Value them highly, and deem them precious (
Eerdmans
Young's Literal: receive him, therefore, in the Lord, with all joy, and hold such in honour,

Receive him then in the Lord with all joy: prosdechesthe (2PPMM) oun auton en kurio meta pases charas: (Mt 10:40,41; Lk 9:5; Jn 13:20; Ro 16:2; 1Cor 16:10; 2Cor 7:2; Col 4:10; 3Jn 1:10) (Isa 52:7; Lk 2:10,11; Acts 2:46; 8:8; Ro 10:15; Eph 4:9, 10, 11, 12)

Put the "welcome mat" out for him! And do it with joy, all joy, a component of the fruit of the Spirit, calling for his readers to be continually filled with the Spirit (Eph 5:18), for He is the only Source of this supernatural attitude.

Receive (4327) (prosdechomai [word study]  from pros = in compound Greek words implies motion or direction toward + dechomai [word study] = a deliberate and ready reception) means to accept favorably, to receive one into intercourse/companionship, to give access to oneself or receive to oneself. 

Paul commands the Philippian saints to continually (present imperative) be earnestly expecting, looking forward to and favorably accepting Epaphroditus. The middle voice (reflexive) indicates they were to receive him to themselves (reflexive) and the prefixed preposition (pros) in its root meaning signifies “facing” which implies fellowship.

Joy (5479)(chara) is a feeling of inner gladness, delight or rejoicing. Joy is a feeling of inner gladness, delight or rejoicing. Joy in the NT is virtually always used to signify a feeling of "happiness" that is based on spiritual realities (and independent of what "happens"). Joy is an inner gladness; a deep seated pleasure. It is a depth of assurance and confidence that ignites a cheerful heart. It is a cheerful heart that leads to cheerful behavior. Joy is not an experience that comes from favorable circumstances but is God’s gift to believers. Joy is a part of God’s very essence and as discussed below His Spirit manifests this supernatural joy in His children (Galatians 5:22-note, Acts 13:52, 1Th 1:6-note). Joy is the deep-down sense of well-being that abides in the heart of the person who knows all is well between himself and the Lord. There is a chorus from an old spiritual song that is apropos...

Happiness happens
But joy abides

and hold men like him in high regard: kai tous toioutous entimous echete, (2PPAM): (2Cor 10:18; 1Thes 5:12; Heb 13:17) (Acts 28:10; 1Cor 16:18; 1Ti 5:17)

Hold (
2192) (echo) means to have or hold and is in the present imperative commanding them to continually value Epaphroditus highly.

High regard (1784) (entimos from en = in + time = honor, esteem, price) means honored, valued, prized, and even precious.

 

Philippians 2:30  because he came close (3SAAI) to death for the work of Christ, risking (AMPMSN) his life to complete  (3SAAS) what was deficient in your service to me. (NASB: Lockman)

Greek: hoti dia to ergon Christou mechri thanatou eggisen, (3SAAI) paraboleusamenos (AMPMSN) te psuche hina anaplerose (3SAAS) to humon husterema tes pros me leitourgias
Amplified
:  For it was through working for Christ that he came so near death, risking his [very] life to complete the deficiencies in your service to me [which distance prevented you yourselves from rendering].
(Amplified Bible - Lockman)
Lightfoot: for in his devotion to the work, he was brought to death’s door, hazarding his life, that he might make up by his zealand diligence the lack of your personal services to supplement your charitable gift.
KJV: Because for the work of Christ he was nigh unto death, not regarding his life, to supply your lack of service toward me.
NLT
:  For he risked his life for the work of Christ, and he was at the point of death while trying to do for me the things you couldn't do because you were far away. (
NLT - Tyndale House)
Wuest
: because on account of the work of Christ he drew near to death, having recklessly exposed his life in order that he might supply that which was lacking in your sacred service to me. (
Eerdmans
Young's Literal: because on account of the work of the Christ he drew near to death, having hazarded the life that he might fill up your deficiency of service unto me.

because he came close to death for the work of Christ:hoti dia to ergon Christou mechri thanatou eggisen, (3SAAI): (1Cor 15:53; 16:10)

Came close (1448) (eggizo [word study] from eggús = near) means to move nearer to a reference point, to be at hand or nigh.

Death (2288) (thanatos from thnesko = to die) refers to physical death, of separation of the soul from the body.

Work (2041) (ergon from ergo = to work) refers to toil as an effort or occupation.

See related topic - click for discussion of what constitutes a "good deed" in the sight of God.

risking his life to complete what was deficient  in your service to me: paraboleusamenos (AMPMSN) te psuche hina anaplerose (3SAAS) to humon husteremates pros me leitourgias: (Phil 2:17,27; 1:19,20; Mt 25:36, 37, 38, 39, 40; Acts 20:24; Ro 16:4; 2Cor 12:15; Rev 12:11) (Phil 4:10,18; 1Cor 16:17; Philemon 1:13)

“having gambled with his life” (LIghtfoot)

Risking his life (3850) (paraboleuomai from parabolos = venturesome, reckless) literally means to throw aside (para  = aside + ballo = to throw), hence to expose to danger.

In the present context it means Epaphroditus was willing to die. In those days when you visited prisoners held by the Romans, the visitor was often prejudged as a criminal also. Therefore the visitor exposed himself to danger just by being near those who were considered dangerous. This word came to also be used in the sense of playing the gambler or playing dice because high sums were often at stake. In a sense Epaphroditus was gambling with his life for the sake of God's kingdom. The word was used in the papyri of one who in the interest of friendship had exposed himself to dangers as an advocate in legal strife by taking his clients' cause even up to emperors.

Paraboleuomai was later used of merchants who for the sake of gain exposed themselves to death. The word was used of a fighter in the arena who exposed himself to the dangers of the arena. In the post-apostolic church there were societies of men and women who called themselves "the paraboloni" or "the riskers or gamblers". The risked their lives by ministering the sick and imprisoned and they saw to it if possible that martyrs and sometimes even their enemies would receive an honorable burial. In Carthage during the great plague of 252AD, Cyprian, the bishop, showed remarkable courage, taking on himself the care of the sick and  urging of his flock to nurse them and bury those who died from the pestilence. Cyprian's conduct like a light in the darkness contrasted to the practice of the pagans who threw the corpses out of the plague-infested city and actually ran from them in terror! Such is the transforming effect of the gospel.

Barclay adds that paraboleuomai was "a gambler’s word and means to stake everything on a turn of the dice. Paul is saying that for the sake of Jesus Christ Epaphroditus gambled his life." (Philippians 2 Commentary)

Life (590) (psuche from psucho = to breathe, blow) refers to whole person particularly inner, immortal person who lives in the mortal body. It describes the breath of life as the vital force which animates the body and shows itself in breathing. Dichotomists view man as consisting of two parts material and immaterial, with spirit and soul denoting the immaterial and bearing only a functional and not a metaphysical difference. Trichotomists also view man as consisting of two parts, but with spirit and soul representing in some contexts a real subdivision of the immaterial. In the latter view psuche contrasts with soma =  body, and pneúma = spirit (see 1Th 5:23).

To complete (378) (anapleroo from aná = up or as an emphatic + pleroo = to fill) means to fill up or supply a deficiency.

Deficient  (5303) (husterema from hustereo = to lack, fall behind) means a deficit as that which is behind or that which is lacking)

Service  (3009) (leitourgia from leitourgeo = to be a public servant, to perform religious or charitable function, to minister) generally used of a servant of a superior and suggests a function to be discharged or a necessary service to be rendered. 

Leitourgia is the word Paul used to describe himself as "being poured out as a drink offering upon the sacrifice and service of your faith." (see note Philippians 2:17)


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Last Updated February 21, 2015

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